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Temporal Bone Hyperpneumatization And Tinnitus: Clinico-Radiological Evaluation Using Ct Scan, Sattar Razzaq Al-Esawi, Ali Burair Hasan, Deepak Takhtani, Sarwat Hussain 2017 Al Sader Medical City, Najaf, Iraq

Temporal Bone Hyperpneumatization And Tinnitus: Clinico-Radiological Evaluation Using Ct Scan, Sattar Razzaq Al-Esawi, Ali Burair Hasan, Deepak Takhtani, Sarwat Hussain

The Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: We propose that there is increased incidence of subjective tinnitus (ST) in patients with temporal bone hyperpneumatization (TBHP). The secondary goal of this project is to assess the degrees of association of TBHP with paranasal sinus hyperpneumatization (PNSHP), chronic sinusitis (CS), otomastoiditis (OM) and concha bullosa (CB).

Methods and Materials: A total of 196 patients, who had computed tomography (CT) of the head for various clinical indications, were included in this study. CT head scans of patients with TBHP (n=96) were correlated with control patients (n=100). These patients had no apparent TBHP, history of ST, PNSHP, CS ...


Accurate Cytogenetic Biodosimetry Through Automated Dicentric Chromosome Curation And Metaphase Cell Selection, Jin Liu, Yanxin Li, Ruth Wilkins, Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Joan H. Knoll, Peter Rogan 2017 Western University

Accurate Cytogenetic Biodosimetry Through Automated Dicentric Chromosome Curation And Metaphase Cell Selection, Jin Liu, Yanxin Li, Ruth Wilkins, Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Joan H. Knoll, Peter Rogan

Biochemistry Publications

Accurate digital image analysis of abnormal microscopic structures relies on high quality images and on minimizing the rates of false positive (FP) and negative objects in images. Cytogenetic biodosimetry detects dicentric chromosomes (DCs) that arise from exposure to ionizing radiation, and determines radiation dose received based on DC frequency. Improvements in automated DC recognition increase the accuracy of dose estimates by reclassifying FP DCs as monocentric chromosomes or chromosome fragments. We also present image segmentation methods to rank high quality digital metaphase images and eliminate suboptimal metaphase cells. A set of chromosome morphology segmentation methods selectively filtered out FP DCs ...


Brain Processing Of Contagious Itch In Patients With Atopic Dermatitis, C. Schut, Hideki Mochizuki, Shoshana Grossman, Andrew C. Lin, Chris Conklin, Feroze B. Mohamed, Uwe Gieler, Jorg P. Kupfer, Gil Yosipovitch 2017 Justus-Liebig-University

Brain Processing Of Contagious Itch In Patients With Atopic Dermatitis, C. Schut, Hideki Mochizuki, Shoshana Grossman, Andrew C. Lin, Chris Conklin, Feroze B. Mohamed, Uwe Gieler, Jorg P. Kupfer, Gil Yosipovitch

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Several studies show that itch and scratching cannot only be induced by pruritogens like histamine or cowhage, but also by the presentation of certain (audio-) visual stimuli like pictures on crawling insects or videos showing other people scratching. This phenomenon is coined "Contagious itch" (CI). Due to the fact that CI is more profound in patients with the chronic itchy skin disease atopic dermatitis (AD), we believe that it is highly relevant to study brain processing of CI in this group. Knowledge on brain areas involved in CI in AD-patients can provide us with useful hints regarding non-invasive treatments that ...


Acute Thrombus Formation On Phosphorilcholine Surface Modified Flow Diverters, Miklos G. Marosfoi, Frederic Clarencon, Erin T. Langan, Robert M. King, Olivia W. Brooks, Takamitsu Tamura, John M. Wainwright, Matthew J. Gounis, Srinivasan Vedantham, Ajit S. Puri 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Acute Thrombus Formation On Phosphorilcholine Surface Modified Flow Diverters, Miklos G. Marosfoi, Frederic Clarencon, Erin T. Langan, Robert M. King, Olivia W. Brooks, Takamitsu Tamura, John M. Wainwright, Matthew J. Gounis, Srinivasan Vedantham, Ajit S. Puri

Radiology Publications and Presentations

PURPOSE: Thromboembolic complications remain a limitation of flow diverting stents. We hypothesize that phosphorilcholine surface modified flow diverters (Pipeline Flex with Shield Technology, sPED) would have less acute thrombus formation on the device surface compared with the classic Pipeline Embolization device (cPED).

METHODS: Elastase-induced aneurysms were created in 40 rabbits and randomly assigned to receive cPED or sPED devices with and without dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (four groups, n=10/group). Angioplasty was performed to enhance apposition and create intimal injury for a pro-thrombotic environment. Both before and after angioplasty, the flow diverter was imaged with intravascular optical coherence tomography ...


Ultrasound-Guided Breast Biopsy In The Resource-Limited Setting: An Initial Experience In Rural Uganda, Christopher R. Stark, Kristen K. DeStigter, Alphonsus Matovu, Picho Alli Shadrack 2017 University of Vermont

Ultrasound-Guided Breast Biopsy In The Resource-Limited Setting: An Initial Experience In Rural Uganda, Christopher R. Stark, Kristen K. Destigter, Alphonsus Matovu, Picho Alli Shadrack

The Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: To describe the methodology and initial experience behind creation of an ultrasoundguided percutaneous breast core biopsy program in rural Uganda.

Methods and Materials: Imaging the World Africa (ITWA) is the registered non-governmental organization division of Imaging the World (ITW), a not-for-profit organization whose primary aim is the integration of affordable high-quality ultrasound into rural health centers. In 2013, ITWA began the pilot phase of an IRB-approved breast care protocol at a rural health center in Uganda. As part of the protocol’s diagnostic arm, an ultrasound-guided percutaneous breast core biopsy training curriculum was implemented in tandem with creation of ...


Mammographic Density And Ageing: A Collaborative Pooled Analysis Of Cross-Sectional Data From 22 Countries Worldwide, Anya Burton, Gertraud Maskarinec, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Celine Vachon, Hui Miao, Martín Lajous, Ruy López-Ridaura, Megan Rice, Ana Pereira, Maria Luisa Garmendia, Rulla M. Tamimi, Kimberly Bertrand, Ava Kwong, Giske Ursin, Sudhir Vinayak, Rose Ndumia, Shivaani Mariapun 2017 International Agency for Research on Cancer

Mammographic Density And Ageing: A Collaborative Pooled Analysis Of Cross-Sectional Data From 22 Countries Worldwide, Anya Burton, Gertraud Maskarinec, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Celine Vachon, Hui Miao, Martín Lajous, Ruy López-Ridaura, Megan Rice, Ana Pereira, Maria Luisa Garmendia, Rulla M. Tamimi, Kimberly Bertrand, Ava Kwong, Giske Ursin, Sudhir Vinayak, Rose Ndumia, Shivaani Mariapun

Imaging & Diagnostic Radiology, East Africa

Background:Mammographic density (MD) is one of the strongest breast cancer risk factors. Its age-related characteristics have been studied in women in western countries, but whether these associations apply to women worldwide is not known.

Methods and findings: We examined cross-sectional differences in MD by age and menopausal status in over 11,000 breast-cancer-free women aged 35–85 years, from 40 ethnicity- and location-specific population groups across 22 countries in the International Consortium on Mammographic Density (ICMD). MD was read centrally using a quantitative method (Cumulus) and its square-root metrics were analysed using meta-analysis of group-level estimates and linear regression ...


A Phase Ii Randomized Trial Of Observation Versus Stereotactic Ablative Radiation For Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer (Oriole)., Noura Radwan, Ryan Phillips, Ashley Ross, Steven P. Rowe, Michael A. Gorin, Emmanuel S. Antonarakis, Curtiland Deville, Stephen Greco, Samuel Denmeade, Channing Paller, Daniel Y. Song, Maximilian Diehn, Hao Wang, Michael Carducci, Kenneth J. Pienta, Martin G. Pomper, Theodore L. DeWeese, Adam Dicker, Mario Eisenberger, Phuoc T. Tran 2017 Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

A Phase Ii Randomized Trial Of Observation Versus Stereotactic Ablative Radiation For Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer (Oriole)., Noura Radwan, Ryan Phillips, Ashley Ross, Steven P. Rowe, Michael A. Gorin, Emmanuel S. Antonarakis, Curtiland Deville, Stephen Greco, Samuel Denmeade, Channing Paller, Daniel Y. Song, Maximilian Diehn, Hao Wang, Michael Carducci, Kenneth J. Pienta, Martin G. Pomper, Theodore L. Deweese, Adam Dicker, Mario Eisenberger, Phuoc T. Tran

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: We describe a randomized, non-blinded Phase II interventional study to assess the safety and efficacy of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for hormone-sensitive oligometastatic prostate adenocarcinoma, and to describe the biology of the oligometastatic state using immunologic, cellular, molecular, and functional imaging correlates. 54 men with oligometastatic prostate adenocarcinoma will be accrued. The primary clinical endpoint will be progression at 6 months from randomization with the hypothesis that SABR to all metastases will forestall progression by disrupting the metastatic process. Secondary clinical endpoints will include local control at 6 months post-SABR, toxicity and quality of life, and androgen deprivation therapy ...


Ct Scanning Is Sufficient To Clear The Cervical Spine Of Elderly Falls Less Than 5 Feet., Douglas Lehman MD, Rovinder S. Sandhu MD, Leslie Baga BSN, Farheen Hussain MS, John J. Hong MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Ct Scanning Is Sufficient To Clear The Cervical Spine Of Elderly Falls Less Than 5 Feet., Douglas Lehman Md, Rovinder S. Sandhu Md, Leslie Baga Bsn, Farheen Hussain Ms, John J. Hong Md

John J. Hong, M.D.

No abstract provided.


A Simple Economic Conjecture Of Neural Activations, Information Retrieval, And Discount Rates With An Application To Fmri, Amanda S. Bruce, John M. Crespi, Jayson Lusk 2017 University of Kansas Medical Center

A Simple Economic Conjecture Of Neural Activations, Information Retrieval, And Discount Rates With An Application To Fmri, Amanda S. Bruce, John M. Crespi, Jayson Lusk

John Crespi

Brain imaging data gathered from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans in economics is often ad hoc, with little guidance from economic theory. Using a very simple economic product differentiation model with temporal hazard rates and discounting, the authors incorporate percent signal change contrasts from blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) scans in a logical manner. Using BOLD signals from brain regions implicated in economic valuation, the research directly tests the hypotheses from the economic conjecture. The empirical test uses a study of consumer decision time regarding milk products. Both simple correlations as well as regression analyses support the hypothesized relationships providing evidence of ...


The Added Value Of Spect/Ct In Endocrinology: A Pictorial Essay, Cheryl Rickley, CNMT, Michele Barasch, CNMT, Charles Intenzo, MD, Sung Kim, MD 2017 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

The Added Value Of Spect/Ct In Endocrinology: A Pictorial Essay, Cheryl Rickley, Cnmt, Michele Barasch, Cnmt, Charles Intenzo, Md, Sung Kim, Md

Department of Radiology Posters

Objective:

Dedicated radionuclide imaging of the spleen in useful in conditions such as accessory spleen and splenic trauma. Nuclear Medicine plays a key role in the diagnostic molecular SPECT/CT imaging of splenic disorders.

Poster presented at SNMMI Annual Conference in Denver Colorado, United States.


Optimal Radionuclide Imaging Of Splenic Disorders: The Value Of Spect/Ct, Cheryl Rickley, CNMT, Michele Barasch, CNMT, Charles Intenzo, MD, Sung Kim, MD 2017 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Optimal Radionuclide Imaging Of Splenic Disorders: The Value Of Spect/Ct, Cheryl Rickley, Cnmt, Michele Barasch, Cnmt, Charles Intenzo, Md, Sung Kim, Md

Department of Radiology Posters

Objective:

Dedicated radionuclide imaging of the spleen in useful in conditions such as accessory spleen and splenic trauma. Nuclear Medicine plays a key role in the diagnostic molecular SPECT/CT imaging of splenic disorders.

Poster presented at Society of Nuclear Medicine Molecular Imagining in Denver Colorado, United States.


An Open Conversation With Traditional Birth Attendants In Rural Uganda: The Potential For Collaborative Care, Elizabeth D. Yuan, Anjuli R. Cherukuri, Renny Ssembatya, Magdalena R. Naylor, Kristen K. DeStigter 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Open Conversation With Traditional Birth Attendants In Rural Uganda: The Potential For Collaborative Care, Elizabeth D. Yuan, Anjuli R. Cherukuri, Renny Ssembatya, Magdalena R. Naylor, Kristen K. Destigter

The Journal of Global Radiology

Background: Imaging the World-Africa (ITWA) is a registered non-governmental organization aimed at distributing low-cost ultrasound services at health centres in rural Uganda. Yet, studies demonstrate that the majority of mothers continue to deliver with unregulated traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in their local villages. It has been suggested that the unregulated practices of TBAs has contributed to the high rate of maternal and fetal mortality. A greater understanding of the roles of TBAs in the management of pregnancy and delivery is needed.

Purpose: The purpose of this report is to provide the international community with a greater understanding of TBA practices ...


A Review Of Autoimmune Diseases Associated With Cancer, Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Kurian Joseph, Thomas Miale 2017 University of Saskatchewan

A Review Of Autoimmune Diseases Associated With Cancer, Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Kurian Joseph, Thomas Miale

Edward Yu

The focus of this review is on the relationships between autoimmune diseases and cancer from two closely related perspectives: 1.Those autoimmune diseases which are often associated with malignancies. 2.Those prevalent cancers which may increase the risks of developing autoimmune disorders. The review concludes with a brief discussion of some selected innovative approaches to cancer immunotherapy.


A Review Of Autoimmune Diseases Associated With Cancer, Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Kurian Joseph, Thomas Miale 2017 University of Saskatchewan

A Review Of Autoimmune Diseases Associated With Cancer, Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Kurian Joseph, Thomas Miale

Edward Yu

The focus of this review is on the relationships between autoimmune diseases and cancer from two closely related perspectives: 1.Those autoimmune diseases which are often associated with malignancies. 2.Those prevalent cancers which may increase the risks of developing autoimmune disorders. The review concludes with a brief discussion of some selected innovative approaches to cancer immunotherapy.


“Step & Shoot” Cardiac Gated Ct For Detection Of Pulmonary Embolism: Technique And Advantages, Dinesh K. Sharma, MD 2017 Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA

“Step & Shoot” Cardiac Gated Ct For Detection Of Pulmonary Embolism: Technique And Advantages, Dinesh K. Sharma, Md

Department of Radiology Posters

Introduction

Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is a common condition with significant morbidity and mortality. Prompt recognition, diagnosis and management is important, as untreated PE complications are high; also treatment with long term anticoagulation has serious complications.

Poster presented at The 11th Congress of Asian Society of Cardiovascular Imaging in Kyoto Japan.


Comparison Of Online 6 Degree-Of-Freedom Image Registration Of Varian Truebeam Cone-Beam Ct And Brainlab Exactrac X-Ray For Intracranial Radiosurgery., Jun Li, Wenyin Shi, David W. Andrews, Maria Werner-Wasik, Bo Lu, Yan Yu, Adam Dicker MD, PhD, Haisong Lui 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Comparison Of Online 6 Degree-Of-Freedom Image Registration Of Varian Truebeam Cone-Beam Ct And Brainlab Exactrac X-Ray For Intracranial Radiosurgery., Jun Li, Wenyin Shi, David W. Andrews, Maria Werner-Wasik, Bo Lu, Yan Yu, Adam Dicker Md, Phd, Haisong Lui

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: The study was aimed to compare online 6 degree-of-freedom image registrations of TrueBeam cone-beam computed tomography and BrainLab ExacTrac X-ray imaging systems for intracranial radiosurgery.

METHODS: Phantom and patient studies were performed on a Varian TrueBeam STx linear accelerator (version 2.5), which is integrated with a BrainLab ExacTrac imaging system (version 6.1.1). The phantom study was based on a Rando head phantom and was designed to evaluate isocenter location dependence of the image registrations. Ten isocenters at various locations representing clinical treatment sites were selected in the phantom. Cone-beam computed tomography and ExacTrac X-ray images were ...


Enhancement Of The Abscopal Effect In Radiotherapy By In-Situ Delivered Cd40 Antibody: Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Model, Sayeda Yasmin-Karim, Michele Moreau, Wilfred Ngwa 2017 Harvard Medical School

Enhancement Of The Abscopal Effect In Radiotherapy By In-Situ Delivered Cd40 Antibody: Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Model, Sayeda Yasmin-Karim, Michele Moreau, Wilfred Ngwa

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Metastasis is the cause of death in most cancers. It has been observed by Mole and others that radiotherapy at one site may lead to regression of metastatic cancer at other sites, which were not irradiated, this phenomenon is called ‘abscopal’ effect. Unfortunately, this regression is not predictable.

Few studies observed some enhancement by systemic application of immunoadjuvants, which also has limited application because of generalized adverse effect. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the enhancing and abscopal effect of radiotherapy by in-situ delivered anti-CD40 in the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

A syngeneic mouse model of pancreatic adenocarcinoma ...


Imaging Probes For Detecting Inflammation In The Mouse Model Of Type 1 Diabetes, Toloo Taghian, Suresh Gupta, Adam J. Dixon, Surong Zhang, Alexei A. Bogdanov 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Imaging Probes For Detecting Inflammation In The Mouse Model Of Type 1 Diabetes, Toloo Taghian, Suresh Gupta, Adam J. Dixon, Surong Zhang, Alexei A. Bogdanov

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Non-invasive imaging of early signs of inflammation of endocrine pancreas is of importance due to a generally late clinical diagnosis of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Seventy-80% of insulin producing beta-cells could be already lost prior to the onset of clinical symptoms. Therefore, monitoring these early changes including increased vascular permeability of pancreas and activation of pro-inflammatory signaling pathways will aid in early diagnosis and timing of therapy. We have developed and tested superparamagnetic nanoparticles (NPs) with strong photoacoustic signal for detecting potential permeability changes in the pancreas of streptozotocin (STZ)- induced mouse model of T1D. These biocompatible gold/iron-oxide NPs ...


Sensitivity Of Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy To Dose- And Depth-Dependent Changes In Tumor Oxygenation After Radiation Therapy, Daria Semeniak 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Sensitivity Of Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy To Dose- And Depth-Dependent Changes In Tumor Oxygenation After Radiation Therapy, Daria Semeniak

Theses and Dissertations

Along with chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and surgery, radiotherapy is one of the most common treatments used against cancer. Around 50% of all cancer patients undergo radiation therapy. While for some patients radiotherapy works efficiently and lead to a complete cancer disappearance, for others treatment outcome may be less favorable due to radioresistance processes happening within a tumor on the molecular level. Radioresistance remains a big challenge for modern oncology. The ability to identify radioresistance at the early stage of radiotherapy would help physicians to improve therapy efficiency. At the current moment, despite the rapid progress in cancer understanding and diagnostic modalities ...


Interventional Radiology Readiness Assessment Tool For Global Health, Aaron D. Kline, Robert G. Dixon, Megan K. Brown, Melissa P. Culp 2017 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Interventional Radiology Readiness Assessment Tool For Global Health, Aaron D. Kline, Robert G. Dixon, Megan K. Brown, Melissa P. Culp

The Journal of Global Radiology

The Interventional Radiology Readiness Assessment Tool for Global Health is a new tool to methodically evaluate the environment of a medical institution for interventional radiology services given the existing infrastructure. Global health provides an exciting opportunity for interventional radiology to impact health outcomes in developing countries. A systematic and thoughtful approach to integrating interventional radiology services in the health care institutions of resource poor countries is needed in order to maximize global health efforts and outcomes.

The IR Readiness Assessment Tool is available as on online form and in PDF format under "Additional Files" below.


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