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Trametinib Prevents Mesothelial-Mesenchymal Transition And Ameliorates Abdominal Adhesion Formation, Edward J. Macarak, Christine Lotto, Deepika Koganti, Xiaoling Jin, Pete J. Wermuth, Anna-Karin Olsson, Matthew Montgomery, Joel Rosenbloom 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Trametinib Prevents Mesothelial-Mesenchymal Transition And Ameliorates Abdominal Adhesion Formation, Edward J. Macarak, Christine Lotto, Deepika Koganti, Xiaoling Jin, Pete J. Wermuth, Anna-Karin Olsson, Matthew Montgomery, Joel Rosenbloom

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Background

Intra-abdominal adhesions are a major cause of morbidity after abdominal or gynecologic surgery. However, knowledge about the pathogenic mechanism(s) is limited, and there are no effective treatments. Here, we investigated a mouse model of bowel adhesion formation and the effect(s) of an Federal Drug Administration-approved drug (trametinib) in preventing adhesion formation.

Materials and methods

C57BL/6 mice were used to develop a consistent model of intra-abdominal adhesion formation by gentle cecal abrasion with mortality rates ofEDA) which arises from alternative splicing of the fibronectin messenger RNA resulting in different protein isoforms. Trichrome staining assessed collagen deposition. Quantitative ...


Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis: Inborn Errors Of Immunity To Human Beta-Papillomaviruses, Sarah J. de Jong, Elias Imahorn, Peter Itin, Jouni Uitto, Gerard Orth, Emmanuelle Jouanguy, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Bettina Burger 2018 The Rockefeller University

Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis: Inborn Errors Of Immunity To Human Beta-Papillomaviruses, Sarah J. De Jong, Elias Imahorn, Peter Itin, Jouni Uitto, Gerard Orth, Emmanuelle Jouanguy, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Bettina Burger

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is an autosomal recessive skin disorder with a phenotype conditional on human beta-papillomavirus (beta-HPV) infection. Such infections are common and asymptomatic in the general population, but in individuals with EV, they lead to the development of plane wart-like and red or brownish papules or pityriasis versicolor-like skin lesions, from childhood onwards. Most patients develop non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), mostly on areas of UV-exposed skin, from the twenties or thirties onwards. At least half of the cases of typical EV are caused by biallelic loss-of-function mutations of TMC6/EVER1 or TMC8/EVER2. The cellular and molecular basis of ...


Patient Acceptance Of Remote Scribing Powered By Google Glass In Outpatient Dermatology: Cross-Sectional Study, Sandra Odenheimer, Deepika Goyal, Veena Jones, Ruth Rosenblum, Lam Ho, Albert Chan 2018 Palo Alto Medical Foundation

Patient Acceptance Of Remote Scribing Powered By Google Glass In Outpatient Dermatology: Cross-Sectional Study, Sandra Odenheimer, Deepika Goyal, Veena Jones, Ruth Rosenblum, Lam Ho, Albert Chan

Faculty Publications

Background: The ubiquitous use of electronic health records (EHRs) during medical office visits using a computer monitor and keyboard can be distracting and can disrupt patient-health care provider (HCP) nonverbal eye contact cues, which are integral to effective communication. Provider use of a remote medical scribe with face-mounted technology (FMT), such as Google Glass, may preserve patient-HCP communication dynamics in health care settings by allowing providers to maintain direct eye contact with their patients while still having access to the patient’s relevant EHR information. The medical scribe is able to chart patient encounters in real-time working in an offsite ...


Patient Acceptance Of Remote Scribing Powered By Google Glass In Outpatient Dermatology: Cross-Sectional Study, Sandra Odenheimer, Deepika Goyal, Veena Goel Jones, Ruth K. Rosenblum, Lam Ho, Albert S. Chan 2018 Palo Alto Medical Foundation

Patient Acceptance Of Remote Scribing Powered By Google Glass In Outpatient Dermatology: Cross-Sectional Study, Sandra Odenheimer, Deepika Goyal, Veena Goel Jones, Ruth K. Rosenblum, Lam Ho, Albert S. Chan

Deepika Goyal

Background: The ubiquitous use of electronic health records (EHRs) during medical office visits using a computer monitor and keyboard can be distracting and can disrupt patient-health care provider (HCP) nonverbal eye contact cues, which are integral to effective communication. Provider use of a remote medical scribe with face-mounted technology (FMT), such as Google Glass, may preserve patient-HCP communication dynamics in health care settings by allowing providers to maintain direct eye contact with their patients while still having access to the patient’s relevant EHR information. The medical scribe is able to chart patient encounters in real-time working in an offsite ...


The Genetic Basis Of Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome In Patients From A Consanguineous Background: A Case Series., Leila Youssefian, Hassan Vahidnezhad, Andrew Touati, Vahid Ziaee, Amir Hossein Saeidian, Sara Pajouhanfar, Sirous Zeinali, Jouni Uitto 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; Tehran University of Medical Sciences

The Genetic Basis Of Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome In Patients From A Consanguineous Background: A Case Series., Leila Youssefian, Hassan Vahidnezhad, Andrew Touati, Vahid Ziaee, Amir Hossein Saeidian, Sara Pajouhanfar, Sirous Zeinali, Jouni Uitto

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS) is a rare heritable multi-systemic disorder with significant dermatologic manifestations. It is caused by mutations in ANTXR2, which encodes a transmembrane receptor involved in collagen VI regulation in the extracellular matrix. Over 40 mutations in the ANTXR2 gene have been associated with cases of HFS. Variable severity of the disorder in different patients has been proposed to be related to the specific mutations in these patients and their location within the gene.

CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we describe four cases of HFS from consanguineous backgrounds. Genetic analysis identified a novel homozygous frameshift deletion c ...


Periostin Antisense Oligonucleotide Suppresses Bleomycin-Induced Formation Of A Lung Premetastatic Niche For Melanoma, Takashi Semba, Eiji Sugihara, Nagisa Kamoshita, Sayaka Ueno, Keitaro Fukuda, Masafumi Yoshino, Kazumasa Takao, Kazunori Yoshikawa, Kenji Izuhara, Yoshimi Arima, Makoto Suzuki, Hideyuki Saya 2018 Keio University

Periostin Antisense Oligonucleotide Suppresses Bleomycin-Induced Formation Of A Lung Premetastatic Niche For Melanoma, Takashi Semba, Eiji Sugihara, Nagisa Kamoshita, Sayaka Ueno, Keitaro Fukuda, Masafumi Yoshino, Kazumasa Takao, Kazunori Yoshikawa, Kenji Izuhara, Yoshimi Arima, Makoto Suzuki, Hideyuki Saya

Open Access Articles

Metastasis is the leading cause of cancer death. A tumor-supportive microenvironment, or premetastatic niche, at potential secondary tumor sites plays an important role in metastasis, especially in tumor cell colonization. Although a fibrotic milieu is known to promote tumorigenesis and metastasis, the underlying molecular contributors to this effect have remained unclear. Here we show that periostin, a component of the extracellular matrix that functions in tissue remodeling, has a key role in formation of a fibrotic environment that promotes tumor metastatic colonization. We found that periostin was widely expressed in fibrotic lesions of mice with bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis, and that ...


Invasive Trichosporonosis Treated With Voriconazole, Vaibhav Garg, Elizabeth Jones, Ben J. Friedman, Jason B. Lee, Sherry Yang 2018 Penn State University

Invasive Trichosporonosis Treated With Voriconazole, Vaibhav Garg, Elizabeth Jones, Ben J. Friedman, Jason B. Lee, Sherry Yang

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Introduction

Trichosporon is a genus of yeast-like fungi. It is perhaps most widely known as the cause of white piedra, a benign superficial mycosis seen in immunocompetent individuals in tropical and subtropical regions. However, the incidence of invasive trichosporonosis has increased in immunocompromised patients, most notably those with hematologic malignancies. The following case illustrates characteristic features of trichosporonosis fungemia.


Patient Perceptions Of Google Glass In The Outpatient Dermatology Setting, Sandra Odenheimer 2018 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

Patient Perceptions Of Google Glass In The Outpatient Dermatology Setting, Sandra Odenheimer

Doctoral Projects

Background: The ubiquitous use of electronic health record (EHRs) during medical office visits using a computer monitor and keyboard can be distracting and disrupt patient-healthcare provider (HCP) non-verbal eye contact cues, which are integral to effective communication. Provider use of a remote medical scribe with face-mounted eyeglass technology, such as Google Glass (GG), may preserve patient-HCP communication in the healthcare setting by allowing providers to access other parts of the patient’s EHR (e.g. laboratory results, current medications, immunization records) all while maintaining direct eye contact with their patients. The medical scribe is able to chart patient encounters in ...


Dystrophic Calcifications Point The Way-Unusual And Early Diagnostic Clue Of Conradi-Hünermann-Happle Syndrome, Kenneth Yu, Alexander T. Reid, Stephanie J T Chen, Rajiv M. Patel, Steven M. Donn, Johann E. Gudjonsson, Lori Lowe 2018 University of Iowa

Dystrophic Calcifications Point The Way-Unusual And Early Diagnostic Clue Of Conradi-Hünermann-Happle Syndrome, Kenneth Yu, Alexander T. Reid, Stephanie J T Chen, Rajiv M. Patel, Steven M. Donn, Johann E. Gudjonsson, Lori Lowe

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

No abstract provided.


Herpes Zoster Patient Education: A Coloring Book Approach, Sophia Charuhas 2018 Liberty University

Herpes Zoster Patient Education: A Coloring Book Approach, Sophia Charuhas

Senior Honors Theses

Shingles, the disease caused by the herpes zoster virus, is a widespread and widely misunderstood illness in the United States. It is preventable, but many at-risk patients do not know what measures they may take to prevent it. Clear communication from physician to patient is crucial for patient understanding of diseases. Many patient education materials on herpes zoster currently available are often unused. It is therefore beneficial to public health to disseminate new mediums of medical communication, and one way of accomplishing this is through adult coloring books. The pathophysiology of herpes zoster virus is here explored and the idea ...


Preclinical Comparison Of Proteasome And Ubiquitin E1 Enzyme Inhibitors In Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The Identification Of Mechanisms Of Differential Sensitivity, Angela McHugh, Kenneth Fernandes, Andrew P. South, Jemima E. Mellerio, Julio C. Salas-Alanis, Charlotte M. Proby, Irene M. Leigh, Mark K. Saville 2018 University of Dundee

Preclinical Comparison Of Proteasome And Ubiquitin E1 Enzyme Inhibitors In Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The Identification Of Mechanisms Of Differential Sensitivity, Angela Mchugh, Kenneth Fernandes, Andrew P. South, Jemima E. Mellerio, Julio C. Salas-Alanis, Charlotte M. Proby, Irene M. Leigh, Mark K. Saville

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Proteasome inhibitors have distinct properties and the biochemical consequences of suppressing ubiquitin E1 enzymes and the proteasome differ. We compared the effects of the proteasome inhibitors bortezomib, ixazomib and carfilzomib and the ubiquitin E1 enzyme inhibitor MLN7243/TAK-243 on cell viability and cell death in normal keratinocytes and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) cell lines. The effects of both a pulse of treatment and more extended incubation were investigated. This is relevant to directly-delivered therapy (topical treatment/intratumoral injection) where the time of exposure can be controlled and a short exposure may better reflect systemically-delivered inhibitor pharmacokinetics. These agents can ...


Layout And Flow Of Dermatology Clinics: Principles From Operations Management., Jordan V. Wang 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Layout And Flow Of Dermatology Clinics: Principles From Operations Management., Jordan V. Wang

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Dermatology is a medical specialty that experiences high patient demand and long patient wait times. Dermatology clinics should look for ways to improve efficiency through the incorporation of principles from operations management. Addressing the layout and flow of a clinic can lead to operational efficiency. An ideal layout may lead to increased patient volume, satisfaction, and retention.


Optimizing Visiting Clerkships In Dermatology: A Dual Perspective Approach., Jordan V. Wang, Kathleen P. McGuinn, Matthew Keller 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Optimizing Visiting Clerkships In Dermatology: A Dual Perspective Approach., Jordan V. Wang, Kathleen P. Mcguinn, Matthew Keller

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Matching into a dermatology residency program has become increasingly more challenging for medical students. As students continue to explore various methods to help them standout to programs, recent medical literature has continued to show evidence of the important role that visiting clerkships play. Visiting clerkships offer several benefits to both students and programs. In order to optimize visiting clerkships, the perspectives of both students and programs are each examined with recommendations provided to help maximize its benefits.


Optimizing Vaccine Immunotherapy For Prostate Cancer, G. Hattier, E. K. Bongiorno, C. Portocarrero, Trevor R. Baybutt, Adam E. Snook, U. Rodeck 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Optimizing Vaccine Immunotherapy For Prostate Cancer, G. Hattier, E. K. Bongiorno, C. Portocarrero, Trevor R. Baybutt, Adam E. Snook, U. Rodeck

Sigma Xi

Introduction: Treatment options for metastatic prostate cancer are limited and cures are rare. In other cancers immunotherapy has shown remarkable efficacy in certain patient subsets particularly when combined with other treatment modalities. Our previous work showed that combining radiation and vaccine therapy slows the growth of syngeneic prostate cancer in mice more effectively than single modality treatment arms. Here we tested the hypothesis that addition of immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting the PD1/PD-L1 axis further improves efficacy of the dual radiation/vaccine treatment.

Methods: Mice were injected with tumor cells expressing human prostate specific antigen (TPSA-23). The mice were divided ...


Androgenic Alopecia; The Risk–Benefit Ratio Of Finasteride, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Ioana Păunică, Petrișor Banu, Mihaela F. Nistor, Stana Păunică, Vlad D. Constantin 2018 Valparaiso University, Department of Psychology, Valparaiso

Androgenic Alopecia; The Risk–Benefit Ratio Of Finasteride, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Ioana Păunică, Petrișor Banu, Mihaela F. Nistor, Stana Păunică, Vlad D. Constantin

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Finasteride is currently approved and largely used as a therapeutic option for androgenetic alopecia. Apparently a safe drug and effective at the onset of its application, several concerns have since appeared over the years regarding the frequency and magnitude of finasteride adverse effects, which in some cases appear irreversible even after drug termination.

This paper discusses the use of finasteride for androgenic alopecia from two distinct perspectives. On the one hand, androgenic alopecia is a condition that especially affects a person’s self-image and esteem, aspects that are subjectively-constructed and thus relative and changeable. On the other hand, this condition ...


Gel Manicures And Ultraviolet A Light: A Call For Patient Education., Jordan V. Wang, Dorota Z. Korta, Christopher B. Zachary 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Gel Manicures And Ultraviolet A Light: A Call For Patient Education., Jordan V. Wang, Dorota Z. Korta, Christopher B. Zachary

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Gel manicures have become a popular beauty trend in recent years. The specially formulated nail polish must undergo curing under light-based units. The majority of these curing lamps emit high-intensity ultraviolet A, which can cause skin damage and increase the risk for skin cancers. Incorporating relevant information in patient education endeavors can help them practice avoidance, apply broad-spectrum sunscreen prior, or use nitrile exam gloves in order to prevent photoaging and skin cancer resulting from these procedures.


Neonatal Purpura Fulminans, A Rare Genetic Disorder Due To Protein C Deficiency: A Case Report., Ghazala Irfan Kazi, Emaduddin Siddiqui, Saadia Tabassum, Badar Afzal, Irum Qamar Khan 2018 Aga Khan University

Neonatal Purpura Fulminans, A Rare Genetic Disorder Due To Protein C Deficiency: A Case Report., Ghazala Irfan Kazi, Emaduddin Siddiqui, Saadia Tabassum, Badar Afzal, Irum Qamar Khan

Department of Emergency Medicine

Neonatal Purpura Fulminans is a rare and fatal disorder associated with perivascular haemorrhage and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Early clinical recognition, timely investigation and treatment is utmost important. A 6 days old baby boy was brought to emergency with blackish ulcers all over the body. Initially these were over the feet and scalp but later appeared on the abdomen. On examination, child was vitally stable, mildly icteric and had multiple erythematous large bullous blackish lesions on scalp, lower abdomen, perineum, back and soles. Neonatal reflexes and systemic examination was normal. Laboratory investigations showed normal CBC, PT/APTT and Protein S level ...


Metastatic Extramammary Paget's Disease: Pathogenesis And Novel Therapeutic Approach, Keitaro Fukuda, Takeru Funakoshi 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Metastatic Extramammary Paget's Disease: Pathogenesis And Novel Therapeutic Approach, Keitaro Fukuda, Takeru Funakoshi

Open Access Articles

Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare, slow-growing, cutaneous adenocarcinoma that usually originates in the anogenital area and axillae outside the mammary glands. EMPD mostly progresses slowly and is often diagnosed as carcinoma in situ; however, upon becoming invasive, it promptly and frequently metastasizes to regional lymph nodes, leading to subsequent distant metastasis. To date, several chemotherapy regimens have been used to treat metastatic EMPD; however, they present limited effect and patients with distant metastasis exhibit a poor prognosis. Recently, basic and translational investigative research has elucidated factors and molecular mechanisms underlying the promotion of metastasis, which can lead ...


A Case Of Eosinophilic Annular Erythema As A Presenting Sign For Autoimmune Hepatitis, Olabola Awosika, Kristin Totoraitis, Misty Eleryan, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich 2018 George Washington University

A Case Of Eosinophilic Annular Erythema As A Presenting Sign For Autoimmune Hepatitis, Olabola Awosika, Kristin Totoraitis, Misty Eleryan, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich

Dermatology Faculty Publications

Eosinophilic annular erythema (EAE) is a relatively new entity, clinically presenting as a figurate erythema. The cause of EAE remains obscure, but it has been associated with several chronic conditions and malignancies. We describe an unusual case of EAE developing before the onset of autoimmune hepatitis.


Profile Of Dupilumab And Its Potential In The Treatment Of Inadequately Controlled Moderate-To-Severe Atopic Dermatitis., Olabola Awosika, Lori Kim, Momina Mazhar, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich 2018 George Washington University

Profile Of Dupilumab And Its Potential In The Treatment Of Inadequately Controlled Moderate-To-Severe Atopic Dermatitis., Olabola Awosika, Lori Kim, Momina Mazhar, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich

Dermatology Faculty Publications

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory skin disorder that manifests as eczematous lesions, often associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma. Historically, moderate-to-severe disease has been managed with systemic immunosuppression, such as oral corticosteroids, which result in relapse and limiting side effects. Due to recent advancements in the identification of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 as key mediators in AD, new biological agents have been developed for treatment. Dupilumab is a recently approved monoclonal antibody that targets the alpha subunit of the IL-4 receptor and, thus, downregulates activity of IL-4 and IL-13. This review discusses the profile of dupilumab and ...


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