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The Perception Of Prosody In English-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants: A Systematic Review, Grace R. Smith 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Perception Of Prosody In English-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants: A Systematic Review, Grace R. Smith

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Objective: The goal of this paper was to systematically review literature in order to investigate the perception of prosody in English-speaking children with cochlear implants.

Methods: A comprehensive search utilizing various peer-reviewed databases accessible through the City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate Center Library was conducted to identify relevant studies. Inclusion criteria included studies that examined prosody perception in pre-and post-lingually deafened children with cochlear implants. Children who utilized unilateral, bilateral, and bimodal configurations of cochlear implants were therefore included in this search.

Results: 9 studies met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review. The findings demonstrated both negative ...


Audiologic Clinical Practice Patterns: Infant Assessment, Ursula M. Findlen, Nicole D. Schuller 2020 Nationwide Children's Hospital

Audiologic Clinical Practice Patterns: Infant Assessment, Ursula M. Findlen, Nicole D. Schuller

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

The purpose of the present study was to report the current clinical practice patterns for assessment of infants after a referred newborn hearing screening within the context of available guidelines and to examine how the advent of newer stimuli, technology, and/or instrumentation has changed clinical practice patterns for audiologic infant assessment. A mixed-method survey that included both quantitative and qualitative questions was disseminated to pediatric audiologists in 2017. Quantitative data were analyzed via descriptive statistics while qualitative questions were analyzed via content analysis and combined with associated quantitative data. Lastly, infant assessment test battery categorization was completed to ascertain ...


Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome And Infant Hearing Assessment: A Kids’ Inpatient Database Review, Liza Creel, Adam Van Horn, Alex Hines, Matthew L. Bush 2020 University of Louisville

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome And Infant Hearing Assessment: A Kids’ Inpatient Database Review, Liza Creel, Adam Van Horn, Alex Hines, Matthew L. Bush

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) has become an epidemic. This study assesses documented rates of failed newborn hearing screening (NBHS) or hearing loss diagnosis (HL) in NAS infants, and sociodemographic factors associated with abnormal inpatient hearing results.

Methods: The 2016 HCUP/KID national database was used to identify a weighted sample of infants with failed NBHS/HL during birth hospitalization. Independent variables included diagnoses of NAS/in-utero opioid exposure, HL risk factor presence and sociodemographic data. Univariate analyses and multivariate logistic regression were used to determine associations between NAS and abnormal hearing assessment.

Results:NAS infants had lower odds ratio ...


Advanced Phenotyping Of Otosclerosis In An Ontario Population And Two Large Newfoundland Families, Matthew B. Lucas 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Advanced Phenotyping Of Otosclerosis In An Ontario Population And Two Large Newfoundland Families, Matthew B. Lucas

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Otosclerosis is a relatively common hearing loss disorder characterized by abnormal bone growth in the otic capsule leading to stapes fixation. In approximately half of cases, otosclerosis is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Typically, gene discovery efforts rely on surgical confirmation, audiometry and occasionally acoustic reflexes to identify affected cases of otosclerosis within families, requiring that the otosclerosis was at an advanced stage to be detected. This makes it difficult to identify individuals with early otosclerosis. The use of advanced phenotyping to identify cases of otosclerosis was tested in an Ontario otosclerotic population as well as in two large ...


Medialized Total Ossicular Replacement Prosthesis, Marc D. Polanik, Aaron K. Remenschneider 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Medialized Total Ossicular Replacement Prosthesis, Marc D. Polanik, Aaron K. Remenschneider

Open Access Articles

Vestibular complaints secondary to a deeply medialized ossicular prosthesis have been documented following stapedotomy1 but infrequently reported following total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP) placement. Lateral TORP displacement through the tympanic membrane (TM) occurs in 5% to 9% of cases2; however, medial displacement, with violation of the footplate, is rare and has only been reported following canal wall down mastoidectomy.3 For the below case, institutional review board approval was obtained from the University of Massachusetts Medical School Human Subjects Committee.


Improving Hearing Screenings With Tele-Otology, Ryan J. Miller, Joshua George-Lopez, Robert S. Hong MD, PhD 2020 Wayne State University - School of Medicine

Improving Hearing Screenings With Tele-Otology, Ryan J. Miller, Joshua George-Lopez, Robert S. Hong Md, Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: The Lions Hearing Center of Michigan (LHC-MI) is an assistance program in Detroit that provides hearing aids to individuals in need. LHC-MI has provided thousands of hearing aids, but such efforts have been costly, requiring patients to make multiple appointments at multiple locations. To streamline this process, the LHC-MI is piloting a new program, titled “Hear Now! Detroit!”, that uses telemedicine to reach patients at community sites.

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of a hearing screening program that uses telemedicine to reduce the number of visits required to acquire hearing aids.

Methods: Teams of community volunteers were deployed to ...


Eagle Syndrome Masquerading As A Chicken Bone, Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman, Karima Sajadi-Ernazarova 2020 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Eagle Syndrome Masquerading As A Chicken Bone, Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman, Karima Sajadi-Ernazarova

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

This is a brief report of a 17-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with odynophagia and a foreign body sensation in the throat after choking on a chicken wing. A soft tissue neck radiograph was performed which revealed a 4.6-cm linear object in the vallecula read by the radiology department as a chicken bone. The otolaryngology team was consulted and performed a nasopharyngeal laryngoscopy which did not reveal a foreign body in the upper aerodigestive tract. On physical examination, the right tonsillar fossa was tender to palpation. Upon further review of the radiograph, the right stylohyoid ligament ...


Cognitive Changes In Patients Treated For Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Upper Airway Stimulation, Maxillomandibular Advancement, Or Expansion Sphincter Pharyngoplasty, Nicolas Zingas, Colin Huntley, Matthew Stewart, Ramez Philips 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Cognitive Changes In Patients Treated For Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Upper Airway Stimulation, Maxillomandibular Advancement, Or Expansion Sphincter Pharyngoplasty, Nicolas Zingas, Colin Huntley, Matthew Stewart, Ramez Philips

Phase 1

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent diagnosis that has been shown to not only affect sleepiness, but daytime cognitive function — specifically attention, working memory, and executive function. CPAP treatment is troublesome for some patients and it is possible that superior treatment options, specifically novel surgical techniques, are available, though none have been evaluated for their long-term effects on neurocognition. We hypothesize that treating patients with upper airway stimulation surgery (UAS) UAS, maxillomandibular advancement surgery (MMA), and expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty surgery (ESP) for OSA produces a significant improvement in cognition from baseline.

Methods: For inclusion in the study, two ...


Retrospective Review Of Fluoroscopic Swallowing Studies And Outcomes At An Academic Health Center, Rachel Strock, Priyha Mahesh, Baskaran Sundaram, MD, Gregory C. Kane, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Retrospective Review Of Fluoroscopic Swallowing Studies And Outcomes At An Academic Health Center, Rachel Strock, Priyha Mahesh, Baskaran Sundaram, Md, Gregory C. Kane, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Aspiration is often associated with underlying medical conditions and can cause pneumonia or death. Aspiration risk can be assessed via video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) or barium swallow (BaSw). We aimed to assess the diagnoses and clinical course of patients who were evaluated for potential aspiration through VFSS or BaSw to determine if there is a degree of aspiration that increases the risk of developing pneumonia and/or death.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 374 patients in TJUH who were evaluated via VFSS or BaSw from January 1 to June 30, 2017. We recorded the degree ...


Late Complications Of Free Flaps In Head And Neck Microvascular Reconstruction, Swapna Vasudevan, Cory Bovenzi, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Late Complications Of Free Flaps In Head And Neck Microvascular Reconstruction, Swapna Vasudevan, Cory Bovenzi, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Late free flap complications (LFFC) in head and neck reconstructive surgery occur over 72 hours postoperatively and result in flap loss in 97% of cases. Due to the rarity of LFFC, there is minimal research regarding risk factors for their development. Identifying risk factors for LFFC will result in improved monitoring of patients to prevent flap loss. This study aims to identify risk factors for the development of LFFC.

Methods: The target population of this retrospective cohort study was 116 patients who had undergone an Orbital Exenteration at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) and had LFFC. Data was obtained ...


A Rare Case Of Bleeding Epiphrenic Esophageal Diverticulum From Arteriovenous Malformations., Franklin L. Thelmo, Harvey Guttmann, Waqas Ullah, Ahmad Arslan, Eugen Brailoiu 2020 Abington Jefferson Health

A Rare Case Of Bleeding Epiphrenic Esophageal Diverticulum From Arteriovenous Malformations., Franklin L. Thelmo, Harvey Guttmann, Waqas Ullah, Ahmad Arslan, Eugen Brailoiu

Abington Jefferson Health Papers

Epiphrenic esophageal diverticula (EED) is a rare condition that usually presents with dysphagia in patients with a known motility disorder. In this article, we present a unique case of EED presenting with hemoptysis with clinical workup negative for any pulmonary pathology. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed arteriovenous malformations within the EED successfully managed with argon plasma coagulation (APC), leading to a resolution of the patient's symptoms.


Lifestyle Management For Vestibular Disorders, Michelle Pock 2019 University of St Augustine for Health Sciences

Lifestyle Management For Vestibular Disorders, Michelle Pock

Student Capstone Projects

Individuals with vestibular disorders have concerns that impact lifestyle including limiting activities of daily living, limiting participation in social events, difficulty driving, and difficulty working (Cohen, 2014). Occupational therapists are able to help individuals with vestibular disorders by task analyzing symptom provoking activities, assessing the impact of symptoms on occupations, providing adaptations, and providing ways to modify environments (Gronski, Neville, Kannenberg, & Cohen, 2017). While occupational therapists are qualified to provide services to sustain and improve the occupational performance of individuals with vestibular disorders, occupational therapy is not well represented in this area particularly in addressing lifestyle components for vestibular disorders ...


Virtual Surgical Planning In Subscapular System Free Flap Reconstruction Of Midface Defects., Brian P. Swendseid, Dylan F. Roden, Swar Vimawala, Tony Richa, Larissa Sweeny, Richard A. Goldman, Adam Luginbuhl, Ryan N. Heffelfinger, Shachika Khanna, Joseph Curry 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Virtual Surgical Planning In Subscapular System Free Flap Reconstruction Of Midface Defects., Brian P. Swendseid, Dylan F. Roden, Swar Vimawala, Tony Richa, Larissa Sweeny, Richard A. Goldman, Adam Luginbuhl, Ryan N. Heffelfinger, Shachika Khanna, Joseph Curry

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVES: Reconstruction of the midface has many inherent challenges, including orbital support, skull base reconstruction, optimizing midface projection, separation of the nasal cavity and dental rehabilitation. Subscapular system free flaps (SF) have sufficient bone stock to support complex reconstruction and the option of separate soft tissue components. This study analyzes the effect of virtual surgical planning (VSP) in SF for midface on subsite reconstruction, bone segment contact and anatomic position.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort of patients with midface defects that underwent SF reconstruction at a single tertiary care institution.

RESULTS: Nine cases with VSP were compared to fourteen cases ...


Mutation Signature Analysis Identifies Increased Mutation Caused By Tobacco Smoke Associated Dna Adducts In Larynx Squamous Cell Carcinoma Compared With Oral Cavity And Oropharynx., Andrew P. South, Nicoline Y den Breems, Tony Richa, Uche Nwagu, Tingting Zhan, Shiv Poojan, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Jennifer M. Johnson, Adam J. Luginbuhl, Joseph Curry 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Mutation Signature Analysis Identifies Increased Mutation Caused By Tobacco Smoke Associated Dna Adducts In Larynx Squamous Cell Carcinoma Compared With Oral Cavity And Oropharynx., Andrew P. South, Nicoline Y Den Breems, Tony Richa, Uche Nwagu, Tingting Zhan, Shiv Poojan, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Jennifer M. Johnson, Adam J. Luginbuhl, Joseph Curry

Kimmel Cancer Center Papers, Presentations, and Grand Rounds

Squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC) arise from mucosal keratinocytes of the upper aero-digestive tract. Despite a common cell of origin and similar driver-gene mutations which divert cell fate from differentiation to proliferation, HNSCC are considered a heterogeneous group of tumors categorized by site of origin within the aero-digestive mucosa, and the presence or absence of HPV infection. Tobacco use is a major driver of carcinogenesis in HNSCC and is a poor prognosticator that has previously been associated with poor immune cell infiltration and higher mutation numbers. Here, we study patterns of mutations in HNSCC that are ...


Lifestyle Management For Individuals With Vestibular Disorders, Michelle Pock, Becki Cohill, Susan MacDermott 2019 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Lifestyle Management For Individuals With Vestibular Disorders, Michelle Pock, Becki Cohill, Susan Macdermott

San Marcos, Fall 2019

Individuals with vestibular disorders have concerns that impact lifestyle including limiting activities of daily living, limiting participation in social events, difficulty driving, and difficulty working (Cohen, 2014). Occupational therapists are able to help individuals with vestibular disorders by task analyzing symptom provoking activities, assessing the impact of symptoms on occupations, providing adaptations, and providing ways to modify environments (Gronski, Neville, Kannenberg, & Cohen, 2017). While occupational therapists are qualified to provide services to sustain and improve the occupational performance of individuals with vestibular disorders, occupational therapy is not well represented in this area particularly in addressing lifestyle components for vestibular disorders ...


Voice Analysis With Iphones: A Low Cost Experimental Solution, Benjamin van der Woerd 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Voice Analysis With Iphones: A Low Cost Experimental Solution, Benjamin Van Der Woerd

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background:

Acoustic voice analysis requires a resource intensive setup, including a soundproof booth. This project evaluates smartphone microphone and recording environment impacts on voice sample collection for acoustic voice analysis. A proprietary analysis algorithm is presented for validation.

Methods:

Microphone and recording environment were evaluated using previously collected voice samples presented in four conditions to test two microphones and two recording environments. Prospective samples were used to test the proprietary algorithm, whereby samples were analyzed using this and Praat.

Results:

Microphone and recording environment had small, clinically unimportant impacts on most measurements. The proprietary algorithm reliably analyzed sustained vowels, with ...


Reconstructive Trends And Complications Following Parotidectomy: Incidence And Predictors In 11,057 Cases., Cory D Bovenzi, Peter Ciolek, Meghan Crippen, Joseph M Curry, Howard Krein, Ryan Heffelfinger 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Reconstructive Trends And Complications Following Parotidectomy: Incidence And Predictors In 11,057 Cases., Cory D Bovenzi, Peter Ciolek, Meghan Crippen, Joseph M Curry, Howard Krein, Ryan Heffelfinger

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Parotidectomy is a common treatment option for parotid neoplasms and the complications associated with this procedure can cause significant morbidity. Reconstruction following parotidectomy is utilized to address contour deformity and facial nerve paralysis. This study aims to demonstrate national trends in parotidectomy patients and identify factors associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. This study includes the largest patient database to date in determining epidemiologic trends, reconstructive trends, and prevalence of adverse events following parotidectomy.

METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for parotidectomies included in the ACS-NSQIP database between January 2012 and December 2017. CPT codes were used to identify the ...


An Unusual Presentation Of Subglottic Stenosis Necessitating Urgent Tracheostomy, Jacob Burdett, Alexander Manteghi 2019 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

An Unusual Presentation Of Subglottic Stenosis Necessitating Urgent Tracheostomy, Jacob Burdett, Alexander Manteghi

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

By definition, the subglottis is the area of the larynx immediately below the vocal folds extending to the level of the inferior border of the cricoid cartilage. This area represents the narrowest portion of the pediatric airway and is the most common site of iatrogenic stenosis. This stenosis is generally secondary to increased rates of intubation in infants of prematurity. Evaluation and treatment for subglottic stenosis represents one of the most common airway consultations within pediatric otolaryngology. Goals of therapy include securing a safe airway and restoring subglottic patency. In this clinical case, we present a unique pattern and presentation ...


An Interesting Secondary Airway Lesion In An Infant With Laryngomalacia, William L. Valentino, David Lafferty, Alexander Manteghi 2019 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

An Interesting Secondary Airway Lesion In An Infant With Laryngomalacia, William L. Valentino, David Lafferty, Alexander Manteghi

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

A 2-month-old male with a prior diagnosis of laryngomalacia (LM) presented to the emergency department in respiratory distress with worsening inspiratory stridor, suprasternal retractions, and a dry cough. A chest X-ray and lateral neck radiograph were performed and demonstrated no abnormalities. Flexible laryngoscopy revealed the same, previously observed moderately prolapsed arytenoids and an omega-shaped epiglottis with shortened aryepiglottic (AE) folds. He also had a right lower neck mass. He was scheduled for a direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy (DLB) and supraglottoplasty. During the DLB, LM and anterior compression of the midtrachea was noted. Lysis of the AE folds was performed in ...


Prognostic Significance Of Tumor-Associated Macrophage Content In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis., Ayan Tyagi Kumar, Alexander Knops, Brian Swendseid, MD, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Larry Harshyne, Nancy Philp, Ulrich Rodeck, Adam Luginbuhl, David Cognetti, Jennifer Johnson, Joseph Curry 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Prognostic Significance Of Tumor-Associated Macrophage Content In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis., Ayan Tyagi Kumar, Alexander Knops, Brian Swendseid, Md, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Larry Harshyne, Nancy Philp, Ulrich Rodeck, Adam Luginbuhl, David Cognetti, Jennifer Johnson, Joseph Curry

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) exists within a microenvironment rich in immune cells. Macrophages are particularly abundant in and around tumor tissue, and have been implicated in the growth, malignancy, and persistence of HNSCC (1). However, current literature reports variable degrees of association between the density of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and clinicopathologic markers of disease (2, 3). These inconsistent findings may be a result of differences in approach to TAM detection. Authors have measured total TAMs in tumor tissue, while others have stained tumor samples for individual subtypes of TAMs, which include pro-inflammatory (M1-like) and immunosuppressive (M2-like ...


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