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1997 Full-Text Articles 6960 Authors 276529 Downloads 98 Institutions

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1997 full-text articles. Page 1 of 79.

Theaflavin-3, 3'-Digallate Decreases Human Ovarian Carcinoma Ovcar-3 Cell-Induced Angiogenesis Via Akt And Notch-1 Pathways, Not Via Mapk Pathways, Ying Gao, Gary O. Rankin, Youying Tu, Yi Charlie Chen 2017 Marshall University

Theaflavin-3, 3'-Digallate Decreases Human Ovarian Carcinoma Ovcar-3 Cell-Induced Angiogenesis Via Akt And Notch-1 Pathways, Not Via Mapk Pathways, Ying Gao, Gary O. Rankin, Youying Tu, Yi Charlie Chen

Gary O. Rankin

Theaflavin-3, 3'-digallate (TF3) is a black tea polyphenol produced from polymerization and oxidization of the green tea ployphenols epicatechin gallate and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) during fermentation of fresh tea leaves. TF3 has been reported to have anticancer properties. However, the effect of TF3 on tumor angiogenesis and the underlying mechanisms are not clear. In the present study, TF3 was verified to inhibit tumor angiogenesis. Compared with EGCG, TF3 was more potent. TF3 inhibited human ovarian carcinoma OVCAR-3 cell-induced angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cell model and in chick chorioallantoic membrane model. TF3 reduced tumor angiogenesis by downregulating HIF-1α and ...


Breast Cancer Patient Preparedness For Transition To Survivorship: Individualized Survivorship Care Plans, Kimberly Beringer 2017 University of San Francisco

Breast Cancer Patient Preparedness For Transition To Survivorship: Individualized Survivorship Care Plans, Kimberly Beringer

Master's Projects and Capstones

Purpose. For breast cancer survivors, after-effects of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy can be substantial, and recurrence is a concern requiring constant surveillance. National healthcare organizations have promulgated guidelines that include providing individualized survivorship care plans (SCP’s). At a northern California oncology department, SCP’s will be prepared for breast cancer patients and delivered in-person by the oncology nurse navigator (ONN).

Method. The author worked with the ONN to develop the format and content requirements for the SCP’s. The ONN prepared individualized plans for patients and scheduled in-person appointments to deliver the SCP’s. A feedback survey to assess ...


Vitamin D Supplementation In Allo-Hsct Patients, Bailey Nelson 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Vitamin D Supplementation In Allo-Hsct Patients, Bailey Nelson

Theses & Dissertations

BACKGROUND: Bone health is a serious concern for long-term survivors of Allo-HSCT due to multiple risk factors including steroids, chemotherapy, immunosuppressive drugs, and poor nutrition status1. Steroids have been long proven to have negative impact on bone health and the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) lists steroids as a contributing factor to osteoporosis and fractures. NOF guidelines recommend providing adequate daily vitamin D as a safe and inexpensive way to help reduce fracture risk1. Therefore, proper supplementation of vitamin D may increase the quality of life for patients post Allo-HSCT.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine if Allo-HSCT ...


Characterization Of Murine Breast Cancer Cell Lines For Anti-Cancer Vaccine, Haven N. Frazier 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Characterization Of Murine Breast Cancer Cell Lines For Anti-Cancer Vaccine, Haven N. Frazier

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women and the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States (1). While treatments involving radiation and chemotherapy currently exist, disease must be detected early in order for the treatments to be somewhat effective, and there is no effective treatment after metastasis occurs (2). Additionally, current therapies do not mitigate tumor immunosuppression. Decreasing the tumor-associated immunosuppressive conditions while activating antitumor immunity could prevent recurrence and metastasis, possibly leading to an effective treatment for cancer (3). Tumor cell vaccines could possibly address this issue and have become a ...


Parp Inhibitor Upregulates Pd-L1 Expression And Enhances Cancer-Associated Immunosuppression, Shiping Jiao 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Parp Inhibitor Upregulates Pd-L1 Expression And Enhances Cancer-Associated Immunosuppression, Shiping Jiao

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

With recent approvals for therapeutic antibodies that block CTLA4, PD-1 and PD-L1, immune checkpoints have emerged as new targets in cancer therapy. In addition, there is accumulating evidence highlighting the role of cancer-associated immunity in patient response to cytotoxic anticancer agents. Inhibitors of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) have shown substantial cytotoxic effects against tumors with defects in DNA damage responses. However, whether a crosstalk between PARP inhibition and immune checkpoints exists remains unclear. Here, it has been shown that PARP inhibitors (PARPis) upregulate PD-L1 expression in multiple cancer cell lines, human xenograft tumors, and syngeneic mouse tumors. Mechanistically, PARPi inactivates ...


Choriocarcinoma With Brain, Lung And Vaginal Metastases Successfully Treated Without Brain Radiation Or Intrathecal Chemotherapy: A Case Report, Anja Frost, Jonathan Sherman, M. Katayoon Rezaei, Alivia Aron, Micael Lopez-Acevedo 2017 George Washington University

Choriocarcinoma With Brain, Lung And Vaginal Metastases Successfully Treated Without Brain Radiation Or Intrathecal Chemotherapy: A Case Report, Anja Frost, Jonathan Sherman, M. Katayoon Rezaei, Alivia Aron, Micael Lopez-Acevedo

Neurological Surgery Faculty Publications

Highlights:

  • • There is no consensus on optimal treatment for GTN and brain metastases.
  • • Brain metastasis treated with craniotomy and intravenous, EMA-CO chemotherapy
  • • Intravenous high-dose methotrexate may be adequate to treat brain metastases.


Quality Assurance Guidelines For Superficial Hyperthermia Clinical Trials : Ii. Technical Requirements For Heating Devices., Hana Dobšíček Trefná, Johannes Crezee, Manfred Schmidt, Dietmar Marder, Ulf Lamprecht, Michael Ehmann, Jacek Nadobny, Josefin Hartmann, Nicolleta Lomax, Sultan Abdel-Rahman, Sergio Curto, Akke Bakker, Mark D. Hurwitz, Chris J. Diederich, Paul R. Stauffer, Gerard C. Van Rhoon 2017 Chalmers University of Technology

Quality Assurance Guidelines For Superficial Hyperthermia Clinical Trials : Ii. Technical Requirements For Heating Devices., Hana Dobšíček Trefná, Johannes Crezee, Manfred Schmidt, Dietmar Marder, Ulf Lamprecht, Michael Ehmann, Jacek Nadobny, Josefin Hartmann, Nicolleta Lomax, Sultan Abdel-Rahman, Sergio Curto, Akke Bakker, Mark D. Hurwitz, Chris J. Diederich, Paul R. Stauffer, Gerard C. Van Rhoon

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Quality assurance (QA) guidelines are essential to provide uniform execution of clinical trials with uniform quality hyperthermia treatments. This document outlines the requirements for appropriate QA of all current superficial heating equipment including electromagnetic (radiative and capacitive), ultrasound, and infrared heating techniques. Detailed instructions are provided how to characterize and document the performance of these hyperthermia applicators in order to apply reproducible hyperthermia treatments of uniform high quality. Earlier documents used specific absorption rate (SAR) to define and characterize applicator performance. In these QA guidelines, temperature rise is the leading parameter for characterization of applicator performance. The intention of this ...


Low Molecular-Weight Heparin Is Better Than Warfarin For Prevention Of Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism In Cancer Patients, Sarah Choi 2017 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Low Molecular-Weight Heparin Is Better Than Warfarin For Prevention Of Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism In Cancer Patients, Sarah Choi

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Lee AYY, Levin MN, Bake RI, et al. Low-molecular-weight heparin versus a coumarin for the prevention of recurrent venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer. N Engl J Med. 2003;349:146-153. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa025313


Systematic Analysis Of Whole Exome Sequencing Determines Ret G691s Polymorphism As Germline Variant In Melanoma, Brent J. Smith Jr, Jennifer D. Hintzsche, Carol M. Amato, Aik-Choon Tan, Keith R. Wells, Allison J. Applegate, Rita T. Gonzalez, Jodie R. Barr, William A. Robinson 2017 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Systematic Analysis Of Whole Exome Sequencing Determines Ret G691s Polymorphism As Germline Variant In Melanoma, Brent J. Smith Jr, Jennifer D. Hintzsche, Carol M. Amato, Aik-Choon Tan, Keith R. Wells, Allison J. Applegate, Rita T. Gonzalez, Jodie R. Barr, William A. Robinson

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

The RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase that is activated by glial cell derived neutrotrophic factor (GDNF). Previous studies have found that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), RETp (G691S), in the juxtamembrane domain enhances the signaling pathway and promotes tumor growth by GDNF in pancreatic and thyroid cancer in addition to melanoma. It is uncertain however whether this SNP is a germline variant or somatic mutation. A prior study reported that the RETp variant was a germline SNP in desmoplastic and non-desmoplastic melanomas. In the present study, we examined both melanoma tissue samples and matching peripheral blood DNA ...


Exploring The Role Of Life Review Videos With Patients Diagnosed With Advanced Cancer, Lisa M. Capparella, MSS, LCSW, OSW-C, S. Otis-Green, MSW, MA, ACSW, LCSW, OSW-C 2017 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Exploring The Role Of Life Review Videos With Patients Diagnosed With Advanced Cancer, Lisa M. Capparella, Mss, Lcsw, Osw-C, S. Otis-Green, Msw, Ma, Acsw, Lcsw, Osw-C

Medical Oncology posters

Background/Rationale

  • Life Review Videos can provide patients with hope, help them finding meaning and value of life.
  • Patients with cancer have limited opportunities to discuss their life before cancer.
  • Insufficient research related to how patients would want their video to be used by family/friends and who they would chose to share their video with.
  • Limited research regarding whether the relationship with the interviewer matters to participants of life review.


Multiple Myeloma Vaccination Patterns In A Large Health System: A Pilot Study, Andinet Alemu, Maharaj Singh, Chris Blumberg, John O. Richards, Martin K. Oaks, Michael A. Thompson 2017 Medical College of Wisconsin

Multiple Myeloma Vaccination Patterns In A Large Health System: A Pilot Study, Andinet Alemu, Maharaj Singh, Chris Blumberg, John O. Richards, Martin K. Oaks, Michael A. Thompson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose

Common reasons for hospitalization and death in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are infections. As patients with MM are living longer and are treated with immunomodulatory drugs, there is a need to immunize against vaccine-preventable diseases and ultimately determine the efficacy of these vaccines. We evaluated vaccination practice patterns in MM patients at our health system using electronic medical records and data analytics.

Methods

This institutional review board-approved study retrospectively reviewed patients with MM who visited the health system from May 2012 to May 2014. Data collected included demographics, influenza vaccination (FV) and pneumonia vaccination (PV) history, hospitalization episodes ...


Chinese American Immigrant Breast Cancer Survivors And Their Experiences With Post-Treatment Care, Tara Eaton PhD, Kristin Bright PhD, Xin Zeng MPH, Hayley S. Thompson PhD 2017 Levine Cancer Institute, Carolinas HealthCare System, formerly with Karmanos Cancer Institute/Wayne State University School of Medicine

Chinese American Immigrant Breast Cancer Survivors And Their Experiences With Post-Treatment Care, Tara Eaton Phd, Kristin Bright Phd, Xin Zeng Mph, Hayley S. Thompson Phd

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

This study examined the experiences of Chinese American immigrant breast cancer survivors with post-treatment breast cancer care and surveillance in New York City. As part of a mixed methods approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with 11 Chinese American immigrant breast cancer survivors treated in a public hospital setting regarding their final breast cancer treatment visit, perceived risk of breast cancer recurrence, and experiences with social and family networks following the completion of treatment. Several salient and shared themes emerged from the interviews including two areas of particular concern regarding the transition from the treatment to post-treatment setting: survivors’ lack of ...


Unification Of De Novo And Acquired Ibrutinib Resistance In Mantle Cell Lymphoma., Xiaohong Zhao, Tint Lwin, Ariosto Silva, Bijal Shah, Jiangchuan Tao, Bin Fang, Eduardo Sotomayor, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Unification Of De Novo And Acquired Ibrutinib Resistance In Mantle Cell Lymphoma., Xiaohong Zhao, Tint Lwin, Ariosto Silva, Bijal Shah, Jiangchuan Tao, Bin Fang, Eduardo Sotomayor, +Several Additional Authors

Medicine Faculty Publications

The novel Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib has demonstrated high response rates in B-cell lymphomas; however, a growing number of ibrutinib-treated patients relapse with resistance and fulminant progression. Using chemical proteomics and an organotypic cell-based drug screening assay, we determine the functional role of the tumour microenvironment (TME) in ibrutinib activity and acquired ibrutinib resistance. We demonstrate that MCL cells develop ibrutinib resistance through evolutionary processes driven by dynamic feedback between MCL cells and TME, leading to kinome adaptive reprogramming, bypassing the effect of ibrutinib and reciprocal activation of PI3K-AKT-mTOR and integrin-β1 signalling. Combinatorial disruption of B-cell receptor signalling ...


Metastasis-Associated Protein 1 Is An Upstream Regulator Of Dnmt3a And Stimulator Of Insulin-Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 In Breast Cancer., S Deivendran, Hezlin Marzook, T R Santhoshkumar, Rakesh Kumar, M Radhakrishna Pillai 2017 George Washington University

Metastasis-Associated Protein 1 Is An Upstream Regulator Of Dnmt3a And Stimulator Of Insulin-Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 In Breast Cancer., S Deivendran, Hezlin Marzook, T R Santhoshkumar, Rakesh Kumar, M Radhakrishna Pillai

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Despite a recognized role of DNA methyltransferase 3a (DNMT3a) in human cancer, the nature of its upstream regulator(s) and relationship with the master chromatin remodeling factor MTA1, continues to be poorly understood. Here, we found an inverse relationship between the levels of MTA1 and DNMT3a in human cancer and that high levels of MTA1 in combination of low DNMT3a status correlates well with poor survival of breast cancer patients. We discovered that MTA1 represses DNMT3a expression via HDAC1/YY1 transcription factor complex. Because IGFBP3 is an established target of DNMT3a, we investigated the effect of MTA1 upon IGFBP3 expression ...


Lkb1 Inactivation Drives Lung Cancer Lineage Switching Governed By Polycomb Repressive Complex 2, Haikuo Zhang, Christine Fillmore Brainson, Shohei Koyama, Amanda J. Redig, Ting Chen, Shuai Li, Manav Gupta, Carolina Garcia-de-Alba, Margherita Paschini, Grit S. Herter-Sprie, Gang Lu, Xin Zhang, Bryan P. Marsh, Stephanie J. Tuminello, Chunxiao Xu, Zhao Chen, Xiaoen Wang, Esra A. Akbay, Mei Zheng, Sangeetha Palakurthi, Lynette M. Sholl, Anil K. Rustgi, David J. Kwiatkowski, J. Alan Diehl, Adam J. Bass, Norman E. Sharpless, Glenn Dranoff, Peter S. Hammerman, Hongbin Ji, Nabeel Bardeesy, Dieter Saur, Hideo Watanabe, Carla F. Kim, Kwok-Kin Wong 2017 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Lkb1 Inactivation Drives Lung Cancer Lineage Switching Governed By Polycomb Repressive Complex 2, Haikuo Zhang, Christine Fillmore Brainson, Shohei Koyama, Amanda J. Redig, Ting Chen, Shuai Li, Manav Gupta, Carolina Garcia-De-Alba, Margherita Paschini, Grit S. Herter-Sprie, Gang Lu, Xin Zhang, Bryan P. Marsh, Stephanie J. Tuminello, Chunxiao Xu, Zhao Chen, Xiaoen Wang, Esra A. Akbay, Mei Zheng, Sangeetha Palakurthi, Lynette M. Sholl, Anil K. Rustgi, David J. Kwiatkowski, J. Alan Diehl, Adam J. Bass, Norman E. Sharpless, Glenn Dranoff, Peter S. Hammerman, Hongbin Ji, Nabeel Bardeesy, Dieter Saur, Hideo Watanabe, Carla F. Kim, Kwok-Kin Wong

Toxicology and Cancer Biology Faculty Publications

Adenosquamous lung tumours, which are extremely poor prognosis, may result from cellular plasticity. Here, we demonstrate lineage switching of KRAS+ lung adenocarcinomas (ADC) to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) through deletion of Lkb1 (Stk11) in autochthonous and transplant models. Chromatin analysis reveals loss of H3K27me3 and gain of H3K27ac and H3K4me3 at squamous lineage genes, including Sox2, ΔNp63 and Ngfr. SCC lesions have higher levels of the H3K27 methyltransferase EZH2 than the ADC lesions, but there is a clear lack of the essential Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) subunit EED in the SCC lesions. The pattern of high EZH2, but low ...


Mutations In Braf Are Associated With Higher Levels Of Immune Infiltrates In Microsatellite-Stable Colon Cancer, Jake Rubin, Eduard Porta Parto 2017 George Washington University

Mutations In Braf Are Associated With Higher Levels Of Immune Infiltrates In Microsatellite-Stable Colon Cancer, Jake Rubin, Eduard Porta Parto

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

While BRAF is among the most well-established oncogenes in human cancers, more recently it has garnered attention for its role in suppressing antitumor immunity, especially in melanoma. Because tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) density is strongly prognostic in colorectal cancer (CRC)7, we decided to investigate the connection between TIL density and the BRAF-activating V600E mutation in CRC.

We used ESTIMATE to quantify immune infiltrate in samples from the TCGA colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) dataset (n = 216). This is an algorithm that uses the gene-expression signature of 141 immune-related genes to infer the presence of immune cells in the tumor infiltrate. COAD samples ...


Tgfβ/Smad3 Regulates Proliferation And Apoptosis Through Irs-1 Inhibition In Colon Cancer Cells., Katie L. Bailey, Ekta Agarwal, Sanjib Chowdhury, Jiangtao Luo, Michael G. Brattain, Jennifer D. Black, J. Wang 2017 Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases

Tgfβ/Smad3 Regulates Proliferation And Apoptosis Through Irs-1 Inhibition In Colon Cancer Cells., Katie L. Bailey, Ekta Agarwal, Sanjib Chowdhury, Jiangtao Luo, Michael G. Brattain, Jennifer D. Black, J. Wang

Journal Articles: Eppley Institute

In this study, we have uncovered a novel crosstalk between TGFβ and IGF-1R signaling pathways. We show for the first time that expression and activation of IRS-1, an IGF-1R adaptor protein, is decreased by TGFβ/Smad3 signaling. Loss or attenuation of TGFβ activation leads to elevated expression and phosphorylation of IRS-1 in colon cancer cells, resulting in enhanced cell proliferation, decreased apoptosis and increased tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Downregulation of IRS-1 expression reversed Smad3 knockdown-mediated oncogenic phenotypes, indicating that TGFβ/Smad3 signaling inhibits cell proliferation and increases apoptosis at least partially through the inhibition of IRS-1 expression ...


Physician Role In Physical Activity For African-American Males Undergoing Radical Prostatectomy For Prostate Cancer, Faustine Williams, Kellie R. Imm, Graham A. Colditz, Ashley J. Housten, Lin Yang, Keon L. Gilbert, Bettina F. Drake 2017 East Tennessee State University

Physician Role In Physical Activity For African-American Males Undergoing Radical Prostatectomy For Prostate Cancer, Faustine Williams, Kellie R. Imm, Graham A. Colditz, Ashley J. Housten, Lin Yang, Keon L. Gilbert, Bettina F. Drake

All ETSU Faculty Works

Purpose

Physical activity is recognized as a complementary therapy to improve physical and physiological functions among prostate cancer survivors. Little is known about communication between health providers and African-American prostate cancer patients, a high risk population, regarding the health benefits of regular physical activity on their prognosis and recovery. This study explores African-American prostate cancer survivors’ experiences with physical activity prescription from their physicians.

Methods

Three focus group interviews were conducted with 12 African-American prostate cancer survivors in May 2014 in St. Louis, MO. Participants’ ages ranged from 49 to 79 years, had completed radical prostatectomy, and their time out ...


Direct Measurement Of Supra-Physiological Levels Of Ascorbate In Plasma Using A Nanophotometer, Bailey Wetherell 2017 University of Northern Iowa

Direct Measurement Of Supra-Physiological Levels Of Ascorbate In Plasma Using A Nanophotometer, Bailey Wetherell

Research in the Capitol

High dose intravenously administered vitamin C (ascorbate) is currently being tested in clinical trials as an adjuvant to current standard of care therapies in a variety of cancers. Intravenous infusion is used with a goal to achieve supraphysiological ascorbate concentrations in blood of at least 20 mM, 300 to 500 times normal healthy concentrations (0.04-0.08 mM). These trials need quick and easy access to information on the levels of ascorbate achieved in the blood to make clinical decisions. Previous methods that quantify ascorbate levels in blood require extensive preparation, time, and materials that may not always be present ...


Fatty Acid Biomarker Detection For Breast Cancer Using Differential Mobility Spectrometry With Non-Radioactive Ion Source, James Joseph Alberti 2017 University of South Florida

Fatty Acid Biomarker Detection For Breast Cancer Using Differential Mobility Spectrometry With Non-Radioactive Ion Source, James Joseph Alberti

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Differential Mobility Spectrometry (DMS) using a non-radioactive ion source (NRIS) is investigated as a possible medical diagnostic instrument for near real-time detection of breast cancer biomarkers. In previous clinical studies, concentrations of Linoleic, Palmitic and Stearic fatty acids have been observed at different levels in women with carcinoma breast cancer versus women with benign tumors or healthy women showing no signs of breast cancer. Present diagnostic methods require a biopsy of the suspect tissue and a microscopic lab analysis performed to determine its disease state. This process can take hours or days before the patient and doctor are informed of ...


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