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The Effects Of Tranexamic Acid On Mortality Rate In Trauma Patients Compared To Trauma Patients With No Tranexamic Acid Treatment, Bradley Earl Tolar 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of Tranexamic Acid On Mortality Rate In Trauma Patients Compared To Trauma Patients With No Tranexamic Acid Treatment, Bradley Earl Tolar

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death for many age groups. Traumatic accidents caused over 130,000 deaths in the United States in 2014. This DNP project studied the effects of Tranexamic acid on mortality rate in trauma patients. After the completion of a needs assessment at a local level II trauma center, a literature review was performed. The literature showed a decrease in mortality rate when patients were administered Tranexamic acid within 3 hours of injury with statistically significant statistics. Also, the data from the literature showed no correlation between vascular occlusive events and Tranexamic acid use in ...


Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, MD, Chadwick J. Knight, MD 2016 Marshall University

Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, Md, Chadwick J. Knight, Md

Errington Thompson

Abdominal trauma can be mysterious to some physicians. If patients are evaluated for being stable or unstable, then abdominal trauma can be easily managed. Using a combination of physical examination, ultrasound and CT scans, patients can be quickly and efficiently evaluated.


Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, MD, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, MD 2016 Marshall University: School of Medicine

Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, Md, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, Md

Constantinous Constantinou

Posterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare. They commonly present as a late complication of trauma or iatrogenic injury. Diagnosis can be elusive. Treatment has been described in the context of open primary repair, endovascular stenting, and coil embolization. There has been increasing interest in the use of endovascular treatment options for this type of injury. If left untreated, pseudoaneurysms can rupture, partially thrombose, expand and cause adjacent local compression and compartment syndrome. The following case presented is of a young gentleman with a posterior tibial pseudoaneurysm incidentally discovered after stepping on glass and the management of his posterior tibial ...


Regulation Vs. The Market: The Case Of Bicycle Safety (Part Ii), Ross D. Petty 2016 University of New Hampshire

Regulation Vs. The Market: The Case Of Bicycle Safety (Part Ii), Ross D. Petty

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

In this part, Professor Petty examines bicycle Risk in detail, comparing the accomplishments of the CPSC's bicycle standard with market forces resulting in, e.g., the development and use of hardshell bicycle helmets. Moreover, he briefly discusses the role of tort liability in managing Risk. Ultimately he concludes that, in the case of bicycle safety, regulation has failed to be as effective as other forces tending to reduce bicycle injuries. [Part I appears at 77.]


Regulation Vs. The Market: The Case Of Bicycle Safety (Part I), Ross D. Petty 2016 University of New Hampshire

Regulation Vs. The Market: The Case Of Bicycle Safety (Part I), Ross D. Petty

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

This part of the article describes events leading to the creation of the Consumer Product Safety Commission - and the on-going debate between those who believe safety regulation is necessary and those who believe that market forces can achieve acceptable levels of Risk. The author also sets the stage for a detailed examination of bicycle Risk. In the next issue, he compares the accomplishments of the CPSC's bicycle standard with, e.g., the development and use of hard-shell bicycle helmets. Moreover, he discusses the role of tort liability in managing Risk and ultimately concludes that, in the case of bicycle ...


Blog And Podcast Watch: Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Fareen Zaver, Michael Hansen, C. Leibner, A. Little, M. Lin 2016 George Washington University

Blog And Podcast Watch: Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Fareen Zaver, Michael Hansen, C. Leibner, A. Little, M. Lin

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: By critically appraising open access, educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) using an objective scoring instrument, this installment of the ALiEM (Academic Life in Emergency Medicine) Blog and Podcast Watch series curated and scored relevant posts in the specific areas of pediatric EM.

Methods: The Approved Instructional Resources - Professional (AIR-Pro) series is a continuously building curriculum covering a new subject area every two months. For each area, six EM chief residents identify 3-5 advanced clinical questions. Using FOAMsearch.net to search blogs and podcasts, relevant posts are scored by eight reviewers from the AIR-Pro Board, which is ...


Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, MD, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, MD 2016 Marshall University: School of Medicine

Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, Md, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Posterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare. They commonly present as a late complication of trauma or iatrogenic injury. Diagnosis can be elusive. Treatment has been described in the context of open primary repair, endovascular stenting, and coil embolization. There has been increasing interest in the use of endovascular treatment options for this type of injury. If left untreated, pseudoaneurysms can rupture, partially thrombose, expand and cause adjacent local compression and compartment syndrome. The following case presented is of a young gentleman with a posterior tibial pseudoaneurysm incidentally discovered after stepping on glass and the management of his posterior tibial ...


Predictors Of Post-Injury Mortality In Elderly Patients With Trauma: A Master's Thesis, Charles M. Psoinos 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Post-Injury Mortality In Elderly Patients With Trauma: A Master's Thesis, Charles M. Psoinos

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background: Traumatic injury remains a major cause of mortality in the US. Older Americans experience lower rates of injury and higher rates of death at lower injury severity than their younger counterparts. The objectives of this study were to explore pre-injury factors and injury patterns that are associated with post-discharge mortality among injured elderly surviving index hospitalization.

Methods: We queried a 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (n=2,002,420) for any hospitalization with a primary ICD-9 diagnosis code for injury. Patients admitted without urgent/emergent admission were excluded, as well as patients presenting from inpatient hospitalization or rehabilitation ...


Working With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Voices From The Field, Page Walker Buck, Rebecca G. Laster, Jocelyn Spencer Sagrati, Rachel Shapiro Kirzner 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Working With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Voices From The Field, Page Walker Buck, Rebecca G. Laster, Jocelyn Spencer Sagrati, Rachel Shapiro Kirzner

Page Buck

No abstract provided.


Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer 2016 University of Vermont Medical Center

Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer

Wenjun Li

IMPORTANCE: Massachusetts introduced health care reform (HCR) in 2006, expecting to expand health insurance coverage and improve outcomes. Because traumatic injury is a common acute condition with important health, disability, and economic consequences, examination of the effect of HCR on patients hospitalized following injury may help inform the national HCR debate. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Massachusetts HCR on survival rates of injured patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study of 1,520,599 patients hospitalized following traumatic injury in Massachusetts or New York during the 10 years (2002-2011) surrounding Massachusetts HCR using data from the State Inpatient ...


Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, MD, Chadwick J. Knight, MD 2016 Marshall University

Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, Md, Chadwick J. Knight, Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abdominal trauma can be mysterious to some physicians. If patients are evaluated for being stable or unstable, then abdominal trauma can be easily managed. Using a combination of physical examination, ultrasound and CT scans, patients can be quickly and efficiently evaluated.


Geriatric Psychology, Robert D. Barraco MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Geriatric Psychology, Robert D. Barraco Md

Robert D Barraco MD, MPH

No abstract provided.


School-Based Injury Outcomes In Children From A Low-Income Setting: Results From The Pilot Injury Surveillance In Rawalpindi City, Pakistan, Uzma Khan, Junaid Bhatti, Nukhba Zia, Umar Farooq 2016 Aga Khan University

School-Based Injury Outcomes In Children From A Low-Income Setting: Results From The Pilot Injury Surveillance In Rawalpindi City, Pakistan, Uzma Khan, Junaid Bhatti, Nukhba Zia, Umar Farooq

Uzma R. Khan

Background School-based injuries account for one in five unintentional childhood injuries. Little is known about the epidemiology of school-based injuries in low-income settings. The objective of our study was to compare emergency department (ED) outcomes of the school-based injuries with respect to age, sex, and injury mechanisms in a Pakistani urban setting. Findings A pilot injury surveillance study was conducted at the EDs of three major tertiary-care hospitals of Rawalpindi city from July 2007 to June 2008 and included children of less than 15 years injured at school. The World Health Organization’s questionnaire for injury surveillance was used. There ...


Intentional And Unintentional Poisoning In Pakistan: A Pilot Study Using The Emergency Departments Surveillance Project., Nadeem Ullah Khan, Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Nudrat Shamim, Uzma Khan, Naureen Naseer, Asher Feroze, Junaid Razzak, Adnan Hyder 2016 Aga Khan University

Intentional And Unintentional Poisoning In Pakistan: A Pilot Study Using The Emergency Departments Surveillance Project., Nadeem Ullah Khan, Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Nudrat Shamim, Uzma Khan, Naureen Naseer, Asher Feroze, Junaid Razzak, Adnan Hyder

Uzma R. Khan

Background

Acute poisoning is one of the most common reasons for emergency department visits around the world. In Pakistan, the epidemiological data on poisoning is limited due to an under developed poison information surveillance system. We aim to describe the characteristics associated with intentional and unintentional poisoning in Pakistan presenting to emergency departments.

Methods

The data was extracted from the Pakistan National Emergency Department Surveillance (Pak-NEDS) which was an active surveillance conducted between November 2010 and March 2011. All patients, regardless of age, who presented with poisoning to any of Pakistan's seven major tertiary care centers' emergency departments, were ...


Clothing-Related Motorcycle Injuries In Pakistan: Findings From A Surveillance Study, Uzma R. Khan, Junaid Bhatti, M. Shamim, Nukhba Zia, Junaid Razzak, Rashid Jooma 2016 Aga Khan University

Clothing-Related Motorcycle Injuries In Pakistan: Findings From A Surveillance Study, Uzma R. Khan, Junaid Bhatti, M. Shamim, Nukhba Zia, Junaid Razzak, Rashid Jooma

Uzma R. Khan

This study aims to assess the burden and patterns of clothing-related motorcycle injuries in Karachi, Pakistan. Data were extracted from an ongoing traffic injury surveillance system. In three years (2007-2009), out of 99155 road traffic injury cases there were 986 (0.9%) cases of clothing-related motorcycle injuries. Most cases were females (73.9%) and pillion riders (80.6%). The crashes involving clothing-related injuries were mostly single vehicle (98.5%), and largely resulted in injuries to the external body (60.3%), limbs (51.0%), head (41.5%) and face (35.9%). One-third of injuries were either moderate (26.7%) or severe ...


The Effects Of A Trauma-Informed Care Training Program On Mental Health Professionals Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes With The Smi, Angelina Pelletier 2016 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

The Effects Of A Trauma-Informed Care Training Program On Mental Health Professionals Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes With The Smi, Angelina Pelletier

PCOM Psychology Dissertations

Trauma has been found to be highly prevalent among individuals diagnosed with SMIs. Mental health professionals have been reported to misdiagnose or avoid addressing trauma in this population. There is a need to provide information about trauma and to foster awareness among mental health professionals who are treating individuals diagnosed with SMIs. With a TIC approach, operating from a recovery-oriented philosophy, there have been interventions created to address trauma and SMIs with the aim of developing awareness about trauma and the impact it may have on someone’s life. With these factors in mind, mental health professionals should be competent ...


Google Flu Trends Spatial Variability Validated Against Emergency Department Influenza-Related Visits., Joseph Jeffrey Klembczyk, Mehdi Jalalpour, Scott Levin, Raynard E Washington, Jesse M. Pines, Richard E Rothman, Andrea Freyer Dugas 2016 George Washington University

Google Flu Trends Spatial Variability Validated Against Emergency Department Influenza-Related Visits., Joseph Jeffrey Klembczyk, Mehdi Jalalpour, Scott Levin, Raynard E Washington, Jesse M. Pines, Richard E Rothman, Andrea Freyer Dugas

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a deadly and costly public health problem. Variations in its seasonal patterns cause dangerous surges in emergency department (ED) patient volume. Google Flu Trends (GFT) can provide faster influenza surveillance information than traditional CDC methods, potentially leading to improved public health preparedness. GFT has been found to correlate well with reported influenza and to improve influenza prediction models. However, previous validation studies have focused on isolated clinical locations.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to measure GFT surveillance effectiveness by correlating GFT with influenza-related ED visits in 19 US cities across seven influenza seasons, and to ...


Vitamin D Clinical Relevance In The Recovery From Traumatic Brain Injury Among The Military Population, Yuisa M. Colón 2016 University of Central Florida

Vitamin D Clinical Relevance In The Recovery From Traumatic Brain Injury Among The Military Population, Yuisa M. Colón

Honors in the Major Theses

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) still remains a difficult disorder to treat. TBI has been associated to chronic neuroinflammation and a high risk for neurodegenerative disorders. Since 2001 between ten to twenty percent of all deployed military members have suffered a combat-related TBI. Nearly twenty to thirty percent of those will experience chronic cognitive, behavioral and somatic symptoms after suffering a TBI.
Methods
: The objective of this review is to evaluate current literature examining vitamin D as a neurosteroid with protective properties and its clinical relevance after traumatic brain injury. Vitamin D is known to participate in neurobiological processes and ...


Flight Nurses’ Narratives Of Traumatic Patient Care Events: Why Do They Stay?, Joanne Booth Newton 2016 Lynchburg College

Flight Nurses’ Narratives Of Traumatic Patient Care Events: Why Do They Stay?, Joanne Booth Newton

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

As frontline providers of care, flight nurses are continuously exposed to traumatic patient care events; they are, accordingly, highly vulnerable to the injurious effects of compassion fatigue. Flight nursing is an exclusive nursing specialty in which highly trained registered nurses provide comprehensive pre-hospital, emergency, and critical care to patients with urgent or life-threatening conditions aboard helicopter or fixed wing aircraft or, when necessary due to unfavorable weather conditions, by ground ambulance. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of five flight nurses; to better understand the factors they perceived to be contributors or barriers to compassion ...


Anuria Secondary To Bilateral Obstructing Ureteral Stones In The Absence Of Renal Colic., Carolyn A Salter, Christopher Lang, Hernan O Altamar 2016 George Washington University

Anuria Secondary To Bilateral Obstructing Ureteral Stones In The Absence Of Renal Colic., Carolyn A Salter, Christopher Lang, Hernan O Altamar

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Obstructing ureteral stones are a rare cause of anuria, which is typically from prerenal or renal etiologies. Classically, obstructive stones cause moderate to severe renal colic. Urolithiasis is rarely considered during evaluation of painless anuria.

CASE PRESENTATION: We present an unusual case of a 73-year-old Caucasian female who presented with anuria and was found to have large bilateral obstructing ureteral stones in the absence of renal colic.

CONCLUSION: Given that patients with obstructive anuria can be asymptomatic, urolithiasis should be considered in all patients presenting with anuria.


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