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Margaret Chase Smith’S 1950 Declaration Of Conscience Senate Speech: A Stance Against The Exploitation Of Fear, Victoria E. McBrayer 2017 Georgia College and State University

Margaret Chase Smith’S 1950 Declaration Of Conscience Senate Speech: A Stance Against The Exploitation Of Fear, Victoria E. Mcbrayer

The Corinthian

The article focuses on Senator Margaret Chase Smith’s speech she gave on the Senate floor on June 1, 1950. Her speech took place during the Cold War when tensions were high between the democratic United States and the communist Soviet Union. President Truman’s policy of containment and the anticommunist crusade taking place in the United States created an atmosphere of fear among Americans that politicians used to advance their careers. “Declaration of Conscience” was Senator Smith’s stance against the exploitation of fear for political gain and the first time someone spoke out against the corrupt Joseph McCarthy ...


On Archival Work In Digital Communication And Becoming Archival Ourselves, Krista A. Kennedy 2017 Syracuse University

On Archival Work In Digital Communication And Becoming Archival Ourselves, Krista A. Kennedy

Writing Program

Text of plenary talk given at Theorizing Communication in a Digitally Networked Age, Penn State Communication Arts and Sciences Summer Symposium, 14 June 2017, The Penn Stater Hotel and Conference Center, University Park, PA.


Argument Has No Function, Jean Goodwin 2017 Iowa State University

Argument Has No Function, Jean Goodwin

Jean Goodwin

Douglas Walton has been right in calling us to attend to the pragmatics of argument. He has, however, also insisted that arguments should be understood and assessed by considering the functions they perform; and from this, I dissent. Argument has no determinable function in the sense Walton needs, and even if it did, that function would not ground norms for argumentative practice. As an alternative to a functional theory of argumentative pragmatics, I propose a design view, which draws attention to the way participants strategically undertake and impose norms on themselves in order for their arguments to have force.


The Authority Of The Ipcc First Assessment Report And The Manufacture Of Consensus, Jean Goodwin 2017 Iowa State University

The Authority Of The Ipcc First Assessment Report And The Manufacture Of Consensus, Jean Goodwin

Jean Goodwin

The word “consensus” does not appear in the first report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change back in 1989. It appears prominently, however, when scientists associated with Working Group I represented the report’s findings to the public. This early commitment to “consensus” talk legitimated opponents’ attacks on the existence of a scientific consensus, locked the scientific community in to defending a rigid position, and lead the public debate in unhelpful directions for twenty years. There were alternatives.


Dilemmas Of Expertise In Sustainable Agriculture, Jean Goodwin 2017 Iowa State University

Dilemmas Of Expertise In Sustainable Agriculture, Jean Goodwin

Jean Goodwin

Although housed in an English department, I'm originally a rhetorician trained in the Communication tradition. My main research projects have been in argumentation theory, with emphases on the underlying rationale of the appeal to authority, and on how citizens who disagree, often deeply, can nevertheless coordinate their argumentative process. I'm now extending these lines of work to give an account of the rhetorical force of expert authority, and in general to study discourse between scientists and citizens


What Is “Responsible Advocacy” In Science? Good Advice., Jean Goodwin 2017 Iowa State University

What Is “Responsible Advocacy” In Science? Good Advice., Jean Goodwin

Jean Goodwin

Debates over scientists’ appropriate contributions to policy-making are prominent in a variety of natural resources fields. The issue is often presented as one of “responsible advocacy.” But this framing locks us into a paradox: Scientists who advocate aim to be effective in the policy arena, but by advocating lose their credibility. In this preliminary review of the issue, I argue that we can avoid the paradox by acknowledging a wider range of speech acts structuring scientists’ obligations in the policy process. Scientists can advocate–but they can also report, give their assessments, make recommendations, and especially, offer good advice.


The Indian Empire And Its Colonial Practices In South Asia, Yubraj Aryal 2017 University of Montreal

The Indian Empire And Its Colonial Practices In South Asia, Yubraj Aryal

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "The India, Empire and its Colonial Practices in South Asia" Yubraj Aryal claims that Bharatiya discourse supports colonization in South Asia. This discourse justifies oppression of institutions, practices, of the non-Bharatiya colonized. The article examines Indian Empire's colonialism toward the weaker, smaller nations along its border and the Bharatiya ideology at the heart of the repressive empire, which is taken to represent the South Asian subcontinent. The article looks at the way in which Bharatiya is perhaps a more oppressive ideology than Orientalism and gives a glimpse into how society, culture, history, and textuality work around ...


A Comparative History Of Resurrection Plants, John Charles Ryan 2017 University of Western Australia

A Comparative History Of Resurrection Plants, John Charles Ryan

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "A Comparative Literary History of Resurrection Plants" John Charles Ryan assembles a comparative history of resurrection plants through textual analysis of early botanical commentaries, herbal references, prose, poetry, and other sources. Resurrection plants include a diverse range of botanical species, typically of arid regions, that appear to come back to life after complete desiccation. Historical and contemporary observers—from sixteenth-century herbalist John Gerard to contemporary Australian poet John Kinsella—have expressed an abiding fascination for resurrection plants' capacity to survive harsh environmental conditions. The plants court their own deaths by paring down—then restoring—physiological processes in ...


Adoption, Cynical Detachment, And New Age Beliefs In Juno And Kung Fu Panda, Fu-jen Chen 2017 Department of Foreign Languages & Literature, National Sun Yat-sen Univ. Taiwan

Adoption, Cynical Detachment, And New Age Beliefs In Juno And Kung Fu Panda, Fu-Jen Chen

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Adoption, Cynical Detachment, and New Age Beliefs in Juno and Kung Fu Panda" Fu-Jen Chen situates his study within today's prevailing climate of global consumption to argue that the 2007 film Juno—featuring an unconventional portrayal of the adoption triad and a cynical detachment from public values—not only trivializes and depoliticizes the practice of adoption but also serves as an ideological supplement to today's global capitalism. Furthermore, Kung Fu Panda 1 & 2 (2008; 2011) provide two ideological messages of contemporary New Age spirituality—"the belief in nothing" in part I, and "the attitude of inner peace ...


The Representation Of Instinctive Homosexuality And Immoral Narcissism In Gide’S The Immoralist (1902) And Mann’S Death In Venice (1912), Louise Willis 2017 King's College London

The Representation Of Instinctive Homosexuality And Immoral Narcissism In Gide’S The Immoralist (1902) And Mann’S Death In Venice (1912), Louise Willis

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "The Representation of Instinctive Homosexuality and Immoral Narcissism in Gide’s The Immoralist (1902) and Mann’s Death in Venice (1912)" Louise Willis examines two early literary representations of homosexuality in André Gide's The Immoralist (1902) and Thomas Mann's Death in Venice (1912). She reads them with fin-de-siècle sexological theory, mainly Freud's Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905). Willis argues that the texts reflect the reconception of homosexuality as a latent instinct with pathological expression, rather than a sinful act of free will. The article explains that visual imagery conveys homoerotic desire ...


Banksy, Rhetoric, And Revolution, Derek Tanios Imad Mkhaiel 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

Banksy, Rhetoric, And Revolution, Derek Tanios Imad Mkhaiel

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This thesis examines the projects outlined by the Situationist philosophers and their impact on revolutionizing consciousness. Alongside of this examination this thesis demonstrates how the appropriate rhetorical means in conjunction with street art—specifically the work of Banksy—may lead to the successful implementation and execution of the Situationist's projects. This thesis examines the concept of the spectacle as developed by the Situationists as its object of critique and the concepts of culture, unitary urbanism, psychogeography, détournement and dérive as the framework in which the spectacle can be successfully critiqued in order to foster a more critical consciousness. In ...


Memory And Identity-Focused Narratives In Tănase's 'Lived Book', Nicoleta D. Ifrim 2017 Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Romania

Memory And Identity-Focused Narratives In Tănase's 'Lived Book', Nicoleta D. Ifrim

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Memory and identity-focused narratives in Tănase's 'lived book'" Nicoleta Ifrim analyses România mea (My Romania), Virgil Tănase's first book published after the fall of Ceausescu's regime, a collection of interviews in which personal history is fictionalized according to the narrative rules of a "spoken book." The text is representative for the Eastern intellectual travelling to the West, carrying out his own personal post-totalitarian traumas now mirrored in a self-oriented narrative.


Rhetoric, Translation, And The Rhetoric Of Translation, Russell Scott Valentino, Jacob Emery, Sibelan Forrester, Tomislav Kuzmanović 2017 Indiana University, Bloomington

Rhetoric, Translation, And The Rhetoric Of Translation, Russell Scott Valentino, Jacob Emery, Sibelan Forrester, Tomislav Kuzmanović

Poroi

No abstract provided.


Skopos Theory As An Extension Of Rhetoric, Isabelle Collombat 2017 Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Paris 3 (ESIT)

Skopos Theory As An Extension Of Rhetoric, Isabelle Collombat

Poroi

This essay, which pertains to translation studies, presents a reflection aiming at defining intersections between the areas covered respectively by rhetoric and by skopos theory, which, in the field of translation studies, is one of the most frequently used theoretical frameworks that structures practice, and therefore teaching. It aims to lay the foundations of a translatorial theoretical framework based on an extension of the skopos model including the stylistic elements of classical rhetoric, and perhaps also on an extension of the rhetorical model to embrace a wide range of text types.


Towards A Rhetoric Of Translation For The Postdramatic Text, Madeleine L. Campbell 2017 University of Edinburgh

Towards A Rhetoric Of Translation For The Postdramatic Text, Madeleine L. Campbell

Poroi

For the literary translator, the question arises as to how she might approach the delicate task of migrating texts that resort largely to “a purely intensive usage of language,” while acknowledging that such texts share a mode of expression that transcends historical or critical periodization. If one is to focus on fidelity or equivalence, the aim should not be the production of a text that translates some underlying meaning or sense where signification and representation are fixed. Rather, the aim should be the meticulous rendering of its surface expression so that the text’s performative capacity can be realized anew ...


The Transcoding Of “Women Empowerment” As “Empoderamiento De La Mujer”: A Post-Colonial Translation Theory For Transnational Feminist Rhetorics, Cristina Sanchez-Martin 2017 Illinois State University

The Transcoding Of “Women Empowerment” As “Empoderamiento De La Mujer”: A Post-Colonial Translation Theory For Transnational Feminist Rhetorics, Cristina Sanchez-Martin

Poroi

In the work of transnational feminist scholars, there is a share interest in investigating the colonial practices that affect women’s lives around the globe. In “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses” (1986) Mohanty claims that scholars in the field should “detect (…) colonialist move(s) in the case of a hegemonic first-third world connection in scholarship” (349) in order to recognize the peculiarities of the cultures whose discourses are being created and thus, avoid the universalization and “homogenization of class, race, religious, cultural and historical specificities of the lives of women” (348). In this regard, Dingo touches upon ...


A Dialogue On Sigizmund Krzhizhanovsky, Jacob Emery, Alexander (Sasha) Spektor 2017 Indiana University, Bloomington

A Dialogue On Sigizmund Krzhizhanovsky, Jacob Emery, Alexander (Sasha) Spektor

Poroi

In October of 2016, an international symposium was held on the campus of Indiana University, Bloomington, devoted to the belatedly emerging work of the early twentieth-century author Sigizmund Krzhizhanovsky. The phenomenon of Krzhizhanovsky’s re-discovery and introduction to English readers as a major figure of European Modernist literature, hidden from the world until the last decade of the twentieth century, provides an ideal scenario for how the institutions of publishing—through selection, translation, editing, design, and marketing—help to shape our understanding of which texts are included within the category of “world literature,” along with the very idea of what ...


Translation As A Rhetoric Of Meaning, Jose M. Davila-Montes 2017 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Translation As A Rhetoric Of Meaning, Jose M. Davila-Montes

Poroi

From early romanticism to more recent post-structuralist and post-colonial studies, all the possibilities and impossibilities that are inherent in translation have fueled debate about authorship, intent, readership, functional equivalence, world view, the building of national literatures, power differentials, ethics, and gender issues—among many others. And, of course, about the nature of “meaning,” as the alleged sole legal tender of “all things translation.” Translation has less often been scrutinized as a form of rhetorical transaction: fundamentally, all translations are attempts, in and of themselves, to persuade their readership about some degree of correspondence with their source. However, the relationship between ...


Code-Switching In Anzaldúa's Borderlands/La Frontera And Walcott’S Omeros: A Literary Device For “New Readability”, Anastasia Lakhtikova 2017 University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Code-Switching In Anzaldúa's Borderlands/La Frontera And Walcott’S Omeros: A Literary Device For “New Readability”, Anastasia Lakhtikova

Poroi

No abstract provided.


The Rhetoric Of Disability: An Analysis Of The Language Of University Disability Service Centers, Katie Ratermann 2017 Chapman University

The Rhetoric Of Disability: An Analysis Of The Language Of University Disability Service Centers, Katie Ratermann

English Theses

The language on university websites and the policies provided by Disability Services provide material for a rhetorical analysis addressing the marginalization of students with disabilities on college campuses. In this thesis, I discuss the degree to which university distributed texts marginalize students with disabilities. My discussion begins with commentary on Critical Disability Studies, the theoretical influence for this thesis. Following the discussion of theoretical modes in disability studies is a brief commentary on the history of disabilities in academic contexts. After historically contextualizing Disability Services on university campuses, I analyze the rhetoric of San Diego State University (SDSU) and the ...


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