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The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori 2018 DePaul University

The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

THE EFFECTS OF REENTRY PROGRAMS ON HEALTHCARE ACCESSIBILITY AND RESULTING EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT STRAIN BY EX-INMATES

Kaitlyn Muratori

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christina Lattner

Background: Ex-inmates are significantly more likely to use emergency rooms to seek treatment for substance abuse, mental health disorders, or poor management of chronic conditions which, if not treated on a community level, ultimately contributes to overboarding in the emergency department.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to use current research to examine the relationship between reentry programs across the US and healthcare accessibility, as well as the resulting strain of emergency room misuse by ex-inmates ...


Pressure Methods For Primary Hemorrhage Control: A Randomized Crossover Trial., Nathan Phillip Charlton, Robert Solberg, Justin Rizer, Nici Singletary, William A. Woods 2018 University of Virginia and American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

Pressure Methods For Primary Hemorrhage Control: A Randomized Crossover Trial., Nathan Phillip Charlton, Robert Solberg, Justin Rizer, Nici Singletary, William A. Woods

International Journal of First Aid Education

Background: The importance of hemorrhage control in traumatic injury has been highlighted by the 2015 Stop the Bleed federal campaign in the United States and subsequent development of modular bleeding control courses offered by organizations such as the American Red Cross (https://www.dhs.gov/stopthebleed). However, the scientific evidence regarding the best methods and mechanisms of applying direct manual pressure to stop hemorrhage is lacking to inform first aid education skill development.

Hypothesis: The purpose of this tri-phase study is to evaluate the pressure generated when adding increasing layers of gauze dressings and to compare the force generated using ...


Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi 2018 The University Of Michigan

Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi

Open Access Articles

Approximately 23% of Americans over age 12 have some level of hearing loss.1 Emergency departments can reduce healthcare barriers for deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHoH) patients through improved patient-physician communication. DHoH students, once they become physicians, may provide one mechanism for reducing existing healthcare disparities and communication barriers for DHoH patients, and may be more adept with patients facing other communication barriers. A renewed interest in disability access and a commitment to social justice has increased efforts toward the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in medical education and training. Despite this increased interest and a growing number of DHoH students ...


Improving Safe Handoffs & Transitions From The Ed To Adult Inpatient: A Response To The Ahrq Hospital Patient Safety Culture Survey, Natalie Talbot, Joanne Chapman, Rhonda DiPhilippo, Gail Savage, Michele Higgins, Nancijean Goudey, Lori Sweatt, Erin Graydon Baker, Joseph East, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Mark Parker, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks 2018 Maine Medical Center

Improving Safe Handoffs & Transitions From The Ed To Adult Inpatient: A Response To The Ahrq Hospital Patient Safety Culture Survey, Natalie Talbot, Joanne Chapman, Rhonda Diphilippo, Gail Savage, Michele Higgins, Nancijean Goudey, Lori Sweatt, Erin Graydon Baker, Joseph East, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Mark Parker, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks

Operational Excellence

SAFE TRANSITIONS AND PATIENT HANDOFFS IN A LARGE ACUTE CARE HOSPITAL

It is well documented in the literature that ineffective patient handoffs and transitions continues to be an area that can lead to adverse patient safety events so it is an urgent opportunity for a performance improvement plan. At an academic tertiary care medical center, the lowest scoring domain from the FY2017 AHRQ Patient Safety Culture Survey was patient handoffs and transitions.

A team was established consisting of staff from the Emergency Department and a medical/surgical unit to develop a plan for implementing improvement interventions. Their goal was to ...


Strategies To Improve Post-Procedural Safe Patient Handoffs, Marguerite Anderson, Tara Herman, Janice Nichols, Robyn Dixon, Elizabeth Van Der Linden, Bonnie Boivin, Stephen Tyzik, MMC ASU, MMC PACU, SSU, Endoscopy, Advanced Endoscopy, One Call Center 2018 Maine Medical Center

Strategies To Improve Post-Procedural Safe Patient Handoffs, Marguerite Anderson, Tara Herman, Janice Nichols, Robyn Dixon, Elizabeth Van Der Linden, Bonnie Boivin, Stephen Tyzik, Mmc Asu, Mmc Pacu, Ssu, Endoscopy, Advanced Endoscopy, One Call Center

Operational Excellence

STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE SAFE PATIENT HANDOFFS AND POST PROCEDURAL FLOW

During patient transfers from one care unit to another, it is imperative for patient safety and satisfaction that timely and complete communication between staff occurs. In an academic tertiary care medical center, a team consisting of representatives from 6 patient care units used improvement methods of operational excellence to improve patient centered movement.

The goal of this project was to improve the percentages of two questions related to information sharing on the FY2018 AHRQ Culture of Patient Safety Survey. Using baseline metrics to reflect the current state of patient wait ...


Harmonization Of Delirium Severity Instruments: A Comparison Of The Drs-R-98, Mdas, And Cam-S Using Item Response Theory, Alden L. Gross, Doug Tommet, Madeline D'Aquila, Eva Schmitt, Edward R. Marcantonio, Benjamin Helfand, Sharon K. Inouye, Richard N. Jones 2018 Johns Hopkins University

Harmonization Of Delirium Severity Instruments: A Comparison Of The Drs-R-98, Mdas, And Cam-S Using Item Response Theory, Alden L. Gross, Doug Tommet, Madeline D'Aquila, Eva Schmitt, Edward R. Marcantonio, Benjamin Helfand, Sharon K. Inouye, Richard N. Jones

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the level of agreement of three commonly used delirium instruments: the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98 (DRS-R-98), Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS), and Confusion Assessment Method-Severity (CAM-S).

METHODS: We used data from a prospective clinical research study, in which a team of trained lay interviewers administered each instrument along with supporting interview and cognitive assessments in the same group of patients daily while in the hospital (N = 352). We used item response theory methods to co-calibrate the instruments.

RESULTS: The latent traits underlying the three measures, capturing the severity of a delirium assessment, had a high ...


Accuracy Of Height Estimation Among Bystanders, Sara Carey, Michaeleena Carr, Komaira Ferdous, Gina Marie Moffa, Jennifer Axelband, Shaila Quazi 2018 Aria Health

Accuracy Of Height Estimation Among Bystanders, Sara Carey, Michaeleena Carr, Komaira Ferdous, Gina Marie Moffa, Jennifer Axelband, Shaila Quazi

Aria Health Papers

Introduction: High-risk mechanisms in trauma usually dictate certain treatment and evaluation in protocolized care. A 10-15 feet (ft) fall is traditionally cited as an example of a high-risk mechanism, triggering trauma team activations and costly work-ups. The height and other details of mechanism are usually reported by lay bystanders or prehospital personnel. This small observational study was designed to evaluate how accurate or inaccurate height estimation may be among typical bystanders. Methods: This was a blinded, prospective study conducted on the grounds of a community hospital. Four panels with lines corresponding to varying heights from 1-25 ft were hung within ...


The Association Of Qsofa, Sofa, And Sirs With Mortality In Emergency Department Pneumonia, Ian D. Mecham, Nathan C. Dean, Emily L. Wilson, Al R. Jephson, Michael J. Lanpsa 2018 University of Utah

The Association Of Qsofa, Sofa, And Sirs With Mortality In Emergency Department Pneumonia, Ian D. Mecham, Nathan C. Dean, Emily L. Wilson, Al R. Jephson, Michael J. Lanpsa

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Objective: To determine the association between 30-day mortality with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and quick SOFA (qSOFA) in emergency department patients with pneumonia. Secondary outcomes included the association of sepsis scores with hospital admission and direct ICU admission.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a pneumonia population conducted in the emergency department of 3 tertiary care medical centers and 4 community hospitals. Adult immunocompetent patients diagnosed with pneumonia were included from 3 twelve-month periods spanning December 2009 to October 2015. We generated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values for each ...


Association Between Practice Participation In A Pediatric-Focused Medical Home Learning Collaborative And Reduction Of Preventable Emergency Department Visits By Publicly-Insured Children In Massachusetts, Paul Kirby, Anna Christensen, Louise Bannister, Valerie Konar 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Between Practice Participation In A Pediatric-Focused Medical Home Learning Collaborative And Reduction Of Preventable Emergency Department Visits By Publicly-Insured Children In Massachusetts, Paul Kirby, Anna Christensen, Louise Bannister, Valerie Konar

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Introduction: This study evaluates the impact of practice participation in a pediatric patient-centered medical home learning collaborative on preventable emergency department (ED) visits among children in MassHealth (Massachusetts Medicaid/Children's Health Insurance Program).

Methods: Claims and enrollment data were extracted for child MassHealth members (aged 3–18) comprising 2 groups: members enrolled in a group of 13 child-serving practices that participated in an intensive, 29-month long patient-centered medical home learning collaborative (intervention group), and members enrolled in a group of 12 comparison practices with roughly similar panel size, type, and geographic location (comparison group). Preventable ED visits were identified ...


Quantitative Effect Of Emergency Department Case Management On Visits, Diagnostics, And Cost, Jeffrey Nickel MD, Nancy Connelly, Cameron Duffner, Xyryl Pablo, Aeleia Hughes 2018 Parkview Health

Quantitative Effect Of Emergency Department Case Management On Visits, Diagnostics, And Cost, Jeffrey Nickel Md, Nancy Connelly, Cameron Duffner, Xyryl Pablo, Aeleia Hughes

MAHE Student Research

Background: Frequent users of the ED have been identified as a major contributing factor to over-use of EDs resulting in decreased efficiency of health care delivery and increased costs. Objective: In 2012, Parkview Health initiated a case management (CM) program with the hypothesis that it would reduce emergency department (ED) visits, radiation exposure, and costs for patients who had visited a Parkview ED 5 or more times within 6 months. Methods & Design: This retrospective case series involved examining medical records of 460 CM patients from 2011 to 2018, recording the amount of Parkview ED visits, diagnostic tests, and affected cost ...


Facilitating Hiv/Aids And Hiv Testing Literacy For Emergency Department Patients: A Randomized, Controlled, Trial, Roland C. Merchant, Tao Liu, Melissa A. Clark, Michael P. Carey 2018 Harvard Medical School

Facilitating Hiv/Aids And Hiv Testing Literacy For Emergency Department Patients: A Randomized, Controlled, Trial, Roland C. Merchant, Tao Liu, Melissa A. Clark, Michael P. Carey

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Although this has not been fully studied, videos and pictorial brochures might be equivalent methods of delivering HIV/AIDS and HIV testing information to emergency departments (ED) patients. It also is not known how well or for how long such knowledge is retained, if this information should be tailored according to patient health literacy, and if retention of this knowledge impacts future HIV testing behavior.

METHODS: We will conduct a multi-site, randomized, controlled, longitudinal trial among 600 English- and 600 Spanish-speaking 18-64-year-old ED patients to investigate these questions. We will stratify our sample within language (English vs. Spanish) by ...


Emergency Department Overcrowding And The Full Capacity Protocol Cross Over Study: What Patients Who Have Experienced Both Think About Being An Extra Patient In The Emergency Department Or On A Ward., Hugh McGowan, Krystal Gopeesingh, Patrick O'Kelly, Peadar Gilligan 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Emergency Department Overcrowding And The Full Capacity Protocol Cross Over Study: What Patients Who Have Experienced Both Think About Being An Extra Patient In The Emergency Department Or On A Ward., Hugh Mcgowan, Krystal Gopeesingh, Patrick O'Kelly, Peadar Gilligan

Emergency Medicine Articles

Hospital overcrowding is evidenced by Emergency Department (ED) overcrowding. The Full Capacity Protocol (FCP) is activated to move patients to temporary extra beds placed in the inpatient wards. This research aims to establish patient preferences when waiting for a ward bed in an Irish Hospital. The FCP in Beaumont Hospital was updated in the context of national guidelines. Patients’ attitudes towards boarding in the ED as opposed to being in extra beds on the wards were assessed using a questionnaire based structured interview. Ninety nine patients took part in the study. Eighty three patients (83.83%) preferred being an additional ...


Opioid Administration And Prescribing In Older Adults In U.S. Emergency Departments (2005-2015)., Erin M Marra, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Peter Mullins, Jesse M Pines 2018 George Washington University

Opioid Administration And Prescribing In Older Adults In U.S. Emergency Departments (2005-2015)., Erin M Marra, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Peter Mullins, Jesse M Pines

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: We assess trends in opioid administration and prescribing from 2005-2015 in older adults in United States (U.S.) emergency departments (ED).

Methods: We analyzed data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) survey from 2005 to 2015. ED visits for painful conditions were selected and stratified by age (18-64, 65-74, 75-84, ≥ 85 years). We analyzed trends in opioid administration in the ED and prescribing at discharge to encounters ≥ 65 and assessed predictors of use using survey-weighted chi-square tests and logistic regression. Trends in the use of five commonly prescribed opioids were also explored.

Results: Opioid administration in ...


Systemwide Clinical Ultrasound Program Development: An Expert Consensus Model., Robert Strony, Jennifer R. Marin, John Bailitz, Anthony J. Dean, Mike Blaivas, Vivek Tayal, Chris Raio, Rachel Liu, Aimee Woods, Michael Zwank, Matthew Fields, Alyssa Abo, Stan Wu, Tarina Kang, Teresa Liu, Megan Leo, Courtney Smalley, Jerry Chiricolo, Mikaela Chilstrom, Resa E. Lewiss 2018 Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine

Systemwide Clinical Ultrasound Program Development: An Expert Consensus Model., Robert Strony, Jennifer R. Marin, John Bailitz, Anthony J. Dean, Mike Blaivas, Vivek Tayal, Chris Raio, Rachel Liu, Aimee Woods, Michael Zwank, Matthew Fields, Alyssa Abo, Stan Wu, Tarina Kang, Teresa Liu, Megan Leo, Courtney Smalley, Jerry Chiricolo, Mikaela Chilstrom, Resa E. Lewiss

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Clinical ultrasound (CUS) is integral to the practice of an increasing number of medical specialties. Guidelines are needed to ensure effective CUS utilization across health systems. Such guidelines should address all aspects of CUS within a hospital or health system. These include leadership, training, competency, credentialing, quality assurance and improvement, documentation, archiving, workflow, equipment, and infrastructure issues relating to communication and information technology. To meet this need, a group of CUS subject matter experts, who have been involved in institution- and/or systemwide clinical ultrasound (SWCUS) program development convened. The purpose of this paper was to create a model for ...


Health Literacy, Care Transition And Adherence With Discharge Instructions Of Patients Discharged To Home From The Emergency Department, Virginia B. Mangolds 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Health Literacy, Care Transition And Adherence With Discharge Instructions Of Patients Discharged To Home From The Emergency Department, Virginia B. Mangolds

Graduate School of Nursing Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between health literacy, preparedness for discharge, adherence to discharge instructions and difficulty coping after discharge among emergency department patients.

Specific Aims: The Aims of this study were to: (1) describe the variability of health literacy of adult patients in an academic tertiary Emergency Department; (2) describe the relationship between health literacy, care transition, and perceived readiness for discharge on the patient’s adherence to discharge instructions and (3) explore whether health literacy, perceived preparation for discharge and care transition, predicts difficulty coping after discharge.

Framework: Dr. Meleis’s Transitions ...


Central Line Cart: An Emergency Department Initiative To Improve Efficiency, M. Ahmed, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Central Line Cart: An Emergency Department Initiative To Improve Efficiency, M. Ahmed, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Background

  • Critically ill patients that present to the emergency room often require time sensitive resuscitative measures, which often necessitates placement of a central venous catheter.
  • Efficient placement of a central venous catheter is often limited by the time it takes to gather the number of supplies needed for the task.
  • It is already known that central venous catheter procedure carts and kits decrease the incidence of central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs)1 as well as reduce the incidence of procedural mistakes during central line insertion2
  • However, there is a paucity of data in regards to the impact of central ...


Improving Medical And Endovascular Management For Acute Ischemic Stroke Through Multidisciplinary Education And Simulation, Richard F. Schmidt, MD, Megan Margiotta, MD, Elan Miller, MD, Robin D'Ambrosio, BSN, SCRN, Robin Dharia, MD, Maria Aini, MD, Diana Tzeng, MD, Fred Rincon, MD, Pascal Jabbour, MD, Nabeel Herial, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Improving Medical And Endovascular Management For Acute Ischemic Stroke Through Multidisciplinary Education And Simulation, Richard F. Schmidt, Md, Megan Margiotta, Md, Elan Miller, Md, Robin D'Ambrosio, Bsn, Scrn, Robin Dharia, Md, Maria Aini, Md, Diana Tzeng, Md, Fred Rincon, Md, Pascal Jabbour, Md, Nabeel Herial, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Primary goals:

  1. Reduce door to treatment times (both DTN and DTP) to meet and exceed existing guidelines metrics.
  2. Educate residents about acute stroke management, including national guidelines and new institutional protocols to improve efficiency during stroke alerts.


The Doctor Can See You Now: A Key Stakeholder Study Into The Acceptability Of Ambulance Based Telemedicine., Peadar Gilligan, A Bennett, A Houlihan, A Padki, Niall Owens, Donal Morris, Ioannis P. Chochliouros, A Mohammed, A Mutawa, M A. Eswararaj, S Gannon, A Alrmawi, J Z. Gassem, P PN Sheung, C Tynan, R Little, W Merriman, Ahjoku Amadi-Obi, L Kenna, D A. Alim, Courtney O'Donnell 2018 Beaumont Hospital, Dublin

The Doctor Can See You Now: A Key Stakeholder Study Into The Acceptability Of Ambulance Based Telemedicine., Peadar Gilligan, A Bennett, A Houlihan, A Padki, Niall Owens, Donal Morris, Ioannis P. Chochliouros, A Mohammed, A Mutawa, M A. Eswararaj, S Gannon, A Alrmawi, J Z. Gassem, P Pn Sheung, C Tynan, R Little, W Merriman, Ahjoku Amadi-Obi, L Kenna, D A. Alim, Courtney O'Donnell

Emergency Medicine Articles

Using telecommunications technology it would be possible to link a patient and paramedic to a Doctor in the Emergency Department (ED) at the point of first patient contact. A questionnaire-based study on telemedicine in the pre-hospital environment involving patients, paramedics, doctors and nurses in the ED, was performed to assess if they would want and accept telemedicine in pre-hospital emergency care. When asked 98.5% (55) of patients, 89% (11) of doctors, 76% (14) of nurses and 91% (42) of ambulance personnel saw the potential of an audio-visual link from the pre-hospital environment to the ED. The potential benefits were ...


Reducing Pediatric Asthma Visits In The Emergency Department, Kathleen Grimley Ahn 2018 University of San Diego

Reducing Pediatric Asthma Visits In The Emergency Department, Kathleen Grimley Ahn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this project was to reduce the number of unnecessary pediatric asthma management visits to an urban emergency department (ED) by performing a brief action plan for improved National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) guideline adherence. This plan was shared with parents during an NP-initiated follow-up phone call.

Rationale/Background: Inadequate outpatient management of pediatric asthma can result in avoidable visits to the ED. Acute exacerbations comprise a large portion of pediatric asthma patients seeking care in the ED. Reasons for persistent under-utilization of outpatient care for asthma management in primary care settings are multifactorial ...


International Scope Of Emergency Ultrasound: Barriers In Applying Ultrasound To Guide Central Line Placement By Providers In Nairobi, Kenya, Fareen Zaver, Keith Boniface, Benjamin Wachira, Grace Wanjiku, Hamid Shokoohi 2018 George Washington University

International Scope Of Emergency Ultrasound: Barriers In Applying Ultrasound To Guide Central Line Placement By Providers In Nairobi, Kenya, Fareen Zaver, Keith Boniface, Benjamin Wachira, Grace Wanjiku, Hamid Shokoohi

Emergency Medicine, East Africa

Background: While ultrasound (US) use for internal jugular central venous catheter (CVC) placement is standard of care in North America, most developing countries have not adopted this practice. Previous surveys of North American physicians have identified lack of training and equipment availability as the most important barriers to the use of US.

Objective: We sought to identify perceived barriers to the use of US to guide CVC insertion in a resource-constrained environment.

Methods: Prior to an US-guided CVC placement training course conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, physicians were asked to complete a survey to determine ...


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