Bone Mineral Density In Mucopolysaccharidosis Ivb, 2016 Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children; University of Delaware
Bone Mineral Density In Mucopolysaccharidosis Ivb, Francyne Kubaski, Heidi H. Kecskemethy, Howard T. Harcke, Shunji Tomatsu
Department of Radiology Faculty Papers
To date, the only published reports of bone mineral density (BMD) in MPS IV involve patients with MPS IVA; no reports exist describing BMD for MPS IVB. In this prospective study of BMD in three patients with MPS IVB, BMD was acquired by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at whole body (WB), lumbar spine (LS), and lateral distal femur (LDF). Functional abilities, ambulatory status, medical history, and height z-score were evaluated. Three patients with MPS IVB (two females), aged 17.7, 31.4 and 31.7 years, were evaluated. Every patient was ambulatory and one sustained two fractures caused by trauma ...
Conversion Of Intermediate Lirads Categories To Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B: Korean Immigrant Experience, 2016 Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia PA
Conversion Of Intermediate Lirads Categories To Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B: Korean Immigrant Experience, Kofi-Buaku Atsina, Md, Zhenteng Li, Md, Sandeep Deshmukh, Md
Department of Radiology Posters
Introduction and Objective
The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LIRADS) was created to standardize the reporting and data collection of MR imaging for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in high risk patients. The major categories for LIRADS have the following descriptors:
LI-RADS 1 = Definitely benign
LI-RADS 2 = Probably benign
LI-RADS 3 = Intermediate probability for HCC
LI-RADS 4 = Probably HCC
LI-RADS 5 = Definitely HCC
LI-RADS 5V = Definitely HCC with tumor in vein
LI-RADS M = Probable malignancy, not specific for HCC
LI-RADS T = Treated Observation
However, there is a paucity of quantitative evidence for the progression of LIRADS 2, 3 and 4, (hereafter ...
Four-Dimensional (4d) Subharmonic Aided Pressure Estimation For Monitoring Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response Of Breast Cancer, 2016 Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107
Four-Dimensional (4d) Subharmonic Aided Pressure Estimation For Monitoring Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response Of Breast Cancer, Kibo Nam, Maria Stanczak, Anush Sridharan, Adam C. Berger, Tiffany Avery, John R. Eisenbrey, Flemming Forsberg
Department of Radiology Posters
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a well-established treatment option for patients with non-metastatic breast cancer. The patient response is correlated with survival. However, the optimal method for monitoring neoadjuvant therapy response has not been established. One factor that may affect the response of neoadjuvant therapy is the interstitial fluid pressure (IFP). Increased IFP prevents an effective delivery of therapeutic agents and reduces the efficacy of the therapy. Recently, subharmonic-aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been developed and its potential was demonstrated in animals as a non-invasive technique for IFP measurements. The SHAPE method estimates IFP based on the ...
Safety Of Lobar Hepatic Arterial Embolization In Metastatic Uveal Melanoma Patients With Underlying Gilbert's Disease, 2016 Department of Interventional Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA
Safety Of Lobar Hepatic Arterial Embolization In Metastatic Uveal Melanoma Patients With Underlying Gilbert's Disease, David C. Feldstein, Md, Robert D. Adamo, Md, Carin F. Gonsalves, Md, Fsir, David J. Eschelman, Ms, Fsir, Medical Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa, Takami Sato, Md, Phd
Medical Oncology posters
❖ Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignant tumor in adults.
❖ Up to half of all patients develop systemic metastases, with liver involvement in >90% of patients.1
❖ Various liver-directed, locoregional therapies (i.e. chemoembolization, immunoembolization, radioembolization, and ablation) have played a significant role in prolonging the lives of patients with metastatic uveal melanoma.2
❖ Elevated bilirubin levels are typically considered a relative contraindication for lobar hepatic arterial embolization treatment, given mainly the increased risk of precipitating hepatic failure.
❖ Gilbert's syndrome, also known as benign unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, is a hereditary disorder of bilirubin conjugation. Gilbert’s syndrome ...
Gestational Age Estimation Based On Fetal Pelvimetry On Fetal Ultrasound In Iraqi Women, 2016 Al Sader Medical City
Gestational Age Estimation Based On Fetal Pelvimetry On Fetal Ultrasound In Iraqi Women, Sattar Razzaq Al-Esawi, Niran Mohammed Al-Hashimi, Farah S. Ali, Sarwat Hussain
The Journal of Global Radiology
Ultrasound is an integral part of obstetric practice, and assessment of gestational age (GA) is a central element of obstetric ultrasonography. Sonographic estimation of GA is derived from calculations based on fetal measurements. Numerous equations for GA calculation from fetal biometry have been adopted in routine practice. This study reports a new method of estimating GA in the second and third trimester using interischial distance (IID), the distance between the two ischial primary ossification centers, on fetal ultrasound. Four hundred women with uncomplicated normal singleton pregnancies from 16 weeks to term were examined. Standard fetal obstetric ultrasound was done measuring ...
Identifying Treatment Planning System Errors In Iroc-Houston Head And Neck Phantom Irradiations, 2016 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston
Identifying Treatment Planning System Errors In Iroc-Houston Head And Neck Phantom Irradiations, James Kerns
UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)
Treatment Planning System (TPS) errors can affect large numbers of cancer patients receiving radiation therapy. Using an independent recalculation system, the Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core-Houston (IROC-H) can identify institutions that have not sufficiently modelled their linear accelerators in their TPS model. Linear accelerator point measurement data from IROC-H’s site visits was aggregated and analyzed from over 30 linear accelerator models. Dosimetrically similar models were combined to create “classes”. The class data was used to construct customized beam models in an independent treatment dose verification system (TVS). Approximately 200 head and neck phantom plans from 2012 to 2015 were ...
Radiography Students: Factors Contributing To Their Stress And Methods Of Coping, 2016 East Tennessee State University
Radiography Students: Factors Contributing To Their Stress And Methods Of Coping, Kayla A. Rosenbaum
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
College students experience high levels of stress, especially those in health care programs. The purpose of this study was to determine what factors contribute to Tennessee radiography student stress levels and the methods by which they cope with stress. Additionally, do demographic factors affect radiography student stress levels? The research was conducted February 4 to March 30, 2016. A survey was distributed to students in a radiography program at two and four year colleges in Tennessee. Participants were asked questions on factors that influence their stress levels, coping strategies, and health issues experienced in the past year. Descriptive statistics, independent ...
A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine
A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, Brandon J. Smith, Md, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Osteomyelitis is an increasingly common pathology that often poses a diagnostic challenge to clinicians. Accurate and timely diagnosis is critical to preventing complications that can result in the loss of life or limb. In addition to history, physical exam, and laboratory studies, diagnostic imaging plays an essential role in the diagnostic process. This narrative review article discusses various imaging modalities employed to diagnose osteomyelitis: plain films, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, bone scintigraphy, and positron emission tomography (PET). Articles were obtained from Pubmed and screened for relevance to the topic of diagnostic imaging for osteomyelitis. The authors ...
Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, 2016 Marshall University: School of Medicine
Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, Md, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, Md
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Posterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare. They commonly present as a late complication of trauma or iatrogenic injury. Diagnosis can be elusive. Treatment has been described in the context of open primary repair, endovascular stenting, and coil embolization. There has been increasing interest in the use of endovascular treatment options for this type of injury. If left untreated, pseudoaneurysms can rupture, partially thrombose, expand and cause adjacent local compression and compartment syndrome. The following case presented is of a young gentleman with a posterior tibial pseudoaneurysm incidentally discovered after stepping on glass and the management of his posterior tibial ...
Assessment Of Post-Treatment Imaging Changes Following Radiotherapy Using Magnetic Susceptibility Techniques, 2016 The University of Western Ontario
Assessment Of Post-Treatment Imaging Changes Following Radiotherapy Using Magnetic Susceptibility Techniques, Jean-Guy Belliveau
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Radiation therapy (RT) is a common treatment for brain neoplasms and is used alone or in combination with other therapies. The use of RT has been found to be successful in controlling tumors and extending the overall survival of patients; however, there are many unanswered questions regarding radiotherapy effects in the normal brain surrounding or infiltrated by tumor. Changes to the vascular and parenchyma have been documented, and more recently inflammatory mechanisms have been postulated to play a role in radiation injury. Traditional imaging techniques used within the clinic (CT and MRI) are often lacking in their ability to differentiate ...
Ultrasound-Guided Intralesional Bleomycin Injection (Ibi) For Treatment Of Cutaneous Hemangiomas And Vascular Malformations, Yousuf Memon, Nuzhat I. Malik, Naveed Anjum, S. Kamran Ahmed, Sadaf Saeed
The Journal of Global Radiology
Purpose: To report the therapeutic outcome of ultrasound-guided intralesional injection of bleomycin in the treatment of cutaneous hemangiomas and vascular malformations.
Material & Methods: The medical records of patients with cutaneous hemangiomas and vascular malformations treated with the intralesional injection of bleomycin under ultrasound guidance between August 2009 and June 2013 at the Indus Hospital, Karachi were reviewed retrospectively using a computerized medical record information management system. Data were extracted using a pre-coded performa that included patient demographics, type and location of lesion, number of treatments, presenting/pre- and post-treatment clinical symptoms (pain, swelling, heaviness, size, discoloration), ultrasound appearance and vascularity, and post-treatment side effects. The dose range of bleomycin was 0.5-1.0 mg/kg, but not exceeding 15 mg in a single session. A maximum of four treatments were given in any given patient except for one, who presented with recurrence after a year of complete resolution. Therapeutic outcome was determined using review of ultrasound images and recorded clinical assessment. Treatment response was categorized as: (i) complete resolution [more than 90% reduction]; (ii) substantial reduction [more than 50% reduction]; (iii) mild reduction [25% reduction]; or, (iv) no improvement [ < 10% reduction].
Results: A total of 30 patients (16 female, 14 male), ranging in age from 8 months to 48 years (mean age 10.2 years), were treated from 2009 to 2013. There were 23 hemangiomas. Seven were vascular malformations, of which five were lymphatic malformations and two were venous malformations. Twenty-eight lesions were located in the head and neck region, and two were ...
Ultrasonography Of The Scrotum In Adults, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Ultrasonography Of The Scrotum In Adults, Anna L. Kuhn, Eduardo Scortegagna, Kristina M. Nowitzki, Young H. Kim
Radiology Publications and Presentations
Ultrasonography is the ideal noninvasive imaging modality for evaluation of scrotal abnormalities. It is capable of differentiating the most important etiologies of acute scrotal pain and swelling, including epididymitis and testicular torsion, and is the imaging modality of choice in acute scrotal trauma. In patients presenting with palpable abnormality or scrotal swelling, ultrasonography can detect, locate, and characterize both intratesticular and extratesticular masses and other abnormalities. A 12-17 MHz high frequency linear array transducer provides excellent anatomic detail of the testicles and surrounding structures. In addition, vascular perfusion can be easily assessed using color and spectral Doppler analysis. In most ...
Predictive Biomarkers Of Cellular Radiosensitivity For Clinical Radiotherapy Treatment, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology
Predictive Biomarkers Of Cellular Radiosensitivity For Clinical Radiotherapy Treatment, Lisa White
Radiotherapy is prescribed to more than 50% of cancer patients during their treatment schedule. Due to intrinsic factors, individual variation in response exists, which will result in side effects or toxicity in a number of patients. Therefore, development of an assay or biomarker for the prediction and assessment of radiosensitivity among cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy would be beneficial. Such an assay would limit toxicities and facilitate dose-escalation for those patients who require it. Assays for predicting intrinsic cellular radiosensitivity remains as the established G2 chromosomal radiosensitivity and most promising, γH2AX foci assay. They can be applied to blood samples from ...
Non-Invasive Imaging For The Assessment Of Cardiac Dose And Function Following Focused External Beam Irradiation, 2016 The University of Western Ontario
Non-Invasive Imaging For The Assessment Of Cardiac Dose And Function Following Focused External Beam Irradiation, Omar El-Sherif
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Technological advances in imaging and radiotherapy have led to significant improvement in the survival rate of breast cancer patients. However, a larger proportion of patients are now exhibiting the less understood, latent effects of incidental cardiac irradiation that occurs during left-sided breast radiotherapy. Here, we examine the utility of four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) for the accurate assessment of cardiac dose; and a hybrid positron emission tomography (PET) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system to longitudinally study radiation-induced cardiac effects in a canine model.
Using 4D-CT and deformable dose accumulation, we assessed the variation caused by breathing motion in the estimated dose ...
Redefining Budd-Chiari Syndrome: A Systematic Review, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Redefining Budd-Chiari Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Naomi Shin, Young H. Kim, Hao Xu, Hai-Bin Shi, Qing-Qiao Zhang, Jean Paul Colon Pons, Ducksoo Kim, Yi Xu, Fei-Yun Wu, Samuel Han, Byung-Boong Lee, Lin-Sun Li
Radiology Publications and Presentations
AIM: To re-examine whether hepatic vein thrombosis (HVT) (classical Budd-Chiari syndrome) and hepatic vena cava-Budd Chiari syndrome (HVC-BCS) are the same disorder.
METHODS: A systematic review of observational studies conducted in adult subjects with primary BCS, hepatic vein outflow tract obstruction, membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava (IVC), obliterative hepatocavopathy, or HVT during the period of January 2000 until February 2015 was conducted using the following databases: Cochrane Library, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed and Scopus.
RESULTS: Of 1299 articles identified, 26 were included in this study. Classical BCS is more common in women with a pure hepatic vein obstruction (49 ...
Advanced Mri Center: A 3 Tesla Magnetic Resonance System For Preclinical, Translational And Clinical Imaging Studies, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Advanced Mri Center: A 3 Tesla Magnetic Resonance System For Preclinical, Translational And Clinical Imaging Studies, Letterio S. Politi, Shaokuan Zheng, Matthew J. Gounis
UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat
The Advanced MRI Center, located in the UMass Medical School building, is a research core facility providing the latest magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy capabilities to UMass scientists. It is equipped with a Philips Achieva 3.0T X-series whole-body scanner and radiofrequency coils for studying all organs of the human body, and small and large animals, such as mice, rats, rabbits, dogs, sheep and non-human primates. The center also includes a radiofrequency coil lab, a nurses’ station, two patient holding rooms and two patient changing rooms.
The Center’s specialized techniques are able to elucidate functional, physiological and biochemical information ...
Library Online Resources Of Special Interest Radiologic Sciences, 2016 Scott Memorial Library, Thomas Jefferson University
Library Online Resources Of Special Interest Radiologic Sciences, Information Services
E-books and databases for Radiologic Sciences.
Pilot Study Of A Resource-Appropriate Strategy For Downstaging Breast Cancer In Rural Uganda, 2016 Mubende Regional Referral Hospital
Pilot Study Of A Resource-Appropriate Strategy For Downstaging Breast Cancer In Rural Uganda, Alphonsus Matovu, John R. Scheel, Picho Alli Shadrack, Renny Ssembatya, Angela Njeri, Moses Galukande, Kristen K. Destigter
The Journal of Global Radiology
Breast cancer incidence and mortality are rapidly increasing in low- and middle-income countries like Uganda. Shifting the proportion of women presenting with late-stage breast cancer to early-stage breast cancer (downstaging) at the time of diagnosis would substantially improve survival and efficient use of available resources. Imaging The World (ITW) conducted a pilot study in Uganda where trained village health teams (VHTs) promoted breast cancer awareness in the Kamuli District (Uganda). As a result, 212 women with self-detected lumps presented to the community health center level III (Nawanyago HCIII) for a clinical breast examination (CBE). Patients with masses on CBE were ...
Establishing The Feasibility Of The Dosimetric Compliance Criteria Of Rtog 1308: Phase Iii Randomized Trial Comparing Overall Survival After Photon Versus Proton Radiochemotherapy For Inoperable Stage Ii-Iiib Nsclc., 2016 Thomas Jefferson University
Establishing The Feasibility Of The Dosimetric Compliance Criteria Of Rtog 1308: Phase Iii Randomized Trial Comparing Overall Survival After Photon Versus Proton Radiochemotherapy For Inoperable Stage Ii-Iiib Nsclc., Tawfik Giaddui, Wenzhou Chen, Jialu Yu, Liyong Lin, Charles B. Simone, Lulin Yuan, Yutao U.T. Gong, Q. Jackie Wu, Radhe Mohan, Xiaodong Zhang, Jaques B. Bluett, Michael Gillin, Kevin Moore, Elizabeth O'Meara, Jennifer Presley, Jeffrey D Bradley, Zhongxing Liao, James Galvin, Ying Xiao
Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers
BACKGROUND: To establish the feasibility of the dosimetric compliance criteria of the RTOG 1308 trial through testing against Intensity Modulation Radiation Therapy (IMRT) and Passive Scattering Proton Therapy (PSPT) plans.
METHODS: Twenty-six lung IMRT and 26 proton PSPT plans were included in the study. Dose Volume Histograms (DVHs) for targets and normal structures were analyzed. The quality of IMRT plans was assessed using a knowledge-based engineering tool.
RESULTS: Most of the RTOG 1308 dosimetric criteria were achieved. The deviation unacceptable rates were less than 10 % for most criteria; however, a deviation unacceptable rate of more than 20 % was computed for ...
A Study On Automated Process For Extracting White Blood Cellular Data From Microscopic Digital Injured Skeletal Muscle Images, 2016 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
A Study On Automated Process For Extracting White Blood Cellular Data From Microscopic Digital Injured Skeletal Muscle Images, Bibek Karki
UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones
Skeletal muscle injury is one of the common injuries caused by high-intensity sports activities, military related works, and natural disasters. In order to discover better therapies, it is important to study muscle regeneration process. Muscle regeneration process tracking is the act of monitoring injured tissue section over time, noting white blood cell behavior and cell-fiber relations. A large number of microscopic images are taken for tracking muscle regeneration process over multiple time instances. Currently, manual approach is widely used to analyze a microscopic image of muscle cross section, which is time consuming, tedious and buggy.
Automation of this research methodology ...