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Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Lonidamine (LND), a metabolic modulator, sensitizes DB-1 human melanoma to doxorubicin (DOX) chemotherapy by acidifying and de-energizing the tumor. This report compares the effects of LND on two human melanoma lines, DB-1 and WM983B, which exhibit different metabolic properties. Using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and Seahorse analysis, we show that DB-1 was more glycolytic than WM983B in vitro. 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) indicates that LND (100 mg/kg, i.p.) induces similar selective acidification and de-energization of WM983B xenografts in immunosuppressed mice. Over three hours, intracellular pH (pHi) of WM983B decreased from 6.91 ± 0.03 to 6 ...


Medial Temporal Lobe Functional Connectivity Predicts Stimulation-Induced Theta Power., E. A. Solomon, J. E. Kragel, R. Gross, B. Lega, M. R. Sperling, G. Worrell, S. A. Sheth, K. A. Zaghloul, B. C. Jobst, J. M. Stein, S. Das, R. Gorniak, C. S. Inman, S. Seger, D. S. Rizzuto, M. J. Kahana 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Medial Temporal Lobe Functional Connectivity Predicts Stimulation-Induced Theta Power., E. A. Solomon, J. E. Kragel, R. Gross, B. Lega, M. R. Sperling, G. Worrell, S. A. Sheth, K. A. Zaghloul, B. C. Jobst, J. M. Stein, S. Das, R. Gorniak, C. S. Inman, S. Seger, D. S. Rizzuto, M. J. Kahana

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Focal electrical stimulation of the brain incites a cascade of neural activity that propagates from the stimulated region to both nearby and remote areas, offering the potential to control the activity of brain networks. Understanding how exogenous electrical signals perturb such networks in humans is key to its clinical translation. To investigate this, we applied electrical stimulation to subregions of the medial temporal lobe in 26 neurosurgical patients fitted with indwelling electrodes. Networks of low-frequency (5-13 Hz) spectral coherence predicted stimulation-evoked increases in theta (5-8 Hz) power, particularly when stimulation was applied in or adjacent to white matter. Stimulation tended ...


Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

Cancers which were once fatal are increasingly able to be managed as chronic diseases. While most metastatic cancers in adults may not be curable, they often can be controlled for long periods of time with a succession of treatments. In this chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist, we will examine those cancers with longer natural histories and those with extended survivals due to therapeutic advances. Finally, several cases will be presented that exemplify this new paradigm of cancer as a chronic disease.


How The Clinical Settings Of Radiography Programs Affect Learning Perceptions, Peggy Fortsch 2018 University of Northern Iowa

How The Clinical Settings Of Radiography Programs Affect Learning Perceptions, Peggy Fortsch

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A main purpose of clinical education is to prepare practitioners who can deliver excellent skills and care vital to the health and safety of persons in their care and to society. Clinical education is an essential component for students pursuing careers as health care providers. The purpose of this study was to examine the place of clinical experiences in radiography programs and to describe how students and clinical instructors in three different radiography program models (bridging, external, and internal) perceived the learning experiences in clinical settings.

From the perspectives of students and clinical instructors the following questions were addressed:

(1 ...


Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza 2018 University of Nairobi

Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: To establish the prevalence of cancer in patients referred for breast ultrasound-guided biopsy at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Methods and Materials: A total number of 115 patients were included after approval from the local ethical review committee. The patients were referred by clinicians for ultrasound-guided biopsy for palpable breast lesions confirmed by imaging as solid masses. Detailed ultrasound examination per American College of Radiology (ACR) guidelines was performed before core biopsy or fine needle aspiration (FNA). Histological diagnosis was made and prevalence of cancer analyzed.

Results: Of the 115 patients, final histology was available for 112 lesions; two ...


Role Of Adc Values And Ratios Of Mri Scan In Differentiating Typical From Atypical/Anaplastic Meningiomas, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Waseem Mehmood Nizamani, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Mohammad Wasay 2018 Aga Khan University

Role Of Adc Values And Ratios Of Mri Scan In Differentiating Typical From Atypical/Anaplastic Meningiomas, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Waseem Mehmood Nizamani, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Mohammad Wasay

Department of Radiology

Atypical/anaplastic meningiomas are prone to aggressive behaviour which affects treatment planning and prognostication. Our aim was to assess the role of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values of MRI brain in differentiating typical from atypical/anaplastic meningioma. We reviewed 84 typical and 37 atypical/anaplastic meningiomas and compared mean ADC values and ADC ratios of their preoperative MRI brain. At 3 Tesla, mean ADC value for typical meningioma was1.03±0.10x10-3 and 0.63±0.05x10-3 for atypical/anaplastic meningioma. At 1.5 Tesla, mean ADC value for typical meningioma was 1.05±0.11x10-3 and atypical/ anaplastic meningioma ...


Use Of Ultrasound For Diagnosis Of Pneumonia In Adults, A Review, Dafang Chen, Rodrigo Cavallazzi 2018 University of Louisville

Use Of Ultrasound For Diagnosis Of Pneumonia In Adults, A Review, Dafang Chen, Rodrigo Cavallazzi

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Pneumonia is a common lung infection with significant morbidity and mortality. Currently, the diagnosis of pneumonia is made by patient history confirmed with chest radiograph or computed tomography. These modalities, however, have limitations including low accuracy, radiation exposure, and high cost. Lung ultrasound has become more prevalent in evaluating pulmonary conditions and has shown to be highly accurate in the diagnosis of pneumonia. The purpose of this review is to discuss sonographic findings associated with pneumonia, techniques used to obtain quality images, and the evidence in literature supporting the use of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pneumonia. Numerous studies ...


Evaluation Of Hybrid Arc And Volumetric-Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Plans For Fractionated Stereotactic Intracranial Radiotherapy., Jun Li, David To, Vickie Gunn, Wenyin Shi, Yan Yu, Haisong Lui 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Evaluation Of Hybrid Arc And Volumetric-Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Plans For Fractionated Stereotactic Intracranial Radiotherapy., Jun Li, David To, Vickie Gunn, Wenyin Shi, Yan Yu, Haisong Lui

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: The study was aimed to compare hybrid arc and volumetric-modulated arc therapy treatment plans for fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy of brain tumors.

METHODS: Treatment plans of 22 patients were studied. Hybrid arc and volumetric-modulated arc therapy plans were generated using Brainlab iPlanDose and Varian Eclipse treatment planning systems, respectively, with 6 MV photon beams on a Varian TrueBeam STx linear accelerator (Palo Alto, CA). Prescription dose was 54 Gy. The fractionation was 1.8 Gy per fraction and 30 fractions in total, or 2 Gy per fraction and 27 fractions in total. Planning target volume ranged from 2.4 to ...


Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick McGee, Grant McAuley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater 2018 Loma Linda University

Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick Mcgee, Grant Mcauley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater

James Slater, MD

Proton therapy is an advantageous choice for the irradiation of tumors in proximity of critical structures due to rapid dose fall off and high dose deposition at target compared to dose at the surface of the patient (ie, peak-to-entrance dose ratio (P/E)). However, with target fields below 1.0 cm, as often encountered in proton radiosurgery, multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) broadens proton beams leading to diminished P/E advantages and reduced dose delivery efficiency (DDE). Magnetic focusing tends to counteract MCS and is a promising method to reduce these undesirable effects. The purpose of this research is to investigate ...


Development And Validation Of A New Mri Simulation Technique That Can Reliably Estimate Optimal In Vivo Scanning Parameters In A Glioblastoma Murine Model, Andrea Protti, Kristen L. Jones, Dennis M. Bonal, Lei Qin, Letterio S. Politi, Sasha Kravets, Quang-De Nguyen, Annick D. Van den Abbeele 2018 Harvard Medical School

Development And Validation Of A New Mri Simulation Technique That Can Reliably Estimate Optimal In Vivo Scanning Parameters In A Glioblastoma Murine Model, Andrea Protti, Kristen L. Jones, Dennis M. Bonal, Lei Qin, Letterio S. Politi, Sasha Kravets, Quang-De Nguyen, Annick D. Van Den Abbeele

Radiology Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) relies on optimal scanning parameters to achieve maximal signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and high contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) between tissues resulting in high quality images. The optimization of such parameters is often laborious, time consuming, and user-dependent, making harmonization of imaging parameters a difficult task. In this report, we aim to develop and validate a computer simulation technique that can reliably provide "optimal in vivo scanning parameters" ready to be used for in vivo evaluation of disease models.

METHODS: A glioblastoma murine model was investigated using several MRI imaging methods. Such MRI methods underwent a simulated and ...


Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence: Assessing The Role Of The Correct Imaging Modality In A Rare Clinical Entity, Imrana Masroor, Sarah Saleem, Aliya Aziz, Romana Idress 2018 Aga Khan University

Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence: Assessing The Role Of The Correct Imaging Modality In A Rare Clinical Entity, Imrana Masroor, Sarah Saleem, Aliya Aziz, Romana Idress

Department of Radiology

Acardiac twin formation is a rare anomaly. It is one of the most extreme complications of monozygotic twin pregnancies. Such occurrences are brought about when a normal twin donates blood to an abnormal twin through its umbilical arteries via vascular anastomoses at the level of the placenta, which is termed as twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS). Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is considered a rare variant of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Due to the considerable blood transfer from the healthy twin to the parasitic one, cardiac failure can ensue in the healthy twin. The mortality of the acardiac twin is ...


Preferred Criterion For Deciding Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy For Patients With Chronic Cholecystitis Using Radio-Nuclide Tc99m Hepatobiliary Mebrofenin, Duy Tran, R.T(N), CNMT, NMTCB(CT), Cheryl Rickley, CNMT, Charles Intenzo, MD, Sung Kim, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Preferred Criterion For Deciding Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy For Patients With Chronic Cholecystitis Using Radio-Nuclide Tc99m Hepatobiliary Mebrofenin, Duy Tran, R.T(N), Cnmt, Nmtcb(Ct), Cheryl Rickley, Cnmt, Charles Intenzo, Md, Sung Kim, Md

Department of Radiology Posters

Objective

To determine what gastroenterologist prefer for laparoscopic cholecystectomy when using Tc99m hepatobiliary scintigraphy.


Adaptation Of A Standardized Handoff System For A Radiology Residency Program, Riti Kanesa-thasan, MD, Liya Gendler, MD, Megan Margiotta, MD, Kristin Lohr, MD, Grant Turner, MD, Rebecca C. Jaffe, MD, Christopher G. Roth, MD, Suzanne Long, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Adaptation Of A Standardized Handoff System For A Radiology Residency Program, Riti Kanesa-Thasan, Md, Liya Gendler, Md, Megan Margiotta, Md, Kristin Lohr, Md, Grant Turner, Md, Rebecca C. Jaffe, Md, Christopher G. Roth, Md, Suzanne Long, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Background/Objectives:

  • The Joint Commission has linked communication failure as a root cause for a majority of sentinel events.
  • The “I-PASS” system is a hand-off mnemonic that has been shown to decrease medical errors, prevent adverse events, and improve communication.
  • Multiple Jefferson residency programs have adopted I-PASS training over the last year to standardize sign-outs between treatment teams and departments.
  • Radiology residents also participate in hand-offs with other departments, especially in cases of adverse patient reactions that occur within radiology (ie: allergic reaction, seizure, contrast extravasation). In addition, radiology residents also participate in hand offs between daytime and overnight teams ...


Varicosities Affecting The Lower Limb Veins Consequent To A Unique Variant Drainage Pattern Of The Small Saphenous Vein, Shauna Mary Rice, Elke Sarah Schipani, Ana Maleesa Rae Santos, Katherine Anais Sadaniantz, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Manas Das 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Varicosities Affecting The Lower Limb Veins Consequent To A Unique Variant Drainage Pattern Of The Small Saphenous Vein, Shauna Mary Rice, Elke Sarah Schipani, Ana Maleesa Rae Santos, Katherine Anais Sadaniantz, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Manas Das

Radiology Publications and Presentations

We report varicosities affecting the right deep femoral vein and the right femoral vein consequent to a unique unilateral variation in the course of the small saphenous vein. The right small saphenous vein, instead of draining into the popliteal vein at the popliteal fossa, expanded considerably in girth and thickness and continued as the deep femoral vein. The deep femoral vein then pierced the adductor magnus muscle, appeared in the anterior compartment, and joined the femoral vein. Four centimeters distal to this junction, a two-centimeter long varicosity in the deep femoral vein was noted. There was also a one-centimeter long ...


A Bibliometric Analysis Of The Top 100 Cited Articles On Hepatic Magnetic Resonance Imaging., Waqas Ullah, Hafez Mohammad A. Abdullah, Ejaz Ahmad, Mamoon Ur Rashid, Muhammad Bashir, Asad Ur Rahman, Asrar Ahmad, Abu Hurairah 2018 Abington Jefferson Health

A Bibliometric Analysis Of The Top 100 Cited Articles On Hepatic Magnetic Resonance Imaging., Waqas Ullah, Hafez Mohammad A. Abdullah, Ejaz Ahmad, Mamoon Ur Rashid, Muhammad Bashir, Asad Ur Rahman, Asrar Ahmad, Abu Hurairah

Abington Hospital Papers

The purpose of this study is to guide the readers to the impact of the articles published on hepatic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We searched Scopus using 10 different search terms for hepatic MRI. The selected studies were thoroughly reviewed by two independent authors and any disagreement was sorted out by mutual consensus. The list of articles and journals was downloaded into an excel spreadsheet. Only the top 100 cited articles were selected by mutual consensus among all the authors. These articles were further read in the full-text form and were further categorized into subgroups. Three authors independently reviewed the ...


Ultrasound-Guided Introital Drainage Of Pyometrocolpos, I Kim, Ranjith Vellody, Hans G. Pohl, Karun Sharma, Kabir Yadav 2018 George Washington University

Ultrasound-Guided Introital Drainage Of Pyometrocolpos, I Kim, Ranjith Vellody, Hans G. Pohl, Karun Sharma, Kabir Yadav

Radiology Faculty Publications

Pyometrocolpos can be caused by congenital malformations such as distal vaginal atresia and imperforate hymen. Patients usually present with obstructive urinary tract infections, acute kidney injury, or sepsis. Percutaneous drainage of the infected fluid can help treat the patient; however, recurrence is of concern. In this case report, we present a case of a child with recurrent pyometrocolpos due to distal vaginal atresia despite initial percutaneous drainage. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ultrasound-guided introital drainage of pyometrocolpos with relief of symptoms obviating the need for repeat drainage or immediate surgery. © 2017


Successful Embolization Of A Enterocutaneous Fistula Tract With Onyx 34 Following Low Anterior Resection For Rectal Cancer., Hamza Rahimi, Anthony C Venbrux, Vincent Obias 2018 George Washington University

Successful Embolization Of A Enterocutaneous Fistula Tract With Onyx 34 Following Low Anterior Resection For Rectal Cancer., Hamza Rahimi, Anthony C Venbrux, Vincent Obias

Radiology Faculty Publications

Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) can be one of the complications found after surgical intervention for rectal cancer. Interventional modalities consisting of surgical, endoscopic, and radiological methods are often implemented to treat postoperative symptomatic complications. We present the case of 61-year-old Caucasian man who presented to us with a recent diagnosis of rectal cancer that had invaded the levators as well as anteriorly into the prostate, and who underwent low anterior resection with a diverting loop ileostomy. The patient was found to have a persistent presacral abscess due to an ECF tract. This case highlights the off-label use of ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer ...


Defining The Radioresponse Of Mossy Cells, Devon Ivy 2018 California State University, San Bernardino

Defining The Radioresponse Of Mossy Cells, Devon Ivy

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Clinical radiotherapy is used to treat a variety of brain tumors within the central nervous system. While effective, it can result in progressive and debilitating cognitive impairment that can diminish quality of life. These impairments have been linked to hippocampal dysfunction and corresponding deficits in spatial learning and memory. Mossy cells are a major population of excitatory neurons located within the dentate hilus and highly involved in hippocampal circuitry. They play critical roles in spatial navigation, neurogenesis, memory, and are particularly vulnerable to a variety of neurotoxic insults. However, their sensitivity to ionizing radiation has yet to be investigated in ...


High-Resolution Imaging Of Myeloperoxidase Activity Sensors In Human Cerebrovascular Disease, Youssef Z. Wadghiri, Dung Minh. Hoang, Anita M. Leporati, Matthew J. Gounis, Aurora Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Mary L. Mazzanti, John P. Weaver, Ajay K. Wakhloo, Peter Caravan, Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr 2018 New York University School of Medicine

High-Resolution Imaging Of Myeloperoxidase Activity Sensors In Human Cerebrovascular Disease, Youssef Z. Wadghiri, Dung Minh. Hoang, Anita M. Leporati, Matthew J. Gounis, Aurora Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Mary L. Mazzanti, John P. Weaver, Ajay K. Wakhloo, Peter Caravan, Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr

Radiology Publications and Presentations

Progress in clinical development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) substrate-sensors of enzymatic activity has been slow partly due to the lack of human efficacy data. We report here a strategy that may serve as a shortcut from bench to bedside. We tested ultra high-resolution 7T MRI (microMRI) of human surgical histology sections in a 3-year IRB approved, HIPAA compliant study of surgically clipped brain aneurysms. microMRI was used for assessing the efficacy of MRI substrate-sensors that detect myeloperoxidase activity in inflammation. The efficacy of Gd-5HT-DOTAGA, a novel myeloperoxidase (MPO) imaging agent synthesized by using a highly stable gadolinium (III) chelate ...


Collaborative Task-Sharing To Enhance The Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (Pocus) Access Among Expectant Women In Kenya: The Role Of Midwife Sonographers, Sudhir Vinayak, Sharon Brownie 2018 Aga Khan University

Collaborative Task-Sharing To Enhance The Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (Pocus) Access Among Expectant Women In Kenya: The Role Of Midwife Sonographers, Sudhir Vinayak, Sharon Brownie

Imaging & Diagnostic Radiology, East Africa

Unrealized maternal and child health goals continue to challenge Kenya where adverse outcomes remain high and diagnostic services are limited. The acute shortage of doctors and radiographers requires alternate human resources for health (HRH) with the ability to identify risk factors in pregnancy through Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (POCUS). A specialist radiologist and ultrasonography team partnered with midwives to adopt interprofessional task sharing and capacity building. Faculty from the Radiology Department of our hospital designed and implemented the project which was carried out at three outreach health service centres. Designing and implementing a training model to skill midwife sonographers with the capacity ...


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