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Primary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy: A Case Series, Varuni Pragya, MAHABALESHWAR MAMADAPUR DR, RAHUL BISARALLI DR, DEEPAK BENNY Dr, PURNA BANSAL 2024 JSS MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL,JSS ACADEMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION,MYSORE

Primary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy: A Case Series, Varuni Pragya, Mahabaleshwar Mamadapur Dr, Rahul Bisaralli Dr, Deepak Benny Dr, Purna Bansal

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Skeletal dysplasia encompasses a spectrum of over 400 rare inheritable skeletal abnormalities typically manifested early in childhood. Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy is a clinical syndrome marked by abnormal skin and osseous tissue proliferation at the distal extremities. It is characterized by unique clinical features such as digital clubbing, periostosis of tubular bones, and synovial effusions.

We report three cases of HPOA for further understanding and insight into this infrequent cause of clubbing. Case 1 involved a 25-year-old male presenting with joint pain, primarily in wrists and knees, accompanied by progressive swelling in both lower limbs for the past 3 years. Case 2 …


Vaccine Hesitancy Among Youth Living With Hiv In Detroit, Madeline B. Simone 2024 Wayne State University

Vaccine Hesitancy Among Youth Living With Hiv In Detroit, Madeline B. Simone

Medical Student Research Symposium

Vaccine hesitancy among youth with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was evaluated to determine if the pandemic affected vaccine acceptance. A retrospective chart review was conducted to analyze vaccine rates over a five-year (pre-post COVID) in one university-based clinic. Results indicated a variation in acceptance rates between vaccines, with the MenACWY, MenB, tetanus, and HPV having the highest acceptance rates and COVID-19 and annual flu vaccine having the lowest acceptance rates. Vaccine hesitancy did not correlate with HIV treatment hesitancy nor with aversion to needles. Negative messaging around vaccines from a variety of sources appeared to be the primary factor in …


Exploring The Role Of Information And Communication Technologies In Allergic Rhinitis In Specialist Centers: Patient Perspectives On Usefulness, Value, And Impact On Healthcare, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda, Jean Bousquet, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Monica Rodriguez Gonzales, Anna Bedbrook, Nelson Rosario, Benjamin Zepeda-Ortega, Guillermo Guidos, Ulbio Alcivar Molina 2024 Universidad de Especialidades Espíritu Santo, Ukraine

Exploring The Role Of Information And Communication Technologies In Allergic Rhinitis In Specialist Centers: Patient Perspectives On Usefulness, Value, And Impact On Healthcare, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda, Jean Bousquet, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Monica Rodriguez Gonzales, Anna Bedbrook, Nelson Rosario, Benjamin Zepeda-Ortega, Guillermo Guidos, Ulbio Alcivar Molina

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Introduction: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) improve patient-centered care and are routinely used in Allergic Rhinitis (AR), but patients' preferences and attitudes are unexplored. This study examines AR-related information preferences and ICT use by AR patients.
Methods: A survey-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Ecuador from July to September 2019 in seven centers of reference for allergic disease. Participants were 18 years or older, diagnosed with AR and had access to ICT and the Internet. Descriptive and binomial logistic regressions were performed. A value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: 217 patients were included. 47% (n …


Exploring The Role Of Information And Communication Technologies In Allergic Rhinitis In Specialist Centers: Patient Perspectives On Usefulness, Value, And Impact On Healthcare, Ivan Cherrez Ojeda, Jean Bousquet, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Monica Rodriguez Gonzales, Anna Bedbrook, Nelson Rosario, Benjamin Zepeda Ortega, Guillermo Guidos, Ulbio Alcivar Molina 2024 Holy Spirit University of Specialties, Lebanon

Exploring The Role Of Information And Communication Technologies In Allergic Rhinitis In Specialist Centers: Patient Perspectives On Usefulness, Value, And Impact On Healthcare, Ivan Cherrez Ojeda, Jean Bousquet, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Monica Rodriguez Gonzales, Anna Bedbrook, Nelson Rosario, Benjamin Zepeda Ortega, Guillermo Guidos, Ulbio Alcivar Molina

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Introduction: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) improve patient-centered care and are routinely used in Allergic Rhinitis (AR), but patients' preferences and attitudes are unexplored. This study examines AR-related information preferences and ICT use by AR patients.
Methods: A survey-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Ecuador from July to September 2019 in seven centers of reference for allergic disease. Participants were 18 years or older, diagnosed with AR and had access to ICT and the Internet. Descriptive and binomial logistic regressions were performed. A value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: 217 patients were included. 47% (n …


Autoimmune Hepatitis: An Unusual Presentation., Ahmed Ali Aziz, Muhammad Ali Aziz, Deep Mehta, Muhammad Humayoun Rashid 2024 Department of Internal Medicine, Capital Health Regional Medical Center, Trenton, New Jersey

Autoimmune Hepatitis: An Unusual Presentation., Ahmed Ali Aziz, Muhammad Ali Aziz, Deep Mehta, Muhammad Humayoun Rashid

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic inflammatory liver disease that occurs in a bimodal age distribution in the second and fifth-sixth decade of life. The disease is more prevalent in females and presents with variable clinical manifestations ranging from being asymptomatic to acute liver failure. AIH is often overlooked and not worked up in elderly patients who present with liver failure. This can lead to increased morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. AIH should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients who present with elevated transaminases regardless of age or gender as early recognition and treatment leads to improved …


Targeting Transitioning Lung Monocytes/Macrophages As Treatment Strategies In Lung Disease Related To Environmental Exposures, Aaron Schwab, Todd A. Wyatt, Grace Moravec, Geoffrey M. Thiele, Amy J. Nelson, Angela Gleason, Oliver Schanze, Michael J. Duryee, Debra J. Romberger, Ted R. Mikuls, Jill A. Poole 2024 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Targeting Transitioning Lung Monocytes/Macrophages As Treatment Strategies In Lung Disease Related To Environmental Exposures, Aaron Schwab, Todd A. Wyatt, Grace Moravec, Geoffrey M. Thiele, Amy J. Nelson, Angela Gleason, Oliver Schanze, Michael J. Duryee, Debra J. Romberger, Ted R. Mikuls, Jill A. Poole

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

Background: Environmental/occupational exposures cause significant lung diseases. Agricultural organic dust extracts (ODE) and bacterial component lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induce recruited,transitioning murine lung monocytes/macrophages, yet their cellular role remains unclear.

Methods: CCR2 RFP+ mice were intratracheally instilled with high concentration ODE (25%), LPS (10 μg), or gram-positive peptidoglycan (PGN, 100 μg) for monocyte/macrophage cell-trafficking studies. CCR2 knockout (KO) mice and administration of intravenous clodronate liposomes strategies were employed to reduce circulating monocytes available for lung recruitment following LPS exposure.Lung tissues and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected. Pro-inflammatory and/or pro-fibrotic cytokines, chemokines, and lung extracellular matrix mediators were quantitated by ELISA. …


Lung-Delivered Il-10 Therapy Elicits Beneficial Effects Via Immune Modulation In Organic Dust Exposure-Induced Lung Inflammation, Aaron D. Schwab, Todd A. Wyatt, Amy J. Nelson, Angela Gleason, Rohit Gaurav, Debra J. Romberger, Jill A. Poole 2024 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Lung-Delivered Il-10 Therapy Elicits Beneficial Effects Via Immune Modulation In Organic Dust Exposure-Induced Lung Inflammation, Aaron D. Schwab, Todd A. Wyatt, Amy J. Nelson, Angela Gleason, Rohit Gaurav, Debra J. Romberger, Jill A. Poole

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

Efficacious therapeutic options capable of resolving inflammatory lung disease associated with environmental and occupational exposures are lacking. This study sought to determine the preclinical therapeutic potential of lung-delivered recombinant interleukin (IL)-10 therapy following acute organic dust exposure in mice. Here, C57BL/6J mice were intratracheally instilled with swine confinement organic dust extract (ODE) (12.5%, 25%, 50% concentrations) with IL-10 (1 μg) treatment or vehicle control intratracheally-administered three times: 5 hr post-exposure and then daily for 2 days. The results showed that IL-10 treatment reduced ODE (25%)-induced weight loss by 66% and 46% at Day 1 and Day 2 post-exposure, respectively. IL-10 …


Survei Kebutuhan Edukasi Pasien Lupus Eritematosus Sistemik, Jennifer Josephine, Alvina Widhani, Rahmat Cahyanur, Teguh Harjono Karjadi 2023 Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta

Survei Kebutuhan Edukasi Pasien Lupus Eritematosus Sistemik, Jennifer Josephine, Alvina Widhani, Rahmat Cahyanur, Teguh Harjono Karjadi

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Introduction. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who suffer from chronic illness, need tailored education to better manage their condition. As nowadays education through internet and social media contributes significantly. This study aimed to assess internet usage related to lupus, educational needs, and education sources preferences among patients.

Methods. This study was a cross-sectional study conducted on adult SLE patients at Allergy and Clinical Immunology Clinic, Internal Medicine Department, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, between July-August 2023. Respondents completed a set of questionnaires regarding their internet usage related to lupus, education platform preferences, and educational needs assessment tool (ENAT). …


Parasympathetic Activity And Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness In Athletes, Audrey Badza 2023 Cleveland State University

Parasympathetic Activity And Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness In Athletes, Audrey Badza

The Downtown Review

Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is a term used to describe the bronchial constriction response to environmental stimuli. BHR is increasingly common in endurance athletes due to increased exposure to some stimuli. The purpose of this review is to evaluate Stang et al.'s (2016) article, "Parasympathetic Activity and Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness in Athletes" and discuss the significance of their results. The results concluded that BHR is related to the parasympathetic activity of the heart rather than the pupils. The study concluded that there is an association between BHR and parasympathetic activity of the heart, methacholine is associated with BHR and cardiac vagal activity, …


Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of Synthetic Glycovaccines Against Both Murine Acute Chagas Disease And Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Colin D. Knight 2023 University of Texas at El Paso

Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of Synthetic Glycovaccines Against Both Murine Acute Chagas Disease And Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Colin D. Knight

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Chagas disease (CD) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are neglected tropical diseases caused by the protozoan trypanosomatids, Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania spp., respectively. There are approximately 6-8 million people infected with T. cruzi worldwide and ~300,000 people in the US. Between 700,000 and 1.2 million new cases of CL occur worldwide yearly. The approved chemotherapies for both diseases are partially effective and may cause serious adverse events, resulting in premature treatment interruption. Moreover, no effective vaccine for either disease is available. Therefore, developing a vaccine that would provide effective cross-protection against both diseases would provide a cost-effective alternative to the existing …


Kounis Syndrome – Anaphylaxis-Induced Acute Coronary Syndrome, Austin T. Thacker DO, Brachman Herzig OMS, Brendan Robinson DO, Ahad Anjum DO 2023 Rochester Regional Health System

Kounis Syndrome – Anaphylaxis-Induced Acute Coronary Syndrome, Austin T. Thacker Do, Brachman Herzig Oms, Brendan Robinson Do, Ahad Anjum Do

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Kounis syndrome is an underdiagnosed condition in which anaphylaxis triggers vasospastic acute coronary syndrome, either with or without underlying coronary artery disease. The prevalence of this syndrome among hospitalized patients for allergic/hypersensitivity/anaphylactic reactions in the United States is 1.1%, with a 7% rate of all-cause inpatient mortality. This article presents an anaphylaxis-induced acute coronary syndrome case in a patient with underlying coronary artery disease. The pathophysiological mechanism of anaphylactic-induced acute coronary syndrome involves the inflammatory mediators of type I hypersensitivity reactions.


Ada Deficiency: Improvement In Immune Function After Enzyme Replacement Therapy, Esosa Adah, Nikita Raje 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Ada Deficiency: Improvement In Immune Function After Enzyme Replacement Therapy, Esosa Adah, Nikita Raje

Posters

Introduction: Adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is characterized by severe lymphocytopenia affecting T-, and B-,lymphocytes, with non-immunological manifestations including neurodevelopmental deficits, sensorineural deafness, and skeletal abnormalities. Treatment modalities include enzyme replacement therapy(ERT) and/or autologous gene therapy or hematopoietic stem cell treatment. We report a 9-month-old female with ADA deficient T-B-NK+ SCID treated with ERT while awaiting stem cell treatment. Case Description: A 9-month-old female with a history of failure to thrive, hypotonia and loss of developmental milestones had genetic testing done that showed variants ADA c.911 T>G, c.302G>A. She was admitted for further work up. Lymphocyte …


Evaluating Patients With Recurrent Fever And Elevated Igd, Thao Le, Nikita Raje 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Evaluating Patients With Recurrent Fever And Elevated Igd, Thao Le, Nikita Raje

Posters

Introduction: Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with periodic fever syndrome (HIDS) often presents within the first year of life. Symptoms include fevers, chills, headache, lymphadenopathy, and abdominal pain. Patients may be misdiagnosed as other autoinflammatory syndromes, resulting in delay of treatment. Case: A 16-year-old female presented for evaluation of recurrent fever. Her fevers started at two months of age, occurred one to two times a month, and were associated with headache, abdominal pain, and fatigue . At 18-months, she was diagnosed with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, adenitis (PFAPA). She was treated with prednisone and an adenotonsillectomy but her fevers persisted. . At …


Evaluating A Newborn Infant With Pancytopenia For Whim Syndrome, Shayan Sazdar, Thao Le, Nikita Raje 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Evaluating A Newborn Infant With Pancytopenia For Whim Syndrome, Shayan Sazdar, Thao Le, Nikita Raje

Posters

Introduction Warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, and myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome is a rare immunodeficiency caused by a gain-of-function mutation in CXCR4. A complication of WHIM syndrome is severe neutropenia, which can result in fatal bacterial infections. Given the rarity of the disease and variability of clinical presentations, WHIM syndrome can be difficult to diagnose and manage. Case Description A full term male infant was hospitalized for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy after delivery. Physical exam was unremarkable. During his hospitalization, he was found to have progressive pancytopenia. Initial lymphocyte subsets showed a significant T cell lymphopenia of 1325 mm3 CD3+, 920 mm3 CD4+, 390 …


Investigating The Association Between Mast Cell Activation Syndrome And Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Ishaan Jakhar, Maggie Urschler, Medha Singh, Suman Sahil, Hassan Ahmad 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Investigating The Association Between Mast Cell Activation Syndrome And Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Ishaan Jakhar, Maggie Urschler, Medha Singh, Suman Sahil, Hassan Ahmad

Posters

Investigating the Association between Mast Cell Activation Syndrome and Irritable Bowel Syndrome Introduction Mast Cell Activation Syndrome (MCAS) involves the inappropriate release of chemical mediators resulting in varied episodic symptoms. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common functional abdominal disorder where mucosal immune alterations play a key role. Since mast cells function as gatekeepers for the intestinal interface, we examined what proportion of patients diagnosed with MCAS also had IBS along with comorbid risk factors. Methods All patients in our study were 18 years of age or older. We used Cerner Healthfacts to gather our cohorts of patients with MCAS, …


Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children (Mis-C): Is There A Relationship To Typhus?, Juliana Hager, Juliana Hager, Jacob Smith 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children (Mis-C): Is There A Relationship To Typhus?, Juliana Hager, Juliana Hager, Jacob Smith

Research Colloquium

The United Kingdom first reported in April 2020 a group of eight previously healthy children with a link to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) that presented with systemic inflammation and multi-organ involvement, now named multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). The Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have reported over 1000 cases since the primary discovery as of October 2020 with 20 total deaths. [1] The clinical features of MIS-C have been previously compared to inflammatory syndromes including Kawasaki disease (KD) and toxic shock syndrome (TSS). We describe the clinical presentation and management for 3 pediatric cases with …


Covid-19 As A Second Hit For Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome, Himabindu Kolli, Pooja Maknoor, Celin Rajan, Nevin Varghese 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Covid-19 As A Second Hit For Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome, Himabindu Kolli, Pooja Maknoor, Celin Rajan, Nevin Varghese

Research Colloquium

Background: Anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by venous and arterial thrombosis, usually in setting of underlying autoimmune disorders. Here, we present a case of anti-phospholipid syndrome post covid infection.

Case Presentation: 41-year-old lady presented to the ER with complaints of left sided facial droop for 3-day duration. On further evaluation, she was found to have subacute ischemic stroke and was managed with anticoagulation and supportive treatment. Past medical history is significant for a recent diagnosis of Covid infection and for subsequent development of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). She was started on anticoagulation with rivaroxaban for …


Manajemen Koinfeksi Malaria Berat Dengan Hiv Belum Mendapat Terapi Antiretrovirus Di Era Pandemi Covid-19: Sebuah Laporan Kasus, Paul Harijanto, Rosye Mawuntu, Novia Rusli, Randy Adiwinata, Agung Nugroho 2023 Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, Rumah Sakit Umum Bethesda, Tomohon, Indonesia

Manajemen Koinfeksi Malaria Berat Dengan Hiv Belum Mendapat Terapi Antiretrovirus Di Era Pandemi Covid-19: Sebuah Laporan Kasus, Paul Harijanto, Rosye Mawuntu, Novia Rusli, Randy Adiwinata, Agung Nugroho

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Severe malaria is a serious infectious disease that required immediate diagnosis and prompt treatment. Severe malaria may result several organ failures which is similar with other infectious diseases like SARS-CoV-2, sepsis, dengue, and HIV infection. Most of those infection have similar symptoms such as fever, myalgia, and headache, therefore physician should have high suspicion regarding co-infection with other infectious agents. The overlapping symptoms of co-infections may become a challenge for physician in diagnosing and delivering prompt therapy. Failure to deliver prompt treatment may lead to fatal outcome such as in severe malaria case. Stigmatization of all patients with fever and …


The Use Of Iodophor-Impregnated Drapes In Patients With Iodine-Related Allergies: A Case Series And Review Of The Literature, Andrew Fraval, Nicolina Zappley, William J. Hozack 2023 Rothman Institute Orthopaedics

The Use Of Iodophor-Impregnated Drapes In Patients With Iodine-Related Allergies: A Case Series And Review Of The Literature, Andrew Fraval, Nicolina Zappley, William J. Hozack

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background

The use of iodophor-impregnated adhesive drapes have become almost universally incorporated into standard practice of arthroplasty draping technique. Iodine-related allergies in patients planned for joint replacement present a challenge in terms of the best course of action to minimize complications and optimize outcomes.

Methods

This is a retrospective case series of patients that received an iodophor-impregnated drape as part of draping for a total hip or knee arthroplasty at a single orthopaedic-specific hospital with documented iodine-related allergies. From 2015 to 2023, 9816 total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty cases were reviewed, and 135 were documented to have an …


Hla-Ii Alleles Influence Physical And Behavioral Responses To A Whey Allergen In A Transgenic Mouse Model Of Cow's Milk Allergy, Danielle L. Germundson, Suba Nookala, Nicholas A. Smith, Yassmine Warda, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs 2023 University of North Dakota

Hla-Ii Alleles Influence Physical And Behavioral Responses To A Whey Allergen In A Transgenic Mouse Model Of Cow's Milk Allergy, Danielle L. Germundson, Suba Nookala, Nicholas A. Smith, Yassmine Warda, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

The symptoms of food allergies vary significantly between individuals, likely due to genetic determinants. In humans, allergy development is initiated by antigen-presenting cells via class II human leukocyte antigen (HLA-II). The HLA-II gene is highly polymorphic, and its allelic variance is thought to influence the susceptibility of individuals to a particular allergen. However, whether antigen presentation by different HLA-II variants contributes to symptom variation is not clear. We hypothesized that HLA-II allelic variance affects symptom phenotypes, including immediate physical reactions and delayed behavioral changes, in individuals with food hypersensitivity. To test our hypothesis, male and female mice of three transgenic …


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