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Emergency Medicine Commons

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Opioid Administration And Prescribing In Older Adults In U.S. Emergency Departments (2005-2015)., Erin M Marra, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Peter Mullins, Jesse M Pines 2018 George Washington University

Opioid Administration And Prescribing In Older Adults In U.S. Emergency Departments (2005-2015)., Erin M Marra, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Peter Mullins, Jesse M Pines

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: We assess trends in opioid administration and prescribing from 2005-2015 in older adults in United States (U.S.) emergency departments (ED).

Methods: We analyzed data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) survey from 2005 to 2015. ED visits for painful conditions were selected and stratified by age (18-64, 65-74, 75-84, ≥ 85 years). We analyzed trends in opioid administration in the ED and prescribing at discharge to encounters ≥ 65 and assessed predictors of use using survey-weighted chi-square tests and logistic regression. Trends in the use of five commonly prescribed opioids were also explored.

Results: Opioid administration in ...


Systemwide Clinical Ultrasound Program Development: An Expert Consensus Model., Robert Strony, Jennifer R. Marin, John Bailitz, Anthony J. Dean, Mike Blaivas, Vivek Tayal, Chris Raio, Rachel Liu, Aimee Woods, Michael Zwank, Matthew Fields, Alyssa Abo, Stan Wu, Tarina Kang, Teresa Liu, Megan Leo, Courtney Smalley, Jerry Chiricolo, Mikaela Chilstrom, Resa E. Lewiss 2018 Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine

Systemwide Clinical Ultrasound Program Development: An Expert Consensus Model., Robert Strony, Jennifer R. Marin, John Bailitz, Anthony J. Dean, Mike Blaivas, Vivek Tayal, Chris Raio, Rachel Liu, Aimee Woods, Michael Zwank, Matthew Fields, Alyssa Abo, Stan Wu, Tarina Kang, Teresa Liu, Megan Leo, Courtney Smalley, Jerry Chiricolo, Mikaela Chilstrom, Resa E. Lewiss

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Clinical ultrasound (CUS) is integral to the practice of an increasing number of medical specialties. Guidelines are needed to ensure effective CUS utilization across health systems. Such guidelines should address all aspects of CUS within a hospital or health system. These include leadership, training, competency, credentialing, quality assurance and improvement, documentation, archiving, workflow, equipment, and infrastructure issues relating to communication and information technology. To meet this need, a group of CUS subject matter experts, who have been involved in institution- and/or systemwide clinical ultrasound (SWCUS) program development convened. The purpose of this paper was to create a model for ...


Emergency Department Overcrowding And The Full Capacity Protocol Cross Over Study: What Patients Who Have Experienced Both Think About Being An Extra Patient In The Emergency Department Or On A Ward., Hugh McGowan, Krystal Gopeesingh, Patrick O'Kelly, Peadar Gilligan 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Emergency Department Overcrowding And The Full Capacity Protocol Cross Over Study: What Patients Who Have Experienced Both Think About Being An Extra Patient In The Emergency Department Or On A Ward., Hugh Mcgowan, Krystal Gopeesingh, Patrick O'Kelly, Peadar Gilligan

Emergency Medicine Articles

Hospital overcrowding is evidenced by Emergency Department (ED) overcrowding. The Full Capacity Protocol (FCP) is activated to move patients to temporary extra beds placed in the inpatient wards. This research aims to establish patient preferences when waiting for a ward bed in an Irish Hospital. The FCP in Beaumont Hospital was updated in the context of national guidelines. Patients’ attitudes towards boarding in the ED as opposed to being in extra beds on the wards were assessed using a questionnaire based structured interview. Ninety nine patients took part in the study. Eighty three patients (83.83%) preferred being an additional ...


Health Literacy, Care Transition And Adherence With Discharge Instructions Of Patients Discharged To Home From The Emergency Department, Virginia B. Mangolds 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Health Literacy, Care Transition And Adherence With Discharge Instructions Of Patients Discharged To Home From The Emergency Department, Virginia B. Mangolds

Graduate School of Nursing Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between health literacy, preparedness for discharge, adherence to discharge instructions and difficulty coping after discharge among emergency department patients.

Specific Aims: The Aims of this study were to: (1) describe the variability of health literacy of adult patients in an academic tertiary Emergency Department; (2) describe the relationship between health literacy, care transition, and perceived readiness for discharge on the patient’s adherence to discharge instructions and (3) explore whether health literacy, perceived preparation for discharge and care transition, predicts difficulty coping after discharge.

Framework: Dr. Meleis’s Transitions ...


Central Line Cart: An Emergency Department Initiative To Improve Efficiency, M. Ahmed, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Central Line Cart: An Emergency Department Initiative To Improve Efficiency, M. Ahmed, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Background

  • Critically ill patients that present to the emergency room often require time sensitive resuscitative measures, which often necessitates placement of a central venous catheter.
  • Efficient placement of a central venous catheter is often limited by the time it takes to gather the number of supplies needed for the task.
  • It is already known that central venous catheter procedure carts and kits decrease the incidence of central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs)1 as well as reduce the incidence of procedural mistakes during central line insertion2
  • However, there is a paucity of data in regards to the impact of central ...


Improving Medical And Endovascular Management For Acute Ischemic Stroke Through Multidisciplinary Education And Simulation, Richard F. Schmidt, MD, Megan Margiotta, MD, Elan Miller, MD, Robin D'Ambrosio, BSN, SCRN, Robin Dharia, MD, Maria Aini, MD, Diana Tzeng, MD, Fred Rincon, MD, Pascal Jabbour, MD, Nabeel Herial, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Improving Medical And Endovascular Management For Acute Ischemic Stroke Through Multidisciplinary Education And Simulation, Richard F. Schmidt, Md, Megan Margiotta, Md, Elan Miller, Md, Robin D'Ambrosio, Bsn, Scrn, Robin Dharia, Md, Maria Aini, Md, Diana Tzeng, Md, Fred Rincon, Md, Pascal Jabbour, Md, Nabeel Herial, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Primary goals:

  1. Reduce door to treatment times (both DTN and DTP) to meet and exceed existing guidelines metrics.
  2. Educate residents about acute stroke management, including national guidelines and new institutional protocols to improve efficiency during stroke alerts.


The Doctor Can See You Now: A Key Stakeholder Study Into The Acceptability Of Ambulance Based Telemedicine., Peadar Gilligan, A Bennett, A Houlihan, A Padki, Niall Owens, Donal Morris, Ioannis P. Chochliouros, A Mohammed, A Mutawa, M A. Eswararaj, S Gannon, A Alrmawi, J Z. Gassem, P PN Sheung, C Tynan, R Little, W Merriman, Ahjoku Amadi-Obi, L Kenna, D A. Alim, Courtney O'Donnell 2018 Beaumont Hospital, Dublin

The Doctor Can See You Now: A Key Stakeholder Study Into The Acceptability Of Ambulance Based Telemedicine., Peadar Gilligan, A Bennett, A Houlihan, A Padki, Niall Owens, Donal Morris, Ioannis P. Chochliouros, A Mohammed, A Mutawa, M A. Eswararaj, S Gannon, A Alrmawi, J Z. Gassem, P Pn Sheung, C Tynan, R Little, W Merriman, Ahjoku Amadi-Obi, L Kenna, D A. Alim, Courtney O'Donnell

Emergency Medicine Articles

Using telecommunications technology it would be possible to link a patient and paramedic to a Doctor in the Emergency Department (ED) at the point of first patient contact. A questionnaire-based study on telemedicine in the pre-hospital environment involving patients, paramedics, doctors and nurses in the ED, was performed to assess if they would want and accept telemedicine in pre-hospital emergency care. When asked 98.5% (55) of patients, 89% (11) of doctors, 76% (14) of nurses and 91% (42) of ambulance personnel saw the potential of an audio-visual link from the pre-hospital environment to the ED. The potential benefits were ...


Reducing Pediatric Asthma Visits In The Emergency Department, Kathleen Grimley Ahn 2018 University of San Diego

Reducing Pediatric Asthma Visits In The Emergency Department, Kathleen Grimley Ahn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this project was to reduce the number of unnecessary pediatric asthma management visits to an urban emergency department (ED) by performing a brief action plan for improved National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) guideline adherence. This plan was shared with parents during an NP-initiated follow-up phone call.

Rationale/Background: Inadequate outpatient management of pediatric asthma can result in avoidable visits to the ED. Acute exacerbations comprise a large portion of pediatric asthma patients seeking care in the ED. Reasons for persistent under-utilization of outpatient care for asthma management in primary care settings are multifactorial ...


International Scope Of Emergency Ultrasound: Barriers In Applying Ultrasound To Guide Central Line Placement By Providers In Nairobi, Kenya, Fareen Zaver, Keith Boniface, Benjamin Wachira, Grace Wanjiku, Hamid Shokoohi 2018 George Washington University

International Scope Of Emergency Ultrasound: Barriers In Applying Ultrasound To Guide Central Line Placement By Providers In Nairobi, Kenya, Fareen Zaver, Keith Boniface, Benjamin Wachira, Grace Wanjiku, Hamid Shokoohi

Emergency Medicine, East Africa

Background: While ultrasound (US) use for internal jugular central venous catheter (CVC) placement is standard of care in North America, most developing countries have not adopted this practice. Previous surveys of North American physicians have identified lack of training and equipment availability as the most important barriers to the use of US.

Objective: We sought to identify perceived barriers to the use of US to guide CVC insertion in a resource-constrained environment.

Methods: Prior to an US-guided CVC placement training course conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, physicians were asked to complete a survey to determine ...


When Disaster Strikes: A Training Intervention To Improve Nurses' Confidence And Preparedness For The Surge, Nichole M. Weber 2018 Valparaiso University

When Disaster Strikes: A Training Intervention To Improve Nurses' Confidence And Preparedness For The Surge, Nichole M. Weber

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

There has been an exponential rise in mass casualty incidents (MCI) internationally. These human induced and naturally occurring events have affected over 4.6 billion people, and are not discriminatory to region or community (World Health Organization, 2011). Governing bodies require training and education, but nurses continue to report suboptimal competence and self-reported readiness, and a need for standardized, evidence-based training remains. The purpose if this evidence-based practice project is to authenticate current research supporting implementation of competency-based education, to improve nurses’ self- perceived preparedness and confidence in their ability to respond to MCI. The project results can be utilized ...


Code Help: Can This Unique State Regulatory Intervention Improve Emergency Department Crowding?, Sean S. Michael, John Broach, Kevin A. Kotkowski, David Eric Brush, Gregory A. Volturo, Martin A. Reznek 2018 University of Massachusettts Medical School

Code Help: Can This Unique State Regulatory Intervention Improve Emergency Department Crowding?, Sean S. Michael, John Broach, Kevin A. Kotkowski, David Eric Brush, Gregory A. Volturo, Martin A. Reznek

Open Access Articles

Introduction: Emergency department (ED) crowding adversely affects multiple facets of high-quality care. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts mandates specific, hospital action plans to reduce ED boarding via a mechanism termed "Code Help." Because implementation appears inconsistent even when hospital conditions should have triggered its activation, we hypothesized that compliance with the Code Help policy would be associated with reduction in ED boarding time and total ED length of stay (LOS) for admitted patients, compared to patients seen when the Code Help policy was not followed.

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of data collected from electronic, patient-care, timestamp events and from ...


Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin 2018 Liberty University

Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin

Senior Honors Theses

The structures of the spinal cord and vertebral column are designed to provide flexibility, while still providing ample protection for the spinal cord deep within. While it does offer remarkable protection against most routine trauma, the spinal cord is still vulnerable to high-force etiologies of trauma and may become damaged as a result. These events are referred to as primary injury. Following the initial injury, the body’s own physiological responses cause a cascade of deleterious effects, known as secondary injury. Secondary injury is a major therapeutic target in mitigating the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI), and much research ...


Time Is Money: The True Cost Of Helicopter Ems (Hems), Jerome Rogich, Eike Blohm, Joseph Tennyson 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Time Is Money: The True Cost Of Helicopter Ems (Hems), Jerome Rogich, Eike Blohm, Joseph Tennyson

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Multiple studies have been published that attempt to examine relevant outcomes of utilizing helicopter transport over traditional ground-based emergency medical services (EMS). Unfortunately, these studies suffer from poor methodology and are confounded by substantial differences in training and expertise of the personnel involved in the medical transfer. The EMS system in Central Massachusetts is unique in that when a physician from an outside hospital calls for an HEMS transport, the pilot determines if weather conditions permit to fly without having any further knowledge about the patient. If flying is deemed unsafe, the helicopter personnel will retrieve the patient by ...


A Global Health Research Checklist For Clinicians., Rasha D Sawaya, Kristen A Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I Chapman, Dafina M Good, Lili Moran, Paul C Mullan, Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun 2018 George Washington University

A Global Health Research Checklist For Clinicians., Rasha D Sawaya, Kristen A Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I Chapman, Dafina M Good, Lili Moran, Paul C Mullan, Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Global health research has become a priority in most international medical projects. However, it is a difficult endeavor, especially for a busy clinician. Navigating the ethics, methods, and local partnerships is essential yet daunting.To date, there are no guidelines published to help clinicians initiate and complete successful global health research projects. This Global Health Research Checklist was developed to be used by clinicians or other health professionals for developing, implementing, and completing a successful research project in an international and often low-resource setting. It consists of five sections: Objective, Methodology, Institutional Review Board and Ethics, Culture and partnerships, and ...


Superglue In First Aid Boxes, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall 2018 Cardiff University

Superglue In First Aid Boxes, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Understanding Patient Uncertainty As A Driver Of Emergency Department Utilization: A Concept Mapping Approach, Angela Gerolamo, PhD, RN, Shannon Doyle, MPH, Rhea E. Powell, MD, MPH, Amanda M.B. Doty, MS, Marianna LaNoue, PhD, Kristin L. Rising, MD, MSHP 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Understanding Patient Uncertainty As A Driver Of Emergency Department Utilization: A Concept Mapping Approach, Angela Gerolamo, Phd, Rn, Shannon Doyle, Mph, Rhea E. Powell, Md, Mph, Amanda M.B. Doty, Ms, Marianna Lanoue, Phd, Kristin L. Rising, Md, Mshp

Department of Emergency Medicine Posters

Background and Purpose

  • Most previous research regarding factors associated with increased risk of emergency department (ED) use has been done via retrospective review of medical records rather than obtaining patients’ perspectives.
  • Recent research identified patient uncertainty related to symptoms as a primary motivator for seeking ED care, and ongoing uncertainty at the time of ED discharge as an unmet need (Rising et al. 2015; Rising, Hudgins, Reigle, Hollander, & Carr 2016).
  • While providers have limited ability to influence many factors identified by retrospective medical record review (e.g. financial concerns), patient uncertainty can be addressed by providers directly. To do so ...


Recurrent Episodes Of Acute Pancreatitis Present To The Ed With More Severe Disease By Ct Than First-Time Acute Pancreatitis, Maryam Boumezrag, Hamza Ijaz, Lorna Richards, Sormeh Harounzadeh, Angeline Johny, Paige Kulie, Caitlin Davis, Yan Ma, Maxine Le Saux, Andrew C. Meltzer 2018 George Washington University

Recurrent Episodes Of Acute Pancreatitis Present To The Ed With More Severe Disease By Ct Than First-Time Acute Pancreatitis, Maryam Boumezrag, Hamza Ijaz, Lorna Richards, Sormeh Harounzadeh, Angeline Johny, Paige Kulie, Caitlin Davis, Yan Ma, Maxine Le Saux, Andrew C. Meltzer

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Study Objective: Approximately 30% of patients with one episode of acute pancreatitis experience a recurrent episode. The objective of this study is to compare the severity of the first-time episode versus recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis based on CT scan.

Methods: This study was conducted as part of a retrospective chart review at a single academic urban emergency department from 2012-2016. Criteria for inclusion included clinical symptoms of pancreatitis, age greater than or equal to 18 years, ED diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, and, an abdominal CT scan within 24 hours of triage. Exclusion criteria were traumatic cause of acute pancreatitis ...


A Survey Of Language Diversity And Communication In Indian Academic Emergency Departments, Rebecca S. Allen, Lalit Narayan, Jay Pandya, Zohray Talib, Katherine A. Douglass 2018 George Washington University

A Survey Of Language Diversity And Communication In Indian Academic Emergency Departments, Rebecca S. Allen, Lalit Narayan, Jay Pandya, Zohray Talib, Katherine A. Douglass

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background

Communication in the Emergency Department (ED) is particularly important given the acuity of patients and lack of prior medical history. In India, patient care is further complicated by the many spoken languages, the regional differentiation in language and the fact that medical training is primarily delivered in English. Our objective was to document language diversity among clinicians in Indian EDs linked to an international training program and explore issues related to clinician-clinician and clinician-patient communication.

Methodology

A cross-sectional survey of ED clinicians was conducted from May to July 2017. Survey participants were recruited via convenience sampling by a researcher ...


Triple Valve Infective Endocarditis - A Late Diagnosis, Edme R. Mustafa, Sineta C. Firulescu, Cristina D. Parvanescu, Beatrice A. Chisalau, Georgica C. Tartea, Ion C. Efrem, Andreea L. Barbulescu, Stefan C. Dinescu, Paulina L. Ciurea, Lucretiu Radu, Ananu F. Vreju 2018 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Cardiology

Triple Valve Infective Endocarditis - A Late Diagnosis, Edme R. Mustafa, Sineta C. Firulescu, Cristina D. Parvanescu, Beatrice A. Chisalau, Georgica C. Tartea, Ion C. Efrem, Andreea L. Barbulescu, Stefan C. Dinescu, Paulina L. Ciurea, Lucretiu Radu, Ananu F. Vreju

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Behcet's disease is a systemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology with cardiac involvement as well as damage to other organs. Whether the sterile valvular inflammation which occurs in this autoimmune disease predisposes to bacterial adhesion and infective endocarditis is not yet established.

We present the case of a patient with Behcet disease in which transthoracic echocardiography showed mobile masses on the aortic, tricuspid, and mitral valves, leading to multivalvular infective endocarditis diagnosis, possibly in the context of valvular inflammation.

The case presented in this article confirms observation of other studies, namely that ultrasonography plays an important role in the diagnosis ...


Using Support Vector Machines On Photoplethysmographic Signals To Discriminate Between Hypovolemia And Euvolemia, Natasa Reljin, Gary Zimmer, Yelena Malyuta, Kirk Shelley, Yitzhak Mendelson, David J. Blehar, Chad E. Darling, Ki H. Chon 2018 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Using Support Vector Machines On Photoplethysmographic Signals To Discriminate Between Hypovolemia And Euvolemia, Natasa Reljin, Gary Zimmer, Yelena Malyuta, Kirk Shelley, Yitzhak Mendelson, David J. Blehar, Chad E. Darling, Ki H. Chon

Open Access Articles

Identifying trauma patients at risk of imminent hemorrhagic shock is a challenging task in intraoperative and battlefield settings given the variability of traditional vital signs, such as heart rate and blood pressure, and their inability to detect blood loss at an early stage. To this end, we acquired N = 58 photoplethysmographic (PPG) recordings from both trauma patients with suspected hemorrhage admitted to the hospital, and healthy volunteers subjected to blood withdrawal of 0.9 L. We propose four features to characterize each recording: goodness of fit (r2), the slope of the trend line, percentage change, and the absolute change between ...


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