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Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson 2018 University of San Francisco

Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: Heart failure (HF), also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), is the number one diagnosis-related group (DRG) for people 65 years of age and older in the United States. This disease group is complicated and debilitating, requiring frequent hospitalizations with high mortality rates. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) has identified CHF as an area for improvement in hospitals.

Context: This was a quality improvement project for an integrated medical center in the Central Valley, California with over 19,000 HF patients. In 2018, for patients 65 years and older, HF is the third-most admitted ...


Perioperative Aspirin And Long-Term Survival In Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft., Qian Ding, Hong Liu, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E. Goldhammer, Eric Yuen, Zhongmin Li, Linong Yao, Nilas Young, Douglas Boyd, William Weintraub, Rohinton Morris, Jianzhong Sun 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; The Fourth Military Medical University

Perioperative Aspirin And Long-Term Survival In Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft., Qian Ding, Hong Liu, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E. Goldhammer, Eric Yuen, Zhongmin Li, Linong Yao, Nilas Young, Douglas Boyd, William Weintraub, Rohinton Morris, Jianzhong Sun

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

This study aimed to examine association between perioperative uses of aspirin and long-term survival in patients undergoing CABG. A retrospective cohort study was performed in 9,584 consecutive patients receiving cardiac surgery from three tertiary hospitals. Of all the patients, 4,132 patients undergoing CABG met inclusion criteria and were divided into four groups: with or without preoperative or postoperative aspirin respectively. 30-day postoperative and long-term mortality were compared with the use of propensity scores and inverse probability weighting adjustment to reduce the treatment-selection bias. The patients taking preoperative aspirin presented significantly more with comorbidities. However, the results of this ...


Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. McManus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: To examine age-specific differences in the frequency and impact of cardiac and non-cardiac conditions among patients aged 65years and older hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS: Study population consisted of 3863 adults hospitalized with AMI at 11 medical centers in central Massachusetts on a biennial basis between 2001 and 2011. The presence of 11 chronic conditions (five cardiac and six non-cardiac) was based on the review of hospital medical records.

RESULTS: Participants' median age was 79years, 49% were men, and had an average of three chronic conditions (average of cardiac conditions: 2.6 and average of non-cardiac conditions ...


Restoration Of Left Ventricular Function Following Lvad Implantation – Remission Or Recovery? A Case Series., Shiksha Joshi, Mariah Barlow, Maya Guglin 2018 University of Kentucky

Restoration Of Left Ventricular Function Following Lvad Implantation – Remission Or Recovery? A Case Series., Shiksha Joshi, Mariah Barlow, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

Background

A wide range of left ventricular (LV) recovery rates on left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support have been reported. In this case series, we summarize our experience with LVAD explantation for presumed LV recovery.

Case series

Out of 240 patients who received an LVAD implant in our program since its inception, we explanted/inactivated the pump for presumed LV recovery in only three patients. All three of these patients had relapse of cardiomyopathy within 6 months of explantation.

Conclusion

Our experience does not support the existence of LV recovery following LVAD implantation as a common phenomenon. Improvement in LV ...


Designing Tailored Patient Education On Atrial Fibrillation, Tammy Toscos, R Ahmed, Romisa Rohani Ghahari, Elizabeth Martin, Shauna Wagner, Michelle Drouin, Michael J. Mirro 2018 Parkview Health

Designing Tailored Patient Education On Atrial Fibrillation, Tammy Toscos, R Ahmed, Romisa Rohani Ghahari, Elizabeth Martin, Shauna Wagner, Michelle Drouin, Michael J. Mirro

Presentations and Events

Background & Hypothesis: Research has revealed a high prevalence of depression, anxiety, and burnout among medical students accompanied by widespread lack of treatment. We hypothesize that by leveraging our study findings examining the use of telemental health(TMH) among youth (ages 14-24) alongside results from existing research focused on the mental health needs of medical students (median age at start 22-24 years old), we will gain valuable insight into the potential for TMH to address the needs of this high-risk population.

Methods: Using the Delphi method, a sample of 25 experts were surveyed anonymously, thus avoiding group pressure for conformity while ...


Examining Symptom Trajectories That Predict Worse Outcomes In Post-Cabg Patients, Ming-Fen Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay, Debra K. Moser, Tsuey-Yuan Huang, Feng-Chun Tsai 2018 Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

Examining Symptom Trajectories That Predict Worse Outcomes In Post-Cabg Patients, Ming-Fen Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay, Debra K. Moser, Tsuey-Yuan Huang, Feng-Chun Tsai

Nursing Faculty Publications

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting is one of the most common interventional revascularisation procedures used to treat coronary artery disease worldwide. With a wide variability in postoperative cardiac symptoms, identification of symptom trajectories during the 3-month postoperative recovery period may improve clinicians’ abilities to support symptom recovery.

Aims: To identify distinct trajectories of cardiac symptoms seen over time in a cohort of patients during the 3-month post-coronary artery bypass grafting period, and determine clinical characteristics associated with different symptom trajectories postoperatively.

Methods: A prospective trial used the cardiac symptom survey to determine patient symptoms at baseline prior to surgery, and ...


Outcomes Of Transcutaneous Aortic Valve Replacement Among High Risk Wv Sample Population., George M. Yousef, Julia Poe, Cameron Killmer, Basel Edris, Jason Mader, Ellen A. Thompson, Daniel Snavely, Silvestre Cansino, Joseph I. Shapiro, Mark a. Studeny 2018 Marshall University

Outcomes Of Transcutaneous Aortic Valve Replacement Among High Risk Wv Sample Population., George M. Yousef, Julia Poe, Cameron Killmer, Basel Edris, Jason Mader, Ellen A. Thompson, Daniel Snavely, Silvestre Cansino, Joseph I. Shapiro, Mark A. Studeny

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Introduction:Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a relatively new strategy for replacing the aortic valve. We elected to review our early experience to see if we could identify clinical characteristics at baseline or immediately following the procedure that would predict death within one year.

Methods:Charts for all patients assigned to receive TAVR procedure at St Mary’s medical center, Huntington, West Virginia between April, 2013 till November, 2016 were identified and reviewed. A total of seventy-two (72) cases were included.

Results: All cause mortality rate at index hospitalization, 30 days, and 12 months was 5.6%(N=4 ...


Problems Experienced In The Second And Third Months After Discharge From A Heart Failure-Related Hospitalization, Joan S. Grant, Lucinda J. Graven 2018 University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing

Problems Experienced In The Second And Third Months After Discharge From A Heart Failure-Related Hospitalization, Joan S. Grant, Lucinda J. Graven

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The purpose of this study was to identify high-priority problems experienced by individuals during the second and third month after discharge from an acute care facility for heart failure. This descriptive, exploratory study, an extension of a previous analysis that examined high-priority problems in the first month, comprised 19 participants who were assigned to an intervention group that received a randomized, 12-week-pilot coping partnership (COPE-HF) intervention. A trained research nurse provided the intervention, and participants used a standard list to identify high-priority heart failure-related problems. Quantitative and content data analysis was conducted. While the highest-priority problem continued to be managing ...


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2018, 2018 Aurora Health Care

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2018

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This journal supplement includes selected abstracts from among the more than 50 presented at the 44th annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium. Held May 25, 2018, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Aurora Scientific Day provides a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, an integrated health system with hospitals and clinics in Wisconsin and Illinois.


New Oral Anticoagulants And Their Reversal Agents, Crista L. Laslo, Anca Pantea Stoian, Bogdan Socea, Dan N. Paduraru, Oana Bodean, Laura I. Socea, Tiberiu P. Neagu, Ana Maria Alexandra Stanescu, Dragos Marcu, Camelia C. Diaconu 2018 Clinical Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, Internal Medicine Clinic, Bucharest, Romania

New Oral Anticoagulants And Their Reversal Agents, Crista L. Laslo, Anca Pantea Stoian, Bogdan Socea, Dan N. Paduraru, Oana Bodean, Laura I. Socea, Tiberiu P. Neagu, Ana Maria Alexandra Stanescu, Dragos Marcu, Camelia C. Diaconu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Atrial fibrillation is a commonly encountered pathology in medical practice, and its prevalence has shown a continuous rise over the past years. Atrial fibrillation has a significant impact on patients' quality of life, not only due to the standard anticoagulant treatment with vitamin K antagonists that require close monitoring and dose adjustment, but also due to the fragile equilibrium between hemorrhagic and thrombotic risks. The introduction of new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in the treatment guidelines for atrial fibrillation has improved the quality of life, as NOACs do not require close monitoring or dose adjustments. However, even if the safety profile ...


Strategies To Increase Early Discharges To Reduce Avoidable Patient Days And Improve Patient Flow, Cathy Palleschi, Cecilia Inman, Erica Weightman, James B. Powers, Stephen Tyzik, Joy Moody, Mark Parker, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks 2018 Maine Medical Center

Strategies To Increase Early Discharges To Reduce Avoidable Patient Days And Improve Patient Flow, Cathy Palleschi, Cecilia Inman, Erica Weightman, James B. Powers, Stephen Tyzik, Joy Moody, Mark Parker, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks

Operational Excellence

CREATING ALGORITHMS TO INCREASE THE NUMBERS OF HOSPITAL MORNING DISCHARGES RESULTING IN IMPROVED PATIENT FLOW

Discharging a percentage of patients early in the day helps to improve patient flow. This results in a reduction of Emergency Department congestion as well as peaks in patient numbers in the early to late afternoon on patient care units.

A cardiac unit in an academic tertiary medical center created a goal to increase the number of their discharges by 11 AM and to streamline key discharge planning activities. A root cause analysis was initiated and after identifying several barriers, two KPIs were developed using ...


Effects Of Beta Blockers And Ace Inhibitors After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation, Gaurang Vaidya, Emma Birks, Jessica Pillarella, Benjamin Salgado, Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Andrew Lenneman, Mark Slaughter, Dmitry Abramov 2018 University of Louisville

Effects Of Beta Blockers And Ace Inhibitors After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation, Gaurang Vaidya, Emma Birks, Jessica Pillarella, Benjamin Salgado, Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Andrew Lenneman, Mark Slaughter, Dmitry Abramov

The VAD Journal

Purpose: While Beta blockers(BB) and Angiotensin system blockers(ACEinh/ARB) are important components in advanced heart failure therapy, their use after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation remains controversial. Concern has been raised about possible adverse effects of BB on right ventricular(RV) function while tolerance and efficacy/outcome data for ACEinh are lacking. This study aimed to characterize the use of medical therapy post-LVAD implantation and to evaluate its safety and efficacy. Methods: Demographic, clinical and echocardiographic variables of patients implanted with a continuous-flow LVAD between 2012 and 2015 at a single center were retrospectively reviewed. Mortality and ...


Support-Af: Piloting A Multi-Faceted, Electronic Medical Record-Based Intervention To Improve Prescription Of Anticoagulation, Alok Kapoor, Azraa Amroze, Jessica G. Golden, Sybil L. Crawford, Kevin O'Day, Rasha Elhag, Ahmed Nagy, Steve A. Lubitz, Jane S. Saczynski, Jomol Mathew, David D. McManus 2018 Boston University School of Medicine

Support-Af: Piloting A Multi-Faceted, Electronic Medical Record-Based Intervention To Improve Prescription Of Anticoagulation, Alok Kapoor, Azraa Amroze, Jessica G. Golden, Sybil L. Crawford, Kevin O'Day, Rasha Elhag, Ahmed Nagy, Steve A. Lubitz, Jane S. Saczynski, Jomol Mathew, David D. Mcmanus

Open Access Articles

Background: Only 50% of eligible atrial fibrillation ( AF ) patients receive anticoagulation ( AC ). Feasibility and effectiveness of electronic medical record (EMR)-based interventions to profile and raise provider AC percentage is poorly understood. The SUPPORT-AF (Supporting Use of AC Through Provider Profiling of Oral AC Therapy for AF) study aims to improve rates of adherence to AC guidelines by developing and delivering supportive tools based on the EMR to providers treating patients with AF.

Methods and Results: We emailed cardiologists and community-based primary care providers affiliated with our institution reports of their AC percentage relative to peers. We also sent an ...


A Patient-Centered Approach Towards Designing A Novel Cied Remote Monitoring Report, Michael J. Mirro, Romisa Rohani Ghahari, R Ahmed, Lauren Reining, Shauna Wagner, Gavin Lehmann, Jaime Heller, Melissa Omlor, Tammy Toscos 2018 Parkview Health

A Patient-Centered Approach Towards Designing A Novel Cied Remote Monitoring Report, Michael J. Mirro, Romisa Rohani Ghahari, R Ahmed, Lauren Reining, Shauna Wagner, Gavin Lehmann, Jaime Heller, Melissa Omlor, Tammy Toscos

Presentations and Events

Objective: We sought to identify the CIED remote monitoring device report content for delivery to patients via a Personal Health Record that encompasses all available device data and is responsive to user information needs and preferences.

Conclusions: 1. Patients do not wish to receive all RM data 2. Interested in receiving device activity and cardiac episode data 3. Not interested in device settings or information 4. Shared preferences are useful for a novel patient-centered RM report 5. Current study extends our previous work confirming the patient desire for RM data


Antiphosphatidylserine Antibody As A Cause Of Multiple Dural Venous Sinus Thromboses And St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Chelsea K. Varner, Caillin W. Marquardt, Peter V. Pickens 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Antiphosphatidylserine Antibody As A Cause Of Multiple Dural Venous Sinus Thromboses And St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Chelsea K. Varner, Caillin W. Marquardt, Peter V. Pickens

Student Papers

Objective: Rare disease Background: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by antibodies directed against phos-pholipids on plasma membranes. Through unclear mechanisms, APS confers hypercoagulability. APS may cause recurrent thromboses in the arterial and venous vasculature. We report a case of primary APS resulting in cerebral venous thrombosis and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) for which only antiphosphatidylserine (aPS) IgM antibody was positive after extensive investigation. Case Report: A 48-year-old male was admitted after a witnessed generalized seizure with subsequent confusion. Imaging demonstrated thrombosis of multiple central nervous system (CNS) sinuses, including the superior sagittal sinus and bilateral transverse sinuses ...


The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Infective endocarditis is an infectious disease that affects the valves of the heart. Injection drug use is currently a leading risk factor among patients with endocarditis. We conducted a prospective study using data from hospital chart records among patients with endocarditis in London, Ontario, which has a relatively high prevalence of people who inject drugs to assess the severity of the issue and the major risk factors of mortality pertaining to this population. This study had a sample size of 353 and included a review of the incidence of admissions of endocarditis, as well as a survival analysis, using both ...


Overcoming Small Data Limitations In Heart Disease Prediction By Using Surrogate Data, Alfeo Sabay, Laurie Harris, Vivek Bejugama, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl 2018 Southern Methodist University

Overcoming Small Data Limitations In Heart Disease Prediction By Using Surrogate Data, Alfeo Sabay, Laurie Harris, Vivek Bejugama, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl

SMU Data Science Review

In this paper, we present a heart disease prediction use case showing how synthetic data can be used to address privacy concerns and overcome constraints inherent in small medical research data sets. While advanced machine learning algorithms, such as neural networks models, can be implemented to improve prediction accuracy, these require very large data sets which are often not available in medical or clinical research. We examine the use of surrogate data sets comprised of synthetic observations for modeling heart disease prediction. We generate surrogate data, based on the characteristics of original observations, and compare prediction accuracy results achieved from ...


Heparin Bridging Therapy Is Not Necessary For Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Temporary Interruption Of Warfarin Therapy For Elective Invasive Procedures Or Surgery, Shannon Paquette 2018 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Heparin Bridging Therapy Is Not Necessary For Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Temporary Interruption Of Warfarin Therapy For Elective Invasive Procedures Or Surgery, Shannon Paquette

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Douketis JD, Spyropoulos AC, Kaatz S, et al. Perioperative bridging anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation. New Engl J Med. Aug 2015;373(9):823-833. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1501035


Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background. AHA guidelines have been established to reduce Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)-related morbidity, mortality and recurrent events post-discharge. These recommendations emphasize the patient as an engaged member of the health care team in secondary prevention efforts. Patients with high levels of activation are more likely to perform activities that will promote their own health and are more likely to have their health care needs met. Despite evidence and strong expert consensus supporting patients as active collaborators in their own ACS care, the complexity and unexpected realities of self-managing one’s care at home are often underestimated. This study seeks ...


Electrocardiographic Characteristics, Antiarrhythmic Utilization, And Outcomes In Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Scott Lundgren, Elizabeth Lyden, Douglas Stoller, Marshall Hyden, Adam Burdorf, Ronald Zolty, John Um, Brian Lowes 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Electrocardiographic Characteristics, Antiarrhythmic Utilization, And Outcomes In Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Scott Lundgren, Elizabeth Lyden, Douglas Stoller, Marshall Hyden, Adam Burdorf, Ronald Zolty, John Um, Brian Lowes

The VAD Journal

Background: Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are an increasingly used therapy for patients with advanced heart failure. Arrhythmias are common complications following LVAD implantation requiring admission, initiation, and escalation of medical therapy. Despite their frequent use in the treatment of arrhythmias, little has been reported regarding electrocardiographic changes, antiarrhythmic utilization, and outcomes post-LVAD.

Methods: A total of 309 patients who received a LVAD underwent retrospective chart review pre- and post-LVAD. Kaplan-Meier curves were calculated and compared using the log-rank test. Cox regression model was used for univariate analysis and those with a p

Results: There was a significant reduction in ...


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