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251 full-text articles. Page 1 of 12.

Prothrombin Complex Concentrates Or Recombinant Factor Viia Are More Effective Than Fresh-Frozen Plasma At Lowering Inr In Patients With Liver Disease, Abel J. Ignatius 2018 Wayne State University

Prothrombin Complex Concentrates Or Recombinant Factor Viia Are More Effective Than Fresh-Frozen Plasma At Lowering Inr In Patients With Liver Disease, Abel J. Ignatius

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Kwon JO, MacLaren R. Comparison of fresh-frozen plasma, four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates, and recombinant factor VIIa to facilitate procedures in critically ill patients with coagulopathy from liver disease: a retrospective cohort study. Pharmacotherapy. 2016;36(10):1047-1054. doi: 10.1002/phar.1827


Metastatic Breast Cancer Presenting As Painless Jaundice, Daniel S. Wilen DO, Donald J. McMahon DO, Brian J. Blair DO, Joanne Kaiser-Smith DO, Darshan B. Roy MD 2018 Rowan University SOM

Metastatic Breast Cancer Presenting As Painless Jaundice, Daniel S. Wilen Do, Donald J. Mcmahon Do, Brian J. Blair Do, Joanne Kaiser-Smith Do, Darshan B. Roy Md

Stratford Campus Research Day

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States. Treatment options are wide-­‐ ranging based on a multitude of factors, including extent of disease and receptor positivity. Following treatment, a relapse-­‐free interval ≥ 2 years carries a more favorable prognosis.

We present a case involving a female with history of breast cancer and relapse-­free interval of 15 years who unfortunately presented with metastatic disease involving the liver, bone, and lymph nodes.


The Effect Of Hepatitis C On Maternal Bile Acid Level And The Fetal Left Ventricular Tei Index, Kelly Cummings, Jesse Cottrell, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Ryan Stone, David G. Chaffin, Everett Magann 2018 Marshall University

The Effect Of Hepatitis C On Maternal Bile Acid Level And The Fetal Left Ventricular Tei Index, Kelly Cummings, Jesse Cottrell, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Ryan Stone, David G. Chaffin, Everett Magann

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Hepatitis C (HCV) is a common form of liver disease encountered in pregnancy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if hepatitis C is associated with elevated maternal serum bile acids and abnormal fetal cardiac function measured by the left ventricular Tei index in the absence of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. This is a prospective cohort study on pregnant women with hepatitis C seen through Marshall University’s high-risk obstetrics clinic from 2013 to 2014. Women with hepatitis C had a laboratory evaluation and an ultrasound on the fetus to calculate the left ventricular Tei index. Demographic information and ...


Periostin And Mesothelin: Potential Predictors Of Malignant Progression In Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma, Pranoti Mandrekar, Vincenzo Cardinale 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Periostin And Mesothelin: Potential Predictors Of Malignant Progression In Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma, Pranoti Mandrekar, Vincenzo Cardinale

Open Access Articles

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a heterogeneous group of malignancy arising at any level of the biliary tree based on their anatomical location, is classified into intrahepatic (iCCA), perihilar, and distal subtypes. iCCA, which arises distally to the second‐order bile ducts, is a highly heterogeneous and aggressive malignancy with overall poor prognosis. The rate of iCCA is increasing rapidly, particularly in Western countries; however, its precise etiology and pathogenesis remain elusive.1 While surgical resection is the first line of treatment, liver transplantation is the potential curative treatment for unresectable tumors in patients with iCCA, and posttransplantation 5‐year survival rates are ...


Inhibition Of Insulin‐Like Growth Factor 1 Receptor Enhances The Efficacy Of Sorafenib In Inhibiting Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Growth And Survival, Fang Wang, Thomas Bank, George Malnassy, Maribel Arteaga, Na Shang, Annika Dalheim, Xianzhong Ding, Scott J. Cotler, Mitchell F. Denning, Michael I. Nishimura, Peter Breslin, Wei Qiu 2018 Loyola University Chicago

Inhibition Of Insulin‐Like Growth Factor 1 Receptor Enhances The Efficacy Of Sorafenib In Inhibiting Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Growth And Survival, Fang Wang, Thomas Bank, George Malnassy, Maribel Arteaga, Na Shang, Annika Dalheim, Xianzhong Ding, Scott J. Cotler, Mitchell F. Denning, Michael I. Nishimura, Peter Breslin, Wei Qiu

Biology: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common primary cancer and second largest cause of cancer‐related death worldwide. The first‐line oral chemotherapeutic agent sorafenib only increases survival in patients with advanced HCC by less than 3 months. Most patients with advanced HCC have shown limited response rates and survival benefits with sorafenib. Although sorafenib is an inhibitor of multiple kinases, including serine/threonine‐protein kinase c‐Raf, serine/threonine‐protein kinase B‐Raf, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)‐1, VEGFR‐2, VEGFR‐3, and platelet‐derived growth factor receptor β, HCC cells are able to escape from ...


Will Aiming For Quantity Affect Quality? Establishing Open Access At A Fellow-Run Gastroenterology Clinic., Matthew Sullivan DO, Patrick Hickey DO, Eric Nellis MD, Abdul Aleem MBBS, Rajesh Essrani MD, Hiral N. Shah MD 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Will Aiming For Quantity Affect Quality? Establishing Open Access At A Fellow-Run Gastroenterology Clinic., Matthew Sullivan Do, Patrick Hickey Do, Eric Nellis Md, Abdul Aleem Mbbs, Rajesh Essrani Md, Hiral N. Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Delayed Hepatic Rupture Post Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Liver Biopsy: A Case Report., Jia-Yan Huang, Qiang Lu, Ji-Bin Liu 2018 West China Hospital of Sichuan University

Delayed Hepatic Rupture Post Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Liver Biopsy: A Case Report., Jia-Yan Huang, Qiang Lu, Ji-Bin Liu

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

RATIONALE: Hemorrhage, one of complications after liver biopsy, is often identified immediately after the procedure while delayed liver rupture is relatively rare.

PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old woman was diagnosed with undetermined liver cirrhosis and abnormal liver function. To determine the etiology and severity of liver cirrhosis, ultrasound-guided liver biopsy was arranged. The patients did not complain any pain during the procedure. Ultrasound examination on postoperative day1 (POD 1) and MRI on POD 3 showed no evidence of hematoma and ascites. On POD 7, however, the patient was taken to the hospital with a sudden onset of pain in the right ...


Patient Perspectives On Adherence To The New Hepatitis C Antiviral Medications: ‘A New Lease On Life’, Nicole M. Giordano, Anthony J. Brinn, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Steve Martino 2018 VA Connecticut Healthcare System

Patient Perspectives On Adherence To The New Hepatitis C Antiviral Medications: ‘A New Lease On Life’, Nicole M. Giordano, Anthony J. Brinn, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Steve Martino

The Qualitative Report

This study explored patients’ perspectives about taking the new direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for the treatment of Hepatitis C (i.e., sofosbuvir, simeprevir, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, ombitasvir/paritraprevir/ritonavir and dasabuvir) to identify facilitators of medication adherence. The project was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 12 Veterans who successfully completed a treatment course on the new DAAs. The Veterans were recruited using purposive sampling. The data collected from the semi-structured interviews was analyzed using an adapted open coding method outlined by Auerbach and Silverstein (2003), with identification of relevant text sub-grouped into repeating ideas, and then creation of overarching themes and constructs ...


Practice Survey: Adherence Monitoring And Intervention In Pediatric Gastroenterology And Hepatology., Michele H. Maddux, Shawna Ricks, Julie A. Bass, James F. Daniel, Ellen Carpenter, Kimberely Radford 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Practice Survey: Adherence Monitoring And Intervention In Pediatric Gastroenterology And Hepatology., Michele H. Maddux, Shawna Ricks, Julie A. Bass, James F. Daniel, Ellen Carpenter, Kimberely Radford

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Purpose: Despite significant medication nonadherence rates among youth with pediatric gastroenterology and hepatology disorders, little is known about current adherence practices in pediatric gastroenterology care. This study summarizes current practices surrounding adherence monitoring and intervention in pediatric gastrointestinal (GI) and hepatologic care in the USA.

Participants and methods: One hundred and fifty-four pediatric GI providers completed an online survey designed to examine current practices surrounding adherence monitoring and intervention, specific strategies used to monitor and treat poor adherence, and the barriers currently experienced in relation to adherence monitoring and intervention.

Results: Practices varied greatly in terms of when and how ...


The Relationship Between Central Venous Catheter And Post-Operative Complications In Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection, David C. O'Connor 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Relationship Between Central Venous Catheter And Post-Operative Complications In Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection, David C. O'Connor

Theses and Dissertations

The Relationship Between Central Venous Catheter and Post-operative Complications in Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection

David C. O’Connor, Ph.D., DNAP, CRNA

A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Doctor of Philosophy at Virginia Commonwealth University

Virginia Commonwealth University, 2018

Dissertation Chair: Clarence J. Biddle, Ph.D., CRNA

Hepatic resection is indicated for primary and secondary malignancies. Use of a low central venous pressure technique is associated with decreased blood loss in these cases. This technique has evolved; central venous catheters and high dose morphine are no longer used, and patients are extubated earlier ...


A Multicenter Comparative Trial Of A Novel Eus-Guided Core Biopsy Needle (Sharkcore, Mariam Naveed, Ali A. Siddiqui, Thomas E. Kowalski, David E. Loren, Ammara Khalid, Ayesha Soomro, Syed M. Mazhar, Joseph Yoo, Raza Hasan, Silpa Yalamanchili, Nicholas Tarangelo, Linda J. Taylor, Douglas G. Adler 2018 University of Iowa

A Multicenter Comparative Trial Of A Novel Eus-Guided Core Biopsy Needle (Sharkcore, Mariam Naveed, Ali A. Siddiqui, Thomas E. Kowalski, David E. Loren, Ammara Khalid, Ayesha Soomro, Syed M. Mazhar, Joseph Yoo, Raza Hasan, Silpa Yalamanchili, Nicholas Tarangelo, Linda J. Taylor, Douglas G. Adler

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Background and Objectives: The ability to obtain adequate tissue of solid pancreatic lesions by EUS-guided remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to compare the performance characteristics and safety of EUS-FNA for evaluating solid pancreatic lesions using the standard 22-gauge needle versus a novel EUS biopsy needle.

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study of EUS-guided sampling of solid pancreatic lesions between 2009 and 2015. Patients underwent EUS-guided sampling with a 22-gauge SharkCore (SC) needle or a standard 22-gauge FNA needle. Technical success, performance characteristics of EUS-FNA, the number of needle passes required to obtain a diagnosis, diagnostic ...


Expression Of The Microrna-143/145 Cluster Is Decreased In Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma And May Serve As A Biomarker For Tumorigenesis In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B, Qi Zhao, Xiangfei Sun, Chao Liu, Tao Li, Juan Cui, Chengyong Qin 2018 Shandong University

Expression Of The Microrna-143/145 Cluster Is Decreased In Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma And May Serve As A Biomarker For Tumorigenesis In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B, Qi Zhao, Xiangfei Sun, Chao Liu, Tao Li, Juan Cui, Chengyong Qin

CSE Journal Articles

The aims of the present study were to identify the expression profile of microRNA (miR)‑143/145 in hepatitis B virus (HBV)‑associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), explore its association with prognosis and investigate whether the serum miR‑143/145 expression levels may serve as a diagnostic indicator of HBV‑associated HCC. The microRNA (miRNA) chromatin immunoprecipitation dataset was obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus databases, and analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed‑rank test. It was observed that the expression of miR‑143 and miR‑145 was decreased 1.5‑fold in HBV‑associated HCC ...


Attaching-And-Effacing Pathogens Exploit Junction Regulatory Activities Of N-Wasp And Snx9 To Disrupt The Intestinal Barrier, John J. Garber, Emily M. Mallick, Karen M. Scanlon, Jerrold R. Turner, Michael S. Donnenberg, John M. Leong, Scott B. Snapper 2017 Harvard Medical School

Attaching-And-Effacing Pathogens Exploit Junction Regulatory Activities Of N-Wasp And Snx9 To Disrupt The Intestinal Barrier, John J. Garber, Emily M. Mallick, Karen M. Scanlon, Jerrold R. Turner, Michael S. Donnenberg, John M. Leong, Scott B. Snapper

Open Access Articles

Background and Aims: Neural Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein (N-WASP) is a key regulator of the actin cytoskeleton in epithelial tissues and is poised to mediate cytoskeletal-dependent aspects of apical junction complex (AJC) homeostasis. Attaching-and-effacing (AE) pathogens disrupt this homeostasis through translocation of the effector molecule early secreted antigenic target-6 (ESX)-1 secretion-associated protein F (EspF). Although the mechanisms underlying AJC disruption by EspF are unknown, EspF contains putative binding sites for N-WASP and the endocytic regulator sorting nexin 9 (SNX9). We hypothesized that N-WASP regulates AJC integrity and AE pathogens use EspF to induce junction disassembly through an N-WASP- and SNX9-dependent ...


The Outcome Of Thoracentesis Versus Chest Tube Placement For Hepatic Hydrothorax In Patients With Cirrhosis: A Nationwide Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Ali Ridha, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo 2017 University of Arkansas at Little Rock

The Outcome Of Thoracentesis Versus Chest Tube Placement For Hepatic Hydrothorax In Patients With Cirrhosis: A Nationwide Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Ali Ridha, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo

Open Access Articles

There are only a few studies with a small sample size of patients that have compared the risks of using chest tubes versus thoracentesis in hepatic hydrothorax. It has been shown that many complications may arise secondary to chest tube placement and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In this retrospective study, patients with cirrhosis were identified from the 2009 National Inpatient Sample by using ICD-9 codes; we evaluated the risk of chest tube versus thoracentesis in a largest population with hepatic hydrothorax to date to measure the mortality and the length of stay. A total of 140,573 ...


Assessment Of The Visual Analogue Score In The Evaluation Of The Pruritus Of Cholestasis, Nora Bergasa, E Jones 2017 New York Medical College

Assessment Of The Visual Analogue Score In The Evaluation Of The Pruritus Of Cholestasis, Nora Bergasa, E Jones

NYMC Faculty Publications

Background and Aims: A visual analogue score (VAS), based on application of a visual analogue scale, has been widely used to assess pruritus in clinical studies of patients with cholestatic liver disease. A VAS is a numerical score of the severity of the perception of pruritus, and, hence, is inherently subjective. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of a VAS as an index of pruritus in cholestatic patients. Methods: In 8 patients with chronic pruritus due to primary biliary cholangitis, values for a VAS of pruritus were compared with corresponding measurements of scratching activity, which were ...


Human Gut-Derived Commensal Bacteria Suppress Cns Inflammatory And Demyelinating Disease, Ashutosh K Mangalam, Shailesh K Shahi, David Luckey, Melissa Karau, Eric Marietta, Ningling Luo, Rok Seon Choung, Josephine Ju, Ramakrishna Sompallae, Katherine Gibson-Corley, Robin Patel, Moses Rodriguez, Chella David, Veena Taneja, Joseph Murray 2017 University of Iowa

Human Gut-Derived Commensal Bacteria Suppress Cns Inflammatory And Demyelinating Disease, Ashutosh K Mangalam, Shailesh K Shahi, David Luckey, Melissa Karau, Eric Marietta, Ningling Luo, Rok Seon Choung, Josephine Ju, Ramakrishna Sompallae, Katherine Gibson-Corley, Robin Patel, Moses Rodriguez, Chella David, Veena Taneja, Joseph Murray

Department of Pathology Publications

The human gut is colonized by a large number of microorganisms (∼1013 bacteria) that support various physiologic functions. A perturbation in the healthy gut microbiome might lead to the development of inflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Therefore, gut commensals might provide promising therapeutic options for treating MS and other diseases. We report the identification of human gut-derived commensal bacteria, Prevotella histicola, which can suppress experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II transgenic mouse model. P. histicola suppresses disease through the modulation of systemic immune responses. P. histicola challenge led to a decrease in ...


Transforming Growth Factor-Β In Liver Cancer Stem Cells And Regeneration, Shuyun Rao, Jaideep Banerjee, Sobia Zaidi, Wilma Jogunoori, Raul Sebastian, Bao-Ngoc Nguyen, Richard L. Amdur, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Transforming Growth Factor-Β In Liver Cancer Stem Cells And Regeneration, Shuyun Rao, Jaideep Banerjee, Sobia Zaidi, Wilma Jogunoori, Raul Sebastian, Bao-Ngoc Nguyen, Richard L. Amdur, +Several Additional Authors

Surgery Faculty Publications

Cancer stem cells have established mechanisms that contribute to tumor heterogeneity as well as resistance to therapy. Over 40% of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) are considered to be clonal and arise from a stem-like/cancer stem cell. Moreover, HCC is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and an improved understanding of cancer stem cells and targeting these in this cancer are urgently needed. Multiple studies have revealed etiological patterns and multiple genes/pathways signifying initiation and progression of HCC; however, unlike the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) pathway, loss of p53 and/or activation of β-catenin do not spontaneously ...


Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, McCoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman 2017 Princess Alexandra Hospital Brisbane

Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, Mccoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman

Katrina Campbell

Background:

Cardiometabolic risk factors are increasing in liver transplant recipients (LTR). Influencing dietary factors have not been assessed. The aim of this observational study was to assess changes in weight, metabolic function, dietary intake and eating behaviours in the first year after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).

Methods:

Consecutive recruitment of 17 patients (14 males) awaiting OLT at a single tertiary hospital. Dietary intake, food behaviours and anthropometry were recorded at baseline, and 6 and 12 months post-transplant.

Results:

By 12 months, patients had gained on average 7.3% of body weight. The prevalence of overweight or obesity increased from baseline ...


Hepatic Angiosarcoma With Metastasis To Small Intestine, Zubair Ahmad, Azizun Nisa, Romana Idrees, Khurram Minhas, Shahid Pervez, Khalid Mumtaz 2017 Aga Khan University

Hepatic Angiosarcoma With Metastasis To Small Intestine, Zubair Ahmad, Azizun Nisa, Romana Idrees, Khurram Minhas, Shahid Pervez, Khalid Mumtaz

Zubair Ahmad

Hepatic angiosarcomas are rare tumours with poor prognosis, with patients usually dying within 6 months. Metastases mainly occur in lymph nodes, spleen, lungs, bones and adrenals. Metastasis to small intestine is even rarer. Similarly, primary or metastatic angiosarcomas in small intestine are extremely rare, often present with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia, and have an extremely poor prognosis. Both primary or metastatic intestinal angiosarcomas may exhibit epithelioid morphology. It may be very difficult to differentiate between primary and secondary cases in intestine and especially when the tumour exhibits epithelioid morphology.


Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Monocyte Differentiation Into Polarized M2 Macrophages Promotes Stellate Cell Activation Via Tgf-Beta, Banishree Saha, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Monocyte Differentiation Into Polarized M2 Macrophages Promotes Stellate Cell Activation Via Tgf-Beta, Banishree Saha, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

BACKGROUND and AIMS: Monocyte and macrophage (MPhi) activation contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Disease pathogenesis is regulated by both liver-resident MPhis and monocytes recruited as precursors of MPhis into the damaged liver. Monocytes differentiate into M1 (classic/proinflammatory) or M2 (alternative/anti-inflammatory) polarized MPhis in response to tissue microenvironment. We hypothesized that HCV-infected hepatoma cells (infected with Japanese fulminant hepatitis-1 [Huh7.5/JFH-1]) induce monocyte differentiation into polarized MPhis. METHODS: Healthy human monocytes were co-cultured with Huh7.5/JFH-1 cells or cell-free virus for 7 days and analyzed for MPhi markers and cytokine levels ...


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