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Loss-Of-Function Mutations In Atp6ap1 And Atp6ap2 In Granular Cell Tumors., Fresia Pareja, Alissa H. Brandes, Thais Basili, Pier Selenica, Felipe C. Geyer, Dan Fan, Arnaud Da Cruz Paula, Rahul Kumar, David N. Brown, Rodrigo Gularte-Mérida, Barbara Alemar, Rui Bi, Raymond S. Lim, Ino de Bruijn, Sho Fujisawa, Rui Gardner, Elvin Feng, Anqi Li, Edaise M. da Silva, John R. Lozada, Pedro Blecua, Leona Cohen-Gould, Achim A. Jungbluth, Emad A. Rakha, Ian O. Ellis, Maria I.A. Edelweiss, Juan P. Palazzo, Larry Norton, Travis Hollmann, Marcia Edelweiss, Brian P. Rubin, Britta Weigelt, Jorge S. Reis-Filho 2018 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Loss-Of-Function Mutations In Atp6ap1 And Atp6ap2 In Granular Cell Tumors., Fresia Pareja, Alissa H. Brandes, Thais Basili, Pier Selenica, Felipe C. Geyer, Dan Fan, Arnaud Da Cruz Paula, Rahul Kumar, David N. Brown, Rodrigo Gularte-Mérida, Barbara Alemar, Rui Bi, Raymond S. Lim, Ino De Bruijn, Sho Fujisawa, Rui Gardner, Elvin Feng, Anqi Li, Edaise M. Da Silva, John R. Lozada, Pedro Blecua, Leona Cohen-Gould, Achim A. Jungbluth, Emad A. Rakha, Ian O. Ellis, Maria I.A. Edelweiss, Juan P. Palazzo, Larry Norton, Travis Hollmann, Marcia Edelweiss, Brian P. Rubin, Britta Weigelt, Jorge S. Reis-Filho

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare tumors that can arise in multiple anatomical locations, and are characterized by abundant intracytoplasmic granules. The genetic drivers of GCTs are currently unknown. Here, we apply whole-exome sequencing and targeted sequencing analysis to reveal mutually exclusive, clonal, inactivating somatic mutations in the endosomal pH regulators ATP6AP1 or ATP6AP2 in 72% of GCTs. Silencing of these genes in vitro results in impaired vesicle acidification, redistribution of endosomal compartments, and accumulation of intracytoplasmic granules, recapitulating the cardinal phenotypic characteristics of GCTs and providing a novel genotypic-phenotypic correlation. In addition, depletion of ATP6AP1 or ATP6AP2 results in ...


Mutant Ubqln2p497h In Motor Neurons Leads To Als-Like Phenotypes And Defective Autophagy In Rats, Tianhong Chen, Bo Huang, Xinglong Shi, Limo Gao, Cao Huang 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Mutant Ubqln2p497h In Motor Neurons Leads To Als-Like Phenotypes And Defective Autophagy In Rats, Tianhong Chen, Bo Huang, Xinglong Shi, Limo Gao, Cao Huang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Mutations in ubiquilin2 (UBQLN2) have been linked to abnormal protein aggregation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The mechanisms underlying UBQLN2-related neurodegenerative diseases remain unclear. Using a tetracycline-regulated gene expression system, the ALS-linked UBQLN2P497H mutant was selectively expressed in either the spinal motor neurons or astrocytes in rats. We found that selectively expressing mutant UBQLN2P497H in the spinal motor neurons caused several core features of ALS, including the progressive degeneration of motor neurons, the denervation atrophy of skeletal muscles, and the abnormal protein accumulation. Furthermore, mutant UBQLN2P497H accumulation was associated with an age-dependent decrease in several core autophagy-related proteins. ALS-like phenotypes ...


Hypoxia-Mediated Mitochondria Apoptosis Inhibition Induces Temozolomide Treatment Resistance Through Mir-26a/Bad/Bax Axis., Xin Ge, Min-Hong Pan, Lin Wang, Wei Li, Chengfei Jiang, Jun He, Khaled Abouzid, Ling-Zhi Liu, Zhumei Shi, Bing-Hua Jiang 2018 Nanjing Medical University; The University of Iowa

Hypoxia-Mediated Mitochondria Apoptosis Inhibition Induces Temozolomide Treatment Resistance Through Mir-26a/Bad/Bax Axis., Xin Ge, Min-Hong Pan, Lin Wang, Wei Li, Chengfei Jiang, Jun He, Khaled Abouzid, Ling-Zhi Liu, Zhumei Shi, Bing-Hua Jiang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most hypoxic tumors of the central nervous system. Although temozolomide (TMZ) is an effective clinical agent in the GBM therapy, the hypoxic microenvironment remains a major barrier in glioma chemotherapy resistance, and the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we find hypoxia can induce the protective response to mitochondrion via HIF-1α-mediated miR-26a upregulation which is associated with TMZ resistance in vitro and in vivo. Further, we demonstrated that HIF-1α/miR-26a axis strengthened the acquisition of TMZ resistance through prevention of Bax and Bad in mitochondria dysfunction in GBM. In addition, miR-26a expression levels ...


Potential Role Of Csf Cytokine Profiles In Discriminating Infectious From Non-Infectious Cns Disorders., Danielle Fortuna, D. Craig Hooper, Amity L. Roberts, Larry A. Harshyne, Michelle Nagurney, Mark T. curtis 2018 Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Potential Role Of Csf Cytokine Profiles In Discriminating Infectious From Non-Infectious Cns Disorders., Danielle Fortuna, D. Craig Hooper, Amity L. Roberts, Larry A. Harshyne, Michelle Nagurney, Mark T. Curtis

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Current laboratory testing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not consistently discriminate between different central nervous system (CNS) disease states. Rapidly distinguishing CNS infections from other brain and spinal cord disorders that share a similar clinical presentation is critical. New approaches focusing on aspects of disease biology, such as immune response profiles that can have stimulus-specific attributes, may be helpful. We undertook this preliminary proof-of-concept study using multiplex ELISA to measure CSF cytokine levels in various CNS disorders (infections, autoimmune/demyelinating diseases, lymphomas, and gliomas) to determine the potential utility of cytokine patterns in differentiating CNS infections from other CNS diseases ...


Bacterial Contamination Of Platelets For Transfusion: Strategies For Prevention., Jerrold H. Levy, Matthew D. Neal, Jay H. Herman 2018 Duke University Hospital

Bacterial Contamination Of Platelets For Transfusion: Strategies For Prevention., Jerrold H. Levy, Matthew D. Neal, Jay H. Herman

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Platelet transfusions carry greater risks of infection, sepsis, and death than any other blood product, owing primarily to bacterial contamination. Many patients may be at particular risk, including critically ill patients in the intensive care unit. This narrative review provides an overview of the problem and an update on strategies for the prevention, detection, and reduction/inactivation of bacterial contaminants in platelets. Bacterial contamination and septic transfusion reactions are major sources of morbidity and mortality. Between 1:1000 and 1:2500 platelet units are bacterially contaminated. The skin bacterial microflora is a primary source of contamination, and enteric contaminants are ...


Multiple Tumor Suppressors Regulate A Hif-Dependent Negative Feedback Loop Via Isgf3 In Human Clear Cell Renal Cancer., Lili Liao, Zongzhi Z. Liu, Lauren Langbein, Weijia Cai, Eun-Ah Cho, Jie Na, Xiaohua Niu, Wei Jiang, Zhijiu Zhong, Wesley L. Cai, Geetha Jagannathan, Essel Dulaimi, Joseph R. Testa, Robert G. Uzzo, Yuxin Wang, George R. Stark, Jianxin Sun, Stephen C. Peiper, Yaomin Xu, Qin Yan, Haifeng Yang 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; Yale University

Multiple Tumor Suppressors Regulate A Hif-Dependent Negative Feedback Loop Via Isgf3 In Human Clear Cell Renal Cancer., Lili Liao, Zongzhi Z. Liu, Lauren Langbein, Weijia Cai, Eun-Ah Cho, Jie Na, Xiaohua Niu, Wei Jiang, Zhijiu Zhong, Wesley L. Cai, Geetha Jagannathan, Essel Dulaimi, Joseph R. Testa, Robert G. Uzzo, Yuxin Wang, George R. Stark, Jianxin Sun, Stephen C. Peiper, Yaomin Xu, Qin Yan, Haifeng Yang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Whereas VHL inactivation is a primary event in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the precise mechanism(s) of how this interacts with the secondary mutations in tumor suppressor genes, including PBRM1, KDM5C/JARID1C, SETD2, and/or BAP1, remains unclear. Gene expression analyses reveal that VHL, PBRM1, or KDM5C share a common regulation of interferon response expression signature. Loss of HIF2α, PBRM1, or KDM5C in VHL-/-cells reduces the expression of interferon stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3), a transcription factor that regulates the interferon signature. Moreover, loss of SETD2 or BAP1 also reduces the ISGF3 level. Finally, ISGF3 is strongly ...


Effect Of Positive Patient Identification On Wrong Blood In Tube Errors: A Single Center Experience, Faisal Huq Ronny, MD, PhD, Mary Harach, BS, MT(ASCP), CQA(ASQ), SSGB, Jay H. Herman, MD, FCAP 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Effect Of Positive Patient Identification On Wrong Blood In Tube Errors: A Single Center Experience, Faisal Huq Ronny, Md, Phd, Mary Harach, Bs, Mt(Ascp), Cqa(Asq), Ssgb, Jay H. Herman, Md, Fcap

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Posters

No abstract provided.


Expression Analysis Of Cyclooxygenase-2 In Patients Suffering From Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Shahida Tasneem, , Muhammad Tahir Sarwa, Muhammad Rizwan Bashi, Hamid Hussain, Jawad Ahmed, Shahid Pervez 2018 Khyber Medical University

Expression Analysis Of Cyclooxygenase-2 In Patients Suffering From Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Shahida Tasneem, , Muhammad Tahir Sarwa, Muhammad Rizwan Bashi, Hamid Hussain, Jawad Ahmed, Shahid Pervez

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the aggressive malignancies and mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis remain unclear. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme system plays a crucial role in many gastrointestinal malignancies and is an important regulator of cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and transformation. More precise outcome of COX-2 in ESCC is less investigated. In this study we investigated the risk factors of ESCC and expression of COX-2 in Carcinoma in situ (CIS) and ESCC compared to normal esophageal mucosa. ESCC relationship to clinico-pathological parameters using immunohistochemistry was also part of this investigation. Current study was conducted in the Institute of ...


Metformin Clinical Trial In Hpv+ And Hpv- Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Impact On Cancer Cell Apoptosis And Immune Infiltrate., Joseph M. Curry, Jennifer Johnson, Mehri Mollaee, Patrick Tassone, Dev Amin, Alexander Knops, Diana Whitaker Menezes, My Mahoney, Andrew P. South, Ulrich Rodeck, Tingting Zhan, Larry A. Harshyne, Nancy Philp, Adam J. Luginbuhl, David Cognetti, Madalina Tuluc, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Metformin Clinical Trial In Hpv+ And Hpv- Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Impact On Cancer Cell Apoptosis And Immune Infiltrate., Joseph M. Curry, Jennifer Johnson, Mehri Mollaee, Patrick Tassone, Dev Amin, Alexander Knops, Diana Whitaker Menezes, My Mahoney, Andrew P. South, Ulrich Rodeck, Tingting Zhan, Larry A. Harshyne, Nancy Philp, Adam J. Luginbuhl, David Cognetti, Madalina Tuluc, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Md

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: Metformin, an oral anti-hyperglycemic drug which inhibits mitochondrial complex I and oxidative phosphorylation has been reported to correlate with improved outcomes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and other cancers. This effect is postulated to occur through disruption of tumor-driven metabolic and immune dysregulation in the tumor microenvironment (TME). We report new findings on the impact of metformin on the tumor and immune elements of the TME from a clinical trial of metformin in HNSCC. Methods: Human papilloma virus-(HPV-) tobacco+ mucosal HNSCC samples (n = 12) were compared to HPV+ oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) samples (n ...


Microrna-96 Promotes Schistosomiasis Hepatic Fibrosis In Mice By Suppressing Smad7, Xufeng Luo, Dongmei Zhang, Jun Xie, Qin Su, Xing He, Ruipu Bai, Guangping Gao, Weiqing Pan 2018 Second Military Medical University (China)

Microrna-96 Promotes Schistosomiasis Hepatic Fibrosis In Mice By Suppressing Smad7, Xufeng Luo, Dongmei Zhang, Jun Xie, Qin Su, Xing He, Ruipu Bai, Guangping Gao, Weiqing Pan

Open Access Articles

Infection with Schistosoma causes aberrant expression of host microRNAs (miRNAs), and normalizing the levels of dysregulated miRNAs can attenuate pathology. Here, we show that the host miRNA, miR-96, is markedly upregulated during the progression of hepatic schistosomiasis. We demonstrate that elevation of miR-96 induces hepatic fibrosis in infected mice by suppressing the expression of its target gene, Smad7. We show that infection with Schistosoma induces the expression of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), which in turn upregulates the expression of miR-96 through SMAD2/3-DROSHA-mediated post-transcriptional regulation. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-96 with recombinant adeno-associated virus 8 (rAAV8)-mediated delivery of Tough ...


Mitochondrial Fusion And Bid-Mediated Mitochondrial Apoptosis Are Perturbed By Alcohol With Distinct Dependence On Its Metabolism, Shamim Naghdi, William S. Slovinsky, Muniswamy Madesh, Emanual Rubin, György Hajnóczky 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Mitochondrial Fusion And Bid-Mediated Mitochondrial Apoptosis Are Perturbed By Alcohol With Distinct Dependence On Its Metabolism, Shamim Naghdi, William S. Slovinsky, Muniswamy Madesh, Emanual Rubin, György Hajnóczky

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Environmental stressors like ethanol (EtOH) commonly target mitochondria to influence the cell’s fate. Recent literature supports that chronic EtOH exposure suppresses mitochondrial dynamics, central to quality control, and sensitizes mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening to promote cell death. EtOH-induced tissue injury is primarily attributed to its toxic metabolic products but alcoholism also impairs tissues that poorly metabolize EtOH. We embarked on studies to determine the respective roles of EtOH and its metabolites in mitochondrial fusion and tBid-induced mitochondrial apoptosis. We used HepG2 cells that do not metabolize EtOH and its engineered clone that expresses EtOH-metabolizing Cytochrome P450 E2 and ...


Microtubule-Associated Protein 1 Light Chain 3b, (Lc3b) Is Necessary To Maintain Lipid-Mediated Homeostasis In The Retinal Pigment Epithelium., Anuradha Dhingra, Brent A Bell, Neal S. Peachey, Lauren L. Daniele, Juan Reyes-Reveles, Rachel C. Sharp, Bokkyoo Jun, Nicolas G. Bazan, Janet R. Sparrow, Hye Jin Kim, Nancy J. Philp, Kathleen Boesze-Battaglia 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Microtubule-Associated Protein 1 Light Chain 3b, (Lc3b) Is Necessary To Maintain Lipid-Mediated Homeostasis In The Retinal Pigment Epithelium., Anuradha Dhingra, Brent A Bell, Neal S. Peachey, Lauren L. Daniele, Juan Reyes-Reveles, Rachel C. Sharp, Bokkyoo Jun, Nicolas G. Bazan, Janet R. Sparrow, Hye Jin Kim, Nancy J. Philp, Kathleen Boesze-Battaglia

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Like other neurons, retinal cells utilize autophagic pathways to maintain cell homeostasis. The mammalian retina relies on heterophagy and selective autophagy to efficiently degrade and metabolize ingested lipids with disruption in autophagy associated degradation contributing to age related retinal disorders. The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) supports photoreceptor cell renewal by daily phagocytosis of shed photoreceptor outer segments (OS). The daily ingestion of these lipid-rich OS imposes a constant degradative burden on these terminally differentiated cells. These cells rely on Microtubule-Associated Protein 1 Light Chain 3 (LC3) family of proteins for phagocytic clearance of the ingested OS. The LC3 family comprises ...


Cellular Network Modeling And Single Cell Gene Expression Analysis Reveals Novel Hepatic Stellate Cell Phenotypes Controlling Liver Regeneration Dynamics, Daniel Cook, Sirisha Achanta, Jan B. Hoek, Babatunde A. Ogunnaike, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; University of Delaware

Cellular Network Modeling And Single Cell Gene Expression Analysis Reveals Novel Hepatic Stellate Cell Phenotypes Controlling Liver Regeneration Dynamics, Daniel Cook, Sirisha Achanta, Jan B. Hoek, Babatunde A. Ogunnaike, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background: Recent results from single cell gene and protein regulation studies are starting to uncover the previously underappreciated fact that individual cells within a population exhibit high variability in the expression of mRNA and proteins (i.e., molecular variability). By combining cellular network modeling, and high-throughput gene expression measurements in single cells, we seek to reconcile the high molecular variability in single cells with the relatively low variability in tissue-scale gene and protein expression and the highly coordinated functional responses of tissues to physiological challenges. In this study, we focus on relating the dynamic changes in distributions of hepatic stellate ...


Oxcarbazepine Overdose In A Polysubstance Related Suicide, Melissa Beals, Robert J. Krumsick, C. Clinton Frazee III, Lindsey J. Haldiman, Uttam Garg 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Oxcarbazepine Overdose In A Polysubstance Related Suicide, Melissa Beals, Robert J. Krumsick, C. Clinton Frazee Iii, Lindsey J. Haldiman, Uttam Garg

Posters

Introduction
Oxcarbazepine is a derivative of carbamazepine that is used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy, and experimentally as a mood-stabilizer in adjunctive therapy for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Oxcarbazepine is converted through oxidation to its pharmacologically active metabolite 10-OH-Carbazepine, which is thought to be responsible for most of the anticonvulsant action of the drug. Adverse effects of oxcarbazepine are generally dose-dependent and may include fatigue, somnolence, dizziness, diplopia, nystagmus, and ataxia. Additive sedative effects have been noted when oxcarbazepine is used in combination with other CNS depressionproducing medications. Furthermore, oxcarbazepine and 10-OH-Carbazepine are powerful CYP2C19 inhibitors, potentially increasing ...


Epidemiology Of Moderate Alcohol Consumption And Breast Cancer: Association Or Causation?, Samir Zakhari, Jan B. Hoek 2018 Distilled Spirits Council

Epidemiology Of Moderate Alcohol Consumption And Breast Cancer: Association Or Causation?, Samir Zakhari, Jan B. Hoek

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Epidemiological studies have been used to show associations between modifiable lifestyle habits and the incidence of breast cancer. Among such factors, a history of alcohol use has been reported in multiple studies and meta-analyses over the past decades. However, associative epidemiological studies that were interpreted as evidence that even moderate alcohol consumption increases breast cancer incidence have been controversial. In this review, we consider the literature on the relationship between moderate or heavy alcohol use, both in possible biological mechanisms and in variations in susceptibility due to genetic or epigenetic factors. We argue that there is a need to incorporate ...


Neuroprotective Role Of Phytochemicals., Bharath Kumar Velmurugan, Baskaran Rathinasamy, Bharathi Priya Lohanathan, Varadharajan Thiyagarajan, Ching-Feng Weng 2018 Ton Duc Thang University

Neuroprotective Role Of Phytochemicals., Bharath Kumar Velmurugan, Baskaran Rathinasamy, Bharathi Priya Lohanathan, Varadharajan Thiyagarajan, Ching-Feng Weng

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Neurodegenerative diseases are normally distinguished as disorders with loss of neurons. Various compounds are being tested to treat neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) but they possess solitary symptomatic advantages with numerous side effects. Accumulative studies have been conducted to validate the benefit of phytochemicals to treat neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). In this present review we explored the potential efficacy of phytochemicals such as epigallocatechin-3-galate, berberin, curcumin, resveratrol, quercetin and limonoids against the most common NDs, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). The beneficial potentials of these phytochemicals have been demonstrated ...


Microbiological And Clinical Profile Of Infective Endocarditis Patients: An Observational Study Experience From Tertiary Care Center Karachi Pakistan, Uzma Shahid, Hasanat Sharif, Joveria Farooqi, Bushra Jamil, E. Khan 2018 Aga Khan University

Microbiological And Clinical Profile Of Infective Endocarditis Patients: An Observational Study Experience From Tertiary Care Center Karachi Pakistan, Uzma Shahid, Hasanat Sharif, Joveria Farooqi, Bushra Jamil, E. Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background:
The study analyzed microbiological and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of organisms isolated from patients with infective endocarditis (2015–17) and compared disease outcomes in cohorts of endocarditis patient with history of prior invasive vascular intervention (high risk group) vs those without (native valve group). We hypothesized that high risk group would be more likely to have severe disease outcomes.
Methods:
This was a prospective cohort study (2015–17). All blood and cardiac tissue samples of enrolled patients suspected of endocarditis according to modified Duke’s criteria were followed for microbiological and antimicrobial susceptibility profile. The high risk group was compared ...


Evaluation Of The Sharkcore, Benjamin L. Witt, Rachel E. Factor, Barbara E. Chadwick, Justin Caron, Ali A. Siddiqui, Douglas G. Adler 2018 University of Utah

Evaluation Of The Sharkcore, Benjamin L. Witt, Rachel E. Factor, Barbara E. Chadwick, Justin Caron, Ali A. Siddiqui, Douglas G. Adler

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Background and Objectives:

EUS guided core biopsy was once rarely performed but is now entering mainstream practice. Neuroendocrine tumors often warrant core biopsy as sufficient tissue must be obtained to allow for special staining to ensure a correct diagnosis. Traditionally these lesions were sampled with FNA needles. We performed a retrospective pilot study to evaluate the clinical value and efficacy of the a new EUS core needle biopsy needle as compared to a standard EUS FNA needle in the evaluation of patients with known or suspected neuroendocrine tumors.

Methods:

A retrospective analysis of the first 10 patients (between January 2015 ...


Large Pseudoencapsulated Subcutaneous Angiomyxoma: Surgical Management., Christine M Shaver, Steven E Kolker, Richard G Bennett 2018 Department of Pathology, Providence Saint John's Hospital Santa Monica, Santa Monica, California.

Large Pseudoencapsulated Subcutaneous Angiomyxoma: Surgical Management., Christine M Shaver, Steven E Kolker, Richard G Bennett

Journal Articles and Abstracts

No abstract provided.


Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 (Mct4) Knockout Mice Have Attenuated 4nqo Induced Carcinogenesis; A Role For Mct4 In Driving Oral Squamous Cell Cancer., Sara Bisetto, Diana Whitaker Menezes, Nicole A. Wilski, Madalina Tuluc, Joseph Curry, Tingting Zhan, Christopher M. Snyder, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Nancy J. Philp 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 (Mct4) Knockout Mice Have Attenuated 4nqo Induced Carcinogenesis; A Role For Mct4 In Driving Oral Squamous Cell Cancer., Sara Bisetto, Diana Whitaker Menezes, Nicole A. Wilski, Madalina Tuluc, Joseph Curry, Tingting Zhan, Christopher M. Snyder, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Nancy J. Philp

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the 6th most common human cancer and affects approximately 50,000 new patients every year in the US. The major risk factors for HNSCC are tobacco and alcohol consumption as well as oncogenic HPV infections. Despite advances in therapy, the overall survival rate for all-comers is only 50%. Understanding the biology of HNSCC is crucial to identifying new biomarkers, implementing early diagnostic approaches and developing novel therapies. As in several other cancers, HNSCC expresses elevated levels of MCT4, a member of the SLC16 family of monocarboxylate transporters. MCT4 is a H+-linked ...


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