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Children’S Rights, Well-Being, And Sexual Agency, Samantha Brennan, Jennifer Epp 2015 Western University

Children’S Rights, Well-Being, And Sexual Agency, Samantha Brennan, Jennifer Epp

Samantha Brennan

No abstract provided.


Inciting Genocide With Words, Richard Ashby Wilson 2015 SelectedWorks

Inciting Genocide With Words, Richard Ashby Wilson

Richard Ashby Wilson

This article calls for a rethinking of the causation element in the prevailing international criminal law on direct and public incitement to commit genocide. After the conviction of Nazi propagandist Julius Streicher at Nuremberg for crimes against humanity, the crime of direct and public incitement to commit genocide was established in the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide in 1948. The first (and thus far, only) convictions for the crime came fifty years later at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). The ICTR’s incitement jurisprudence is widely recognized as problematic, but no legal commentator has ...


Europe In Crisis, Call For Papers, Kyriakos N. Demetriou 2014 SelectedWorks

Europe In Crisis, Call For Papers, Kyriakos N. Demetriou

Kyriakos N. Demetriou

The European Union in Crisis: Explorations in Representation and Democratic Legitimacy (Forthcoming, Springer Verlag) Please see the attached doc. You are invited to send me your proposed title, abstract and bio (one paragraph).


The Problem Of Sovereignty, International Law, And Intellectual Conscience, Richard L. Lara 2014 SelectedWorks

The Problem Of Sovereignty, International Law, And Intellectual Conscience, Richard L. Lara

Richard Louis Lara

The concept of sovereignty is a recurring and controversial theme in international law, and it has a long history in western philosophy. The traditionally favored concept of sovereignty proves problematic in the context of international law. International law’s own claims to sovereignty, which are premised on traditional concept of sovereignty, undermine individual nations’ claims to sovereignty. These problems are attributable to deep-seated flaws in the traditional concept of sovereignty. A viable alternative concept of sovereignty can be derived from key concepts in Friedrich Nietzsche’s views on human reason and epistemology. The essay begins by considering the problem of ...


King Of The Meat Eaters, Anonymous 2014 California Polytechnic State University

King Of The Meat Eaters, Anonymous

Between the Species

This article is a word for word reproduction of an unexpected resignation speech. It was given as—or rather, in place of—the presidential address of a recent annual meeting of ISEA (the International Society for the Eating of Animals). Because this is a secret society, the speaker’s and the transcriber’s names have been omitted. Those of us who were there for this speech will remember the anger and outrage that it provoked. Many of us still cannot believe the ridiculous spin-off resignations that this underwhelming speech somehow managed to provoke. This speech is reprinted here (where it ...


Deliberative Democracy, Public Work, And Civic Agency, Harry C. Boyte 2014 Public Deliberation

Deliberative Democracy, Public Work, And Civic Agency, Harry C. Boyte

Journal of Public Deliberation

This essay locates deliberation and deliberative theory as an important strand in a larger interdisciplinary and political movement, civic agency. The civic agency movement, and its related politics, a politics of civic empowerment, include a set of developing practices and concepts which enhance the capacities of diverse groups of people to work across differences to solve problems, create things of common value, and negotiate a shared democratic way of life. Stirrings of civic agency can be seen in many settings, including efforts to recover the civic purposes and revitalize the civic cultures of institutions such as schools and colleges.


Carl F. Craver And Lindley Darden: In Search Of Mechanisms: Discoveries Across The Life Sciences, Stuart Glennan 2014 Butler University

Carl F. Craver And Lindley Darden: In Search Of Mechanisms: Discoveries Across The Life Sciences, Stuart Glennan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Carl Craver and Lindley Darden are two of the foremost proponents of a recent approach to the philosophy of biology that is often called the New Mechanism. In this book they seek to make available to a broader readership insights gained from more than two decades of work on the nature of mechanisms and how they are described and discovered. The book is not primarily aimed at specialists working on the New Mechanism, but rather targets scientists, students and teachers who are looking for a broad, philosophically and historically informed image of discovery in the life sciences.


Philosophy Of Linguistics, Robert J. Stainton 2014 Western University

Philosophy Of Linguistics, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

Rather than attempting to survey the rich array of topics within Philosophy of Linguistics, this article focuses on two questions: “What kind of thing is Linguistics about?” and “What is the proper evidence-base for Linguistics?” After describing various exclusionary answers, it argues for Pluralism on both fronts: the objects of study in Linguistics are metaphysical hybrids, with physical, mental, abstract and social facets; and evidence from every domain should in principle be welcomed.


Indeterminism In Kane’S Event-Causal Libertarianism, Robert J. Nowell 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Indeterminism In Kane’S Event-Causal Libertarianism, Robert J. Nowell

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

In this paper, I examine the plausibility of event-causal libertarianism, a prominent view on free will which regards indeterminism in the causal history of a decision as necessary for an agent’s moral responsibility for a subsequent action. Specifically, I investigate how Robert Kane’s event-causal libertarian account fares in light of Derk Pereboom’s powerful “disappearing agent” objection, in addition to criticisms of my own. Kane concludes that Pereboom’s objection is ineffective against his account. I argue against Kane’s conclusion by highlighting a dilemma which results from Kane's response to the disappearing agent objection; either way ...


The Fair And Laissez-Faire Markets: From A Neoliberal Laissez-Faire Baseline To A Fair Market, Eric L. Dixon 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Fair And Laissez-Faire Markets: From A Neoliberal Laissez-Faire Baseline To A Fair Market, Eric L. Dixon

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

The essay begins with a brief overview of the role of the neoliberal conception of the laissez-faire market in modern political economy. The essay then goes on to defend three claims: 1) the laissez-faire version of a market should not be considered the economic ideal or baseline version of a market because often the fundamental conditions required to reach a genuine equilibrium are unfulfilled under a laissez-faire environment, 2) a distribution resultant from a laissez-faire market should not be considered the ultima facie just distributive baseline because an unregulated market may allocate commodities according to morally arbitrary factors and requires ...


To Each His Own Reality: How The Analysis Of Artistic Exchanges In Cold War Europe Challenges Categories, Mathilde Arnoux 2014 Purdue University

To Each His Own Reality: How The Analysis Of Artistic Exchanges In Cold War Europe Challenges Categories, Mathilde Arnoux

Artl@s Bulletin

How to reconstruct artistic relationships among four European countries, situated on both sides of the Iron Curtain, during the period that commenced post-Stalin and lasted until the fall of the Berlin Wall? This is one of the questions that faces the research program To Each His Own Reality: The notion of the real in the art of France, West Germany, East Germany and Poland between 1960 and 1989, which was initiated in January 2011. The paper discusses syntheses of the questions that the research team is facing, descriptions of its methodology, an analysis of preliminary results and what they allow ...


“Splitting Stars And Splitting Wood”: Address To New Members Of Phi Beta Kappa (Theta Of Minnesota), May 3, 2011, Erica Stonestreet 2014 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

“Splitting Stars And Splitting Wood”: Address To New Members Of Phi Beta Kappa (Theta Of Minnesota), May 3, 2011, Erica Stonestreet

Headwaters: The Faculty Journal of the College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

In recent years, there has been a widespread perception that liberal arts education in general, and humanities education in particular, are gradually being eroded away in the face of tightening budgets and an ever-growing emphasis on the practicality of education. If you’re going to college, after all, you’re supposed to end up with a so-called "good" job. And what better guarantee of a "good" job than a major in business or science, right?

Whether or not the perception about the decline of the liberal arts actually stands up to scrutiny, I tell my prospective philosophy majors when they ...


“The Mysterious Stranger”: Address To New Members Of Phi Beta Kappa (Theta Of Minnesota), April 23, 2013, Scott Richardson 2014 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

“The Mysterious Stranger”: Address To New Members Of Phi Beta Kappa (Theta Of Minnesota), April 23, 2013, Scott Richardson

Headwaters: The Faculty Journal of the College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

I used to know everything. Then I went to college. As I was about to enter college, I was pretty sure I had the world figured out. I didn’t need and certainly didn’t want my professors to do anything but reconfirm my beliefs, values, and vision of the world. I was in for a real surprise. There’s nothing innocent or comforting about a liberal arts education.


Theoretical Aesthetics, Adam Tindale 2014 McMaster University

Theoretical Aesthetics, Adam Tindale

Journal of Professional Communication

This paper explores Theoretical Aesthetics: the subjecting of aesthetics to the scientific method. Specifically, the experimental verification of theories via repeatable measurements. Though not an original idea, it is an underexplored topic. The difficulty in subjecting aesthetics to the scientific method is determining what to measure. We are able to measure many things but those tell us little about the aesthetic perception (the monetary value, the number of viewers, the size, the material, the date of completion, the author, etc.). Theoretical aesthetics is a vehicle to start imagining scenarios where aesthetics could be rightfully subjected to the process of science ...


Issue Introduction, David Boersema 2014 Pacific University

Issue Introduction, David Boersema

Res Cogitans

No abstract provided.


Looking Past The Web To See The Garden: An Exploration Of Epistemological Metaphors, Theresa Siver 2014 Pacific University

Looking Past The Web To See The Garden: An Exploration Of Epistemological Metaphors, Theresa Siver

Res Cogitans

In their paper Identity, Oppression, and Power: Feminism and Intersectionality Theory, Samuels and Ross-Sheriff present those who engage with intersectionality with three challenges: avoid essentializing any one expression of identity (race, sexual orientation, class) over another, acknowledge interconnected privileges as well as oppressions, and pay mind to the changes in context that shift the designation of social identity and status. These challenges serve as an unpacking of the more general definition and purpose of intersectionality that “proposes that gender cannot be used as a single analytic frame without also exploring how issues of race, migration status, history, and social class ...


Problems For Infinitism, Keith Wynroe 2014 Pacific University

Problems For Infinitism, Keith Wynroe

Res Cogitans

Infinitism in epistemic justification is the thesis that the structure of justification consists in infinite, non-repeating series. Although superficially an implausible position, it is capable of presenting strong arguments in its favour, and has been growing in popularity. After briefly introducing the concept and the motivations for it, I will present a common objection (the finite minds problem) as well as a powerful reply which couches Infinitism in dispositional terms. I will then attempt to undermine this counter-objection by drawing parallels between it and the problems raised against semantic dispositionalism by Kripke’s exegesis of Wittgenstein’s private language argument.


Pluralism And Foundationalism In The Applied Sciences, David Baker 2014 Pacific University

Pluralism And Foundationalism In The Applied Sciences, David Baker

Res Cogitans

Nancy Cartwright develops her scientific pluralism within The Dappled World and argues for its supremacy over foundationalism. Cartwright believes that the sciences should be applied for humane benefits and not for knowledge’s sake alone. However, Cartwright does not give enough credit to the practical applications produced by foundationalists. Cartwright’s goals are not hindered or detracted from when working with foundationalists. In fact foundationalism and pluralism offer complimentary means of practical application, the outcome of which is a bettered ability to apply our sciences towards practical concerns than either position offers alone. I will use exemplary cases demonstrating these ...


Fundamentalism Against The Patchwork Theory Of Laws, James Sheppard 2014 Pacific University

Fundamentalism Against The Patchwork Theory Of Laws, James Sheppard

Res Cogitans

This paper offers an analysis of the arguments between fundamentalists and the claims made by Nancy Cartwright in The Dappled World. I start by introducing the arguments of fundamentalists through the work of Carl Hoefer, and go on to discuss Cartwright’s patchwork theory of laws, which is opposed to fundamentalism. Cartwright argues that the fundamentalists cannot claim that laws can be generalized, while the fundamentalists insist that they can make such claims. I will argue that this conflict between both sides places each side in the same epistemological boat. Once we recognize that both views are in the same ...


Juxtaposing Longino’S “Equality Of Intellectual Authority” With Her “Shared Standards”, Gourav Krishna Nandi 2014 Pacific University

Juxtaposing Longino’S “Equality Of Intellectual Authority” With Her “Shared Standards”, Gourav Krishna Nandi

Res Cogitans

Helen Longino has proposed four criteria that can objectively criticize the background beliefs and assumptions in the development of scientific theories. She deduces that the criteria - ‘recognized avenues for criticism,’ ‘shared standards,’ ‘community response’ and ‘equality of intellectual authority’ - are mutually dependent. Using the assumption that the acceptance of more than one scientific approach is possible only if an individual is educated in a non-standard background, and is given intellectual authority which, in turn, refutes the idea of standardization in science, I argue that her assertion is contradictory. One of her criterion ‘shared standards’ implicitly nullifies the attempt to embrace ...


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