Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychiatry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1759 Full-Text Articles 3359 Authors 845917 Downloads 50 Institutions

All Articles in Psychiatry

Faceted Search

1759 full-text articles. Page 1 of 69.

Finasteride As A Model For Personalized Medicine, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland, Ioana Păunică, Octavian C. Tănăsescu, Petrişor Banu, Stana Păunică 2017 Carol Davila University, Faculty of General Medicine, Bucharest, Romania

Finasteride As A Model For Personalized Medicine, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland, Ioana Păunică, Octavian C. Tănăsescu, Petrişor Banu, Stana Păunică

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The side effects of Finasteride are currently a subject of controversy. Some studies report minor or acceptable adverse effects, which decrease after a variable period of time so that they do not necessitate terminating Finasteride administration. However, several clinical and neuro-endocrine studies show that some adverse effects persist indefinitely in the form of post-Finasteride syndrome, even after the drug cessation. This paper presents a possible explanation for these inconsistent findings. First, the study design of either informing or not informing patients prior therapy about possible adverse effects can influence the incidence and magnitude of reported adverse effects. Second, structural and ...


End-Stage Head And Neck Cancer: Coping Mechanism, Bogdan Popescu, Oana Paun, Razvan V. Scăunaşu, Serban V.G. Berteşteanu 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Colțea Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania

End-Stage Head And Neck Cancer: Coping Mechanism, Bogdan Popescu, Oana Paun, Razvan V. Scăunaşu, Serban V.G. Berteşteanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Coping mechanisms are patients’ means of adapting to stressful situations and involve psychological and physical changes in behavior. Patients adapt to head and neck cancer in a variety of ways. Head and neck cancers are extremely debilitating, especially in advanced stages of the disease or in end-of-life situations. While an oncology team needs to address the needs of all oncology patients, the advanced terminal patients require special attention. Most of these patients do not cope well with their situation and have a tendency to cease social interactions. Pain is the most frequentlyexperienced medical disability in patients having an end-stage illness ...


The Relationship Between Self-Reported Borderline Personality Features And Prospective Illness Course In Bipolar Disorder., Georg Riemann, Nadine Weisscher, Robert M Post, Lori Altshuler, Susan McElroy, Marc A Frye, Paul E Keck, Gabriele S Leverich, Trisha Suppes, Heinz Grunze, Willem A Nolen, Ralph W Kupka 2017 George Washington University

The Relationship Between Self-Reported Borderline Personality Features And Prospective Illness Course In Bipolar Disorder., Georg Riemann, Nadine Weisscher, Robert M Post, Lori Altshuler, Susan Mcelroy, Marc A Frye, Paul E Keck, Gabriele S Leverich, Trisha Suppes, Heinz Grunze, Willem A Nolen, Ralph W Kupka

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

Although bipolar disorder (BD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) share clinical characteristics and frequently co-occur, their interrelationship is controversial. Especially, the differentiation of rapid cycling BD and BPD can be troublesome. This study investigates the relationship between borderline personality features (BPF) and prospective illness course in patients with BD, and explores the effects of current mood state on self-reported BPF profiles.

Methods

The study included 375 patients who participated in the former Stanley Foundation Bipolar Network. All patients met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar-I disorder (n = 294), bipolar-II disorder (n = 72) or bipolar disorder NOS (n = 9). BPF were assessed ...


The Family Model, Adrian Falkov 2017 Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia

The Family Model, Adrian Falkov

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

The Family Model provides clinicians and managers with a brief, accessible, and practical approach that supports collaborative ways of working with individuals and their families in which one or more members experience mental illness. It can be used as a tool to foster engagement and facilitate thought about connections between symptoms and relationships, while highlighting a family’s strengths and difficulties.


Cortical Activation During Action Observation, Action Execution, And Interpersonal Synchrony In Adults: A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (Fnirs) Study, Anjana Bhat, Michael Hoffman, Susanna Trost, Mckenzie Culotta, Jeffrey Eilbott, Daisuke Tsuzuki, Kevin A. Pelphrey 2017 George Washington University

Cortical Activation During Action Observation, Action Execution, And Interpersonal Synchrony In Adults: A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (Fnirs) Study, Anjana Bhat, Michael Hoffman, Susanna Trost, Mckenzie Culotta, Jeffrey Eilbott, Daisuke Tsuzuki, Kevin A. Pelphrey

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Introduction: Humans engage in Interpersonal Synchrony (IPS) as they synchronize their own actions with that of a social partner over time. When humans engage in imitation/IPS behaviors, multiple regions in the frontal, temporal, and parietal cortices are activated including the putative Mirror Neuron Systems (Iacoboni, 2005; Buxbaum et al., 2014). In the present study, we compared fNIRS-based cortical activation patterns across three conditions of action observation (“Watch” partner), action execution (“Do” on your own), and IPS (move “Together”).

Methods: Fifteen typically developing adults completed a reach and cleanup task with the right arm while cortical activation was examined using ...


Implementing An Online Health Information Platform For People With Serious Mental Illness, Zlatina Kostova, Len L. Levin, Mahima Sindhu, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Implementing An Online Health Information Platform For People With Serious Mental Illness, Zlatina Kostova, Len L. Levin, Mahima Sindhu, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin

Kathleen Biebel

Introduction: Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) die, on average, 25 years earlier than the general population. Higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, obesity, lack of preventive healthcare, and other modifiable risk factors, as well as side effects associated with certain antipsychotic medications, place individuals with SMI at high physical health risk. They are designated a health disparity population by the US National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors and as a vulnerable group worldwide by the World Health Organization. While the Internet provides intriguing opportunities to support person-centered health care, web-based resources ...


Implementing An Online Health Information Platform For People With Serious Mental Illness, Zlatina Kostova, Len L. Levin, Mahima Sindhu, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Implementing An Online Health Information Platform For People With Serious Mental Illness, Zlatina Kostova, Len L. Levin, Mahima Sindhu, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin

Library Publications and Presentations

Introduction: Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) die, on average, 25 years earlier than the general population. Higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, obesity, lack of preventive healthcare, and other modifiable risk factors, as well as side effects associated with certain antipsychotic medications, place individuals with SMI at high physical health risk. They are designated a health disparity population by the US National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors and as a vulnerable group worldwide by the World Health Organization. While the Internet provides intriguing opportunities to support person-centered health care, web-based resources ...


Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. McKay, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. Mckay, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Douglas M. Ziedonis

This study compared characteristics of Korean American men in two studies: a telephone survey with a random sample of Korean American men who reported daily smoking versus a smoking cessation clinical trial with a convenience sample of Korean American men who reported smoking at least 10 cigarettes a day. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), both studies attempted to explain how much its theoretical variables (attitudes, perceived social norms, and self-efficacy) would explain quit intentions in Korean American men. Participants in the cessation study were less likely to have health insurance coverage (χ2 [2, 271] = 138.31, p ...


Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. McKay, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. Mckay, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Colleen E. McKay

This study compared characteristics of Korean American men in two studies: a telephone survey with a random sample of Korean American men who reported daily smoking versus a smoking cessation clinical trial with a convenience sample of Korean American men who reported smoking at least 10 cigarettes a day. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), both studies attempted to explain how much its theoretical variables (attitudes, perceived social norms, and self-efficacy) would explain quit intentions in Korean American men. Participants in the cessation study were less likely to have health insurance coverage (χ2 [2, 271] = 138.31, p ...


Computer Administered Safety Planning For Individuals At Risk For Suicide: Development And Usability Testing, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Gregory K. Brown, Barbara Stanley, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Carlos A. Camargo Jr, Ivan W. Miller 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Computer Administered Safety Planning For Individuals At Risk For Suicide: Development And Usability Testing, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Gregory K. Brown, Barbara Stanley, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Carlos A. Camargo Jr, Ivan W. Miller

Rajani S. Sadasivam

BACKGROUND: Safety planning is a brief intervention that has become an accepted practice in many clinical settings to help prevent suicide. Even though it is quick compared to other approaches, it frequently requires 20 min or more to complete, which can impede adoption. A self-administered, Web-based safety planning application could potentially reduce clinician time, help promote standardization and quality, and provide enhanced ability to share the created plan.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design, build, and test the usability of a Web-based, self-administered safety planning application.

METHODS: We employed a user-centered software design strategy led by a ...


Computer Administered Safety Planning For Individuals At Risk For Suicide: Development And Usability Testing, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Gregory K. Brown, Barbara Stanley, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Carlos A. Camargo Jr, Ivan W. Miller 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Computer Administered Safety Planning For Individuals At Risk For Suicide: Development And Usability Testing, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Gregory K. Brown, Barbara Stanley, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Carlos A. Camargo Jr, Ivan W. Miller

Edwin D. Boudreaux

BACKGROUND: Safety planning is a brief intervention that has become an accepted practice in many clinical settings to help prevent suicide. Even though it is quick compared to other approaches, it frequently requires 20 min or more to complete, which can impede adoption. A self-administered, Web-based safety planning application could potentially reduce clinician time, help promote standardization and quality, and provide enhanced ability to share the created plan.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design, build, and test the usability of a Web-based, self-administered safety planning application.

METHODS: We employed a user-centered software design strategy led by a ...


Computer Administered Safety Planning For Individuals At Risk For Suicide: Development And Usability Testing, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Gregory K. Brown, Barbara Stanley, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Carlos A. Camargo Jr, Ivan W. Miller 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Computer Administered Safety Planning For Individuals At Risk For Suicide: Development And Usability Testing, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Gregory K. Brown, Barbara Stanley, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Carlos A. Camargo Jr, Ivan W. Miller

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Safety planning is a brief intervention that has become an accepted practice in many clinical settings to help prevent suicide. Even though it is quick compared to other approaches, it frequently requires 20 min or more to complete, which can impede adoption. A self-administered, Web-based safety planning application could potentially reduce clinician time, help promote standardization and quality, and provide enhanced ability to share the created plan.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design, build, and test the usability of a Web-based, self-administered safety planning application.

METHODS: We employed a user-centered software design strategy led by a ...


A Case Matched Study Examining The Reliability Of Using Impact To Assess Effects Of Multiple Concussions., Trevor Barker, Stephen A. Russo, Gaytri Barker, Mark A Rice, Mary G Jeffrey, Gordon Broderick, Travis J A Craddock 2017 Nova Southeastern University

A Case Matched Study Examining The Reliability Of Using Impact To Assess Effects Of Multiple Concussions., Trevor Barker, Stephen A. Russo, Gaytri Barker, Mark A Rice, Mary G Jeffrey, Gordon Broderick, Travis J A Craddock

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.8 million sport and recreational concussions occur per year, creating a need for accurate diagnosis and management of concussions. Researchers and clinicians are exploring the potential dose-response cumulative effects of concussive injuries using computerized neuropsychological exams, however, results have been mixed and/or contradictory. This study starts with a large adolescent population and applies strict inclusion criteria to examine how previous mild traumatic brain injuries affect symptom reports and neurocognitive performance on the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) computerized tool.

METHODS: After applying exclusion criteria and case matching, 204 male and 99 female participants remained ...


Altered Resting-State Intra- And Inter- Network Functional Connectivity In Patients With Persistent Somatoform Pain Disorder, Zhiyong Zhao, Tianming Huang, Chaozheng Tang, Kaiji Ni, Xiandi Pan, Chao Yan, Xiaoduo Fan, Dongrong Xu, Yanli Luo 2017 East China Normal University

Altered Resting-State Intra- And Inter- Network Functional Connectivity In Patients With Persistent Somatoform Pain Disorder, Zhiyong Zhao, Tianming Huang, Chaozheng Tang, Kaiji Ni, Xiandi Pan, Chao Yan, Xiaoduo Fan, Dongrong Xu, Yanli Luo

Open Access Articles

Patients with persistent somatoform pain disorder (PSPD) usually experience various functional impairments in pain, emotion, and cognition, which cannot be fully explained by a physiological process or a physical disorder. However, it is still not clear for the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of PSPD. The present study aimed to explore the intra- and inter-network functional connectivity (FC) differences between PSPD patients and healthy controls (HCs). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed in 13 PSPD patients and 23 age- and gender-matched HCs. We used independent component analysis on resting-state fMRI data to calculate intra- and inter-network FCs, and we used ...


Dignity In Mental Health Practice And Research: Time To Unite On Innovation, Outreach And Education, Douglas M. Ziedonis, Celine Larkin, Raghu Appasani 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Dignity In Mental Health Practice And Research: Time To Unite On Innovation, Outreach And Education, Douglas M. Ziedonis, Celine Larkin, Raghu Appasani

Douglas M. Ziedonis

Dignity has been described as ‘the inherent and inalienable worth of all human beings irrespective of social status such as race, gender, physical or mental state. Dignity is, therefore, at the core of psychological well-being, social connection and humanity. Mental health interventions that explicitly promote and preserve dignity for people experiencing mental distress are growing in clinical practice and research in the USA, India, Europe and elsewhere. However, there is a need for more research and policy supporting the implementation and evaluation of these initiatives. Here, we highlight some of these programmes and make recommendations on how to further integrate ...


A Hybrid Iii Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomized Trial Testing An Implementation Strategy To Facilitate The Use Of An Evidence-Based Practice In Va Homeless Primary Care Treatment Programs, Molly M. Simmons, Sonya Gabrielian, Thomas Hugh Byrne, Megan B. McCullough, Jeffery L. Smith, Thom J. Taylor, Thomas P. O'Toole, Vincent Kane, Vera Yakovchenko, D. Keith McInnes, David A. Smelson 2017 Boston University

A Hybrid Iii Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomized Trial Testing An Implementation Strategy To Facilitate The Use Of An Evidence-Based Practice In Va Homeless Primary Care Treatment Programs, Molly M. Simmons, Sonya Gabrielian, Thomas Hugh Byrne, Megan B. Mccullough, Jeffery L. Smith, Thom J. Taylor, Thomas P. O'Toole, Vincent Kane, Vera Yakovchenko, D. Keith Mcinnes, David A. Smelson

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Homeless veterans often have multiple health care and psychosocial needs, including assistance with access to housing and health care, as well as support for ongoing treatment engagement. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) developed specialized Homeless Patient Alignment Care Teams (HPACT) with the goal of offering an integrated, "one-stop program" to address housing and health care needs of homeless veterans. However, while 70% of HPACT's veteran enrollees have co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders, HPACT does not have a uniform, embedded treatment protocol for this subpopulation. One wraparound intervention designed to address the needs of homeless veterans ...


Climate Change, Natural Disasters, And Suicide: A Systematic Review, Ans Irfan, Peter LaPuma 2017 George Washington

Climate Change, Natural Disasters, And Suicide: A Systematic Review, Ans Irfan, Peter Lapuma

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background.
Natural disasters are projected to increase due to climate change. Mental health is not a well-researched area in public health, particularly as it relates to environmental health and in the aftermath of natural disasters. The suicide rate is approximately 13 per 100,000 people in the US, nationally. This already high suicide rate warrants researching this area mental health. Understanding the relation between natural disasters and suicide rates might help alleviate human suffering and potentially save lives in the future, in post-disaster settings. This research will further the knowledge of the association between natural disasters and suicide and provide ...


Journal Of Mind And Medical Sciences: Translational And Integrative Mission, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei 2017 Valparaiso University

Journal Of Mind And Medical Sciences: Translational And Integrative Mission, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Initiated four years ago, Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences (J Mind Med Sci.) established the mission to publish papers on mental and medical topics in distinct but closely interrelated domains. The editorial policy especially encourages interdisciplinary and integrative perspectives, being equally focused on basic research and clinical investigations and short reports.

The journal adheres to the philosophy that high quality, original ideas and information should be readily accessible and freely shared within and amongst the scientific community. Accordingly, J Mind Med Sci. is an online, open access, non-for-profit journal which, because of individual/ private support, has levied no charges ...


Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, Stephen J. Morse 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship

This paper is a chapter that will appear in ACADEMY FOR JUSTICE, A REPORT ON SCHOLARSHIP AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM (Erik Luna ed., forthcoming 2017). The criminal law treats some people with severe mental disorders doctrinally and practically differently at virtually every stage of the criminal justice process, beginning with potential incompetence to stand trial and ending with the question of competence to be executed, and such people have special needs when they are in the system. This chapter begins by exploring the fundamental mental health information necessary to make informed judgements about how the criminal justice system should respond ...


A Call For Comprehensive Perinatal Psychotherapy Training [English And Spanish Versions], Carolyn Broudy 2017 Baystate Health

A Call For Comprehensive Perinatal Psychotherapy Training [English And Spanish Versions], Carolyn Broudy

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

A Spanish translation of this publication is available to download under "Additional Files" below.

Research has provided us with a tremendously rich understanding of the perinatal period and the kind of psychotherapeutic techniques that can effectively address issues that arise during this time. It is now time to more fully integrate and disseminate this knowledge to providers who are working with the perinatal population so it can be widely used in thoughtful and nuanced ways.


Digital Commons powered by bepress