Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychiatry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1467 Full-Text Articles 2521 Authors 277389 Downloads 37 Institutions

All Articles in Psychiatry

Faceted Search

1467 full-text articles. Page 1 of 55.

Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori 2016 Humana, Inc.

Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori

Amy B. Wachholtz

BACKGROUND: There are many studies in the literature on the association between depression treatment and health expenditures. However, there is a knowledge gap in examining this relationship taking into account coexisting chronic conditions among patients with diabetes. We aim to analyze the association between depression treatment and healthcare expenditures among adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and newly-diagnosed depression, with consideration of coexisting chronic physical conditions.

METHODS: We used multi-state Medicaid data (2000-2008) and adopted a retrospective longitudinal cohort design. Medical conditions were identified using diagnosis codes (ICD-9-CM and CPT systems). Healthcare expenditures were aggregated for each month for ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Jeroan J. Allison

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Nancy Byatt

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


Evaluation Of Tobacco Use On Chinese Population Through Attoc Model: A Cross-Sectional Survey On Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients, Xue Wang, Zugui Peng, Douglas M. Ziedonis, Chaomin Wang, Bo Yu, Tao Li 2016 Sichuan University

Evaluation Of Tobacco Use On Chinese Population Through Attoc Model: A Cross-Sectional Survey On Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients, Xue Wang, Zugui Peng, Douglas M. Ziedonis, Chaomin Wang, Bo Yu, Tao Li

Douglas M. Ziedonis

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of Addressing Tobaccos through Organizational Change (ATTOC) intervention to Chinese psychiatric patients, and to better address tobacco use through the ATTOC intervention model in the context of China.

METHODS: The study was conducted in Mental Health Center of West China Hospital in 2010. A total of 100 hospitalized psychiatric patients were recruited to carry out ATTOC intervention. Subjects suffers from mental illness were diagnosed by professional psychiatrists according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) criteria.

RESULTS: The prevalence of tobacco use in hospitalized psychiatric patients were closely correlated with the type of mental ...


Therapeutic Assignments: Structured Framework For Interaction Between Medical Students And Patients On Psychiatry Clerkships, Yael Dvir, Isheeta Zalpuri 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Therapeutic Assignments: Structured Framework For Interaction Between Medical Students And Patients On Psychiatry Clerkships, Yael Dvir, Isheeta Zalpuri

Yael Dvir

Medical students enjoy high level of patient contact on psychiatric clerkships. They have felt that forming a relationship with a patient can have therapeutic effects by imparting hope, decreasing their isolation and providing individualized attention. However students have encountered difficulties forming alliance with their patients, either due to acuity of illness such as psychosis or due to character pathology, addiction etc. They need to feel comfortable dealing with more difficult situations such as extremes of emotion or breaks with reality. Interviewing skills must be continually developed. We hope that Therapeutic Assignments (TA) will: provide a medium for students to improve ...


Paternal Postpartum Depression, Kathleen Biebel, Shums Alikhan 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Paternal Postpartum Depression, Kathleen Biebel, Shums Alikhan

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

While postpartum depression (PPD) has historically been associated primarily with mothers, recently there has been increased awareness of the experience of fathers and strategies to address postpartum depression in men. For fathers willing to seek help, the lack of recognition of paternal PPD results in limited supports and treatments. Given the potential implications of paternal PPD, it is essential for new fathers and their healthcare providers to recognize the prevalence of paternal PPD, the symptoms, and the challenges surrounding this issue for men.


Growing Organizational Capacity To Facilitate The Streamlining Of Patients With Psychiatric Disorders In A Community Academic Health Network; An Eight Year Review, Edward R. Norris MD, FAPA, FAPM, Michael W. Kaufmann MD, David B. Burmeister DO, Muhamad Aly Rifai MD, Laurence P. Karper MD, Ralph A. Primelo MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Growing Organizational Capacity To Facilitate The Streamlining Of Patients With Psychiatric Disorders In A Community Academic Health Network; An Eight Year Review, Edward R. Norris Md, Fapa, Fapm, Michael W. Kaufmann Md, David B. Burmeister Do, Muhamad Aly Rifai Md, Laurence P. Karper Md, Ralph A. Primelo Md

David Burmeister, DO, FACEP, CPE

No abstract provided.


Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori 2016 Humana, Inc.

Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: There are many studies in the literature on the association between depression treatment and health expenditures. However, there is a knowledge gap in examining this relationship taking into account coexisting chronic conditions among patients with diabetes. We aim to analyze the association between depression treatment and healthcare expenditures among adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and newly-diagnosed depression, with consideration of coexisting chronic physical conditions.

METHODS: We used multi-state Medicaid data (2000-2008) and adopted a retrospective longitudinal cohort design. Medical conditions were identified using diagnosis codes (ICD-9-CM and CPT systems). Healthcare expenditures were aggregated for each month for ...


Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Common Mental Disorder Symptoms With Health And Healthcare Factors Among Women In Rural Western India: Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Nancy Byatt, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jagdish Vankar, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Jeroan J. Allison, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

OBJECTIVES: Information about common mental disorders (CMD) is needed to guide policy and clinical interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. This study's purpose was to characterise the association of CMD symptoms with 3 inter-related health and healthcare factors among women from rural western India based on a representative, cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Surveys were conducted in the waiting area of various outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital and in 16 rural villages in the Anand district of Gujarat, India.

PARTICIPANTS: 700 Gujarati-speaking women between the ages of 18-45 years who resided in the Anand district of Gujarat, India, were ...


The Calgets Story: The Impact Of 5 Years Of State-Funded Treatment, timothy w. fong, Terri Sue Canale-Dalman, michael campos, Richard Rosenthal, Rory Reid, Brett Abarbanel 2016 UCLA Gambling Studies Program

The Calgets Story: The Impact Of 5 Years Of State-Funded Treatment, Timothy W. Fong, Terri Sue Canale-Dalman, Michael Campos, Richard Rosenthal, Rory Reid, Brett Abarbanel

International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking

This presentation will review the history, development and current state-funded treatment programs offered in California. Treatment outcome data from 5 years of operations will be reviewed highlighting the impact that treatment has had on gambling disorder and affected individuals. Clinical characteristics and predictors of treatment success and treatment failures from both residential treatment and outpatient treatment settings will be presented. This presentation will also describe the pitfalls, successes and lessons learned in creating a statewide treatment program that will help in inform and educate any policy maker, administrator, healthcare provider or legislator who is responsible for creating and delivering government-sponsored ...


Illness Cognitions And Coping Self-Efficacy In Depression Among Persons With Low Vision., Bonnie A Sturrock, Jing Xie, Edith E Holloway, Mark Hegel, Robin J. Casten, David Mellor, Eva Fenwick, Gwyneth Rees 2016 University of Melbourne

Illness Cognitions And Coping Self-Efficacy In Depression Among Persons With Low Vision., Bonnie A Sturrock, Jing Xie, Edith E Holloway, Mark Hegel, Robin J. Casten, David Mellor, Eva Fenwick, Gwyneth Rees

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: To investigate the mediating role of coping self-efficacy (CSE) between two types of illness cognitions (i.e., acceptance and helplessness) and depressive symptoms in persons with low vision.

METHODS: This was a single-group, cross-sectional study. Patients with visual acuity < 6/12 in the better eye and at least minimal depressive symptoms (≥5 on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9]) were recruited from vision rehabilitation services and participated in telephone-administered structured interviews at one time point. Measures were the PHQ-9, CSE Scale, and Illness Cognition Questionnaire. Structural equation modeling (SEM) devised the causal flow of illness cognitions and their observed indirect effects on depressive symptoms via the CSE mediators: problem focused, emotion focused, and social support.

RESULTS: The study comprised 163 patients (mean age 62 years; 61% female), most with age-related macular degeneration (26%) and moderate vision impairment (44%, <6/18-6/60). Structural equation modeling indices indicated a perfect fit (χ2 < 0.001, P = 1.00), accounting for 55% of the variance in depressive symptoms. Lower levels of acceptance and higher levels of helplessness illness cognitions were associated with lower self-efficacy in problem-focused coping (β = 0.38, P < 0.001, β = -0.28, P < 0.01, respectively), which in turn was associated with greater depressive symptom severity (β = -0.54, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Lack of acceptance and greater helplessness relating to low vision led to a lack of perceived capability to engage in problem-focused coping, which in turn promoted depressive symptoms. Third-wave cognitive-behavioral treatments that focus on acceptance may ...


Collecting Histories Of Education And Employment Activities From Young Adults With Serious Mental Health Conditions, Kathryn Sabella, Peter Bui, Laura Golden, Kathleen Biebel 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Collecting Histories Of Education And Employment Activities From Young Adults With Serious Mental Health Conditions, Kathryn Sabella, Peter Bui, Laura Golden, Kathleen Biebel

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Young adulthood is a critical time for establishing the foundation of an adult working life. As adolescents mature and explore career interests, they also begin to focus in on particular career pathways. However, lower levels of employment and educational attainment, as well as the demands of parenting, prevent and delay Youth and Young adults (Y&YAs) with serious mental health conditions (SMHCs) from participating in settings where career development and exploration activities typically occur. Of Y&YA parents who do work, the majority will work part-time, at low-level service jobs, and at low salaries (Osgood, et al., 2005). Y&YA ...


Brain Structure In Pediatric Tourette Syndrome, Alton C. Williams, Kevin J. Black 2016 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Brain Structure In Pediatric Tourette Syndrome, Alton C. Williams, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Previous studies of brain structure in Tourette syndrome (TS) have produced mixed results, and most had modest sample sizes. In the present multi-center study, we used structural MRI to compare 103 children and adolescents with TS to a well-matched group of 103 children without tics. We applied voxel-based morphometry methods to test gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volume differences between diagnostic groups, accounting for MRI scanner and sequence, age, sex and total GM + WM volume. The TS group demonstrated greater GM volume in posterior thalamus, hypothalamus and midbrain, and lower WM volume bilaterally in orbital and medial prefrontal ...


Facilitating Effective Communication Between First Responders And Older Adults During Fall Incidents: An Educational Intervention, Krystin M. Beeman, Erica L. Berger, Isabel A. Cabezas, Nicole M. Mathews 2016 Dominican University of California

Facilitating Effective Communication Between First Responders And Older Adults During Fall Incidents: An Educational Intervention, Krystin M. Beeman, Erica L. Berger, Isabel A. Cabezas, Nicole M. Mathews

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

PURPOSE. The purpose of this project was to provide first responders with communication strategies for older adults that may help when responding to fall- related calls. General information was also provided to First Responders on working with older adults with a focus on the aging process, fall risk factors, and communications strategies.

METHODS. A series of educational sessions to first responders at a local fire district were developed and presented by occupational therapy students. Materials were developed by presenters from evidence-based resources and tailored to the target population. Each presentation focused on statistics about older adults, the aging process, fall ...


Pay For Performance And Treatment Outcome, Emily Loscalzo, PsyD, A. Levit, Robert Sterling, PhD, Stephen Weinstein, PhD 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Pay For Performance And Treatment Outcome, Emily Loscalzo, Psyd, A. Levit, Robert Sterling, Phd, Stephen Weinstein, Phd

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

Introduction:

Pay for Performance (P4P): Models which offer fiscal incentives to medical and behavioral health providers for meeting specific expectations related to patient care have gained popularity over the last decade as a means of improving quality of care (Bremer et al., 2008). Research by McLellan et al. (2008) has supported the feasibility of implementing such programs and the openness of substance abuse treatment facilities to participating in P4P.


Piloting "Signs Of Safety": A Deaf-Accessible Toolkit For Trauma And Addiction, Melissa L. Anderson, Kelly S. Wolf Craig, Amanda Sortwell, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Piloting "Signs Of Safety": A Deaf-Accessible Toolkit For Trauma And Addiction, Melissa L. Anderson, Kelly S. Wolf Craig, Amanda Sortwell, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Deaf community - a minority group of 500,000 Americans who use American Sign Language (ASL) - experiences trauma and addiction at rates double to the general population. Yet, there are no evidence-based treatments that have been evaluated to treat trauma, addiction, or other behavioral health conditions among Deaf people.

Current evidence-based treatments fail to meet the needs of Deaf clients. One example is Seeking Safety, a well-validated therapy for people recovering from trauma and addiction. Seeking Safety includes a therapist guide and client handouts for 25 therapy sessions, each teaching clients a safe coping skill. When Seeking Safety was used ...


Implementation And Use Of A Crisis Hotline During The Treatment As Usual And Universal Screening Phases Of A Suicide Intervention Study, Sarah Arias, Ashley Sullivan, Ivan Miller, Carlos Camargo, Edwin Boudreaux 2016 Brown University

Implementation And Use Of A Crisis Hotline During The Treatment As Usual And Universal Screening Phases Of A Suicide Intervention Study, Sarah Arias, Ashley Sullivan, Ivan Miller, Carlos Camargo, Edwin Boudreaux

Edwin D. Boudreaux

BACKGROUND: Although research suggests that crisis hotlines are an effective means of mitigating suicide risk, lack of empirical evidence may limit the use of this method as a research safety protocol. PURPOSE: This study describes the use of a crisis hotline to provide clinical backup for research assessments. METHODS: Data were analyzed from participants in the Emergency Department Safety and Follow-up Evaluation (ED-SAFE) study (n=874). Socio-demographics, call completion data, and data available on suicide attempts occurring in relation to the crisis counseling call were analyzed. Pearson chi-squared statistic for differences in proportions were conducted to compare characteristics of patients ...


Health Evaluation And Referral Assistant: A Randomized Controlled Trial To Improve Smoking Cessation Among Emergency Department Patients, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Beau Abar, Brianna Haskins, Brigitte Bauman, Grant Grissom 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Health Evaluation And Referral Assistant: A Randomized Controlled Trial To Improve Smoking Cessation Among Emergency Department Patients, Edwin D. Boudreaux, Beau Abar, Brianna Haskins, Brigitte Bauman, Grant Grissom

Edwin D. Boudreaux

BACKGROUND: Computer technologies hold promise for implementing tobacco screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT). This study aims to evaluate a computerized tobacco SBIRT system called the Health Evaluation and Referral Assistant (HERA).

METHODS: Smokers (n = 421) presenting to an emergency department were randomly assigned to the HERA or a minimal-treatment Control and were followed for 3 months. Analyses compared smoking cessation treatment provider contact, treatment initiation, treatment completion, and smoking behavior across condition using univariable comparisons, generalized estimating equations (GEE), and post hoc Chi square analyses.

RESULTS: HERA participants were more likely to initiate contact with a treatment ...


Transitioning From First Drug Use To Dependence Onset: Illustration Of A Multiparametric Approach For Comparative Epidemiology, Olga Vsevolozhskaya, James Anthony 2016 Michigan State University

Transitioning From First Drug Use To Dependence Onset: Illustration Of A Multiparametric Approach For Comparative Epidemiology, Olga Vsevolozhskaya, James Anthony

Olga A. Vsevolozhskaya

Studying transitions from first drug use (DU) to drug dependence (DD) onset, we estimate a parsimonious set of parameters based on epidemiological data, with plans for future longitudinal research on newly incident drug users and with tracking of self-administration frequencies and DD clinical features. Our expectation is a distinctive sigmoid pattern with one asymptote for lower DD probability (when DU is insubstantial), upturning slopes of DD risk beyond a middle value (PD50), and eventual higher DD risk asymptotes at higher DU frequencies. We illustrate this novel approach using cross-sectional data from the United States National Surveys on Drug Use and ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress