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697 full-text articles. Page 1 of 27.

The Interaction Between Growth Hormone And The Thyroid Axis In Hypopituitary Patients: In Vivo And Ex Vivo Studies, Nigel Glynn 2016 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

The Interaction Between Growth Hormone And The Thyroid Axis In Hypopituitary Patients: In Vivo And Ex Vivo Studies, Nigel Glynn

MD theses

Alterations in the hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis have been reported following growth hormone (GH) replacement. The aim of this study was to examine potential mechanisms responsible for GH-induced changes in the HPT axis. Furthermore, we aimed to explore the relationship between changes in the serum concentration of thyroid hormones and peripheral biomarkers of thyroid hormone action, before and after GH replacement.

Twenty men with severe GH deficiency participated in a prospective, observational study of physiological GH replacement. Research measurements were conducted immediately prior to commencing and 3-6 months after GH replacement.

Following GH replacement, the ratio of freeT3:freeT4 in serum ...


The Effects Of Saxagliptin Vs. Gliclazide And Taurine Vs. Placebo On Endothelial Progenitor Cells And Arterial Stiffness In Type 2 Diabetes, Wan Aizad Wan Mahmood 2016 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

The Effects Of Saxagliptin Vs. Gliclazide And Taurine Vs. Placebo On Endothelial Progenitor Cells And Arterial Stiffness In Type 2 Diabetes, Wan Aizad Wan Mahmood

MD theses

Abstract Study 1

Cardiovascular safety of DPP-4 inhibition in participants with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Endothelial Progenitor Cells as an early marker of long-term cardiovascular risk

Endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPCs) play a central role in cardiovascular repair and increasing EPC number is a strong determinant of future cardiovascular risk(1). Interventions, which modify cardiovascular risk, have early effects on EPC number and function (2). Establishing cardiovascular safety of any new anti-diabetic agent typically requires long-term post-marketing trials. DPP-4 inhibitors are a new class of glucose-lowering medication(3). We aimed to evaluate the long-term cardiovascular safety of Saxagliptin (SAX, a DPP-4 ...


Data From: Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise S. Maranda, Ninfa Candela 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise S. Maranda, Ninfa Candela

Pediatric Research Data

This dataset is the primary data source for a manuscript submitted for publication.

Manuscript abstract:

Importance: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with significant morbidity in children and adolescents, and the therapeutic efficacy of available treatment options is limited. The role of vitamin D supplementation in pediatric IBS is unclear as the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS is unknown. Equally the relationship of vitamin D status with psychosomatic symptoms in children and adolescents is unclear.

Aim: To characterize the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS using a case-control study design.

Hypothesis: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 ...


Lack Of Cross-Reactivity Allergy Following A Switch From Alirocumab To Evolocumab, Matthew D. Stryker, Michael Kane, Robert Busch 2016 Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Lack Of Cross-Reactivity Allergy Following A Switch From Alirocumab To Evolocumab, Matthew D. Stryker, Michael Kane, Robert Busch

Excerpts in Pharmacy Research Journal

The proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) gene and gain-of-function mutations were first described in 2003. The gain-of-function mutations observed were associated with low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in the 400’s, in addition to premature cardiovascular disease. Subsequent loss-of-function experiments conducted in mice demonstrated marked reductions in plasma cholesterol levels in the absence of PCSK9. Physiologically, PCSK9 serves as a chaperone protein and functions to reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor recycling; consequently, less LDL-C is removed from circulation and serum lipid concentrations become elevated. Inhibition of PCSK9 prevents LDL receptor degradation and preserves receptor recycling to the hepatocyte surface ...


Understanding Adipocyte Dynamics Through Mathematical Modeling, Katrina Johnson, Fred Adler 2016 University of Utah

Understanding Adipocyte Dynamics Through Mathematical Modeling, Katrina Johnson, Fred Adler

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Acceptability, Feasibility And Efficacy Of A Diabetes Care Support Program Facilitated By Cellular-Enabled Glucose Meters: A Dissertation, Daniel J. Amante 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Evaluating Acceptability, Feasibility And Efficacy Of A Diabetes Care Support Program Facilitated By Cellular-Enabled Glucose Meters: A Dissertation, Daniel J. Amante

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background. Diabetes requires significant disease management, patient-provider communication, and interaction between patients, family members, caregivers, and care teams. Emerging patient-facing technologies, such as cellular-enabled glucose meters, can facilitate additional care support and improve diabetes self-management. This study evaluated patient acceptability, feasibility, and efficacy of a diabetes care support program facilitated by cellular-enabled glucose meters.

Methods. A two-phase study approach was taken. Get In Touch – Phase 1 (GIT-1) was a 1-month pilot involving patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Get In Touch – Phase 2 (GIT-2) was a 12-month randomized controlled crossover trial involving patients with poorly-controlled type 2 diabetes ...


A Longitudinal Study Of Peripubertal Serum Organochlorine Concentrations And Semen Parameters In Young Men: The Russian Children's Study, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Luidmila Smigulina, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser 2016 Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

A Longitudinal Study Of Peripubertal Serum Organochlorine Concentrations And Semen Parameters In Young Men: The Russian Children's Study, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Luidmila Smigulina, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Pediatric Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Exposures to endocrine disrupting chemicals during critical phases of testicular development may be related to poorer semen parameters. However, few studies have assessed the association between childhood organochlorine (OC) exposure and adult semen parameters.

OBJECTIVE: We examined whether peripubertal serum OC concentrations are associated with semen parameters among young Russian men.

METHODS: From 2003 to 2005, 516 boys were enrolled at age 8-9 years and followed for up to ten years. Serum OCs were measured in the enrollment samples using high-resolution mass spectrometry. At age 18-19 years, 133 young men provided one or two semen samples (256 samples) collected ...


The Effect Of Increased Sleep On The Circadian Rhythm Of Salivary Cortisol Concentrations, Mariah Jacqueline Scott 2016 Seton Hall University

The Effect Of Increased Sleep On The Circadian Rhythm Of Salivary Cortisol Concentrations, Mariah Jacqueline Scott

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Cortisol is a salivary marker for the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) component of the stress response. The activity of the HPA demonstrates a circadian rhythm. It is well known that sleep deprivation increases cortisol concentrations. In this study, we looked at the effect of an increase of one-hour sleep for one month on the circadian rhythm of the HPA.

Eight college subjects (n=8) collected saliva during their normal sleep wake cycle every 4 hours for 24 hours. Saliva collections were repeated after a month of increase of sleep by 1-hour. The subjects also completed demographic forms that asked for age ...


The Postfinasteride Syndrome; An Overview, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Florian Popa, Vlad D. Constantin, Adriana Vasilache, Ioana Păunică, Cristian Bălălău, Georgeta P. Păunică, Petrisor Banu, Stana Păunică 2016 Valparaiso University, Department of Psychology

The Postfinasteride Syndrome; An Overview, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Florian Popa, Vlad D. Constantin, Adriana Vasilache, Ioana Păunică, Cristian Bălălău, Georgeta P. Păunică, Petrisor Banu, Stana Păunică

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

As a 5-α reductase inhibitor, Finasteride has proven effective in ameliorating two conditions documented to be androgen dependent, namely male androgenic alopecia and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Therapeutic results are maintained as long as the drug is administered, with treatment cessation generally leading to the return of symptomatology for each condition. In addition, during the therapeutic phase, several adverse effects have been reported, some of which persist long or indefinitely after treatment cessation, known as “post-finasteride syndrome.”

Herein we present and discuss the most common finasteride side effects, along with a psycho-neuroendocrine rationale that could explain the persistence of many adverse ...


Regulation Of Polycystin-1 Function By Calmodulin Binding, Nicholas Doerr, Yidi Wang, Kevin R. Kipp, Guangyi Liu, Jesse J. Benza, Vladimir Pletnev, Tengis S. Pavlov, Alexander Staruschenko, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Maki Takahashi, Surya M. Nauli, Thomas Weimbs 2016 University of California, Santa Barbara

Regulation Of Polycystin-1 Function By Calmodulin Binding, Nicholas Doerr, Yidi Wang, Kevin R. Kipp, Guangyi Liu, Jesse J. Benza, Vladimir Pletnev, Tengis S. Pavlov, Alexander Staruschenko, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Maki Takahashi, Surya M. Nauli, Thomas Weimbs

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a common genetic disease that leads to progressive renal cyst growth and loss of renal function, and is caused by mutations in the genes encoding polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), respectively. The PC1/PC2 complex localizes to primary cilia and can act as a flow-dependent calcium channel in addition to numerous other signaling functions. The exact functions of the polycystins, their regulation and the purpose of the PC1/PC2 channel are still poorly understood. PC1 is an integral membrane protein with a large extracytoplasmic N-terminal domain and a short, ~200 amino acid C-terminal ...


Rediscovery Of Self-Care For Incarcerated Persons With Diabetes, Louise Reagan, Deborah Shelton, Elizabeth Anderson 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Rediscovery Of Self-Care For Incarcerated Persons With Diabetes, Louise Reagan, Deborah Shelton, Elizabeth Anderson

Journal for Evidence-based Practice in Correctional Health

Purpose: To examine self-care for diabetes in the incarcerated population within the framework of the Rediscovery of Self-Care (RSC), a newly developed care model for persons with incarceration experience

Organizing Construct: Diabetes is a chronic illness that requires the development and use complex self-care management skills. The RSC is a strengths-based model promoting the belief that inmate- patients are capable of re-discovering their own strengths for self-care.

Findings: Persons with an incarceration experience have person and environment exposures that reduce their self-care capabilities for diabetes. Using a clinical case management approach, clinicians can assist incarcerated persons with re-entry and re-integration ...


Vitamin D Deficiency In Ambulatory Patients, Lubna M Zuberi, Aysha Habib, Naeemul Haque, Abdul Jabbar 2016 Aga Khan University

Vitamin D Deficiency In Ambulatory Patients, Lubna M Zuberi, Aysha Habib, Naeemul Haque, Abdul Jabbar

Aysha Habib Khan

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of subclinical vitamin D deficiency in an ambulatory care setting.

METHODS: This was an observational study which measured 25 vitamin D levels in medical clinic patients. Patients with chronic renal failure, known osteomalacia and rickets were excluded. A total of 119 patients were evaluated. They were divided in three diagnostic categories based on their serum 25 vitamin D levels. Those with levels below 8 ng/ml were categorized to have severe deficiency, levels between 8 - 20 ng/ml as moderate deficiency and levels of 21-35 mg/ml as mild deficiency.

RESULTS: Of 119 patients, 92 ...


Vitamin D Supplementation: Preventing Fractures, Courtney L. Carn, Michael S. Doherty 2016 James Madison University

Vitamin D Supplementation: Preventing Fractures, Courtney L. Carn, Michael S. Doherty

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To assess the ability of vitamin D supplementation in preventing musculoskeletal fractures. Methods: Systematic literature review using Google Scholar search terms “vitamin D supplementation” and “preventing hip fractures” from 2006-2015. Only RCTs, meta-analysis, and clinical guidelines were included. Results: Our search resulted in one meta-analysis and two randomized controlled trials. Conclusion: The summation of our investigation into vitamin D deficiency and the presence of musculoskeletal fractures has proven to be relatively inconclusive. The resulting data from our three studies did not provide any definitive proof that improved vitamin D levels correlates with better bone health.


Want To Lose Weight? Commercial Weight Loss Programs Vs. Primary Care, Jessica Jacobson, Katherine Chui 2016 James Madison University

Want To Lose Weight? Commercial Weight Loss Programs Vs. Primary Care, Jessica Jacobson, Katherine Chui

Physician Assistant Capstones

Context Overweight and obesity rates are on a continuous incline in the United States leading to increased rates of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and death. Much of the healthcare costs are going into treating this disease; therefore, it is vital to find effective weight loss treatments in both the primary care and community settings to reduce the prevalence of overweight and obesity and subsequent healthcare costs.

Objective To assess whether primary care-based therapy or commercial weight loss programs help overweight and obese patients lose 5% of their weight from baseline.

Design, Setting and Participants A systematic review of four randomized control ...


Retrospective Review Of Maternal And Fetal Outcomes Of Indigent Gestational Diabetes Patients Treated With Diet Monotherapy Or Diet And Insulin, Sara Wilson Reece, Harish S. Parihar, Mark Martinez, Nicole Taylor 2016 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Retrospective Review Of Maternal And Fetal Outcomes Of Indigent Gestational Diabetes Patients Treated With Diet Monotherapy Or Diet And Insulin, Sara Wilson Reece, Harish S. Parihar, Mark Martinez, Nicole Taylor

Sara Wilson Reece

No abstract provided.


Medication Management In Diverse Populations, Sara Wilson Reece, Julie Sease 2016 Presbyterian College

Medication Management In Diverse Populations, Sara Wilson Reece, Julie Sease

Sara Wilson Reece

No abstract provided.


Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, MD, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, MD, Franklin D. Shuler, MD, PhD 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Vitamin K is known to play an essential role in the coagulation cascade; however, a growing body of research has found that a subtype of this vitamin, vitamin K2 (menaquinone) may have a beneficial effect in osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. This purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of recent literature regarding menaquinone and its role in human health. This review discusses the physiology of menaquinone, its clinical benefits in cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and cancer, and how it may interact with certain medications. The authors conclude that menaquinone supplementation has been shown to improve carboxylation ...


Mechanisms Of Progranulin Action And Regulation In Genitourinary Cancers., Ryuta Tanimoto, Kuojung G Lu, Shi-Qiong Xu, Simone Buraschi, Antonino Belfiore, Renato V. Iozzo, Andrea Morrione 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Mechanisms Of Progranulin Action And Regulation In Genitourinary Cancers., Ryuta Tanimoto, Kuojung G Lu, Shi-Qiong Xu, Simone Buraschi, Antonino Belfiore, Renato V. Iozzo, Andrea Morrione

Department of Urology Faculty Papers

The growth factor progranulin has emerged in recent years as a critical regulator of transformation in several cancer models, including breast cancer, glioblastomas, leukemias, and hepatocellular carcinomas. Several laboratories, including ours, have also demonstrated an important role of progranulin in several genitourinary cancers, including ovarian, endometrial, cervical, prostate, and bladder tumors, where progranulin acts as an autocrine growth factor thereby modulating motility and invasion of transformed cells. In this review, we will focus on the mechanisms of action and regulation of progranulin signaling in genitourinary cancers with a special emphasis on prostate and bladder tumors.


Bilateral Adrenal Hemorrhage In A Patient With Antiphospholipid Syndrome, Silpa Yalamanchili, MD 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Bilateral Adrenal Hemorrhage In A Patient With Antiphospholipid Syndrome, Silpa Yalamanchili, Md

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage is relatively uncommon, with a reported incidence in the United States of 0.3-1.8% in hospital post-mortems1.Clinical manifestations of adrenal hemorrhage are widely variable, making diagnosis a challenge. Left undiagnosed and untreated, bilateral adrenal hemorrhage may lead to cardiovascular collapse and/or death. Here we present a rare case of bilateral adrenal hemorrhage in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome; the aim of this case, and the corresponding literature review, is to highlight risk factors for and management of this condition.


Amiodarone-Induced Thyrotoxicosis And Ventricular Arrhythmias: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Ashish Shah, MD 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Amiodarone-Induced Thyrotoxicosis And Ventricular Arrhythmias: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Ashish Shah, Md

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Amiodarone is a common drug used to treat arrhythmias and its side effects are diverse. An important adverse effect is amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT), which can potentially lead to a pro-arrythmogenic state. There have been limited studies on the pathogenesis of how thyrotoxicosis increases the risk of ventricular arrhythmias, which causes providers to face a therapeutic challenge in patients who require this medication for the prevention of life threatening arrhythmias. This case report will present a patient with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) who had recurrent ventricular arrhythmias on chronic amiodarone therapy in the setting of AIT.


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