Palina: A Phase Ii Safety Study Of Palbociclib In Combination With Letrozole Or Fulvestrant In African American Women With Hormone Receptor Positive Her2 Negative Advanced Breast Cancer, 2018 MedStar Georgetown University Hospital
Palina: A Phase Ii Safety Study Of Palbociclib In Combination With Letrozole Or Fulvestrant In African American Women With Hormone Receptor Positive Her2 Negative Advanced Breast Cancer, Filipa Lynce, Mervat Saleh, Ayesha Shajahan-Haq, Christopher Gallagher, Asma Dilawari, Olwen Hahn, Maysa Abu-Khalaf, Ling Cai, Paula Pohlmann, Mahsa Mohebtash, Lois Kamugisha, Claudine Isaacs
Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers
Palbociclib has been shown to be a highly effective therapy in hormone receptor positive metastatic breast cancer when used in combination with letrozole or fulvestrant. Grade 3/4 neutropenia is a common side effect although febrile neutropenia is relatively uncommon. Insufficient data exist to describe the hematological safety of palbociclib in African American women (AAW) known to have a high incidence of benign ethnic neutropenia (BEN). PALOMA 1, 2 and 3, the initial phase II/III studies that led to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of palbociclib in metastatic breast cancer, only included participants with baseline ...
Modeling Hcv Interactions With P53: Implications For Carcinogenesis, 2018 Florida State University
Modeling Hcv Interactions With P53: Implications For Carcinogenesis, Harsh Jain
Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference
No abstract provided.
Discerning Drivers Of Cancer: Computational Approaches To Somatic Exome Sequencing Data, 2018 Washington University in St. Louis
Discerning Drivers Of Cancer: Computational Approaches To Somatic Exome Sequencing Data, Runjun Kumar
Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Paired tumor-normal sequencing of thousands of patient’s exomes has revealed millions of somatic mutations, but functional characterization and clinical decision making are stymied because biologically neutral ‘passenger’ mutations greatly outnumber pathogenic ‘driver’ mutations. Since most mutations will return negative results if tested, conventional resource-intensive experiments are reserved for mutations which are observed in multiple patients or rarer mutations found in well-established cancer genes. Most mutations are therefore never tested, diminishing the potential to discover new mechanisms of cancer development and treatment opportunities. Computational methods that reliably prioritize mutations for testing would greatly increase the translation of sequencing results to ...
Recurrent Hotspot Mutations In Hras Q61 And Pi3k-Akt Pathway Genes As Drivers Of Breast Adenomyoepitheliomas., 2018 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa; Instituto Do Cancer Do Estado de São Paulo
Recurrent Hotspot Mutations In Hras Q61 And Pi3k-Akt Pathway Genes As Drivers Of Breast Adenomyoepitheliomas., Felipe C. Geyer, Anqi Li, Anastasios D. Papanastasiou, Alison Smith, Pier Selenica, Kathleen A. Burke, Marcia Edelweiss, Huei-Chi Wen, Salvatore Piscuoglio, Anne M. Schultheis, Luciano G. Martelotto, Fresia Pareja, Rahul Kumar, Alissa Brandes, Dan Fan, Thais Basili, Arnaud Da Cruz Paula, John R. Lozada, Pedro Blecua, Simone Muenst, Achim A. Jungbluth, Maria P. Foschini, Hannah Y. Wen, Edi Brogi, Juan P. Palazzo, Brian P. Rubin, Charlotte K.Y. Ng, Larry Norton, Zsuzsanna Varga, Ian O. Ellis, Emad A. Rakha, Sarat Chandarlapaty, Britta Weigelt, Jorge S. Reis-Filho
Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty Papers
Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast is a rare tumor characterized by epithelial-myoepithelial differentiation, whose genetic underpinning is largely unknown. Here we show through whole-exome and targeted massively parallel sequencing analysis that whilst estrogen receptor (ER)-positive adenomyoepitheliomas display PIK3CA or AKT1 activating mutations, ER-negative adenomyoepitheliomas harbor highly recurrent codon Q61 HRAS hotspot mutations, which co-occur with PIK3CA or PIK3R1 mutations. In two- and three-dimensional cell culture models, forced expression of HRAS
Novel Role Of Hypoxia In Ovarian Cancer Chemo Resistance Through Epigenetic Regulation Of Hif1Α, Noelle L. Cutter Ph.D., Tyler Walther Bsc, Liam Gallagher, Michael O'Sullivan, Benjamin Honigsfeld, Kim Doyle, Nevenka Dimitrova, Robert Lucito
Ovarian cancer is the fifth deadliest cancer in woman, and epithelial malignancies account for 90% of cases. Tumor recurrence after chemotherapy or radiation remains a major obstacle to successful ovarian cancer treatment. Despite the large number of studies, molecular events that govern the emergence of aggressive therapy-resistant cells after chemotherapy are poorly defined. Genetic modifications, such as copy number variation (CNV), play an important role in controlling the expression of genes that are involved in chemo resistance. We analyzed CNV data that is publically available through the Cancer Genome Atlas and others. Of particular interest was the transcription factor HIF1α ...
Inhibitions Of Gsk3Β Modulates Cell Death In Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, 2018 Molloy College
Inhibitions Of Gsk3Β Modulates Cell Death In Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, Noelle L. Cutter Ph.D., Tyler Walther Bsc, Naeha Pathak
Epithelial ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecological malignancies and the fifth most frequent cause of cancer death in women, affecting over 22,000 women annually. Nearly 15,500 affected women die from this disease annually, and chemoresistance from the commonly prescribed platinum-based drug, carboplatin, is a major contributor to this mortality rate. Previous studies have identified genes with CpG islands that are methylated and transcriptionally silenced in resistant epithelial ovarian cancer patients. One of these genes is GSK3β, an important regulator of apoptosis and cell growth in the Wnt pathway. Thus, understanding the role of GSK3β suppression ...
Abstract 70: A Role For The Chromatin Remodeling Protein Chd3 In Ovarian Cancer Therapy Response, Noelle L. Cutter Ph.D., Nila Banerjee, Michelle Vigliotti, Angel Janevski, Douglas Levine, Robert Lucito, Nevenka Dimitrova
Carboplatin and cisplatin are chemotherapeutic agents that are used extensively for treating epithelial ovarian cancer. These drugs can be highly effective, yet tumors are frequently refractory to treatment or become resistant upon tumor relapse. Epigenetic silencing, particularly at promoter regions of genes regulates important cell function and has been associated with all stages of tumor formation and progression and may contribute to therapy response. We analyzed the epigenome of 50 primary ovarian tumors and 12 normal ovarian samples using an array based method previously developed in our lab and associated Affymetrix U133 expression data. We then identified gene candidates that ...
Abstract 4525: Hypoxia Signaling Pathway Plays A Role In Ovarian Cancer Chemoresistance, Noelle L. Cutter Ph.D., Tyler Walther Bsc, Kim Doyle, Ryan Frank
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that when induced regulates the expression of many genes involved in cytoprotective stimuli, which attenuates apoptosis and improves survival. Increased expression of HIF-1α gene (HIF1A) has been found in several carcinomas, including ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancers are generally refractory to platinum-based chemotherapy. Despite the large number of studies, molecular events that govern the emergence of aggressive therapy-resistant cells after chemotherapy are poorly defined. Genomic instabilities, such as copy number variation(CNV), may play an important role in chemoresistance and have been implicated in many complex diseases, like cancer.. We analyzed ...
Abstract 3144: A Role For Dok2 Methylation In Platinum Resistance And Tumor Suppression In Ovarian Cancer, Noelle L. Cutter Ph.D., Elena Lum, Michelle Vigliotti, Sohail Khan, Douglas Levine, Nevenka Dimitrova, Robert Lucito
Ovarian cancer is the 5th leading cause of cancer in women, affecting close to 22,000 women in the year 2011, of which nearly 15,500 will die. It is difficult to detect until it reaches advanced stages and becomes malignant. Currently, the standard treatment for ovarian cancer is platinum-based therapeutics, such as Carboplatin or Cisplatin, combined with Taxol. Unfortunately, approximately 25% of patients are inherently platinum-resistant and all patients who suffer from recurrence will have developed acquired platinum resistance. The genetic/epigenetic causes of this resistance are poorly understood. Epigenetic events are reversible and the identification of genes altered ...
Abstract 2934: Gsk3Β Modulates Chemoresistance In Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, 2018 Molloy College
Abstract 2934: Gsk3Β Modulates Chemoresistance In Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, Noelle L. Cutter Ph.D., Naeha Pathak
Introduction: Epithelial ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecological malignancies and the fifth most frequent cause of cancer death in women, affecting over 22,000 women annually. Nearly 15,500 affected women die from this disease annually, and chemoresistance from the commonly prescribed platinum-based drug, carboplatin, is a major contributor to this mortality. Previous studies have identified genes with CpG islands that are methylated and transcriptionally silenced in resistant epithelial ovarian cancer patients. One of these genes is GSK3β, an important regulator of apoptosis and cell growth in the Wnt pathway. Thus, understanding the role of GSK3β suppression ...
A Rare But Life Threatening Case Of Labile Blood Pressures In Pregnancy, 2018 Rowan University SOM
A Rare But Life Threatening Case Of Labile Blood Pressures In Pregnancy, Kelsey Carrio Md, Aarti Aggarwal Md, Susan Mcgroarty Phd
Stratford Campus Research Day
Pheochromocytoma is a rare but life threatening adrenal secreting tumor. The infrequency with which it is encountered makes pheochromocytoma, especially in pregnancy, a formidable diagnostic challenge.
Although a pheochromocytoma is rare, it is good to keep it in differential diagnosis as a possible cause of labile BP with headaches and significant orthostatic BP. It is critical to recognize this condition to institute an appropriate therapy & surgical intervention to prevent mortality.
Metastatic Breast Cancer Presenting As Painless Jaundice, 2018 Rowan University SOM
Metastatic Breast Cancer Presenting As Painless Jaundice, Daniel S. Wilen Do, Donald J. Mcmahon Do, Brian J. Blair Do, Joanne Kaiser-Smith Do, Darshan B. Roy Md
Stratford Campus Research Day
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States. Treatment options are wide-‐ ranging based on a multitude of factors, including extent of disease and receptor positivity. Following treatment, a relapse-‐free interval ≥ 2 years carries a more favorable prognosis.
We present a case involving a female with history of breast cancer and relapse-free interval of 15 years who unfortunately presented with metastatic disease involving the liver, bone, and lymph nodes.
Development Of Novel Dual Inhibitor Of Chemokine Receptor 4 And Mcl-1 Against Multiple Myeloma, Kuntal Bhowmick, Kristy K. Patel, Suman Pathi, Subash Jonnalagadda, Tulin Budak-Alpdogan, Manoj K. Pandey
Stratford Campus Research Day
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplastic plasma-cell disorder. This is characterized by clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone-marrow (BM) microenvironment, monoclonal protein in blood or urine, and associated organ dysfunction. The treatment options approved by FDA are immune-modulatory agents, proteasome inhibitors, and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Unfortunately, MM remains uniformly fatal owing to intrinsic or acquired drug resistance and the median survival time is 3 to 5 years. Thus, there is a great need for novel strategies to combat MM.
The intimate relationship of myeloma cells to BM microenvironment is “hallmark of myeloma”. The homing of ...
An Analysis Of The Effect Of Statins On The Risk Of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma In The Women's Health Initiative Cohort., 2018 George Washington University
An Analysis Of The Effect Of Statins On The Risk Of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma In The Women's Health Initiative Cohort., Pinkal Desai, Robert Wallace, Matthew L Anderson, Barbara V Howard, Roberta Ray, Chunyuan Wu, Monika Safford, Lisa W Martin, Nicolas Schlecht, Simin Liu, Dominic Cirillo, Allison Jay, Joann E Manson, Michael S Simon
Medicine Faculty Publications
Statins have been shown to induce a phosphoprotein signature that modifies MYC (myelocytomatosis viral oncogene) activation and to have anti-inflammatory activity that may impact the risk of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). We analyzed the relationship between statins and risk of NHL using data from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). The study population included 161,563 postmenopausal women ages 50-79 years from which 712 cases of NHL were diagnosed after 10.8 years of follow-up. Information on statin use and other risk factors was collected by self- and interviewer-administered questionnaires. Multivariable-adjusted HR and 95% CI evaluating the relationship between statin ...
Symptom Clusters And Quality Of Life Trajectories In Breast Cancer Patients Before And After Chemotherapy, 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center
Symptom Clusters And Quality Of Life Trajectories In Breast Cancer Patients Before And After Chemotherapy, Gaurav Kumar
Service Learning/Capstone Experience
Context. Breast cancer patients experience multiple concurrent symptoms before and after chemotherapy (CTX). Physical and psychological symptoms may persist after treatment and reduce the quality of life (QOL) of survivors.
Objectives. Identify differences in prevalence and severity of symptoms at three times within 1- year of starting CTX; and identify symptom cluster and QOL trajectories over these times in breast cancer patients.
Methods. Symptoms were identified in breast cancer patients (N=219) before the start of CTX (baseline), 30 days after the last CTX, and 1-year after the first CTX. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Symptom Experience Scale measured ...
Treating Breast Cancer With Light: The Creation Of Two Photodynamic Therapy Agents, 2018 Ouachita Baptist University
Treating Breast Cancer With Light: The Creation Of Two Photodynamic Therapy Agents, Victoria Lackey
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment for a wide display of diseases, including cancer, that has become gradually widespread. The procedure requires the usage of photosynthesizing agents, which are activated in the presence of light. One quite successful photodynamic therapy agent is an aromatic structure made up of four pyrrole rings called a porphyrin. This research focused on producing the water-soluble porphyrins, H2TPP-3-PEG-OH and H2TPP-PiperMe-OH, through the attachment of the starting porphyrin, H2TPPC, with 3-polyethyleneglycol and 3-piperidinemethanol, respectively. The novel, water-soluble agent was purified and characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), and UV-vis spectroscopy. Purity was ...
Development And Validation Of A 28-Gene Hypoxia-Related Prognostic Signature For Localized Prostate Cancer., 2018 University of Manchester
Development And Validation Of A 28-Gene Hypoxia-Related Prognostic Signature For Localized Prostate Cancer., Lingjian Yang, Darren Roberts, Mandeep Takhar, Nicholas Erho, Becky A.S. Bibby, Niluja Thiruthaneeswaran, Vinayak Bhandari, Wei-Chen Cheng, Syed Haider, Amy M.B. Mccorry, Darragh Mcart, Suneil Jain, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Ashley Ross, Edward Schaffer, Robert Den, R. Jeffrey Karnes, Eric Klein, Peter J. Hoskin, Stephen J. Freedland, Alastair D. Lamb, David E. Neal, Francesca M. Buffa, Robert G. Bristow, Paul C. Boutros, Elai Davicioni, Ananya Choudhury, Catharine M.L. West
Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia is associated with a poor prognosis in prostate cancer. This work aimed to derive and validate a hypoxia-related mRNA signature for localized prostate cancer.
METHOD: Hypoxia genes were identified in vitro via RNA-sequencing and combined with in vivo gene co-expression analysis to generate a signature. The signature was independently validated in eleven prostate cancer cohorts and a bladder cancer phase III randomized trial of radiotherapy alone or with carbogen and nicotinamide (CON).
RESULTS: A 28-gene signature was derived. Patients with high signature scores had poorer biochemical recurrence free survivals in six of eight independent cohorts of prostatectomy-treated patients ...
Investigating The Synergistic Effects Of Two Curcuminoids And Cisplatin On Cancer Cell Migration, 2018 Western Kentucky University
Investigating The Synergistic Effects Of Two Curcuminoids And Cisplatin On Cancer Cell Migration, Blaine Patty
Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects
Cisplatin is a common chemotherapy drug used to treat various cancers; however, it is relatively ineffective against many cancers, including several types of lung cancer. One approach that could improve cisplatin’s effect is to combine it with another drug that produces a synergistic response greater than either drug alone. Curcumin, a naturally occurring plant compound, has been investigated for synergisms in conjunction with cisplatin chemotherapy, but curcumin use is hampered by its low bioavailability. This project investigated whether two synthetic curcumin analogs, EF-24 and CLEFMA (curcuminoids), which have greater solubility than curcumin, could, when combined with cisplatin, decrease the ...
Uncertainty And Competing Priorities In Shared Clinical Decision-Making, 2018 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care
Uncertainty And Competing Priorities In Shared Clinical Decision-Making, Dennis J. Baumgardner
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
In this issue introduction, the editor-in-chief of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews observes that a connecting thread among the articles published therein is an element of uncertainty among patients and clinicians. Competing priorities for the patient also may be present. Several approaches to overcoming these prevalent conflicts to delivery of better health care have been proposed, the most important of which may be clinicians embracing a will to practice shared decision-making.
The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, 2018 University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing
The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: Ovarian cancer is the most fatal of all gynecologic cancers, with a high relapse rate regardless of stage. Women treated for ovarian cancer, therefore, likely have supportive care needs that extend well beyond the time frame of first-line therapy. Unfortunately, there is minimal data describing these needs. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the supportive care needs of women with ovarian care at the end of treatment.
Methods: To better understand the issues faced by women with ovarian cancer, we conducted a public Twitter chat in collaboration with gynecologic cancer social media (#gyncsm). Both quantitative and ...