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Diagnostic Accuracy Of Different Cut-Off Values Of Adenosine Deaminase Levels In Tuberculous Pleural Effusion, Kiran Iqbal Masood, Shayan Shahid, Kauser Jabeen, Joveria Farooqi, Sabeika Raza Kerawala, Muhammad Irfan 2023 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Different Cut-Off Values Of Adenosine Deaminase Levels In Tuberculous Pleural Effusion, Kiran Iqbal Masood, Shayan Shahid, Kauser Jabeen, Joveria Farooqi, Sabeika Raza Kerawala, Muhammad Irfan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of different cut-off values of pleural fluid adenosine deaminase levels as a diagnostic method for tuberculous pleural effusion.
Method: The prospective study was conducted from 2014 to 2016 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised pleural fluid samples of adult patients with and without tuberculosis which were tested for adenosine deaminase levels, and divided into tuberculosis group A and non-tuberculosis group B. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value were calculated using different cut-offs. Data was analysed using IBM SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 21.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, …


Congenital Giant Juvenile Xanthogranuloma, Let It Be, Michael Carletti, Daniel A. Nguyen, Joseph S. Susa, Stephen E. Weis 2022 Medical City Fort Worth / UNTHSC - Dermatology Residency Program

Congenital Giant Juvenile Xanthogranuloma, Let It Be, Michael Carletti, Daniel A. Nguyen, Joseph S. Susa, Stephen E. Weis

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a rare type of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. JXGs are benign and have a self-limiting course generally lasting 6 months to 3 years, with some reported durations longer than 6 years. We present a rarer congenital giant variant, defined as lesions with a diameter larger than 2 cm. It is uncertain if the natural history of giant xanthogranulomas is similar to the usual JXG. We followed a 5-month-old patient with a 3.5 cm in diameter, histopathologically-confirmed, congenital, giant JXG located on the right side of her upper back. The patient was seen every 6 months for 2.5 …


Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report, Jennie Tan, Jamie Johnson-Eddy, Wesley Tang, Yanchun Li 2022 Kettering Medical Center

Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report, Jennie Tan, Jamie Johnson-Eddy, Wesley Tang, Yanchun Li

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

This report aims to review a case of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) by comparing the patient's course with the current literature.

BIA-ALCL is a specific type of T-cell lymphoma that can develop after breast implantation, but has only recently been recognized within the last decade. Although overall rare, certain types of breast implants have increased association with developing subsequent lymphoma. This case occurred after mastectomy with breast reconstruction for unilateral invasive ductal carcinoma with a textured, saline Allergan breast implant. BIA-ALCL manifested and was symptomatic nine years after implantation.


A Rare Case Of Extra-Ventricular Supra-Sellar Neurocytoma – A Diagnostic Conundrum, Rohan Karkra, Suchitha Satish, Peri Keerthi 2022 JSS Medical College, JSSAHER

A Rare Case Of Extra-Ventricular Supra-Sellar Neurocytoma – A Diagnostic Conundrum, Rohan Karkra, Suchitha Satish, Peri Keerthi

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

The brain and its associated structures are often the primary source or site of metastases for many tumors. Neurocytoma is a relatively rare neuronal neoplasm, first described as an intra-ventricular tumor that is not known to be very aggressive. It constitutes less than 0.5% of CNS neoplasms. Extraventricular Neurocytoma (EVN) is an extremely rare variant, of which only 12 cases have ever been reported in the supra-sellar region. In all of these 12 cases, the patient was initially misdiagnosed; hence, this condition is a diagnostic conundrum. Grossly, the tumor is firm and smooth with extensive blood supply and fibrous tissue. …


Human Dectin-1 Deficiency Impairs Macrophage-Mediated Defense Against Phaeohyphomycosis, Rebecca A. Drummond, Jigar V. Desai, Amy P. Hsu, Vasileios Oikonomou, Donald C. Vinh, Joshua A. Acklin, Michael S. Abers, Magdalena A. Walkiewicz, Sarah L. Anzick, Muthulekha Swamydas, Simon Vautier, Mukil Natarajan, Andrew J. Oler, Daisuke Yamanaka, Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Yoichiro Iwakura, David Bianchi, Brian Driscoll, Ken Hauck, Ahnika Kline, Nicholas S.P. Viall, Christa S. Zerbe, Elise M.N. Ferré, Monica M. Schmitt, Tom DiMaggio, Stefania Pittaluga, John A. Butman, Adrian M. Zelazny, Yvonne R. Shea, Cesar A. Arias, Cameron Ashbaugh, Maryam Mahmood, Zelalem Temesgen, Alexander G. Theofiles, Masayuki Nigo, Varsha Moudgal, Karen C. Bloch, Sean G. Kelly, M. Suzanne Whitworth, Ganesh Rao, Cindy J. Whitener, Neema Mafi, Juan Gea-Banacloche, Lawrence C. Kenyon, William R. Miller, Katia Boggian, Andrea Gilbert, Matthew Sincock, Alexandra F. Freeman, John E. Bennett, Rodrigo Hasbun, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, Yasmine Belkaid, Gordon D. Brown, Jean K. Lim, Douglas B. Kuhns, Steven M. Holland, Michail S. Lionakis 2022 National Institutes of Health

Human Dectin-1 Deficiency Impairs Macrophage-Mediated Defense Against Phaeohyphomycosis, Rebecca A. Drummond, Jigar V. Desai, Amy P. Hsu, Vasileios Oikonomou, Donald C. Vinh, Joshua A. Acklin, Michael S. Abers, Magdalena A. Walkiewicz, Sarah L. Anzick, Muthulekha Swamydas, Simon Vautier, Mukil Natarajan, Andrew J. Oler, Daisuke Yamanaka, Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Yoichiro Iwakura, David Bianchi, Brian Driscoll, Ken Hauck, Ahnika Kline, Nicholas S.P. Viall, Christa S. Zerbe, Elise M.N. Ferré, Monica M. Schmitt, Tom Dimaggio, Stefania Pittaluga, John A. Butman, Adrian M. Zelazny, Yvonne R. Shea, Cesar A. Arias, Cameron Ashbaugh, Maryam Mahmood, Zelalem Temesgen, Alexander G. Theofiles, Masayuki Nigo, Varsha Moudgal, Karen C. Bloch, Sean G. Kelly, M. Suzanne Whitworth, Ganesh Rao, Cindy J. Whitener, Neema Mafi, Juan Gea-Banacloche, Lawrence C. Kenyon, William R. Miller, Katia Boggian, Andrea Gilbert, Matthew Sincock, Alexandra F. Freeman, John E. Bennett, Rodrigo Hasbun, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, Yasmine Belkaid, Gordon D. Brown, Jean K. Lim, Douglas B. Kuhns, Steven M. Holland, Michail S. Lionakis

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis typically affects immunocompetent individuals following traumatic inoculation. Severe or disseminated infection can occur in CARD9 deficiency or after transplantation, but the mechanisms protecting against phaeohyphomycosis remain unclear. We evaluated a patient with progressive, refractory Corynespora cassiicola phaeohyphomycosis and found that he carried biallelic deleterious mutations in CLEC7A encoding the CARD9-coupled, β-glucan-binding receptor, Dectin-1. The patient's PBMCs failed to produce TNF-α and IL-1β in response to β-glucan and/or C. cassiicola. To confirm the cellular and molecular requirements for immunity against C. cassiicola, we developed a mouse model of this infection. Mouse macrophages required Dectin-1 and CARD9 for IL-1β and …


Clinicopathologic Features Of Renal Cell Carcinomas Seen At The Aga Khan University Hospital In Kenya, Anderson Mutuiri, Samuel Gakinya 2022 Aga Khan University

Clinicopathologic Features Of Renal Cell Carcinomas Seen At The Aga Khan University Hospital In Kenya, Anderson Mutuiri, Samuel Gakinya

Pathology, East Africa

Introduction: Kidney cancer accounted for 1. 8% of global cancer deaths according to Globocan 2020 estimates, with most of these being renal cell carcinomas. Lower rates of renal cell carcinoma are reported for Africa and these are expected to change for a combination of reasons. The clinical and morphologic characteristics of renal cell carcinoma seen within Kenya have not been described before. This study aims to partially fill this gap.

Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study examining electronic histopathology reports from the Aga Khan University Hospital Nairobi Laboratory for the period January 2016 to May 2022.

Results: …


Case Report: Autoimmune Anemia And Thrombocytopenia Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant, Thomas Cochran, Gabor Oroszi, Nancy Terwilliger, Gabe Metzler, Lejla Music Aplenc 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Case Report: Autoimmune Anemia And Thrombocytopenia Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant, Thomas Cochran, Gabor Oroszi, Nancy Terwilliger, Gabe Metzler, Lejla Music Aplenc

Posters

Background: Autoimmune cytopenias (AIC) post hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) are rare but exceptionally challenging complications. Here, we report anti E, warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (WAIHA), cold autoantibody, polyagglutination and immune thrombocytopenia in a 5-year-old boy with a history of chronic granulomatous disease, who underwent an ABO incompatible, mismatched (9/10) unrelated HSCT. Study design: Case report. Four months after HSCT, the patient was admitted for fever, fatigue, and decreased appetite. His original blood type was O+ and donor’s blood type B+. Prior to the admission he was transfused with 2 doses of red cells and 2 doses of platelets. On …


Vaginal Microbiota In Women With Spontaneous Preterm Labor Versus Those With Term Labor In Kenya: A Case Control Study, Edgar Gulavi, Fridah Mwendwa, David Atandi, Patricia Okiro, Michael Hall, Robert G. Beiko, Rodney Adam 2022 Aga Khan University

Vaginal Microbiota In Women With Spontaneous Preterm Labor Versus Those With Term Labor In Kenya: A Case Control Study, Edgar Gulavi, Fridah Mwendwa, David Atandi, Patricia Okiro, Michael Hall, Robert G. Beiko, Rodney Adam

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Preterm birth is a global problem with about 12% of births in sub-Saharan Africa occurring before 37 weeks of gestation. Several studies have explored a potential association between vaginal microbiota and preterm birth, and some have found an association while others have not. We performed a study designed to determine whether there is an association with vaginal microbiota and/or placental microbiota and preterm birth in an African setting.

Methods: Women presenting to the study hospital in labor with a gestational age of 26 to 36 weeks plus six days were prospectively enrolled in a study of the …


Pleomorphic Dermal Sarcoma: A Clinical And Histopathologic Emulator Of Atypical Fibroxanthoma, But Different Biologic Behavior, Michael Carletti, Daniel A. Nguyen, Peter Malouf, Zachary Ingersoll, Gregory A. Hosler, Stephen E. Weis 2022 Medical City Fort Worth / UNTHSC - Dermatology Residency Program

Pleomorphic Dermal Sarcoma: A Clinical And Histopathologic Emulator Of Atypical Fibroxanthoma, But Different Biologic Behavior, Michael Carletti, Daniel A. Nguyen, Peter Malouf, Zachary Ingersoll, Gregory A. Hosler, Stephen E. Weis

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Pleomorphic dermal sarcoma (PDS) can clinically and histopathologically mimic atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX). However, it has a more aggressive clinical course with a higher recurrence rate and metastatic potential. This case presentation aims to report a rapidly-growing, exophytic, 4 cm tumor following a non-diagnostic shave biopsy 2 months prior and to highlight distinctive features between PDS and AFX needed to make the correct diagnosis. Like AFX, PDS occurs on the sun-damaged skin of the elderly, usually on the head and neck. Also, like AFX, PDS histopathologically consists of sheets or fascicles of epithelioid and/or spindle-shaped cells, often with multinucleation, pleomorphism, and …


Respiratory Virus Surveillance Among Children With Acute Respiratory Illnesses - New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, 2016-2021., Ariana Perez, Joana Y. Lively, Aaron Curns, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Natasha B. Halasa, Mary Allen Staat, Peter G. Szilagyi, Laura S. Stewart, Monica M. McNeal, Benjamin Clopper, Yingtao Zhou, Brett L. Whitaker, Elizabeth LeMasters, Elizabeth Harker, Janet A. Englund, Eileen J. Klein, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Christopher J. Harrison, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, John V. Williams, Gayle E. Langley, Susan I. Gerber, Angela Campbell, Aron J. Hall, Brian Rha, Meredith McMorrow, New Vaccine Surveillance Network Collaborators 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Respiratory Virus Surveillance Among Children With Acute Respiratory Illnesses - New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, 2016-2021., Ariana Perez, Joana Y. Lively, Aaron Curns, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Natasha B. Halasa, Mary Allen Staat, Peter G. Szilagyi, Laura S. Stewart, Monica M. Mcneal, Benjamin Clopper, Yingtao Zhou, Brett L. Whitaker, Elizabeth Lemasters, Elizabeth Harker, Janet A. Englund, Eileen J. Klein, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Christopher J. Harrison, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, John V. Williams, Gayle E. Langley, Susan I. Gerber, Angela Campbell, Aron J. Hall, Brian Rha, Meredith Mcmorrow, New Vaccine Surveillance Network Collaborators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The New Vaccine Surveillance Network (NVSN) is a prospective, active, population-based surveillance platform that enrolls children with acute respiratory illnesses (ARIs) at seven pediatric medical centers. ARIs are caused by respiratory viruses including influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs), and most recently SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19), which result in morbidity among infants and young children (1-6). NVSN estimates the incidence of pathogen-specific pediatric ARIs and collects clinical data (e.g., underlying medical conditions and vaccination status) to assess risk factors for severe disease and calculate influenza and COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness. Current NVSN …


Repeat Tracheal Aspirates In Pediatric Intensive Care Patients: Frequency, Resistance And Antimicrobial Use, Edward Lyon, Jennifer Goldman, Brian Lee, Margaret Campbell, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Elizabeth Monsees 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Repeat Tracheal Aspirates In Pediatric Intensive Care Patients: Frequency, Resistance And Antimicrobial Use, Edward Lyon, Jennifer Goldman, Brian Lee, Margaret Campbell, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Elizabeth Monsees

Posters

Background: Tracheal aspirates (TA) are frequently obtained in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU); however, no data exists on the frequency or clinical management of multiple TA cultures on the same PICU patient. In this study, we describe the frequency of repeat TAs in PICU patients, the emergence of multidrug resistant organisms (MDRO), frequently cultured pathogens of TAs, and associated antibiotic prescribing patterns. Methods: We identified 70 PICU patients between 2018-2019 who met our criteria for retrospective chart review with ≥2 TAs obtained during their hospitalization. The following information was collected: patient demographics, number of TAs per patient, microbiology with …


Increased Eosinophils In The Muscularis Propria Of Appendix May Indicate Early Symptomatic Appendicitis, P L. Zhang, Z Qu 2022 Beaumont Health

Increased Eosinophils In The Muscularis Propria Of Appendix May Indicate Early Symptomatic Appendicitis, P L. Zhang, Z Qu

Conference Presentation Abstracts

Background: The presence of neutrophils in muscularis propria is known to best correlate with clinical symptoms of acute appendicitis. Eosinophils present in the muscularis propria were noted in cases of acute appendicitis in 2000 (Carr, NJ. Annal of Diagnostic Pathology 2000;4:46–58), but the significance of their presence there has been unclear. The goal of this study was to investigate whether increased eosinophils in muscularis propria could be correlated with early symptoms of patients with clinical diagnosis of symptomatic appendicitis.

Methods: Seventeen patients with clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis were identified as having acute symptomatology, but the resection specimens displayed a …


Paneth Cell-Like Granules In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinomas Are Cd68 And Lysozyme Positive Lysosomes, P L. Zhang 2022 Beaumont Health

Paneth Cell-Like Granules In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinomas Are Cd68 And Lysozyme Positive Lysosomes, P L. Zhang

Conference Presentation Abstracts

Background:Paneth cells with features ofneuroendocrine differentiation can be seen inmultiple organs and various tumours. Paneth cell-likegranules in clear cell renal cell carcinomas (RCC)have previously been reported, but are found noexpression of neuroendocrine markers. Given thatclear cell RCC are rich in phagocytic factors, wehypothesized that the Paneth cell-like granules inclear cell RCC were associated with lysosomes.Methods:In this study, 72 different renal tumoursincluded 42 clear cell RCC, 16 papillary RCC, 5 clearcell papillary RCC, 6 chromophobe RCC, 2 urothelialcarcinomas and one unclassified RCC. All tumourswere evaluated for the Paneth cell-like granules onhaematoxylin & eosin stained sections. In addition,PAS-D staining, immunohistochemical stains andelectron …


Prevalence Of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis In Nonspecific Allergic Sinusitis, P L. Zhang, H D. Kanaan 2022 Beaumont Health

Prevalence Of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis In Nonspecific Allergic Sinusitis, P L. Zhang, H D. Kanaan

Conference Presentation Abstracts

Background: Increased eosinophils in sinus contents are regarded as nonspecific allergic sinusitis. However there are only a few studies addressing the rate of fungal infection associated allergic fungal sinusitis in non-specific allergic sinusitis. This study was to identify the prevalence of allergic fungal sinusitis in the sinus content specimens with increased eosinophils. Methods: A computer search for allergic sinusitis was done over a 4 year period of time. And allergic fungal sinusitis was individually identified within listed allergic sinusitis cases. Each individual case of allergic fungal sinusitis was reviewed in correlation with sinus culture findings and the prevalence of allergic …


Informing Healthcare Operations With Integrated Pathology, Clinical, And Epidemiology Data: Lessons From A Single Institution In Kenya During Covid-19 Waves, Allan Njau, Jemimah Kimeu, Jaimini Gohil, David Nganga 2022 Aga Khan University

Informing Healthcare Operations With Integrated Pathology, Clinical, And Epidemiology Data: Lessons From A Single Institution In Kenya During Covid-19 Waves, Allan Njau, Jemimah Kimeu, Jaimini Gohil, David Nganga

Pathology, East Africa

Pathology, clinical care teams, and public health experts often operate in silos. We hypothesized that large data sets from laboratories when integrated with other healthcare data can provide evidence that can be used to optimize planning for healthcare needs, often driven by health-seeking or delivery behavior. From the hospital information system, we extracted raw data from tests performed from 2019 to 2021, prescription drug usage, and admission patterns from pharmacy and nursing departments during the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya (March 2020 to December 2021). Proportions and rates were calculated. Regression models were created, and a t-test for differences between …


Igg Antibodies To Sars-Cov-2 In Asymptomatic Blood Donors At Two Time Points In Karachi, Muhammad Hasan, Bushra Moiz, Shama Qaiser, Kiran I. Masood, Zara Ghous, Areeba Hussain, Natasha Bahadur Ali, Syed Hani Abidi, Kulsoom Ghias, Erum Khan, Zahra Hasan 2022 Aga Khan University

Igg Antibodies To Sars-Cov-2 In Asymptomatic Blood Donors At Two Time Points In Karachi, Muhammad Hasan, Bushra Moiz, Shama Qaiser, Kiran I. Masood, Zara Ghous, Areeba Hussain, Natasha Bahadur Ali, Syed Hani Abidi, Kulsoom Ghias, Erum Khan, Zahra Hasan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: An estimated 1.5 million cases were reported in Pakistan until 23 March, 2022. However, SARS-CoV-2 PCR testing capacity has been limited and the incidence of COVID-19 infections is unknown. Volunteer healthy blood donors can be a control population for assessment of SARS-CoV-2 exposure in the population. We determined COVID-19 seroprevalence during the second pandemic wave in Karachi in donors without known infections or symptoms in 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
Materials and methods: We enrolled 558 healthy blood donors at the Aga Khan University Hospital between December 2020 and February 2021. ABO blood groups were determined. Serum IgG reactivity …


A Rare Metastatic Primary Rectal Melanoma In A Geriatric Male, Onyinye Ugonabo, Mujtaba Mohamed, Ebubechukwu Ezeh, Joseph Simmons, Jonathan Cuda, shima ghavimi 2022 Marshall University

A Rare Metastatic Primary Rectal Melanoma In A Geriatric Male, Onyinye Ugonabo, Mujtaba Mohamed, Ebubechukwu Ezeh, Joseph Simmons, Jonathan Cuda, Shima Ghavimi

Internal Medicine

Primary rectal melanoma (PRM) is an uncommon malignancy whose etiology remains unknown. Most patients present with rectal bleeding. Distant metastasis is commonly seen in the lung and liver. The incidence rates for locoregional lymph node metastases on initial presentation are almost 60%. Histology and immunochemistry are useful and are the gold standard for diagnosis. The prognosis is very poor due to the late presentation of patients. Optimum surgical treatment remains controversial. Abdominoperineal resection was considered traditionally but over time, has been found to have no survival benefit. Current literature and studies, therefore, recommend wide local excision. The beneficial effects of …


Reporting Of Mycetoma Cases From Skin And Soft Tissue Biopsies Over A Period Of Ten Years: A Single Center Report And Literature Review From Pakistan, Mohammad Zeeshan, Saira Fatima, Joveria Farooqi, Kauser Jabeen, Arsalan Ahmed, Afreen Haq, Muhammad Omer Arif, Afia Zafar 2022 Aga Khan University

Reporting Of Mycetoma Cases From Skin And Soft Tissue Biopsies Over A Period Of Ten Years: A Single Center Report And Literature Review From Pakistan, Mohammad Zeeshan, Saira Fatima, Joveria Farooqi, Kauser Jabeen, Arsalan Ahmed, Afreen Haq, Muhammad Omer Arif, Afia Zafar

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Mycetoma is an important neglected tropical disease associated with debilitation, disfigurement and death if not diagnosed and treated adequately. In Pakistan, mycetoma cases have frequently been diagnosed in histopathology and microbiology laboratories. However, there is scarcity of published data from this country. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the frequency and type of mycetoma reported in skin and soft tissue biopsies from a single center over 10 years and review of published literature from Pakistan.
Method: This descriptive observational retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital laboratory, Karachi, Pakistan. Laboratory data from 2009-2018 …


Use Of Autoreactive Antibodies In Blood Of Patients With Pancreatic Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms (Ipmn) For Grade Distinction And Detection Of Malignancy, Niall Brindl, Henning Boekhoff, Andrea S Bauer, Matthias M Gaida, Hien Dang, Jörg Kaiser, Jörg D Hoheisel, Klaus Felix 2022 Heidelberg University Hospital

Use Of Autoreactive Antibodies In Blood Of Patients With Pancreatic Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms (Ipmn) For Grade Distinction And Detection Of Malignancy, Niall Brindl, Henning Boekhoff, Andrea S Bauer, Matthias M Gaida, Hien Dang, Jörg Kaiser, Jörg D Hoheisel, Klaus Felix

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

(1) Background: A reliable non-invasive distinction between low- and high-risk pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) is needed to effectively detect IPMN with malignant potential. This would improve preventative care and reduce the risk of developing pancreatic cancer and overtreatment. The present study aimed at exploring the presence of autoreactive antibodies in the blood of patients with IPMN of various grades of dysplasia. (2) Methods: A single-center cohort was studied composed of 378 serum samples from patients with low-grade IPMN (n = 91), high-grade IPMN (n = 66), IPMN with associated invasive cancer (n = 30), pancreatic …


Publication Dynamics: What Can Be Done To Eliminate Barriers To Publishing Full Manuscripts By The Postgraduate Trainees Of A Low-Middle Income Country?, Hafsa Majid, Lena Jafri, Sibtain Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Mohammad Aamir, Aamir Ijaz, Aysha Habib Khan, Imran Siddiqui 2022 Aga Khan University

Publication Dynamics: What Can Be Done To Eliminate Barriers To Publishing Full Manuscripts By The Postgraduate Trainees Of A Low-Middle Income Country?, Hafsa Majid, Lena Jafri, Sibtain Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Mohammad Aamir, Aamir Ijaz, Aysha Habib Khan, Imran Siddiqui

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the publication rate of free paper abstracts presented by the postgraduate (PG) trainees and determine the reasons for non-publication. A mixed methods study was conducted. PG trainees presenting free papers at the at the Pakistan Society of Chemical Pathologist conferences from 2012 to 2018 were included. Three databases were searched to identify if the abstracts were published or not. The PG trainee authors of abstracts not published as full manuscript, were surveyed to determine the barriers and challenges in publishing a manuscript.
Results: The average rate of full manuscript publication was 51.8% (n = …


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