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Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation (Cpam): An Interesting Ent Consultation., James Ding, Lauren E Melley, Alexander Manteghi 2020 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation (Cpam): An Interesting Ent Consultation., James Ding, Lauren E Melley, Alexander Manteghi

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

A 13-month-old boy was referred to the emergency department from the pediatrician’s office for increased shortness of breath. A 2-view chest X-ray was ordered revealing right hemithorax hyperlucency, minimal lung markings, and leftward mediastinal shift.


Nasal Bone Fractures: Differences Amongst Sub-Specialty Consultants, Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman, Michael Toscano, Tom Shokri, Jason D Bloom, Seth Zwillenberg 2020 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Nasal Bone Fractures: Differences Amongst Sub-Specialty Consultants, Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman, Michael Toscano, Tom Shokri, Jason D Bloom, Seth Zwillenberg

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

BACKGROUND: Nasal fractures constitute the largest proportion of facial trauma each year, however, there is no consensus management. In this study, we investingated the role of the consultant and the functional and aesthetic outcomes of procedures performed to address nasal bone fractures.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who sustained nasal bone fractures was conducted from 8/1/14 through 1/23/18. Categorical variables were analyzed using chi-squared testing and Fisher's exact test, where appropriate, while continuous variables were compared using Mann-Whitney U testing.

RESULTS: During the study period, 136 patients met inclusion criteria for full analysis ...


The Perception Of Prosody In English-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants: A Systematic Review, Grace R. Smith 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Perception Of Prosody In English-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants: A Systematic Review, Grace R. Smith

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Objective: The goal of this paper was to systematically review literature in order to investigate the perception of prosody in English-speaking children with cochlear implants.

Methods: A comprehensive search utilizing various peer-reviewed databases accessible through the City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate Center Library was conducted to identify relevant studies. Inclusion criteria included studies that examined prosody perception in pre-and post-lingually deafened children with cochlear implants. Children who utilized unilateral, bilateral, and bimodal configurations of cochlear implants were therefore included in this search.

Results: 9 studies met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review. The findings demonstrated both negative ...


Novel Application Of Vinylpolysiloxane Hearing Aid Impression Mold As Patient-Specific Bolus For Head And Neck Cancer Radiotherapy., Anne Elizabeth Gunter, John Burgoyne, Min Park, Namou Kim, Daliang Cao, Vivek Mehta 2020 Department of Radiation Oncology Swedish Cancer Institute Seattle Washington.

Novel Application Of Vinylpolysiloxane Hearing Aid Impression Mold As Patient-Specific Bolus For Head And Neck Cancer Radiotherapy., Anne Elizabeth Gunter, John Burgoyne, Min Park, Namou Kim, Daliang Cao, Vivek Mehta

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Hearing aid impression material composed of vinylpolysiloxane is an ideal bolus material which may be used to aid in delivery of adjuvant radiation to complex surgical defects of the head and neck. It is affordable, easily accessed, and efficient.


To Balloon Or Not To Balloon, The Current State Of Management Of Eustachian Tube Dysfunction., David J. Lafferty, Brian J McKinnon 2020 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

To Balloon Or Not To Balloon, The Current State Of Management Of Eustachian Tube Dysfunction., David J. Lafferty, Brian J Mckinnon

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

While otologic complaints are a common reason for patients to present to an otolaryngologist, Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) remains a poorly understood disease whose management is unclear. Among the general population in the United States, ETD has a prevalence of 4.6% among adults and 6.1% among children. Eustachian tube dysfunction is not just a common diagnosis for otolaryngologists, ETD accounted for 2 million visits for patients less than 20 years old to primary care providers and over 2 million visits for patients older than 20 years old between 2005 and 2012. Despite the commonality of ETD, opinions differ ...


Audiologic Clinical Practice Patterns: Infant Assessment, Ursula M. Findlen, Nicole D. Schuller 2020 Nationwide Children's Hospital

Audiologic Clinical Practice Patterns: Infant Assessment, Ursula M. Findlen, Nicole D. Schuller

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

The purpose of the present study was to report the current clinical practice patterns for assessment of infants after a referred newborn hearing screening within the context of available guidelines and to examine how the advent of newer stimuli, technology, and/or instrumentation has changed clinical practice patterns for audiologic infant assessment. A mixed-method survey that included both quantitative and qualitative questions was disseminated to pediatric audiologists in 2017. Quantitative data were analyzed via descriptive statistics while qualitative questions were analyzed via content analysis and combined with associated quantitative data. Lastly, infant assessment test battery categorization was completed to ascertain ...


Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome And Infant Hearing Assessment: A Kids’ Inpatient Database Review, Liza Creel, Adam Van Horn, Alex Hines, Matthew L. Bush 2020 University of Louisville

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome And Infant Hearing Assessment: A Kids’ Inpatient Database Review, Liza Creel, Adam Van Horn, Alex Hines, Matthew L. Bush

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) has become an epidemic. This study assesses documented rates of failed newborn hearing screening (NBHS) or hearing loss diagnosis (HL) in NAS infants, and sociodemographic factors associated with abnormal inpatient hearing results.

Methods: The 2016 HCUP/KID national database was used to identify a weighted sample of infants with failed NBHS/HL during birth hospitalization. Independent variables included diagnoses of NAS/in-utero opioid exposure, HL risk factor presence and sociodemographic data. Univariate analyses and multivariate logistic regression were used to determine associations between NAS and abnormal hearing assessment.

Results:NAS infants had lower odds ratio ...


Otosclerosis: Experience With Stapes Surgery, Muhammad Shaheryar Ahmed Rajput, Asif Ali Arain, Arsalan A. Rajput, Mohammad Adeel, Anwar Suhail, Mohammad Sohail Awan 2020 Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, PAK.

Otosclerosis: Experience With Stapes Surgery, Muhammad Shaheryar Ahmed Rajput, Asif Ali Arain, Arsalan A. Rajput, Mohammad Adeel, Anwar Suhail, Mohammad Sohail Awan

Section of Ophthalmology

Introduction: Otosclerosis is a disorder in which the footplate of the stapes is replaced by an abnormal bone, thereby affecting sound transmission to the inner ear at the level of the oval window. The solution to this condition is to reestablish this mechanism back to normal via the ossicular chain to the inner ear. The aim of stapes surgery is to improve the hearing level to thresholds appropriate enough to obviate the need for hearing aid. The hearing improvement achieved after surgery often lasts for many years. The purpose of the current study was to review our experience and find ...


Advanced Phenotyping Of Otosclerosis In An Ontario Population And Two Large Newfoundland Families, Matthew B. Lucas 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Advanced Phenotyping Of Otosclerosis In An Ontario Population And Two Large Newfoundland Families, Matthew B. Lucas

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Otosclerosis is a relatively common hearing loss disorder characterized by abnormal bone growth in the otic capsule leading to stapes fixation. In approximately half of cases, otosclerosis is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Typically, gene discovery efforts rely on surgical confirmation, audiometry and occasionally acoustic reflexes to identify affected cases of otosclerosis within families, requiring that the otosclerosis was at an advanced stage to be detected. This makes it difficult to identify individuals with early otosclerosis. The use of advanced phenotyping to identify cases of otosclerosis was tested in an Ontario otosclerotic population as well as in two large ...


Medialized Total Ossicular Replacement Prosthesis, Marc D. Polanik, Aaron K. Remenschneider 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Medialized Total Ossicular Replacement Prosthesis, Marc D. Polanik, Aaron K. Remenschneider

Open Access Articles

Vestibular complaints secondary to a deeply medialized ossicular prosthesis have been documented following stapedotomy1 but infrequently reported following total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP) placement. Lateral TORP displacement through the tympanic membrane (TM) occurs in 5% to 9% of cases2; however, medial displacement, with violation of the footplate, is rare and has only been reported following canal wall down mastoidectomy.3 For the below case, institutional review board approval was obtained from the University of Massachusetts Medical School Human Subjects Committee.


Organ Preservation For Advanced Laryngeal Cancer: Experience With Concurrent Chemoradiation Therapy, Asif Ali Arain, Muhammad Shaheryar Ahmed Rajput, Shabbir Akhtar, Arsalan A. Rajput, Mohammad Adeel, Ahmad Hatem, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi 2020 The Indus Hospital, Karachi, PAK.

Organ Preservation For Advanced Laryngeal Cancer: Experience With Concurrent Chemoradiation Therapy, Asif Ali Arain, Muhammad Shaheryar Ahmed Rajput, Shabbir Akhtar, Arsalan A. Rajput, Mohammad Adeel, Ahmad Hatem, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Introduction: The larynx is a part of the upper respiratory tract that performs many essential functions including breathing, speaking, and swallowing. For this reason, the quality of life is significantly affected by laryngeal cancer and its treatment. Therefore, the focus of management for the last few decades has been on preserving the function of a larynx without compromising survival. This study was done with the purpose of reviewing our experience of organ preservation approach with concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) for locally advanced cancers of larynx.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was carried out for the data of pathology reports and ...


Effect Of Montelukast On The Symptom Severity Score Of Allergic Rhinitis, Muhammad Shaheryar Ahmed Rajput, Asif Ali Arain, Arsalan A. Rajput, Mohammad Adeel, Shehzad Ghaffar, Anwar Suhail 2020 Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, PAK.

Effect Of Montelukast On The Symptom Severity Score Of Allergic Rhinitis, Muhammad Shaheryar Ahmed Rajput, Asif Ali Arain, Arsalan A. Rajput, Mohammad Adeel, Shehzad Ghaffar, Anwar Suhail

Section of Ophthalmology

Introduction: Rhinitis is a common respiratory disorder that can be broadly defined as an inflammation of nasal mucosa. Allergic rhinitis is the most common form of chronic rhinitis characterized by one or more symptoms including sneezing, nasal itching, nasal congestion, postnasal drip, and rhinorrhea. Montelukast is an antagonist to the leukotriene receptor. It is non-sedating, dosed once daily, and has a safety profile similar in adults and children, with approval down to six months of age. The purpose of the study was to see the improvement in the severity of symptoms of the patients with allergic rhinitis treated with montelukast ...


Improving Hearing Screenings With Tele-Otology, Ryan J. Miller, Joshua George-Lopez, Robert S. Hong MD, PhD 2020 Wayne State University - School of Medicine

Improving Hearing Screenings With Tele-Otology, Ryan J. Miller, Joshua George-Lopez, Robert S. Hong Md, Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: The Lions Hearing Center of Michigan (LHC-MI) is an assistance program in Detroit that provides hearing aids to individuals in need. LHC-MI has provided thousands of hearing aids, but such efforts have been costly, requiring patients to make multiple appointments at multiple locations. To streamline this process, the LHC-MI is piloting a new program, titled “Hear Now! Detroit!”, that uses telemedicine to reach patients at community sites.

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of a hearing screening program that uses telemedicine to reduce the number of visits required to acquire hearing aids.

Methods: Teams of community volunteers were deployed to ...


Ewing Sarcoma Of Larynx: A Rare Case In A 5-Year-Old Boy, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Shayan Khalid, Muhammad Wasif, Moghira Siddiqui, Nasir Ud Din 2020 Aga Khan University

Ewing Sarcoma Of Larynx: A Rare Case In A 5-Year-Old Boy, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Shayan Khalid, Muhammad Wasif, Moghira Siddiqui, Nasir Ud Din

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Ewing Sarcoma of the head and neck region is an extremely rare entity. Treatment usually involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy in varying sequences. We present the third case to date of Ewing sarcoma of the larynx in a paediatric population. A 5-year-old boy presented to emergency room with acute respiratory distress. Computerized tomography scan showed a mass in the supraglottis; he was intubated using videolaryngoscope and tracheostomy was avoided, mass was removed by cold dissection. Final histopathologic examination revealed Ewing sarcoma. Further workup showed no systemic metastasis. Patient was advised adjuvant therapy which the family refused. Currently he is doing ...


Cognitive Changes In Patients Treated For Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Upper Airway Stimulation, Maxillomandibular Advancement, Or Expansion Sphincter Pharyngoplasty, Nicolas Zingas, Colin Huntley, Matthew Stewart, Ramez Philips 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Cognitive Changes In Patients Treated For Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Upper Airway Stimulation, Maxillomandibular Advancement, Or Expansion Sphincter Pharyngoplasty, Nicolas Zingas, Colin Huntley, Matthew Stewart, Ramez Philips

Phase 1

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent diagnosis that has been shown to not only affect sleepiness, but daytime cognitive function — specifically attention, working memory, and executive function. CPAP treatment is troublesome for some patients and it is possible that superior treatment options, specifically novel surgical techniques, are available, though none have been evaluated for their long-term effects on neurocognition. We hypothesize that treating patients with upper airway stimulation surgery (UAS) UAS, maxillomandibular advancement surgery (MMA), and expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty surgery (ESP) for OSA produces a significant improvement in cognition from baseline.

Methods: For inclusion in the study, two ...


Retrospective Review Of Fluoroscopic Swallowing Studies And Outcomes At An Academic Health Center, Rachel Strock, Priyha Mahesh, Baskaran Sundaram, MD, Gregory C. Kane, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Retrospective Review Of Fluoroscopic Swallowing Studies And Outcomes At An Academic Health Center, Rachel Strock, Priyha Mahesh, Baskaran Sundaram, Md, Gregory C. Kane, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Aspiration is often associated with underlying medical conditions and can cause pneumonia or death. Aspiration risk can be assessed via video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) or barium swallow (BaSw). We aimed to assess the diagnoses and clinical course of patients who were evaluated for potential aspiration through VFSS or BaSw to determine if there is a degree of aspiration that increases the risk of developing pneumonia and/or death.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 374 patients in TJUH who were evaluated via VFSS or BaSw from January 1 to June 30, 2017. We recorded the degree ...


Late Complications Of Free Flaps In Head And Neck Microvascular Reconstruction, Swapna Vasudevan, Cory Bovenzi, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Late Complications Of Free Flaps In Head And Neck Microvascular Reconstruction, Swapna Vasudevan, Cory Bovenzi, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Late free flap complications (LFFC) in head and neck reconstructive surgery occur over 72 hours postoperatively and result in flap loss in 97% of cases. Due to the rarity of LFFC, there is minimal research regarding risk factors for their development. Identifying risk factors for LFFC will result in improved monitoring of patients to prevent flap loss. This study aims to identify risk factors for the development of LFFC.

Methods: The target population of this retrospective cohort study was 116 patients who had undergone an Orbital Exenteration at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) and had LFFC. Data was obtained ...


A Rare Case Of Bleeding Epiphrenic Esophageal Diverticulum From Arteriovenous Malformations., Franklin L. Thelmo, Harvey Guttmann, Waqas Ullah, Ahmad Arslan, Eugen Brailoiu 2020 Abington Jefferson Health

A Rare Case Of Bleeding Epiphrenic Esophageal Diverticulum From Arteriovenous Malformations., Franklin L. Thelmo, Harvey Guttmann, Waqas Ullah, Ahmad Arslan, Eugen Brailoiu

Abington Jefferson Health Papers

Epiphrenic esophageal diverticula (EED) is a rare condition that usually presents with dysphagia in patients with a known motility disorder. In this article, we present a unique case of EED presenting with hemoptysis with clinical workup negative for any pulmonary pathology. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed arteriovenous malformations within the EED successfully managed with argon plasma coagulation (APC), leading to a resolution of the patient's symptoms.


Eagle Syndrome Masquerading As A Chicken Bone, Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman, Karima Sajadi-Ernazarova 2020 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Eagle Syndrome Masquerading As A Chicken Bone, Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman, Karima Sajadi-Ernazarova

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

This is a brief report of a 17-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with odynophagia and a foreign body sensation in the throat after choking on a chicken wing. A soft tissue neck radiograph was performed which revealed a 4.6-cm linear object in the vallecula read by the radiology department as a chicken bone. The otolaryngology team was consulted and performed a nasopharyngeal laryngoscopy which did not reveal a foreign body in the upper aerodigestive tract. On physical examination, the right tonsillar fossa was tender to palpation. Upon further review of the radiograph, the right stylohyoid ligament ...


Lifestyle Management For Vestibular Disorders, Michelle Pock 2019 University of St Augustine for Health Sciences

Lifestyle Management For Vestibular Disorders, Michelle Pock

Student Capstone Projects

Individuals with vestibular disorders have concerns that impact lifestyle including limiting activities of daily living, limiting participation in social events, difficulty driving, and difficulty working (Cohen, 2014). Occupational therapists are able to help individuals with vestibular disorders by task analyzing symptom provoking activities, assessing the impact of symptoms on occupations, providing adaptations, and providing ways to modify environments (Gronski, Neville, Kannenberg, & Cohen, 2017). While occupational therapists are qualified to provide services to sustain and improve the occupational performance of individuals with vestibular disorders, occupational therapy is not well represented in this area particularly in addressing lifestyle components for vestibular disorders ...


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