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Complementary Art Interventions For Children Coping With Cancer: An Integrative Literature Review, Brenda Pacheco 2017 DePaul University

Complementary Art Interventions For Children Coping With Cancer: An Integrative Literature Review, Brenda Pacheco

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Cancer can be a physically and emotionally damaging disease. While there are various conventional pediatric cancer treatments, complementary alternative medicine (CAM), specifically art interventions, may be helpful in the care of these patients.

Objective: The aims of this integrative review were; (1) determine if art interventions impact coping with cancer in a pediatric population, (2) determine if the duration of the art intervention influences the impact on coping.

Methods: Articles were found through the following databases: Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), PubMed, PsycInfo, and ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health. Key search terms used included cancer, neoplasms, oncology, leukemia, child, pediatric, childhood, art, music, dance, art craft, therapies, medicine, interventions, treatments, and program. Studies were published in English and included three art interventions (arts and crafts, music, and dance).

Results: After a thorough review of the literature and removal of duplicates, 258 studies were found. Seven studies conducted in the U.S., Vietnam, and Australia were selected for inclusion. The following themes were found in art interventions: effective distractor, form of self-expression, and positive facial affects.

Conclusion: The findings suggest evidence of reduced anxiety, decreased distress, and improved self-esteem amongst children with cancer who received various art interventions, however, there is a lack of evidence on the duration of art interventions and their impact. Further systematic studies should be conducted to explore the duration of art interventions that yield the most therapeutic results in stress coping in pediatric oncology patients.

Keywords: cancer; child; pediatric; art; music; dance; therapies; medicine; interventions; treatments


Targeting Cancer Stem Cells In Recurrent Lung Cancer, Karen T. Udoh 2017 Murray State University

Targeting Cancer Stem Cells In Recurrent Lung Cancer, Karen T. Udoh

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the world. Five-year survivability still remains dismal due to drug resistance. The development of drug resistance with cisplatin or platinum/taxane combination chemotherapies has led patients to suffer from recurrent lung cancer. These chemotherapy treatments target cancer cells but leave behind cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are stem-like tumor cells that have the potential to differentiate, self-renew, and proliferate. This allows the cancer to relapse even after initial elimination of the tumor. We hypothesize that Verrucarin J will inhibit cell proliferation in lung cancer cells and CSCs by ...


Identifying And Targeting Age-Related Colorectal Cancer Screening Rate Disparities In Family Medicine Residency Clinics, Jonathan J. Blaza, Jasmine R. Wiley, Matthew Gill, Alonzo Jalan, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora University of Wisconsin Medical Group

Identifying And Targeting Age-Related Colorectal Cancer Screening Rate Disparities In Family Medicine Residency Clinics, Jonathan J. Blaza, Jasmine R. Wiley, Matthew Gill, Alonzo Jalan, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Health care systems continuously seek to improve patient care through population-level analysis of clinical quality metrics and patient characteristics to identify disparities in care. Nationally, disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates have been identified with lower screening rates reported for patients who are uninsured and/or lower socioeconomic status, African American/black, Asian, and non-English-speaking Hispanic patients. No age-related CRC screening rate disparities with associated interventions have been reported.

Purpose: Determine and address CRC screening disparities in care provided to eligible patients > 50 years old in two primary care residency clinics.

Methods: Retrospective analysis using REAL-G (race, ethnicity ...


Robustness Of A Newly Proposed Risk Schema For Lymphatic Dissemination In Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer, Danielle M. Greer, Jessica J.F. Kram, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Scott A. Kamelle 2017 Aurora University of Wisconsin Medical Group; Center for Urban Population Health

Robustness Of A Newly Proposed Risk Schema For Lymphatic Dissemination In Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer, Danielle M. Greer, Jessica J.F. Kram, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Scott A. Kamelle

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Surgical management for endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) includes complete lymph node dissection for all patients at risk of lymphatic dissemination. The standard risk schema, defined by Mayo Clinic, identifies low-risk patients as those with grade 1/2 EEC, myometrial invasion (MI) ≤ 50%, and tumor diameter (TD) ≤ 2 cm. We recently proposed (and published) a risk schema containing modified forms of grade, MI and TD that suggests a significant decrease in false-negative rate and need for lymphadenectomy in low-risk women.

Purpose: Evaluate robustness of our proposed schema for lymphatic dissemination risk stratification in a subsequent EEC patient cohort.

Methods: We ...


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017, 2017 Aurora Health Care

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This supplement includes select abstracts presented at the 43rd Annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium on May 24, 2017. Aurora Scientific Day hosts a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, an integrated health system headquartered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.


Effectiveness Of Hydrotherapy As An Adjunct Treatment For The Management Of Breast Cancer Related Lymphoedema In Women Following Breast Cancer Surgery: A Systematic Review, Eleanor Bills, Matthew Delsar, Steven O'Donnell, Alexandra Rice, Cory Stone, Saravana Kumar 2017 University of South Australia

Effectiveness Of Hydrotherapy As An Adjunct Treatment For The Management Of Breast Cancer Related Lymphoedema In Women Following Breast Cancer Surgery: A Systematic Review, Eleanor Bills, Matthew Delsar, Steven O'Donnell, Alexandra Rice, Cory Stone, Saravana Kumar

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Cancer is a leading cause of death and disability around the world. Of all cancers, breast cancer commonly ranks amongst the top three. Surgical intervention for breast cancer is common and a possible side effect of this is breast cancer related lymphoedema (BCRL). Women with breast cancer related lymphoedema commonly have regional limb swelling and pain, which can negatively impact mental and social well-being as well as upper limb function. Hydrotherapy is therapeutic modality which may be used as an adjunct to self-management strategies after the intensive phase of lymphoedema management. Yet despite its popularity, recent research has questioned its ...


Risk Factors Of Gallbladder Cancer In Karachi-A Case-Control Study, A. Rehman Alvi, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Hasnain Zafar 2017 Aga Khan University

Risk Factors Of Gallbladder Cancer In Karachi-A Case-Control Study, A. Rehman Alvi, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Hasnain Zafar

Hasnain Zafar

Background:Gallbladder carcinoma (GC) is a relatively rare malignancy worldwide but is the second commonest gastrointestinal cancer in Pakistani women. Gallstones have a positive association with GC but other factors also influence in causation. Methods: This is a retrospective case control study over a period of 19 years. The cases (Group A) were Patients with histopathological proven carcinoma gallbladder (N = 60) and controls were Patients with cholelithiasis but no carcinoma gallbladder on histopathology (N = 120). Multivariate regression analysis was done to calculate the odds ratio, 95% confidence interval and P-Value. A positive relationship was found between size of stone > 1 ...


A Pilot Study Evaluating Concordance Between Blood-Based And Patient-Matched Tumor Molecular Testing Within Pancreatic Cancer Patients Participating In The Know Your Tumor (Kyt) Initiative, Michael J. Pishvaian, R. Joseph Bender, Lynn M. Matrisian, Lola Rahib, Andrew Hendifar, William A. Hoos, Sam Mikhail, Vincent Chung, Vincent Picozzi, Craig Heartwell, Kimberly Mason, Katelyn Varieur, Metasebia Aberra, Subha Madhavan, Emanuel Petricoin III, Jonathan Brody 2017 Perthera Inc.; Georgetown University Medical Center

A Pilot Study Evaluating Concordance Between Blood-Based And Patient-Matched Tumor Molecular Testing Within Pancreatic Cancer Patients Participating In The Know Your Tumor (Kyt) Initiative, Michael J. Pishvaian, R. Joseph Bender, Lynn M. Matrisian, Lola Rahib, Andrew Hendifar, William A. Hoos, Sam Mikhail, Vincent Chung, Vincent Picozzi, Craig Heartwell, Kimberly Mason, Katelyn Varieur, Metasebia Aberra, Subha Madhavan, Emanuel Petricoin Iii, Jonathan Brody

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Recent improvements in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology have enabled detection of biomarkers in cell-free DNA in blood and may ultimately replace invasive tissue biopsies. However, a better understanding of the performance of blood-based NGS assays is needed prior to routine clinical use. As part of an IRBapproved molecular profiling registry trial of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) patients, we facilitated blood-based NGS testing of 34 patients from multiple community-based and high-volume academic oncology practices. 23 of these patients also underwent traditional tumor tissue-based NGS testing. cfDNA was not detected in 9/34 (26%) patients. Overall concordance between blood and tumor tissue ...


The Psychological Influence Of The Diagnosis Of Breast Cancer On Therapeutic Options Selection, Razvan V. Scaunasu, Stefan Voiculescu, Bogdan Popescu, Cristina Cozma, Radu Jecan, Cristian Balalau 2017 Carol Davila University, Colțea Clinical Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Bucharest, Romania

The Psychological Influence Of The Diagnosis Of Breast Cancer On Therapeutic Options Selection, Razvan V. Scaunasu, Stefan Voiculescu, Bogdan Popescu, Cristina Cozma, Radu Jecan, Cristian Balalau

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The therapeutic management decision-making process for breast cancer is complex, and is influenced by multiple factors including patient age, comorbidities, ethnicity, education, and availability of immediate or delayed reconstruction options. Our study analysed 276 patients diagnosed with breast cancer in the “Colțea” Clinical Hospital between 2014 and 2015. Mean patients age was 61.24, median 62, with a range of 31 to 89 years. Younger age was associated with a less advanced local disease and younger patients were more likely to choose and benefit from conservative surgery. Most patients (61.76%) came from rural areas. Place of origin had a ...


End-Stage Head And Neck Cancer: Coping Mechanism, Bogdan Popescu, Oana Paun, Razvan V. Scăunaşu, Serban V.G. Berteşteanu 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Colțea Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania

End-Stage Head And Neck Cancer: Coping Mechanism, Bogdan Popescu, Oana Paun, Razvan V. Scăunaşu, Serban V.G. Berteşteanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Coping mechanisms are patients’ means of adapting to stressful situations and involve psychological and physical changes in behavior. Patients adapt to head and neck cancer in a variety of ways. Head and neck cancers are extremely debilitating, especially in advanced stages of the disease or in end-of-life situations. While an oncology team needs to address the needs of all oncology patients, the advanced terminal patients require special attention. Most of these patients do not cope well with their situation and have a tendency to cease social interactions. Pain is the most frequentlyexperienced medical disability in patients having an end-stage illness ...


Syntaphilin Controls A Mitochondrial Rheostat For Proliferation-Motility Decisions In Cancer., M Cecilia Caino, Jae Ho Seo, Yuan Wang, Dayana B. Rivadeneira, Dmitry I. Gabrilovich, Eui Tae Kim, Ashani T Weeraratna, Lucia R. Languino, Dario C. Altieri 2017 Wistar Institute

Syntaphilin Controls A Mitochondrial Rheostat For Proliferation-Motility Decisions In Cancer., M Cecilia Caino, Jae Ho Seo, Yuan Wang, Dayana B. Rivadeneira, Dmitry I. Gabrilovich, Eui Tae Kim, Ashani T Weeraratna, Lucia R. Languino, Dario C. Altieri

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Tumors adapt to an unfavorable microenvironment by controlling the balance between cell proliferation and cell motility, but the regulators of this process are largely unknown. Here, we show that an alternatively spliced isoform of syntaphilin (SNPH), a cytoskeletal regulator of mitochondrial movements in neurons, is directed to mitochondria of tumor cells. Mitochondrial SNPH buffers oxidative stress and maintains complex II-dependent bioenergetics, sustaining local tumor growth while restricting mitochondrial redistribution to the cortical cytoskeleton and tumor cell motility. Conversely, introduction of stress stimuli to the microenvironment, including hypoxia, acutely lowered SNPH levels, resulting in bioenergetics defects and increased superoxide production. In ...


Supporting Cancer Knowledge Needs Using Online Information, Catherine W. Carr, Maryann Bishop-Jodoin, Richard S. Pieters 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Supporting Cancer Knowledge Needs Using Online Information, Catherine W. Carr, Maryann Bishop-Jodoin, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

Information is exploding at an exponential rate. Because there is a flood of medical information on the Internet, it can be difficult to wade through the many resources to determine what information is best to use in practice. The intent of this chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist is to help the health care provider find reliable online cancer information. To help inform clinical decision making, health science librarians continue to address this rapidly growing body of literature by analyzing resources and identifying the highest quality information available on the Internet.

The concept of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM ...


Giant Synovial Cell Sarcoma Of The Thorax In A 46-Year-Old Man: A Case Report., Saulat Hasnain Fatimi, Taimur Saleem 2017 Aga Khan University

Giant Synovial Cell Sarcoma Of The Thorax In A 46-Year-Old Man: A Case Report., Saulat Hasnain Fatimi, Taimur Saleem

Saulat Fatimi

Background:Although synovial cell sarcoma is a common tumor of the extremities, its occurrence in the thorax has been less frequently documented. Case Presentation: A 46-year-old Pakistani man presented with a 2 month history of progressively increasing cough and left lower chest pain. Initial evaluation was done using a chest x-ray, the Patient was found to have a large mass involving the lower portion of the left chest. A computed tomography scan was performed next which showed a large mass involving the left chest wall with invasion into the pericardium and left hemidiaphragm. En bloc surgical resection of the tumor ...


Different Effects Of Maternal Low-Isoflavone Soy Protein And Genistein Consumption On Hepatic Lipid Metabolism Of 21-Day-Old Male Rat Offspring., Anna Han, Sae Bom Won, Young Hye Kwon 2017 Seoul National University; Thomas Jefferson University

Different Effects Of Maternal Low-Isoflavone Soy Protein And Genistein Consumption On Hepatic Lipid Metabolism Of 21-Day-Old Male Rat Offspring., Anna Han, Sae Bom Won, Young Hye Kwon

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Amino acid composition and isoflavone are alleged contributors to the beneficial effects of soy protein isolate (SPI) on lipid metabolism. Therefore, we investigated the contributing component(s) of SPI in a maternal diet to the regulation of lipid metabolism in offspring. We also determined serum parameters in dams to investigate specific maternal cues that might be responsible for this regulation. Female rats were fed either a casein (CAS), a low-isoflavone SPI, or a casein plus genistein (GEN, 250 mg/kg) diet for two weeks before mating, as well as during pregnancy and lactation. Male offspring (CAS, SPI and GEN groups ...


Radiation Induced Tumor Lysis Syndrome In Patients With Leukemia, Imtiaz A. Malik, Paul Vellozo, Mohammad Khurshid, M. Ata Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Radiation Induced Tumor Lysis Syndrome In Patients With Leukemia, Imtiaz A. Malik, Paul Vellozo, Mohammad Khurshid, M. Ata Khan

Mohammad Khurshid

Tumour lysis syndrome is a catastrophic complica­lion of treatment of certain neoplasms. It is usually seen with the tumours that have high growth fractions, increased bulk and extreme sensitivity to cytotoxic therapy. Most commonly it occurs in association with hematologic malignancies such as lymphomas and leukaemias. Rarely it has been observed with solid tumours like small cell lung cancer, seminoma and carcinoma of the breast. The syndrome develops due to massive cell lysis occurring within a few hours to a few days of starting the cytotoxic therapy. It is characterized by hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcaemia. Acute renal failure ...


Lack Of Benefit Of Granulocyte Macrophage Or Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor In Patients With Febrile Neutropenia, T. Siddiqui, I. A. Burney, A. Salam, G. N. Kakepoto, Mohammad Khurshid, R. A. Smego 2017 Aga Khan University

Lack Of Benefit Of Granulocyte Macrophage Or Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor In Patients With Febrile Neutropenia, T. Siddiqui, I. A. Burney, A. Salam, G. N. Kakepoto, Mohammad Khurshid, R. A. Smego

Mohammad Khurshid

Objectives: To compare the clinical benefits of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) or granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) plus standard supportive care to supportive care alone among cancer patients with febrile neutropenia. Methods: Clinical data were collected retrospectively from 148 consecutive cancer patients with neutropenia and fever. Patients had hematologic (i.e., acute leukemias or lymphoproliferative disorders) or non-hematologic malignancies (i.e., solid tumors including carcinoma of breast, lung, or colon). Clinical variables analyzed included: age and sex; underlying malignancies; chemotherapy regimens; symptoms at time of presentation; duration of fever prior to study enrollment; days from chemotherapy until administration of GM-CSF ...


Flow Cytometric And Demographic Analysis Of T Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia In Pakistani Population., M R. Khawaja, S S. Allana, N N. Akbaral, S N. Adil, M. Khurshid, Shahid Pervez 2017 Aga Khan University

Flow Cytometric And Demographic Analysis Of T Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia In Pakistani Population., M R. Khawaja, S S. Allana, N N. Akbaral, S N. Adil, M. Khurshid, Shahid Pervez

Mohammad Khurshid

Background: This study was carried out to analyze the proportion of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (TALL) among all acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Pakistani population and its correlation with the demographic features. Accuracy of cell surface markers used in flow cytometric analysis of the leukemic cells was also determined. Methods: Data of 209 consecutive cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) presenting between July 1995 and July 2003 was analyzed. Flow cytometry was performed on all ALL cases using the standard protocols. TALL markers included CD3, CD5 and CD7. Results: Proportion of TALL among known ALL Pakistani patients was 17 ...


Effect Of L-Type Calcium Channel Blocker (Amlodipine) On Myocardial Iron Deposition In Patients With Thalassaemia With Moderate-To-Severe Myocardial Iron Deposition: Protocol For A Randomised, Controlled Trial, Amarah Shakoor, Maaman Zahoor, Alina Sadaf, Najveen Alvi, Zehra Fadoo, Arjumand Rizvi, Farheen Quadri, Fateh Ali Tipoo, Mohammad Khurshid, Zaffar Sajjad, Steven Colan, Babar S Hasan 2017 Aga Khan University

Effect Of L-Type Calcium Channel Blocker (Amlodipine) On Myocardial Iron Deposition In Patients With Thalassaemia With Moderate-To-Severe Myocardial Iron Deposition: Protocol For A Randomised, Controlled Trial, Amarah Shakoor, Maaman Zahoor, Alina Sadaf, Najveen Alvi, Zehra Fadoo, Arjumand Rizvi, Farheen Quadri, Fateh Ali Tipoo, Mohammad Khurshid, Zaffar Sajjad, Steven Colan, Babar S Hasan

Mohammad Khurshid

Introduction: Sideroblastic cardiomyopathy secondary to repeated blood transfusions is a feared complication in thalassaemia. Control of myocardial iron is thus becoming the cornerstone of thalassaemia management. Recent evidence suggests a role for L-type Ca2+ channels in mediating iron uptake by the heart. Blocking the cellular iron uptake through these channels may add to the benefit of therapy to standard chelation in reducing myocardial iron. We aim to determine the efficacy of amlodipine (a calcium channel blocker) as an adjunct to standard aggressive chelation in retarding myocardial iron deposition in thalassaemics with or without cardiomyopathy.Outcomes: The primary outcome is to ...


Efficacy Of A Home Made Quality Control Serum, Rukbsana Lalani, Ayesha Molla, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Efficacy Of A Home Made Quality Control Serum, Rukbsana Lalani, Ayesha Molla, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

With increasing automation in Clinical Laboratories, the requirements for quality control material have greatly increased in order to monitor performance. The constant use of commercial control material is not economically feasible for many countries because of non-availability or the high cost of these materials. Here we describe a simple technique to prepare Home Made Quality Control serum using blood from polycythaemic patients. This preparation is stable for about six months without any alterations in the concentration of any of the chemical constituents. Extensive use of Home Made Quality Control sera in our laboratories have saved about 69% of the amount ...


Cardiovascular Risk Factors In School Children From Low Middle Income Families In Karachi, Pakistan, Salma H. Badruddin, A. Molla, Mohammad Khurshid, S. Vaz, S. Hassanali 2017 Aga Khan University

Cardiovascular Risk Factors In School Children From Low Middle Income Families In Karachi, Pakistan, Salma H. Badruddin, A. Molla, Mohammad Khurshid, S. Vaz, S. Hassanali

Mohammad Khurshid

Serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and trigly cerides (TG) were determined on 239 school children aged 5-19 years belonging to lower middle class families. The mean TC, LDL-C, HDL-C and TG ranged from 3.70-4.37 mmol/L, 2.17- 2.70 mmol/L, 0.94-1.14 mmol/L, 1.07-1.26 mmol/L respectively. In general, girls had higher TC, LDL-C and HDL-C levels. There was no significant difference in the TG levels between boys and girls. Thirty-three percent of the girls and 22% of the boys had ...


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