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At-Risk Ems Employees- A Model Of Assessment And Intervention.Pdf, Ron J. Hammond, Kate Miller 2019 Utah Valley University

At-Risk Ems Employees- A Model Of Assessment And Intervention.Pdf, Ron J. Hammond, Kate Miller

Ron J. Hammond

This paper includes data results from a survey of Utah (U.S.) EMS personnel.  Those who reported having already reach a point of wanting to quit the field and having reached a point of wanting to resign their current position were classified as being “At Risk” (N=142) and were compared to those who had not (N=395).  T-Test and ratio analysis indicated that those At Risk were found to have significantly higher incidences of difficult past calls, PTSD-like symptoms, and a variety of personal hardships. Both groups had relatively high indicators of negative impact of working in the EMS ...


An Exploration Of Why Healthcare Professionals Under-Report Observed Patient Aggression, Sydney Bonta 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

An Exploration Of Why Healthcare Professionals Under-Report Observed Patient Aggression, Sydney Bonta

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

An Exploration of Why Healthcare Professionals Under-Report Observed Patient Aggression

Authors: Sydney Bonta & Lisa L. Scherer, Ph.D.

Advisor: Lisa L. Scherer, Ph.D.

According to the 2011 US Bureau of Justice Statistics report, medical professionals experienced the third highest proportion of workplace violence (WPV), with violence primarily emanating from patient. In a national survey of nurses employed in hospitals, 76% stated that they had encountered some sort of violence in their workplace (Speroni, Fitch, Dawson, Dugan, Atherton, & Leesburg, 2014). Similarly, patient aggression against physicians has long been a problem (Morrison, Lantos, Levinson, 1998). Despite this widespread exposure to WPV ...


The Opioid Crisis: Exploring The Effects On First Responders And Healthcare Professionals, Rachel Lubischer, Dawne Frain 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

The Opioid Crisis: Exploring The Effects On First Responders And Healthcare Professionals, Rachel Lubischer, Dawne Frain

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

In 2017, the National Department of Health and Human Services declared the opioid crisis a public health emergency (The White House, 2018). Although Nebraska ranks among the states with the lowest number of drug overdose deaths, rising opioid use creates safety concerns for first responders and healthcare professionals, and leads to strained resources in many jurisdictions. We hope to increase our audience’s knowledge on the opioid crisis, how it effects first responders and healthcare professionals, and pertinent policies and initiatives in Nebraska. Our audience will leave this presentation better equipped to initiate discussions with friends, family, and community members ...


Icatibant Is Not Helpful For The Treatment Of Ace Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema, Samantha R. Schwartz 2019 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Icatibant Is Not Helpful For The Treatment Of Ace Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema, Samantha R. Schwartz

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Sinert R, Levy P, Bernstein JA, et al. Randomized trial of icatibant for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced upper airway angioedema. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2017; 5(5): 1402-1409. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2017.03.003.


Early Dexamethasone Administration In Adults With Suspected Meningitis Lowers Morbidity And Mortality, Dana Siegel 2019 Wayne State University

Early Dexamethasone Administration In Adults With Suspected Meningitis Lowers Morbidity And Mortality, Dana Siegel

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of de Gans J, van de Beek D, Investigators EDiABMS. Dexamethasone in adults with bacterial meningitis. New Eng J Med. 2002;347(20):1549-1556. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa021334.


Predicting Unplanned Medical Visits Among Patients With Diabetes Using Machine Learning, Arielle Selya, Eric L. Johnson 2019 Sanford Health

Predicting Unplanned Medical Visits Among Patients With Diabetes Using Machine Learning, Arielle Selya, Eric L. Johnson

SDSU Data Science Symposium

Diabetes poses a variety of medical complications to patients, resulting in a high rate of unplanned medical visits, which are costly to patients and healthcare providers alike. However, unplanned medical visits by their nature are very difficult to predict. The current project draws upon electronic health records (EMR’s) of adult patients with diabetes who received care at Sanford Health between 2014 and 2017. Various machine learning methods were used to predict which patients have had an unplanned medical visit based on a variety of EMR variables (age, BMI, blood pressure, # of prescriptions, # of diagnoses on problem list, A1C, HDL ...


Emergency Medicine Palliative Care Access (Empalla): Preliminary Data From A Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial, Abigail M. Schmucker, BA, Deborah J. Shim, BS, Corita R. Grudzen, MD, MSHS, Jeanne Cho, MPH, Keith Goldfeld, DrPH 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Emergency Medicine Palliative Care Access (Empalla): Preliminary Data From A Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial, Abigail M. Schmucker, Ba, Deborah J. Shim, Bs, Corita R. Grudzen, Md, Mshs, Jeanne Cho, Mph, Keith Goldfeld, Drph

Phase 1

Introduction: Emergency department (ED)-initiated palliative care has been shown to improve patient-centered outcomes in older adults with serious illnesses, but the optimal modality for providing such interventions is unknown. The EMPallA trial compares nurse-led, telephonic case management with specialty, outpatient palliative care on: 1) patient quality of life (QOL); 2) healthcare utilization; 3) loneliness and symptom burden; and 4) caregiver strain, QOL, and bereavement.

Objective: Summarize preliminary demographic and QOL data for the EMPallA cohort.

Methods: A pragmatic, parallel, two-arm randomized controlled trial is enrolling 1350 ED patients across 9 EDs over 3 years to compare the effectiveness of ...


Acute Pancreatitis In The Emergency Department, Gregory J. Lopez, BS, Matt Hall, MD, Matthew Babineau, MD, Darshan Kothari, MD, Ryan C. Burke, PhD, MPH, Richard E. Wolfe, MD, Sunil G. Sheth, MD, Stephen Freedman, MD, Nathan I. Shapiro, MD, Carrie Tibbles, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Acute Pancreatitis In The Emergency Department, Gregory J. Lopez, Bs, Matt Hall, Md, Matthew Babineau, Md, Darshan Kothari, Md, Ryan C. Burke, Phd, Mph, Richard E. Wolfe, Md, Sunil G. Sheth, Md, Stephen Freedman, Md, Nathan I. Shapiro, Md, Carrie Tibbles, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common emergency department (ED) presentation with a variety of outcomes. Stratifying AP severity with scoring systems can allow physicians to effectively manage patient disposition.

Objective: To identify ED pancreatitis patients who will likely be admitted to the ICU or be discharged within 48 hours, and to validate existing pancreatitis severity scores.

Methods: Patients with a final ED diagnosis of AP and/or lipase ≥ 3 times the upper limit of normal were enrolled in a prospective, observational chart review study. Parametric and non-parametric descriptive statistics were used to describe the patient population. Area under receiver ...


Assessing The Use Of Social Media In Physician Assistant Education., Gregory K. Wanner, Andrew W. Phillips, Dimitrios Papanagnou, MD 2019 Christiana Care Health System

Assessing The Use Of Social Media In Physician Assistant Education., Gregory K. Wanner, Andrew W. Phillips, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Md

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Objectives: This study aims to assess physician assistant (PA) students' experiences with social media (SM) as a part of their medical education.

Methods: The study is split into two phases: Phase 1- A cross-sectional survey emailed to all PA students at four PA school campuses to assess students' prior SM experiences (226 responses, 71.1% response rate); and Phase 2- Inclusion of SM educational resources, via Twitter, within lectures performed at two PA schools. A phase-2 survey assessed students' opinions of educational SM (50 responses, 59.5% response rate) and SM usage was tracked.

Results: The phase-1 survey respondents indicated ...


Emergency Medicine Palliative Care Access (Empalla): Protocol For A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing The Effectiveness Of Specialty Outpatient Versus Nurse-Led Telephonic Palliative Care Of Older Adults With Advanced Illness, Corita R. Grudzen, Deborah J. Shim, Abigail M. Schmucker, Jeanne Cho, Keith S. Goldfeld 2019 New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Medicine Palliative Care Access (Empalla): Protocol For A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing The Effectiveness Of Specialty Outpatient Versus Nurse-Led Telephonic Palliative Care Of Older Adults With Advanced Illness, Corita R. Grudzen, Deborah J. Shim, Abigail M. Schmucker, Jeanne Cho, Keith S. Goldfeld

Student Papers & Posters

Introduction Emergency department (ED)-initiated palliative care has been shown to improve patient-centred outcomes in older adults with serious, life-limiting illnesses. However, the optimal modality for providing such interventions is unknown. This study aims to compare nurse-led telephonic case management to specialty outpatient palliative care for older adults with serious, life-limiting illness on: (1) quality of life in patients; (2) healthcare utilisation; (3) loneliness and symptom burden and (4) caregiver strain, caregiver quality of life and bereavement.

Methods and analysis This is a protocol for a pragmatic, multicentre, parallel, two-arm randomised controlled trial in ED patients comparing two established models ...


Association Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Cardiovascular Outcomes In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome., Jingyao Fan, Xiao Wang, Xin-Liang Ma, Virend K. Somers, Shaoping Nie, Yongxiang Wei 2019 Capital Medical University

Association Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Cardiovascular Outcomes In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome., Jingyao Fan, Xiao Wang, Xin-Liang Ma, Virend K. Somers, Shaoping Nie, Yongxiang Wei

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Background The prognostic significance of obstructive sleep apnea ( OSA ) in patients with acute coronary syndrome ( ACS ) in the contemporary era is unclear. We performed a large, prospective cohort study and did a landmark analysis to delineate the association of OSA with subsequent cardiovascular events after ACS onset. Methods and Results Between June 2015 and May 2017, consecutive eligible patients admitted for ACS underwent cardiorespiratory polygraphy during hospitalization. OSA was defined as an apnea-hypopnea index ≥15 events·h-1. The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event ( MACCE ), including cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, ischemia-driven revascularization, or hospitalization for ...


The Power Of The Group: Comparison Of Interviews And Group Concept Mapping For Identifying Patient-Important Outcomes Of Care., Kristin L. Rising, Marianna LaNoue, Alexzandra Gentsch, Amanda Doty, Amy Cunningham, Brendan G. Carr, Judd E. Hollander, Lori Latimer, Larry Loebell, Gail Weingarten, Neva White, Geoffrey Mills 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

The Power Of The Group: Comparison Of Interviews And Group Concept Mapping For Identifying Patient-Important Outcomes Of Care., Kristin L. Rising, Marianna Lanoue, Alexzandra Gentsch, Amanda Doty, Amy Cunningham, Brendan G. Carr, Judd E. Hollander, Lori Latimer, Larry Loebell, Gail Weingarten, Neva White, Geoffrey Mills

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Data are limited regarding how to effectively and efficiently identify patient priorities for research or clinical care. Our goal was to compare the comprehensiveness and efficiency of group concept mapping (GCM), a group participatory method, to interviews for identifying patient goals when seeking care.

METHODS: We engaged patients with moderately- to poorly-controlled diabetes mellitus in either GCM or an individual interview. The primary outcome was the comprehensiveness of GCM brainstorming (the first stage of GCM) as compared to interviews for eliciting patient-important outcomes (PIOs) related to seeking care. Secondary outcomes included 1) comprehensiveness of GCM brainstorming and interviews compared ...


The Use Of A “Cpr Posture” For Hemorrhage Control, Nathan Phillip Charlton, Robert Solberg, Nici Singletary, Craig Goolsby, Justin Rizer, William Woods 2019 University of Virginia, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

The Use Of A “Cpr Posture” For Hemorrhage Control, Nathan Phillip Charlton, Robert Solberg, Nici Singletary, Craig Goolsby, Justin Rizer, William Woods

International Journal of First Aid Education

Bleeding from traumatic injury is a major source of morbidity and mortality, however, little data is available to aid guidelines and curriculum developers in best practice of applying direct pressure when treating or teaching how to stop life-threatening hemorrhage.

Hypothesis: This study investigated the use of two-handed pressure with bent arms versus two-handed pressure with straight arms to apply direct pressure to a hemorrhage model.

Methods: Participants, recruited as a convenience sample, were randomized and instructed to use either two hands overlapping using arm strength only, or two hands overlapping with arms straight in a “CPR-like” position to apply force ...


Integrate Behavioral Health In The Ed And Upstream, Katie Gilligan, Heidi Beazizo 2018 Providence Regional Medical Center - Everett

Integrate Behavioral Health In The Ed And Upstream, Katie Gilligan, Heidi Beazizo

Books, Presentations, Posters, Etc.

This interactive session will describe the changes being tested by 10 hospitals in the Integrating Behavioral Health in the ED and Upstream Learning Community, convened by IHI and Well Being Trust, to achieve meaningful improvements for patients with mental health and substance abuse conditions, their families, and ED staff. Participants will learn from experts and participating team members, share learning with other participants, and develop action plans for bringing this critical work to their organizations.

After this presentation you will be able to:

  1. Describe a theory of change and set of core measures to improve patient outcomes, experience, and staff ...


Rethinking Emergency Response To Mass Casualty Incidents: Disaster Medicine Education And The Role Of Medical Students, Claire Zurlo, Edward Jasper, MD, MPH 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Rethinking Emergency Response To Mass Casualty Incidents: Disaster Medicine Education And The Role Of Medical Students, Claire Zurlo, Edward Jasper, Md, Mph

Phase 1

Introduction: The threat of a mass casualty incident (MCI) is one that must be taken seriously and for which hospitals must be prepared. In the wake of a disaster, emergency departments are often taxed beyond their ability to handle the demands of incoming traumas. In response to this, Dr. Edward Jasper, an emergency physician at Thomas Jefferson Hospital, designed the Hospital Emergency Response Team (HERT) to alleviate the pressure on the ED during a MCI. The HERT is a team of nursing and medical students who are FEMA trained to respond in the event of a MCI.

Objective: The primary ...


The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori 2018 DePaul University

The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

THE EFFECTS OF REENTRY PROGRAMS ON HEALTHCARE ACCESSIBILITY AND RESULTING EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT STRAIN BY EX-INMATES

Kaitlyn Muratori

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christina Lattner

Background: Ex-inmates are significantly more likely to use emergency rooms to seek treatment for substance abuse, mental health disorders, or poor management of chronic conditions which, if not treated on a community level, ultimately contributes to overboarding in the emergency department.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to use current research to examine the relationship between reentry programs across the US and healthcare accessibility, as well as the resulting strain of emergency room misuse by ex-inmates ...


Pressure Methods For Primary Hemorrhage Control: A Randomized Crossover Trial., Nathan Phillip Charlton, Robert Solberg, Justin Rizer, Nici Singletary, William A. Woods 2018 University of Virginia and American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

Pressure Methods For Primary Hemorrhage Control: A Randomized Crossover Trial., Nathan Phillip Charlton, Robert Solberg, Justin Rizer, Nici Singletary, William A. Woods

International Journal of First Aid Education

Background: The importance of hemorrhage control in traumatic injury has been highlighted by the 2015 Stop the Bleed federal campaign in the United States and subsequent development of modular bleeding control courses offered by organizations such as the American Red Cross (https://www.dhs.gov/stopthebleed). However, the scientific evidence regarding the best methods and mechanisms of applying direct manual pressure to stop hemorrhage is lacking to inform first aid education skill development.

Hypothesis: The purpose of this tri-phase study is to evaluate the pressure generated when adding increasing layers of gauze dressings and to compare the force generated using ...


A Three-Dimensional Printed Low-Cost Anterior Shoulder Dislocation Model For Ultrasound-Guided Injection Training., Zachary Risler, Mark A. Magee, Jacob M. Mazza, Kelly Goodsell, Arthur K. Au, Resa E. Lewiss, Robert S. Pugliese, Bon Ku 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

A Three-Dimensional Printed Low-Cost Anterior Shoulder Dislocation Model For Ultrasound-Guided Injection Training., Zachary Risler, Mark A. Magee, Jacob M. Mazza, Kelly Goodsell, Arthur K. Au, Resa E. Lewiss, Robert S. Pugliese, Bon Ku

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Anterior shoulder dislocations are the most common, large joint dislocations that present to the emergency department (ED). Numerous studies support the use of intraarticular local anesthetic injections for the safe, effective, and time-saving reduction of these dislocations. Simulation training is an alternative and effective method for training compared to bedside learning. There are no commercially available ultrasound-compatible shoulder dislocation models. We utilized a three-dimensional (3D) printer to print a model that allows the visualization of the ultrasound anatomy (sonoanatomy) of an anterior shoulder dislocation. We utilized an open-source file of a shoulder, available from embodi3D® (Bellevue, WA, US). After approximating ...


Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi 2018 The University Of Michigan

Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi

Open Access Articles

Approximately 23% of Americans over age 12 have some level of hearing loss.1 Emergency departments can reduce healthcare barriers for deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHoH) patients through improved patient-physician communication. DHoH students, once they become physicians, may provide one mechanism for reducing existing healthcare disparities and communication barriers for DHoH patients, and may be more adept with patients facing other communication barriers. A renewed interest in disability access and a commitment to social justice has increased efforts toward the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in medical education and training. Despite this increased interest and a growing number of DHoH students ...


Improving Safe Handoffs & Transitions From The Ed To Adult Inpatient: A Response To The Ahrq Hospital Patient Safety Culture Survey, Natalie Talbot, Joanne Chapman, Rhonda DiPhilippo, Gail Savage, Michele Higgins, Nancijean Goudey, Lori Sweatt, Erin Graydon Baker, Joseph East, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Mark Parker, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks 2018 Maine Medical Center

Improving Safe Handoffs & Transitions From The Ed To Adult Inpatient: A Response To The Ahrq Hospital Patient Safety Culture Survey, Natalie Talbot, Joanne Chapman, Rhonda Diphilippo, Gail Savage, Michele Higgins, Nancijean Goudey, Lori Sweatt, Erin Graydon Baker, Joseph East, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Mark Parker, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks

Operational Excellence

SAFE TRANSITIONS AND PATIENT HANDOFFS IN A LARGE ACUTE CARE HOSPITAL

It is well documented in the literature that ineffective patient handoffs and transitions continues to be an area that can lead to adverse patient safety events so it is an urgent opportunity for a performance improvement plan. At an academic tertiary care medical center, the lowest scoring domain from the FY2017 AHRQ Patient Safety Culture Survey was patient handoffs and transitions.

A team was established consisting of staff from the Emergency Department and a medical/surgical unit to develop a plan for implementing improvement interventions. Their goal was to ...


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