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The Sweat Lodge Ceremony: A Healing Intervention For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use, Teresa Naseba Marsh, David C. Marsh, Julie Ozawagosh, Frank Ozawagosh 2018 Northern Ontario School of Medicine

The Sweat Lodge Ceremony: A Healing Intervention For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use, Teresa Naseba Marsh, David C. Marsh, Julie Ozawagosh, Frank Ozawagosh

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Many traditional healers and Elders agree that strengthening cultural identity, incorporating traditional healing practices, and encouraging community integration can enhance and improve mental health and reduce substance use disorders (SUD) in Indigenous populations. Despite the fact that traditional healing practices have always been valued by Indigenous Peoples, there is very little research on efficacy. Recent research by one of the authors in this group (T. Marsh) has shown that the blending of Indigenous traditional healing practices and a Western treatment model, Seeking Safety, resulted in a reduction in intergenerational trauma (IGT) symptoms and substance use disorders (SUD). This article focuses ...


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Review Of Dsm Criteria And Functional Neuroanatomy, Cornelius W. Thomas 2018 Huntington VA Medical Center

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Review Of Dsm Criteria And Functional Neuroanatomy, Cornelius W. Thomas

Marshall Journal of Medicine

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) consist of over twenty possible symptoms that can be divided into six broad categories. These categories correlate with specific brain networks that regulate emotions, behaviors, and autonomic function. Normal functioning of these networks depends on two key regions; the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala. The prefrontal cortex provides top-down executive control over amygdala, whereas the amygdala is critical for threat detection and activation of the ‘fight or flight’ response. Events that trigger extreme and/or prolonged fear can cause persisting dysregulation within the prefrontal-amygdala circuit ...


Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith 2018 Carroll College

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


Recurrent Vulvar Carcinoma: Complex Surgical Treatment Via Perineal Excision And Reconstruction With Musculocutaneous Flap, Dragoș Popa, Cosmin V. Obleagă, Ștefan Paitici, Stelian Ș. Mogoanta, Ionică D. Vîlcea, Pouya Pourgolafshan, Cristian Gheorghe, Manuela I. Vasile, Raluca Câmpeanu, Cecil S. Mirea 2018 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Recurrent Vulvar Carcinoma: Complex Surgical Treatment Via Perineal Excision And Reconstruction With Musculocutaneous Flap, Dragoș Popa, Cosmin V. Obleagă, Ștefan Paitici, Stelian Ș. Mogoanta, Ionică D. Vîlcea, Pouya Pourgolafshan, Cristian Gheorghe, Manuela I. Vasile, Raluca Câmpeanu, Cecil S. Mirea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Vulvar cancer is a malignant disease having a low frequency and with well-established surgical and oncological treatments based on the stage of the disease. The most important therapeutic problem encountered is represented by cases of perineal local regional recurrence, which are common in patients with large primary tumors and can occur even if the margins of the resection had no tumoral invasion.

We present a case study of a 64-year-old patient diagnosed one year ago with squamous vulvar carcinoma (G3) for which a vulvectomy was performed after neoadjuvant radiotherapy. The patient later developed local recurrence with invasion of the anal ...


The Mind-Body Problem; Three Equations And One Solution Represented By Immaterial-Material Data, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of General Medicine

The Mind-Body Problem; Three Equations And One Solution Represented By Immaterial-Material Data, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Human life occurs within a complex bio-psycho-social milieu, a heterogeneous system that is integrated by multiple bidirectional interrelations existing between the abstract-intangible ideas and physical-chemical support of environment. The mind is thus placed between the abstract ideas/ concepts and neurobiological brain that is further connected to environment. In other words, the mind acts as an interface between the immaterial (abstract/ intangible) data and material (biological) support. The science is unable to conceives and explains an interaction between the immaterial and material domains (to understand nature of the mind), this question generating in literature the mind-body problem. We have published in ...


Emergency Surgery On Mentally Impaired Patients: Standard In Consenting, Mihai Paduraru, Ahmed Saad, Krystian Pawelec 2018 Milton Keynes University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Emergency Surgery Department, Milton Keynes, UK

Emergency Surgery On Mentally Impaired Patients: Standard In Consenting, Mihai Paduraru, Ahmed Saad, Krystian Pawelec

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Emergency surgery is often performed on the elderly and susceptible patients with significant comorbidities; as a consequence, the risk of death or severe complications are high. Consent for surgery is a fundamental part of medical practice, in line with legal obligations and ethical principles. Obtaining consent for emergency services (for surgical patients with chronic or acute mental incapacity, due to surgical pathology) is particularly challenging, and meeting the standards requires an up-to-date understanding of legislation, professional body guidelines, and ethical or cultural aspects. The guidance related to consent requires physicians and other medical staff to work with patients according to ...


Prevalence And Correlates Of Depression And Alcohol Use Disorder Among Adults Attending Primary Health Care Services In Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study., Nagendra P Luitel, Emily C Baron, Brandon A Kohrt, Ivan H Komproe, Mark J D Jordans 2018 George Washington University

Prevalence And Correlates Of Depression And Alcohol Use Disorder Among Adults Attending Primary Health Care Services In Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study., Nagendra P Luitel, Emily C Baron, Brandon A Kohrt, Ivan H Komproe, Mark J D Jordans

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Although depression and alcohol use disorder (AUD) are expected to be common among patients presenting to primary health care setting, there is limited research on prevalence of depression and AUD among people attending primary health care services in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of depression and AUD among adults attending primary care facilities in Nepal and explore factors associated with depression and AUD.

METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional health facility survey with 1474 adults attending 10 primary healthcare facilities in Chitwan district, Nepal. The prevalence of depression and AUD was assessed ...


Mental Health Literacy For Children With A Parent With A Mental Illness, Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grove, Shane Costello, Daniel Cavanaugh 2018 Michigan State University

Mental Health Literacy For Children With A Parent With A Mental Illness, Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grove, Shane Costello, Daniel Cavanaugh

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Promoting mental health literacy is an effective strategy to protect the wellbeing of parents with mental illness and their children. Mental health literacy is part of health literacy; it is defined as “one’s level of understanding about mental health attitudes and conditions, as well as one’s ability to prevent, recognize, and cope with these conditions” (Jorm et al., 1997 p. 182). Mental health literacy can be developed by mental health providers discussing mental illness, recovery, and coping with parents and family members, including children. Increased mental health literacy leads to engagement in mental health promotion and (for the ...


The Role Of Neuropsychiatrists In Medical Science, Joseph Keating MD, Delia Bakeman DO, Joshua Claunch MD, Sheldon Benjamin 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Role Of Neuropsychiatrists In Medical Science, Joseph Keating Md, Delia Bakeman Do, Joshua Claunch Md, Sheldon Benjamin

Sheldon Benjamin

The re-emergence of neuropsychiatry in the twentieth century occurred in the context of a history of neuropsychiatric contributions to medical science. In parallel to the growth of neuropsychiatry as a medical specialty, psychiatry has benefitted from developments in neuroscience, many of these built upon foundations established by neuropsychiatrists. We sought to enumerate the contributions by psychiatrists with neurological training to advances in medical science. 


Premenstrual Syndrome: Existence, Knowledge, And Attitude Among Female University Students In Karachi, Aleena Mohib, Amara Zafar, Areeba Najam, Hafsa Tanveer, Rehana Rehman 2018 Dow Medical College, Civil Hospital Karachi, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan

Premenstrual Syndrome: Existence, Knowledge, And Attitude Among Female University Students In Karachi, Aleena Mohib, Amara Zafar, Areeba Najam, Hafsa Tanveer, Rehana Rehman

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the existence, knowledge, and the attitude of female students towards premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three universities in Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 448 female students participated in the study. The clinical criterion of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) for PMS was used to assess the prevalence of PMS in the participants. The questionnaire was set in four parts, one each to assess the knowledge, the attitude, and practices regarding PMS and one to assess the gap between self-perceived PMS and actual PMS. Data ...


Naltrexone And Bupropion Combination Treatment For Smoking Cessation And Weight Loss In Patients With Schizophrenia, Xuechan Lyu, Jiang Du, Guilai Zhan, Yujie Wu, Hang Su, Youwei Zhu, Fredrik Jarskog, Min Zhao, Xiaoduo Fan 2018 Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Naltrexone And Bupropion Combination Treatment For Smoking Cessation And Weight Loss In Patients With Schizophrenia, Xuechan Lyu, Jiang Du, Guilai Zhan, Yujie Wu, Hang Su, Youwei Zhu, Fredrik Jarskog, Min Zhao, Xiaoduo Fan

Open Access Articles

Objective: The rates of obesity and cigarette smoking are much higher in patients with schizophrenia compared to the general population. This study was to examine whether naltrexone and bupropion combination treatment can help weight loss and smoking cessation in patients with schizophrenia.

Methods: Obese male schizophrenia patients with current cigarette smoking were randomized to receive adjunctive naltrexone (25 mg/day) and bupropion (300 mg/day) combination or placebo for 24 weeks. Twenty-two patients were enrolled in the study, and 21 patients completed the study (11 in the treatment group, and 10 in the placebo group). Body weight, body mass index ...


Maternal Mental Health Priorities, Help-Seeking Behaviors, And Resources In Post-Conflict Settings: A Qualitative Study In Eastern Uganda., Wietse A Tol, BreeOna Ebrecht, Rebecca Aiyo, Sarah M Murray, Amanda J Nguyen, Brandon A Kohrt, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Juliet Nakku 2018 George Washington University

Maternal Mental Health Priorities, Help-Seeking Behaviors, And Resources In Post-Conflict Settings: A Qualitative Study In Eastern Uganda., Wietse A Tol, Breeona Ebrecht, Rebecca Aiyo, Sarah M Murray, Amanda J Nguyen, Brandon A Kohrt, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Juliet Nakku

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists to inform the selection and introduction of locally relevant, feasible, and effective mental health interventions in diverse socio-cultural contexts and health systems. We examined stakeholders' perspectives on mental health-related priorities, help-seeking behaviors, and existing resources to guide the development of a maternal mental health component for integration into non-specialized care in Soroti, eastern Uganda.

METHODS: We employed rapid ethnographic methods (free listing and ranking; semi-structured interviews; key informant interviews and pile sorting) with community health workers (n = 24), primary health workers (n = 26), perinatal women (n = 24), traditional and religious healers (n = 10), and mental health ...


Self-Reported Academic Performance In Relation To Health Behaviours Among Bahria University Students, Rehana Rehman, Amara Zafar, Aleena Mohib, Mehwish Hussain, Rabiya Ali 2018 Aga Khan University

Self-Reported Academic Performance In Relation To Health Behaviours Among Bahria University Students, Rehana Rehman, Amara Zafar, Aleena Mohib, Mehwish Hussain, Rabiya Ali

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To find an association between self-reported academic performance with different socio-demographic factors, health behaviours and mental health amongst university students.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Bahria University, Karachi, from January 2012 to December 2013, and comprised university students of different disciplines. An anonymous, self-reported questionnaire was distributed among the subjects. Convenient sampling technique was used. Demographic information, including age, gender and field of study, were obtained. Depresion was evaluated via Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. SPSS 22 was used to analyse data.
Results: Of the 813 respondents, 334(41.1%) were males and 479(58.9 ...


Chasing The Dragon, Daniel Young Cho, Hani Nazha, Kalin Fisher 2018 Charleston Area Medical Center

Chasing The Dragon, Daniel Young Cho, Hani Nazha, Kalin Fisher

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract: Although rare, toxic leukoencephalopathy (TLE) associated with heroin inhalation have been reported. ‘Chasing the dragon’ may lead to progressive spongiform degeneration of the brain and presents with a large range of neuropsychological sequelae. A thorough social history and clinical suspicion are paramount in recognizing the diagnosis. This case is an example of TLE in a middle-aged white male with a history of polysubstance abuse. He presented with a three week history of progressive neuropsychological symptoms, including abulia, bradyphrenia, hyperreflexia, and visual hallucinations. He was initially suspected to have progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, however, JCV PCR was negative. MRI showed diffuse ...


Reducing Stigma Among Healthcare Providers To Improve Mental Health Services (Reshape): Protocol For A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Stigma Reduction Intervention For Training Primary Healthcare Workers In Nepal., Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans, Elizabeth L Turner, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nagendra P Luitel, Sauharda Rai, Daisy R Singla, Jagannath Lamichhane, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel 2018 George Washington University

Reducing Stigma Among Healthcare Providers To Improve Mental Health Services (Reshape): Protocol For A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Stigma Reduction Intervention For Training Primary Healthcare Workers In Nepal., Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans, Elizabeth L Turner, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nagendra P Luitel, Sauharda Rai, Daisy R Singla, Jagannath Lamichhane, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

Non-specialist healthcare providers, including primary and community healthcare workers, in low- and middle-income countries can effectively treat mental illness. However, scaling-up mental health services within existing health systems has been limited by barriers such as stigma against people with mental illness. Therefore, interventions are needed to address attitudes and behaviors among non-specialists. Aimed at addressing this gap, REducing Stigma among HealthcAre Providers to ImprovE mental health services (RESHAPE) is an intervention in which social contact with mental health service users is added to training for non-specialist healthcare workers integrating mental health services ...


Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, Stephen J. Morse 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship

This paper is a chapter that will appear in REFORMING CRIMINAL JUSTICE: A REPORT OF THE ACADEMY FOR JUSTICE BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN SCHOLARSHIP AND REFORM (Erik Luna ed., Academy for Justice 2018). The criminal law treats some people with severe mental disorders doctrinally and practically differently at virtually every stage of the criminal justice process, beginning with potential incompetence to stand trial and ending with the question of competence to be executed, and such people have special needs when they are in the system. This chapter begins by exploring the fundamental mental health information necessary to make informed judgements ...


Investigation Of Shape, Position, And Permeability Of Shielding Material In Quadruple Butterfly Coil For Focused Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Priyam Rastogi, Bowen Zhang, Yalun Tang, Erik G. Lee, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles 2018 Iowa State University

Investigation Of Shape, Position, And Permeability Of Shielding Material In Quadruple Butterfly Coil For Focused Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Priyam Rastogi, Bowen Zhang, Yalun Tang, Erik G. Lee, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Transcranial magnetic stimulation has been gaining popularity in the therapy for several neurological disorders. A time-varying magnetic field is used to generate electric field in the brain. As the development of TMS methods takes place, emphasis on the coil design increases in order to improve focal stimulation. Ideally reduction of stimulation of neighboring regions of the target area is desired. This study, focused on the improvement of the focality of the Quadruple Butterfly Coil (QBC) with supplemental use of different passive shields. Parameters such as shape, position and permeability of the shields have been explored to improve the focus of ...


A Systematic Review Of Evidence For The Clubhouse Model Of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, Colleen E. McKay, Katie L. Nugent, Matthew Johnsen, William W. Eaton, Charles W. Lidz 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Systematic Review Of Evidence For The Clubhouse Model Of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, Colleen E. Mckay, Katie L. Nugent, Matthew Johnsen, William W. Eaton, Charles W. Lidz

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

The Clubhouse Model has been in existence for over sixty-five years; however, a review that synthesizes the literature on the model is needed. The current study makes use of the existing research to conduct a systematic review of articles providing a comprehensive understanding of what is known about the Clubhouse Model, to identify the best evidence available, as well as areas that would benefit from further study. Findings are summarized and evidence is classified by outcome domains. Fifty-two articles met the selection criteria of Randomized Clinical Trials (RCT's), quasi-experimental studies, or observational studies for domains of employment (N = 29 ...


Interpersonal Violence And Suicidality Among Former Child Soldiers And War-Exposed Civilian Children In Nepal., Anvita Bhardwaj, Christine Bourey, Sauharda Rai, Ramesh Prasad Adhikari, Carol M Worthman, Brandon A Kohrt 2018 George Washington University

Interpersonal Violence And Suicidality Among Former Child Soldiers And War-Exposed Civilian Children In Nepal., Anvita Bhardwaj, Christine Bourey, Sauharda Rai, Ramesh Prasad Adhikari, Carol M Worthman, Brandon A Kohrt

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: Suicide risk reduction is crucial for 15-29-year-old youth, who account for 46% of suicide deaths in low- and middle-income countries. Suicide predictors in high-resource settings, specifically depression, do not adequately predict suicidality in these settings. We explored if interpersonal violence (IPV) was associated with suicidality, independent of depression, in Nepal.

Methods: A longitudinal cohort of child soldiers and matched civilian children, enrolled in 2007 after the People's War in Nepal, were re-interviewed in 2012. The Depression Self-Rating Scale and Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed depression and suicidality, respectively. Non-verbal response cards were used to capture experiences of sexual ...


Feasibility Study Of A Family- And School-Based Intervention For Child Behavior Problems In Nepal., Ramesh P Adhikari, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Emily N Satinsky, Matthew D Burkey, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans 2018 George Washington University

Feasibility Study Of A Family- And School-Based Intervention For Child Behavior Problems In Nepal., Ramesh P Adhikari, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Emily N Satinsky, Matthew D Burkey, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: This study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school- and family-based intervention, delivered by psychosocial counselors, for children with behavior problems in rural Nepal.

Methods: Forty-one children participated at baseline. Two students moved to another district, meaning 39 children, ages 6-15, participated at both baseline and follow-up. Pre-post evaluation was used to assess behavioral changes over a 4-month follow-up period (n = 39). The primary outcome measure was the Disruptive Behavior International Scale-Nepal version (DBIS-N). The secondary outcome scales included the Child Functional Impairment Scale and the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI). Twelve key informant interviews were ...


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