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937 full-text articles. Page 1 of 35.

To Re-Excise Or Not To Re-Excise: Positive Margins After Excision Of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancers, Ramon Garza, III MD, Courtney Edwards MD, Bharat Ranganath MD, Nathan F. Miller BS, Joshua M. Adkinson MD, Kirsten S. Bellucci MD, Robert X. Murphy Jr, MD, MS 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

To Re-Excise Or Not To Re-Excise: Positive Margins After Excision Of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancers, Ramon Garza, Iii Md, Courtney Edwards Md, Bharat Ranganath Md, Nathan F. Miller Bs, Joshua M. Adkinson Md, Kirsten S. Bellucci Md, Robert X. Murphy Jr, Md, Ms

Kirsten S. W. Bellucci, MD

No abstract provided.


Diagnosis Of Lchad/Tfp Deficiency In An At Risk Newborn Using Umbilical Cord Blood Acylcarnitine Analysis, Donna Raval, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Omar Ayyub, Callie Jenevein, Laura Kofman, Brendan Lanpher, Natalie Hauser, Debra Regier 2017 George Washington University

Diagnosis Of Lchad/Tfp Deficiency In An At Risk Newborn Using Umbilical Cord Blood Acylcarnitine Analysis, Donna Raval, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Omar Ayyub, Callie Jenevein, Laura Kofman, Brendan Lanpher, Natalie Hauser, Debra Regier

Pathology Faculty Publications

Trifunctional protein deficiency/Long-chain hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHAD/TFP) deficiency is a disorder of fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis. Severe neonatal lactic acidosis, cardiomyopathy, and hepatic dysfunction are caused by the accumulation of toxic long-chain acylcarnitines. The feasibility of umbilical cord blood use in screening for acylcarnitine analysis and free carnitine has been hypothesized but not reported in LCHAD/TFP neonates.

We present a 4 week old female who was at risk of inheriting LCHAD/TFP deficiency and was diagnosed at the time of delivery using umbilical cord blood. Umbilical cord blood was collected at delivery and sent for acylcarnitine ...


The Prognostic Utility Of The Transcription Factor Srf In Docetaxel-Resistant Prostate Cancer: In-Vitro Discovery And In-Vivo Validation., Dara J. Lundon, Amy Boland, Maria Prencipe, G Hurley, Amanda O'Neill, Elaine W. Kay, Sinead T. Aherne, Padraig Doolan, Stephen F. Madden, Martin Clynes, Colm Morrissey, J M. Fitzpatrick, R William Watson 2017 University College Dublin

The Prognostic Utility Of The Transcription Factor Srf In Docetaxel-Resistant Prostate Cancer: In-Vitro Discovery And In-Vivo Validation., Dara J. Lundon, Amy Boland, Maria Prencipe, G Hurley, Amanda O'Neill, Elaine W. Kay, Sinead T. Aherne, Padraig Doolan, Stephen F. Madden, Martin Clynes, Colm Morrissey, J M. Fitzpatrick, R William Watson

Pathology Articles

BACKGROUND: Docetaxel based therapy is one of the first line chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer. However, one of the major obstacles in the treatment of these patients is docetaxel-resistance. Defining the mechanisms of resistance so as to inform subsequent treatment options and combinations represents a challenge for clinicians and scientists. Previous work by our group has shown complex changes in pro and anti-apoptotic proteins in the development of resistance to docetaxel. Targeting these changes individually does not significantly impact on the resistant phenotype but understanding the central signalling pathways and transcription factors (TFs) which control ...


A Non-Randomized, Observational Trial Of Short-Term Pre-Operative Endocrine Therapy In Er Positive Breast Cancer To Investigate Changes In Genomic Expression Using The Oncotype Dx® Recurrence Score®, Aaron D. Bleznak MD, FACS, Elizabeth A. Dellers MD, B Glenn-Porter, Sharon R. Kimmel PhD, MHA, Heiwon Chung MD, FACS, C Yoshizawa, E Burke, D S. Davison, C Chao 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

A Non-Randomized, Observational Trial Of Short-Term Pre-Operative Endocrine Therapy In Er Positive Breast Cancer To Investigate Changes In Genomic Expression Using The Oncotype Dx® Recurrence Score®, Aaron D. Bleznak Md, Facs, Elizabeth A. Dellers Md, B Glenn-Porter, Sharon R. Kimmel Phd, Mha, Heiwon Chung Md, Facs, C Yoshizawa, E Burke, D S. Davison, C Chao

Elizabeth A. Dellers, M.D.

No abstract provided.


Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma: A Rare Entity With Variable Pathologic Features And Prognosis, Sharif A. Ali MD, Miriam L. Enriquez MD, Shereen M. Gheith MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma: A Rare Entity With Variable Pathologic Features And Prognosis, Sharif A. Ali Md, Miriam L. Enriquez Md, Shereen M. Gheith Md

Shereen M.F. Gheith, M.D., PhD.

No abstract provided.


An Unusual Case Of Igg4 Associated Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma Presenting As Subcutaneous Nodules Mimicking Lipomas, Ryan Mayo MD, Ranjit R. Nair MD, Shereen M F Gheith MD, PhD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

An Unusual Case Of Igg4 Associated Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma Presenting As Subcutaneous Nodules Mimicking Lipomas, Ryan Mayo Md, Ranjit R. Nair Md, Shereen M F Gheith Md, Phd

Shereen M.F. Gheith, M.D., PhD.

No abstract provided.


Lymphoma Masquerading As Pneumonia With Acute Renal Failure: A Rare Clinical And Radiological Presentation Of Diffuse Large B Cell Gastric Lymphoma (Dlbcl), Ranjit R. Nair MD, Cheryl Bloomfield MD, Sharif A. Ali MD, Stacey Smith MD, FACP 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Lymphoma Masquerading As Pneumonia With Acute Renal Failure: A Rare Clinical And Radiological Presentation Of Diffuse Large B Cell Gastric Lymphoma (Dlbcl), Ranjit R. Nair Md, Cheryl Bloomfield Md, Sharif A. Ali Md, Stacey Smith Md, Facp

Sharif Ali, M.D.

No abstract provided.


Novel Long-Chain Compounds With Both Immunomodulatory And Mena Inhibitory Activities Against Staphylococcus Aureus And Its Biofilm., Seoung-Ryoung Choi, Joel Frandsen, Prabagaran Narayanasamy 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Novel Long-Chain Compounds With Both Immunomodulatory And Mena Inhibitory Activities Against Staphylococcus Aureus And Its Biofilm., Seoung-Ryoung Choi, Joel Frandsen, Prabagaran Narayanasamy

Journal Articles: Pathology and Microbiology

Menaquinone (MK) biosynthesis pathway is a potential target for evaluating antimicrobials in gram-positive bacteria. Here, 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate prenyltransferase (MenA) was targeted to reduce methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) growth. MenA inhibiting, long chain-based compounds were designed, synthesized and evaluated against MRSA and menaquinone utilizing bacteria in aerobic conditions. The results showed that these bacteria were susceptible to most of the compounds. Menaquinone (MK-4) supplementation rescued MRSA growth, suggesting these compounds inhibit MK biosynthesis. 3a and 7c exhibited promising inhibitory activities with MICs ranging 1-8 μg/mL against MRSA strains. The compounds did not facilitate small colony variant formation. These compounds also ...


Hematological Disorders And Pulmonary Hypertension, Rajamma Mathew, Jing Huang, Joseph M. Wu, John T. Fallon, Michael H. Gewitz 2016 New York Medical College

Hematological Disorders And Pulmonary Hypertension, Rajamma Mathew, Jing Huang, Joseph M. Wu, John T. Fallon, Michael H. Gewitz

NYMC Faculty Publications

Pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious disorder with a high morbidity and mortality rate, is known to occur in a number of unrelated systemic diseases. Several hematological disorders such as sickle cell disease, thalassemia and myeloproliferative diseases develop PH which worsens the prognosis. Associated oxidant injury and vascular inflammation cause endothelial damage and dysfunction. Pulmonary vascular endothelial damage/dysfunction is an early event in PH resulting in the loss of vascular reactivity, activation of proliferative and antiapoptotic pathways leading to vascular remodeling, elevated pulmonary artery pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy and premature death. Hemolysis observed in hematological disorders leads to free hemoglobin ...


The Humoral Theory Of Transplantation: Epitope Analysis And The Pathogenicity Of Hla Antibodies., Edward J Filippone, John Farber 2016 Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Sydney Kimmel School of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University

The Humoral Theory Of Transplantation: Epitope Analysis And The Pathogenicity Of Hla Antibodies., Edward J Filippone, John Farber

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Central to the humoral theory of transplantation is production of antibodies by the recipient against mismatched HLA antigens in the donor organ. Not all mismatches result in antibody production, however, and not all antibodies are pathogenic. Serologic HLA matching has been the standard for solid organ allocation algorithms in current use. Antibodies do not recognize whole HLA molecules but rather polymorphic residues on the surface, called epitopes, which may be shared by multiple serologic HLA antigens. Data are accumulating that epitope analysis may be a better way to determine organ compatibility as well as the potential immunogenicity of given HLA ...


Massive Pulmonary Embolism Presenting As Seizures, Shahrukh Hashmani, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Murtaza Kazmi, Amammarah Yasmeen 2016 Aga Khan University

Massive Pulmonary Embolism Presenting As Seizures, Shahrukh Hashmani, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Murtaza Kazmi, Amammarah Yasmeen

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Pulmonary embolism can present in various ways, though seizure activity has been rarely reported. We report a 38 years old male who had met a road traffic accident, underwent surgery, presented a month later with seizures, chest pain, shortness of breath and low blood pressure. Massive pulmonary embolism was diagnosed on CTPA, with classical features on ECG and echocardiogram and the patient was successfully managed with thrombolysis. Massive pulmonary embolism (MPE) should be kept in mind in patients who present with seizures, chest pain and haemodynamic instability.


Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Presenting As Li-Rads 5 "Hcc", Raja K. Dhanekula, MD, Donald Mitchell, MD, John Farber, MD, Ashwin R. Sama, MD, Jesse M. Civan, MD 2016 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Presenting As Li-Rads 5 "Hcc", Raja K. Dhanekula, Md, Donald Mitchell, Md, John Farber, Md, Ashwin R. Sama, Md, Jesse M. Civan, Md

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Posters

Background

• Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC), if within Milan Criteria, is an indication for liver transplantation.

• In contrast, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) is a contra-indication to liver transplantation due to high rates of recurrence.

• LI-RADS 5 classification (synonymous with OPTN-5) carries a near 100% positive predictive value for HCC, allowing prioritization of patients for liver transplantation without histological confirmation.

• The “LI-RADS M” classification indicates the presence of malignancy not meeting diagnostic criteria for HCC. In theory, IHCC lesions should be identified as LI-RADS M and not LI-RADS 5.


Membrane-Active Epithelial Keratin 6a Fragments (Kamps) Are Unique Human Antimicrobial Peptides With A Non-Αβ Structure., Judy T.Y. Lee, Guangshun Wang, Yu Tong Tam, Connie Tam 2016 Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute

Membrane-Active Epithelial Keratin 6a Fragments (Kamps) Are Unique Human Antimicrobial Peptides With A Non-Αβ Structure., Judy T.Y. Lee, Guangshun Wang, Yu Tong Tam, Connie Tam

Journal Articles: Pathology and Microbiology

Antibiotic resistance is a pressing global health problem that threatens millions of lives each year. Natural antimicrobial peptides and their synthetic derivatives, including peptoids and peptidomimetics, are promising candidates as novel antibiotics. Recently, the C-terminal glycine-rich fragments of human epithelial keratin 6A were found to have bactericidal and cytoprotective activities. Here, we used an improved 2-dimensional NMR method coupled with a new protocol for structural refinement by low temperature simulated annealing to characterize the solution structure of these kerain-derived antimicrobial peptides (KAMPs). Two specific KAMPs in complex with membrane mimicking sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles displayed amphipathic conformations with only ...


Il-10 Plays An Important Role In The Control Of Inflammation But Not In The Bacterial Burden In S. Epidermidis Cns Catheter Infection., Yenis M. Gutierrez-Murgas, Gwenn Skar, Danielle Ramirez, Matthew Beaver, Jessica N. Snowden 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Il-10 Plays An Important Role In The Control Of Inflammation But Not In The Bacterial Burden In S. Epidermidis Cns Catheter Infection., Yenis M. Gutierrez-Murgas, Gwenn Skar, Danielle Ramirez, Matthew Beaver, Jessica N. Snowden

Journal Articles: Pathology and Microbiology

BACKGROUND: Shunt infection is a frequent and serious complication in the surgical treatment in hydrocephalus. Previous studies have shown an attenuated immune response to these biofilm-mediated infections. We proposed that IL-10 reduces the inflammatory response to Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) CNS catheter infection.

METHODS: In this study, a murine model of catheter-associated S. epidermidis biofilm infection in the CNS was generated based on a well-established similar model for S. aureus. The catheters were pre-coated with a clinically derived biofilm-forming strain of S. epidermidis (strain 1457) which were then stereotactically implanted into the lateral left ventricle of 8-week-old C57BL/6 and ...


Dome-Type Carcinoma Of The Ascending Colon: A Case Report, Patrick Hickey DO, Shanth A. Goonewardene MD, Shashin Shah MD, Hiral N. Shah MD, Anthony G. Auteri MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Dome-Type Carcinoma Of The Ascending Colon: A Case Report, Patrick Hickey Do, Shanth A. Goonewardene Md, Shashin Shah Md, Hiral N. Shah Md, Anthony G. Auteri Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Molecular Characterization Of Staphylococcus Aureus Isolates From Various Healthcare Institutions In Nairobi, Kenya: A Cross Sectional Study, Geoffrey Omuse, Kristien Nel Van Zyl, Kim Hoek, Shima Abdulgader, Samuel Kariuki, Andrew Whitelaw, Gunturu Revathi 2016 Aga Khan University

Molecular Characterization Of Staphylococcus Aureus Isolates From Various Healthcare Institutions In Nairobi, Kenya: A Cross Sectional Study, Geoffrey Omuse, Kristien Nel Van Zyl, Kim Hoek, Shima Abdulgader, Samuel Kariuki, Andrew Whitelaw, Gunturu Revathi

Pathology, East Africa

Background: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) has established itself over the years as a major cause of morbidity and mortality both within the community and in healthcare settings. Methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in particular has been a major cause of nosocomial infections resulting in significant increase in healthcare costs. In Africa, the MRSA prevalence has been shown to vary across different countries. In order to better understand the epidemiology of MRSA in a setting, it is important to define its population structure using molecular tools as different clones have been found to predominate in certain geographical locations.

Methods: We carried ...


Pd-L1 Expression In Ebv-Negative Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Clinicopathologic Features And Prognostic Implications, Wei Xing, Karen A. Dresser, Rui Zhang, Andrew M. Evens, Hongbo Yu, Bruce A. Woda, Benjamin J. Chen 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pd-L1 Expression In Ebv-Negative Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Clinicopathologic Features And Prognostic Implications, Wei Xing, Karen A. Dresser, Rui Zhang, Andrew M. Evens, Hongbo Yu, Bruce A. Woda, Benjamin J. Chen

Open Access Articles

Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a cell surface glycoprotein that regulates the cellular immune response and serves as a targetable immune checkpoint molecule. PD-L1 is expressed on tumor cells and the immune microenvironment of several human malignancies, including a subset of aggressive lymphomas. We sought to investigate further the clinical and pathologic features of EBV-negative diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cases that express PD-L1. Immunohistochemical staining using an anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody was performed on DLBCL cases from 86 patients. These patients received standard chemotherapy treatment and were followed for up to 175 months. Overall, 14 cases (16%) were ...


Unique Metabolic Features Of Pancreatic Cancer Stroma: Relevance To The Tumor Compartment, Prognosis, And Invasive Potential., Erik S. Knudsen, Uthra Balaji, Elizaveta Freinkman, Peter McCue, Agnieszka K. Witkiewicz 2016 University of Texas; University of Arizona

Unique Metabolic Features Of Pancreatic Cancer Stroma: Relevance To The Tumor Compartment, Prognosis, And Invasive Potential., Erik S. Knudsen, Uthra Balaji, Elizaveta Freinkman, Peter Mccue, Agnieszka K. Witkiewicz

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a dismal prognosis. The aggressiveness and therapeutic recalcitrance of this malignancy has been attributed to multiple factors including the influence of an active desmoplastic stroma. How the stromal microenvironment of PDAC contributes to the fatal nature of this disease is not well defined. In the analysis of clinical specimens, we observed diverse expression of the hypoxic marker carbonic anhydrase IX and the lactate transporter MCT4 in the stromal compartment. These stromal features were associated with the epithelial to mesenchymal phenotype in PDAC tumor cells, and with shorter patient survival. Cultured cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) derived from ...


Extramedullary Hematopoiesis Presented As Cytopenia And Massive Paraspinal Masses Leading To Cord Compression In A Patient With Hereditary Persistence Of Fetal Hemoglobin, Tasleem Katchi, Krishna Kolandaivel, Pallavi Khattar, Taliya Farooq, Humayun Islam, Delong Liu 2016 New York Medical College

Extramedullary Hematopoiesis Presented As Cytopenia And Massive Paraspinal Masses Leading To Cord Compression In A Patient With Hereditary Persistence Of Fetal Hemoglobin, Tasleem Katchi, Krishna Kolandaivel, Pallavi Khattar, Taliya Farooq, Humayun Islam, Delong Liu

NYMC Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Extramedullary hematopoeisis (EMH) can occur in various physiological and pathologic states. The spleen is the most common site of EMH.

CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case with hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin with extramedullary hematopoiesis presented as cord compression and cytopenia secondary to multi-paraspinal masses.

CONCLUSION: Treatment can be a challenge. Relapse is a possibility.


An Unusual Case Of Igg4 Associated Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma Presenting As Subcutaneous Nodules Mimicking Lipomas, Ryan Mayo MD, Ranjit R. Nair MD, Shereen M F Gheith MD, PhD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

An Unusual Case Of Igg4 Associated Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma Presenting As Subcutaneous Nodules Mimicking Lipomas, Ryan Mayo Md, Ranjit R. Nair Md, Shereen M F Gheith Md, Phd

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


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