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Care Alert Program In Chronic Recurrent Ed Utilizing Patients, Kaitlyn Phelps, Jonathan Bryan, Jonathan Leggett, Erica Gibbons, Brian Griggs 2022 Grand Strand Medical Center

Care Alert Program In Chronic Recurrent Ed Utilizing Patients, Kaitlyn Phelps, Jonathan Bryan, Jonathan Leggett, Erica Gibbons, Brian Griggs

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

The Care Alert program is designed to help navigate encounters with patient populations that are high utilizers of emergency department (ED) resources. These populations often have chronic medical conditions, have a poor understanding of their conditions, are unfamiliar with the EDs’ role in the management of these conditions, and commonly lack outpatient resources. The Care Alert program intends to address the needs of this challenging patient population by designing individualized care plans that are approved through a multidisciplinary committee. Data from this study showed a 37% decrease in ED visits and a 47% decrease in hospitalizations during the initial 8 ...


Examining Racial, Ethnic, And Gender Disparities In The Treatment Of Pain And Injury Emergencies, Laurel A. Wimbish, Janelle R. Simpson, Lauren R. Gilbert, Andria Blackwood, Emily A. Grant 2022 University of Wyoming

Examining Racial, Ethnic, And Gender Disparities In The Treatment Of Pain And Injury Emergencies, Laurel A. Wimbish, Janelle R. Simpson, Lauren R. Gilbert, Andria Blackwood, Emily A. Grant

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Background

Racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in effective pain management have been well-documented across healthcare settings. However, discrepancies in the treatment of patients in prehospital pain management settings have not been well researched. The objective of this study was to determine whether Wyoming emergency medical service (EMS) providers’ use of opioids to treat prehospital pain or injury varies by patient race/ethnicity or gender.

Methods

This cross-sectional study of EMS records examined 27 448 patient care reports (PCRs) generated during emergency medical responses to pain/injury emergencies in the state of Wyoming between January 2016 and March 2019. We included ...


Paramedics’ Confidence And Perceived Competence When Attending To Varied Patient Presentations: A Mixed-Method Study, Nicholas J. Waltrich, Jade Sheen, Mathew Ling 2022 Deakin University

Paramedics’ Confidence And Perceived Competence When Attending To Varied Patient Presentations: A Mixed-Method Study, Nicholas J. Waltrich, Jade Sheen, Mathew Ling

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Paramedics are routinely called to patients presenting with mental health concerns. Previous literature suggests paramedics find this patient group challenging. However, no study has investigated whether paramedics find mental health presentations (MHP) more challenging relative to other patient presentations, or whether certain paramedic variables relate to their perceived ability to manage MHP. This study investigates differences in paramedics’ perceived ability to attend to MHP compared to other patient presentations, and whether their perceived ability is related to their level of experience or location of work (metropolitan or rural). The study also explores paramedic’s experiences and perspectives of MHP ...


The Modified Rankin Scale Can Accurately Be Derived From The Electronic Medical Record, Derek Isenberg, Nelson Prus, Frederick Ramsey, Nina T. Gentile 2022 Temple University

The Modified Rankin Scale Can Accurately Be Derived From The Electronic Medical Record, Derek Isenberg, Nelson Prus, Frederick Ramsey, Nina T. Gentile

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

Abstract

Introduction

The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) is used to assess functional outcomes after a stroke and is the primary outcome in many stroke trials. For retrospective stroke research or stroke research in which patients are lost to study follow up, review of the electronic medical record (EMR) may be the sole way to estimate a patient’s functional outcome. The purpose of this study is to determine if a mRS can be accurately derived from the electronic medical record EMR.

Methods

This study used data from completed stroke studies in which in-person 90-day mRS were collected as part of ...


Stop The Stroke: An Analysis Into The Role Of Gender And Pmh In Stroke Symptom Recognition​, Shuaibahmed M. Arab, Kelsey Baker 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Stop The Stroke: An Analysis Into The Role Of Gender And Pmh In Stroke Symptom Recognition​, Shuaibahmed M. Arab, Kelsey Baker

MEDI 8127 Scholarly Activities Pre-Clerkship

A cerebral vascular accident, also known as a stroke, is an event in which blood flow to a brain region is disrupted. This disruption leads to loss of perfusion which results in brain tissue death.

The best combat against a stroke and its long-term effects/death is timely interventions. This requires quick symptom recognition by patients and presentation to an emergency department. However, stroke remains the 5th most common cause of CVD-related death. With an incidence of 40% across the United States, stroke events have been identified as an actionable goal by Healthy People 2030; with the goal of decreasing ...


Validation Of The Termination Of Resuscitation Rules In Detroit, Arqam Husain, Adam D. Chalek, Robert Dunne 2022 Wayne State University School Of Medicine

Validation Of The Termination Of Resuscitation Rules In Detroit, Arqam Husain, Adam D. Chalek, Robert Dunne

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: 326,000 patients suffer from an out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) each year. The Termination of Resuscitation (TOR) criteria guides physicians in determining the futility of continuing CPR and transporting patients to the hospital. We examined compliance with current BLS TOR rules and assessed an alternate set of rules to derive improved TOR guidelines for OHCAs in Detroit.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted utilizing non-traumatic OHCA cases in Detroit from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019, which includes time before and after BLS TOR guidelines were implemented. Patients younger than 18 and arrests of traumatic origin ...


Language Preference Impact On The Outcomes Of Those Lost To Follow-Up After A Diagnosis Of Pregnancy Of Unknown Location, Erin A. Leestma, Mayra A. Shafique, Megan McNitt, Annmarie Vilkins 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Language Preference Impact On The Outcomes Of Those Lost To Follow-Up After A Diagnosis Of Pregnancy Of Unknown Location, Erin A. Leestma, Mayra A. Shafique, Megan Mcnitt, Annmarie Vilkins

Medical Student Research Symposium

Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is a temporary diagnosis when there is a positive pregnancy test but an intrauterine gestational sac and/or fetal pole are not visualized with ultrasonography. The three potential outcomes for such a pregnancy are failed pregnancy, an early intrauterine pregnancy or an ectopic/abnormal pregnancy. Given the serious associated morbidity of ectopic pregnancy, these PUL require strict follow up of bHCG levels to help the clinician determine the likely outcome of the PUL (failed vs early vs ectopic) and choose the best intervention (expectant management, surgical management or medical management). One potential barrier to follow-up ...


Emergency Medicine Journal Club, Dave M. Gibbs, Dylan Norton, Kyle Barbour 2022 Rochester Regional Health System

Emergency Medicine Journal Club, Dave M. Gibbs, Dylan Norton, Kyle Barbour

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

In this column, we provide a brief review of important papers recently published that relate to the field of Emergency Medicine. The goal is to provide the busy clinician a bullet-like summary of the study, focusing on the research question, methods, results, limitations and bottom line interpretation.


Hemoglobin As A Predictor For Covid-19 Disease Severity, Nicholas Sarcia, Dan Thai, Andrea M. Bodine MD 2022 University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine

Hemoglobin As A Predictor For Covid-19 Disease Severity, Nicholas Sarcia, Dan Thai, Andrea M. Bodine Md

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Background: The dilemma of who is at highest risk for COVID-19 severe disease and death persists. Hemoglobin levels may be an indicator of COVID-19 disease severity. There is inconsistent data on Emergency Department (ED) hemoglobin levels and severity of disease. Our objective was to examine if COVID-19 patients presenting with abnormal hemoglobin levels have an increased risk of severe disease and in-hospital mortality.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at Berkshire Medical Center in Pittsfield, MA to investigate the relationship of COVID-19 disease severity with hemoglobin level. Inclusion criteria consisted of ED patients over 18 years with a COVID-19 ...


Disease Severity In Covid-19 Breakthrough Cases, Dan Thai, Nicholas Sarcia, Andrea M. Bodine MD 2022 University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine

Disease Severity In Covid-19 Breakthrough Cases, Dan Thai, Nicholas Sarcia, Andrea M. Bodine Md

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Background

Vaccine breakthrough is a phenomenon wherein vaccinated individuals become infected with disease despite adequate protection. During this study period, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported 66.6% of US people have been fully vaccinated. Any measures to improve trust would increase vaccination rates. This study aims to understand vaccine breakthrough cases in COVID-19 by comparing their severity to unvaccinated cases. Our objective is to compare disease severity based on the worst initial vital signs (temperature, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation), length of stay (LOS), and age between vaccinated and unvaccinated COVID-19 cases.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective cohort study ...


Implementation Of Delirium Bundle On A Hospital Medical/Surgical Unit To Help Decrease The Prevalence Of Delirium, Sanusi Mohammed 2022 University of Massachusetts Boston

Implementation Of Delirium Bundle On A Hospital Medical/Surgical Unit To Help Decrease The Prevalence Of Delirium, Sanusi Mohammed

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Description of the Problem: Delirium is defined as a constellation of symptoms that includes disturbance in attention or awareness, change in cognition, language and perceptual disturbances that develops over a short period of time. Delirium mostly affects adult patients with risk factors including history of dementia, early cognitive impairment, dehydration, and infections. This quality improvement project was implemented on one hospital unit at a large tertiary hospital in the Boston area. This unit has one highest rate of delirium in the entire hospital system. Delirium is associated with high rate of morbidity and mortality. Also, this syndrome leads to longer ...


Strategies To Combat Ageism In Emergency Medicine, Anita N. Chary, Lauren Cameron Comasco, Anita Rohra, Shan Lliu 2022 Baylor College of Medicine

Strategies To Combat Ageism In Emergency Medicine, Anita N. Chary, Lauren Cameron Comasco, Anita Rohra, Shan Lliu

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

N/a


Factors Affecting Emergency Department Mental Health Visits, Logan Daul 2022 University of South Dakota

Factors Affecting Emergency Department Mental Health Visits, Logan Daul

Honors Thesis

Research has shown that current quantities of emergency department visits for mental health and substance use are increasing at a startling rate. These increases are acknowledged in quantitative studies and some important information can be gathered from qualitative studies however determining specific causes for these emergent visits are difficult. The purpose of this study is to derive findings from statistical analyses focusing on quantities of emergency department visits for mental health and substance use disorders. Comparisons will be drawn at the state level between the per capita quantity of emergency department visits and poverty rate, climate, psychiatric healthcare infrastructure, urban ...


A Rare Case Of Acute Appendicitis In A 21-Year-Old Male With Midsternal Chest Pain, Muhammad Noman, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Andrew Caravello 2022 Rowan University

A Rare Case Of Acute Appendicitis In A 21-Year-Old Male With Midsternal Chest Pain, Muhammad Noman, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Andrew Caravello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute appendicitis is inflammation of the vestigial vermiform appendix. It is one of the leading causes of emergency department visits due to abdominal pain. The vermiform appendix is located at the base of cecum. The attachment does not change; however the tip may migrate to the retrocecal, subcecal, preileal, postileal and pelvic positions. Considering these normal anatomical positions, the pain presentation may vary in patients.

Even though this patient presented with midsternal chest pain, which was suspicious for GERD, it was crucial to perform a thorough head-to-toe exam to discover incidental findings that the patient did not report. In this ...


A Puzzling Case Of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus In The Outpatient Setting, Shadi Shams, Asim Shafique, Marym Khan, James Bailey 2022 Rowan University

A Puzzling Case Of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus In The Outpatient Setting, Shadi Shams, Asim Shafique, Marym Khan, James Bailey

Stratford Campus Research Day

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) is a disease of adulthood characterized by the triad of gait disturbance, dementia, and urinary incontinence. Since NPH shares a lot of characteristics with other disorders including neurodegenerative disorders and degenerative-dystrophic spine, it is usually underdiagnosed and undertreated. Combination of ventriculomegaly seen on a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with clinical findings could be used in diagnosis of NPH. However, improvement of symptoms post spinal tap procedure would be a better indication of diagnosis. Currently, shunt placement is the best available modality of treatment for NPH. Here we present a case of ...


Case Report: A Patient With Gait Dysfunction With Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Masquerading As Diabetic Polyneuropathy, David Parkes, Russell Mordecai 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: A Patient With Gait Dysfunction With Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Masquerading As Diabetic Polyneuropathy, David Parkes, Russell Mordecai

Stratford Campus Research Day

New onset gait dysfunction often prompts admission to the hospital for further evaluation. The typical patient is an elderly person who normally is self-sufficient but had recently experienced a decline in their ability to care for themselves. Sometimes, however, those who present with gait dysfunction do not fit the expected demographic. These individuals raise concern for less common “zebra” presentations of neurological dysfunction. We describe one such rare case of a 39-year-old female with a new onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus and recent COVID-19 infection that presented to the emergency department with a sensation of bilateral lower extremity burning ...


Case Report And Review: Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (Scad), Michael Morris, Wayne Tamaska, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Trent Malcolm 2022 Rowan University

Case Report And Review: Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (Scad), Michael Morris, Wayne Tamaska, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Trent Malcolm

Stratford Campus Research Day

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome or sudden death. SCAD has a high incidence in a younger, female population with an association with peripartum or postpartum status. Connective tissue disorders and vasculitides are also associated with SCAD. The purpose of this poster will be to examine the presentation and risk factors associated with SCAD and to discuss optimal treatment strategies.


A Ruptured Mycotic Aortic Aneurysm In A Patient With Urinary Retention: A Case Report., Samantha L. Gaetani MD, Jerome C. Deutsch DO, Mila H. Ju MD 2022 Lehigh Valley Health Network

A Ruptured Mycotic Aortic Aneurysm In A Patient With Urinary Retention: A Case Report., Samantha L. Gaetani Md, Jerome C. Deutsch Do, Mila H. Ju Md

Department of Emergency Medicine

Symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a diagnosis that is a true emergency. Since AAAs are typically asymptomatic prior to rupturing, they can easily be missed. When an abdominal aortic aneurysm becomes symptomatic and ruptures, the ramifications can be catastrophic for the patient. We present a case of a 55-year-old male who presented with urinary retention and suprapubic pain. Computerized tomography demonstrated a rapidly expanding AAA and signs of impending rupture. Emergent vascular surgical repair was performed successfully. There was concern for mycotic nature of the AAA with recent COVID-19 infection and possible bacteremia. This case demonstrates the need for ...


Enhancing Depression Screening For The Adolescent Population In The Pediatric Emergency Department By Utilizing The Patient Health Questionnaire: A Quality Improvement Project, Chelsea Alvarez 2022 Sacred Heart University

Enhancing Depression Screening For The Adolescent Population In The Pediatric Emergency Department By Utilizing The Patient Health Questionnaire: A Quality Improvement Project, Chelsea Alvarez

DNP Projects

Background:

Mental health disparities make up 16% of the global burden of disease and injury in people ages 10-19. Many cases of mental health are unidentified and left untreated. Failure to address mental health disorders in children can lead to poor outcomes of health and well-being. Evidence-based practice supports the utilization of screening tools such as the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depression screening in adolescents ages 12-18 years.

Objectives:

By implementing the PHQ-9 in the pediatric emergency department, the goals for this quality improvement project were to increase staff knowledge on the PHQ-9, improve staff screening compliance, and to ...


Decreasing Time To Antibiotic Administration In Febrile Neutropenic Adult Oncology Patients In The Emergency Department: An Evidence-Based Quality Improvement Project, Kristin Murray 2022 Sacred Heart University

Decreasing Time To Antibiotic Administration In Febrile Neutropenic Adult Oncology Patients In The Emergency Department: An Evidence-Based Quality Improvement Project, Kristin Murray

DNP Projects

Introduction—Significance and Background: Febrile Neutropenia (FN) is the most common and serious complication of hematopoietic cancers and in patients receiving chemotherapy. Patients in this immunocompromised state have weakened immunity to fight off infection and a mortality rate of almost 10%. Thus, Infectious Diseases Society of America has identified the single most important determining factor of outcomes is the timing of antibiotic (TTA) administration and has identified the gold standard to be 60 minutes. Current practice does not follow guidelines and the current policy does not address the urgency of antibiotic administration.

Purpose: The purpose of this project is to ...


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