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Relationship Between Arm Path, Ball Velocity, And Elbow Varus Torque In Professional Baseball Pitchers, Brittany Dowling, Alexander Hodakowski, Bjorn Olmanson, Matthew Cohn, Patrick Pauley, Nikhil Verma, Gregory Nicholson, Grant Garrigues 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Relationship Between Arm Path, Ball Velocity, And Elbow Varus Torque In Professional Baseball Pitchers, Brittany Dowling, Alexander Hodakowski, Bjorn Olmanson, Matthew Cohn, Patrick Pauley, Nikhil Verma, Gregory Nicholson, Grant Garrigues

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Currently, most pitching instructors suggest a shorter arm path-the total distance the arm travels during pitching. Theoretically, this combination allows for better body segment sequencing, a more efficient energy transfer through the kinetic chain, and increased ball velocity, while limiting elbow varus torque.

HYPOTHESIS: Shorter arm paths would be associated with increased ball velocity and decreased elbow varus torque.

STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study.

METHODS: A total of 182 professional pitchers threw 8 to 12 fastball pitches while evaluated by 3-dimensional motion capture (480 Hz). The arm path was calculated as the total distance the hand marker traveled during …


Proceedings Of The 2023 Iaom Convention, International Association of Orofacial Myology 2023 International Association of Orofacial Myology

Proceedings Of The 2023 Iaom Convention, International Association Of Orofacial Myology

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

The International Association of Orofacial Myology (IAOM) held its 2023 Convention in Chandler, Arizona from October 13 - 15. The Proceedings of the Convention contain abstracts and summaries of podium and poster presentations.


A Quality Improvement Project: Implementing A Sleep Disturbance Screening Questionnaire In A Primary Care Clinic, David Elder Hamby 2023 The University of Southern Mississippi

A Quality Improvement Project: Implementing A Sleep Disturbance Screening Questionnaire In A Primary Care Clinic, David Elder Hamby

Doctoral Projects

At present time, it is estimated that 50-70 million Americans suffer from some form of sleep disturbance (disrupted sleep) and subsequently, sleep disorders (formal diagnosis) (Hanson & Huecker, 2022), which has a direct correlation between sleep disorders and many existing common comorbid conditions. Patients commonly report experiencing excessive daytime sleepiness, inability to focus or concentrate, generalized fatigue, decreased libido, and lability of emotions. As a person ages, there is an increasing trend in the reduction of quality and quantity of sleep. Due to Americans living longer, the number of Americans living with sleep disturbance has significantly ballooned in recent decades. …


Forensic Evaluation Of A Single Episode Of A Disorder Of Arousal In A Sleepwalking Defense: Cognitive Function Versus Prior Clinical History, Mark R. Pressman 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Forensic Evaluation Of A Single Episode Of A Disorder Of Arousal In A Sleepwalking Defense: Cognitive Function Versus Prior Clinical History, Mark R. Pressman

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Introduction

The clinical diagnosis of disorders of arousal (DOA) is based primarily on a clinical history including amnesia for episodes. The presence of amnesia means the patient cannot provide direct evidence. In a forensic setting, when the defendant has been charged criminally with violent actions or sexual related assaults allegedly during sleep, a sleepwalking defense may be presented. As opposed to clinical history, the prosecution generally focuses on the single episode of alleged DOA that resulted in the criminal charges against the defendant. The prosecution will argue that this episode of complex behavior was not consistent with a DOA. A …


Sleep And Behavioral Problems Among Preschool Children: Correlations From Pakistan Urban, Seema Zainulabdin Lasi, Somal Kayani, Noreen Afzal 2023 Aga Khan University

Sleep And Behavioral Problems Among Preschool Children: Correlations From Pakistan Urban, Seema Zainulabdin Lasi, Somal Kayani, Noreen Afzal

Human Development Programme

The study was undertaken to explore patterns, habits, and problems for sleep in preschool children of urban Karachi, Pakistan. Two schools participated with a sample size of 297 preschool children. A cross-sectional study design was implemented. The mean age of children was 4.6 ± 0.71 years, and the male/female ratio was 49:51. The average daily sleep duration (nocturnal + daytime nap) was 9.51 ± 1.21 hours. At least one sleep problem was reported in 73% of children, the most frequently found sleep problems were, bedtime and wakeup resistance (25.6%), sleepy or tired during the day (46%), complains of growing pains …


On The Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine, Forest W. Arnold 2023 University of Louisville

On The Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Use Of Electronic Ecological Momentary Assessment Methodologies In Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, And Sleep Research In Young Adults: Systematic Review, Kimberly R. Hartson, Luz Huntington-Moskos, Clara G. Sears, Gina Genova, Cara Mathis, Wessly Ford, Ryan E. Rhodes 2023 University of Louisville

Use Of Electronic Ecological Momentary Assessment Methodologies In Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, And Sleep Research In Young Adults: Systematic Review, Kimberly R. Hartson, Luz Huntington-Moskos, Clara G. Sears, Gina Genova, Cara Mathis, Wessly Ford, Ryan E. Rhodes

Faculty Scholarship

Background: Recent technological advances allow for the repeated sampling of real-time data in natural settings using electronic ecological momentary assessment (eEMA). These advances are particularly meaningful for investigating physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep in young adults who are in a critical life stage for the development of healthy lifestyle behaviors.

Objective: This study aims to describe the use of eEMA methodologies in physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep research in young adults.

Methods: The PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Embase, and Web of Science electronic databases were searched through August 2022. Inclusion criteria were use of eEMA; sample of young adults …


Better Sleep, Brighter Mornings: A Sleep Hygiene Protocol For Older Adults As A Quality-Of-Life Enhancement, Melissa Baltazar 2023 University of San Diego

Better Sleep, Brighter Mornings: A Sleep Hygiene Protocol For Older Adults As A Quality-Of-Life Enhancement, Melissa Baltazar

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Purpose: The purpose of this evidence-based practice Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project was to emphasize the importance of and educate patients on primary prevention techniques for sleep hygiene to use as a tool to enhance quality of life by increasing patient’s self-reported sleep quality.

Background: Sleep patterns change as we age, however, aging itself is not necessarily a cause of sleep problems. Sleep is one of the most important activities for a person’s health and overall well-being. A growing body of literature shows that not enough sleep and poor sleep quality is associated with hypertension, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, …


Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis [Ipa]: Examining The Impact Of Sleep Disturbances On Lived Experiences Of Persons With Parkinson’S Disease (Pwpd), Adriana Ornelas, Angela Blackwell, Karen Aranha 2023 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis [Ipa]: Examining The Impact Of Sleep Disturbances On Lived Experiences Of Persons With Parkinson’S Disease (Pwpd), Adriana Ornelas, Angela Blackwell, Karen Aranha

Spring 2023 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

Introduction: This investigation aimed to examine the lived experiences of PwPD who suffer from insomnia. Sleep disturbance affects up to 96% of individuals with PD. The non-motor symptom (NMS) significantly reduces HR-QOL, positively correlates with disease severity and duration, and increases the disease burden of care. Due to the nature of the disease, typical sleep hygiene protocols may not be the most effective intervention for this population. Understanding their challenges is vital to developing a sleep hygiene protocol tailored to their needs.

Methodology: A pilot qualitative study using an interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) with PwPD (N=12). The study received IRB …


Identification Of Molecular Markers Associated With Copd In Non-Smokers And Smokers: A Bioinformatics Analysis, Agede O. Ayodele, Isa M. Wasagu, Ademola E. Fawibe, Alakija K. Salami 2023 University of Ilorin, Ilorin

Identification Of Molecular Markers Associated With Copd In Non-Smokers And Smokers: A Bioinformatics Analysis, Agede O. Ayodele, Isa M. Wasagu, Ademola E. Fawibe, Alakija K. Salami

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background

Even though the proportional burden of COPD among never-smokers is significant in both developing and developed nations, accounting for around 30% of all COPD in the community, there is little awareness of the prevalence of COPD in this population. Understanding the molecular processes that underlie COPD in nonsmokers is essential.

Methods

Dataset (GSE146560) was acquired from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The limma and clusterProfiler software tools were used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and conduct a functional enrichment analysis respectively.

Results

In all, 10,583 DEGs were found, of which 1,065 were up-regulated and 9,518 were down-regulated. The …


Review Of Nighttime Temperature Effects On Long-Term Health Condition Through Sleep Studies, Sydnie Matkins 2023 Old Dominion University

Review Of Nighttime Temperature Effects On Long-Term Health Condition Through Sleep Studies, Sydnie Matkins

Modeling, Simulation and Visualization Student Capstone Conference

Over the past 40 years, there has been increasing interest in human sleep quality and duration. This nonsystematic review looked at over 80 peer-reviewed papers on the association among sleep, temperature, and long-term health conditions. Generally, warmer temperatures lend to poorer sleep quality, and poor sleep quality lend to mental illness and a higher risk of coronary heart disease and mortality. Future research should be to conduct a study that relies more on health records rather than questionnaires to accurately map current and future health quality.


Gender Disparities In The Diagnosis Of Sleep Disordered Breathing, Kenna Haile, Nesrine Ibrahim, Safwan Badr, Apala Vaishnav 2023 Wayne State University

Gender Disparities In The Diagnosis Of Sleep Disordered Breathing, Kenna Haile, Nesrine Ibrahim, Safwan Badr, Apala Vaishnav

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Current diagnostic guidelines for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) require that apneas and hypopneas be accompanied by a 4% desaturation for it to constitute a respiratory event (AHI-Accepted). However, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends expanding the diagnostic criteria to include apneas and hypopneas accompanied by a 3% desaturation or a cortical arousal for diagnosis (AHI-Recommended). We hypothesized that a clinical sample of both men and women would demonstrate that women are more likely to be misdiagnosed using the accepted criteria compared to the recommended criteria.

Methods: The clinical sample consisted of all patients receiving a PSG at the …


Performance Of A Sars-Cov-2 Rt-Pcr Assay With Non-Traditional Specimen Types, Subathra Marimuthu, Holly Aliesky, Heather Ness, Daniya Sheikh, Sathya Rashmit, Dawn Balcom, Leslie A. Wolf 2023 University of Louisville

Performance Of A Sars-Cov-2 Rt-Pcr Assay With Non-Traditional Specimen Types, Subathra Marimuthu, Holly Aliesky, Heather Ness, Daniya Sheikh, Sathya Rashmit, Dawn Balcom, Leslie A. Wolf

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

During the first two years of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, nasopharyngeal (NP) specimens were the gold standard for clinical diagnostic testing. As information about the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causing the pandemic continued to be shared, it was clear that the virus could be detected in other specimen types during an active infection. The University of Louisville Infectious Diseases Laboratory accepted non-traditional specimen types, most without a paired, positive NP result, for research purposes only to support local epidemiology efforts. A real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay originally validated for NP specimens was used …


What? Now A Respiratory Syncytial Virus Epidemic, Aya Allam, Steven B Lippmann 2023 University of Louisville

What? Now A Respiratory Syncytial Virus Epidemic, Aya Allam, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Recurrent Cyanotic Spells In An Octogenarian, Chin Tong Kwok, Chun Kit Wong 2023 Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong

Recurrent Cyanotic Spells In An Octogenarian, Chin Tong Kwok, Chun Kit Wong

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

We report rare case of an octogenarian who, after years of diagnostic delay, was found to have a patent foramen ovale, and due to an ascending aortic aneurysm that anatomically facilitated right-to-left shunt, presenting with life-threatening cyanotic attacks. The characteristic orthodeoxia-platypnea syndrome and high alveolar arterial gradient hint to the diagnosis. She was eventually treated successfully with urgent percutaneous PFO closure. Routine ordering of a transthoracic echocardiogram, without agitated saline injection under provocation maneuvers, may not be sufficient to rule out shunts.


What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza 2023 Otorhinolaryngology Department Hospital Quironsalud Marbella. Spain

What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: This article presents a narrative review of current recommendations for the clinical evaluation and management of adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to identify points missing from a myofunctional perspective.

Methods: The authors reviewed current official guidelines for adult patients with OSA, searching clinical evaluation and treatment recommendations for myofunctional therapy.

Results: None of the current guidelines for evaluation of adult OSA recommend performing a myofunctional evaluation. Only two guidelines consider myofunctional therapy (MFT) as a treatment modality for adult patients with OSA.

Conclusion: Despite the role of the pharyngeal dilator muscles as an …


Evaluation Of Sleep Benefits Following A 16-Week Judo Program For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Neha R. Chittaluru 2023 University of Central Florida

Evaluation Of Sleep Benefits Following A 16-Week Judo Program For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Neha R. Chittaluru

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by language and communication deficits, and difficulties with social interaction (Twisk, 2001). Research has shown that 80% of youth with ASD experience sleep challenges which can lead to sleep-related health issues, exacerbate problematic behaviors, and increase vulnerability to anxiety and depression (Wachob & Lorenzi, 2015; Williams et al., 2004; Richdale & Schreck, 2009). Sleep plays a central role in adaptive functioning, and insufficient sleep can hinder learning, memory, and neuroplasticity for children with ASD (Cohen et al., 2014). As these unhealthy behavior patterns can lead to more adverse long-term health consequences, it …


Benefits Of A Family-Based Judo Program For Parents Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Jeslin George 2023 University of Central Florida

Benefits Of A Family-Based Judo Program For Parents Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Jeslin George

Honors Undergraduate Theses

A diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can impact the entire family. Parents of children with ASD reportedly have greater stress levels, family conflict, financial concerns, and poor health habits than parents of neurotypical (NT) children. While many parent-focused interventions have been developed, these interventions focus on parent training and child behavior outcomes rather than the health and well-being of the parents. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effects of a 15-week family judo program on physical and psychosocial health in parents of children with ASD. A total of 18 parents of children with ASD participated in a weekly …


The Relationship Between Evening Screen Time Use And Objectively Measured Sleep Outcomes In U.S. College Students, Donya Sedaghat 2023 University of Central Florida

The Relationship Between Evening Screen Time Use And Objectively Measured Sleep Outcomes In U.S. College Students, Donya Sedaghat

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Research suggests that elevated levels of screen time in the evening can negatively impact sleep outcomes (sleep duration, quality, and latency). Yet, there is a lack of evidence exploring if this relationship exists in college students. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between evening screen time use and objectively measured sleep outcomes in US college students. College students (N = 29) junior or senior standing in a Health Sciences major were recruited to participate in this cross-sectional study. Participants wore accelerometers on their wrist for 24hr/day for seven days to capture sleep duration, efficiency, awakenings, and …


The Mental And Dental Repercussions Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Its Treatments, Emily E. McGoohan 2023 University of Central Florida

The Mental And Dental Repercussions Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Its Treatments, Emily E. Mcgoohan

Honors Undergraduate Theses

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between dental and mental health. To dive deeper into seeing this connection, patients with sleep apnea will be asked to share their experiences with the treatments for sleep apnea and how it had affected their mental or dental health.


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