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Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Commons

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Rising Costs Of Insulin And Effects Of Self-Management In Type 1 Diabetes, Justine Yadao 2022 Dominican University of California

Rising Costs Of Insulin And Effects Of Self-Management In Type 1 Diabetes, Justine Yadao

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes is a chronic condition where the pancreas may not be able to produce little to no insulin. This type of diabetes can be attributed to some factors such as age, family history, environmental factors or types of viruses. It is seen more often in children or adolescence but can develop in adults, averaging approximately 5-10% of the population.

Insulin is a type of hormone produced in the pancreas naturally or can be manufactured in the laboratory. People with Type 1 Diabetes need insulin from an exogenous source to ...


Reporting Standards For Machine Learning Research In Type 2 Diabetes, Grace Kang 2022 Western University

Reporting Standards For Machine Learning Research In Type 2 Diabetes, Grace Kang

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

In this project, three people scored 90 papers on machine learning predictive models for type 2 diabetes to assess their adherence to TRIPOD, MI-CLAIM, and DOME reporting guidelines.


Perceptions Of Using Diabetic Alert Dogs To Promote Occupations And Quality Of Life, Haley Speake, Rocio Alvarenga, Adam Gibson 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Perceptions Of Using Diabetic Alert Dogs To Promote Occupations And Quality Of Life, Haley Speake, Rocio Alvarenga, Adam Gibson

Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium, Summer 2022

This capstone project consisted of a pilot phenomenological qualitative research study with the goal of assessing diabetic alert dogs' impact on their owners' occupations and quality of life from the owner's perspective. Individuals with type 1 diabetes that personally own a diabetic alert dog were interviewed virtually using a semi-structured approach. The goal of the interview questions was to gather information regarding health management, daily occupations, and quality of life. Gaps in the research were identified, and it was found that few research studies focused on the impact or benefits of a diabetic alert dog from the owner’s ...


Challenges Of Diagnosing Pseudohypoaldosteronism (Pha) In An Infant., Ghufran Babar, Minah Tariq 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Challenges Of Diagnosing Pseudohypoaldosteronism (Pha) In An Infant., Ghufran Babar, Minah Tariq

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background. Pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) is characterized by renal tubular resistance to aldosterone. As a result, the symptoms typically involve hyperkalemia and hyponatremia. The aim of this clinical case report is to highlight the severe electrolyte imbalance PHA can present within an infant, as well as difficulties in diagnosing the condition. Case Presentation. A 5-week-old male arrived at the ER with episodes of emesis, lethargy, and difficulty in feeding. He had significant electrolyte abnormalities and was being treated by his PCP for failure to thrive. He presented with urinary sodium wasting, indicated by hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, low chloride, and hypercalcemia. Patient was treated ...


Offspring Conceived Through Art Have Normal Thyroid Function In Adolescence And As Young Adults, L. A. Wijs, D. A. Doherty, J. A. Keelan, V. Panicker, P. Burton, J. L. Yovich, R. J. Hart 2022 Edith Cowan University

Offspring Conceived Through Art Have Normal Thyroid Function In Adolescence And As Young Adults, L. A. Wijs, D. A. Doherty, J. A. Keelan, V. Panicker, P. Burton, J. L. Yovich, R. J. Hart

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in thyroid function between adolescents and young adults conceived with and without ART? SUMMARY ANSWER: This study demonstrated no evidence of clinically relevant differences in thyroid function between adolescents and young adults conceived with and without ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Studies to date have reported an increase in subclinical hypothyroidism in offspring conceived after ART. It has been suggested that the increase in maternal estrogen (E2) after fresh embryo transfers could affect thyroid function of the offspring. Suboptimal thyroid function at a young age can cause irreversible damage to the central nervous system, which ...


Free Silicone-Induced Granulomatosis And Hypercalcemia In A Transgender Female, Brian L. Pando, Benjamin Goldsmith, Adam Lane Webb, Komal Kinger, Brian Helmly 2022 Memorial Health University Medical Center

Free Silicone-Induced Granulomatosis And Hypercalcemia In A Transgender Female, Brian L. Pando, Benjamin Goldsmith, Adam Lane Webb, Komal Kinger, Brian Helmly

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Vitamin D derangements are a rare but important cause of hypercalcemia. Granulomatous disease is a primary cause of vitamin D derangements and is frequently associated with sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and in the present case, foreign body granulomatosis. Liquid or injectable silicone is used as a filler for cosmetic body contouring. Transgender patients may seek silicone injections as part of gender affirmation surgeries. Granuloma formation is a rare but well-described complication of injectable silicone.

Case Description

A 40-year-old, assigned male at birth (AMAB) transgender female patient, with a history of HIV and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3b, was admitted to ...


Sinus Pauses And Asystole As A Rare Presentation Of Thyrotoxic Crisis: A Case Report, Christian Akem Dimala, Charnjeet Sandhu, Oreoluwa Oladiran, Agnieszka Mochon, William Finneran III 2022 Reading Hospital Tower Health, West Reading, PA, USA

Sinus Pauses And Asystole As A Rare Presentation Of Thyrotoxic Crisis: A Case Report, Christian Akem Dimala, Charnjeet Sandhu, Oreoluwa Oladiran, Agnieszka Mochon, William Finneran Iii

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

Introduction

Thyroid crisis is a rare and life-threatening endocrine emergency characterized by exaggerated clinical manifestations of hyperthyroidism with cardiovascular manifestations being the most severe. Rhythm disturbances, sinus tachycardia and atrial fibrillation, are the commonest cardiac manifestations of severe thyrotoxicosis; however, asystole remains a very atypical and uncommon presentation. We present a case of thyrotoxicosis due to Grave’s disease complicated by multiple episodes of asystole.

Case Presentation

A 65-year-old female recently diagnosed with Grave’s disease presented to the hospital with recurrent episodes of syncope. Her hospital course was significant for atrial fibrillation with subsequent progression to sinus pauses and ...


Severe To Very Severe Hypertriglyceridemia Management, Lauren Johnston, Rachel K. Bennings 2022 Covenant Health System

Severe To Very Severe Hypertriglyceridemia Management, Lauren Johnston, Rachel K. Bennings

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

Background: HTG-induced acute pancreatitis (HTG-IAP) is the third most common cause of pancreatitis, accounting for approximately 14% of cases. Knowing best care practices and having protocols to care for this patient population is imperative. Nurses working on the frontline of care noticed an increase in patients with HTG-IAP being admitted to their critical care unit, thus looking for an answer to how to best care for them became crucial. Nurses sought to find an answer to what evidence-based care delivery to this patient population is available in peer-reviewed literature.

Purpose/aims: Investigators sought to answer the question, “In adults (>18 ...


Association Of Plasma Neurofilament Light Chain With Glycaemic Control And Insulin Resistance In Middle-Aged Adults, Rohith N. Thota, Pratishtha Chatterjee, Steve Pedrini, Eugene Hone, Jessica J. A. Ferguson, Manohar L. Garg, Ralph N. Martins 2022 Edith Cowan University

Association Of Plasma Neurofilament Light Chain With Glycaemic Control And Insulin Resistance In Middle-Aged Adults, Rohith N. Thota, Pratishtha Chatterjee, Steve Pedrini, Eugene Hone, Jessica J. A. Ferguson, Manohar L. Garg, Ralph N. Martins

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Aims: This study aimed to determine the association of plasma neurofilament light (NfL), a marker of neurodegeneration, with diabetes status and glycaemic parameters in people with normal glycaemia (NG), pre-diabetes (PD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods: Clinical and descriptive data for the diagnostic groups, NG (n=30), PD (n=48) and T2D (n=29), aged between 40 and 75 years were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Plasma NfL levels were analyzed using the ultra-sensitive single-molecule array (Simoa) platform. Results: A positive correlation was evident between plasma NfL and fasting glucose (r = 0.2824; p = 0.0032). Plasma NfL levels ...


The Association Between Fgf21 And Diabetic Erectile Dysfunction: Evidence From Clinical And Animal Studies, Song Yang, Yichun Zhang, Xiaohui Lyu, Yuanyuan Gu, Guodong Zhang, Pengcheng Liu, Yulu Zheng, Zheng Guo, Yanbo Zhang, Haifeng Hou 2022 Edith Cowan University

The Association Between Fgf21 And Diabetic Erectile Dysfunction: Evidence From Clinical And Animal Studies, Song Yang, Yichun Zhang, Xiaohui Lyu, Yuanyuan Gu, Guodong Zhang, Pengcheng Liu, Yulu Zheng, Zheng Guo, Yanbo Zhang, Haifeng Hou

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Erectile dysfunction (ED), a complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), affects 50–75% of men with diabetes. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a liver-derived metabolic regulator which plays a role in insulin-independent glucose uptake in adipocytes. We designed a clinical study and an animal experiment to investigate the relationship between FGF21 and DM-induced ED. The clinical study enrolled 93 participants aged > 18 years (61 patients with type 2 DM and 32 healthy controls) from Taian City Central Hospital (TCCH) in Shandong Province, China, amongst whom the association between serum FGF21 and diabetic ED was analyzed. To further validate this association ...


Use Of Cgm In Monitoring Neonatal Diabetes, Emily Metzinger, Kelsee Halpin 2022 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Use Of Cgm In Monitoring Neonatal Diabetes, Emily Metzinger, Kelsee Halpin

Posters

Introduction Although continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has increased in patients with Type 1 diabetes, its use in the neonatal population has remained limited. Neonates, particularly preterm infants, are at risk of impaired glucose control. Several studies have looked at the use of these devices in improving care for premature infants without diabetes. We describe a case of a very low birth infant with neonatal diabetes secondary to a GATA-6 mutation. Clinical Case This is a late preterm infant with IUGR, truncus arteriosus, and neonatal diabetes. Exome genetic panel showed a mutation in GATA-6. Her neonatal diabetes was challenging to control ...


Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia And Growth Hormone Deficiency Secondary To 20p11 Deletion, Erica Wee, Kavitha Dileepan, Sarah Tsai, Emily Paprocki 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia And Growth Hormone Deficiency Secondary To 20p11 Deletion, Erica Wee, Kavitha Dileepan, Sarah Tsai, Emily Paprocki

Posters

No abstract provided.


Hemoglobin A1c Increase In Youth At Risk For Developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Erica Wee, Ashley Sherman, Mark A. Clements, Kelsee Halpin, Yun Yan 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Hemoglobin A1c Increase In Youth At Risk For Developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Erica Wee, Ashley Sherman, Mark A. Clements, Kelsee Halpin, Yun Yan

Posters

No abstract provided.


Service Provider Perspectives On Exploring Social Determinants Of Health Impacting Type 2 Diabetes Management For South Asian Adults In Peel Region, Canada, Chelsea D’Silva, Nuzha Hafleen, Elizabeth Mansfield, Sara Martel, Dianne Fierheller, Ananya Banerjee, Gurpreet Malhotra, Baldev Mutta, Puneet Dhillon, Zofishan Hasan, Amish Parikh, Amish Parikh, Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Ferzana Chaze, Ian Zenlea 2022 Institute for Better Health, Trillium Health Partners

Service Provider Perspectives On Exploring Social Determinants Of Health Impacting Type 2 Diabetes Management For South Asian Adults In Peel Region, Canada, Chelsea D’Silva, Nuzha Hafleen, Elizabeth Mansfield, Sara Martel, Dianne Fierheller, Ananya Banerjee, Gurpreet Malhotra, Baldev Mutta, Puneet Dhillon, Zofishan Hasan, Amish Parikh, Amish Parikh, Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Ferzana Chaze, Ian Zenlea

Publications and Scholarship

Background

Individuals from South Asian communities are known to have a higher likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) which is often attributed to individual lifestyle and behavioral factors. This focus on individual responsibility can position communities as complicit in their illness, compounding stigmatization and systemic discrimination. This manuscript explores the social determinants of health (SDOH) that influence health behaviors among South Asian adults with T2D from a service provider perspective.

Methods

Using a qualitative descriptive design, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 12 community, social, and healthcare service providers. We used thematic analysis and the analytical concept of intersectionality to ...


The Efficacy Of Tailored Text Messages To Improve Medication Adherence And Lifestyle Changes For Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Vanessa B. Silverio 2022 Valparaiso University

The Efficacy Of Tailored Text Messages To Improve Medication Adherence And Lifestyle Changes For Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Vanessa B. Silverio

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease characterized by increased amounts of glucose in the blood, and is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (United Health Foundation [UHF]), 2021). T2DM can be effectively treated with medication and behavioral lifestyle modifications. Even small improvements in glycemic control can reduce the risk for debilitating complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, sepsis, and retinopathy (Wang et al., 2021, Haider et al., 2019). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to identify the most effective intervention for improving medication adherence, lifestyle changes, and hemoglobin ...


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Erica Wee 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Erica Wee

Research Days

Watch recording of live presentation.

Background The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in youth has increased significantly over the past decades secondary to the increased prevalence of obesity. Epidemiologic data estimates that the incidence of youth-onset T2D increased 5% per year between 2002 and 2012. Recent studies have shown that childhood obesity increased with the COVID-19 pandemic. However, if this resulted in increased incidence of T2D has not been well-reported.

Objectives: This study seeks to evaluate new-onset T2D in youth during the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2020 to February 2021). We examined the frequency of new-onset T2D and proportion ...


A Case Of Diabulimia In A 23-Year-Old Woman With Extensive Comorbidities, Stephen Poos, Kaitlin McGowan, Ashaki Martin 2022 Rowan University

A Case Of Diabulimia In A 23-Year-Old Woman With Extensive Comorbidities, Stephen Poos, Kaitlin Mcgowan, Ashaki Martin

Stratford Campus Research Day

Diabulimia is defined as intentionally withholding insulin injections for the purpose of weight loss in the setting of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D).

It is characterized as an eating disorder (ED), although it does not yet have DSM diagnosis status.

Recognition of the condition among medical professionals is limited but growing.


Case Report: Thyrotoxic Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis, Kelly Schuitema, Wayne Tamaska, Robin Lahr 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: Thyrotoxic Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis, Kelly Schuitema, Wayne Tamaska, Robin Lahr

Stratford Campus Research Day

Thyrotoxic crisis, or thyroid storm, is an acute, life threatening event caused by hyperthyroidism with mortality up to 8-25% that can present with multi-system organ involvement. It is a rare, but well studied complication in the emergency department but can lead to further, less common complications. In this study we will discuss a case of thyrotoxic hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Thyrotoxic hypokalemic periodic paralysis (TPP) most commonly affects Asian men. The key features of the syndrome include acute onset of hypokalemia and paralysis. The hypokalemic aspect of the disorder is secondary to the shift intracellularly by thyroid hormones’ sensitization of Na ...


Case Report: Octreotide Associated Hyperkalemia, Darren Finn, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Andrew Caravello, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: Octreotide Associated Hyperkalemia, Darren Finn, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Andrew Caravello, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

78-year-old female with past medical history of acromegaly status post pituitary adenoma status post resection presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain. ED workup was not significant for any acute intra-abdominal abnormalities; however, incidental finding of hyperkalemia was pertinent to the visit. Patient was treated in the ED for her condition but her potassium levels remained elevated despite repeated saline infusions. Patient was ultimately admitted to the hospital where it was discovered that she had recently been switched from octreotide injections to an oral somatostatin analogue Mycapssa. We believe that this patient’s hyperkalemia was caused by octreotide-induced insulin ...


Wernicke’S Encephalopathy Secondary To Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Mohammad Rattu, Alexander Norinsky, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema 2022 Rowan University

Wernicke’S Encephalopathy Secondary To Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Mohammad Rattu, Alexander Norinsky, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

Wernicke’s encephalopathy (WE) is a neurological disorder secondary to thiamine deficiency that is precipitated by administration of glucose-containing fluids prior to thiamine supplementation. Though WE is typically diagnosed among alcoholics (12.5%), the prevalence among nonalcoholics can vary from 0.04-0.13%. Around 30-40% of patients with underlying thiamine deficiency will only experience one of the symptoms from the typical triad, with the complete triad (encephalopathy, oculomotor dysfunction/nystagmus, and ataxia) only evident among 5-16% of the population. Among the non-alcoholic patient population presenting with WE, a history of vomiting is more frequent. While nausea affects around 80% of ...


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