A Case Of Malpositioned Endotracheal Tube With Resultant Left Lung Collapse., 2022 JSS Academy Of Higher Education And Research
A Case Of Malpositioned Endotracheal Tube With Resultant Left Lung Collapse., Anushri Naga, Anushri Naga
Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine
ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION IS USUALLY DONE AS A PART OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH A THREATENED AIRWAY AND GENERAL ANAESTHSIA, IN ORDER TO ENSURE PATENCY OF THE AIRWAY AS WELL AS PROPER VENTILATION. POSITIONING AN ET TUBE CORRECTLY IS OF PARAMOUNT IMPORTANCE IN ORDER TO PREVENT HYPOVENTILATION, INAPPROPRIATE VENTILATION AND ALSO COLLAPSE OF LUNG DUE TO MALPOSITIONING OF ET TUBE.
ETT POSITION IS USUALLY ASSESSED USING FRONTAL CHEST RADIOGRAPH. THE POSITION OF THE ETT IS DEPENDENT ON THE POSITION OF THE HEAD & NECK. THE MANDIBLE CAN BE USED FOR ASSESSMENT OF WHETHER THE NECK IS IN A NEUTRAL OR ...
Mortality Among Patients With Covid-19 And Different Interstitial Lung Disease Subtypes: A Multicenter Cohort Study., 2022 Thomas Jefferson University
Mortality Among Patients With Covid-19 And Different Interstitial Lung Disease Subtypes: A Multicenter Cohort Study., Joy Zhao, Brandon Metra, Gautam George, Jesse Roman, Joseph Mallon, Baskaran Sundaram, Michael Li, Ross Summer
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Papers
No abstract provided.
Development Of Advanced Mr-Guided Adaptive Radiation Therapy Methods For Head & Neck Cancers On The 1.5t Mr-Linac, 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library
Development Of Advanced Mr-Guided Adaptive Radiation Therapy Methods For Head & Neck Cancers On The 1.5t Mr-Linac, Brigid Mcdonald
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)
The 1.5T hybrid MRI/linear accelerator (MR-linac) has recently been introduced into clinical practice and used for the treatment of head and neck cancers (HNC). This device enables on-line adaptive radiation therapy (ART) based on anatomical changes throughout treatment and variations in patient position. This novel technology also has the potential for advanced ART strategies such as dose-optimized ART, in which the treatment plan is optimized based on the accumulated dose over previous fractions, or biological image-guided ART, in which the plan is adapted based on individual tumor response as measured through quantitative imaging techniques such as diffusion-weighted imaging ...
Endovascular Management Of A Congenital Hepatic Arterioportal Malformation In A Low Resource Setting, 2022 Aga Khan University
Endovascular Management Of A Congenital Hepatic Arterioportal Malformation In A Low Resource Setting, Poonamjeet Loyal, Ravjit Sagoo
Imaging & Diagnostic Radiology, East Africa
Background: Arterioportal malformations, a rare type of vascular malformation, have significant associated morbid- ity and mortality. Management requires a carefully thought out approach by a multidisciplinary team. Low resource settings have an added challenge of limited treatment options and consumables.
Case presentation: We report a case of a 14-month-old male with failure to thrive due to a congenital hepatic arte- rioportal fistula. He was successfully treated via an endovascular approach with metallic coil embolization.
Conclusion: Hepatoportal fistula, a rare hepatic vascular malformation, has limited treatment options which can further be restricted by overall patient wellness. Minimally invasive endovascular treatment options ...
Quantitative Mri And 3d-Printing For Monitoring Periprosthetic Joint Infection, 2022 The University of Western Ontario
Quantitative Mri And 3d-Printing For Monitoring Periprosthetic Joint Infection, Greg Hong
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Joint replacements are becoming increasingly commonplace with over 130,000 joint arthroplasties being performed annually in Canada. Although joint replacement surgery is highly successful, implants do occasionally fail and need to be replaced via costly and difficult revision surgery. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) has recently become the leading reason for revision of both hip and knee replacements, which is unfortunate because PJI is difficult to diagnose and treat effectively; diagnosis is made particularly difficult by the lack of established non-invasive (imaging) means of evaluating PJI. This thesis aims to demonstrate that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has potential for diagnosing and ...
International Consensus Conference Recommendations On Ultrasound Education For Undergraduate Medical Students, 2022 University of South Carolina School of Medicine
International Consensus Conference Recommendations On Ultrasound Education For Undergraduate Medical Students, Richard A Hoppmann, Jeanette Mladenovic, Lawrence Melniker, Radu Badea, Michael Blaivas, Miguel Montorfano, Alfred Abuhamad, Vicki Noble, Arif Hussain, Gregor Prosen, Tomás Villen, Gabriele Via, Ramon Nogue, Craig Goodmurphy, Marcus Bastos, G Stephen Nace, Giovanni Volpicelli, Richard J Wakefield, Steve Wilson, Anjali Bhagra, Jongyeol Kim, David Bahner, Chris Fox, Ruth Riley, Peter Steinmetz, Bret P Nelson, John Pellerito, Levon N Nazarian, L Britt Wilson, Irene W Y Ma, David Amponsah, Keith R Barron, Renee K Dversdal, Mike Wagner, Anthony J Dean, David Tierney, James W Tsung, Paula Nocera, José Pazeli, Rachel Liu, Susanna Price, Luca Neri, Barbara Piccirillo, Adi Osman, Vaughan Lee, Nitha Naqvi, Tomislav Petrovic, Paul Bornemann, Maxime Valois, Jean-Francoise Lanctot, Robert Haddad, Deepak Govil, Laura A Hurtado, Vi Am Dinh, Robert M Dephilip, Beatrice Hoffmann, Resa E Lewiss, Nayana A Parange, Akira Nishisaki, Stephanie J Doniger, Paul Dallas, Kevin Bergman, J Oscar Barahona, Ximena Wortsman, R Stephen Smith, Craig A Sisson, James Palma, Mike Mallin, Liju Ahmed, Hassan Mustafa
Department of Radiology Faculty Papers
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to provide expert consensus recommendations to establish a global ultrasound curriculum for undergraduate medical students.
METHODS: 64 multi-disciplinary ultrasound experts from 16 countries, 50 multi-disciplinary ultrasound consultants, and 21 medical students and residents contributed to these recommendations. A modified Delphi consensus method was used that included a systematic literature search, evaluation of the quality of literature by the GRADE system, and the RAND appropriateness method for panel judgment and consensus decisions. The process included four in-person international discussion sessions and two rounds of online voting.
RESULTS: A total of 332 consensus conference statements ...
Radiation Therapy For Older Women With Early Breast Cancer: An Unnecessary Hardship, 2022 Wayne State University
Radiation Therapy For Older Women With Early Breast Cancer: An Unnecessary Hardship, Lauren E. Shawver
Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates
A clinical decision report appraising:
Kunkler IH, Williams LJ, Jack WJ, Cameron DA, Dixon JM; PRIME II investigators. Breast-conserving surgery with or without irradiation in women aged 65 years or older with early breast cancer (PRIME II): a randomised controlled trial [published correction appears in Lancet Oncol. 2015 Mar;16(3):e105]. Lancet Oncol. 2015;16(3):266-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(14)71221-5
for an older patient seeking treatment for Stage 1 Ductal Breast Carcinoma
Association Of U.S. Birth, Duration Of Residence In The U.S., And Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Asian Adults, 2022 Baylor College of Medicine, Houston
Association Of U.S. Birth, Duration Of Residence In The U.S., And Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Asian Adults, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Sina Kianoush, Vardhmaan Jain, Parag H. Joshi, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Khurram Nasir, Anwar T. Merchant, Sunita Dodani, Sally S. Wong, Zainab Samad
Section of Cardiology
Introduction: Prior studies have shown a direct association between U.S. birth and duration of residence with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) though, few have specifically focused on Asian Americans.
Methods: We utilized cross-sectional data from the 2006 to 2015 National Health Interview Survey. We compared prevalent cardiovascular risk factors and ASCVD among Asian American individuals by U.S. birth and duration of time spent in the U.S.
Results: The study sample consisted of 18,150 Asian individuals of whom 20.5 % were Asian Indian, 20.5 % were Chinese, 23.4 % were Filipino, and 35.6 % were of other Asian ...
Estimating The Pre- And Post-Diagnosis Costs Of Tuberculosis For Adults In Pakistan: Household Economic Impact And Costs Mitigating Strategies, 2022 National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad,
Estimating The Pre- And Post-Diagnosis Costs Of Tuberculosis For Adults In Pakistan: Household Economic Impact And Costs Mitigating Strategies, Shama Razzaq, Aysha Zahidie, Zafar Fatmi
Community Health Sciences
Background: Despite free tuberculosis (TB) care in Pakistan, patients still have to bear high costs, which push them into poverty. This study estimated the pre- and post-diagnosis costs households bear for TB care, and investigated coping mechanisms among adults ≥ 18 years in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study comprising of 516 TB patients identified with completion of at least one month intensive treatment from four public sector health facilities from two institutes in Karachi, Pakistan. A standardized questionnaire to estimate patient's costs was administered. The study outcomes were direct medical and non-medical costs, and indirect costs. The ...
Community-Based Asthma Assessment In Young Children: Adaptations For A Multicentre Longitudinal Study In South Asia, 2022 The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh
Community-Based Asthma Assessment In Young Children: Adaptations For A Multicentre Longitudinal Study In South Asia, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Samin Huq, Steven Cunningham, Jurgen Schwarze, Asmd Ashraful Islam, Mashal Amin, Farrukh Raza, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sajid Bashir Soofi
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Background: Systematic assessment of childhood asthma is challenging in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings due to the lack of standardised and validated methodologies. We describe the contextual challenges and adaptation strategies in the implementation of a community-based asthma assessment in four resource-constrained settings in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan.
Method: We followed a group of children of age 6-8 years for 12 months to record their respiratory health outcomes. The study participants were enrolled at four study sites of the 'Aetiology of Neonatal Infection in South Asia (ANISA)' study. We standardised the research methods for the sites, trained field staff ...
Case Report On Peri-Operative Surgical And Anaesthetic Management Of Ruptured Humongous Lung Abscess, 2022 Aga Khan University
Case Report On Peri-Operative Surgical And Anaesthetic Management Of Ruptured Humongous Lung Abscess, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Akbar Azizullah, Muhammad Saad Yousuf
Department of Anaesthesia
Introduction: Early thoracic empyema is usually treated through video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) decortication. Patient selection is important for decortication if an effective surgical outcome is required. Lung isolation techniques are required to provide anesthesia for these patients to facilitate the surgeon while operating on the affected lung. The ultimate target is to protect the non-diseased contra-lateral lung from contamination.
Presentation of case: We are presenting a unique case of 20-year-old female, resident of Karachi, who was brought to the emergency room (ER) with signs of sepsis, hypotension, and multi-organ failure. She was brought to the operating room to undergo video-assisted thoracoscopy ...
Renal Cell Carcinoma Of Pelvic Kidney With Atypical Nodal Metastasis: A Diagnostic Challenge, 2022 Aga Khan University
Renal Cell Carcinoma Of Pelvic Kidney With Atypical Nodal Metastasis: A Diagnostic Challenge, Roshan-E-Shahid Rana, Muhammad Hammad Ather
Section of Urology
Ectopic pelvic kidney is a known congenital anomaly; however, the presence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in an ectopic kidney is rare with the evidence available in the form of a few case reports only. In this case report, we present a case of metastatic RCC in the pelvic kidney which became a diagnostic challenge because of atypical contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) characteristics and unusual pattern of lymph node involvement including cervical lymph node in the absence of visceral metastasis. Because of its unusual location and uncertain vascular anatomy, ectopic kidney poses a surgical challenge. Owing to the rarity of ...
The Association Of Age At Menarche And Adult Height With Mammographic Density In The International Consortium Of Mammographic Density, 2022 The University of Western Australia, Australia
The Association Of Age At Menarche And Adult Height With Mammographic Density In The International Consortium Of Mammographic Density, Sarah V. Ward, Anya Burton, Rulla M. Tamimi, Ana Pereira, Maria Luisa Garmendia, Marina Pollan, Norman Boyd, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Sudhir Vinayak, Rose Ndumia
Imaging & Diagnostic Radiology, East Africa
Background: Early age at menarche and tall stature are associated with increased breast cancer risk. We examined whether these associations were also positively associated with mammographic density, a strong marker of breast cancer risk.
Methods: Participants were 10,681 breast‐cancer‐free women from 22 countries in the International Consortium of Mammographic Density, each with centrally assessed mammographic density and a common set of epidemio‐ logic data. Study periods for the 27 studies ranged from 1987 to 2014. Multi‐level linear regression models estimated changes in square‐root per cent density (√PD) and dense area (√DA) associated with age at ...
Free Silicone-Induced Granulomatosis And Hypercalcemia In A Transgender Female, 2022 Memorial Health University Medical Center
Free Silicone-Induced Granulomatosis And Hypercalcemia In A Transgender Female, Brian L. Pando, Benjamin Goldsmith, Adam Lane Webb, Komal Kinger, Brian Helmly
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Vitamin D derangements are a rare but important cause of hypercalcemia. Granulomatous disease is a primary cause of vitamin D derangements and is frequently associated with sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and in the present case, foreign body granulomatosis. Liquid or injectable silicone is used as a filler for cosmetic body contouring. Transgender patients may seek silicone injections as part of gender affirmation surgeries. Granuloma formation is a rare but well-described complication of injectable silicone.
A 40-year-old, assigned male at birth (AMAB) transgender female patient, with a history of HIV and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3b, was admitted to ...
Emerging Applications Of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound In Trauma, 2022 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Emerging Applications Of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound In Trauma, Brenda Tester, Ji-Bin Liu, John R. Eisenbrey, George Koenig
Department of Radiology Faculty Papers
The use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has expanded over the past decade to include a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic applications. These include urgent clinical situations that require timely diagnosis and subsequent treatment. With the introduction of microbubble ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs), CEUS provides increased sensitivity and specificity over conventional ultrasound. Within the trauma setting, CEUS benefits include point of care imaging and an ability to monitor perfusion in real-time. Additionally, UCAs are non-nephrotoxic, and can be used when contrast enhanced CT is contraindicated. In this review, we discuss recent advancements of CEUS within trauma settings.
Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, 2022 Cooper Medical School of Rowan University
Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, Kristian Quevada, Kishan Patel, Pauline Germaine
Cooper Rowan Medical Journal
Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis (TPP) is a rare manifestation of thyrotoxicosis, resulting in periodic episodes of acute onset muscle weakness in the setting of hypokalemia. The thyrotoxic form of Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP) is less studied than the more well-known familial form due to fewer reported cases and smaller prevalence. This case study presents a 30-year-old African American male with multiple episodes of acute lower extremity muscle weakness, tachycardia, and a history of heat intolerance. Abnormal findings on thyroid ultrasound coupled with increased thyroid related immunoglobulins led to a diagnosis of TPP related to exacerbation of newly-found Graves’ disease. The case ...
Endovascular Treatment Versus Best Medical Management In Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Strokes: Results From The Attention Multicenter Registry, Chunrong Tao, Adnan I. Qureshi, Yamei Yin, Jie Li, Rui Li, Pengfei Xiu, Jun Sun, Geng Liao, Xincan Yue, Hongchao Shi, Yongchang Liu, Zhengfei Ma, Jinghua Zhang, Guodong Xiao, Bo Xu, Chengua Xu, Junfeng Su, Wensheng Zhou, Shuchun Huang, Weimin Yang, Hongbing Chen, Wei Li, Yongkun Li, Dezhi Liu, Chuanqing Yu, Guangxiong Yuan, Chaobin Wan, Wenbao Liang, Chun Chen, Xueying Shi, Junjun Wang, Yingchun Wu, Xueli Cai, Chunyun Shen, Kai Li, Pu Fang, Ming Wang, Zhongjun Chen, Tong Li, Guangsen Cheng, Yaxuan Sun, Yan Wang, Hui Zhang, Jie Chen, Xiaohui Xu, Youmeng Wang, Wanjie Geng, Chuyan Ni, Changchun Chen, Yan Liu, Jie Min, Yongcheng Zhang, Yong Liang, Choa Wen, Blaise W. Baxter Md, Raul Nogueira, Wei Hu
Department of Radiology & Diagnostic Medical Imaging
No abstract provided.
Labrad : Vol 47, Issue 1 - June 2022, 2022 Aga Khan University
Labrad : Vol 47, Issue 1 - June 2022, Aga Khan University, Karachi
- From the Editor’s Desk
- LABRAD Star Contributors for the Year 2021
- Clinical Relevance of Measuring Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Receptor Antibodies in Pregnancy and Newborns
- Aromatic l-amino Acid Decarboxylase (AADC) Deficiency- An Ultra-rare and Underdiagnosed Neurometabolic Disorder
- Role of Flowcytometry & Kleihauer - Betke Test in Detection and Quantification of Fetomaternal Hemorrhage
- Gestational Trophoblastic Diseases: An Overview
- Acrania-Exencephaly-Anencephaly Sequence/ Spectrum: Radiological Features on Antenatal Screening
- Minimally Invasive Tissue Sampling (MITS) A New Way to Investigate Cause of Death In Resource-constrained Countries
- Laboratory Guideline for Detection, Interpretation and Reporting of Maternal Cell Contamination (MCC) in Prenatal Analysis
- Molecular Analysis of Alpha Thalassemia by ...
Shortness Of Breath In A Young Lady, Rare Case Report Of Thoracic Endometriosis, 2022 Aga Khan University
Shortness Of Breath In A Young Lady, Rare Case Report Of Thoracic Endometriosis, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Davis Rubagumya, Rahma Bakari, Munawar Kaguta, Nancy Matillya
Family Medicine, East Africa
Introduction and importance: Endometrial glandular tissue can implant in the thorax of women suffering from endometriosis. The clinical presentation is depends on site of implantation. Complications include pneumothorax, pneumohemothorax or hemothorax.
Case presentation: A 31 year old woman with history of infertility presented with shortness of breath and was found to have a significant right sided pneumohemothorax. Drainage was done followed by chemical pleurodesis using bleomycin with resolution of symptoms on her follow up.
Clinical discussion: Thoracic endometriosis tend to present with chronic or sub-acute symptoms which are nonspecific symptoms leading to late diagnosis. Video Assisted Thoracoscopic surgery offer both ...
Imaging Of Transmetallation And Chelation Phenomena Involving Radiological Contrast Agents In Mineral-Rich Fruits, 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology
Imaging Of Transmetallation And Chelation Phenomena Involving Radiological Contrast Agents In Mineral-Rich Fruits, Subhendra Sarkar, Zoya Vinokur, Bleidis Buitrago, Lin Mousa, Hayley Sanchez, Analia Basilicata, Jodi-Ann Douglas, Seanetta Reddock
Publications and Research
Exogenous heavy metals or non-metallic waste products, for example lanthanide or iodinated contrast media for radiological procedures, may interfere with the biochemical pools in patients and in common food sources, creating an excess buildup of exogenous compounds which may reach toxic levels. Although the mechanisms are unknown, our experiments were designed to test if this toxicity can be attributed to “transmetallation” or “chelation” reactions freeing up lanthanides or chelated transition metals in acidic fruits used as phantoms representing the biologically active and mineral-rich carbohydrate matrix. The rapid breakdown of stable contrast agents have been reported at a lower pH. The ...