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Functional, Diagnostic And Therapeutic Aspects Of Bile, Monjur Ahmed 2022 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Functional, Diagnostic And Therapeutic Aspects Of Bile, Monjur Ahmed

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Bile is a unique body fluid synthesized in our liver. Enterohepatic circulation preserves bile in our body through its efficient synthesis, transport, absorption, and reuptake. Bile is the main excretory route for bile salts, bilirubin, and potentially harmful exogenous lipophilic substances. The primary way of eliminating cholesterol is bile. Although bile has many organic and inorganic contents, bile acid is the most physiologically active component. Bile acids have a multitude of critical physiologic functions in our body. These include emulsification of dietary fat, absorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins, maintaining glucose, lipid, and energy homeostasis, sustenance of intestinal epithelial integrity ...


Cardiac Metastasis After Curative Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Risk Factors, Treatment Options, And Prognosis, Gaurav Jain, Mathew Otto, Mubeen Khan Mohammed Abdul, Manpreet Chadha, Ajay Sahajpal 2022 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center Abdominal Transplant Program, Advocate Aurora Health

Cardiac Metastasis After Curative Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Risk Factors, Treatment Options, And Prognosis, Gaurav Jain, Mathew Otto, Mubeen Khan Mohammed Abdul, Manpreet Chadha, Ajay Sahajpal

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is primary hepatic malignancy with a high incidence of recurrence. The risk of recurrence directly correlates to patient’s overall prognosis. Management of advanced HCC involves a combination of surgical resection, locoregional therapy, and systemic treatment. Distant metastases are rare, and intraventricular cardiac metastases are even more infrequent. This brief review details an illustrative case of cardiac metastasis after curative treatment of primary HCC and then summarizes the literature on risk factors, treatment options, and patient prognosis in the setting of distant metastases from HCC. Prognosis of metastasis to the heart is generally poor, and available evidence ...


Assessment Of Predictive Factors Of Hepatic Steatosis Diagnosed By Vibration Controlled Transient Elastography (Vcte) In Chronic Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Patients, Singh Y, Gogtay M, Gurung S, Trivedi N, Abraham GM 2022 Department of Medicine, Saint Vincent Hospital, Worcester, MA

Assessment Of Predictive Factors Of Hepatic Steatosis Diagnosed By Vibration Controlled Transient Elastography (Vcte) In Chronic Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Patients, Singh Y, Gogtay M, Gurung S, Trivedi N, Abraham Gm

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

This retrospective, cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the predictive factors of moderate/severe hepatic steatosis diagnosed by vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE). It included 158 adult patients with suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) evaluated by VCTE in an outpatient setting of a community-based teaching hospital. Patients with significant alcohol consumption, oral contraceptive use, hepatitis B disease, autoimmune hepatitis, and primary biliary cirrhosis were excluded. Steatosis was categorized as S0-S1 (mild) and S2-S3 (moderate/severe) based on the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) score. Results demonstrated the mean values of BMI (p=0.001), kiloPascals [kPa] (fibrosis) raw score (p=0.009 ...


Moving Through Loss: The Experience Of Ambiguous Loss With Hospitalized Children, The Development Of A Method, Peyton Edington 2022 Lesley University

Moving Through Loss: The Experience Of Ambiguous Loss With Hospitalized Children, The Development Of A Method, Peyton Edington

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

The current method examined the effects of ambiguous loss with medical transplant patients in a pediatric hospital by utilizing a dance/movement therapy intervention. The development of this method was based on ambiguous loss theory with a dance/movement therapy approach. The explored literature identified central themes of ambiguous loss, such as resilience. These themes were connected to the practice of dance/movement therapy, such as embodiment. With this connection, the intervention was developed and implemented with participants. The central themes that emerged from the intervention were change, loss, meaning-making, and hope. One child and two adolescents were participants in ...


An Herbal Liver Effect: Ashwagandha-Induced Hepatotoxicity, Mohammad Rattu, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neeharika Bhatnagar 2022 Rowan University

An Herbal Liver Effect: Ashwagandha-Induced Hepatotoxicity, Mohammad Rattu, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neeharika Bhatnagar

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ashwagandha is a popular Ayurvedic herb that is derived from the extracts of the roots of Withania somnifera, an evergreen shrub endemic to India and Southeast Asia. It is generally utilized as a tonic to increase one’s energy and reduce stress levels. Often referred to as “Indian ginseng”, it provides neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties that address stress, pain, and fatigue. Additionally, it may assist in dealing with rashes, diabetes, and arthritis. It has also been shown to counteract the effects of aging. Though these properties have not been shown in prospective studies, it has become a popular product among ...


Renal Replacement Therapy May Be Initiated In Patients With Hepatorenal Syndrome Who Are Not Transplant Candidates, Laura Donohue 2022 Wayne State University

Renal Replacement Therapy May Be Initiated In Patients With Hepatorenal Syndrome Who Are Not Transplant Candidates, Laura Donohue

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Allegretti AS, Parada XV, Eneanya ND, et al. Prognosis of Patients with Cirrhosis and AKI Who Initiate RRT. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2018;13(1):16-25. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.03610417

for a patient being considered for RRT who was not yet a candidate for liver transplant.


Annual Hepatitis C Screening Qi: A Scoping Review, Sadiat Omowunmi Adebiyi BSN, RN, Sakinah Shaw BSN, RN, Tracy McClinton DNP, AG-ACNP-BC, Sharon Little DNP, FNP-BC, APRN 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Annual Hepatitis C Screening Qi: A Scoping Review, Sadiat Omowunmi Adebiyi Bsn, Rn, Sakinah Shaw Bsn, Rn, Tracy Mcclinton Dnp, Ag-Acnp-Bc, Sharon Little Dnp, Fnp-Bc, Aprn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Despite the surge in HCV prevalence among pregnant women and the threat of perinatal HCV transmission, infants exposed to HCV in the United States are inadequately screened (Chappell et al., 2018). It is estimated that between 4% and 8% of babies exposed to HCV during pregnancy become infected (Watts et al., 2017). Incorporating Hep C screening with other mandated prenatal screening will play an essential role in reducing the complications associated with Hep C transmission to the newborn.

Methods Article search was done in the first three weeks of the fall 2021 semester, and a total of 63 ...


The Comparison Of Local Tumor Control After Microwave Ablation, Surgical Resection And Combined Treatment For Colorectal Liver Metastases, Fatma Zeynep Güngören, Cengiz Erol, Ahmet Bilici, Murat Dayangaç, Mehmet Şeker, Ömer Fatih Ölmez, Onur Yaprak, Özcan Yıldız, Mustafa Öncel 2022 Istanbul Medipol University, Department of Radiology, Istanbul, Turkey

The Comparison Of Local Tumor Control After Microwave Ablation, Surgical Resection And Combined Treatment For Colorectal Liver Metastases, Fatma Zeynep Güngören, Cengiz Erol, Ahmet Bilici, Murat Dayangaç, Mehmet Şeker, Ömer Fatih Ölmez, Onur Yaprak, Özcan Yıldız, Mustafa Öncel

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Aim. We aimed to compare the local therapeutic efficiency of microwave ablation (MWA), surgical resection, and combined treatment, assess the outcomes, and identify predictive factors for local treatment response in colorectal liver metastases (CLMs). Methods. From March 2013 to September 2019, a total of 54 patients with 302 CLMs were enrolled in this retrospective study. Eleven patients (20.4%) were treated with MWA, 9 patients (16.7%) with surgery, and 34 patients (63%) with the combined method. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate overall survival (OS) and hepatic progression-free survival (HPFS) using the Cox proportional hazard regression model ...


Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma And Chronic Stress, Nicholas Noverati, Rukaiya Bashir, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Hie-Won Hann 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Hepatitis B Virus-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma And Chronic Stress, Nicholas Noverati, Rukaiya Bashir, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Hie-Won Hann

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

The Hepatitis B virus is one of the most significant hepatocarcinogens globally. The carcinogenic mechanisms of this virus are complex, and may include interactions with the host's immune system. Certain factors, such as stress on the body, can also potentiate these mechanisms. Stress, although adaptive in an acute form, is deleterious to health when chronic and can both suppress and activate the host's defense system. In hepatocellular carcinoma, this can lead to tumor initiation and progression. Those that are more prone to stress, or exposed to situations that incite stress, may be at higher risk of developing cancer ...


Protective Benefit Of Minimally Invasive Liver Surgery For Hepatocellular Carcinoma Prior To Transplant, Simone Khouzam, Duilio Pagano, Marco Barbara, Vito Di Marco, Giada Pietrosi, Marco Maringhini, Marco Canzonieri, Sergio Calamia, Salvatore Gruttadauria 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Protective Benefit Of Minimally Invasive Liver Surgery For Hepatocellular Carcinoma Prior To Transplant, Simone Khouzam, Duilio Pagano, Marco Barbara, Vito Di Marco, Giada Pietrosi, Marco Maringhini, Marco Canzonieri, Sergio Calamia, Salvatore Gruttadauria

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Aim: The purpose of this study is to assess the benefit of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) given recurrence and future need for liver transplantation (LT). Methods: Data on liver resections were gathered from the Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico-Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad alta specializzazione (IRCCS-ISMETT) from 2003-2021. A retrospective analysis of 1408 consecutive adult patients who had a liver resection was performed with categorization based on the underlying disease process. A sub-analysis studied the 291 patients who had an LLR with an intention to transplant approach after LLR. Results ...


Prevalence And Types Of Drugs Used Among Hepatitis A Patients During Outbreaks Associated With Person-To-Person Transmission, Kentucky, Michigan, And West Virginia, 2016–2019, Megan G. Hofmeister, Alice Asher, Christopher M. Jones, Ryan J. Augustine, Cole Burkholder, Jim Collins, Monique A. Foster, Shannon McBee, Erica D. Thomasson, Doug Thoroughman, Mark K. Weng, Philip R. Spradling 2022 Division of Viral Hepatitis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Prevalence And Types Of Drugs Used Among Hepatitis A Patients During Outbreaks Associated With Person-To-Person Transmission, Kentucky, Michigan, And West Virginia, 2016–2019, Megan G. Hofmeister, Alice Asher, Christopher M. Jones, Ryan J. Augustine, Cole Burkholder, Jim Collins, Monique A. Foster, Shannon Mcbee, Erica D. Thomasson, Doug Thoroughman, Mark K. Weng, Philip R. Spradling

Journal of Appalachian Health

Background: People who use drugs are at increased risk for hepatitis A virus infection. Since 1996, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has recommended hepatitis A vaccination for people who use drugs. Since 2016, the U.S. has experienced widespread hepatitis A outbreaks associated with person-to-person transmission.

Purpose: To describe the prevalence of drug use, route of use, and drugs used among hepatitis A outbreak-associated patients.

Methods: State outbreak and medical records were reviewed to describe the prevalence, type, and route of drug use among a random sample of 812 adult outbreak-associated hepatitis A patients from Kentucky, Michigan, and West ...


Gut Microbial Trimethylamine Is Elevated In Alcohol-Associated Hepatitis And Contributes To Ethanol-Induced Liver Injury In Mice, Robert N. Helsley, Tatsunori Miyata, Anagha Kadam, Venkateshwari Varadharajan, Naseer Sangwan, Emily C. Huang, Rakhee Banerjee, Amanda L. Brown, Kevin K. Fung, William J. Massey, Chase Neumann, Danny Orabi, Lucas J. Osborn, Rebecca C. Schugar, Megan R. McMullen, Annette Bellar, Kyle L. Poulsen, Adam Kim, Vai Pathak, Marko Mrdjen 2022 University of Kentucky

Gut Microbial Trimethylamine Is Elevated In Alcohol-Associated Hepatitis And Contributes To Ethanol-Induced Liver Injury In Mice, Robert N. Helsley, Tatsunori Miyata, Anagha Kadam, Venkateshwari Varadharajan, Naseer Sangwan, Emily C. Huang, Rakhee Banerjee, Amanda L. Brown, Kevin K. Fung, William J. Massey, Chase Neumann, Danny Orabi, Lucas J. Osborn, Rebecca C. Schugar, Megan R. Mcmullen, Annette Bellar, Kyle L. Poulsen, Adam Kim, Vai Pathak, Marko Mrdjen

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

There is mounting evidence that microbes residing in the human intestine contribute to diverse alcohol-associated liver diseases (ALD) including the most deadly form known as alcohol-associated hepatitis (AH). However, mechanisms by which gut microbes synergize with excessive alcohol intake to promote liver injury are poorly understood. Furthermore, whether drugs that selectively target gut microbial metabolism can improve ALD has never been tested. We used liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to quantify the levels of microbe and host choline co-metabolites in healthy controls and AH patients, finding elevated levels of the microbial metabolite trimethylamine (TMA) in AH. In subsequent studies, we ...


Gut Microbial Trimethylamine Is Elevated In Alcohol-Associated Hepatitis And Contributes To Ethanol-Induced Liver Injury In Mice, Robert N. Helsley, Bruce A. Barton, Jonathan Mark Brown 2022 University of Kentucky

Gut Microbial Trimethylamine Is Elevated In Alcohol-Associated Hepatitis And Contributes To Ethanol-Induced Liver Injury In Mice, Robert N. Helsley, Bruce A. Barton, Jonathan Mark Brown

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

There is mounting evidence that microbes residing in the human intestine contribute to diverse alcohol-associated liver diseases (ALD) including the most deadly form known as alcohol-associated hepatitis (AH). However, mechanisms by which gut microbes synergize with excessive alcohol intake to promote liver injury are poorly understood. Furthermore, whether drugs that selectively target gut microbial metabolism can improve ALD has never been tested. We used liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to quantify the levels of microbe and host choline co-metabolites in healthy controls and AH patients, finding elevated levels of the microbial metabolite trimethylamine (TMA) in AH. In subsequent studies, we ...


Increasing Staff Compliance With Routine Hcv Screening And Improving Linkage To Care Among Patients Testing Hepatitis C Positive In The Emergency Department, Carson G. Swartz 2022 University of Kentucky

Increasing Staff Compliance With Routine Hcv Screening And Improving Linkage To Care Among Patients Testing Hepatitis C Positive In The Emergency Department, Carson G. Swartz

DNP Projects

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a blood-borne pathogen that can cause severe liver disease, cancer, and death and is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Several academic medical centers including University of Kentucky Healthcare have implemented routine HCV screening for patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) and have discovered a large viral burden amongst patients who are often symptomatic.

Purpose: The purpose of this doctoral project is to increase staff compliance, confidence, and education regarding the HCV screening process in an urban, Level I emergency department, as well as to evaluate whether an ...


In Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (Hcc) (P), Is Bevacizumab With Atezolizumab (I) More Effective Than Sorafenib (C) In Long-Term Clinical Prognosis (O)?, Joon Lee 2022 Arcadia University

In Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (Hcc) (P), Is Bevacizumab With Atezolizumab (I) More Effective Than Sorafenib (C) In Long-Term Clinical Prognosis (O)?, Joon Lee

Capstone Showcase

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer death globally. China contributes to half of the global incidence of liver cancer, with about 70-85% being HCC. Definitive treatment for this condition would be surgical resection with liver transplant but for obvious reasons, the majority of affected patients are unable to meet the necessary criteria. Sorafenib is a form of chemotherapy that has been the mainstay treatment of HCC since its approval in 2007. More recently, the combination of Bevacizumab and Atezolizumab has shown greater efficacy in the treatment of unresectable HCC. Additionally, this new combination therapy shows favorable ...


Patient And Provider-Level Factors That Underlie Alcohol Use Disorder Treatment Offer And Acceptance In Veterans With Cirrhosis, Nikki Duong 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Patient And Provider-Level Factors That Underlie Alcohol Use Disorder Treatment Offer And Acceptance In Veterans With Cirrhosis, Nikki Duong

Graduate Medical Education (GME) Resident and Fellow Research Day Posters

Background: Untreated alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with poor cirrhosis outcomes. We evaluated factors associated with AUD treatment discussions and initiation in the Veterans Health Administration.

Methods: Chart reviews were conducted for veterans with International Classification of Diseases codes for both cirrhosis and AUD who were receiving care at one of three large medical centers in 2020. Factors associated with a 1-year offer of AUD treatment and its acceptance were assessed using regression models, which included as covariates demographic characteristics, comorbidities, and depression, as measured by the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-2) from the electronic health record.

Results: The cohort ...


Biochemical Testing For The Diagnosis Of Wilson's Disease: A Systematic Review, Hafiz Muhammad Salman, Mahwish Amin, Javaria Syed, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Maria Jose Farfán Bajaña, Miguel Felix, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda 2021 Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Biochemical Testing For The Diagnosis Of Wilson's Disease: A Systematic Review, Hafiz Muhammad Salman, Mahwish Amin, Javaria Syed, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Maria Jose Farfán Bajaña, Miguel Felix, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Wilson's disease (WD) is a rare inherited disorder that leads to copper accumulation in the liver, brain, and other organs. WD is prevalent worldwide, with an occurrence of 1 per 30,000 live births. Currently, there is no gold standard diagnostic test for WD. The objective of this systematic review is to determine the diagnostic accuracy for WD of three biochemical tests, namely hepatic copper, 24-hour urinary copper, and ceruloplasmin using the Leipzig criteria.
Methods: Adhering to PRISMA guidelines, databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus, Web of Science, and Cochrane were searched. Studies that comprised of confirmed or ...


The Evolution Of Device-Assisted Enteroscopy: From Sonde Enteroscopy To Motorized Spiral Enteroscopy, Freddy Nehme, Hermant Goyal, Abhilash Perisetti MD, Ben Tharian, Neil Sharma MD, Tony C. Tham, Rajiv Chhabra 2021 Parkview Health

The Evolution Of Device-Assisted Enteroscopy: From Sonde Enteroscopy To Motorized Spiral Enteroscopy, Freddy Nehme, Hermant Goyal, Abhilash Perisetti Md, Ben Tharian, Neil Sharma Md, Tony C. Tham, Rajiv Chhabra

PCI Publications and Projects

THIS ARTICLE IS PART OF THE RESEARCH TOPIC: Recent Updates in Advanced Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

The introduction of capsule endoscopy in 2001 opened the last “black box” of the gastrointestinal tract enabling complete visualization of the small bowel. Since then, numerous new developments in the field of deep enteroscopy have emerged expanding the diagnostic and therapeutic armamentarium against small bowel diseases. The ability to achieve total enteroscopy and visualize the entire small bowel remains the holy grail in enteroscopy. Our journey in the small bowel started historically with sonde type enteroscopy and ropeway enteroscopy. Currently, double-balloon enteroscopy, single-balloon enteroscopy, and spiral ...


Preventing Bleeding Complications Of Paracentesis Using Point-Of-Care Ultrasound: An N-Of-1 Case Study, Adam Karevoll, Willie Talbert, Christopher J. Smith 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Preventing Bleeding Complications Of Paracentesis Using Point-Of-Care Ultrasound: An N-Of-1 Case Study, Adam Karevoll, Willie Talbert, Christopher J. Smith

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Abdominal paracentesis is a common bedside procedure, and the advent of point-of-care ultrasound has provided an opportunity to reduce the associated risks. Multiple society guidelines now recommend both site and vascular marking to avoid potential complications. This case illustrates the importance of vascular marking specifically to avoid damage to adjacent blood vessels.


Impact Of Compensated Cirrhosis On Survival In Patients With Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure, Kessarin Thanapirom, Tongluk Teerasarntipan, Sombat Treeprasertsuk, Ashok Choudhury, Manoj K. Sahu, Rakhi Maiwall, Viniyendra Pamecha, Richard Moreau, Saeed Hamid, Amna Subhan Butt 2021 University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand

Impact Of Compensated Cirrhosis On Survival In Patients With Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure, Kessarin Thanapirom, Tongluk Teerasarntipan, Sombat Treeprasertsuk, Ashok Choudhury, Manoj K. Sahu, Rakhi Maiwall, Viniyendra Pamecha, Richard Moreau, Saeed Hamid, Amna Subhan Butt

Section of Gastroenterology

Background and aims: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is considered a main prognostic event in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). We analyzed the 28-day and 90-day mortality in ACLF patients with or without underlying cirrhosis enrolled in the ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) database.
Methods: A total of 1,621 patients were prospectively enrolled and 637 (39.3%) of these patients had cirrhosis. Baseline characteristics, complications and mortality were compared between patients with and without cirrhosis.
Results: Alcohol consumption was more common in cirrhosis than non-cirrhosis (66.4% vs. 44.2%, p < 0.0001), while non-alcoholic fatty liver disease/cryptogenic CLD (10.9% vs 5.8%, p < 0.0001) and chronic HBV reactivation (18.8% vs 11.8%, p < 0.0001) were more common in non-cirrhosis. Only 0.8% of patients underwent liver transplantation. Overall, 28-day and 90-day mortality rates were 39.3% and 49.9%, respectively. Patients with cirrhosis had a greater chance of survival compared to those without cirrhosis both at 28-day (HR = 0.48; 95% CI 0.36-0.63, p < 0.0001) and 90-day (HR = 0.56; 95% CI 0.43-0.72, p < 0.0001), respectively. In alcohol CLD, non-cirrhosis patients had a higher 28-day (49.9% vs. 23.6%, p < 0.001) and 90-day (58.4% vs. 35.2%, p < 0.001) mortality rate than cirrhosis patients. ACLF patients with cirrhosis had longer mean survival than non-cirrhosis patients (25.5 vs. 18.8 days at 28-day and 65.2 vs. 41.2 days at 90-day). Exaggerated systemic inflammation might be the reason why non-cirrhosis patients had a poorer prognosis than those with cirrhosis after ACLF had occurred.
Conclusions: The 28-day and 90-day mortality rates of ACLF ...


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