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Ratio Of Vascular Pedicle Width And Thoracic Diameter To Differentiate Cardiogenic And Non-Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema, Rahmi Afifi, Achmad Fachri, Amir Sjarifuddin Madjid, Joedo Prihartono, Marcel Prasetyo, Andreas Christian 2022 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia–Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central General Hospital, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Ratio Of Vascular Pedicle Width And Thoracic Diameter To Differentiate Cardiogenic And Non-Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema, Rahmi Afifi, Achmad Fachri, Amir Sjarifuddin Madjid, Joedo Prihartono, Marcel Prasetyo, Andreas Christian

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Excess intravascular volume evaluation is essential in the intensive care unit (ICU); however, clinical information to differentiate cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema has been proven ineffective. Thus, this study aimed to distinguish cardiogenic from non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema using the ratio of vascular pedicle width (VPW) to thoracic diameter (VPTR).

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted based on secondary data from chest radiographs of 100 patients with clinical symptoms of pulmonary edema in the ICU from January 2013 to December 2015. Cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema were distinguished using VPW and cardiothoracic ratio measurements (CTR). VPTR was measured …


Dead End: Challenges In Healthcare Delivery To Older Adults With History Of Dementia And Incarceration- A Case Report, Shruti Anand, Saket Saxena 2022 Michigan State University/Spectrum Health Medical Group

Dead End: Challenges In Healthcare Delivery To Older Adults With History Of Dementia And Incarceration- A Case Report, Shruti Anand, Saket Saxena

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Sepsis Inservice And Video At An Urban Hospital In California, Angela T. Ho 2022 University of San Francisco

Sepsis Inservice And Video At An Urban Hospital In California, Angela T. Ho

Master's Projects and Capstones

The emergency department at an urban hospital in California was performing below institutional goals related to sepsis protocols over the past few months. This intervention was targeted at nurses and was composed of a PowerPoint in-service on compliance to SEP-1 protocols and follow-along video on using the correct sepsis order set and documentation in the electronic health record (EHR). Goals included increased compliance to the SEP-1 protocol and documentation, (2) reduced time between the onset of symptoms, recognition, and intervention, (3) decline in sepsis rates and mortality rates, and (4) lower cost of care. Data was collected from the EHR …


Pre-Hospital Conditions Affecting The Hospitalization Risk In Older Adults At The Emergency Department, Karin Erwander, Kjell Ivarsson, Mona Landin-Olsson, Björn Agvall 2022 Department of clinical sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Pre-Hospital Conditions Affecting The Hospitalization Risk In Older Adults At The Emergency Department, Karin Erwander, Kjell Ivarsson, Mona Landin-Olsson, Björn Agvall

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

BACKGROUND: The Emergency Department (ED) is a common route to hospitalization for critically ill and older adults. Older patients are admitted to hospital at a higher rate and have longer length of stay (LOS) when hospitalized. To be able to confront an increasing aging population, meet their medical needs and influence rising costs of health care, there is a need to focus on the older population. In Scandinavia, few studies are made that focus on the geriatric population at the ED. It is essential to early identify risk factors for hospitalization at the ED to improve the medical care for …


Feasibility Of Project Echo Telementoring To Build Capacity Among Non-Specialist Emergency Care Providers, Grace Wanjiku, Lindsay Dreizler, Gregory Bell, Benjamin Wachira 2022 The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, USA

Feasibility Of Project Echo Telementoring To Build Capacity Among Non-Specialist Emergency Care Providers, Grace Wanjiku, Lindsay Dreizler, Gregory Bell, Benjamin Wachira

Emergency Medicine, East Africa

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to global disruptions in emergency medicine (EM) teaching and training and highlighted the need to strengthen virtual learning platforms. This disruption coincides with essential efforts to scale up training of the emergency healthcare workforce, particularly in low-resource settings where the specialty is not well developed. Thus, there is growing interest in strengthening virtual platforms that can be used to support emergency medicine educational initiatives globally. These platforms must be robust, context specific and sustainable in low-resource environments. This report describes the implementation of Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), a telementoring platform originally designed …


Who Leads The Emergency Department Debrief?, Allison D. Lane, Ethan Bryce, Marcy R. Milbrandt, Lisa R. Stoneking 2022 University of Arizona

Who Leads The Emergency Department Debrief?, Allison D. Lane, Ethan Bryce, Marcy R. Milbrandt, Lisa R. Stoneking

Journal of Wellness

No abstract provided.


The Geriatric Emergency Department At The University Of California San Francisco: Structures, Roles, And Lessons Learned, Todd James 2022 University of California, San Francisco

The Geriatric Emergency Department At The University Of California San Francisco: Structures, Roles, And Lessons Learned, Todd James

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A McDonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol 2022 University of California, San Francisco

Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: Long-term sequelae after symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection may impact well-being, yet existing data primarily focus on discrete symptoms and/or health care use.

OBJECTIVE: To compare patient-reported outcomes of physical, mental, and social well-being among adults with symptomatic illness who received a positive vs negative test result for SARS-CoV-2 infection.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study was a planned interim analysis of an ongoing multicenter prospective longitudinal registry study (the Innovative Support for Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infections Registry [INSPIRE]). Participants were enrolled from December 11, 2020, to September 10, 2021, and comprised adults (aged ≥18 years) with acute symptoms suggestive …


Covid-19 Vaccine Equity: Codesigning Public Health Interventions With Community Partners, Eva Varotsis, Lauren Schlegel, B. H. Slovis, Patricia C. Henwood, Sandra E Brooks, Robert S. Pugliese, Bon Ku, Morgan Hutchinson 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Covid-19 Vaccine Equity: Codesigning Public Health Interventions With Community Partners, Eva Varotsis, Lauren Schlegel, B. H. Slovis, Patricia C. Henwood, Sandra E Brooks, Robert S. Pugliese, Bon Ku, Morgan Hutchinson

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Using A Human-Centered, Mixed Methods Approach To Understand The Patient Waiting Experience And Its Impact On Medically Underserved Populations, Elizabeth N. Liao, Lara Z. Chehab, Kathryn Neville, Jennifer Liao, Devika Patel, Amanda Sammann 2022 University of California

Using A Human-Centered, Mixed Methods Approach To Understand The Patient Waiting Experience And Its Impact On Medically Underserved Populations, Elizabeth N. Liao, Lara Z. Chehab, Kathryn Neville, Jennifer Liao, Devika Patel, Amanda Sammann

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Purpose: To use a mixed methods approach to investigate the patient waiting experience for a medically underserved population at an outpatient surgical clinic.

Methods: We used lean methodology to perform 96 time-tracked observations of the patient journey in clinic, documenting the duration of activities from arrival to departure. We also used human-centered design (HCD) to perform and analyze 43 semi-structured interviews to understand patients’ unmet needs.

Results: Patients spent an average of 68.5% of their total clinic visit waiting to be seen. While the average visit was 95.8minutes, over a quarter of visits (27%) were over 2hours. Patients waited an …


Emergency Medicine Clinician Experiences Addressing Uncertainty In First-Trimester Bleeding., Garrison Nord, Amanda Doty, Andrew J Monick, Danielle M McCarthy, Robin J Casten, Amer Z Aldeen, Philip S Nawrocki, Kristin L. Rising 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Emergency Medicine Clinician Experiences Addressing Uncertainty In First-Trimester Bleeding., Garrison Nord, Amanda Doty, Andrew J Monick, Danielle M Mccarthy, Robin J Casten, Amer Z Aldeen, Philip S Nawrocki, Kristin L. Rising

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

The purpose of this work is to understand Emergency Department (ED) clinicians' experiences in communicating uncertainty about first-trimester bleeding (FTB) and their need for training on this topic. This cross-sectional study surveyed a national sample of attending physicians and advanced practice providers (APPs). The survey included quantitative and qualitative questions about communicating with patients presenting with FTB. These questions assessed clinicians' frequency encountering challenges, comfort, training, prior experience, and interest in training on the topic. Of 402 respondents, 54% reported that they encountered challenges at least sometimes when discussing FTB with patients where the pregnancy outcome is uncertain. While the …


A Consensus List Of Ultrasound Competencies For Graduating Emergency Medicine Residents, David A Haidar, William J Peterson, Patrick G Minges, Jennifer Carnell, Jason T Nomura, John Bailitz, Jeremy S Boyd, Megan M Leo, E Liang Liu, Youyou Duanmu, Josie Acuña, Ross Kessler, Marco F Elegante, Mathew Nelson, Rachel B Liu, Resa E. Lewiss, Arun Nagdev, Rob D Huang 2022 Michigan Medicine

A Consensus List Of Ultrasound Competencies For Graduating Emergency Medicine Residents, David A Haidar, William J Peterson, Patrick G Minges, Jennifer Carnell, Jason T Nomura, John Bailitz, Jeremy S Boyd, Megan M Leo, E Liang Liu, Youyou Duanmu, Josie Acuña, Ross Kessler, Marco F Elegante, Mathew Nelson, Rachel B Liu, Resa E. Lewiss, Arun Nagdev, Rob D Huang

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Objectives: Emergency ultrasound (EUS) is a critical component of emergency medicine (EM) resident education. Currently, there is no consensus list of competencies for EUS training, and graduating residents have varying levels of skill and comfort. The objective of this study was to define a widely accepted comprehensive list of EUS competencies for graduating EM residents through a modified Delphi method.

Methods: We developed a list of EUS applications through a comprehensive literature search, the American College of Emergency Physicians list of core EUS benchmarks, and the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency-Academy of Emergency Ultrasound consensus document. We assembled a multi-institutional …


Serum Ctrp9 And High-Molecular Weight Adiponectin Are Associated With Ischemic Stroke., Yan-Qing Zhang, Yan-Wei Zhang, Jian-Li Dai, Chen Li, Wen-Qing Wang, Hai-Feng Zhang, Wayne Bond Lau, Xiao-Ming Wang, Xiao-Gang Liu, Rong Li 2022 Shanxi Medical University

Serum Ctrp9 And High-Molecular Weight Adiponectin Are Associated With Ischemic Stroke., Yan-Qing Zhang, Yan-Wei Zhang, Jian-Li Dai, Chen Li, Wen-Qing Wang, Hai-Feng Zhang, Wayne Bond Lau, Xiao-Ming Wang, Xiao-Gang Liu, Rong Li

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: C1q/TNF-related protein 9 (CTRP9) and adiponectin (APN) have beneficial metabolic regulatory and vasoprotective effects. This study explored alteration of CTRP9 and APN multimers during onset of ischemic stroke and development, to provide novel clinical and experimental basis for recognition and prevention of ischemic stroke.

METHODS: There were 269 patients with ischemic stroke and 182 control subjects included in this study. Serum levels of CTRP9 and APN multimers in different disease stages were measured.

RESULTS: Serum CTRP9, total APN (tAPN), and high-molecular weight (HMW) APN decreased gradually in stage I (acute stage, within 72 h of onset) of ischemic stroke …


The Impact Of Follow-Up Calls After A Pediatric Emergency Department Visit, Joseph R. Mijares III, Sephora Morrison 2022 George Washington University

The Impact Of Follow-Up Calls After A Pediatric Emergency Department Visit, Joseph R. Mijares Iii, Sephora Morrison

Patient Experience Journal

Pediatric emergency department (ED) visits can be a stressful time for patients and their caregivers. This high stress environment can lead to questions and needed clarifications post-discharge. We implemented a post-discharge callback system to resolve these concerns for a focused subset of patients who historically have provided the most negative comment feedback on ED patient experience surveys. We hypothesized that comment types would shift to more positive than negative and the themes of the comments received would change. We developed a discharge callback process that focused on patients who were triaged as ESI level 4 during their emergency department visit. …


Effect Of Pharmacist Intervention On Emergency Department Geriatric Patients With Polypharmacy, Rachael Sheehan, Ashley Stajkowski, Lee Hraby, Melanie Mommaerts, Tyler Nichols, Marisa Nichols, Alex Beuning, Victor Warne 2022 Mayo Clinic Health System, Eau Claire

Effect Of Pharmacist Intervention On Emergency Department Geriatric Patients With Polypharmacy, Rachael Sheehan, Ashley Stajkowski, Lee Hraby, Melanie Mommaerts, Tyler Nichols, Marisa Nichols, Alex Beuning, Victor Warne

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

Background: Polypharmacy is common within the geriatric population due to the commonality of multiple comorbidities and use of multiple providers. The emergency department (ED) is a prime location to capture these patients, especially when they present with chief complaints which may be medication related. Much of this population is prescribed potentially inappropriate medications which increases their risk for adverse drug reactions. Pharmacist review of patient home medication lists has been shown to decrease the number of potentially inappropriate medications, as well as medication-related problems, such as therapeutic duplications and drug interactions. These reductions can increase patient safety.

Objective: The goal …


Gutka Consumption And Dietary Partialities Explaining Anemia In Women Of A Coastal Slum Of Karachi, Pakistan: A Mixed-Method Study, Ameer Muhammad, Sarah Saleem, Daniyaal Ahmad, Eleze Tariq, Yasir Shafiq 2022 VITAL Pakistan Trust, Pakistan

Gutka Consumption And Dietary Partialities Explaining Anemia In Women Of A Coastal Slum Of Karachi, Pakistan: A Mixed-Method Study, Ameer Muhammad, Sarah Saleem, Daniyaal Ahmad, Eleze Tariq, Yasir Shafiq

Community Health Sciences

Background: Limited literature is available on the dietary pattern and its consequences on health of women living in coastal slums of Karachi, Pakistan.
Material and methods: The study employed a mixed-method approach where concurrent quantitative and qualitative assessments were carried out. An analytical cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect information on demographic, household, obstetrics characteristics, and dietary pattern of married women of reproductive age (MWRA). Blood samples were collected to identify the hemoglobin level to determine anemia. For the qualitative component, focus group discussions were carried out with women and in-depth interviews with shopkeepers to understand the availability of food …


Patient Satisfaction & Usgpiv, Joey Nguyen 2022 Providence

Patient Satisfaction & Usgpiv, Joey Nguyen

St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Evidence Based Practice Conference

No abstract provided.


Key Healthcare Providers’ Perspectives On The Implementation Of Senior-Friendly Emergency Department Care In Quebec, Deniz Cetin-Sahin, Francine Ducharme, Jane McCusker, Mona Magalhaes, Nathalie Veillette, Paul-André Lachance, Sylvie Cossette, Alain Vadeboncoeur, Rick Mah, T.T. Minh Vu, Simon Berthelot 2022 McGill University, Montreal

Key Healthcare Providers’ Perspectives On The Implementation Of Senior-Friendly Emergency Department Care In Quebec, Deniz Cetin-Sahin, Francine Ducharme, Jane Mccusker, Mona Magalhaes, Nathalie Veillette, Paul-André Lachance, Sylvie Cossette, Alain Vadeboncoeur, Rick Mah, T.T. Minh Vu, Simon Berthelot

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

Background: Senior-friendly emergency department (ED) care is emerging to address large numbers of older adults in healthcare and implementation is variable.

Objectives: We aimed to explore key healthcare providers’ perspectives on factors affecting implementation of senior-friendly ED care during the first five years of the Senior-Friendly Hospital Initiative in the Province of Quebec, Canada.

Methods: We conducted a descriptive qualitative study of four urban EDs. Key healthcare providers involved in care within the ED or after discharge to the community were purposefully selected. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted in participants’ preferred language, English or French. Recorded interviews were transcribed. A …


Clinical And Biological Factors With Prognostic Value In Acute Pancreatitis, Mihai Faur, Dan Dumitrescu, Dan Sabau, Ciprian Tanasescu, Dan Cretu, Denisa Tanasescu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Calin Mohor 2022 SIBIU COUNTY EMERGENCY CLINICAL HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY, ROMANIA

Clinical And Biological Factors With Prognostic Value In Acute Pancreatitis, Mihai Faur, Dan Dumitrescu, Dan Sabau, Ciprian Tanasescu, Dan Cretu, Denisa Tanasescu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Calin Mohor

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory process of the pancreas, which can remain localized at the level of the gland or can extend to the peripancreatic and retroperitoneal tissues. The use and interpretation of paraclinical examinations at the onset can predict the form of evolution of acute pancreatitis (mild or severe). Depending on the evolution, these data are useful in determining the type of surgical intervention that might be necessary based on severity.

We present a retrospective study consisting of 118 patients diagnosed and hospitalized with acute pancreatitis during 2016-2020 in the Surgery I section of the Sibiu County Emergency …


Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Therapy, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Severus Gaspar, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Bogdan Socea, Vlad Denis Constantin 2022 ST. PANTELIMON HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY, RO.

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Therapy, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Severus Gaspar, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Bogdan Socea, Vlad Denis Constantin

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

SARS-COV 2 recently caused a global pandemic, with the first case being reported in Romania in February 2020. Important restrictive measures were imposed, so that the addressability of patients to medical services decreased. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding had more severe forms of evolution at the time of presentation, which required additional methods of diagnosis and treatment. This is a retrospective study performed on 268 patients, which aims to evaluate the type and effectiveness of different treatment methods for upper gastrointestinal bleeding during the COVID 19 pandemic. Severity assessment was performed by measuring the Rockall score and additional methods of diagnosis. The …


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