Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medieval Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

270 Full-Text Articles 118 Authors 109,874 Downloads 43 Institutions

All Articles in Medieval Studies

Faceted Search

270 full-text articles. Page 1 of 7.

How The Axe Falls: A Retrospective On Thirty-Five Years Of Sir Gawain And The Green Knight Performance, Linda Marie Zaerr 2014 Western Michigan University

How The Axe Falls: A Retrospective On Thirty-Five Years Of Sir Gawain And The Green Knight Performance, Linda Marie Zaerr

Accessus

This retrospective represents a new approach to using historical performance as a tool for understanding medieval narrative performance. The core of the article traces how an individual performer’s interaction with a stable medieval text both indicates directions medieval performers may have taken and suggests the limitations imposed by modern performance conventions. The discussion touches on issues of adaptation and translation, variation in troupe composition and audience, expectations of modern audiences, impact of costume choices, and limitations of audio and video recordings as documentation of live performance. Juxtaposing eight performances of a single passage clarifies how performance can transform a ...


Semper Venalis: Gower's Avaricious Lawyers, Robert Meindl 2014 Western Michigan University

Semper Venalis: Gower's Avaricious Lawyers, Robert Meindl

Accessus

The first three chapters of the sixth book of the Vox Clamantis (lines 1-248) comprise a harsh critique of the many avaricious lawyers who, in Gower’s opinion, have come to dominate their profession to the disadvantage of English society in the late fourteenth century. Driven exclusively by their appetite for possessions, they have forgotten the biblical model presented in Psalm 14 that specifies the obligation of the good man to assist without recompense his neighbor’s search for justice. Falsely claiming to be men of law and inheritors of the biblical model of the good man, the causidici (as ...


Preface, Georgiana Donavin, Eve Salisbury 2014 Western Michigan University

Preface, Georgiana Donavin, Eve Salisbury

Accessus

Co-editors Georgiana Donavin and Eve Salisbury thank the readers of Accessus for an enthusiastic reception of the first issue and summarize the contents of this second issue. The second issue showcases opportunities inherent in online publishing, such as the ability to produce extended commentaries and offer video streams. Robert J. Meindl's "Semper Venalis: Gower's Avaricious Lawyers" and Linda Marie Zaerr's "How the Axe Falls: A Retrospective on Thirty-five Years of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Performance," respectively, realize these possibilities in online publishing while adding substantially and insightfully to our knowledge of important fourteenth-century poems from ...


49th International Congress On Medieval Studies, Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University 2014 Western Michigan University

49th International Congress On Medieval Studies, Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University

International Congress on Medieval Studies Archive

The printed program of the 49th International Congress on Medieval Studies (May 8-11, 2014), including the Corrigenda.


Authority And Orthodoxy: The Establishment Of Catholic Temporal Power, Jessie Cortesi 2014 Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne

Authority And Orthodoxy: The Establishment Of Catholic Temporal Power, Jessie Cortesi

IPFW Department of History Undergraduate Conference

Jessie Cortesi is a senior at IPFW. She is a History major and a Medieval Studies minor. She is currently working as the Assistant Book Review Editor for the journal of the Business History Conference, Enterprise and Society, an Oxford University Press quarterly. Together with Dr. Richard Weiner she is co-authoring an article on Andre Gunder Frank for publication in OUP’s forthcoming Encyclopedia of World Poverty. In addition, she was selected as one of this year’s Outstanding History Seniors.


John Wyclif: Papal Reformer, Joshua Fisher 2014 Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne

John Wyclif: Papal Reformer, Joshua Fisher

IPFW Department of History Undergraduate Conference

Joshua Fisher is a senior and will be graduating in May with distinction with a B.A. in History. He is especially interested in the periods of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, specifically the development of religion and the resulting debates, and how these phenomena impacted both the secular and spiritual realms. He has been accepted for graduate study at Western Michigan University and the University of Tennessee, although he has yet to make a final decision on his immediate future. His career goal is to become an educator and researcher at the collegiate level. Joshua is a member ...


Spain’S Complex Image: The Connections Between The Black Legend And The Spanish Inquisition, Rebecca Jacobs 2014 Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne

Spain’S Complex Image: The Connections Between The Black Legend And The Spanish Inquisition, Rebecca Jacobs

IPFW Department of History Undergraduate Conference

Rebecca Jacobs is a senior at IPFW. She is a History and Anthropology major with certificates in International Studies and Native American studies. She is a recipient of the Chancellor’s and Withers scholarships. She ran for IPFW women’s cross-country and track and field teams for three years. She is the president of IPFW’s Anthropology honors society, Lambda Alpha Theta. Rebecca’s special academic interests include ethnohistory and the study of indigenous cultures, particularly those in South America.


Storytelling In Bronze: The Doors Of The Baptistery Of San Giovanni As Emblems Of Florence's Roman History And Artistic Progression, Erin M. Gregory 2014 College of William and Mary

Storytelling In Bronze: The Doors Of The Baptistery Of San Giovanni As Emblems Of Florence's Roman History And Artistic Progression, Erin M. Gregory

Honors Theses

The three bronze doors of the Baptistery of San Giovanni stand as public expressions of Florence’s imperial history, economic stability, and artistic advances. These commissions can only be understood in their physical context within the Baptistery, the city’s most revered monument. The Baptistery testifies to Florence’s imperial Roman and early Christian history, and it serves vital religious and civic functions within the commune. Each bronze door guards the liminal space between the city’s public sphere and the sacred interior where the baptismal ritual is performed. The bronze medium and the narrative style of the doors further ...


Romance And Reason: Contextualizing The Arthurian Romances Of Chrétien De Troyes, Alexandra Borkowski 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Romance And Reason: Contextualizing The Arthurian Romances Of Chrétien De Troyes, Alexandra Borkowski

Graduate History Conference, UMass Boston

The twelfth century saw the birth of the romance in literature, as well as the intellectual and social developments of humanism. The romance often involved the adventures of the knight, focusing on the behavior of the knight using the ideals of courtly love and chivalry. Chrétien de Troyes (c.1135-c.1183) contributed to the discussion of chivalry and courtliness by writing narrative poetry involving the Arthurian legends. He focused on the consequences of his knightly characters’ choices in order to show examples of how a proper knight should behave. This emphasis on the choices of each knight conveys a humanistic ...


How Long Does The Pilgrimage Tourism Experience To Santiago De Compostela Last?, Lucrezia Lopez 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

How Long Does The Pilgrimage Tourism Experience To Santiago De Compostela Last?, Lucrezia Lopez

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Tourism and pilgrimage are different social phenomena (Cohen, 1992; Collins-Kreiner, 2010a); tourism is more secular than pilgrimage, which is mainly a sacred journey (Barber, 2001). In spite of this, both indicate a ‘movement’; so that tourists and pilgrims are ‘foreigners, travellers and strangers’ (Smith, 1992) who look for authentic experiences (Collins-Kreiner, 2010a). The question: ‘What kind of Experience Pilgrimage is?’ has many answers. From a social point of view, pilgrims are free from social obligations; they share the same destination and the same social status. Because of this, the anthropologists Turner and Turner (1978) defined pilgrimage as an anti-structural experience ...


Aaron Swartz’S Legacy, Rebecca Gould 2014 SelectedWorks

Aaron Swartz’S Legacy, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

“Aaron Swartz’s Legacy,” Academe: Magazine of the American Association of University Professors 95(1): 19-23. Special issue on the “New Public Intellectual.” http://www.aaup.org/article/aaron-swartz%E2%80%99s-legacy#.UtZGm2RDtmk


Jews, Pagans, And Heretics In Early Medieval Canon Law, David M. Freidenreich 2014 Colby College

Jews, Pagans, And Heretics In Early Medieval Canon Law, David M. Freidenreich

David M. Freidenreich

No abstract provided.


The Burgos Tapestry: Medieval Theatre And Visual Experience, Nathalie Rochel FRCH '11 2013 Fordham University

The Burgos Tapestry: Medieval Theatre And Visual Experience, Nathalie Rochel Frch '11

Fordham Undergraduate Research Journal

In the field of art history, the medium of tapestry has only recently begun to gain attention as its own significant art form. This paper examines the possible relationship between the Burgos Tapestry, recently on view at The Cloisters after a thirty-year conservation, and medieval theatre. The compositional and stylistic forms of the tapestry may have been influenced by productions of medieval mystery plays, which through analysis can help provide a greater understanding of the medieval cultural mindset, the possible artistic decisions behind maintaining medieval pictorial traditions into the early sixteenth century, and the medieval viewer’s experience when looking ...


Civility And Gower's "Visio Anglie", Lynn Arner 2013 Western Michigan University

Civility And Gower's "Visio Anglie", Lynn Arner

Accessus

Deploying conventions from medieval courtesy manuals, Gower’s Visio Anglie assigned varied degrees of authority to Englishmen and women at the bodily level, a system of signification in which food, physical appearances, and overall comportment were key elements. Echoing courtesy manuals, the Visio constructed corporal marks of distinction, interpreted physical signifiers as indices of people’s inner character and value, and classified bodies into social groups accordingly. Offering understandings of civility that began with codes of bodily conduct and that expanded to claims about the cosmos, the Visio’s corporal regulatory system promoted particular understandings of citizenship and governance that ...


The Trentham Manuscript As Broken Prosthesis: Wholeness And Disability In Lancastrian England, Candace Barrington 2013 Western Michigan University

The Trentham Manuscript As Broken Prosthesis: Wholeness And Disability In Lancastrian England, Candace Barrington

Accessus

Gower’s Trentham manuscript allows us to think about pre-modern disabilities in three ways. First, because it encourages Henry IV to restore the body politic disabled by Richard II, we can see the manuscript as presenting itself as a prosthesis able to compensate, even cure, Henry’s illegitimate claims to the throne. Here, disability is a condition that needs to be eradicated at best, repaired at least.

Second, because the Trentham manuscript reports Gower’s blindness, we can examine how it registers that disability. As “Henrici quarti primus” makes clear, Gower’s disability allows him to assert his own legitimacy ...


Blindness, Confession, And Re-Membering In Gower's Confessio, Tory Vandeventer Pearman 2013 Western Michigan University

Blindness, Confession, And Re-Membering In Gower's Confessio, Tory Vandeventer Pearman

Accessus

Much scholarship on Gower’s Confessio Amantis has focused on the poem’s assertion that poetic narration, represented by Amans’ ongoing confession, has the ability to restore the fragmentary natures of social and spiritual bodies. Surprisingly, the role that the (dis)abled body plays in the poem’s struggle with fragmentation and integration has been ignored. By focusing on the poem’s representation of blindness in the tales of Medusa and Constance, I will demonstrate that the formal structure and thematic explorations of the Confessio, in fact, rely upon the (dis)abled body and its inextricable relationship to narration. Indeed ...


Blind Advocacy: Blind Readers, Disability Theory, And Accessing John Gower, Jonathan Hsy 2013 Western Michigan University

Blind Advocacy: Blind Readers, Disability Theory, And Accessing John Gower, Jonathan Hsy

Accessus

Toward the end of his life, medieval poet John Gower (d. 1408) composed Latin poetry about his own progressive blindness, and later nineteenth-century Blind readers appropriated Gower’s work as part of a platform to advocate for changed perceptions and opportunities for the blind and other people with disabilities. In this essay, I approach nineteenth-century narrative compilations of blind lives (which include Gower’s) as transformative acts of literary historiography. These compilers not only appropriate the medieval blind poet to advance their own social and political ends, but they also create a new disability-centered approach to the entire Western artistic ...


Introduction, Georgiana Donavin, Eve Salisbury 2013 Western Michigan University

Introduction, Georgiana Donavin, Eve Salisbury

Accessus

This Introduction by co-editors Georgiana Donavin and Eve Salisbury celebrates the publication of the first issue of Accessus: A Journal of Premodern Literature and New Media, a biannual publication of The Gower Project. The Introduction provides a short history of The Gower Project and explains the scope of Accessus: an e-journal dedicated to articles composed in electronic formats on Western European literature written before 1660. This first issue is dedicated to scholarship on the fourteenth-century English poet John Gower, who inspired the Project and this journal. For a decade The Gower Project has supported exciting new interpretations of Gower's ...


Appendix A To Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings After Wyclif, Fiona Somerset 2013 University of Connecticut

Appendix A To Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings After Wyclif, Fiona Somerset

Supplementary Material for Published Books

Appendix A: Brief Descriptions of Frequently Cited Manuscripts

These descriptions provide a list of contents for selected manuscripts frequently cited in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif (Cornell U. P., 2014). I have worked extensively with each of these manuscripts, but I also rely on previous descriptions as cited within. Abbreviations used are those listed in the table of abbreviations in the published book.


Appendix B To Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings After Wyclif, Fiona Somerset 2013 University of Connecticut

Appendix B To Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings After Wyclif, Fiona Somerset

Supplementary Material for Published Books

Appendix B: The Pastoral Syllabus of SS74 and a Detailed Summary of the Sermons

This appendix summarizes the contents of each sermon in the sermon cycle that occupies the bulk of Cambridge, Sidney Sussex College MS 74. Details are given of the epistle lection, the sermon from the English Wycliffite Sermons included as a protheme, the content of the epistle sermon, and the pastoral teaching provided. Abbreviations used are those in the table of abbreviations in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif (Cornell, 2014).


Digital Commons powered by bepress