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Chloroquine-Inducible Par-4 Secretion Is Essential For Tumor Cell Apoptosis And Inhibition Of Metastasis, Ravshan Burikhanov, Nikhil Hebbar, Sunil K. Noothi, Nidhi Shukla, James Sledziona, Nathália Araujo, Meghana Kudrimoti, Qing Jun Wang, David S. Watt, Danny R. Welch, Jodi Maranchie, Akihiro Harada, Vivek M. Rangnekar 2017 University of Kentucky

Chloroquine-Inducible Par-4 Secretion Is Essential For Tumor Cell Apoptosis And Inhibition Of Metastasis, Ravshan Burikhanov, Nikhil Hebbar, Sunil K. Noothi, Nidhi Shukla, James Sledziona, Nathália Araujo, Meghana Kudrimoti, Qing Jun Wang, David S. Watt, Danny R. Welch, Jodi Maranchie, Akihiro Harada, Vivek M. Rangnekar

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

The induction of tumor suppressor proteins capable of cancer cell apoptosis represents an attractive option for the re-purposing of existing drugs. We report that the anti-malarial drug, chloroquine (CQ), is a robust inducer of Par-4 secretion from normal cells in mice and cancer patients in a clinical trial. CQ-inducible Par-4 secretion triggers paracrine apoptosis of cancer cells and also inhibits metastatic tumor growth. CQ induces Par-4 secretion via the classical secretory pathway that requires the activation of p53. Mechanistically, p53 directly induces Rab8b, a GTPase essential for vesicle transport of Par-4 to the plasma membrane prior to secretion. Our findings ...


Imaging In The Lion City: Singapore Radiology Country Report, Lionel Tim-Ee Cheng, Li Hoon Sng, Tchoyoson Choie Cheio Lim, Bien Soo Tan 2016 Singapore General Hospital

Imaging In The Lion City: Singapore Radiology Country Report, Lionel Tim-Ee Cheng, Li Hoon Sng, Tchoyoson Choie Cheio Lim, Bien Soo Tan

The Journal of Global Radiology

Singapore is a small tropical island city-state with limited natural resources that has achieved remarkable healthcare outcomes through effective long-term planning and judicious investment in human resources and technology. A full-range of medical imaging services is available in the country, with integrated care delivered to patients through a network of both government and private hospitals. Training in diagnostic radiology, interventional radiology, nuclear medicine and diagnostic radiography continue to evolve in Singapore, with an aim to further increase the range of subspecialty medical imaging services available and address projected challenges for the healthcare system in the future, such as an aging ...


Mammographic Density Assessed On Paired Raw And Processed Digital Images And On Paired Screen-Film And Digital Images Across Three Mammography Systems, Anya Burton, Graham Byrnes, Jennifer Stone, Rulla M. Tamimi, John Heine, Celine Vachon, Vahit Ozmen, Ana Pereira, Maria Luisa Garmendia, Christopher Scott, John H. Hipwell, Caroline Dickens, Joachim Schüz, Mustafa Erkin Aribal, Kimberly Bertrand, Ava Kwong, Graham G. Giles, John Hopper, Beatriz Pérez Gómez, Marina Pollán, Soo-Hwang Teo, Shivaani Mariapun, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Martín Lajous, Ruy Lopez-Riduara, Megan Rice, Isabelle Romieu, Anath Arzee Flugelman, Giske Ursin, Samera Qureshi, Huiyan Ma, Eunjung Lee, Reza Sirous, Mehri Sirous, Jong Won Lee, Jisun Kim, Dorria Salem, Rasha Kamal, Mikael Hartman, Hui Miao, Kee-Seng Chia, Chisato Nagata, Sudhir Vinayak, Rose Ndumia, Carla H. van Gils, Johanna O. P. Wanders, Beata Peplonska, Agnieszka Bukowska, Steve Allen, Sarah Vinnicombe, Sue Moss, Anna M. Chiarelli, Linda Linton, Gertraud Maskarinec, Martin J. Yaffe, Norman F. Boyd, Isabel dos-Santos-Silva, Valerie A. McCormack 2016 International Agency for Research on Cancer

Mammographic Density Assessed On Paired Raw And Processed Digital Images And On Paired Screen-Film And Digital Images Across Three Mammography Systems, Anya Burton, Graham Byrnes, Jennifer Stone, Rulla M. Tamimi, John Heine, Celine Vachon, Vahit Ozmen, Ana Pereira, Maria Luisa Garmendia, Christopher Scott, John H. Hipwell, Caroline Dickens, Joachim Schüz, Mustafa Erkin Aribal, Kimberly Bertrand, Ava Kwong, Graham G. Giles, John Hopper, Beatriz Pérez Gómez, Marina Pollán, Soo-Hwang Teo, Shivaani Mariapun, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Martín Lajous, Ruy Lopez-Riduara, Megan Rice, Isabelle Romieu, Anath Arzee Flugelman, Giske Ursin, Samera Qureshi, Huiyan Ma, Eunjung Lee, Reza Sirous, Mehri Sirous, Jong Won Lee, Jisun Kim, Dorria Salem, Rasha Kamal, Mikael Hartman, Hui Miao, Kee-Seng Chia, Chisato Nagata, Sudhir Vinayak, Rose Ndumia, Carla H. Van Gils, Johanna O. P. Wanders, Beata Peplonska, Agnieszka Bukowska, Steve Allen, Sarah Vinnicombe, Sue Moss, Anna M. Chiarelli, Linda Linton, Gertraud Maskarinec, Martin J. Yaffe, Norman F. Boyd, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Valerie A. Mccormack

Imaging & Diagnostic Radiology, East Africa

Background: Inter-women and intra-women comparisons of mammographic density (MD) are needed in research, clinical and screening applications; however, MD measurements are influenced by mammography modality (screen film/ digital) and digital image format (raw/processed). We aimed to examine differences in MD assessed on these image types.

Methods: We obtained 1294 pairs of images saved in both raw and processed formats from Hologic and General Electric (GE) direct digital systems and a Fuji computed radiography (CR) system, and 128 screen-film and processed CR-digital pairs from consecutive screening rounds. Four readers performed Cumulus-based MD measurements (n = 3441), with each image pair read ...


Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Presenting As Li-Rads 5 "Hcc", Raja K. Dhanekula, MD, Donald Mitchell, MD, John Farber, MD, Ashwin R. Sama, MD, Jesse M. Civan, MD 2016 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Presenting As Li-Rads 5 "Hcc", Raja K. Dhanekula, Md, Donald Mitchell, Md, John Farber, Md, Ashwin R. Sama, Md, Jesse M. Civan, Md

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Posters

Background

• Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC), if within Milan Criteria, is an indication for liver transplantation.

• In contrast, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) is a contra-indication to liver transplantation due to high rates of recurrence.

• LI-RADS 5 classification (synonymous with OPTN-5) carries a near 100% positive predictive value for HCC, allowing prioritization of patients for liver transplantation without histological confirmation.

• The “LI-RADS M” classification indicates the presence of malignancy not meeting diagnostic criteria for HCC. In theory, IHCC lesions should be identified as LI-RADS M and not LI-RADS 5.


Proceedings Of 2016 Aurora Scientific Day, 2016 Aurora Health Care

Proceedings Of 2016 Aurora Scientific Day

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This supplement includes select abstracts presented at the 42nd annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium, held May 25, 2016, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Aurora Scientific Day provides a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, students and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, a not-for-profit health system comprised of integrated hospitals and clinics across eastern Wisconsin and northeastern Illinois.


Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, MD, Chadwick J. Knight, MD 2016 Marshall University

Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, Md, Chadwick J. Knight, Md

Errington Thompson

Abdominal trauma can be mysterious to some physicians. If patients are evaluated for being stable or unstable, then abdominal trauma can be easily managed. Using a combination of physical examination, ultrasound and CT scans, patients can be quickly and efficiently evaluated.


Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, MD, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, MD 2016 Marshall University: School of Medicine

Traumatic Posterior Tibial Pseudoaneursym: A Rare Late Complication Repaired Conventionally, Farzad Amiri, Md, Zachary Sanford, Constantinous Constantinou, Md

Constantinous Constantinou

Posterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare. They commonly present as a late complication of trauma or iatrogenic injury. Diagnosis can be elusive. Treatment has been described in the context of open primary repair, endovascular stenting, and coil embolization. There has been increasing interest in the use of endovascular treatment options for this type of injury. If left untreated, pseudoaneurysms can rupture, partially thrombose, expand and cause adjacent local compression and compartment syndrome. The following case presented is of a young gentleman with a posterior tibial pseudoaneurysm incidentally discovered after stepping on glass and the management of his posterior tibial ...


Pulse Shaping For Improved Diagnosis Of Portal Hypertension Using Subharmonic Aided Pressure Estimation, Ipshita Gupta, John R. Eisenbrey, Maria Stanczak, Anush Sridharan, Jaydev K. Dave, Ji-Bin Liu, Christopher Hazard, Colette Shaw, Susan Shamini-Noori, Jonathan M. Fenkel, Michael Soluen, Chandra Sehgal, Kirk Wallace, Flemming Forsberg 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Pulse Shaping For Improved Diagnosis Of Portal Hypertension Using Subharmonic Aided Pressure Estimation, Ipshita Gupta, John R. Eisenbrey, Maria Stanczak, Anush Sridharan, Jaydev K. Dave, Ji-Bin Liu, Christopher Hazard, Colette Shaw, Susan Shamini-Noori, Jonathan M. Fenkel, Michael Soluen, Chandra Sehgal, Kirk Wallace, Flemming Forsberg

Department of Radiology Posters

Subharmonic aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) is based on the inverse relationship between the subharmonic amplitude of contrast microbubbles (obtained by transmitting at the fundamental frequency fo and receiving at fo/2) and the ambient pressure (see fig.1).

A noninvasive ultrasound based pressure estimation procedure would be a major development in the diagnosis of portal hypertension and less invasive than the current catheter-based hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement.

The hypothesis of this study was that portal vein pressures can be monitored and quantified noninvasively in humans using SHAPE.

First selected waveforms were optimized in vitro and in canines, then ...


A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, Brandon J. Smith, MD, Grant S. Buchanan, MD, Franklin D. Shuler, MD, PhD 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, Brandon J. Smith, Md, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd

Franklin D. Shuler

Osteomyelitis is an increasingly common pathology that often poses a diagnostic challenge to clinicians. Accurate and timely diagnosis is critical to preventing complications that can result in the loss of life or limb. In addition to history, physical exam, and laboratory studies, diagnostic imaging plays an essential role in the diagnostic process. This narrative review article discusses various imaging modalities employed to diagnose osteomyelitis: plain films, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, bone scintigraphy, and positron emission tomography (PET). Articles were obtained from Pubmed and screened for relevance to the topic of diagnostic imaging for osteomyelitis. The authors ...


Computer Aided Diagnosis Of Early Vascular Disease From Ultrasound Images, Liam N. Kavanagh 2016 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Computer Aided Diagnosis Of Early Vascular Disease From Ultrasound Images, Liam N. Kavanagh

MD theses

This thesis consists of 2 separate ultrasound (US) based studies, performed with the common aim of improving the diagnosis of early vascular disease from US images.

Study 1

Introduction: Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) is an endothelium-dependent process reflecting the dilatation of a conduit artery when it is exposed to increased blood flow and therefore increased shear stress. FMD requires a healthy endothelium and is depressed in those with cardiovascular risk factors. Current 2D US assessment is limited as a research tool only secondary to variable reproducibility, technical difficulties and difficulties determining true diameter measurement. To our knowledge this is the ...


Radiology And Global Health: The Case For A New Subspecialty, Matthew P. Lungren, Sarwat Hussain 2016 Stanford University School of Medicine

Radiology And Global Health: The Case For A New Subspecialty, Matthew P. Lungren, Sarwat Hussain

The Journal of Global Radiology

In high- and medium-income countries, the use of radiology has grown substantially in the last several decades. But in the developing world, access to medical imaging remains a critical problem. Unlike more structured efforts in the field of global health, interventions in global radiology have been largely unplanned, fragmented and sometimes irrelevant to the needs of the recipient society, and have not resulted in any significant progress. Access to medical imaging around the world remains dismal. There is a therefore a clear and urgent need for the radiology community to develop a vision for global radiology, beginning with defining the ...


Conversion Of Intermediate Lirads Categories To Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B: Korean Immigrant Experience, Kofi-Buaku Atsina, MD, Zhenteng Li, MD, Sandeep Deshmukh, MD 2016 Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia PA

Conversion Of Intermediate Lirads Categories To Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B: Korean Immigrant Experience, Kofi-Buaku Atsina, Md, Zhenteng Li, Md, Sandeep Deshmukh, Md

Department of Radiology Posters

Introduction and Objective

The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LIRADS) was created to standardize the reporting and data collection of MR imaging for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in high risk patients. The major categories for LIRADS have the following descriptors:

LI-RADS 1 = Definitely benign

LI-RADS 2 = Probably benign

LI-RADS 3 = Intermediate probability for HCC

LI-RADS 4 = Probably HCC

LI-RADS 5 = Definitely HCC

LI-RADS 5V = Definitely HCC with tumor in vein

LI-RADS M = Probable malignancy, not specific for HCC

LI-RADS T = Treated Observation

However, there is a paucity of quantitative evidence for the progression of LIRADS 2, 3 and 4, (hereafter ...


Four-Dimensional (4d) Subharmonic Aided Pressure Estimation For Monitoring Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response Of Breast Cancer, Kibo Nam, Maria Stanczak, Anush Sridharan, Adam C. Berger, Tiffany Avery, John R. Eisenbrey, Flemming Forsberg 2016 Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107

Four-Dimensional (4d) Subharmonic Aided Pressure Estimation For Monitoring Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response Of Breast Cancer, Kibo Nam, Maria Stanczak, Anush Sridharan, Adam C. Berger, Tiffany Avery, John R. Eisenbrey, Flemming Forsberg

Department of Radiology Posters

Introduction

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a well-established treatment option for patients with non-metastatic breast cancer. The patient response is correlated with survival. However, the optimal method for monitoring neoadjuvant therapy response has not been established. One factor that may affect the response of neoadjuvant therapy is the interstitial fluid pressure (IFP). Increased IFP prevents an effective delivery of therapeutic agents and reduces the efficacy of the therapy. Recently, subharmonic-aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been developed and its potential was demonstrated in animals as a non-invasive technique for IFP measurements. The SHAPE method estimates IFP based on the ...


Mr Screening For Acute Stroke Intervention Using A Patient Specific Screening Paradigm, Brian Cristiano MD 2016 LLUMC

Mr Screening For Acute Stroke Intervention Using A Patient Specific Screening Paradigm, Brian Cristiano Md

LLUMC Radiology Research Days

No abstract provided.


Automated Computer Analysis Of Core Infarct Size And Perfusion Mismatch, Johnny Suh MD 2016 LLUMC

Automated Computer Analysis Of Core Infarct Size And Perfusion Mismatch, Johnny Suh Md

LLUMC Radiology Research Days

No abstract provided.


Measuring The Change In Size Of Intracranial Hematomas On Swi After Administration Of Normobaric Oxygen, Mohammad Kassir MD 2016 LLUMC

Measuring The Change In Size Of Intracranial Hematomas On Swi After Administration Of Normobaric Oxygen, Mohammad Kassir Md

LLUMC Radiology Research Days

No abstract provided.


Metabolic Syndrome And Progression Of Mild Cognitive Impairment, Eric Peters MD 2016 LLUMC

Metabolic Syndrome And Progression Of Mild Cognitive Impairment, Eric Peters Md

LLUMC Radiology Research Days

No abstract provided.


Cross-Sectional Psoas Area As A Predictor Of Postoperative Morbidity And Mortality In Surgical Oncology Patients, Chad Burk MD 2016 LLUMC

Cross-Sectional Psoas Area As A Predictor Of Postoperative Morbidity And Mortality In Surgical Oncology Patients, Chad Burk Md

LLUMC Radiology Research Days

No abstract provided.


Cerebral Deoxyhemoglobin Imaging: A Biomarker For Poor Neurological Outcomes In Neonates With Acute Hypoxic Ischemic Brain Injury (Hi-Bi), Austin Trihh MD 2016 LLUMC

Cerebral Deoxyhemoglobin Imaging: A Biomarker For Poor Neurological Outcomes In Neonates With Acute Hypoxic Ischemic Brain Injury (Hi-Bi), Austin Trihh Md

LLUMC Radiology Research Days

No abstract provided.


Sensitivity And Specificity Of Sacral Arcuate Line Disruption For Fractures On Plain Radiography, Alex Sun MD 2016 LLUMC

Sensitivity And Specificity Of Sacral Arcuate Line Disruption For Fractures On Plain Radiography, Alex Sun Md

LLUMC Radiology Research Days

No abstract provided.


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