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301 full-text articles. Page 1 of 14.

University Crime Alerts: Do They Contribute To Institutional Betrayal And Rape Myths?, Alexis A. Adams-Clark, Carly P. Smith, Prachi H. Bhuptani, Jennifer J. Freyd 2020 University of Oregon

University Crime Alerts: Do They Contribute To Institutional Betrayal And Rape Myths?, Alexis A. Adams-Clark, Carly P. Smith, Prachi H. Bhuptani, Jennifer J. Freyd

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Universities are mandated by the Clery Act (20 USC § 1092(f)) to publicize the occurrence of certain campus crimes. Many universities rely on “Crime Alert” emails to quickly and effectively communicate when a crime has occurred. However, communications of sexual crimes are often narrow (e.g., limited to stranger-perpetrated crimes) and misleading (e.g., containing safety tips that are not applicable to most types of sexual violence). The current paper presents the results of two studies that test the effects of reading crime alert emails on subsequent endorsement of rape myths and institutional betrayal. In Study 1, participants read a ...


Clinical Work With Adult Male Incest Survivors: Therapeutic Themes And Perspectives, Kathryn B. Rosenberg 2020 The University of San Francisco

Clinical Work With Adult Male Incest Survivors: Therapeutic Themes And Perspectives, Kathryn B. Rosenberg

Doctoral Dissertations

For psychotherapists, encountering clients who have experienced sexual trauma or abuse is inevitable, whether or not the abuse is disclosed to the therapist; however, mental health professionals receive extremely limited (if any) training on how to identify or effectively support adult clients who are survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Many people who experienced CSA, especially those who identify as male, remain isolated and invisible in their suffering as adults even within therapeutic spaces, facing what feel like insurmountable barriers – both internal and external – to getting help. When sexual abuse is intrafamilial, these barriers are both amplified and multiplied; and ...


Hyperkalemia Secondary To Prophylactic Heparin Use In A Trauma Patient: Case Report, Marco Custodio, Errington C. Thompson 2020 Cabell Huntington Hospital

Hyperkalemia Secondary To Prophylactic Heparin Use In A Trauma Patient: Case Report, Marco Custodio, Errington C. Thompson

Marshall Journal of Medicine

This case report describes a complex trauma patient who develops hyperkalemia secondary to heparin. Heparin is a commonly used drug in trauma patients. Physicians need to be aware of this potentially harmful adverse reaction in these high-risk patients.


Outcome Of Cranial Firearm Injuries In Civilian Population Based On A Novel Classification System, Farrukh Javeed, Asad Abbas, Lal Rehman, Syed Raza Khairat Rizvi, Ali Afzal, Hafiza Fatima Aziz 2020 Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

Outcome Of Cranial Firearm Injuries In Civilian Population Based On A Novel Classification System, Farrukh Javeed, Asad Abbas, Lal Rehman, Syed Raza Khairat Rizvi, Ali Afzal, Hafiza Fatima Aziz

Section of Neurosurgery

Background: Cranial firearm injuries (CFAIs) are expected to be frequent during warfare; however, it is becoming increasingly common among civilian population in our part of the world. These injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in addition to financial loss. The objective of our study is to evaluate the pattern of gunshot injuries to cranium and their outcome.
Methods: The study was conducted on 114 patients presenting with CFAIs to Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan, between June 2015 and January 2019. Patients were evaluated with respect to age, gender, pattern of injury, Glasgow coma scale on arrival, radiological ...


Long-Term Patient-Reported Outcome Measures After Injury: National Trauma Research Action Plan (Ntrap) Scoping Review Protocol, Juan Pablo Herrera-Escobar, Manuel A. Castillo-Angeles, Samia Y. Osman, Claudia P. Orlas, Mahin B. Janjua, Muhammad Abdullah Arain, Emma Reidy, Molly P. Jarman, Michelle A. Price, Adil H. Haider 2020 Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Long-Term Patient-Reported Outcome Measures After Injury: National Trauma Research Action Plan (Ntrap) Scoping Review Protocol, Juan Pablo Herrera-Escobar, Manuel A. Castillo-Angeles, Samia Y. Osman, Claudia P. Orlas, Mahin B. Janjua, Muhammad Abdullah Arain, Emma Reidy, Molly P. Jarman, Michelle A. Price, Adil H. Haider

Medical College Documents

Background: A significant proportion of patients who survive traumatic injury continue to suffer impaired functional status and increased mortality long after discharge. However, despite the need to improve long-term outcomes, trauma registries in the USA do not collect data on outcomes or care processes after discharge. One of the main barriers is the lack of consensus regarding the optimal outcome metrics.
Objectives: To describe the methodology of a scoping review evaluating current evidence on the available measures for tracking functional and patient-reported outcomes after injury. The aim of the review was to identify and summarize measures that are being used ...


Estimation Of The Burden Of Out-Of-Hospital Traumatic Cardiac Arrest In Karachi, Pakistan, Using A Cross-Sectional Capture-Recapture Analysis, Minaz Mawani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zainab Samad, Junaid Abdul Razzak 2020 University of Georgia College of Public Health, Athens, GA, USA.

Estimation Of The Burden Of Out-Of-Hospital Traumatic Cardiac Arrest In Karachi, Pakistan, Using A Cross-Sectional Capture-Recapture Analysis, Minaz Mawani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zainab Samad, Junaid Abdul Razzak

Community Health Sciences

Background: The burden of trauma-related-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in developing countries like Pakistan remains largely unexplored due to a lack of organized pre-hospital systems. In order to estimate the burden, we used a two-sample capture-recapture method which has been used in several domains to estimate difficult-to-count populations.
Methods: We obtained 3-month data from two sources: Records of two major EMS (emergency medical services) systems and five major hospitals providing coverage to the city's population. All adults with traumatic OHCA were included. Information on variables such as name, age, gender, date and time of arrest, cause of arrest, and destination ...


Scald Injury-Induced T Cell Dysfunction Can Be Mitigated By Gr1+ Cell Depletion And Blockage Of Cd47/Cd172a Signaling, Nadine Beckmann, Franziska Huber, Marc Hanschen, Barbara St. Pierre Schneider, Vanessa Nomelli, Charles C. Caldwell 2020 University of Cincinnati

Scald Injury-Induced T Cell Dysfunction Can Be Mitigated By Gr1+ Cell Depletion And Blockage Of Cd47/Cd172a Signaling, Nadine Beckmann, Franziska Huber, Marc Hanschen, Barbara St. Pierre Schneider, Vanessa Nomelli, Charles C. Caldwell

Nursing Faculty Publications

Infection is a common and severe complication of burn injury: Sepsis accounts for 47% of postburn mortality. Burn-induced T cell suppression likely contributes to the increased infection susceptibility in burn patients. However, little is known about the kinetics of T cell dysfunction after burn and its underlying mechanisms. In this study, we show in a murine scald injury model that T cell activation of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells as well as T cell cytokine production is suppressed acutely and persistently for at least 11 days after burn injury. Purified T cells from scald-injured mice exhibit normal T cell ...


Promoting Resilience In Self-Management (Prism): Adverse Childhood Experiences And Impacts On Emotion Regulation, Kasey Ann Macedo 2020 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Promoting Resilience In Self-Management (Prism): Adverse Childhood Experiences And Impacts On Emotion Regulation, Kasey Ann Macedo

Honors Scholar Theses

PRISM (Promoting Resilience in Self-Management) is a mindfulness-based intervention that aims to strengthen emotion regulation skills among individuals by employing cognitive behavioral therapy components. The purpose of the current study is to identify the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and depression, as well as to examine the changes in emotion regulation strategies of participants by comparing pre and post test data. The participants were voluntarily recruited from the Cornerstone Foundation, a homeless shelter, food pantry, and community center in Vernon, CT. The 13 participants completed PRISM through four weeks of two-hour workshop sessions in a small-group format. Results indicate ...


Letter To The Editor: Pediatric Injuries In Kids Cafés And Risk Factors For Significant Injuries: A 6-Year Cross-Sectional Study Using A Multicenter Injury Registry In Korea, Akbar Shoukat Ali, Raheel Allana, Rahim Jandani 2020 Aga Khan University

Letter To The Editor: Pediatric Injuries In Kids Cafés And Risk Factors For Significant Injuries: A 6-Year Cross-Sectional Study Using A Multicenter Injury Registry In Korea, Akbar Shoukat Ali, Raheel Allana, Rahim Jandani

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Delivering Trauma And Rehabilitation Interventions To Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Systematic Review, Reena P. Jain, Sarah Meteke, Michelle F. Gaffey, Mahdis Kamali, Mariella Munyuzangabo, Daina Als, Shailja Shah, Fahad J. Siddiqui, Amruta Radhakrishnan, Anushka Ataullahjan, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2020 Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Delivering Trauma And Rehabilitation Interventions To Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Systematic Review, Reena P. Jain, Sarah Meteke, Michelle F. Gaffey, Mahdis Kamali, Mariella Munyuzangabo, Daina Als, Shailja Shah, Fahad J. Siddiqui, Amruta Radhakrishnan, Anushka Ataullahjan, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Background: In recent years, more than 120 million people each year have needed urgent humanitarian assistance and protection. Armed conflict has profoundly negative consequences in communities. Destruction of civilian infrastructure impacts access to basic health services and complicates widespread emergency responses. The number of conflicts occurring is increasing, lasting longer and affecting more people today than a decade ago. The number of children living in conflict zones has been steadily increasing since the year 2000, increasing the need for health services and resources. This review systematically synthesised the indexed and grey literature reporting on the delivery of trauma and rehabilitation ...


Understanding Etiologies Of Road Traffic Crashes, Injuries, And Death For Patients At National Hospital Abuja: A Qualitative Content Analysis Using Haddon’S Matrix, Benjamin D. Holmes, Kristin Haglund, Emmanuel A. Ameh, Oluwole O. Olaomi, Uthman Uthman, Laura D. Cassidy 2020 Medical College of Wisconsin

Understanding Etiologies Of Road Traffic Crashes, Injuries, And Death For Patients At National Hospital Abuja: A Qualitative Content Analysis Using Haddon’S Matrix, Benjamin D. Holmes, Kristin Haglund, Emmanuel A. Ameh, Oluwole O. Olaomi, Uthman Uthman, Laura D. Cassidy

The Qualitative Report

Road traffic crashes and sequelae are reaching pandemic proportions globally and have currently achieved disproportionately high levels in Nigeria. Quantitative studies are accumulating in the peer-reviewed literature, but there is a paucity of qualitative research in Nigeria. Data for this study of structural and behavioral factors of road traffic crashes and injuries in Federal Capital Territory were collected in semi-structured interviews with crash survivors at National Hospital Abuja. Interviews were analyzed via qualitative content analysis, revealing crash location and participant beliefs about crash etiologies. Units of analysis were developed from participant statements and were structured within four a priori etiologic ...


Bullet Hole Sinus Tarsi: Functional And Radiographic Outcomes Following A Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wound To The Talus With Vascular Injury, Eric P. Krznaric DPM, John R. Greaves DPM, Jason C. Spector DPM, Alan A. MacGill DPM, Christopher Ochner 2020 HCA Healthcare

Bullet Hole Sinus Tarsi: Functional And Radiographic Outcomes Following A Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wound To The Talus With Vascular Injury, Eric P. Krznaric Dpm, John R. Greaves Dpm, Jason C. Spector Dpm, Alan A. Macgill Dpm, Christopher Ochner

Podiatry

No abstract provided.


Picture Perfect - Pediatric Ct Utilization In Trauma, Laura Strickland, Christa Zino MD 2020 HCA Healthcare

Picture Perfect - Pediatric Ct Utilization In Trauma, Laura Strickland, Christa Zino Md

Pediatrics

See attached document.


Early Comfort Care Following Operative Intervention For Traumatic Injury, Melissa Hoffman, Michaal Schurr, Rachel Morris, Terrie Smith, Sheri Denslow 2020 HCA Healthcare

Early Comfort Care Following Operative Intervention For Traumatic Injury, Melissa Hoffman, Michaal Schurr, Rachel Morris, Terrie Smith, Sheri Denslow

General Surgery

See additional files.


A Handoff Protocol For Pediatric Trauma Patients At A Rural Level One Trauma Center Reduces Length Of Stay, Evelyn Coile MD, Kathryn Bailey, Eric J. Clayton MS, MPH, Tatiana Eversley-Kelso, Heather MacNew MD 2020 HCA Healthcare

A Handoff Protocol For Pediatric Trauma Patients At A Rural Level One Trauma Center Reduces Length Of Stay, Evelyn Coile Md, Kathryn Bailey, Eric J. Clayton Ms, Mph, Tatiana Eversley-Kelso, Heather Macnew Md

General Surgery

No abstract provided.


Seek And You Shall Find: Is Routine Duplex Ultrasound Screening For Deep Vein Thrombosis In Trauma Warranted?, Ashley Thompson MD, Krista Miller MD, Tatiana R. Eversley-Kelso MPH, Eric Shaw PhD, James Dunne MD, Heather MacNew MD, FACS 2020 HCA Healthcare

Seek And You Shall Find: Is Routine Duplex Ultrasound Screening For Deep Vein Thrombosis In Trauma Warranted?, Ashley Thompson Md, Krista Miller Md, Tatiana R. Eversley-Kelso Mph, Eric Shaw Phd, James Dunne Md, Heather Macnew Md, Facs

General Surgery

See additional files


Modern Ventilator Management In Surgical/Trauma Patients, Errington C. Thompson MD, FACS, FCCM 2020 Marshall University

Modern Ventilator Management In Surgical/Trauma Patients, Errington C. Thompson Md, Facs, Fccm

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Physicians have a lot to consider when they place a patient on the ventilator. This article reviews the literature and provides the physician with a clear guide to managing the ventilator in the ICU. This manuscript is meant to be a practical guide to managing the ventilator at the patient's bedside.


A Case Of Blunt Trauma-Induced St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Sustained During A Prison Brawl., Zachary T Clark, Natalie Thiel, John Perry, Michael R Minckler 2020 Providence St. Mary Medical Center, Walla Walla, USA

A Case Of Blunt Trauma-Induced St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Sustained During A Prison Brawl., Zachary T Clark, Natalie Thiel, John Perry, Michael R Minckler

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Myocardial infarction (MI) is a serious and time-sensitive condition. MIs are typically seen in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and are caused by the rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque due to factors contributing to plaque instability. However, this case illustrates that plaque rupture can also be caused by blunt trauma to the chest. Considering MI as a possible result of chest trauma may decrease time from presentation to diagnosis and treatment and, therefore, improve outcomes in similar cases, particularly when patients presents unusually or with very few risk factors for MI.


Beading Practice Among The Samburu And Its Impact On Girls Sexual And Reproductive Health: A Critical Overview Of The Literature, Kelly McLay 2020 Sheridan College

Beading Practice Among The Samburu And Its Impact On Girls Sexual And Reproductive Health: A Critical Overview Of The Literature, Kelly Mclay

Publications and Scholarship

Gender inequalities stemming from deeply rooted cultural practices negatively affect the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) of East-African women and girls, particularly in the extremely patriarchal Kenyan pastoralist community of Samburu. This report describes secondary research and existing literature review with a focus on the cultural practice known as beading. The practice of beading in the Samburu community remains one of the worst silent contemporary forms of sexual exploitation. It can be briefly described as a community-sanctioned, non-marital sexual relationship between men in the warrior age group, and prepubescent girls who are not yet eligible to be married. This research ...


A Needs Assessment For The Utilization Of Child Life Specialist Bereavement Support Services In An Emergency Veterinary Hospital Setting, Jared R. Negin-Fryers 2020 Missouri State University

A Needs Assessment For The Utilization Of Child Life Specialist Bereavement Support Services In An Emergency Veterinary Hospital Setting, Jared R. Negin-Fryers

MSU Graduate Theses

Studies indicate that there is an affective attachment bond, and related emotional involvement that exists between the companion animal and their human owners. Patient companion-animal death within the veterinary hospital, is a daily occurrence, with death rates per patient being significantly higher than in human health care. This comparatively higher death rate is due to the commonplace utilization of professionally sanctioned euthanasia to relieve animal pain and suffering. Companion animal death, may elicit grief reactions that are identical to what is experienced upon the death of a family member. A void currently exists in family centered veterinary care in terms ...


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