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Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (Gist) Of The Treitz’S Angle– A Very Rare Cause Of High Bowel Obstruction, Mădălina Elena Tobă, Dan Florin Ungureanu, Lota Corina Georgescu, Traian Pătraşcu 2016 Titu Maiorescu University of Bucharest, Faculty of Medicine

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (Gist) Of The Treitz’S Angle– A Very Rare Cause Of High Bowel Obstruction, Mădălina Elena Tobă, Dan Florin Ungureanu, Lota Corina Georgescu, Traian Pătraşcu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are somewhat rare gastrointestinal tumors - approximately 1% to 3% incidence, but they are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs are usually found in the stomach or small intestine but can occur anywhere within the gastrointestinal tract, even in extremely uncommon locations like duodeno-jejunal flexure. Only 3% – 5% of GISTs are located in the duodenum and tumors occurring in the angle of Treitz are even rarer, most published studies being case reports. These tumors have a size ranging from small lesions to large masses and can cause digestive bleeding or high bowel obstruction ...


A Retrospective Surgical Experience Regarding Open And Laparoscopic Procedures Of The Hepatic Hydatid Cyst With An Up To Date Complete Review Of The Literature And A Focus On Original Romanian Techniques, Diana Moldovan, Cosmin Alec Moldovan, Laurentiu Ungurianu, Dan Florin Ungureanu 2016 MedLife S.A.

A Retrospective Surgical Experience Regarding Open And Laparoscopic Procedures Of The Hepatic Hydatid Cyst With An Up To Date Complete Review Of The Literature And A Focus On Original Romanian Techniques, Diana Moldovan, Cosmin Alec Moldovan, Laurentiu Ungurianu, Dan Florin Ungureanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction: Even though the development of the recent anti-parasitic drugs has led to a high degree of efficiency, surgical treatment still remains the gold standard for a number of conditions. Material and method. The authors discuss a series of 90 cases in a multicenter and retrospective analysis that stretches over 20 years. Results and discussions. These cases have been diagnosed and treated – through different surgical methods, both classical and laparoscopic – for hepatic hydatid cysts. The paper also presents a short review of the major types of surgical procedures cited in the international literature, with a specific focus on the advantages ...


A Proposed Therapeutic Algorithm Based On Multiple Case Analysis Regarding The Repair Options Of Iatrogenic Biliary Lesions Following Open And Laparoscopic Surgery, Cosmin Alec Moldovan, Dan Florin Ungureanu, Vladimir Beliș 2016 Titu Maiorescu University of Bucharest

A Proposed Therapeutic Algorithm Based On Multiple Case Analysis Regarding The Repair Options Of Iatrogenic Biliary Lesions Following Open And Laparoscopic Surgery, Cosmin Alec Moldovan, Dan Florin Ungureanu, Vladimir Beliș

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction: the problem of the iatrogenic lesions of the main biliary pathways is far from being completely clarified and still represents a serious surgical situation, during both open and laparoscopic surgeries. The outcome of these situations is closely linked with the actual moment of discovery of the lesion and the surgical methods for repairing such defects and implies a great number of options, such as reconstructive, derivative and substitutive techniques. Objectives: the goal of this paper is to present an algorithm of choices and their consequences for clinical conduit in the case of iatrogenic biliary lesions discovered in the course ...


Helicobacter Pylori: Types Of Diseases, Diagnosis, Treatment And Causes Of Therapeutic Failure, Cosmin Vasile Obleaga, Cristin Constantin Vere, Ionica Daniel Valcea, Mihai Calin Ciorbagiu, Emil Moraru, Cecil Sorin Mirea 2016 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Surgery

Helicobacter Pylori: Types Of Diseases, Diagnosis, Treatment And Causes Of Therapeutic Failure, Cosmin Vasile Obleaga, Cristin Constantin Vere, Ionica Daniel Valcea, Mihai Calin Ciorbagiu, Emil Moraru, Cecil Sorin Mirea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Acute upper gastrointestinal lesions have a multifactorial etiology but, regardless of the cause, they are related to mucosal barrier destruction. Since Helicobacter pylori induces a superficial chronic gastritis with the infiltration of neutrophils in the mucosa, it was speculated that Helicobacter pylori infection could also cause bleeding lesions. The diagnosis, the proper treatment and the revaluation of its effectiveness actually represent the prophylaxis of some diseases such as peptic ulcer, gastric lymphoma or mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) and gastric cancer. These diseases and their severe complications are life-threatening for the patient. Periodic renewal of the treatment and knowing the real ...


Respiratory Rate Variability In Sleeping Adults Without Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Guillermo Gutierrez, Jeffrey Williams, Ghadah Alrehaili, Anna McLean, Ramin Pirouz, Richard L. Amdur, Vivek Jain, Jalil Ahari, Amandeep Bawa, Shawn Kimbro 2016 George Washington University

Respiratory Rate Variability In Sleeping Adults Without Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Guillermo Gutierrez, Jeffrey Williams, Ghadah Alrehaili, Anna Mclean, Ramin Pirouz, Richard L. Amdur, Vivek Jain, Jalil Ahari, Amandeep Bawa, Shawn Kimbro

Surgery Faculty Publications

Characterizing respiratory rate variability (RRV) in humans during sleep is challenging, since it requires the analysis of respiratory signals over a period of several hours. These signals are easily distorted by movement and volitional inputs. We applied the method of spectral analysis to the nasal pressure transducer signal in 38 adults with no obstructive sleep apnea, defined by an apnea‐hypopnea index <5, who underwent all‐night polysomnography (PSG). Our aim was to detect and quantitate RRV during the various sleep stages, including wakefulness. The nasal pressure transducer signal was acquired at 100 Hz and consecutive frequency spectra were generated for the length of the PSG with the Fast Fourier Transform. For each spectrum, we computed the amplitude ratio of the first harmonic peak to the zero frequency peak (H1/DC), and defined as RRV as (100 − H1/DC) %. RRV was greater during wakefulness compared to any sleep stage, including rapid‐eye‐movement. Furthermore, RRV correlated with the depth of sleep, being lowest during N3. Patients spent most their sleep time supine, but we found no correlation between RRV and body position. There was a correlation between respiratory rate and sleep stage, being greater in wakefulness than in any sleep stage. We conclude that RRV varies according to sleep stage. Moreover, spectral analysis of nasal pressure signal appears to provide a valid measure of RRV during sleep. It remains to be seen if the method can differentiate normal from pathological sleep patterns.


Department Of Surgery Update, September 2016, Wright State University Department of Surgery 2016 Wright State University

Department Of Surgery Update, September 2016, Wright State University Department Of Surgery

Department of Surgery Updates

A four page newsletter created by the Department of Surgery documenting changes to the department. This issue contains a message from the chair, a list of important dates, committee meetings, scholarly activity, and more.


Four-Dimensional (4d) Subharmonic Aided Pressure Estimation For Monitoring Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response Of Breast Cancer, Kibo Nam, Maria Stanczak, Anush Sridharan, Adam C. Berger, Tiffany Avery, John R. Eisenbrey, Flemming Forsberg 2016 Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107

Four-Dimensional (4d) Subharmonic Aided Pressure Estimation For Monitoring Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response Of Breast Cancer, Kibo Nam, Maria Stanczak, Anush Sridharan, Adam C. Berger, Tiffany Avery, John R. Eisenbrey, Flemming Forsberg

Department of Radiology Posters

Introduction

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a well-established treatment option for patients with non-metastatic breast cancer. The patient response is correlated with survival. However, the optimal method for monitoring neoadjuvant therapy response has not been established. One factor that may affect the response of neoadjuvant therapy is the interstitial fluid pressure (IFP). Increased IFP prevents an effective delivery of therapeutic agents and reduces the efficacy of the therapy. Recently, subharmonic-aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been developed and its potential was demonstrated in animals as a non-invasive technique for IFP measurements. The SHAPE method estimates IFP based on the ...


Higher Body Mass Index (Bmi) And Low-Volume Surgeons Confer Increased Operative Complications In Anterior Spinal Exposures, Aisha Shaheen, MD, MHA, Naveed A. Rahman, Abhay Mathur, BS, Deepika Koganti, MD, PGY-4, Alec C. Beekley, MD, FACS, John R. Eisenbrey, PhD, Joshua A. Marks, MD, Michael S. Weinstein, MD, FACS, FCCM, Murray J. Cohen, MD, FACS 2016 Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA

Higher Body Mass Index (Bmi) And Low-Volume Surgeons Confer Increased Operative Complications In Anterior Spinal Exposures, Aisha Shaheen, Md, Mha, Naveed A. Rahman, Abhay Mathur, Bs, Deepika Koganti, Md, Pgy-4, Alec C. Beekley, Md, Facs, John R. Eisenbrey, Phd, Joshua A. Marks, Md, Michael S. Weinstein, Md, Facs, Fccm, Murray J. Cohen, Md, Facs

Department of Surgery Posters

Background

Anterior spinal exposures performed by spine or vascular surgeons have a known complication rate of 2-11%. We present the largest single institution experience of anterior spinal exposures performed by Acute Care Surgeons.

The purpose of this study was to characterize the incidence of vascular and visceral injuries during spinal exposures and to identify risk factors contributing to operative complications during the exposure. We hypothesized that patients with a BMI >30 as well as low-volume surgeons (<20 operations) would have an increased complication rate.


The (R)- Isomer Of Isometheptene Decreases Trigeminal Sensitivity In A Rat Model Of Primary Headache, Jessica Perino, MS, Nathan T. Fried, PhD, Michael L. Oshinsky, PhD, Bruce Daugherty, PhD, MBA, Seth Lederman, MD, Melanie B Elliott, PhD 2016 Department of Neurosurgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA

The (R)- Isomer Of Isometheptene Decreases Trigeminal Sensitivity In A Rat Model Of Primary Headache, Jessica Perino, Ms, Nathan T. Fried, Phd, Michael L. Oshinsky, Phd, Bruce Daugherty, Phd, Mba, Seth Lederman, Md, Melanie B Elliott, Phd

Department of Neurosurgery Posters

Introduction

Isometheptene is thought to be the active ingredient of the commonly known headache medication, Midrin. Previously, we found only the (R) enantiomer to be effective in alleviating headache behavior in two models of headache compared to the (S) enantiomer.

Experiments using electrical and mechanical stimulation of the dura in animals with no history of head pain have been used to elucidate the mechanisms of the trigeminovascular system at the level of the trigeminal ganglion, trigeminal nucleus caudalis, periaqueductal gray, and the thalamus. The limitation of these acute models is that electrical and mechanical stimulation of the dural blood vessels ...


Non-Psychotropic Cannabinoid Based Therapy Modulates Nociceptive Signaling Molecules, Microglia, And Pain Behavior In A Model Of Post-Concussion Headache, Jarred M. Stratton, Lan Cheng, Ashley L. Tyburski, Jessica Perino, Melanie B. Elliott 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Non-Psychotropic Cannabinoid Based Therapy Modulates Nociceptive Signaling Molecules, Microglia, And Pain Behavior In A Model Of Post-Concussion Headache, Jarred M. Stratton, Lan Cheng, Ashley L. Tyburski, Jessica Perino, Melanie B. Elliott

Department of Neurosurgery Posters

Background & Objectives

Headache is a common symptom of post-concussion syndrome which may persist in a substantial portion of patients contributing to a poor quality of life and disability. There is a pressing need to develop novel treatments for post-traumatic headache as current treatments have a number of side effects, are contraindicated or lack efficacy. The Elliott laboratory first established models of post-traumatic headache demonstrating sensitization of trigeminal neurons in rodent models of post-traumatic headache using well-known nociceptive and behavioral markers in the pain and migraine fields1-3. Traumatic brain injury in mice increases expression of calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP ...


Ultrasonographic Renal Size In Individuals Without Known Renal Disease., Niels-Peter Buchholz, Farhat Abbas, Syed Raziuddin Biyabani, Qaiser Javed, Jamsheer Talati, Masood Afzal, Imtiaz Rizvi 2016 Aga Khan University

Ultrasonographic Renal Size In Individuals Without Known Renal Disease., Niels-Peter Buchholz, Farhat Abbas, Syed Raziuddin Biyabani, Qaiser Javed, Jamsheer Talati, Masood Afzal, Imtiaz Rizvi

Farhat Abbas

Objective: In order to establish some preliminary data of our population, we determined the ultrasonographic kidney dimensions in individuals withoud known renal disease. We assessed whether age, sex, side, body mass index (BMI) and presence or absence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension affect the renal size. Methods: Ultrasonographic kidney measurements were performed on 194 adult patients without known kidney lesions. Measurements included length, width, cortical thickness and estimation of renal size which was obtained by multiplying the first three variables. The effect of age, gender, side, height, weight, BNll, hypertension and diabetes mellitus was statistically analyzed. Results: The mean kidney ...


Understanding The Context Of Balanced Scorecard Implementation: A Hospital-Based Case Study In Pakistan., Fauziah Rabbani, Sabrina NH Lalji, Farhat Abbas, SM Wasim Jafri, Junaid A. Razzak, Naheed Nabi, Firdous Jahan, Agha Ajmal, Max Petzold, Mats Brommels, Goran Tomson 2016 Aga Khan University

Understanding The Context Of Balanced Scorecard Implementation: A Hospital-Based Case Study In Pakistan., Fauziah Rabbani, Sabrina Nh Lalji, Farhat Abbas, Sm Wasim Jafri, Junaid A. Razzak, Naheed Nabi, Firdous Jahan, Agha Ajmal, Max Petzold, Mats Brommels, Goran Tomson

Farhat Abbas

BACKGROUND:

As a response to a changing operating environment, healthcare administrators are implementing modern management tools in their organizations. The balanced scorecard (BSC) is considered a viable tool in high-income countries to improve hospital performance. The BSC has not been applied to hospital settings in low-income countries nor has the context for implementation been examined. This study explored contextual perspectives in relation to BSC implementation in a Pakistani hospital.

METHODS:

Four clinical units of this hospital were involved in the BSC implementation based on their willingness to participate. Implementationincluded sensitization of units towards the BSC, developing specialty specific BSCs and ...


The Prevalence Of Silent Kidney Stones - An Ultrasonographic Screening Study, Buchholz Niels-Peter, Farhat Abbas, R Khan, Jamsheer J Talati, M Afzal, I Rizvi 2016 Aga Khan University

The Prevalence Of Silent Kidney Stones - An Ultrasonographic Screening Study, Buchholz Niels-Peter, Farhat Abbas, R Khan, Jamsheer J Talati, M Afzal, I Rizvi

Farhat Abbas

Objective:

Silent and not yet discovered stones of the upper urinary tract are potentially dangerous, since in due course they may cause infection, obstruction and renal damage. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of such silent kidney stones in a representative Pakistani population of Karachi. Subjects and

Methods:

We studied 201 consecutive subjects at our hospital who underwent additional kidney screening whilst undergoing abdominal ultrasound. All these subjects did not have a history or symptoms of urolithiasis.

Results:

We found silent kidney stones in 3% of subjects. All stone bearers were males. Most stones were in ...


Role Of Surgery In Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer, Nazim Syed Muhammad, Farhat Abbas 2016 Aga Khan University

Role Of Surgery In Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer, Nazim Syed Muhammad, Farhat Abbas

Farhat Abbas

A significant proportion of patients present with locally advanced prostate cancer with inherent higher risk of local recurrence and systemic relapse after initial treatment. Recent literature favors combination of radiation therapy and extended hormonal therapy for this subset of patients. The effectiveness of Radical prostatectomy (RP) alone for locally advanced prostate cancer is controversial and is a focus of debate. However, it can decrease the tumor burden and allows the accurate and precise pathological staging with the need for subsequent treatment. Comparison of RP and other treatment modalities is difficult and incorrect because of inherent selection bias. RP as a ...


Surgical Management Of Penile Cancer--Report Of Two Cases., M Amjad Noor, Hammad Ather, M Nasir Sulaiman, Farhat Abbas 2016 Aga Khan University

Surgical Management Of Penile Cancer--Report Of Two Cases., M Amjad Noor, Hammad Ather, M Nasir Sulaiman, Farhat Abbas

Farhat Abbas

Introduction

Penile carcinoma (PC) is a rare tumor, accounting for 0.4-0.6% of all male malignancies. There are remarkable racial and geographic differences in the prevalence of penile cancer. In United States, 1% of all male cancers are penile malignancies, with annual incidence of 1-2 new cases per 100,000 men. In certain areas of South America, Asia and Africa the frequency is as high as 10-20% of all male cancers. Many areas in Asia however, have very low figures; in Taiwan for example it comprised only 0.25% of all male cancers1. Penile carcinoma is most frequent ...


Surgical Management Of Pheochromocytoma In A 13-Week Pregnant Woman., Mazhar Ali Memon, Wajahat Aziz, Farhat Abbas 2016 Aga Khan University

Surgical Management Of Pheochromocytoma In A 13-Week Pregnant Woman., Mazhar Ali Memon, Wajahat Aziz, Farhat Abbas

Farhat Abbas

A 34-year-old 13-week pregnant woman presented with hypertension refractory to medical therapy and on workup was found to have a right adrenal mass. Due to her persistent increased blood pressure she was advised urinary vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) and its level was raised. MRI of the abdomen showed a well-circumcised lesion in the right adrenal of 3.0×2.5 cm suggestive of pheochromocytoma. The patient was started on antihypertensives including α-blockers and β-blockers and planned for right open adrenalectomy. Intraoperatively, blood pressure was raised up to 180/110 mm Hg on slight manipulation of adrenal gland which was controlled with ...


Silencing Of Mbd1 And Mecp2 In Prostate-Cancer-Derived Pc3 Cells Produces Differential Gene Expression Profiles And Cellular Phenotypes., Yaqinuddin Ahmed, Farhat Abbas, Syed S. Naqvi, Mohammad U. Bashir, Romena Qazi, Sohail A. Qureshi 2016 Aga Khan University

Silencing Of Mbd1 And Mecp2 In Prostate-Cancer-Derived Pc3 Cells Produces Differential Gene Expression Profiles And Cellular Phenotypes., Yaqinuddin Ahmed, Farhat Abbas, Syed S. Naqvi, Mohammad U. Bashir, Romena Qazi, Sohail A. Qureshi

Farhat Abbas

Alterations in genomic CpG methylation patterns have been found to be associated with cell transformation and neoplasia. Although it is recognized that methylation of CpG residues negatively regulates gene expression, how the various MBPs (methyl-binding proteins) contribute to this process remains elusive. To determine whether the two well characterized proteins MeCP2 (methyl-CpG-binding protein 2) and MBD1 (methyl-CpG-binding domain 1) have distinct or redundant functions, we employed RNAi (RNA interference) to silence their expression in the prostate cancer-derived PC3cell line, and subsequently compared cell growth, invasion and migration properties of these cell lines in addition to their respective mRNA-expressionprofiles. Cells devoid ...


Promoter Hypermethylation Of Tumor Suppressor Genes Correlates With Tumor Grade And Invasiveness In Patients With Urothelial Bladder Cancer., Shumaila M. Bilgrami, Sohail A. Qureshi, Shahid Pervez, Farhat Abbas 2016 Aga Khan University

Promoter Hypermethylation Of Tumor Suppressor Genes Correlates With Tumor Grade And Invasiveness In Patients With Urothelial Bladder Cancer., Shumaila M. Bilgrami, Sohail A. Qureshi, Shahid Pervez, Farhat Abbas

Farhat Abbas

Purpose: To investigate the promoter methylation status at selected loci which encode for key proteins involved in apoptosis, DNA repair, cell cycle control and progression in urothelial cell carcinoma of bladder and compare the findings from tissue samples with that of plasma. Methods: Total genomic DNA was isolated from 43 non-muscle invasive (low grade) and 33 muscle invasive (high grade) urothelial bladder cancer samples along with 10 control cases of normal bladder mucosa. Promoter methylation status was investigated for RASSF1A, APC, MGMT, CDKN2A and CDKN2B genes using real-time methylation-specific PCR with SYBR® green. Plasma samples from 16 patients with muscle ...


Renal Arteriovenous Malformation: An Unusual Cause Of Recurrent Haematuria., Mazhar Ali, Wajahat Aziz, Farhat Abbas 2016 Aga Khan University

Renal Arteriovenous Malformation: An Unusual Cause Of Recurrent Haematuria., Mazhar Ali, Wajahat Aziz, Farhat Abbas

Farhat Abbas

Summary

A 54-year-old woman presented with gross painless haematuria. Initial workup showed no abnormality except mild hydronephrosis on CT scan. Cystoscopy and retrograde pyelography did not find any gross lesion and her urine cytology was also negative. She had recurrent haematuria so her CT was reviewed with the radiologist with clinical suspicion of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) which was suggested by relatively increased contrast density in the hemiazygous vein and renal vein in the arterial phase. She underwent angioembiolisation of left renal AVM after which her haematuria settled.


Post-Chemotherapy Residual Mass In Stage Iic Seminomatous Testicular Tumor, N A. Ahmad, S R. Biyabani, Farhat Abbas 2016 Aga Khan University

Post-Chemotherapy Residual Mass In Stage Iic Seminomatous Testicular Tumor, N A. Ahmad, S R. Biyabani, Farhat Abbas

Farhat Abbas

Introduction

The management of patients with residual masses following chemotherapy for advanced seminoma remains a difficult problem with no clear guidelines. While most patients with advanced seminoma achieve a complete or partial response with cisplatin based chemotherapy1, a significant number will reveal a residual mass on follow up CT scan or MR imaging2,3. Management options for post chemotherapy residual mass in a case of seminoma include close observation, radiation therapy and excisional surgery. While 80 to 85% of residual masses represent either fibrosis or necrotic tissue needing no further therapy, 10 to 15% may contain viable tumor ...


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