Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Specialties Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

25166 Full-Text Articles 51710 Authors 2799603 Downloads 198 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Specialties

Faceted Search

25166 full-text articles. Page 1 of 969.

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez 2018 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

In May 2012 United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer screening, Grade D, with no other recommendation for providers. Since prostate cancer continues to be among the most common cancer in the United States among men, patients were exposed to previous guidelines during routine visits and require updated educational materials for primary care visits.


Intractable Epilepsy, Sameh Morkous MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Intractable Epilepsy, Sameh Morkous Md

Department of Pediatrics

No abstract provided.


Knowledge And Behavioral Patterns Of Youth Ice Hockey Parents Regarding Sport Concussion: A Pilot Study, Jeff G. Konin, Delaney Horsley 2017 University of Rhode Island

Knowledge And Behavioral Patterns Of Youth Ice Hockey Parents Regarding Sport Concussion: A Pilot Study, Jeff G. Konin, Delaney Horsley

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: There is an abundance of available concussion education programs for parents of youth ice hockey players. Parents play a vital role in recognizing signs and symptoms of a concussion sustained by a child, and therefore their knowledge and retention of such information is deemed to be very important. The purpose of the pilot survey is identify the general knowledge parents of youth ice hockey players possess regarding concussion. Methods: A survey of a sample of convenience was utilized. Forty-five parents (40 to 49 years of age) of youth ice hockey players were asked to complete a one-page survey to ...


Messenger Rna And Microrna Transcriptomic Signatures Of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, David D. McManus, Jian Rong, Tianxiao Huan, Sean Lacey, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Peter J. Munson, Martin G. Larson, Roby Joehanes, Venkatesh Murthy, Ravi Shah, Jane Freedman, Daniel Levy 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Messenger Rna And Microrna Transcriptomic Signatures Of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, David D. Mcmanus, Jian Rong, Tianxiao Huan, Sean Lacey, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Peter J. Munson, Martin G. Larson, Roby Joehanes, Venkatesh Murthy, Ravi Shah, Jane Freedman, Daniel Levy

David D. McManus

BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic (CM) risk factors are heritable and cluster in individuals. We hypothesized that CM risk factors are associated with multiple shared and unique mRNA and microRNA (miRNA) signatures. We examined associations of mRNA and miRNA levels with 6 CM traits: body mass index, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides, fasting glucose, and systolic and diastolic blood pressures through cross-sectional analysis of 2812 Framingham Heart Study who had whole blood collection for RNA isolation for mRNA and miRNA expression studies and who consented to genetic research. We excluded participants taking medication for hypertension, dyslipidemia, or diabetes. We measured mRNA (n = 17,318; using ...


Does Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation Affect Driving Patterns In Patients With End-Stage Heart Failure?, Mamatha Pinninti, Christina Sauld, Vinay Thohan, Omar Cheema, T. Edward Hastings, John Crouch, Frank Downey, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services, Aurora Health Care

Does Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation Affect Driving Patterns In Patients With End-Stage Heart Failure?, Mamatha Pinninti, Christina Sauld, Vinay Thohan, Omar Cheema, T. Edward Hastings, John Crouch, Frank Downey, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee

The VAD Journal

Background

In 2012, the Canadian Society of Cardiology indicated that patients supported with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) may drive a private vehicle 2 months after implantation, provided they are deemed clinically stable. Objective evidence supporting this recommendation is limited. We sought to compare data regarding driving habits in our patients following LVAD implantation.

Methods

A standard questionnaire addressing driving patterns before and after LVAD implantation was sent to all living patients who had received an LVAD between January 2010 and January 2014. Ninety-four of 124 patients responded (average age 58 years, 69.2% men, 77.7% bridge to transplant ...


Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation For Cardiogenic Shock: A Retrospective Analysis Based On The Etiology Of Shock, Andrew Burchett, Thomas Tribble, Richard Charnigo, Susan Smyth, Maya Guglin 2017 University of Kentucky

Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation For Cardiogenic Shock: A Retrospective Analysis Based On The Etiology Of Shock, Andrew Burchett, Thomas Tribble, Richard Charnigo, Susan Smyth, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

Abstract:

Background: We performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate the efficacy of VA-ECMO support in cardiogenic shock based on various etiologies.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 99 patients supported with VA-ECMO from January 1, 2012 to January 1, 2015. Outcomes included survival to discontinuation of VA-ECMO support and survival to hospital discharge. The etiologies of cardiogenic shock included cardiac arrest (CPR), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), decompensated congestive heart failure (CHF), pulmonary embolism (PE), right ventricular failure (RVF) not secondary to an acute pulmonary embolism, and post-cardiotomy syndrome (PCS). The PCS group was used as a reference group; odds ratios were estimated ...


Reversible Mitral Regurgitation As A Complication Of Impella® 5.0, Katrina A. Bidwell, Andrew R. Kolodziej, Maya E. Guglin 2017 University of Kentucky, Department of Internal Medicine

Reversible Mitral Regurgitation As A Complication Of Impella® 5.0, Katrina A. Bidwell, Andrew R. Kolodziej, Maya E. Guglin

The VAD Journal

The Impella® is a ventricular assist device used for temporary left ventricular support and has been approved for use since 2008. In this report we present a case of a patient who experienced mitral regurgitation as a complication shortly after placement of an Impella® as well as a brief literature review. To our knowledge this is the first such case demonstrating resolution of iatrogenic mitral regurgitation with removal of the device as opposed to permanent damage.


Assessing Function And Endurance In Adults With Spinal And Bulbar Muscular Atrophy: Validity Of The Adult Myopathy Assessment Tool, Michael O. Harris-Love, Lindsey E. Rhodes, Galen Joe, Joseph A. Shrader, Sungyoung Auh, Cheunju Chen, Li Li, Ellen Levy, Todd E. Davenport, Nicholas DiProspero, Kenneth H. Fischbeck 2017 George Washington University

Assessing Function And Endurance In Adults With Spinal And Bulbar Muscular Atrophy: Validity Of The Adult Myopathy Assessment Tool, Michael O. Harris-Love, Lindsey E. Rhodes, Galen Joe, Joseph A. Shrader, Sungyoung Auh, Cheunju Chen, Li Li, Ellen Levy, Todd E. Davenport, Nicholas Diprospero, Kenneth H. Fischbeck

Todd Davenport

Purpose. The adult myopathy assessment tool (AMAT) is a performance-based battery comprised of functional and endurance subscales that can be completed in approximately 30 minutes without the use of specialized equipment. The purpose of this study was to determine the construct validity and internal consistency of the AMAT with a sample of adults with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). Methods. AMAT validity was assessed in 56-male participants with genetically confirmed SBMA (mean age, 53 ± 10 years). The participants completed the AMAT and assessments for disease status, strength, and functional status. Results. Lower AMAT scores were associated with longer disease ...


Legal Aspects Of Aerobic Capacity: Objective Evidence Of The Ability To Work, Margaret E. Ciccolella, Tommy Boone, Todd E. Davenport 2017 University of the Pacific

Legal Aspects Of Aerobic Capacity: Objective Evidence Of The Ability To Work, Margaret E. Ciccolella, Tommy Boone, Todd E. Davenport

Todd Davenport

The article discusses the legality of aerobic capacity testing in disability cases particularly chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). It says that aerobic capacity testing can be used to document functional impairments in patients with CFS after the failure of Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) in evaluating the ability to work of CFS patients who claim for insurance benefits. It presents case law reviews that illustrate the importance of expert testimony in disability related insurance benefit.


Increase Your Healthspan By Mimicking Hunter Gathers' Meal Frequency, Jake Jacobson 2017 Ancestry Foundation

Increase Your Healthspan By Mimicking Hunter Gathers' Meal Frequency, Jake Jacobson

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Do You Really Want A Hunter-Gatherer Microbiota? Perils And Pitfalls For Your Gut, Michael Ruscio 2017 Dr. Michael Ruscio

Do You Really Want A Hunter-Gatherer Microbiota? Perils And Pitfalls For Your Gut, Michael Ruscio

Journal of Evolution and Health

Clinicians have long understood the immense impact the health of our gut has on things like weight, energy, depression, autoimmunity and more. With the recent advancements in microbiota research we have learned much more about this connection. Like never before we understand how we can alleviate chronic health conditions and enhance well-being through improving the health of the gut.

However, with this increased research has also come over speculation and ill-informed recommendations. This has high impact on today's healthcare professional or consumer who could unintentionally do harm. For example by replicating the microbiota of hunter-gatherers of Africa, we could ...


Dietary Refinement And The Upper Gut Microbiota: The Starting Point For Obesity And Non-Communicable Diseases?, Ian Spreadbury 2017 Ancestral Health Society

Dietary Refinement And The Upper Gut Microbiota: The Starting Point For Obesity And Non-Communicable Diseases?, Ian Spreadbury

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Mobile Health Interventions For Adult Obesity In The United States: Analysis Of Effectiveness And Efficacy, David P. Paul III, Keerthi Gochipathala, Alberto Coustasse, Bezawit Wodajo, Niharika Bhardwaj 2017 Marshall University

Mobile Health Interventions For Adult Obesity In The United States: Analysis Of Effectiveness And Efficacy, David P. Paul Iii, Keerthi Gochipathala, Alberto Coustasse, Bezawit Wodajo, Niharika Bhardwaj

Alberto Coustasse

The Unites States continues to struggle with the negative health effects associated with increasing population obesity, a problem which has been historically difficult, if not impossible, to solve. Mobile health applications represent a potential partial solution to this problem. We examine the existing literature on the effects of mobile health applications on body weight, waist circumference, BMI, and lifestyle, examining both physical findings as well as adherence, satisfaction and cost effectiveness. The use of mobile for weight reduction looks promising, but evidence is mixed, which is not surprising given the rapidly evolving nature of the mobile application field.


It Always Seems Too Early, Until It’S Too Late, Marie Eaton 2017 Western Washington University

It Always Seems Too Early, Until It’S Too Late, Marie Eaton

Palliative Care Institute

What is Palliative Care?

  • Specialized care for people living with chronic and serious illness.
  • Goal is to improve quality of life for both the patient and the family when cure is not possible.
  • Focuses on providing relief from the symptoms and stress of a serious illness
  • Provided by an interdisciplinary team of palliative care doctors, nurses, social workers, chaplains, family members and others who work together to provide an extra layer of support.
  • Appropriate at any age and at any stage in a serious illness and can be provided along with curative treatment


Dynamic Transcriptomes Identify Biogenic Amines And Insect-Like Hormonal Regulation For Mediating Reproduction In Schistosoma Japonicum., Jipeng Wang, Ying Yu, Haimo Shen, Tao Qing, Yuanting Zheng, Qing Li, Xiaojin Mo, Shuqi Wang, Nana Li, Riyi Chai, Bin Xu, Mu Liu, Paul J Brindley, Donald P McManus, Zheng Feng, Leming Shi, Wei Hu 2017 George Washington University

Dynamic Transcriptomes Identify Biogenic Amines And Insect-Like Hormonal Regulation For Mediating Reproduction In Schistosoma Japonicum., Jipeng Wang, Ying Yu, Haimo Shen, Tao Qing, Yuanting Zheng, Qing Li, Xiaojin Mo, Shuqi Wang, Nana Li, Riyi Chai, Bin Xu, Mu Liu, Paul J Brindley, Donald P Mcmanus, Zheng Feng, Leming Shi, Wei Hu

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

Eggs produced by the mature female parasite are responsible for the pathogenesis and transmission of schistosomiasis. Female schistosomes rely on a unique male-induced strategy to accomplish reproductive development, a process that is incompletely understood. Here we map detailed transcriptomic profiles of male and female Schistosoma japonicum across eight time points throughout the sexual developmental process from pairing to maturation. The dynamic gene expression pattern data reveal clear sex-related characteristics, indicative of an unambiguous functional division between males and females during their interplay. Cluster analysis, in situ hybridization and RNAi assays indicate that males likely use biogenic amine neurotransmitters through the ...


Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten

Will Lehmann, MD

Background: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim focuses on improving the patient’s experience of care, improving population health and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health care systems and providers continuously seek to improve quality of care through understanding what percentage of their patients are achieving quality-of-care standards for various indicators, including immunizations, tobacco cessation, asthma and cancer screening. As health care moves toward reimbursing for value-based care, deepening our understanding of patient population characteristics within each of these conditions is vital to continuous quality improvement.

Purpose: To determine if there are race/ethnicity/age ...


Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten

Will Lehmann, MD

Background: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim focuses on improving the patient’s experience of care, improving population health and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health care systems and providers continuously seek to improve quality of care through understanding what percentage of their patients are achieving quality-of-care standards for various indicators, including immunizations, tobacco cessation, asthma and cancer screening. As health care moves toward reimbursing for value-based care, deepening our understanding of patient population characteristics within each of these conditions is vital to continuous quality improvement.

Purpose: To determine if there are race/ethnicity/age ...


Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Identifying Disparities In Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates In Milwaukee-Based Academic And Nonacademic Clinics, Jasmine Wiley, Jonathan J. Blaza, Will Lehmann, Deborah Simpson, Jeffrey A. Stearns, Shelby L. Pischke, Tracy L. Greiten

Will Lehmann, MD

Background: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Triple Aim focuses on improving the patient’s experience of care, improving population health and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health care systems and providers continuously seek to improve quality of care through understanding what percentage of their patients are achieving quality-of-care standards for various indicators, including immunizations, tobacco cessation, asthma and cancer screening. As health care moves toward reimbursing for value-based care, deepening our understanding of patient population characteristics within each of these conditions is vital to continuous quality improvement.

Purpose: To determine if there are race/ethnicity/age ...


Quality Improvement Of Procedural Services In Family Medicine Residency Clinics, Keisha Rogers, Nora Guschwan, Lisa Sullivan Vedder 2017 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora Health Care

Quality Improvement Of Procedural Services In Family Medicine Residency Clinics, Keisha Rogers, Nora Guschwan, Lisa Sullivan Vedder

Lisa Sullivan Vedder, MD

Background: Performing common procedures in our family medicine residency clinics is often a difficult and inefficient process. A 2008 Society of Teachers of Family Medicine consensus statement on procedural training found higher job satisfaction and better financial compensation for family practitioners who performed procedures. Patient satisfaction is likely increased when minor procedures are able to be performed by their primary clinician. This would suggest a disconnect between the known benefits of providing procedural services and the ability of our residency clinics to provide those services in an efficient manner. Purpose: To assess clinician and staff comfort with performance of common ...


Pulmonary Surfactant Fortified With Cath-2 As A Novel Therapy For Bacterial Pneumonia, Brandon J. Baer 2017 University of Western Ontario

Pulmonary Surfactant Fortified With Cath-2 As A Novel Therapy For Bacterial Pneumonia, Brandon J. Baer

Western Research Forum

Background: Bacterial pneumonia is a leading cause of death worldwide, with high mortality rates persisting even after antibiotic treatment. Current treatments for pneumonia involve administration of antibiotics, however after the bacteria are killed they release toxic substances that induce inflammation and lung dysfunction. Host defense peptides represent a potential solution to this problem through their ability to down regulate inflammation. However, effective delivery to the lung is difficult because of the complex branching structure of the airways. My study addresses this delivery problem by using exogenous surfactant, a pulmonary delivery vehicle capable of improving spreading of these peptides throughout the ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress