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Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner 2023 Lesley University

Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Those undergoing neurorehabilitation after stroke and traumatic brain injury report a diminished sense of overall wellness. This paper examines the conceivable benefits of introducing expressive arts therapies, which is the therapeutic use and combination of the visual arts, movement, drama, music, writing and other intermodal creative processes, into physical therapy and neurorehabilitation treatment planning. Expressive arts therapies have the capacity to engage with an individual’s physical, emotional, social and spiritual states concurrently. They simultaneously offer the ability to promote an increased sense of well-being, address mind-body disconnects, and process trauma non-verbally.

The sections of this narrative literature review focus ...


A Pilot Intervention Combining Assessment And Feedback With Communication Training And Behavioral Nudges To Increase Hpv Vaccine Uptake., Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Brian R. Lee, Jason N. Doctor, Georgann Meredith, Kathy Goggin, Angela Myers 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Pilot Intervention Combining Assessment And Feedback With Communication Training And Behavioral Nudges To Increase Hpv Vaccine Uptake., Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Brian R. Lee, Jason N. Doctor, Georgann Meredith, Kathy Goggin, Angela Myers

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes >40,000 cancer diagnoses each year, yet vaccination rates remain low because widespread implementation of strategies to increase vaccinations has not occurred. Behavioral nudges have demonstrated efficacy in improving uptake of desired behaviors in health care settings but have not been tested for increasing HPV vaccinations. We assessed the impact of an intervention combining behavioral nudges with other proven strategies (i.e., assessment and feedback, provider communication training) on HPV vaccination rates and parental satisfaction in four Midwestern pediatric, outpatient practices. Practices were randomly assigned to receive either assessment and feedback or assessment and feedback combined ...


Small Extracellular Vesicle-Mediated Itgb6 Sirna Delivery Downregulates The Αvβ6 Integrin And Inhibits Adhesion And Migration Of Recipient Prostate Cancer Cells, Shiv Ram Krishn, Vaughn Garcia, Nicole M Naranjo, Fabio Quaglia, Christopher D Shields, Maisha A Harris, Andrew V Kossenkov, Qin Liu, Eva Corey, Dario C Altieri, Lucia R Languino 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Small Extracellular Vesicle-Mediated Itgb6 Sirna Delivery Downregulates The Αvβ6 Integrin And Inhibits Adhesion And Migration Of Recipient Prostate Cancer Cells, Shiv Ram Krishn, Vaughn Garcia, Nicole M Naranjo, Fabio Quaglia, Christopher D Shields, Maisha A Harris, Andrew V Kossenkov, Qin Liu, Eva Corey, Dario C Altieri, Lucia R Languino

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

The αVβ6 integrin, an epithelial-specific cell surface receptor absent in normal prostate and expressed during prostate cancer (PrCa) progression, is a therapeutic target in many cancers. Here, we report that transcript levels of ITGB6 (encoding the β6 integrin subunit) are significantly increased in metastatic castrate-resistant androgen receptor-negative prostate tumors compared to androgen receptor-positive prostate tumors. In addition, the αVβ6 integrin protein levels are significantly elevated in androgen receptor-negative PrCa patient derived xenografts (PDXs) compared to androgen receptor-positive PDXs. In vitro, the androgen receptor-negative PrCa cells express high levels of the αVβ6 integrin compared to androgen receptor-positive PrCa cells. Additionally, expression ...


Rising Costs Of Insulin And Effects Of Self-Management In Type 1 Diabetes, Justine Yadao 2022 Dominican University of California

Rising Costs Of Insulin And Effects Of Self-Management In Type 1 Diabetes, Justine Yadao

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes is a chronic condition where the pancreas may not be able to produce little to no insulin. This type of diabetes can be attributed to some factors such as age, family history, environmental factors or types of viruses. It is seen more often in children or adolescence but can develop in adults, averaging approximately 5-10% of the population.

Insulin is a type of hormone produced in the pancreas naturally or can be manufactured in the laboratory. People with Type 1 Diabetes need insulin from an exogenous source to ...


An Integrative Review Of Clinical Outcome Assessments Used To Measure Carryover Effects Of Exoskeletons And Functional Electrical Stimulation In Spinal Cord Injury, Martha K. Childress, Olivia M. Biller, Nicole Gerhardt, MS, OTR/L, CBIS, Namrata Grampurohit, PhD, OTR/L, Rachel Y. Kim, OTD, OTR/L, MJ Mulcahey, PhD, OTR/L 2022 Thomas Jefferson Univeristy

An Integrative Review Of Clinical Outcome Assessments Used To Measure Carryover Effects Of Exoskeletons And Functional Electrical Stimulation In Spinal Cord Injury, Martha K. Childress, Olivia M. Biller, Nicole Gerhardt, Ms, Otr/L, Cbis, Namrata Grampurohit, Phd, Otr/L, Rachel Y. Kim, Otd, Otr/L, Mj Mulcahey, Phd, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Introduction

  • Functional electrical stimulation (FES) and exoskeletons are rehabilitation technologies that provide direct functional ability and potential carryover effects
  • Carryover effects may be due to neuromuscular recovery, behavioral compensation, or a combination of both (Figure 1)
  • Clinical outcome assessments (COAs) are used to measure recovery of function with and without the device on


Ambient Temperature During Pregnancy And Risk Of Maternal Hypertensive Disorders: A Time-To-Event Study In Johannesburg, South Africa, Chérie Part, Jean le Roux, Matthew Chersichb, Shobna Sawry, Véronique Filippi, Nathalie Roos, Lee Fairlie, Britt Nakstad, Jeroen de Bont, Stanley Luchters 2022 London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK

Ambient Temperature During Pregnancy And Risk Of Maternal Hypertensive Disorders: A Time-To-Event Study In Johannesburg, South Africa, Chérie Part, Jean Le Roux, Matthew Chersichb, Shobna Sawry, Véronique Filippi, Nathalie Roos, Lee Fairlie, Britt Nakstad, Jeroen De Bont, Stanley Luchters

Institute for Human Development

Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. We evaluate the effects of ambient temperature on risk of maternal hypertensive disorders throughout pregnancy. We used birth register data for all singleton births (22–43 weeks' gestation) recorded at a tertiary-level hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa, between July 2017–June 2018. Time-to-event analysis was combined with distributed lag non-linear models to examine the effects of mean weekly temperature, from conception to birth, on risk of (i) high blood pressure, hypertension, or gestational hypertension, and (ii) pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, or HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low ...


Tetrahydrocurcumin Improves Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Myocardial Dysfunction By Inhibiting Oxidative Stress And Inflammation Via Jnk/Erk Signaling Pathway Regulation, Hanzhao Zhu, Liyun Zhang, Hao Jia, Lu Xu, Yu Cao, Mengen Zhai, Kaifeng Li, Lin Xia, Liqing Jiang, Xiang Li, Yenong Zhou, Jincheng Liu, Shiqiang Yu, Weixun Duan 2022 Sacred Heart University

Tetrahydrocurcumin Improves Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Myocardial Dysfunction By Inhibiting Oxidative Stress And Inflammation Via Jnk/Erk Signaling Pathway Regulation, Hanzhao Zhu, Liyun Zhang, Hao Jia, Lu Xu, Yu Cao, Mengen Zhai, Kaifeng Li, Lin Xia, Liqing Jiang, Xiang Li, Yenong Zhou, Jincheng Liu, Shiqiang Yu, Weixun Duan

Chemistry Student Publications

Background

Acute myocardial dysfunction in patients with sepsis is attributed to oxidative stress, inflammation, and cardiomyocyte loss; however, specific drugs for its prevention are still lacking. Tetrahydrocurcumin (THC) has been proven to contribute to the prevention of various cardiovascular diseases by decreasing oxidative stress and inflammation. This study was performed to investigate the functions and mechanism of action of THC in septic cardiomyopathy.

Methods

After the oral administration of THC (120 mg/kg) for 5 consecutive days, a mouse model of sepsis was established via intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 mg/kg) injection. Following this, cardiac function was assessed, pathological section ...


Human Leucocyte Antigen Genotype Association With The Development Of Immune-Related Adverse Events In Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Single Agent Immunotherapy, Afaf Abed, Ngie Law, Leslie Calapre, Johnny Lo, Vikas Bhat, Samantha Bowyer, Michael Millward, Elin S. Gray 2022 Edith Cowan University

Human Leucocyte Antigen Genotype Association With The Development Of Immune-Related Adverse Events In Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Single Agent Immunotherapy, Afaf Abed, Ngie Law, Leslie Calapre, Johnny Lo, Vikas Bhat, Samantha Bowyer, Michael Millward, Elin S. Gray

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Introduction: Biomarkers that predict the risk of immune-mediated adverse events (irAEs) among patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may reduce morbidity and mortality associated with these treatments. Methods: We carried out high resolution human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-I typing on 179 patients with NSCLC treated with anti-program death (PD)-1/program death ligand (PDL)-1. Toxicity data were collected and graded as per common terminology criteria for adverse event (CTCAE) v5.0. We used 14.8-week for landmark analysis to address lead-time bias to investigate the correlation between HLA-I/II zygosity, supertypes and alleles with irAE. Furthermore, we assessed ...


Reporting Standards For Machine Learning Research In Type 2 Diabetes, Grace Kang 2022 Western University

Reporting Standards For Machine Learning Research In Type 2 Diabetes, Grace Kang

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

In this project, three people scored 90 papers on machine learning predictive models for type 2 diabetes to assess their adherence to TRIPOD, MI-CLAIM, and DOME reporting guidelines.


Wellness Study: Functional Visual Outcomes In Eye Disease Patients Following The Covid-19 Pandemic, Andrew Maher 2022 Western University

Wellness Study: Functional Visual Outcomes In Eye Disease Patients Following The Covid-19 Pandemic, Andrew Maher

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused delays in health services and medical appointments, affecting approximately one in three Canadian adults. Elderly eye disease patients experienced delays in treatment for eye conditions including cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal diseases. The impact of these delays on functional visual outcomes and general health rating of elderly patients is not well understood. As part of the Wellness Study, we aimed to investigate the pandemic-related impacts on functional vision and general health rating in an elderly eye patient population in London, Ontario.


A Collaborative Approach To Caring For Refugees In The Covid-19 Pandemic, Sara Mojdehi 2022 Western University

A Collaborative Approach To Caring For Refugees In The Covid-19 Pandemic, Sara Mojdehi

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

With higher cases rates, it is clear that newcomer and refugee populations in Ontario have been disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. These vulnerable populations generally work in settings that increase their risk of infection and do not offer sick leave (ICES, 2021). In addition, overcrowded and multigenerational housing make it difficult for these individuals to adhere to self-isolation guidelines. Language and cultural barriers among refugee populations have also limited their access to information about the virus, making it challenging to follow public health measures (ICES, 2021).

The increased likelihood of an outbreak in these communities manifested itself in London ...


The Laws Of The Dead, Gillian Naro, MD, MEd, Marie-Laure Flamer, MD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

The Laws Of The Dead, Gillian Naro, Md, Med, Marie-Laure Flamer, Md

The Medicine Forum

George Washington suddenly fell ill with a sore throat and labored breathing at his estate in 1799. Initial management consisted of a "mixture of molasses, vinegar and butter," that was followed by “sage, tea and vinegar.” With no signs of clinical improvement, his doctors were called to his bedside. As was standard medical care at the time and thought to be beneficial in various afflictions, he was “bleed” more than 2L of blood in an attempt to restore his good health. The three doctors overseeing the bleeding process noticed the General become weaker despite their best efforts. His breathing became ...


Internal Medicine Residents’ Experience With Using Handheld Ultrasound Machines In Point-Of-Care Ultrasonography, Michael Dong, MD, Tudor Sturzoiu, MD, Fred Karaisz, Max Ruge, MD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Internal Medicine Residents’ Experience With Using Handheld Ultrasound Machines In Point-Of-Care Ultrasonography, Michael Dong, Md, Tudor Sturzoiu, Md, Fred Karaisz, Max Ruge, Md

The Medicine Forum

Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is defined as the acquisition and interpretation of ultrasonographic images generated by the clinician at the bedside. The advent of handheld machines has increased access and practical application of ultrasound technology in internal medicine training and medical education. The most common system involves a single portable ultrasound probe that connects to a smartphone or tablet, and storage of images are stored via cloud-based technology. We discuss our experience with POCUS using handheld ultrasound machines in the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital academic setting.


Pulmonary Metastases Of Basal Cell Adenocarcinoma Presenting As Hemoptysis, Matthew DiMeglio, DO, MBA, Mark Mallozzi, MD, Prarthna Kulandaisamy, MD, Julie Barta, MD, Jennifer Johnson, MD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Pulmonary Metastases Of Basal Cell Adenocarcinoma Presenting As Hemoptysis, Matthew Dimeglio, Do, Mba, Mark Mallozzi, Md, Prarthna Kulandaisamy, Md, Julie Barta, Md, Jennifer Johnson, Md

The Medicine Forum

Basal Cell Adenocarcinoma (BCAC) is a rare malignancy, only accounting for approximately 2% of all salivary neoplasms. Considered the malignant counterpart of basal cell adenoma, it most commonly presents at 60 years of age without gender predilection. Sites of involvement frequently includes the parotid gland, but sites in the minor salivary glands, nasopharynx, buccal mucosa, and tongue have also been reported. Often regarded as an indolent malignancy, BCAC can occasionally cause invasive disease and infrequently, metastatic disease. Among all solid tumors, endobronchial metastases is quite a rare occurrence, contributing to approximately 4% of endobronchial biopsies4. Most common sites of metastases ...


Spontaneous Tumor Lysis Syndrome In Undifferentiated Pelvic Solid Tumor With Associated New Onset Atrial Flutter: A Case Report, Sameep Thapa, MD, Max Ruge, MD, Tamar Wolinsky MD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Spontaneous Tumor Lysis Syndrome In Undifferentiated Pelvic Solid Tumor With Associated New Onset Atrial Flutter: A Case Report, Sameep Thapa, Md, Max Ruge, Md, Tamar Wolinsky Md

The Medicine Forum

Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is an oncologic emergency that is caused by electrolyte derangements from the lysis of malignant tumor cells. The syndrome consists of several laboratory abnormalities including hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia1,2. When these lab findings are associated with end-organ damage such as acute renal failure, seizures, or cardiac dysrhythmias amongst others, it is known as clinical TLS3. TLS is more commonly associated with hematological malignancies given their tendency of rapid cellular turnover. The most common culprits include acute lymphocytic leukemia and Burkitt’s lymphoma. It is, however, quite rare for TLS to occur secondary to a ...


A Case Report Of Methemoglobinemia And Hemolytic Anemia In The Setting Of Covid-19 Pneumonia And G6pd Deficiency, Grant W. Jirka, MD, Travis Hunt, MD, Sushil Ghimire, MD, Rakhshanda Akram, MD, Urvashi Vaid, MD, MS 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

A Case Report Of Methemoglobinemia And Hemolytic Anemia In The Setting Of Covid-19 Pneumonia And G6pd Deficiency, Grant W. Jirka, Md, Travis Hunt, Md, Sushil Ghimire, Md, Rakhshanda Akram, Md, Urvashi Vaid, Md, Ms

The Medicine Forum

It is well known that hereditary or acquired methemoglobinemia can cause hypoxia due to the oxidation of heme, which impairs its ability to offload oxygen (Figures 1 & 2), and that acquired methemoglobinemia is most often caused by exposure to drugs and toxins that oxidize hemoglobin to methemoglobin, directly or indirectly1. Recently, a few case reports have highlighted methemoglobinemia in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Some of these reports were due to treatment with hydroxychloroquine and others from unidentifiable causes2-4. We present a case in which a patient with COVID-19 pneumonia was diagnosed with methemoglobinemia and acute hemolysis from G6PD deficiency in ...


A Case Of Acute Pancreatitis Associated With Empagliflozin, Tudor Sturzoiu, MD, Sameep Thapa, MD, Ellen Solomon, Suchit Bhutani, MD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

A Case Of Acute Pancreatitis Associated With Empagliflozin, Tudor Sturzoiu, Md, Sameep Thapa, Md, Ellen Solomon, Suchit Bhutani, Md

The Medicine Forum

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are being prescribed increasingly more often for type 2 diabetes mellitus as well as heart failure. They have not typically been associated with acute pancreatitis, but there has been a steady flow of case reports implicating them in acute pancreatitis over the years since they were initially approved. Here, we present the case of an 82-year-old woman with a past medical history of T2DM, COPD, hyperlipidemia, a remote stroke, peripheral arterial disease, and remote breast cancer now with recurrent localized breast cancer on treatment with ademaciclib and letrozole who presented to the emergency department with ...


A Confounding Case Of Acute Hepatitis A, Andrea Molin, MD, Michael Cheung, MD, Timothy Kuchera, MD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

A Confounding Case Of Acute Hepatitis A, Andrea Molin, Md, Michael Cheung, Md, Timothy Kuchera, Md

The Medicine Forum

Hepatitis A (HAV) is a picornavirus transmitted via fecal-oral route that disproportionately affects homeless persons, men who have sex with men, and individuals who use intravenous drugs. Acute HAV typically presents with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and fever. It is most commonly self-limited but can progress to fulminant hepatic failure in less than 1% of cases. The following case is a unique presentation of acute HAV infection requiring diagnostic dexterity and critical thinking.


Shocked But Not Surprised: The Philly Cardioversion, Gillian Naro, MD, MEd, Naman Upadhyay, MD, Emilie Thompson, MD, Tudor Sturzoiu, MD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Shocked But Not Surprised: The Philly Cardioversion, Gillian Naro, Md, Med, Naman Upadhyay, Md, Emilie Thompson, Md, Tudor Sturzoiu, Md

The Medicine Forum

Neuromuscular incapacitating devices, colloquially known as ‘tasers’, are typically used by police and security personnel as a non-lethal way to subdue combative assailants. Unfortunately, there are times in the hospital when patients can become assailants, thus potentially necessitating the use of tasers to ensure the safety of staff and other patients. Tasers come in several varieties. However, those typically used by law enforcement have a 50,000-V capacity and deliver 0.36 - 1.76 Joules of energy per pulse, at a rate of ~20 pulses per second, via two barbed projections. This leads to incapacitation of the assailant via the ...


A Case Of Patent Foramen Ovale As A Cause Of Persistent Hypoxia, Jaya Janadhyala, MD, Jonathan Foster, MD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

A Case Of Patent Foramen Ovale As A Cause Of Persistent Hypoxia, Jaya Janadhyala, Md, Jonathan Foster, Md

The Medicine Forum

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a congenital cardiac variant caused by failure of the closure of a passage in the atrial septum. It is quite common, occurring in as much as 27% of the population based on autopsy studies. Most cases of PFOs are incidentally discovered or found during work-up of cryptogenic strokes as a potential cause of the stroke.1 New research is being conducted on the role PFOs play in hypoxia from intracardiac right-to-left shunting, including in patients with co-existent cardiovascular and pulmonary disease


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