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1,093 full-text articles. Page 1 of 39.

Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 (Mct4) Knockout Mice Have Attenuated 4nqo Induced Carcinogenesis; A Role For Mct4 In Driving Oral Squamous Cell Cancer., Sara Bisetto, Diana Whitaker Menezes, Nicole A. Wilski, Madalina Tuluc, Joseph Curry, Tingting Zhan, Christopher M. Snyder, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Nancy J. Philp 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 (Mct4) Knockout Mice Have Attenuated 4nqo Induced Carcinogenesis; A Role For Mct4 In Driving Oral Squamous Cell Cancer., Sara Bisetto, Diana Whitaker Menezes, Nicole A. Wilski, Madalina Tuluc, Joseph Curry, Tingting Zhan, Christopher M. Snyder, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Nancy J. Philp

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the 6th most common human cancer and affects approximately 50,000 new patients every year in the US. The major risk factors for HNSCC are tobacco and alcohol consumption as well as oncogenic HPV infections. Despite advances in therapy, the overall survival rate for all-comers is only 50%. Understanding the biology of HNSCC is crucial to identifying new biomarkers, implementing early diagnostic approaches and developing novel therapies. As in several other cancers, HNSCC expresses elevated levels of MCT4, a member of the SLC16 family of monocarboxylate transporters. MCT4 is a H+-linked ...


Lacrimal Gland Tumors In Turkey: Types, Frequency, And Outcomes., Yağmur Seda Yeşiltaş, Ahmet Kaan Gündüz, Esra Erden, Carol L. Shields 2018 Ankara University

Lacrimal Gland Tumors In Turkey: Types, Frequency, And Outcomes., Yağmur Seda Yeşiltaş, Ahmet Kaan Gündüz, Esra Erden, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

AIM: To evaluate the clinical, radiological, and treatment features of lacrimal gland tumors.

METHODS: Retrospective review of 99 eyes of 92 patients with lacrimal gland tumors diagnosed and managed in a single institution between January 1999 and March 2017. Clinical and radiological features, histopathology, treatment methods, and prognosis were evaluated.

RESULTS: The mean patient age was 40.3 (range: 7-80)y. The diagnosis was made histopathologically in 91 (91.9%) tumors and on a clinical and radiological basis in 8 (8.1%) tumors. Final diagnoses included idiopathic orbital inflammation (pseudotumor) in 46 (46.5%) lesions, pleomorphic adenoma in 14 (14 ...


Modeling The Dynamics Of Human Liver Failure Post Liver Resection, Babita Verma, Pushpavanam Subramaniam, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, Chennai

Modeling The Dynamics Of Human Liver Failure Post Liver Resection, Babita Verma, Pushpavanam Subramaniam, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Liver resection is an important clinical intervention to treat liver disease. Following liver resection, patients exhibit a wide range of outcomes including normal recovery, suppressed recovery, or liver failure, depending on the regenerative capacity of the remnant liver. The objective of this work is to study the distinct patient outcomes post hepatectomy and determine the processes that are accountable for liver failure. Our model based approach shows that cell death is one of the important processes but not the sole controlling process responsible for liver failure. Additionally, our simulations showed wide variation in the timescale of liver failure that is ...


The Pathology Of Cancer, Chi Young Ok, Bruce A. Woda, Elizabeth Kurian 2018 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

The Pathology Of Cancer, Chi Young Ok, Bruce A. Woda, Elizabeth Kurian

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

Patients and physicians depend on pathologists to make the diagnosis of cancer and of the specific type of cancer. Pathologists are expert in pattern recognition and in the natural history of diseases, including cancers. This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist will describe the pathology of cancer.


Endorepellin Remodels The Endothelial Transcriptome Toward A Pro-Autophagic And Pro-Mitophagic Gene Signature., Thomas Neill, Eva Andreuzzi, Zi-Xuan Wang, Stephen C. Peiper, Maurizo Mongiat, Renato V. Iozzo 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Endorepellin Remodels The Endothelial Transcriptome Toward A Pro-Autophagic And Pro-Mitophagic Gene Signature., Thomas Neill, Eva Andreuzzi, Zi-Xuan Wang, Stephen C. Peiper, Maurizo Mongiat, Renato V. Iozzo

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Regulation of autophagy by proteolytically cleaved fragments of heparan sulfate proteoglycans is a novel and current research focus in tumor biology. Endorepellin is the C-terminal angiostatic fragment of the heparan sulfate proteoglycan perlecan and induces autophagy in endothelial cells. To further investigate this property, we used NanoString, a digital PCR platform for measuring pre-defined transcripts in biological samples to analyze a custom subset of 95 autophagy-related genes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells treated with ultrapure human recombinant endorepellin. We discovered an endorepellin-evoked pro-autophagic and pro-mitophagic gene expression signatures, which included two coordinately up-regulated mitochondrial-associated genes encoding the E3 ubiquitin ...


Low Grade Mullerian Adenosarcoma Of Pouch Of Douglas Recurring As Bilateral Ovarian High Grade Mullerian Adenosarcoma With Rhabdomyosarcomatous Overgrowth After 11 Years, Sandeep Kumar, Muhammad Raza, Muhammad Usman Tariq 2018 Aga Khan University

Low Grade Mullerian Adenosarcoma Of Pouch Of Douglas Recurring As Bilateral Ovarian High Grade Mullerian Adenosarcoma With Rhabdomyosarcomatous Overgrowth After 11 Years, Sandeep Kumar, Muhammad Raza, Muhammad Usman Tariq

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Mullerian adenosarcoma (MA) of ovary with sarcomatous (rhabdomyoblastic) overgrowth is an extremely rare malignant type of female genital tract neoplasm. These tumours are highly aggressive and presence of heterologous elements is associated with worse prognosis. A 44 year old female presented with lower abdominal pain and distension. She had history of removal of tumour from pouch of Douglas in 2006 for which she did not receive any additional treatment nor did she keep continuous follow up. Current preoperative radiological examination revealed bilateral ovarian masses. She underwent abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy. Microscopic examination revealed biphasic tumours exhibiting sarcomatous overgrowth with ...


Review Of Karyotypic Data From Low Grade Glial Brain Tumors, Specifically Pilocytic Astrocytomas, And Correlation Of Genetic Aberrations With Tumor Recurrence., Linda D. Cooley, Scott C. Smith, Lisa Warren, Melissa Gener, Kevin Ginn, John Herriges 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Review Of Karyotypic Data From Low Grade Glial Brain Tumors, Specifically Pilocytic Astrocytomas, And Correlation Of Genetic Aberrations With Tumor Recurrence., Linda D. Cooley, Scott C. Smith, Lisa Warren, Melissa Gener, Kevin Ginn, John Herriges

Posters

Abstract: Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor of childhood. Approximately 50% of pediatric CNS tumors are low grade gliomas (WHO grade I or II) and Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is the most common accounting for 33% of all gliomas in children 0-14 years and ~18% of all childhood brain tumors. Prognosis with this slow-growing tumor is excellent; 10 year overall survival of ~95%. However, event free survival averages ~50%. Patient age and extent of tumor resection are key prognostic factors; tumor location and size impact resection and outcome. Histopathological features indicate PA is a benign tumor and rarely are ...


Review Of Outside Pathology Prior To Treatment Of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Cost Analysis, Heather R. Williams, Alison C. Agner, Colleen Stockdale 2018 Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Augusta, GA

Review Of Outside Pathology Prior To Treatment Of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Cost Analysis, Heather R. Williams, Alison C. Agner, Colleen Stockdale

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Objectives: Academic institutions routinely require in-house review of pathology prior to treatment. However, it is unclear if pathology review is beneficial for the management of patients referred for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). This study aims to determine if review of outside pathology for CIN at an academic medical center resulted in a change in the treatment plan and the associated cost for pathology review.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients referred for treatment of CIN, including review of outside cytology and histology was performed from January 1 to December 31, 2007 after obtaining IRB approval. Data was analyzed to ...


Her2 Basolateral Versus Circumferential Ihc Expression Is Dependent On Polarity And Differentiation Of Epithelial Cells In Gastric/Ge Adenocarcinoma, Shahid Pervez, Sidra Arshad, Brooj Abro 2018 Aga Khan University

Her2 Basolateral Versus Circumferential Ihc Expression Is Dependent On Polarity And Differentiation Of Epithelial Cells In Gastric/Ge Adenocarcinoma, Shahid Pervez, Sidra Arshad, Brooj Abro

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Aim: Antigenic expression in epithelial cells can be heterogeneous which may pose a problem in immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of tumor markers, in particular, predictive markers like HER2. Studies have shown that epithelial cells have distinct apical and basolateral domains which are separated by tight junctions. The cell membrane in these two domains has a different composition of macromolecules and hence can have variable antigen expression on immunohistochemistry. In our study, we aimed to investigate this phenomenon of basolateral versus circumferential IHC staining of HER2 in gastric/GE adenocarcinoma.
Methods: We selected 45 cases of gastric/GE adenocarcinoma and evaluated equal ...


Endomembrane-Associated Pre-Embedding Immunogold Labeling, Zuzana Nichtova, Celia Fernandez-Sanz, A. Bartok, Sergio De La Fuente, György Hajnóczky, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Endomembrane-Associated Pre-Embedding Immunogold Labeling, Zuzana Nichtova, Celia Fernandez-Sanz, A. Bartok, Sergio De La Fuente, György Hajnóczky, Shey-Shing Sheu, György Csordás

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Posters

Aim

To optimize the pre-embedding IG in stable cell lines and primary adult cardiomyocytes to get the most effective visualization of endomembrane/associated proteins: endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release channels IP3 receptors and ryanodine receptors (IP3R, and RyR2) and the mitochondrial fission protein Drp1.


Clinicopathologic Features And Prognostic Grouping Of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (Gists) In Pakistani Patients: An Institutional Perspective, Atif Ali Hashmi, Mahrukh Faraz, Zareeha Nauman, Mohammad Usman Qureshi, Shumaila Kanwal Hashmi, Hira Fatima Waseem, Muhammad Muzzammil Edh, Naveen Faridi, Amir Khan 2018 Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College

Clinicopathologic Features And Prognostic Grouping Of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (Gists) In Pakistani Patients: An Institutional Perspective, Atif Ali Hashmi, Mahrukh Faraz, Zareeha Nauman, Mohammad Usman Qureshi, Shumaila Kanwal Hashmi, Hira Fatima Waseem, Muhammad Muzzammil Edh, Naveen Faridi, Amir Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objectives: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumors of gastrointestinal tract, prognosis of which largely depends upon histopathologic characteristics of resection specimens, which were not widely studied in our population. Therefore we aimed to evaluate the histopathologic characteristics of GISTs in our population and their prognostic grouping according to college of American pathologist’s guidelines.
Results:
Mean age of patients was 53.4 years (18–71 years). 92% of cases were of primary GISTs and stomach was the most common site (57.7%). 75% of cases were of spindle cell morphology and 53.8% belonged to high risk prognostic group ...


Evidence Of Chikungunya Virus Disease In Pakistan Since 2015 With Patients Demonstrating Involvement Of The Central Nervous System, Kelli L. Barr, Erum Khan, Joveria Farooqi, Kehkashan Imtiaz, Dhani Prakoso, Faisal Malik, John A. Lednicky, Maureen T. Long 2018 University of Florida

Evidence Of Chikungunya Virus Disease In Pakistan Since 2015 With Patients Demonstrating Involvement Of The Central Nervous System, Kelli L. Barr, Erum Khan, Joveria Farooqi, Kehkashan Imtiaz, Dhani Prakoso, Faisal Malik, John A. Lednicky, Maureen T. Long

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Several arboviruses are endemic to and co-circulate in Pakistan. In recent years, Pakistan has observed a rise in arboviral infections. A cross-sectional study for arboviral diseases, which included screening for Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), was initiated in 2015 to determine which pathogens were causing disease in patients presenting to health care services. Exposure to CHIKV was verified via detection of viral nucleic acids or virus-specific IgM with virus-specific neutralizing antibodies. Out of 997 enrolled patients presenting with clinical features suggestive of arboviral disease, 102 patients were positive for CHIKV IgM antibodies and 60 patients were positive for CHIKV nucleic acids or ...


Cancer Prevalence In Pakistan: Meta-Analysis Of Various Published Studies To Determine Variation In Cancer Figures Resulting From Marked Population Heterogeneity In Different Parts Of The Country, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Ahmed Raheem, Zubair Ahmad 2018 Aga Khan University

Cancer Prevalence In Pakistan: Meta-Analysis Of Various Published Studies To Determine Variation In Cancer Figures Resulting From Marked Population Heterogeneity In Different Parts Of The Country, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Ahmed Raheem, Zubair Ahmad

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Pakistan’s population is ethnically diverse with distinct ethnic groups inhabiting various parts of the country. Cancer statistics obtained from specific regions populated by distinct ethnic groups may vary considerably. There is no national cancer registry. To determine whether there are indeed significant statistical differences in cancer incidence and prevalence, data was recorded from different parts of Pakistan based on the ethnic composition of the population in those parts.
Methods:
Ten papers (original articles) on cancer incidence and prevalence in Pakistan published in the last two decades were selected from PubMed and Google Scholar. Meta-analysis of findings of these ...


The Path Report Volume 2 Issue 1, Pathology Department, New York Medical College 2018 Touro College and University System

The Path Report Volume 2 Issue 1, Pathology Department, New York Medical College

Newsletters & Newspapers

No abstract provided.


Clinicopathologic Features Of Invasive Metaplastic And Micropapillary Breast Carcinoma: Comparison With Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Of Breast, Atif Ali Hashmi, Saher Aijaz, Raeesa Mahboob, Saadia Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Irfan, Narisa Iftikhar, Mariam Nisar, Maham Siddiqui, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Naveen Faridi, Amir Khan 2018 Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College

Clinicopathologic Features Of Invasive Metaplastic And Micropapillary Breast Carcinoma: Comparison With Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Of Breast, Atif Ali Hashmi, Saher Aijaz, Raeesa Mahboob, Saadia Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Irfan, Narisa Iftikhar, Mariam Nisar, Maham Siddiqui, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Naveen Faridi, Amir Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of metaplastic breast carcinoma and invasive micropapillary carcinoma in our population and also to compare the clinico-pathologic features of metaplastic breast carcinoma and invasive micropapillary carcinoma with invasive ductal carcinoma, not otherwise specified (IDC, NOS).
Result: 86.9% of the cases were identified as ductal carcinoma, NOS, while 2.2% were metaplastic and 0.76% cases were micropapillary carcinoma. Metaplastic carcinomas were found to be of higher grade as compared to IDC, NOS as 81% of metaplastic carcinoma were grade III compared to 35% IDC, NOS. 79% of metaplastic ...


In Wound Repair Vimentin Mediates The Transition Of Mesenchymal Leader Cells To A Myofibroblast Phenotype., J. L. Walker, B. M. Bleaken, A. R. Romisher, A. A. Alnwibit, A. S. Menko 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

In Wound Repair Vimentin Mediates The Transition Of Mesenchymal Leader Cells To A Myofibroblast Phenotype., J. L. Walker, B. M. Bleaken, A. R. Romisher, A. A. Alnwibit, A. S. Menko

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Following injury, mesenchymal repair cells are activated to function as leader cells that modulate wound healing. These cells have the potential to differentiate to myofibroblasts, resulting in fibrosis and scarring. The signals underlying these differing pathways are complex and incompletely understood. The ex vivo mock cataract surgery cultures are an attractive model with which to address this question. With this model we study, concurrently, the mechanisms that control mesenchymal leader cell function in injury repair within their native microenvironment and the signals that induce this same cell population to acquire a myofibroblast phenotype when these cells encounter the environment of ...


Distribution Of Chromosomal Abnormalities Commonly Observed In Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia In Pakistan As Predictors Of Prognosis, Muhammad Shariq Shaikh, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Mohammad Usman Shaikh, Salman Naseem Adil, Mohammad Khurshid, Tariq Moatter, Anila Rashid, Farheen Karim, Ahmed Raheem, Natasha Ali 2018 Aga Khan University

Distribution Of Chromosomal Abnormalities Commonly Observed In Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia In Pakistan As Predictors Of Prognosis, Muhammad Shariq Shaikh, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Mohammad Usman Shaikh, Salman Naseem Adil, Mohammad Khurshid, Tariq Moatter, Anila Rashid, Farheen Karim, Ahmed Raheem, Natasha Ali

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objectives: The heterogenous response to treatment in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) can be attributed largely to the difference in cytogenetic features identified in between cases. Cytogenetic analysis in acute leukemia is now routinely used to assist patient management, particularly in terms of diagnosis, disease monitoring, prognosis and risk stratification. Knowing about cytogenetic profile at the time of diagnosis is important in order to take critical decisions in management of these patients. The study was conducted to determine the distribution of cytogenetic abnormalities in Pakistani adult patients with AML in order to have insights regarding behavior of the disease.
Methods:
A ...


Non-Cancerous Abnormalities That Could Mimic Prostate Cancer Like Signal In Multi-Parametric Mri Images, Mena Gaed 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Non-Cancerous Abnormalities That Could Mimic Prostate Cancer Like Signal In Multi-Parametric Mri Images, Mena Gaed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Prostate Cancer (PCa) is the most common non-cutaneous cancer in North American men. Multi-parametric magnatic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has the potential to be used as a non-invasive procedure to predict locations and prognosis of PCa. This study aims to examine non-cancerous pathology lesions and normal histology that could mimic cancer in mpMRI signals. This study includes 19 radical prostatectomy specimens from the London Health Science Centre (LHSC) that were marked with 10 strand-shaped fiducials per specimen which were used as landmarks in histology processing and ex vivo MRI. Initial registration between fiducials on histology and MR images was performed followed ...


Inherited Bleeding Disorders-Experience Of A Not-For-Profit Organization In Pakistan, Shabneez Hussain, Shahida Baloch, Azra Parvin, Akbar Najmuddin, Farhana Musheer, Mubashra Junaid, Rab Nawaz Memon, Fareeda Bhanbhro, Hayat Ullah, Bushra Moiz 2018 Fatimid Foundation, Karachi, Pakistan

Inherited Bleeding Disorders-Experience Of A Not-For-Profit Organization In Pakistan, Shabneez Hussain, Shahida Baloch, Azra Parvin, Akbar Najmuddin, Farhana Musheer, Mubashra Junaid, Rab Nawaz Memon, Fareeda Bhanbhro, Hayat Ullah, Bushra Moiz

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Patient registry is a powerful tool for planning health care and setting groundwork for research. This survey reports a detailed registry of inherited bleeding disorders (IBD) and their management at a not-for-profit organization in a developing country to form the basis for planning development and research. We reviewed medical records of patients with IBD from 8 hemophilia treatment centers of Fatimid Foundation located in various cities. Information collected included sociodemographic data, diagnostic tests, severity of hemophilia A and B, number of bleeding episodes per year, site and frequency of hemarthrosis, and seropositivity for viral diseases. We analyzed 1497 patients from ...


Resistome Of Carbapenem- And Colistin-Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae Clinical Isolates, Sara Lomonaco, Matthew A. Crawford, Christine Lascols, Ruth E. Timme, Kevin Anderson, David R. Hodge, Debra J. Fisher, Segaran P. Pillai, Stephen A. Morse, Erum Khan 2018 U.S. Food & Drug Administration

Resistome Of Carbapenem- And Colistin-Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae Clinical Isolates, Sara Lomonaco, Matthew A. Crawford, Christine Lascols, Ruth E. Timme, Kevin Anderson, David R. Hodge, Debra J. Fisher, Segaran P. Pillai, Stephen A. Morse, Erum Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

The emergence and dissemination of carbapenemases, bacterial enzymes able to inactivate most β-lactam antibiotics, in Enterobacteriaceae is of increasing concern. The concurrent spread of resistance against colistin, an antibiotic of last resort, further compounds this challenge further. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) can play a significant role in the rapid and accurate detection/characterization of existing and emergent resistance determinants, an essential aspect of public health surveillance and response activities to combat the spread of antimicrobial resistant bacteria. In the current study, WGS data was used to characterize the genomic content of antimicrobial resistance genes, including those encoding carbapenemases, in 10 multidrug-resistant ...


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