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Detaching Democratic Representation From State And National Borders, Avery C. Shell 2016 East Tennessee State University

Detaching Democratic Representation From State And National Borders, Avery C. Shell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Maintaining the essential features of local democracy, representation and contestation, my theory allows for the representation of the interest of subpopulations in the global community by actors such as nongovernmental organization and intergovernmental organizations. I will begin by outlining what features are necessary for a theory’s consideration as democratic in nature. Then, relying upon democracy in a broad sense, it will be my aim to demonstrate that the right to democracy is universal human right. The following stage will provide the backing, by way of the moral progress of human rights, that the right to democracy is expressible by ...


The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner 2016 Marquette University

The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner

Ulrich L. Lehner

No abstract provided.


Philosopher's Stone: The Faustian Geist Of Development, Salikyu Sangtam 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Philosopher's Stone: The Faustian Geist Of Development, Salikyu Sangtam

Dissertations

The present study juxtaposes scientific rationality with polyphonic rationality in respect to societal development. This is done to illuminate how scientific rationality provides a narrow and truncated view of development. In order to explicate the exclusion of polyphonic rationalities/knowledges in favor of scientific rationality, several development scholarships are examined along with an episode of developmental scheme and two episodes of development programs. This is done to expound (note: ‘→’ = influences) how scientific rationalityscholarshipsorganizational/institutional schemes, such as the MDGs → actual applications of development schemes, such as transmigration and compulsory villagization. The present inquest, more importantly, propounds for polyphonic ...


Editor’S Postscript: From The Vantage Point Of Constructive-Engagement Strategy Of Comparative Philosophy, 2015 San Jose State University

Editor’S Postscript: From The Vantage Point Of Constructive-Engagement Strategy Of Comparative Philosophy

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Public Philosophy: Cross-Cultural And Multi-Disciplinary, ANAND JAYPRAKASH VAIDYA 2015 San Jose State University

Public Philosophy: Cross-Cultural And Multi-Disciplinary, Anand Jayprakash Vaidya

Comparative Philosophy

In this paper I propose a future direction for comparative philosophy on which it enters the space of public philosophy by capitalizing on the fact that it is already cross-cultural, and adding multi-disciplinary research to its proper foundation. This is not a new thesis. Rather, it is an ideological articulation of thought that is already underway in what is sometimes called fusion philosophy, as found in the work of Evan Thompson, Jay Garfield, or Christian Coseru. My articulation begins with a non-exhaustive delineation of distinct types of public-philosophy that are already well known in the public space. One core distinction ...


It’S Not Them, It’S You: A Case Study Concerning The Exclusion Of Non-Western Philosophy, AMY OLBERDING 2015 University of Oklahoma (Norman Campus)

It’S Not Them, It’S You: A Case Study Concerning The Exclusion Of Non-Western Philosophy, Amy Olberding

Comparative Philosophy

My purpose in this essay is to suggest, via case study, that if Anglo-American philosophy is to become more inclusive of non-western traditions, the discipline requires far greater efforts at self-scrutiny. I begin with the premise that Confucian ethical treatments of manners afford unique and distinctive arguments from which moral philosophy might profit, then seek to show why receptivity to these arguments will be low. I examine how ordinary good manners have largely fallen out of philosophical moral discourse in the west, looking specifically at three areas: conditions in the 18th and 19th centuries that depressed philosophical attention ...


Tradition, Culture, And The Problem Of Inclusion In Philosophy, JUSTIN E. H. SMITH 2015 Université Paris Diderot – Paris 7

Tradition, Culture, And The Problem Of Inclusion In Philosophy, Justin E. H. Smith

Comparative Philosophy

Many today agree that philosophy, as an academic discipline, must, for the sake of its very survival, become more inclusive of a wider range of perspectives, coming from a more diverse pool of philosophers. Yet there has been little serious reflection on how our very idea of what philosophy is might be preventing this change from taking place. In this essay I would like to consider the ways in which our ideas about philosophy's relation to tradition, and its relation to other dimensions of human culture, influence efforts to promote greater diversity in the field.


Vol 6 No 2 Contents Page, 2015 San Jose State University

Vol 6 No 2 Contents Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 6 No 2 Information Page, 2015 San Jose State University

Vol 6 No 2 Information Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 6 No 2 Cover Page, 2015 San Jose State University

Vol 6 No 2 Cover Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The Bayreuth Festspielhaus: The Metaphysical Manifestation Of Wagner's Der Ring Des Nibelungen, Matthew Timmermans 2015 University of Ottawa

The Bayreuth Festspielhaus: The Metaphysical Manifestation Of Wagner's Der Ring Des Nibelungen, Matthew Timmermans

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

This essay explores how the architectural design of the Bayreuth Festspielhaus effects the performance of Wagner’s later operas, specifically Der Ring des Nibelungen. Contrary to Wagner’s theoretical writings, which advocate equality among the various facets of operatic production (Gesamtkuntswerk), I argue that Wagner’s architectural design elevates music above these other art forms. The evidence lies within the unique architecture of the house, which Wagner constructed to realize his operatic vision. An old conception of Wagnerian performance advocated by Cosima Wagner—in interviews and letters—was consciously left by Richard Wagner. However, I juxtapose this with Daniel Barenboim ...


An Examination Of Morality In A Naturalistic Universe, Chris Hoops 2015 Ursinus College

An Examination Of Morality In A Naturalistic Universe, Chris Hoops

Philosophy Summer Fellows

Naturalism is the view that our death marks a final and irreversible extinction. We are born into this world, we live our lives, and we ultimately perish from existence. This being the case, many naturalists urge people to live as fulfilling lives as possible. If this life is the only life people have, whatever constitutes the fullest or best way to live should be the way a person lives. However, what exactly constitutes a fulfilling life by the naturalist is not entirely agreed upon. Some naturalists claim that having individual happiness is what constitutes a fulfilling life, while others claim ...


Emigration As A Political Stance? Moroccan Migrants' Narratives Of Dignity, Human Rights And Minority Identities In Transnational Context, Anna Virkama 2015 University of Tampere

Emigration As A Political Stance? Moroccan Migrants' Narratives Of Dignity, Human Rights And Minority Identities In Transnational Context, Anna Virkama

Mathal

The protest movements known as the Arab Spring brought the frustration and disappointment of the North African citizens with their governments to the world's attention. Five years after the Arab Spring, the issues of human rights and individual freedom remain important issues in the democratic transition of the Arab societies. Since the countries in North Africa have also been important migrant sending countries for decades, the connection between mass emigration and human right issues forms an interesting research area. This empirical article aims to bring a new perspective to the debate by analysing the narratives dignity, human rights and ...


Fact/Value Holism, Feminist Philosophy, And Nazi Cancer Research, Sharyn Clough 2015 Oregon State University

Fact/Value Holism, Feminist Philosophy, And Nazi Cancer Research, Sharyn Clough

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Fact/value holism has become commonplace in philosophy of science, especially in feminist literature. However, that facts are bearers of empirical content, while values are not, remains a firmly-held distinction. I support a more thorough-going holism: both facts and values can function as empirical claims, related in a seamless, semantic web. I address a counterexample from Kourany (2010) where facts and values seem importantly discontinuous, namely, the simultaneous support by the Nazis of scientifically sound cancer research and morally unsound political policies. I conclude that even by the criteria available at the time, Nazi cancer research was empirically weak, and ...


Technology And Narratives Of Continuity In Transgender Experiences, Amy Billingsley 2015 University of Oregon

Technology And Narratives Of Continuity In Transgender Experiences, Amy Billingsley

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

This essay examines narratives of fundamental change, which portray a break in the continuity between a pre-transition and post-transition transgender subject, in accounts of transgender transitions. Narratives of fundamental change highlight the various changes that occur during transition and its disruptive effects upon a trans subject’s continuous identity. First, this essay considers the historical appearance of fundamental change narratives in the social sciences, the media, and their use by families of trans people, partners of trans people, and trans people themselves. After this is a consideration of Mark Johnson’s account of narrative as a meaning-making activity that occurs ...


Gestation And Parental Rights: Why Is Good Enough Good Enough?, Lindsey Porter 2015 Sheffield University

Gestation And Parental Rights: Why Is Good Enough Good Enough?, Lindsey Porter

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

In this paper I explore the question of whether gestation can ground parental rights. I consider Anca Gheaus’s (2012) claim that the labour and bonding of gestation give one the right to parent one’s biological child. I argue that, while Gheaus’s gestational account of parental rights is the most successful of such accounts in the literature, it is ultimately unsuccessful, because the concept ‘maternal-fetal bonding’ does not stand up to scrutiny. Gheaus argues that the labour expended in gestation generates parental rights. This is a standard, Lockean sort of a move in parental ethics—it usually relies ...


Female Under-Representation Among Philosophy Majors: 
A Map Of The Hypotheses And A Survey Of The Evidence, Tom Dougherty, Samuel Baron, Kristie Miller 2015 University of Cambridge

Female Under-Representation Among Philosophy Majors: 
A Map Of The Hypotheses And A Survey Of The Evidence, Tom Dougherty, Samuel Baron, Kristie Miller

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Why is there female under-representation among philosophy majors? We survey the hypotheses that have been proposed so far, grouping similar hypotheses together. We then propose a chronological taxonomy that distinguishes hypotheses according to the stage in undergraduates’ careers at which the hypotheses predict an increase in female under-representation. We then survey the empirical evidence for and against various hypotheses. We end by suggesting future avenues for research.


Different Voices, Perfect Storms, And Asking Grandma What She Thinks: Situating Experimental Philosophy In Relation To Feminist Philosophy, Gaile Pohlhaus Jr. 2015 Miami University - Oxford

Different Voices, Perfect Storms, And Asking Grandma What She Thinks: Situating Experimental Philosophy In Relation To Feminist Philosophy, Gaile Pohlhaus Jr.

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

At first glance it might appear that experimental philosophers and feminist philosophers would make good allies. Nonetheless, experimental philosophy has received criticism from feminist fronts, both for its methodology and for some of its guiding assumptions. Adding to this critical literature, I raise questions concerning the ways in which “differences” in intuitions are employed in experimental philosophy. Specifically, I distinguish between two ways in which differences in intuitions might play a role in philosophical practice, one which puts an end to philosophical conversation and the other which provides impetus for beginning one. Insofar as experimental philosophers are engaged in deploying ...


After Mr. Nowhere: What Kind Of Proper Self For A Scientist?, Sandra Harding 2015 University of California, Los Angeles

After Mr. Nowhere: What Kind Of Proper Self For A Scientist?, Sandra Harding

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

The conventional proper scientific self has an ethical obligation to strive to see everywhere in the universe from no particular location in that universe: he is to produce the view from nowhere. What different conceptions of the proper scientific self are created by the distinctive assumptions and research practices of social justice movements, such as feminism, anti-racism, and post-colonialism? Three such new ideals are: the multiple and conflicted knowing self; the researcher strategically located inside her research world; and the community that knows.


Care, Concern, And Advocacy: Is There A Place For Epistemic Responsibility?, Lorraine Code 2015 York University

Care, Concern, And Advocacy: Is There A Place For Epistemic Responsibility?, Lorraine Code

Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Departing from an epistemological tradition for which knowledge properly achieved must be objective, especially in eschewing affect and/or special interests; and against a backdrop of my thinking about epistemic responsibility, I focus on two situations where care informs and enables good knowing. The implicit purpose of this reclamation of care as epistemically vital is to show emphatically that standard alignments of care with femininity—the female—are simply misguided. Proposing that the efficacy of epistemic practices is often enhanced when would-be knowers care about the outcomes of investigation, I suggest that epistemic responsibility need not be compromised when caring ...


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