Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pathology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,717 Full-Text Articles 6,331 Authors 153,031 Downloads 62 Institutions

All Articles in Pathology

Faceted Search

1,717 full-text articles. Page 1 of 66.

Role Of Ampk And Akt In Triple Negative Breast Cancer Lung Colonization, Jeremy Johnson, Zeta Chow, Eun Young Lee, Heidi L. Weiss, B. Mark Evers, Piotr G. Rychahou 2021 University of Kentucky

Role Of Ampk And Akt In Triple Negative Breast Cancer Lung Colonization, Jeremy Johnson, Zeta Chow, Eun Young Lee, Heidi L. Weiss, B. Mark Evers, Piotr G. Rychahou

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive disease with a 5-y relative survival rate of 11% after distant metastasis. To survive the metastatic cascade, tumor cells remodel their signaling pathways by regulating energy production and upregulating survival pathways. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and Akt regulate energy homeostasis and survival, however, the individual or synergistic role of AMPK and Akt isoforms during lung colonization by TNBC cells is unknown. The purpose of this study was to establish whether targeting Akt, AMPKα or both Akt and AMPKα isoforms in circulating cancer cells can suppress TNBC lung colonization. Transient silencing of Akt1 ...


Association Between Obesity And Histological Tumor Budding In Patients With Nonmetastatic Colon Cancer, Tong Gan, Kurt B. Schaberg, Daheng He, Akila Mansour, Harit Kapoor, Chi Wang, B. Mark Evers, Therese J. Bocklage 2021 University of Kentucky

Association Between Obesity And Histological Tumor Budding In Patients With Nonmetastatic Colon Cancer, Tong Gan, Kurt B. Schaberg, Daheng He, Akila Mansour, Harit Kapoor, Chi Wang, B. Mark Evers, Therese J. Bocklage

Surgery Faculty Publications

Importance: Obesity is associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) and a more aggressive disease course. Tumor budding (TB) is an important prognostic factor for CRC, but its association with obesity is unknown.

Objective: To evaluate the association of TB with obesity and other prognostic factors in colon cancer.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study involved a histological review of colon cancer specimens obtained during 7 years (January 2008 to December 2015) at the University of Kentucky Medical Center; data analysis was conducted from February 2020 to January 2021. Specimens came from 200 patients with stage I to ...


Novel Fusion Ktn1-Prkd1 In Cribriform Adenocarcinoma Of Salivary Glands Located In The Parotid Gland: Case Report Including Cytologic Findings, Treeva K. Jassim, T. Sheng, Shulin Zhang, Sainan Wei, Susanne M. Arnold, Alexandra E. Kejner, Therese J. Bocklage, Julie C. Dueber 2021 University of Kentucky

Novel Fusion Ktn1-Prkd1 In Cribriform Adenocarcinoma Of Salivary Glands Located In The Parotid Gland: Case Report Including Cytologic Findings, Treeva K. Jassim, T. Sheng, Shulin Zhang, Sainan Wei, Susanne M. Arnold, Alexandra E. Kejner, Therese J. Bocklage, Julie C. Dueber

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Background
Cribriform adenocarcinoma of salivary glands (CASG) is a rare, predominantly minor salivary gland tumor first described in 1999. Because the tumor shares morphologic and molecular features with polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC), in 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) included CASG within the spectrum of PAC. Almost 75% of CASG harbor molecular alterations in the PRKD (Protein kinase D) gene family, and some cases show ARID1A (AT-rich interaction domain 1A)-PRKD1 or DDX3X (DEAD-Box Helicase 3 X-Linked)-PRKD1 fusions.

Case presentation
A 39-year-old man presented with headache and painless right cheek mass of two years duration. Imaging showed a well-circumscribed, lobulated ...


Space-Occupying Brain Lesions, Trauma-Related Tau Astrogliopathy, And Artag: A Report Of Two Cases And A Literature Review, Adam D. Bachstetter, Filip G. Garrett, Gregory A. Jicha, Peter T. Nelson 2021 University of Kentucky

Space-Occupying Brain Lesions, Trauma-Related Tau Astrogliopathy, And Artag: A Report Of Two Cases And A Literature Review, Adam D. Bachstetter, Filip G. Garrett, Gregory A. Jicha, Peter T. Nelson

Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center Faculty Publications

Astrocytes with intracellular accumulations of misfolded phosphorylated tau protein have been observed in advanced-stage chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and in other neurodegenerative conditions. There is a growing awareness that astrocytic tau inclusions are also relatively common in the brains of persons over 70 years of age-affecting approximately one-third of autopsied individuals. The pathologic hallmarks of aging-related tau astrogliopathy (ARTAG) include phosphorylated tau protein within thorn-shaped astrocytes (TSA) in subpial, subependymal, perivascular, and white matter regions, whereas granular-fuzzy astrocytes are often seen in gray matter. CTE and ARTAG share molecular and histopathologic characteristics, suggesting that trauma-related mechanism(s) may predispose to ...


Lung Epithelial Cell Transcriptional Regulation As A Factor In Covid-19 Associated Coagulopathies, Ethan S. FitzGerald, Yongzhi Chen, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Amanda M. Jamieson 2021 Brown University

Lung Epithelial Cell Transcriptional Regulation As A Factor In Covid-19 Associated Coagulopathies, Ethan S. Fitzgerald, Yongzhi Chen, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Amanda M. Jamieson

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

SARS-CoV-2 has rapidly become a global pandemic. In addition to the acute pulmonary symptoms of COVID-19 (the disease associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection), pulmonary and distal coagulopathies have caused morbidity and mortality in many patients. Currently, the molecular pathogenesis underlying COVID-19 associated coagulopathies are unknown. Identifying the molecular basis of how SARS-CoV-2 drives coagulation is essential to mitigating short and long term thrombotic risks of sick and recovered COVID-19 patients. We aimed to perform coagulation focused transcriptome analysis of in vitro infected primary respiratory epithelial cells, patient derived bronchial alveolar lavage (BALF) cells, and circulating immune cells during SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our ...


Ovarian Seromucinous Tumors: Clinicopathological Features Of 10 Cases With A Detailed Review Of The Literature, Romana Idress, Nasir Ud Din, Sabeehuddin Siddique, Saira Fatima, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Zubair Ahmad 2021 Aga Khan University

Ovarian Seromucinous Tumors: Clinicopathological Features Of 10 Cases With A Detailed Review Of The Literature, Romana Idress, Nasir Ud Din, Sabeehuddin Siddique, Saira Fatima, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Zubair Ahmad

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The 2014 WHO Classification of ovarian neoplasms introduced a new entity of seromucinous tumors associated with endometriosis. These tumors encompassed a spectrum from benign to malignant and included seromucinous cystadenoma/ cystadenofibroma, seromucinous borderline tumor/atypical proliferative seromucinous tumor and seromucinous carcinoma. However, the 2020 WHO Classification of Female Genital Tumours removed seromucinous carcinomas as a distinct entity and recategorized them as Endometrioid carcinomas with mucinous differentiation. Here we describe clinico-morphologic features of seromucinous tumors recategorizing cases originally diagnosed as seromucinous carcinoma in light of 2020 WHO classification and present detailed review of literature.
Methods: Slides of seromucinous tumors were ...


Artificial Intelligence (Ai) In Medicine, Current Applications And Future Role With Special Emphasis On Its Potential And Promise In Pathology: Present And Future Impact, Obstacles Including Costs And Acceptance Among Pathologists, Practical And Philosophical Considerations. A Comprehensive Review, Zubair Ahmad, Shabina Rahim, Maha Zubair, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar 2021 Aga Khan University

Artificial Intelligence (Ai) In Medicine, Current Applications And Future Role With Special Emphasis On Its Potential And Promise In Pathology: Present And Future Impact, Obstacles Including Costs And Acceptance Among Pathologists, Practical And Philosophical Considerations. A Comprehensive Review, Zubair Ahmad, Shabina Rahim, Maha Zubair, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The role of Artificial intelligence (AI) which is defined as the ability of computers to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence is constantly expanding. Medicine was slow to embrace AI. However, the role of AI in medicine is rapidly expanding and promises to revolutionize patient care in the coming years. In addition, it has the ability to democratize high level medical care and make it accessible to all parts of the world.
Main text: Among specialties of medicine, some like radiology were relatively quick to adopt AI whereas others especially pathology (and surgical pathology in particular) are only ...


Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma: Clinicopathological Characteristics Of 8 Cases Of A Rare Vascular Tumor And Review Of Literature, Qurratulain Chundriger, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Arsalan Ahmed, Nasir Ud Din 2021 Aga Khan University

Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma: Clinicopathological Characteristics Of 8 Cases Of A Rare Vascular Tumor And Review Of Literature, Qurratulain Chundriger, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Arsalan Ahmed, Nasir Ud Din

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare vascular tumor of intermediate malignant potential which shows locally aggressive growth but only rarely metastasizes. It is mostly considered to be a tumor of pediatric population but its occurrence in the adults is not uncommon as once considered. Histologically, KHE can mimic other soft tissue neoplasms of different behaviors (e.g. Kaposi Sarcoma, hemangioma) and establishing the correct diagnosis is important for appropriate treatment. Herein, we describe the clinicopathological features of 8 cases of KHE which will be helpful in making their diagnosis.
Methods: We reviewed pathology reports, microscopy glass slides and obtained ...


Integrative Network Analyses Of Transcriptomics Data Reveal Potential Drug Targets For Acute Radiation Syndrome, Robert Moore, Bhanwar Lal Puniya, Robert Powers, Chittibabu Guda, Kenneth W. Bayles, David B. Berkowitz, Tomáš Helikar 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Integrative Network Analyses Of Transcriptomics Data Reveal Potential Drug Targets For Acute Radiation Syndrome, Robert Moore, Bhanwar Lal Puniya, Robert Powers, Chittibabu Guda, Kenneth W. Bayles, David B. Berkowitz, Tomáš Helikar

Journal Articles: Pathology and Microbiology

Recent political unrest has highlighted the importance of understanding the short- and long-term effects of gamma-radiation exposure on human health and survivability. In this regard, effective treatment for acute radiation syndrome (ARS) is a necessity in cases of nuclear disasters. Here, we propose 20 therapeutic targets for ARS identified using a systematic approach that integrates gene coexpression networks obtained under radiation treatment in humans and mice, drug databases, disease-gene association, radiation-induced differential gene expression, and literature mining. By selecting gene targets with existing drugs, we identified potential candidates for drug repurposing. Eight of these genes (BRD4, NFKBIA, CDKN1A, TFPI, MMP9 ...


Chronic Voluntary Alcohol Drinking Causes Anxiety-Like Behavior, Thiamine Deficiency, And Brain Damage Of Female Crossed High Alcohol Preferring Mice, Hong Xu, Hui Li, Dexiang Liu, Wen Wen, Mei Xu, Jacqueline A. Frank, Jing Chen, Haining Zhu, Nicholas J. Grahame, Jia Luo 2021 University of Kentucky

Chronic Voluntary Alcohol Drinking Causes Anxiety-Like Behavior, Thiamine Deficiency, And Brain Damage Of Female Crossed High Alcohol Preferring Mice, Hong Xu, Hui Li, Dexiang Liu, Wen Wen, Mei Xu, Jacqueline A. Frank, Jing Chen, Haining Zhu, Nicholas J. Grahame, Jia Luo

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The central nervous system is vulnerable to chronic alcohol abuse, and alcohol dependence is a chronically relapsing disorder which causes a variety of physical and mental disorders. Appropriate animal models are important for investigating the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. The crossed High Alcohol Preferring mice prefer alcohol to water when given free access. In the present study, we used female cHAP mice as a model of chronic voluntary drinking to evaluate the effects of alcohol on neurobehavioral and neuropathological changes. The female cHAP mice had free-choice access to 10% ethanol and water, while control mice had access to water ...


Historische-Kritische Beiträge Zur Pathologie Des Kindesalters Nach Altgriechischen Quellen, Traugott Kroner 2021 Livre de Lyon

Historische-Kritische Beiträge Zur Pathologie Des Kindesalters Nach Altgriechischen Quellen, Traugott Kroner

Health Sciences

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Crohn's Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine., Carrie A. Vyhlidal, Brian D. Chapron, Atif Ahmed, Vivekanand Singh, Rebecca Casini, Valentina Shakhnovich 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Effect Of Crohn's Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine., Carrie A. Vyhlidal, Brian D. Chapron, Atif Ahmed, Vivekanand Singh, Rebecca Casini, Valentina Shakhnovich

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Changes in absorptive capacity and first-pass metabolism in the small intestine affect oral drug bioavailability. Characterization of such changes as a consequence of inflammation is important for developing physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models for inflammatory bowel disease. We sought to elucidate the impact of small intestinal Crohn's disease (CD) on villous length and CYP3A4 expression in children. Freshly frozen duodenal and terminal ileum (TI) biopsies from 107 children (1-19 years) with and without CD were evaluated for active inflammation. Villous length and CYP3A4 mRNA/protein expression were compared among regions of active and inactive inflammation in CD and controls. A ...


Temporal Changes In Inflammatory Mitochondria-Enriched Micrornas Following Traumatic Brain Injury And Effects Of Mir-146a Nanoparticle Delivery, Wang-Xia Wang, Pareshkumar Prajapati, Hemendra J. Vekaria, Malinda Spry, Amber L. Cloud, Patrick G. Sullivan, Joe E. Springer 2021 University of Kentucky

Temporal Changes In Inflammatory Mitochondria-Enriched Micrornas Following Traumatic Brain Injury And Effects Of Mir-146a Nanoparticle Delivery, Wang-Xia Wang, Pareshkumar Prajapati, Hemendra J. Vekaria, Malinda Spry, Amber L. Cloud, Patrick G. Sullivan, Joe E. Springer

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that regulate post-transcriptional gene expression and contribute to all aspects of cellular function. We previously reported that the activities of several mitochondria-enriched miRNAs regulating inflammation (i.e., miR-142-3p, miR-142-5p, and miR-146a) are altered in the hippocampus at 3–12 hours following a severe traumatic brain injury. In the present study, we investigated the temporal expression profile of these inflammatory miRNAs in mitochondria and cytosol fractions at more chronic post-injury times following severe controlled cortical impact injury in rats. In addition, several inflammatory genes were analyzed in the cytosol fractions. The analysis showed that ...


Female Genital Tuberculosis In Pakistan - A Retrospective Review Of 10-Year Laboratory Data And Analysis Of 32 Cases, Tazeen Fatima, Rumina Hasan, Faisal Malik, Imran Ahmed, Linda Alice Bartlett, Michael G. Gravett, Sadia Shakoor 2021 Aga Khan University

Female Genital Tuberculosis In Pakistan - A Retrospective Review Of 10-Year Laboratory Data And Analysis Of 32 Cases, Tazeen Fatima, Rumina Hasan, Faisal Malik, Imran Ahmed, Linda Alice Bartlett, Michael G. Gravett, Sadia Shakoor

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is an underobserved clinical entity owing to diagnostic challenges stemming from difficulty of obtaining diagnostic specimens and paucibacillary nature of the disease. Yet, FGTB is a cause of infertility, pelvic pain, or menstrual irregularities in high-burden countries. To assess laboratory and microbiology diagnostic utilization for FGTB in Pakistan, we have collected data from 2007 to 2016 to inform the need for improved laboratory diagnostics. The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of FGTB as culture-confirmed extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) and to describe the characteristics of women with culture-confirmed FGTB in a nationwide laboratory ...


Evaluation Of Serum Ferritin For Prediction Of Severity And Mortality In Covid-19- A Cross Sectional Study, Sibtain Ahmed, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Naveed Haroon Rashid, Maheen Mansoor, Lena Jafri 2021 Aga Khan University

Evaluation Of Serum Ferritin For Prediction Of Severity And Mortality In Covid-19- A Cross Sectional Study, Sibtain Ahmed, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Naveed Haroon Rashid, Maheen Mansoor, Lena Jafri

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Ferritin even though widely recognized as a representative of total body iron stores, its prognostic utility is linked with COVID-19. This study was aimed at evaluation of the association of ferritin with severity in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), hospitalized patients and to test the hypothesis that it is an independent predictor of mortality.
Material and methods: This study was conducted at Chemical Pathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University (AKU), Karachi. Medical records of all in-patients including both genders, and all age groups with documented COVID-19 from 1st March to 10th August 2020 were reviewed ...


Gliosarcoma In Patients Under 20 Years Of Age. A Clinicopathologic Study Of 11 Cases And Detailed Review Of The Literature, Nasir Ud Din, Hira Ishtiaq, Shabina Rahim, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Zubair Ahmad 2021 Aga Khan University

Gliosarcoma In Patients Under 20 Years Of Age. A Clinicopathologic Study Of 11 Cases And Detailed Review Of The Literature, Nasir Ud Din, Hira Ishtiaq, Shabina Rahim, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Zubair Ahmad

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Gliosarcoma is a rare variant of IDH- wild type glioblastoma with both glial and mesenchymal differentiation. It accounts for approximately 2% of glioblastomas and has a poor prognosis similar to that of classic glioblastoma. It is seen mostly between 40 and 60 years of age with a mean age over 50 years. Pediatric gliosarcoma is even rarer than gliosarcoma in adults. We describe the clinicopathological features of gliosarcoma in patients under 20 years of age and determine whether there are significant differences from gliosarcoma in adults. We also present detailed review of published literature on pediatric gliosarcoma.
Methods: Slides ...


Retiform Hemangioendothelioma: A Case Series And Review Of The Literature, Qurratulain Chundriger, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Shabina Rahim, Jamshid Abdul-Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din 2021 Aga Khan University

Retiform Hemangioendothelioma: A Case Series And Review Of The Literature, Qurratulain Chundriger, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Shabina Rahim, Jamshid Abdul-Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Retiform Hemangioendothelioma (RH) is an extremely rare vascular tumor of intermediate biological behavior, which is prone to local recurrence but rarely shows metastasis to distant sites. It may harbor areas resembling Dabska tumor in some cases and angiosarcoma, which in its well differentiated form may exhibit similar pathological appearance in some areas, making it problematic to rule out a possibility of a malignant diagnosis on a core biopsy. Therefore, complete surgical resection with negative margins is essential for accurate diagnosis and local control.
Results: In our series, two of the three Pakistani cases were in females, with an age ...


A Surrogate Frax Model For Pakistan, G Naureen, H Johansson, Romaina Iqbal, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Masood Umer, E Liu, L Vandenput, M Lorentzon, N C. Harvey, E V. McCloskey, J A. Kanis 2021 University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

A Surrogate Frax Model For Pakistan, G Naureen, H Johansson, Romaina Iqbal, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Masood Umer, E Liu, L Vandenput, M Lorentzon, N C. Harvey, E V. Mccloskey, J A. Kanis

Community Health Sciences

A surrogate FRAX® model for Pakistan has been constructed using age-specific hip fracture rates for Indians living in Singapore and age-specific mortality rates from Pakistan.
Introduction: FRAX models are frequently requested for countries with little or no data on the incidence of hip fracture. In such circumstances, the International Society for Clinical Densitometry and International Osteoporosis Foundation have recommended the development of a surrogate FRAX model, based on country-specific mortality data but using fracture data from a country, usually within the region, where fracture rates are considered to be representative of the index country.
Objective: This paper describes the development ...


Impact Of 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (Pcv10) On Nasopharyngeal Carriage In Children 2 Years Of Age: Data From A Four-Year Time Series Cross-Sectional Study From Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Shahira Shahid, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Amjad Hussain, Sheraz Ahmed, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal 2021 Aga Khan University

Impact Of 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (Pcv10) On Nasopharyngeal Carriage In Children 2 Years Of Age: Data From A Four-Year Time Series Cross-Sectional Study From Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Shahira Shahid, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Amjad Hussain, Sheraz Ahmed, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

The dataset described in this paper was collected for a time-series cross-sectional study exploring the impact of 10-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV10) on nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage in children under 2 years of age from a rural population in Sindh, Pakistan. The study was carried out in two union councils of Matiari - Khyber and Shah Alam Shah Jee Wasi (Latitude 25.680298 / Longitude 68.502711). Data was collected on socio-demographics, clinical characteristics and vaccination status using android phone-based application. NP samples were collected using standard World Health Organisation (WHO) techniques, culture and serotyping was done using sequential Multiplex PCR described by ...


High Prevalence Of Multidrug-Resistant Clostridioides Difficile Following Extensive Use Of Antimicrobials In Hospitalized Patients In Kenya, Winnie C. Mutai, Marianne W. Mureithi, Omu Anzala, Gunturu Revathi, Brian Kullin, Magdaline Burugu, Cecilia Kyany’a, Erick Odoyo, Peter Otieno, Lillian Musila 2021 University of Nairobi

High Prevalence Of Multidrug-Resistant Clostridioides Difficile Following Extensive Use Of Antimicrobials In Hospitalized Patients In Kenya, Winnie C. Mutai, Marianne W. Mureithi, Omu Anzala, Gunturu Revathi, Brian Kullin, Magdaline Burugu, Cecilia Kyany’A, Erick Odoyo, Peter Otieno, Lillian Musila

Pathology, East Africa

Introduction: Clostridioides difficile is a neglected pathogen in many African countries as it is generally not regarded as one of the major contributors toward the diarrheal disease burden in the continent. However, several studies have suggested that C. difficile infection (CDI) may be underreported in many African settings. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of CDI in hospitalized patients, evaluate antimicrobial exposure, and detect toxin and antimicrobial resistance profiles of the isolated C. difficile strains.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 333 hospitalized patients with hospital-onset diarrhoea were selected. The stool samples were collected and cultured on ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress