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Exploring The Influence Of The Peer Educator Role On Physical Activity, Exercise Patterns, Physical Fitness, Daily Functioning, And Health Harming Habits In People Living With Hiv, Stephanie Jen, Jacob Wait, Amanda Pedrazoli, Kenneisha Edmonds 2018 Old Dominion University

Exploring The Influence Of The Peer Educator Role On Physical Activity, Exercise Patterns, Physical Fitness, Daily Functioning, And Health Harming Habits In People Living With Hiv, Stephanie Jen, Jacob Wait, Amanda Pedrazoli, Kenneisha Edmonds

Undergraduate Research Symposium

With the progression of standardized HIV treatment and antiretroviral drugs, the outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV) have improved from a death sentence to a manageable chronic disease. Although PLHIV are living longer than before, they experience multi-morbidities more frequently and earlier than persons without HIV. These morbidities, such as type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and obesity, are associated with sedentary lifestyles. It is well-established in the research of the general population that regular physical activity is a health promotion behavior that can prevent and/or mitigate the onset and severity of chronic diseases. Also recent meta-analyses have linked exercise ...


Patient Perspectives On Adherence To The New Hepatitis C Antiviral Medications: ‘A New Lease On Life’, Nicole M. Giordano, Anthony J. Brinn, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Steve Martino 2018 VA Connecticut Healthcare System

Patient Perspectives On Adherence To The New Hepatitis C Antiviral Medications: ‘A New Lease On Life’, Nicole M. Giordano, Anthony J. Brinn, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Steve Martino

The Qualitative Report

This study explored patients’ perspectives about taking the new direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for the treatment of Hepatitis C (i.e., sofosbuvir, simeprevir, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, ombitasvir/paritraprevir/ritonavir and dasabuvir) to identify facilitators of medication adherence. The project was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 12 Veterans who successfully completed a treatment course on the new DAAs. The Veterans were recruited using purposive sampling. The data collected from the semi-structured interviews was analyzed using an adapted open coding method outlined by Auerbach and Silverstein (2003), with identification of relevant text sub-grouped into repeating ideas, and then creation of overarching themes and constructs ...


Implementation Of A Low-Cost Unna Boot Alternative As Adjunctive Treatment For Kaposi Sarcoma, Alexander Robert Mills, Edith Tonui, Sonak Pastakia, Rakhi Karwa, Phelix Were 2018 Purdue University

Implementation Of A Low-Cost Unna Boot Alternative As Adjunctive Treatment For Kaposi Sarcoma, Alexander Robert Mills, Edith Tonui, Sonak Pastakia, Rakhi Karwa, Phelix Were

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Reciprocal & Sustainable Partnerships

There are 6 million people living with HIV; 70% reside in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Furthermore, 1.1 million deaths occur due to opportunistic infections (OIs) that can be minimized with antiretroviral therapy. In Kenya, Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is an especially debilitating OI that presents with dermatologic lesions; magnifying the stigma that patients with HIV face physically and psychosocially. Dermatology research is underway to determine the effectiveness of an unna boot (medicated, layered compression dressing) to speed the healing of these lesions with anecdotal success. Commercially available unna boot products are too expensive and not readily available in SSA. Clinicians from ...


A Sex-Positive Approach To Healthcare, And Truvada As Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep), Michael Ohkura, Nicholas Bonefant, Michael D. Upton 2018 University of Vermont

A Sex-Positive Approach To Healthcare, And Truvada As Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep), Michael Ohkura, Nicholas Bonefant, Michael D. Upton

College of Medicine Faculty Publications

Nationally, incidence of new HIV infections has hovered around over 50,000 per year and men who have sex with men (MSM) carry the largest burden. In Vermont, 56% of individuals newly diagnosed are MSM, with 25% of diagnoses among youth ages 13-24 years old. Despite the proven efficacy and approval of daily Truvada (emtricitabine + tenofovir) as Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) against HIV infection, provider understanding and awareness of its use has remained extremely limited in Vermont with last estimates at just over 9 providers familiar with PrEP (excluding UVM Student Health, Planned Parenthood, and UVM Medical Center infectious disease department ...


Characteristics Of Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs: Current Status Of The Sharing Antimicrobial Reports For Pediatric Stewardship (Sharps) Collaborative, Chrstopher McPherson, Brian R. Lee, Cindy Terrill, Adam L. Hersh, Jeffrey S. Gerber, Matthew P. Kronman, Jason G. Newland 2018 St. Louis Hospital

Characteristics Of Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs: Current Status Of The Sharing Antimicrobial Reports For Pediatric Stewardship (Sharps) Collaborative, Chrstopher Mcpherson, Brian R. Lee, Cindy Terrill, Adam L. Hersh, Jeffrey S. Gerber, Matthew P. Kronman, Jason G. Newland

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

In response to the growing epidemic of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) have been rapidly implemented in the United States (US). This study examines the prevalence of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) seven core elements of a successful ASP within a large subset of US Children’s Hospitals. In 2016, a survey was conducted of 52 pediatric hospitals assessing the presence of the seven core elements: leadership commitment, accountability, drug expertise, action, tracking, reporting, and education. Forty-nine hospitals (94%) had established ASPs and 41 hospitals (79%) included all seven core elements. Physician accountability (87 ...


Mozambique: Hiv/Aids, Camila Davila 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mozambique: Hiv/Aids, Camila Davila

Global Public Health

Mozambique is a country located in Southeastern Africa near the Mozambique Channel and the Indian Ocean. The president of this nation is Filipe Jacinto Nyusi. The total population is 26, 573, 706 which is composed of mostly 99.68% Africans and other minorities. Its national language is Portuguese although most of the population speaks Emarkhuwa. Most of the population is Catholic and a few others include Muslims and Zionist Christians. Mozambique faces several challenges with malaria, poverty, malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, and illicit drugs. HIV/AIDS is a common health problem that targets the immune system and is transmitted through bodily ...


Molecular Evolution Of Dengue Type 2 Virus In Thailand, Rebeca Rico-Hesse, Lisa M. Harrison, Ananda Nisalak, David W. Vaughn, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Sharone Green, Alan L. Rothman, Francis A. Ennis 2017 Yale University School of Medicine

Molecular Evolution Of Dengue Type 2 Virus In Thailand, Rebeca Rico-Hesse, Lisa M. Harrison, Ananda Nisalak, David W. Vaughn, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Sharone Green, Alan L. Rothman, Francis A. Ennis

Sharone Green

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection that in recent years has become a major international public health concern. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), first recognized in Southeast Asia in the 1950s, is today a leading cause of childhood death in many countries. The pathogenesis of this illness is poorly understood, mainly because there are no laboratory or animal models of disease. We have studied the genetic relationships of dengue viruses of serotype 2, one of four antigenically distinct dengue virus groups, to determine if viruses obtained from cases of less severe dengue fever (DF) have distinct evolutionary origins from those obtained ...


Rapid Diagnosis Of Dengue Viremia By Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction Using 3'-Noncoding Region Universal Primers, T. Mirawati Sudiro, Hiroaki Ishiko, Sharone Green, Ananda Nisalak, David W. Vaughn, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Alan L. Rothman, Boonyos Raengsakulrach, Jurand Janus, Ichiro Kurane, Francis A. Ennis 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Rapid Diagnosis Of Dengue Viremia By Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction Using 3'-Noncoding Region Universal Primers, T. Mirawati Sudiro, Hiroaki Ishiko, Sharone Green, Ananda Nisalak, David W. Vaughn, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Alan L. Rothman, Boonyos Raengsakulrach, Jurand Janus, Ichiro Kurane, Francis A. Ennis

Sharone Green

A reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method was developed as a rapid diagnostic test of dengue viremia. To detect dengue viruses in serum or plasma specimens, a pair of universal primers was designed for use in the RT-PCR. Using these primers, the 3'-noncoding region of dengue virus types 1, 2, 3, and 4 could be amplified, but not those of other flaviviruses, such as West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, and yellow fever virus, or the alphavirus Sindbis virus. The sensitivity of the RT-PCR assay was similar to that of a quantitative fluorescent focus assay of dengue viruses in ...


Fmt Placed By Colonoscopy: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Nadia Huq, Veena Kumaravel, Aboud Affi, Maharaj Singh 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Fmt Placed By Colonoscopy: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Nadia Huq, Veena Kumaravel, Aboud Affi, Maharaj Singh

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Fecal transplants are successful in the treatment of recurrent or refractory Clostridium difficile infections (CDI), but there is no consensus on the best method of instillation. Studies have shown greater success with lower gastrointestinal tract placement, but technical aspects of placement are not validated.

Purpose: This review aims to identify common traits and procedural techniques of successful fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) therapy via colonoscopy.

Methods: An electronic search was conducted using OVID Medline and PubMed for articles published from January 2010 to January 2016. The primary outcome of interest was cure by FMT placed via colonoscopy.

Results: Of the ...


Six-Year Experience Of Influenza Vaccination As A Condition Of Employment For A Large Regional Health Care System, John R. Brill, Mark Hermanoff, Angela Tonozzi, Mary Jo Capodice, Jennifer Farrar, Zarina Dawoodbhai 2017 Population Health, Aurora Health Care

Six-Year Experience Of Influenza Vaccination As A Condition Of Employment For A Large Regional Health Care System, John R. Brill, Mark Hermanoff, Angela Tonozzi, Mary Jo Capodice, Jennifer Farrar, Zarina Dawoodbhai

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Influenza remains a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Health care workers (HCW) can be both victims and vectors of influenza. Influenza vaccination of HCW is protective for both caregivers and patients, but voluntary programs generally fail to achieve rates recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Despite a complex, multifaceted influenza program initiated in 1996 that included significant education and promotion as well as free on-site vaccination, annual Aurora Health Care caregiver immunization rates remained in the mid-70s until adoption of a “condition of employment” strategy in 2011.

Purpose: Discuss the annual ...


Qi Assessment Of Attending Physician Burnout At Lehigh Valley Health Network (Lvhn) Using The Maslach Burnout Inventory (Mbi)., Pooja Shankar MD, Suzanne J. Templer DO 2017 USF MCOM- LVHN Campus

Qi Assessment Of Attending Physician Burnout At Lehigh Valley Health Network (Lvhn) Using The Maslach Burnout Inventory (Mbi)., Pooja Shankar Md, Suzanne J. Templer Do

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Mothers And Infants With Presumed Exposure To Zika Virus: A Look Into The Lehigh Valley Experience, Tibisay Villalobos MD, Michelle Maron RN, Jeanette Taveras DO 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Evaluation Of Mothers And Infants With Presumed Exposure To Zika Virus: A Look Into The Lehigh Valley Experience, Tibisay Villalobos Md, Michelle Maron Rn, Jeanette Taveras Do

Department of Pediatrics

No abstract provided.


A Rare Presentation Of Hsv Type 2 Hepatitis., Jahangir Khan MD, Anam Malik MD, Sandhya Venkataraman DO, Hina A. Sheikh, Amy Slenker MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

A Rare Presentation Of Hsv Type 2 Hepatitis., Jahangir Khan Md, Anam Malik Md, Sandhya Venkataraman Do, Hina A. Sheikh, Amy Slenker Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Reactive Arthritis With Intra-Articular Inclusion Body Neutrophilia., Thomas Quinn DO, Samer Bolis DO, Rajesh Essrani MD, Aylin Colpan MD, Susan Kim MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Reactive Arthritis With Intra-Articular Inclusion Body Neutrophilia., Thomas Quinn Do, Samer Bolis Do, Rajesh Essrani Md, Aylin Colpan Md, Susan Kim Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Tuberculous And Cryptococcal Meningitis In A Setting With High Tb And Low Hiv Prevalence, Afrasyab Khan, Bushra Jamil, Rahmat Ali, Sana Sultan 2017 Aga Khan University

Tuberculous And Cryptococcal Meningitis In A Setting With High Tb And Low Hiv Prevalence, Afrasyab Khan, Bushra Jamil, Rahmat Ali, Sana Sultan

Bushra Jamil

OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in presentation and outcome of patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) and cryptococcal meningitis (CCM). STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from December 1995 to December 2005. METHODOLOGY: Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of TBM or CCM were included in this study. The signs and symptoms, laboratory findings and other variables of patients were entered and analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Software version 14. RESULTS: We compared 16 patients of TBM with 11 of CCM. None of the patients with TBM were Human Immunodeficiency ...


Sepsis Management: An Evidence-Based Approach., Muhammad Akbar Baig, Hira Shahzad, Bushra Jamil, Erfan Hussain 2017 Aga Khan University

Sepsis Management: An Evidence-Based Approach., Muhammad Akbar Baig, Hira Shahzad, Bushra Jamil, Erfan Hussain

Bushra Jamil

The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guidelines have outlined an early goal directed therapy (EGDT) which demonstrates a standardized approach to ensure prompt and effective management of sepsis. Having said that, there are barriers associated with the application of evidence-based practice, which often lead to an overall poorer adherence to guidelines. Considering the global burden of disease, data from low- to middle-income countries is scarce. Asia is the largest continent but most Asian countries do not have a well-developed healthcare system and compliance rates to resuscitation and management bundles are as low as 7.6% and 3.5%, respectively. Intensive care ...


Mortality In Sepsis And Its Relationship With Gender., Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil, Shahla Siddiqui, Fauzia A. Khan, Rabia Hussain 2017 Aga Khan University

Mortality In Sepsis And Its Relationship With Gender., Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil, Shahla Siddiqui, Fauzia A. Khan, Rabia Hussain

Bushra Jamil

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Sepsis remains a leading cause of death across the world, carrying a mortality rate of 20-50%. Women have been reported to be less likely to suffer from sepsis and to have a lower risk of mortality from sepsis compared to men. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between gender and mortality in sepsis, and compare cytokine profiles of male and female patients.

METHODS:

This was a prospective case series on 97 patients admitted with sepsis. Clinical and microbiological data was gathered, blood samples were collected for cytokine (IL-10, IL-6 and TNFα) levels and ...


Guidelines For The Initial Management Of Adults With Sepsis/Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock: 2015, Erfan Hussain, Bushra Jamil, Naseem Salahuddin 2017 Aga Khan University

Guidelines For The Initial Management Of Adults With Sepsis/Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock: 2015, Erfan Hussain, Bushra Jamil, Naseem Salahuddin

Bushra Jamil

No abstract provided.


An Unusual Pathogen Causing Native Valve Endocarditis., Aneela Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil 2017 Aga Khan University

An Unusual Pathogen Causing Native Valve Endocarditis., Aneela Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil

Bushra Jamil

No abstract provided.


A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis On Herpes Zoster And The Risk Of Cardiac And Cerebrovascular Events, Nathaniel Erskine, Hoang Tran, Len L. Levin, Christine M. Ulbricht, Joyce D. Fingeroth, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg, Sonal Singh 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis On Herpes Zoster And The Risk Of Cardiac And Cerebrovascular Events, Nathaniel Erskine, Hoang Tran, Len L. Levin, Christine M. Ulbricht, Joyce D. Fingeroth, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg, Sonal Singh

Len Levin

BACKGROUND: Patients who develop herpes zoster or herpes zoster ophthalmicus may be at risk for cerebrovascular and cardiac complications. We systematically reviewed the published literature to determine the association between herpes zoster and its subtypes with the occurrence of cerebrovascular and cardiac events. METHODS/RESULTS: Systematic searches of PubMed (MEDLINE), SCOPUS (Embase) and Google Scholar were performed in December 2016. Eligible studies were cohort, case-control, and self-controlled case-series examining the association between herpes zoster or subtypes of herpes zoster with the occurrence of cerebrovascular and cardiac events including stroke, transient ischemic attack, coronary heart disease, and myocardial infarction. Data on ...


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