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Comparing Margin Diameter And Margin Index In Predicting Residual Disease Following Partial Mastectomy, P85, Daniel F. Barnas MD, Aaron D. Bleznak MD, FACS, Anna Widmyer MD, Elizabeth Dellers MD, Heiwon Chung MD, FACS 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Comparing Margin Diameter And Margin Index In Predicting Residual Disease Following Partial Mastectomy, P85, Daniel F. Barnas Md, Aaron D. Bleznak Md, Facs, Anna Widmyer Md, Elizabeth Dellers Md, Heiwon Chung Md, Facs

Elizabeth A. Dellers, M.D.

No abstract provided.


Ipsilateral Lower Limb Weakness After Sarcoma Treatment: A Case Report, Jennifer Baima, Amanda Doodlesack, Jennifer LaFemina 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ipsilateral Lower Limb Weakness After Sarcoma Treatment: A Case Report, Jennifer Baima, Amanda Doodlesack, Jennifer Lafemina

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Case Diagnosis: Our patient experienced worsening left foot neuropathy following chemotherapy and radiation treatment for sarcoma.

Case Description: A 24-year-old man underwent local resection of a 12cm x 8cm x 14.5cm rhabdomyosarcoma in the left vastus lateralis. Then, he was treated with vincristine for 40 weeks and radiation to the left lateral thigh with a maximum dose of 50.4 Gy. The sciatic nerve was outside the target area and received a lower dose. While undergoing chemotherapy, the patient experienced bilateral dysesthesias in his fingertips and feet. He had no history of neuropathy prior to treatment. After chemotherapy was ...


Frequent Mild Head Injury Promotes Trigeminal Sensitivity Concomitant With Microglial Proliferation, Astrocytosis, And Increased Neuropeptide Levels In The Trigeminal Pain System., Ashley L. Tyburski, Lan Cheng, Soroush Assari, Kurosh Darvish, Melanie B Elliott 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Frequent Mild Head Injury Promotes Trigeminal Sensitivity Concomitant With Microglial Proliferation, Astrocytosis, And Increased Neuropeptide Levels In The Trigeminal Pain System., Ashley L. Tyburski, Lan Cheng, Soroush Assari, Kurosh Darvish, Melanie B Elliott

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Frequent mild head injuries or concussion along with the presence of headache may contribute to the persistence of concussion symptoms.

METHODS: In this study, the acute effects of recovery between mild head injuries and the frequency of injuries on a headache behavior, trigeminal allodynia, was assessed using von Frey testing up to one week after injury, while histopathological changes in the trigeminal pain pathway were evaluated using western blot, ELISA and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: A decreased recovery time combined with an increased mild closed head injury (CHI) frequency results in reduced trigeminal allodynia thresholds compared to controls. The repetitive CHI ...


Prone Position: Does It Help With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Ards) Requiring Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Ecmo)?, Nava Azimzadeh, Michael Baram, Nicholas C. Cavarocchi, Hitoshi Hirose 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Prone Position: Does It Help With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Ards) Requiring Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Ecmo)?, Nava Azimzadeh, Michael Baram, Nicholas C. Cavarocchi, Hitoshi Hirose

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Introduction: Lung protective ventilation therapy with low tidal volume-high PEEP is the standard treatment for the patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Oscillators are occasionally used for salvage ventilation in cases where poor compliance restricts the use of traditional ventilation with ARDS. In addition to ventilator therapy, prone positioning has been used to improve oxygenation. We presented a challenging case of ARDS, which failed medical management extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support and oscillatory ventilation. Prone positioning was initiated which improved oxygenation, respiratory compliance and posterior atelectasis. Case presentation: A 41-year-old morbid obese female developed ARDS due to influenza pneumonia ...


Prospects And Limitations Of Improving Skeletal Growth In A Mouse Model Of Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Caused By R992c (P.R1192c) Substitution In Collagen Ii., Machiko Arita, Jolanta Fertala, Cheryl Hou, James Kostas, Andrzej Steplewski, Andrzej Fertala 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Prospects And Limitations Of Improving Skeletal Growth In A Mouse Model Of Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Caused By R992c (P.R1192c) Substitution In Collagen Ii., Machiko Arita, Jolanta Fertala, Cheryl Hou, James Kostas, Andrzej Steplewski, Andrzej Fertala

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Skeletal dysplasias form a group of skeletal disorders caused by mutations in macromolecules of cartilage and bone. The severity of skeletal dysplasias ranges from precocious arthropathy to perinatal lethality. Although the pathomechanisms of these disorders are generally well defined, the feasibility of repairing established aberrant skeletal tissues that developed in the presence of mutant molecules is currently unknown. Here, we employed a validated mouse model of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SED) that enables temporal control of the production of the R992C (p.R1192C) collagen II mutant that causes this disease. Although in our earlier studies we determined that blocking the expression of ...


Inferior Stemi Complicated By Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Due To Ruptured Aaa, Farley B. Neasman III, Melissa D. Lester, Nepal C. Chowdhury 2017 Marshall University

Inferior Stemi Complicated By Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Due To Ruptured Aaa, Farley B. Neasman Iii, Melissa D. Lester, Nepal C. Chowdhury

Marshall Journal of Medicine

When patients present with life threatening conditions, a rapid cost-benefit analysis prioritizes care and commits treatment to a certain course that, in the case of ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) treated with drug-eluting stents (DES), could be fatal if there is any deviation. Antiplatelet therapy is vital and secondary concerns (i.e. bleeding diatheses) may accept suboptimal outcomes – in rare cases, another life-threatening condition may be unmasked, the treatment for which runs directly counter to the first. We present a case of STEMI with high clot burden treated with multiple DES, complicated by retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to a ruptured abdominal ...


Department Of Surgery Update, January 2017, Wright State University Department of Surgery 2017 Wright State University

Department Of Surgery Update, January 2017, Wright State University Department Of Surgery

Department of Surgery Updates

A one page newsletter created by the Department of Surgery documenting changes to the department. This issue contains a message from the chair, a list of important dates, committee meetings, and more.


Neurosurgery Concepts: Key Perspectives On Imaging Characteristics Of Spinal Metastases, Surgery For Low Back Pain, Anesthesia For Disc Surgery, And Laminectomy Versus Laminectomy And Fusion For Lumbar Spondylolisthesis., Carlito Lagman, Lawrance K Chung, Luke Macyszyn, Winward Choy, Zachary A Smith, Nader S Dahdaleh, Angela M Bohnen, Jin M Cho, Chaim B Colen, Edward Duckworth, Anand V Germanwala, Peter Kan, Alexander A Khalessi, Chae-Yong Kim, Sandi Lam, Gordon Li, Michael Lim, Jonathan H Sherman, Vincent Y Wang, Gabriel Zada, Isaac Yang 2017 George Washington University

Neurosurgery Concepts: Key Perspectives On Imaging Characteristics Of Spinal Metastases, Surgery For Low Back Pain, Anesthesia For Disc Surgery, And Laminectomy Versus Laminectomy And Fusion For Lumbar Spondylolisthesis., Carlito Lagman, Lawrance K Chung, Luke Macyszyn, Winward Choy, Zachary A Smith, Nader S Dahdaleh, Angela M Bohnen, Jin M Cho, Chaim B Colen, Edward Duckworth, Anand V Germanwala, Peter Kan, Alexander A Khalessi, Chae-Yong Kim, Sandi Lam, Gordon Li, Michael Lim, Jonathan H Sherman, Vincent Y Wang, Gabriel Zada, Isaac Yang

Neurological Surgery Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Paediatric Surgical Outcomes Across Ontario, Damian Dylkowski 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Paediatric Surgical Outcomes Across Ontario, Damian Dylkowski

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the volume of three complex paediatric procedures at the tertiary care centres in Ontario over the last 20 years in three disciplines, analyze outcomes and explore the possibility of an outcome volume relationship.

METHODS: A population based cohort study of patients undergoing TEF repair, Pyeloplasty and V-P shunt insertion at 4 paediatric centres in Ontario between 1993 and 2013 was carried out. Administrative data sets were linked using unique encoded identifiers and analyzed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES).

RESULTS: In TEF repair and Pyeloplasty, there was significant difference ...


Optimal Timing Of Free Flap Breast Reconstruction In A Highly Radiated Population, W. Mohiuddin, Kamini D. Patel, Steven E. Copit, MD, Patrick J. Greaney, MD, FACS 2016 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Optimal Timing Of Free Flap Breast Reconstruction In A Highly Radiated Population, W. Mohiuddin, Kamini D. Patel, Steven E. Copit, Md, Patrick J. Greaney, Md, Facs

Department of Surgery Posters

Introduction

There has been an increasing use of postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) in breast cancer patients, especially in cases of large tumors (T3 or greater) or node-positive disease (N1 or greater).1 When radiation for the treatment of breast cancer is expected, tissue-based breast reconstruction is generally preferred to implant-based reconstruction. This distinction is attributed to the high rate of complications with postoperative radiation after implant-based reconstruction, ranging from 20% to 70%.2

In cases when the need for radiation is likely, breast reconstruction with autologous tissue is typically deferred until the completion of the radiation therapy. Reasons for deferring ...


The Effects Of Tranexamic Acid On Mortality Rate In Trauma Patients Compared To Trauma Patients With No Tranexamic Acid Treatment, Bradley Earl Tolar 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of Tranexamic Acid On Mortality Rate In Trauma Patients Compared To Trauma Patients With No Tranexamic Acid Treatment, Bradley Earl Tolar

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death for many age groups. Traumatic accidents caused over 130,000 deaths in the United States in 2014. This DNP project studied the effects of Tranexamic acid on mortality rate in trauma patients. After the completion of a needs assessment at a local level II trauma center, a literature review was performed. The literature showed a decrease in mortality rate when patients were administered Tranexamic acid within 3 hours of injury with statistically significant statistics. Also, the data from the literature showed no correlation between vascular occlusive events and Tranexamic acid use in ...


The Role And Regulation Of Inhibitor Of Kappa B Kinase In The Impaired Monocyte Response., Norman James Galbraith 2016 University of Louisville

The Role And Regulation Of Inhibitor Of Kappa B Kinase In The Impaired Monocyte Response., Norman James Galbraith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Trauma, major surgery and systemic infection can lead to a subsequent immunosuppressed state which can predispose patients to nosocomial infection and death. Approximately a sixth of patients will have impaired monocyte function, as determined by decreased HLA-DR expression or decreased TNF-α production in response to ex-vivo lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. This project aimed to develop an in-vitro model of impaired monocyte function using isolated monocytes from healthy volunteers, to study the effect of monocyte impairment on IκK signaling, and determine the role of IκK in the impaired monocyte response. These studies have provided the following results:

  1. Monocytes treated with low dose ...


Sensitivity Analysis Of Geometry Changes In The Simulation Of Basilar Aneurysms, Paul Eserkaln 2016 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Sensitivity Analysis Of Geometry Changes In The Simulation Of Basilar Aneurysms, Paul Eserkaln

Theses and Dissertations

Computer simulation is a useful tool in the research and treatment of basilar aneurysms. Current technology allows researchers to create 3D models from cerebral vasculature in-vivo, allowing for the investigation of surgical options with minimal risk to the patient. The method used to construct these models overlooks smaller lateral arterial branches which are difficult to discern due to resolution limits of the imaging process. These lateral branches have minimal impact on the overall blood flow through the basilar artery, but they play a significant role in the health of the patient, so it is important to ensure sufficient blood will ...


Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, MD, Chadwick J. Knight, MD 2016 Marshall University

Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, Md, Chadwick J. Knight, Md

Errington Thompson

Abdominal trauma can be mysterious to some physicians. If patients are evaluated for being stable or unstable, then abdominal trauma can be easily managed. Using a combination of physical examination, ultrasound and CT scans, patients can be quickly and efficiently evaluated.


Clinical Factors Associated With The Non-Operative Airway Management Of Patients With Robin Sequence., Frank P Albino, Benjamin C. Wood, Kevin D Han, Sojung Yi, Mitchel Seruya, Gary F. Rogers, Albert K. Oh 2016 George Washington University

Clinical Factors Associated With The Non-Operative Airway Management Of Patients With Robin Sequence., Frank P Albino, Benjamin C. Wood, Kevin D Han, Sojung Yi, Mitchel Seruya, Gary F. Rogers, Albert K. Oh

Surgery Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The indications for surgical airway management in patients with Robin sequence (RS) and severe airway obstruction have not been well defined. While certain patients with RS clearly require surgical airway intervention and other patients just as clearly can be managed with conservative measures alone, a significant proportion of patients with RS present with a more confusing and ambiguous clinical course. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical features and objective findings of patients with RS whose airways were successfully managed without surgical intervention.

METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of infants with RS evaluated ...


Standardization Of Postoperative Transitions Of Care To The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Enhances Efficiency And Handover Comprehensiveness, Anthony Sochet, Ashley Simms, Grace Ye, Nihal Godiwala, Lauren Hebert, Christine O. Corriveau 2016 George Washington University

Standardization Of Postoperative Transitions Of Care To The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Enhances Efficiency And Handover Comprehensiveness, Anthony Sochet, Ashley Simms, Grace Ye, Nihal Godiwala, Lauren Hebert, Christine O. Corriveau

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Introduction: To determine the impact of standardization of postoperative transitions of care to the pediatric intensive care unit on handover efficiency and the quality of healthcare data exchange.

Methods: This was a prospective, pre–post observational study after standardization of postoperative transitions in a 44-bed pediatric intensive care unit in a 313-bed tertiary care pediatric hospital from April to July 2015. Standardization was completed using a multidisciplinary handover checklist. Primary outcomes were efficiency expressed as mean handover duration and the comprehensiveness of healthcare data exchange.

Results: Forty-seven postoperative transitions were observed of which 23 were preintervention and 24 were postintervention ...


Descriptive Epidemiology Of Karachi Road Traffic Crash Mortality From 2007 To 2014, Rashid Jooma, Masood Ali Shaikh 2016 Agha Khan University

Descriptive Epidemiology Of Karachi Road Traffic Crash Mortality From 2007 To 2014, Rashid Jooma, Masood Ali Shaikh

Department of Surgery

Abstract

According to World Health Organization's estimate for Pakistan, there were 25,781 (95% CI: 20,979-30582) Road Traffic Collision (RTC) fatalities in year 2013. The Road Traffic Injury Research and Prevention Center, collects RTC data on injuries and fatalities from five major public and private hospitals' emergency departments in Karachi. For the eight-year period, from 2007-2014, 9129 fatalities were recorded. Males accounted for 8008 (87.7%) all RTC fatalities. Highest number of fatalities were recorded in the 21-25 age group with 1329 (15.3%) fatalities, while fatalities in 16-30 years old, recorded 3446 (39.7%) of all fatalities ...


Catamenial Pneumothorax: A Case Report., Hina Inam, Sumera Inam,, Munaim Tahir 2016 Aga Khan University

Catamenial Pneumothorax: A Case Report., Hina Inam, Sumera Inam,, Munaim Tahir

Department of Surgery

Abstract

Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is a rare and complex clinical condition caused by endometrial tissues, commonly found in reproductive women (age 15-49 years).Its diagnosis is often delayed or overlooked by clinicians, which may result in recurrent hospitalizations and other complications. A case of Catamenial pneumothorax is presented of a 38-year-old young married woman, admitted to hospital with signs and symptoms including chest pain and shortness of breath that started with her menstrual period. Right pneumothorax was observed in the Chest x-ray. Patient underwent Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Patient was kept under observation, and was discharged when stable with no ...


Getting Started: Identifying Funding Opportunities With Jefferson Resources, Molly Gerber, AVP, Gary Kaplan, Dana Marcus 2016 Corporate and Foundation Relations, Thomas Jefferson University

Getting Started: Identifying Funding Opportunities With Jefferson Resources, Molly Gerber, Avp, Gary Kaplan, Dana Marcus

Department of Surgery, Faculty Development Sessions

Section 1: Philanthropy Basics

Section 2: Fundraising for Research

Section 3: Information Resources

36 PowerPoint slides


Management Of Co-Existing Lung Cancer And Endobronchal Hamartomas, Mark H. Cooper, MD 2016 Marshall University, Huntington, WV

Management Of Co-Existing Lung Cancer And Endobronchal Hamartomas, Mark H. Cooper, Md

mark Cooper

Abstract:

The coexistence of lung cancer with an endobronchial hamartoma is infrequent, and requires accurate oncologic evaluation of the endobronchial lesion prior to potential surgical treatment of the lung cancer. We describe a patient who presented with an undiagnosed endobronchial mass and and a biopsy-proven lung cancer which were successfully managed by a staged approach using initial bronchoscopic resection of the endobronchial lesion and subsequent lobectomy for squamous cell lung cancer.


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