Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Near Eastern Languages and Societies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

936 Full-Text Articles 430 Authors 288662 Downloads 70 Institutions

All Articles in Near Eastern Languages and Societies

Faceted Search

936 full-text articles. Page 1 of 27.

The Moroccan Jurist Al-Khamlīshī: Can A Woman Become A Legislator (Mujtahid)?, Nayel A. Badareen 2564414 2016 University of Arizona

The Moroccan Jurist Al-Khamlīshī: Can A Woman Become A Legislator (Mujtahid)?, Nayel A. Badareen 2564414

Mathal

The idea of deducing legal rulings in Islamic law, or ijtihād, as well as the qualifications of the person who practices ijtihād, known as the mujtahid, has been a complex issue among Muslim ʿulamāʾ for centuries. Many Muslim ʿulamāʾ and Western scholars have maintained that the gate of ijtihād was closed. The title of mujtahid was therefore impossible to attain. The Moroccan intellectual al-Khamlīshī maintains that the strenuous conditions put forth by some of the Sunni jurists to qualify an individual to become a mujtahid actually contributed to the demise of ijtihād. These qualifications, according to al-Khamlīshī, were proven to ...


What Is The Difference Between “Muslim” And “Islamic”?, Ahmed E. Souaiaia 2016 Selected Works

What Is The Difference Between “Muslim” And “Islamic”?, Ahmed E. Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

Social labels and categories are exercise in control. They describe opponents, create boundaries, exclude social groups, justify discrimination, and promote persecution. They are imbued with sociopolitical power. Muslims used labels, internally for the first time, during the formative period of the community to privilege the elite and marginalize dissenters. They called those who challenged the established order, Khawarij [Outsiders]. Today, Muslims living in Western societies are often labeled radical Islamic extremists. But aside from this politically charged phrase, even common adjectives, such as Islamic and Muslim, are misused. So in what contexts should these adjectives be appropriately used and why ...


The Epic Of Gilgamesh: Selected Readings From Its Original Early Arabic Language. Including A New Translation Of The Flood Story, Saad D. Abulhab 2016 CUNY Central Office

The Epic Of Gilgamesh: Selected Readings From Its Original Early Arabic Language. Including A New Translation Of The Flood Story, Saad D. Abulhab

Publications and Research

This book introduces the earliest known literary and mythology work in the world, the Epic of Gilgamesh, in its actual language: early Classical Arabic. It provides a more accurate translation and understanding of the important story of the flood, one of the key stories of the monotheistic religions. In this book, the author was able to decipher the actual meanings and pronunciations of several important names of ancient Mesopotamian gods, persons, cities, mountains, and other entities. He was able to uncover the evolution path of the concept of god and the background themes behind the rise of the monotheistic religions ...


P-04 Cavan Burren 2015 Project, Rhonda Root, Robin Johnson, Ariel Solis, Abelardo Rivas 2016 Andrews University

P-04 Cavan Burren 2015 Project, Rhonda Root, Robin Johnson, Ariel Solis, Abelardo Rivas

Ariel Solis

The Cavan Burren is a plantation forest within the Marble Arch Caves UNESCO Global Geopark overlay along the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland border. The exposure of Cavan Burren’s "relict landscape" resulted from a 2012 partial clear fell. Our multidisciplinary team of researchers in architecture, technology, ecology, fine arts, and archaeology investigated domestic architecture reflected in three stone configurations: circular/semicircular sites, rectangular sites, and tomb structures. We also investigated human action on pedestal boulders (PBs), which had been modified by sculpting, splitting, and cutting away. Our first goal was to show human action on structures by using ...


P-04 Cavan Burren 2015 Project, Rhonda Root, Robin Johnson, Ariel Solis, Abelardo Rivas 2016 Andrews University

P-04 Cavan Burren 2015 Project, Rhonda Root, Robin Johnson, Ariel Solis, Abelardo Rivas

Robin Johnson

The Cavan Burren is a plantation forest within the Marble Arch Caves UNESCO Global Geopark overlay along the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland border. The exposure of Cavan Burren’s "relict landscape" resulted from a 2012 partial clear fell. Our multidisciplinary team of researchers in architecture, technology, ecology, fine arts, and archaeology investigated domestic architecture reflected in three stone configurations: circular/semicircular sites, rectangular sites, and tomb structures. We also investigated human action on pedestal boulders (PBs), which had been modified by sculpting, splitting, and cutting away. Our first goal was to show human action on structures by using ...


Buckwalter To Arabizi Converter For Tunisian Arabic, Houcemeddine Turki 2016 Selected Works

Buckwalter To Arabizi Converter For Tunisian Arabic, Houcemeddine Turki

Houcemeddine Turki

In this work, the reasons of creation, the input and output characteristics, the principles and the main applications of the creation of a rule-based software that converts texts in Buckwalter transliteration of Arabic script to Arabic Chat Alphabet for Tunisian Arabic are briefly and precisely explained.


Performing El Rap El ʿArabi 2005-2015: Feeling Politics Amid Neoliberal Incursions In Ramallah, Amman, And Beirut, Rayya S. El Zein 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Performing El Rap El ʿArabi 2005-2015: Feeling Politics Amid Neoliberal Incursions In Ramallah, Amman, And Beirut, Rayya S. El Zein

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This study is about politics in Arabic rap. Specifically, it is about affective dynamics and material negotiations during rap concerts in three cities in the Levant. I analyze Arab hip hop culture in the context of three different but related histories of cosmopolitan, middle class growth, and gentrification. Using an ethnomusicological framework rooted in participant observation and performance theory, I compare concert conditions, audience behavior, and accessibility of music production in Ramallah, Amman, and Beirut.

In Chapter One, I elaborate the discursive and theoretical frameworks that have pinned the political valences of Arab youth, Arab artists, and Arab rappers in ...


Crossing Paths: Musical And Ritual Interactivity Between The Ḥamadsha And Gnawa In Sidi Ali, Morocco, Christopher J. Witulski 2016 The Florida State University Tallahassee

Crossing Paths: Musical And Ritual Interactivity Between The Ḥamadsha And Gnawa In Sidi Ali, Morocco, Christopher J. Witulski

Yale Journal of Music & Religion

The processions occurring in Moroccan pilgrimages--such as those in Sidi Ali, a small town situated in the mountains outside of Meknes and Fez--are important sites that instigate an aesthetic negotiation within nearby possession ceremonies. The many musical groups that punctuate the cacophonous atmosphere during the annual pilgrimage are affiliated with a many of the country’s diverse mystical brotherhoods, including the gnawa, ḥamadsha, and ʿīsāwa. Through a detailed ethnographic description of processions and rituals from two of these groups, this article outlines ways in which musical tastes flow between the different events, informing the aesthetics of both outdoor (public) expressions ...


The Grace Of God In The Law Of Moses: A Second Look At Israel’S Written Code, Jeffrey S. Krause 2016 Liberty University

The Grace Of God In The Law Of Moses: A Second Look At Israel’S Written Code, Jeffrey S. Krause

Fidei et Veritatis: The Liberty University Journal of Graduate Research

For centuries, the Mosaic Code (“MC”) has been viewed as Israel’s prescriptive legislation, whereby Jewish leaders were to judge infractions by the “letter of the law.” This view is one which permeates both pulpit and pew alike, even in this modern era. However, recent developments in scholarship are challenging this understanding of MC, concluding instead that this “law code” was not utilized in Israelite jurisprudence, but rather as a covenant contract that worked not prescriptively in the lives of the Jews, but rather descriptively, in that it relayed the heart of YHWH to its reader. Accordingly, MC was to ...


(En)Visioning Resistance: Applications Of The Battlefield Myth In The War Scroll As A Window Into The Theological Development Of The Community, James R. Prather 2016 Abilene Christian University

(En)Visioning Resistance: Applications Of The Battlefield Myth In The War Scroll As A Window Into The Theological Development Of The Community, James R. Prather

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The War Scroll (1QM) from Qumran is a composite document and is the result of a complex redactional process. It is the goal of this thesis to provide a historical proposal for the redaction of 1QM based on conflicting eschatological combat theology found within. Beginning with the earliest roots of ancient Israelite combat mythmaking and its continued evolution into the late Second Temple Period, writers appropriated and adapted the Israelite Battlefield Myth to envision theologies of resistance against oppression. Looking at the various adaptations and the social milieu in which each was written, it is possible to identify different trajectories ...


Ashes In Bethel: Bearings Of Second Millennium Bce Ugaritic Mythology Upon First Millennium Bce Israelite Religion, Taylor Thomas 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Ashes In Bethel: Bearings Of Second Millennium Bce Ugaritic Mythology Upon First Millennium Bce Israelite Religion, Taylor Thomas

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Full Issue, 2016 Brigham Young University

Full Issue

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


A Postexilic Reading Of The Biblical Flood Narrative, Kyla Beckstrand 2016 Brigham Young University

A Postexilic Reading Of The Biblical Flood Narrative, Kyla Beckstrand

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Recovering Female Authors Of The Bible, Sarah Palmer 2016 Brigham Young University

Recovering Female Authors Of The Bible, Sarah Palmer

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


On The Unified Authorship Of The Oracle To Ariel (Isaiah 29:1–8), Wilson C. Parson 2016 Brigham Young University

On The Unified Authorship Of The Oracle To Ariel (Isaiah 29:1–8), Wilson C. Parson

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Editor's Preface, Juan D. Pinto 2016 Brigham Young University

Editor's Preface, Juan D. Pinto

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, 2016 Brigham Young University

Front Matter

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Gina Bonakdar Nahai: Fantasies Of Escape And Inclusion, Mojgan Behmand 2016 Director of General Education and FYE, Dominican University of California

Gina Bonakdar Nahai: Fantasies Of Escape And Inclusion, Mojgan Behmand

Mojgan Behmand

Cry of the Peacock, Moonlight on the Avenue of Faith, and Caspian Rain are the enticing titles of Gina Bonakdar Nahai’s Iran-focused novels, published in 1991, 1999, and 2008 respectively. And the titles hold true: the narratives reflect the pain, melancholy and dream-like beauty conveyed in the titles as they divulge characters who strive to escape the restrictions of their community, religion, government, and gender. In the meantime, as the author depicts these fantasies of escape and attempts at flight –and frequently harshly punishes them–, the characters achieve a hitherto unknown feat, namely the depiction of Jewish Iranian main ...


The Turkish Bağlama: A Sacred Symbol Of Alevi Identity, Rashid Epstein Adams 2016 University of Cape Town

The Turkish Bağlama: A Sacred Symbol Of Alevi Identity, Rashid Epstein Adams

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

For the Alevi, the bağlama has become a powerful symbol of group identity. This paper discusses the important role that this Turkish folk instrument has in Alevi musical traditions and practices by first contextualizing the historical position of the Alevi in Turkish society, and then by examining the role of the bağlama in traditional ceremonial performance contexts. Finally, this paper examines the role Arif Sağ, a popular bağlama musician, played in cultural revival and how the sphere of his influence contributed directly to the bağlama becoming a sacred symbol of Alevi identity.


Philadelphia And Its Iraqi Refugees: Lessons From The Northeast, Angela Perfetti 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia And Its Iraqi Refugees: Lessons From The Northeast, Angela Perfetti

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The US invasion of Iraq in 2003 produced millions of refugees, some of which were relocated to the United States. City planners need to consider refugees’ adaption and movement within the United States and the impacts of migration on their communities. What can refugee communities can do for urban revitalization, and what can urban communities contribute refugees’ resettlement success? These questions are answered in the case study of Iraqi refugees in Philadelphia using quantitative data from stakeholder agencies and city-level geographic information system (GIS) data. Qualitative data from interviews with Philadelphia refugee resettlement stakeholders is incorporated with news reports and ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress