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Human Rights In Chinese Tradition, Stephen C. Angle 2017 Wesleyan University

Human Rights In Chinese Tradition, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

This chapter -- prepared for Sarah Biddulph and Joshua Rosenzweig , eds., Handbook on human rights in China (Edward Elgar, forthcoming) -- examines three different approaches: the Chinese tradition is (1) an obstacle to human rights, (2) an alternative to human rights, or (3) a source of human rights. While some scholars have insisted on one or another of these approaches, I will argue here that there is truth in all of them. Nothing about the Chinese tradition determines, once-and-for-all, what modern Chinese must think about human rights, but there is no question that it has had, and will continue to have, varying ...


Tian As Cosmos In Zhu Xi's Neo-Confucianism, Stephen C. Angle 2017 Wesleyan University

Tian As Cosmos In Zhu Xi's Neo-Confucianism, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle


Tian” is central to the metaphysics, cosmology, and ethics of the eight-hundred-year-long Chinese philosophical tradition we call “Neo-Confucianism,” but there is considerable confusion over what tian means—confusion which is exacerbated by its standard translation into English as “Heaven.” This essay analyzes the meaning of tian in the works of the most influential Neo-Confucian, Zhu Xi (1130-1200), presents a coherent interpretation that unifies the disparate aspects of the term’s meaning, and argues that “cosmos” does an excellent job of capturing this meaning, and therefore should be adopted as our translation of tian.


Circularity, Naturalism, And Desire-Based Reasons, Attila Tanyi 2017 University of Liverpool

Circularity, Naturalism, And Desire-Based Reasons, Attila Tanyi

Attila Tanyi

In this paper I propose a critique of the naturalist version of the Desire-Based Reasons Model. I first set the scene by spelling out the connection between naturalism and the Model. After this, I introduce Christine Korsgaard’s circularity argument against what she calls the instrumental principle. Since Korsgaard’s target, officially, were non-naturalist advocates of the principle, I show why and how the circularity charge can be extended to cover the naturalist Model. Once this is done, I go on to investigate in some detail the different ways of responding to the circularity challenge. I argue that none of ...


Norm-Expressivism And Regress, Attila Tanyi 2017 University of Liverpool

Norm-Expressivism And Regress, Attila Tanyi

Attila Tanyi

This paper aims to investigate Allan Gibbard’s norm-expressivist account of normativity. In particular, the aim is to see whether Gibbard’s theory is able to account for the normativity of reason-claims. For this purpose, I first describe how I come to targeting Gibbard’s theory by setting out the main tenets of quasi-realism cum expressivism. After this, I provide a detailed interpretation of the relevant parts of Gibbard’s theory. I argue that the best reading of his account is the one that takes normativity to be carried by a controlled, coherent, comprehensive set of norms. Finally, I present ...


Fortifying The Self-Defense Justification Of Punishment, Zac Cogley 2017 Northern Michigan University

Fortifying The Self-Defense Justification Of Punishment, Zac Cogley

Journal Articles

David Boonin has recently advanced several challenges to the self-defense justification of punishment. Boonin argues that the self-defense justification of punishment justifies punishing the innocent, justifies disproportionate punishment, cannot account for mitigating excuses, and does not justify intentionally harming offenders as we do when we punish them. In this paper, I argue that the self-defense justification, suitably understood, can avoid all of these problems. To help demonstrate the self-defense theory’s attraction, I also develop some contrasts between the self-defense justification, Warren Quinn’s better known ‘auto-retaliator’ argument, and desert-based justifications of punishment. In sum, I show that the self-defense ...


Evil And The Ontological Disproof, Carl J. Brownson III 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Evil And The Ontological Disproof, Carl J. Brownson Iii

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation is a revival of the ontological disproof, an ontological argument against the existence of God. The ontological disproof, in its original form, argues that God is impossible, because if God exists, he must exist necessarily, and necessary existence is impossible. The notion of necessary existence has been largely rehabilitated since this argument was first offered in 1948, and the argument has accordingly lost much of its force. I argue that the ontological disproof ought to be combined with the problem of evil, and that the resulting synthesis of the two arguments is far more powerful than either element ...


Scientifically Responsible Metaphysics: A Program For The Naturalization Of Metaphysics, Amanda Bryant 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Scientifically Responsible Metaphysics: A Program For The Naturalization Of Metaphysics, Amanda Bryant

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

There has been much recent work calling for the naturalization of metaphysics, including most famously James Ladyman and Don Ross’ polemic, Every Thing Must Go. But much work remains to adequately articulate and motivate the call to naturalize metaphysics. My dissertation contributes to that work. Its central questions are: What relationship should metaphysics have to current science? Must good metaphysics be responsive to current science, and if so, how? Why should metaphysics be naturalized and what should its naturalization consist in?

I argue, first, that for that for epistemic purposes, as opposed to heuristic or pragmatic purposes, theories should be ...


Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton 2017 Western University

Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We revisit a debate initiated some fifteen years ago by Ray Elugardo and Robert Stainton about the domain of arguments. Our main result is that arguments are not exclusively sets of linguistic expressions. Instead, as we put it, some non-linguistic items have ‘logical form’. The crucial examples are arguments, both deductive and inductive, made with unembedded words and phrases.


Laughing Doubles: The Duality Of Humour, Evan A. Pebesma 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Laughing Doubles: The Duality Of Humour, Evan A. Pebesma

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis examines humour as a theoretical problem, taking humour as both an object to be defined and as a mode of thinking in its own right. In the first chapter, I position humour between good sense and nonsense within a Deleuzian and psychoanalytic framework, culminating in a discussion of humour’s relationship to perversion. In the second chapter, I further develop this connection to perversion through an analysis of Christian humour, exploring the incongruity between the transcendent heights and corporeal depths, with special attention paid to the comedic works of Erasmus and Rabelais. In the third chapter, I examine ...


Rhythm As Logos In Native World-Ordering, Sierra Druley 2017 University of Oregon

Rhythm As Logos In Native World-Ordering, Sierra Druley

Episteme

No abstract provided.


And The President Droned On: Just War Theory And Targeted Killings, Matthew Strebe 2017 University of California Santa Cruz

And The President Droned On: Just War Theory And Targeted Killings, Matthew Strebe

Episteme

No abstract provided.


Custom And Cognition: Towards An Understanding Of Religious Belief, Matthew Hernandez 2017 Portland State University

Custom And Cognition: Towards An Understanding Of Religious Belief, Matthew Hernandez

Episteme

No abstract provided.


On The Knowledge Of Primary Substances, Helen Zhao 2017 Johns Hopkins University

On The Knowledge Of Primary Substances, Helen Zhao

Episteme

No abstract provided.


Charles Taylor’S Langue/Parole And Alasdair Macintyre’S “Networks Of Giving And Receiving” As A Foundation For A Positive Anti-Atomist Political Theory, Robert Moore 2017 Denison University

Charles Taylor’S Langue/Parole And Alasdair Macintyre’S “Networks Of Giving And Receiving” As A Foundation For A Positive Anti-Atomist Political Theory, Robert Moore

Episteme

No abstract provided.


Heidegger’S World And Dasein’S Death: The Significance Of Being-In-A-World In Relation To Death, Sandor Mark 2017 Boston University

Heidegger’S World And Dasein’S Death: The Significance Of Being-In-A-World In Relation To Death, Sandor Mark

Episteme

No abstract provided.


Cognition And Sensation: A Reconstruction Of Herder’S Quasi-Empiricism, Philip Yaure 2017 University of Chicago

Cognition And Sensation: A Reconstruction Of Herder’S Quasi-Empiricism, Philip Yaure

Episteme

No abstract provided.


Losing And Regaining The Self Through Language: Individuation In Nietzsche’S Creative Use Of Metaphor, Maximilian Chaoulideer 2017 University of Chicago

Losing And Regaining The Self Through Language: Individuation In Nietzsche’S Creative Use Of Metaphor, Maximilian Chaoulideer

Episteme

No abstract provided.


Kantian Realism, Jake Quilty-Dunn 2017 Boston University

Kantian Realism, Jake Quilty-Dunn

Episteme

No abstract provided.


Against Fodor, Rafael Ventura 2017 Brown University

Against Fodor, Rafael Ventura

Episteme

No abstract provided.


Problems Of Kierkegaard’S Poetics, Thomas Gilbert 2017 Northwestern University

Problems Of Kierkegaard’S Poetics, Thomas Gilbert

Episteme

No abstract provided.


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