Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Radiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,213 Full-Text Articles 3,795 Authors 275,617 Downloads 67 Institutions

All Articles in Radiology

Faceted Search

1,213 full-text articles. Page 1 of 44.

Ultrasound-Triggered Antibiotic Release From Peek Clips To Prevent Spinal Fusion Infection: Initial Evaluations., Lauren J. Delaney, Daniel MacDonald, Jay Leung, Keith Fitzgerald, Alex M. Sevit, John R. Eisenbrey, Neil Patel, Flemming Forsberg, Christopher K. Kepler, Taolin Fang, Steven M. Kurtz, Noreen J. Hickok 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Ultrasound-Triggered Antibiotic Release From Peek Clips To Prevent Spinal Fusion Infection: Initial Evaluations., Lauren J. Delaney, Daniel Macdonald, Jay Leung, Keith Fitzgerald, Alex M. Sevit, John R. Eisenbrey, Neil Patel, Flemming Forsberg, Christopher K. Kepler, Taolin Fang, Steven M. Kurtz, Noreen J. Hickok

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Despite aggressive peri-operative antibiotic treatments, up to 10% of patients undergoing instrumented spinal surgery develop an infection. Like most implant-associated infections, spinal infections persist through colonization and biofilm formation on spinal instrumentation, which can include metal screws and rods for fixation and an intervertebral cage commonly comprised of polyether ether ketone (PEEK). We have designed a PEEK antibiotic reservoir that would clip to the metal fixation rod and that would achieve slow antibiotic release over several days, followed by a bolus release of antibiotics triggered by ultrasound (US) rupture of a reservoir membrane. We have found using human physiological fluid ...


Effect Of Tort Reform On Diagnostic Imaging Rates, Israel Ojalva, BA, Arthur Hong, MD, MPH 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Effect Of Tort Reform On Diagnostic Imaging Rates, Israel Ojalva, Ba, Arthur Hong, Md, Mph

Phase 1

Introduction: Defensive medicine, is defined as “order[ing] tests, procedures, or visits, or avoid certain high-risk patients or procedures, primarily (but not solely) because of concern about malpractice liability.” Nearly all physician who fear malpractice litigation have admitted to practicing some degree of defensive medicine. In response, many states have enacted policy reforms to lighten the threat of malpractice on physicians.

Objective: The most common defensive medicine behavior is ordering diagnostic imaging tests when it is potentially unwarranted. Many states have enacted non-economic damage caps from 2000-2010. We explored if these laws had an impact on the rates of diagnostic ...


Labrad : Vol 45, Issue 1 - February 2019, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi 2019 Aga Khan University

Labrad : Vol 45, Issue 1 - February 2019, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi

LABRAD

  • Cardiac Manifestation of Inherited Metabolic Disorders
  • Utility of Plasma Homocysteine in Identifying Inherited Metabolic Disorders (IMDs)
  • Chediak-Higashi Syndrome, an Inherited Disorder in Phagocytic Function
  • Radiology-Pathology Correlation Rare Diseases of Bone
  • Dried Blood Spot (DBS) Sampling: A Method for Blood Collection without Venipuncture
  • Newborn Screening Program for Congenital Hypothyroidism
  • Rare Disease in Dermatopathology
  • Screening for Carbohydrate Metabolism Disorders by Sugar Chromatography in Urine
  • Hypophosphatasia a Rare Skeletal Disorder


Is Excision Of Radial Scars Identified On Cnb Necessary?, K. Nimtz, K. Hookim, MD, A. Sevrukov, MD, T. Tsangaris, MD, A. Willis, MD, A. Berger, MD, M. Lazar, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Is Excision Of Radial Scars Identified On Cnb Necessary?, K. Nimtz, K. Hookim, Md, A. Sevrukov, Md, T. Tsangaris, Md, A. Willis, Md, A. Berger, Md, M. Lazar, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Quantifying the risk of upgrade to malignancy with radial scars has been an ongoing challenge, as the published upgrade rate varies widely from 0-40%, making management strategy controversial. The lack of consensus on optimal management highlights the need for further analysis. We sought to identify our institutional upgrade rate of radial scar identified on core needle biopsy (CNB).

Methods: A retrospective review of pathology and radiology databases was performed to identify radial scars found on CNB. We excluded patients with malignancy associated with radial scar and those who did not undergo surgical excision. The upgrade rates to malignancy or ...


Network Influence Of The Cerebellum For Predicting Dbs Response In Patients With Advanced Parkinson’S Disease, Lucy Li, Jennifer Muller, Sara Thalheimer, Mackenzie D. Silverman, Mahdi Alizadeh, Tsao-Wei Liang, Kelly Layton, Daniel Kremens, Victor Romo, Feroze Mohamed, Chengyuan Wu 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Network Influence Of The Cerebellum For Predicting Dbs Response In Patients With Advanced Parkinson’S Disease, Lucy Li, Jennifer Muller, Sara Thalheimer, Mackenzie D. Silverman, Mahdi Alizadeh, Tsao-Wei Liang, Kelly Layton, Daniel Kremens, Victor Romo, Feroze Mohamed, Chengyuan Wu

Phase 1

Introduction: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a treatment option for reducing motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson’s Disease (PD) when first-line medication becomes ineffective. Existing literature has hypothesized that the clinical outcome of DBS may depend on brain connectivity profiles of the stimulation site to distant brain regions. However, the potential of brain connectivity profiles to predict response to DBS in PD remains unclear.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate how changes in structural and functional connectivity may relate to patient response to DBS, through the examination of brain network changes using graph theory.

Methods: Ten patients with advanced ...


Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction-V For Lung Nodule Analysis, Cherry Au, Zhenteng Li, MD, Eric Gingold, MD, Ethan Halpern, MD, Baskaran Sundaram, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction-V For Lung Nodule Analysis, Cherry Au, Zhenteng Li, Md, Eric Gingold, Md, Ethan Halpern, Md, Baskaran Sundaram, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Low-dose CT in lung cancer screening has demonstrated benefits in select patients. As the traditional filtered back projection (FBP) technique is limited by poor image quality, adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-V (ASIR-V) algorithm has been developed to achieve higher image quality with processing efficiency.

Objective: To investigate the impact of various CT scan parameters on the semi-automated measurement of lung nodules using a Computer Aided Detection (CAD) program.

Methods: This IRB-exempt phantom experiment was conducted with a CT scanner capable of ASIR-V algorithm. Eight lung nodules sized 5-12 mm, of solid or ground glass type, were placed inside a multipurpose ...


Cancer Of The Esophagus, Rebecca M. Kwait, Richard S. Pieters, Madhavi Toke, Lauren E. Studey, Ali Akalin, Adib R. Karam, Geoffrey Graeber, Lacey J. McIntosh, Anupam Singh 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cancer Of The Esophagus, Rebecca M. Kwait, Richard S. Pieters, Madhavi Toke, Lauren E. Studey, Ali Akalin, Adib R. Karam, Geoffrey Graeber, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Anupam Singh

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents an overview of esophageal cancer, including etiology, epidemiology, screening, pathology, staging, and treatment.


Comparison Of Quantitative Analysis To Qualitative Analysis For Interpretation Of Lower‑Limb Lymphoscintigraphy, Edward Nganga, Khalid Makhdomi 2019 Aga Khan University

Comparison Of Quantitative Analysis To Qualitative Analysis For Interpretation Of Lower‑Limb Lymphoscintigraphy, Edward Nganga, Khalid Makhdomi

Imaging & Diagnostic Radiology, East Africa

Qualitative analysis of lymphoscintigrams is subject to wide variability and may miss subtle differences in ilioinguinal uptake between normal and abnormal limbs. This study compared quantitative analysis to qualitative analysis of lower‑limb lymphoscintigraphy in diagnosing lymphedema. Fifty‑two lymphoscintigrams performed using standardized protocol, 99‑metastable technetium nanocolloid intradermal injection at the first interdigital space, were analyzed quantitatively. Fifty‑three normal and 51 abnormal limbs were analyzed. For each limb, a region of interest (ROI) was drawn around the injection site, and ilioinguinal nodes on the 1.5 h static images and the counts in these ROIs were recorded. Percentage ...


Ultrasound Use In Resource-Limited Settings: A Systematic Review, Ravindra Gopaul, Gonzalo Bearman, Michael P. Stevens 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University; Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Ultrasound Use In Resource-Limited Settings: A Systematic Review, Ravindra Gopaul, Gonzalo Bearman, Michael P. Stevens

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Over the past decade, ultrasound (US) machines have become smaller, less expensive, more reliable, durable and user-friendly, making ultrasonography an ideal imaging modality in resource-poor settings. We conducted a literature review to examine the use of ultrasound in resource-limited settings, with emphasis on common applications, barriers to implementation, and impact on clinical decision-making and patient disposition.

Methods and Materials: Literature review. We conducted a PubMed and Cochrane Central search on the clinical use of ultrasound in the developing world. Search terms included ultrasonography, developing countries, resource limited, remote setting, poverty, and low income. Articles from 2000 to 2015 that ...


Labrad : Vol 44, Issue 3 - December 2018, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi 2018 Aga Khan University

Labrad : Vol 44, Issue 3 - December 2018, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi

LABRAD

  • CD20 Negative B-Cell Lymphomas
  • Quantification of Monoclonal Protein
  • A Quick Guide to Immunofixation Electrophoresis
  • Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation at AKU
  • Judicious Use of Immunohistochemistry & Ancillary Techniques in Precise Categorization of Lymphoproliferative Disorders


Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Lonidamine (LND), a metabolic modulator, sensitizes DB-1 human melanoma to doxorubicin (DOX) chemotherapy by acidifying and de-energizing the tumor. This report compares the effects of LND on two human melanoma lines, DB-1 and WM983B, which exhibit different metabolic properties. Using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and Seahorse analysis, we show that DB-1 was more glycolytic than WM983B in vitro. 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) indicates that LND (100 mg/kg, i.p.) induces similar selective acidification and de-energization of WM983B xenografts in immunosuppressed mice. Over three hours, intracellular pH (pHi) of WM983B decreased from 6.91 ± 0.03 to 6 ...


Medial Temporal Lobe Functional Connectivity Predicts Stimulation-Induced Theta Power., E. A. Solomon, J. E. Kragel, R. Gross, B. Lega, M. R. Sperling, G. Worrell, S. A. Sheth, K. A. Zaghloul, B. C. Jobst, J. M. Stein, S. Das, R. Gorniak, C. S. Inman, S. Seger, D. S. Rizzuto, M. J. Kahana 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Medial Temporal Lobe Functional Connectivity Predicts Stimulation-Induced Theta Power., E. A. Solomon, J. E. Kragel, R. Gross, B. Lega, M. R. Sperling, G. Worrell, S. A. Sheth, K. A. Zaghloul, B. C. Jobst, J. M. Stein, S. Das, R. Gorniak, C. S. Inman, S. Seger, D. S. Rizzuto, M. J. Kahana

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Focal electrical stimulation of the brain incites a cascade of neural activity that propagates from the stimulated region to both nearby and remote areas, offering the potential to control the activity of brain networks. Understanding how exogenous electrical signals perturb such networks in humans is key to its clinical translation. To investigate this, we applied electrical stimulation to subregions of the medial temporal lobe in 26 neurosurgical patients fitted with indwelling electrodes. Networks of low-frequency (5-13 Hz) spectral coherence predicted stimulation-evoked increases in theta (5-8 Hz) power, particularly when stimulation was applied in or adjacent to white matter. Stimulation tended ...


Utility And Accuracy Of Primary And Secondary Ultrasonographic Signs For Diagnosing Acute Appendicitis In Pediatric Patients, W. Akhtar, Mujtaba Z. Naveed, Kumail Khandwala 2018 Aga Khan University

Utility And Accuracy Of Primary And Secondary Ultrasonographic Signs For Diagnosing Acute Appendicitis In Pediatric Patients, W. Akhtar, Mujtaba Z. Naveed, Kumail Khandwala

Department of Radiology

Introduction Making an accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA) is vital to prevent the morbid complications associated with untreated AA. This is challenging in up to 30% of pediatric patients which is a significantly high number. Ultrasound (US) has been generally used as the initial mode of imaging in pediatric patients due to the lack of ionizing radiation. Given its variable accuracy, adjuvants such as secondary signs can be used to aid the radiologist in making an accurate diagnosis. Materials and methods Patients between the ages of two and sixteen years with acute abdominal pain suspicious for AA, who underwent ...


Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick McGee, Grant McAuley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater 2018 Loma Linda University

Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick Mcgee, Grant Mcauley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater

Grant McAuley, PhD

Proton therapy is an advantageous choice for the irradiation of tumors in proximity of critical structures due to rapid dose fall off and high dose deposition at target compared to dose at the surface of the patient (ie, peak-to-entrance dose ratio (P/E)). However, with target fields below 1.0 cm, as often encountered in proton radiosurgery, multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) broadens proton beams leading to diminished P/E advantages and reduced dose delivery efficiency (DDE). Magnetic focusing tends to counteract MCS and is a promising method to reduce these undesirable effects. The purpose of this research is to investigate ...


Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

Cancers which were once fatal are increasingly able to be managed as chronic diseases. While most metastatic cancers in adults may not be curable, they often can be controlled for long periods of time with a succession of treatments. In this chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist, we will examine those cancers with longer natural histories and those with extended survivals due to therapeutic advances. Finally, several cases will be presented that exemplify this new paradigm of cancer as a chronic disease.


Dti Metrics For Multi-Site/Multi-Scanner Study Of Adult Cervical Spinal Cord, Devon M. Middleton, PhD, Joshua Fisher, BS, Adam E. Flanders, MD, Feroze Mohamed, PhD, John H. Wu, MD, Laura Krisa, PhD, Mark Elliot, PhD, Scott H. Faro, MD, Jessica Evans, BS 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Dti Metrics For Multi-Site/Multi-Scanner Study Of Adult Cervical Spinal Cord, Devon M. Middleton, Phd, Joshua Fisher, Bs, Adam E. Flanders, Md, Feroze Mohamed, Phd, John H. Wu, Md, Laura Krisa, Phd, Mark Elliot, Phd, Scott H. Faro, Md, Jessica Evans, Bs

Department of Radiology Posters

Background and Objective

A major variable in DTI spinal cord studies is the diversity in MRI scanner vendor and field strength. While there are several techniques proven to acquire DTI data, there are no standardized accepted methods for acquisition and processing. As more medical systems are utilizing this technology to evaluate the spinal cord, it is important to study the reproducibility of the DTI metrics among various scanner platforms, coil configurations and software implementations to determine the variance in obtaining normative spinal cord DTI data. This preliminary data for a multi-site DTI study examines the effects of these different MR ...


How The Clinical Settings Of Radiography Programs Affect Learning Perceptions, Peggy Fortsch 2018 University of Northern Iowa

How The Clinical Settings Of Radiography Programs Affect Learning Perceptions, Peggy Fortsch

Theses and Dissertations @ UNI

A main purpose of clinical education is to prepare practitioners who can deliver excellent skills and care vital to the health and safety of persons in their care and to society. Clinical education is an essential component for students pursuing careers as health care providers. The purpose of this study was to examine the place of clinical experiences in radiography programs and to describe how students and clinical instructors in three different radiography program models (bridging, external, and internal) perceived the learning experiences in clinical settings.

From the perspectives of students and clinical instructors the following questions were addressed:

(1 ...


Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza 2018 University of Nairobi

Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: To establish the prevalence of cancer in patients referred for breast ultrasound-guided biopsy at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Methods and Materials: A total number of 115 patients were included after approval from the local ethical review committee. The patients were referred by clinicians for ultrasound-guided biopsy for palpable breast lesions confirmed by imaging as solid masses. Detailed ultrasound examination per American College of Radiology (ACR) guidelines was performed before core biopsy or fine needle aspiration (FNA). Histological diagnosis was made and prevalence of cancer analyzed.

Results: Of the 115 patients, final histology was available for 112 lesions; two ...


Role Of Adc Values And Ratios Of Mri Scan In Differentiating Typical From Atypical/Anaplastic Meningiomas, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Waseem Mehmood Nizamani, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Mohammad Wasay 2018 Aga Khan University

Role Of Adc Values And Ratios Of Mri Scan In Differentiating Typical From Atypical/Anaplastic Meningiomas, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Waseem Mehmood Nizamani, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Mohammad Wasay

Department of Radiology

Atypical/anaplastic meningiomas are prone to aggressive behaviour which affects treatment planning and prognostication. Our aim was to assess the role of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values of MRI brain in differentiating typical from atypical/anaplastic meningioma. We reviewed 84 typical and 37 atypical/anaplastic meningiomas and compared mean ADC values and ADC ratios of their preoperative MRI brain. At 3 Tesla, mean ADC value for typical meningioma was1.03±0.10x10-3 and 0.63±0.05x10-3 for atypical/anaplastic meningioma. At 1.5 Tesla, mean ADC value for typical meningioma was 1.05±0.11x10-3 and atypical/ anaplastic meningioma ...


Evaluation Of Hybrid Arc And Volumetric-Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Plans For Fractionated Stereotactic Intracranial Radiotherapy., Jun Li, David To, Vickie Gunn, Wenyin Shi, Yan Yu, Haisong Lui 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Evaluation Of Hybrid Arc And Volumetric-Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Plans For Fractionated Stereotactic Intracranial Radiotherapy., Jun Li, David To, Vickie Gunn, Wenyin Shi, Yan Yu, Haisong Lui

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: The study was aimed to compare hybrid arc and volumetric-modulated arc therapy treatment plans for fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy of brain tumors.

METHODS: Treatment plans of 22 patients were studied. Hybrid arc and volumetric-modulated arc therapy plans were generated using Brainlab iPlanDose and Varian Eclipse treatment planning systems, respectively, with 6 MV photon beams on a Varian TrueBeam STx linear accelerator (Palo Alto, CA). Prescription dose was 54 Gy. The fractionation was 1.8 Gy per fraction and 30 fractions in total, or 2 Gy per fraction and 27 fractions in total. Planning target volume ranged from 2.4 to ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress