Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other Medical Specialties Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

680 Full-Text Articles 1,864 Authors 129,964 Downloads 56 Institutions

All Articles in Other Medical Specialties

Faceted Search

680 full-text articles. Page 1 of 32.

Urinary Acrylonitrile Metabolite Concentrations Before And After Smoked, Vaporized, And Oral Cannabis In Frequent And Occasional Cannabis Users., David L Ashley, Víctor R De Jesús, Osama A Abulseoud, Marilyn A. Huestis, Daniel F Milan, Benjamin C Blount 2020 Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, United States

Urinary Acrylonitrile Metabolite Concentrations Before And After Smoked, Vaporized, And Oral Cannabis In Frequent And Occasional Cannabis Users., David L Ashley, Víctor R De Jesús, Osama A Abulseoud, Marilyn A. Huestis, Daniel F Milan, Benjamin C Blount

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

Cannabis use through smoking, vaping, or ingestion is increasing, but only limited studies have investigated the resulting exposure to harmful chemicals. N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)-L-cysteine (2CYEMA), a urinary metabolite of acrylonitrile, a possible carcinogen, is elevated in the urine of past-30-day cannabis users compared to non-cannabis users. Five frequent and five occasional cannabis users smoked and vaped cannabis on separate days; one also consumed cannabis orally. Urine samples were collected before and up to 72 h post dose and urinary 2CYEMA was quantified. We compared 2CYEMA pre-exposure levels, maximum concentration, time at maximum concentration for occasional versus frequent users following different ...


Occupational Therapy’S Role In Addressing Sex And Intimacy For Individuals With Progressive Neuromuscular Disorders, Lindsay N. Richards, Becki Cohill, Katrhyn Ellis, Susan MacDermott 2020 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Occupational Therapy’S Role In Addressing Sex And Intimacy For Individuals With Progressive Neuromuscular Disorders, Lindsay N. Richards, Becki Cohill, Katrhyn Ellis, Susan Macdermott

San Marcos, Summer 2020

Individuals with progressive neuromuscular disorders (PND); specifically, Parkinson’s disease (PD), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Huntington’s Disease (HD), and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) often face physical, psychological, and social challenges related to sex and intimacy. Occupational therapy (OT) practitioners are experts in activity analysis and are equipped with unique knowledge of performance skills and client factors to address deficits in occupational performance.

Though there is literature presenting the effects of PND on sexual occupations, a gap exists as it relates to qualitative data from the perspective of the individual and their partners. A mixed-methods survey was conducted examining the lived ...


Evaluation Of Resident Palpation Skills In Foot And Ankle Anatomic Structures Using Bedside Ultrasound, Se Won Lee, Phuong U. Le, Craig Van Dien, Mike Hansen, Timothy Tiu 2020 MountainView Hospital

Evaluation Of Resident Palpation Skills In Foot And Ankle Anatomic Structures Using Bedside Ultrasound, Se Won Lee, Phuong U. Le, Craig Van Dien, Mike Hansen, Timothy Tiu

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Objective: The objective is to determine the accuracy of foot and ankle joint and soft tissue structure palpation in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents using ultrasonography (US) verification.

Methods: PM&R residents were tested in an outpatient musculoskeletal (MSK) clinic on palpated foot and ankle anatomic structures in a human model. Once the presumed structures were localized, residents marked a 1 cm size circle on the overlying skin with a ink marker. The accuracy of the circle over the joint line and soft tissue structures was verified using US.

Results: The overall palpation accuracy for 22 joint line ...


Injury Prevention Among Professional Ballet Dancers – A Qualitative Study, Elizabeth Balyakina DO, Nathan J. Hershberger DO, Sajid A. Surve, Rita M. Patterson 2020 HCA Healthcare

Injury Prevention Among Professional Ballet Dancers – A Qualitative Study, Elizabeth Balyakina Do, Nathan J. Hershberger Do, Sajid A. Surve, Rita M. Patterson

Neuromusculoskeletal

Rationale: The physical stress placed on ballet dancers’ bodies during their professional career predisposes them to injury. Qualitative research can be used to examine ways to support current strategies that dancers use to stay healthy and to inform further research in areas where dancers may be most prone to injury.

Purpose: To examine therapies and strategies dancers use to keep healthy and to treat injury.

Educational Objectives:

At the end of the presentation, the participants will be able to:

  1. Describe the most common strategies dancers use to stay healthy
  2. Formulate an understanding of how professional dancers manage injury
  3. Identify the ...


The Rice Pentatricopeptide Repeat Protein Ppr756 Is Involved In Pollen Development By Affecting Multiple Rna Editing In Mitochondria., Qiannan Zhang, Yanghong Xu, Jishuai Huang, Kai Zhang, Haijun Xiao, Xiaojian Qin, Linlin Zhu, Yingguo Zhu, Jun Hu 2020 State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

The Rice Pentatricopeptide Repeat Protein Ppr756 Is Involved In Pollen Development By Affecting Multiple Rna Editing In Mitochondria., Qiannan Zhang, Yanghong Xu, Jishuai Huang, Kai Zhang, Haijun Xiao, Xiaojian Qin, Linlin Zhu, Yingguo Zhu, Jun Hu

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

In land plants, the pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins form a large family involved in post-transcriptional processing of RNA in mitochondria and chloroplasts, which is critical for plant development and evolutionary adaption. Although studies showed a number of PPR proteins generally influence the editing of organellar genes, few of them were characterized in detail in rice. Here, we report a PLS-E subclass PPR protein in rice, PPR756, loss of function of which led to the abolishment of RNA editing events among three mitochondrial genes including


Effects Of Occupational Therapy Intervention In Low Vision, Zach Harrington, Juliana Crossett, Carlie Carter, Baleigh Gooch, Liberty Harris 2020 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effects Of Occupational Therapy Intervention In Low Vision, Zach Harrington, Juliana Crossett, Carlie Carter, Baleigh Gooch, Liberty Harris

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of this CAT is to investigate therapeutic intervention and its effects for improving independence in occupational performance, overall health, quality of life, and mental health in adults over 40 with acquired low vision. This CAT contains nine peer-reviewed research articles from national journals. Study designs include one randomized controlled trial, seven systematic reviews, and one non-randomized controlled trial. All studies relate directly to the components of our evidence-based practice question and will be used to support further research on the optometry and occupational therapy collaboration. All of the articles specifically describe various interventions used in the low vision ...


Medical Student Understanding Of The Pm&R Specialty, Disability, And Post-Acute Care, Stephanie Tow 2020 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Medical Student Understanding Of The Pm&R Specialty, Disability, And Post-Acute Care, Stephanie Tow

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Reduced Length Of Stay In Major Hepatectomy Surgery After Implementation Of An Enhanced Recovery Pathway In The United States Veteran Population, Yvonne Nguyen MD, Marilyn McNulty NP, Leopoldo Fernandez MD, Michael R. Kazior MD 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Reduced Length Of Stay In Major Hepatectomy Surgery After Implementation Of An Enhanced Recovery Pathway In The United States Veteran Population, Yvonne Nguyen Md, Marilyn Mcnulty Np, Leopoldo Fernandez Md, Michael R. Kazior Md

Graduate Medical Education (GME) Resident and Fellow Research Day Posters

Introduction

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways are associated with better postoperative recovery, however, evidence is lacking in major liver surgery, .This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an ERAS pathway in U.S. veterans undergoing major hepatectomy surgery. We hypothesized that the adoption of an ERAS pathway reduces decreased length of stay (LOS).

Methods

After approval from the Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center IRB, we compared data from consecutive patients undergoing elective open hepatectomy within an ERAS pathway (January 2019-December 2019) to a previous cohort of patients before introduction of ERAS (July 2016-December 2017). One surgeon performed ...


What’S That Beeping Sound? Case Report, Ellie Balakhanlou MD, Olivier Rolin MD, Eugenio Monasterio 2020 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System

What’S That Beeping Sound? Case Report, Ellie Balakhanlou Md, Olivier Rolin Md, Eugenio Monasterio

Graduate Medical Education (GME) Resident and Fellow Research Day Posters

Abstract Title: What’s that Beeping Sound? A Case Report

Ellie Balakhanlou, Medical Doctor - Medical Resident, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine (Role: Presenting Author)

Olivier Rolin, Medical Doctor – Assistant Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine (Role: Corresponding Author)

Eugenio Monasterio, Medical Doctor – Assistant Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine (Role: Corresponding Author)

Disclosure: None. Setting: Outpatient pediatric clinic Patient: A 21 year old female with spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy (CP) with an intrathecal baclofen (ITB) pump

Case Description:

The patient presented with concerns of intermittent beeping sounds from her pump. She does not endorse any new weakness ...


Chronic Post-Surgical Abdominal Pain Treated With Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Of Iliohypogastric And Ilioinguinal Nerves, Harnek Bajaj, Denise Lester 2020 VCU Health System

Chronic Post-Surgical Abdominal Pain Treated With Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Of Iliohypogastric And Ilioinguinal Nerves, Harnek Bajaj, Denise Lester

Graduate Medical Education (GME) Resident and Fellow Research Day Posters

Chronic pelvic and lower abdominal pain can be a severely debilitating condition that affects between 7% to 24% of the general population (4). The anterior rami of L1 and T12 give contributions to the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves which provide sensory innervation to the lower abdomen and pubic regions (3). Entrapment or damage of these nerves can occur due to a variety of mechanisms, and common treatment options have included medications (2), nerve blocks (1), and in rare cases, surgical resection of the involved nerve. In this case, a 47 year old morbidly obese female with history of chronic left ...


Getting On The Same Page: A Quality Improvement Project To Reduce Overnight Nursing-To-Resident Physician Pages In An Inpatient Rehabilitation Unit, Renae Fisher MD, Rajbir Chaggar MD, Anthony Zenger MD, Susan Hamilton RN, BSN, William Carter MD 2020 VCU

Getting On The Same Page: A Quality Improvement Project To Reduce Overnight Nursing-To-Resident Physician Pages In An Inpatient Rehabilitation Unit, Renae Fisher Md, Rajbir Chaggar Md, Anthony Zenger Md, Susan Hamilton Rn, Bsn, William Carter Md

Graduate Medical Education (GME) Resident and Fellow Research Day Posters

Introduction
Many Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residency programs utilize “home call” systems for nighttime coverage of inpatient services. In this system, trainees are expected to work at full capacity the following day after taking nocturnal call. While “on call,” trainees receive both urgent and non-urgent pages throughout the night, which disrupt sleep. To mitigate fatigue, improve hand-offs and improve timing of patient care, this study targeted reducing non-urgent overnight pages from nurses to home call PM&R residents between 11pm to 6am.

Methods

We implemented a prospective quality improvement study with interventions including holding “Getting on the Same ...


Nanoparticles In The Treatment Of Chronic Lung Diseases, Teodora G. Alexescu, Simina Tarmure, Vasile Negrean, Maria Cosnarovici, Victoria M. Ruta, Ionela Popovici, Ioana Para, Mirela G. Perne, Olga H. Orasan, Doina A. Todea 2019 Valparaiso University

Nanoparticles In The Treatment Of Chronic Lung Diseases, Teodora G. Alexescu, Simina Tarmure, Vasile Negrean, Maria Cosnarovici, Victoria M. Ruta, Ionela Popovici, Ioana Para, Mirela G. Perne, Olga H. Orasan, Doina A. Todea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Nanoparticles, although considered a topic of modern medicine, actually have an interesting history. Currently, advances in nanomedicine hold great promise as drug carrier systems for sustained release and targeted delivery of diverse therapeutic agents. Nanoparticles can be defined as complex drug carrier systems which incorporate and protect a certain drug or particle. Nanoparticles can be administered via different routes, such as intravenous injection, oral administration, or pulmonary inhalation. Even though the use of nano-carriers via pulmonary inhalation is heavily debated, this system represents an attractive alternative to the intravenous or oral routes, due to the unique anatomical and physiological features ...


Rights In Transition: Covert Medical Discrimination & The Effects Of Trans Bill 2019, Emma Glazer 2019 SIT Study Abroad

Rights In Transition: Covert Medical Discrimination & The Effects Of Trans Bill 2019, Emma Glazer

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

In 2014, India passed the NALSA judgment, acclaimed for recognizing transgender people’s right to self-identify. In the years since, India has presented multiple renditions of a Transgender Persons (Protections of Rights) Bill, each receiving pushback from the trans community due to its disregard of their voices in its creation. The bill leaves out, and therefore upholds, many of the most pertinent issues the community is facing. In addition, it retracts the right to self-identify, instead empowering a district magistrate to act as a gatekeeper, checking if people have medically transitioned. This paper shares some of the voices the bill ...


Increase Staff Utilization Of Occlusive Interface In Micro-Preemie Babies On Bcpap, Deborah Igo, Kimberly Kingsley, Faythe Henry, Misty Melendi, Amy McBee, Valerie Cook, Christopher Woods, Angela Rojecki, Lauren Walley, Amy Sparks, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman 2019 Maine Medical Center

Increase Staff Utilization Of Occlusive Interface In Micro-Preemie Babies On Bcpap, Deborah Igo, Kimberly Kingsley, Faythe Henry, Misty Melendi, Amy Mcbee, Valerie Cook, Christopher Woods, Angela Rojecki, Lauren Walley, Amy Sparks, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman

Operational Excellence

Premature neonates born before 26 weeks gestation present many care challenges as they need special precautions to be taken to overcome their fragility. Intubation is often needed for this patient population as their lungs are not fully developed. However, due to their high susceptibility for skin breakdown invasive ventilation often can create subsequent problems. A respiratory therapist team in an academic tertiary medical center wanted to explore the use of an occlusive interface for intubation while providing various forms of non-invasive ventilation in their NICU with the hopes for fewer complications.

The objective of this project was to reduce the ...


Extra-Pleural Dermal Solitary Fibrous Tumor On The Posterior Shoulder: A Case Report., Sean J. Wallace MD, Robert Teixeira MD, Nathan F. Miller, Hina A. Sheikh, Genevieve Guzman, Rohit Sharma MD 2019 Lehigh Valley Hospital

Extra-Pleural Dermal Solitary Fibrous Tumor On The Posterior Shoulder: A Case Report., Sean J. Wallace Md, Robert Teixeira Md, Nathan F. Miller, Hina A. Sheikh, Genevieve Guzman, Rohit Sharma Md

Hina A. Sheikh, M.D.

No abstract provided.


The Left Behind Generation: Instructional Practices To Increase The Technological Literacy Of Older Adults, Daphne Pace Phillips 2019 University of South Florida

The Left Behind Generation: Instructional Practices To Increase The Technological Literacy Of Older Adults, Daphne Pace Phillips

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to explore the utilization and perception of best practices by community-based technology training programs when instructing older adults to become technologically literate. The target population included adults age 55 years and older of the Baby Boomer generational cohort who ranged academically from possessing a high school diploma or General Education Diploma (GED) through a college degree and had enrolled in a local technology training program to improve their technological skill level with the goal of obtaining employment and/or to remain functionally independent. This study was conducted at three community technology training centers located in the southeast ...


Widow Narratives On Film And In Memoirs: Exploring Formula Stories Of Grief And Loss Of Older Women After The Death Of A Spouse, Jennifer R. Bender 2019 University of South Florida

Widow Narratives On Film And In Memoirs: Exploring Formula Stories Of Grief And Loss Of Older Women After The Death Of A Spouse, Jennifer R. Bender

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes narratives (written and mediated) about widows’ post-loss experiences—specifically the ways in which these women embody and adjust/adhere to their post-loss widow identities—and whether or not the canonical/formula stories about widows reflect current experiences of widowhood. I look at older widowed women—both those in well-read widow memoirs and also in media portrayals of widows on film. The canonical view of widows as not attractive, not useful, and not interesting needs to be reexamined in light of changing ideas about gender roles and increased longevity. Surely older women have experiences, desires, and goals that ...


Supporting Persons With Dementia In Communicating Their Care Preferences, Vanessa L. Burshnic 2019 University of South Florida

Supporting Persons With Dementia In Communicating Their Care Preferences, Vanessa L. Burshnic

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Person-centered care is important to the quality of life of nursing home residents with dementia. Preference assessments enable person-centered care by documenting residents’ preferred activities. Residents with severe dementia are less likely to have a role in preference assessment due to communication challenges associated with the disease. External supports (visual and text cues) are effective in improving the communication of residents with dementia, but these cues are often not used in practice. Standard assessment (verbal questioning) places greater demands on short-term memory and attention, which are known deficits in dementia.

Applying a within-subjects design, this study evaluated two conditions (standard ...


Safe Care For Seizure Patients On An Epilepsy Monitoring Unit, Deborah Bachand, Lauri Wilson, Rachel Caiola, Lynne Keller, Megan Selvitelli, Mary Jo Farley, Jennifer O'Neill, Sara Shrock, Hannah Plummer, Sally Prokey, Amy Sparks, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman 2019 Maine Medical Center

Safe Care For Seizure Patients On An Epilepsy Monitoring Unit, Deborah Bachand, Lauri Wilson, Rachel Caiola, Lynne Keller, Megan Selvitelli, Mary Jo Farley, Jennifer O'Neill, Sara Shrock, Hannah Plummer, Sally Prokey, Amy Sparks, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman

Operational Excellence

Seizure patients admitted to an Epilepsy Monitoring Unit located within an academic tertiary medical center have a high potential to impact patient safety. As a result, a unit based team identified a need for a higher level of training for both their staff and float companions to ensure safe and standardized care for this group of patients.

The goal of this quality improvement project was to create an educational tool that would assist 100% of staff in better recognizing and responding to seizures. Baseline metrics and root cause analysis demonstrated a lack of consistent information being taught, a poorly identified ...


Technical Freediving: An Emerging Breath-Hold Diving Technique, Derek Covington, Robert H. Lee, Steven Toffel, Alberto Bursian, Kirk Krack, Chris Giordano 2019 University of Florida

Technical Freediving: An Emerging Breath-Hold Diving Technique, Derek Covington, Robert H. Lee, Steven Toffel, Alberto Bursian, Kirk Krack, Chris Giordano

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

Technical freediving can be defined as freediving augmented by the use of oxygen-enriched gases or oxygen before, during, or after a freedive. As a result of these techniques, breath-hold divers can visit and enjoy underwater wrecks, reefs, and other diving locations previously located at depths unreachable to apnea divers. By pre-breathing oxygen-enriched gases in conjunction with hyperventilation—which decreases the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2)—the technical freediver now has additional oxygen to facilitate aerobic respiration during the dive. In addition, pre-breathing oxygen decreases tissue nitrogen tensions, which limits inert gas loading and decreases the risk of decompression sickness ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress