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The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


Chronic Hypobaric Hypoxia Modulates Primary Cilia Differently In Adult And Fetal Ovine Kidneys, Kiumars Shamloo, Juan Chen, Jasmine Sardar, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Kimberly F. Atkinson, William J. Pearce, Lubo Zhang, Surya M. Nauli 2017 Chapman University

Chronic Hypobaric Hypoxia Modulates Primary Cilia Differently In Adult And Fetal Ovine Kidneys, Kiumars Shamloo, Juan Chen, Jasmine Sardar, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Kimberly F. Atkinson, William J. Pearce, Lubo Zhang, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Hypoxic environments at high altitude have significant effects on kidney injury. Following injury, renal primary cilia display length alterations. Primary cilia are mechanosensory organelles that regulate tubular architecture. The effect of hypoxia on cilia length is still controversial in cultured cells, and no corresponding in vivo study exists. Using fetal and adult sheep, we here study the effect of chronic hypobaric hypoxia on the renal injury, intracellular calcium signaling and the relationship between cilia length and cilia function. Our results show that although long-term hypoxia induces renal fibrosis in both fetal and adult kidneys, fetal kidneys are more susceptible to ...


Treating Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Subcutaneous Insulin?, Marlene Aziza Azar 2017 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Treating Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Subcutaneous Insulin?, Marlene Aziza Azar

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The author examines the evidence for treating diabetic ketoacidosis with subcutaneous insulin vs IV insulin.


Care For Diabetic Population, Jennifer Aronson, Leanne Bellino, Elizabeth Eisenhardt, Diane Bryant, Haley Pelletier, Internal Medicine Team, Adult Outpatient Clinic 2017 Maine Medical Center

Care For Diabetic Population, Jennifer Aronson, Leanne Bellino, Elizabeth Eisenhardt, Diane Bryant, Haley Pelletier, Internal Medicine Team, Adult Outpatient Clinic

Maine Medical Center

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Blogging Practices Of Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (Ivf): A Discourse Analysis Of Women’S Ivf Blogs, Elizabeth Orr, Susan M. Jack, Wendy Sword, Sandra Ireland, Lois Ostolosky 2017 McMaster University

Understanding The Blogging Practices Of Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (Ivf): A Discourse Analysis Of Women’S Ivf Blogs, Elizabeth Orr, Susan M. Jack, Wendy Sword, Sandra Ireland, Lois Ostolosky

The Qualitative Report

Infertility and its associated treatments, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), can have a profound impact on the emotional health and well-being of women desiring to become mothers. Researchers have measured the impact of infertility and described the experience of infertility and its treatment, leaving the rich descriptions of the IVF experience as captured in women’s blogs to be explored. This discourse analysis describes the blogging practices of women undergoing IVF, exploring both the content and function of the IVF blog discourse. Data were collected from the text of seven women’s blogs (n=1,149 blog posts) and resulted ...


An Unusual Pathogen Causing Native Valve Endocarditis., Aneela Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil 2017 Aga Khan University

An Unusual Pathogen Causing Native Valve Endocarditis., Aneela Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil

Bushra Jamil

No abstract provided.


Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen BenHamed, Franklin D. Shuler 2017 Marshall University

Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen Benhamed, Franklin D. Shuler

Franklin D. Shuler

Abstract

Background

Osteoporotic hip fractures have become an increasingly common healthcare burden with significant morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population. Pharmacological management of the underlying osteoporosis is critical. Our objective is to determine the percentage of patients older than 65 who receive pharmacologic treatment of osteoporosis within six months after a fragility fracture at Cabell Huntington Hospital.

Methods

Data was extracted from medical records for patients age 65 or older who sustained a hip fracture during June 2013 - March 2015. Patients who received any form of pharmacologic treatment within six months after their fractures were identified. All analyses were ...


Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen BenHamed, Franklin D. Shuler 2017 Marshall University

Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen Benhamed, Franklin D. Shuler

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Background

Osteoporotic hip fractures have become an increasingly common healthcare burden with significant morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population. Pharmacological management of the underlying osteoporosis is critical. Our objective is to determine the percentage of patients older than 65 who receive pharmacologic treatment of osteoporosis within six months after a fragility fracture at Cabell Huntington Hospital.

Methods

Data was extracted from medical records for patients age 65 or older who sustained a hip fracture during June 2013 - March 2015. Patients who received any form of pharmacologic treatment within six months after their fractures were identified. All analyses were ...


Betel Nut Use And Hyperglycemia, Edward Nabrinsky, Badar Hasan, Talal Asif, Rebecca R. Pauly 2017 University of Missouri-Kansas City

Betel Nut Use And Hyperglycemia, Edward Nabrinsky, Badar Hasan, Talal Asif, Rebecca R. Pauly

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Betel nut chewing previously has not been common in North America, yet it is the fourth major source of addiction and abuse worldwide. Approximately 700 million individuals, or 10 % of the global population, chew beetle nut on regular basis. It is important for patient safety and improved quality to recognize its use in uncontrolled diabetes. Our case is of a 49 year-old Burmese female with PMH of DM2, HTN, and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) who presented with a complaint of dizziness. Patient denied alcohol or tobacco use, but reported a 20-year history of betel nut chewing (4-5 times/day ...


Association Of Parental Obesity And Diabetes Mellitus With Circulating Adipokines In Nonobese Nondiabetic Offspring, Justin P. Zachariah, Rene Quiroz, Danielle Enserro, Charlotte Andersson, John F. Keaney Jr., Lisa M. Sullivan, Ramachandran S. Vasan 2017 Texas Children's Hospital Baylor College of Medicine

Association Of Parental Obesity And Diabetes Mellitus With Circulating Adipokines In Nonobese Nondiabetic Offspring, Justin P. Zachariah, Rene Quiroz, Danielle Enserro, Charlotte Andersson, John F. Keaney Jr., Lisa M. Sullivan, Ramachandran S. Vasan

UMass Metabolic Network Publications

BACKGROUND: Adipokines are implicated in the development of obesity-related traits. We hypothesized that nonobese participants without diabetes mellitus (DM) whose parents were obese or had DM would have altered circulating adipokines compared with those without parental history of these conditions.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants in the community-based Framingham Third Generation cohort who were not obese (body mass index < 30) and not diabetic with both parents in the Framingham Offspring cohort were included in this analysis (n=2034, mean age 40 years, 54% women). Circulating concentrations of fetuin A, RBP4 (retinol binding protein 4), FABP4 (fatty acid binding protein 4), leptin, LEP-R (leptin receptor), and adiponectin were assayed. Parental DM was defined as occurring before age 60 years, and obesity was defined as body mass index > /=30 before age 60 years. General estimating equations were used to compare concentrations of adipokines among participants with 0, 1, or 2 parents affected by obesity or DM (separate analyses for each), adjusting for known correlates of adipokines. Overall, 44% had at ...


Prospective Relation Of Circulating Adipokines To Incident Metabolic Syndrome: The Framingham Heart Study, Justin P. Zachariah, Rene Quiroz, Kerrie P. Nelson, Zhaoyang Teng, John F. Keaney Jr., Lisa M. Sullivan, Ramachandran S. Vasan 2017 Baylor College of Medicine

Prospective Relation Of Circulating Adipokines To Incident Metabolic Syndrome: The Framingham Heart Study, Justin P. Zachariah, Rene Quiroz, Kerrie P. Nelson, Zhaoyang Teng, John F. Keaney Jr., Lisa M. Sullivan, Ramachandran S. Vasan

UMass Metabolic Network Publications

BACKGROUND: Adipokines are elaborated by adipose tissue and are associated with glycemic, lipid, and vascular traits. We hypothesized that in a cross-sectional analysis circulating adipokines are altered among subsets of obesity stratified by presence versus absence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and prospectively predict the incidence of MetS.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants in the community-based Framingham Third Generation Cohort who attended examination cycle 1 were included in the study (2002-2005; N=3777, mean age, 40 years; 59% women). Circulating adiponectin, leptin, leptin receptor, fetuin-A, fatty acid-binding protein 4, and retinol binding protein 4 were assayed and related to incident MetS in ...


Joint Analysis Of Left Ventricular Expression And Circulating Plasma Levels Of Omentin After Myocardial Ischemia, Louis A. Saddic, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Olga T. Gupta, Michael P. Czech, Joshua Gorham, Stanton K. Shernan, Christine E. Seidman, Jon G. Seidman, Sary F. Aranki, Simon C. Body, Timothy P. Fitzgibbons, Jochen D. Muehlschlegel 2017 University of California Los Angeles

Joint Analysis Of Left Ventricular Expression And Circulating Plasma Levels Of Omentin After Myocardial Ischemia, Louis A. Saddic, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Olga T. Gupta, Michael P. Czech, Joshua Gorham, Stanton K. Shernan, Christine E. Seidman, Jon G. Seidman, Sary F. Aranki, Simon C. Body, Timothy P. Fitzgibbons, Jochen D. Muehlschlegel

UMass Metabolic Network Publications

BACKGROUND: Omentin-1, also known as Intelectin-1 (ITLN1), is an adipokine with plasma levels associated with diabetes, obesity, and coronary artery disease. Recent studies suggest that ITLN1 can mitigate myocardial ischemic injury but the expression of ITLN1 in the heart itself has not been well characterized. The purpose of this study is to discern the relationship between the expression pattern of ITLN1 RNA in the human heart and the level of circulating ITLN1 protein in plasma from the same patients following myocardial ischemia.

METHODS: A large cohort of patients (n = 140) undergoing elective cardiac surgery for aortic valve replacement were enrolled ...


Diabetic Ketoacidosis Characteristics And Differences In Type 1 Versus Type 2 Diabetes Patients, Muhammad Owais Rashid, Aisha Sheikh, Abdus Salam, Saad Farooq, Zareen Kiran, Najmul Islam 2017 Aga Khan University

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Characteristics And Differences In Type 1 Versus Type 2 Diabetes Patients, Muhammad Owais Rashid, Aisha Sheikh, Abdus Salam, Saad Farooq, Zareen Kiran, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Background: Diabetes is undoubtedly one of the most challenging health problems of the 21st century. It is well known that diabetes once develop can lead to several complications. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the life-threatening complications of diabetes. This study was designed to determine the frequency of DKA in diabetes patients and find out the clinical and biochemical determinants of DKA.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) Karachi, Pakistan from January 2010 to February 2016. All known or newly diagnosed diabetic patients of >16 years of age irrespective of gender and type of ...


A Case Of Severe Insulin Resistance In A Diabetic Patient Being Treated For Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia With Arsenic And Glucocorticoids, Eric Shiffrin, MD, Intekhab Ahmed, MD, Serge Jabbour, MD, FACP, FACE, Kevin Furlong, DO 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

A Case Of Severe Insulin Resistance In A Diabetic Patient Being Treated For Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia With Arsenic And Glucocorticoids, Eric Shiffrin, Md, Intekhab Ahmed, Md, Serge Jabbour, Md, Facp, Face, Kevin Furlong, Do

Department of Endocrinology Posters

Objective:

To present a case of severe insulin resistance in a patient with a new diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APML) treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), arsenic, and high-dose glucocorticoids.

Poster presented at Thomas Jefferson University House Staff Quality and Safety conference.


Patterns, Control And Complications Of Diabetes From A Hospital Based Registry Established In A Low Income Country., J. Akhter, Asma Ahmed, Minaz Mawani, Laila Lakhani, Ayaz Kalsekar, shehla Tabassum, Najmul Islam 2017 Aga Khan University

Patterns, Control And Complications Of Diabetes From A Hospital Based Registry Established In A Low Income Country., J. Akhter, Asma Ahmed, Minaz Mawani, Laila Lakhani, Ayaz Kalsekar, Shehla Tabassum, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Background: Diabetes registry enables practitioners to measure the characteristics and patterns of diabetes across their patient population. They also provide insight into practice patterns which can be very effective in improving care and preventing complications. The aim of this study was to assess the patterns, control levels and complications at the baseline of the patients attending clinic at the large tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan with the help of the registry. This can be used as a reference to monitor the control and also for a comparison between peer groups. Methods: This was a cross sectional study with the ...


Microalbuminuria In Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus; The Tip Of Iceberg Of Diabetic Complications., Tauseef Ahmad, Imran Ulhaq, Minaz Mawani, Najmul Islam 2017 Aga Khan University

Microalbuminuria In Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus; The Tip Of Iceberg Of Diabetic Complications., Tauseef Ahmad, Imran Ulhaq, Minaz Mawani, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Objective: To determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria and its association with hypertension and other diabetic complications among Type-2 diabetic patients attending at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi.

Methods: 1280 Type-2 diabetes patients who visited the outpatient department of Aga Khan University Hospital from September 2014 to August 2016 were included in the study. Microalbuminuria was diagnosed if spot urinary microalbumin excretion was confirmed to be more than 20mg/l. Hypertension was diagnosed if BP >140/90 or already on antihypertensive medications. Other demographic, clinical and laboratory data were also recorded. Results: Microalbuminuria was diagnosed in 404(31.56%) patients and ...


A Longitudinal Study Of Peripubertal Serum Organochlorine Concentrations And Semen Parameters In Young Men: The Russian Children's Study, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Luidmila Smigulina, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser 2017 Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

A Longitudinal Study Of Peripubertal Serum Organochlorine Concentrations And Semen Parameters In Young Men: The Russian Children's Study, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Luidmila Smigulina, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Exposures to endocrine disrupting chemicals during critical phases of testicular development may be related to poorer semen parameters. However, few studies have assessed the association between childhood organochlorine (OC) exposure and adult semen parameters.

OBJECTIVE: We examined whether peripubertal serum OC concentrations are associated with semen parameters among young Russian men.

METHODS: From 2003 to 2005, 516 boys were enrolled at age 8-9 years and followed for up to ten years. Serum OCs were measured in the enrollment samples using high-resolution mass spectrometry. At age 18-19 years, 133 young men provided one or two semen samples (256 samples) collected ...


Systems Immunology Of Diabetes-Tuberculosis Comorbidity Reveals Signatures Of Disease Complications, Cesar A. Prada-Medina, Kiyoshi F. Fukutani, Nathella Pavan Kumar, Leonardo Gil-Santana, Subash Babu, Flavio Lichtenstein, Kim West, Shanmugam Sivakumar, Pradeep A. Menon, Vijay Viswanathan, Bruno B. Andrade, Helder I. Nakaya, Hardy Kornfeld 2017 University of São Paulo, Brazil

Systems Immunology Of Diabetes-Tuberculosis Comorbidity Reveals Signatures Of Disease Complications, Cesar A. Prada-Medina, Kiyoshi F. Fukutani, Nathella Pavan Kumar, Leonardo Gil-Santana, Subash Babu, Flavio Lichtenstein, Kim West, Shanmugam Sivakumar, Pradeep A. Menon, Vijay Viswanathan, Bruno B. Andrade, Helder I. Nakaya, Hardy Kornfeld

Open Access Articles

Comorbid diabetes mellitus (DM) increases tuberculosis (TB) risk and adverse outcomes but the pathological interactions between DM and TB remain incompletely understood. We performed an integrative analysis of whole blood gene expression and plasma analytes, comparing South Indian TB patients with and without DM to diabetic and non-diabetic controls without TB. Luminex assay of plasma cytokines and growth factors delineated a distinct biosignature in comorbid TBDM in this cohort. Transcriptional profiling revealed elements in common with published TB signatures from cohorts that excluded DM. Neutrophil count correlated with the molecular degree of perturbation, especially in TBDM patients. Body mass index ...


Exploring Autonomy Support In Shared Decision Making And Patient Activation Of Diabetes Self-Care Behaviors, Carol Mahler Hamersky 2017 Seton Hall University

Exploring Autonomy Support In Shared Decision Making And Patient Activation Of Diabetes Self-Care Behaviors, Carol Mahler Hamersky

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Introduction:

Chronic disease places a different set of demands on an individual and family. Self-care behaviors and daily decision making is an integral part of diabetes management. According to the CDC (2014), the prevalence of Diabetes is estimated at 29.1 million and an alarming 86 million Americans have Pre-diabetes. Despite a plethora of evidence on the importance of diabetes self-care behaviors on clinical outcomes, studies have highlighted the current disconnect of patients not able to follow self-care behavior recommendations and not asking for help from their health care providers. There is no literature on the impact of an autonomy ...


A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Benjamin U. Nwosu

IMPORTANCE: >50% of patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) do not enter partial clinical remission (PCR); early identification of these patients may improve initial glycemic control and reduce long-term complications. AIM: To determine whether routinely obtainable clinical parameters predict non-remission in children and adolescents with new-onset T1D. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on remission were collected for the first 36 months of disease in 204 subjects of ages 2-14 years with new-onset type 1 diabetes. There were 86 remitters (age 9.1±3.0y; male 57%), and 118 non-remitters (age 7.0±3.1y; male 40.7%). PCR was defined ...


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