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What Did We Learn About Vads In 2023?, Maya Guglin 2024 Indiana University

What Did We Learn About Vads In 2023?, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

This is our 10th annual literature review on mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices. All of our previous reports were well received by the readers.1-9

In this paper, we summarized the most interesting and important, from our standpoint, publications from 2023. There may be some slight overlap with the end of 2022, because some papers were published online first, and the year of publication changed when they became available in print.

For the seventh time this year, we wrote a section on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), which primarily addresses new developments in veno-arterial ECMO.

Readers who wish to supplement …


Covid-19-Associated Myocarditis: Screening For Early Diagnosis, Yousuf Khan, Salmman Ahmed, Samuel John Wlasowicz, Ronald G. Lott III, Xavier C. Zonna 2024 Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine

Covid-19-Associated Myocarditis: Screening For Early Diagnosis, Yousuf Khan, Salmman Ahmed, Samuel John Wlasowicz, Ronald G. Lott Iii, Xavier C. Zonna

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

The SARS-CoV-2 virus (causing COVID-19), has infected about 770 million people, and caused the death of about 6.9 million people worldwide in the span of three years (John Hopkins Resource Center). Common symptoms of a patient infected with the virus include shortness of breath, fever, chills, fatigue, loss of taste or smell, and muscle aches. However, recent studies have also shown a prevalence of patients presenting with cardiac inflammation (endocarditis, myocarditis or pericarditis) as a potential comorbidity, both during the infectious stage as well as after the infection has subsided. A pattern of specific clinical markers may be indicative of …


Late Cardiotoxicity From The Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, Dasatinib: Pleural Effusions, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, And Right Heart Failure, Mark Jay Zucker, Andrew M. Zucker 2024 Jefferson University

Late Cardiotoxicity From The Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, Dasatinib: Pleural Effusions, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, And Right Heart Failure, Mark Jay Zucker, Andrew M. Zucker

The VAD Journal

Despite the remarkable progress made over the past few decades in the management of patients with both solid and hematologic malignancies, radiation- and chemotherapy-related cardiotoxicity remains an ongoing problem. This is true even for newer highly targeted therapies, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). This report presents a case of late/severe right heart dysfunction secondary to pulmonary hypertension, developed after ten years of therapy with dasatinib. We also review the history of this known, but often unrecognized, and potentially reversible complication, and we suggest treatment options. Additionally, this case highlights the remarkable effectiveness of TKIs in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia …


" Does Educational Level Affect The Outcome Of Myocardial Infarction? ", Ahmed Magdy Ahmed Elsayed 2024 GHHE department

" Does Educational Level Affect The Outcome Of Myocardial Infarction? ", Ahmed Magdy Ahmed Elsayed

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Heath awareness plays a major role in determining the outcomes of serious medical conditions specially when response time is crucial. STEMI patients are prone to serious compilations if they didn’t receive the appropriate treatment on time. Raising the health awareness of the community would result in seeking medical help at earlier stage of the disease. Earlier presentation to the medical center would result in better health outcomes. Certain factors form the health awareness of the community. This includes educational level, previous exposure to similar situations, and exposure to health awareness materials.

Methods: This is a cohort study in …


Relationship Between Periodontal Disease And Coronary Heart Disease: A Bibliometric Analysis, Xiaowen Bo, Wenpeng Song 2024 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Relationship Between Periodontal Disease And Coronary Heart Disease: A Bibliometric Analysis, Xiaowen Bo, Wenpeng Song

Annual Research Symposium

Periodontal disease (PD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) are both prevalent diseases worldwide and cause patients physical and mental suffering and a global burden. Recent studies have suggested a link between PD and CHD, but there is less research in this field from the perspective of bibliometrics. This study aimed to quantitatively analyze the literature on PD and CHD to summarize intellectual bases, research hotspots, and emerging trends and pave the way for future research.


Recent Studies In The Surgical Treatment Of Tetralogy Of Fallot, Emma C. Gardner 2024 Nova Southeastern University

Recent Studies In The Surgical Treatment Of Tetralogy Of Fallot, Emma C. Gardner

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

No abstract provided.


Relationship Between Obesity And Global Longitudinal Strain In The Pediatric Single Ventricle Fontan Population Across Ventricular Morphologies., Nitin Madan, Doaa Aly, Melanie Kathol, Amulya Buddhavarapu, Thomas Rieth, Ashley K. Sherman, Daniel Forsha 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Relationship Between Obesity And Global Longitudinal Strain In The Pediatric Single Ventricle Fontan Population Across Ventricular Morphologies., Nitin Madan, Doaa Aly, Melanie Kathol, Amulya Buddhavarapu, Thomas Rieth, Ashley K. Sherman, Daniel Forsha

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with diminished myocardial function as measured by strain echocardiography in children and young adults with normal cardiac anatomy. Data are lacking about the effect of obesity on myocardial strain in patients with a single ventricle. In this study, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and single ventricle myocardial strain in the Fontan population was assessed.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight abnormal BMI Fontan cases (21 overweight and 17 obese) and 30 normal BMI Fontan controls matched based on single ventricular morphology, age, and sex were included in the study. Ventricular morphology was categorized as single right …


Improving Time To Defibrillation​, Jonathan Eyestone, Dana Gilbreth, Amanda Maloney, Tina Pham 2024 Providence

Improving Time To Defibrillation​, Jonathan Eyestone, Dana Gilbreth, Amanda Maloney, Tina Pham

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

"ABSTRACT TITLE: Improving Time to Defibrillation

Background: Providence St. Vincent Medical Center (PSVMC) Medical Surgical units are not meeting the American Heart Association requirement of less than 3 minutes to defibrillation. Time to defibrillation in codes with shockable rhythms averages 4.2 minutes. In Mock Codes, only one met the time less than 3 minutes; four Mock Codes had times over 5 minutes. Resuscitation Quality Improvement CPR (RQI) training is required quarterly. Defibrillator practice with overall Code Blue competency is annual.

Purpose: Combine the hands-on practice of the defibrillator with the hands-on training for RQI.

Methods: The Medical Surgical unit 6 …


Transposition Of The Great Arteries With Intramural Left Main Coronary Artery: Salient Imaging Findings And Description Of Two Operative Techniques, Joshua Holbert, Manasa Gadiraju, Sanket Shah, Edo Bedzra 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Transposition Of The Great Arteries With Intramural Left Main Coronary Artery: Salient Imaging Findings And Description Of Two Operative Techniques, Joshua Holbert, Manasa Gadiraju, Sanket Shah, Edo Bedzra

Posters

Background: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a common cyanotic critical congenital heart disease, with a feasible prenatal diagnosis. Arterial switch operation (ASO) with/without VSD closure is the preferred surgical approach with added challenge when an intramural coronary artery (IMC) is present. ASO is technically quite demanding with IMC, and incidence of post-operative complications and mortality are potentially higher. We present our recent TGA-IMC experience focusing on salient features identified on echocardiography, CT and invasive angiograms, as well as variations in ASO surgical techniques for repair. Methods: Our echo imaging acquisition required high frequency transducers and shallow image depth …


A Case Of Occlusive Myocardial Infarction Caused By Nephrotic Syndrome In A 26-Year-Old Type 1 Diabetic, Kyle Admire, Charlotta Jornlid, Chelsea Ryan, Rebecca Pauly 2024 Virginia Tech - Carilion

A Case Of Occlusive Myocardial Infarction Caused By Nephrotic Syndrome In A 26-Year-Old Type 1 Diabetic, Kyle Admire, Charlotta Jornlid, Chelsea Ryan, Rebecca Pauly

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Nephrotic syndrome is a rare condition distinguished by proteinuria exceeding 3g per day. Other associated characteristics include hematuria, hypoalbuminemia, edema, and hyperlipidemia. There is an array of complications of this syndrome, which are primarily due to the profound losses of protein in the urine. One such complication is thromboembolism, with most documented cases in the form of venous thromboembolism of the extremities which is in part due to urinary loss of antithrombin III and increased synthesis of prothrombotic factors. There are limited available data regarding arterial thrombi and especially few reports about coronary thromboses, which can be life-threatening. In this …


Management Of Cryptogenic Stroke Secondary To Large Asd With Percutaneous Occluder Device And Antiplatelet Drugs., Riya Gupta, Naveed Iqbal 2024 Loyola Medicine MacNeal Hospital

Management Of Cryptogenic Stroke Secondary To Large Asd With Percutaneous Occluder Device And Antiplatelet Drugs., Riya Gupta, Naveed Iqbal

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Atrial septal defects (ASD) represent the most common congenital heart disease diagnosed in adult population and can present with variable clinical findings. Recent literature emphasizes the importance of management of ASD especially if it is associated with structural right heart changes such as RV dysfunction, right ventricular enlargement, arrythmias or paradoxical embolism.

The decision between medical therapy versus surgical closure of ASD is a common clinical conundrum especially in the setting of cryptogenic stroke.


Ultrasound – An Underutilized Diagnostic Tool For Ventricular Assist Device Driveline Infections, Kristina Krzelj, Tomislav Tokic, Tomislav Kopjar, Maja Cikes, Davor Milicic, Hrvoje Gasparovic 2024 Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Croatia

Ultrasound – An Underutilized Diagnostic Tool For Ventricular Assist Device Driveline Infections, Kristina Krzelj, Tomislav Tokic, Tomislav Kopjar, Maja Cikes, Davor Milicic, Hrvoje Gasparovic

The VAD Journal

Patients with ventricular assist device (VAD) driveline infections (DLI) have reduced quality of life and increased risk of severe complications, such as sepsis, hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke, and wound infections. The management of VAD patients imposes a significant financial burden due to prolonged in-hospital stays, frequent re-admissions, expensive diagnostics, and the need for antibiotic therapy and/or surgical intervention. There is considerable room for improvement in DLI management, particularly in the early detection and treatment stages. Ultrasound, an easily applicable device available in almost every hospital, offers an unrecognized potential for the early detection of DLI. By increasing awareness about the …


Social And Psychosocial Determinants Of Racial And Ethnic Differences In Cardiovascular Health: The Masala And Mesa Studies, Nilay S. Shah, Xiaoning Huang, Lucia C. Petito, Michael P. Bancks, Alka M. Kanaya, Sameera Talegawkar, Saaniya Farhan, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Norrina B. Allen, Namratha R. Kandula, Sadiya S. Khan 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Social And Psychosocial Determinants Of Racial And Ethnic Differences In Cardiovascular Health: The Masala And Mesa Studies, Nilay S. Shah, Xiaoning Huang, Lucia C. Petito, Michael P. Bancks, Alka M. Kanaya, Sameera Talegawkar, Saaniya Farhan, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Norrina B. Allen, Namratha R. Kandula, Sadiya S. Khan

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

BACKGROUND: Social and psychosocial determinants are associated with cardiovascular health (CVH).

OBJECTIVES: To quantify the contributions of social and psychosocial factors to racial/ethnic differences in CVH.

METHODS: In the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America cohorts, Kitagawa-Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition quantified the contributions of social and psychosocial factors to differences in mean CVH score (range 0-14) in Black, Chinese, Hispanic, or South Asian compared with White participants.

RESULTS: Among 7,978 adults (mean age 61 [SD 10] years, 52 % female), there were 1,892 Black (mean CVH score for decomposition analysis 7.96 [SD 2.1]), 804 …


Echocardiographic Parameters Associated With Less Reverse Left Ventricular Remodeling After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implant In Subjects With Prosthesis Patient Mismatch, Andrew C. Peters, Fei Fei Gong, Ashvita Ramesh, Adin Andrei, Madeline Jankowski, Eric Cantey, Vincent Chen, James D. Thomas, James D. Flaherty, S. Christopher Malaisrie, Kameswari Maganti 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Echocardiographic Parameters Associated With Less Reverse Left Ventricular Remodeling After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implant In Subjects With Prosthesis Patient Mismatch, Andrew C. Peters, Fei Fei Gong, Ashvita Ramesh, Adin Andrei, Madeline Jankowski, Eric Cantey, Vincent Chen, James D. Thomas, James D. Flaherty, S. Christopher Malaisrie, Kameswari Maganti

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Transaortic valve implant (TAVI) is the treatment of choice for severe aortic stenosis (AS). Some patients develop prosthesis patient mismatch (PPM) after TAVI. It is challenging to determine which patients are at risk for clinical deterioration.

METHODS: We retrospectively measured echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) morphology and function, prosthetic aortic valve effective orifice area (iEOA) and hemodynamics in 313 patients before and 1 year after TAVI. Our objective was to compare the change in echocardiographic parameters associated with left ventricular reverse modeling in subjects with and without PPM. Our secondary objective was to evaluate echo parameters associated with …


Post-Capillary Pulmonary Hypertension: Clinical Review, Joshua Riley, James Fradin, Douglas Russ, Eric Warner, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Indranee Rajapreyar 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Post-Capillary Pulmonary Hypertension: Clinical Review, Joshua Riley, James Fradin, Douglas Russ, Eric Warner, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Indranee Rajapreyar

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) caused by left heart disease, also known as post-capillary PH, is the most common etiology of PH. Left heart disease due to systolic dysfunction or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, valvular heart disease, and left atrial myopathy due to atrial fibrillation are causes of post-capillary PH. Elevated left-sided filling pressures cause pulmonary venous congestion due to backward transmission of pressures and post-capillary PH. In advanced left-sided heart disease or valvular heart disease, chronic uncontrolled venous congestion may lead to remodeling of the pulmonary arterial system, causing combined pre-capillary and post-capillary PH. The hemodynamic definition of post-capillary …


Retrograde Type A Acute Aortic Dissection With Cerebral Malperfusion Six Years After Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair, Hideki Sasaki, Yukihide Numata, Shinji Kamiya, Yoshiaki Sone, Miki Asano 2024 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nagoya City University East Medical Center, Nagoya City, Aichi, Japan

Retrograde Type A Acute Aortic Dissection With Cerebral Malperfusion Six Years After Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair, Hideki Sasaki, Yukihide Numata, Shinji Kamiya, Yoshiaki Sone, Miki Asano

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

A 59-year-old male with prior thoracic endovascular aortic repair presented with altered mental status. Magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebral infarction, and subsequent computed tomography revealed acute type A aortic dissection and right carotid artery occlusion. He underwent total arch replacement with right carotid artery bypass. After successful intervention, he was transferred to a rehabilitation facility for further improvement.


Systolic Pulmonary Artery Pressure Thresholds Predictive Of Dyspnea On Stress Doppler Echocardiography In Mitral Stenosis, Saléha Lehachi, Fadila Daimellah, Saida Khelil, Zakia Bennoui, Djohar Hannoun, Youcef Laid, Rachid Mechmeche, Mohand Said Issad 2024 Cardiology Department University Hospital Center Beni Messous, Algiers

Systolic Pulmonary Artery Pressure Thresholds Predictive Of Dyspnea On Stress Doppler Echocardiography In Mitral Stenosis, Saléha Lehachi, Fadila Daimellah, Saida Khelil, Zakia Bennoui, Djohar Hannoun, Youcef Laid, Rachid Mechmeche, Mohand Said Issad

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Background. On Stress Doppler Echocardiography (SDE) in mitral stenosis, the systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) threshold at peak exercise recommended by the guidelines as an indication for percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) used to be 60 mmHg. However, because of the paucity of studies, that threshold has been controversial. The Europeans stopped using the value in 2007, followed by the Americans in 2014.

Objective. Determine SPAP thresholds on SDE at peak exercise and post-exercise predictive of dyspnea as an indication for PMC in mitral stenosis.

Method and results. Three hundred mitral stenosis patients with a mitral valve area (MVA) ≤ 2 …


Characteristics Of Patients Undergoing Electrophysiologic Procedures In A Tertiary Hospital In Saudi Arabia, Abdullah A. Aljammaz, Meshaal K. Alghanim, Ibraheem Altamimi, Mohammed A. Alshwieer, Albaraa Sabbagh, Abdulrahman S. Alsayed, Faisal G. Al-Zahrani, Mohammad F. Almanjomi, Sameer Qutub, Wael A. Alqarawi 2024 College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Characteristics Of Patients Undergoing Electrophysiologic Procedures In A Tertiary Hospital In Saudi Arabia, Abdullah A. Aljammaz, Meshaal K. Alghanim, Ibraheem Altamimi, Mohammed A. Alshwieer, Albaraa Sabbagh, Abdulrahman S. Alsayed, Faisal G. Al-Zahrani, Mohammad F. Almanjomi, Sameer Qutub, Wael A. Alqarawi

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Introduction: The electrophysiology field has progressed rapidly over the last 2 decades. No study has examined the characteristics of patients and types of electrophysiology procedures performed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This is important given our distinctly different demographic composition and health system. As such, we sought to describe the characteristics of consecutive patients presenting for electrophysiology procedures in our tertiary care hospital.

Methods: Data was collected from the electrophysiology database at King Khalid University Hospital for procedures performed between April 2016 and November 2022. Patients’ characteristics were retrieved from the electronic medical record. Procedures were categorized into supraventricular …


Epidemiological, Bacteriological, And Evolutive Features Of Children Hospitalized For Infective Endocarditis In A Tertiary Tunisian Pediatric Department, Houda Ajmi, Rahma Herch, Hela ElGhali, Dalel Ben Sliman, Mohamed Ben Rejeb, Sameh Mabrouk, Fadoua Majdoub, Salsabil Nouir, Lamia Tilouche, Abdelhalim Trabelsi, Saoussan Abroug, Jalel Chemli 2024 Pediatrics Department, Sahloul University Hospital, 4054, Sousse, Tunisia

Epidemiological, Bacteriological, And Evolutive Features Of Children Hospitalized For Infective Endocarditis In A Tertiary Tunisian Pediatric Department, Houda Ajmi, Rahma Herch, Hela Elghali, Dalel Ben Sliman, Mohamed Ben Rejeb, Sameh Mabrouk, Fadoua Majdoub, Salsabil Nouir, Lamia Tilouche, Abdelhalim Trabelsi, Saoussan Abroug, Jalel Chemli

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Background: Infective endocarditis is a rare condition in childhood, and there is limited data on this disease in Tunisia.

Objective: This study aims to analyze the epidemiological profile, bacteriological data, and prognosis of infective endocarditis in children admitted to the pediatric department of a University Hospital in Tunisia.

Methods: We conducted a comparative cross-sectional study in the pediatric department of Sahloul Teaching Hospital in Sousse, a tertiary referral hospital in Tunisia. The study included all children aged ≤ 18 years with infective endocarditis admitted to the tertiary referral center for pediatrics in Sahloul University Hospital from January 1994 to December …


Prediction Of Major Adverse Cardiac Events In The Emergency Department Using An Artificial Neural Network With A Systematic Grid Search, Ahmed Raheem Buksh, Nadeem Ullah Khan, Rida Jawed, Shahan Waheed, Musa Karim 2024 Aga Khan University

Prediction Of Major Adverse Cardiac Events In The Emergency Department Using An Artificial Neural Network With A Systematic Grid Search, Ahmed Raheem Buksh, Nadeem Ullah Khan, Rida Jawed, Shahan Waheed, Musa Karim

Department of Emergency Medicine

Background: The aim of our research was to design and evaluate an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model using a systemic grid search for the early prediction of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) among patients presenting to the triage of an emergency department.
Methods: This is a single-center, cross-sectional study using electronic health records from January 2017 to December 2020. The research population consists of adults coming to our emergency department triage at Aga Khan University Hospital. The MACE during hospitalization was the main outcome. To enhance the architecture of an ANN using triage data, we used a systematic grid search …


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