Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Behavioral Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

268 Full-Text Articles 1,046 Authors 48,316 Downloads 48 Institutions

All Articles in Behavioral Medicine

Faceted Search

268 full-text articles. Page 1 of 14.

Skin Stories And Family Feelings: The Contradictions Of Skin Picking In Mother And Daughter, Katrina Jacinto 2023 Yale-NUS College

Skin Stories And Family Feelings: The Contradictions Of Skin Picking In Mother And Daughter, Katrina Jacinto

Crossings: Swarthmore Undergraduate Feminist Research Journal

Skin picking, otherwise known as dermatillomania, is considered to be a medical disorder by the DSM-5. However, the embodied experiences of skin picking in myself and my mother do not align with the neat definitions offered by psychiatry. Through autoethnographic material and an ethnographic interview with my mother, I argue that skin picking is a bodily technique that is pathologized through stigma. In particular, I suggest that skin picking reveals the body as a polyvalent entity, in which the same features and practices take on different meanings in different bodies. This frames the discrepancies between mine, and my mother's, experiences. …


Gender Dysphoria In Adolescents With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome., Jordan T. Jones, William R. Black, Christine Moser, Eric T. Rush, Lindsey Malloy-Walton 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Gender Dysphoria In Adolescents With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome., Jordan T. Jones, William R. Black, Christine Moser, Eric T. Rush, Lindsey Malloy-Walton

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome represents a family of heritable connective tissue disorders that include joint hypermobility, tissue fragility, and skin hyperextensibility. Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome presents with clinical sequela across multiple body systems that require multidisciplinary care. Little is known about adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome who are transgender and gender diverse. To date, there have been no reports of transgender and gender diverse youth in pediatric patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The objective of this study was to characterize transgender and gender diverse adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome seen in a pediatric multidisciplinary specialty clinic.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed and it was …


Prevalence And Effect Of Cannabis Use In Acute Pancreatitis Of Unknown Etiology, Hanna Tran 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Prevalence And Effect Of Cannabis Use In Acute Pancreatitis Of Unknown Etiology, Hanna Tran

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Simons-Linares CR, Barkin JA, Wang Y, et al. Is There an Effect of Cannabis Consumption on Acute Pancreatitis?. Dig Dis Sci. 2018;63(10):2786-2791. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-018-5169-2

for a patient with cannabis-associated acute pancreatitis.


Impact Of Moral Injury On Work Performance In Nurses Following The Covid-19 Surges, Annette Callis, Trisha Saul, Ross Bindler 2022 Providence Little Company of Mary

Impact Of Moral Injury On Work Performance In Nurses Following The Covid-19 Surges, Annette Callis, Trisha Saul, Ross Bindler

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Background

Moral Injury (MI) was defined by Jonathan Shay in 1994 as committing acts that betray one’s moral compass in high-stakes situations, while under the authority of another, that severely affect one’s well-being. MI was measured solely in the military prior to the COVID pandemic.

Aims

1.Explore the relationship between moral injury (MI) and perceived work performance in hospital nurses following the pandemic surges. 2. Determine relationships between MI and select participant demographics and between work performance and select demographics.

Sample

A convenience sample of 191 nurses from seven Southern California Hospitals participated in the study from March to June …


Quality Outcomes Of Alternative Therapies For Treating Depression, Makenna Tsao 2022 St. Joseph Hospital

Quality Outcomes Of Alternative Therapies For Treating Depression, Makenna Tsao

St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Evidence Based Practice Conference

No abstract provided.


Music Reduces Procedural Anxiety, Marijoyce Dimatulac 2022 Providence

Music Reduces Procedural Anxiety, Marijoyce Dimatulac

St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Evidence Based Practice Conference

No abstract provided.


Use Of Agitation Scale Decision Scoring Grid To Improve Care Of Agitated/Anxious Patients In Dsu, Angelica Taneca, Carmyle Seville 2022 Providence St. Joseph Health

Use Of Agitation Scale Decision Scoring Grid To Improve Care Of Agitated/Anxious Patients In Dsu, Angelica Taneca, Carmyle Seville

St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Evidence Based Practice Conference

No abstract provided.


Eating Disorders In Men: A Comprehensive Summary, Connor James Spratt, Liam Alexander MacKenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo 2022 SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY, PSYCHOLOGY AND LANGUAGE SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH, UK

Eating Disorders In Men: A Comprehensive Summary, Connor James Spratt, Liam Alexander Mackenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Eating disorders (EDs) have detrimental effects on an individual’s physical and mental health, along with significant interpersonal, social and economic effects. Furthermore, men who are suffering with an ED face unique challenges with this. Men suffering with EDs have historically received little attention within ED research, diagnosis and intervention. However, the number of men suffering with these issues is significant and growing. Understanding of EDs tend to ignore male experiences, meaning many are left to suffer in silence until the ED has developed to a critical point. However, many now recognize the need to understand the issues facing men suffering …


Associations Between Cannabis, Psychosis, And Schizophrenia In Adolescents, Lauren Moment 2022 University of Colorado - Denver

Associations Between Cannabis, Psychosis, And Schizophrenia In Adolescents, Lauren Moment

Academic Leadership Journal in Student Research

The effects of cannabis use on the brain, mind, and body have been studied for decades. The developing brain, particularly the adolescent and young adult brain, undergoes critical development that makes it especially susceptible to the effects of cannabis use. Among the adverse effects of cannabis use in adolescence and young adulthood, psychosis and psychotic disorders (e.g., schizophrenia) have been examined. The association of cannabis use with schizophrenia was first elucidated in a Swedish study of army conscripts. Specifically, conscripts reported their cannabis use exposure and were followed longitudinally to assess the emergence of schizophrenia. The authors found that those …


Behavioural Support And Nicotine Replacement Therapy For Smokeless Tobacco Cessation: Protocol For A Pilot Randomised-Controlled Multi-Country Trial, Faraz Siddiqui, Linda Bauld, Ray Croucher, Cath Jackson, Ian Kellar, Mona Kanaan, Subhash Pokhrel, Rumana Huque, Romaina Iqbal, Javaid Ahmed Khan 2022 University of York, United Kingdom

Behavioural Support And Nicotine Replacement Therapy For Smokeless Tobacco Cessation: Protocol For A Pilot Randomised-Controlled Multi-Country Trial, Faraz Siddiqui, Linda Bauld, Ray Croucher, Cath Jackson, Ian Kellar, Mona Kanaan, Subhash Pokhrel, Rumana Huque, Romaina Iqbal, Javaid Ahmed Khan

Community Health Sciences

Background: Smokeless tobacco (ST) is consumed globally by more than 350 million people, with approximately 85% of all users based in South and Southeast Asia. In this region, ST products are cheap and easily accessible. Evidence-based interventions to people quit ST use are lacking. This study aims to test the feasibility of conducting a future definitive trial of ST cessation, using a culturally adapted behavioural intervention, and/or nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in three South Asian countries.
Methods: We will conduct a factorial design, randomised-controlled pilot trial in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Daily ST users will be recruited from primary health …


Relationship Between Behavioral Inhibition And Secondary Behaviors In Children Who Stutter, Alana Frost 2022 University of South Alabama

Relationship Between Behavioral Inhibition And Secondary Behaviors In Children Who Stutter, Alana Frost

Theses and Dissertations

The present study investigated the relationship between behavioral inhibition (BI) and secondary behaviors in children who stutter (CWS). Participants were 38 CWS aged 3 to 7 years. Children engaged in a play-based conversation with an unfamiliar examiner and their interactions were video-recorded for subsequent analysis. Children’s BI and physical concomitant behaviors were determined based on clinician observation and parent report measures. Communication attitudes were assessed based on self-reports (i.e., KiddyCAT), which provided information about children's perception of their communication abilities. Results suggested that there was a significant relationship between lower BI and more physical concomitants according to parent report measures, …


Treatment Of Tardive Dyskinesia With High Dose Vitamin B6 Associated With Depression, Marjorie McCoy, Adam Schindzielorz, Suzanne Holroyd 2022 University of Mississippi Medical Center

Treatment Of Tardive Dyskinesia With High Dose Vitamin B6 Associated With Depression, Marjorie Mccoy, Adam Schindzielorz, Suzanne Holroyd

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a movement disorder associated with dopamine receptor blocking medications. Recommended treatments for TD include discontinuing the causative agent, adding vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) inhibitors, or adding vitamin B6. We present a 66-year-old Caucasian male with bipolar I disorder who developed TD while on lithium and quetiapine having been euthymic on this regimen for three years. He was initially treated with 1200 mg B6 daily. This failed to improve his TD and was associated with a depressive episode. He switched to valbenazine 40 mg daily which improved his TD and concurrently his mood, but months later …


Virtual Behavioral Health Treatment Satisfaction And Outcomes Across Time, Mindy R. Waite, Sara Diab, James Adefisoye 2022 Aurora Behavioral Health Services and Advocate Aurora Research Institute, Advocate Aurora Health

Virtual Behavioral Health Treatment Satisfaction And Outcomes Across Time, Mindy R. Waite, Sara Diab, James Adefisoye

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have major and long-lasting impacts on health care delivery and mental health. As health care shifted to telehealth, legislation was adjusted to expand telehealth allowances, creating a unique opportunity to elucidate outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess long-term patient and clinician satisfaction and outcomes with virtual behavioral health.

Methods: Data were obtained over 16 months from surveys to patients and clinicians receiving/providing virtual treatment. Outcomes data also were collected from medical records of adults receiving in-person and virtual behavioral health treatment. Data were summarized using descriptive statistics. Groups were compared using …


Podium Presentation: Sleep-Associated Impairment In Hospital Nurses Working 12-Hour Day Or Night Shifts During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Large Health System Multisite Pilot Study, Jamie Roney, Teresa Bigand, Ross Bindler, Trisha Saul, Rebecca Penders, Douglas L Weeks, Lois James, Marian Wilson 2022 Covenant

Podium Presentation: Sleep-Associated Impairment In Hospital Nurses Working 12-Hour Day Or Night Shifts During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Large Health System Multisite Pilot Study, Jamie Roney, Teresa Bigand, Ross Bindler, Trisha Saul, Rebecca Penders, Douglas L Weeks, Lois James, Marian Wilson

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Podium Presentation: Covid And Antidepressants: Ongoing Use Of Ssris And The Hospital Course Of Covid-19 Patients: A Retrospective Outcome Analysis, Sherri Mendelson 2022 Providence

Podium Presentation: Covid And Antidepressants: Ongoing Use Of Ssris And The Hospital Course Of Covid-19 Patients: A Retrospective Outcome Analysis, Sherri Mendelson

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Podium Presentation: Opioid Use Among Total Knee Arthroplasty Patients, Kelsie Welle, Karen Colorafi, Kenn Daratha 2022 Providence

Podium Presentation: Opioid Use Among Total Knee Arthroplasty Patients, Kelsie Welle, Karen Colorafi, Kenn Daratha

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Podium Presentation: Registered Nurses' Diet Quality And Overall Health During The Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic, Teresa Bigand, Ross Bindler, Lois James, Rachel Faulkner, Rebecca Penders, Trisha Saul, Marietta Sperry, Marian Wilson 2022 Providence

Podium Presentation: Registered Nurses' Diet Quality And Overall Health During The Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic, Teresa Bigand, Ross Bindler, Lois James, Rachel Faulkner, Rebecca Penders, Trisha Saul, Marietta Sperry, Marian Wilson

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Podium Presentation: Mindfulness Bundle Impact On Nurse Burnout Study, Gisele Nicole Bazan, Tiffany Patterson, Kelsey Sawyer, Deborah Wambui Kamau, Jamie Roney, Michelle Bradberry, Cynthia Louise Grissman, Sahar Mihandoust, Randall Stennett, JoAnn Long 2022 Covenant

Podium Presentation: Mindfulness Bundle Impact On Nurse Burnout Study, Gisele Nicole Bazan, Tiffany Patterson, Kelsey Sawyer, Deborah Wambui Kamau, Jamie Roney, Michelle Bradberry, Cynthia Louise Grissman, Sahar Mihandoust, Randall Stennett, Joann Long

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Podium Presentation: Nursing And Emotional Health Before And During The Covid-19 Hospital Surges, Marietta Sperry, Ellen Romesburg, Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Lois James 2022 Providence St. Joseph Health

Podium Presentation: Nursing And Emotional Health Before And During The Covid-19 Hospital Surges, Marietta Sperry, Ellen Romesburg, Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Lois James

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

Background:

Occupational burnout, a symptom of chronic work-related stress, can lead to negative health outcomes such as anxiety, depression, diabetes, insomnia, and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Burnout also augments negative occupational risks such as increased sick days, decreased productivity, disability claims, and turnover. Nurses working in the hospital setting report high levels of work-related stress and burnout related to patient acuity levels and short staffing, and rates have further worsened in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The emergence of the virus brought multiple hospital surges, greatly increasing nursing workload as patient acuity climbed and simultaneously, national nurse …


Podium Presentation: Relationships Between Nursing Stress And Perceived Importance Of Access To Chaplains During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Teresa Bigand, Adam Gaines, Sheila Doucette, Danell Stengem, Rachel Freedberg, Jamie Roney, Rosemary Timmerman 2022 Providence

Podium Presentation: Relationships Between Nursing Stress And Perceived Importance Of Access To Chaplains During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Teresa Bigand, Adam Gaines, Sheila Doucette, Danell Stengem, Rachel Freedberg, Jamie Roney, Rosemary Timmerman

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

Background:

Hospital chaplains are trained to provide spiritual support to inpatients, family members, and support persons across the continuum of care. Patients receiving a chaplain visit during their hospital stay report higher satisfaction, quality of life, and spiritual well-being. Chaplain consultation during hospitalization is related to higher rates of hospice enrollment and lower rates of in-hospital deaths. Additionally, evidence suggests nurses who are employed in hospitals with staff chaplains report lower stress and compassion fatigue based on frequency of interactions with chaplains during worked shifts. Since the COVID-19 pandemic, hospital nurses providing front-line care report higher stress levels compared to …


Digital Commons powered by bepress