Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

687 Full-Text Articles 1787 Authors 61639 Downloads 72 Institutions

All Articles in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism

Faceted Search

687 full-text articles. Page 1 of 26.

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


A Longitudinal Study Of Peripubertal Serum Organochlorine Concentrations And Semen Parameters In Young Men: The Russian Children's Study, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Luidmila Smigulina, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser 2017 Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

A Longitudinal Study Of Peripubertal Serum Organochlorine Concentrations And Semen Parameters In Young Men: The Russian Children's Study, Lidia Minguez-Alarcon, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Susan A. Korrick, Luidmila Smigulina, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Exposures to endocrine disrupting chemicals during critical phases of testicular development may be related to poorer semen parameters. However, few studies have assessed the association between childhood organochlorine (OC) exposure and adult semen parameters.

OBJECTIVE: We examined whether peripubertal serum OC concentrations are associated with semen parameters among young Russian men.

METHODS: From 2003 to 2005, 516 boys were enrolled at age 8-9 years and followed for up to ten years. Serum OCs were measured in the enrollment samples using high-resolution mass spectrometry. At age 18-19 years, 133 young men provided one or two semen samples (256 samples) collected ...


Exploring Autonomy Support In Shared Decision Making And Patient Activation Of Diabetes Self-Care Behaviors, Carol Mahler Hamersky 2017 Seton Hall University

Exploring Autonomy Support In Shared Decision Making And Patient Activation Of Diabetes Self-Care Behaviors, Carol Mahler Hamersky

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Introduction:

Chronic disease places a different set of demands on an individual and family. Self-care behaviors and daily decision making is an integral part of diabetes management. According to the CDC (2014), the prevalence of Diabetes is estimated at 29.1 million and an alarming 86 million Americans have Pre-diabetes. Despite a plethora of evidence on the importance of diabetes self-care behaviors on clinical outcomes, studies have highlighted the current disconnect of patients not able to follow self-care behavior recommendations and not asking for help from their health care providers. There is no literature on the impact of an autonomy ...


A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Endocrinology/Diabetes

IMPORTANCE: >50% of patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) do not enter partial clinical remission (PCR); early identification of these patients may improve initial glycemic control and reduce long-term complications.

AIM: To determine whether routinely obtainable clinical parameters predict non-remission in children and adolescents with new-onset T1D.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on remission were collected for the first 36 months of disease in 204 subjects of ages 2-14 years with new-onset type 1 diabetes. There were 86 remitters (age 9.1±3.0y; male 57%), and 118 non-remitters (age 7.0±3.1y; male 40.7%). PCR was defined ...


Effect Of Postprandial Walking On The Glycemic Effect Of A Meal: Type I Diabetes, Samantha L. Hinojosa 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

Effect Of Postprandial Walking On The Glycemic Effect Of A Meal: Type I Diabetes, Samantha L. Hinojosa

Theses & Dissertations

This study was conducted to determine if 15 minutes of postprandial light walking has an effect on the glycemic response to a Boost® beverage in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Seven participants, 22.3 + 4.3 yrs, with type 1 diabetes completed the two days of data collection. On day 1, participants measured baseline fasting blood glucose (BG) with a glucometer, consumed a Boost® beverage, and sat quietly, repeating BG measurements 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minute. On day 2, participants repeated the protocol, but walked 15 minutes at a light pace (50-60% max HR) immediately after beverage consumption ...


A Mixed-Methods Study: Self-Efficacy And Barriers To Participation In Workplace Wellness Programs, Massiel Perez-Calhoon 2017 Brandman University

A Mixed-Methods Study: Self-Efficacy And Barriers To Participation In Workplace Wellness Programs, Massiel Perez-Calhoon

Dissertations

America needs a healthy workforce to sustain the country. The scourge of obesity continues to plague Americans despite government initiatives such as the Affordable Care Act and wellness programs in the workplace to combat this epidemic. However, despite initiatives to make America healthy, barriers continued to impede the nation’s health. Lack of awareness and sensitivity to what motivates individual participants versus group participants built formidable barriers to accessing all workplace employees equitably. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the intent of this study was to explore the relationship between self-efficacy and the impact on participation and engagement ...


The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus accounts for approximately 5% of the diabetic population (CDC, 2015). Numerous complications must be avoided when a diabetic is insulin dependent. Women who are diabetic who are planning to conceive a family have special considerations. Little research has been focused into how to best manage Type 1 diabetics during pregnancy. Since Type 1 diabetes is predominantly diagnosed between birth and 30 years of age, many Type 1 diabetics have potential to become pregnant without knowing how to best manage their diabetes. Poor glycemic control in diabetics has been related to miscarriages, stillbirths, malformations, and macrosomia (Lapolla ...


Promotion Of New Diabetes Products In The District Of Columbia, Joy Eckert, Dilpan Sundaramoorthy, Alycia Hogenmiller 2017 George Washington University

Promotion Of New Diabetes Products In The District Of Columbia, Joy Eckert, Dilpan Sundaramoorthy, Alycia Hogenmiller

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background: Growth in pharmaceutical expenditures for diabetes outpaced growth in diabetes prevalence. Prescribers accepting gifts and meals from pharmaceutical companies have been linked with higher prescription rates and costs[1]. Pharmaceutical marketing to these prescribers and patients often promotes newer, more expensive drugs, such as the GLP-1 analogues and SGL-2 inhibitors. These two drug classes are more expensive but no more effective than metformin,[2] the recommended first-line treatment for diabetes, and the oldest and cheapest available treatment. We investigated how cost of diabetes treatment was affected by marketing practices in the District of Columbia.

Methods: The AccessRx program in ...


Increase Your Healthspan By Mimicking Hunter Gathers' Meal Frequency, Jake Jacobson 2017 Ancestry Foundation

Increase Your Healthspan By Mimicking Hunter Gathers' Meal Frequency, Jake Jacobson

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Dietary Refinement And The Upper Gut Microbiota: The Starting Point For Obesity And Non-Communicable Diseases?, Ian Spreadbury 2017 Ancestral Health Society

Dietary Refinement And The Upper Gut Microbiota: The Starting Point For Obesity And Non-Communicable Diseases?, Ian Spreadbury

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Incidental Metastatic Mediastinal Atypical Carcinoid In A Patient With Parathyroid Adenoma: A Case Report., Zareen Kiran,, Asma Ahmed, Owais Rashid, Saira Fatima, Faizan Malik, Saulat H. Fatimi, Mubasher Ikram 2017 Aga Khan University

Incidental Metastatic Mediastinal Atypical Carcinoid In A Patient With Parathyroid Adenoma: A Case Report., Zareen Kiran,, Asma Ahmed, Owais Rashid, Saira Fatima, Faizan Malik, Saulat H. Fatimi, Mubasher Ikram

Department of Medicine

Background: Atypical carcinoid arising from the mediastinal tissue is a rare neuroendocrine tumor and an association with parathyroid adenoma is very unusual. We report an unusual case of atypical carcinoid of mediastinum with metastasis in a patient presenting with parathyroid adenoma, which is the first case to be reported from Pakistan.

Case presentation: A 51-year-old Pakistani man was seen in postoperative intensive care after right parathyroidectomy and mediastinal mass resection for the management of postoperative hypocalcaemia. He had a background history of dyspnea. Examination was unremarkable. Preoperative laboratory evaluation revealed a calcium level of 12.7 mg/dl, phosphate of ...


Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Ninfa Candela 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Ninfa Candela

Endocrinology/Diabetes

IMPORTANCE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with significant morbidity in children and adolescents, and the therapeutic efficacy of available treatment options is limited. The role of vitamin D supplementation in pediatric IBS is unclear as the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS is unknown. Equally, the relationship of vitamin D status with psychosomatic symptoms in children and adolescents is unclear.

AIM: To characterize the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS using a case-control study design.

HYPOTHESIS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration will be similar between patients with IBS and controls.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS ...


Data From: A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise S. Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise S. Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

IMPORTANCE: >50% of patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) do not enter partial clinical remission (PCR); early identification of these patients may improve initial glycemic control and reduce long-term complications.

AIM: To determine whether routinely obtainable clinical parameters predict non-remission in children and adolescents with new-onset T1D.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on remission were collected for the first 36 months of disease in 204 subjects of ages 2-14 years with new-onset type 1 diabetes. There were 86 remitters (age 9.1±3.0y; male 57%), and 118 non-remitters (age 7.0±3.1y; male 40.7%). PCR ...


Pcsk9 Genetic Variants And Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Mendelian Randomisation Study, A. Schmidt, D. Swerdlow, M. Holmes, R. Patel, Z. Fairhurst-Hunter, Cara L. Carty, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Pcsk9 Genetic Variants And Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Mendelian Randomisation Study, A. Schmidt, D. Swerdlow, M. Holmes, R. Patel, Z. Fairhurst-Hunter, Cara L. Carty, +Several Additional Authors

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND:

Statin treatment and variants in the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase are associated with reductions in both the concentration of LDL cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, but also with modest hyperglycaemia, increased bodyweight, and modestly increased risk of type 2 diabetes, which in no way offsets their substantial benefits. We sought to investigate the associations of LDL cholesterol-lowering PCSK9 variants with type 2 diabetes and related biomarkers to gauge the likely effects of PCSK9 inhibitors on diabetes risk.

METHODS:

In this mendelian randomisation study, we used data from cohort studies, randomised controlled trials, case control studies, and ...


Phytochemicals As Novel Agents For The Induction Of Browning In White Adipose Tissue, Yusra Azhar, Ashish Parmar, Colette N Miller, Janaiya S Samuels, Srujana Rayalam 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Phytochemicals As Novel Agents For The Induction Of Browning In White Adipose Tissue, Yusra Azhar, Ashish Parmar, Colette N Miller, Janaiya S Samuels, Srujana Rayalam

Srujana Rayalam

Obesity and its associated metabolic syndrome continue to be a health epidemic in westernized societies and is catching up in the developing world. Despite such increases, little headway has been made to reverse adverse weight gain in the global population. Few medical options exist for the treatment of obesity which points to the necessity for exploration of anti-obesity therapies including pharmaceutical and nutraceutical compounds. Defects in brown adipose tissue, a major energy dissipating organ, has been identified in the obese and is hypothesized to contribute to the overall metabolic deficit observed in obesity. Not surprisingly, considerable attention has been placed ...


Factors Regulating Features Of Metabolic Syndrome, Sonja S. Pijut 2017 University of Kentucky

Factors Regulating Features Of Metabolic Syndrome, Sonja S. Pijut

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

The collective presence of central obesity, low HDL-cholesterol, and elevated triglycerides, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose constitutes Metabolic Syndrome (MetS), a disease state that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), present in up to 90% of obese adults, is also linked to MetS. As in CVD, disruptions in cholesterol metabolism play a contributing role in the development of T2DM and NAFLD. Genes involved in cholesterol synthesis, secretion, and catabolism are diurnally regulated in the liver and adipose. Disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle are thought to potentiate metabolic ...


The Development Of Bsn272 From Prevention Of Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemia In Mice To A Potential Therapy For Prader-Willi Syndrome In Humans, Jarrod B. Williams 2017 University of Kentucky

The Development Of Bsn272 From Prevention Of Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemia In Mice To A Potential Therapy For Prader-Willi Syndrome In Humans, Jarrod B. Williams

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

While type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is distinguished as a disorder of blood glucose homeostasis, the vast majority of patients afflicted with this disease in the US present with the entire complement of the metabolic syndrome: abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL levels, elevated blood pressure, and elevated fasting plasma glucose. Current guidelines aim to treat each of these disorders, but do so individually even though they are manifestations of common pathologies. In other words, a patient will be prescribed different medications for diabetes, blood pressure, CVD prevention, etc., while the only single treatment aimed at the myriad of disorders together ...


Combating Diabetes In Chittenden County: A Healthcare Provider Referral Campaign To Increase Patient Participation In The Vermont Diabetes Prevention Program, Samantha Magier 2017 Larner College of Medicine at The University of Vermont

Combating Diabetes In Chittenden County: A Healthcare Provider Referral Campaign To Increase Patient Participation In The Vermont Diabetes Prevention Program, Samantha Magier

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

As of 2016, diabetes affects more than 29 million people in the United States and is the 7th leading cause of death nationwide. In Vermont, 1/10 people are diagnosed with either diabetes or prediabetes, with 6% of Vermonters affected by prediabetes and 5% of Chittenden Country affected by prediabetes. The public health burden of this chronic disease is immense: diabetes costs Vermont an estimated $543 million each year and is the leading cause of kidney failure, lower limb amputations, and adult-onset blindness. Prediabetes occurs when blood sugar is higher than normal but not at the diagnostic threshold of diabetes ...


The Effect Of Alcohol Prep Pads And Blood Drop Number On Capillary Blood Glucose Values, Joanna E. Foos 2017 University of New Hampshire, Durham

The Effect Of Alcohol Prep Pads And Blood Drop Number On Capillary Blood Glucose Values, Joanna E. Foos

Honors Theses and Capstones

Capillary blood glucose monitoring is a common nursing procedure. However, no consensus exists regarding which drop of blood to test (drop 1 vs. drop 2) and whether using alcohol pads to prepare the fingertip affects blood glucose values. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of these factors and contribute to the development of evidence-based nursing protocols for capillary blood glucose monitoring. A quantitative, quasi-experimental study was conducted in a laboratory at the University of New Hampshire. 96 volunteers were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Each group underwent a pair of capillary blood glucose tests ...


Different Ret Gene Mutation-Induced Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2a In 3 Chinese Families, Qiuli Liu, Dali Tong, Wenqiang Yuan, Gaolei Liu, Gang Yuan, Weihua Lan, Dianzheng Zhang, Jun Zhang, Zaoming Huang, Yao Zhang, Jun Jiang 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Different Ret Gene Mutation-Induced Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2a In 3 Chinese Families, Qiuli Liu, Dali Tong, Wenqiang Yuan, Gaolei Liu, Gang Yuan, Weihua Lan, Dianzheng Zhang, Jun Zhang, Zaoming Huang, Yao Zhang, Jun Jiang

PCOM Scholarly Papers

BACKGROUD: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A) is a condition with inherited autosomal dominant mutations in RET (rearranged during transfection) gene that predisposes the carrier to extremely high risk of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and other MEN2A-associated tumors such as parathyroid cancer and/or pheochromocytoma. Little is reported about MEN2A syndrome in the Chinese population.

METHODS: All members of the 3 families along with specific probands of MEN2A were analyzed for their clinical, laboratory, and genetic characteristics. Exome sequencing was performed on the 3 probands, and specific mutation in RET was further screened on each of the family members.

RESULTS ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress