Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medieval Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1117 Full-Text Articles 531 Authors 279402 Downloads 102 Institutions

All Articles in Medieval Studies

Faceted Search

1117 full-text articles. Page 1 of 30.

Clemence Of Barking And Valdes Of Lyon: Two Contemporaneous Examples Of Innovation In The Twelfth Century, Lisa Murray 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Clemence Of Barking And Valdes Of Lyon: Two Contemporaneous Examples Of Innovation In The Twelfth Century, Lisa Murray

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The Twelfth Century in Western Europe was a remarkable time in history. Scholars have noted that Roman law was being revived, Aristotelian theory was being studied, Romanesque and Gothic art was being produced, scholasticism was being cultivated, and economic growth was being fostered by the rise of towns. These are just some of the developments that help give this era the well-known term “twelfth-century renaissance.” Despite the flourishing of creativity that this label suggests, there are few surviving, specific examples of innovation from this time that have been passed down to us. In AD 1175 the Benedictine nun Clemence of ...


The Lay Of Aotrou And Itroun (2016), By J.R.R. Tolkien, Edited By Verlyn Flieger, Thomas Honegger 2017 Department of English, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany

The Lay Of Aotrou And Itroun (2016), By J.R.R. Tolkien, Edited By Verlyn Flieger, Thomas Honegger

Journal of Tolkien Research

Book review of The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun (2016) by J.R.R. Tolkien, edited by Verlyn Flieger, reviewed by Thomas Honegger


Riders, Chivalry, And Knighthood In Tolkien, Thomas Honegger 2017 Department of English, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany

Riders, Chivalry, And Knighthood In Tolkien, Thomas Honegger

Journal of Tolkien Research

Abstract

This essay is a much extended version of the paper I gave at the IMC Leeds on 5 July 2017. It examines Tolkien’s complex attitude towards the concept(s) of chivalry and knighthood. A close reading analysis of relevant key passages from The Lord of the Rings is combined with an examination of his statements on chivalry in his scholarly works. Tolkien’s views are then related to the scholarly discourse on the key elements of chivalry, which allows the reader to gain a deeper understanding of why Tolkien depicts the representatives of chivalry/knighthood in The Lord ...


The Wife's Lament, Christian Beck 2017 University of Central Florida

The Wife's Lament, Christian Beck

Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

This is version of the poem The Wife's Lament is translated by Christian Beck.


Card Tricks: A Workflow For Scalability And Dynamic Content Creation Using Paper2d And Unreal Engine 4, Owen Gottlieb, Dakota Herold, Edward Amidon 2017 RIT (undergraduate student)

Card Tricks: A Workflow For Scalability And Dynamic Content Creation Using Paper2d And Unreal Engine 4, Owen Gottlieb, Dakota Herold, Edward Amidon

Presentations and other scholarship

In this paper, we describe the design and technological methods of

our dynamic sprite system in Lost & Found, a table-top-to-mobile

card game designed to improve literacy regarding prosocial

aspects of religious legal systems, specifically, collaboration and

cooperation. Harnessing the capabilities of Unreal Engine’s

Paper2D system, we created a dynamic content creation pipeline

that empowered our game designers so that they could rapidly

iterate on the game’s systems and balance externally from the

engine. Utilizing the Unreal Blueprint component system we were

also able to modularize each actor during runtime as data may be

changed. The technological approach behind ...


Tolkien, Self And Other: "This Queer Creature" (2016) By Jane Chance, Kristine Larsen 2017 Central Connecticut State University

Tolkien, Self And Other: "This Queer Creature" (2016) By Jane Chance, Kristine Larsen

Journal of Tolkien Research

Book review, by Kristine Larsen, of Tolkien, Self and Other: "This Queer Creature" (2016), by Jane Chance.


Negotiating A Nation: Imperialism, Multiculturism, And The Evolution Of Identity In Medieval Scottish Borderland Literature, Ruth M.E. Oldman 2017 Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Negotiating A Nation: Imperialism, Multiculturism, And The Evolution Of Identity In Medieval Scottish Borderland Literature, Ruth M.E. Oldman

Theses and Dissertations (All)

Many medieval authors worked with the ideas of identity, at times giving way to the creation of nationalism. Depictions of national identity and nationalism varied depending upon author and time period, especially within literature from the Lowland region. This literary borderland identity was ever-evolving as the political environment over the course of the 14th and 15th centuries fluctuated and varied depending upon who was in power, the author’s political ties, and the geographic and cultural places and spaces in which authors resided. To effectively understand how and why this was the case, we must ask the following questions: how ...


Get Thee To A Nunnery: Unruly Women And Christianity In Medieval Europe, Sarah E. Wolfe 2017 East Tennessee State University

Get Thee To A Nunnery: Unruly Women And Christianity In Medieval Europe, Sarah E. Wolfe

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis will argue that the Beowulf Manuscript, which includes the poem Judith, Saxo Grammaticus’s Gesta Danorum, and the Old-Norse-Icelandic Laxdæla saga highlight and examine the tension between the female pagan characters and their Christian authors. These texts also demonstrate that Queenship grew fragile after the spread of Christianity, and women’s power waned in the shift between pre-Christian and Christian Europe.


Textile Terminologies From The Orient To The Mediterranean And Europe, 1000 Bc To 1000 Ad, Salvatore Gaspa, Cécile Michel, Marie-Louise Nosch 2017 University of Copenhagen

Textile Terminologies From The Orient To The Mediterranean And Europe, 1000 Bc To 1000 Ad, Salvatore Gaspa, Cécile Michel, Marie-Louise Nosch

Zea E-Books

The papers in this volume derive from the conference on textile terminology held in June 2014 at the University of Copenhagen. Around 50 experts from the fields of Ancient History, Indo-European Studies, Semitic Philology, Assyriology, Classical Archaeology, and Terminology from twelve different countries came together at the Centre for Textile Research, to discuss textile terminology, semantic fields of clothing and technology, loan words, and developments of textile terms in Antiquity. They exchanged ideas, research results, and presented various views and methods.

This volume contains 35 chapters, divided into five sections: • Textile terminologies across the ancient Near East and the Southern ...


When We Were Monsters: Ethnogenesis In Medieval Ireland 800-1366, Dawn A. Seymour Klos 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

When We Were Monsters: Ethnogenesis In Medieval Ireland 800-1366, Dawn A. Seymour Klos

Master's Theses

Ethnogenesis, or the process of identity construction occurred in medieval Ireland as a reaction to laws passed by the first centralized government on the island. This thesis tracks ethnogenesis through documents relating to change in language, custom, and law. This argument provides insight into how a new political identity was rendered necessary by the Anglo-Irish. Victor Turner’s model of Communitas structures the argument as each stage of liminality represents a turning point in the process of ethnogenesis.

1169 marked a watershed moment as it began the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland. English nobles brought with them ideas of centralized power ...


Dante And The “Dead White Dude” Dilemma: Exploring The Complexities Of Diversity And Controversy In Medieval Literature, Grace Therrell 2017 Western Kentucky University

Dante And The “Dead White Dude” Dilemma: Exploring The Complexities Of Diversity And Controversy In Medieval Literature, Grace Therrell

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Recently, one of the goals on the English discipline has been diversification. Students and scholars alike call for program requirements that are inclusive instead of imperialistic. They want to read texts written by non-white, non-male authors and to hear voices that are less represented in literature. In short, they want to eliminate the focus on literature written by the “dead white dude.” While literature programs should be more diversified, it is still possible to hear from marginalized voices and discuss current controversial issues through older canonical texts. Dante Alighieri does this exceptionally well in his Divine Comedy as he tends ...


Contre L’Amour Courtois: 
Le Vrai Amour Chez Marie De France Et Chrétien De Troyes, Elizabeth Walley 2017 University of South Florida

Contre L’Amour Courtois: 
Le Vrai Amour Chez Marie De France Et Chrétien De Troyes, Elizabeth Walley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Marie de France and Chrétien de Troyes were two of the most influential French writers of the twelfth century. Both of these poets use different devices and themes of l’amour courtois, a model of how love was portrayed in literature at that time, to warn against the folie and the dangers to which adhering to the doctrines of this model could lead. They use narrative voice and commentary from characters to directly explain to readers why l’amour courtois is not an ideal example to follow, and they rely on the outcomes of their stories to portray potential outcomes ...


Transcription, Translation, And Annotation: Observations On Three Medieval Islamicate Medical Texts In Upenn Ms Codex 1649, Y. Tzvi Langermann 2017 Bar-Ilan University

Transcription, Translation, And Annotation: Observations On Three Medieval Islamicate Medical Texts In Upenn Ms Codex 1649, Y. Tzvi Langermann

Manuscript Studies

Provides an introduction to previously unpublished and incomplete copies of three Arabic medical tracts translated in Judeo-Arabic: al-Mughnīfī Tadbīr al-Amrāḍ (“The Sufficient for the Management of Illnesses”) by Sa’īd ibn Hibat Allah (fols. 15-18, 40-52, 211-307), al-Adwiya al-Qalbiyya (“Cardiac Drugs”) by Abū ‘Alī Ibn Sīnā (fols. 25-39), and al- KāmilfīṢinā‘at al-Ṭibb (“The Complete [Book] in the Art of Medicine”), also known as al- Mālikī ( “The Royal [Book]”) by Abū al-‘Abbās al-Majūsī (fols. 53-210). The copies, compiled by a Jewish physician identified as David ben Shalom, were produced in Sicily in the fifteenth century in Sicily and provide ...


(In)Completeness In Middle English Literature: The Case Of The Cook’S Tale And The Tale Of Gamelyn, Timothy Stinson 2017 North Carolina State University

(In)Completeness In Middle English Literature: The Case Of The Cook’S Tale And The Tale Of Gamelyn, Timothy Stinson

Manuscript Studies

This essay considers the ways in which incompleteness – the de facto status of virtually all of Middle English literature – is both a type of failure and a special characteristic of this literature. The discussion is framed around the incomplete Cook's Tale from Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and the Tale of Gamelyn, a romance frequently misattributed to Chaucer that circulated with the Canterbury Tales, often to fill the gap left by the incomplete Cook's Tale.


The Handwritten And The Printed: Issues Of Format And Medium In Japanese Premodern Books, Linda H. Chance, Julie Nelson Davis 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Handwritten And The Printed: Issues Of Format And Medium In Japanese Premodern Books, Linda H. Chance, Julie Nelson Davis

Manuscript Studies

The act of rendering the handwritten in print participates in a long tradition of appreciation of calligraphy in East Asia. This essay considers the question of why manuscript remained the mode for representing writing well after the development of print culture in early modern Japan, forcing us to reexamine our expectations of what the term “manuscript” means: must a work be “written by hand” to be a manuscript, for instance? We argue that the use of print technology as a means to capture and disseminate the calligraphic expands the scope of current notions of what a manuscript is and challenges ...


Towards A Universal Catalogue Of Early Manuscripts: Seymour De Ricci’S Census Of Medieval And Renaissance Manuscripts In The United States And Canada, Nigel Ramsay 2017 University College London

Towards A Universal Catalogue Of Early Manuscripts: Seymour De Ricci’S Census Of Medieval And Renaissance Manuscripts In The United States And Canada, Nigel Ramsay

Manuscript Studies

Seymour de Ricci’s Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada, published by the Library of Congress in two volumes in 1935 and 1937 respectively, is a fundamental reference for the history of manuscripts in North American institutions and collections. This article explores the history of the Census' production, in particular the challenges that De Ricci faced in completing the monumental task of creating a union catalogue of manuscripts before the dawn of the digital age.


Will That Surrogate Do?: Reflections On Material Manuscript Literacy In The Digital Environment From Islamic Manuscripts At The University Of Michigan Library, Evyn C. Kropf 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Will That Surrogate Do?: Reflections On Material Manuscript Literacy In The Digital Environment From Islamic Manuscripts At The University Of Michigan Library, Evyn C. Kropf

Manuscript Studies

The widespread dissemination of digital surrogates for Islamic manuscripts certainly has the potential to impact scholarship both positively and negatively. Realizing a positive impact is contingent on the accessibility and quality of the digital surrogates and the training extended to the scholars working with them. Indeed, while manuscript digital surrogates have the potential to enhance access for those scholars who might otherwise neglect manuscript evidence, they may also enable neglect of material qualities and with them the essential historical context for the content of a codex. This is particularly concerning for the field of Islamic manuscript studies for which so ...


The Materiality Of South Asian Manuscripts From The University Of Pennsylvania Ms Coll. 390 And The Rāmamālā Library In Bangladesh, Benjamin J. Fleming 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Materiality Of South Asian Manuscripts From The University Of Pennsylvania Ms Coll. 390 And The Rāmamālā Library In Bangladesh, Benjamin J. Fleming

Manuscript Studies

The codex has become ubiquitous in the modern world as a common way of presenting the materiality of texts. Much of the scholarship on the History of the Book has taken this endpoint for granted even when discussing pre-modern writing and manuscript cultures. In this essay, I would like to open the discussion to other possibilities. I will draw on my research on medieval South Asian religions and from my hands-on work with manuscripts in two collections: the Rāmamālā Library in Bangladesh and the Indic collection at the University of Pennsylvania. Drawing examples from these two collections as well as ...


Citation And Alignment: Scholarship Outside And Inside The Codex, Christopher Blackwell, Christine Roughan, Neel Smith 2017 Furman University

Citation And Alignment: Scholarship Outside And Inside The Codex, Christopher Blackwell, Christine Roughan, Neel Smith

Manuscript Studies

We describe a hierarchical approach to modeling text that allows machine-actionable canonical citation of text at many levels of specificity. This model address the problem of overlapping or mutually exclusive analyses. In turn, this flexibility in citation allows rich linking of textual transcriptions and other data to regions-of-interest on digital images, of particular value to codicological and paleographic study. Our examples are from work on Byzantine manuscripts containing Greek epic poetry and scholarly commentary, but our approach can apply to any image-based project in documenting books, manuscripts, inscriptions or other text-bearing surfaces.


Manifesto, Mitch Fraas, William Noel 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Manifesto, Mitch Fraas, William Noel

Manuscript Studies

Manuscript Studies is a new journal that embraces the full complexity of global manuscript studies in the digital age. It has been conceived with four main goals in mind. First, to bridge the gaps between material and digital manuscript research; second, to break down the walls which often separate print and digital publication and serve as barriers between academics, professionals in the cultural heritage field, and citizen scholars; third, to serve as a forum for scholarship encompassing many pre-modern manuscripts cultures—not just those of Europe; and finally to showcase methods and techniques of analysis in manuscript studies that can ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress