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Necrotizing Fasciitis Of The Neck: Case Presentation, Emil Marginean, Ciprian Venter, Maria Domuta, Oana Valenas, Ildiko Sorban, Alina Pantis, Bogdan Popescu, Razvan V. Scăunașu 2017 University of Medicine and Pharmacy Oradea, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Surgery and Neurosurgery, Oradea, Romania

Necrotizing Fasciitis Of The Neck: Case Presentation, Emil Marginean, Ciprian Venter, Maria Domuta, Oana Valenas, Ildiko Sorban, Alina Pantis, Bogdan Popescu, Razvan V. Scăunașu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Necrotizing fasciitis represents a severe and rare infectious disease, which is accompanied by extended necrosis of subcutaneous tissues and fascia layers, having as a result gangrene of the teguments. To reduce mortality associated with this disease, a rapid diagnosis is necessary as well as aggressive surgical treatment, accompanied by adequate, aggressive antibiotic therapy. As a rule, etiology is teeth related, with the condition more common in immunology-depressed patients. This article presents the experience of the authors regarding a case presentation of necrotizing fasciitis with typical clinical expression and management of the disease in an immunological-depressed patient. Further data on diagnosis ...


End-Stage Head And Neck Cancer: Coping Mechanism, Bogdan Popescu, Oana Paun, Razvan V. Scăunaşu, Serban V.G. Berteşteanu 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Colțea Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania

End-Stage Head And Neck Cancer: Coping Mechanism, Bogdan Popescu, Oana Paun, Razvan V. Scăunaşu, Serban V.G. Berteşteanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Coping mechanisms are patients’ means of adapting to stressful situations and involve psychological and physical changes in behavior. Patients adapt to head and neck cancer in a variety of ways. Head and neck cancers are extremely debilitating, especially in advanced stages of the disease or in end-of-life situations. While an oncology team needs to address the needs of all oncology patients, the advanced terminal patients require special attention. Most of these patients do not cope well with their situation and have a tendency to cease social interactions. Pain is the most frequentlyexperienced medical disability in patients having an end-stage illness ...


Extracranial Meningioma: An Unusual Presentation Of A Mass Over Inner Canthus Of Left Eye, Nasir Ali, Mubasher Ikram, Tahir Shafi Khan, Syed Athar Enam, Abdul Qadir Jangda, Farrok Karsan 2017 Aga Khan University

Extracranial Meningioma: An Unusual Presentation Of A Mass Over Inner Canthus Of Left Eye, Nasir Ali, Mubasher Ikram, Tahir Shafi Khan, Syed Athar Enam, Abdul Qadir Jangda, Farrok Karsan

Ather Enam

ABSTRACT Meningiomas are commonly encountered as intracranial brain tumours, but extracranial meningiomas do occur although seen rarely. Here we present a case of extracranial meningioma presenting as a mass over the medial canthus of left eye and the glabella with extension into the left ethmoid sinuses, without any neurological symptoms or signs. The patient underwent surgical excision, plastic surgical reconstruction and adjuvant radiotherapy after 3-dimensional conformal treatment planning.


Macrophage Type 2 Differentiation In A Patient With Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma And Metastatic Prostate Adenocarcinoma To The Cervical Lymph Nodes., Michael C. Topf, Madalina Tuluc, Larry A. Harshyne, Adam J. Luginbuhl 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Macrophage Type 2 Differentiation In A Patient With Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma And Metastatic Prostate Adenocarcinoma To The Cervical Lymph Nodes., Michael C. Topf, Madalina Tuluc, Larry A. Harshyne, Adam J. Luginbuhl

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment often polarizes infiltrating macrophages towards a type 2, or M2 phenotype, that is characterized by expression of various cysteine-rich, scavenger receptors, including CD163. The primary function of M2 macrophages is to facilitate wound healing. As such, they are capable of providing metabolic support to a growing tumor, neovascularization, as well as protection from cytotoxic T cells. The tumor microenvironment contains a milieu of secreted factors and vesicles, which in certain circumstances can gain access to lymphatic vessels that drain to local lymph nodes.

CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 59-year-old male with recurrent T4 squamous cell carcinoma ...


Erratum To: Acute Airway Compromise Due To Parathyroid Tumour Apoplexy: An Exceptionally Rare And Potentially Life-Threatening Presentation., Aoife Garrahy, David Hogan, James Paul O'Neill, Amar Agha 2017 Beaumont Hospital, Dublin

Erratum To: Acute Airway Compromise Due To Parathyroid Tumour Apoplexy: An Exceptionally Rare And Potentially Life-Threatening Presentation., Aoife Garrahy, David Hogan, James Paul O'Neill, Amar Agha

Otolaryngology Articles

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous haemorrhage into a parathyroid adenoma is a rare and potentially life-threatening presentation.

CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 45 year old female recently diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism who presented with chest discomfort and acute airway compromise due to spontaneous extracapsular haemorrhage into a parathyroid adenoma. Computed tomography (CT) imaging showed a hypopharyngeal haematoma extending 10 cm into the superior mediastinum. Surgical decompression of the cyst followed by enbloc resection of the parathyroid tumour was performed after elective intubation. Calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels had fallen prior to surgery and remain normal post-operatively.

CONCLUSION: Spontaneous parathyroid ...


Biochemical Effects Of Exercise On A Fasciocutaneous Flap In A Rat Model., Edita Aksamitiene, Adam L. Baker, Sudeep Roy, Salini Hota, Li-Hui Zhang, Julianna Rodin, Kealan Hobelmann, Jan B. Hoek, Edmund A. Pribitkin 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Biochemical Effects Of Exercise On A Fasciocutaneous Flap In A Rat Model., Edita Aksamitiene, Adam L. Baker, Sudeep Roy, Salini Hota, Li-Hui Zhang, Julianna Rodin, Kealan Hobelmann, Jan B. Hoek, Edmund A. Pribitkin

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

Importance: An overwhelming amount of data suggest that cardiovascular exercise has a positive effect on the mind and body, although the precise mechanism is not always clear.

Objective: To assess the clinical and biochemical effects of voluntary cardiovascular exercise on pedicled flaps in a rodent model.

Design, Setting, and Participants: Eighteen adult Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomized into a resting animal group (RAG) (n=9) and an exercise animal group (EAG) (n=9) for 14 days (July 23, 2013, through July 30, 2013). A pedicled transposition flap was performed on the ventral surface of the rat, and biopsy specimens were ...


Acute Airway Compromise Due To Parathyroid Tumour Apoplexy: An Exceptionally Rare And Potentially Life-Threatening Presentation., Aoife Garrahy, David Hogan, James Paul O'Neill, Amar Agha 2017 Beaumont Hospital, Dublin

Acute Airway Compromise Due To Parathyroid Tumour Apoplexy: An Exceptionally Rare And Potentially Life-Threatening Presentation., Aoife Garrahy, David Hogan, James Paul O'Neill, Amar Agha

Otolaryngology Articles

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous haemorrhage into a parathyroid adenoma is a rare and potentially life-threatening presentation.

CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 45 year old female recently diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism who presented with chest discomfort and acute airway compromise due to spontaneous extracapsular haemorrhage into a parathyroid adenoma. Computed tomography (CT) imaging showed a hypopharyngeal haematoma extending 10 cm into the superior mediastinum. Surgical decompression of the cyst followed by enbloc resection of the parathyroid tumour was performed after elective intubation. Calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels had fallen prior to surgery and remain normal post-operatively.

CONCLUSION: Spontaneous parathyroid ...


Correlation Of Tp53 Overexpression And Clinical Parameters With Five-Year Survival In Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients, Syed A. Ali, Hamza A Khan, Omar Irfan, Adeel Samad, Yamna Mirza, Mohammad Sohail Awan 2017 Aga Khan University

Correlation Of Tp53 Overexpression And Clinical Parameters With Five-Year Survival In Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients, Syed A. Ali, Hamza A Khan, Omar Irfan, Adeel Samad, Yamna Mirza, Mohammad Sohail Awan

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract

Introduction TP53 mutation and overexpression have been correlated with poor survival in many cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We aim to understand the role of TP53 overexpression in OSCC in our population and correlate it with five-year survival to test its viability as a prognostic marker for OSCC patients. Materials and methods Patients with biopsy proven OSCC at Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2000 to January 2008 were recruited. Immunohistochemistry was used to establish TP53 status and the results were published. Following up on these patients, five-year data were collected and correlated with TP53 status and ...


Sentinel Node Localisation Using Pre-Operative Lymphoscintigraphy And Intraoperative Gamma Probe In Early Oral Cavity Cancer, Mubasher Ikram, Shabbir Akhtar, Montasir Junaid, Tariq Dhari, Maseeh-uz Zaman, Riffat Hussain, Zubair Ahmad 2017 Aga Khan University

Sentinel Node Localisation Using Pre-Operative Lymphoscintigraphy And Intraoperative Gamma Probe In Early Oral Cavity Cancer, Mubasher Ikram, Shabbir Akhtar, Montasir Junaid, Tariq Dhari, Maseeh-Uz Zaman, Riffat Hussain, Zubair Ahmad

Zubair Ahmad

Objectives: To assess the diagnostic value of sentinel lymph node localisation using pre-operative lymphoscintigraphy and intra-operative gamma probe radio localisation in Pakistani patients suffering from early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity.
Methods: The prospective case series was conducted between September 2007 and April 2010 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. It comprised patients with T1and T2 oral cavity cancer with clinically and radiologically negative neck. Pre-operative lymphoscintigraphy was performed one day before surgery and intra-operative gamma probe was used to detect sentinel node. Final histo-pathological evaluation was taken as the gold standard.
Results: The study comprised ...


Pediatric Intrafalcine Empyema From A Sinogenic Origin: A Case Report., Kyle Mueller, John Myseros 2017 George Washington University

Pediatric Intrafalcine Empyema From A Sinogenic Origin: A Case Report., Kyle Mueller, John Myseros

Neurological Surgery Faculty Publications

Sinusitis and otitis are common within the pediatric population. If left untreated, these can extend intracranially and lead to the development of infections in the various intracranial compartments resulting in a high rate of morbidity and mortality. We report the first case of an intrafalcine empyema, absent subdural purulence, in a patient with the likely spread from a sinogenic origin. This case illustrates the novelty of this as a pathological entity as well as the surgical considerations for intrafalcine purulence in the absence of expected subdural collections.


Osa And Primary Snoring: Palatal Surgery And Office-Based Procedures, Adam Vasconcellos, MD 2017 Department of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Osa And Primary Snoring: Palatal Surgery And Office-Based Procedures, Adam Vasconcellos, Md

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty, Presentations and Grand Rounds

PowerPoint slide deck. (No audio)


6-Year Experience Of Outpatient Total And Completion Thyroidectomy, Ethan Frank, Joshua Park MD, Alfred Simental, Christopher Vuong MD, Steve Lee MD, PhD, Pedro Andrade Filho MD, Daniel Kwon MD, Yuan Liu MD 2017 Loma Linda University

6-Year Experience Of Outpatient Total And Completion Thyroidectomy, Ethan Frank, Joshua Park Md, Alfred Simental, Christopher Vuong Md, Steve Lee Md, Phd, Pedro Andrade Filho Md, Daniel Kwon Md, Yuan Liu Md

Loma Linda University Student Journal

Outpatient thyroidectomy has become slowly accepted with various published reports predominantly examining partial or subtotal thyroidectomy. Concerns regarding the safety of outpatient total and completion thyroidectomy remain, especially in regards to vocal fold paralysis, hypocalcemia, and catastrophic hematoma. We aimed to evaluate the safety of outpatient thyroid surgery in a large cohort. We conducted a retrospective review comparing outcomes in those who underwent outpatient (n=251) versus inpatient (n= 291) completion or total thyroidectomy between February 2009 and February 2015. Outpatient completion and total thyroidectomy had lower rates of temporary hypocalcemia (6% vs. 24.4%; p< 0.001) and no significant difference in rates of return to emergency department (1.2% vs. 1.4%), hematoma formation (0.8% vs. 0.7%), temporary (2% vs. 4.1%) or permanent (0.4% vs. 0.7%) vocal fold paralysis, or permanent hypocalcemia (0.4% vs. 0%) compared to the inpatient group. Outpatients requiring calcium replacement had shorter duration of postoperative calcium supplementation (44.4±59.3 days vs. 63.3 ±94.4 days; p < 0.001). Our data demonstrates similar safety in outpatient and inpatient total and completion thyroidectomy.


Promotion Of Early Pediatric Hearing Detection Through Patient Navigation, Matthew L. Bush 2017 University of Kentucky

Promotion Of Early Pediatric Hearing Detection Through Patient Navigation, Matthew L. Bush

Theses and Dissertations--Clinical and Translational Science

Congenital hearing loss is the most common neonatal sensory disorder and it is crucial to diagnose hearing loss as soon as possible after birth in order to facilitate rapid treatment. Universal standards of infant hearing healthcare dictate that infant hearing screening should be completed by one month of age and abnormal screening tests should be followed with definitive audiological testing by three months of age. Obtaining diagnostic testing can be complicated by limited access to care in rural areas, breakdowns in communication, lack of parental support, and poor coordination of care. There is no established method to address appointment non-adherence ...


Elimination Of Pain Improves Specificity Of Clinical Diagnostic Criteria For Adult Chronic Rhinosinusitis, Scott D. Hirsch, Evan R. Reiter, Laurence J. DiNardo, Wen Wan, Theodore A. Schuman 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Elimination Of Pain Improves Specificity Of Clinical Diagnostic Criteria For Adult Chronic Rhinosinusitis, Scott D. Hirsch, Evan R. Reiter, Laurence J. Dinardo, Wen Wan, Theodore A. Schuman

Otolaryngology Publications

Objective

Determine whether the elimination of pain improves accuracy of clinical diagnostic criteria for adult chronic rhinosinusitis.

Study Design

Retrospective cohort study.

Methods

History, symptoms, nasal endoscopy, and computed tomography (CT) results were analyzed for 1,186 adults referred to an academic otolaryngology clinic with presumptive diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis. Clinical diagnosis was rendered using the 1997 Rhinosinusitis Taskforce (RSTF) Guidelines and a modified version eliminating facial pain, ear pain, dental pain, and headache.

Results

Four hundred seventy-nine subjects (40%) met inclusion criteria. Among subjects positive by RSTF guidelines, 45% lacked objective evidence of sinonasal inflammation by CT, 48% by ...


Head And Neck Manifestations Of Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis: A Systematic Review., Jared M. Goldfarb, Mindy R. Rabinowitz, Shristi Basnyat, Gurston G. Nyquist, Marc R. Rosen 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Head And Neck Manifestations Of Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis: A Systematic Review., Jared M. Goldfarb, Mindy R. Rabinowitz, Shristi Basnyat, Gurston G. Nyquist, Marc R. Rosen

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first and only systematic review of the existing literature on head and neck manifestations of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis to guide clinical decision making for the otolaryngologist.

DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and LILACS.

REVIEW METHODS: A systematic review of the aforementioned sources was conducted per the PRISMA guidelines.

RESULTS: From an initial 574 studies, 28 trials and reports were included, accounting for a total of 1175 patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Among clinical and cohort studies, 48.0% to 96.0% of all included patients presented with head and neck manifestations. In a ...


Frequency Of Sensorineural Hearing Loss In Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media, Syed Sajjad Ali Zaidi, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha,, Anwar Suhail,, Talha Ahmed Qureshi 2016 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Sensorineural Hearing Loss In Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media, Syed Sajjad Ali Zaidi, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha,, Anwar Suhail,, Talha Ahmed Qureshi

Department of Surgery

Abstract Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is defined as chronic otorrhea (i.e., lasting > 6-12 weeks) through a perforated tympanic membrane. It is generally associated with some degree of conductive hearing loss. However, recurrent ear infections due to perforated eardrum result in absorption of toxins and macromolecules into the cochlea leading to sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). We planned to determine the frequency of sensorineural hearing loss in chronic suppurative otitis media. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Kgan University Hospital, Karachi, from October 2013 to March 2014. Average threshold of speech frequencies was calculated via pure tone audiogram ...


The Use Of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy In Idiopathic Sensorineural Hearing Loss: A Case Study, Chad B. Crigger, MD, Stephen L. Wilson, MD 2016 Marshall University

The Use Of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy In Idiopathic Sensorineural Hearing Loss: A Case Study, Chad B. Crigger, Md, Stephen L. Wilson, Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) is an otologic emergency that can provoke anxiety in the patient and can be clinically challenging for the practitioner. The natural history of the condition can be as varied as its possible etiologies. Adding to the clinical challenge is the current debate of treatment modalities available. In what follows, we provide a case detailing our treatment course, including the novel use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) as an emerging therapy for sensorineural hearing loss. Additionally, we provide a brief review of the current state of treatment options available in the armament for ISSHL. As ...


Relationship Of Tumor Thickness With Neck Node Metastasis In Buccal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: An Experience At A Tertiary Care Hospital, Sadaf Qadeer Ahmed, Montasir Junaid, Sohail Awan, Moaz M. Choudhary, Maliha Kazi, Aria Masoom, Hareem Usman Khan 2016 Sir Syed University of Medical College, Pakistan

Relationship Of Tumor Thickness With Neck Node Metastasis In Buccal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: An Experience At A Tertiary Care Hospital, Sadaf Qadeer Ahmed, Montasir Junaid, Sohail Awan, Moaz M. Choudhary, Maliha Kazi, Aria Masoom, Hareem Usman Khan

Department of Surgery

Introduction Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the head and neck, with the buccal mucosa being the most common site involved. Early locoregional metastasis is a hallmark of this disease, and early stage tumors may harbor metastatic nodes that are occult. Certain parameters can help identify high-risk patients for whom the pattern of occult nodal metastasis can be predicted. Tumor thickness is one such objective parameter. Objective To determine the relationship of tumor thickness with neck node metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of the buccal mucosa. Methods A retrospective chart review of 102 patients with biopsy-proven squamous ...


Gastric Pepsin In Post-Tympanostomy Tube Otorrhea, Jill N. D'Souza, MD, Erin Fields, PA-C, Zhaoping He, PhD, Robert O' Reilly, MD 2016 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia PA

Gastric Pepsin In Post-Tympanostomy Tube Otorrhea, Jill N. D'Souza, Md, Erin Fields, Pa-C, Zhaoping He, Phd, Robert O' Reilly, Md

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Posters

Introduction

Otorrhea is the most common complication following tympanostomy tube placement, with an incidence commonly reported at around 20%. Topical otic antibiotic drops are typically used for relief of otorrhea in children with tympanostomy tubes. In children with recurrent otorrhea, gastroesophageal reflux and extraesophageal reflux have been postulated to be involved in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion1. Middle ear inflammation is thought to be mediated by proteolytic activity of pepsin, as well as by the decrease in pH associated with reflux of gastric acid through Eustachian tube. The goal of this study is to examine the presence ...


The Effects Of Formalized Team Training On Key Patient Outcomes In An Otolaryngology- Head And Neck Surgery Residency, Natalie Vercillo, MD, Adam Vasconcellos, MD, David Cognetti, MD, Maurits Boon, MD 2016 Department of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

The Effects Of Formalized Team Training On Key Patient Outcomes In An Otolaryngology- Head And Neck Surgery Residency, Natalie Vercillo, Md, Adam Vasconcellos, Md, David Cognetti, Md, Maurits Boon, Md

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Posters

BACKGROUND

  • Errors in medical care have consistently been linked to communication failures among team members. TeamSTEPPS® is a team training system which was co-developed by the Department of Defense and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) which provides a full curriculum of ways to improve patient safety through four main skills: communication, mutual support, leadership and situation monitoring1.
  • Training in these skills through TeamSTEPPS® has been shown to improve patient safety and outcomes by reducing destructive barriers within the healthcare field such as poor communication, conflicts, ambiguous responsibilities of each team member, hierarchical constraints and work overload ...


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