The Effects Of Alcohol On Plasma Lipid Mediators Of Inflammation Resolution In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Anne Barden, Sujata Shinde, Michael Phillips, Lawrence Beilin, Emilie Mas, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Ian Puddey, Trevor A. Mori
ECU Publications Post 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance and low-grade systemic inflammation. Inflammation resolution is recognised as an important process driven by specialised pro-resolving mediators of inflammation (SPMs) and has the potential to moderate chronic inflammation. Alcohol has the potential to affect synthesis of SPMs by altering key enzymes involved in SPM synthesis and may influence ongoing inflammation associated with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
(i) To examine the effects of alcohol consumed as red wine on plasma SPM in men and women with Type 2 diabetes in a randomised controlled trial and (ii) compare baseline plasma ...
A Sensory-Based Program To Enhance Occupational Performance For Dementia, 2019 Dominican University of California
A Sensory-Based Program To Enhance Occupational Performance For Dementia, Ivy Annahi Torres-Flores, Jacob Gantan, Heather Anne August, Naomi Grace Wong
Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects
Dementia is a neurological disease, causing behavioral and cognitive symptoms, that progressively impairs an individual’s ability to engage in meaningful activities. Progressive deterioration associated with dementia impacts occupational performance and independence and quality of life. Sensory based interventions, such as drumming groups, have been hypothesized to be a non-pharmacological intervention for individuals with dementia. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a sensory based intervention program, in this case participation in a drumming group, on functional engagement during self-feeding for individuals with dementia. Researchers gathered data over the course of two days using the Functional ...
Gene Co-Expression Networks Analysis Reveal Novel Molecular Endotypes In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Jen-Hwa Chu, Wenlan Zang
Yale Day of Data
Rationale:Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a genetic condition that predisposes to early onset pulmonary emphysema and airways obstruction. The exact mechanism through which AATD leads to lung disease is incompletely understood.
Objectives: To investigate the effect of AAT genotype and augmentation therapy on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) transcriptome, while examining the link between gene expression profiles, and clinical features of AATD.
Methods: We performed RNA-Seq on RNA extracted from BAL and PBMC on samples obtained from 89 AATD patients enrolled in the Genomic Research in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency and Sarcoidosis (GRADS) study. Differential gene ...
Comparison Of Compliance With Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women Aged 18 And Above In Arkansas And The United States, 2019 Department of Epidemiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Comparison Of Compliance With Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women Aged 18 And Above In Arkansas And The United States, Sarah N. O'Connor, Jun Tao, L. Joseph Su
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Introduction: Cervical cancer preys on women without access to preventative screening. Any woman who has developed an invasive case of cervical cancer should be regarded as a failure of screening. Disparities in access to screening, triage, and treatment fuel an uneven distribution in the burden of cervical cancer within the United States; weighing unusually heavy on the Southern States like Arkansas. The purpose of this study was to evaluate demographic and behavioral risk factors for cervical cancer and identify potential barriers which may influence the likelihood of complying with current Pap test recommendations on a state level, in Arkansas, and ...
Who Speaks For Me?: Addressing Variability In Informed Consent Practices For Minimal Risk Research Involving Foster Youth, 2019 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati
Who Speaks For Me?: Addressing Variability In Informed Consent Practices For Minimal Risk Research Involving Foster Youth, Mary V. Greiner, Sarah J. Beal, Antonio Allen, Vikash Patel, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Armand Antommaria
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Background: Youth in protective custody (i.e., foster care) are at higher risk for poorer physical and mental health outcomes compared with those who are not. These differences may be due in part to the lack of research on the population to create evidence-based recommendations for health care delivery. A potential contributor to this lack of research is difficulties in obtaining informed consent for empirical studies in this population. The objective of this study was to describe the approaches to obtaining informed consent in minimal risk studies of foster youth and provide recommendations for future requirements.
Methods: We conducted a ...
The Use Of A “Cpr Posture” For Hemorrhage Control, 2019 University of Virginia, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council
The Use Of A “Cpr Posture” For Hemorrhage Control, Nathan Phillip Charlton, Robert Solberg, Nici Singletary, Craig Goolsby, Justin Rizer, William Woods
International Journal of First Aid Education
Bleeding from traumatic injury is a major source of morbidity and mortality, however, little data is available to aid guidelines and curriculum developers in best practice of applying direct pressure when treating or teaching how to stop life-threatening hemorrhage.
Hypothesis: This study investigated the use of two-handed pressure with bent arms versus two-handed pressure with straight arms to apply direct pressure to a hemorrhage model.
Methods: Participants, recruited as a convenience sample, were randomized and instructed to use either two hands overlapping using arm strength only, or two hands overlapping with arms straight in a “CPR-like” position to apply force ...
Quantitative Clinical And Autoimmune Assessments In Stiff Person Syndrome: Evidence For A Progressive Disorder., 2019 Thomas Jefferson University
Quantitative Clinical And Autoimmune Assessments In Stiff Person Syndrome: Evidence For A Progressive Disorder., Goran Rakocevic, Harry Alexopoulos, Marinos C. Dalakas
Department of Neurology Faculty Papers
BACKGROUND: Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS) is an under-diagnosed disorder that affects mobility and the quality of life of affected patients. The aim of the study is to describe the natural history of SPS, the extent of accumulated disability and the associated clinical and immunological features in patients followed for up to 8 years in a single center.
METHODS: Our collective cohort included 57 SPS patients. Additionally, 32 of these patients were examined every 6 months for a two-year period in a longitudinal study protocol, to assess disease progression using quantitative measures of stiffness and heightened sensitivity.
RESULTS: The most frequent ...
Master Of Science In Anesthesia Fort Lauderdale, 2019 Nova Southeastern University
Master Of Science In Anesthesia Fort Lauderdale, Nova Southeastern University
Health Professions Divisions Course Catalogs
No abstract provided.
Dr. Kiran C. Patel College Of Osteopathic Medicine Graduate Programs, 2019 Nova Southeastern University
Dr. Kiran C. Patel College Of Osteopathic Medicine Graduate Programs, Nova Southeastern University
Health Professions Divisions Course Catalogs
No abstract provided.
Reducing Benzodiazepine Use For The Treatment Of Insomnia And Supporting Nonpharmacological Therapies, 2019 University of Vermont
Reducing Benzodiazepine Use For The Treatment Of Insomnia And Supporting Nonpharmacological Therapies, Unchan Pyon
Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects
Most medical organizations recommend against the use of benzodiazepine use for the treatment of insomnia, especially in the elderly. However, the percentage of the adult population on benzos increase with age: 7.5% in adults ages 51-64; 9% in adults over 65. Alternative therapies for insomnia, including online CBT, require more commitment than taking a medication so many patients opt for medication. This project aims to increase awareness of benzodiazepine use for insomnia and provide support for nonpharmacological therapies.
Who Is Pirating Medical Literature? A Bibliometric Review Of 28 Million Sci-Hub Downloads., 2019 Harvard Medical School; Thomas Jefferson University
Who Is Pirating Medical Literature? A Bibliometric Review Of 28 Million Sci-Hub Downloads., Brian M. Till, Niclas Rudolfson, Saurabh Saluja, Jesudian Gnanaraj, Lubna Samad, David Ljungman, Mark Shrime
Department of Surgery Faculty Papers
We aimed to define the proportion of downloads on Sci-Hub that are medical in nature and to consider these data at the national level, evaluating the relation between density of medical literature downloads and scientific output, national income classifications, and indicators of internet penetrance.
The Influence Of Obstetrician And Gynecologists' Avoidance Behaviors On Maternal Morbidities, 2019 Walden University
The Influence Of Obstetrician And Gynecologists' Avoidance Behaviors On Maternal Morbidities, Nakisha Rene'e Boulware
Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies
The prevalence of maternal morbidities continues to increase in U.S. women of lower socioeconomic status and non-Hispanic Black women despite the efforts of health care practitioners to reduce the disparities. Two decades of research has shown that physicians avoid patients based on insurance and socioeconomic status or their malpractice history. Reducing maternal illness and complications is one of the federal government's top 10 maternal health indicators in the Healthy People 2020 initiative. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of malpractice allegations on patients at high-risk for maternal morbidity. Supported by the theoretical foundation of ...
Cold Burn Injury After Treatment At Whole-Body Cryotherapy Facility, 2019 Thomas Jefferson University
Cold Burn Injury After Treatment At Whole-Body Cryotherapy Facility, Mackenzie O'Connor, Jordan V. Wang, Anthony Gaspari
Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers
No abstract provided.
The Senior Mentoring Program At Vcu’S School Of Medicine, 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University
The Senior Mentoring Program At Vcu’S School Of Medicine, Leland H. Waters, Madeline Mcintyre
Case Studies from Age in Action
1. To demonstrate the value of senior mentoring in geriatrics education for medical students.
2. To provide a framework for positively influencing student attitudes toward older adults.
3. To describe the underlying human relationships that contribute to patient-centered care.
4. To describe effective verbal and non-verbal skills to establish and build relationships.
Loneliness In Later Life, 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University
Loneliness In Later Life, Edward F. Ansello
Director's Editorials from Age in Action
The National Social Life, Health and Aging Project (NSHAP) at the University of Chicago notes that persistent loneliness in later life is the exception rather than the rule. When it occurs, it’s most likely to be a transient condition and remediable.
Down Syndrome Associated Moyamoya May Worsen Epilepsy Control And Can Benefit From Surgical Revascularization., 2019 Swedish Epilepsy Center, Seattle, WA, USA.
Down Syndrome Associated Moyamoya May Worsen Epilepsy Control And Can Benefit From Surgical Revascularization., Sarah R Garson, Stephen J Monteith, Sheila D Smith, Bart P Keogh, Ryder P Gwinn, Michael J Doherty
Journal Articles and Abstracts
Objectives: To examine outcome of bilateral extracranial to intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgeries for a Down syndrome patient with hard-to-treat epilepsy and moyamoya.
Materials and methods: Superficial temporal arteries were anastamosed using an indirect bypass technique to middle cerebral arteries bilaterally to help limit perfusion deficits and seizure controls.
Results: Two superficial temporal to middle cerebral artery indirect bypass surgeries were performed within 3 months. Post-revascularization improvements included seizure control, gait, perfusion, wakefulness, language and quality of life.
Conclusion: In patients with Down syndrome and moyamoya, improvements in seizure control and quality of life may occur with EC-IC bypass procedures.
Minimal Information For Studies Of Extracellular Vesicles 2018 (Misev2018): A Position Statement Of The International Society For Extracellular Vesicles And Update Of The Misev2014 Guidelines, 2019 Institut Curie
Minimal Information For Studies Of Extracellular Vesicles 2018 (Misev2018): A Position Statement Of The International Society For Extracellular Vesicles And Update Of The Misev2014 Guidelines, Clotilde Théry, Kenneth W. Witwer, Elena Aikawa, Maria Jose Alcaraz, Johnathon D. Anderson, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina, Anna Antoniou, Tanina Arab, Fabienne Archer, Georgia K. Atkiin-Smith, D. Craig Ayre, Jean-Marie Bach, Daniel Bachurski, Hossein Baharvand, Leonora Balaj, Shawn Baldacchino, Natalie N. Bauer, Amy A. Baxter, Mary Bebawy, Carla Beckham, Apolonija Bedina Zavec, Abderrahim Benmoussa, Anna C. Berardi, Paolo Bergese, Ewa Bielska, Cherie Blenkiron, Sylwia Bobis-Wozowicz, Eric Boilard, Wilfrid Boireau, Antonella Bongiovanni, Francesc E. Borràs, Steffi Bosch, Chantal M. Boulanger, Xandra Breakefield, Andrew M. Breglio, Meadhbh Á. Brennan, David R. Brigstock, Alain Brisson, Marike L.D. Broekman, Jacqueline F. Bromberg, Paulina Bryl-Górecka, Shilpa Buch, Amy H. Buck, Dylan Burger, Sara Busatto, Dominik Buschmann, Benedetta Bussolati, Edit I. Buzás, James Bryan Byrd, Giovanni Camussi, David R.F. Carter, Sarah Caruso, Lawrence W. Chamley, Yu-Ting Chang, Chichen Chen, Shuai Chen, Lesley Cheng, Andrew R. Chin, Aled Clayton, Stefano P. Clerici, Alex Cocks, Emanuele Cocucci, Robert J. Coffey, Anabela Cordeiro-Da-Silva, Yvonne Couch, Frank A.W. Coumans, Beth Coyle, Rossella Crescitelli, Miria Ferreira Criado, Crislyn D’ Souza-Schorey, Saumya Das, Amrita Datta Chaudhuri, Paola De Candia, Eliezer F. De Santana Junior, Olivier De Wever, Hernando A. Del Portillo, Tanguy Demaret, Sarah Deville, Andrew Devitt, Bert Dhondt, Dolores Di Vizio, Lothar C. Dieterich, Vincenza Dolo, Ana Paula Dominguez Rubio, Massimo Dominici, Mauricio R. Dourado, Tom A.P Driedonks, Filipe V. Duarte, Heather M. Duncan, Ramon M. Eichenberger, Karin Ekström, Samir El Andaloussi, Celine Elie-Caille, Uta Erdbrügger, Juan M. Falcón-Pérez, Farah Fatima, Jason E. Fish, Miguel Flores-Bellver, András Försönits, Annie Frelet-Barrand, Fabia Fricke, Gregor Fuhrmann, Susanne Gabrielsson, Ana Gámez-Valero, Chris Gardiner, Kathrin Gärtner, Raphael Gaudin, Yong Song Gho, Bernd Giebel, Caroline Gilbert, Mario Gimona, Ilaria Giusti, Deborah C.I. Goberdhan, André Görgens, Sharon M. Gorski, David W. Greening, Julia Christina Gross, Alice Gualerzi, Gopal N. Gupta, Dakota Gustafson, Aase Handberg, Reka A. Haraszti, Paul Harrison, Hargita Hegyesi, An Hendrix, Andrew F. Hill, Fred H. Hochberg, Karl F. Hoffmann, Beth Holder, Harry Holthofer, Baharak Hosseinkhani, Guoku Hu, Yiyao Huang, Veronica Huber, Stuart Hunt, Ahmed Gamal-Eldin Ibrahim, Tsuneya Ikezu, Jameel M. Inal, Mustafa Isin, Alena Ivanova, Hannah K. Jackson, Soren Jacobsen, Steven M. Jay, Muthuvel Jayachandran, Guido Jenster, Lanzhou Jiang, Suzanne M. Johnson, Jennifer C. Jones, Ambrose Jong, Tijana Jovanovic-Talisman, Stephanie Jung, Raghu Kalluri, Shin-Ichi Kano, Sukhbir Kaur, Yumi Kawamura, Evan T. Keller, Delaram Khamari, Elena Khomyakova, Anastasia Khvorova, Peter Kierulf, Kwang Pyo Kim, Thomas Kislinger, Mikael Klingeborn, David J. Klinke Ii, Miroslaw Kornek, Maja M. Kosanović, Árpád Ferenc Kovács, Eva-Maria Krämer-Albers, Susanne Krasemann, Mirja Krause, Igor V. Kurochkin, Gina D. Kusuma, Sören Kuypers, Saara Laitinen, Scott M. Langevin, Lucia R. Languino, Joanne Lannigan, Cecilia Lässer, Louise C. Laurent, Gregory Lavieu, Elisa Lázaro-Ibáñez, Soazig Le Lay, Myung-Shin Lee, Yi Xin Fiona Lee, Debora S. Lemos, Metka Lenassi, Aleksandra Leszczynska, Isaac T.S. Li, Ke Liao, Sten F. Libregts, Erzsebet Ligeti, Rebecca Lim, Sai Kiang Lim, Aija Linē, Karen Linnemannstöns, Alicia Llorente, Catherine A. Lombard, Magdalena J. Lorenowicz, Ákos M. Lörincz, Jan Lötvall, Jason Lovett, Michelle C. Lowry, Xavier Loyer, Quan Lu, Barbara Lukomska, Taral R. Lunavat, Sybren L.N. Maas, Harmeet Malhi, Antonio Marcilla, Jacopo Mariani, Javier Mariscal, Elena S. Martens-Uzunova, Lorena Martin-Jaular, M. Carmen Martinez, Vilma Regina Martins, Mathilde Mathieu, Suresh Mathivanan, Marco Maugeri, Lynda K. Mcginnis, Mark J. Mcvey, David G. Meckes, Jr., Katie L. Meehan, Inge Mertens, Valentina R. Minciacchi, Andreas Möller, Malene Møller Jørgensen, Aizea Morales-Kastresana, Jess Morhayim, François Mullier, Maurizio Muraca, Luca Musante, Veronika Mussack, Dillon C. Muth, Kathryn H. Myburgh, Tanbir Najrana, Muhammad Nawaz, Irina Nazarenko, Peter Nejsum, Christian Neri, Tommaso Neri, Rienk Nieuwland, Leonardo Nimrichter, John P. Nolan, Esther N.M. Nolte-’ T Hoen, Nicole Noren Hooten, Lorraine O’Driscoll, Tina O’Grady, Ana O’Loghlen, Takahiro Ochiya, Martin Olivier, Alberto Ortiz, Luis A. Ortiz, Xabier Osteikoetxea, Ole Ostegaard, Matias Ostrowski, Jaesung Park, D. Michiel Pegtel, Hector Peinado, Francesca Perut, Michael W. Pfaffl, Donald G. Phinney, Bartijn C.H. Pieters, Ryan C. Pink, David S. Pisetsky, Elke Pogge Von Strandmann, Iva Polakovicova, Ivan K.H. Poon, Bonita H. Powell, Ilaria Prada, Lynn Pulliam, Peter Quesenberry, Annalisa Radeghieri, Robert L. Raffai, Stefania Raimondo, Janusz Rak, Marcel I. Ramirez, Graça Raposo, Morsi S. Rayyan, Neta Regev-Rudzki, Fran L. Ricklefs, Paul D. Robbins, David D. Roberts, Silvia C. Rodrigues, Eva Rohde, Sophie Rome, Kasper M.A. Rouschop, Aurelia Rughetti, Ashley E. Russell, Paula Saá, Susmita Sahoo, Edison Salas-Huenuleo, Catherine Sánchez, Julie A. Saugstad, Meike J. Saul, Raymond M. Schiffelers, Raphael Schneider, Tine Hiorth Schøyen, Aaron Scott, Eriomina Shahaj, Shivani Sharma, Olga Shatnyeva, Faezeh Shekari, Ganesh Vilas Shelke, Ashok K. Shetty, Kiyotaka Shiba, Pia R-M Siljander, Andreia M. Silva, Agata Skowronek, Orman L. Snyder Ii, Rodrigo Pedro Soares, Barbara W. Sódar, Carolina Soekmadji, Javier Sotillo, Philip D. Stahl, Willem Stoorvogel, Shannon L. Stott, Erwin F. Strasser, Simon Swift, Hidetoshi Tahara, Muneesh Tewari, Kate Timms, Swasti Tiwari, Rochelle Tixeira, Mercedes Tkach, Wei Seong Toh, Richard Tomasini, Ana Claudia Torrecilhas, Juan Pablo Tosar, Vasilis Toxavidis, Lorena Urbanelli, Pieter Vader, Bas W.M. Van Balkom, Susanne G. Van Der Grein, Jan Van Deun, Martijn J.C. Van Herwijnen, Kendall Van Keuren-Jensen, Guillaume Van Niel, Martin E. Van Royen, Andre J. Van Wijnen, M. Helena Vasconcelos, Ivan J. Vechetti Jr., Tiago D. Veit, Laura J. Vella, Émilie Velot, Frederik J. Verweij, Beate Vestad, Jose L. Viñas, Tamás Visnovitz, Krisztina V. Vukman, Jessica Wahlgren, Dionysios C. Watson, Marca H.M. Wauben, Alissa Weaver, Jason P. Webber, Viktoria Weber, Ann M. Wehman, Daniel J. Weiss, Joshua A. Welsh, Sebastian Wendt, Asa M. Wheelock, Zoltán Wiener, Leonie Witte, Joy Wolfram, Angeliki Xagorari, Patricia Xander, Jing Xu, Xiaomei Yan, María Yáñez-Mó, Hang Yin, Yuana Yuana, Valentina Zappulli, Jana Zarubova, Vytautas Žėkas, Jian-Ye Zhang, Zezhou Zhao, Lei Zheng, Alexander R. Zheutlin, Antje M. Zickler, Pascale Zimmermann, Angela M. Zivkovic, Davide Zocco, Ewa K. Zuba-Surma
Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers
The last decade has seen a sharp increase in the number of scientific publications describing physiological and pathological functions of extracellular vesicles (EVs), a collective term covering various subtypes of cell-released, membranous structures, called exosomes, microvesicles, microparticles, ectosomes, oncosomes, apoptotic bodies, and many other names. However, specific issues arise when working with these entities, whose size and amount often make them difficult to obtain as relatively pure preparations, and to characterize properly. The International Society for Extracellular Vesicles (ISEV) proposed Minimal Information for Studies of Extracellular Vesicles (“MISEV”) guidelines for the field in 2014. We now update these “MISEV2014” guidelines ...
Transcriptional Activation Of The Mir-17-92 Cluster Is Involved In The Growth-Promoting Effects Of Myb In Human Ph-Positive Leukemia Cells., 2019 IRCCS - Regina Elena National Cancer Institute
Transcriptional Activation Of The Mir-17-92 Cluster Is Involved In The Growth-Promoting Effects Of Myb In Human Ph-Positive Leukemia Cells., Manuela Spagnuolo, Giulia Regazzo, Marco De Dominici, Andrea Sacconi, Andrea Pelosi, Etleva Korita, Francesco Marchesi, Francesco Pisani, Alessandra Magenta, Valentina Lulli, Iole Cordone, Andrea Mengarelli, Sabrina Strano, Giovanni Blandino, Maria G. Rizzo, Bruno Calabretta
Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers
MicroRNAs, non-coding regulators of gene expression, are likely to function as important downstream effectors of many transcription factors including MYB. Optimal levels of MYB are required for transformation/maintenance of BCR-ABL-expressing cells. We investigated whether MYB silencing modulates microRNA expression in Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) leukemia cells and if MYB-regulated microRNAs are important for the "MYB addiction" of these cells. Thirty-five microRNAs were modulated by MYB silencing in lymphoid and erythromyeloid chronic myeloid leukemia-blast crisis BV173 and K562 cells; 15 of these were concordantly modulated in both lines. We focused on the miR-17-92 cluster because of its oncogenic role in tumors and ...
Management Of The Third Stage Of Labor In Second-Trimester Deliveries: How Long Is Too Long?, 2018 Aurora Health Care
Management Of The Third Stage Of Labor In Second-Trimester Deliveries: How Long Is Too Long?, Jessica J F Kram
Jessica Kram, MPH
No abstract provided.
Acute Exacerbations Of Progressive-Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Diseases., 2018 McMaster University
Acute Exacerbations Of Progressive-Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Diseases., Martin Kolb, Benjamin Bondue, Alberto Pesci, Yasunari Miyazaki, Jin Woo Song, Nitin Y. Bhatt, John T. Huggins, Justin M. Oldham, Maria L. Padilla, Jesse Roman, Md, Shane Shapera
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
Acute exacerbation of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with a poor prognosis and high mortality. Numerous studies have documented acute exacerbation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), but less is known about these events in other ILDs that may present a progressive-fibrosing phenotype. We propose defining acute exacerbation as an acute, clinically significant respiratory deterioration, typically less than 1 month in duration, together with computerised tomography imaging showing new bilateral glass opacity and/or consolidation superimposed on a background pattern consistent with fibrosing ILDs. Drawing on observations in IPF, it is suspected that epithelial injury or proliferation and autoimmunity are ...