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Investigating Stigma During The Early Stages Of A Pandemic Through The Lens Of Covid-19, Zach Thornton, Bethany Hodge, Sheridan Langford 2023 University of Louisville

Investigating Stigma During The Early Stages Of A Pandemic Through The Lens Of Covid-19, Zach Thornton, Bethany Hodge, Sheridan Langford

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Individuals face stigma associated with numerous health conditions. Stigma can arise rapidly during the early spread of a new disease, adding to the burden felt by those affected. COVID-19 can be used as an example to study stigma during the early phases of a pandemic. This narrative review is a descriptive analysis that tracks the ways in which COVID-19 stigma was discussed in the scholarly literature during the first year of the pandemic to understand how stigma was viewed in the context of a rapidly spreading pandemic.

Methods: PubMed was used as a non-exhaustive sample of the literature. Searches …


Neighborhood Condition Prevalence Rates Correlate With Covid-19 Mortality In Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, George L. Morris III 2023 Ascension Columbia St. Mary’s Hospital; Imperial College of London

Neighborhood Condition Prevalence Rates Correlate With Covid-19 Mortality In Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, George L. Morris Iii

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: We sought to determine if census tract-level (ie, neighborhood) COVID-19 death rates in Milwaukee County correlated with the census tract-level condition prevalence rates (CPRs) for individual COVID-19 mortality risk.

Methods: This study used Milwaukee County-reported COVID-19 death rates per 100,000 lives for the 296 census tracts within the county to perform a linear regression with individual COVID-19 mortality risk CPR, mean age, racial composition of census tract (by percentage of non-White residents), and poverty (by percentage within census tract), followed by multiple regression with all 7 CPRs as well as the 7 CPRs combined with the additional demographic variables. …


Changes In Distribution Of Severe Neurologic Involvement In Us Pediatric Inpatients With Covid-19 Or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children In 2021 Vs 2020., Kerri L. LaRovere, Tina Y. Poussaint, Cameron C. Young, Margaret M. Newhams, Suden Kucukak, Katherine Irby, Michele Kong, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Tracie C. Walker, Melania M. Bembea, Kari Wellnitz, Kevin M. Havlin, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Mark W. Hall, Julie C. Fitzgerald, Jennifer E. Schuster, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Natasha B. Halasa, Aalok R. Singh, Elizabeth H. Mack, Tamara T. Bradford, Shira J. Gertz, Adam J. Schwarz, Katri V. Typpo, Laura L. Loftis, John S. Giuliano, Steven M. Horwitz, Katherine V. Biagas, Katharine N. Clouser, Courtney M. Rowan, Aline B. Maddux, Vijaya L. Soma, Christopher J. Babbitt, Cassyanne L. Aguiar, Amanda R. Kolmar, Sabrina M. Heidemann, Helen Harvey, Laura D. Zambrano, Angela P. Campbell, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming COVID-19 Investigators 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Changes In Distribution Of Severe Neurologic Involvement In Us Pediatric Inpatients With Covid-19 Or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children In 2021 Vs 2020., Kerri L. Larovere, Tina Y. Poussaint, Cameron C. Young, Margaret M. Newhams, Suden Kucukak, Katherine Irby, Michele Kong, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Tracie C. Walker, Melania M. Bembea, Kari Wellnitz, Kevin M. Havlin, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Mark W. Hall, Julie C. Fitzgerald, Jennifer E. Schuster, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Natasha B. Halasa, Aalok R. Singh, Elizabeth H. Mack, Tamara T. Bradford, Shira J. Gertz, Adam J. Schwarz, Katri V. Typpo, Laura L. Loftis, John S. Giuliano, Steven M. Horwitz, Katherine V. Biagas, Katharine N. Clouser, Courtney M. Rowan, Aline B. Maddux, Vijaya L. Soma, Christopher J. Babbitt, Cassyanne L. Aguiar, Amanda R. Kolmar, Sabrina M. Heidemann, Helen Harvey, Laura D. Zambrano, Angela P. Campbell, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming Covid-19 Investigators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

IMPORTANCE: In 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, neurologic involvement was common in children and adolescents hospitalized in the United States for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-related complications.

OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on the spectrum of SARS-CoV-2-related neurologic involvement among children and adolescents in 2021.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Case series investigation of patients reported to public health surveillance hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2-related illness between December 15, 2020, and December 31, 2021, in 55 US hospitals in 31 states with follow-up at hospital discharge. A total of 2253 patients were enrolled during the investigation period. Patients suspected of having …


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Different Cut-Off Values Of Adenosine Deaminase Levels In Tuberculous Pleural Effusion, Kiran Iqbal Masood, Shayan Shahid, Kauser Jabeen, Joveria Farooqi, Sabeika Raza Kerawala, Muhammad Irfan 2023 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Different Cut-Off Values Of Adenosine Deaminase Levels In Tuberculous Pleural Effusion, Kiran Iqbal Masood, Shayan Shahid, Kauser Jabeen, Joveria Farooqi, Sabeika Raza Kerawala, Muhammad Irfan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of different cut-off values of pleural fluid adenosine deaminase levels as a diagnostic method for tuberculous pleural effusion.
Method: The prospective study was conducted from 2014 to 2016 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised pleural fluid samples of adult patients with and without tuberculosis which were tested for adenosine deaminase levels, and divided into tuberculosis group A and non-tuberculosis group B. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value were calculated using different cut-offs. Data was analysed using IBM SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 21.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, …


A Pilot Intervention Combining Assessment And Feedback With Communication Training And Behavioral Nudges To Increase Hpv Vaccine Uptake., Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Brian R. Lee, Jason N. Doctor, Georgann Meredith, Kathy Goggin, Angela Myers 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Pilot Intervention Combining Assessment And Feedback With Communication Training And Behavioral Nudges To Increase Hpv Vaccine Uptake., Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Brian R. Lee, Jason N. Doctor, Georgann Meredith, Kathy Goggin, Angela Myers

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes >40,000 cancer diagnoses each year, yet vaccination rates remain low because widespread implementation of strategies to increase vaccinations has not occurred. Behavioral nudges have demonstrated efficacy in improving uptake of desired behaviors in health care settings but have not been tested for increasing HPV vaccinations. We assessed the impact of an intervention combining behavioral nudges with other proven strategies (i.e., assessment and feedback, provider communication training) on HPV vaccination rates and parental satisfaction in four Midwestern pediatric, outpatient practices. Practices were randomly assigned to receive either assessment and feedback or assessment and feedback combined with vaccine …


Acute Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura: Rare And Life-Threatening Side Effect Of Recent Bnt-162b2 Covid-19 Vaccination, Jay Patel, Muhammad Umair Jahngir, Ahmad Abdulzahir, Ismael Rodriguez 2022 Orange Park Medical Center, Orange Park, FL

Acute Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura: Rare And Life-Threatening Side Effect Of Recent Bnt-162b2 Covid-19 Vaccination, Jay Patel, Muhammad Umair Jahngir, Ahmad Abdulzahir, Ismael Rodriguez

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare, potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by uncontrolled and spontaneous clot formation throughout the body. Known secondary causes of TTP include malignancy, bone marrow transplantation, pregnancy, various medications, and HIV infection. TTP in the setting of COVID-19 vaccination is rare and not well reported. Reported cases have been confined primarily to the AstraZeneca and Johnson and Johnson COVID-19 Vaccines. TTP in the setting of Pfizer BNT-162b2 vaccination has only recently been reported. We present a patient with no obvious risk factors for TTP who presented with acute altered mental status and was found to have …


Acute Hemiplegia And Ataxia From Lyme Disease, Shaili Babbar, Jonathan Galati, Jasmine Corona, Sohail Zahid 2022 New York University School of Medicine

Acute Hemiplegia And Ataxia From Lyme Disease, Shaili Babbar, Jonathan Galati, Jasmine Corona, Sohail Zahid

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Lyme disease is a zoonotic illness caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, which present with skin, joint, heart, and central nervous system complications. Central nervous system manifestations of this disease are common, and typically include meningitis, facial nerve palsies, and radiculoneuritis. In this case report, we present a patient who presented with acute right sided hemiplegia and ataxia with negative neuroimaging findings of stroke, inflammation, or mass. Further investigation with cerebrospinal fluid studies and infectious panels revealed the patient had active Lyme disease. The patient improved his motor function, coordination and sensation with ceftriaxone treatment over a few weeks. Acute hemiplegia and …


Interosseous Access Osteomyelitis, Omar Siddiqui, Adnaan Sheikh, Rohail Baig, Harsha Surath, Siri Chadalavada, Firas Siddiqui, Ganesh Arun, Jaskarn Virk, Nikita Shah 2022 Arnot Ogden Medical Center

Interosseous Access Osteomyelitis, Omar Siddiqui, Adnaan Sheikh, Rohail Baig, Harsha Surath, Siri Chadalavada, Firas Siddiqui, Ganesh Arun, Jaskarn Virk, Nikita Shah

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Intraosseous (IO) access is a recommended technique in cases of an emergency situation where IV access cannot be obtained. Despite advancements in IO devices and FDA approval of many types of IO devices, it has various complications that although are rare, can be potentially life-threatening. We report a case of acute tibial osteomyelitis in an adult female with a history of polysubstance drug abuse a few weeks after an IO access from a previous hospital stay.


Case Study: Abnormal Presentation Of Infective Endocarditis With Streptococcus Canis And Chiari Network, Shahbaz Afzal, Ryan Russell, Alexander Chekhov 2022 Rochester Regional Health

Case Study: Abnormal Presentation Of Infective Endocarditis With Streptococcus Canis And Chiari Network, Shahbaz Afzal, Ryan Russell, Alexander Chekhov

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Here we present a rare case of infective endocarditis (IE) with Streptococcus canis and Chiari network in an 85 year old female living with multiple dogs and open skin of lower extremity predisposing her to bacteremia. Underlying abnormalities of the cardiac chambers such as Chiari network predisposes to a higher incidence of bacterial seeding and causing IE. A Chiari network is usually asymptomatic and of no clinical significance but can worsen prognosis in IE. IE carries a significant morbidity and mortality burden and when diagnosed early can be a lifesaving diagnosis. Due to the wide range of complications, early diagnosis …


Mystery Rash: Atypical Presentation Of Suspected Cat-Scratch Disease In Primary Care, Nicole Hunter, Rutwik Pradeep Sharma, Omobolanle Adetimehin, Yasir Loai 2022 Rochester Regional Health System

Mystery Rash: Atypical Presentation Of Suspected Cat-Scratch Disease In Primary Care, Nicole Hunter, Rutwik Pradeep Sharma, Omobolanle Adetimehin, Yasir Loai

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

No abstract provided.


Partial Outpatient Oral Antibiotic Treatment Of Infective Endocarditis Is Non-Inferior To Inpatient Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy, Nicholas J. Murphy 2022 Wayne State University

Partial Outpatient Oral Antibiotic Treatment Of Infective Endocarditis Is Non-Inferior To Inpatient Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy, Nicholas J. Murphy

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Iversen K, Ihlemann N, Gill SU, et al. Partial Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotic Treatment of Endocarditis. N Engl J Med. 2019; 380:415-424. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1808312

for a patient with infective endocarditis and intravenous drug use with desire to leave the hospital.


The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt DO 2022 Beaumont

The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt Do

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The authors examine the unconsidered impact of social stigma theory on the shared clinical decision-making process for a patient with foot osteomyelitis and MRSA bacteremia facing the prospect of an amputation.


The Prevalence Of Sars-Cov-2 Antibodies Within The Community Of A Private Tertiary University In The Philippines: A Serial Cross Sectional Study, Lourdes S. Tanchanco, Jenica Clarisse Y. Sy, Angel Belle C. Dy, Myla D. Levantino, Arianna Maever L. Amit, John Wong, Kirsten Angeles, John Paul Vergara 2022 Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health, Ateneo de Manila University

The Prevalence Of Sars-Cov-2 Antibodies Within The Community Of A Private Tertiary University In The Philippines: A Serial Cross Sectional Study, Lourdes S. Tanchanco, Jenica Clarisse Y. Sy, Angel Belle C. Dy, Myla D. Levantino, Arianna Maever L. Amit, John Wong, Kirsten Angeles, John Paul Vergara

Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a public health emergency in all sectors of society, including universities and other academic institutions. This study determined the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among administrators, faculty, staff, and students of a private tertiary academic institution in the Philippines over a 7 month period. It employed a serial cross-sectional method using qualitative and quantitative COVID-19 antibody test kits. A total of 1,318 participants were tested, showing 47.80% of the study population yielding IgG antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 virus. A general increase in seroprevalence was observed from June to December 2021, which coincided with the vaccine roll-out of …


Increasing The Prescribing Of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) With A Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Screening Tool, Cassey Hall 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Increasing The Prescribing Of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) With A Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Screening Tool, Cassey Hall

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is one of the leading pandemics in the world. In 2019, 38 million people were living with HIV around the world. Of those, roughly 87% were aware of their HIV status.

PICOT: In patients with high risk for HIV, how does implementing a pre-exposure (PrEP) screening tool compared to randomly screening for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) affect the prescribing of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) within eight weeks?

Evidence: In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended PrEP for the prevention of HIV in high-risk individuals. The patients include men who have sex with …


Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices (Kap) Towards Covid-19 Pandemic Among Pregnant Women In A Tertiary Hospital In Karachi, Pakistan, Sumaira Naz, Syeda Dur E Shawar, Shamila Saleem, Ayesha Malik, Amir Raza 2022 Aga Khan University

Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices (Kap) Towards Covid-19 Pandemic Among Pregnant Women In A Tertiary Hospital In Karachi, Pakistan, Sumaira Naz, Syeda Dur E Shawar, Shamila Saleem, Ayesha Malik, Amir Raza

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of the pregnant population during the COVID-19 pandemic in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. KAP towards COVID-19 was assessed using 21-item questionnaires. A score for each category was calculated and points were summed. The outcome variables of KAP were compared with demographic characteristics. Data were analyzed by using SPSS 19.
Results: A total of 377 patients participated in the study. The majority of the patients were multiparous (36.8%) in the age group of …


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 147), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 147), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 146), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 146), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


A Phase 1a/1b Clinical Trial Design To Assess Safety, Acceptability, Pharmacokinetics And Tolerability Of Intranasal Q-Griffithsin For Covid-19 Prophylaxis, Henry W. Nabeta, Maryam Zahin, Joshua L. Fuqua, Elizabeth D. Cash, Ingrid Leth, Michael Strauss, Jeanne Novak, Lin Wang, Angela Siegwald, Rachel A. Sheppard, Shesh N. Rai, Lisa C. Rohan, Sharon Hillier, Gerald W. Dryden, Kevin L. Potts, Kenneth E. Palmer 2022 University of Louisville, Kentucky

A Phase 1a/1b Clinical Trial Design To Assess Safety, Acceptability, Pharmacokinetics And Tolerability Of Intranasal Q-Griffithsin For Covid-19 Prophylaxis, Henry W. Nabeta, Maryam Zahin, Joshua L. Fuqua, Elizabeth D. Cash, Ingrid Leth, Michael Strauss, Jeanne Novak, Lin Wang, Angela Siegwald, Rachel A. Sheppard, Shesh N. Rai, Lisa C. Rohan, Sharon Hillier, Gerald W. Dryden, Kevin L. Potts, Kenneth E. Palmer

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic remains an ongoing threat to global public health. Q-Griffithsin (Q-GRFT) is a lectin that has demonstrated potent broad-spectrum inhibitory activity in preclinical studies in models of Nipah virus and the beta coronaviruses SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2.

Methods: Here, we propose a clinical trial design to test the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and tolerability of intranasally administered Q-GRFT for the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection as a prophylaxis strategy. The initial Phase 1a study will assess the safety and PK of a single dose of intranasally administered Q-GRFT. If found safe, the safety, PK, and tolerability of multiple doses …


Drug-Resistant Bacterial Infections: We Need Urgent Action And Investment That Focus On The Weakest Link, Christiane Dolecek, Sadia Shakoor, Buddha Basnyat, Tochi Okwor, Benn Sartorius 2022 University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Drug-Resistant Bacterial Infections: We Need Urgent Action And Investment That Focus On The Weakest Link, Christiane Dolecek, Sadia Shakoor, Buddha Basnyat, Tochi Okwor, Benn Sartorius

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Despite high mortality and morbidity, drug-resistant bacterial infections remain the forgotten pandemic. We argue for strengthening of diagnostics, WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene) and infection prevention and control to reduce drug-resistant infections, as an integral part of sustainable high-quality health services, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 145), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 145), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


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