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Patient Willingness To Undergo Robotic Surgery: Identification And Validation Of A Predictive Model, Emily C. Anania 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Patient Willingness To Undergo Robotic Surgery: Identification And Validation Of A Predictive Model, Emily C. Anania

Dissertations and Theses

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the current dissertation is to better understand the factors which make an individual willing (or unwilling) to undergo robotic surgery. Though surgical feasibility and provider perceptions are often studied, little research has investigated how patients perceive robotic surgical systems.

METHOD: A two-stage approach was taken in order to build and validate a regression equation in order to predict an individual’s willingness to undergo robotic surgery based on several factors. Stage 1 employed a sample size of 1324 participants in order to build the model. Participants responded to a survey indicating their willingness to undergo robotic ...


Disseminated Adenovirus Nephritis After Kidney Transplantation., Timothy Hatlen, Henry Mroch, Katherine Tuttle, Okechukwu Ojogho, Michele Rooney, Sara Desmond, Samer Bani-Hani 2019 Department of Medicine, Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center, Spokane, Washington, USA.

Disseminated Adenovirus Nephritis After Kidney Transplantation., Timothy Hatlen, Henry Mroch, Katherine Tuttle, Okechukwu Ojogho, Michele Rooney, Sara Desmond, Samer Bani-Hani

Katherine R. Tuttle, MD, FASN, FACP, FNKF

No abstract provided.


Pregnancy Outcomes In Female Liver Transplant Recipients With A Transplant-To-Conception Interval >- 5 Years, Carlo B. Ramirez, Adam Frank, Warren R. Maley, Cataldo Doria, Lisa A. Coscia, Vincent T. Armenti 2019 Department of Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University

Pregnancy Outcomes In Female Liver Transplant Recipients With A Transplant-To-Conception Interval >- 5 Years, Carlo B. Ramirez, Adam Frank, Warren R. Maley, Cataldo Doria, Lisa A. Coscia, Vincent T. Armenti

Adam M. Franks, MD

Conclusions: Successful pregnancy outcomes have been reported in female liver recipients with a transplant-to-conception interval greater than or equal to 5 years. Long-term graft survival should be discussed with recipients as a component of preconception counseling. All transplant centers are encouraged to report pregnancies to the NTPR.


Utilizing Livers From Donors Older Than 65: A Single Center Experience, Krishnaraj Mahendraraj, Jorge H. Castro, Sean Devitt, Chad Gorn, Cataldo Doria, Adam Frank, Warren Maley, Carlo G. Ramirez 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Utilizing Livers From Donors Older Than 65: A Single Center Experience, Krishnaraj Mahendraraj, Jorge H. Castro, Sean Devitt, Chad Gorn, Cataldo Doria, Adam Frank, Warren Maley, Carlo G. Ramirez

Adam M. Franks, MD

Conclusions:

Use of liver grafts from older donors presents similar survival outcomes as grafts from younger donor age. Therefore, it offers a viable option to expand the donor pool and increase number of OLTs.

However, there is higher incidence of retransplantation due to primary graft non-function, and longer hospital length of stay observed in the older donor age group.

Further studies using larger patient populations are needed to validate our results.


Completely Steroid-Free Immunosuppression In Liver Transplantation: A Randomized Study., Carlo B. Ramirez, MD, Cataldo Doria, MD, PhD, Adam M. Frank, MD, Stephen T. Armenti, Ignazio R. Marino, MD 2019 Department of Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University

Completely Steroid-Free Immunosuppression In Liver Transplantation: A Randomized Study., Carlo B. Ramirez, Md, Cataldo Doria, Md, Phd, Adam M. Frank, Md, Stephen T. Armenti, Ignazio R. Marino, Md

Adam M. Franks, MD

INTRODUCTION: Corticosteroids (CS) have been standard immunosuppression to prevent and treat rejection. However, CS are associated with increased risk of infection, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and accelerated hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence post-orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). This study assesses the safety and efficacy of CS-free immunosuppressive regimen in adult OLT.

METHODS: A two-yr, prospective, randomized study of CS with delayed withdrawal (CS) or CS-free regimen with basiliximab, tacrolimus, and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) was performed in 39 patients (CS=20; CS-free=19). CS group received intra-operative methylprednisolone weaned by six months. HCV patients had HCV PCR pre-OLT and 0.5 ...


Nelfe-Dependent Myc Signature Identifies A Unique Cancer Subtype In Hepatocellular Carcinoma., Hien Dang, Yotsawat Pomyen, Sean P. Martin, Dana A. Dominguez, Sun Young Yim, Ju-Seog Lee, Anuradha Budhu, Ashesh P. Shah, Adam S. Bodzin, Xin Wei Wang 2019 National Cancer Institute; Thomas Jefferson University

Nelfe-Dependent Myc Signature Identifies A Unique Cancer Subtype In Hepatocellular Carcinoma., Hien Dang, Yotsawat Pomyen, Sean P. Martin, Dana A. Dominguez, Sun Young Yim, Ju-Seog Lee, Anuradha Budhu, Ashesh P. Shah, Adam S. Bodzin, Xin Wei Wang

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

The MYC oncogene is dysregulated in approximately 30% of liver cancer. In an effort to exploit MYC as a therapeutic target, including in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), strategies have been developed on the basis of MYC amplification or gene translocation. Due to the failure of these strategies to provide accurate diagnostics and prognostic value, we have developed a Negative Elongation Factor E (NELFE)-Dependent MYC Target (NDMT) gene signature. This signature, which consists of genes regulated by MYC and NELFE, an RNA binding protein that enhances MYC-induced hepatocarcinogenesis, is predictive of NELFE/MYC-driven tumors that would otherwise not be identified by ...


Exploring Lived Experiences Of Married Pakistani Women Post-Mastectomy, Laila Hussain, Zeenatkhanu Kanji, Sharifa Bashir Lalani, Shabnam Moledina, Abida K. Sattar 2019 Tabba Heart Institute, Karachi, Pakistan

Exploring Lived Experiences Of Married Pakistani Women Post-Mastectomy, Laila Hussain, Zeenatkhanu Kanji, Sharifa Bashir Lalani, Shabnam Moledina, Abida K. Sattar

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Objective: This qualitative descriptive exploratory study aimed to explore the lived experiences of married Pakistani women, 2 years post-mastectomy.
Methods: Twelve participants were recruited through purposive sampling from outpatient oncology clinic from a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Interviews were audio-taped and transcribed, and then themes and sub-themes were identified.
Results: Women verbalized a range of their experiences throughout the span from diagnosis to mastectomy. One over arching theme, quality of life and four main themes and their subthemes emerged from the data. Following are the themes; from history to diagnosis, worries, coping strategies, and recommendations.
Conclusions: The study findings ...


A Novel Handheld Robotic-Assisted System For Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: Surgical Technique And Early Survivorship., Andrew K. Battenberg, Nathan A. Netravali, Jess H. Lonner 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

A Novel Handheld Robotic-Assisted System For Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: Surgical Technique And Early Survivorship., Andrew K. Battenberg, Nathan A. Netravali, Jess H. Lonner

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Technology, including robotics, has been developed for use in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) to improve accuracy and precision of bone preparation, implant positioning, and soft tissue balance. The NAVIO™ System (Smith and Nephew, Pittsburgh, PA, United States) is a handheld robotic system that assists surgeons in planning implant positioning based on an individual patient's anatomy and then preparing the bone surface to accurately achieve the plan. The surgical technique is presented herein. In addition, initial results are presented for 128 patients (mean age 64.7 years; 57.8% male) undergoing UKA with NAVIO. After a mean of follow-up period ...


Transcatheter Arterial Embolization Versus Surgery For Refractory Non-Variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Meta-Analysis., Antonio Tarasconi, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Vittoria Pattonieri, Gennaro Perrone, Hariscine Keng Abongwa, Sarah Molfino, Nazario Portolani, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Arianna Heyer, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena 2019 Maggiore Hospital of Parma, University of Parma

Transcatheter Arterial Embolization Versus Surgery For Refractory Non-Variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Meta-Analysis., Antonio Tarasconi, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Vittoria Pattonieri, Gennaro Perrone, Hariscine Keng Abongwa, Sarah Molfino, Nazario Portolani, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Arianna Heyer, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena

Student Papers & Posters

Background: Nowadays, very few patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding fail endoscopic hemostasis (refractory NVUGIB). This subset of patients poses a clinical dilemma: should they be operated on or referred to transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE)?

Objectives: To carry out a systematic review of the literature and to perform a meta-analysis of studies that directly compare TAE and surgery in patients with refractory NVUGIB.

Materials and methods: We searched PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and Embase. A combination of the MeSH terms "gastrointestinal bleeding"; "gastrointestinal hemorrhage"; "embolization"; "embolization, therapeutic"; and "surgery" were used (("gastrointestinal bleeding" or "gastrointestinal hemorrhage") and ("embolization" or "embolization, therapeutic ...


Opioid Consumption After Orthopedic Surgery: Prospective Randomized Trial On The Effects Of Preoperative Counseling, Sage Vincent, Taylor Paskey, Elizabeth Critchlow, Erica Mann, Talia Chapman, MD, Kristin Sandrowski, MD, Asif Ilyas, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Opioid Consumption After Orthopedic Surgery: Prospective Randomized Trial On The Effects Of Preoperative Counseling, Sage Vincent, Taylor Paskey, Elizabeth Critchlow, Erica Mann, Talia Chapman, Md, Kristin Sandrowski, Md, Asif Ilyas, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Recently, there have been increases in morbidity and mortality associated with opioid medications. Physician overprescribing, particularly within orthopedics, contributes to large quantities of leftover opioids, leading to an increased risk of non-medical opioid use and abuse.

Objective: To understand the role of preoperative patient counseling on postoperative opioid consumption, a prospective randomized study was done, with the idea that patients receiving counseling would take fewer opioids than their control counterparts.

Methods: Patients undergoing elective outpatient orthopedic surgery at Jefferson affiliate hospitals were enrolled over a 3-month period. Patients were randomized to a control group or to receive preoperative counseling ...


Are We Doing It For The Money? A Salary Survey Of The United States Surgical Program Directors, Alexander Hoey, BA, Brian Hoey, MD, Stanislaw Stawicki, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Are We Doing It For The Money? A Salary Survey Of The United States Surgical Program Directors, Alexander Hoey, Ba, Brian Hoey, Md, Stanislaw Stawicki, Md

Phase 1

Compensation packages and job responsibilities for United States surgical program directors (PD) vary considerably from one institution to the next. With limited compensation data available for PD’s, this survey reassesses and compares the salaries, benefits, duties, and contract arrangements of all allopathic U.S. surgical PDs. Questionnaires regarding these areas of interest were mailed out electronically to all of the PDs and data was compared between the individuals’ responses using Chi-Squared and Fischer Exact Tests. Fifty-five percent of the PDs responded, revealing significant variation in total compensation packages, size of the dedicated stipend for the role, and time spent ...


Assessing The Operative Log Data Of Traditional (5+2) Vs. Integrated (0+5) Vascular Training Programs, Ernest Gillan, BS, Anthony Feghali, MD, Tuong Nguyen, MD, Dawn Salvatore, MD, Paul DiMuzio, MD, Babak Abai, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Assessing The Operative Log Data Of Traditional (5+2) Vs. Integrated (0+5) Vascular Training Programs, Ernest Gillan, Bs, Anthony Feghali, Md, Tuong Nguyen, Md, Dawn Salvatore, Md, Paul Dimuzio, Md, Babak Abai, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: In 2006, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) approved an integrated 5 year vascular surgery residency program. Operative experience can be used as a surrogate marker for success in the evolving field of vascular surgery training.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the operative experience of those graduating from the traditional (5+2) vascular training program with the integrated (0+5) program.

Methods: National operative case log data supplied by the ACGME was gathered and organized for vascular surgery residents graduating between 2013 and 2018. Mean case numbers were compared between integrated vascular residents ...


Is Excision Of Radial Scars Identified On Cnb Necessary?, K. Nimtz, K. Hookim, MD, A. Sevrukov, MD, T. Tsangaris, MD, A. Willis, MD, A. Berger, MD, M. Lazar, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Is Excision Of Radial Scars Identified On Cnb Necessary?, K. Nimtz, K. Hookim, Md, A. Sevrukov, Md, T. Tsangaris, Md, A. Willis, Md, A. Berger, Md, M. Lazar, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Quantifying the risk of upgrade to malignancy with radial scars has been an ongoing challenge, as the published upgrade rate varies widely from 0-40%, making management strategy controversial. The lack of consensus on optimal management highlights the need for further analysis. We sought to identify our institutional upgrade rate of radial scar identified on core needle biopsy (CNB).

Methods: A retrospective review of pathology and radiology databases was performed to identify radial scars found on CNB. We excluded patients with malignancy associated with radial scar and those who did not undergo surgical excision. The upgrade rates to malignancy or ...


An Evaluation Of Ultrasound-Guided Regional Block Anesthesia In Outpatient Hand Surgery, Daniel Calem, Armen C. Voskeridjian, MD, Michael Rivlin, MD, Pedro Beredjiklian, MD, Mark L. Wang, MD, PhD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

An Evaluation Of Ultrasound-Guided Regional Block Anesthesia In Outpatient Hand Surgery, Daniel Calem, Armen C. Voskeridjian, Md, Michael Rivlin, Md, Pedro Beredjiklian, Md, Mark L. Wang, Md, Phd

Phase 1

Introduction: The utilization of ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blocks in orthopedic surgery has increased in popularity as the anesthesia of choice for the management of perioperative pain. Peripheral nerve blockade has been shown to increase overall surgical efficiency, improve patient satisfaction, reduce postoperative narcotic use, and decrease the duration of facility admissions, while increasing overall cost-effectiveness. To date, scant literature exists regarding the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided supraclavicular blocks used in common hand surgery procedures, and the rate of neurologic and vascular complications remains unknown.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness and complication rate of ...


Selection Criteria For Posterior Circulation Stroke And Functional Outcome Following Mechanical Thrombectomy, Vivian Xu, Ahmad Sweid, MD, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, MD, Kavya Shivashankar, BA, Karim Hafazalla, BS, Michael R. Gooch, MD, Nabeel Herial, MD, Robert H. Rosenwasswer MD, Pascal Jabbour, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Selection Criteria For Posterior Circulation Stroke And Functional Outcome Following Mechanical Thrombectomy, Vivian Xu, Ahmad Sweid, Md, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Md, Kavya Shivashankar, Ba, Karim Hafazalla, Bs, Michael R. Gooch, Md, Nabeel Herial, Md, Robert H. Rosenwasswer Md, Pascal Jabbour, Md

Phase 1

Objective: 20% of all acute ischemic strokes (AIS) are caused by posterior circulation strokes, which carry an intensified mortality touching 95%. Early recanalization improves outcome as shown by several reports; however, safety, patient selection, and prognostic factors remain lacking. An investigation of the safety and prognostic factors for posterior circulation mechanical thrombectomy (MT) was performed.

Methods: A retrospective review of patients presenting with posterior circulation AIS, who underwent MT between 2010 and 2018.

Results: Of 443 patients who underwent MT for AIS, 83 patients had posterior circulation strokes. 95% of procedures were conducted under general anesthesia. The median NIHSS upon ...


Post-Operative Outcomes Of Surgical Treatment For Trigeminal Neuralgia, Daniel Tzou 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Post-Operative Outcomes Of Surgical Treatment For Trigeminal Neuralgia, Daniel Tzou

Phase 1

Introduction: Trigeminal Neuralgia causes severe paroxysmal facial pain that leads to debilitating quality of life. Pharmacologic management often becomes insufficient, and the microvascular decompression (MVD) procedure is the mainstay surgical intervention. Internal neurolysis (IN) is a novel addition to the MVD procedure to treat trigeminal neuralgia, and its efficacy has not been well tested.

Objective: The objectives of the study are to understand appropriate surgical treatments for trigeminal neuralgia and to determine the efficacy of the additional IN compared to MVD.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study on patients undergoing surgical intervention for trigeminal neuralgia at TJUH was conducted. Surgical treatment ...


The Pathway To Low Outlier Status In Venous Thromboembolism Events: An Analysis Of Pancreatic Surgery In Acs Nsqip, Samantha L. Savitch, Tyler M. Bauer, Nikosi H. Alvarez, Adam P. Johnson, Theresa P. Yeo, Harish Lavu, Charles J. Yeo, Jordan M. Winter, Geno J. Merli, Scott W. Cowan 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

The Pathway To Low Outlier Status In Venous Thromboembolism Events: An Analysis Of Pancreatic Surgery In Acs Nsqip, Samantha L. Savitch, Tyler M. Bauer, Nikosi H. Alvarez, Adam P. Johnson, Theresa P. Yeo, Harish Lavu, Charles J. Yeo, Jordan M. Winter, Geno J. Merli, Scott W. Cowan

Phase 1

Introduction: Our institution’s hepatopancreaticobiliary service (HPBS) is a high-volume pancreatic surgery service, which has demonstrated consistently low rates of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) compared to similar institutions as reported by NSQIP. We sought to determine if the HPBS’s regimented multimodal VTE prophylaxis pathway plays a role in achieving consistently low VTE rates.

Methods: We queried the ACS NSQIP Participant User File and our institution’s data from 2011-2016 for major pancreatic operations. We used Chi-squared analysis to compare the HPBS and national patient populations, and created a matched dataset based on preoperative patient factors. Univariate and multivariate analyses ...


Retrospective Chart Review Assessing Factors That Contribute To Network Leakage In Postoperative Pancreatic Cancer Patients, Nazanin Sarpoulaki, Christian Fernandez, MD, Mark Hurwitz, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Retrospective Chart Review Assessing Factors That Contribute To Network Leakage In Postoperative Pancreatic Cancer Patients, Nazanin Sarpoulaki, Christian Fernandez, Md, Mark Hurwitz, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Standard of care for resectable pancreatic cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, with consideration of radiotherapy. Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) is a large volume institution for pancreatectomy. Rate of subsequent in-network adjuvant treatment are far less which may impact outcomes. We will elucidate variables that influence coordinated patient care.

Objective: To evaluate variables that correlate with follow up and adjuvant treatment of pancreatic cancer patients at TJUH.

Methods: Retrospective medical chart reviews will be performed with data from patients with pancreatic cancer who have undergone resection at TJUH from April 2017 to March 2018. Patient demographics, clinical, and pathologic information ...


Repeat Neuro-Imaging In Patients Presenting With Traumatic Extra-Axial Intracranial Hemorrhage, Austin Saline, Anthony Stefanelli, MD, Omaditya Khanna, MD, Sol Feuerwerker, Somnath Das, Evan Selzer 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Repeat Neuro-Imaging In Patients Presenting With Traumatic Extra-Axial Intracranial Hemorrhage, Austin Saline, Anthony Stefanelli, Md, Omaditya Khanna, Md, Sol Feuerwerker, Somnath Das, Evan Selzer

Phase 1

Introduction: The management of extra-axial intracranial hemorrhage patients is complicated and lacks a systemic algorithm to determine the timing and necessity of head computed tomography (HCT). However, repeat HCTs weakly predict the need for an intervention after mild traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Objective: This study focused on assessing the safety, efficacy, and necessity of obtaining serial HCTs in patients presenting with subdural hemorrhages.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients with subdural hemorrhages and a GCS between 13-15 on admission (n=116). The total number of HCTs, time between repeat HCTs, duration of hospital stay, and factors necessitating ...


Minimally Invasive Surgery In Neonates With Congenital Anomalies: Experience From The Nsqip-P, Emily Sagalow, Katerina Dukleska, MD, Courtney Devin, MD, Erin Teeple, MD, Scott W. Cowan, MD, Charles D. Vincour, MD, Loren Berman, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Minimally Invasive Surgery In Neonates With Congenital Anomalies: Experience From The Nsqip-P, Emily Sagalow, Katerina Dukleska, Md, Courtney Devin, Md, Erin Teeple, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md, Charles D. Vincour, Md, Loren Berman, Md

Phase 1

Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) and tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEF) are managed with minimally invasive surgery (MIS) or open surgery. Little is known about the patient populations and outcomes for those treated by each approach. Hypothesis/Specific Aims: We expect that there will be fewer complications, better outcomes, and longer operative times for the MIS group versus the open group.

Methods: National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric Participant Use Files (NSQIP-P PUFs) from 2012-2015 were used to identify neonates (up to 30 days old) who underwent CDH and TEF repair. The patient characteristics, post-operative complications, and 30-day mortality were analyzed using multivariable ...


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