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Microendoscopic Versus Open Discectomy For The Treatment Of Extruded Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Comparative Cohort Study, Juan Guapo Mendoza, Antonio Guapo Mendoza, Juan Arturo Muciño Mercado, Sonia Melisa Juarez, Arturo Gonzalez, Vianney Guapo Ortiz 2024 Neurosurgery Department, General Hospital of Zone 4, Mexican Institute of Social Security Neurosurgery Department, Celaya´s Surgical Medical Center, Celaya, Guanajuato, México Head Professor at Nervous System Department, Medicine School, Latin University of México, Celaya, Guanajuato, México

Microendoscopic Versus Open Discectomy For The Treatment Of Extruded Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Comparative Cohort Study, Juan Guapo Mendoza, Antonio Guapo Mendoza, Juan Arturo Muciño Mercado, Sonia Melisa Juarez, Arturo Gonzalez, Vianney Guapo Ortiz

Archives of Neurosurgery

Background: Lumbosciatica syndrome affects millions of people worldwide, usually caused by a herniated disc. Most patients with extruded herniated discs are highly symptomatic, and they respond better to surgical treatment. Several studies have tried to compare the efficacy and benefits of microendoscopic discectomy (MED) and open discectomy (OD).

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the results and complications of our MED experience versus standard OD in patients with lumbar disc extrusion.

Material and methods: We included patients from 18 to 60 years with radicular pain syndrome and single-level extruded disc herniation between January 2015 and December 2020. …


High-Grade Avm. Educational Vignette And Clinical Cases, Marcos Devanir Silva da Costa, Marcelo Augusto Acosta Goiri, Daniela Coelho, Juan Alberto Paz Archila, Talita Helena Martins Sarti, Feres Chaddad-Neto 2024 Escola Paulista de Medicina - Universidade Federal de São Paulo

High-Grade Avm. Educational Vignette And Clinical Cases, Marcos Devanir Silva Da Costa, Marcelo Augusto Acosta Goiri, Daniela Coelho, Juan Alberto Paz Archila, Talita Helena Martins Sarti, Feres Chaddad-Neto

Archives of Neurosurgery

The arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a vascular malformation characterized by fistulas between arteries and veins forming a nidus, without interposition of capillary vessels and of which early draining vein is identified at the digital angiography. Potential reports of its existence date from the second century AD. Spetzler and Martin (S-M) proposed a classification considering three features and Lawton then added new predictors. A maximum of 10 score can be achieved by applying the modified S-M grade system. This classification guides decision-making and the possible choice of the multimodal treatment (surgery, radiosurgery and embolization). We discuss historical, pathological, clinical and therapeutic …


Exploring Functional Connectivity In Chronic Spinal Cord Injury Patients With Neuropathic Pain Versus Without Neuropathic Pain, Shreya Mandloi, Mashaal Syed, Isaiah Ailes, Omid Shoraka, Benjamin Leiby, J. Miao, Sara Thalheimer, Joshua Pelta-Heller, Feroze Mohamed, Ashwini Sharan, James Harrop, Laura Krisa, M. Alizadeh 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Exploring Functional Connectivity In Chronic Spinal Cord Injury Patients With Neuropathic Pain Versus Without Neuropathic Pain, Shreya Mandloi, Mashaal Syed, Isaiah Ailes, Omid Shoraka, Benjamin Leiby, J. Miao, Sara Thalheimer, Joshua Pelta-Heller, Feroze Mohamed, Ashwini Sharan, James Harrop, Laura Krisa, M. Alizadeh

Farber Institute for Neuroscience Faculty Papers

The great majority of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients have debilitating chronic pain. Despite decades of research, these pain pathways of neuropathic pain (NP) are unknown. SCI patients have been shown to have abnormal brain pain pathways. We hypothesize that SCI NP patients’ pain matrix is altered compared to SCI patients without NP. This study examines the functional connectivity (FC) in SCI patients with moderate-severe chronic NP compared to SCI patients with mild-no NP. These groups were compared to control subjects. The Neuropathic Pain Questionnaire and neurological evaluation based on the International Standard Neurological Classification of SCI were utilized to …


Archives Of Neurosurgery: The Scientific Home Of Neurosurgery. The Creation Of The Unique Diamond-Open Access Journal In Neurosurgery With An Author-Friendly Advisory Peer-Reviewing And Publishing Policy Within Reach Of Everyone In The World… Born From The Ashes Of A World-Chaos., José Alberto Israel Romero Rangel, Fiacro Jiménez Ponce, José Antonio Soriano Sánchez 2024 ANS Founder and Founder Managing-Editor; Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery, Neurological Center, American British Cowdray Medical Center IAP: Centro Medico ABC, Campus Santa Fe, CDMX, Mexico

Archives Of Neurosurgery: The Scientific Home Of Neurosurgery. The Creation Of The Unique Diamond-Open Access Journal In Neurosurgery With An Author-Friendly Advisory Peer-Reviewing And Publishing Policy Within Reach Of Everyone In The World… Born From The Ashes Of A World-Chaos., José Alberto Israel Romero Rangel, Fiacro Jiménez Ponce, José Antonio Soriano Sánchez

Archives of Neurosurgery

This is an editorial article.


Archives Of Neurosurgery Volume 1 Issue 1 - Full Issue, 2024 Archives of Neurosurgery

Archives Of Neurosurgery Volume 1 Issue 1 - Full Issue

Archives of Neurosurgery

Archives of Neurosurgery Volume 1 Issue 1 - Full Issue


The Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Global Neurosurgery Collaborations., Alvan Emeka Ukachukwu, Nancy Abu Bonsrah, Andreas Seas, Zoey Petitt, Romaric Waguia Kouam, Samantha Ramos, Alyssa Edwards, Di Deng, Michael Haglund, Mahmood Qureshi 2024 Duke University, USA

The Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Global Neurosurgery Collaborations., Alvan Emeka Ukachukwu, Nancy Abu Bonsrah, Andreas Seas, Zoey Petitt, Romaric Waguia Kouam, Samantha Ramos, Alyssa Edwards, Di Deng, Michael Haglund, Mahmood Qureshi

General Surgery, East Africa

No abstract provided.


Misdiagnosis Between Coccygeal Dislocation Fracture And Lumbosacral Disc Herniation, Gilberto Gardea-Loera, Gilberto Gardea-Ramírez, Ylián Ramírez-Tapia 2024 Hospital Vistas del Sol, Delicias Chihuahua

Misdiagnosis Between Coccygeal Dislocation Fracture And Lumbosacral Disc Herniation, Gilberto Gardea-Loera, Gilberto Gardea-Ramírez, Ylián Ramírez-Tapia

Archives of Neurosurgery

INTRODUCTION: Coccydynia is the condition of disabling pain in the coccyx that occurs when sitting or moving to a standing position. Due to a lack of knowledge by spine specialists, many patients suffer for years without adequate treatment. We highlight the relevance of diagnosing and treating coccygodynia correctly to avoid lumbosacral pathology overestimation. METHODS: We present a series of patients with painful coccygeal segment syndrome associated with different lumbar alterations who underwent coccygectomy from 1996 to 2021 in our spine clinic. We describe VAS and MacNab scores and complication rates. We used Student-T-Test for statistical analysis. RESULTS: We included 40 …


Utilizing Ai Integrated Neuroimaging Technology To Expand Upon Machine Learning In Positron Emission Tomography Technology With The Aim Of Detecting Amyloid Beta Biomarkers Early In The Onset Of Alzheimer's., Ethan S. Terman 2024 Virginia Commonwealth University

Utilizing Ai Integrated Neuroimaging Technology To Expand Upon Machine Learning In Positron Emission Tomography Technology With The Aim Of Detecting Amyloid Beta Biomarkers Early In The Onset Of Alzheimer's., Ethan S. Terman

Undergraduate Research Posters

Early intervention in Alzheimer's is vital for treatment. The earlier a professional can detect symptoms and make a diagnosis the earlier a prognosis can be implemented. With the prevalence of data in our day-to-day world combined with Artificial intelligence (AI), utilizing both for machine learning can pave the way for more accurate and efficient detection of Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. AI combined with Machine learning (ML) increases diagnostic efficiency and reduces human errors, making it a valuable resource for physicians and clinicians alike. With the increasing amount of data processing and image interpretation required, the ability to use AI …


When Divergent Worlds Collide: Dr. Santiago Ramón Y Cajal’S Influence On The Surrealism Movement, William J. Hardman III, MD 2024 Sotheby's Institute of Art

When Divergent Worlds Collide: Dr. Santiago Ramón Y Cajal’S Influence On The Surrealism Movement, William J. Hardman Iii, Md

MA Theses

Dr. Santiago Ramón y Cajal’s drawings were created for the sole purpose of illustrating his newly discovered and earth-shattering revelations in the field of neuroscience culminating with his magnum opus: the “Neuron theory” and the “Theory of Dynamic Polarization.” For these discoveries and many others, he shared the 1906 Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology with his rival Dr. Camilo Golgi, an Italian pathologist. At no time did he envision that his drawings would capture the interest of artists as it did with members of the Surrealism Movement. This thesis will explore and present for the first time supporting evidence …


A Rare Case Of Candida Glabrata Cervical Spondylodiscitis, Angelina Hong, Lily Hyungjung Lim, Ali Tariq Alvi, Pallavi Aneja 2023 HCA Florida Westside Hospital

A Rare Case Of Candida Glabrata Cervical Spondylodiscitis, Angelina Hong, Lily Hyungjung Lim, Ali Tariq Alvi, Pallavi Aneja

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Invasive candidiasis can lead to numerous life-threatening sequelae. Candida glabrata is the second-most common causative species of invasive candidiasis. This species possesses a high risk for persistent infection and candidemia. An uncommon complication of invasive candidiasis is spondylodiscitis and can rarely affect the cervical spine.

Case Presentation

The patient is a female in her late 50s with a complex medical history inclusive of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic pain, multiple abdominal surgeries, prolonged intensive care unit admission, and administration of total parenteral nutrition and broad-spectrum antibiotics who presented with complaints of worsening neck pain. She was last hospitalized 3 …


Risk Factors For Unplanned Readmissions In Paediatric Neurosurgery: A Systematic Review Protocol, Lance Vincent Caburian Sese, Ma Celina Legaspi Guillermo 2023 University of Oxford

Risk Factors For Unplanned Readmissions In Paediatric Neurosurgery: A Systematic Review Protocol, Lance Vincent Caburian Sese, Ma Celina Legaspi Guillermo

Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications

Introduction Unplanned hospital readmission (UHR) following surgical procedures reflects patient outcomes. While adult readmission studies are abundant, limited research exists in paediatric populations, especially in the context of neurosurgery. Methods and analysis This protocol outlines a systematic review aimed at identifying reasons for unplanned readmissions (30-day and 90-day readmissions) and risk factors following paediatric neurosurgical procedures. Narrative synthesis, sensitivity analyses, subgroup analyses, and meta-analysis, when appropriate, will be done. Ethics and dissemination There are no primary data involved and no access to confidential patient information. The findings aim to contribute to refining clinical practice, enhance patient counselling, and optimise healthcare …


End Of Life In The Ed – Brain Death And Organ Transplantation, Madison Cohen, Donald Penney 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine Georgia

End Of Life In The Ed – Brain Death And Organ Transplantation, Madison Cohen, Donald Penney

The Journal of Integrated Primary Care

Every year thousands of Americans die awaiting an organ transplant. While our knowledge and experience with organ transplantation has only improved, organ availability continues to be a major issue due to a lack of suitable donor organs. A large population of organ donors are those who have been clinically diagnosed as brain dead. Brain death is defined as the irreversible loss of all brain and brainstem functions. Despite brainstem functions being lost, mechanical ventilation and perfusion techniques allow for proper organ maintenance. This gives brain-dead individuals a unique opportunity to serve as multiple organ donors. However, due to mistrust of …


Women, Power, And Cancer: A Lancet Commission, Ophira Ginsburg, Verna Vanderpuye, Ann Marie Beddoe, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Freddie Bray, Carlo Caduf, Narjust Florez, Ibtihal Fadhil, Nazik Hammad, Miriam Mutebi 2023 US National Cancer Institute, USA

Women, Power, And Cancer: A Lancet Commission, Ophira Ginsburg, Verna Vanderpuye, Ann Marie Beddoe, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Freddie Bray, Carlo Caduf, Narjust Florez, Ibtihal Fadhil, Nazik Hammad, Miriam Mutebi

General Surgery, East Africa

Women interact with cancer in complex ways, as healthy individuals participating in cancer prevention and screening activities, as individuals living with and beyond a cancer diagnosis, as caregivers for family members and friends, as patient advocates, as health workers and healthcare professionals, and as cancer researchers and policy makers. The topic of women and cancer spans broad terrain, beyond women’s cancers and the biomedical aspects of any type of cancer that women in all their diversities might experience. It is inclusive of the ways in which sex and gender influence exposures to cancer risk factors, interactions with the cancer health …


Clinical Factors Associated With Need For Neurosurgical Care In Young Children With Imaging For Macrocephaly: A Case Control Study, Jessica F. Rohde, Jeffrey Campbell, Julie Barbera, Elena Taylor, Ashok Ramachandra, Christopher Gegg, Andrea Scherer, Joseph Piatt 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Clinical Factors Associated With Need For Neurosurgical Care In Young Children With Imaging For Macrocephaly: A Case Control Study, Jessica F. Rohde, Jeffrey Campbell, Julie Barbera, Elena Taylor, Ashok Ramachandra, Christopher Gegg, Andrea Scherer, Joseph Piatt

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Macrocephaly is present in 2.3% of children with important neurosurgical conditions in the differential diagnosis. The objective of this study was to identify clinical associations with actionable imaging findings among children with head imaging for macrocephaly.

METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of head imaging studies ordered for macrocephaly among children 24 months and younger in a multistate children's health system. Four neurosurgeons reviewed the images, determining cases to be a 'concern' if neurosurgical follow-up or intervention was indicated. Electronic health records were reviewed to collect patient-level data and to determine if surgery was performed. Controls were matched 3:1 …


Informed Consent In Surgical Practice With Patients’ Experiences: A Cross-Sectional Study, Seda Kumru, Pakize Yiğit, Meryem Demirtaş, Hüseyin Fındık 2023 İzmir Bakırçay University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Health Management Department, Türkiye

Informed Consent In Surgical Practice With Patients’ Experiences: A Cross-Sectional Study, Seda Kumru, Pakize Yiğit, Meryem Demirtaş, Hüseyin Fındık

Patient Experience Journal

This study aims to evaluate patients' experiences and perspectives regarding informed consent in surgical practice. Data for this cross-sectional study were collected from 276 patients using a questionnaire developed by Falagas et al. Descriptive statistics were employed for all questions. Statistical tests such as the Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Spearman's rank correlation analysis were performed, and Cohen's effect sizes were reported. IBM SPSS 23.0 was used for all analyses, and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. A high score on both The Delivered Information Index and The Patient-Physician Index represents a positive informed consent process. Among the participants, 65.2% indicated that they understood all parts of the consent form. Of all patients, 92.8% reported that information about the specific surgical procedure was provided by physicians. However, 47.5% of the patients reported that they did not feel comfortable with their surgeons. The mean score of the Delivered Information Index was 5.63 (2.38). The mean patient-physician relationship score was 14.38 (3.31). There was a moderate positive correlation between the delivered information index and the patient-physician relationship (r=0.50; p<0.001). In addition, there was a moderate positive correlation between the delivered information index and the time spent on the informed consent process, as well as between the patient-physician relationship and the time spent on the informed consent process (r=0.52; r=0.40, respectively). The study emphasized the lack of communication between patients and physicians, the limitation of information on treatment risks, adverse effects, and alternative treatment options.

Experience Framework

This article is associated with the Policy & Measurement lens of The Beryl Institute Experience Framework (https://theberylinstitute.org/experience-framework/).


Phenytoin-Induced Cerebellar Atrophy: A Case For Reversibility Of Neurological Decline, Edwin Mogere, Davis Cheruiyot, Manakhe Nassiuma 2023 Aga Khan University

Phenytoin-Induced Cerebellar Atrophy: A Case For Reversibility Of Neurological Decline, Edwin Mogere, Davis Cheruiyot, Manakhe Nassiuma

General Surgery, East Africa

This case serves as a reminder of the infrequent, yet consequential occurrence of cerebellar degeneration linked to phenytoin usage. Whilst emphasizes the importance of monitoring patients on long-term phenytoin therapy, and it further suggests considering employing bedside imaging tools such as Ultrasound fusion imaging for follow-up of patients at risk of this type of disorder. We present a case study involving a 23-year-old woman who experienced significant neurological impairment resulting in severe cerebellar atrophy while undergoing phenytoin treatment. On cessation of phenytoin, the patient exhibited improvement with enhanced cerebellar function.


A Case Report Of A Primary Cerebral Abscess Due To Nocardia Asteroides In An Immunocompetent Patient, Ileana Elita Mendez, Nicole Marie Barreto, Alan Lanurias, Luis Alberto Rosas 2023 Pulmonary Sleep Center of the Valley

A Case Report Of A Primary Cerebral Abscess Due To Nocardia Asteroides In An Immunocompetent Patient, Ileana Elita Mendez, Nicole Marie Barreto, Alan Lanurias, Luis Alberto Rosas

Research Symposium

Background: Brain abscesses caused by Nocardia are rarely reported and have high mortality. It usually affects patients who are immunocompromised and initiates as a lung infection that disseminates hematogenously, though it can also affect those immunocompetent. Cerebral nocardiosis imitates brain tumors, which can delay the initiation of the appropriate antibiotic therapy.

Case Description: We present a case of a 64-year-old immunocompetent male with multiple cerebral abscesses who presented with headaches, left-sided weakness, and ataxia. Upon imaging, multiple brain lesions were revealed. The patient underwent craniotomy and drainage of the mass. He was initially empirically treated, though cultures later grew Nocardia …


Unveiling The Potential Application Of Intraoperative Brain Smear For Brain Tumor Diagnosis In Low-Middle-Income Countries: A Comprehensive Systematic Review, Muhammad Shakir, Ahmed Altaf, Hawra Hussain, Syed Muhammad Aqeel Abidi, Zoey Petitt, Mahnoor Tariq, Ahmed Gilani, Syed Ather Enam 2023 Aga Khan University

Unveiling The Potential Application Of Intraoperative Brain Smear For Brain Tumor Diagnosis In Low-Middle-Income Countries: A Comprehensive Systematic Review, Muhammad Shakir, Ahmed Altaf, Hawra Hussain, Syed Muhammad Aqeel Abidi, Zoey Petitt, Mahnoor Tariq, Ahmed Gilani, Syed Ather Enam

Section of Neurosurgery

Background: Immediate intraoperative histopathological examination of tumor tissue is indispensable for a neurosurgeon to track surgical resection. A brain smear is a simple, rapid, and cost-effective technique, particularly important in the diagnosis of brain tumors. The study aims to determine the effectiveness of intraoperative brain smear in the diagnosis of brain tumors in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), while also evaluating its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and overall accuracy.
Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar. The retrieved articles were independently screened by two reviewers. The …


About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski 2023 Western University

About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study explored how healthcare providers engage in advance care planning and end-of-life care conversations. The research explored what shapes their understanding and the extent to which concepts from thanatology they intuitively bring in, explicitly bring in, and maybe fail to recognize. To achieve this, constructivist grounded theory (CGT) methodology guided the design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation of the findings, which allowed for iteration across interviews and analysis with existing theories and data in the literature. The CGT design encouraged further engagement with the literature in an ongoing iterative fashion as well as with the analysis of the data. …


Evidenced-Based Practice Competency Assessment For Competency-Based Orientation Protocol To Improve Competency Level Among Medical-Surgical Nurses, Maryann Ornelas 2023 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Evidenced-Based Practice Competency Assessment For Competency-Based Orientation Protocol To Improve Competency Level Among Medical-Surgical Nurses, Maryann Ornelas

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Within a 12-month period, high incidences of severe post-spinal surgical complications resulted in a host of concerns in this clinical site when patients either returned to the operating room for spine revision or increased the length of stay.

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was: "In Medical Surgical (Med-Surg) nurses (P), how would a Competency-Based Orientation (CBO) protocol with the inclusions of four critical elements of postoperative spinal care [POSC] (I) compared to the usual postoperative practice (C) enhance competency level in Med-Surg nurses when delivering postoperative practice at an inpatient setting (O) over 10 weeks …


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