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Education Mitigates The Relationship Of Stress And Mental Disorders Among Rural Indian Women, Nisha Fahey, Apurv Soni, Jeroan J. Allison, Jagdish Vankar, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Somashekhar Nimbalkar 2017 Des Moines University

Education Mitigates The Relationship Of Stress And Mental Disorders Among Rural Indian Women, Nisha Fahey, Apurv Soni, Jeroan J. Allison, Jagdish Vankar, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Somashekhar Nimbalkar

Nancy Byatt

BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD) are a constellation of mental health conditions that include depression, anxiety, and other related nonpsychotic affective disorders. Qualitative explanatory models of mental health among reproductive-aged women in India reveal that distress is strongly associated with CMD. The relationship of perceived stress and CMD might be attenuated or exacerbated based on an individual's sociodemographic characteristics.

OBJECTIVES: To screen for Common Mental Disorders (CMD) among reproductive-aged women from rural western India and explore how the relationship between perceived stress and CMD screening status varies by sociodemographic characteristics.

METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 700 women from rural Gujarat ...


A Case Matched Study Examining The Reliability Of Using Impact To Assess Effects Of Multiple Concussions., Trevor Barker, Stephen A. Russo, Gaytri Barker, Mark A Rice, Mary G Jeffrey, Gordon Broderick, Travis J A Craddock 2017 Nova Southeastern University

A Case Matched Study Examining The Reliability Of Using Impact To Assess Effects Of Multiple Concussions., Trevor Barker, Stephen A. Russo, Gaytri Barker, Mark A Rice, Mary G Jeffrey, Gordon Broderick, Travis J A Craddock

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.8 million sport and recreational concussions occur per year, creating a need for accurate diagnosis and management of concussions. Researchers and clinicians are exploring the potential dose-response cumulative effects of concussive injuries using computerized neuropsychological exams, however, results have been mixed and/or contradictory. This study starts with a large adolescent population and applies strict inclusion criteria to examine how previous mild traumatic brain injuries affect symptom reports and neurocognitive performance on the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) computerized tool.

METHODS: After applying exclusion criteria and case matching, 204 male and 99 female participants remained ...


Climate Change, Natural Disasters, And Suicide: A Systematic Review, Ans Irfan, Peter LaPuma 2017 George Washington

Climate Change, Natural Disasters, And Suicide: A Systematic Review, Ans Irfan, Peter Lapuma

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background.
Natural disasters are projected to increase due to climate change. Mental health is not a well-researched area in public health, particularly as it relates to environmental health and in the aftermath of natural disasters. The suicide rate is approximately 13 per 100,000 people in the US, nationally. This already high suicide rate warrants researching this area mental health. Understanding the relation between natural disasters and suicide rates might help alleviate human suffering and potentially save lives in the future, in post-disaster settings. This research will further the knowledge of the association between natural disasters and suicide and provide ...


Journal Of Mind And Medical Sciences: Translational And Integrative Mission, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei 2017 Valparaiso University

Journal Of Mind And Medical Sciences: Translational And Integrative Mission, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Initiated four years ago, Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences (J Mind Med Sci.) established the mission to publish papers on mental and medical topics in distinct but closely interrelated domains. The editorial policy especially encourages interdisciplinary and integrative perspectives, being equally focused on basic research and clinical investigations and short reports.

The journal adheres to the philosophy that high quality, original ideas and information should be readily accessible and freely shared within and amongst the scientific community. Accordingly, J Mind Med Sci. is an online, open access, non-for-profit journal which, because of individual/ private support, has levied no charges ...


Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, Stephen J. Morse 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship

This paper is a chapter that will appear in ACADEMY FOR JUSTICE, A REPORT ON SCHOLARSHIP AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM (Erik Luna ed., forthcoming 2017). The criminal law treats some people with severe mental disorders doctrinally and practically differently at virtually every stage of the criminal justice process, beginning with potential incompetence to stand trial and ending with the question of competence to be executed, and such people have special needs when they are in the system. This chapter begins by exploring the fundamental mental health information necessary to make informed judgements about how the criminal justice system should respond ...


A Call For Comprehensive Perinatal Psychotherapy Training, Carolyn Broudy 2017 Baystate Health

A Call For Comprehensive Perinatal Psychotherapy Training, Carolyn Broudy

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Research has provided us with a tremendously rich understanding of the perinatal period and the kind of psychotherapeutic techniques that can effectively address issues that arise during this time. It is now time to more fully integrate and disseminate this knowledge to providers who are working with the perinatal population so it can be widely used in thoughtful and nuanced ways.


Using Getting To Outcomes To Facilitate The Use Of An Evidence-Based Practice In Va Homeless Programs: A Cluster-Randomized Trial Of An Implementation Support Strategy, Matthew Chinman, Sharon McCarthy, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Hugh. Byrne, David A. Smelson 2017 VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Using Getting To Outcomes To Facilitate The Use Of An Evidence-Based Practice In Va Homeless Programs: A Cluster-Randomized Trial Of An Implementation Support Strategy, Matthew Chinman, Sharon Mccarthy, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Hugh. Byrne, David A. Smelson

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Incorporating evidence-based integrated treatment for dual disorders into typical care settings has been challenging, especially among those serving Veterans who are homeless. This paper presents an evaluation of an effort to incorporate an evidence-based, dual disorder treatment called Maintaining Independence and Sobriety Through Systems Integration, Outreach, and Networking-Veterans Edition (MISSION-Vet) into case management teams serving Veterans who are homeless, using an implementation strategy called Getting To Outcomes (GTO).

METHODS: This Hybrid Type III, cluster-randomized controlled trial assessed the impact of GTO over and above MISSION-Vet Implementation as Usual (IU). Both conditions received standard MISSION-Vet training and manuals. The GTO ...


Multi-Scale Motility Amplitude Associated With Suicidal Thoughts In Major Depression, Premananda Indic, Greg Murray, Carlo Maggini, Mario Amore, Tiziana Meschi, Loris Borghi, Ross J. Baldessarini, Paola Salvatore 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Multi-Scale Motility Amplitude Associated With Suicidal Thoughts In Major Depression, Premananda Indic, Greg Murray, Carlo Maggini, Mario Amore, Tiziana Meschi, Loris Borghi, Ross J. Baldessarini, Paola Salvatore

Premananda Indic

Major depression occurs at high prevalence in the general population, often starts in juvenile years, recurs over a lifetime, and is strongly associated with disability and suicide. Searches for biological markers in depression may have been hindered by assuming that depression is a unitary and relatively homogeneous disorder, mainly of mood, rather than addressing particular, clinically crucial features or diagnostic subtypes. Many studies have implicated quantitative alterations of motility rhythms in depressed human subjects. Since a candidate feature of great public-health significance is the unusually high risk of suicidal behavior in depressive disorders, we studied correlations between a measure (vulnerability ...


Multi-Scale Motility Amplitude Associated With Suicidal Thoughts In Major Depression, Premananda Indic, Greg Murray, Carlo Maggini, Mario Amore, Tiziana Meschi, Loris Borghi, Ross J. Baldessarini, Paola Salvatore 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Multi-Scale Motility Amplitude Associated With Suicidal Thoughts In Major Depression, Premananda Indic, Greg Murray, Carlo Maggini, Mario Amore, Tiziana Meschi, Loris Borghi, Ross J. Baldessarini, Paola Salvatore

Premananda Indic

Major depression occurs at high prevalence in the general population, often starts in juvenile years, recurs over a lifetime, and is strongly associated with disability and suicide. Searches for biological markers in depression may have been hindered by assuming that depression is a unitary and relatively homogeneous disorder, mainly of mood, rather than addressing particular, clinically crucial features or diagnostic subtypes. Many studies have implicated quantitative alterations of motility rhythms in depressed human subjects. Since a candidate feature of great public-health significance is the unusually high risk of suicidal behavior in depressive disorders, we studied correlations between a measure (vulnerability ...


Youth Outcomes Of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tf-Cbt) In The Child Trauma Training Center (Cttc), Crystaltina Montagna, Jessica L. Griffin, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Genevieve Kane-Howse, MaryBeth Todd 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Youth Outcomes Of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tf-Cbt) In The Child Trauma Training Center (Cttc), Crystaltina Montagna, Jessica L. Griffin, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Genevieve Kane-Howse, Marybeth Todd

Jessica L. Griffin

Objectives: Exposure to trauma among youth is common and can cause behavioral, social and functioning problems. Use of evidence-based trauma treatment can reduce post-traumatic stress (PTSD) symptoms and behavioral problems. This poster highlights the outcomes of youth who participated in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) provided by clinicians who were trained through the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) Child Trauma Training Center (CTTC).

Methods: 308 youth ages 6-18 were enrolled into the CTTC evaluation with a mean age of 11.31 years (SD = 3.5); over half were female (58.1%), the majority were white (62.3%) and 37 ...


Youth Outcomes Of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tf-Cbt) In The Child Trauma Training Center (Cttc), Crystaltina Montagna, Jessica L. Griffin, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Genevieve Kane-Howse, MaryBeth Todd 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Youth Outcomes Of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tf-Cbt) In The Child Trauma Training Center (Cttc), Crystaltina Montagna, Jessica L. Griffin, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Genevieve Kane-Howse, Marybeth Todd

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Objectives: Exposure to trauma among youth is common and can cause behavioral, social and functioning problems. Use of evidence-based trauma treatment can reduce post-traumatic stress (PTSD) symptoms and behavioral problems. This poster highlights the outcomes of youth who participated in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) provided by clinicians who were trained through the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) Child Trauma Training Center (CTTC).

Methods: 308 youth ages 6-18 were enrolled into the CTTC evaluation with a mean age of 11.31 years (SD = 3.5); over half were female (58.1%), the majority were white (62.3%) and 37 ...


Functional Outcomes Of The Low Vision Depression Prevention Trial In Age-Related Macular Degeneration., Ashley D. Deemer, Robert W. Massof, Barry W. Rovner, Robin J. Casten, Catherine V. Piersol 2017 Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Functional Outcomes Of The Low Vision Depression Prevention Trial In Age-Related Macular Degeneration., Ashley D. Deemer, Robert W. Massof, Barry W. Rovner, Robin J. Casten, Catherine V. Piersol

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of behavioral activation (BA) plus low vision rehabilitation with an occupational therapist (OT-LVR) with supportive therapy (ST) on visual function in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Methods: Single-masked, attention-controlled, randomized clinical trial with AMD patients with subsyndromal depressive symptoms (n = 188). All subjects had two outpatient low vision rehabilitation optometry visits, then were randomized to in-home BA + OT-LVR or ST. Behavioral activation is a structured behavioral treatment aiming to increase adaptive behaviors and achieve valued goals. Supportive therapy is a nondirective, psychological treatment that provides emotional support and controls for attention. Functional vision was ...


Dysfunctional Error-Related Processing In Incarcerated Youth With Elevated Psychopathic Traits, J. Michael Maurer, Vaughn R. Steele, Lora M. Cope, Gina M. Vincent, Julia M. Stephen, Vince D. Calhoun, Kent A. Kiehl 2017 University of New Mexico

Dysfunctional Error-Related Processing In Incarcerated Youth With Elevated Psychopathic Traits, J. Michael Maurer, Vaughn R. Steele, Lora M. Cope, Gina M. Vincent, Julia M. Stephen, Vince D. Calhoun, Kent A. Kiehl

Gina M. Vincent

Adult psychopathic offenders show an increased propensity towards violence, impulsivity, and recidivism. A subsample of youth with elevated psychopathic traits represent a particularly severe subgroup characterized by extreme behavioral problems and comparable neurocognitive deficits as their adult counterparts, including perseveration deficits. Here, we investigate response-locked event-related potential (ERP) components (the error-related negativity [ERN/Ne] related to early error-monitoring processing and the error-related positivity [Pe] involved in later error-related processing) in a sample of incarcerated juvenile male offenders (n=100) who performed a response inhibition Go/NoGo task. Psychopathic traits were assessed using the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV ...


Leukoaraiosis, Intracerebral Hemorrhage, And Functional Outcome After Acute Stroke Thrombolysis, Kannikar Kongbunkiat, Duncan Wilson, Narongrit Kasemsap, Somsak Tiamkao, Fatima Jichi, Vanessa Palumbo, Michael D. Hill, Alastair M. Buchan, Simon Jung, Heinrich P. Mattle, Nils Henninger, David J. Werring 2017 UCL Institute of Neurology

Leukoaraiosis, Intracerebral Hemorrhage, And Functional Outcome After Acute Stroke Thrombolysis, Kannikar Kongbunkiat, Duncan Wilson, Narongrit Kasemsap, Somsak Tiamkao, Fatima Jichi, Vanessa Palumbo, Michael D. Hill, Alastair M. Buchan, Simon Jung, Heinrich P. Mattle, Nils Henninger, David J. Werring

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and pooled meta-analysis of published studies to assess whether the presence of leukoaraiosis on neuroimaging before treatment with thrombolysis (IV or intra-arterial) is associated with an increased risk of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) or poor functional outcome.

METHODS: We included studies of patients with acute ischemic stroke, treated with IV or intra-arterial thrombolysis, which assessed functional outcome (3-month modified Rankin Scale [mRS]) or sICH in relation to leukoaraiosis on pretreatment neuroimaging (CT or MRI). We used random-effects models to calculate pooled relative risks (RR) of sICH and poor functional outcome (mRS > /= 2) for any ...


The Sodium Channel Beta4 Auxiliary Subunit Selectively Controls Long-Term Depression In Core Nucleus Accumbens Medium Spiny Neurons, Xincai Ji, Sucharita Saha, Guangping Gao, Amy W. Lasek, Gregg E. Homanics, Melissa Guildford Derner, Andrew R. Tapper, Gilles E. Martin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Sodium Channel Beta4 Auxiliary Subunit Selectively Controls Long-Term Depression In Core Nucleus Accumbens Medium Spiny Neurons, Xincai Ji, Sucharita Saha, Guangping Gao, Amy W. Lasek, Gregg E. Homanics, Melissa Guildford Derner, Andrew R. Tapper, Gilles E. Martin

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

Voltage-gated sodium channels are essential for generating the initial rapid depolarization of neuronal membrane potential during action potentials (APs) that enable cell-to-cell communication, the propagation of signals throughout the brain, and the induction of synaptic plasticity. Although all brain neurons express one or several variants coding for the core pore-forming sodium channel alpha subunit, the expression of the beta (beta1-4) auxiliary subunits varies greatly. Of particular interest is the beta4 subunit, encoded by the Scn4b gene, that is highly expressed in dorsal and ventral (i.e., nucleus accumbens - NAc) striata compared to other brain regions, and that endows sodium channels ...


Diagnostic Performance And Optimal Cut-Off Scores Of The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version In A Sample Of Swiss Youths In Welfare And Juvenile Justice Institutions, Claudia Dolitzsch, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso, Marc Schmid 2017 Universitätsklinikum

Diagnostic Performance And Optimal Cut-Off Scores Of The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version In A Sample Of Swiss Youths In Welfare And Juvenile Justice Institutions, Claudia Dolitzsch, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso, Marc Schmid

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was specifically designed, normed and validated to assist juvenile justice facilities in the United States of America (USA), in identifying youths with potential emotional or behavioral problems. However, it is not known if the USA norm-based cut-off scores can be used in Switzerland. Therefore, the primary purpose of the current study was to estimate the diagnostic performance and optimal cut-off scores of the MAYSI-2 in a sample of Swiss youths in welfare ...


Trends In Hospital Admissions Due To Antidepressant-Related Adverse Drug Events From 2001 To 2011 In The U.S., Harish S. Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari N. Allen, Samuel N. John, Jianwei Xuan 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Trends In Hospital Admissions Due To Antidepressant-Related Adverse Drug Events From 2001 To 2011 In The U.S., Harish S. Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari N. Allen, Samuel N. John, Jianwei Xuan

Samuel N. John

BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder and the fourth leading cause of disability in the world as per the World Health Organization. Use of antidepressants can lead to adverse drug events (ADEs), defined as any injury resulting from medication use. This study aimed to examine changes in hospital admissions due to antidepressant-related ADEs (ArADEs) among different socio-demographic groups and changes in lengths of stay (LOS) and hospital charges in ArADE admissions from 2001 to 2011.

METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database was used. ArADE admissions in different socio-demographic groups were examined including characteristics such as age ...


Decreased Functional Connectivity Of Insular Cortex In Drug Naive First Episode Schizophrenia: In Relation To Symptom Severity, Lijuan Pang, David N. Kennedy, Qinling Wei, Luxian Lv, Jinsong Gao, Hong Li, Meina Quan, Xue Li, Yongfeng Yang, Xiaoduo Fan, Xueqin Song 2017 Zhengzhou University

Decreased Functional Connectivity Of Insular Cortex In Drug Naive First Episode Schizophrenia: In Relation To Symptom Severity, Lijuan Pang, David N. Kennedy, Qinling Wei, Luxian Lv, Jinsong Gao, Hong Li, Meina Quan, Xue Li, Yongfeng Yang, Xiaoduo Fan, Xueqin Song

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: This study was to examine the insular cortical functional connectivity in drug naive patients with first episode schizophrenia and to explore the relationship between the connectivity and the severity of clinical symptoms.

METHODS: Thirty-seven drug naive patients with schizophrenia and 25 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. A seed-based approach was used to analyze the resting-state functional imaging data. Insular cortical connectivity maps were bilaterally extracted for group comparison and validated by voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis. Clinical symptoms were measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS).

RESULTS: There were significant reductions in the right insular cortical ...


Trends In Hospital Admissions Due To Antidepressant-Related Adverse Drug Events From 2001 To 2011 In The U.S., Harish S. Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari N. Allen, Samuel N. John, Jianwei Xuan 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Trends In Hospital Admissions Due To Antidepressant-Related Adverse Drug Events From 2001 To 2011 In The U.S., Harish S. Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari N. Allen, Samuel N. John, Jianwei Xuan

PCOM Scholarly Papers

BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder and the fourth leading cause of disability in the world as per the World Health Organization. Use of antidepressants can lead to adverse drug events (ADEs), defined as any injury resulting from medication use. This study aimed to examine changes in hospital admissions due to antidepressant-related ADEs (ArADEs) among different socio-demographic groups and changes in lengths of stay (LOS) and hospital charges in ArADE admissions from 2001 to 2011.

METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database was used. ArADE admissions in different socio-demographic groups were examined including characteristics such as age ...


Research Methods In Occupational Health Psychology, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Chu-Hsiang Chang 2017 CUNY Graduate Center

Research Methods In Occupational Health Psychology, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Chu-Hsiang Chang

Publications and Research

http://www.springerpub.com/occupational-health-psychology.html

Occupational Health Psychology (OHP) is a rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field that focuses on the science and practice of psychology in promoting and developing workplace health- and safety-related initiatives. This comprehensive text for undergraduate and graduate survey courses is the first to encompass a wide range of key issues in OHP. It draws from the domains of psychology, public health, preventive medicine,nursing, industrial engineering, law, and epidemiology to focus on the theory and practice of protecting and promoting the health, well-being, and safety of individuals in the workplace and improving the quality of work ...


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