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307 full-text articles. Page 1 of 13.

Application Of Tasman Technique For Congenital Absence Of Nasal Cartilage: A Case Report, Dominick Gadaleta, Ryan N. Heffelfinger 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Application Of Tasman Technique For Congenital Absence Of Nasal Cartilage: A Case Report, Dominick Gadaleta, Ryan N. Heffelfinger

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Opioid-Prescribing Practices For Post-Operative Patients In Otolaryngology: A Multiphasic Quality Improvement Project In A Single Large Institution, Zachary Gandee, Sophia Dang, Alexander N. Duffy, Jonathan C. Li, Tanvi Rana, Brittany Gunville, Tingting Zhan, Elizabeth Cottrill, MD, David Cognetti, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Opioid-Prescribing Practices For Post-Operative Patients In Otolaryngology: A Multiphasic Quality Improvement Project In A Single Large Institution, Zachary Gandee, Sophia Dang, Alexander N. Duffy, Jonathan C. Li, Tanvi Rana, Brittany Gunville, Tingting Zhan, Elizabeth Cottrill, Md, David Cognetti, Md

Phase 1

Objectives:

In otolaryngology, postoperative pain management lacks evidence-based guidelines. We investigated opioid prescription and consumption for common procedures to develop prescribing guidelines at our institution.

Study Design:

Prospective, survey study.

Methods:

Patients who underwent surgery between July and September were given surveys upon discharge and at first follow-up visit. We assessed opioid usage and pain using the visual analog scale and opioid consumption throughout the postoperative period. Opioid prescriptions were converted to a standardized unit of 5 mg Oxycodone pills for reporting. Four procedures (transoral robotic surgery resection [TORS], sialendoscopy, parathyroidectomy/thyroidectomy, and parotidectomy) were selected for isolated analysis.

Results ...


The Impact Of Stuttering On Development Of Self-Identity, Relationships, And Quality Of Life In Women Who Stutter, Charn Nang, Deborah J. Hersh, Katie Milton, Su Re Lau 2018 Edith Cowan University

The Impact Of Stuttering On Development Of Self-Identity, Relationships, And Quality Of Life In Women Who Stutter, Charn Nang, Deborah J. Hersh, Katie Milton, Su Re Lau

ECU Publications Post 2013

Purpose: The experiences of women who stutter have been underresearched. Clinicians have little guidance from the research literature on issues specific to women who stutter and are likely to have less clinical contact with this group than with men who stutter because of the higher prevalence of stuttering in men. This study explored the experiences of a small group of women who stutter with a particular focus on what the main current issues are and how gender may have influenced experiences with stuttering.

Method: This qualitative study involved recruitment of 9 women who stutter (aged 35-80 years) through a support ...


Metformin Clinical Trial In Hpv+ And Hpv- Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Impact On Cancer Cell Apoptosis And Immune Infiltrate., Joseph M. Curry, Jennifer Johnson, Mehri Mollaee, Patrick Tassone, Dev Amin, Alexander Knops, Diana Whitaker Menezes, My Mahoney, Andrew P. South, Ulrich Rodeck, Tingting Zhan, Larry A. Harshyne, Nancy Philp, Adam J. Luginbuhl, David Cognetti, Madalina Tuluc, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Metformin Clinical Trial In Hpv+ And Hpv- Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Impact On Cancer Cell Apoptosis And Immune Infiltrate., Joseph M. Curry, Jennifer Johnson, Mehri Mollaee, Patrick Tassone, Dev Amin, Alexander Knops, Diana Whitaker Menezes, My Mahoney, Andrew P. South, Ulrich Rodeck, Tingting Zhan, Larry A. Harshyne, Nancy Philp, Adam J. Luginbuhl, David Cognetti, Madalina Tuluc, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Md

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: Metformin, an oral anti-hyperglycemic drug which inhibits mitochondrial complex I and oxidative phosphorylation has been reported to correlate with improved outcomes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and other cancers. This effect is postulated to occur through disruption of tumor-driven metabolic and immune dysregulation in the tumor microenvironment (TME). We report new findings on the impact of metformin on the tumor and immune elements of the TME from a clinical trial of metformin in HNSCC. Methods: Human papilloma virus-(HPV-) tobacco+ mucosal HNSCC samples (n = 12) were compared to HPV+ oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) samples (n ...


A Systematic Review Of Treating Recurrent Head And Neck Cancer: A Reintroduction Of Brachytherapy With Or Without Surgery., Julianna Rodin, Voichita Bar-Ad, David Cognetti, Joseph Curry, Jennifer Johnson, Chad Zender, Laura Doyle, David Kutler, Benjamin E. Leiby, William M. Keane, Adam J. Luginbuhl 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

A Systematic Review Of Treating Recurrent Head And Neck Cancer: A Reintroduction Of Brachytherapy With Or Without Surgery., Julianna Rodin, Voichita Bar-Ad, David Cognetti, Joseph Curry, Jennifer Johnson, Chad Zender, Laura Doyle, David Kutler, Benjamin E. Leiby, William M. Keane, Adam J. Luginbuhl

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

Purpose: To review brachytherapy use in recurrent head and neck carcinoma (RHNC) with focus on its efficacy and complication rates.

Material and methods: A literature search of PubMed, Ovid, Google Scholar, and Scopus was conducted from 1990 to 2017. Publications describing treatment of RHNC with brachytherapy with or without surgery were included. The focus of this review is on oncologic outcomes and the safety of brachytherapy in the recurrent setting.

Results: Thirty studies involving RHNC treatment with brachytherapy were reviewed. Brachytherapy as adjunctive treatment to surgical resection appears to be associated with an improved local regional control and overall survival ...


Management Of Enophthalmos From Silent Sinus Syndrome With A Customized Orbital Implant, Jason E. Cohn, Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Mohammad Hararah, Sameep Kadakia, Yadranko Ducic 2018 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Management Of Enophthalmos From Silent Sinus Syndrome With A Customized Orbital Implant, Jason E. Cohn, Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Mohammad Hararah, Sameep Kadakia, Yadranko Ducic

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

Background We describe the surgical treatment of silent sinus syndrome, a disease characterized by progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus due to orbital floor collapse with opacification of the maxillary sinus, in the presence of chronic maxillary sinusitis.

Methods Case study of a 55-year-old male with persistent diplopia secondary to left-sided esotropia and enophthalmos from chronic maxillary sinusitis.

Results Two stage procedure to treat the sinonasal and orbital symptoms, which include endoscopic sinus surgery to treat the underlying the ostial obstruction along with decompression of maxillary sinus. Then, reconstruction of the orbital floor with a customized implant.

Conclusions Though the treatment of ...


Impact Of Feeding Tube Status On Health Outcomes For Individuals With Oropharyngeal Cancer, Nedeljko Jovanovic 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Impact Of Feeding Tube Status On Health Outcomes For Individuals With Oropharyngeal Cancer, Nedeljko Jovanovic

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

This study investigated differences in outcomes related to health, swallowing, and quality of life (QoL) for individuals with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) receiving either radiotherapy (RT) alone, or concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Differences were assessed based on whether patients received a feeding tube (FT group) or not (NFT group). Measures including the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), Performance Status Scale for Head and Neck Cancer (PSS-HN), M.D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI), and weight were collected for 126 individuals at baseline, and at 3, 6, and 12 months post-treatment. Data were analyzed to identify potential prognostic differences between the ...


Holmium Laser For Endoscopic Treatment Of Benign Tracheal Stenosis, D J. Verret, Arneya Jategaonkar, Samuel Helman, Sameep Kadakia, Arash Bahrami, Eli Gordin, Yadranko Ducic 2018 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Holmium Laser For Endoscopic Treatment Of Benign Tracheal Stenosis, D J. Verret, Arneya Jategaonkar, Samuel Helman, Sameep Kadakia, Arash Bahrami, Eli Gordin, Yadranko Ducic

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

Introduction Laryngotracheal stenosis is a difficult problem with varied etiology and various treatment options. The holmium laser represents another tool for the treatment of benign tracheal stenosis.

Objectives To determine the utility of holmium laser treatment for benign tracheal stenosis with regards to safety and efficacy.

Methods This was a retrospective case study examining patients with benign tracheal stenosis from 1998–2016 who underwent holmium laser treatment. Determining the safety of this procedure was the primary goal, and complications were monitored as a surrogate of safety.

Results A total of 123 patients who underwent holmium laser treatment for benign tracheal ...


Cross-Departmental Educational Program On Complex Airway And Epistaxis Management, Adam Vasconcellos, MD, Meghan Crawley, MD, Michael Topf, MD, Ryan Gerritsen, MD, Dominick Gadaleta, MD, Joseph Spiegel, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Cross-Departmental Educational Program On Complex Airway And Epistaxis Management, Adam Vasconcellos, Md, Meghan Crawley, Md, Michael Topf, Md, Ryan Gerritsen, Md, Dominick Gadaleta, Md, Joseph Spiegel, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Internists, emergency medicine physicians, and intensivists routinely provide essential care for patients with complex airways (i.e. tracheostomy and laryngectomy) and patients with epistaxis. Any of these physicians may serve as first responder in a complex airway or epistaxis emergency situation. Therefore, a basic understanding of complex airway and epistaxis management is essential. The otolaryngology department aims to provide our colleagues with fundamental take-home points to improve crossdepartmental care of these patients.


Alcohol Drives Oxidation-Dependent Desensitization Of Airway Cilia Motility Responsiveness, Michael Price 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Alcohol Drives Oxidation-Dependent Desensitization Of Airway Cilia Motility Responsiveness, Michael Price

Theses & Dissertations

Alcohol abuse, which can impair clearance of pathogens and debris from the airway, is associated with an increase in complications and a higher mortality rate during the progression of pneumonia. With prolonged alcohol exposure, mucociliary clearance (MCC), which depends on the coordinated beating of cilia, is dysfunctional. Effective MCC relies on cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activation of ciliary beat frequency (CBF). PKA activation and stimulation of CBF are blunted with chronic exposure to alcohol. This phenomenon is known as alcohol-induced ciliary dysfunction (AICD). Previous studies have shown that concomitant feeding of mice with alcohol and antioxidants prevents AICD, suggesting a ...


Jejunal Intussusception: A Rare Manifestation Of A Primary Thyroid Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Abu Baker Sheikh, Usman Tariq, Marvi M. Bukhari, Sana Shah, Rao M. Afzal, Abdul Ahad E. Shaikh, Nimra Nadeem 2018 Aga Khan University, Karachi Pakistan

Jejunal Intussusception: A Rare Manifestation Of A Primary Thyroid Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Abu Baker Sheikh, Usman Tariq, Marvi M. Bukhari, Sana Shah, Rao M. Afzal, Abdul Ahad E. Shaikh, Nimra Nadeem

Medical College Documents

Primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is an uncommon malignancy of the thyroid gland, with most lymphomas of the thyroid being almost exclusively of the non-Hodgkin's B cell variety. PTL requires a prompt diagnosis because of its ability to cause progressive compression symptoms, and its unusual presentation can make the diagnosis very challenging. Herein, we present a case of PTL in a young woman with an uncommon initial presentation and discuss the complications she faced during the surgery, as well as postoperatively, due to the compression of the trachea by the thyroid mass.


Knockout Of Pannexin-1 Induces Hearing Loss, Jin Chen, Chun Liang, Liang Zong, Yan Zhu, Hong-Bo Zhao 2018 University of Kentucky

Knockout Of Pannexin-1 Induces Hearing Loss, Jin Chen, Chun Liang, Liang Zong, Yan Zhu, Hong-Bo Zhao

Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery Faculty Publications

Mutations of gap junction connexin genes induce a high incidence of nonsyndromic hearing loss. Pannexin genes also encode gap junctional proteins in vertebrates. Recent studies demonstrated that Pannexin-1 (Panx1) deficiency in mice and mutation in humans are also associated with hearing loss. So far, several Panx1 knockout (KO) mouse lines were established. In general, these Panx1 KO mouse lines demonstrate consistent phenotypes in most aspects, including hearing loss. However, a recent study reported that a Panx1 KO mouse line, which was created by Genentech Inc., had no hearing loss as measured by the auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold at low-frequency ...


Frequency Of Cervical Nodal Metastasis In Early Stage Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Tongue, Sadaf Qadeer Ahmed, Montasir Junaid, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Maliha Kazi, Hareem Usman Khan, Sohail Haleem 2018 Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences for Girls, Karachi, Pakistan.

Frequency Of Cervical Nodal Metastasis In Early Stage Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Tongue, Sadaf Qadeer Ahmed, Montasir Junaid, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Maliha Kazi, Hareem Usman Khan, Sohail Haleem

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

ntroduction Oral cavity carcinoma is an aggressive tumor, with the tongue being one of the most common subsites of involvement. Surgery is a gold standard method of dealing with advanced-stage tumors. However, for early-stage carcinomas of the tongue, the management remains controversial. Several studies have indicated that early-stage cancers have a high chance of occult cervical node metastasis, which, if left untreated, can greatly affect the prognosis. Certain parameters can help identify patients with occult cervical node metastases, and can avoid unnecessary neck dissection in node negative patients. Tumor thickness is one such objective parameter. Objective To estimate the frequency ...


Unusual Presentation Of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Metastasis, Haissan Iftikhar, Mubasher Ikram, Adnan Yar Muhammad, Karim Rizwan Nathani 2018 Aga Khan University

Unusual Presentation Of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Metastasis, Haissan Iftikhar, Mubasher Ikram, Adnan Yar Muhammad, Karim Rizwan Nathani

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Introduction  The rates of thyroid cancers are on a rise, especially well-differentiated thyroid cancers. This could be partly due to newer diagnostic modalities, like high-resolution ultrasound, that can pick up smaller lesions. Differentiated thyroid cancers with distant metastases are not common, and even rarer is the initial presentation with complaints not related to the neck.

Objectives  The objective of this series was to study and report the unusual cases of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer with distant metastasis. There is a lack of data in the literature on these cases, and due to the rarity of such metastases, no definite ...


Management Of Deep Space Infections Of The Neck, Emil Mărginean, Sargarovschi Egor, Ciprian Venter, Alina Pantiș, Oana Vălenaș, Ildiko Sorban, Maria Domuța, Cristian Bălălău, Razvan V. Scaunasu MD, Bogdan Popescu 2018 Oradea University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Surgery and Neurosurgery

Management Of Deep Space Infections Of The Neck, Emil Mărginean, Sargarovschi Egor, Ciprian Venter, Alina Pantiș, Oana Vălenaș, Ildiko Sorban, Maria Domuța, Cristian Bălălău, Razvan V. Scaunasu Md, Bogdan Popescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Infections of the deep neck spaces often present a clinical challenge for the ENT surgeon. Management of these complex suppurations of the neck requires in fact a multidisciplinary approach due to possible complications like mediastinitis, septic shock and MSOF, life threatening bleeding and ICU management. The spread of infection from the primary site to other regions is possible through the lymphatic, arterial and venous vessels, or directly along the fasciae. There are several classifications for the etiology, pathogenic mechanism and site of evolution, the most frequently encountered clinical forms being peritonsillar abscess, retropharyngeal abscess, lateropharyngeal abscess, and the deep cervical ...


Phosphaturic Mesenchymal Tumor Of The Nasal Cavity: Clinicopathologic Correlation Is Essential For Diagnosis, Aidan Kerr, Ryan Rimmer, Marc Rosen, James J. Evans, Madalina Tuluc, Stacey K. Mardekian 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Phosphaturic Mesenchymal Tumor Of The Nasal Cavity: Clinicopathologic Correlation Is Essential For Diagnosis, Aidan Kerr, Ryan Rimmer, Marc Rosen, James J. Evans, Madalina Tuluc, Stacey K. Mardekian

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor (PMT) is a rare neoplasm in which the tumor cells produce fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), leading to oncogenic osteomalacia and thus a distinct clinical presentation. However, the pathologic findings of PMT are often non-specific and variable, especially in tumors occurring in the head and neck. We present a case of a 66-year-old female who presented with osteomalacia-related symptoms and was found to have a nasal cavity mass. Histopathologic examination was suggestive of PMT but certain characteristic features were lacking, requiring confirmation of the diagnosis by chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) assay for FGF23 mRNA. The patient ...


Kallikrein-Related Peptidases Are Dysregulated In Pleomorphic Adenoma, Matthew D. Morrison 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Kallikrein-Related Peptidases Are Dysregulated In Pleomorphic Adenoma, Matthew D. Morrison

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Objectives: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign salivary gland tumor. Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) have been identified as biomarkers in many human tumors and may influence tumor behavior. We investigated KLK1-15 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and proteins in PA specimens to determine a KLK expression profile for this tumor.

Methods: Fresh frozen PA tissue specimens (n = 26) and matched controls were subjected to RT-qPCR to detect KLK1-15 mRNA. Expression of KLK1, KLK12, KLK13 and KLK8 proteins were then evaluated via immunostaining techniques. Statistical analyses were performed with the level of significance set at P < .05.

Results: We observed downregulation of ...


Comparison Of New Metrics For Assessment Of Risks Of Occupational Noise, Wisam Al-Dayyeni, Jun Qin 2018 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Comparison Of New Metrics For Assessment Of Risks Of Occupational Noise, Wisam Al-Dayyeni, Jun Qin

Journal of Applied Sciences and Arts

Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is one of the most common occupational related health problems worldwide. Exposure to excessive noise is the major avoidable cause of permanent hearing loss. The conventional metrics for noise evaluation cannot accurately assess the exposure risks to high-level complex noise, which commonly occurs in many industrial and military fields. Recently, we have developed two advanced models, an adaptive weighting (F-weighting) and a complex velocity level (CVL) auditory fatigue model, to evaluate the risks of occupational noise. In this study, we compared performances of five noise assessment metrics, including F-weighted sound pressure level (SPL) LFeq, CVL ...


Orbital Skull Base Reconstruction With Temporalis Muscle: The Sphenoid Keyhole Technique, Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Arash Bahrami, Jason Cohn, Sameep Kadakia, Moustafa Mourad, Yadranko Ducic 2018 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Orbital Skull Base Reconstruction With Temporalis Muscle: The Sphenoid Keyhole Technique, Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Arash Bahrami, Jason Cohn, Sameep Kadakia, Moustafa Mourad, Yadranko Ducic

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

The temporalis flap is a common flap used in head and neck reconstruction. In this article, the authors present a new modification of the use of the temporalis muscle flap for orbital skull base reconstruction with the use of a sphenoid keyhole. This technique confers multiple advantages in reducing the arc of rotation and providing a tension-free reconstruction of the orbital skull base.


Sustainability And Outcomes Of A Standardized Aminoglycoside Induced Ototoxicity Monitoring Algorithm, Claire Elson, Christopher M. Oermann, Michelle Weltman, Ellen Meier 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Sustainability And Outcomes Of A Standardized Aminoglycoside Induced Ototoxicity Monitoring Algorithm, Claire Elson, Christopher M. Oermann, Michelle Weltman, Ellen Meier

Posters

No abstract provided.


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