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Dysuria: An Uncommon Presentation In Emergency Department Following Bladder Neck Disruption., Ali Pourmand, Assya Abdallah, Hamid Shokoohi, Mindy Park, Marie White, Francis O'Connell 2017 George Washington University

Dysuria: An Uncommon Presentation In Emergency Department Following Bladder Neck Disruption., Ali Pourmand, Assya Abdallah, Hamid Shokoohi, Mindy Park, Marie White, Francis O'Connell

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

Prostate cancer is the most common life-threatening cancer diagnosed in men. Complications of prostatectomies vary and often include urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction and pain, while other complications go unreported. While emergency physicians are already familiar with the more common post-operative complications presenting to their departments, including urinary retention, ileus, surgical site infections, venous thromboembolisms and urinary tract infections, they must have a high index of suspicion for rarer complications. We report a case of posterior bladder neck disruption as a complication of a robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy that presented to the emergency department as dysuria and abdominal pain following urination.


T-Cadherin Deficiency Increases Vascular Vulnerability In T2dm Through Impaired No Bioactivity., Han Wang, Ling Tao, Anastasia Ambrosio, Wenjun Yan, Ross Summer, Wayne Bond Lau, Yajing Wang, Xin-Liang Ma 2017 Fourth Military Medical University; Thomas Jefferson University

T-Cadherin Deficiency Increases Vascular Vulnerability In T2dm Through Impaired No Bioactivity., Han Wang, Ling Tao, Anastasia Ambrosio, Wenjun Yan, Ross Summer, Wayne Bond Lau, Yajing Wang, Xin-Liang Ma

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction plays a critical role in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). T-cadherin (T-cad) has gained recognition as a regulator of endothelial cell (EC) function. The present study examined whether T-cad deficiency increases vascular vulnerability in T2DM.

METHODS: Vascular segments were isolated from WT or T-cad knockout mice. Endothelial function, total NO accumulation, and the expression of T-cad related proteins were determined.

RESULTS: Ach and acidified NaNO2 induced similar vasorelaxation in WT groups. T-cad KO mice exhibited normal response to acidified NaNO2, but manifested markedly reduced response to Ach. NO accumulation was also decreased in T-cad KO ...


Digital Pills To Measure Opioid Ingestion Patterns In Emergency Department Patients With Acute Fracture Pain: A Pilot Study, Peter R. Chai, Stephanie Carreiro, Brendan J. Innes, Rochelle K. Rosen, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth Mayer, Edward W. Boyer 2017 Brigham and Women's Hospital

Digital Pills To Measure Opioid Ingestion Patterns In Emergency Department Patients With Acute Fracture Pain: A Pilot Study, Peter R. Chai, Stephanie Carreiro, Brendan J. Innes, Rochelle K. Rosen, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth Mayer, Edward W. Boyer

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to prescribed regimens for opioid analgesic agents contributes to increasing opioid abuse and overdose death. Opioids are frequently prescribed on an as-needed basis, placing the responsibility to determine opioid dose and frequency with the patient. There is wide variability in physician prescribing patterns because of the lack of data describing how patients actually use as-needed opioid analgesics. Digital pill systems have a radiofrequency emitter that directly measures medication ingestion events, and they provide an opportunity to discover the dose, timing, and duration of opioid therapy.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a ...


Teaching The Emergency Department Patient Experience: Needs Assessment From The Cord-Em Task Force., Kory S. London, Jeffrey Druck, Matthew Silver, Douglas Finefrock 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Teaching The Emergency Department Patient Experience: Needs Assessment From The Cord-Em Task Force., Kory S. London, Jeffrey Druck, Matthew Silver, Douglas Finefrock

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: Since the creation of Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) patient satisfaction (PS) scores, patient experience (PE) has become a metric that can profoundly affect the fiscal balance of hospital systems, reputation of entire departments and welfare of individual physicians. While government and hospital mandates demonstrate the prominence of PE as a quality measure, no such mandate exists for its education. The objective of this study was to determine the education and evaluation landscape for PE in categorical emergency medicine (EM) residencies.

METHODS: This was a prospective survey analysis of the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency ...


Characteristics Of Real-Time, Non-Critical Incident Debriefing Practices In The Emergency Department., Nur-Ain Nadir, Suzanne Bentley, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Komal Bajaj, Stephan Rinnert, Richard Sinert 2017 University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria; SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Characteristics Of Real-Time, Non-Critical Incident Debriefing Practices In The Emergency Department., Nur-Ain Nadir, Suzanne Bentley, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Komal Bajaj, Stephan Rinnert, Richard Sinert

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: Benefits of post-simulation debriefings as an educational and feedback tool have been widely accepted for nearly a decade. Real-time, non-critical incident debriefing is similar to post-simulation debriefing; however, data on its practice in academic emergency departments (ED), is limited. Although tools such as TeamSTEPPS® (Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety) suggest debriefing after complicated medical situations, they do not teach debriefing skills suited to this purpose. Anecdotal evidence suggests that real-time debriefings (or non-critical incident debriefings) do in fact occur in academic EDs;, however, limited research has been performed on this subject. The objective of ...


Shared Decision Making In Patients With Low Risk Chest Pain: Prospective Randomized Pragmatic Trial., Erik P. Hess, Judd E. Hollander, Jason T. Schaffer, Jeffrey A. Kline, Carlos A. Torres, Deborah B. Diercks, Russell Jones, Kelly P. Owen, Zachary F. Meisel, Michel Demers, Annie Leblanc, Nilay D. Shah, Jonathan Inselman, Jeph Herrin, Ana Castaneda-Guarderas, Victor M. Montori 2016 Mayo Clinic

Shared Decision Making In Patients With Low Risk Chest Pain: Prospective Randomized Pragmatic Trial., Erik P. Hess, Judd E. Hollander, Jason T. Schaffer, Jeffrey A. Kline, Carlos A. Torres, Deborah B. Diercks, Russell Jones, Kelly P. Owen, Zachary F. Meisel, Michel Demers, Annie Leblanc, Nilay D. Shah, Jonathan Inselman, Jeph Herrin, Ana Castaneda-Guarderas, Victor M. Montori

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of shared decision making with usual care in choice of admission for observation and further cardiac testing or for referral for outpatient evaluation in patients with possible acute coronary syndrome.

DESIGN: Multicenter pragmatic parallel randomized controlled trial.

SETTING: Six emergency departments in the United States.

PARTICIPANTS: 898 adults (aged >17 years) with a primary complaint of chest pain who were being considered for admission to an observation unit for cardiac testing (451 were allocated to the decision aid and 447 to usual care), and 361 emergency clinicians (emergency physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants) caring ...


Improving Healthcare Provider Knowledge In Acute And Primary Transgender Health Needs: The Implementation Of A Clinical Education Program With Urgent Care And Emergency Room Staff And Providers, Tonia Lower 2016 Otterbein University

Improving Healthcare Provider Knowledge In Acute And Primary Transgender Health Needs: The Implementation Of A Clinical Education Program With Urgent Care And Emergency Room Staff And Providers, Tonia Lower

Doctoral Theses

The purpose of this project was to improve knowledge and identify personal bias and beliefs in the acute and primary healthcare needs of transgender persons, through the implementation of a clinical education program with healthcare providers and staff working within the urgent care and emergency department settings. The need for such a program exists due to the lack of suitable and accessible healthcare that may lead to misdiagnosis, delay of treatment and poor health outcomes. Including clinical education in the acute and primary healthcare needs of transgender persons that can be integrated into healthcare organizations may aid in the improvement ...


Pediatric Emergency Medicine Point-Of-Care Ultrasound: Summary Of The Evidence., Jennifer R Marin, Alyssa M. Abo, Alexander C Arroyo, Stephanie J Doniger, Jason W Fischer, Rachel Rempell, +21 additional authors 2016 George Washington University

Pediatric Emergency Medicine Point-Of-Care Ultrasound: Summary Of The Evidence., Jennifer R Marin, Alyssa M. Abo, Alexander C Arroyo, Stephanie J Doniger, Jason W Fischer, Rachel Rempell, +21 Additional Authors

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

The utility of point-of-care ultrasound is well supported by the medical literature. Consequently, pediatric emergency medicine providers have embraced this technology in everyday practice. Recently, the American Academy of Pediatrics published a policy statement endorsing the use of point-of-care ultrasound by pediatric emergency medicine providers. To date, there is no standard guideline for the practice of point-of-care ultrasound for this specialty. This document serves as an initial step in the detailed "how to" and description of individual point-of-care ultrasound examinations. Pediatric emergency medicine providers should refer to this paper as reference for published research, objectives for learners, and standardized reporting ...


Uchunguzi (Journal Watch/Montre De Journal) December 2016, Benjamin Wachira 2016 Aga Khan University

Uchunguzi (Journal Watch/Montre De Journal) December 2016, Benjamin Wachira

Emergency Medicine, East Africa

Uchunguzi means investigation in Swahili and provides a summary of some of the most recent international literature as presented in other leading journals, but with an emphasis on what is relevant to our continent


Brief Compression-Only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Video And Simulation With Homemade Mannequin Improves Cpr Skills., Gregory K Wanner, Arayel Osborne, Charlotte H. Greene PhD 2016 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Brief Compression-Only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Video And Simulation With Homemade Mannequin Improves Cpr Skills., Gregory K Wanner, Arayel Osborne, Charlotte H. Greene Phd

PCOM Scholarly Papers

BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has traditionally involved classroom-based courses or, more recently, home-based video self-instruction. These methods typically require preparation and purchase fee; which can dissuade many potential bystanders from receiving training. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching compression-only CPR to previously untrained individuals using our 6-min online CPR training video and skills practice on a homemade mannequin, reproduced by viewers with commonly available items (towel, toilet paper roll, t-shirt).

METHODS: Participants viewed the training video and practiced with the homemade mannequin. This was a parallel-design study with pre and post training evaluations of CPR skills ...


Can Bedside Ultrasound Inferior Vena Cava Measurements Accurately Diagnose Congestive Heart Failure In The Emergency Department? A Clin-Iq, Miranda Gaskamp, Mark Blubaugh, Laine H. McCarthy, Dewey C. Scheid 2016 Northeastern Health Systems

Can Bedside Ultrasound Inferior Vena Cava Measurements Accurately Diagnose Congestive Heart Failure In The Emergency Department? A Clin-Iq, Miranda Gaskamp, Mark Blubaugh, Laine H. Mccarthy, Dewey C. Scheid

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis of CHF in patients presenting to the emergency department with undifferentiated dyspnea would allow clinicians to begin appropriate treatment more promptly. Current guidelines recommend B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels for more accurate diagnosis of CHF in dyspneic patients. Although BNP levels are relatively inexpensive, the test is not usually performed at bedside and results may take up to an hour or more. BNP also may have a “gray zone” in which the values can neither confirm nor rule out CHF. BNP has a reported sensitivity of ...


Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressures In Patients Intubated Prior To Helicopter Ems Transport, Joseph Tennyson, Tucker Ford-Webb, Stacy Weisberg, Donald LeBlanc 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressures In Patients Intubated Prior To Helicopter Ems Transport, Joseph Tennyson, Tucker Ford-Webb, Stacy Weisberg, Donald Leblanc

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: Endotracheal intubation is a common intervention in critical care patients undergoing helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) transportation. Measurement of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff pressures is not common practice in patients referred to our service. Animal studies have demonstrated an association between the pressure of the ETT cuff on the tracheal mucosa and decreased blood flow leading to mucosal ischemia and scarring. Cuff pressures greater than 30 cmH2O impede mucosal capillary blood flow. Multiple prior studies have recommended 30 cmH2O as the maximum safe cuff inflation pressure. This study sought to evaluate the inflation pressures in ETT cuffs of patients ...


Prevalence Of Homelessness Or At-Risk For Homelessness In The Ed Setting, Marna R. Greenberg DO, MPH, FACEP, Brett Feldman PA-C, Osman Z. Abbasi DO, Joshua Enyart DO, Yasir Abunamous BA, Timothy Batchelor, Emily L. Bennett BS, Cristina G. Calogero BS, Kareem S. Elsayed, Rachel F. Ledyard BS, Mikdat Ulas BS, Alexis M. Begliomini BA, Zachary J. Ezrow BS, Timothy J. Friel MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Prevalence Of Homelessness Or At-Risk For Homelessness In The Ed Setting, Marna R. Greenberg Do, Mph, Facep, Brett Feldman Pa-C, Osman Z. Abbasi Do, Joshua Enyart Do, Yasir Abunamous Ba, Timothy Batchelor, Emily L. Bennett Bs, Cristina G. Calogero Bs, Kareem S. Elsayed, Rachel F. Ledyard Bs, Mikdat Ulas Bs, Alexis M. Begliomini Ba, Zachary J. Ezrow Bs, Timothy J. Friel Md

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Lack Of Gender Differences In Prevalence Of Homelessness In The Emergency Department (Poster), Marna R. Greenberg DO, MPH, FACEP, Brett Feldman PA-C, Alexandra M. Craen, Zachary M. Dillon MD, Kenneth Dzike MD, Julie A. Fritzges DO, Jessica L. Glaubman DO, Nathaniel M. Yoder DO, Emily A. Kiernan DO, Shaye M. Glovas, Danielle E. Mustin BS, Korrinne N. Yurick BS, Timothy J. Friel MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Lack Of Gender Differences In Prevalence Of Homelessness In The Emergency Department (Poster), Marna R. Greenberg Do, Mph, Facep, Brett Feldman Pa-C, Alexandra M. Craen, Zachary M. Dillon Md, Kenneth Dzike Md, Julie A. Fritzges Do, Jessica L. Glaubman Do, Nathaniel M. Yoder Do, Emily A. Kiernan Do, Shaye M. Glovas, Danielle E. Mustin Bs, Korrinne N. Yurick Bs, Timothy J. Friel Md

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, MD, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, MD 2016 Marshall University: School of Medicine

Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, Md, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, Md

Constantinous Constantinou

Posterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare. They commonly present as a late complication of trauma or iatrogenic injury. Diagnosis can be elusive. Treatment has been described in the context of open primary repair, endovascular stenting, and coil embolization. There has been increasing interest in the use of endovascular treatment options for this type of injury. If left untreated, pseudoaneurysms can rupture, partially thrombose, expand and cause adjacent local compression and compartment syndrome. The following case presented is of a young gentleman with a posterior tibial pseudoaneurysm incidentally discovered after stepping on glass and the management of his posterior tibial ...


Academic Medicine Responds To The Opioid Crisis, John Prescott 2016 Association of American Medical Colleges

Academic Medicine Responds To The Opioid Crisis, John Prescott

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Opioid dependence has devastated communities across the nation particularly in rural states and academic medicine has responded in a variety of ways. Through its tripartite mission of education, research, and clinical care, creative solutions are being implanted. Medical schools and teaching hospitals are partnering with public health and law enforcement agencies, as well as local healthcare providers to address the clinical, social, and rehabilitative challenges. Academic medicine continues to adapt to the needs of the nation and teach, train, and prepare the next generation of physicians to be at their best when things are at their worst.


External Validation Of The Dhaka Score And Comparison With The Current Imci Algorithm For The Assessment Of Dehydration In Children With Diarrhoea: A Prospective Cohort Study, Adam C. Levine, Justin Glavis-Bloom, Payal Modi, Sabiha Nasrin, Bita Atika, Soham Rege, Sarah Robertson, Christopher H. Schmid, Nur H. Alam 2016 Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

External Validation Of The Dhaka Score And Comparison With The Current Imci Algorithm For The Assessment Of Dehydration In Children With Diarrhoea: A Prospective Cohort Study, Adam C. Levine, Justin Glavis-Bloom, Payal Modi, Sabiha Nasrin, Bita Atika, Soham Rege, Sarah Robertson, Christopher H. Schmid, Nur H. Alam

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Dehydration due to diarrhoea is a leading cause of child death worldwide, yet no clinical tools for assessing dehydration have been validated in resource-limited settings. The Dehydration: Assessing Kids Accurately (DHAKA) score was derived for assessing dehydration in children with diarrhoea in a low-income country setting. In this study, we aimed to externally validate the DHAKA score in a new population of children and compare its accuracy and reliability to the current Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) algorithm.

METHODS: DHAKA was a prospective cohort study done in children younger than 60 months presenting to the International Centre for ...


Trends Of Acute Poisoning: 22 Years Experience From A Tertiary Care Hospital In Karachi, Pakistan., Nadeem Ullah Khan, Uzma Rahim Khan, Asher Feroze, Sajjad Ali Khan, Najia Ali, Kiran Ejaz, Afshan Rahim Khan, Shahnila Nooruddin, Jabeen Fayyaz 2016 Aga Khan University

Trends Of Acute Poisoning: 22 Years Experience From A Tertiary Care Hospital In Karachi, Pakistan., Nadeem Ullah Khan, Uzma Rahim Khan, Asher Feroze, Sajjad Ali Khan, Najia Ali, Kiran Ejaz, Afshan Rahim Khan, Shahnila Nooruddin, Jabeen Fayyaz

Department of Emergency Medicine

Objective: To determine the trends of acute poisoning in terms of frequency, nature of poisoning agent, clinical presentation and its outcome. Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of patients who presented with poisoning between January 1989 and December 2010.The patients were randomly selected , and demographic, chemical information, clinical feature, treatment and outcome were analysed using SPSS 16. Results: Of the total hospital admissions during the period, 3,189(0.3%) were cases of poisoning. Of them, medical records of 705(22%) cases were reviewed; 462(65.5%) adult and ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of The Timed-Up-And-Go (“Tug”) Test As An Ed, Michael Goodwin MS, Bryan G. Kane MD, Jeanne L. Jacoby MD, Robert D. Barraco MD, MPH, Tracy M Bishop DO, Kyli Krape DO, Stephanie Merrick MD, Michael Wagner, Diedre Waner DO, Marna R. Greenberg DO, MPH, FACEP 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of The Timed-Up-And-Go (“Tug”) Test As An Ed, Michael Goodwin Ms, Bryan G. Kane Md, Jeanne L. Jacoby Md, Robert D. Barraco Md, Mph, Tracy M Bishop Do, Kyli Krape Do, Stephanie Merrick Md, Michael Wagner, Diedre Waner Do, Marna R. Greenberg Do, Mph, Facep

USF-LVHN SELECT

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of A Brief Educational Intervention On Provider Practice: Instituting An, Gary Bonfante DO, Alexandra Malenka RN, BSN, Robert Zoshak MBA, BSHA 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

The Impact Of A Brief Educational Intervention On Provider Practice: Instituting An, Gary Bonfante Do, Alexandra Malenka Rn, Bsn, Robert Zoshak Mba, Bsha

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


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