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Musical Hallucinations Treated With Atypical Antipsychotics In A Geriatric Population – A Case Series, Adam Schindzielorz MD, D. Scott Murphy MD, Suzanne Holroyd MD 2018 Marshall University

Musical Hallucinations Treated With Atypical Antipsychotics In A Geriatric Population – A Case Series, Adam Schindzielorz Md, D. Scott Murphy Md, Suzanne Holroyd Md

Suzanne Holroyd

Musical hallucinations have been likened to the auditory equivalent of Charles Bonnet Syndrome, which involves complex visual hallucinations, most often in the context of visual impairment. Musical hallucination frequently take the form of hymns, carols, and show-tunes and are strongly associated with hearing loss, with some studies suggesting a prevalence of 2.5–3.6% in the hearing impaired. Musical hallucinations are typically treated with anticonvulsant and anticholinesterase medications, with some studies having evaluated the efficacy of sedative hypnotics, antipsychotics and antidepressants in various psychiatric and medical subpopulations suggesting a heterogeneous spectrum of causes for this disorder.

We present two ...


Guidance For Switching From Off-Label Antipsychotics To Pimavanserin For Parkinson’S Disease Psychosis: An Expert Consensus, Kevin J. Black, Henry Nasrallah, Stuart Isaacson, Mark Stacy, Rajesh Pahwa, Charles H. Adler, Gustavo Alva, Jeffrey W. Cooney, Daniel Kremens, Matthew A. Menza, Jonathan M. Meyer, Ashwin A. Patkar, Tanya Simuni, Debbi A. Morrissette, Stephen Stahl 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Guidance For Switching From Off-Label Antipsychotics To Pimavanserin For Parkinson’S Disease Psychosis: An Expert Consensus, Kevin J. Black, Henry Nasrallah, Stuart Isaacson, Mark Stacy, Rajesh Pahwa, Charles H. Adler, Gustavo Alva, Jeffrey W. Cooney, Daniel Kremens, Matthew A. Menza, Jonathan M. Meyer, Ashwin A. Patkar, Tanya Simuni, Debbi A. Morrissette, Stephen Stahl

Kevin J. Black, MD

Patients with Parkinson’s disease psychosis (PDP) are often treated with an atypical antipsychotic, especially quetiapine or clozapine, but side effects, lack of sufficient efficacy, or both may motivate a switch to pimavanserin, the first medication approved for management of PDP. How best to implement a switch to pimavanserin has not been clear, as there are no controlled trials or case series in the literature to provide guidance. An abrupt switch may interrupt partially effective treatment or potentially trigger rebound effects from antipsychotic withdrawal, whereas cross-taper involves potential drug interactions. A panel of experts drew from published data, their experience ...


Contextualization Of Psychological Treatments For Government Health Systems In Low-Resource Settings: Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy For Caregivers Of Children With Nodding Syndrome In Uganda., Byamah B Mutamba, Brandon A Kohrt, James Okello, Janet Nakigudde, Bernard Opar, Seggane Musisi, William Bazeyo, Joop de Jong 2018 George Washington University

Contextualization Of Psychological Treatments For Government Health Systems In Low-Resource Settings: Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy For Caregivers Of Children With Nodding Syndrome In Uganda., Byamah B Mutamba, Brandon A Kohrt, James Okello, Janet Nakigudde, Bernard Opar, Seggane Musisi, William Bazeyo, Joop De Jong

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of psychological treatments in low- and middle-income countries is increasing. However, there is a lack of systematic approaches to guide implementation in government health systems. The objective of this study was to address this gap by employing the Replicating Effective Programs (REP) framework to guide contextualization of a psychological treatment in the Uganda public health system for caregivers of children affected by nodding syndrome, a neuropsychiatric disorder endemic to Sub-Saharan Africa associated with high morbidity and disability.

METHODS: To contextualize a psychological treatment, we followed the four components of the REP framework: pre-conditions, pre-implementation, implementation ...


The Role Of Communities In Mental Health Care In Low- And Middle-Income Countries: A Meta-Review Of Components And Competencies., Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel 2018 George Washington University

The Role Of Communities In Mental Health Care In Low- And Middle-Income Countries: A Meta-Review Of Components And Competencies., Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Abstract

Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization’s Mental Health Action Plan, the World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities, and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and highlight research gaps. Using a review-of-reviews strategy, we identified 23 reviews for the narrative synthesis. Motivations to employ community ...


Why Pregnant Women With Depression Often Slip Through The Cracks, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Why Pregnant Women With Depression Often Slip Through The Cracks, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

One in seven women experience depression during pregnancy and after they give birth. This article explains how a model the authors created in Massachusetts to ensure that women with depression get the help they need is being implemented in other states.


Common And Dissociable Neural Activity After Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction And Relaxation Response Programs, Gunes Sevinc, Britta K. Holzel, Javeria Hashmi, Jonathan Greenberg, Adrienne McCallister, Michael Treadway, Marissa L. Schneider, Jeffery A. Dusek, James F. Carmody, Sara W. Lazar 2018 Harvard Medical School

Common And Dissociable Neural Activity After Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction And Relaxation Response Programs, Gunes Sevinc, Britta K. Holzel, Javeria Hashmi, Jonathan Greenberg, Adrienne Mccallister, Michael Treadway, Marissa L. Schneider, Jeffery A. Dusek, James F. Carmody, Sara W. Lazar

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVE: We investigated common and dissociable neural and psychological correlates of two widely used meditation-based stress reduction programs.

METHODS: Participants were randomized to the Relaxation Response (RR; n = 18; 56% female) or the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; n = 16; 56% female) programs. Both programs use a "bodyscan" meditation; however, the RR program explicitly emphasizes physical relaxation during this practice, whereas the MBSR program emphasizes mindful awareness with no explicit relaxation instructions. After the programs, neural activity during the respective meditation was investigated using functional magnetic resonance imaging.

RESULTS: Both programs were associated with reduced stress (for RR, from 14.1 ...


The Sweat Lodge Ceremony: A Healing Intervention For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use, Teresa Naseba Marsh, David C. Marsh, Julie Ozawagosh, Frank Ozawagosh 2018 Northern Ontario School of Medicine

The Sweat Lodge Ceremony: A Healing Intervention For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use, Teresa Naseba Marsh, David C. Marsh, Julie Ozawagosh, Frank Ozawagosh

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Many traditional healers and Elders agree that strengthening cultural identity, incorporating traditional healing practices, and encouraging community integration can enhance and improve mental health and reduce substance use disorders (SUD) in Indigenous populations. Despite the fact that traditional healing practices have always been valued by Indigenous Peoples, there is very little research on efficacy. Recent research by one of the authors in this group (T. Marsh) has shown that the blending of Indigenous traditional healing practices and a Western treatment model, Seeking Safety, resulted in a reduction in intergenerational trauma (IGT) symptoms and substance use disorders (SUD). This article focuses ...


An Evidence-Based Co-Occurring Disorder Intervention In Va Homeless Programs: Outcomes From A Hybrid Iii Trial, David A. Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Byrne, Sharon McCarthy 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Evidence-Based Co-Occurring Disorder Intervention In Va Homeless Programs: Outcomes From A Hybrid Iii Trial, David A. Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Byrne, Sharon Mccarthy

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatment for co-occurring disorders is needed within programs that serve homeless Veterans to assist with increasing engagement in care and to prevent future housing loss. A specialized co-occurring disorders treatment engagement intervention called Maintaining Independence and Sobriety Through Systems Integration, Outreach and Networking - Veterans Edition (MISSION-Vet) was implemented within the Housing and Urban Development - Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) Programs with and without an implementation strategy called Getting To Outcomes (GTO). While implementation was modest for the GTO group, no one adopted MISSION in the non-GTO group. This paper reports Veteran level outcome data on treatment engagement and ...


Effect Of Trinucleotide Repeats In The Huntington's Gene On Intelligence, Jessica K. Lee, Amy Conrad, Eric Epping, Kathy Mathews, Vincent Magnotta, Jeffrey D. Dawson, Peg Nopoulos 2018 University of Iowa

Effect Of Trinucleotide Repeats In The Huntington's Gene On Intelligence, Jessica K. Lee, Amy Conrad, Eric Epping, Kathy Mathews, Vincent Magnotta, Jeffrey D. Dawson, Peg Nopoulos

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

BACKGROUND: Huntington's Disease (HD) is caused by an abnormality in the HTT gene. This gene includes trinucleotide repeats ranging from 10 to 35, and when expanded beyond 39, causes HD. We previously reported that CAG repeats in the normal range had a direct and beneficial effect on brain development with higher repeats being associated with higher cognitive function. The current study now expands this line of inquiry to evaluate the effects of CAG repeat throughout the entire spectrum of repeats from 15 to 58.

METHODS: We evaluated brain function in children ages 6-18 years old. DNA samples were processed ...


Oxytocin Promotes Face-Sensitive Neural Responses To Infant And Adult Faces In Mothers, Mikko J. Peltola, Lane Strathearn, Kaija Puura 2018 University of Iowa

Oxytocin Promotes Face-Sensitive Neural Responses To Infant And Adult Faces In Mothers, Mikko J. Peltola, Lane Strathearn, Kaija Puura

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

Research utilizing intranasal oxytocin (OT) administration has shown that OT may increase attention and sensitivity to social cues, such as faces. Given the pivotal role of OT in parental behaviors across mammals, the paucity of intranasal OT research investigating responses to social cues in parents and particularly mothers of young children is a critical limitation. In the current study, we recorded cortical event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate whether intranasal OT affects the early neural responses to emotional faces in mothers of 1-year-old infants. Using a double-blind, within-subjects design, mothers (n = 38) were administered intranasal OT and placebo on separate sessions ...


Designing Interactive Virtual Environments With Feedback In Health Applications., Yi Li 2018 University of Louisville

Designing Interactive Virtual Environments With Feedback In Health Applications., Yi Li

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

One of the most important factors to influence user experience in human-computer interaction is the user emotional reaction. Interactive environments including serious games that are responsive to user emotions improve their effectiveness and user satisfactions. Testing and training for user emotional competence is meaningful in healthcare field, which has motivated us to analyze immersive affective games using emotional feedbacks. In this dissertation, a systematic model of designing interactive environment is presented, which consists of three essential modules: affect modeling, affect recognition, and affect control. In order to collect data for analysis and construct these modules, a series of experiments were ...


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Review Of Dsm Criteria And Functional Neuroanatomy, Cornelius W. Thomas 2018 Huntington VA Medical Center

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Review Of Dsm Criteria And Functional Neuroanatomy, Cornelius W. Thomas

Marshall Journal of Medicine

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) consist of over twenty possible symptoms that can be divided into six broad categories. These categories correlate with specific brain networks that regulate emotions, behaviors, and autonomic function. Normal functioning of these networks depends on two key regions; the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala. The prefrontal cortex provides top-down executive control over amygdala, whereas the amygdala is critical for threat detection and activation of the ‘fight or flight’ response. Events that trigger extreme and/or prolonged fear can cause persisting dysregulation within the prefrontal-amygdala circuit ...


Stress, Anxiety And Depression In Students Of A Private Medical School In Karachi, Pakistan, Noman Rehmani, Qurat ul Ain Khan, Syeda Sadia Fatima 2018 Aga Khan University

Stress, Anxiety And Depression In Students Of A Private Medical School In Karachi, Pakistan, Noman Rehmani, Qurat Ul Ain Khan, Syeda Sadia Fatima

Department of Psychiatry

Objective: To determine frequency of stress, anxiety and depression and their coping mechanisms in undergraduate students of a private sector university.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University recruiting students from Medical School, School of Nursing & Midwifery, and Dental Hygiene program who had attended at least six months on campus from October 2016 until August 2017. The “Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale” and “Student-Life Stress Inventory” scales were used to assess depression and anxiety, and stressors.

Results: A total of 283 students participated in this study and all of them scored higher than the ...


Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith 2018 Carroll College

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


Recurrent Vulvar Carcinoma: Complex Surgical Treatment Via Perineal Excision And Reconstruction With Musculocutaneous Flap, Dragoș Popa, Cosmin V. Obleagă, Ștefan Paitici, Stelian Ș. Mogoanta, Ionică D. Vîlcea, Pouya Pourgolafshan, Cristian Gheorghe, Manuela I. Vasile, Raluca Câmpeanu, Cecil S. Mirea 2018 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Recurrent Vulvar Carcinoma: Complex Surgical Treatment Via Perineal Excision And Reconstruction With Musculocutaneous Flap, Dragoș Popa, Cosmin V. Obleagă, Ștefan Paitici, Stelian Ș. Mogoanta, Ionică D. Vîlcea, Pouya Pourgolafshan, Cristian Gheorghe, Manuela I. Vasile, Raluca Câmpeanu, Cecil S. Mirea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Vulvar cancer is a malignant disease having a low frequency and with well-established surgical and oncological treatments based on the stage of the disease. The most important therapeutic problem encountered is represented by cases of perineal local regional recurrence, which are common in patients with large primary tumors and can occur even if the margins of the resection had no tumoral invasion.

We present a case study of a 64-year-old patient diagnosed one year ago with squamous vulvar carcinoma (G3) for which a vulvectomy was performed after neoadjuvant radiotherapy. The patient later developed local recurrence with invasion of the anal ...


The Mind-Body Problem; Three Equations And One Solution Represented By Immaterial-Material Data, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of General Medicine

The Mind-Body Problem; Three Equations And One Solution Represented By Immaterial-Material Data, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Human life occurs within a complex bio-psycho-social milieu, a heterogeneous system that is integrated by multiple bidirectional interrelations existing between the abstract-intangible ideas and physical-chemical support of environment. The mind is thus placed between the abstract ideas/ concepts and neurobiological brain that is further connected to environment. In other words, the mind acts as an interface between the immaterial (abstract/ intangible) data and material (biological) support. The science is unable to conceives and explains an interaction between the immaterial and material domains (to understand nature of the mind), this question generating in literature the mind-body problem. We have published in ...


Emergency Surgery On Mentally Impaired Patients: Standard In Consenting, Mihai Paduraru, Ahmed Saad, Krystian Pawelec 2018 Milton Keynes University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Emergency Surgery Department, Milton Keynes, UK

Emergency Surgery On Mentally Impaired Patients: Standard In Consenting, Mihai Paduraru, Ahmed Saad, Krystian Pawelec

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Emergency surgery is often performed on the elderly and susceptible patients with significant comorbidities; as a consequence, the risk of death or severe complications are high. Consent for surgery is a fundamental part of medical practice, in line with legal obligations and ethical principles. Obtaining consent for emergency services (for surgical patients with chronic or acute mental incapacity, due to surgical pathology) is particularly challenging, and meeting the standards requires an up-to-date understanding of legislation, professional body guidelines, and ethical or cultural aspects. The guidance related to consent requires physicians and other medical staff to work with patients according to ...


Prevalence And Correlates Of Depression And Alcohol Use Disorder Among Adults Attending Primary Health Care Services In Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study., Nagendra P Luitel, Emily C Baron, Brandon A Kohrt, Ivan H Komproe, Mark J D Jordans 2018 George Washington University

Prevalence And Correlates Of Depression And Alcohol Use Disorder Among Adults Attending Primary Health Care Services In Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study., Nagendra P Luitel, Emily C Baron, Brandon A Kohrt, Ivan H Komproe, Mark J D Jordans

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Although depression and alcohol use disorder (AUD) are expected to be common among patients presenting to primary health care setting, there is limited research on prevalence of depression and AUD among people attending primary health care services in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of depression and AUD among adults attending primary care facilities in Nepal and explore factors associated with depression and AUD.

METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional health facility survey with 1474 adults attending 10 primary healthcare facilities in Chitwan district, Nepal. The prevalence of depression and AUD was assessed ...


Mental Health Literacy For Children With A Parent With A Mental Illness, Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grove, Shane Costello, Daniel Cavanaugh 2018 Michigan State University

Mental Health Literacy For Children With A Parent With A Mental Illness, Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grove, Shane Costello, Daniel Cavanaugh

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Promoting mental health literacy is an effective strategy to protect the wellbeing of parents with mental illness and their children. Mental health literacy is part of health literacy; it is defined as “one’s level of understanding about mental health attitudes and conditions, as well as one’s ability to prevent, recognize, and cope with these conditions” (Jorm et al., 1997 p. 182). Mental health literacy can be developed by mental health providers discussing mental illness, recovery, and coping with parents and family members, including children. Increased mental health literacy leads to engagement in mental health promotion and (for the ...


The Role Of Neuropsychiatrists In Medical Science, Joseph Keating, Delia Bakeman, Joshua Claunch, Sheldon Benjamin 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Role Of Neuropsychiatrists In Medical Science, Joseph Keating, Delia Bakeman, Joshua Claunch, Sheldon Benjamin

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

The re-emergence of neuropsychiatry in the twentieth century occurred in the context of a history of neuropsychiatric contributions to medical science. In parallel to the growth of neuropsychiatry as a medical specialty, psychiatry has benefitted from developments in neuroscience, many of these built upon foundations established by neuropsychiatrists. We sought to enumerate the contributions by psychiatrists with neurological training to advances in medical science.


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