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914 full-text articles. Page 1 of 33.

Intratumoral Heterogeneity Analysis Reveals Hidden Associations Between Protein Expression Losses And Patient Survival In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma., Wei Jiang, Essel Dulaimi, Karthik Devarajan, Theodore Parsons, Qiong Wang, Raymond O'Neill, Charalambos C. Solomides, Stephen C. Peiper, Joseph R. Testa, Robert Uzzo, Haifeng Yang 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Intratumoral Heterogeneity Analysis Reveals Hidden Associations Between Protein Expression Losses And Patient Survival In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma., Wei Jiang, Essel Dulaimi, Karthik Devarajan, Theodore Parsons, Qiong Wang, Raymond O'Neill, Charalambos C. Solomides, Stephen C. Peiper, Joseph R. Testa, Robert Uzzo, Haifeng Yang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) is a prominent feature of kidney cancer. It is not known whether it has utility in finding associations between protein expression and clinical parameters. We used ITH that is detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) to aid the association analysis between the loss of SWI/SNF components and clinical parameters.160 ccRCC tumors (40 per tumor stage) were used to generate tissue microarray (TMA). Four foci from different regions of each tumor were selected. IHC was performed against PBRM1, ARID1A, SETD2, SMARCA4, and SMARCA2. Statistical analyses were performed to correlate biomarker losses with patho-clinical parameters. Categorical variables were compared ...


H Emagglutinin-Based Polyanhydride Nanovaccines Against H5n1 Influenza Elicit Protective Virus Neutralizing Titers And Cell-Mediated Immunity, Kathleen Alaine Ross, Hyelee Park Loyd, Wuwei Wu, Lucas Mark Huntimer, Shaheen Ahmed, Anthony Sambol, Scott Broderick, Zachary Flickinger, Krishna Rajan, Tatiana Bronich, Surya K. Mallapragada, Michael J. Wannemuehler, Susan Long Carpenter, Balaji Narasimhan 2017 Iowa State University

H Emagglutinin-Based Polyanhydride Nanovaccines Against H5n1 Influenza Elicit Protective Virus Neutralizing Titers And Cell-Mediated Immunity, Kathleen Alaine Ross, Hyelee Park Loyd, Wuwei Wu, Lucas Mark Huntimer, Shaheen Ahmed, Anthony Sambol, Scott Broderick, Zachary Flickinger, Krishna Rajan, Tatiana Bronich, Surya K. Mallapragada, Michael J. Wannemuehler, Susan Long Carpenter, Balaji Narasimhan

Balaji Narasimhan

H5N1 avian influenza is a significant global concern with the potential to become the next pandemic threat. Recombinant subunit vaccines are an attractive alternative for pandemic vaccines compared to traditional vaccine technologies. In particular, polyanhydride nanoparticles encapsulating subunit proteins have been shown to enhance humoral and cell-mediated immunity and provide protection upon lethal challenge. In this work, a recombinant H5 hemagglutinin trimer (H53) was produced and encapsulated into polyanhydride nanoparticles. The studies performed indicated that the recombinant H53 antigen was a robust immunogen. Immunizing mice with H53 encapsulated into polyanhydride nanoparticles induced high neutralizing antibody titers and enhanced CD4+ T ...


Symptomatic Surgically Treated Non-Neoplastic Cysts Of The Central Nervous System: A Clinicopathological Study From Pakistan, Nasir Ud Din, Huma Arshad, Zubair Ahmad, Sheema H Hasan, Mohammad Ehsan Bar 2017 Aga Khan University

Symptomatic Surgically Treated Non-Neoplastic Cysts Of The Central Nervous System: A Clinicopathological Study From Pakistan, Nasir Ud Din, Huma Arshad, Zubair Ahmad, Sheema H Hasan, Mohammad Ehsan Bar

Zubair Ahmad

Objective: To report clinicopathologic features of symptomatic surgically removed non-neoplastic cysts of the central nervous system (CNS). Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from 2003 to 2012. Methodology: All non-neoplastic CNS cysts reported during the study period were retrieved and reviewed. Age, gender, location, histologic type and clinical features were noted. Results: A total of 124 cysts were diagnosed in the study period. These included 44 epidermoid cysts (mean age 30.5 ± 13.8 years), 35 colloid cysts (mean age 31 ± 13.2 years), 32 arachnoid cysts (mean age 24.8 ...


Sentinel Node Localisation Using Pre-Operative Lymphoscintigraphy And Intraoperative Gamma Probe In Early Oral Cavity Cancer, Mubasher Ikram, Shabbir Akhtar, Montasir Junaid, Tariq Dhari, Maseeh-uz Zaman, Riffat Hussain, Zubair Ahmad 2017 Aga Khan University

Sentinel Node Localisation Using Pre-Operative Lymphoscintigraphy And Intraoperative Gamma Probe In Early Oral Cavity Cancer, Mubasher Ikram, Shabbir Akhtar, Montasir Junaid, Tariq Dhari, Maseeh-Uz Zaman, Riffat Hussain, Zubair Ahmad

Zubair Ahmad

Objectives: To assess the diagnostic value of sentinel lymph node localisation using pre-operative lymphoscintigraphy and intra-operative gamma probe radio localisation in Pakistani patients suffering from early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity.
Methods: The prospective case series was conducted between September 2007 and April 2010 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. It comprised patients with T1and T2 oral cavity cancer with clinically and radiologically negative neck. Pre-operative lymphoscintigraphy was performed one day before surgery and intra-operative gamma probe was used to detect sentinel node. Final histo-pathological evaluation was taken as the gold standard.
Results: The study comprised ...


Hepatic Angiosarcoma With Metastasis To Small Intestine, Zubair Ahmad, Azizun Nisa, Romana Idrees, Khurram Minhas, Shahid Pervez, Khalid Mumtaz 2017 Aga Khan University

Hepatic Angiosarcoma With Metastasis To Small Intestine, Zubair Ahmad, Azizun Nisa, Romana Idrees, Khurram Minhas, Shahid Pervez, Khalid Mumtaz

Zubair Ahmad

Hepatic angiosarcomas are rare tumours with poor prognosis, with patients usually dying within 6 months. Metastases mainly occur in lymph nodes, spleen, lungs, bones and adrenals. Metastasis to small intestine is even rarer. Similarly, primary or metastatic angiosarcomas in small intestine are extremely rare, often present with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia, and have an extremely poor prognosis. Both primary or metastatic intestinal angiosarcomas may exhibit epithelioid morphology. It may be very difficult to differentiate between primary and secondary cases in intestine and especially when the tumour exhibits epithelioid morphology.


In-House Daily Consensus Conference: An Important Quality Control/Quality Assurance Activity--Experience At A Major Referral Center., Amna Khurshid, Zubair Ahmad, Asim Qureshi 2017 Aga Khan University

In-House Daily Consensus Conference: An Important Quality Control/Quality Assurance Activity--Experience At A Major Referral Center., Amna Khurshid, Zubair Ahmad, Asim Qureshi

Zubair Ahmad

Background:For every practicing histopathologist, improvement of diagnostic accuracy is an important objective. Personal consults are an important component of quality control (QC)/quality assurance (QA) in our Section of Histopathology. In addition, the College of American Pathologists recommends a daily in-house consensus conference, which is a prospective system by which all difficult and problematic cases are reviewed and discussed and signed out by consensus. Design: In-house consensus conference is held daily using a multi-headed microscope. This collegial session is run by the seniormost consultant in the section and is attended by all histopathology consultants and residents. The consultants and ...


Minimally Invasive Papillary Carcinoma Of The Extrahepatic Bile Ducts, Samia Fatima, Zubair Ahmad, Asim Qureshi, Khurram Minhas, Inam Pal 2017 Aga Khan Universtiy

Minimally Invasive Papillary Carcinoma Of The Extrahepatic Bile Ducts, Samia Fatima, Zubair Ahmad, Asim Qureshi, Khurram Minhas, Inam Pal

Zubair Ahmad

Invasive papillary carcinomas of the Extrahepatic Bile Ducts (EBD) are uncommon (4-5%). The course is less aggressive than conventional adenocarcinomas of the extrahepatic bile ducts. Non-invasive and minimally invasive papillary carcinomas are even rarer, behave as in-situ carcinomas and are associated with excellent long-term prognosis. A variety of lesions of the EBD that show papillary architecture should be distinguished from papillary carcinoma. Here, we report a case of papillary carcinoma of the common bile duct showing minimal invasion. Separation of invasive from non-invasive or minimally invasive papillary carcinoma is critical in estimating the patient outcome.


Metachronous Primary Cancers Of Colon And Stomac, Zubair Ahmad, Ayesha Memon, Khurram Minhas 2017 Aga Khan University

Metachronous Primary Cancers Of Colon And Stomac, Zubair Ahmad, Ayesha Memon, Khurram Minhas

Zubair Ahmad

Synchronous or metachronous occurrence of esophageal, gastric and colonic cancers is a very rare occurrence, although there are several case reports in literature. A case of a 41 years old man with metachronous cancers of colon and stomach is reported.


Histological Pattern Of Ovarian Neoplasma., Zubair Ahmad, Naila Kayani, Sheema H. Hasan, Suhail Muzaffar, Muhammad Shafiq Gill 2017 Agha Khan University

Histological Pattern Of Ovarian Neoplasma., Zubair Ahmad, Naila Kayani, Sheema H. Hasan, Suhail Muzaffar, Muhammad Shafiq Gill

Zubair Ahmad

Abstract Objective: To see the morphological pattern of benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms. Method: Retrospective study of all consecutive cases of ovarian neoplasms diagnosed at Aga Khan University Hospital between 1st January 1993 and 30th September 1998. Setting: The Section of Histopathology, AKUH, Karachi. Observation: Of 855 ovarian tumours 506 (59.18%) were benign and 349(40.81%) malignant. Surface epithelial - stromal tumours comprised 63.50% of all tumours. Benign cystic teratoma was the commonest benign tumour (35.17% of all benign tumours) and serous cystadenocarcinoma was the commonest malignant tumour (33.33% of all malignant tumours). Mucinous cystadenocarcinomas are ...


Dubin-Johnson Syndrome, Aziz-un Nisa, Zubair Ahmad 2017 Aga Khan University

Dubin-Johnson Syndrome, Aziz-Un Nisa, Zubair Ahmad

Zubair Ahmad

A young man presented with recurrent episodes of mild jaundice. Apart from conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, other liver function tests were always normal. Clinical suspicion of Dubin-Johnson syndrome was raised. Liver biopsy showed diffuse deposition of coarse granular dark brown pigment in hepatocytes. Dubin-Johnson syndrome is a benign condition, which results from a hereditary defect in biliary secretion of bilirubin pigments, and manifests as recurrent jaundice with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. The defect is due to the absence of the canalicular protein MRP2 located on chromosomes 10q 24, which is responsible for the transport of biliary glucuronides and related organic anions into bile. No ...


Frequency Of Primary Solid Malignant Neoplasms In Both Sexes, As Seen In Our Practice, Zubair Ahmad, Najamul Sahar Azad, Nausheen Yaqoob, Akhtar Husain, Aamir Ahsan, Ambreen Nasir Khan, Rashida Ahmed, Naila Kayani, Shahid Pervez, Sheema H. Hassan 2017 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Primary Solid Malignant Neoplasms In Both Sexes, As Seen In Our Practice, Zubair Ahmad, Najamul Sahar Azad, Nausheen Yaqoob, Akhtar Husain, Aamir Ahsan, Ambreen Nasir Khan, Rashida Ahmed, Naila Kayani, Shahid Pervez, Sheema H. Hassan

Zubair Ahmad

Background: To determine the frequency of various histologic types of primary solid malignant neoplasms in males and females, in our practice, in a large series of surgical biopdies.

Method: A retrospective study of 20,000 consecutive surgical biopsies in the section of Histopathology, Aga Khan University Hospital (AKU), Karachi, in 2004.

Results: Squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity was the commonest malignant neoplasm in males followed by diffuse Large B cell, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Prostatic adenocarcinoma. In females, infiltrating Ductal carcinoma of the breast was overwhelmingly the commonest malignant neoplasm followed by Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity ...


Clear Cell Papillary Cystadenoma Of Epididymis, A Mimic Of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma, Nausheen Yaqoob, Aamir Ahsan, Zubair Ahmad, Ambreen Nasir Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Clear Cell Papillary Cystadenoma Of Epididymis, A Mimic Of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma, Nausheen Yaqoob, Aamir Ahsan, Zubair Ahmad, Ambreen Nasir Khan

Zubair Ahmad

We discuss a case of 25 year old male who was evaluated for primary infertility following marriage. He had no previous history of urogenital complaints or abnormalities. In fact, his past medical history was unremarkable. On examination epididymal masses were found. Semen analysis showed azoospermia. Right epididymal mass was surgically excised. Histopathology showed an epididymal neoplasm composed of simple and complex papillary processes lining and filling the ducts. The tumor cells were clear and positive for cytoplasmic glycogen. Immunohistochemistry was also supportive. Diagnosis of clear cell papillary cystedenoma was made based on histopathological and immunohistochemical features.


Oral Iron Chelation Therapy With Deferiprone In Patients With Thalassemia Major, Raihan Sajid, Farooq Ghani, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Oral Iron Chelation Therapy With Deferiprone In Patients With Thalassemia Major, Raihan Sajid, Farooq Ghani, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid

Salman Naseem Adil

OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and adverse effects of deferiprone in patients with Thalassemia Major. METHODS: A prospective case series study was conducted at the Fatimid Foundation Blood Bank and Haematological Diseases center Lahore. A total of 87 patients entered into the study between September 2005 and November 2006. Deferiprone was given at subsidized rates at a dose of 75/mg/day for seven days. Physical examination and initial Laboratory investigations were done in all patients at the start of the study. Physical and laboratory data were filled on a questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 10.0. RESULTS: Eighty ...


Frequency Of Hereditary Thrombophilia: An Akuh Experience., Safoorah Khalid, Raihan Sajid, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Hereditary Thrombophilia: An Akuh Experience., Safoorah Khalid, Raihan Sajid, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid

Salman Naseem Adil

Abstract Objective: To determine the frequency of various causes of hereditary thrombophilia at a referral laboratory and the age and gender distribution. Methods: This is a descriptive study incorporating a retrospective analysis of requests for thrombophilia screening sent to Clinical laboratory, Aga Khan University Hospital from November 1995 to May 2002.Patients were screened for hereditary causes of thrombophilia including Protein C, Protein S, antithrombin III, Factor V Leiden and homocysteine. Frequency of each disorder; and age and sex distribution was determined. Results: All the patients suspected clinically for thrombophilia were screened. Of the 2825 patients, 70 were diagnosed to ...


Emergence Of Carbapenem Resistant Gram Negative And Vancomycin Resistant Gram Positive Organisms In Bacteremic Isolates Of Febrile Neutropenic Patients: A Descriptive Study., Seema Irfan, Faiza Idrees, Vikram Mehraj, Faizah Habib, Salman Adil, Rumina Hasan 2017 Aga Khan University

Emergence Of Carbapenem Resistant Gram Negative And Vancomycin Resistant Gram Positive Organisms In Bacteremic Isolates Of Febrile Neutropenic Patients: A Descriptive Study., Seema Irfan, Faiza Idrees, Vikram Mehraj, Faizah Habib, Salman Adil, Rumina Hasan

Salman Naseem Adil

Background:This study was conducted to evaluate drug resistance amongst bacteremic isolates of febrile neutropenic Patients with particular emphasis on emergence of carbapenem resistant Gram negative bacteria and vancomycin resistant Enterococcus species. Methods: A descriptive study was performed by reviewing the blood culture reports from febrile neutropenic Patients during the two study periods i.e., 1999-00 and 2001-06. Blood cultures were performed using BACTEC 9240 automated system. Isolates were identified and antibiotic sensitivities were done using standard microbiological procedures. Results: Seven twenty six febrile neutropenic Patients were admitted during the study period. A total of 5840 blood cultures were received ...


Chromosomal Abnormalities In Primary Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Anila Rashid, Mohammad Khurshid, Usman Shaikh, Salman Adil 2017 Aga Khan University

Chromosomal Abnormalities In Primary Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Anila Rashid, Mohammad Khurshid, Usman Shaikh, Salman Adil

Salman Naseem Adil

Objective: To determine the frequency of cytogenetic abnormalities in patients diagnosed as primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) using conventional karyotyping. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: The Clinical Laboratory, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, between January 2006 - June 2012. Methodology: Patients of all ages and either gender who fulfilled WHO criteria for MDS were included. Cytogenetic analysis was conducted at the time of diagnosis. Patients who had secondary MDS were excluded from analysis. Chromosome identification and karyotype description was done according to the International System for Chromosome Nomenclature (ISCN, 1995) and described as frequency percentage. Results: Out ...


Diagnostic Tool For Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Clinicopathologic Spectrum, Natasha Ali, Bushra Moiz, Usman Shaikh, Salman Adil, Bushra Rizvi, Yasmeen Rahman 2017 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Tool For Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Clinicopathologic Spectrum, Natasha Ali, Bushra Moiz, Usman Shaikh, Salman Adil, Bushra Rizvi, Yasmeen Rahman

Salman Naseem Adil

OBJECTIVE: To platelet aggregometry and describe the clinical spectrum of Glanzmann's thrombasthenia diagnosed by platelet aggregometry.

STUDY DESIGN: A case-series.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: This study was carried out at the clinical laboratories at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from January 2003 to January 2006.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients irrespective of age and gender presenting with bleeding symptoms and having normal platelet count were evaluated. Demographic details, relevant clinical history along with results of complete blood count, bleeding time and platelet aggregation studies were retrieved through computerized data base and evaluated for the diagnosis of Glanzmann ...


Aplastic Anemia: Clinicohaematological Features, Treatment And Outcome Analysis, Rabia Wali, Zehra Fidoo, Salman Adil, Muhammad Ahmed Naqvi 2017 Aga Khan University

Aplastic Anemia: Clinicohaematological Features, Treatment And Outcome Analysis, Rabia Wali, Zehra Fidoo, Salman Adil, Muhammad Ahmed Naqvi

Salman Naseem Adil

Objective: To determine the clinicohaematological features, treatment and outcome of children diagnosed with aplastic anemia at a single institution. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 1999 till December 2008. Methodology: Medical records of children aged less than 15 years of age diagnosed with aplastic anemia were reviewed. Clinicohaematological features, treatment and its response to therapy and outcome were recorded. Results were described in percentages. Results: Ninety patients were diagnosed to have aplastic anemia (AA); 65 were male during the study period. Age ranged from 1 to 15 years. Fever ...


Frequency Of Primary Solid Malignant Neoplasms In Both Sexes, As Seen In Our Practice, Zubair Ahmad, Najamul Sahar Azad, Nausheen Yaqoob, Akhtar Husain, Aamir Ahsan, Ambreen Nasir Khan, Rashida Ahmed, Naila Kayani, Shahid Pervez, Sheema H. Hassan 2017 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Primary Solid Malignant Neoplasms In Both Sexes, As Seen In Our Practice, Zubair Ahmad, Najamul Sahar Azad, Nausheen Yaqoob, Akhtar Husain, Aamir Ahsan, Ambreen Nasir Khan, Rashida Ahmed, Naila Kayani, Shahid Pervez, Sheema H. Hassan

Rashida Ahmed

Background: To determine the frequency of various histologic types of primary solid malignant neoplasms in males and females, in our practice, in a large series of surgical biopdies.

Method: A retrospective study of 20,000 consecutive surgical biopsies in the section of Histopathology, Aga Khan University Hospital (AKU), Karachi, in 2004.

Results: Squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity was the commonest malignant neoplasm in males followed by diffuse Large B cell, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Prostatic adenocarcinoma. In females, infiltrating Ductal carcinoma of the breast was overwhelmingly the commonest malignant neoplasm followed by Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity ...


Retinoblastoma Tells The Story Of Our Health Care System, Irshad Soomro, Muhammad Nadeem Khan, Suhail Muzaffar, Naila Kayani, Shahid Pervez, Akbar Shah Hussainy, Rashida Ahmed, Sheema H. Hasan 2017 Aga Khan University

Retinoblastoma Tells The Story Of Our Health Care System, Irshad Soomro, Muhammad Nadeem Khan, Suhail Muzaffar, Naila Kayani, Shahid Pervez, Akbar Shah Hussainy, Rashida Ahmed, Sheema H. Hasan

Rashida Ahmed

Objective: To review cases of retinoblastoma. Setting: Department of Pathology Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi. Method: Twenty three specimens from cases of retinoblastoma received over a period of eight years were routinely processes and stained with haematoxylin and Eosin stain Other stains were used for tuberculosis and melanin. Immunochemistry was resorted to in undifferentiated tumors. Results: Over 60% cases of retinoblastoma were diagnosed after 5 years and nine cases showed involvement of opti-nerve. Conclusion: Late diagnosis of retinoblastoma effects the stage of the tumors and the prognisis.


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