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Endovascular Treatment Of Cervical Myelopathy From Brachiocephalic Venous Stenosis., Craig Schreiber, Alex Anavim, Mark Kotapka, Paul Brady 2020 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Endovascular Treatment Of Cervical Myelopathy From Brachiocephalic Venous Stenosis., Craig Schreiber, Alex Anavim, Mark Kotapka, Paul Brady

Neurosurgery Resident Research

Central venous stenosis is a rare cause of neurologic pathology. Here we present a case of brachiocephalic vein stenosis causing cervical myelopathy through venous engorgement. Our patient was a 51-y/o male who presented with ambulatory dysfunction so he was evaluated for cervical myelopathy. Imaging revealed cord compression from venous engorgement and brachiocephalic vein stenosis. He was treated with angioplasty and vessel stenting which significantly improved flow on postintervention imaging. In conclusion, preoperative vascular imaging should be considered in myelopathic patients as it can detect this rare but dangerous etiology.


Outcome Of Cranial Firearm Injuries In Civilian Population Based On A Novel Classification System, Farrukh Javeed, Asad Abbas, Lal Rehman, Syed Raza Khairat Rizvi, Ali Afzal, Hafiza Fatima Aziz 2020 Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

Outcome Of Cranial Firearm Injuries In Civilian Population Based On A Novel Classification System, Farrukh Javeed, Asad Abbas, Lal Rehman, Syed Raza Khairat Rizvi, Ali Afzal, Hafiza Fatima Aziz

Section of Neurosurgery

Background: Cranial firearm injuries (CFAIs) are expected to be frequent during warfare; however, it is becoming increasingly common among civilian population in our part of the world. These injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in addition to financial loss. The objective of our study is to evaluate the pattern of gunshot injuries to cranium and their outcome.
Methods: The study was conducted on 114 patients presenting with CFAIs to Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan, between June 2015 and January 2019. Patients were evaluated with respect to age, gender, pattern of injury, Glasgow coma scale on arrival, radiological ...


Factors Associated With Mortality After Undergoing Thrombectomy For Acute Ischemic Stroke, Hannah Lin 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Factors Associated With Mortality After Undergoing Thrombectomy For Acute Ischemic Stroke, Hannah Lin

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background: Mechanical thrombectomy is the gold standard for treating patients with certain acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to large vessel occlusion (LVO). However, even with major advancements and increasing procedural volumes, acute endovascular therapy remains a high-risk procedure with a considerable 90-day mortality rate, affected by a variety of factors.

Purpose: To investigate various clinical and procedural factors associated with 90-day mortality in patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy for emergent treatment of AIS and determine which of these factors made unique contributions to post-thrombectomy prognosis.

Methods: We examined a prospective registry of 323 patients treated with endovascular thrombectomy for AIS between ...


Improving Patient Safety Through A Postoperative Debriefing Initiative, Ellina Hattar, MD, Monica Young, DNP, MBA, RN, CNOR, Erin Leonetti, RN, Omaditya Khanna, MD, Anthony Stefanelli, MD, James Harrop, MD, Ashwini Sharan MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Improving Patient Safety Through A Postoperative Debriefing Initiative, Ellina Hattar, Md, Monica Young, Dnp, Mba, Rn, Cnor, Erin Leonetti, Rn, Omaditya Khanna, Md, Anthony Stefanelli, Md, James Harrop, Md, Ashwini Sharan Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Aims for Improvement

Effective and clear communication in the operating room is a necessary aspect of any surgery. Every member of the operative team is integral in fostering an environment focused on patient safety. As such, the institution of a postoperative debrief session may allow for feedback from every member of the team that will ultimately aid in improving a patient’s experience.


Standardizing Postoperative Handoffs Using The Evidence-Based Ipass Framework Improves Handoff Communication For Postoperative Neurosurgical Patients In The Neuro-Intensive Care Unit, Richard F. Schmidt, MD, Matthew D. Vibbert, MD, Coleen A. Vernick, DO, Andrew M. Mendelson, DO, Caitlin Harley, MSN, Giuliana Labella, MSN, Jessica Houser, BSN, Patrick Becher, BSN, Erin Simko, BSN, Pascal M. Jabbour, MD, Stavropoula I. Tjoumakaris, MD, M. Reid Gooch, MD, Ashwini D. Sharan, MD, Christopher J. Farrell, MD, James S. Harrop, MD, Robert H. Rosenwasswer, MD, Rebecca C. Jaffe, MD, Jack Jallo, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Standardizing Postoperative Handoffs Using The Evidence-Based Ipass Framework Improves Handoff Communication For Postoperative Neurosurgical Patients In The Neuro-Intensive Care Unit, Richard F. Schmidt, Md, Matthew D. Vibbert, Md, Coleen A. Vernick, Do, Andrew M. Mendelson, Do, Caitlin Harley, Msn, Giuliana Labella, Msn, Jessica Houser, Bsn, Patrick Becher, Bsn, Erin Simko, Bsn, Pascal M. Jabbour, Md, Stavropoula I. Tjoumakaris, Md, M. Reid Gooch, Md, Ashwini D. Sharan, Md, Christopher J. Farrell, Md, James S. Harrop, Md, Robert H. Rosenwasswer, Md, Rebecca C. Jaffe, Md, Jack Jallo, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Aims for Improvement

Within one year of initiation of the process improvement plan, we wanted to improve:

  • Direct communication of airway and hemodynamic concerns
  • Direct communication of operative events, complications, and perioperative management goals.
  • Attendance at postoperative handoffs
  • Confirmation of information by receiving teams
  • Staff perceptions of handoff efficacy and teamwork.


Implementing A Surgical Pre-Operative Checklist: Improving Transparency & Communication, Ritam Ghosh, MD, James Harrop, MD, Jesse Edwards, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Implementing A Surgical Pre-Operative Checklist: Improving Transparency & Communication, Ritam Ghosh, Md, James Harrop, Md, Jesse Edwards, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Our goal was to first analyze what the current practice was and if there was a need for improvement. To our knowledge, each surgical service has its own preop protocol and this is not standardized across the hospital. Furthermore, very few services have EPIC based protocols that allow for documentation and information sharing. For example, the neurosurgery service uses paper checklists, a style that is effective yet outdated.

A survey was sent out to multiple departments in order to gauge the current landscape of pre-operative care. Questions were posed to analyze if there was a need for improved documentation by ...


Improving Serial Imaging Protocols In Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Kevin Hines, MD, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, MD, Fadi al-Saiegh, MD, Karim Hafazalla, Jacob Mazza, Giuliana Labella, Muhammad K. Athar, MD, Adam Flanders, MD, M. Reid Gooch, MD, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, MD, Robert H. Rosenwasswer, MD, Pascal Jabbour, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Improving Serial Imaging Protocols In Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Kevin Hines, Md, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, Md, Fadi Al-Saiegh, Md, Karim Hafazalla, Jacob Mazza, Giuliana Labella, Muhammad K. Athar, Md, Adam Flanders, Md, M. Reid Gooch, Md, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Md, Robert H. Rosenwasswer, Md, Pascal Jabbour, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Aims for Improvement

Aim to decrease unnecessary use of serial imaging in sICH patients.

  • This project plans to decrease the number of scans in this patient population while increasing faculty/staff satisfaction and efficiency of resource utilization.
  • The goal is to decrease HCT utilization by 20% without compromising patient care or decision making.
  • After finalizing and approving the HCT protocol, implementation of a trial period for two


Primary Pediatric Cerebellar Gliosarcoma, Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Muhammad Junaid, Ali Afzal, Anisa Kulsoom 2020 Aga Khan University

Primary Pediatric Cerebellar Gliosarcoma, Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Muhammad Junaid, Ali Afzal, Anisa Kulsoom

Section of Neurosurgery

Background: Primary gliosarcomas of the central nervous are rare and very few have been reported in the infratentorial compartment. Here, we describe such a lesion in a 12-year-old male.
Case description: A 12-year-old male presented with headache, ataxia, and vomiting. When Magnetic resonance studies documented a posterior fossa lesion, he underwent placement of a right ventriculoperitoneal shunt followed by a suboccipital craniectomy. The lesion proved to be a primary gliosarcoma. Unfortunately, it recurred 2 years later and required repeated resection.
Conclusion: Here, we reviewed the rare case of a 12-year-old male requiring shunt placement and suboccipital craniectomy for a primary ...


Brain Injury And Dementia In Pakistan: Current Perspectives, Maheen M. Adamson, Sadia Shakil, Tajwar Sultana, Muhammad Abul Hasan, Fatima Mubarak, Ather Enam, Muhammad A. Parvaz, Adeel Razi 2020 Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States

Brain Injury And Dementia In Pakistan: Current Perspectives, Maheen M. Adamson, Sadia Shakil, Tajwar Sultana, Muhammad Abul Hasan, Fatima Mubarak, Ather Enam, Muhammad A. Parvaz, Adeel Razi

Department of Radiology

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, accounting for 50-75% of all cases, with a greater proportion of individuals affected at older age range. A single moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with accelerated aging and increased risk for dementia. The fastest growth in the elderly population is taking place in China, Pakistan, and their south Asian neighbors. Current clinical assessments are based on data collected from Caucasian populations from wealthy backgrounds giving rise to a "diversity" crisis in brain research. Pakistan is a lower-middle income country (LMIC) with an estimated one million ...


The Utility Of Cervical Spine Bracing As A Postoperative Adjunct To Multilevel Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery, Ian F. Caplan, Saurabh Sinha, Benjamin Osiemo, Scott McClintock, James M. Schuster, Harvey Smith, Gregory Glauser, Nikhil Sharma, Ali K. Ozturk, Zarina S. Ali, Neil R. Malhotra 2020 University of Pennsylvania

The Utility Of Cervical Spine Bracing As A Postoperative Adjunct To Multilevel Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery, Ian F. Caplan, Saurabh Sinha, Benjamin Osiemo, Scott Mcclintock, James M. Schuster, Harvey Smith, Gregory Glauser, Nikhil Sharma, Ali K. Ozturk, Zarina S. Ali, Neil R. Malhotra

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Background: Use of cervical bracing/collar subsequent to anterior cervical spine discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is variable. Outcomes data regarding bracing after ACDF are limited. Here, we study the impact of bracing on short-term outcomes related to safety, quality of care, and direct costs in multilevel ACDF.

Methods: Retrospective cohort analyses of all consecutive patients undergoing multilevel ACDF with or without bracing from 2013 to 2017 was undertaken (n = 616). Patient demographics and comorbidities were analyzed. Tests of independence and logistic regressions were used to assess differences in length of stay (LOS), discharge disposition (home, assisted rehabilitation facility [ARF], or ...


Primary Intracranial Malignant Melanoma, Ummey Hani, Dr Saqib Kamran Bakhshi, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim 2020 Aga Khan University

Primary Intracranial Malignant Melanoma, Ummey Hani, Dr Saqib Kamran Bakhshi, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim

Section of Neurosurgery

Primary intracranial malignant melanoma (PIMM) are rare brain tumours; more infrequent than melanomas metastasizing to the brain or those extending to the brain from adjacent structures such as the orbit. Complete surgical excision with adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation remains the mainstay of treatment. Herein, we have reviewed the literature to find the treatment modalities for PIMMs that can lead to longer overall survivals and better patient outcomes.


Expression Of Cytokines And Chemokines As Predictors Of Stroke Outcomes In Acute Ischemic Stroke, Sarah R. Martha, Qiang Cheng, Justin F. Fraser, Liyu Gong, Lisa A. Collier, Stephanie M. Davis, Doug Lukins, Abdulnasser Alhajeri, Stephen Grupke, Keith R. Pennypacker 2020 University of Washington

Expression Of Cytokines And Chemokines As Predictors Of Stroke Outcomes In Acute Ischemic Stroke, Sarah R. Martha, Qiang Cheng, Justin F. Fraser, Liyu Gong, Lisa A. Collier, Stephanie M. Davis, Doug Lukins, Abdulnasser Alhajeri, Stephen Grupke, Keith R. Pennypacker

Institute for Biomedical Informatics Faculty Publications

Introduction: Ischemic stroke remains one of the most debilitating diseases and is the fifth leading cause of death in the US. The ability to predict stroke outcomes within the acute period of stroke would be essential for care planning and rehabilitation. The Blood and Clot Thrombectomy Registry and Collaboration (BACTRAC; clinicaltrials.gov NCT03153683) study collects arterial blood immediately distal and proximal to the intracranial thrombus at the time of mechanical thrombectomy. These blood samples are an innovative resource in evaluating acute gene expression changes at the time of ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to identify inflammatory genes ...


Mr Perfusion Imaging, Techniques And Role In Differentiating Radiation Necrosis And Tumor Recurrence, Raima Zakaria, Fatima Mubarak, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim 2019 Aga Khan University

Mr Perfusion Imaging, Techniques And Role In Differentiating Radiation Necrosis And Tumor Recurrence, Raima Zakaria, Fatima Mubarak, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim

Department of Radiology

High grade brain tumours are treated with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy and despite such aggressive treatment, can recur in a short span of time. MRI scan has been the conventional diagnostic modality to diagnose recurrence, although at times it becomes difficult for the neuroradiologists to differentiate between tumour recurrence and radiation necrosis. Herein lies the emergent need to explore the efficacy of functional imaging to assist in this diagnostic challenge. Recent studies have sought to do so with promising implications, which we have attempted to summarize in this review.


Pediatric Brainstem Gliomas: An Institutional Experience, Altaf Ali Laghari, Mirza Zain Baig, Muhammad Ehsan Bari, Aneela Darbar, Naureen Mushtaq, Umme e Hani Abdullah, Daniya Aziz Khan 2019 Aga Khan University

Pediatric Brainstem Gliomas: An Institutional Experience, Altaf Ali Laghari, Mirza Zain Baig, Muhammad Ehsan Bari, Aneela Darbar, Naureen Mushtaq, Umme E Hani Abdullah, Daniya Aziz Khan

Section of Neurosurgery

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical profiles and outcomes of pediatric brainstem gliomas treated at our institute.
Methodology: We reviewed the files of 18 pediatric age group patients diagnosed with brainstem glioma at our institution. The following variables were recorded: age, sex, duration of symptoms, date of diagnosis, main clinical symptoms, Karnofsky performance status score, magnetic resonance imaging findings, histopathology findings, details of the treatment given, disease progression, and date of mortality/last follow-up. This data were then transferred to SPSS version 23 which was used for further analysis.
Results: The mean age of our ...


Current Management Of Glioma In Pakistan, Umme e Hani Abdullah, Altaf Ali Laghari, Muhammad Usman Khalid, Huzaifa Bin Rashid, Fatima Ali, Adnan Jabbar, Asim Hafiz, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Ather Enam 2019 Aga Khan University

Current Management Of Glioma In Pakistan, Umme E Hani Abdullah, Altaf Ali Laghari, Muhammad Usman Khalid, Huzaifa Bin Rashid, Fatima Ali, Adnan Jabbar, Asim Hafiz, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Ather Enam

Section of Neurosurgery

To date, information on the management of specific neurosurgical tumors, such as glioma, in Pakistan remains scattered and scarce. Our review synthesizes the predicaments of glioma management routinely presented to the neurosurgery, medical oncology, radiation oncology, and radiology departments in Pakistan. Expert opinions were integrated from each of the relevant fields in the form of personal citations. The data presented in our review were collected from various PubMed and non-PubMed indexed articles, coupled with various health reports from the Government of Pakistan along with the World Health Organization. Through these data, it was postulated that the utilization of innovative and ...


Pituitary Adenoma With Calcifications: A Case Report, Yakoot Khan, Noor Malik, Saba Iqbal Awan, Syed Hassan Khalid, Altaf Ali Laghari 2019 Aga Khan University

Pituitary Adenoma With Calcifications: A Case Report, Yakoot Khan, Noor Malik, Saba Iqbal Awan, Syed Hassan Khalid, Altaf Ali Laghari

Section of Neurosurgery

Pituitary adenomas and Rathke’s cleft cyst with calcification are rarely seen and craniopharyngioma still remains the common sellar suprasellar space occupying lesion with calcification. Presence of calcification is reported in pituitary adenoma in only 0.2% to 8% cases. The pituitary adenoma with calcification is a rare radiological finding and it must be distinguished from other lesions of the pituitary gland as the management and prognosis differs significantly. We report a case of a 29-year-old gentleman presented electively with the complaints of deterioration of vision for four months. CT-scan without contrast examination revealed pituitary adenoma with calcification. The patient ...


Timing Of Postoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Mri) Following Glioma Resection: Shattering The 72 Hour Window, Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Fatima Mubarak 2019 Aga Khan University

Timing Of Postoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Mri) Following Glioma Resection: Shattering The 72 Hour Window, Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Fatima Mubarak

Section of Neurosurgery

Extent of enhancing tumour resection is correlated with progression free survival following glioma surgery. Historically, a contrast enhanced MRI has been recommended within 72 hours following surgery to evaluate for residual disease. This theoretical window was established amidst conflicting evidence to avoid reactive enhancement. Recent studies with better designs and better imaging quality have sought to challenge this window with a more pragmatic method of evaluating residual disease.


Emergency Care Surveillance And Emergency Care Registries In Low-Income And Middle-Income Countries: Conceptual Challenges And Future Directions For Research, Hani Mowaf, Christine Ngaruiya, Gerard O'Reilly, Olive Kobusingye, Vikas Kapil, Andres Rubiano, Marcus Ong, Juan Carlos Puyana, AKM Fazlur Rahman, Rashid Jooma, Blythe Beecrof, Junaid Razzak 2019 Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Emergency Care Surveillance And Emergency Care Registries In Low-Income And Middle-Income Countries: Conceptual Challenges And Future Directions For Research, Hani Mowaf, Christine Ngaruiya, Gerard O'Reilly, Olive Kobusingye, Vikas Kapil, Andres Rubiano, Marcus Ong, Juan Carlos Puyana, Akm Fazlur Rahman, Rashid Jooma, Blythe Beecrof, Junaid Razzak

Section of Neurosurgery

Despite the fact that the 15 leading causes of global deaths and disability-adjusted life years are from conditions amenable to emergency care, and that this burden is highest in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is a paucity of research on LMIC emergency care to guide policy making, resource allocation and service provision. A literature review of the 550 articles on LMIC emergency care published in the 10-year period from 2007 to 2016 yielded 106 articles for LMIC emergency care surveillance and registry research. Few articles were from established longitudinal surveillance or registries and primarily composed of short-term data collection ...


Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery For Cushing's Disease: A Review, Mirza Zain Baig, Altaf Ali Laghari, Aneela Darbar, Umme e Hani Abdullah, Sumiya Abbasi 2019 Ruggles Biomedical Research Institute, Danbury, USA.

Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery For Cushing's Disease: A Review, Mirza Zain Baig, Altaf Ali Laghari, Aneela Darbar, Umme E Hani Abdullah, Sumiya Abbasi

Section of Neurosurgery

Ever since the 1960s, transsphenoidal surgery has been the modality of choice for treating Cushing's disease. Subsequent visualization of the pituitary fossa and sphenoid sinus may be done either with the operating microscope or with the relatively new endoscope. The endoscope due to its panoramic view allows greater visualization as compared to the operating microscope. It confers greater access to the cavernous sinus, sella, suprasellar, and parasellar regions and accommodates higher magnifications. It is bi-dimensional, however as opposed to the operating microscope that provides a three-dimensional view and allows greater depth perception. This article provides a comprehensive review of ...


Effect Of Pregnancy On Growth Of Intracranial Meningiomas, Ayesha Quddusi, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Quratulain Virani 2019 Aga Khan University

Effect Of Pregnancy On Growth Of Intracranial Meningiomas, Ayesha Quddusi, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Quratulain Virani

Section of Neurosurgery

Meningiomas are the most common benign primary intracranial tumours in adults. Their rapid growth during pregnancy has been well reported. Moreover, the relationship of increased progesterone expression during pregnancy and extensive tumour growth has been debated. In this review, we discuss not only the effect of progesterone on meningiomal growth but also other mechanisms involved in gestational meningiomas.


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