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Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin 2018 Liberty University

Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin

Senior Honors Theses

The structures of the spinal cord and vertebral column are designed to provide flexibility, while still providing ample protection for the spinal cord deep within. While it does offer remarkable protection against most routine trauma, the spinal cord is still vulnerable to high-force etiologies of trauma and may become damaged as a result. These events are referred to as primary injury. Following the initial injury, the body’s own physiological responses cause a cascade of deleterious effects, known as secondary injury. Secondary injury is a major therapeutic target in mitigating the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI), and much research ...


Expressive Arts Group Therapy With Children And Adolescents Who Have Experienced Trauma, Shade Alfred 2018 Lesley University

Expressive Arts Group Therapy With Children And Adolescents Who Have Experienced Trauma, Shade Alfred

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Experiencing traumatic situations is an inevitable part of life that many have struggled to understand and have difficulty working through its effects. This results in persons seeking therapy to better cope and heal from the impact of the traumatic experience. Children and adolescents who are considered vulnerable require more assistance to help them when they have encountered a traumatic experience. Research has highlighted that Expressive Arts Therapies is a favorable treatment option used with traumatized children and adolescents. Hence, this paper reflects research that has been conducted on group expressive arts therapy with children and adolescents who have experienced trauma ...


A Global Health Research Checklist For Clinicians., Rasha D Sawaya, Kristen A Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I Chapman, Dafina M Good, Lili Moran, Paul C Mullan, Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun 2018 George Washington University

A Global Health Research Checklist For Clinicians., Rasha D Sawaya, Kristen A Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I Chapman, Dafina M Good, Lili Moran, Paul C Mullan, Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Global health research has become a priority in most international medical projects. However, it is a difficult endeavor, especially for a busy clinician. Navigating the ethics, methods, and local partnerships is essential yet daunting.To date, there are no guidelines published to help clinicians initiate and complete successful global health research projects. This Global Health Research Checklist was developed to be used by clinicians or other health professionals for developing, implementing, and completing a successful research project in an international and often low-resource setting. It consists of five sections: Objective, Methodology, Institutional Review Board and Ethics, Culture and partnerships, and ...


The Dynamics Of Concussion: Mapping Pathophysiology, Persistence, And Recovery With Causal-Loop Diagramming, Erin S. Kenzie, Elle L. Parks, Erin D. Bigler, David W, Wright, Miranda M. Lim, James C. Chesnutt, Gregory W.J. Hawryluk, Wayne Gordon, Wayne Wakeland 2018 Portland State University

The Dynamics Of Concussion: Mapping Pathophysiology, Persistence, And Recovery With Causal-Loop Diagramming, Erin S. Kenzie, Elle L. Parks, Erin D. Bigler, David W, Wright, Miranda M. Lim, James C. Chesnutt, Gregory W.J. Hawryluk, Wayne Gordon, Wayne Wakeland

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Concussion, also known as mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI),1 is a significant public health issue responsible for a variety of cognitive, emotional, and somatic symptoms and deficits (3). It is unclear why some individuals appear to recover relatively quickly while others suffer prolonged symptoms and impairments (4–7). Robust clinical means of diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment are also lacking (8–11). Research is hindered by an inadequate classification system for traumatic brain injury (TBI) (12), “poor” study quality (13, 14), disagreement about appropriate inclusion and exclusion criteria for concussion (8, 15), and an incomplete understanding of underlying pathophysiology (16 ...


Identification Of Risk Factors Associated With Falls In The Long Term Care Setting, Jacqueline L. Patel, DNP, MS, ANP-BC 2018 George Washington University

Identification Of Risk Factors Associated With Falls In The Long Term Care Setting, Jacqueline L. Patel, Dnp, Ms, Anp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Falls threaten the safety of older adults in long term care (LTC).

Objectives: To assess environmental, clinical and pharmacological causes of falls as well as compare Fall Risk Assessment Score, Brief Interview of Mental Status (BIMS) score, Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scores, age and gender of residents with one fall, recurrent falls, and no falls.

Methods: Using a descriptive-comparative design, we included a convenience sample of 290 adults ≥50 years old at our LTC facility. Fall and recurrent fall groups were matched to those with no falls. We assessed environmental, clinical and pharmacological variables, Fall Risk Assessment Scores ...


The Role Of Reactive Astrocitose In The Chronological Evolution Of Traumatic Brain Injury, Roxana M. Duncea-Borca, Vladimir Belis, Mihnea Costescu, Relu G. Calota, Reka Kutasi, Cosmin A. Moldovan 2018 Forensic Medicine of Teleorman County, Department of Forensic Medicine

The Role Of Reactive Astrocitose In The Chronological Evolution Of Traumatic Brain Injury, Roxana M. Duncea-Borca, Vladimir Belis, Mihnea Costescu, Relu G. Calota, Reka Kutasi, Cosmin A. Moldovan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction and objectives. This study aims to investigate whether the cerebral modifications of posttraumatic reactive astrocitose can be considered an objective criterion for determining the age of traumatic cranio-cerebral lesions.

Materials and methods. The present study consists of a series of 23 medico-legal cases that underwent autopsy inTeleormanCounty(Romania) Department of Forensic Medicine during 2007–2016, with full immune-histochemical microscopic examination using GFAP staining. The study consists of two groups, a series of 13 cases with cranio-cerebral trauma with different posttraumatic survival periods and 9 cases as a control group.

Results and discussions. We discovered GFAP+ reactive astrocytes even when ...


Emergency Surgery On Mentally Impaired Patients: Standard In Consenting, Mihai Paduraru, Ahmed Saad, Krystian Pawelec 2018 Milton Keynes University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Emergency Surgery Department, Milton Keynes, UK

Emergency Surgery On Mentally Impaired Patients: Standard In Consenting, Mihai Paduraru, Ahmed Saad, Krystian Pawelec

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Emergency surgery is often performed on the elderly and susceptible patients with significant comorbidities; as a consequence, the risk of death or severe complications are high. Consent for surgery is a fundamental part of medical practice, in line with legal obligations and ethical principles. Obtaining consent for emergency services (for surgical patients with chronic or acute mental incapacity, due to surgical pathology) is particularly challenging, and meeting the standards requires an up-to-date understanding of legislation, professional body guidelines, and ethical or cultural aspects. The guidance related to consent requires physicians and other medical staff to work with patients according to ...


Using Support Vector Machines On Photoplethysmographic Signals To Discriminate Between Hypovolemia And Euvolemia, Natasa Reljin, Gary Zimmer, Yelena Malyuta, Kirk Shelley, Yitzhak Mendelson, David J. Blehar, Chad E. Darling, Ki H. Chon 2018 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Using Support Vector Machines On Photoplethysmographic Signals To Discriminate Between Hypovolemia And Euvolemia, Natasa Reljin, Gary Zimmer, Yelena Malyuta, Kirk Shelley, Yitzhak Mendelson, David J. Blehar, Chad E. Darling, Ki H. Chon

Open Access Articles

Identifying trauma patients at risk of imminent hemorrhagic shock is a challenging task in intraoperative and battlefield settings given the variability of traditional vital signs, such as heart rate and blood pressure, and their inability to detect blood loss at an early stage. To this end, we acquired N = 58 photoplethysmographic (PPG) recordings from both trauma patients with suspected hemorrhage admitted to the hospital, and healthy volunteers subjected to blood withdrawal of 0.9 L. We propose four features to characterize each recording: goodness of fit (r2), the slope of the trend line, percentage change, and the absolute change between ...


Identifying Gaps And Launching Resident Wellness Initiatives: The 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit., Fareen Zaver, Nicole Battaglioli, William Denq, Anne Messman, Arlene Chung, Michelle Lin, Emberlynn L Liu 2018 George Washington University

Identifying Gaps And Launching Resident Wellness Initiatives: The 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit., Fareen Zaver, Nicole Battaglioli, William Denq, Anne Messman, Arlene Chung, Michelle Lin, Emberlynn L Liu

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Burnout, depression, and suicidality among residents of all specialties have become a critical focus for the medical education community, especially among learners in graduate medical education. In 2017 the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) updated the Common Program Requirements to focus more on resident wellbeing. To address this issue, one working group from the 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit (RWCS) focused on wellness program innovations and initiatives in emergency medicine (EM) residency programs.

Methods: Over a seven-month period leading up to the RWCS event, the Programmatic Initiatives workgroup convened virtually in the Wellness Think Tank, an online ...


Acute Vitreoretinal Trauma And Inflammation After Traumatic Brain Injury In Mice, Lucy P. Evans, Elizabeth A. Newell, MaryAnn Mahajan, Stephen H. Tsang, Polly J. Ferguson, Jolonda Mahoney, Christopher D. Hue, Edward W. Vogel, Barclay Morrison, Ottavio Arancio, Russell Nichols, Alexander G. Bassuk, Vinit B. Mahajan 2018 University of Iowa

Acute Vitreoretinal Trauma And Inflammation After Traumatic Brain Injury In Mice, Lucy P. Evans, Elizabeth A. Newell, Maryann Mahajan, Stephen H. Tsang, Polly J. Ferguson, Jolonda Mahoney, Christopher D. Hue, Edward W. Vogel, Barclay Morrison, Ottavio Arancio, Russell Nichols, Alexander G. Bassuk, Vinit B. Mahajan

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

Objective: Limited attention has been given to ocular injuries associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The retina is an extension of the central nervous system and evaluation of ocular damage may offer a less-invasive approach to gauge TBI severity and response to treatment. We aim to characterize acute changes in the mouse eye after exposure to two different models of TBI to assess the utility of eye damage as a surrogate to brain injury.

Methods: A model of blast TBI (bTBI) using a shock tube was compared to a lateral fluid percussion injury model (LFPI) using fluid pressure applied directly ...


The Principles And Practice Of Open Fracture Care, 2018, Amna Diwan, Kyle R. Eberlin, Raymond Malcolm Smith 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Principles And Practice Of Open Fracture Care, 2018, Amna Diwan, Kyle R. Eberlin, Raymond Malcolm Smith

Open Access Articles

The principles of open fracture management are to manage the overall injury and specifically prevent primary contamination becoming frank infection. The surgical management of these complex injuries includes debridement and lavage of the open wound with combined bony and soft tissue reconstruction. Good results depend on early high quality definitive surgery usually with early stable internal fixation and associated soft tissue repair. While all elements of the surgical principles are very important and depend on each other for overall success the most critical element appears to be achieving very early healthy soft tissue cover. As the injuries become more complex ...


A Case Review Of A Morel Lavellee Lesion With Delayed Presentation, Ammar Qureshi, Pradeep Monoot 2018 Marshall University

A Case Review Of A Morel Lavellee Lesion With Delayed Presentation, Ammar Qureshi, Pradeep Monoot

Marshall Journal of Medicine

A Morel Lavellee lesion is a relatively rare post traumatic condition which is missed at the time of early presentation. It involves a closed internal degloving injury where the subcutaneous tissue is torn away from the underlying fascia and thus creating a cavity containing hematoma and necrotic fat. It occurs most commonly over the greater trochanter. The lesion can be treated conservatively and surgically. Here we report an unusually delayed presentation of a Morel Lavellee lesion that was treated by incisions, drainage and primary closure.


Optimal Implementation Of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs In The Emergency Department, Joshua Elder, Garrett DePalma, Jesse M. Pines 2018 George Washington University

Optimal Implementation Of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs In The Emergency Department, Joshua Elder, Garrett Depalma, Jesse M. Pines

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

The opioid epidemic is the most significant modern-day, public health crisis. Physicians and lawmakers have developed methods and practices to curb opioid use. This article describes one method, prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMP), through the lens of how to optimize use for emergency departments (ED). EDs have rapidly become a central location to combat opioid abuse and drug diversion. PDMPs can provide emergency physicians with comprehensive prescribing information to improve clinical decisions around opioids. However, PDMPs vary tremendously in their accessibility and usability in the ED, which limits their effectiveness at the point of care. Problems are complicated by varying ...


Acute Cardiac Air Embolism, Leslie Billello, Brian Gacioch, James P. Phillips 2018 George Washington University

Acute Cardiac Air Embolism, Leslie Billello, Brian Gacioch, James P. Phillips

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


An Inpatient Rehabilitation Interprofessional Care Pathway For Traumatic Hip Fracture: A Pilot Quality Improvement Project, Sarah Plante 2018 University of New Hampshire, Durham

An Inpatient Rehabilitation Interprofessional Care Pathway For Traumatic Hip Fracture: A Pilot Quality Improvement Project, Sarah Plante

DNP Scholarly Projects

Background: Each year over 300,000 older adults are hospitalized for hip fracture. The impact of the cost of hip fracture on the US health care system is estimated to be as high as $9 billion, with the typical cost of a hip fracture episode around $30,000. Formalized pathways have been developed and successfully utilized for many patient presentations, including hip fracture, in the acute setting. Although this research is important to the comprehensive care of the elderly hip fracture patient, very little research exists that outlines evidence-based best-practice for patients in the post-acute recovery period.

Purpose: The primary ...


Simulation-Based Training In Ebola Personal Protective Equipment For Healthcare Workers: Experience From King Abdulaziz University Hospital In Saudi Arabia, Jameel Abualenain, M. Al-Alawi 2018 George Washington University

Simulation-Based Training In Ebola Personal Protective Equipment For Healthcare Workers: Experience From King Abdulaziz University Hospital In Saudi Arabia, Jameel Abualenain, M. Al-Alawi

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: Millions of Muslims from across the world gather annually to perform pilgrimage. This can import unusual communicable diseases such as Ebola. Communicable diseases with a high risk of mortality necessitate special training to master the required competency to avert transmission of infections. The efficacy of simulation-based training (SBT) has been shown in such circumstances. Objective: We sought to develop an SBT program in Ebola Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for all healthcare workers (HCWs). Methods: We conducted a quasi-experimental study at the clinical skills and simulation center at the King Abdulaziz University. An interdisciplinary committee was formed to develop this ...


Letter To The Editor: Digital Dementia-Is Smart Technology Making Us Dumb?, Sanaa Moledina, Adeel Khoja 2018 Jinnah Sindh Medical University

Letter To The Editor: Digital Dementia-Is Smart Technology Making Us Dumb?, Sanaa Moledina, Adeel Khoja

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


The Accuracy Of Point-Of-Care Ultrasound In Detecting Small Bowel Obstruction In Emergency Department, Ali Pourmand, Ubah Dimbil, A. Drake, Hamid A. Shokoohi 2018 George Washington University

The Accuracy Of Point-Of-Care Ultrasound In Detecting Small Bowel Obstruction In Emergency Department, Ali Pourmand, Ubah Dimbil, A. Drake, Hamid A. Shokoohi

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

Radiological imaging plays an essential role in the evaluation of a patient with suspected small bowel obstruction (SBO). In a few studies, point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been utilized as a primary imaging modality in patients with suspected SBO. POCUS has been shown to be an accurate tool in the diagnosis of SBO with multiple research studies noting a consistent high sensitivity with a range of 94–100% and specificity of 81–100%. Specific sonographic findings that increase the likelihood of SBO include dilatation of small bowel loops > 25 mm, altered intestinal peristalsis, increased thickness of the bowel wall, and intraperitoneal ...


International Scope Of Emergency Ultrasound: Barriers In Applying Ultrasound To Guide Central Line Placement By Providers In Nairobi, Kenya, Fareen Zaver, Keith S. Boniface 2018 George Washington University

International Scope Of Emergency Ultrasound: Barriers In Applying Ultrasound To Guide Central Line Placement By Providers In Nairobi, Kenya, Fareen Zaver, Keith S. Boniface

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

Background

While ultrasound (US) use for internal jugular central venous catheter (CVC) placement is standard of care in North America, most developing countries have not adopted this practice. Previous surveys of North American physicians have identified lack of training and equipment availability as the most important barriers to the use of US. Go to:

Objective

We sought to identify perceived barriers to the use of US to guide CVC insertion in a resource-constrained environment. Go to:

Methods

Prior to an US-guided CVC placement training course conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, physicians were asked to complete ...


Emergency Department Repair Of Blunt Right Atrial Rupture Utilizing Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Samuel P. Carmichael, Michael C. Bounds, Alexis E. Shafii, Phillip K. Chang 2017 University of Kentucky

Emergency Department Repair Of Blunt Right Atrial Rupture Utilizing Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Samuel P. Carmichael, Michael C. Bounds, Alexis E. Shafii, Phillip K. Chang

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Blunt cardiac injury (BCI) with free wall rupture carries a high risk of pre-hospital death. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been utilized as a bridge to repair of cardiac lesions in select patients. We present an interesting case of emergency department repair of right atrial rupture with cardiopulmonary bypass.


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