Positioning Of Patients For Pelvic Radiation: Variability Across Treatment, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Positioning Of Patients For Pelvic Radiation: Variability Across Treatment, Mashhood Ahmad Bodla, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima, Janaki Moni
Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations
Objectives: We aimed to determine the variability in position of the pelvis for patients while receiving daily radiation treatments for pelvic malignancies.
Design: Therapeutic radiation targets lymph nodes that lie along the curvature of the sacrum. Any change in pelvic tilt could inadvertently move these targets in or out of the radiation field. This variability has clinical significance both to target cancerous lymph nodes and avoid healthy sacrum.
To better understand this variability, we observed trends in the change in the sacral slope. This measurement was chosen because it is an objective radiographic finding, there is no significant difference between ...
Mammographic Breast Density And Breast Cancer Molecular Subtypes: The Kenyan-African Aspect, 2018 Aga Khan University
Mammographic Breast Density And Breast Cancer Molecular Subtypes: The Kenyan-African Aspect, Asim Jamal, Maeve Mullooly, Shahin Sayed, Rose Ndumia, Innocent Abayo, James Orwa, Ronald Wasike, Zahir Moloo, Gretchen L. Gierach
Internal Medicine, East Africa
Introduction: Data examiningmammographic breast density (MBD) among patients in Sub-Saharan Africa are sparse.We evaluated how MBD relates to breast cancer characteristics in Kenyan women undergoing diagnostic mammography.
Methods: This crosssectional study included women with pathologically confirmed breast cancers (𝑛 = 123). Pretreatment mammograms of the unaffectedbreast were assessed to estimate absolute dense area (cm2), nondense area (cm2), and percent density (PD). Relationships between density measurements and clinical characteristics were evaluated using analysis of covariance.
Results: Median PD and dense area were 24.9% and 85.3 cm2. Higher PD and dense area were observed in younger women (𝑃 < 0.01). Higher dense and nondense areas were observed in obese women (𝑃-trend < 0.01). Estrogen receptor (ER) positive patients (73%) had higher PD and dense area than ER-negative patients (𝑃 ≤ 0.02). Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients (17%) had lower PD and dense area (𝑃 ≤ 0.01) compared with non-TNBCs. No associations were observed between MBD and tumor size and grade.
Conclusions: Our ...
Implementation Of A Low-Cost Unna Boot Alternative As Adjunctive Treatment For Kaposi Sarcoma, 2018 Purdue University
Implementation Of A Low-Cost Unna Boot Alternative As Adjunctive Treatment For Kaposi Sarcoma, Alexander Robert Mills, Edith Tonui, Sonak Pastakia, Rakhi Karwa, Phelix Were
Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Reciprocal & Sustainable Partnerships
There are 6 million people living with HIV; 70% reside in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Furthermore, 1.1 million deaths occur due to opportunistic infections (OIs) that can be minimized with antiretroviral therapy. In Kenya, Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is an especially debilitating OI that presents with dermatologic lesions; magnifying the stigma that patients with HIV face physically and psychosocially. Dermatology research is underway to determine the effectiveness of an unna boot (medicated, layered compression dressing) to speed the healing of these lesions with anecdotal success. Commercially available unna boot products are too expensive and not readily available in SSA. Clinicians from ...
Differential Impact Of Rb Status On E2f1 Reprogramming In Human Cancer., 2018 Thomas Jefferson University
Differential Impact Of Rb Status On E2f1 Reprogramming In Human Cancer., Christopher Mcnair, Kexin Xu, Amy C. Mandigo, Matteo Benelli, Benjamin E. Leiby, Daniel Rodrigues, Johan Lindberg, Henrik Gronberg, Mateus Crespo, Bram De Laere, Luc Dirix, Tapio Visakorpi, Fugen Li, Felix Y. Feng, Johann De Bono, Francesca Demichelis, Mark A. Rubin, Myles Brown, Karen E. Knudsen
Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers
The tumor suppressor protein retinoblastoma (RB) is mechanistically linked to suppression of transcription factor E2F1-mediated cell cycle regulation. For multiple tumor types, loss of RB function is associated with poor clinical outcome. RB action is abrogated either by direct depletion or through inactivation of RB function; however, the basis for this selectivity is unknown. Here, analysis of tumor samples and cell-free DNA from patients with advanced prostate cancer showed that direct RB loss was the preferred pathway of disruption in human disease. While RB loss was associated with lethal disease, RB-deficient tumors had no proliferative advantage and exhibited downstream effects ...
Erk-Mediated Phosphorylation Regulates Sox10 Sumoylation And Targets Expression In Mutant Braf Melanoma., 2018 Xi'An Jiaotong University
Erk-Mediated Phosphorylation Regulates Sox10 Sumoylation And Targets Expression In Mutant Braf Melanoma., Shujun Han, Yibo Ren, Wangxiao He, Huadong Liu, Zhe Zhi, Xinliang Zhu, Tielin Yang, Yu Rong, Bohan Ma, Timothy J. Purwin, Zhenlin Ouyang, Caixia Li, Xun Wang, Xueqiang Wang, Huizi Yang, Yan Zheng, Andrew E. Aplin, Jiankang Liu, Yongping Shao
Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers
In human mutant BRAF melanoma cells, the stemness transcription factor FOXD3 is rapidly induced by inhibition of ERK1/2 signaling and mediates adaptive resistance to RAF inhibitors. However, the mechanism underlying ERK signaling control of FOXD3 expression remains unknown. Here we show that SOX10 is both necessary and sufficient for RAF inhibitor-induced expression of FOXD3 in mutant BRAF melanoma cells. SOX10 activates the transcription of FOXD3 by binding to a regulatory element in FOXD3 promoter. Phosphorylation of SOX10 by ERK inhibits its transcription activity toward multiple target genes by interfering with the sumoylation of SOX10 at K55, which is essential ...
Mlk Book Read 2018 (Research Materials), 2018 College of the Holy Cross
Mlk Book Read 2018 (Research Materials), Holy Cross Libraries
Library Resources for Campus Events
A bibliography of resources available through the Holy Cross Libraries which provide additional information related to the MLK Winter Book Read, based on the best-seller “The Immortal LIfe of Henrietta Lacks” by Rebecca Skoot.
Evaluation Of Extracellular Matrix Composition And Rheology As Determinants Of Growth, Invasion, And Response To Photodynamic Therapy In 3d Cell Culture Models Of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma, 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston
Evaluation Of Extracellular Matrix Composition And Rheology As Determinants Of Growth, Invasion, And Response To Photodynamic Therapy In 3d Cell Culture Models Of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma, Gwendolyn M. Cramer
Graduate Doctoral Dissertations
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a notoriously lethal disease characterized by prominent stromal involvement, which plays complex roles in regulating tumor growth and therapeutic response. The extracellular matrix (ECM)-rich stroma has been implicated as a barrier to drug penetration, although stromal depletion strategies have had mixed clinical success. It remains less clear how biophysical interactions with the ECM regulate invasive progression and susceptibilities to specific therapies. Here, an integrative approach combining 3D cell culture and quantitative imaging techniques is used to evaluate invasive behavior and motility as determinants of response to classical chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT), in which ...
Ovarian Cancer Screening: Lessons About Effectiveness, 2017 University of Kentucky
Ovarian Cancer Screening: Lessons About Effectiveness, Edward J. Pavlik
Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
Cks1 Expression In Melanocytic Nevi And Melanoma, 2017 Nicolaus Copernicus University Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz
Cks1 Expression In Melanocytic Nevi And Melanoma, Anna A. Brożyna, Andrew Aplin, Cynthia Cohen, Grant Carlson, Andrew Joseph Page, Michael Murphy, Andrzej T. Slominski, J. Andrew Carlson
Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers
Cyclin-dependent kinase subunit 1 (Cks1) regulates the degradation of p27, an important G1-S inhibitor, which is up regulated by MAPK pathway activation. In this study, we sought to determine whether Cks1 expression is increased in melanocytic tumors and correlates with outcome and/or other clinicopathologic prognostic markers. Cks1 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 298 melanocytic lesions. The frequency and intensity of cytoplasmic and nuclear expression was scored as a labeling index and correlated with clinico-pathological data. Nuclear Cks1 protein was found in 63% of melanocytic nevi, 89% primary and 90% metastatic melanomas with mean labeling index of 7 ± 16 ...
Gallic Acid, A Phenolic Compound, Exerts Anti-Angiogenic Effects Via The Pten/Akt/Hif-1Α/Vegf Signaling Pathway In Ovarian Cancer Cells, Zhiping He, Allen Y. Chen, Yon Rojanasakul, Gary O. Rankin, Yi Charlie Chen
Gary O. Rankin
Gallic acid (GA), a polyphenol, is widely found in numerous fruits and vegetables, particularly in hickory nuts. In the present study, we found that gallic acid, a natural phenolic compound isolated from fruits and vegetables, had a more potent growth inhibitory effect on two ovarian cancer cell lines, OVCAR-3 and A2780/CP70, than the effect on a normal ovarian cell line, IOSE-364. These results demonstrated that GA selectively inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Gene expression was examined by ELISA and western blot analysis, and gene pathways were examined by luciferase assay. It was found that GA inhibited VEGF secretion ...
Myricetin Inhibits Proliferation Of Cisplatin-Resistant Cancer Cells Through A P53-Dependent Apoptotic Pathway, Haizhi Huang, Allen Y. Chen, Xingqian Ye, Bingyun Li, Yon Rojanasakul, Gary O. Rankin, Yi Charlie Chen
Gary O. Rankin
Cisplatin is a commonly used drug for cancer treatment by crosslinking DNA, leading to apoptosis of cancer cells, resistance to cisplatin treatment often occurs, leading to relapse. Therefore, there is a need for the development of more effective treatment strategies that can overcome chemoresistance. Myricetin is a flavonoid from fruits and vegetables, showing anticancer activity in various cancer cells. In this study, we found myricetin exhibited greater cytotoxicity than cisplatin in two cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines, OVCAR-3 and A2780/CP70, and it was less cytotoxic to the normal ovarian cell line IOSE-364. Myricetin selectively induced apoptosis in both cisplatin-resistant ...
Cancer Survivorship: Promoting A Lifetime Of Health, 2017 The University of San Francisco
Cancer Survivorship: Promoting A Lifetime Of Health, Janelle Coleman-Smith
Master's Projects and Capstones
Introduction Cancer survivors can face post-cancer treatment effects that need addressing throughout their care trajectory. Education provided to stakeholders and patients will be beneficial in preventing fragmented care, increasing patient satisfaction, and expanding ongoing supportive clinical survivorship care. Methods An adapted Dr. Joanne Lester survivorship needs survey was given to n=7 post-cancer treatment patients within a northern California cancer patient advisory committee. The survey results were analyzed to identify common underserved chronic long-term survivorship needs. Based on the data, an evidence-based educational component was included within a booklet to enhance future survivorship care. Additional surveys were sent to ...
Ependymomas Overexpress Chemoresistance And Dna Repairrelated Proteins, 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Ependymomas Overexpress Chemoresistance And Dna Repairrelated Proteins, Sherise D. Ferguson, Shouhao Zhou, Joanne Xiu, Yuuri Hashimoto, Nader Sanai, Lyndon Kim, Santosh Kesari, John De Groot, David Spetzler, Amy B. Heimberger
Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers
Background: After surgery and radiation, treatment options for ependymoma are few making recurrence a challenging issue. Specifically, the efficacy of chemotherapy at recurrence is limited. We performed molecular profiling on a cohort of ependymoma cases in order to uncover therapeutic targets and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms contributing to treatment resistance. Results: This ependymoma cohort showed minimal alterations in gene amplifications and mutations but had high expression rates of DNA synthesis and repair enzymes such as RRM1 (47%), ERCC1 (48%), TOPO1 (62%) and class III β-tublin (TUBB3) (57%), which are also all associated with chemoresistance. This cohort also had high ...
Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick Mcgee, Grant Mcauley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater
Loma Linda University Student Journal
Proton therapy is an advantageous choice for the irradiation of tumors in proximity of critical structures due to rapid dose fall off and high dose deposition at target compared to dose at the surface of the patient (ie, peak-to-entrance dose ratio (P/E)). However, with target fields below 1.0 cm, as often encountered in proton radiosurgery, multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) broadens proton beams leading to diminished P/E advantages and reduced dose delivery efficiency (DDE). Magnetic focusing tends to counteract MCS and is a promising method to reduce these undesirable effects. The purpose of this research is to investigate ...
Editorial: Murine Models Of Leukemia And Lymphoma, 2017 University of Nebraska
Editorial: Murine Models Of Leukemia And Lymphoma, Christine E. Cutucache, Pierluigi Porcu
Faculty papers Kimmel Cancer Center
No abstract provided.
Decoding Critical Long Non-Coding Rna In Ovarian Cancer Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition., 2017 Thomas Jefferson University
Decoding Critical Long Non-Coding Rna In Ovarian Cancer Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition., Ramkrishna Mitra, Xi Chen, Evan J. Greenawalt, Ujjwal Maulik, Wei Jiang, Zhongming Zhao, Christine M. Eischen
Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) are emerging as contributors to malignancies. Little is understood about the contribution of lncRNA to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which correlates with metastasis. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed after metastasis. Here we report an integrated analysis of >700 ovarian cancer molecular profiles, including genomic data sets, from four patient cohorts identifying lncRNA DNM3OS, MEG3, and MIAT overexpression and their reproducible gene regulation in ovarian cancer EMT. Genome-wide mapping shows 73% of MEG3-regulated EMT-linked pathway genes contain MEG3 binding sites. DNM3OS overexpression, but not MEG3 or MIAT, significantly correlates to worse overall patient survival. DNM3OS knockdown results in ...
Mutational Patterns In Chemotherapy Resistant Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer., 2017 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT
Mutational Patterns In Chemotherapy Resistant Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer., David Liu, Philip Abbosh, Daniel Keliher, Brendan Reardon, Diana Miao, Kent Mouw, Amaro Weiner-Taylor, Stephanie Wankowicz, Garam Han, Min Yuen Teo, Catharine Cipolla, Jaegil Kim, Gopa Iyer, Hikmat Al-Ahmadie, Essel Dulaimi, David Y.T. Chen, R. Katherine Alpaugh, Jean Hoffman-Censits, Levi A. Garraway, Gad Getz, Scott L. Carter, Joaquim Bellmunt, Elizabeth R. Plimack, Jonathan E. Rosenberg, Eliezer M. Van Allen
Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers
Despite continued widespread use, the genomic effects of cisplatin-based chemotherapy and implications for subsequent treatment are incompletely characterized. Here, we analyze whole exome sequencing of matched pre- and post-neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy primary bladder tumor samples from 30 muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. We observe no overall increase in tumor mutational burden post-chemotherapy, though a significant proportion of subclonal mutations are unique to the matched pre- or post-treatment tumor, suggesting chemotherapy-induced and/or spatial heterogeneity. We subsequently identify and validate a novel mutational signature in post-treatment tumors consistent with known characteristics of cisplatin damage and repair. We find that post-treatment tumor heterogeneity ...
Site-Specific Selection Reveals Selective Constraints And Functionality Of Tumor Somatic Mtdna Mutations., 2017 Fourth Military Medical University
Site-Specific Selection Reveals Selective Constraints And Functionality Of Tumor Somatic Mtdna Mutations., Deyang Li, Xiaohong Du, Xu Guo, Lei Zhan, Xin Li, Chun Yin, Cheng Chen, Mingkun Li, Bingshan Li, Hushan Yang, Jinliang Xing
Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that tumor mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations are primarily shaped by relaxed negative selection, which is contradictory to the critical roles of mtDNA mutations in tumorigenesis. Therefore, we hypothesized that site-specific selection may influence tumor mtDNA mutations.
METHODS: To test our hypothesis, we developed the largest collection of tumor mtDNA mutations to date and evaluated how natural selection shaped mtDNA mutation patterns.
RESULTS: Our data demonstrated that both positive and negative selections acted on specific positions or functional units of tumor mtDNAs, although the landscape of these mutations was consistent with the relaxation of negative selection ...
Managing Toxicities Associated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: Consensus Recommendations From The Society For Immunotherapy Of Cancer (Sitc) Toxicity Management Working Group., 2017 Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Managing Toxicities Associated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: Consensus Recommendations From The Society For Immunotherapy Of Cancer (Sitc) Toxicity Management Working Group., I. Puzanov, A. Diab, K. Abdallah, C. O. Bingham, C. Brogdon, R. Dadu, L. Hamad, S. Kim, M. E. Lacouture, N. R. Leboeuf, D. Lenihan, C. Onofrei, V. Shannon, R. Sharma, A. W. Silk, D. Skondra, M. E. Suarez-Almazor, Y. Wang, K. Wiley, H. L. Kaufman, M. S. Ernstoff, J. Anderson, K. Lehman, D. Reshef, A. Saylors, M. Turner, I. Waxman, D. Arrindell, S. Andrews, J. Ballesteros, J. Boyer, I. Cotarla, M. Dawson, T. Goswami, V. Hayreh, W. Holmes, Z. Rasheed, M. Sarkeshik, J. Schreiber, K. Shafer-Weaver, D. Chen, S. Ley-Acosta, D. Chonzi, W. Go, R. Cunha, J. L. Gulley, L. Wood, M. Davies, Adam Dicker, L. Eifler, N. Gregory, A. Ferguson, C. Ferlini, S. Frankel, C. Gochett, J. Goldberg, K. Patel, D. Wariabharaj, P. Goncalves, N. Helie, J. Y. Hsu, R. Ibrahim, C. Larocca, O. Lambotte, J. Luke, J. Mcclure, E. Michelon, M. Nakamura, B. Piperdi, J. Riemer, C. Robert, W. Sharfman, E. Sharon, R. Sherry, C. Simonson, C. Thomas, E. Trehu, J. A. Thompson, D. Tresnan, L. Zhang, P. Zheng
Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers
Cancer immunotherapy has transformed the treatment of cancer. However, increasing use of immune-based therapies, including the widely used class of agents known as immune checkpoint inhibitors, has exposed a discrete group of immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Many of these are driven by the same immunologic mechanisms responsible for the drugs' therapeutic effects, namely blockade of inhibitory mechanisms that suppress the immune system and protect body tissues from an unconstrained acute or chronic immune response. Skin, gut, endocrine, lung and musculoskeletal irAEs are relatively common, whereas cardiovascular, hematologic, renal, neurologic and ophthalmologic irAEs occur much less frequently. The majority of irAEs ...
Complementary Art Interventions For Children Coping With Cancer: An Integrative Literature Review, Brenda Pacheco
Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium
Background: Cancer can be a physically and emotionally damaging disease. While there are various conventional pediatric cancer treatments, complementary alternative medicine (CAM), specifically art interventions, may be helpful in the care of these patients.
Objective: The aims of this integrative review were; (1) determine if art interventions impact coping with cancer in a pediatric population, (2) determine if the duration of the art intervention influences the impact on coping.
Methods: Articles were found through the following databases: Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), PubMed, PsycInfo, and ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health. Key search terms used included cancer, neoplasms, oncology, leukemia, child, pediatric, childhood, art, music, dance, art craft, therapies, medicine, interventions, treatments, and program. Studies were published in English and included three art interventions (arts and crafts, music, and dance).
Results: After a thorough review of the literature and removal of duplicates, 258 studies were found. Seven studies conducted in the U.S., Vietnam, and Australia were selected for inclusion. The following themes were found in art interventions: effective distractor, form of self-expression, and positive facial affects.
Conclusion: The findings suggest evidence of reduced anxiety, decreased distress, and improved self-esteem amongst children with cancer who received various art interventions, however, there is a lack of evidence on the duration of art interventions and their impact. Further systematic studies should be conducted to explore the duration of art interventions that yield the most therapeutic results in stress coping in pediatric oncology patients.
Keywords: cancer; child; pediatric; art; music; dance; therapies; medicine; interventions; treatments