Development Of Advanced Mr-Guided Adaptive Radiation Therapy Methods For Head & Neck Cancers On The 1.5t Mr-Linac, 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library
Development Of Advanced Mr-Guided Adaptive Radiation Therapy Methods For Head & Neck Cancers On The 1.5t Mr-Linac, Brigid Mcdonald
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)
The 1.5T hybrid MRI/linear accelerator (MR-linac) has recently been introduced into clinical practice and used for the treatment of head and neck cancers (HNC). This device enables on-line adaptive radiation therapy (ART) based on anatomical changes throughout treatment and variations in patient position. This novel technology also has the potential for advanced ART strategies such as dose-optimized ART, in which the treatment plan is optimized based on the accumulated dose over previous fractions, or biological image-guided ART, in which the plan is adapted based on individual tumor response as measured through quantitative imaging techniques such as diffusion-weighted imaging ...
Radiation Therapy For Older Women With Early Breast Cancer: An Unnecessary Hardship, 2022 Wayne State University
Radiation Therapy For Older Women With Early Breast Cancer: An Unnecessary Hardship, Lauren E. Shawver
Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates
A clinical decision report appraising:
Kunkler IH, Williams LJ, Jack WJ, Cameron DA, Dixon JM; PRIME II investigators. Breast-conserving surgery with or without irradiation in women aged 65 years or older with early breast cancer (PRIME II): a randomised controlled trial [published correction appears in Lancet Oncol. 2015 Mar;16(3):e105]. Lancet Oncol. 2015;16(3):266-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(14)71221-5
for an older patient seeking treatment for Stage 1 Ductal Breast Carcinoma
Prognostic Value Of Reflux Of Contrast Into The Inferior Vena Cava And Hepatic Veins On Ct Pulmonary Angiography In Patients Of Pulmonary Embolism, 2022 Shifa International Hospital Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan
Prognostic Value Of Reflux Of Contrast Into The Inferior Vena Cava And Hepatic Veins On Ct Pulmonary Angiography In Patients Of Pulmonary Embolism, Farheen Raza, Adnan Arif, Muhammad Ali Raza, Fawad Yasin, Maryam Asghar, Alishbah Ziad
Journal of Global Radiology
A pulmonary embolism (PE) that obstructs pulmonary arterial blood flow is a medical emergency. Its early detection and appropriate management can be lifesaving. CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is currently in use as a standard tool for diagnosis of PE. This study was performed to determine the prognostic accuracy of contrast reflux into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and hepatic veins on CTPA in patients suffering from acute PE.
Materials and Methods
The study was composed of 285 patients between 15 to 85 years of age that had filling defects in pulmonary arteries on CTPA that were consistent with those of ...
Free Silicone-Induced Granulomatosis And Hypercalcemia In A Transgender Female, 2022 Memorial Health University Medical Center
Free Silicone-Induced Granulomatosis And Hypercalcemia In A Transgender Female, Brian L. Pando, Benjamin Goldsmith, Adam Lane Webb, Komal Kinger, Brian Helmly
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Vitamin D derangements are a rare but important cause of hypercalcemia. Granulomatous disease is a primary cause of vitamin D derangements and is frequently associated with sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and in the present case, foreign body granulomatosis. Liquid or injectable silicone is used as a filler for cosmetic body contouring. Transgender patients may seek silicone injections as part of gender affirmation surgeries. Granuloma formation is a rare but well-described complication of injectable silicone.
A 40-year-old, assigned male at birth (AMAB) transgender female patient, with a history of HIV and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3b, was admitted to ...
Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, 2022 Cooper Medical School of Rowan University
Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, Kristian Quevada, Kishan Patel, Pauline Germaine
Cooper Rowan Medical Journal
Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis (TPP) is a rare manifestation of thyrotoxicosis, resulting in periodic episodes of acute onset muscle weakness in the setting of hypokalemia. The thyrotoxic form of Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP) is less studied than the more well-known familial form due to fewer reported cases and smaller prevalence. This case study presents a 30-year-old African American male with multiple episodes of acute lower extremity muscle weakness, tachycardia, and a history of heat intolerance. Abnormal findings on thyroid ultrasound coupled with increased thyroid related immunoglobulins led to a diagnosis of TPP related to exacerbation of newly-found Graves’ disease. The case ...
Interventional Oncology Update, 2022 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Interventional Oncology Update, Alex Newbury, Chantal M. Ferguson, Daniel Alvarez Valero, Roberto Kutcher-Diaz, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Ara Karamanian, Aaron Harman
Interventional Oncology (IO) is a subspecialty field of Interventional Radiology bridging between diagnostic radiology and the clinical oncology team, addressing the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. There have been many exciting advancements in the field of IO in recent years; far too many to cover in a single paper. To give each topic sufficient attention, we have limited the scope of this review article to four topics which we feel have the potential to drastically change how cancer is treated managed in the immediate future.
Ultrasound Of The Endometrium, Parts 1 And 2, 2022 RAD-AID
Ultrasound Of The Endometrium, Parts 1 And 2, Robert D. Harris
PEER Liberia Project
This presentation is part of the PEER Liberia Radiology Lecture Series. It provides an overview for clinicians of ultrasound of the endometrium, including histology, accurate endometrial measurements, and endometrial abnormalities.
Imaging Response Assessment For Oncology: An Algorithmic Approach, 2022 University of California, Los Angeles
Imaging Response Assessment For Oncology: An Algorithmic Approach, Kathleen Ruchalski, Rohit Dewan, Victor Sai, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Marta Braschi-Amirfarzan
Treatment response assessment by imaging plays a vital role in evaluating changes in solid tumors during oncology therapeutic clinical trials. Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 is the reference standard imaging response criteria and provides details regarding image acquisition, image interpretation and categorical response classification. While RECIST 1.1 is applied for the majority of clinical trials in solid tumors, other criteria and modifications have been introduced when RECIST 1.1 outcomes may be incomplete. Available criteria beyond RECIST 1.1 can be explored in an algorithmic fashion dependent on imaging modality, tumor type and method of ...
Shortness Of Breath In A Young Lady, Rare Case Report Of Thoracic Endometriosis, 2022 Aga Khan University
Shortness Of Breath In A Young Lady, Rare Case Report Of Thoracic Endometriosis, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Davis Rubagumya, Rahma Bakari, Munawar Kaguta, Nancy Matillya
Family Medicine, East Africa
Introduction and importance: Endometrial glandular tissue can implant in the thorax of women suffering from endometriosis. The clinical presentation is depends on site of implantation. Complications include pneumothorax, pneumohemothorax or hemothorax.
Case presentation: A 31 year old woman with history of infertility presented with shortness of breath and was found to have a significant right sided pneumohemothorax. Drainage was done followed by chemical pleurodesis using bleomycin with resolution of symptoms on her follow up.
Clinical discussion: Thoracic endometriosis tend to present with chronic or sub-acute symptoms which are nonspecific symptoms leading to late diagnosis. Video Assisted Thoracoscopic surgery offer both ...
Labrad : Vol 47, Issue 1 - June 2022, 2022 Aga Khan University
Labrad : Vol 47, Issue 1 - June 2022, Aga Khan University, Karachi
- From the Editor’s Desk
- LABRAD Star Contributors for the Year 2021
- Clinical Relevance of Measuring Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Receptor Antibodies in Pregnancy and Newborns
- Aromatic l-amino Acid Decarboxylase (AADC) Deficiency- An Ultra-rare and Underdiagnosed Neurometabolic Disorder
- Role of Flowcytometry & Kleihauer - Betke Test in Detection and Quantification of Fetomaternal Hemorrhage
- Gestational Trophoblastic Diseases: An Overview
- Acrania-Exencephaly-Anencephaly Sequence/ Spectrum: Radiological Features on Antenatal Screening
- Minimally Invasive Tissue Sampling (MITS) A New Way to Investigate Cause of Death In Resource-constrained Countries
- Laboratory Guideline for Detection, Interpretation and Reporting of Maternal Cell Contamination (MCC) in Prenatal Analysis
- Molecular Analysis of Alpha Thalassemia by ...
Imaging Of Transmetallation And Chelation Phenomena Involving Radiological Contrast Agents In Mineral-Rich Fruits, 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology
Imaging Of Transmetallation And Chelation Phenomena Involving Radiological Contrast Agents In Mineral-Rich Fruits, Subhendra Sarkar, Zoya Vinokur, Bleidis Buitrago, Lin Mousa, Hayley Sanchez, Analia Basilicata, Jodi-Ann Douglas, Seanetta Reddock
Publications and Research
Exogenous heavy metals or non-metallic waste products, for example lanthanide or iodinated contrast media for radiological procedures, may interfere with the biochemical pools in patients and in common food sources, creating an excess buildup of exogenous compounds which may reach toxic levels. Although the mechanisms are unknown, our experiments were designed to test if this toxicity can be attributed to “transmetallation” or “chelation” reactions freeing up lanthanides or chelated transition metals in acidic fruits used as phantoms representing the biologically active and mineral-rich carbohydrate matrix. The rapid breakdown of stable contrast agents have been reported at a lower pH. The ...
Financial Toxicity Tumor Board: A Multi-Disciplinary Team Activity Required In Low And Middle-Income Countries (Lmic), Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sohail Rasool, Laraib Khan
Department of Radiation Oncology
No abstract provided.
Atypical Presentation Of Ankylosing Spondylitis, 2022 St. Joseph's University Medical Center
Atypical Presentation Of Ankylosing Spondylitis, Chandni Patel, Milvin Shroff, Maleeha Memon, Shideh Doroudi, Christine Leroy
Stratford Campus Research Day
Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis axSpA ) or typical ankylosing spondyloarthritis (AS) is a classification of axial spondyloarthritis with the classic radiographic features of sacroiliitis. Axial spondyloarthritis is a disabling spondyloarthropathy of the spine that presents with chronic back pain usually before the age of 45. It may be associated with extraspinal features including dactylitis , synovitis, and enthesitis in addition to other nonarticular signs. Chronic back pain is one of the most common presenting symptoms for AS , but frequently there is a 5-7 year delay between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis of the disease . A standard AP plain radiograph demonstrating changes to ...
Integration Of Biomedical Imaging And Translational Approaches For Management Of Head And Neck Cancer, 2022 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Integration Of Biomedical Imaging And Translational Approaches For Management Of Head And Neck Cancer, Abdallah Mohamed, Abdallah Mohamed
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)
The aim of the clinical component of this work was to determine whether the currently available clinical imaging tools can be integrated with radiotherapy (RT) platforms for monitoring and adaptation of radiation dose, prediction of tumor response and disease outcomes, and characterization of patterns of failure and normal tissue toxicity in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients with potentially curable tumors. In Aim 1, we showed that the currently available clinical imaging modalities can be successfully used to adapt RT dose based-on dynamic tumor response, predict oncologic disease outcomes, characterize RT-induced toxicity, and identify the patterns of disease failure. We ...
Patient Reported Experience In A Radiation Oncology Department, 2022 Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
Patient Reported Experience In A Radiation Oncology Department, Demetra Yannitsos, Petra Grendarova, Abdulla Al-Rashdan, Linda Watson, Wendy Smith, Fiona Lochray, Jackson Wu, Lisa Barbera
Patient Experience Journal
Understanding patient experience is essential to providing high quality, person-centered care. A real-time baseline cross-sectional study was completed to identify gaps in patient experience that can be targeted for quality improvement (QI). This study is part of PROSE (Person-centered Radiation Oncology Service Enhancement), a QI initiative developed to improve patient experience at a tertiary cancer centre Radiation Oncology (RO) Department. Data was collected using the Your Voice Matters (YVM) questionnaire. The YVM captures information on the patient’s last visit, and questions are organized based on dimensions of person-centered care. Recruitment occurred between May and August 2019 in the radiation ...
Common Intern Pages, 2022 RAD-AID
Common Intern Pages, Matt Hoyer
PEER Liberia Project
This presentation is part of the PEER Liberia Radiology Lecture Series. It provides an overview for clinicians of cases designed to test your clinical decision making based, in part, on radiological interpretation. Imagine you are on service receiving the following pages without an available senior or attending. How would you work through each scenario?
An Artificial Intelligence Deep Learning Platform Achieves High Diagnostic Accuracy For Covid-19 Pneumonia By Reading Chest X-Ray Images, 2022 University of Massachusetts Medical School
An Artificial Intelligence Deep Learning Platform Achieves High Diagnostic Accuracy For Covid-19 Pneumonia By Reading Chest X-Ray Images, Dongguang Li, Shaoguang Li
COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors
The coronavirus disease of 2019 (Covid-19) causes deadly lung infections (pneumonia). Accurate clinical diagnosis of Covid-19 is essential for guiding treatment. Covid-19 RNA test does not reflect clinical features and severity of the disease. Pneumonia in Covid-19 patients could be caused by non-Covid-19 organisms and distinguishing Covid-19 pneumonia from non-Covid-19 pneumonia is critical. Chest X-ray detects pneumonia, but a high diagnostic accuracy is difficult to achieve. We develop an artificial intelligence-based (AI) deep learning method with a high diagnostic accuracy for Covid-19 pneumonia. We analyzed 10,182 chest X-ray images of healthy individuals, bacterial pneumonia. and viral pneumonia (Covid-19 and ...
Development Of A Dual Drug-Loaded, Surfactant-Stabilized Contrast Agent Containing Oxygen, 2022 Drexel University
Development Of A Dual Drug-Loaded, Surfactant-Stabilized Contrast Agent Containing Oxygen, Raj Patel, Quezia Lacerda, Brian E Oeffinger, John R. Eisenbrey, Ankit K. Rochani, Gagan Kaushal, Corinne Wessner, Margaret A Wheatley
Department of Radiology Faculty Papers
Co-delivery of cancer therapeutics improves efficacy and encourages synergy, but delivery faces challenges, including multidrug resistance and spatiotemporal distribution of therapeutics. To address these, we added paclitaxel to previously developed acoustically labile, oxygen-core, surfactant-stabilized microbubbles encapsulating lonidamine, with the aim of developing an agent containing both a therapeutic gas and two drugs acting in combination. Upon comparison of unloaded, single-loaded, and dual-loaded microbubbles, size (~1.7 µm) and yield (~2 × 109 microbubbles/mL) (~1.7) were not statistically different, nor were acoustic properties (maximum in vitro enhancements roughly 18 dB, in vitro enhancements roughly 18 dB). Both drugs encapsulated above ...
The Benign Mimickers Of Carcinoma On Breast Mri, 2022 Istanbul Medipol University, International Faculty of Medicine
The Benign Mimickers Of Carcinoma On Breast Mri, Irmak Durur-Subasi, Adem Karaman, Elif Demirci, Sare Sipal, Mufide Nuran Akcay
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
The similarity between benign and malignant pathologies on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a wide-ranging variability of the lesions from benign proliferative changes to invasive breast carcinoma cause a lower and wide-ranging specificity of breast MRI relative to its surpass sensitivity. A wide range of tissue components such as the skin, the adipose tissue, vascular and neural tissues, connective tissues, glandular tissues, ducts, and muscle tissues are found here all together. This pictorial review was aimed at deliberating benign mimickers of breast carcinoma on MRI and trying to call attention to the overlapping and distinctive features.
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Afp) And Afp-L3 Is Most Useful In Detection Of Recurrence Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Patients After Tumor Ablation And With Low Afp Level, Madison Force, Grace Park, Divya Chalikonda, Christopher G. Roth, Micah Cohen, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Hie-Won Hann
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the liver and is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. While there are many risk factors for HCC including alcohol, obesity, and diabetes, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection still account for the majority of HCC worldwide. Globally, HBV is the leading risk factor for HCC. Patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and advanced liver disease are at high risk for HCC. Screening for HCC is done routinely with ultrasound with or without alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) at six-month intervals. The combination of ultrasound and AFP has been ...