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Immune Related Adverse Events: Isolated Acth Deficiency With Nivolumab/ Ipilimumab Combination Therapy, Joseph Scurozo DO, Angela Magdaleno DO, Sharmila C. Koshy MD 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Immune Related Adverse Events: Isolated Acth Deficiency With Nivolumab/ Ipilimumab Combination Therapy, Joseph Scurozo Do, Angela Magdaleno Do, Sharmila C. Koshy Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji

Endocrinology/Diabetes

IMPORTANCE: The role of tobacco-smoke exposure on serum vitamin D concentration in US pediatric population is not known. We hypothesized that tobacco smoke exposure would increase the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in US children.

METHODS: Representative national data were accessed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 databank on 2,263 subjects of ages 3 to 17 years. Subjects were categorized into two groups based on their age: children, if <10 >years; and youth if 10 to 17 years. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the effect of serum cotinine-verified tobacco smoke exposure ...


Functional Radical Cervical Dissection For Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: The Experience Of A Single Center, Tulin Adrian, Lucian Alecu, Catalina Poiana, Luminita Tomescu, Iulian Slavu, Raluca Tulin, Silviu Pituru, Cristina Orlov, Radu Jecan, Balalau Cristian, Anca Pantea Stoian, Razvan Hainarosie, Cornelia Nitipir 2018 Prof. Dr. Agrippa Ionescu Emergency Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Bucharest, Romania

Functional Radical Cervical Dissection For Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: The Experience Of A Single Center, Tulin Adrian, Lucian Alecu, Catalina Poiana, Luminita Tomescu, Iulian Slavu, Raluca Tulin, Silviu Pituru, Cristina Orlov, Radu Jecan, Balalau Cristian, Anca Pantea Stoian, Razvan Hainarosie, Cornelia Nitipir

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

There is ongoing debate regarding the role of neck dissection in differentiated thyroid cancer, about its usefulness in elective settings, and the increased costs regarding morbidity and operative time. This retrospective study aimed to determine the rate of metastases in cervical lymph nodes, to examine the morbidity of this surgery, and to assess whether a pattern of distribution of tumor cells concerning neck lymphatic compartments exists. The most frequent type of cancer to metastasize was papillary cancer, the majority of patients were young with a median of 30 years, predominantly females. Differentiated thyroid cancer frequently metastasizes to the central and ...


Pancreatogenic Type 3c Diabetes, Anca Mihaela Pantea Stoian, Giorgiana Ditu, Mircea Diculescu, Mircea Manuc, Andra Iulia Suceveanu, Dana Manuc, Camelia C. Diaconu, Adrian Paul Suceveanu, Cornelia Nitipir, Razvan Hainarosie, Catalina Poiana, Cristian Serafinceanu 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, N.C. Paulescu National Institute of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Disease, Bucharest, Romania

Pancreatogenic Type 3c Diabetes, Anca Mihaela Pantea Stoian, Giorgiana Ditu, Mircea Diculescu, Mircea Manuc, Andra Iulia Suceveanu, Dana Manuc, Camelia C. Diaconu, Adrian Paul Suceveanu, Cornelia Nitipir, Razvan Hainarosie, Catalina Poiana, Cristian Serafinceanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Background. The relationship between chronic pancreatitis and diabetes is well established. This form of diabetes is secondary to exocrine pancreatic disorder and is known as diabetes mellitus type 3c (T3cDM).

Materials and Methods. In this retrospective study we included 261 patients, 59 patients being diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis and secondary diabetes mellitus, and admitted in the Fundeni Clinical Institute, 2nd Department of Gastroenterology or N.C. Paulescu Institute/ Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy.

Results and Discussions. Patients were 22.2% women and 77.8% men, with an average age of 56.8 years and 53.4 years respectively ...


Compound Heterozygosity For A Whole Gene Deletion And P.R124c Mutation In Cyp21a2 Causing Nonclassic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Hamza Nasir, Syed Ibaad Ali, N Haque, Stefan K. Grebe,, Salman Kirmani 2018 Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Compound Heterozygosity For A Whole Gene Deletion And P.R124c Mutation In Cyp21a2 Causing Nonclassic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Hamza Nasir, Syed Ibaad Ali, N Haque, Stefan K. Grebe,, Salman Kirmani

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

We present a family with 2 members who received long-term steroid treatment for presumed classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency, until molecular testing revealed nonclassic CAH, not necessarily requiring treatment. A 17-year-old male presented to our clinic on glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid treatment for classic CAH. He was diagnosed at 4 years of age based on mild-moderate elevations of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), but without evidence of precocious adrenarche/puberty. Due to his diagnosis, his clinically asymptomatic 3-year-old sister was tested and also found to have elevated ACTH and 17-OHP levels and was started on glucocorticoids ...


Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Diabetes Care And Outcomes: A Mixed Methods Study, Yhenneko J. Taylor, Marion E. Davis, Rohan Mahabaleshwarkar, Melanie D. Spencer 2018 Atrium Health

Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Diabetes Care And Outcomes: A Mixed Methods Study, Yhenneko J. Taylor, Marion E. Davis, Rohan Mahabaleshwarkar, Melanie D. Spencer

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Limited research has examined racial/ethnic differences in diabetes care and outcomes among primary care patients. This study examined racial/ethnic differences in diabetes care and outcomes among an ambulatory patient population and explored patient perceptions of the patient-provider relationship to inform strategies to improve care delivery. Using data from 62,149 adults with diabetes who received care within Atrium Health in 2013, regression models assessed associations between race/ethnicity and the following outcomes: glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) tests, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and blood pressure (BP) screening, foot and eye exams, and HbA1c, LDL, and BP control. Eleven patients with ...


Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy In Diabetes: A Predictor Of Cardiometabolic Events, Aaron I. Vinik, Carolina Casellini, Henri K. Parson, Sheri R. Colberg, Marie-laure Nevoret 2018 Old Dominion University

Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy In Diabetes: A Predictor Of Cardiometabolic Events, Aaron I. Vinik, Carolina Casellini, Henri K. Parson, Sheri R. Colberg, Marie-Laure Nevoret

Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications

Autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalance manifesting as cardiac autonomic neuropathy in the diabetic population is an important predictor of cardiovascular events. Symptoms and signs of ANS dysfunction, such as resting heart rate elevations, diminished blood pressure responses to standing, and altered time and frequency domain measures of heart rate variability in response to deep breathing, standing, and the Valsalva maneuver, should be elicited from all patients with diabetes and prediabetes. With the recognition of the presence of ANS imbalance or for its prevention, a rigorous regime should be implemented with lifestyle modification, physical activity, and cautious use of medications that ...


Case Report: Lady With Bone Pains For 5 Years-Parathyroid Carcinoma, Azra Rizwan, Abid Jamal, Maseeh uz Zaman, Saira Fatima 2018 Aga Khan University

Case Report: Lady With Bone Pains For 5 Years-Parathyroid Carcinoma, Azra Rizwan, Abid Jamal, Maseeh Uz Zaman, Saira Fatima

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Background: Parathyroid cancer is a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. It presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge that may not be recognized preoperatively, and is often not conclusively identified during the operation. We present the case of a lady with backache and hypercalcemia, but with inadequate work-up for her condition for several years.

Case Presentation: A middle aged lady of Asian descent presented with backache. Initial work up revealed mild hypercalcemia, negative work up for multiple myeloma, negative sestamibi scan for parathyroid pathology. A phenomenally elevated parathormone (PTH) level-2105 pg/mL (16-87 pg/mL), and rising serum calcium, 15.1 ...


Coping With Illness: Insight From The Bhagavad Gita, Bharti Kalra, Ameya Joshi, Sanjay Kalra, Vivekanand G. Shanbhag, Jyoti Kunwar, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Sandeep Chaudhary, Deepak Khandelwal, Sameer Aggarwal, Nanik Ram 2018 Bharti Hospital, Karnal, Haryana, India.

Coping With Illness: Insight From The Bhagavad Gita, Bharti Kalra, Ameya Joshi, Sanjay Kalra, Vivekanand G. Shanbhag, Jyoti Kunwar, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Sandeep Chaudhary, Deepak Khandelwal, Sameer Aggarwal, Nanik Ram

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

The Shrimad Bhagavad Gita enlightens everyone on how to cope up with various situations in life. It uses the conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna to highlight initial negative coping mechanisms exhibited by the latter. It goes on to showcase positive coping skills suggested by Lord Krishna and implemented by Arjuna. The Bhagavad Gita, through this "case-based methodology," teaches us how to cope with a demanding situation. Diabetes is a lifestyle disease, which warrants a thorough change in one's lifestyle, including changes in basic activities such as diet and exercise. This brief communication utilizes the teachings of Bhagavad Gita ...


Evaluation Of Endothelial Cell Responses To Elevated Glucose, Gabriella Sugerman 2018 Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo

Evaluation Of Endothelial Cell Responses To Elevated Glucose, Gabriella Sugerman

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Developing a tissue-engineered Blood Vessel Mimic (BVM) to represent diabetic macrovascular disease could expedite design of new vascular devices specifically tailored to diabetic patients. In contribution toward this model, this thesis assessed Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell (HUVEC) responses to high glucose conditions. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and Cluster of Differentiation 36 (CD36) were selected to signify oxidative stress activity, a hallmark of diabetic macrovascular disease. Next, activity of potential reference genes B2M, HPRT1, and ACTB was assessed. All genes were found to exceed acceptable variability, so the E-ΔC T method of data analysis was selected. Next, cellular responses to high ...


Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso

Open Access Articles

The CDKN2A/B genomic locus is associated with risk of human cancers and metabolic disease. Although the locus contains several important protein-coding genes, studies suggest disease roles for a lesser-known antisense lncRNA encoded at this locus, called ANRIL. ANRIL is a complex gene containing at least 21 exons in simians, with many reported linear and circular isoforms. Like other genes, abundance of ANRIL is regulated by epigenetics, classic transcription regulation, splicing, and post-transcriptional influences such as RNA stability and microRNAs. Known molecular functions of ANRIL include in cis and in trans gene regulation through chromatin modification complexes, and influence over ...


Fever Of Unknown Origin: Could It Be A Pheochromocytoma? A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Uzma Mohammad Siddiqui, Stephany Matta, Mireya Wessolossky, Richard Haas 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Fever Of Unknown Origin: Could It Be A Pheochromocytoma? A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Uzma Mohammad Siddiqui, Stephany Matta, Mireya Wessolossky, Richard Haas

Open Access Articles

Pheochromocytomas are rare tumors that arise from the adrenal medulla, with an incidence of less than 1 per 100,000 person-years. These tumors are characterized by excess catecholamine secretion and classically present with the triad of headaches, palpitations, and sweating episodes. However, the clinical presentation can be quite variable. Herein, we present a patient who presented with persistent fevers. An adrenal mass was incidentally discovered during the extensive investigation for the fever of unknown origin. Consequently, blood and urine tests were done and found to be consistent with a pheochromocytoma. The resection of this pheochromocytoma resulted in resolution of fevers ...


Antidromic Atrioventricular Reentrant Tachycardia Dependent On A Unidirectional Left Anterior Accessory Pathway Mimicking Peri-Mitral Ventricular Tachycardia: Successful Ablation Via A Transseptal Approach, Aamir Hameed, Maryam H. Khan, Hunaina Shahab, , Qamaruddin Roziman 2018 Aga Khan University

Antidromic Atrioventricular Reentrant Tachycardia Dependent On A Unidirectional Left Anterior Accessory Pathway Mimicking Peri-Mitral Ventricular Tachycardia: Successful Ablation Via A Transseptal Approach, Aamir Hameed, Maryam H. Khan, Hunaina Shahab, , Qamaruddin Roziman

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Antidromic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (aAVRT) is rare compared to orthodromic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (oAVRT). An aAVRT that is dependent on a unidirectional, decremental accessory pathway (AP) is even rarer. Idiopathic ventricular tachycardias (iVT) that have benign prognoses and respond well to medical therapy can be confused with aAVRTs dependent on APs having ventricular insertion sites close to the iVT focus and have a real risk of sudden death. The preferred approach of ablation for such tachycardias with anterograde conduction only is a retrograde aortic approach, which facilitates the mapping of the earliest ventricular activation during atrial pacing or tachycardia from ...


Central Precocious Puberty In Boston Boys: A 10-Year Single Center Experience, Lisa Swartz Topor, Kimberly Bowerman, Jason T. Machan, Courtney L. Gilbert, Tairmae Kangarloo, Natalie D. Shaw 2018 Brown University

Central Precocious Puberty In Boston Boys: A 10-Year Single Center Experience, Lisa Swartz Topor, Kimberly Bowerman, Jason T. Machan, Courtney L. Gilbert, Tairmae Kangarloo, Natalie D. Shaw

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies in the US and abroad suggest that boys are undergoing puberty at a younger age. It is unknown if this secular trend extends to boys with central precocious puberty (CPP), who sit at the extreme end of the pubertal spectrum, and if neuroimaging should remain a standard diagnostic tool.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of all boys with CPP seen by Endocrinology at a US pediatric hospital from 2001-2010.

RESULTS: Fifty boys had pubertal onset at an average age of 7.31 years (95CI 6.83-7.89), though many did not present until nearly one year thereafter ...


Data From: Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

IMPORTANCE:

The role of tobacco-smoke exposure on serum vitamin D concentration in US pediatric population is not known. We hypothesized that tobacco smoke exposure would increase the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in US children.

METHODS:

Representative national data were accessed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 databank on 2,263 subjects of ages 3 to 17 years. Subjects were categorized into two groups based on their age: children, if <10 >years; and youth if 10 to 17 years. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the effect of serum cotinine-verified tobacco ...


Pituitary Tuberculoma, Amir Humza Sohail, Umar Farooq Bhatti, Najmul Islam 2018 Aga Khan University

Pituitary Tuberculoma, Amir Humza Sohail, Umar Farooq Bhatti, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Tuberculosis rarely involves the hypothalamo-pituitary region and constitutes only 1% of the lesions involving the sellar and/or suprasellar region. Coleman and Meredith first reported pituitary tuberculosis in 1940, and only a handful of cases have been reported ever since. It may manifest as a chiasmal syndrome due to compression of the optic chiasm or as hypopituitarism due to pituitary destruction. It has a characteristic radiological appearance and can mimic a pituitary adenoma. Diagnostic procedures, such as trans-sphenoidal biopsy, are crucial for accurate diagnosis. We report a case of a 32-year male, who presented with complaints of headache and decreased ...


Evaluation Of A Digital Diabetes Prevention Program Adapted For The Medicaid Population: Study Design And Methods For A Non-Randomized, Controlled Trial., Sue E Kim, Cynthia M Castro Sweet, Eliza Gibson, Erica N Madero, Barbara Rubino, Janina Morrison, Debra Rosen, Wendy Imberg, Michael R Cousineau 2018 Providence Medical Group, Monroe Clinic, 19200 North Kelsey Street, Monroe, WA

Evaluation Of A Digital Diabetes Prevention Program Adapted For The Medicaid Population: Study Design And Methods For A Non-Randomized, Controlled Trial., Sue E Kim, Cynthia M Castro Sweet, Eliza Gibson, Erica N Madero, Barbara Rubino, Janina Morrison, Debra Rosen, Wendy Imberg, Michael R Cousineau

Journal Articles and Abstracts

Previous studies have shown that lifestyle modification can successfully prevent or delay development of type 2 diabetes. This trial aimed to test if an underserved, low-income population would engage in a digital diabetes prevention program and successfully achieve lifestyle changes to reduce their risk of type 2 diabetes. Participants were recruited from three health care facilities serving low-income populations. The inclusion criteria were: a recent blood test indicating prediabetes, body mass index (BMI) > 24 kg/m


Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton

Pediatric Publications and Presentations

IMPORTANCE: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.

AIM: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 +/- 2.9 years, [male 11.7 +/- 2.9 years, (n = 55); female 12 ...


The Effect Of Diabetes Self-Management Education On Hba1c And Quality Of Life In African-Americans: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Amy T. Cunningham, Denine R. Crittendon, Neva White, Geoffrey D. Mills, Victor Diaz, Marianna LaNoue 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

The Effect Of Diabetes Self-Management Education On Hba1c And Quality Of Life In African-Americans: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Amy T. Cunningham, Denine R. Crittendon, Neva White, Geoffrey D. Mills, Victor Diaz, Marianna Lanoue

Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes presents a major morbidity and mortality burden in the United States. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is an intervention associated with improved hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c) and quality of life(QOL), and is recommended for all individuals with type 2 diabetes. African-Americans have disproportionate type 2 diabetes morbidity and mortality, yet no prior meta-analyses have examined DSME outcomes exclusively in this population. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the impact of DSME on HbA1c and QOL in African-Americans compared to usual care.

METHODS: Randomized controlled trials, cluster-randomized trials, and quasi-experimental interventions were included. 352 citations were retrieved; 279 ...


The Synergistic Effects Of Saxagliptin And Metformin On Cd34+ Endothelial Progenitor Cells In Early Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Fiona J Dore, Cleyton C Domingues, Neeki Ahmadi, Nabanita Kundu, Yana Kropotova, Sara Houston, Carol Rouphael, Aytan Mammadova, Linda Witkin, Anamil Khiyami, Richard L Amdur, Sabyasachi Sen 2018 George Washington University

The Synergistic Effects Of Saxagliptin And Metformin On Cd34+ Endothelial Progenitor Cells In Early Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Fiona J Dore, Cleyton C Domingues, Neeki Ahmadi, Nabanita Kundu, Yana Kropotova, Sara Houston, Carol Rouphael, Aytan Mammadova, Linda Witkin, Anamil Khiyami, Richard L Amdur, Sabyasachi Sen

Surgery Faculty Publications

AIMS: Type 2 diabetes is associated with endothelial dysfunction leading to cardiovascular disease. CD34+ endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPCs) are responsible for endothelial repair and neo-angiogenesis and can be used as a cardiovascular disease risk biomarker. This study investigated whether the addition of saxagliptin, a DPP-IV inhibitor, to metformin, may reduce cardiovascular disease risk in addition to improving glycemic control in Type 2 diabetes patients.

METHODS: In 12 week, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial, 42 subjects already taking metformin 1-2 grams/day were randomized to placebo or saxagliptin 5 mg. Subjects aged 40-70 years with diabetes for < 10 years, with no known cardiovascular disease, BMI 25-39.9, HbA1C 6-9% were included. We evaluated EPCs number, function, surface markers and gene expression, in addition to arterial stiffness, blood biochemistries, resting energy expenditure, and body composition parameters. A mixed model regression to examine saxagliptin vs placebo, accounting for within-subject autocorrelation, was done with SAS (p < 0.05).

RESULTS: Although there was no ...


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