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Mortality From Aspiration Pneumonia: Incidence, Trends, And Risk Factors, Trisha Gupte, John D. Cramer M.D., Arthur Knack PhD, CCC-SLP 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Mortality From Aspiration Pneumonia: Incidence, Trends, And Risk Factors, Trisha Gupte, John D. Cramer M.D., Arthur Knack Phd, Ccc-Slp

Medical Student Research Symposium

Aspiration pneumonia is a potentially preventable, aggressive type of pneumonia. Little is understood on the burden in mortality from aspiration pneumonia. Our objectives were to first examine the burden of mortality from aspiration pneumonia in the United States and second investigate comorbidities associated with aspiration pneumonia to understand risk factors. We conducted a case-control study of individuals who died of aspiration pneumonia matched to those who died of other causes. We analyzed all deaths in the United States using the Multiple Cause of Death Dataset from 1999-2017. Cases were matched with controls based on age, sex, and race. We calculated ...


Acetyl Isogambogic Acid Activates Unfolded Protein Response And Apoptosis In Head And Neck Cancer, Mehrnoosh Ghafouri, Chester Gauss, Yue Xi PhD, Thomas Jetmore MD, Jordyn Lucas MD, Michael U. Callaghan MD, Andrew M. Fribley PhD 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Acetyl Isogambogic Acid Activates Unfolded Protein Response And Apoptosis In Head And Neck Cancer, Mehrnoosh Ghafouri, Chester Gauss, Yue Xi Phd, Thomas Jetmore Md, Jordyn Lucas Md, Michael U. Callaghan Md, Andrew M. Fribley Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) develops in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and throat. HNSCC is the sixth most common malignancy in the world with 650,000 new diagnosis and 350,000 death every year. Current treatments are chemotherapy and radiation however, the 5-year survival rate for patients at stage 3 or 4 is less than 50%. There is an urgent unmet clinical need to investigate novel treatments for these patients. HNSCC is characterized by dysregulated cell growth rate and aberrant protein synthesis which leads to increased protein folding demand and the need for chaperones. This ...


Complications Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Andrew Stefan, Sabrina Bernardo, William Azkoul II, Bianca Siegel 2022 Wayne State University

Complications Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Andrew Stefan, Sabrina Bernardo, William Azkoul Ii, Bianca Siegel

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background:

Cochlear implantation (CI) surgery is the standard of care treatment for pediatric patients diagnosed with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. While considered a relatively safe operation, any invasive procedure involving the cranium has risks. However, there are few recent studies in the United States that have analyzed complication rates among children who have received CI. Furthermore, existing studies fail to discuss specific risk factors that led to post-operative complications, nor offer solutions to reduce their incidence. This study aims to 1) determine the incidence of specific complications in pediatric CI patients and 2) identify evidence-based risk factors for ...


Endoscopic Cricoid Split As A Treatment For Subglottic Stenosis: A Systematic Review, Silvia Aluia, Katherine Akers, Michael Chung MD 2022 Wayne State University

Endoscopic Cricoid Split As A Treatment For Subglottic Stenosis: A Systematic Review, Silvia Aluia, Katherine Akers, Michael Chung Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Subglottic stenosis, a fibrotic narrowing of the airway below the vocal cords extending to the lower border of the cricoid cartilage, can be classified as congenital, idiopathic, or acquired in neonates from prolonged intubation. Treatment has more recently expanded from open surgical intervention to include endoscopic procedures. This systematic review aims to evaluate existing literature on anterior and posterior endoscopic cricoid split procedures as a treatment for congenital and acquired subglottic stenosis in order to explore the efficacy of these techniques.

Methods: Literature searches were conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Google scholar, which ...


Outcome Of Newborn Hearing Screening Program In A Tertiary Care Centre, South India., S. Sija, V. K. Gireeshan, V. T. Ajith Kumar Professor and Head of the Department, T. V. Rajesh Additional Professor 2022 Goverment Medical college , Manjeri

Outcome Of Newborn Hearing Screening Program In A Tertiary Care Centre, South India., S. Sija, V. K. Gireeshan, V. T. Ajith Kumar Professor And Head Of The Department, T. V. Rajesh Additional Professor

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective

To determine the coverage and outcome of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) Program in Government Medical College Manjeri, South India. To study the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) among those children screened, to describe the characteristics of confirmed cases, and the status of speech and language development acquired by them at follow up.

Design

Hospital based retro prospective study.

Methods

Data were collected from all newborns who underwent Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) over a four-year period (November 2014 to October 2018). Cases with confirmed hearing loss were studied by pre-structured questionnaire and telephonic interview. Speech and language assessments ...


Nasal Chondromesenchymal Hamartoma: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Jana Ghulmiyyah 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Nasal Chondromesenchymal Hamartoma: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Jana Ghulmiyyah

Research Days

Background: Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is a rare benign tumor of the sinonasal cavity. It commonly presents in infancy, however there are reported cases of adult tumors. As of August 2021, there have been 56 reported cases in the literature. This is the first description of a solely endoscopically resected NCMH in a neonate in addition to a review of the literature.

Case Presentation: A 5-day old male patient born at term presented to our institution for stridor and cyanosis since birth. The patient was reported to have desaturations while feeding at the outside hospital. On bedside examination, the patient ...


Use Of Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis To Correct Micrognathia And Airway Obstruction In Newborn Female With Pierre Robin Sequence And Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Rural Appalachia, Seneca Williams, Adam Van Horn MD 2022 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Use Of Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis To Correct Micrognathia And Airway Obstruction In Newborn Female With Pierre Robin Sequence And Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Rural Appalachia, Seneca Williams, Adam Van Horn Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

We present a case of Pierre Robin sequence and Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) in a newborn female patient to highlight the surgical technique of mandibular distraction osteogenesis to correct airway obstruction due to micrognathia. The patient presented as a transport after delivery due to respiratory distress. She was noted to have a cleft palate and micrognathia. The absence of other dysmorphic features diagnosed her with non-syndromic Pierre Robin sequence. To solve her upper airway obstruction, mandibular distraction osteogenesis was performed. This procedure allowed the patient to be weaned from all respiratory support and nasogastric tube feeds by the end of ...


Otolaryngology Subspecialty Surgical Rescheduling Rates During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Emily S Sagalow, Alexander Duffy, Priyanga Selvakumar, David Cognetti 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Otolaryngology Subspecialty Surgical Rescheduling Rates During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Emily S Sagalow, Alexander Duffy, Priyanga Selvakumar, David Cognetti

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

Objective: In the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in spring 2020, elective and oncologic surgical cases were cancelled. After adequate safety protocols were established, each subspecialty within otolaryngology faced unique challenges in reengaging patients for surgical scheduling.

Study design: Retrospective review from March to May 2020.

Setting: Single academic institution.

Methods: Patients whose otolaryngology surgery was cancelled due to COVID-19 hospital precautions were identified. Rescheduling rates were analyzed by subspecialty. Case completion was determined as the percentage of initially cancelled cases that were completed within 6 months of their original planned dates.

Results: Of 833 otolaryngology cases scheduled between March ...


A Unique Case Of Metastatic Prostate Carcinoma To The Subglottis, Samuel Bosco, Kristen Prijs, Jordan Licata, Sandra A Schwartz, Raymond Lesser 2022 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

A Unique Case Of Metastatic Prostate Carcinoma To The Subglottis, Samuel Bosco, Kristen Prijs, Jordan Licata, Sandra A Schwartz, Raymond Lesser

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

An 85-year-old male presented to an otolaryngology office with hoarseness, stridor, and shortness of breath. He had been evaluated by 2 outside otolaryngologists for a 4-year history of hoarseness. He was referred for consideration for speech therapy regarding hoarseness, vocal fold edema, and a questionable right vocal fold polyp. The patient reported that his symptoms had worsened progressively over the prior 6-12 months. He had no history of head and neck cancer, recent intubation, autoimmune conditions, head and neck trauma, or smoking. The patient had a history of prostate carcinoma treated with radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy 18 ...


Functional Nasal Breathing Rehabilitation: Effectiveness And Feasibility Of An Online Integrative Breathing Therapy Protocol, Rosalba Courtney, Roger Engel, Sandra Grace, Anna Potts, Brooke Riordan, Kaitlyn Ireland, Courtney Osbourne, Avinash Sukhtankar 2022 Southern Cross University

Functional Nasal Breathing Rehabilitation: Effectiveness And Feasibility Of An Online Integrative Breathing Therapy Protocol, Rosalba Courtney, Roger Engel, Sandra Grace, Anna Potts, Brooke Riordan, Kaitlyn Ireland, Courtney Osbourne, Avinash Sukhtankar

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: Nasal disuse and mouth breathing are associated with negative structural, functional, postural, occlusal, and behavioural changes. While there is some research to suggest that nasal breathing exercises can reduce mouth breathing, clinical protocols have not been extensively investigated. The purpose of this research was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a nasal breathing rehabilitation protocol based on Integrative Breathing Therapy principles called Functional Nasal Breathing Rehabilitation (FNBR).

Methods: Twenty-three participants with symptoms of nasal obstruction and self-reported mouth breathing completed the 4-week online FNBR training. Outcome measures included the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale, a numeric rating ...


Tadalafil Enhances Immune Signatures In Response To Neoadjuvant Nivolumab In Resectable Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Adam J. Luginbuhl, Jennifer Johnson, Larry Harshyne,, Alban J Linnenbach, Sanket Kumar Shukla, Angela Alnemri, Gaurav Kumar, David Cognetti, Joseph Curry, Nikita Kotlov, Zoya Antysheva, Sandrine Degryse, Kyle Mannion, Michael K Gibson, James Netterville, Brandee Brown, Rita S. Axelrod, Ralph G. Zinner, Madalina Tuluc, Stacey Gargano, Benjamin E Leiby, Ayako Shimada, M G Mahoney, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Ulrich Rodeck, Young J Kim, Andrew P. South, Athanassios Argiris 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Tadalafil Enhances Immune Signatures In Response To Neoadjuvant Nivolumab In Resectable Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Adam J. Luginbuhl, Jennifer Johnson, Larry Harshyne,, Alban J Linnenbach, Sanket Kumar Shukla, Angela Alnemri, Gaurav Kumar, David Cognetti, Joseph Curry, Nikita Kotlov, Zoya Antysheva, Sandrine Degryse, Kyle Mannion, Michael K Gibson, James Netterville, Brandee Brown, Rita S. Axelrod, Ralph G. Zinner, Madalina Tuluc, Stacey Gargano, Benjamin E Leiby, Ayako Shimada, M G Mahoney, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Ulrich Rodeck, Young J Kim, Andrew P. South, Athanassios Argiris

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

Purpose: We hypothesize that the addition of the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor tadalafil to the PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab, is safe and will augment immune-mediated antitumor responses in previously untreated squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC).

Patients and methods: We conducted a two-arm multi-institutional neoadjuvant randomized trial in any-stage resectable HNSCC (NCT03238365). Patients were stratified at randomization by human papillomavirus (HPV) status. Patients in both arms received nivolumab 240 mg intravenously on days 1 and 15 followed by surgery on day 28. Those in the combination therapy arm also received tadalafil 10 mg orally once daily for 4 weeks. Imaging ...


Examination Of Care Processes And Treatment Optimization For Head And Neck Cancer Patients In A Community Setting “Hub And Hub” Model, Harleen K. Sethi, Elijah Walker, Travis Weinsheim, Matthew J. Brennan, Christopher E. Fundakowski 2022 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Examination Of Care Processes And Treatment Optimization For Head And Neck Cancer Patients In A Community Setting “Hub And Hub” Model, Harleen K. Sethi, Elijah Walker, Travis Weinsheim, Matthew J. Brennan, Christopher E. Fundakowski

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

Objective

To examine referral pattern, the timing of diagnostic/staging processes, and treatment initiation for new head and neck cancer patients in a community setting.

Methods

Patients with a newly diagnosed previously untreated diagnosis of head neck cancer managed at Asplundh Cancer Pavilion/Abington Memorial Hospital from October 2018 to March 2020. Source of referral and preceding workup were examined as well as intervals between initial head and neck consult and various timepoints of treatment initiation.

Results

One hundred and five patients were included in the study. The primary referral sources were external general otolaryngology (56.3%). Oral surgery and ...


Deep Neck Abscess After Intubation Trauma: A Case Report., Kashyap Kaul, Chetan S Nayak, Jessica Jacoby, Kenneth D Katz 2022 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Deep Neck Abscess After Intubation Trauma: A Case Report., Kashyap Kaul, Chetan S Nayak, Jessica Jacoby, Kenneth D Katz

Department of Emergency Medicine

Significant injuries from endotracheal intubation are exceedingly rare but can lead to life-threatening complications, such as pharyngeal perforation. This type of perforation can result in abscess formation and airway compromise. Risks for this complication include operator skill and intubation in emergent situations. This case report details a 59-year-old male who underwent elective septoplasty with bilateral nasal turbinate reduction. The procedure required general anesthesia induction and endotracheal intubation. He developed a gradually enlarging right-sided neck mass with associated fevers, neck pain, odynophagia, and dysphonia. He presented to the emergency department on postoperative day 5 and was diagnosed with a right-sided, prevertebral ...


Clinical Symptoms Contributing To Zenker's Diverticulum Repair: A Retrospective Review, Jhon F. Martinez Paredes, Razan Al Fakir, Amy L. Rutt 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Clinical Symptoms Contributing To Zenker's Diverticulum Repair: A Retrospective Review, Jhon F. Martinez Paredes, Razan Al Fakir, Amy L. Rutt

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Objective: Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is usually associated with dysphagia and other symptoms due to the interrelated functions of several systems. Surgical management of ZD is effective for all sizes of diverticula, but not all patients decide to undergo surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between clinical presentation and patients' decision to undergo surgical repair.

Subjects and methods: This is a retrospective study including 165 patients with ZD treated over the last 11 years. Data collection includes patients' chief complaints and symptoms, medical history, findings on radiologic swallow evaluations, and patients' decision to undergo surgery ...


Mental Practice Of Lingual Resistance And Cortical Plasticity In Older Adults: An Exploratory Fnirs Study, Erin Kamarunas, Sarah Szynkiewicz, Lindsay Griffin, Teresa Drulia, Kelsey Murray 2022 James Madison University

Mental Practice Of Lingual Resistance And Cortical Plasticity In Older Adults: An Exploratory Fnirs Study, Erin Kamarunas, Sarah Szynkiewicz, Lindsay Griffin, Teresa Drulia, Kelsey Murray

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: Mental practice using motor imagery (MP) improves motor strength and coordination in the upper and lower extremities in clinical patient populations. Its effectiveness as a rehabilitation tool for patients with lingual weakness is not yet well understood, nor are the underlying mechanisms within the context of swallow or lingual MP. Using previously published data on a lingual and MP exercise program, the objective of this study was to explore how MP of lingual exercise affects cortical activation in healthy older adults over time and how neural changes correlate with functional oral pressure outcomes.

Method: A prospective randomized controlled study ...


A Rare Case Of A Middle Ear Glomangioma., Margaret E. Wieser, David R. Gilley, Jason G. May, Arnaldo L. Rivera 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Rare Case Of A Middle Ear Glomangioma., Margaret E. Wieser, David R. Gilley, Jason G. May, Arnaldo L. Rivera

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Glomus tumors are benign hyperplasia of glomus bodies, and they are rarely found in the head and neck. The middle ear is an exceptionally rare site for a true glomus tumor, and there are only three previously reported cases in this location. Glomus tumors are etiologically different than glomus tympanicum, which are paragangliomas of the middle ear that are often mistakenly referred to as "glomus tumors." This is a common misconception due to the "glomus" misnomer. We report a case of a patient diagnosed with a middle ear glomangioma after initially presenting to our clinic with tinnitus and hearing loss ...


Otitis Media Practice During The Covid-19 Pandemic., Tal Marom, Jacob Pitaro, Udayan Shah, Sara Torretta, Paola Marchisio, Ayan Kumar, Patrick Barth, Sharon Ovnat Tamir 2022 Ben Gurion University Faculty of Health Sciences

Otitis Media Practice During The Covid-19 Pandemic., Tal Marom, Jacob Pitaro, Udayan Shah, Sara Torretta, Paola Marchisio, Ayan Kumar, Patrick Barth, Sharon Ovnat Tamir

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

The global coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the prevalence and management of many pediatric infectious diseases, including acute otitis media (AOM). Coronaviruses are a group of RNA viruses that cause respiratory tract infections in humans. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, coronavirus serotypes OC43, 229E, HKU1, and NL63 were infrequently detected in middle ear fluid (MEF) specimens and nasopharyngeal aspirates in children with AOM during the 1990s and 2000s and were associated with a mild course of the disease. At times when CoV was detected in OM cases, the overall viral load was relatively low. The new severe acute respiratory syndrome ...


Eagle Syndrome: Efficacies Of Medical And Surgical Treatments, Kirklin Mitchell 2022 Arcadia University

Eagle Syndrome: Efficacies Of Medical And Surgical Treatments, Kirklin Mitchell

Capstone Showcase

Eagle Syndrome is a rare syndrome caused by elongation of the styloid process of the temporal bone or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament occurring in a very small percentage of the population that can cause a wide range of common symptoms, leading to it being often misdiagnosed. While there are no set standards for treating Eagle Syndrome, both pharmaceutical and surgical options exist. Pharmaceutical options are often ineffective in long term treatment so surgery is usually required for full symptom resolution. Transoral and Transcervical surgeries have similar efficacies but each come with important drawbacks when considering which type of surgery ...


Typical Sounding Atypical Diagnostic Conundrum -- A Rare Case Of Mycobacterium Avium Complex (Mac) Presenting With Multiple Cranial Nerve Involvement, Ashwini Kini, Karl Echiverri, Edward J. Escott, Padmaja Sudhakar 2021 University of Kentucky

Typical Sounding Atypical Diagnostic Conundrum -- A Rare Case Of Mycobacterium Avium Complex (Mac) Presenting With Multiple Cranial Nerve Involvement, Ashwini Kini, Karl Echiverri, Edward J. Escott, Padmaja Sudhakar

Neurology Faculty Publications

Background

MAC infections rarely cause symptomatic systemic infection in immunocompetent healthy individuals. This case brings to light a rare such presentation that gives us a learning point about keeping a strong pre-clinical suspicion for this condition in patients whom lung imaging reveals suspicious cavitary lesions. Starting empiric therapy while awaiting culture results may be considered after weighing risks and benefits in order to achieve the morbidity and mortality associated with the disease.

Case report

A 54 year-old white male presented for evaluation of progressively worsening vertigo, imbalance, vertical diplopia, facial diplegia, bilateral hyperacusis followed by hearing loss, dysphagia, and dysarthria ...


Defining Disparities In Cochlear Implantation Through The Social Determinants Of Health, Marissa Schuh, Matthew L. Bush 2021 University of Kentucky

Defining Disparities In Cochlear Implantation Through The Social Determinants Of Health, Marissa Schuh, Matthew L. Bush

Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery Faculty Publications

Hearing loss is a global public health problem with high prevalence and profound impacts on health. Cochlear implantation (CI) is a well-established evidence-based treatment for hearing loss; however, there are significant disparities in utilization, access, and clinical outcomes among different populations. While variations in CI outcomes are influenced by innate biological differences, a wide array of social, environmental, and economic factors significantly impact optimal outcomes. These differences in hearing health are rooted in inequities of health-related socioeconomic resources. To define disparities and advance equity in CI, there is a pressing need to understand and target these social factors that influence ...


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