A Case Report And A Review Of Pediatric Hepatoblastoma, 2023 HCA Florida North Florida Hospital
A Case Report And A Review Of Pediatric Hepatoblastoma, Anthony D. Derenzi, Audrey Bowen
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Hepatoblastoma is a rare pediatric cancer. Approximately 100 cases of hepatoblastoma are reported per year. Due to the limited incidence of this disorder an internationally agreed- upon criteria was developed to classify patients as standard or high-risk. Studies involving chemotherapeutic agents, surgery, and liver transplants have been demonstrated to improve the disease-free survival rate. The combination of chemotherapeutic agents and surgery demonstrated the ability of these regimens to downgrade the initial diagnostic staging of tumors and transform previously unresectable tumors into resectable tumors.
The following case of hepatoblastoma presents a 4-year-old male who presented to the emergency …
Hepatic Chylothorax, A Rare Finding In A Patient With Subacute Hepatic Hydrothorax, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Hepatic Chylothorax, A Rare Finding In A Patient With Subacute Hepatic Hydrothorax, Oscar Rodrigo Zamudio Herrera, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Fatimah Bello
Background: The presence of chyle in the pleural space is termed chylothorax. Etiologies include traumatic (iatrogenic, blunt, or penetrating injury) and non-traumatic (non-malignant and malignant). Liver cirrhosis is a rare cause of non-traumatic, nonmalignant chylothorax. We describe a case of a transudative chylothorax in a patient with cirrhosis and hepatic hydrothorax.
Case presentation: A 72-year-old woman presents with complaints of shortness of breath for 7 days, altered mental status, and abdominal distention. Patient has past medical history of diabetes, hypertension, and liver cirrhosis. On arrival, vital signs demonstrated T 96.2 F°, HR 75, RR 16, BP 143/68, and SO2 97%. …
Fat Distribution And Differential Effects On Metabolic Liver Fat Infiltration In Young Mexicans In Reynosa, Mexico: A Collaborative Study Across The U.S.-Mexico Border, 2023 Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas
Fat Distribution And Differential Effects On Metabolic Liver Fat Infiltration In Young Mexicans In Reynosa, Mexico: A Collaborative Study Across The U.S.-Mexico Border, Esperanza Milagros Garcia-Oropesa, Adriana Leticia Perales-Torres, Estrella Martinez-Lopez, Claudia Munguia-Cisneros, Edna Nava-Gonzalez, Monserrat Perez-Navarro, Marisol Rosas-Diaz, Neyla Baltazar, Alvaro Diaz-Badillo, Octelina Castillo-Ruiz, Joselin Hernandez-Ruiz, Srinivas Mummidi, Laura Yanneth Ramirez-Quintanilla, Carlos Ramirez-Pfeiffer, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga
Introduction: Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a descriptive term for NAFLD (Non-alcoholic) physiopathology associated with obesity. The age of onset linked to body fat distribution is poorly studied. Therefore, we aimed to assess the body fat effect on liver fat infiltration and stiffness (LSt) mediated by insulin resistance (IR).
Methods: After obtaining informed consent, five hundred freshmen from two universities in Reynosa, Mexico (UMAN & UAT) were enrolled in the study. They completed a questionnaire focused on familial cardiometabolic risk and provided anthropometric measurements. In a subset of N=200, we obtained blood samples for biochemical measurements, body fat percentage …
Hepatopulmonary Syndrome In A 22 Year Old Gentleman With Liver Cirrhosis, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Hepatopulmonary Syndrome In A 22 Year Old Gentleman With Liver Cirrhosis, Blesset Alexander, Joseph Caporusso, Priyasha Suri
Background: Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a severe complication of end-stage liver disease characterized by triad of liver disease, intrapulmonary vascular dilatation, and arterial hypoxemia. Although the pathogenesis is not completely understood, pulmonary vascular dilatation occurs due to imbalance between vasodilators and vasoconstrictors. Liver injury is thought to increase endothelin production and cause bacterial translocation, causing increased nitric oxide production, causing vasodilation of pulmonary vasculature. History and physical examination are important in leading the physician to the correct diagnosis as the majority of these patients present with non-specific clinical manifestations and imaging. Identification of specific physical exam findings is important in not …
Prevalence Of Post-Liver Transplant Complications And Nash-Related Cirrhosis In Postmenopausal Women, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Prevalence Of Post-Liver Transplant Complications And Nash-Related Cirrhosis In Postmenopausal Women, Natalia Salinas Parra, Michelle Schafer, Heather M. Ross, John Bruckbauer, Brian Yan, Sarah L. Chen, Adnan Khan Do, Danielle M. Tholey, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio
Student Papers, Posters & Projects
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Compared to premenopausal women, postmenopausal women are at greater risk of developing NAFLD and NASH, two common indications for liver transplantation (LT). We aim to determine the prevalence of NASH-related cirrhosis in postmenopausal women from a cohort of LT patients and investigate their post-LT complications.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chart review of 1200 LT patients from 2002-2020 was performed. Postmenopausal women were defined as women over 51 and compared to a control group of men over 51. Prevalence of LT indications was determined. Subgroup analysis assessed cardiovascular disease risk. BMI and ASCVD risk scores were calculated at the …
Hepatotoxicidade Dos Pesticidas Usados Em Viticulturas Da Região Sul Do Brasil, 2023 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil
Hepatotoxicidade Dos Pesticidas Usados Em Viticulturas Da Região Sul Do Brasil, Francielle Lopes Dos Reis, Sheila De Castro Cardoso Toniasso, Maria Carlota Borba Brum, Camila Pereira Baldin, Robson Martins Pereira, Patrícia Gabriela Riedel, Raquel Boff Costa, Nelson David Suarez Uribe, Eduardo Nathan Maraschin Klein, Vitória Calvi Sampaio, Debora Silva Costa, Juliana Dall Agnol, Juliana Castelo Branco Leitune, Dvora Joveleviths
AMNET XX Conferencia Internacional
Introdução: O consumo de agrotóxicos, vem crescendo de maneira exponencial. Os Etilenobisditiocarbamatos (EBDCs), tendo como representante o Mancozebe que são fungicidas utilizados, na Serra Gaúcha, no cultivo de videiras.
Objetivo: Avaliar a hepatotoxicidade de pesticidas do grupo dos EBDCs em trabalhadores expostos em viticulturas e não expostos em culturas orgânicas.
Métodos: Estudo transversal comparativo com avaliação de 50 trabalhadores expostos e 48 não expostos a EBDCs com entrevista e questionário, coleta de sangue e urina. Avaliação de hepatotoxicidade (exame bioquímico), genotoxicidade (dano DNA), acetilcolinestarase e indicador biológico de exposição (etilenotiouréia urinária - IBE). Vinculado ao projeto CAAE 11627319500005327.
Resultados: No …
Avaliação Dos Fatores Relacionados À Hepatotoxicidade, Em Pacientes Internados Com Alteração Das Enzimas Hepáticas, Sob A Ótica Da Farmacovigilância, 2023 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil
Avaliação Dos Fatores Relacionados À Hepatotoxicidade, Em Pacientes Internados Com Alteração Das Enzimas Hepáticas, Sob A Ótica Da Farmacovigilância, Francielle Lopes Dos Reis, Raquel Boff Da Costa, Vittoria Calvi Sampaio, Sheila De Castro Cardoso Toniasso, Patrícia Gabriela Riedel, Dvora Joveleviths
AMNET XX Conferencia Internacional
Introdução: A lesão hepática induzida por medicamentos (DILI) é uma reação adversa rara, relacionada à hepatotoxicidade. A notificação pós comercialização ocorre pelo sistema de farmacovigilância, que adota algoritmos de causalidade como Naranjo e Rucam. Objetivo: Compreender a relação de transaminases (ALT) > 5 vezes o limite da normalidade (>5xLSN) com EA associados a DILI e verificar a frequência de relatos ao sistema de farmacovigilância do hospital e do VIGIMED para propor estudo de farmacovigilância ativa (aprovado pelo CEP). Método: Coorte retrospectiva, obtida de prontuários médicos de pacientes internados em 2018 que apresentaram alteração de ALT > 5xLSN. Resultado: Em 2018 encontramos …
Tumor Biology And Immune Infiltration Define Primary Liver Cancer Subsets Linked To Overall Survival After Immunotherapy, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Tumor Biology And Immune Infiltration Define Primary Liver Cancer Subsets Linked To Overall Survival After Immunotherapy, Anuradha Budhu, Erica C Pehrsson, Aiwu He, Lipika Goyal, Robin Kate Kelley, Hien Dang, Changqing Xie, Cecilia Monge, Mayank Tandon, Lichun Ma, Mahler Revsine, Laura Kuhlman, Karen Zhang, Islam Baiev, Ryan Lamm, Keyur Patel, David E Kleiner, Stephen M Hewitt, Bao Tran, Jyoti Shetty, Xiaolin Wu, Yongmei Zhao, Tsai-Wei Shen, Sulbha Choudhari, Yuliya Kriga, Kris Ylaya, Andrew C Warner, Elijah F Edmondson, Marshonna Forgues, Tim F Greten, Xin Wei Wang
Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers
Primary liver cancer is a rising cause of cancer deaths in the US. Although immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors induces a potent response in a subset of patients, response rates vary among individuals. Predicting which patients will respond to immune checkpoint inhibitors is of great interest in the field. In a retrospective arm of the National Cancer Institute Cancers of the Liver: Accelerating Research of Immunotherapy by a Transdisciplinary Network (NCI-CLARITY) study, we use archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples to profile the transcriptome and genomic alterations among 86 hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma patients prior to and following immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment. …
Safety And Indications For Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography In Liver Transplant Patients: An Analysis Of The United States’ National Inpatient Sample Database, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Safety And Indications For Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography In Liver Transplant Patients: An Analysis Of The United States’ National Inpatient Sample Database, Zahid Ijaz Tarar, Umer Farooq, Mustafa Gandhi, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Saad Saleem, Faisal Kamal
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is performed to treat biliary complications after a liver transplantation; however, the previously available literature on the safety of ERCP in liver transplant patients is limited. We aimed to study the safety of ERCP in liver transplant patients.
METHODS: We used a National Inpatient Sample database from 2016-2019 to identify patients who underwent ERCP and had a history of a liver transplantation, using the international classification of diseases, 10
RESULTS: Liver transplant patients who underwent ERCP had a higher rate of post-ERCP pancreatitis and bleeding compared to the general adult population (11.39% vs. 9.19%, 0.83% …
Liver Cirrhosis, Hydroureter And Splenomegaly In A Cadaver : A Case Study, 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Liver Cirrhosis, Hydroureter And Splenomegaly In A Cadaver : A Case Study, Steven Li, Manuel S. Linarte, Teighlor N. Livingston, Nahimie K. Louissaint, Tyanna N. Mccladdie, Nishi Patel, Shiv Dhiman, Savita Arya
Background: Liver cirrhosis is among the most common causes of death in the United States. Cirrhosis can result from alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Advanced cases of liver cirrhosis may result in complications such as portal hypertension, hepatosplenomegaly, varices, and many others.
Case Presentation: This report describes a case of extensive liver cirrhosis found during the cadaveric dissection of a 71-year-old male. Observation revealed a slightly enlarged, cirrhotic liver with recanalization of the umbilical vein (of the round ligament). The patient also had significant splenomegaly, indicative of portal hypertension, and dilation of the left ureter. In …
Persistently Elevated Hbv Viral-Host Junction Dna In Urine As A Biomarker For Hepatocellular Carcinoma Minimum Residual Disease And Recurrence: A Pilot Study, Selena Y Lin, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Peter Block, Yu-Lan Kao, Jesse M. Civan, Fwu-Shan Shieh, Wei Song, Hie-Won Hann, Ying-Hsiu Su
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-host junction sequences (HBV-JSs) has been detected in the urine of patients with HBV infection. This study evaluated HBV-JSs as a marker of minimum residual disease (MRD) and tumor recurrence after treatment in HBV-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Archived serial urine DNA from two HBV–HCC with recurrence as confirmed by MRI and four HBV-related cirrhosis (LC) patients were used. Urinary HBV-JSs were identified by an HBV-targeted NGS assay. Quantitative junction-specific PCR assays were developed to investigate dynamic changes of the most abundant urinary HBV-JS. Abundant urinary HBV-JSs were identified in two cases of tumor recurrence. In case 1, …
Acute Lithiasis Cholecystitis; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Treatment In The Elderly, 2023 St. Pantelimon Emergency Hospital, Department of General Surgery
Acute Lithiasis Cholecystitis; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Treatment In The Elderly, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Socea, Petrisor Banu, Vlad Dumitru Baleanu, Dragos Epistatu, Ioana Paunica, Vlad Denis Constantin
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Objectives. The incidence of acute cholecystitis increases with age, when patients usually associate additional comorbidities. Such comorbidities and the late presentation to the doctor make the treatment more complex, associating higher rates of complications. The present study aims to evaluate the methods of diagnosis and treatment applied to a group of older patients with acute cholecystitis. Materials and Methods. 585 patients were enrolled in the study between 2019 and 2023. The inclusion criteria in the study were represented by the presence of the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis in patients over 65 years of age, while patients who presented complex locoregional …
Chronicles Of Hbv And The Road To Hbv Cure, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Chronicles Of Hbv And The Road To Hbv Cure, Rukaiya Bashir Hamidu, Richard R. Hann, Hie-Won Hann
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers
Chronic hepatitis B remains a major public health concern and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, specifically through its causative role in chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Worldwide, it affects up to 292 million people. In this paper, we review the historic discovery of the hepatitis B virus and chronicle the significant advances in our understanding of the virus and its interactions with the human host to cause disease. We also overview advancements in therapies for hepatitis B virus and the current absence of curative therapies and highlight on-going therapeutic efforts in search of curative therapies to …
Pre-Transplant Evaluation Period Efficiency Through The Use Of An Electronic Scheduling Template, 2023 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences
Pre-Transplant Evaluation Period Efficiency Through The Use Of An Electronic Scheduling Template, Christy Dawn Byrd
Student Scholarly Projects
Practice Problem: Candidacy for transplant evaluation is a complex and lengthy evaluation process. Delays in National Organ Registry have significant unfavorable impacts on patient outcomes as 22 people a day die awaiting a lifesaving treatment. Operational efficiencies can improve the pre-transplant evaluation period and significantly improve patient outcomes.
PICOT: In an outpatient transplant clinic (P), will leveraging an evidence-based scheduling template (I) compared to the current practice of first available appointment (C) reduce the evaluation period by 66% from a 3–4-week evaluation to a 1-week evaluation resulting in expedited listing on the National Organ Registry (O), when applied over …
Multivisceral Transplant Prognosis And Complications In Patients With Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumor, 2023 Henry Ford Health System
Multivisceral Transplant Prognosis And Complications In Patients With Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumor, Austin Mueller, Syed-Mohammed Jafri
Medical Student Research Symposium
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a rare subset of cancers that most commonly arise in the gastrointestinal tract, but can also arise in the pancreas, lungs, ovaries, thyroid, pituitary gland, and adrenal gland. When patients present with metastatic NETs, physicians have a variety of therapeutic options. Considering these options, transplant specialists are often involved due to the profound therapeutic effects of multi-organ transplantation. However, little information is available on prognosis/complications for patients that receive multi-organ transplants due to severe metastatic NETs.
With the incidence of NETs in the United States trending in an upward direction, researchers and physicians must understand the …
Role Of Histone Deacetylase (Hdac) In Epithelial To Mesenchymal Transition (Emt) In A Human Cholangiocyte Model Of Ischemic Cholangiopathy, 2023 Virginia Commonwealth University
Role Of Histone Deacetylase (Hdac) In Epithelial To Mesenchymal Transition (Emt) In A Human Cholangiocyte Model Of Ischemic Cholangiopathy, Priyanshi Pragnesh Parikh
Theses and Dissertations
Organ transplants are a vital intervention for many diseases that result in end stage organ failure. Currently, the donation pool is not meeting the demands of the transplant list. Expanding this pool to include donation after cardiac death (DCD) is highly sought-after. However, the use of DCD livers can lead to increased odds of graft failure and ischemic cholangiopathy. The loss of epithelialization and fibrosis that occurs during ischemic cholangiopathy is characteristic of these cells undergoing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The biological changes the cell experiences enhance migratory capacity, invasiveness, and increased resistance to apoptosis. Our earlier studies have shown differential …
Patient Characteristics And Telehealth Visits In A Hepatology Clinic, 2023 University of Kentucky
Patient Characteristics And Telehealth Visits In A Hepatology Clinic, Maria E. Walters
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to decrease significant no-show rates amongst telehealth patients in a Hepatology outpatient clinic, a clinic-specific intervention was executed, which was efficient in decreasing no-show rates, however could not continue to be financially supported.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate correlations between demographic data and social determinants of health with patients who showed and did not show for their telehealth appointments, with an overall goal of determining if there is a need for targeted support for telehealth appointments to decrease no-show rates.
METHODS: Electronic health records of telehealth patients were reviewed in an …
Clinical Practice Guidelines On Hemochromatosis: Asian Pacific Association For The Study Of The Liver, 2023 Edith Cowan University
Clinical Practice Guidelines On Hemochromatosis: Asian Pacific Association For The Study Of The Liver, Darrell H. G. Crawford, Grant A. Ramm, Kim R. Bridle, Amanda J. Nicoll, Martin B. Delatycki, John K. Olynyk
Research outputs 2022 to 2026
Hereditary hemochromatosis is the result of pathogenic variants in multiple genes that can result in increased body iron stores with excess iron deposited in various organs, including the liver, pancreas, and heart. The two most important advances in the field over the past 30 years have been the identification of the HFE gene (and the associated p.Cys282Tyr substitution), and the discovery of the hormone hepcidin, which is inappropriately low in this condition and is the pathophysiological basis of the increased iron absorption. The identification of mutations in the HFE gene and subsequent studies have reshaped diagnostic algorithms resulting in a …
Surgical And Oncological Outcomes Of Hepatic Resection For Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Report From A Low Volume Centre In A Developing Country, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Saleema Begum, Muhammad Tayyab Ul Hasan Siddiqui
Section of General Surgery
Objective: To review the surgical and oncological outcomes of patients who underwent hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Study design: Cohort study.
Place and duration of study: Department of Surgery of the Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, from 2008 to 2019.
Methodology: Consecutive patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC at the Hospital were included. The data were collected and analysed on aspects including demographics, liver function status, tumour characteristics, perioperative management, and surgical and oncological outcomes. Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and log-rank test was applied to determine the influence of variables on overall and disease-free …
Liver Disease In Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, 2022 1. Hepatology and Liver Transplant Unit, Southern Adelaide Local Health Network, Adelaide, Australia. 2. College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia.
Liver Disease In Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Yasmina Tashkent, John K. Olynyk, Alan J. Wigg
Journal of the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have a substantially higher prevalence of liver disease than non-Indigenous Australians. Cirrhosis and its complications were the sixth leading cause of mortality for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in 2020. Liver disease has been estimated to be the third leading cause of the mortality gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous people due to chronic disease, accounting for 11% of this gap. While current trends show reducing mortality rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people for conditions including circulatory disease, diabetes and kidney disease, there are no data to suggest …