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Relationality In Female Hindu Renunciation As Told Through The Life Story Of Swāmī Āmritanandā Gīdī, Morgan Sweeney 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Relationality In Female Hindu Renunciation As Told Through The Life Story Of Swāmī Āmritanandā Gīdī, Morgan Sweeney

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper aims to complicate and expand our understanding of relationality in female Hindu asceticism through the holistic retelling of Swāmī Āmritanandā Gīdī’s life story. Renunciation, a specific type of asceticism in which its initiates (m. sannyāsī; f. sannyāsīnī) renounce worldly pleasures in pursuit of spiritual liberation, is textually defined as ideally male and solitary. However, this ideal definition disregards the complexities of lived renunciation, especially of female sannyāsīs. The case study presented in this paper was gathered during a study abroad program through the University of Wisconsin at Madison during the fall of 2014 in Vārānasī, India. The ...


“If Apprehending Occurs, It Is Not The View” — Sakya Thinkers On The Madhyamaka View Of Freedom From Proliferations, Yaroslav Komarovski 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

“If Apprehending Occurs, It Is Not The View” — Sakya Thinkers On The Madhyamaka View Of Freedom From Proliferations, Yaroslav Komarovski

Faculty Publications, Classics and Religious Studies Department

The Sakya thinkers whose views were addressed in this paper are consistently in agreement regarding what freedom from proliferations is, how it is utilized in contemplative practice, and how it is located within the broader universe of non-tantric and tantric Buddhism. Freedom from proliferations is not an object, and transcends all categories of existence, nonexistence, etc. Consequently, it cannot be approached and described in the same way we understand and describe colors, tastes, ideas, etc. Yet, it is also not a nonexistent thing similar to rabbit horns and other types of falsely imagined phenomena. It can be realized, but only ...


Brown: The Asianization Of The U.S. Racial Divide, Radha Modi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Brown: The Asianization Of The U.S. Racial Divide, Radha Modi

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

What role does skin color play in the racial experiences of new immigrant groups as they settle in the U.S.? To answer this question, I systematically examine the role of skin color in structuring experiences of race and ethnicity for second generation South Asians, a group characterized as doing well economically and thus seen as a model for contemporary assimilation. Through 120 in-depth interviews and supplemental ethnographic observations, I find that skin color is central to the routine racial experiences of the second generation. South Asian racial formation is dually impacted by both the U.S. racial classification system ...


Aesthetics Of Sovereignty: The Poetic And Material Worlds Of Medieval Jainism, Sarah Pierce Taylor 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Aesthetics Of Sovereignty: The Poetic And Material Worlds Of Medieval Jainism, Sarah Pierce Taylor

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

"Aesthetics of Sovereignty" explores how premodern religious communities employed narrative as a site to imagine ideal political worlds in ways that exceeded the capacity of formal philosophical and politico-theoretical discourse. Taking the Digambara Jain community of the ninth and tenth-century western Deccan as my primary focus, I argue that Jains theorized, modeled, and continually revised what it meant to be both a king and a Jain through literary and material improvisations with the narrative of the first Tīrthaṅkara Ādinātha (a genre known as the Ādipurāṇa). From the proposition that worldly sovereignty culminates in renunciation in Jinasēna’s Ādipurāṇa (c. 860 ...


The Beds Of Empire: Power And Profit At The Pearl Fisheries Of South India And Sri Lanka, C. 1770-1840, Samuel Miles Ostroff 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Beds Of Empire: Power And Profit At The Pearl Fisheries Of South India And Sri Lanka, C. 1770-1840, Samuel Miles Ostroff

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The Gulf of Mannar—the shallow body of water between present-day India and Sri Lanka—was one of the largest sources of natural pearls in the world for at least two millennia. This dissertation focuses on a relatively brief period during which managerial control over the human and natural resources of the pearling industry transferred from Dutch to British powers. The late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries also witnessed a shift in political economic thought, as classical liberalism dislodged mercantilism as the prevailing framework for interpreting the relationship between the state and economy. The Company and Crown governments brought an ...


The Lived Experiences Of South Asian Same-Sex Attracted Women Residing In The United States, Surinder Kaur Bal 2016 Walden University

The Lived Experiences Of South Asian Same-Sex Attracted Women Residing In The United States, Surinder Kaur Bal

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

South Asian same-sex attracted women in the United States experience discrimination and marginalization that puts them at an increased risk for mental health issues. Research shows their rates of counseling and psychotherapy use are low due to perceptions of stigma, lack of knowledge, and concerns about culturally insensitive treatment plans. Mental health providers lack the literature needed to inform culturally sensitive treatment plans to address these concerning gaps in services, and an extensive literature review found no studies on the lived experiences of this population. Guided by feminist theory, this research study examined how discrimination, oppression, and marginalization mold womenâ ...


The Implementation Of Governance To Counter Islamist Militancy In Pakistan's Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province, David Robert DiOrio 2016 Walden University

The Implementation Of Governance To Counter Islamist Militancy In Pakistan's Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province, David Robert Diorio

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Militancy inspired by Islamists is escalating globally, and government action is necessary to protect vulnerable populations. Security professionals generally agree that governance may complement the use of force to defeat militants; however, current doctrine does not address the concurrent integration of governance in a comprehensive strategy. This interpretive case study explored Pakistan's application of governance during the 2009 Khyber operation in Swat Valley, code-named Operation Rah-e-Rast. The central research question focused on how governance activities were integrated with military operations to subdue militancy. Data were collected through interviews with 6 planners, Pakistani secondary source survey data, and government artifacts ...


The Rise Of The Global South, The Imf And The Future Of Law And Development, Gabriel Garcia 2015 University of Wollongong

The Rise Of The Global South, The Imf And The Future Of Law And Development, Gabriel Garcia

Dr Gabriel Garcia

Following the onset of the Asian Financial Crisis the world has witnessed a re-accommodation of the global financial system. In the particular case of middle-income countries they have disentangled themselves from the conditionality of the IMF and grown into more assertive actors in international forums, proposing new alternative mechanisms to become more financially independent and for the provision of development assistance. This article critically reviews the new reality by assessing the strategies deployed by developing countries to reduce the IMF’s influence, and explores the potential consequences of the rise of middle-income nations for Law and Development.


The Multidimensionality Of Schoolgirl Dropouts In Rural Bangladesh, Tiffany Yancey 2015 University of San Francisco

The Multidimensionality Of Schoolgirl Dropouts In Rural Bangladesh, Tiffany Yancey

Master's Theses

This thesis outlines the underlying causes for girl dropouts in the secondary school system of rural Bangladesh and assesses the barriers that affect adolescent girls and their families. The complex dynamics of the historical context within the patriarchal-dominant structure of society creates a system that hinders girls’ education and forces them into marriage at an early age. Poverty and lack of parental involvement in schools, as well as societal traditions and lack of government infrastructure play an enormous role and are the main structural factors that are linked to schoolgirl dropouts in this study. This thesis also analyzes previous education ...


A Localized Approach To The Origins Of Pottery In Upper Mesopotamia, Elizabeth Gibbon 2015 University of Toronto

A Localized Approach To The Origins Of Pottery In Upper Mesopotamia, Elizabeth Gibbon

Laurier Undergraduate Journal of the Arts

No abstract provided.


When Is A Skirt "National"? The Popularization Of The Wolnamchima ("Vietnamese Skirt") In South Korea During The Vietnam War, Minjung E. Lee, Susan B. Kaiser 2015 University of California, Davis

When Is A Skirt "National"? The Popularization Of The Wolnamchima ("Vietnamese Skirt") In South Korea During The Vietnam War, Minjung E. Lee, Susan B. Kaiser

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Wolnamchima especially represents a dominant cultural phenomena among housewives and rural women in South Korea in the 1970s. Moreover, it is noteworthy that the Wolnamchima, with its Vietnamese modifier, had the ability to become so ubiquitous and to remain popular so long (until the 1980s) in rural areas of Korea. We have approached this study through the lens of two concepts. We borrow the first concept from Benedict Anderson (2006), who characterized a “nation” as an “imagined community.” Through his concept, one can examine impressions and stereotypes that Koreans held regarding the nation of Vietnam: the imagination of a country ...


Continued Change In Geringsing Weaving In Tenganan, Bali, Kaye Crippen 2015 University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff

Continued Change In Geringsing Weaving In Tenganan, Bali, Kaye Crippen

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

For villagers their geringsing is more than just a piece of cloth—they are sacred and they keep the village pure when worn during ceremonies such as the month long Sabah Usamba. The author’s field work started in 1985 and culminated with an Indonesia research permit from 1997- 1999. This paper will give a review of changes from 1985 to 1999 and compare to 2014 observations regarding ceremonial dress, the state of weaving, the village, and tourism in Tenganan. This ethnographic research used the technique of participant observer.


Psycholinguistics And Sanskrit: Is Devabhasha Mother Of Psycholinguistics?, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr 2015 India Today Group

Psycholinguistics And Sanskrit: Is Devabhasha Mother Of Psycholinguistics?, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Language, in other words the storehouse of all human Knowledge is represented by words and meanings. Language by itself has an Ontological structure, Epistemological underpinnings and Grammar. Across languages, even though words /usages differ, the concept of meanings remain the same in respective communications. Yet the "Meanings" are understood by human beings based on Contextual, Relative, Tonal and Gestural basis. The dictionary meanings or 'as it is' meanings are taken rarely into consideration,thus human language is ambigious in one sense and flexible in other. Computers on the other hand are hard-coded to go by the dictionary meanings. Thus teaching ...


Is Slumdog Millionaire A Retelling Of The Ramayana?, William L. Blizek, Michele M. Desmarais 2015 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Is Slumdog Millionaire A Retelling Of The Ramayana?, William L. Blizek, Michele M. Desmarais

Journal of Religion & Film

Is a banner with a picture of Rama and Sita on it and the word, “Ramayana,” the only link between the film Slumdog Millionaire and the great Hindu epic? In this paper we explore elements in the film that correspond to elements in theRamayana. There is no one-to-one correlation, and some relationships between the two are, in fact, mirror images. However, there are enough correlations and influences to suggest that the film might be considered a retelling of theRamayana. We also acknowledge though that there are also features of the film that some would find offensive and that ...


Divide And Conquer: Political Decentralization And Secessionist Suppression In Indonesia And The Philippines, Erik Hammarlund 2015 University of Puget Sound

Divide And Conquer: Political Decentralization And Secessionist Suppression In Indonesia And The Philippines, Erik Hammarlund

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

This paper examines the roles of identity-based conflict and secessionist sentiment in motivating and affecting political decentralization in middle-income democracies. The literature on decentralization largely assumes a link between the process and increased political accountability and service delivery effectiveness; however, these theories do not take into account cases in which national crisis and regional instability are the primary motives to decentralize. This paper hypothesizes that when decentralization occurs in direct response to threats of secession, the quality of its political accountability and service delivery mechanisms will be lower than would otherwise be predicted. Two cases are considered: the Philippines, whose ...


On A Particularly Patriotic Day, Laila M. Mufty 2015 Gettysburg College

On A Particularly Patriotic Day, Laila M. Mufty

SURGE

I stare at myself in disgust before turning away and beginning to apply skin creams and makeup that promise a lighter complexion. I straighten my naturally thick, curly hair, methodically going over the same strand multiple times while wishing for straight hair like the other perfect blond girls in my grade. I put on a modest all black ensemble in an effort to avoid unwanted attention and pull on a large jacket with a hood to hide my face. [excerpt]


Cooperative Collection Development Requires Access: Saltoc—A Low‐Tech, High‐Value Distributed Online Project For Article‐Level Discovery In Foreign‐Language Print‐Only Journals, Aruna P. Magier 2015 New York University

Cooperative Collection Development Requires Access: Saltoc—A Low‐Tech, High‐Value Distributed Online Project For Article‐Level Discovery In Foreign‐Language Print‐Only Journals, Aruna P. Magier

Charleston Library Conference

Foreign‐language journals are an essential component of interdisciplinary area studies collections at research libraries but are, by definition, low‐use materials. Librarians who select them seek to broaden these collections, reduce duplication, and enable shared access to them. The challenge is lack of article‐level discoverability: these are print‐only journals, not covered in online indexing/abstracting services. If users cannot discover these articles, then how can cooperating libraries share them, and distribute responsibility for collecting them, which is essential to coordinated collection development?

The SALToC project collaboratively address this issue by creating simple, centrally browsable tables of contents ...


"More Or Less" Refugee?: Bengal Partition In Literature And Cinema, Sarbani Banerjee 2015 The University of Western Ontario

"More Or Less" Refugee?: Bengal Partition In Literature And Cinema, Sarbani Banerjee

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, I problematize the dominance of East Bengali bhadralok immigrant’s memory in the context of literary-cultural discourses on the Partition of Bengal (1947). By studying post-Partition Bengali literature and cinema produced by upper-caste upper/middle-class East Bengali immigrant artists, such as Jyotirmoyee Devi’s novel The River Churning (Epar Ganga Opar Ganga 1967, Bengali) and Ritwik Ghatak’s film The Cloud-Capped Star (Meghe Dhaka Tara 1960, Bengali), I show how canonical artworks have propounded elitist truisms to the detriment of the non-bhadra refugees’ representations. To challenge these works, I compare them with perspectives available in Other ...


Giving A Voice To The Powerless: Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation As A Tool For Inclusive Development Through Microfinance, Evan T. Burke 2015 SIT Graduate Institute

Giving A Voice To The Powerless: Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation As A Tool For Inclusive Development Through Microfinance, Evan T. Burke

Capstone Collection

The greatest experts on the situation of the marginalized peoples of the world are the marginalized communities themselves. This paper explores how participatory monitoring & evaluation can be a powerful tool for giving voices to marginalized communities, ensuring that the voices of beneficiaries and local stakeholders are heard and inform sustainable project design. It analyzes a participatory monitoring and evaluation methodology implemented for women’s credit cooperatives in Gujarat, India by the Human Development & Research Centre, and examines lessons to be learned to design evaluations facilitating inclusive development.

Strategies for the monitoring and evaluation of microfinance have evolved along with the ...


Dancing In The Diaspora: Remembering The Devadasis, Teresa Hubel 2015 Huron University College, Canada

Dancing In The Diaspora: Remembering The Devadasis, Teresa Hubel

Teresa Hubel

Introduction:

In Canada, the classical dance bharatanatyam is both greater and less than an art form, greater because, unlike more common forms such as ballet or jazz dance, it offers its practitioners and its spectators something more than an opportunity to experience art or to be the vehicle for its expression, and less because what it offers along with its art is ethnicity. And in our multicultural society anything tagged as ethnic is caught in an intricate web of exaltation and denigration: by the very act of its celebration, which is frequently state-sponsored and state-endorsed, ethnicity is cast outside and ...


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