Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Specialties Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

23645 Full-Text Articles 46123 Authors 2420915 Downloads 186 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Specialties

Faceted Search

23645 full-text articles. Page 1 of 904.

Kinder Ready: Exploring The Role Of Technology In Promoting School Readiness Among Low-Income Parents In A Clinic-Based Setting, Brenda Lu 2016 University of San Francisco

Kinder Ready: Exploring The Role Of Technology In Promoting School Readiness Among Low-Income Parents In A Clinic-Based Setting, Brenda Lu

Master's Projects

The Stanford Pediatric Advocacy Program advocates to improve the health status of children in Silicon Valley and the surrounding community. This summer, I worked on a project called Kinder Ready, with the goal of evaluating the feasibility of technology use in promoting school readiness in children ages zero to five. We used a variety of qualitative research methods, including focus groups, one-on-one interviews, and surveys to collect feedback from the community on what their children need to transition into schools. Our local participatory research approach has paved the way for many new partnerships with local organizations, while strengthening existing ones ...


In The Postoperative Cardiothoracic Surgical Patient Being Mechanically Ventilated, Is There A Difference In Outcomes When Comparing Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol?, Benjamin Heinrich Riebesel 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

In The Postoperative Cardiothoracic Surgical Patient Being Mechanically Ventilated, Is There A Difference In Outcomes When Comparing Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol?, Benjamin Heinrich Riebesel

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Patients undergoing a cardiothoracic operation typically require mechanical ventilation in the postoperative phase. Each year approximately 395,000 of these operations are performed in the United States alone. As many as 10% of these patients require reoperation within the first few hours of recovery due to complications (Barash & Cullen, 2013). This comprehensive review of the literature was performed to determine whether postoperative sedation with dexmedetomidine leads to better patient outcomes than sedation with propofol. Inclusion criteria included publications written in the English language, articles available in full text, articles written within the last 10 years, and publications with a focus ...


Understanding Adipocyte Dynamics Through Mathematical Modeling, Katrina Johnson, Fred Adler 2016 University of Utah

Understanding Adipocyte Dynamics Through Mathematical Modeling, Katrina Johnson, Fred Adler

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Kcnq2 Encephalopathy, John Millichap, Kristen Park, Tammy N. Tsuchida, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Lionel Carmant, On Behalf of the RIKEE Consortium 2016 George Washington University

Kcnq2 Encephalopathy, John Millichap, Kristen Park, Tammy N. Tsuchida, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Lionel Carmant, On Behalf Of The Rikee Consortium

Neurology Faculty Publications

Objective: To advance the understanding of KCNQ2 encephalopathy genotype–phenotype relationships and to begin to assess the potential of selective KCNQ channel openers as targeted treatments.

Methods: We retrospectively studied 23 patients with KCNQ2 encephalopathy, including 11 treated with ezogabine (EZO). We analyzed the genotype–phenotype relationships in these and 70 previously described patients.

Results: The mean seizure onset age was 1.8 ± 1.6 (SD) days. Of the 20 EEGs obtained within a week of birth, 11 showed burst suppression. When new seizure types appeared in infancy (15 patients), the most common were epileptic spasms (n = 8). At last ...


Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (Gist) Of The Treitz’S Angle– A Very Rare Cause Of High Bowel Obstruction, Mădălina Elena Tobă, Dan Florin Ungureanu, Lota Corina Georgescu, Traian Pătraşcu 2016 Titu Maiorescu University of Bucharest, Faculty of Medicine

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (Gist) Of The Treitz’S Angle– A Very Rare Cause Of High Bowel Obstruction, Mădălina Elena Tobă, Dan Florin Ungureanu, Lota Corina Georgescu, Traian Pătraşcu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are somewhat rare gastrointestinal tumors - approximately 1% to 3% incidence, but they are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs are usually found in the stomach or small intestine but can occur anywhere within the gastrointestinal tract, even in extremely uncommon locations like duodeno-jejunal flexure. Only 3% – 5% of GISTs are located in the duodenum and tumors occurring in the angle of Treitz are even rarer, most published studies being case reports. These tumors have a size ranging from small lesions to large masses and can cause digestive bleeding or high bowel obstruction ...


A Retrospective Surgical Experience Regarding Open And Laparoscopic Procedures Of The Hepatic Hydatid Cyst With An Up To Date Complete Review Of The Literature And A Focus On Original Romanian Techniques, Diana Moldovan, Cosmin Alec Moldovan, Laurentiu Ungurianu, Dan Florin Ungureanu 2016 MedLife S.A.

A Retrospective Surgical Experience Regarding Open And Laparoscopic Procedures Of The Hepatic Hydatid Cyst With An Up To Date Complete Review Of The Literature And A Focus On Original Romanian Techniques, Diana Moldovan, Cosmin Alec Moldovan, Laurentiu Ungurianu, Dan Florin Ungureanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction: Even though the development of the recent anti-parasitic drugs has led to a high degree of efficiency, surgical treatment still remains the gold standard for a number of conditions. Material and method. The authors discuss a series of 90 cases in a multicenter and retrospective analysis that stretches over 20 years. Results and discussions. These cases have been diagnosed and treated – through different surgical methods, both classical and laparoscopic – for hepatic hydatid cysts. The paper also presents a short review of the major types of surgical procedures cited in the international literature, with a specific focus on the advantages ...


A Proposed Therapeutic Algorithm Based On Multiple Case Analysis Regarding The Repair Options Of Iatrogenic Biliary Lesions Following Open And Laparoscopic Surgery, Cosmin Alec Moldovan, Dan Florin Ungureanu, Vladimir Beliș 2016 Titu Maiorescu University of Bucharest

A Proposed Therapeutic Algorithm Based On Multiple Case Analysis Regarding The Repair Options Of Iatrogenic Biliary Lesions Following Open And Laparoscopic Surgery, Cosmin Alec Moldovan, Dan Florin Ungureanu, Vladimir Beliș

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction: the problem of the iatrogenic lesions of the main biliary pathways is far from being completely clarified and still represents a serious surgical situation, during both open and laparoscopic surgeries. The outcome of these situations is closely linked with the actual moment of discovery of the lesion and the surgical methods for repairing such defects and implies a great number of options, such as reconstructive, derivative and substitutive techniques. Objectives: the goal of this paper is to present an algorithm of choices and their consequences for clinical conduit in the case of iatrogenic biliary lesions discovered in the course ...


Helicobacter Pylori: Types Of Diseases, Diagnosis, Treatment And Causes Of Therapeutic Failure, Cosmin Vasile Obleaga, Cristin Constantin Vere, Ionica Daniel Valcea, Mihai Calin Ciorbagiu, Emil Moraru, Cecil Sorin Mirea 2016 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Surgery

Helicobacter Pylori: Types Of Diseases, Diagnosis, Treatment And Causes Of Therapeutic Failure, Cosmin Vasile Obleaga, Cristin Constantin Vere, Ionica Daniel Valcea, Mihai Calin Ciorbagiu, Emil Moraru, Cecil Sorin Mirea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Acute upper gastrointestinal lesions have a multifactorial etiology but, regardless of the cause, they are related to mucosal barrier destruction. Since Helicobacter pylori induces a superficial chronic gastritis with the infiltration of neutrophils in the mucosa, it was speculated that Helicobacter pylori infection could also cause bleeding lesions. The diagnosis, the proper treatment and the revaluation of its effectiveness actually represent the prophylaxis of some diseases such as peptic ulcer, gastric lymphoma or mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) and gastric cancer. These diseases and their severe complications are life-threatening for the patient. Periodic renewal of the treatment and knowing the real ...


Vulvodynia; An Under-Recognized Disease, Simona Roxana Georgescu, Cristina I. Mitran, Mădălina I. Mitran, Maria I. Sârbu, Mircea Tampa 2016 Carol Davila University, Department of Dermatology and Venereology

Vulvodynia; An Under-Recognized Disease, Simona Roxana Georgescu, Cristina I. Mitran, Mădălina I. Mitran, Maria I. Sârbu, Mircea Tampa

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Vulvodynia is a chronic condition which affects an increasing number of women; it presents currently an incidence that is higher than had previously been estimated. Regarding pathogenesis, several (hormonal, infectious, inflammatory and psychological) factors have been proposed, but vulvodynia etiology remains still unclear. This disorder is a multifactorial condition with a significant impact on the patient’s quality of life, yet is difficult to diagnose (an under-estimated/ under-recognized affection). Certain medical investigations are required in order to exclude other diseases (the diagnosis of vulvodynia being one of exclusion), but anamnesis and physical examination are essential steps in the diagnosis.

Although ...


The Current Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction, Maria Isabela Sarbu, Mircea Tampa, Mădălina I. Mitran, Cristina I. Mitran, Vasile Benea, Simona R. Georgescu 2016 Carol Davila University, Department of Dermatology and Venereology

The Current Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction, Maria Isabela Sarbu, Mircea Tampa, Mădălina I. Mitran, Cristina I. Mitran, Vasile Benea, Simona R. Georgescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve and maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual intercourse. It is the most frequent sexual dysfunction in elderly men and its prevalence increases with age.

Ever since ED was recognized as a real health problem, several treatment options became available and some of them proved to be very efficient. PDE5 inhibitors are the mainstay treatment of ED.

However, other treatment options such as intracorporal injections, surgery, vacuum devices and prosthesis are also available for patients who are unresponsive to PDE5 inhibitors. Since none of the treatment options available so far has proven ...


The Substrate Of The Biopsychosocial Influences In The Carcinogenesis Of The Digestive Tract, Georgică C. Târtea, Cristina Florescu, Daniel Pirici, Daniel Caragea, Elena A. Târtea, Cristin C. Vere 2016 Cardiology Resident Doctor, PhD Student Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania

The Substrate Of The Biopsychosocial Influences In The Carcinogenesis Of The Digestive Tract, Georgică C. Târtea, Cristina Florescu, Daniel Pirici, Daniel Caragea, Elena A. Târtea, Cristin C. Vere

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Digestive cancer represents a severe public health problem, being one of the main causes of death. It is considered a multifactorial disease, with hereditary predisposition, environmental factors, and other factors involved in carcinogenesis. Both the evolution and the pathogenesis of digestive neoplasms remain incompletely elucidated. As a multifactorial disease, it can be approached by taking into account the biopsychosocial influences via enteric nervous system. Many peptides and non-peptides having a neurotransmitter role can be found in the enteric nervous system, which can influence the neoplastic process directly or indirectly by affecting some angiogenic, growth, and metastasis factors. However, neurotransmitters can ...


The Postfinasteride Syndrome; An Overview, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Florian Popa, Vlad D. Constantin, Adriana Vasilache, Ioana Păunică, Cristian Bălălău, Georgeta P. Păunică, Petrisor Banu, Stana Păunică 2016 Valparaiso University, Department of Psychology

The Postfinasteride Syndrome; An Overview, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Florian Popa, Vlad D. Constantin, Adriana Vasilache, Ioana Păunică, Cristian Bălălău, Georgeta P. Păunică, Petrisor Banu, Stana Păunică

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

As a 5-α reductase inhibitor, Finasteride has proven effective in ameliorating two conditions documented to be androgen dependent, namely male androgenic alopecia and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Therapeutic results are maintained as long as the drug is administered, with treatment cessation generally leading to the return of symptomatology for each condition. In addition, during the therapeutic phase, several adverse effects have been reported, some of which persist long or indefinitely after treatment cessation, known as “post-finasteride syndrome.”

Herein we present and discuss the most common finasteride side effects, along with a psycho-neuroendocrine rationale that could explain the persistence of many adverse ...


Dexamethasone For The Prevention Of Neonatal Respiratory Morbidity Before Elective Cesarean Section At Term, Mohammed N. Salem, Ahmed Mohamed Abbas, Mostafa Ashry 2016 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine; Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

Dexamethasone For The Prevention Of Neonatal Respiratory Morbidity Before Elective Cesarean Section At Term, Mohammed N. Salem, Ahmed Mohamed Abbas, Mostafa Ashry

POG In Press

Background: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is the principal cause of early neonatal morbidity and mortality.

Objective: The current study aims to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone administration 48 hours before elective cesarean section (CS) at term on neonatal respiratory morbidity.

Methods: The current study was a case-control study conducted between June 2015 and November 2015. Women who attended the labor ward in Sohag University Hospital, Egypt, after 37 weeks of gestation for elective CS were approached for participation. The patients received 2 intramuscular doses of 12 mg dexamethasone 12 hours apart in the 48 hours before CS (N=246). The ...


Mission Diversion & Recovery For Traumatized Veterans (Mission Direct Vet): Early Findings And Lessons Learned, Paul P. Christopher, Elizabeth A. Aaker, Amanda Lennox, William H. Fisher, Carl E. Fulwiler, Stephanie W. Hartwell, David Smelson, Debra A. Pinals 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Mission Diversion & Recovery For Traumatized Veterans (Mission Direct Vet): Early Findings And Lessons Learned, Paul P. Christopher, Elizabeth A. Aaker, Amanda Lennox, William H. Fisher, Carl E. Fulwiler, Stephanie W. Hartwell, David Smelson, Debra A. Pinals

Stephanie W. Hartwell

MISSION DIRECT VET is a SAMHSA- funded, court based diversion program targeting veterans in Massachusetts with trauma-related mental health and substance use problems. MISSION-DIRECT VET seeks to: Reduce criminal justice involvement Treat mental health, substance abuse and other trauma related symptoms Use a systematic wrap-around model Provide care coordination, peer support and trauma informed services Develop interagency partnerships to serve veterans with co-occurring disorders


Mission Diversion & Recovery For Traumatized Veterans (Mission Direct Vet): Early Planning And Development, Paul P. Christopher, William H. Fisher, Mary Ellen G. Foti, Carl E. Fulwiler, Albert J. Grudzinskas, Stephanie W. Hartwell, David Smelson, Debra A. Pinals 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Mission Diversion & Recovery For Traumatized Veterans (Mission Direct Vet): Early Planning And Development, Paul P. Christopher, William H. Fisher, Mary Ellen G. Foti, Carl E. Fulwiler, Albert J. Grudzinskas, Stephanie W. Hartwell, David Smelson, Debra A. Pinals

Stephanie W. Hartwell

MISSION DIRECT VET is a SAMHSA- funded, court based diversion program targeting veterans in Massachusetts with trauma-related mental health and substance use problems. MISSION-DIRECT VET seeks to: Reduce criminal justice involvement Treat mental health, substance abuse and other trauma related symptoms Use a systematic wrap-around model Provide care coordination, peer support and trauma informed service.


Association Of Lipid-Related Genetic Variants With The Incidence Of Atrial Fibrillation: The Afgen Consortium, Faye L. Norby, David D. McManus 2016 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

Association Of Lipid-Related Genetic Variants With The Incidence Of Atrial Fibrillation: The Afgen Consortium, Faye L. Norby, David D. Mcmanus

David D. McManus

BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown associations between blood lipid levels and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). To test the potential effect of blood lipids with AF risk, we assessed whether previously developed lipid gene scores, used as instrumental variables, are associated with the incidence of AF in 7 large cohorts.

METHODS: We analyzed 64,901 individuals of European ancestry without previous AF at baseline and with lipid gene scores. Lipid-specific gene scores, based on loci significantly associated with lipid levels, were calculated. Additionally, non-pleiotropic gene scores for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) were calculated using ...


Atrial Fibrillation Without Comorbidities: Prevalence, Incidence And Prognosis (From The Framingham Heart Study), Eun-Jeong Kim, Xiaoyan Yin, Joao D. Fontes, Jared W. Magnani, Steven A. Lubitz, David D. McManus, Sudha Seshadri, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Patrick T. Ellinor, Martin G. Larson, Emelia J. Benjamin, Michael Rienstra 2016 Massachusetts General Hospital

Atrial Fibrillation Without Comorbidities: Prevalence, Incidence And Prognosis (From The Framingham Heart Study), Eun-Jeong Kim, Xiaoyan Yin, Joao D. Fontes, Jared W. Magnani, Steven A. Lubitz, David D. Mcmanus, Sudha Seshadri, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Patrick T. Ellinor, Martin G. Larson, Emelia J. Benjamin, Michael Rienstra

David D. McManus

BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) without comorbidities, known as 'lone AF', is uncertain. Although it has been considered a benign condition, we hypothesized that it confers a worse prognosis compared with a matched sample without AF.

METHODS: We described the proportion of AF without comorbidities (clinical, subclinical cardiovascular disease and triggers) among the entire AF sample in Framingham Heart Study (FHS). We compared AF without comorbidities with typical AF, and age-, sex- and cohort-matched individuals without AF, using Cox proportional hazards analysis in relation to combined cardiovascular events (stroke, heart failure, myocardial infarction), and mortality.

RESULTS: Of 10 ...


Training New Mothers In Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr), Gavin C. Barr Jr. MD, Marna R. Greenberg DO, MPH, FACEP, Valerie Rupp RN, BSN, Charles C. Worrilow MD, Katie Fredericks, Anne Marie Crown, John Reed RRT 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Training New Mothers In Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr), Gavin C. Barr Jr. Md, Marna R. Greenberg Do, Mph, Facep, Valerie Rupp Rn, Bsn, Charles C. Worrilow Md, Katie Fredericks, Anne Marie Crown, John Reed Rrt

Charles Worrilow, MD.

No abstract provided.


The Residency Cpc As A Means Of Faculty Development, Kathleen E. Kane MD, Kevin R. Weaver DO, Gavin C. Barr Jr. MD, Amy B. Smith PhD, Andrew C. Miller DO, Charles C. Worrilow MD, Terrence E. Goyke DO, Dawn M. Yenser, Bryan G. Kane MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

The Residency Cpc As A Means Of Faculty Development, Kathleen E. Kane Md, Kevin R. Weaver Do, Gavin C. Barr Jr. Md, Amy B. Smith Phd, Andrew C. Miller Do, Charles C. Worrilow Md, Terrence E. Goyke Do, Dawn M. Yenser, Bryan G. Kane Md

Charles Worrilow, MD.

No abstract provided.


Cardiomems™ In Lvad Patients: A Case Series, Maya Guglin, Bennet George, Sarah Branam, Amanda Hart 2016 Gill Heart Institute, University of Kentucky

Cardiomems™ In Lvad Patients: A Case Series, Maya Guglin, Bennet George, Sarah Branam, Amanda Hart

The VAD Journal

Patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) commonly encounter issues with volume status post-implant. Volume overload can result from incomplete compensation of left ventricular failure or from right ventricular failure. The CardioMEMS™ intracardiac hemodynamic monitoring device is an area of growing interest regarding the management of chronic congestive heart failure, however, its utility has not been serially investigated in patients with an LVAD. We present a case series of patients with ventricular assist devices care for at our institution in which the CardioMEMS™ device aided in the management of volume status and pump performance.


Digital Commons powered by bepress