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Monitoring The Systemic Immune System To Understand And Improve The Efficacy Of Immunotherapy For Metastatic Osteosarcoma, justin edward markel 2022 West Virginia University

Monitoring The Systemic Immune System To Understand And Improve The Efficacy Of Immunotherapy For Metastatic Osteosarcoma, Justin Edward Markel

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a complex tumor with no effective targeted therapies due to its genomic heterogeneity and pleomorphism. The immune response it creates, particularly against metastatic lesions, is considerable; however, various suppressive mechanisms induced by the tumor prohibit its effectiveness. The presence of infiltrating lymphocytes suggests that therapeutic disinhibition through checkpoint blockade could increase antitumor immunity, though none have been successful in clinical trials. The complexities of the immune response to OS tumors have yet to be unraveled; however, there is evidence to suggest that cell-mediated immunity (CMI, specifically T cells, Natural Killer [NK] cells, and myeloid-lineage cells [MLCs]) plays ...


Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington 2021 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Aims and Objectives. This literature review's objective was to synthesize evidence from previously published literature on telemedicine interventions' effectiveness on CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) therapy compliance.

Background. It is estimated that 22 million Americans suffer from a form of Sleep Apnea (SA), and those up to 80 percent of the cases of moderate to severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) are undiagnosed (Sleep Apnea, n,d). The first-line therapy for OSA is CPAP. However, CPAP therapy is associated with low compliance rates.

Design. Systematic review.

Method. A multi-database literature search was conducted to identify published literature between 2009 and ...


Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano 2021 University of San Diego

Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Hypertension is a public health issue estimated to affect 112 million adults by 2030. Primary care patients in an outpatient clinic in Southern California with elevated blood pressure readings in the office did not have an organized system for close follow-up. The purpose of this evidence-based project (EBP) was to educate patients on self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), diet interventions, and healthy weight loss to improve hypertension rates. Through these interventions, patients developed an understanding of their systolic and diastolic blood pressure goals. Nurse practitioners, medical assistants, and licensed vocational nurses screened for high ...


Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation For Supraclavicular And Femoral Nerve Blocks Utilizing Ultrasound Guidance For Student Nurse Anesthetists, Mitchell Fowler, Christopher Bond 2021 The University of Southern Mississippi

Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation For Supraclavicular And Femoral Nerve Blocks Utilizing Ultrasound Guidance For Student Nurse Anesthetists, Mitchell Fowler, Christopher Bond

Doctoral Projects

The purpose of this DNP project was to create a tool to teach and evaluate student registered nurse anesthetists (SRNAs) at TheUniversity of Southern Mississippi (USM) on supraclavicular and femoral nerve blocks to promote safety in the clinical setting. An objective structured clinical evaluation (OSCE) for ultrasound-guided supraclavicular and femoral nerve blocks was created as the basis for this project. Best-practice techniques as identified by the AANA’s 14thstandard of nurse anesthesia practice were researched and used in the development of the OSCE to promote a culture of safety for SRNAs and patients (AANA, 2019).

A culture of ...


Disparities Among Black Women In Maternal Health, Josefina Teresa Estrada 2021 Dominican University of California

Disparities Among Black Women In Maternal Health, Josefina Teresa Estrada

Nursing | Senior Theses

The literature shows that Black women face many disparities in terms of health care access and the quality of care. These obstacles could negatively affect the health of the mother and their child. This paper includes a literature review and proposed research study. The objective of this research study is to identify the outcomes of Black women compared to White women and other women of color in terms of maternal health. A literature review is provided in order to identify how race affects the following factors: obstacles that limit access to healthcare, rates of obtaining prenatal care, postpartum outcomes and ...


Neonatal Outcomes And Congenital Anomalies In Pregnancies Affected By Hypothyroidism, Zareen Kiran,, Aisha Sheikh, Khadija N Humayun, Najmul Islam 2021 Aga Khan University

Neonatal Outcomes And Congenital Anomalies In Pregnancies Affected By Hypothyroidism, Zareen Kiran,, Aisha Sheikh, Khadija N Humayun, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Background: Maternal hypothyroidism has been reported to have concerns over neonatal outcomes, not only in the context of neurocognitive development but also in the short term as birth weight and neonatal jaundice.
Patients and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective study on 638 cases who delivered live births in the Aga Khan University Hospital after ethical approval. Data were collected on hypothyroid pregnant females who were diagnosed before conception or during their antenatal visits during the year 2008-2016. Neonatal outcomes were noted for birth weight, maturity, and neonatal jaundice, neonatal hypothyroidism, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, hypocalcaemia, congenital anomalies, need ...


Metacognition, Social Cognition, And Mentalizing In Psychosis: Are These Distinct Constructs When It Comes To Subjective Experience Or Are We Just Splitting Hairs?, P. H. Lysaker, S. Cheli, G. Dimaggio, B. Buck, K. A. Bonfils, K. Huling, C. Wiesepape, J. T. Lysaker 2021 VA Medical Center

Metacognition, Social Cognition, And Mentalizing In Psychosis: Are These Distinct Constructs When It Comes To Subjective Experience Or Are We Just Splitting Hairs?, P. H. Lysaker, S. Cheli, G. Dimaggio, B. Buck, K. A. Bonfils, K. Huling, C. Wiesepape, J. T. Lysaker

Faculty Publications

Research using the integrated model of metacognition has suggested that the construct of metacognition could quantify the spectrum of activities that, if impaired, might cause many of the subjective disturbances found in psychosis. Research on social cognition and mentalizing in psychosis, however, has also pointed to underlying deficits in how persons make sense of their experience of themselves and others. To explore the question of whether metacognitive research in psychosis offers unique insight in the midst of these other two emerging fields, we have offered a review of the constructs and research from each field. Following that summary, we discuss ...


The Validity Of Using One Force Platform To Quantify Whole-Body Forces, Velocities, And Power During A Plyometric Push-Up, Zhanxin Sha, Boyi Dai 2021 University of Southern Mississippi

The Validity Of Using One Force Platform To Quantify Whole-Body Forces, Velocities, And Power During A Plyometric Push-Up, Zhanxin Sha, Boyi Dai

Faculty Publications

Background: Previous studies have typically measured velocity and power parameters during the push-up, either using one or two force platforms. The purpose of the study was to compare the force, velocity, and power parameters between the one-force-platform method and the two-force-platform method during plyometric push-ups.

Methods: Thirty-four physically active young adults participated in the study to perform the plyometric push-up. For the two-force-platform calculation method, the forces applied to the feet and hands were both measured. For the one-force-platform calculation method, the forces applied to the feet were assumed to be constant, while the forces applied to hands were measured ...


The Radiological Presentation Of Rasmussen Aneurysm Secondary To Pulmonary Tuberculosis And Covid-19: A Case Report, Adnan Arif, Khurram Khaliq Bhinder, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Miguel Felix, Ivan Chérrez-Ojeda 2021 Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan

The Radiological Presentation Of Rasmussen Aneurysm Secondary To Pulmonary Tuberculosis And Covid-19: A Case Report, Adnan Arif, Khurram Khaliq Bhinder, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Miguel Felix, Ivan Chérrez-Ojeda

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Rasmussen aneurysm is rare diagnosis occurring in patients with long-standing tuberculosis. TB-COVID-19 co-infection in the context of Rasmussen aneurysm is a rare occurrence, yet new cases are emerging. An elderly male was recently diagnosed with TB-COVID-19 co-infection and presented with sudden onset massive hemoptysis. The patient was diagnosed with Rasmussen aneurysm after being evaluated by computed tomography pulmonary angiogram due to a suggestive clinical presentation. Interventional radiologists planned for embolization of pulmonary artery, with an unidentifiable source. It was suspected that the patient's source of bleeding was hampered due to local tamponade effect or thrombosis of the aneurysm. The ...


Agents Of Exposure In Transgender Patient Cases Managed By A Toxicologist: An Analysis Of The Toxicology Investigator’S Consortium (Toxic) Registry, Gillian A. Beauchamp MD, Olivia A. Hardy, Alexandra M. Amaducci, Judith N. Sabino, Beth Careyva, Matthew D. Cook DO, Kenneth D. Katz MD, Marna Greenberg DO, MPH, Ryan M Surmaitis DO, Andrew Koons, Joseph B. Zackary MD 2021 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Agents Of Exposure In Transgender Patient Cases Managed By A Toxicologist: An Analysis Of The Toxicology Investigator’S Consortium (Toxic) Registry, Gillian A. Beauchamp Md, Olivia A. Hardy, Alexandra M. Amaducci, Judith N. Sabino, Beth Careyva, Matthew D. Cook Do, Kenneth D. Katz Md, Marna Greenberg Do, Mph, Ryan M Surmaitis Do, Andrew Koons, Joseph B. Zackary Md

Department of Family Medicine

No abstract provided.


A Rare Case Of Acute Hepatitis C Causing Coagulopathy And Severe Transaminitis, Timothy Kuchera, MD, Muyi Li, MD, Corey O'Brien, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

A Rare Case Of Acute Hepatitis C Causing Coagulopathy And Severe Transaminitis, Timothy Kuchera, Md, Muyi Li, Md, Corey O'Brien, Md

Department of Medicine Posters

  • Although Hepatitis C (HCV) is extremely common, diagnosis of acute HCV is as rare as it is typically asymptomatic.
  • The following is an uncommon presentation of symptomatic acute HCV resulting in sepsis, transaminitis, jaundice, and coagulopathy.


Radiolucent Mechanical Valve: Chest Radiography Conundrum, Mohamad S. Alabdaljabar, Genya Turgul, Adelaide M. Arruda-Olson, Jeffrey B. Geske 2021 College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, KSA

Radiolucent Mechanical Valve: Chest Radiography Conundrum, Mohamad S. Alabdaljabar, Genya Turgul, Adelaide M. Arruda-Olson, Jeffrey B. Geske

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

No abstract provided.


Pharmacy Students As Volunteer Medical Staff For American Diabetes Association Summer Camp, Emily Harvath 2021 Purdue University

Pharmacy Students As Volunteer Medical Staff For American Diabetes Association Summer Camp, Emily Harvath

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

For children living with a diagnosis of diabetes, com-munity support and education about proper disease management are critical for the mental and physical health of the child and their family. The experiences offered at summer camps hosted by the American Diabetes Association address both of these needs for the pediatric diabetes community. These camps provide children with the opportunity to participate in a traditional camp experience—swimming, rock climbing, tubing, and more—while giving parents peace of mind in the knowledge that their child’s diabetes will be closely monitored by a team of health care professionals. During my time ...


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography For Detection Of Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy In Orthotopic Heart Transplant Patients, Mohammed Mahmoodurrahman, Josef Marek, Talal Al Otaibi, Vera Maria Cury Salemi, Najmeddine Echahidi, Jehad Al Buraiki, Bahaa M. Fadel, Dania Mohty 2021 College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography For Detection Of Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy In Orthotopic Heart Transplant Patients, Mohammed Mahmoodurrahman, Josef Marek, Talal Al Otaibi, Vera Maria Cury Salemi, Najmeddine Echahidi, Jehad Al Buraiki, Bahaa M. Fadel, Dania Mohty

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Objective Cardiac allograft vasculopathy is one of the leading causes of late graft failure and subsequent death in orthotopic heart transplant. Although invasive coronary angiography is the gold standard modality for detection of cardiac allograft vasculopathy, dobutamine stress echocardiography has been recently frequently used as an alternative. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of dobutamine stress echocardiography for detection of cardiac allograft vasculopathy in transplant patients. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted using a total of 150 dobutamine stress echocardiographic exams that were performed on 99 patients in our institution, with paired coronary angiogram and no acute rejection ...


The Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Newborn Hearing Screening Programs In Western States, Nathan A. Blaseg, Hannah M. Williams, Shelby Jepperson, Jessica J. Messersmith 2021 University of South Dakota, Sanford School of Medicine

The Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Newborn Hearing Screening Programs In Western States, Nathan A. Blaseg, Hannah M. Williams, Shelby Jepperson, Jessica J. Messersmith

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

The primary objective of this study was to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on newborn hearing screening guideline adherence and the respective rates of screening, diagnosis, and intervention. This was a review of newborn hearing screening data compiled from the Departments of Health of six states for the time periods of March-September 2019 and March-September 2020. Endpoints included the numbers of live births as well as the numbers and timeframes of screening, diagnostic, and intervention events. Two-tailed paired t-tests were performed to determine statistical significance. 181,662 births in six states were assessed. Compared to March-September 2019, March-September ...


Should Covid Vaccination Be Required In Heart Transplantation & Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation?, Mustafa M. Ahmed, Manjula G. Ananthram, Susan M. Joseph 2021 University of Florida

Should Covid Vaccination Be Required In Heart Transplantation & Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation?, Mustafa M. Ahmed, Manjula G. Ananthram, Susan M. Joseph

The VAD Journal

This letter to the editor does not have an abstract.


Complications After Surgical Repair Of Congenital Heart Disease In Infants. An Experience From Tertiary Care Center, Farrukh Javed, Nabil Abdulrahman Aleysae, Abdulmajid Yahya Al-Mahbosh, Amal Ali Zubani, Ali Mohammed Atash, Hanan Bin Salem, Mohamed Abdallah, Omaima Alkhatib, Ashraf Abu-Adas, Maymoona Abdelmouz Hrays, Nawal Ali Alqarni, Alla Felemban, Saad Abdullah Alsaedi, Ahmed Abdullah Jamjoom 2021 Pediatrics Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Complications After Surgical Repair Of Congenital Heart Disease In Infants. An Experience From Tertiary Care Center, Farrukh Javed, Nabil Abdulrahman Aleysae, Abdulmajid Yahya Al-Mahbosh, Amal Ali Zubani, Ali Mohammed Atash, Hanan Bin Salem, Mohamed Abdallah, Omaima Alkhatib, Ashraf Abu-Adas, Maymoona Abdelmouz Hrays, Nawal Ali Alqarni, Alla Felemban, Saad Abdullah Alsaedi, Ahmed Abdullah Jamjoom

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Objectives. This study aimed to describe the incidence and spectrum of postoperative complications in infants who underwent their first cardiac surgery for the repair of congenital heart diseases. Methods. This is a single-center retrospective study. Data of infants admitted to King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center; Jeddah; Saudi Arabia, from January 2015 to December 2019 who underwent the first cardiac procedure for congenital heart disease at an age of less than 3 months, were analyzed. The primary outcome is the prevalence and spectrum of postoperative complications during hospitalization. Data were analyzed by using descriptive and analytical statistics using SAS software version 9 ...


Predictors Of 6-Month Mortality In Patients With Non-St Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Study In Pakistani Population, Dileep Kumar, Tahir Saghir, Rajesh Kumar, Jawaid Akbar Sial, Kamran Ahmed Khan, Jehangir Ali Shah, Musa Karim, Abdul Mueed, Reeta Bai, Hitesh Kumar, Sajjad Ali, Rekha Kumari 2021 National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Karachi, Pakistan

Predictors Of 6-Month Mortality In Patients With Non-St Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Study In Pakistani Population, Dileep Kumar, Tahir Saghir, Rajesh Kumar, Jawaid Akbar Sial, Kamran Ahmed Khan, Jehangir Ali Shah, Musa Karim, Abdul Mueed, Reeta Bai, Hitesh Kumar, Sajjad Ali, Rekha Kumari

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Objectives: For Southern Asian countries like Pakistan, there is inadequate evidence of risk factors associated with mortality in patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome (ACS), especially non-ST elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS) cases. Therefore, aim of this study was to evaluate predictors of 6-months mortality of patients presenting with NSTE-ACS. Methods: For this prospective observational study we recruited adult patients diagnosed with NSTE-ACS at a tertiary cardiac center. All he patients were followed-up after six months and survival status was recorded. Logistic regression analysis was performed for six-month mortality and odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were reported. Results: Six-month ...


Simultaneous Bicarotid And Microscope-Assisted Coronary Revascularization As An Individual Surgical Strategy, Andrey N. Semchenko 2021 Federal Center for Cardiovascular Surgery of Healthcare Ministry of the Russian Federation, Khabarovsk, Russia

Simultaneous Bicarotid And Microscope-Assisted Coronary Revascularization As An Individual Surgical Strategy, Andrey N. Semchenko

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

A 59-year-old man presented with complaints of giddiness caused by changes in body position, an unsteady gait, daily episodes of vision loss, breathlessness, and chest pain flowing minor physical exertion. Computed tomography revealed an occlusion of the right common carotid artery, a critical stenosis of the left common carotid artery, and a significant stenosis of the left internal carotid artery. A coronarography detected a stenosis of the left main trunk and a triple coronary artery obstructive disease. A simultaneous aortic-bicarotid bifurcation prosthesis and coronary artery bypass grafting were performed. The patient showed a satisfactory postoperative outcome.


Visuomotor Adaptation During Asymmetric Walking, Charles Napoli 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Visuomotor Adaptation During Asymmetric Walking, Charles Napoli

Masters Theses

Necessary for effective ambulation, head stability affords optimal conditions for the perception of visual information during dynamic tasks. This maintenance of head-in-space equilibrium is achieved, in part, by the attenuation of the high frequency impact shock resulting from ground contact. While a great deal of experimentation has been done on the matter during steady state locomotion, little is known about how head stability or dynamic visual acuity is maintained during asymmetric walking.

In this study, fifteen participants were instructed to walk on a split-belt treadmill for ten minutes while verbally reporting the orientation of a randomized Landolt-C optotype that was ...


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