Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Radiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,312 Full-Text Articles 4,224 Authors 295,872 Downloads 73 Institutions

All Articles in Radiology

Faceted Search

1,312 full-text articles. Page 1 of 49.

Applications In Molecular Ultrasound Imaging: Present And Future, Vishal Thumar, MD, Ji-Bin Liu, MD, John Eisenbrey, PhD 2019 Lankenau Medical Center

Applications In Molecular Ultrasound Imaging: Present And Future, Vishal Thumar, Md, Ji-Bin Liu, Md, John Eisenbrey, Phd

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Molecular ultrasound imaging or targeted contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a relatively new technique that has varied applications to augment both diagnostics and therapeutics. Ultrasound contrast agents are conjugated to ligands that bind with specific biomarkers in the areas of interest which can then be quantified using ultrasound technology. This technique has numerous clinical applications including studying pathophysiology of disease, improving diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, and improving localized drug delivery. This technology, most notably, has proven useful in numerous oncologic and cardiovascular applications. Given ultrasound’s advantages over other radiographic studies including its low cost, lack of ionizing radiation, portability, ability ...


Cmut/Cmos-Based Butterfly Iq – A Portable Personal Sonoscope, Joyce Liu, BA, Jiajun Xu, MD, Flemming Forsberg, PhD, FAIUM, Ji-Bin Liu, MD 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Cmut/Cmos-Based Butterfly Iq – A Portable Personal Sonoscope, Joyce Liu, Ba, Jiajun Xu, Md, Flemming Forsberg, Phd, Faium, Ji-Bin Liu, Md

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

With the development of bioengineering technologies, medical ultrasound systems have evolved and advanced over the years, including the transition of ultrasound machines from analog devices to digital systems and improvements in transducer assembly from piezoelectric ceramics to single crystals. In the past several years, the further miniaturization of ultrasound units has become possible with the advancement of computer chip manufacturing and production. Most recently, a new handheld ultrasound system has been developed by the startup company Butterfly Network, using an innovative CMUT/CMOS-based probe technique. This paper will review the history, technology and features of this new device, as well ...


Clinical Value Of Ultrasonography For Monitoring Angular Pregnancy In First-Trimester, Yanhua Zhen, MD, Xuefeng Lu, MD, Chenyu Wang, MD, Huixia Li, MD, Ji-Bin Liu, MD 2019 The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University

Clinical Value Of Ultrasonography For Monitoring Angular Pregnancy In First-Trimester, Yanhua Zhen, Md, Xuefeng Lu, Md, Chenyu Wang, Md, Huixia Li, Md, Ji-Bin Liu, Md

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Objective: To explore the clinical value of ultrasonography for early detection and monitoring of angular pregnancy during the first-trimester.

Methods: For this retrospective study, we enrolled 23 patients with asymptomatic angular pregnancy who were diagnosed by ultrasound at early pregnancy and who underwent ultrasound follow-up to determine its clinical outcome. An ultrasound unit E8 (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI) associated with a 5-9 MHz convex array transvaginal probe was used to image the gestational sac by both two-dimensional and three-dimensional modes. Transvaginal sonographic observation included the location, size, and shape of the gestational sac, as well as the relationship between the ...


Artificial Intelligence In Ultrasound Imaging: Current Research And Applications, Shuo Wang, BS, Ji-Bin Liu, MD, Ziyin Zhu, MD, John Eisenbrey, PhD 2019 Drexel University

Artificial Intelligence In Ultrasound Imaging: Current Research And Applications, Shuo Wang, Bs, Ji-Bin Liu, Md, Ziyin Zhu, Md, John Eisenbrey, Phd

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent software or system based on big data information, machine learning and deep learning technologies. The rapid development of science and technology as well as internet communication has enabled AI and big data to gradually apply to many fields of health care. The modern imaging medicine is one of the first areas that AI can play an important role and applications. As cross-sectional imaging, ultrasound (US) is well suitable for AI technology to standardize imaging protocols and improve diagnostic accuracy. This article reviews current AI technology ...


Equipment In The Global Radiology Environment: Why We Fail, How We Could Succeed, Kristen DeStigter, Susan Horton, Omolola Mojisola Atalabi, Ricardo D. Garcia-Monaco, Hassen A. Gharbi, Linda Tebogo Hlabangana, Harvey L. Nisenbaum, Christian Pállson Nolsøe, Jeffrey B. Mendel 2019 University of Vermont

Equipment In The Global Radiology Environment: Why We Fail, How We Could Succeed, Kristen Destigter, Susan Horton, Omolola Mojisola Atalabi, Ricardo D. Garcia-Monaco, Hassen A. Gharbi, Linda Tebogo Hlabangana, Harvey L. Nisenbaum, Christian Pállson Nolsøe, Jeffrey B. Mendel

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: This research aims to understand key problems and identify possible solutions in the market for radiology equipment in low- and middle-income countries.

Methods and Materials: This paper uses simple descriptive statistics to summarize the results of responses from 574 radiologists from 52 countries surveyed in April-May 2017, and 15 hardware and software vendors from six countries surveyed in September-October 2017.

Results: Radiologists surveyed came from both public and private sectors and were drawn from Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) members who, according to the survey results, appear to represent sites with more advanced technology. Virtually all the radiologists ...


Commentary: Using Directional Deep Brain Stimulation To Co-Activate The Subthalamic Nucleus And Zona Incerta For Overlapping Essential Tremor/Parkinson's Disease Symptoms., Chengyuan Wu, Caio Matias 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Commentary: Using Directional Deep Brain Stimulation To Co-Activate The Subthalamic Nucleus And Zona Incerta For Overlapping Essential Tremor/Parkinson's Disease Symptoms., Chengyuan Wu, Caio Matias

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

We have read with interest the article titled “Using Directional Deep Brain Stimulation to Co-activate the Subthalamic Nucleus and Zona Incerta for Overlapping Essential Tremor/Parkinson's Disease Symptoms” by Falconer et al. (1). In this case report, the authors present a patient treated with unilateral left-sided deep brain stimulation (DBS) after medical management alone proved to be ineffective. The stereotactic target was described as being “3 mm lateral to the most lateral point of the red nucleus” at the Bejjani line (2); and implantation of the electrode at this target was confirmed with microelectrode recordings, intraoperative macrostimulation testing, as ...


Rapid, Remote Education For Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Among Non-Physician Emergency Care Providers In A Resource Limited Setting, Benjamin M. Terry, David L. Polan, Rashidah Nambaziira, Julius Mugisha, Mark C. Bisanzo, Romolo Joseph Gaspari 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Rapid, Remote Education For Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Among Non-Physician Emergency Care Providers In A Resource Limited Setting, Benjamin M. Terry, David L. Polan, Rashidah Nambaziira, Julius Mugisha, Mark C. Bisanzo, Romolo Joseph Gaspari

Open Access Articles

Introduction: Access to high-quality emergency care in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is lacking. Many countries utilise a strategy known as "task-shifting" where skills and responsibilities are distributed in novel ways among healthcare personnel. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has the potential to significantly improve emergency care in LMICs.

Methods: POCUS was incorporated into a training program for a ten-person cohort of non-physician Emergency Care Providers (ECPs) in rural Uganda. We performed a prospective observational evaluation on the impact of a remote, rapid review of POCUS studies on the primary objective of ECP ultrasound quality and secondary objective of ultrasound utilisation. The ...


Using The Theory Of Planned Behavior As A Predictor Of Radiologic Technologists' Use Of Patient Radiation Protection Best Practices: A Regional Study, Brenda L. Boyd 2019 Andrews University

Using The Theory Of Planned Behavior As A Predictor Of Radiologic Technologists' Use Of Patient Radiation Protection Best Practices: A Regional Study, Brenda L. Boyd

Brenda Boyd, PhD

Problem. A growing concern exists that patients are receiving an increase in radiation exposure while undergoing medical imaging exams. According to a March 2009 report by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP), the U.S. population's total exposure to ionizing radiation has nearly doubled over the past two decades. With the introduction of new digital radiology equipment, patient dose is on the rise. Possible reasons for a radiologic technologist's behavior include: influence by availability or lack of equipment, policies, social pressure, attitudes, and a safety culture. Little research has been done in this area, specifically ...


Effectiveness Of Mri To Assess The Integrity Of Distal Biceps Tendon Repair During The First Year Postoperatively, Keith Hecthman, Gary Kiebzak 2019 Baptist Health South Florida; Miami Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Institute; Baptist Health Medical Group

Effectiveness Of Mri To Assess The Integrity Of Distal Biceps Tendon Repair During The First Year Postoperatively, Keith Hecthman, Gary Kiebzak

Keith Hechtman

No abstract provided.


Overview On Percutaneous Therapies Of Disc Diseases, Salvatore Masala, Fabio Salimei, Adriano Lacche, Stefano Marcia, Francesco Massari 2019 University of Rome

Overview On Percutaneous Therapies Of Disc Diseases, Salvatore Masala, Fabio Salimei, Adriano Lacche, Stefano Marcia, Francesco Massari

Radiology Publications and Presentations

Low back pain is an extremely common pathology affecting a great share of the population, in particular, young adults. Many structures can be responsible for pain such as intervertebral discs, facet joints, nerve roots, and sacroiliac joints. This review paper focuses on disc pathology and the percutaneous procedures available to date for its treatment. For each option, we will assess the indications, technical aspects, advantages, and complications, as well as outcomes reported in the literature and new emerging trends in the field.


Endovascular Management Of Free Floating Common Carotid Thrombi, Kevin Carr MD, Zachary Thwing MD, Ravishankar Shivashankar MD, Yafell Serulle MD 2019 HCA Healthcare

Endovascular Management Of Free Floating Common Carotid Thrombi, Kevin Carr Md, Zachary Thwing Md, Ravishankar Shivashankar Md, Yafell Serulle Md

Radiology

  • The incidence of symptomatic free-floating thrombi of the common carotid artery (CCA) is as low as 0.24-5% incidence in stroke victims. Patients are predisposed to a prothrombotic state
  • Historical management options were limited to surgical and medical options both with individual attendant risk profiles
  • Large thrombi can present with various degrees of clinical severity
  • The endovascular approach is a viable tool to manage these patients


Diffusion Tensor Imaging Findings In Pediatric Patients With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Tshea Dowers, B L. Bartnik, Barbara Holshouser, Stephen Ashwal, Samuel Barnes 2019 Loma Linda University Medical Center

Diffusion Tensor Imaging Findings In Pediatric Patients With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Tshea Dowers, B L. Bartnik, Barbara Holshouser, Stephen Ashwal, Samuel Barnes

Brenda Bartnik-Olson, PhD

Approximately 14% of school age children with sports-related concussions (SRC) remain symptomatic 3 months after injury. Previous studies have used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to detect white matter tract changes in regions of interest in symptomatic patients; however data in the pediatric population remains limited. This study was undertaken to determine whether DTI metrics can provide valuable information in pediatric mTBI patients with persistent symptoms.


Diffusion Tensor Imaging Findings In Pediatric Patients With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Tshea Dowers, B L. Bartnik, Barbara Holshouser, Stephen Ashwal, Samuel Barnes 2019 Loma Linda University Medical Center

Diffusion Tensor Imaging Findings In Pediatric Patients With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Tshea Dowers, B L. Bartnik, Barbara Holshouser, Stephen Ashwal, Samuel Barnes

Samuel Barnes, PhD

Approximately 14% of school age children with sports-related concussions (SRC) remain symptomatic 3 months after injury. Previous studies have used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to detect white matter tract changes in regions of interest in symptomatic patients; however data in the pediatric population remains limited. This study was undertaken to determine whether DTI metrics can provide valuable information in pediatric mTBI patients with persistent symptoms.


Target(R) Intracranial Aneurysm Coiling Prospective Multicenter Registry: Final Analysis Of Peri-Procedural And Long-Term Safety And Efficacy Results, Osama O. Zaidat, Ajit S. Puri 2019 Bon Secours Mercy Health St. Vincent Hospital

Target(R) Intracranial Aneurysm Coiling Prospective Multicenter Registry: Final Analysis Of Peri-Procedural And Long-Term Safety And Efficacy Results, Osama O. Zaidat, Ajit S. Puri

Radiology Publications and Presentations

Background and Purpose: To describe the final results of the TARGET Registry, a multicenter, real-world study of patients with intracranial aneurysms treated with new generation TARGET Coils. .

Methods: The TARGET Registry is a prospective, single-arm study with independent medical event monitoring and core-lab adjudication. Patients with de novo intracranial aneurysms were embolized with either TARGET-360 degrees or helical coils in 12 US centers. The primary outcome was aneurysm packing density (PD), which was assessed immediately post-procedure. The secondary outcomes were immediate and long-term aneurysm occlusion rate using the Raymond Scale, and independent functional outcome using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS ...


Sarcopenia In Lung Cancer: Could Chest Imaging Help?, Jennifer Baima, Elke Sarah Schipani, Wasih Kamran, John M. Varlotto, Lacey J. McIntosh, Karl Uy, Isabel Emmerick, Mathew J. Most 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Sarcopenia In Lung Cancer: Could Chest Imaging Help?, Jennifer Baima, Elke Sarah Schipani, Wasih Kamran, John M. Varlotto, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Karl Uy, Isabel Emmerick, Mathew J. Most

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Introduction: Fifteen to seventy percent of cancer patients demonstrate sarcopenia.1-6,[i],[ii],[iii],[iv],[v],[vi],[vii],[viii],[ix],[x],[xi],[xii],[xiii] Analysis of iliopsoas cross-sectional area, a non-invasive surrogate measure for sarcopenia in patients with cancer has been associated with survival.[xiv],[xv],[xvi],[xvii] The pectoralis muscle may be a more accessible target for measuring sarcopenia in lung cancer patients,[xviii] but it is not known if it this correlates with iliopsoas cross-sectional area. Since measurements vary, it is most accurate to use internal controls. We attempted to examine the cross-sectional area of the two muscles ...


Quality And Safety Considerations In Breast Cancer Screening, Eugene Y. Kim, Laurie L. Fajardo 2019 Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences and The Huntsman Cancer Hospital, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT

Quality And Safety Considerations In Breast Cancer Screening, Eugene Y. Kim, Laurie L. Fajardo

POG In Press

Breast cancer is a leading cause of premature mortality among United States women. Early detection has been shown to reduce breast cancer morbidity, mortality and cost of treatment. The relative safety of breast cancer screening has been viewed in terms of benefits and harms. The quality and safety of breast cancer screening depends on both technical and human factors. Focusing on quality and safety considerations, we review two imaging modalities recommended for primary breast cancer screening: mammography and magnetic resonance imaging, and the use of ultrasound (US) for supplemental breast cancer screening.


Labrad : Vol 45, Issue 2 - July 2019, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi 2019 Aga Khan University

Labrad : Vol 45, Issue 2 - July 2019, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi

LABRAD

  • Novel Molecular Technique for Identifying Respiratory Tract Pathogens
  • Role of Serum Galactomannan (GM) Assay in Diagnosing Invasive Aspergillosis (IA)
  • Factor VIII Inhibitor – A Diagnostic Approach
  • PET/CT Hybrid Imaging Technology at Aga Khan University Hospital
  • Diagnostic Tests for Von Willebrand Disease
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia
  • Sweat Testing for Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis
  • Flow Cytometric Identification of Abnormal B-Cells
  • Direct Immunofluorescence in Bullous Skin Disorders
  • Radiology-Pathology Correlation; Orthopedic Pathology
  • Fecal Elastase: A Marker For Exocrine Pancreatic Function
  • Edward Syndrome: Rare Autosomal Aneuploidy
  • Sirolimus in Renal Transplant
  • Latest Trends in Clinical Laboratory Science Technology
  • Radiology-Neuropathology Correlation
  • Nuchal Translucency Scan
  • Bio-risk Management System in ...


Hepatic Epithelioid Angiomyolipoma Treated With Laparoscopic Resection: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Chloe H. Williams, Kelli Hickle, Katherine Bakke, Sarah Jamshed, Adel Bozorgzadeh 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hepatic Epithelioid Angiomyolipoma Treated With Laparoscopic Resection: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Chloe H. Williams, Kelli Hickle, Katherine Bakke, Sarah Jamshed, Adel Bozorgzadeh

Open Access Articles

Hepatic angiomyolipoma is a rare primary liver tumor, with a radiographic appearance very similar to hepatocellular carcinoma. We present the case of a noncirrhotic patient with a liver tumor suspicious for HCC by imaging features. Liver biopsy demonstrated angiomyolipoma, and the patient successfully underwent a laparoscopic liver resection.


Increased 18f-Fdg-Pet Uptake In Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Rama El-Yafawi, Patricia Cantlin, Thomas E. Van der Kloot 2019 Norwegian American Hospital

Increased 18f-Fdg-Pet Uptake In Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Rama El-Yafawi, Patricia Cantlin, Thomas E. Van Der Kloot

Journal of Maine Medical Center

We present an unusual case of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), which initially presented as a large lung mass, without renal or other systemic features. The lung mass was most concerning for malignancy, and positron emission tomography (PET) further supported this concern, with intense uptake in the mass as well as in mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Biopsies however were non-diagnostic, and the patient developed acute kidney injury with active urinary sediment, leading to a definitive diagnosis of GPA. With supportive care and treatment directed at GPA, she was ultimately able to discontinue hemodialysis, and the lung mass resolved. This case ...


Accelerated Knee Osteoarthritis Is Associated With Pre-Radiographic Degeneration Of The Extensor Mechanism And Cruciate Ligaments: Data From The Osteoarthritis Initiative, Julie E. Davis, Matthew S. Harkey, Robert J. Ward, James W. MacKay, Bing Lu, Lori Lyn Price, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo, Mary F. Barbe, Timothy E. McAlindon, Jeffrey B. Driban 2019 Tufts Medical Center

Accelerated Knee Osteoarthritis Is Associated With Pre-Radiographic Degeneration Of The Extensor Mechanism And Cruciate Ligaments: Data From The Osteoarthritis Initiative, Julie E. Davis, Matthew S. Harkey, Robert J. Ward, James W. Mackay, Bing Lu, Lori Lyn Price, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo, Mary F. Barbe, Timothy E. Mcalindon, Jeffrey B. Driban

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: To determine if adults with incident accelerated knee osteoarthritis (KOA) are more likely to have degenerative knee ligaments or tendons compared to individuals with typical or no KOA.

METHODS: We identified 3 sex-matched groups among Osteoarthritis Initiative participants who had a knee without radiographic KOA at baseline (Kellgren-Lawrence [KL] < 2): 1) accelerated KOA: at least 1 knee had KL grade > /= 3 in < /=48 months, 2) typical KOA: at least 1 knee increased in radiographic scoring within 48 months, 3) no KOA: both knees had the same KL grade at baseline and 48 months. We evaluated knee magnetic resonance images up to 2 years before and after a visit when the accelerated or typical KOA criteria were met (index visit). Radiologists reported degenerative signal changes for cruciate and collateral ligaments, and extensor mechanism and proximal gastrocnemius tendons. We used generalized linear mixed models with 2 independent variables: group and time.

RESULTS: Starting at least 2 years before onset, adults with accelerated KOA were twice as likely to have degenerative cruciate ligaments than no KOA (odds ratio = 2.10, 95% CI = 1.18, 3.74). A weaker association (not statistically significant) was detected for adults with accelerated versus typical ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress