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Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Commons

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714 full-text articles. Page 1 of 27.

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


Understanding The Blogging Practices Of Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (Ivf): A Discourse Analysis Of Women’S Ivf Blogs, Elizabeth Orr, Susan M. Jack, Wendy Sword, Sandra Ireland, Lois Ostolosky 2017 McMaster University

Understanding The Blogging Practices Of Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (Ivf): A Discourse Analysis Of Women’S Ivf Blogs, Elizabeth Orr, Susan M. Jack, Wendy Sword, Sandra Ireland, Lois Ostolosky

The Qualitative Report

Infertility and its associated treatments, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), can have a profound impact on the emotional health and well-being of women desiring to become mothers. Researchers have measured the impact of infertility and described the experience of infertility and its treatment, leaving the rich descriptions of the IVF experience as captured in women’s blogs to be explored. This discourse analysis describes the blogging practices of women undergoing IVF, exploring both the content and function of the IVF blog discourse. Data were collected from the text of seven women’s blogs (n=1,149 blog posts) and resulted ...


An Unusual Pathogen Causing Native Valve Endocarditis., Aneela Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil 2017 Aga Khan University

An Unusual Pathogen Causing Native Valve Endocarditis., Aneela Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil

Bushra Jamil

No abstract provided.


Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen BenHamed, Franklin D. Shuler 2017 Marshall University

Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen Benhamed, Franklin D. Shuler

Franklin D. Shuler

Abstract

Background

Osteoporotic hip fractures have become an increasingly common healthcare burden with significant morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population. Pharmacological management of the underlying osteoporosis is critical. Our objective is to determine the percentage of patients older than 65 who receive pharmacologic treatment of osteoporosis within six months after a fragility fracture at Cabell Huntington Hospital.

Methods

Data was extracted from medical records for patients age 65 or older who sustained a hip fracture during June 2013 - March 2015. Patients who received any form of pharmacologic treatment within six months after their fractures were identified. All analyses were ...


Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen BenHamed, Franklin D. Shuler 2017 Marshall University

Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen Benhamed, Franklin D. Shuler

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Background

Osteoporotic hip fractures have become an increasingly common healthcare burden with significant morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population. Pharmacological management of the underlying osteoporosis is critical. Our objective is to determine the percentage of patients older than 65 who receive pharmacologic treatment of osteoporosis within six months after a fragility fracture at Cabell Huntington Hospital.

Methods

Data was extracted from medical records for patients age 65 or older who sustained a hip fracture during June 2013 - March 2015. Patients who received any form of pharmacologic treatment within six months after their fractures were identified. All analyses were ...


Betel Nut Use And Hyperglycemia, Edward Nabrinsky, Badar Hasan, Talal Asif, Rebecca R. Pauly 2017 University of Missouri-Kansas City

Betel Nut Use And Hyperglycemia, Edward Nabrinsky, Badar Hasan, Talal Asif, Rebecca R. Pauly

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Betel nut chewing previously has not been common in North America, yet it is the fourth major source of addiction and abuse worldwide. Approximately 700 million individuals, or 10 % of the global population, chew beetle nut on regular basis. It is important for patient safety and improved quality to recognize its use in uncontrolled diabetes. Our case is of a 49 year-old Burmese female with PMH of DM2, HTN, and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) who presented with a complaint of dizziness. Patient denied alcohol or tobacco use, but reported a 20-year history of betel nut chewing (4-5 times/day ...


Patterns, Control And Complications Of Diabetes From A Hospital Based Registry Established In A Low Income Country., Jaweed Akhter, Asma Ahmed, Minaz Mawani, Laila Lakhani,, Ayaz Kalsekar, Shehla Tabassum, Najmul Islam 2017 SETMA Diabetes Center, Beaumont, TX, USA.

Patterns, Control And Complications Of Diabetes From A Hospital Based Registry Established In A Low Income Country., Jaweed Akhter, Asma Ahmed, Minaz Mawani, Laila Lakhani,, Ayaz Kalsekar, Shehla Tabassum, Najmul Islam

Department of Medicine

Background: Diabetes registry enables practitioners to measure the characteristics and patterns of diabetes across their patient population. They also provide insight into practice patterns which can be very effective in improving care and preventing complications. The aim of this study was to assess the patterns, control levels and complications at the baseline of the patients attending clinic at the large tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan with the help of the registry. This can be used as a reference to monitor the control and also for a comparison between peer groups.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study with the ...


A Longitudinal Study Of Peripubertal Serum Organochlorine Concentrations And Semen Parameters In Young Men: The Russian Children's Study, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Luidmila Smigulina, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser 2017 Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

A Longitudinal Study Of Peripubertal Serum Organochlorine Concentrations And Semen Parameters In Young Men: The Russian Children's Study, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Luidmila Smigulina, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Exposures to endocrine disrupting chemicals during critical phases of testicular development may be related to poorer semen parameters. However, few studies have assessed the association between childhood organochlorine (OC) exposure and adult semen parameters.

OBJECTIVE: We examined whether peripubertal serum OC concentrations are associated with semen parameters among young Russian men.

METHODS: From 2003 to 2005, 516 boys were enrolled at age 8-9 years and followed for up to ten years. Serum OCs were measured in the enrollment samples using high-resolution mass spectrometry. At age 18-19 years, 133 young men provided one or two semen samples (256 samples) collected ...


Exploring Autonomy Support In Shared Decision Making And Patient Activation Of Diabetes Self-Care Behaviors, Carol Mahler Hamersky 2017 Seton Hall University

Exploring Autonomy Support In Shared Decision Making And Patient Activation Of Diabetes Self-Care Behaviors, Carol Mahler Hamersky

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Introduction:

Chronic disease places a different set of demands on an individual and family. Self-care behaviors and daily decision making is an integral part of diabetes management. According to the CDC (2014), the prevalence of Diabetes is estimated at 29.1 million and an alarming 86 million Americans have Pre-diabetes. Despite a plethora of evidence on the importance of diabetes self-care behaviors on clinical outcomes, studies have highlighted the current disconnect of patients not able to follow self-care behavior recommendations and not asking for help from their health care providers. There is no literature on the impact of an autonomy ...


A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Endocrinology/Diabetes

IMPORTANCE: >50% of patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) do not enter partial clinical remission (PCR); early identification of these patients may improve initial glycemic control and reduce long-term complications.

AIM: To determine whether routinely obtainable clinical parameters predict non-remission in children and adolescents with new-onset T1D.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on remission were collected for the first 36 months of disease in 204 subjects of ages 2-14 years with new-onset type 1 diabetes. There were 86 remitters (age 9.1±3.0y; male 57%), and 118 non-remitters (age 7.0±3.1y; male 40.7%). PCR was defined ...


Effect Of Postprandial Walking On The Glycemic Effect Of A Meal: Type I Diabetes, Samantha L. Hinojosa 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

Effect Of Postprandial Walking On The Glycemic Effect Of A Meal: Type I Diabetes, Samantha L. Hinojosa

Theses & Dissertations

This study was conducted to determine if 15 minutes of postprandial light walking has an effect on the glycemic response to a Boost® beverage in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Seven participants, 22.3 + 4.3 yrs, with type 1 diabetes completed the two days of data collection. On day 1, participants measured baseline fasting blood glucose (BG) with a glucometer, consumed a Boost® beverage, and sat quietly, repeating BG measurements 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minute. On day 2, participants repeated the protocol, but walked 15 minutes at a light pace (50-60% max HR) immediately after beverage consumption ...


A Mixed-Methods Study: Self-Efficacy And Barriers To Participation In Workplace Wellness Programs, Massiel Perez-Calhoon 2017 Brandman University

A Mixed-Methods Study: Self-Efficacy And Barriers To Participation In Workplace Wellness Programs, Massiel Perez-Calhoon

Dissertations

America needs a healthy workforce to sustain the country. The scourge of obesity continues to plague Americans despite government initiatives such as the Affordable Care Act and wellness programs in the workplace to combat this epidemic. However, despite initiatives to make America healthy, barriers continued to impede the nation’s health. Lack of awareness and sensitivity to what motivates individual participants versus group participants built formidable barriers to accessing all workplace employees equitably. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the intent of this study was to explore the relationship between self-efficacy and the impact on participation and engagement ...


The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus accounts for approximately 5% of the diabetic population (CDC, 2015). Numerous complications must be avoided when a diabetic is insulin dependent. Women who are diabetic who are planning to conceive a family have special considerations. Little research has been focused into how to best manage Type 1 diabetics during pregnancy. Since Type 1 diabetes is predominantly diagnosed between birth and 30 years of age, many Type 1 diabetics have potential to become pregnant without knowing how to best manage their diabetes. Poor glycemic control in diabetics has been related to miscarriages, stillbirths, malformations, and macrosomia (Lapolla ...


Positive Affect Predicts Cerebral Glucose Metabolism In Late Middle-Aged Adults., Christopher Nicholas, Siobhan M Hoscheidt, Lindsay R Clark, Annie M Racine, Sara E Berman, Rebecca L Koscik, N Maritza Dowling, Sanjay Asthana, Bradley T Christian, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson 2017 George Washington University

Positive Affect Predicts Cerebral Glucose Metabolism In Late Middle-Aged Adults., Christopher Nicholas, Siobhan M Hoscheidt, Lindsay R Clark, Annie M Racine, Sara E Berman, Rebecca L Koscik, N Maritza Dowling, Sanjay Asthana, Bradley T Christian, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson

GW Biostatistics Center

Positive affect is associated with a number of health benefits; however, few studies have examined the relationship between positive affect and cerebral glucose metabolism, a key energy source for neuronal function and a possible index of brain health. We sought to determine if positive affect was associated with cerebral glucose metabolism in late middle-aged adults (n = 133). Participants completed the positive affect subscale of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale at two time points over a two-year period and underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography scanning. After controlling for age, sex, perceived health status, depressive symptoms, anti-depressant use, family history of ...


Promotion Of New Diabetes Products In The District Of Columbia, Joy Eckert, Dilpan Sundaramoorthy, Alycia Hogenmiller 2017 George Washington University

Promotion Of New Diabetes Products In The District Of Columbia, Joy Eckert, Dilpan Sundaramoorthy, Alycia Hogenmiller

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background: Growth in pharmaceutical expenditures for diabetes outpaced growth in diabetes prevalence. Prescribers accepting gifts and meals from pharmaceutical companies have been linked with higher prescription rates and costs[1]. Pharmaceutical marketing to these prescribers and patients often promotes newer, more expensive drugs, such as the GLP-1 analogues and SGL-2 inhibitors. These two drug classes are more expensive but no more effective than metformin,[2] the recommended first-line treatment for diabetes, and the oldest and cheapest available treatment. We investigated how cost of diabetes treatment was affected by marketing practices in the District of Columbia.

Methods: The AccessRx program in ...


Increase Your Healthspan By Mimicking Hunter Gathers' Meal Frequency, Jake Jacobson 2017 Ancestry Foundation

Increase Your Healthspan By Mimicking Hunter Gathers' Meal Frequency, Jake Jacobson

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Dietary Refinement And The Upper Gut Microbiota: The Starting Point For Obesity And Non-Communicable Diseases?, Ian Spreadbury 2017 Ancestral Health Society

Dietary Refinement And The Upper Gut Microbiota: The Starting Point For Obesity And Non-Communicable Diseases?, Ian Spreadbury

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Impaired Osteogenesis Of T1dm Bone Marrow-Derived Stromal Cells And Periosteum-Derived Cells And Their Differential In-Vitro Responses To Growth Factor Rescue, Tera M. Filion, Jordan D. Skelly, Henry Huang, Dale L. Greiner, David C. Ayers, Jie Song 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Impaired Osteogenesis Of T1dm Bone Marrow-Derived Stromal Cells And Periosteum-Derived Cells And Their Differential In-Vitro Responses To Growth Factor Rescue, Tera M. Filion, Jordan D. Skelly, Henry Huang, Dale L. Greiner, David C. Ayers, Jie Song

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Poor bone quality, increased fracture risks, and impaired bone healing are orthopedic comorbidities of type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Standard osteogenic growth factor treatments are inadequate in fully rescuing retarded healing of traumatic T1DM long bone injuries where both periosteal and bone marrow niches are disrupted. We test the hypotheses that osteogenesis of bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BMSCs) and periosteum-derived cells (PDCs), two critical skeletal progenitors in long bone healing, are both impaired in T1DM and that they respond differentially to osteogenic bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and/or insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) rescue.

METHODS: BMSCs and PDCs were isolated from ...


Incidental Metastatic Mediastinal Atypical Carcinoid In A Patient With Parathyroid Adenoma: A Case Report., Zareen Kiran,, Asma Ahmed, Owais Rashid, Saira Fatima, Faizan Malik, Saulat H. Fatimi, Mubasher Ikram 2017 Aga Khan University

Incidental Metastatic Mediastinal Atypical Carcinoid In A Patient With Parathyroid Adenoma: A Case Report., Zareen Kiran,, Asma Ahmed, Owais Rashid, Saira Fatima, Faizan Malik, Saulat H. Fatimi, Mubasher Ikram

Department of Medicine

Background: Atypical carcinoid arising from the mediastinal tissue is a rare neuroendocrine tumor and an association with parathyroid adenoma is very unusual. We report an unusual case of atypical carcinoid of mediastinum with metastasis in a patient presenting with parathyroid adenoma, which is the first case to be reported from Pakistan.

Case presentation: A 51-year-old Pakistani man was seen in postoperative intensive care after right parathyroidectomy and mediastinal mass resection for the management of postoperative hypocalcaemia. He had a background history of dyspnea. Examination was unremarkable. Preoperative laboratory evaluation revealed a calcium level of 12.7 mg/dl, phosphate of ...


Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Ninfa Candela 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Ninfa Candela

Endocrinology/Diabetes

IMPORTANCE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with significant morbidity in children and adolescents, and the therapeutic efficacy of available treatment options is limited. The role of vitamin D supplementation in pediatric IBS is unclear as the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS is unknown. Equally, the relationship of vitamin D status with psychosomatic symptoms in children and adolescents is unclear.

AIM: To characterize the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS using a case-control study design.

HYPOTHESIS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration will be similar between patients with IBS and controls.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS ...


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