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Analytical Setup Margin For Spinal Sbrt Based On Measured Errors, Audrey Copeland 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Analytical Setup Margin For Spinal Sbrt Based On Measured Errors, Audrey Copeland

LSU Master's Theses

Purpose: No consensus currently exists in the radiotherapy community about the correct margin size to use for spinal SBRT. Margins have been proposed to account for various errors individually, but not with all errors combined to result in a single margin value. The purpose of this work was to determine a setup margin for spinal SBRT based on known and measurable errors during radiotherapy to achieve at least 90% coverage of the clinical target volume (CTV) with the prescription dose for at least 90% of patients and not exceed a 30 Gy point dose or 23 Gy to 10% of ...


Dietary Alterations Modulate The Microrna 29/30 And Igf-1/Akt Signaling Axis In Breast Cancer Liver Metastasis., Anuradha A. Shastri, Anthony Saleh, Jason E. Savage, Tiziana DeAngelis, Kevin Camphausen, Nicole L. Simone 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Dietary Alterations Modulate The Microrna 29/30 And Igf-1/Akt Signaling Axis In Breast Cancer Liver Metastasis., Anuradha A. Shastri, Anthony Saleh, Jason E. Savage, Tiziana Deangelis, Kevin Camphausen, Nicole L. Simone

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Background: Metastatic cancer is incurable and understanding the molecular underpinnings is crucial to improving survival for our patients. The IGF-1/Akt signaling pathway is often impaired in cancer leading to its progression and metastases. Diet modification is known to alter the IGF-1/Akt pathway and affect the expression of microRNA involved in tumor initiation, growth and metastases. Liver metastases are one of the most common type of metastases in breast and colon cancer. In the present study, we looked at the effect of diet modification on the expression of microRNA in normal liver and liver with breast cancer metastases using ...


Design And Analysis Of A Novel Long-Distance Double Tendon-Sheath Transmission Device For Breast Intervention Robots Under Mri Field, Xiaohong Jia, Yongde Zhang, Jingang Jiang, Haiyan Du, Yan Yu 2020 Harbin University of Science and Technology

Design And Analysis Of A Novel Long-Distance Double Tendon-Sheath Transmission Device For Breast Intervention Robots Under Mri Field, Xiaohong Jia, Yongde Zhang, Jingang Jiang, Haiyan Du, Yan Yu

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Cancer represents a major threat to human health. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides superior performance to other imaging-based examination methods in the detection of tumors and offers distinct advantages in biopsy and seed implantation. However, because of the MRI environment, the material requirements for actuating devices for the medical robots used in MRI are incredibly demanding. This paper describes a novel double tendon-sheath transmission device for use in MRI applications. LeBus grooves are used in the original transmission wheels, thus enabling the system to realize long-distance and large-stroke transmission with improved accuracy. The friction model of the transmission system and ...


Atrx Loss In Pediatric Glioma Results In Epigenetic Dysregulation Of G2/M Checkpoint Maintenance And Sensitivity To Atm Inhibition, Brendan Mullan, Tingting Qin, Ruby Siada, Carla Danussi, Jacqueline Brosnan-Cashman, Drew Pratt, Taylor Garcia, Viveka Nand Yadav, Xinyi Zhao, Meredith Morgan, Sriram Venneti, Alan Meeker, Alnawaz Rehemtulla, Pedro Lowenstein, Maria Castro, Carl Koschmann 2020 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Atrx Loss In Pediatric Glioma Results In Epigenetic Dysregulation Of G2/M Checkpoint Maintenance And Sensitivity To Atm Inhibition, Brendan Mullan, Tingting Qin, Ruby Siada, Carla Danussi, Jacqueline Brosnan-Cashman, Drew Pratt, Taylor Garcia, Viveka Nand Yadav, Xinyi Zhao, Meredith Morgan, Sriram Venneti, Alan Meeker, Alnawaz Rehemtulla, Pedro Lowenstein, Maria Castro, Carl Koschmann

Medical Student Research Symposium

ATRX is a histone chaperone protein recurrently mutated in pediatric glioma. The mechanism which mediates the proliferative advantage of ATRX loss in pediatric glioma remains unexplained. Recent data revealed a distinct pattern of DNA binding sites of the ATRX protein using ChIP-seq in mouse neuronal precursor cells (mNPCs). Using the ATRX peaks identified in p53-/- mNPCs, we confirmed that ATRX binding sites were significantly enriched in gene promoters (p < 0.0001) and CpG islands (p < 0.0001) compared with random regions. Gene set enrichment (GSE) analysis identified that cell cycle and regulation of cell cycle were among the most significantly enriched gene sets (p=2.52e-16 and 1.61e-9, respectively). We found that ATRX loss resulted in dysfunction of G2/M checkpoint maintenance: (1) ATRX-deficient pediatric glioblastoma (GBM) cells exhibited a seven-fold increase in mitotic index at 16 hours after sub-lethal radiation, and (2) murine GBM cells with ATRX knockdown demonstrated impaired pChk1 signaling on western blot at multiple time points after radiation compared to controls (p=0.0187). Notably, the ATM signaling (pChk2) remained intact in those cells, suggesting a potential therapeutic target. ATRX-deficient mouse cells were uniquely sensitive to ATM inhibitors at 1 uM alongside 8 Gy radiation compared to controls with intact ATRX (AZD0156: p=0.0027 and AZD01390: p=0.0436). Mice intra-cranially implanted with ATRX-deficient GBM cells showed improved survival (n=10, p=0.0018) when treated with AZD0156 combined with radiation. Our findings suggest that ATRX loss in glioma results in unique sensitivity to ATM inhibition via epigenetic dysregulation of G2/M checkpoint maintenance.


Don’T Call Me In The Morning: Why It Might Be Best To See Patients In-Person, A Case Report, Johnny Jarnagin, Jennifer Baima, Mathew J. Most, David A. Mazin 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Don’T Call Me In The Morning: Why It Might Be Best To See Patients In-Person, A Case Report, Johnny Jarnagin, Jennifer Baima, Mathew J. Most, David A. Mazin

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications

Case Diagnosis: Post-irradiation Sarcoma

Case Description: A 58-year-old woman with a history of stage IIIB squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix who was treated with chemoradiation, considered in remission 5 years prior on PET CT, and was under every 6-months surveillance for recurrence by gynecology. She presented to the Emergency Department for severe back pain, left sided sciatica, and paresthesias. In the absence of fracture or cord compression, she was discharged with recommendations for primary care follow-up. This took place over the telephone with referral to the spine center. One week later, her pain progressed to 10+/10 with dense ...


Prehabilitation To Improve Positioning Reproducibility In Patients Undergoing Pelvic Radiation Therapy, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Prehabilitation To Improve Positioning Reproducibility In Patients Undergoing Pelvic Radiation Therapy, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin

Capstone Presentations

Prehabilitation to improve patient positioning: pelvic exercises assist in reducing sacral slope variability during radiation therapy

Purpose/Objective(s):

Reproducible patient positioning is essential for precision in radiation therapy (RT) delivery. However, a retrospective review of pre-treatment imaging demonstrated variability in daily patient set-up. We tested the hypothesis that a structured daily pre-treatment stretching regimen is both feasible and effective for minimizing variability in positioning, as measured by sacral slope angles (SSA).

Materials/Methods:

After obtaining IRB approval, we had 8 female patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy perform a structured daily hip exercise regimen (extension and external rotation) immediately prior to ...


Spatially Fractionated Radiation Therapy: History, Present And The Future, Weisi Yan, Mohammad K. Khan, Xiaodong Wu, Charles B. Simone II, Jiajin Fan, Eric Gressen, Xin Zhang, Charles L. Limoli, Houda Bahig, Slavisa Tubin, Waleed F. Mourad 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Spatially Fractionated Radiation Therapy: History, Present And The Future, Weisi Yan, Mohammad K. Khan, Xiaodong Wu, Charles B. Simone Ii, Jiajin Fan, Eric Gressen, Xin Zhang, Charles L. Limoli, Houda Bahig, Slavisa Tubin, Waleed F. Mourad

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Phase Iib, Randomized, Double-Blind Trial Of Gc4419 Versus Placebo To Reduce Severe Oral Mucositis Due To Concurrent Radiotherapy And Cisplatin For Head And Neck Cancer., Carryn M. Anderson, Christopher M Lee, Deborah P. Saunders, Amarinthia Curtis, Neal Dunlap, Chaitali Nangia, Arielle S. Lee, Sharon M. Gordon, Philip Kovoor, Roberto Arevalo-Araujo, Voichita Bar-Ad, Abhinand Peddada, Kyle Colvett, Douglas Miller, Anshu K. Jain, James Wheeler, Dukagjin Blakaj, Marcelo Bonomi, Sanjiv S. Agarwala, Madhur Garg, Francis Worden, Jon Holmlund, Jeffrey M. Brill, Matt Downs, Stephen T. Sonis, Sanford Katz, John M. Buatti 2019 University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics

Phase Iib, Randomized, Double-Blind Trial Of Gc4419 Versus Placebo To Reduce Severe Oral Mucositis Due To Concurrent Radiotherapy And Cisplatin For Head And Neck Cancer., Carryn M. Anderson, Christopher M Lee, Deborah P. Saunders, Amarinthia Curtis, Neal Dunlap, Chaitali Nangia, Arielle S. Lee, Sharon M. Gordon, Philip Kovoor, Roberto Arevalo-Araujo, Voichita Bar-Ad, Abhinand Peddada, Kyle Colvett, Douglas Miller, Anshu K. Jain, James Wheeler, Dukagjin Blakaj, Marcelo Bonomi, Sanjiv S. Agarwala, Madhur Garg, Francis Worden, Jon Holmlund, Jeffrey M. Brill, Matt Downs, Stephen T. Sonis, Sanford Katz, John M. Buatti

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: Oral mucositis (OM) remains a common, debilitating toxicity of radiation therapy (RT) for head and neck cancer. The goal of this phase IIb, multi-institutional, randomized, double-blind trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of GC4419, a superoxide dismutase mimetic, with placebo to reduce the duration, incidence, and severity of severe OM (SOM).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 223 patients (from 44 institutions) with locally advanced oral cavity or oropharynx cancer planned to be treated with definitive or postoperative intensity-modulated RT (IMRT; 60 to 72 Gy [≥ 50 Gy to two or more oral sites]) plus cisplatin (weekly or ...


Combined Modality Therapies For High-Risk Prostate Cancer: Narrative Review Of Current Understanding And New Directions., Benjamin A. Greenberger, Victor E. Chen, Robert B. Den 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Combined Modality Therapies For High-Risk Prostate Cancer: Narrative Review Of Current Understanding And New Directions., Benjamin A. Greenberger, Victor E. Chen, Robert B. Den

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Despite the many prospective randomized trials that have been available in the past decade regarding the optimization of radiation, hormonal, and surgical therapies for high-risk prostate cancer (PCa), many questions remain. There is currently a lack of level I evidence regarding the relative efficacy of radical prostatectomy (RP) followed by adjuvant radiation compared to radiation therapy (RT) combined with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for high-risk PCa. Current retrospective series have also described an improvement in biochemical outcomes and PCa-specific mortality through the use of augmented radiation strategies incorporating brachytherapy. The relative efficacy of modern augmented RT compared to RP is ...


Prediction Of Anal Cancer Recurrence After Chemoradiotherapy Using Quantitative Image Features Extracted From Serial (18)F-Fdg Pet/Ct, Michael Chuong 2019 Baptist Health Medical Group; Miami Cancer Institute

Prediction Of Anal Cancer Recurrence After Chemoradiotherapy Using Quantitative Image Features Extracted From Serial (18)F-Fdg Pet/Ct, Michael Chuong

Michael Chuong

No abstract provided.


Wilms Tumor Survivorship: Does Childhood Cancer Treatment Predict Late-Term Adverse Effects?, Ava Bibergal 2019 DePaul University

Wilms Tumor Survivorship: Does Childhood Cancer Treatment Predict Late-Term Adverse Effects?, Ava Bibergal

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Wilms tumor is the leading cancer to affect the kidneys in children most commonly between the age of 3 and 5 years old. Treatment of Wilms tumor typically consists of chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of the two – which are often successful in eradicating the cancer. However, current treatment options often leave patients with a high risk of late-term adverse effects such as cardiac diseases or secondary cancers later in life. Wilms’ tumor patients currently have a 90% survival rate from their disease, however face a future of indeterminate health problems due to their treatment regimen.

Objectives: The ...


Modeling Proton Relative Biological Effectiveness Using Monte Carlo Simulations Of Microdosimetry, Mark A. Newpower 2019 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Modeling Proton Relative Biological Effectiveness Using Monte Carlo Simulations Of Microdosimetry, Mark A. Newpower

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Proton therapy is a radiotherapy modality that can offer a better physical dose distribution when compared to photon radiotherapy by taking advantage of the Bragg peak, a narrow region of rapid energy loss. Proton therapy is also known to offer an enhanced relative biological effectiveness (RBE) compared to photons. In the current clinical standard, RBE is fixed at 1.1 at all points along the proton beam, meaning protons are assumed to require 10% less dose than photons to achieve target coverage and organ at risk (OAR) sparing. However, there is mounting clinical evidence, and a significant number of in ...


Fasting Reduces Intestinal Radiotoxicity Enabling Dose-Escalated Radiotherapy For Pancreatic Cancer, Marimar de la Cruz Bonilla 2019 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Fasting Reduces Intestinal Radiotoxicity Enabling Dose-Escalated Radiotherapy For Pancreatic Cancer, Marimar De La Cruz Bonilla

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Surgical resection is the only potentially curative treatment for pancreatic cancer, but only 15-20% of patients have resectable tumors. In unresectable cases, stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) may be used to give tumor-directed radiotherapy (RT). Unfortunately, this can cause severe gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity due to proximity of the pancreatic head to the duodenum. Protecting the intestine from the toxic side-effects of radiation may enable dose-escalation that could achieve more effective local control of disease. We and others have previously shown that a fast of 24 hours protects mice from lethal doses of the DNA-damaging agent etoposide. In this study, we demonstrate ...


Impact Of Peer Review In The Radiation Treatment Planning Process: Experience Of A Tertiary Care University Hospital In Pakistan, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi, Muhammad Atif Mansha, Muneeb Uddin Karim, Asim Hafiz, Nasir Ali, Benazir Mir, Fatima Shaukat, Maria Tariq, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi 2019 Aga Khan University

Impact Of Peer Review In The Radiation Treatment Planning Process: Experience Of A Tertiary Care University Hospital In Pakistan, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi, Muhammad Atif Mansha, Muneeb Uddin Karim, Asim Hafiz, Nasir Ali, Benazir Mir, Fatima Shaukat, Maria Tariq, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi

Department of Radiation Oncology

Purpose: To evaluate and report the frequency of changes in radiation therapy treatment plans after peer review in a simulation review meeting once a week.
Materials and Methods: Between July 1 and August 31, 2016, the radiation plans of 116 patients were discussed in departmental simulation review meetings. All plans were finalized by the primary radiation oncologist before presenting them in the meeting. A team of radiation oncologists reviewed each plan, and their suggestions were documented as no change, major change, minor change, or missing contour. Changes were further classified as changes in clinical target volume, treatment field, or dose ...


Report Of The First Patient Treated For Pelvic Sarcoma With A Directional 103pd Brachytherapy Device., Serguei A. Castaneda, Marian Khalili, Jacqueline Emrich, Veronica M Zoghbi, Michael S Weingarten, Mark J Rivard, Wilbur B Bowne, Jaganmohan Poli 2019 Thomas Jefferson University; Drexel University; Hahnemann University Hospital; Christiana Care Health System

Report Of The First Patient Treated For Pelvic Sarcoma With A Directional 103pd Brachytherapy Device., Serguei A. Castaneda, Marian Khalili, Jacqueline Emrich, Veronica M Zoghbi, Michael S Weingarten, Mark J Rivard, Wilbur B Bowne, Jaganmohan Poli

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Retrospective Evaluation Of Weight Loss In Maine Medical Center Cancer Institute (Mmcci) Patients Receiving Radiation Treatment For Head And Neck Cancer, Julian Johnson, David Debartolo-Stone, Jessica Moore, Maine Medical Center Radiation Oncology, Ruth Hanselman, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Amy Sparks 2019 Maine Medical Center

Retrospective Evaluation Of Weight Loss In Maine Medical Center Cancer Institute (Mmcci) Patients Receiving Radiation Treatment For Head And Neck Cancer, Julian Johnson, David Debartolo-Stone, Jessica Moore, Maine Medical Center Radiation Oncology, Ruth Hanselman, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Amy Sparks

Operational Excellence

Treatment for head and neck cancer often results in weight loss as a side effect. One option to mitigate this weight loss is placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement. Radiation oncologists at a academic tertiary medical center discuss the option of PEG placement during patient consultation.

A retrospective evaluation of weight loss in patients receiving radiation was conducted over a two-year period. The goal of this data collection was to create a standard for oncology consultations regarding PEG tube placement.

Baseline metrics and a root cause analysis drove subsequent data collection steps. After analyzing the raw data ...


Pelvic Prehabilitation: Pelvic Exercises Assist In Minimizing Inter-Fraction Sacral Slope Variability During Radiation Therapy, Jennifer Baima, Lauren O'Loughlin, Alexander Lukez, Yunsheng Ma, Janaki Moni 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pelvic Prehabilitation: Pelvic Exercises Assist In Minimizing Inter-Fraction Sacral Slope Variability During Radiation Therapy, Jennifer Baima, Lauren O'Loughlin, Alexander Lukez, Yunsheng Ma, Janaki Moni

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications

Introduction: Prehabilitation for radiation therapy is not well studied. Retrospective data shows variability in set-up positioning of patients during daily pelvic RT. We hypothesize that a brief structured daily exercise regimen is feasible for subjects to perform before RT and may minimize variability in positioning as measured by sacral slope angles (SSA) on lateral views. Determining feasibility and effectiveness of these exercises in decreasing set-up variability has clinical implications, both for targeting treatment sites and preventing adverse effects.

Methods: Subjects in the exercise intervention condition (n=8, 8 F) performed a structured daily hip exercise regimen throughout the duration of ...


Sarcopenia In Lung Cancer: Could Chest Imaging Help?, Jennifer Baima, Elke Sarah Schipani, Wasih Kamran, John M. Varlotto, Lacey J. McIntosh, Karl Uy, Isabel Emmerick, Mathew J. Most 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Sarcopenia In Lung Cancer: Could Chest Imaging Help?, Jennifer Baima, Elke Sarah Schipani, Wasih Kamran, John M. Varlotto, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Karl Uy, Isabel Emmerick, Mathew J. Most

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications

Introduction: Fifteen to seventy percent of cancer patients demonstrate sarcopenia.1-6,[i],[ii],[iii],[iv],[v],[vi],[vii],[viii],[ix],[x],[xi],[xii],[xiii] Analysis of iliopsoas cross-sectional area, a non-invasive surrogate measure for sarcopenia in patients with cancer has been associated with survival.[xiv],[xv],[xvi],[xvii] The pectoralis muscle may be a more accessible target for measuring sarcopenia in lung cancer patients,[xviii] but it is not known if it this correlates with iliopsoas cross-sectional area. Since measurements vary, it is most accurate to use internal controls. We attempted to examine the cross-sectional area of the two muscles ...


Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez 2019 Miami Cancer Institute

Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez

Alonso Gutierrez

No abstract provided.


Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez 2019 Miami Cancer Institute

Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez

Jaafar Bennouna

No abstract provided.


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