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Pharmacologic Diuresis Is Safer Than Ultrafiltration For Cardiorenal Syndrome, Grace Choong 2016 Wayne State University

Pharmacologic Diuresis Is Safer Than Ultrafiltration For Cardiorenal Syndrome, Grace Choong

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Bart BA, Goldsmith SR, Lee KL et al. Ultrafiltration in decompensated heart failure with cardiorenal syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2012;367:2296-2304. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1210357


Acute Appendicitis: A Potential Complication Of Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support, Joshua S. Roark, Akinniran A. Abisogun, Jason N. Katz 2016 University of North Carolina

Acute Appendicitis: A Potential Complication Of Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support, Joshua S. Roark, Akinniran A. Abisogun, Jason N. Katz

The VAD Journal

Acute appendicitis, while common in younger patients, is an unusual cause for hospitalization among older adults. We report a case series of 3 individuals who had been previously implanted with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) for end-stage heart failure, and who subsequently developed acute appendicitis. Both axial-flow technology and nonpulsatile systemic blood flow have been implicated as potential causes for bleeding and thrombosis in contemporary LVAD populations(1-3). This case series represents the first report of acute appendicitis as an adverse event following LVAD implantation and represents a patient demographic that would historically be at very low-risk for ...


Total Artificial Heart Imaging And Complications: A Pictorial Review, Carrie K. Gomez, Susan K. Hobbs 2016 University of Rochester

Total Artificial Heart Imaging And Complications: A Pictorial Review, Carrie K. Gomez, Susan K. Hobbs

The VAD Journal

Heart failure is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality with many patients ultimately requiring heart transplantation. As the rate of heart failure continues to increase and surpass the number of available donor hearts, the need for cardiac assist devices is rapidly rising. The total artificial heart has emerged as an effective therapeutic option in patients with end-stage biventricular heart failure who are awaiting orthotopic heart transplantation. The TAH replaces the patient’s native ventricle and valves and has one of the highest bridge to transplant rates. Many complications have been associated with the TAH including infections, bleeding, thrombosis, device ...


Herpes Zoster And Cardiovascular Events In Adults: A Systematic Review, Nathaniel A. Erskine, Hoang Tran, Len L. Levin, Christine M. Ulbricht, Joyce D. Fingeroth, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Herpes Zoster And Cardiovascular Events In Adults: A Systematic Review, Nathaniel A. Erskine, Hoang Tran, Len L. Levin, Christine M. Ulbricht, Joyce D. Fingeroth, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

Background: Stroke and myocardial infarction have been reported to occur after the development of herpes zoster (shingles), a common and preventable disease.

Purpose: To evaluate literature describing the association between herpes zoster and its subtypes with the occurrence of cardiovascular events.

Data Sources: PubMed, SCOPUS (Embase), OAIster, Google Scholar (searched in January 2016)

Study Selection: Studies published up to January 2016 examining the association between herpes zoster or subtype of herpes zoster with the occurrence of cardiovascular events, including stroke, transient ischemic attack, or an acute coronary event, were selected. Case reports, case studies, and studies of non-general adult populations ...


Accumulation Of Metabolic Cardiovascular Risk Factors In Black And White Young Adults Over 20 Years, Nina P. Paynter, Catarina I. Kiefe, Cora E. Lewis, Catherine M. Loria, David C. Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones 2016 Harvard Medical School

Accumulation Of Metabolic Cardiovascular Risk Factors In Black And White Young Adults Over 20 Years, Nina P. Paynter, Catarina I. Kiefe, Cora E. Lewis, Catherine M. Loria, David C. Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones

Catarina I. Kiefe

BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional clustering of metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease in middle-aged adults is well described, but less is known regarding the order in which risk factors develop through young adulthood and their relation to subclinical atherosclerosis.

METHOD AND RESULTS: A total of 3178 black and white women and men in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study were assessed to identify the order in which cardiovascular disease risk factors including diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia (low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol or high triglyceride levels), hypercholesterolemia (high total or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), and obesity develop. Observed patterns of risk factor development ...


Age And Sex Differences In Long-Term Outcomes Following Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement In Contemporary Clinical Practice: Findings From The Cardiovascular Research Network, Frederick A. Masoudi, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Colorado

Age And Sex Differences In Long-Term Outcomes Following Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement In Contemporary Clinical Practice: Findings From The Cardiovascular Research Network, Frederick A. Masoudi, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

BACKGROUND: Patient sex and age may influence rates of death after receiving an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for primary prevention. Differences in outcomes other than mortality and whether these differences vary by heart failure symptoms, etiology, and left ventricular ejection fraction are not well characterized.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 2954 patients with left ventricular ejection fraction < /=0.35 undergoing first-time implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for primary prevention within the Cardiovascular Research Network; 769 patients (26%) were women, and 2827 (62%) were aged > 65 years. In a median follow-up of 2.4 years, outcome rates per 1000 patient-years were 109 for death, 438 for hospitalization, and 111 for heart failure hospitalizations. Procedure-related complications occurred in 8.36%. In multivariable models, women had significantly lower risks of death (hazard ...


Cardiovascular Health Awareness And The Effect Of An Educational Intervention On School-Aged Children In A Rural District Of India, Madhab Ray, Santanu Guha, Meghna Ray, Anita Kundu, Bipasha Ray, Kaushik Kundu, Santanu Goswami, Deepak Bhatt, Harry P. Selker, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 Tufts University

Cardiovascular Health Awareness And The Effect Of An Educational Intervention On School-Aged Children In A Rural District Of India, Madhab Ray, Santanu Guha, Meghna Ray, Anita Kundu, Bipasha Ray, Kaushik Kundu, Santanu Goswami, Deepak Bhatt, Harry P. Selker, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: India is the second most populous country in the world and two-thirds of its population is less than 35 years old. This survey was conducted to assess the level of health awareness of cardiovascular disease in adolescent school-aged children 14-16 years old, with the goal of establishing school-based health education and development of heart-healthy lifestyle practices.

METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted in the rural district of West Midnapore, India between June and July of 2014. This involved a pre-evaluation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) health awareness, a short presentation on CVD, and a post-evaluation of CVD health ...


Comparing Direct Factor Xa Inhibitors And Warfarin In The Prevention Of Stroke In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Alessandra Lof, Stephanie Pillai 2016 James Madison University

Comparing Direct Factor Xa Inhibitors And Warfarin In The Prevention Of Stroke In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Alessandra Lof, Stephanie Pillai

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To evaluate the overall efficacy, advantages, and disadvantages of treatment with direct factor Xa inhibitors as compared to warfarin in the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Methods: A quantitative meta-analysis was performed on three separate studies, each of which evaluated the efficacy and safety outcomes of a direct factor Xa inhibitor versus warfarin in preventing stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. The direct factor Xa inhibitors that were evaluated included apixaban, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban. Results: The direct factor Xa inhibitors were found to be as effective, and in some cases more effective, than warfarin in preventing ...


Routine Screening For Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Is It For Everyone?, Catherine E. Nowak 2016 James Madison University

Routine Screening For Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Is It For Everyone?, Catherine E. Nowak

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: Determine whether routine abdominal ultrasound screening in all men ages 65 and over, not just those who are symptomatic or at risk, would be beneficial in reducing the mortality rate from abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: The clinical question investigated is whether routine ultrasound screening of AAA for men over age 65 reduces AAA-related mortality as compared to not routinely screening. Searches were done through PubMed using the keywords: screening, abdominal aortic aneurysm, reduce, and mortality. Citations used by the USPSTF AAA screening guidelines were also added to the literature search. In PubMed, further limitations ...


Left Ventricular Noncompaction Syndrome: A Rare Congenital Cardiomyopathy, Ashwini V. Mallad, MBBS, Waseem Ahmed, MD, Madhulika Urella, MD, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, MD, FACC, FSCAI 2016 Marshall University School of Medicine

Left Ventricular Noncompaction Syndrome: A Rare Congenital Cardiomyopathy, Ashwini V. Mallad, Mbbs, Waseem Ahmed, Md, Madhulika Urella, Md, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Md, Facc, Fscai

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Isolated left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a rare congenital condition occurring due to arrest of myocardial compaction in the first trimester, resulting in a thin layer of compacted epicardium and thick hypertrabeculated myocardium containing deep recesses. This article presents a 44-year-old female with progressive dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and pleuritic chest pain. Examination revealed elevated jugular venous distention, lower extremity edema, and bibasilar crackles on lung auscultation, while the electrocardiogram (EKG) exhibited left bundle branch block. Two-dimensional echocardiography (2D-Echo) showed a dilated left ventricle (LV) with ejection fraction (EF) of 25% and severe diffuse hypokinesia. Cardiac magnetic resonance ...


Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, MD, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, MD, Franklin D. Shuler, MD, PhD 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Vitamin K is known to play an essential role in the coagulation cascade; however, a growing body of research has found that a subtype of this vitamin, vitamin K2 (menaquinone) may have a beneficial effect in osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. This purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of recent literature regarding menaquinone and its role in human health. This review discusses the physiology of menaquinone, its clinical benefits in cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and cancer, and how it may interact with certain medications. The authors conclude that menaquinone supplementation has been shown to improve carboxylation ...


Endovascular Therapy Of Tasc-D Lesion In Critical Limb Ischemia, Ahmed Amro, MD, Alaa Gabi, MD, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, MD, FACC, FSCAI 2016 Marshall University school of Medicine

Endovascular Therapy Of Tasc-D Lesion In Critical Limb Ischemia, Ahmed Amro, Md, Alaa Gabi, Md, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Md, Facc, Fscai

Marshall Journal of Medicine

CLI (Rutherford class IV-VI) is a terminal stage of peripheral artery disease (PAD); it is defined by the presence of resting pain and/or tissue loss for at least two weeks that may require urgent revascularization to promote healing and prevent limb loss.For patients with infrarenal aortoiliac occlusive disease, the revascularization options are surgery like aortofemoral bypass and axillofemoral bypass or percutaneous intervention. Aortoiliac and aortofemoral bypass procedures are associated with 74% to 95% 5-year patency rates, respectively, which are comparable but not superior to percutaneous therapies.These operations may imply a significant morbidity and mortality on CLI patients ...


Restriction Therapy In Acute Heart Failure Is Not Shown To Be Effective, Amrit K. Basi, Colleen W. Harkreader, Nicholus H. Yee M.D., Shadia A. Yeihey M.D., Suraiya K. Azom M.D. 2016 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Restriction Therapy In Acute Heart Failure Is Not Shown To Be Effective, Amrit K. Basi, Colleen W. Harkreader, Nicholus H. Yee M.D., Shadia A. Yeihey M.D., Suraiya K. Azom M.D.

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Travers B, O’Loughlin C, Murphy NF, et al. Fluid restriction in the management of decompensated heart failure: no impact on time to clinical stability. J Card Fail. 2007;13(2):128-132. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2006.10.012


Limitations Of The Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation For Assessing Coronary Artery Disease: A Case Report, Rady Ho, MD, Mitul Kanzaria, MD, Paul Walinsky, MD 2016 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Limitations Of The Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation For Assessing Coronary Artery Disease: A Case Report, Rady Ho, Md, Mitul Kanzaria, Md, Paul Walinsky, Md

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) publ ished pre-operative risk stratification guidelines in 2014. These guidelines have routinely been used by physicians to pre-operatively risk stratify patients. In this case report, a patient was found to have multi-vessel coronary artery disease post-operatively in the setting of unremarkable cardiac work-up preoperatively. This case highlights a limitation of the 2014 ACC/AHA guidelines.


Case Report: Diagnosis Of Dual-Biopsy Negative Severe Cardiac Amyloidosis, Kristin Lohr, MD, Eric Kasprowicz, MD 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Case Report: Diagnosis Of Dual-Biopsy Negative Severe Cardiac Amyloidosis, Kristin Lohr, Md, Eric Kasprowicz, Md

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Amyloidosis is a rare disorder that involves the deposition of misfolded protein in extracellular tissue. Disease manifestations vary depending on the affected organs. Areas most often involved include the kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, heart, nervous system, and musculoskeletal system. The most common type is AL amyloidosis, in which plasma cells produce an abundance of a monoclonal proteins that affect numerous organ systems. A second variety, AA amyloidosis, is associated with inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. Finally, a heritable version of amyloidosis mediated by mutations in the transthyretin protein (TTR) has a predilection for deposition in ...


Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome, Rady Ho, MD, Jonathan A. Dunn, MD 2016 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome, Rady Ho, Md, Jonathan A. Dunn, Md

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Coronary subclavian steal (CSS) syndrome is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) involving the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft to the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. It results from stenosis of the left subclavian artery proximal to the LIMA, which compromises myocardial blood flow. The incidence of CSS syndrome is between 0.1-3.4% in the United States.1 Most cases occur as a result of long-standing subclavian stenosis due to progres-sion of the stenosis following CABG. We report a case of CSS syndrome, which presented as a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).


Allergic Inflammatory Mediated Coronary Artery Vasospasm: A Case Report Of Kounis Syndrome, Jonathan Hullman, MS4, Jaehee Kim, MD, Gregary D. Marhefka, MD, FACC, FACP 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Allergic Inflammatory Mediated Coronary Artery Vasospasm: A Case Report Of Kounis Syndrome, Jonathan Hullman, Ms4, Jaehee Kim, Md, Gregary D. Marhefka, Md, Facc, Facp

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Kounis syndrome is an acute coronary syndrome occurring secondary to an anaphylactic reaction. A wide variety of triggers such as drugs and environmental exposures have been described for the so-called allergic myocardial infarction. The pathophysiology of Kounis syndrome is thought to be due to the release of inflammatory mediators such as histamine and cytokines by mast cells and eosinophils resulting in either coronary vasospasm, myocardial infarction or stent thrombosis.


Squamous Cell Carcinoma Metastatic To The Heart Mimicking St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Jason Chen, MD, Colin Craft, MD, Andrew W. Panakos, MD, Gregary D. Marhefka, MD, FACC, FACP 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Metastatic To The Heart Mimicking St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Jason Chen, Md, Colin Craft, Md, Andrew W. Panakos, Md, Gregary D. Marhefka, Md, Facc, Facp

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Heart disease remains the leading cause of mortality in the United States, accounting for about one quarter of all deaths in 20131. Acute ischemic heart disease is a major subpopulation of this group, and typically presents with characteristic electrocardiographic (EKG) changes. The most concerning of these findings are ST-elevations, as ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) typically indicates the need for emergent reperfusion therapy because 30-day mortality of untreated STEMI is approximately 10-15% versus 5% in treated cases2. As a result, clinicians are taught to recognize the symptoms and signs of myocardial ischemia and STEMI in order to achieve timely ...


Incidence Of Pump Thrombosis In Heartmate Ii During Destination Therapy, Rohan Samson, Abhishek Jaiswal, Frank Smart, Thierry H. LeJemtel 2016 Tulane University

Incidence Of Pump Thrombosis In Heartmate Ii During Destination Therapy, Rohan Samson, Abhishek Jaiswal, Frank Smart, Thierry H. Lejemtel

The VAD Journal

Pump thrombosis (PT) occurs during destination therapy (DT) with HeartMate II, a continuous blood flow left ventricular assist device (St Jude, Pleasanton, CA, USA). With adherence to stringent post-operative and long-term anticoagulation a low incidence of PT was initially reported during DT. The increased PT incidence during DT that was reported in early 2013 was attributed to lenient anticoagulation. A wide range of PT incidence during DT is being reported since the return to stringent post-operative and long-term anticoagulation. We searched PubMed from January 2008 to February 2016 for reports of PT during mechanical circulatory support with HeartMate II and ...


Providing Cardiology Care In Rural Areas Through Visiting Consultant Clinics, Thomas S. Gruca, Tae‐Hyung Pyo, Gregory C. Nelson 2016 University of Iowa

Providing Cardiology Care In Rural Areas Through Visiting Consultant Clinics, Thomas S. Gruca, Tae‐Hyung Pyo, Gregory C. Nelson

Tippie College of Business Publications

Background Workforce experts predict a future shortage of cardiologists that is expected to impact rural areas more severely than urban areas. However, there is little research on how rural patients are currently served through clinical outreach. This study examines the impact of cardiology outreach in Iowa, a state with a large rural population, on participating cardiologists and on patient access.

Methods and Results Outreach clinics are tracked annually in the Office of Statewide Clinical Education Programs Visiting Medical Consultant Database (University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine). Data from 2014 were analyzed. In 2014, an estimated 5460 visiting consultant clinic ...


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