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Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Commons

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Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

Importance: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.

Aim: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.

Subjects and Methods: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 ± 2.9 years, [male 11.7 ± 2.9 years, (n=55 ...


Systematic In Vivo Evaluation Of The Time-Dependent Inflammatory Response To Steel And Teflon Insulin Infusion Catheters., Jasmin R. Hauzenberger, Julia Münzker, Petra Kotzbeck, Martin Asslaber, Vladimir Bubalo, Jeffrey I. Joseph, Thomas R. Pieber 2018 Medical University of Graz

Systematic In Vivo Evaluation Of The Time-Dependent Inflammatory Response To Steel And Teflon Insulin Infusion Catheters., Jasmin R. Hauzenberger, Julia Münzker, Petra Kotzbeck, Martin Asslaber, Vladimir Bubalo, Jeffrey I. Joseph, Thomas R. Pieber

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) catheters are considered the weak link of insulin pump therapy. Wear-time considerably varies between patients and the choice of catheter material is based on personal preferences rather than scientific facts. Therefore, we systematically assessed and quantified the inflammatory tissue response to steel versus Teflon CSII catheters over a maximum wear-time of 7 days in swine. Tissue surrounding catheters was analysed using histopathology and quantitative real-time PCR. The area of inflammation increased significantly over time independent of material which was confirmed by an increase in CD68 expression and an increase in mononuclear and neutrophil cell infiltrate ...


Isolated Ligamentum Flavum Ossification In Primary Hypoparathyroidism., Amir H. Sohail, Muhammad A. A. Maan, Qamar Masood 2018 Aga Khan University

Isolated Ligamentum Flavum Ossification In Primary Hypoparathyroidism., Amir H. Sohail, Muhammad A. A. Maan, Qamar Masood

Section of Neurology

BACKGROUND:The ligamenta flava can undergo ossification and calcification resulting in myelopathy. Only seven cases of ligamentumflavum ossification in association with hypoparathyroidism have been reported, most of which had concurrent osseous changes in other spinal ligaments. Here, we report a patient with hypoparathyroidism who presented with ligamentum flavum ossification causing both cervical and thoracic myelopathy.

CASE DESCRIPTION: A 43-year-old male presented with backache, urinary retention, and lower limb weakness for the last few days. Magnetic resonance imaging scan showed ossification of the ligamentum flavum in the cervical and thoracic regions, with severe spinal stenosis. Following spinal decompressive surgery, the patient ...


Iron Reduction Response And Demographic Differences Between Diabetics And Non-Diabetics With Cardiovascular Disease Entered To A Controlled Clinical Trial, Leo Zacharski, Galina Shamayeva, Bruce Chow 2017 Dartmouth College

Iron Reduction Response And Demographic Differences Between Diabetics And Non-Diabetics With Cardiovascular Disease Entered To A Controlled Clinical Trial, Leo Zacharski, Galina Shamayeva, Bruce Chow

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Iron-catalyzed oxygen free radical-induced oxidative stress mediates the pathogenesis of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Diabetics (n=473) and non-diabetics (n=804) with CVD entered to a randomized trial of iron (ferritin) reduction by calibrated phlebotomy (www.clinicaltrials.gov, Identifier NCT00032357) had comparable iron measures at entry but diabetics had greater burden of CVD and comorbidities, lower hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and higher glucose levels than non-diabetics. Entry iron measures were lower in diabetics on hypoglycemic therapy compared to diabetics untreated previously. Diabetics and non-diabetics had comparable iron measures during follow-up. Loess analysis of paired ferritin and hemoglobin, and paired ...


Type 1 Diabetes Alters Lipid Handling And Metabolism In Human Fibroblasts And Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells, Albert R. Jones IV, Emily L. Coleman, Nicholas R. Husni, Jude T. Deeney, Forum Raval, Devin Steenkamp, Hans Dooms, Barbara S. Nikolajczyk, Barbara E. Corkey 2017 Boston University

Type 1 Diabetes Alters Lipid Handling And Metabolism In Human Fibroblasts And Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells, Albert R. Jones Iv, Emily L. Coleman, Nicholas R. Husni, Jude T. Deeney, Forum Raval, Devin Steenkamp, Hans Dooms, Barbara S. Nikolajczyk, Barbara E. Corkey

Center for Clinical and Translational Science Faculty Publications

Triggers of the autoimmune response that leads to type 1 diabetes (T1D) remain poorly understood. A possibility is that parallel changes in both T cells and target cells provoke autoimmune attack. We previously documented greater Ca2+ transients in fibroblasts from T1D subjects than non-T1D after exposure to fatty acids (FA) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα). These data indicate that metabolic and signal transduction defects present in T1D can be elicited ex vivo in isolated cells. Changes that precede T1D, including inflammation, may activate atypical responses in people that are genetically predisposed to T1D. To identify such cellular differences ...


The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


Improving Vaccination Rates In Adults With Type Ii Diabetes In A Family Practice Setting: An Evidence-Based Quality Improvement Project, Ronda Gottlieb 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

Improving Vaccination Rates In Adults With Type Ii Diabetes In A Family Practice Setting: An Evidence-Based Quality Improvement Project, Ronda Gottlieb

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The purpose of this evidenced-based quality improvement project is to implement processes to facilitate providers’ adherence to the American Diabetes Association (2017), American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist (2015), and American College of Endocrinology (2015) immunization guidelines for adults with type II diabetes. Presently, diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States contributing to serious complications throughout the body as a result of poor glucose control. Adults with diabetes are at increased susceptibility to infectious disease because of hyperglycemia, poor glucose control, and decreased immunity. A protocol was created using The Four Pillars Transformation Program ™ to align ...


A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet For Treatment Of Type Ii Diabetes An Integrative Literature Review, Steven Lisowski 2017 DePaul University

A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet For Treatment Of Type Ii Diabetes An Integrative Literature Review, Steven Lisowski

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet for Treatment

of Type II Diabetes: An Integrative Literature Review

Steven Lisowski

Faculty Sponsor: Larry Maturin

Abstract

Background: Dietary modifications are commonly prescribed initial interventions in those recently diagnosed with type II diabetes. Presently, various researchers support that there is a growing body of evidence that advises to restrict carbohydrate intake to minimum levels to achieve optimal blood glucose levels and reduce complications related to poor diabetes management.

Objectives: To explore if the low carbohydrate, ketogenic diets (LCKD), in which carbohydrate intake of any kind is restricted, are very effective at reducing obesity and controlling ...


Sheehan’S Syndrome: It Is Time To Become More Proactive In Identifying This Disease, Yara E. Tovar, Waseem Ahmed, Madhulika Urella, Ayman H. Elkadry, Rodhan A. Khthir 2017 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Sheehan’S Syndrome: It Is Time To Become More Proactive In Identifying This Disease, Yara E. Tovar, Waseem Ahmed, Madhulika Urella, Ayman H. Elkadry, Rodhan A. Khthir

Ayman Elkadry

Sheehan’s syndrome typically occurs as a result of ischemic pituitary necrosis due to severe postpartum hemorrhage and can present with varying degrees of pituitary insufficiency. It is more common in underdeveloped countries, and is frequently diagnosed years after delivery due to its nonspecific signs and symptoms. Failure to lactate is a common initial symptom, while many women also report amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea. This article presents a 26-year-old female with a history of hypertension, who presented to the hospital for diarrhea, vomiting, and dizziness. Her blood pressure was 80/40 mmHg, requiring aggressive fluid resuscitation, after which it remained borderline ...


Sensitivity Of Current Methods For Diagnosing And Documenting Metabolic Syndrome Within A Large Community-Based Health Care System, Tiffany A. Mullen, Danielle M. Greer, Jennifer T. Fink, Renee E. Walker 2017 Department of Integrative Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Sensitivity Of Current Methods For Diagnosing And Documenting Metabolic Syndrome Within A Large Community-Based Health Care System, Tiffany A. Mullen, Danielle M. Greer, Jennifer T. Fink, Renee E. Walker

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of metabolic conditions, including abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high triglyceride level, low high-density-lipoprotein level and high fasting blood glucose level, that increase the risk of developing chronic health conditions. Various combinations of diagnostic criteria have been proposed, including those by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III), World Health Organization (WHO) and International Diabetes Foundation (IDF), among others. However, inconsistent use of diagnostic criteria and inadequate scientific evidence supporting use of specific criteria are current problems in health care.

Purpose: Quantify the prevalence of MetS diagnosis within the ...


Improved Service Efficiency Improves Racial Disparity In Diabetic Care, Abel Irena, Kushal Patel, David Thompson, Gregory Schleis, Abiy Gesese, Richard Battiola 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Improved Service Efficiency Improves Racial Disparity In Diabetic Care, Abel Irena, Kushal Patel, David Thompson, Gregory Schleis, Abiy Gesese, Richard Battiola

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Racial disparities in diabetes care have been documented. Disparities also have been shown to affect service quality and outcome of diabetic care. Analysis of our internal medicine residency clinic diabetic care management performance across REAL-G (race, ethnicity, age, preferred language and/or gender) showed race-based disparity on two outcome measures: 1) measurement of glycohemoglobin (A1C) at least twice a year; and 2) target blood pressure of < 140/90.

Purpose: Develop interventions to decrease racial disparities in diabetes care among patients managed by an internal medicine residency clinic, as part of the Alliance of Independent Academic Medical Center’s National Initiative V ...


The Lifestyle Initiative: An Innovative Coaching-Based Quality Improvement Study To Improve The Health Of Aurora Health Care Caregivers And Family Members, Tiffany A. Mullen, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2017 Department of Integrative Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

The Lifestyle Initiative: An Innovative Coaching-Based Quality Improvement Study To Improve The Health Of Aurora Health Care Caregivers And Family Members, Tiffany A. Mullen, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Self-management support has been shown to improve clinical outcomes. Health coaching, one form of self-management support, empowers patients within the health care system by providing information and through collaboratively developed care plans.

Purpose: Assess the impact of The Lifestyle Initiative, a coaching-based health program utilized by Aurora Health Care caregivers or family members.

Methods: The Lifestyle Initiative is a coaching-based approach for Aurora caregivers or family members enrolled in Aurora’s health insurance network. Individuals were recruited from the care management database, and all participants had an Aurora primary care provider. Participation was limited to those ≥ 18 years of ...


Sheehan’S Syndrome: It Is Time To Become More Proactive In Identifying This Disease, Yara E. Tovar, Waseem Ahmed, Madhulika Urella, Ayman H. Elkadry, Rodhan A. Khthir 2017 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Sheehan’S Syndrome: It Is Time To Become More Proactive In Identifying This Disease, Yara E. Tovar, Waseem Ahmed, Madhulika Urella, Ayman H. Elkadry, Rodhan A. Khthir

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Sheehan’s syndrome typically occurs as a result of ischemic pituitary necrosis due to severe postpartum hemorrhage and can present with varying degrees of pituitary insufficiency. It is more common in underdeveloped countries, and is frequently diagnosed years after delivery due to its nonspecific signs and symptoms. Failure to lactate is a common initial symptom, while many women also report amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea. This article presents a 26-year-old female with a history of hypertension, who presented to the hospital for diarrhea, vomiting, and dizziness. Her blood pressure was 80/40 mmHg, requiring aggressive fluid resuscitation, after which it remained borderline ...


Omega-6 Fatty Acid Biomarkers And Incident Type 2 Diabetes: Pooled Analysis Of Individual-Level Data For 39 740 Adults From 20 Prospective Cohort Studies, Jason H Y Wu, Matti Marklund, Fumiaki Imamura, Nathan L. Tintle, Andres V Ardisson Korat, Janette de Goede, Xia Zhou, Wei-Sin Yang, Marcia C de Oliveira Otto, Janine Kroger, Waqas Qureshi, Jyrki K. Virtanen, Julie K. Bassett, Alexis C. Frazier-Wood, Maria Lankinen, Rachel A. Murphy, Kalina Rajaobelina, Liana C. Del Gobbo, Nita G. Forouhi, Robert Luben, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Anya Kalsbeek, Jenna Veenstra, Juhua Luo, Frank B. Hu, Hung-Ju Lin, David S. Siscovick, Heiner Boeing, Tzu-An Chen, Brian Steffen, Lyn M. Steffen, Allison Hodge, Gudny Eriksdottir, Albert V. Smith, Vilmunder Gudnason, Tamara B. Harris, Ingeborg A. Brouwer, Claudine Berr, Catherine Helmer, Cecilia Samieri, Markku Laakso, Michael Y. Tsai, Graham G. Giles, Tarja Nurmi, Lynne Wagenknecht, Matthias B. Schulze, Rozenn N. Lemaitre, Kuo-Liong Chien, Sabita S. Soedamah-Muthu, Johanna M. Geleijnse, Qi Sun, William S. Harris, Lars Lind, Johan Arnlov, Ulf Riserus, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffairian 2017 University of New South Wales

Omega-6 Fatty Acid Biomarkers And Incident Type 2 Diabetes: Pooled Analysis Of Individual-Level Data For 39 740 Adults From 20 Prospective Cohort Studies, Jason H Y Wu, Matti Marklund, Fumiaki Imamura, Nathan L. Tintle, Andres V Ardisson Korat, Janette De Goede, Xia Zhou, Wei-Sin Yang, Marcia C De Oliveira Otto, Janine Kroger, Waqas Qureshi, Jyrki K. Virtanen, Julie K. Bassett, Alexis C. Frazier-Wood, Maria Lankinen, Rachel A. Murphy, Kalina Rajaobelina, Liana C. Del Gobbo, Nita G. Forouhi, Robert Luben, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Anya Kalsbeek, Jenna Veenstra, Juhua Luo, Frank B. Hu, Hung-Ju Lin, David S. Siscovick, Heiner Boeing, Tzu-An Chen, Brian Steffen, Lyn M. Steffen, Allison Hodge, Gudny Eriksdottir, Albert V. Smith, Vilmunder Gudnason, Tamara B. Harris, Ingeborg A. Brouwer, Claudine Berr, Catherine Helmer, Cecilia Samieri, Markku Laakso, Michael Y. Tsai, Graham G. Giles, Tarja Nurmi, Lynne Wagenknecht, Matthias B. Schulze, Rozenn N. Lemaitre, Kuo-Liong Chien, Sabita S. Soedamah-Muthu, Johanna M. Geleijnse, Qi Sun, William S. Harris, Lars Lind, Johan Arnlov, Ulf Riserus, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffairian

Faculty Work Comprehensive List

Background: The metabolic effects of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) remain contentious, and little evidence is available regarding their potential role in primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to assess the associations of linoleic acid and arachidonic acid biomarkers with incident type 2 diabetes. Methods: We did a pooled analysis of new, harmonised, individual-level analyses for the biomarkers linoleic acid and its metabolite arachidonic acid and incident type 2 diabetes. We analysed data from 20 prospective cohort studies from ten countries (Iceland, the Netherlands, the USA, Taiwan, the UK, Germany, Finland, Australia, Sweden, and France), with biomarkers sampled ...


Age-Dependent Human Beta Cell Proliferation Induced By Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 And Calcineurin Signaling, Chunhua Dai, Yan Hang, Alena Shostak, Greg Poffenberger, Nathaniel Hart, Nripesh Prasad, Neil Phillips, Shawn E. Levy, Dale L. Greiner, Leonard D. Shultz, Rita Bottino, Seung K. Kim, Alvin C. Powers 2017 Vanderbilt University

Age-Dependent Human Beta Cell Proliferation Induced By Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 And Calcineurin Signaling, Chunhua Dai, Yan Hang, Alena Shostak, Greg Poffenberger, Nathaniel Hart, Nripesh Prasad, Neil Phillips, Shawn E. Levy, Dale L. Greiner, Leonard D. Shultz, Rita Bottino, Seung K. Kim, Alvin C. Powers

Open Access Articles

Inadequate pancreatic beta cell function underlies type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Strategies to expand functional cells have focused on discovering and controlling mechanisms that limit the proliferation of human beta cells. Here, we developed an engraftment strategy to examine age-associated human islet cell replication competence and reveal mechanisms underlying age-dependent decline of beta cell proliferation in human islets. We found that exendin-4 (Ex-4), an agonist of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R), stimulates human beta cell proliferation in juvenile but not adult islets. This age-dependent responsiveness does not reflect loss of GLP-1R signaling in adult islets, since Ex-4 ...


Predicting Gestational Diabetes From The First Trimester - An Exploration Of Alternative Screening Processes, Siobhan Corcoran 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Predicting Gestational Diabetes From The First Trimester - An Exploration Of Alternative Screening Processes, Siobhan Corcoran

MD theses

Gestational diabetes is recognised to be an increasingly common and treatable cause of maternal and infant morbidity. Screening and formal diagnosis of gestational diabetes have been at the centre of much of the scientific debate. This thesis aims to explore the ability of a panel of biomarkers in the first trimester of pregnancy to predict gestational diabetes and examines their link with the clinical complications of GDM. 248 women with known risk factors for GDM were recruited in the first trimester and had serum samples taken for c-reactive protein, sex hormone binding globulin, adiponectin anhydroglucitol. They underwent oral glucose tolerance ...


Chronic Hypobaric Hypoxia Modulates Primary Cilia Differently In Adult And Fetal Ovine Kidneys, Kiumars Shamloo, Juan Chen, Jasmine Sardar, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Kimberly F. Atkinson, William J. Pearce, Lubo Zhang, Surya M. Nauli 2017 Chapman University

Chronic Hypobaric Hypoxia Modulates Primary Cilia Differently In Adult And Fetal Ovine Kidneys, Kiumars Shamloo, Juan Chen, Jasmine Sardar, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Kimberly F. Atkinson, William J. Pearce, Lubo Zhang, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Hypoxic environments at high altitude have significant effects on kidney injury. Following injury, renal primary cilia display length alterations. Primary cilia are mechanosensory organelles that regulate tubular architecture. The effect of hypoxia on cilia length is still controversial in cultured cells, and no corresponding in vivo study exists. Using fetal and adult sheep, we here study the effect of chronic hypobaric hypoxia on the renal injury, intracellular calcium signaling and the relationship between cilia length and cilia function. Our results show that although long-term hypoxia induces renal fibrosis in both fetal and adult kidneys, fetal kidneys are more susceptible to ...


Coxsackievirus-Induced Proteomic Alterations In Primary Human Islets Provide Insights For The Etiology Of Diabetes, Julius O. Nyalwidhe, Glen R. Gallagher, Lindsey M. Glenn, Margaret A. Morris, Pranitha Vangala, Agata Jurczyk, Rita Bortell, David M. Harlan, Jennifer P. Wang, Jerry L. Nadler 2017 Eastern Virginia Medical School

Coxsackievirus-Induced Proteomic Alterations In Primary Human Islets Provide Insights For The Etiology Of Diabetes, Julius O. Nyalwidhe, Glen R. Gallagher, Lindsey M. Glenn, Margaret A. Morris, Pranitha Vangala, Agata Jurczyk, Rita Bortell, David M. Harlan, Jennifer P. Wang, Jerry L. Nadler

Open Access Articles

Enteroviral infections have been associated with the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D), a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Cultured human islets, including the insulin-producing beta cells, can be infected with coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) and thus are useful for understanding cellular responses to infection. We performed quantitative mass spectrometry analysis on cultured primary human islets infected with CVB4 to identify molecules and pathways altered upon infection. Corresponding uninfected controls were included in the study for comparative protein expression analyses. Proteins were significantly and differentially regulated in human islets challenged with virus compared with ...


Treating Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Subcutaneous Insulin?, Marlene Aziza Azar 2017 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Treating Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Subcutaneous Insulin?, Marlene Aziza Azar

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The author examines the evidence for treating diabetic ketoacidosis with subcutaneous insulin vs IV insulin.


Care For Diabetic Population, Jennifer Aronson, Leanne Bellino, Elizabeth Eisenhardt, Diane Bryant, Haley Pelletier, Internal Medicine Team, Adult Outpatient Clinic 2017 Maine Medical Center

Care For Diabetic Population, Jennifer Aronson, Leanne Bellino, Elizabeth Eisenhardt, Diane Bryant, Haley Pelletier, Internal Medicine Team, Adult Outpatient Clinic

Maine Medical Center

No abstract provided.


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