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The Long-Term Economic Implications Of Burn Injury For Burn Survivors, Jacob M. Dougherty BS, Hannan A. Maqsood MBBS, Zhaohui Fan MD MPH, Stewart C. Wang MD PhD, Mark R. Hemmila MD, Naveen F. Sangji MD MPH 2024 Wayne State University

The Long-Term Economic Implications Of Burn Injury For Burn Survivors, Jacob M. Dougherty Bs, Hannan A. Maqsood Mbbs, Zhaohui Fan Md Mph, Stewart C. Wang Md Phd, Mark R. Hemmila Md, Naveen F. Sangji Md Mph

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: The long-term economic implications of burn injury on patients and payors has not been well described. Burn injury can be costly due to prolonged intensive care, wound care, rehabilitation, psychological care, and reconstructive surgery that may be required well after the initial injury. We investigated index and post-acute payor and out-of-pocket (OOP) costs related to burn injury for in-patient care at 30 days, and up to 36 months post-discharge to understand the long-term economic implications for burn survivors.

Methods: An observational cohort study was conducted using a commercial claims database from IBM Watson Health® Marketscan. Patients age ≤ …


Whole Blood In Trauma, Jason P. Prevelige 2024 University of the Pacific

Whole Blood In Trauma, Jason P. Prevelige

Pacific Journal of Health

Abstract: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of death in trauma patients. Whole blood administration in trauma has gained a renewed interest in recent years, however the concept is not new at all, with its origins spanning over 100 years. Field experience in United States’ military conflicts has provided important data on the efficacy of whole blood in reducing mortality and amount of blood product administration. Civilian trials however have not necessarily shown similar results. The safety of whole blood however does not seem to be in question given the available data, and is an acceptable option for blood replacement in …


The Challenges Of Implementing And Documenting Ottawa Ankle Rules In The Pediatric Emergency Department: A Retrospective Study, Emmalee M. Kugler, Michael Gillman, Olivia Toner 2024 Cooper Medical School Rowan University

The Challenges Of Implementing And Documenting Ottawa Ankle Rules In The Pediatric Emergency Department: A Retrospective Study, Emmalee M. Kugler, Michael Gillman, Olivia Toner

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

INTRODUCTION
Acute ankle sprains account for nearly 2% of visits to the pediatric emergency department (PED). The Ottawa Ankle Rules (OAR) were developed as a safe and effective clinical decision-making tool for detecting the need for radiographs in adults with acute ankle pain. OAR state radiographs are required with at least one of the following:

1. Inability to bear weight immediately following the injury and for four steps in the ED 2. Bony tenderness at the posterior edge of the lateral or medial malleolus

OBJECTIVE
Few prospective cohort studies have attempted to assess OAR pediatric populations. This study investigates the …


Konsep Diagnosis Dan Penatalaksanaan Fraktur Osteoporosis Terkini, I Gusti Ngurah Wien Aryana, Febyan Febyan 2023 Udayana University

Konsep Diagnosis Dan Penatalaksanaan Fraktur Osteoporosis Terkini, I Gusti Ngurah Wien Aryana, Febyan Febyan

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease that is caused by a decreased amount of bone mass, and microarchitectural damage to bone tissue that affects the bone to break easily. Osteoporosis can be divided into primary and secondary etiologies. Vertebral, hip, distal radius, and proximal humerus are the most common predilection of fracture complication due to osteoporosis. The diagnosis of osteoporotic fractures is established based on the identification of risk factors, general clinical manifestations, specific manifestation from each fracture predilection, and advanced examinations, including radiology imaging and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The purpose of osteoporotic fractures management in elderly is a stable …


Volar V-Y Advancement Flaps In Reconstructing Fingertip Injuries, Sawsan Abiad 2023 Beirut Arab University

Volar V-Y Advancement Flaps In Reconstructing Fingertip Injuries, Sawsan Abiad

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Fingertip injuries with exposed bones and joints require immediate or early closure for the preservation of function and avoidance of complications. The ideal procedure should maintain the length of the finger and cover the defect with non-tender, well-padded skin with normal sensation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the different types of volar V-Y advancement flaps in reconstructing and resurfacing injuries of the fingertips at different levels and angles. Thirty patients (N=30) sustaining fingertip injuries of variable etiology and lost components, type III & IV according to Allen’s classification were divided into two groups (n=15) …


Review Of: Better Safe Than Sorry: Real-Life Stories, Tips, And More–A Guide To Everyday Safety—Mike Atnip, Nathan Shrock 2023 Midwest Mennonite Fellowship / East Holmes Fire & EMS

Review Of: Better Safe Than Sorry: Real-Life Stories, Tips, And More–A Guide To Everyday Safety—Mike Atnip, Nathan Shrock

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

This book was written from an Anabaptist perspective geared towards a younger Christian Anabaptist and seems directed at an Amish audience. The book has six different sections relating to various parts of home and farm life. The goal of this book is to encourage the Anabaptist community to use more thought in what risks they take. The sections are as follows: Home and Community, Fire Safety, Farm and Logging Safety, Shop and Construction Safety, Gun/Hunting Safety, and Road Safety. I will be addressing each section individually and giving a summary of my thoughts at the end. Atnip does not specify …


Implementation Of Multipronged Approach In Patients With Chest Trauma Reduces Vap And Unplanned Admission To The Icu, Julie Donnelly, MSN, RN, TRCN, Kristen Firely, MSN, RN, Nicole Olszewski, BSN, RN, Jessica Byrne, MSN, RN-BC, Tiffani Stanley, CSTR, Joshua A. Marks, MD, FACS, FCCM, George Koenig 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Implementation Of Multipronged Approach In Patients With Chest Trauma Reduces Vap And Unplanned Admission To The Icu, Julie Donnelly, Msn, Rn, Trcn, Kristen Firely, Msn, Rn, Nicole Olszewski, Bsn, Rn, Jessica Byrne, Msn, Rn-Bc, Tiffani Stanley, Cstr, Joshua A. Marks, Md, Facs, Fccm, George Koenig

Department of Surgery Posters

Problem

The incidence of pulmonary complications in trauma patients with chest trauma has been reported to be as high as 49% (Ruibel L, 2022). However, all trauma patients are at risk for developing pulmonary complications due to a multitude of factors some pre-existing while others injury related sequela. Within our institution, we observed an increase in pulmonary complications through review of our TQIP (Spring 2020) and state registry data.


Massive Transfusion And Shock Index, Kasey House 2023 University of Texas at Tyler

Massive Transfusion And Shock Index, Kasey House

MSN Capstone Projects

Hemorrhagic shock is one of the leading causes of preventable death in military trauma patients. Literature shows that pre-hospital transfusions of blood products within the combat environment have shown to have a greater likelihood of survival. This has produced a challenge in the pre-hospital setting to have a standardized method of predicting the patient’s need for a massive transfusion. In the last few years, the development of a Massive Transfusion Protocol (MTP) has become the standard to quickly deliver blood products to actively bleeding patients. Every minute waiting to administer blood products increases mortality by 5%.

While initiating an MTP …


Prevalence Of Lifestyle Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Estimated Framingham 10-Year Risk Scores Of Adults With Psychotic Disorders Compared To Controls At A Referral Hospital In Eldoret, Kenya, Edith Kwobah, Nastassja Koen, Ann Mwangi, Lukoye Atwoli, Dan Stein 2023 Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Kenya

Prevalence Of Lifestyle Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Estimated Framingham 10-Year Risk Scores Of Adults With Psychotic Disorders Compared To Controls At A Referral Hospital In Eldoret, Kenya, Edith Kwobah, Nastassja Koen, Ann Mwangi, Lukoye Atwoli, Dan Stein

Brain and Mind Institute

Introduction: Lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol use, suboptimal diet, and inadequate physical activity have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. There are limited data on these risk factors among patients with psychosis in low- and middle-income countries.

Objectives: This study aimed to establish the prevalence of lifestyle cardiovascular risk factors, and the 10-year cardiovascular risk scores and associated factors in patients with psychosis compared to controls at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in Eldoret, Kenya.

Methods: A sample of 297 patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar mood disorder; and 300 controls matched for age and sex …


The Relationship Between Parental Trauma History And Perceptions Regarding Their Child’S Healthcare And Utilization Of Healthcare Services, Krishna Patel 2023 Florida Institute of Technology

The Relationship Between Parental Trauma History And Perceptions Regarding Their Child’S Healthcare And Utilization Of Healthcare Services, Krishna Patel

Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

TITLE: The Relationship Between Parental Trauma History and Perceptions Regarding Their Child’s Healthcare and Utilization of Healthcare Services

Adverse child events (ACEs) have been associated with a number of physical and mental health problems and have also been linked to increased health care utilization. While parents who have an ACE history may tend to seek healthcare services for themselves, limited studies have examined the impact of their trauma history on seeking healthcare services for their child. Healthcare utilization may also depend on the parents’ level of health anxiety, as well as their anxiety about their child’s health status. This …


Penyembuhan Luka: Aspek Seluler Dan Biomolekuler, Yefta Moenadjat 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Penyembuhan Luka: Aspek Seluler Dan Biomolekuler, Yefta Moenadjat

Department of Surgery Teaching Materials and Monographs

Mengulas aspek seluler dan molekuler penyembuhan luka di setiap fase, dimulai dari hemostasis, inflamasi dan resolusi inflamasi, proliferasi, dan maturasi. Pada bagian terakhir dulas pula gangguan proses penyembuhan luka (luka kronik, non–healing wound) yang kerap dijumpai di klinik.


Trauma Center Designation Effects On Clinical Outcomes In Pediatric Dog Bites: A Retrospective Study, Jessy Feng, Sabrina Orta, Alejandro Aquino, Lori Berry, Demba Fofana, Paul Berry 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Trauma Center Designation Effects On Clinical Outcomes In Pediatric Dog Bites: A Retrospective Study, Jessy Feng, Sabrina Orta, Alejandro Aquino, Lori Berry, Demba Fofana, Paul Berry

Research Colloquium

Introduction: Clinical outcomes associated with the American College of Surgeons (ACS) trauma center designation have been examined for many conditions. However, we sought to analyze the association between ACS pediatric trauma center designation and outcomes following pediatric dog bite trauma cases, which has rarely been studied.

Methods: The National Trauma Data Bank was queried to identify pediatric (0-19y) dog bite trauma patients admitted to ACS pediatric level I or II trauma centers from 2007-2016. Chi-Squared and Odds Ratio statistical analyses were used to compare the outcomes.

Results: We identified 6,196 pediatric dog bite trauma patients treated at ACS level …


The “Cushion Effect” Revisited:, George A. Flores, Annelyn Torres-Reveron, Raul Barreda 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The “Cushion Effect” Revisited:, George A. Flores, Annelyn Torres-Reveron, Raul Barreda

Research Symposium

Background: It is known the pattern and severity of injuries sustained during a motor vehicle accident depend on many variables. An interesting avenue for research is obesity as a positive or negative modifier for injury distribution patterns in MVA. We hypothesize that body mass index (BMI) will influence MVC related injury patterns.

Methods: We queried STRAC data for DHR - Edinburg for the years 2014 to 2018 using CPT codes for MVC/MVA, IS > 8, age 15 - 64. Interactions between injury location, BMI, seatbelt and gender were analyzed.

Results: We had 191 detailed crashes, we found increasing age to be …


Diaphragmatic Rupture Due To Closed Thoracobdominal Trauma: A Case Report, Juan Rosales Martínez, Manlio F. Lara Duck, Antonio Gutiérrez Sierra, Netzahualcoyotl Mayek Pérez 2023 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social

Diaphragmatic Rupture Due To Closed Thoracobdominal Trauma: A Case Report, Juan Rosales Martínez, Manlio F. Lara Duck, Antonio Gutiérrez Sierra, Netzahualcoyotl Mayek Pérez

Research Symposium

Background. Diaphragmatic injuries (DI) represent less than 1% of traumatic injuries; they are a marker of severe trauma due to associated injuries, although they often go undiagnosed as they remain hidden. If undetected, delayed herniation and strangulation of the abdominal organs into the chest cavity will result as the defect in the diaphragm is not repaired. DI occurs from penetrating or blunt trauma. The former occurs in approximately 67% of cases; direct injury to the diaphragm caused by automobile accidents has been reported. The remaining third is due to falls and crush injuries. Blunt trauma causes larger tears, even bilateral. …


Neighborhood Disadvantage And Neural Correlates Of Threat And Reward Processing In Survivors Of Recent Trauma, E. Kate Webb, Timothy D. Ely, Grace E. Rowland, Lauren A.M. Lebois, Sanne J.H. van Rooij, Steven E. Bruce, Tanja Jovanovic, Stacey L. House, Francesca L. Beaudoin, Xinming An, Thomas C. Neylan, Gari D. Clifford, Sarah D. Linnstaedt, Laura T. Germine, Kenneth A. Bollen, Scott L. Rauch, John P. Haran, Alan B. Storrow, Christopher Lewandowski, Paul I. Musey, Phyllis L. Hendry, Sophia Sheikh, Christopher W. Jones, Brittany E. Punches, Robert A. Swor, Jose L. Pascual, Mark J. Seamon, Elizabeth M. Datner, Claire Pearson, David A. Peak, Roland C. Merchant, Robert M. Domeier, Niels K. Rathlev, Paulina Sergot, Leon D. Sanchez, Ronald C. Kessler, Karestan C. Koenen, Samuel A. McLean, Jennifer S. Stevens, Kerry J. Ressler, Nathaniel G. Harnett 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Neighborhood Disadvantage And Neural Correlates Of Threat And Reward Processing In Survivors Of Recent Trauma, E. Kate Webb, Timothy D. Ely, Grace E. Rowland, Lauren A.M. Lebois, Sanne J.H. Van Rooij, Steven E. Bruce, Tanja Jovanovic, Stacey L. House, Francesca L. Beaudoin, Xinming An, Thomas C. Neylan, Gari D. Clifford, Sarah D. Linnstaedt, Laura T. Germine, Kenneth A. Bollen, Scott L. Rauch, John P. Haran, Alan B. Storrow, Christopher Lewandowski, Paul I. Musey, Phyllis L. Hendry, Sophia Sheikh, Christopher W. Jones, Brittany E. Punches, Robert A. Swor, Jose L. Pascual, Mark J. Seamon, Elizabeth M. Datner, Claire Pearson, David A. Peak, Roland C. Merchant, Robert M. Domeier, Niels K. Rathlev, Paulina Sergot, Leon D. Sanchez, Ronald C. Kessler, Karestan C. Koenen, Samuel A. Mclean, Jennifer S. Stevens, Kerry J. Ressler, Nathaniel G. Harnett

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: Differences in neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics are important considerations in understanding differences in risk vs resilience in mental health. Neighborhood disadvantage is associated with alterations in the function and structure of threat neurocircuitry.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of neighborhood disadvantage with white and gray matter and neural reactivity to positive and negative stimuli in the context of trauma exposure.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this cross-sectional study, survivors of trauma who completed sociodemographic and posttraumatic symptom assessments and neuroimaging were recruited as part of the Advancing Understanding of Recovery After Trauma (AURORA) study between September 2017 and June 2021. Data …


About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski 2023 Western University

About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study explored how healthcare providers engage in advance care planning and end-of-life care conversations. The research explored what shapes their understanding and the extent to which concepts from thanatology they intuitively bring in, explicitly bring in, and maybe fail to recognize. To achieve this, constructivist grounded theory (CGT) methodology guided the design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation of the findings, which allowed for iteration across interviews and analysis with existing theories and data in the literature. The CGT design encouraged further engagement with the literature in an ongoing iterative fashion as well as with the analysis of the data. …


Poverty And Commercial Surrogacy In India: An Intersectional Analytical Approach, Sheela Suryanarayanan 2023 University of Hyderabad, India

Poverty And Commercial Surrogacy In India: An Intersectional Analytical Approach, Sheela Suryanarayanan

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

The destination and source countries for commercial surrogacy match world patterns of inequality. India, Nepal, Thailand, Mexico, and Cambodia banned commercial surrogacy, moving the market to other less-developed countries in South Africa and South America. India had a commercial surrogacy boom until exploitative factors led to the passage of the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill in 2019, which banned the practice. This paper examines surrogacy's monetary, health, and emotional effects on 45 surrogate mothers in Gujarat State, India. The study revealed that a majority (63%) of the very poor women remained very poor post-surgery. Surrogate mothers in poor households had to do …


How Did That Get There? A Case Series Of Adolescent Foreign Bodies, Justin Ian Hanson, Paul Bomar, Sarah Kleist, Denver Rogalla, Lori Crihfield, Scott Gutovitz 2023 Grand Strand Medical Center

How Did That Get There? A Case Series Of Adolescent Foreign Bodies, Justin Ian Hanson, Paul Bomar, Sarah Kleist, Denver Rogalla, Lori Crihfield, Scott Gutovitz

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Pediatric foreign bodies (FBs) come in many shapes and sizes, and the method by which they enter the body can greatly impact the level of acuity at presentation. Most FBs in children are found in those younger than 5 years old, but the following 3 cases were found in adolescent patients.

Case Presentation

We report on 3 adolescent patients who presented to a single community-based emergency department with the chief complaint of abdominal pain and were found to have complications of abdominal FBs. If undiagnosed, the initial indolent courses of FBs can lead to serious complications, as shown in …


Machine Learning-Based Classification Of Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury Using Hybrid Diffusion Imaging, Jennifer Muller, Ruixuan Wang, Devon Middleton, Mahdi Alizadeh, KiChang Kang, Ryan Hryczyk, George Zabrecky, Chloe Hriso, Emily Navarreto, Nancy Wintering, Anthony J. Bazzan, Chengyuan Wu, Daniel A. Monti, Xun Jiao, Qianhong Wu, Andrew B. Newberg, Feroze Mohamed 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Machine Learning-Based Classification Of Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury Using Hybrid Diffusion Imaging, Jennifer Muller, Ruixuan Wang, Devon Middleton, Mahdi Alizadeh, Kichang Kang, Ryan Hryczyk, George Zabrecky, Chloe Hriso, Emily Navarreto, Nancy Wintering, Anthony J. Bazzan, Chengyuan Wu, Daniel A. Monti, Xun Jiao, Qianhong Wu, Andrew B. Newberg, Feroze Mohamed

Marcus Institute of Integrative Health Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause progressive neuropathology that leads to chronic impairments, creating a need for biomarkers to detect and monitor this condition to improve outcomes. This study aimed to analyze the ability of data-driven analysis of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and neurite orientation dispersion imaging (NODDI) to develop biomarkers to infer symptom severity and determine whether they outperform conventional T1-weighted imaging.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A machine learning-based model was developed using a dataset of hybrid diffusion imaging of patients with chronic traumatic brain injury. We first extracted the useful features from the hybrid diffusion imaging …


The Impact Of Police Transport Of Patients With Penetrating Traumas On Mortality, Breanne Grove 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

The Impact Of Police Transport Of Patients With Penetrating Traumas On Mortality, Breanne Grove

Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Capstone Presentations (Center City)

Introduction

  • 2020: For people aged 1 to 44 in the U.S., firearm-related injuries ranked in the top five leading causes of death.1
  • 2022: 44,343 total gun violence deaths, 38,593 gun injuries & 646 mass shootings2
  • 1987: Philadelphia became first U.S. municipality to allow police personnel to follow a “scoop and run” policy.3,4 Necessity for police transport came from the lack of EMS availability when firearm homicide rates rose by 123%.5


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