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Modern Intolerance And The Medieval Crusades [Excerpted From Whose Middle Ages?], Nicholas L. Paul 2019 Fordham University

Modern Intolerance And The Medieval Crusades [Excerpted From Whose Middle Ages?], Nicholas L. Paul

History

Whose Middle Ages? is an interdisciplinary collection of short, accessible essays intended for the non-specialist reader and ideal for teaching at an undergraduate level. Each of twenty-two essays takes up an area where humans have dug for meaning into the medieval past and brought something distorted back into the present: in our popular entertainment; in our news, our politics, and our propaganda; and in subtler ways that inform how we think about our histories, our countries, and ourselves. Each author teases out the stakes of a history that has refused to remain past and uses the tools of the academy ...


Martin Luther King Jr.: The Ideal Medieval Preacher, Chloe Diaz 2019 La Sierra University

Martin Luther King Jr.: The Ideal Medieval Preacher, Chloe Diaz

Andrews Research Conference

When scholars interpret the sermons of Martin Luther King Jr., such as his last sermon, they investigate his delivery of the speech and how it has stood the test of time. A common example is “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop,” which King delivered on the eve of his death. Many say that he delivered this sermon like it was his last one—as if he were fully aware. Because of scholarship, this sermons has survived, but there is a lens that has not been explored extensively—the influence of medieval rhetorical theory on his scholarship as a theologian. There ...


John Gardner’S Grendel: The Importance Of Community In Making Moral Art, Catherine C. Cooper 2019 University of New Orleans

John Gardner’S Grendel: The Importance Of Community In Making Moral Art, Catherine C. Cooper

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

John Gardner’s Grendel examines the ways in which humans make meaning out of their lives. By changing the original Beowulf monster into a creature who constantly questions the conflicting narratives set before him, Gardner encourages us to confront these tensions also. However, his emphasis on Grendel’s alienation helps us realize that community is essential to creating meaning. Most obviously, community creates relationships that foster a sense of moral obligation between its members, even in the face of the type of uncertainty felt by Grendel. Moreover, community cannot exist without dialogue, which perpetually stimulates the imagination to respond to ...


Physicality And Spirituality In Riddle 26, Corinne McCumber 2019 University of Minnesota - Morris

Physicality And Spirituality In Riddle 26, Corinne Mccumber

Honors Capstone Projects

Riddle 26, an otherwise-unnamed poem in the 10th-century Old English collection known as The Exeter Book, suggests tension and interplay between its physical form and its meaning. Scholars accept that the riddle’s speaker describes the creation of a religious manuscript, but while physical processes drive the poem’s narrative structure, the speaker ends by focusing on the knowledge that the described religious text contains. As John Hines summarizes, the Old English riddles “demonstrate a keen eye for and dramatically imaginative appreciation of the real world in which the authors and readers lived: both its natural and its manufactured components ...


Mapping Manuscript Migrations: Digging Into Data For The History And Provenance Of Medieval And Renaissance Manuscripts, Toby Burrows, Eero Hyvönen, Lynn Ransom, Hanno Wijsman 2019 University of Western Australia

Mapping Manuscript Migrations: Digging Into Data For The History And Provenance Of Medieval And Renaissance Manuscripts, Toby Burrows, Eero Hyvönen, Lynn Ransom, Hanno Wijsman

Manuscript Studies

Mapping Manuscript Migrations is a new two-year project funded by the Trans-Atlantic Platform in the fourth round of its Digging into Data Challenge. The project is a collaboration between four international partners: the University of Oxford, the University of Pennsylvania, the Institut de recherche et d’histoire des textes (IRHT) in Paris, and Aalto University in Helsinki.

The project aims to combine data from various different sources to enable the large-scale analysis of the history and provenance of medieval and Renaissance manuscripts.


Compilation, Collation And Correction In The Time Of Encyclopedism: The Case Of Upenn Ljs 55, Nathalie Lacarrière 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Compilation, Collation And Correction In The Time Of Encyclopedism: The Case Of Upenn Ljs 55, Nathalie Lacarrière

Manuscript Studies

This article looks into UPenn LJS 55, a French thirteenth century manuscript composed of four different works that exemplify the Encyclopedic drive of the time: Gossuin de Metz’s Image del monde, Honorius Augustodunensis’ Elucidarium, in an anonymous French prose version called Lucidaire, a Moralités des Philosophes in prose and an unidentified fourth text. By analyzing the collation of the manuscript, this article suggests that two of the eight quires that are comprised in the manuscript are incomplete, leading to the creation of a new collation model and the identification of the fourth piece as Aldobrandino da Siena’s Régime ...


The Intricacies Of Capturing The Holdings Of A Mosque Library In Yemen: The Library Of The Shrine Of Imām Al-Hādī, ṢaʿDa, Sabine Schmidtke 2019 Institute for Advanced Study

The Intricacies Of Capturing The Holdings Of A Mosque Library In Yemen: The Library Of The Shrine Of Imām Al-Hādī, ṢaʿDa, Sabine Schmidtke

Manuscript Studies

This article discusses the "The Zaydi Manuscript Tradition (ZMT)" initiative. The initiative aims to salvage the Zaydi literary tradition by gathering digital surrogates of as many Zaydi manuscripts as possible in a single repository and providing comprehensive and systematic open access to them for scholars worldwide, regardless of whether the physical manuscripts are preserved in Europe or in North America, in Yemen or elsewhere in the Middle East. The ZMT is a joint project initiated by the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), Princeton, in partnership with the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML) at Saint John’s University, Collegeville, Minnesota. Work ...


Preserving Endangered Archives In Jerba, Tunisia: The Al-Bāsī Family Library Pilot Project, Ali Boujdidi, Paul Love 2019 University of Gabès, Médenine

Preserving Endangered Archives In Jerba, Tunisia: The Al-Bāsī Family Library Pilot Project, Ali Boujdidi, Paul Love

Manuscript Studies

In July 2017, we launched a project entitled “Preserving Endangered Archives in Jerba, Tunisia: The al- Bāsī Family Library Pilot Project.”1 Generously supported by the Endangered Archives Programme (EAP) funded by the British Library and Arcadia, the project aims at the digital preservation of the private Arabic manuscript library of the al- Bāsī family in the town of Houmet Souk on the island of Jerba in southern Tunisia. This report offers a brief history of the collection and its contents as well as a description of the project’s training efforts and aims.


Of Scribes And Scripts: Citizen Science And The Cairo Genizah, Laura Newman Eckstein 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Of Scribes And Scripts: Citizen Science And The Cairo Genizah, Laura Newman Eckstein

Manuscript Studies

In August 2017, the University of Pennsylvania Libraries, in partnership with the Princeton Geniza Project, the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary, the Genizah Research Unit at Cambridge University, and the Zooniverse, began the first phase of a larger project to attempt to sort and transcribe Cairo Geniza fragments, entitled “Scribes of the Cairo Geniza.” This article describes the first phase of the projects and its results.


The Textual Interest Of The Syriac Versions Of Galen’S Simples, Irene Calà, Jimmy Daccache, Robert Hawley 2019 Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

The Textual Interest Of The Syriac Versions Of Galen’S Simples, Irene Calà, Jimmy Daccache, Robert Hawley

Manuscript Studies

As a complement and supplement to the various articles in this issue devoted specifically to the manuscript olim Hiersemann 500/20, henceforth referred to as the “Syriac Galen Palimpsest”, or simply “SGP”, this article presents selected examples of how and why the undertext of SGP is important for scholarship, especially in disciplines beyond the confines of Syriac Christianity. Our examples are drawn from Sergius of Reš ʿAynā’s sixth century Syriac translation of Books VI-VIII of Galen of Pergamon’s important pharmacological treatise On simple drugs (hereafter “Simples”), which, as is well known, is found not only in SGP, but ...


Analyzing Images, Editing Texts: The Manchester Project, Naima Afif, Siam Bhayro, Peter E. Poormann, William I. Sellers, Natalia Smelova 2019 The University of Manchester

Analyzing Images, Editing Texts: The Manchester Project, Naima Afif, Siam Bhayro, Peter E. Poormann, William I. Sellers, Natalia Smelova

Manuscript Studies

This article discusses the methodologies and tools employed in the study of the Syriac Galen Palimpsest. While it focusses on the efforts of the ongoing Manchester Project, attention is also paid to earlier and contemporary work, particularly the most recent phase of research (which can be said to have started in 2009). In this way, the Manchester Project is properly contextualised. We describe the image analysis techniques employed by the Manchester team. The challenge is to reduce the information contained in the set of multi-spectral images and enhance it where it can usefully distinguish between undertext and overtext. One can ...


The Syriac Galen Palimpsest: A Tale Of Two Texts, Naima Afif, Siam Bhayro, Grigory Kessel, Peter E. Poormann, William I. Sellers, Natalia Smelova 2019 The University of Manchester

The Syriac Galen Palimpsest: A Tale Of Two Texts, Naima Afif, Siam Bhayro, Grigory Kessel, Peter E. Poormann, William I. Sellers, Natalia Smelova

Manuscript Studies

This article presents the Syriac Galen Palimpsest’s double history, of both the original manuscript and its subsequent reuse. The original medical manuscript contained Galen’s Book of Simple Drugs in Syriac translation, was probably produced in northern Mesopotamia or western Syria, and dates to the first half of the ninth century. After only two centuries, it was erased and reused to produce a liturgical text called Octṓēchos, probably at the monastery of Saint Elias on the Black Mountain. This palimpsest was later transferred to Saint Catherine’s monastery in the Sinai, where it remained for several centuries before being ...


The Galen Palimpsest And The Modest Ambitions Of The Digital Data Set, Doug Emery 2019 University of Pennsylvania

The Galen Palimpsest And The Modest Ambitions Of The Digital Data Set, Doug Emery

Manuscript Studies

The digital Syriac Galen Palimpsest (SGP) data set is an archive built on the model of the digital Archimedes Palimpsest. As with Archimedes, the SGP data set is meant to promote the long-term preservation of and access to the digitized palimpsest. The SGP data set follows archiving best practices and uses the Archimedes Palimpsest Metadata Standard for spectral imaging metadata. The data is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0). The SGP project used custom software to manage its data and metadata from the time of capture to final data set publication. In ...


Spectral Imaging Methods Applied To The Syriac Galen Palimpsest, Roger L. Easton, Keith T. Knox, William A. Christens-Barry, Ken Boydston 2019 Rochester Institute of Technology

Spectral Imaging Methods Applied To The Syriac Galen Palimpsest, Roger L. Easton, Keith T. Knox, William A. Christens-Barry, Ken Boydston

Manuscript Studies

The spectral imaging techniques applied to the so-called “Syriac Galen palimpsest” in 2008-2010 are reported, including examples of results obtained. The imaging methods were adapted from those used on the Archimedes palimpsest during prior years, and are now comparatively elementary relative to methods that have been developed since. These recent advances will be outlined to demonstrate why improvements would be expected in newer imaging collections and processing.


The Codicology And Conservation Of The Syriac Galen Palimpsest, Abigail B. Quandt, Renée C. Wolcott 2019 The Walters Art Museum

The Codicology And Conservation Of The Syriac Galen Palimpsest, Abigail B. Quandt, Renée C. Wolcott

Manuscript Studies

Disbinding the Syriac Galen Palimpsest to allow for more successful imaging also permitted conservators to examine the codicology and binding of the palimpsest, the quality of its parchment, and the chemistry of its inks. Both the upper and lower texts were found to have iron gall black inks. The red ink in the Galen text was identified as red lead mixed with cinnabar or vermilion, while the red ink in the liturgical text was identified as cinnabar or vermilion alone. The leaves of the manuscript were coated with chalk according to Syriac tradition. The binding, which was probably applied at ...


Pulling It All Together: Managing The Syriac Galen Palimpsest Project, Michael Toth 2019 R.B. Toth Associates

Pulling It All Together: Managing The Syriac Galen Palimpsest Project, Michael Toth

Manuscript Studies

During a two-year period, from 2009 to 2010, a multidisciplinary team conducted multispectral imaging, digital processing and data management of the Syriac Galen Palimpsest. This contractor-led team applied the turnkey multispectral imaging techniques developed in earlier advanced imaging projects to this palimpsest. This required new management techniques and work processes to provide useful results efficiently and quickly, while minimizing risk. In the initial risk-mitigation study phase, the team first imaged several leaves of the bound SGP in 2009 to characterize the imaging and processing challenges. Building on the findings from this first phase, they then imaged all the disbound leaves ...


The Syriac Galen Palimpsest Project: An Introduction, William Noel, Ralph M. Rosen 2019 University of Pennsylvania

The Syriac Galen Palimpsest Project: An Introduction, William Noel, Ralph M. Rosen

Manuscript Studies

No abstract provided.


From Bird-Woman To Mermaid: The Shifting Image Of The Medieval Siren, Claire Cannell 2019 Portland State University

From Bird-Woman To Mermaid: The Shifting Image Of The Medieval Siren, Claire Cannell

Student Research Symposium

During the Middle Ages, the siren transforms from its classical status as grotesque bird-woman into an alluring mermaid. A female monster, the siren represents what is considered monstrous in women. I plan to examine the unstable image of the siren in order to better understand the religious and social status of the medieval European woman. The siren is contextualized among contemporary secular images of female sexuality and the writings of religious authorities such as Leander of Seville, who wrote that all women were either nuns or sirens. I plan to analyze the implications of the nun-siren binary created by Leander ...


Semantic Shift In Old English And Old Saxon Identity Terms, David A. Carlton 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Semantic Shift In Old English And Old Saxon Identity Terms, David A. Carlton

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Christianity substantially altered Germanic life during the early Middle Ages. However, no large-scale studies have attempted to visualize Christianization through macroscopic semantic trends, nor have any studies used Old Saxon as a control group to help illustrate the role of Christianity in less obvious semantic contexts. The core question of this project, then, revolves around semantic corpora and their role in clarifying sociocultural phenomena: how can a cross-section of Old Saxon and Old English semantics help clarify Christianity's role in re-shaping early medieval Germanic identity? This study uses corpus linguistics, post-colonial/historical theory, and Digital Humanities approaches to schematize ...


The Singular Voice Of Being [Table Of Contents], Andrew LaZella 2019 Fordham University

The Singular Voice Of Being [Table Of Contents], Andrew Lazella

Philosophy

The Singular Voice of Being reconsiders John Duns Scotus’s well-covered theory of the univocity of being in light of his less explored discussions of ultimate difference. Ultimate difference is a notion introduced by Aristotle and known by the Aristotelian tradition, but one that, the book argues, Scotus radically retrofits to buttress his doctrine of univocity. Ultimate difference for Aristotle meant the last difference in a line of specific differences whereby all the preceding differences would be united into a single substance rather than remain a heapish multiplicity. LaZella argues that Scotus both broadens and deepens the term such that ...


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