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1636 full-text articles. Page 1 of 69.

Mechanisms Of Left Ventricular Thrombus Formation In Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Novel Insights From Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography, Dhruv Chawla, Tracy Hammonds, Tadele Mengesha, Matt Umland, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Vinay Thohan 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services

Mechanisms Of Left Ventricular Thrombus Formation In Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Novel Insights From Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography, Dhruv Chawla, Tracy Hammonds, Tadele Mengesha, Matt Umland, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Vinay Thohan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Patients suffering from heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) are at increased risk for left ventricular (LV) thrombus and subsequent thromboembolism, yet anticoagulation is not routinely recommended for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) alone. We sought to determine the role of two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) to quantify regional changes in cardiac function associated with LV thrombus, which may prospectively guide anticoagulation.

Purpose: Help enable cardiovascular clinicians to use 2D-STE to evaluate regional strain patterns among patients with HFrEF with and without LV thrombus. Our results suggest that statistically lower regional longitudinal strain patterns in a well-matched cohort ...


Relative Associations Of Age, Height, And Weight On Sinus Of Valsalva And Mid-Ascending Aorta: An Imaging And Epidemiology Study, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Syed Haris Pir, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Bijoy K. Khandheria, A. Jamil Tajik, Khawaja Afzal Ammar 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Relative Associations Of Age, Height, And Weight On Sinus Of Valsalva And Mid-Ascending Aorta: An Imaging And Epidemiology Study, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Syed Haris Pir, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Bijoy K. Khandheria, A. Jamil Tajik, Khawaja Afzal Ammar

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Prior studies show ascending aorta diameter varies with age, height and weight, but they did not evaluate relative influence of these variables on aortic diameter. Since height is genetically determined, and genetic disorders like Marfan syndrome are predominantly associated with sinus of Valsalva (SOV) dilation, we hypothesized height may have stronger association with SOV.

Purpose: Based on anecdotal observation, since age, weight and obesity are acquired attributes, we hypothesized age, weight and body mass index may have greater association with mid-ascending aorta (MAA) diameter, even in normal patients.

Methods: We evaluated echocardiographic studies of patients ≥ 15 years old that ...


Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services

Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is considered appropriate when a patient is felt to have a reasonable expectation of 1-year survival. Chronic diseases have been estimated to be associated with greater than 10% annual mortality and may reduce benefits of ICD therapy. Frailty has been estimated to be associated with greater than 20% annual mortality and has been suggested to contraindicate ICD therapy.

Purpose: Determine a risk score that may identify patients in whom ICD implantation may not be appropriate.

Methods: Patients who received an ICD for primary and secondary prevention from 2008 through 2013 at the Aurora Health Care ...


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017, 2017 Aurora Health Care

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This supplement includes select abstracts presented at the 43rd Annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium on May 24, 2017. Aurora Scientific Day hosts a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, an integrated health system headquartered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.


When Should A First-Aid Provider Stop Cpr: Answer From The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council, Stamatios Lerakis, Wendell Jones, Richard N. Bradley 2017 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

When Should A First-Aid Provider Stop Cpr: Answer From The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council, Stamatios Lerakis, Wendell Jones, Richard N. Bradley

Richard N Bradley

No abstract provided.


Outcomes Of Splenectomy For Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura In Adults: A Developing Country Perspective., Amyn Pardhan, Aamir Hameed, Hasnain Zafar, Samia Mazahir, Ghulam Murtaza 2017 Aga Khan University

Outcomes Of Splenectomy For Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura In Adults: A Developing Country Perspective., Amyn Pardhan, Aamir Hameed, Hasnain Zafar, Samia Mazahir, Ghulam Murtaza

Hasnain Zafar

Objective: to determine the outcome of splenectomy done in adult patients of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura over a period of 10 years and, secondarily, to determine the predictors of complete response to therapy. Methods: The retrospective review comprised of adult patients over 14 years of age who underwent open or laparoscopic splenectomy for Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2000 to December 2010. Data was reviewed in January 2011 by a surgical resident. Outcome was the response to splenectomy as per new definition of response set by the American Society of Haematology 2011 evidence based practice ...


Is There A Utility For Qrs Dispersion In Clinical Practice?, Ionuț Donoiu, Georgică Costinel Târtea, Elibet Chávez-González 2017 University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Department of Cardiology, Craiova, Romania

Is There A Utility For Qrs Dispersion In Clinical Practice?, Ionuț Donoiu, Georgică Costinel Târtea, Elibet Chávez-González

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Prognostic markers derived from standard ECG have always been seductive. Increased dispersion of durations of the P wave, of the QRS complex, or of the QT interval has been associated with the risk of atrial fibrillation, ventricular arrhythmias, sudden cardiac death, as well as with a general negative prognosis in various settings. However, these markers have intrinsic and methodological issues that question their utility. This paper presents data supporting the utility of QRS dispersion in clinical practice. Our investigation shows that QRS dispersion is a simple electrocardiographic marker with potential value in the assessment of patients in a variety of ...


Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy – Brief Review, Oana Mirea, Mihaela Berceanu, Anca Constantin, Mirela Mănescu, Georgică Costinel Târtea, Ionuț Donoiu, Constantin Militaru, Octavian Istrătoaie 2017 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Cardiology, Craiova, Romania

Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy – Brief Review, Oana Mirea, Mihaela Berceanu, Anca Constantin, Mirela Mănescu, Georgică Costinel Târtea, Ionuț Donoiu, Constantin Militaru, Octavian Istrătoaie

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder characterized by the presence of two myocardial layers with numerous prominent trabeculations and deep inter-trabecular recesses that communicate with the ventricular cavity. The diagnosis is often challenging because excessive trabeculations may also be a normal finding in performance athletes and black people. Echocardiography is the gold standard for diagnosis of this condition, but other useful diagnostic techniques may include cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and contrast ventriculography. Moreover, newer echocardiographic methods such as three-dimensional imaging and speckle tracking analysis promise to improve the diagnosis of left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy. The purpose ...


Good Knowledge About Hypertension Is Linked To Better Control Of Hypertension; A Multicentre Cross Sectional Study In Karachi, Pakistan., Aysha Almas, Saniya Siraj Godil, Saima Lalani, Zahra Aziz Samani, Aamir Hameed 2017 Aga Khan University

Good Knowledge About Hypertension Is Linked To Better Control Of Hypertension; A Multicentre Cross Sectional Study In Karachi, Pakistan., Aysha Almas, Saniya Siraj Godil, Saima Lalani, Zahra Aziz Samani, Aamir Hameed

Department of Medicine

BackGround: According to the National Health survey only 3% of the population has controlled hypertension. This study was designed to elucidate the knowledge about hypertension in hypertensive patients at three tertiary care centers in Karachi. Secondly we sought to compare the knowledge of those with uncontrolled hypertension and controlled hypertension.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted at The Aga Khan University hospital (AKUH), Ziauddin Hospital (ZH) and Civil hospital, Karachi (CHK. All diagnosed Hypertensive patients (both inpatients and outpatients) coming to a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan aged > 18 years were included. Patients were categorized into 2 groups: controlled ...


Capsule Endoscopy In Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients: Retrospective Review Of Efficacy And Necessity, Gaurang N. Vaidya, Michael Krease, Ali Dahhan, Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Thomas Abell, Emma Birks, Dmitry Abramov 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Capsule Endoscopy In Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients: Retrospective Review Of Efficacy And Necessity, Gaurang N. Vaidya, Michael Krease, Ali Dahhan, Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Thomas Abell, Emma Birks, Dmitry Abramov

The VAD Journal

Introduction: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is mainstream in the evaluation of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in the general population. However, the diagnostic and therapeutic impact of CE in LVAD patients susceptible to transient bleeding remains largely unexplored. This study aimed to assess the benefits of CE in the evaluation of LVAD associated GIB.

Methods: Retrospective review of patients implanted with a continuous flow LVAD who underwent inpatient capsule endoscopy (CE) between January 2014 and May 2017 at our center. Identification of lesions with high bleeding potential or presence of frank blood were considered abnormal findings on CE study.

Result: Twenty-five inpatients ...


Successful Tricuspid Valvectomy In A Septic Patient With Tricuspid Valve Endocarditis, Taimur Asif Ali, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi, Syed Saad Naeem, Wasiq Faraz Rawasia 2017 Aga Khan University

Successful Tricuspid Valvectomy In A Septic Patient With Tricuspid Valve Endocarditis, Taimur Asif Ali, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi, Syed Saad Naeem, Wasiq Faraz Rawasia

Saulat Fatimi

Abstract Endocarditis is characterized by vegetations, which is a mass of platelets, fibrin, micro-colonies of micro-organisms, and inflammatory cells, in the endocardium. Over the past three decades, the incidence of right-sided endocarditis has risen dramatically in Pakistan. We report a 36-year woman with a history of repeated intravenous analgesic injections for low back pain, presenting with high grade fever, sepsis and a white cell count of 44,000 with 90% neutrophils. Echocardiography showed large mobile vegetations on TricuspidValve (TV). Tricuspid Valve Endocarditis (TVE) is generally responsive to medical treatment; however, about 25% of TVE patients require surgical intervention. Long-term survival ...


Tracheal Reconstruction For Comlex Acute Tracheal Stenosis, Saulat H. Fatimi, M.Qasim Raza, Alina Ghani, Nilay Shah, Awais Ashfaq 2017 Aga Khan University

Tracheal Reconstruction For Comlex Acute Tracheal Stenosis, Saulat H. Fatimi, M.Qasim Raza, Alina Ghani, Nilay Shah, Awais Ashfaq

Saulat Fatimi

Tracheal stenosis refers to a reduction in the size of the tracheal lumen and can be due to a myriad of reasons, but the most common remains trauma. In iatrogenic situations, internal trauma is the most likely culprit, resulting from prolonged intubation. Our case reviews a patient who developed severe tracheal stenosis (90% reduction in lumen size) within a month of a threeday- long intubation, and presented to the emergency room with dyspnea, orthopnea, and stridor. Tracheal reconstruction with resection of the stenosed segment and end-to-end anastomosis was done. The patient returned a month later with re-stenosis, and underwent tracheal ...


Primary Melanotic Schwannoma With Typical Histology, Usman B. Mahmood, Fazal Wahab Khan, Benish Fatima, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Primary Melanotic Schwannoma With Typical Histology, Usman B. Mahmood, Fazal Wahab Khan, Benish Fatima, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

Abstract We present a case of a 17-year male with a soft tissue density spreading from the neural foramina (T3) of the spinal cord and involving the right upper thoracic cavity. We managed the patient through surgical intervention and resected the complete tumor. Gross definition and microscopic findings of the resected tissue revealed the definitive diagnosis of melanotic schwannoma. The histological characteristics in this case were very specific and harbour an important diagnostic clue for this rare disease. Malignant melanoma was ruled out on the basis of histological findings. The patient recovered completely and was healthy on one-year follow-up.


How Vats Has Changed The Management Of Spontaneous Pneumothorax In The 21st Century, Saulat H. Fatimi, Hashim Muhammad Hanif, Sana Mansoor, Marium Muzaffar 2017 Aga Khan University

How Vats Has Changed The Management Of Spontaneous Pneumothorax In The 21st Century, Saulat H. Fatimi, Hashim Muhammad Hanif, Sana Mansoor, Marium Muzaffar

Saulat Fatimi

Objective: To determine the outcome of patients having undergone Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) for spontaneous pneumothrox in terms of hospital stay, complications and recurrence. Methods: The netrospective study included the review of 39 cases who had presented with spontaneous pneumothorax at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, between January 2001 to November 2008 and had undergone video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Results: The duration of hospital stay (had a range of 3 to 9 days), and the length of chest tube in place (a range of 2 to 8 days), 2 (5.1%) patients developed recurrence after VATS ...


Hydatid Cyst Disease Of The Thorax, Saulat H. Fatimi, Naima Waqar Butt, Taimur Saleem, Mohammad Asim Beg 2017 Aga Khan University

Hydatid Cyst Disease Of The Thorax, Saulat H. Fatimi, Naima Waqar Butt, Taimur Saleem, Mohammad Asim Beg

Saulat Fatimi

Hydatid disease is a frequently encountered entity in endemic areas and constitutes a serious health problem. The lung is the second most commonly affected organ after the liver. In three of four cases of pulmonary hydatid cyst, the cyst is solitary. The early phase after primary infection is always asymptomatic. Primary symptoms in patients with pulmonary cystic echinococcosis include cough, fever, and chest pain. The clinical and radiological manifestations for the hydatid cyst in the lung depend on the integrity of the cyst. Bronchial fistulization is an important event in the evolution of the cyst. In cases of dubious orientation ...


Extrapleural Hydatid Disease Of Chest: A Case Of Recurrent Hydatid Disease, Ameer Ali Khowaja, Saqib Ali Gowani, Asmatullah Khan, Saulat H. Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Extrapleural Hydatid Disease Of Chest: A Case Of Recurrent Hydatid Disease, Ameer Ali Khowaja, Saqib Ali Gowani, Asmatullah Khan, Saulat H. Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation by a tapeworm of the genus Echinococcus. We present the case of 34-year-old female who complained of chest pain and had a past history of hydatid cyst resection four times in last 15 years. She was found to have extrapleural hyatid cysts of chest that were removed via thoracotomy. The patient fully recovered and experienced an uneventful follow-up.


Dilemma In The Diagnosis Of Mediastinal Adenopathy In The South Asian Population-Role Of Ct Guided Biopsy, Mediastinoscopy And Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy (Vats), Marium Muzaffar, Hashim M Hanif, Saulat H. Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Dilemma In The Diagnosis Of Mediastinal Adenopathy In The South Asian Population-Role Of Ct Guided Biopsy, Mediastinoscopy And Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy (Vats), Marium Muzaffar, Hashim M Hanif, Saulat H. Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

The diagnosis of mediastinal adenopathy is a dilemma amongst treating physicians especially in South Asia. This is because although tuberculosis is endemic in this region, many a times lymphoma and sarcoidosis cannot be excluded. Often patients are being treated with medications without a confirmed diagnosis. The Video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) has revolutionized the way mediastinal adenopathy is diagnosed and managed in this part of the world.


Cardiac Surgery In Octogenarians, Asmatullah Khan, Hassan Khan, Saulat H. Fatimi, Asadullah Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Cardiac Surgery In Octogenarians, Asmatullah Khan, Hassan Khan, Saulat H. Fatimi, Asadullah Khan

Saulat Fatimi

In Europe and North America, cardiac surgery can be done successfully on octogenarians, but differences in patient selection, surgical and bypass techniques prevent us from concluding similarly in Pakistan. This study investigated the short and long-term outcomes of cardiac surgery in octogenarians operated over a 5 years period at The Aga Khan University Hospital, from January 2001 to December 2006. Seventeen octogenarians, (mean age 81.7 ± 2.3) underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Thirty-days hospital mortality was reported in only 1 patient. Surgical complication of any kind was reported in 13 (76.5%) patients with pleural effusion being the ...


Delayed Presentation Of Forgotten Thyroid Goiter - 25 Years After Thyroidectomy, Fazal Wahab Khan, Ayesha Muhammad, Mohsin Abbas, Syed Usman Bin Mahmood, Benish Fatima, Saulat H. Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Delayed Presentation Of Forgotten Thyroid Goiter - 25 Years After Thyroidectomy, Fazal Wahab Khan, Ayesha Muhammad, Mohsin Abbas, Syed Usman Bin Mahmood, Benish Fatima, Saulat H. Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

Forgotten goiter is a rare occurrence (2 - 16% of retrosternal thyroid cases) that depicts recurrence of retrosternal thyroid mass due to growth of remnant thyroid tissue overlooked during an initial thyroidectomy. The patient is a 59-year female who presented with dyspnea and stridor 25 years after total thyroidectomy. She was diagnosed as having a mediastinal mass on radiographic imaging. There were only localized pressure symptoms due to mass effect. The mass was excised employing an extra-cervical approach and using a partial sternotomy. The profuse extension of thyroid tissue, adherent to vital structures in the thorax and the extra-cervical thyroidectomy was ...


Aortic Dissection Or Myocardial Infarction?, Saulat H. Fatimi, Maria Mahboob, Awais Ashfaq 2017 Aga Khan University

Aortic Dissection Or Myocardial Infarction?, Saulat H. Fatimi, Maria Mahboob, Awais Ashfaq

Saulat Fatimi

Aortic dissection is a rare and a life threatening event. Classically, aortic dissection presents as sudden, severe chest, back or abdominal pain that is characterized as ripping or tearing in nature. However, a timely diagnosis can be elusive in the event of an atypical presentation. So, a high index of clinical suspicion is mandatory for the accurate and rapid diagnosis of aortic dissection .We report a case of a 56 years old male who presented with signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction and was later found to have aortic dissection. This patient was successfully managed with surgery.


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