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Guideline To Sleep Disorder Consultation, Don O. Williams Sr 2019 University of Lynchburg

Guideline To Sleep Disorder Consultation, Don O. Williams Sr

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Is it because of a sleep disorder? Due to the increasing complaints of sleep-related issues and the severe consequences untreated sleep disorders may cause, it is imperative to know how to identify sleep disorders and when to consult a sleep specialist. On average there are 50-70 million adults in the United States that have sleep-related disorders.1 There are several sleep disorders, but the most common are Insomnia and Sleep Disordered Breathing, (Apnea / Hypopnea). The prevalence of common sleep disorders are, Insomnia 10-30%; Sleep Apnea 5%; Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) 10% and Narcolepsy 0.05%. Most commonly diagnosed disorders of ...


Comparing Treatment Efficacy Of Upper Airway Stimulation To Cpap For Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Alec Furstenberg, Colin Huntley, MD, Adam Vasconcellos, MD, Ayan Kumar, Karl Doghramji, MD, Maurits Boon, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Comparing Treatment Efficacy Of Upper Airway Stimulation To Cpap For Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Alec Furstenberg, Colin Huntley, Md, Adam Vasconcellos, Md, Ayan Kumar, Karl Doghramji, Md, Maurits Boon, Md

Phase 1

Introduction

Upper airway stimulation (UAS) is newer treatment option for the management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and presents an alternative to the traditional Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). Previously published data has shown good control of disease severity utilizing UAS with high patient tolerance and compliance. We aim to compare a cohort of patients treated with UAS and CPAP and evaluate therapy usage and disease control through use of the mean disease alleviation concept.

Methods

We evaluated demographic, pre and post-treatment sleep study, and therapy utilization data of cohorts of patients with OSA treated with CPAP and UAS. We ...


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Home Sleep Apnea Testing (Hsat) Based On Recording Duration, Angela Alnemri, Theodora Fynn, Prakash Vasudevan, Ritu Grewa, Karl Doghramji 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Home Sleep Apnea Testing (Hsat) Based On Recording Duration, Angela Alnemri, Theodora Fynn, Prakash Vasudevan, Ritu Grewa, Karl Doghramji

Phase 1

Introduction: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a chronic sleeping disorder with serious health consequences. Currently, standard diagnosis is through in-lab polysomnography; however, there has been a shift to greater use of Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) for patients with a high pre-test probability of having OSA.

Objective: To investigate the minimum recording time needed during HSAT to accurately diagnose the presence and severity of OSA.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of HSATs done from January-October 2017. Each study was divided into 1-, 2-,3-,4-,5-, 6-, and 7 hour intervals beginning at the recording start time. The respiratory ...


Doppler Radar-Based Non-Contact Health Monitoring For Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis: A Comprehensive Review, Vinh Phuc Tran, Adel Ali Al-Jumaily, Syed Mohammed Shamsul Islam 2019 Edith Cowan University

Doppler Radar-Based Non-Contact Health Monitoring For Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis: A Comprehensive Review, Vinh Phuc Tran, Adel Ali Al-Jumaily, Syed Mohammed Shamsul Islam

ECU Publications Post 2013

Today’s rapid growth of elderly populations and aging problems coupled with the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and other health related issues have affected many aspects of society. This has led to high demands for a more robust healthcare monitoring, diagnosing and treatments facilities. In particular to Sleep Medicine, sleep has a key role to play in both physical and mental health. The quality and duration of sleep have a direct and significant impact on people’s learning, memory, metabolism, weight, safety, mood, cardio-vascular health, diseases, and immune system function. The gold-standard for OSA diagnosis is the overnight ...


Investigating The Relationships Between Hypothalamic Volume And Measures Of Circadian Rhythm And Habitual Sleep In Premanifest Huntington's Disease, Danielle M. Bartlett, Juan F. Domínguez D, Alvaro Reyes, Pauline Zaenker, Kirk W. Feindel, Robert U. Newton, Anthony J. Hannan, James A. Slater, Peter R. Eastwood, Alpar S. Lazar, Mel Ziman, Travis Cruickshank 2019 Edith Cowan University

Investigating The Relationships Between Hypothalamic Volume And Measures Of Circadian Rhythm And Habitual Sleep In Premanifest Huntington's Disease, Danielle M. Bartlett, Juan F. Domínguez D, Alvaro Reyes, Pauline Zaenker, Kirk W. Feindel, Robert U. Newton, Anthony J. Hannan, James A. Slater, Peter R. Eastwood, Alpar S. Lazar, Mel Ziman, Travis Cruickshank

ECU Publications Post 2013

Objective

Pathological changes within the hypothalamus have been proposed to mediate circadian rhythm and habitual sleep disturbances in individuals with Huntington’s disease (HD). However, investigations examining the relationships between hypothalamic volume and circadian rhythm and habitual sleep in individuals with HD are sparse. This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate the relationships between hypothalamic pathology and circadian rhythm and habitual sleep disturbances in individuals with premanifest HD.

Methods

Thirty-two individuals with premanifest HD and twenty-nine healthy age- and gender-matched controls participated in this dual-site, cross-sectional study. Magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed to evaluate hypothalamic volume. Circadian rhythm and habitual ...


The Use Of Online Cbt-I At Jefferson Sleep Disorder Clinic: A Quality Improvement Study, Kathy Tran, DO, Ritu Grewal, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

The Use Of Online Cbt-I At Jefferson Sleep Disorder Clinic: A Quality Improvement Study, Kathy Tran, Do, Ritu Grewal, Md

Department of Sleep Medicine Posters

Objectives

We propose to introduce online CBT-I into our patient practice by distributing flyers to patients who complain of insomnia. We have made flyers available in all the exam rooms and educated physicians, nurse practitioners and staff. We will then review charts after the intervention period to evaluate for an increase in recommendation for CBT-I as a treatment option and education for patients.


Effect Of Manual Over Scoring On Automated Analysis Of Level 3 Home Sleep Testing (Hst) Results, Theodora Fynn, Ritu Grewal, Karl Doghramji, Prakash Vasudevan, Tingting Zhan 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Effect Of Manual Over Scoring On Automated Analysis Of Level 3 Home Sleep Testing (Hst) Results, Theodora Fynn, Ritu Grewal, Karl Doghramji, Prakash Vasudevan, Tingting Zhan

Department of Sleep Medicine Posters

No abstract provided.


Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Maxillo-Mandibular Advancement Surgery: Evaluation And Predictors Of Success, Daniel Taub, DMD, MD, Michael Courtney, DMD, MD, Karl Doghramji, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Maxillo-Mandibular Advancement Surgery: Evaluation And Predictors Of Success, Daniel Taub, Dmd, Md, Michael Courtney, Dmd, Md, Karl Doghramji, Md

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Posters

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a well-recognized disease entity affecting approximately 2% to 4% of the population. Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery is a highly successful surgical alternative to poorly tolerated CPAP therapy and achieves a success rate of 89% in the current literature. Our present study evaluates the effectiveness of MMA surgery in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe OSA based on Shers criteria of 50% reduction in AHI and AHI < 20. Radiographic and clinical treatment variables were evaluated in determining predictors of success for MMA in individuals with OSA.


Does Transition From Cpap To Bipap Improve Symptoms Of Aerophagia?, Kathy Tran, DO, Karl Doghramji, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Does Transition From Cpap To Bipap Improve Symptoms Of Aerophagia?, Kathy Tran, Do, Karl Doghramji, Md

Department of Sleep Medicine Posters

Introduction

Adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy has been an ongoing dilemma in obstructive sleep apnea patients and up to 83% of patients are noncompliant. It is believed that mask discomfort or pressure intolerance are the major causes. Aerophagia, or “air swallowing” may be an under-recognized and insidious cause for CPAP nonadherence. Patients generally complain of belching, bloating, abdominal pain and distention. Some studies have reported worsening gastrointestinal reflux symptoms from PAP-induced aerophagia. Although bi-level positive airway pressure (BIPAP) is often utilized in such circumstances, this practice had not been examined. We hypothesized that transitioning patients from CPAP ...


Mindfulness Meditation Targets Transdiagnostic Symptoms Implicated In Stress-Related Disorders: Understanding Relationships Between Changes In Mindfulness, Sleep Quality, And Physical Symptoms., Jeffrey M. Greeson, Haley Zarrin, Moria J. Smoski, Jeffrey G. Brantley, Thomas R. Lynch, Daniel M. Webber, Martica H. Hall, Edward C. Suarez, Ruth Q. Wolever 2018 Rowan University

Mindfulness Meditation Targets Transdiagnostic Symptoms Implicated In Stress-Related Disorders: Understanding Relationships Between Changes In Mindfulness, Sleep Quality, And Physical Symptoms., Jeffrey M. Greeson, Haley Zarrin, Moria J. Smoski, Jeffrey G. Brantley, Thomas R. Lynch, Daniel M. Webber, Martica H. Hall, Edward C. Suarez, Ruth Q. Wolever

Student Papers & Posters

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is an 8-week meditation program known to improve anxiety, depression, and psychological well-being. Other health-related effects, such as sleep quality, are less well established, as are the psychological processes associated with therapeutic change. This prospective, observational study (


The Effect Of Napping On Sleep Quality And Quantity In Healthy And Concussed Collegiate Athletes, Katie Stephenson-Brown 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effect Of Napping On Sleep Quality And Quantity In Healthy And Concussed Collegiate Athletes, Katie Stephenson-Brown

Theses and Dissertations

Clinicians are increasingly prescribing a regulated sleep schedule to athletes post injury; however, baseline sleep habits of collegiate athletes are unknown. Moreover, the connection between napping and sleep quality and quantity has not been studied in collegiate athletes. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate napping behaviors and their effects on sleep quantity and quality in concussed and non-concussed collegiate athletes. In a sample of 233 non-concussed collegiate athletes, 74% (172/233) of participants reported napping. Napping was not significantly associated with sleep quantity (χ 2 (2) = .23, p = .64) or quality (χ 2 (1) = .42, p =.52 ...


Predicting Arterial Oxygen Desaturation Events Via Patient Journal And Pulse Oximetry Data In Postoperative Ambulatory Surgery Patients, Charles R. Elam IV 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Predicting Arterial Oxygen Desaturation Events Via Patient Journal And Pulse Oximetry Data In Postoperative Ambulatory Surgery Patients, Charles R. Elam Iv

Theses and Dissertations

Associations between patient and procedural factors on the nature and quality of the immediate in-home recovery from anesthesia following ambulatory orthopedic surgery are unknown. Further, there is a paucity of outcomes research quantitatively categorizing in-home

patient recovery and safety following discharge from same-day orthopedic procedures. Tools are available, however, to shed light on outcomes in this population, and integration of such available measures is critical.

Ambulatory orthopedic surgery is a burgeoning specialty, with growth expected over the foreseeable future. The expected increased patient caseload subsequent to implementation of the Affordable Care Act and aging Baby Boom generation suggests greater morbidity ...


Use Of Telemedicine To Improve Cpap Non-Adherence In Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea, A Pilot Study, Kristin L. Hanger 2018 James Madison University

Use Of Telemedicine To Improve Cpap Non-Adherence In Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea, A Pilot Study, Kristin L. Hanger

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Final Clinical Projects

Abstract

The aim of this project is to improve continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) non-adherence in patients newly diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is caused by recurrent collapse of the upper airway during sleep. Untreated, OSA is associated with co-morbidity and decreased quality of life. The standard for OSA treatment is CPAP. Adherence to CPAP is not optimal. Applying telemedicine technology to monitor adherence of CPAP treatment, allows for early intervention. Prior research has shown mixed results with use of telemedicine on non-adherence rates.

This is a pilot study using telemedicine to monitor adherence data to ...


The Relationship Between Vitamin D Status, Limb Movements, And Sleep Architecture In Children, David G. Ingram MD, Gaylyn Perry MD, Zarmina Ehsan MD, Baha Al-Shawwa MD 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

The Relationship Between Vitamin D Status, Limb Movements, And Sleep Architecture In Children, David G. Ingram Md, Gaylyn Perry Md, Zarmina Ehsan Md, Baha Al-Shawwa Md

Posters

Background

•Vitamin D deficiency has recently been posited as an important factor in the pathogenesis of restless leg syndrome.

•We evaluated the association between vitamin D deficiency and limb movements and sleep architecture in a pediatric sample.

Methods

•This is a retrospective analysis of a single institution sleep program looking at all patients who underwent overnight polysomnogram and 25-OH vitamin D within 60 days of doing the sleep study between January 2015 and October 2017. •Those with sleep apnea (Central Apnea Index >5/hr or Obstructive Apnea Hypopnea Index >2/ hr) were excluded. Results •There were a total of 83 ...


The Relationship Between Iron Status, Limb Movements, And Sleep Architecture In Children, David G. Ingram MD, Gaylyn Perry MD, Zarmina Ehsan MD, Baha Al-Shawwa MD 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

The Relationship Between Iron Status, Limb Movements, And Sleep Architecture In Children, David G. Ingram Md, Gaylyn Perry Md, Zarmina Ehsan Md, Baha Al-Shawwa Md

Posters

Background

•Iron status is an important aspect of the evaluation of children with excessive limb movements during sleep. •While there is clear data in adults to support this relationship, the data in children is less well established. •We evaluated the association between iron status and limb movements during sleep in a large pediatric sample. Methods •This is a retrospective analysis of a single institution sleep program looking at all patients who underwent overnight polysomnogram and ferritin test within 24 hours of doing the sleep study between January 2015 and October 2017. •Those with sleep apnea (Central Apnea Index >5/hr ...


Examining Eye-Level Light Exposure Patterns And Human Sleep Behavior, Larissa Hunt 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

Examining Eye-Level Light Exposure Patterns And Human Sleep Behavior, Larissa Hunt

Undergraduate Honors Theses

While laboratory studies have demonstrated that not only light exposure intensity, but also its duration, timing, and spectral composition are relevant for circadian physiology, most field studies examining links between light, circadian rhythms, sleep, and behavior rely on simple quantification of light intensity. Unpublished findings from the Circadian and Sleep Epidemiology Laboratory indicate that continuous light exposure levels of free-living individuals measured at the wrist are best captured by eight independent dimensions, represented by metrics including light intensity, timing, spectral composition, and the variability in timing of light exposure. However, wrist-level recordings of light have been shown to have error ...


Does Chronotype Moderate The Relationship Between Time Of Day And Performance In Human Anatomy Laboratory (Iphy3415)?, Amy Bazzoni 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

Does Chronotype Moderate The Relationship Between Time Of Day And Performance In Human Anatomy Laboratory (Iphy3415)?, Amy Bazzoni

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Chronotype, an individual’s propensity and preference for sleep and wakefulness behavior, has been shown in numerous studies to be importantly related to high school and college student success. Students who are “larks” generally have peak alertness in the morning and perform better in morning classes. Students who are “owls” struggle to maintain alertness in morning classes and perform better in afternoon classes. This project extends this chronotype research by investigating the relationship between chronotype and performance in the Integrative Physiology Department’s Human Anatomy Laboratory course which has sections offered at different times throughout the day. The study design ...


Cpap-Mad Combination Therapy For Cpap Intolerant Patients With Moderate To Severe Osa, Jacob Stadiem 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Cpap-Mad Combination Therapy For Cpap Intolerant Patients With Moderate To Severe Osa, Jacob Stadiem

Theses & Dissertations

The treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) allows for a multidisciplinary approach between dentistry and medicine. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the gold standard for OSA treatment, but the non-adherence rates are high. The mandibular advancement device (MAD) has a higher acceptance rate than the CPAP, however the efficacy is much lower in cases of moderate to severe OSA. This thesis attempted to evaluate if there was a change in compliance when a MAD was added as a combination therapy to moderate to severe OSA subjects that were currently non-compliant with their CPAP. In addition, the change in air ...


Patient-Predicted Sleep Position Vs. Hst Data: A Tendency To Underestimate Supine Sleep, Adam J. Sorscher, Anthony P. Anzivino, Todd Mackenzie 2017 Dartmouth College

Patient-Predicted Sleep Position Vs. Hst Data: A Tendency To Underestimate Supine Sleep, Adam J. Sorscher, Anthony P. Anzivino, Todd Mackenzie

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Purpose The purpose of this study is to measure people’s accuracy when they estimate what proportion of their nightly sleep at home is supine vs. non-supine. Methods A series of patients referred for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) evaluation were asked if they Bknew with confidence^ how they slept with regard to their body position. BYes^ responders were then asked to estimate what percentage of their sleep was supine vs. non-supine. This value was compared with the actual proportion of supine vs. non-supine sleep that they exhibited in a home sleep test (HST) that followed. Results We obtained data from ...


A Quality Improvement Project To Reduce The Wait Time For Initial Appointment In An Urban Outpatient Sleep Center, Anasua Chakraborty, MD, Ritu G. Grewal, MD 2017 Jefferson Sleep Disorder Center, Thomas Jefferson University

A Quality Improvement Project To Reduce The Wait Time For Initial Appointment In An Urban Outpatient Sleep Center, Anasua Chakraborty, Md, Ritu G. Grewal, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Project aim:

In this study we aimed to see if replacing one face to face follow up visit after sleep study with a phone call by a trained office staff will

  • decrease the total number of follow up office visits, thus decreasing health care cost
  • increase the number of new patients seen during the 6 month follow up period
  • Did not decrease patient compliance

Poster presented at annual Thomas Jefferson University Hospital House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety conference.


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