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Scribes, Scholars, And Scripts: Reviewing Data From Scribes Of The Cairo Geniza, Emily Esten 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Scribes, Scholars, And Scripts: Reviewing Data From Scribes Of The Cairo Geniza, Emily Esten

Manuscript Studies

In spring 2019, the University of Pennsylvania Libraries launched the transcription phase of “Scribes of the Cairo Geniza,” a crowdsourcing project to sort and transcribe Cairo Geniza fragments. This article describes the results of the sorting phase of the project, and initial progress results for the transcription phase of the project.


An Illuminated Manuscript From Late Fourteenth-Century Shiraz In The Bodleian Library, Cailah Jackson 2021 Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies

An Illuminated Manuscript From Late Fourteenth-Century Shiraz In The Bodleian Library, Cailah Jackson

Manuscript Studies

Islamic manuscript illumination production in the eastern Iranian city of Shiraz in the late fourteenth century marked an aesthetic sea-change from mid-fourteenth-century styles that were characterized by polychrome palettes and thick, gold strapwork. The new style of illumination, which was produced under the Muzaffarid dynasty (1314– 93), was distinguished by the dominance of deep blue pigments as well as black and gold and the use of minute floral sprays and ‘baroque- edged’ inscribed cartouches. This profound visual shift eventually developed into the elaborate styles of Timurid, Turcoman and Safavid illumination of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries onwards and is thus ...


Editor's Preface, Jeremy Madsen 2021 Brigham Young University

Editor's Preface, Jeremy Madsen

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, 2021 Brigham Young University

Front Matter

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Full Issue, 2021 Brigham Young University

Full Issue

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


The Winged Victory: Nike In Ancient Greece, Megan Mayfield 2021 Brigham Young University

The Winged Victory: Nike In Ancient Greece, Megan Mayfield

Studia Antiqua

The Greek goddess Nike was a popular deity throughout the ancient Greek World. As a symbol of victory, Nike represented triumph within agonistic conflicts. Nike was an important figure in the Greek mind, and while comprehensive studies of who the goddess was and how she was represented through literature and iconography has been conducted, an overview of Nike’s development has not yet been done in English. This paper will follow the development of Nike throughout Greek thought, from her earliest representations and mentions in the Archaic Period through the Hellenistic Era, by focusing on the primary objects and literature ...


Hedgehogs And Hyenas: Peculiar Animals Of Ancient Egypt, Elliotte Thurtle 2021 Brigham Young University

Hedgehogs And Hyenas: Peculiar Animals Of Ancient Egypt, Elliotte Thurtle

Studia Antiqua

This essay discusses archeological information gained from the study of Egyptian artifacts, specifically focused on hedgehogs and hyenas. The aim of this paper is to expand our understanding of these animals in the day-to-day lives of Egyptians from this period, and further clarify the symbolism that they hold. Understanding the importance of less common animals within ancient Egyptian religion and symbolism is vital to understanding how the average person lived and interacted with the world around them.


Sacred Writing And Magic Metal: The High Priest's Holy Crown As A Protective Amulet, Abigail Booth 2021 Brigham Young University

Sacred Writing And Magic Metal: The High Priest's Holy Crown As A Protective Amulet, Abigail Booth

Studia Antiqua

What forces, practices, rituals, or objects worked to safeguard the ancient Israelite sanctuary against evil and harm? Archaeological and textual evidence suggests that the high priest’s golden crown may have been an apotropaic amulet worn to protect the high priest and the holy space. Magical practices described in the Bible are illuminated by the presence of apotropaic ritual and amulets in wider Near Eastern society. Metallic amulets such as those found at Ketef Hinnom were utilized to protect the wearer in the name of the deity. In inscriptions, sacred writing invoked the name of YHWH to guard a sanctuary ...


Mendacia In Minucius Felix: The Charged Rhetoric Of A Latin Apologist, Alexander Christensen 2021 Brigham Young University

Mendacia In Minucius Felix: The Charged Rhetoric Of A Latin Apologist, Alexander Christensen

Studia Antiqua

Most scholars agree that Minucius Felix’s Latin Christian Octavius offers a sympathetic view toward Greco-Roman tradition. This consensus has been reached largely from work on the setting, date, and sources of the text, but no one has substantially investigated its rhetorical features and what they might reveal about Minucius’s view of Greco-Roman tradition. This paper sets out to do this work. After pointing out why previous conclusions are unsatisfactory, I look at rhetorically charged words and phrases from the text and how they behave elsewhere in the corpus of Latin literature. When investigated, these expressions give a clearer ...


Migraines, Men, And Mythology: Gendered Imagery In The Birth Of Athena, Alexandra Carlile 2021 Brigham Young University

Migraines, Men, And Mythology: Gendered Imagery In The Birth Of Athena, Alexandra Carlile

Studia Antiqua

Based around a classical Greek kylix held in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, this essay discusses artistic portrayal of the Birth of Athena. Images of Athena’s birth represent Zeus in a way consistent with childbirth imagery, so Zeus can be understood as repurposing female imagery for a patriarchal narrative. Comparing this kylix to other childbirth images reveals Greek gender roles and stereotypes, as well as the politics associated with the rise of Athens. Understanding the gender politics in the Birth of Athena image is therefore helpful in understanding Greek society and concepts of gender roles.


Examining Health Inequity In Ancient Egypt, Samantha Rose Gonzalez 2021 Missouri State University

Examining Health Inequity In Ancient Egypt, Samantha Rose Gonzalez

MSU Graduate Theses

This thesis explores the history of medicine in ancient Egypt between the Middle and New Kingdoms, and offers a case study highlighting the use of religion and magic in healing and analyzing health inequity. I am interested in medical practices, treatments, diagnosis methods, and access to healthcare in the ancient world. I seek to bridge the gaps and help unify the knowledge surrounding ancient Egyptian medical practices and contribute to the studies in the history of medicine. I explore types of diseases that commonly affected the ancient Egyptians and how they integrated religion and magic into their understanding and treatment ...


Mes 160: Classical Islamic Literature & Civilization, Kirsten Beck 2021 CUNY Queens College

Mes 160: Classical Islamic Literature & Civilization, Kirsten Beck

Open Educational Resources

This open resource includes a syllabus, class schedule, grading rubrics, and guidelines/examples for digital poetry annotation.

The course website can be found here: http://mes160.social.qwriting.qc.cuny.edu/

In this course, we will take a journey through history, literature, and ideas, traveling through Islamic civilization from 600-1250 CE. We will learn about and contemplate the major events and concerns of Islamic civilization, from the dawn of Islam through the expansions, transformations, and fragmentations of Islamic empires, up until the end of the 13th century. Works of Islamic literature from a variety of genres will fuel our journey ...


'Here We Start And In Jerusalem We Meet:' The Motivational And Organizational Influences Of The Israeli Occupation Of Palestine On Transnational Salafi Jihad, Charlotte Armistead 2021 University of Mississippi

'Here We Start And In Jerusalem We Meet:' The Motivational And Organizational Influences Of The Israeli Occupation Of Palestine On Transnational Salafi Jihad, Charlotte Armistead

Honors Theses

The Israeli occupation of Palestine and its impact on the proliferation and longevity of transnational Salafi jihad is largely underestimated in current literature. In this thesis, I argue that Palestine, defined as both the nation and physical borders before the Balfour Declaration, largely contributed to the twentieth century revival of transnational Salafi jihad and is used by both Al Qaeda and ISIS as liberation and annihilation movements, respectively. In order to assess the motivational and organizational influences of the Israeli occupation of Palestine on transnational Salafi jihad, I examine the works of Abdullah Azzam, a selection of Osama Bin Laden ...


Remembering Jacob: The Literary Representation Of Memory In The Jacob Narrative, Isaac Borbon 2021 Abilene Christian University

Remembering Jacob: The Literary Representation Of Memory In The Jacob Narrative, Isaac Borbon

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis seeks to describe the Jacob narrative through the lens of memory. Taking Gen 28:10-22 as a case study, the objective is to place Jacob’s visit to Bethel alongside other ancient referential claims, analyzing it for authentic memories. However, the complex nature of memory is susceptible to preservation and revision. That is to say, having no desire to comport to modern historical-critical sensibilities, memory’s epistemological underpinnings are concerned primarily with reconstructing a remembered past for subsequent generations of Israelite tradents. In order to understand the historical background to the Jacob narrative in its entirety, a formal ...


Yemeni Manuscripts Online: Digitization In An Age Of War And Loss, Nancy Um 2021 Binghamton University--SUNY

Yemeni Manuscripts Online: Digitization In An Age Of War And Loss, Nancy Um

Manuscript Studies

In 2013, a corpus of manuscripts from Yemen became openly accessible to the public through the Princeton University Digital Library portal. Numbering around 250 codices, most were digitized and cataloged from three private collections held in Yemen, under the auspices of the Yemeni Manuscript Digitization Initiative (YMDI), a scholarly network that was underpinned by institutional support from the Princeton University Library and Freie Universität Berlin. This article delves into the YMDI project, as a significant case study, with the goal of considering how this group of digital surrogates functions as an online collection, rather than viewing the Princeton portal as ...


Safeguarding Guardianship: Symbolic Capital And Political Cohesion In The Kettaniyya Order, 1908-1909, Suyang Wu 2021 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Safeguarding Guardianship: Symbolic Capital And Political Cohesion In The Kettaniyya Order, 1908-1909, Suyang Wu

Senior Theses and Projects

In Moroccan history, Sufis maintained close ties with the makhzan, the sharifian state. Nevertheless, these ties were predicated on a balance of power relations between the two sides. A great deal of existing sources deal primarily with political activism and mystical aspects of the Sufi orders. Yet, researchers have neglected the rather complicated and nuanced connection between religious dimension and political landscapes of the sharifian state. Thus, this tendency has led to potential bias and, at worst, false pictures of the religio-political role of Sufism in interacting with the central sultanate in pre-protectorate-period Morocco.

This thesis proposes a new interpretation ...


Is The Academic Freedom Of Foreign-Born Professors In U.S. Universities Under Attack?, Khulod S. Wahboubadr 2021 Seton Hall University

Is The Academic Freedom Of Foreign-Born Professors In U.S. Universities Under Attack?, Khulod S. Wahboubadr

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

In this study, academic freedom was defined by 17 foreign-born professors:12 Arab-born and five non-Arab professors from nine different higher education institutions, as the ability to express different ideas, research any topic, and publish the results without fear of intimidation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to examine how foreign-born professors experienced academic freedom when teaching and writing about Middle East issues and how their views about the U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East influenced their experiences on the grounds of their foreignness (place of origin, race/ethnicity, and religion). Overall, participants reported positive experiences with academic freedom when ...


Concerning A Manuscript From A Moravian Immigrant’S Trunk: Postil By Johann Spangenberg (1557), Hana Waisserova 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Concerning A Manuscript From A Moravian Immigrant’S Trunk: Postil By Johann Spangenberg (1557), Hana Waisserova

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

In Nebraska, a family of Czech ancestry possesses a precious and unusual family artifact—an antique early-modern book, which was passed down in the family from generation to generation as their most precious treasure, a book that is much older than most carefully investigated family genealogies. The book has neat calligraphy and prints, leather binding, and comprises more than a thousand pages, though the first batch of pages is missing. The inside of the cover bears a pencil-written date: 1542. There are no title pages, no forewords, and no introductory chapter(s). The family lore tells that they kept it ...


Eda Kriseová And Her Prophecy Of The Velvet Revolution: “The Gates Opened” (1984), Hana Waisserova, Eda Kriseová 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Eda Kriseová And Her Prophecy Of The Velvet Revolution: “The Gates Opened” (1984), Hana Waisserova, Eda Kriseová

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

This is an introduction to a story, “The Gates Opened,” which serves as a memento of a restrictive regime that banned freedom. It also shares a hope and vision that the gates would open someday—and all would be liberated (despite the chaos and lack of natural order). The story was written in 1984 (sharing a strong symbolic value with George Orwell’s masterpiece). Eda Kriseová shares this anecdote: Around 1984, she wanted to stop writing about the mental institution where she was working, while regularly providing a story to the underground monthly Obsah, and many of her stories were ...


Death And Empire: The Genesis And Expression Of Imperial Identity Via Assyrian Mortuary Contexts, Petra Maria Creamer 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Death And Empire: The Genesis And Expression Of Imperial Identity Via Assyrian Mortuary Contexts, Petra Maria Creamer

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The ancient Assyrian Empire at its greatest extent in the 7th century BCE, spanned almost one million square kilometers. As the world’s first regional-scale empire, it established control over many pre-existing settlements, drawing them into the fold of not only Assyrian political dominance, but Assyrian cultural influence. In the Middle Assyrian period – from the very beginning of Assyrian expansion in the 14th c. BCE to the collapse of the Bronze Age in the 11th c. BCE – the Assyrian empire underwent its first phases of expansion. After a brief period of contraction, the Neo-Assyrian period saw the culmination of this ...


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