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Comparison Of Data On Preterm Neonatal Growth Measures In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Madison Baty, Emily Faerber, Cayenne Sirois 2024 Providence

Comparison Of Data On Preterm Neonatal Growth Measures In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Madison Baty, Emily Faerber, Cayenne Sirois

Providence Nursing Research Conference 2023 – Present

Background:

Extrauterine Growth Restriction (EUGR) has been defined as infant weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) of less than -1.28 standard deviations (SD), at discharge or 36–40 weeks (about 9 months) postmenstrual age. In 2018, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition published indicators of neonatal malnutrition, including a decline in WAZ over time. Mild, moderate, and severe neonatal malnutrition is defined as a WAZ decline of 0.8-1.2 SD; >1.2-2 SD; >2 SD, respectively, and it is unclear how widely revised neonatal malnutrition indicators are being used.

Purpose/aim:

To investigate the sensitivity and specificity …


Effective Non-Pharmacological Pain Relief Interventions Among Neonates: An Integrative Research Review, Staci Shaw 2024 Providence

Effective Non-Pharmacological Pain Relief Interventions Among Neonates: An Integrative Research Review, Staci Shaw

Providence Nursing Research Conference 2023 – Present

Background:

Newborns encounter many painful events, including heel sticks, venous blood sampling, peripheral intravenous insertions, and more. Newborns cannot verbally express pain, and caregivers rely on changes in vital signs (increased heart rate, decreased oxygen saturations) behavior (long periods of inconsolable crying), and facial expressions to grade newborn pain. Pain management in neonates is critical to preserve neurodevelopment. Due to adverse effects of pharmacological pain management interventions in neonatal populations, non-pharmacological pain management interventions are often utilized in newborns, such as swaddling, non-nutritive sucking, kangaroo care, oral sucrose, holding, touching, music, and breastfeeding. However, the most effective pain management intervention, …


Special Considerations For The Adolescent With Obesity: An Obesity Medicine Association (Oma) Clinical Practice Statement (Cps) 2024., Suzanne Cuda, Valerie O'Hara, Marisa Censani, Rushika Conroy, Brooke Sweeney, Jennifer Paisley, Cristina Fernandez MD, Meredith Dreyer, Allen Browne, Nancy T. Browne 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Special Considerations For The Adolescent With Obesity: An Obesity Medicine Association (Oma) Clinical Practice Statement (Cps) 2024., Suzanne Cuda, Valerie O'Hara, Marisa Censani, Rushika Conroy, Brooke Sweeney, Jennifer Paisley, Cristina Fernandez Md, Meredith Dreyer, Allen Browne, Nancy T. Browne

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: This Obesity Medicine Association (OMA) Clinical Practice Statement (CPS) details special considerations for the management of the adolescent with obesity. The information in this CPS is based on scientific evidence, supported by medical literature, and derived from the clinical experiences of members of the OMA.

METHODS: The scientific information and clinical guidance in this CPS are based on scientific evidence, supported by the medical literature, and derived from the clinical perspectives of the authors.

RESULTS: This OMA Clinical Practice Statement addresses special considerations in the management and treatment of adolescents with overweight and obesity.

CONCLUSIONS: This OMA Clinical Practice …


Associations Between Anemia And Fgf23 In The Ckid Study., Elizabeth Thomas, Alexandra M. Klomhaus, Marciana L. Laster, Susan L. Furth, Bradley A. Warady, Isidro B. Salusky, Mark R. Hanudel 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Associations Between Anemia And Fgf23 In The Ckid Study., Elizabeth Thomas, Alexandra M. Klomhaus, Marciana L. Laster, Susan L. Furth, Bradley A. Warady, Isidro B. Salusky, Mark R. Hanudel

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a bone-derived hormone that plays a central role in chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder and is associated with CKD progression and cardiovascular morbidity. Factors related to CKD-associated anemia, including iron deficiency, can increase FGF23 production. This study aimed to assess whether anemia and/or iron deficiency are associated with increased circulating concentrations of FGF23 in the large, well-characterized Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study cohort.

METHODS: Hemoglobin concentrations, iron parameters, C-terminal (total) FGF23, intact FGF23, and relevant covariables were measured in cross-sectional analysis of CKiD study subjects.

RESULTS: In 493 pediatric patients with …


Real-World Evidence On The Dosing And Safety Of C.E.R.A. In Pediatric Dialysis Patients: Findings From The International Pediatric Dialysis Network Registries., Laura Kohlhas, Milena Studer, Loes Rutten-Jacobs, Sylvie Meyer Reigner, Anja Sander, Hui-Kim Yap, Karel Vondrak, Paula A. Coccia, Francisco Cano, Claus Peter Schmitt, Bradley A. Warady, Franz Schaefer, IPDN collaborators 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Real-World Evidence On The Dosing And Safety Of C.E.R.A. In Pediatric Dialysis Patients: Findings From The International Pediatric Dialysis Network Registries., Laura Kohlhas, Milena Studer, Loes Rutten-Jacobs, Sylvie Meyer Reigner, Anja Sander, Hui-Kim Yap, Karel Vondrak, Paula A. Coccia, Francisco Cano, Claus Peter Schmitt, Bradley A. Warady, Franz Schaefer, Ipdn Collaborators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: This retrospective real-world study used data from two registries, International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network (IPPN) and International Pediatric Hemodialysis Network (IPHN), to characterize the efficacy and safety of continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (C.E.R.A.) in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD).

METHODS: IPPN and IPHN collect prospective data (baseline and every 6 months) from pediatric PD and HD centers worldwide. Demographics, clinical characteristics, dialysis information, treatment, laboratory parameters, number and causes of hospitalization events, and deaths were extracted for patients on C.E.R.A. treatment (IPPN: 2007-2021; IPHN: 2013-2021).

RESULTS: We analyzed 177 patients …


A Case Of Streptococcus Constellatus Bacteremia Secondary To Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis In A Neonate, Ronald G. Lott III, Samantha M. Lavertue, Xavier Zonna, Samuel Wlasowicz, Roland Zhang, Ravi Kavuda 2024 Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine

A Case Of Streptococcus Constellatus Bacteremia Secondary To Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis In A Neonate, Ronald G. Lott Iii, Samantha M. Lavertue, Xavier Zonna, Samuel Wlasowicz, Roland Zhang, Ravi Kavuda

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Common causes of bacteremia in the neonatal period include group B streptococcus, listeria, and E. coli. We report a rare case of neonatal bacteremia with culture-positive Streptococcus constellatus. Streptococcus constellatus is part of the normal flora of the orogenital regions of the body; when found elsewhere, it causes pyogenic abscesses in the brain and digestive tract. In this case, the Streptococcus constellatus bacteremia was secondary to prolonged hospitalization in a patient with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis. This report serves to make physicians aware of and to define treatment options for Streptococcus constellatus as a rarely isolated organism that …


Pediatric Spinal Ependymoma With Chromothripsis Of Chromosome 6: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature., Keela R. Scott, Melissa Gener, Elena Repnikova 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Pediatric Spinal Ependymoma With Chromothripsis Of Chromosome 6: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature., Keela R. Scott, Melissa Gener, Elena Repnikova

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Ependymomas are the third most common central nervous system tumor in the pediatric population; however, spinal ependymomas in children are rare. Ependymomas affecting the spinal cord most frequently occur in adults of 20-40 years of age. The current World Health Organization classification system for ependymomas is now composed of ten different entities based on histopathology, location, and molecular studies, with evidence that the new classification system more accurately predicts clinical outcomes.

CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 16-year-old Caucasian female patient with a history of type 2 neurofibromatosis with multiple schwannomas, meningioma, and spinal ependymoma. Chromosome analysis …


A Case Report And Review On The Anesthetic Considerations Of Anterior Mediastinal Masses, Carter A. Schulz, Joshua D. Mohs, Andrew M. Reuter 2024 University of South Dakota, Sanford School of Medicine

A Case Report And Review On The Anesthetic Considerations Of Anterior Mediastinal Masses, Carter A. Schulz, Joshua D. Mohs, Andrew M. Reuter

Aesculapius Journal (Health Sciences & Medicine)

Case summary: A 15-year-old female presented with chest pain, dyspnea, and weight loss. A chest X-ray and subsequent CT scan revealed a large anterior mediastinal mass with cervical lymphadenopathy and pericardial effusion. Two biopsies under general anesthesia were performed, with the latter confirming classic Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis subtype.

Discussion: This case underscores the significant clinical challenges posed by anterior mediastinal masses due to their proximity to vital cardiovascular and respiratory structures. Physiologic changes during general anesthesia can exacerbate these challenges. Preoperative assessment, including imaging and symptom evaluation, is crucial to guide operative planning. It is key to individualize the …


Measures Of Function In Physical Therapy Assessment Of Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Clinical Audit, Marvin D. Zotomayor 2024 University of the Philippines Manila

Measures Of Function In Physical Therapy Assessment Of Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Clinical Audit, Marvin D. Zotomayor

Philippine Journal of Physical Therapy

Introduction: The assessment of outcomes in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is important for monitoring their progress, evaluating interventions, and guiding health policies. This study aimed to (1) identify the most common outcome measures used in the clinics to assess function in children with CP, and (2) determine whether the outcome measures used in the clinics meet the current standards of assessment for the purpose of improving patient care decisions, research, and quality assurance.

Methodology: A retrospective record audit study design was used to determine if the current practice in the clinics on the assessment of function in children with …


Molecular-Guided Therapy For The Treatment Of Patients With Relapsed And Refractory Childhood Cancers: A Beat Childhood Cancer Research Consortium Trial., Giselle L Saulnier Sholler, Genevieve Bergendahl, Elizabeth C. Lewis, Jacqueline Kraveka, William Ferguson, Abhinav B. Nagulapally, Karl Dykema, Valerie I Brown, Michael S. Isakoff, Joseph Junewick, Deanna Mitchell, Jawhar Rawwas, William Roberts, Don Eslin, Javier Oesterheld, Randal K. Wada, Devang Pastakia, Virginia Harrod, Kevin Ginn, Raya Saab, Kevin Bielamowicz, Jason Glover, Eugenia Chang, Gina K. Hanna, Daniel Enriquez, Tyler Izatt, Rebecca F Halperin, Abigail Moore, Sara A. Byron, William P D Hendricks, Jeffrey M. Trent 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Molecular-Guided Therapy For The Treatment Of Patients With Relapsed And Refractory Childhood Cancers: A Beat Childhood Cancer Research Consortium Trial., Giselle L Saulnier Sholler, Genevieve Bergendahl, Elizabeth C. Lewis, Jacqueline Kraveka, William Ferguson, Abhinav B. Nagulapally, Karl Dykema, Valerie I Brown, Michael S. Isakoff, Joseph Junewick, Deanna Mitchell, Jawhar Rawwas, William Roberts, Don Eslin, Javier Oesterheld, Randal K. Wada, Devang Pastakia, Virginia Harrod, Kevin Ginn, Raya Saab, Kevin Bielamowicz, Jason Glover, Eugenia Chang, Gina K. Hanna, Daniel Enriquez, Tyler Izatt, Rebecca F Halperin, Abigail Moore, Sara A. Byron, William P D Hendricks, Jeffrey M. Trent

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Children with relapsed central nervous system (CNS tumors), neuroblastoma, sarcomas, and other rare solid tumors face poor outcomes. This prospective clinical trial examined the feasibility of combining genomic and transcriptomic profiling of tumor samples with a molecular tumor board (MTB) approach to make real‑time treatment decisions for children with relapsed/refractory solid tumors.

METHODS: Subjects were divided into three strata: stratum 1-relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma; stratum 2-relapsed/refractory CNS tumors; and stratum 3-relapsed/refractory rare solid tumors. Tumor samples were sent for tumor/normal whole-exome (WES) and tumor whole-transcriptome (WTS) sequencing, and the genomic data were used in a multi-institutional MTB to make real‑time treatment …


Revolutionizing Esophageal Atresia Treatment: Newly Approved Technique To Bypass Surgery, Gabriella Llorente 2024 Nova Southeastern University

Revolutionizing Esophageal Atresia Treatment: Newly Approved Technique To Bypass Surgery, Gabriella Llorente

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare congenital defect where the esophagus, during the early stages of development, does not fully form. This causes there to be no connection between the oral cavity and the stomach. Complications with EA treatment come into play when there is a long gap between the two segments of the esophagus, meaning they cannot simply be sewed together using anastomosis. A new device called Flourish has recently been approved by the FDA and may be a new and more humanitarian approach to solving long gap esophageal atresia in infants.


Relationship Between Obesity And Global Longitudinal Strain In The Pediatric Single Ventricle Fontan Population Across Ventricular Morphologies., Nitin Madan, Doaa Aly, Melanie Kathol, Amulya Buddhavarapu, Thomas Rieth, Ashley K. Sherman, Daniel Forsha 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Relationship Between Obesity And Global Longitudinal Strain In The Pediatric Single Ventricle Fontan Population Across Ventricular Morphologies., Nitin Madan, Doaa Aly, Melanie Kathol, Amulya Buddhavarapu, Thomas Rieth, Ashley K. Sherman, Daniel Forsha

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with diminished myocardial function as measured by strain echocardiography in children and young adults with normal cardiac anatomy. Data are lacking about the effect of obesity on myocardial strain in patients with a single ventricle. In this study, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and single ventricle myocardial strain in the Fontan population was assessed.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight abnormal BMI Fontan cases (21 overweight and 17 obese) and 30 normal BMI Fontan controls matched based on single ventricular morphology, age, and sex were included in the study. Ventricular morphology was categorized as single right …


Opportunities For Pharmacogenetic Testing To Guide Dosing Of Medications In Youths With Medicaid., Sonya Tang Girdwood, Matthew Hall, James W. Antoon, Kathryn Kyler, Derek J. Williams, Samir S. Shah, Lucas E. Orth, Jennifer Goldman, James A. Feinstein, Laura B. Ramsey 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Opportunities For Pharmacogenetic Testing To Guide Dosing Of Medications In Youths With Medicaid., Sonya Tang Girdwood, Matthew Hall, James W. Antoon, Kathryn Kyler, Derek J. Williams, Samir S. Shah, Lucas E. Orth, Jennifer Goldman, James A. Feinstein, Laura B. Ramsey

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

IMPORTANCE: There are an increasing number of medications with a high level of evidence for pharmacogenetic-guided dosing (PGx drugs). Knowledge of the prevalence of dispensings of PGx drugs and their associated genes may allow hospitals and clinical laboratories to determine which pharmacogenetic tests to implement.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of outpatient dispensings of PGx drugs among Medicaid-insured youths, determine genes most frequently associated with PGx drug dispenses, and describe characteristics of youths who were dispensed at least 1 PGx drug.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This serial cross-sectional study includes data from 2011 to 2019 among youths aged 0 to …


Sepsis, Children's Mercy Kansas City 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Sepsis, Children's Mercy Kansas City

Clinical Pathways

No abstract provided.


Child Deaths Caused By Klebsiella Pneumoniae In Sub-Saharan Africa And South Asia: A Secondary Analysis Of Child Health And Mortality Prevention Surveillance (Champs) Data., Jennifer Verani, Dianna Blau, Emily Gurley, Victor Akelo, Nega Assefa, Vicky Baillie, Quique Bassat, Mussie Berhane, James Bunn, R Gunturu 2024 Center for Global Health, USA

Child Deaths Caused By Klebsiella Pneumoniae In Sub-Saharan Africa And South Asia: A Secondary Analysis Of Child Health And Mortality Prevention Surveillance (Champs) Data., Jennifer Verani, Dianna Blau, Emily Gurley, Victor Akelo, Nega Assefa, Vicky Baillie, Quique Bassat, Mussie Berhane, James Bunn, R Gunturu

Pathology, East Africa

Background; Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important cause of nosocomial and community-acquired pneumonia and sepsis in children, and antibiotic-resistant K pneumoniae is a growing public health threat. We aimed to characterize child mortality associated with this pathogen in seven high-mortality settings.

Methods; We analysed Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) data on the causes of deaths in children younger than 5 years and stillbirths in sites located in seven countries across sub-Saharan Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, and South Africa) and south Asia (Bangladesh) from Dec 9, 2016, to Dec 31, 2021. CHAMPS sites conduct active surveillance for …


Vitamin D Oral Replacement In Children With Obesity Related Asthma: Vdora1 Randomized Clinical Trial., Brian O'Sullivan, Song Ounpraseuth, Laura James, Marc Majure, Jason Lang, Zhuopei Hu, Alan Simon, Scott Bickel, Brian Ely, L E Faricy, Maryam Garza, Melody Greer, Daniel Hsia, Akilah Jefferson, Lisa Knight, Jeannette Lee, Deborah Liptzin, Mehtap Haktanir Abul, Tamara T. Perry, Fred Prior, Christine SanGiovanni, Jade B. Tam-Williams, Brian Wu, Jessica Snowden, ECHO IDeA States Pediatric Clinical Trial Network 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Vitamin D Oral Replacement In Children With Obesity Related Asthma: Vdora1 Randomized Clinical Trial., Brian O'Sullivan, Song Ounpraseuth, Laura James, Marc Majure, Jason Lang, Zhuopei Hu, Alan Simon, Scott Bickel, Brian Ely, L E Faricy, Maryam Garza, Melody Greer, Daniel Hsia, Akilah Jefferson, Lisa Knight, Jeannette Lee, Deborah Liptzin, Mehtap Haktanir Abul, Tamara T. Perry, Fred Prior, Christine Sangiovanni, Jade B. Tam-Williams, Brian Wu, Jessica Snowden, Echo Idea States Pediatric Clinical Trial Network

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Children with asthma and obesity are more likely to have lower vitamin D levels, but the optimal replacement dose is unknown in this population. The objective of this study is identifying a vitamin D dose in children with obesity-related asthma that safely achieves serum vitamin D levels of ≥ 40 ng/mL. This prospective multisite randomized controlled trial recruited children/adolescents with asthma and body mass index ≥ 85% for age/sex. Part 1 (dose finding), evaluated 4 oral vitamin D regimens for 16 weeks to identify a replacement dose that achieved serum vitamin D levels ≥ 40 ng/mL. Part 2 compared the …


Seizures, First Nonfebrile Seizure, Children's Mercy Kansas City 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Seizures, First Nonfebrile Seizure, Children's Mercy Kansas City

Clinical Pathways (Formally Known As Clinical Practice Guidelines)

No abstract provided.


Transposition Of The Great Arteries With Intramural Left Main Coronary Artery: Salient Imaging Findings And Description Of Two Operative Techniques, Joshua Holbert, Manasa Gadiraju, Sanket Shah, Edo Bedzra 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Transposition Of The Great Arteries With Intramural Left Main Coronary Artery: Salient Imaging Findings And Description Of Two Operative Techniques, Joshua Holbert, Manasa Gadiraju, Sanket Shah, Edo Bedzra

Posters

Background: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a common cyanotic critical congenital heart disease, with a feasible prenatal diagnosis. Arterial switch operation (ASO) with/without VSD closure is the preferred surgical approach with added challenge when an intramural coronary artery (IMC) is present. ASO is technically quite demanding with IMC, and incidence of post-operative complications and mortality are potentially higher. We present our recent TGA-IMC experience focusing on salient features identified on echocardiography, CT and invasive angiograms, as well as variations in ASO surgical techniques for repair. Methods: Our echo imaging acquisition required high frequency transducers and shallow image depth …


Double Aortic Arch With Atresia Of The Left Aortic Arch Proximal To The Left Common Carotid Artery In A Patient With Phace Syndrome – A Management Conundrum, Mohamed Aashiq Abdul Ghayum, Anmol Goyal, Aliessa P. Barnes, Sanket Shah 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Double Aortic Arch With Atresia Of The Left Aortic Arch Proximal To The Left Common Carotid Artery In A Patient With Phace Syndrome – A Management Conundrum, Mohamed Aashiq Abdul Ghayum, Anmol Goyal, Aliessa P. Barnes, Sanket Shah

Posters

Background Cardiac anomalies in PHACE syndrome (P: posterior fossa anomalies, H: hemangiomas, A: arterial lesions, C: cardiac abnormalities, E: abnormalities of the eye) often consists of complex aortic arch anomalies with double aortic arch (DAA) being an uncommon association. Atresia of the proximal segment of the left arch in DAA is extremely rare and can pose a diagnostic and management conundrum due to formation of a loose vascular ring and asymptomatic nature as seen in our case. Case Description A 5-year-old male, diagnosed with PHACE syndrome, at a different center was noted to have an incidental finding on head imaging …


The Durability Of Antibody Responses Of Two Doses Of High-Dose Relative To Two Doses Of Standard-Dose Inactivated Influenza Vaccine In Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients: A Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial., Jennifer E. Schuster, Lubna Hamdan, Daniel E. Dulek, Carrie L. Kitko, Einas Batarseh, Zaid Haddadin, Laura S. Stewart, Anna Stahl, Molly Potter, Herdi Rahman, Spyros A. Kalams, Claire E. Bocchini, Elizabeth A. Moulton, Susan E. Coffin, Monica I. Ardura, Rachel L. Wattier, Gabriela Maron, Michael Grimley, Grant Paulsen, Christopher J. Harrison, Jason L. Freedman, Paul A. Carpenter, Janet A. Englund, Flor M. Munoz, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Andrew J. Spieker, Natasha B. Halasa, Pediatric HCT Flu Study 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

The Durability Of Antibody Responses Of Two Doses Of High-Dose Relative To Two Doses Of Standard-Dose Inactivated Influenza Vaccine In Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients: A Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial., Jennifer E. Schuster, Lubna Hamdan, Daniel E. Dulek, Carrie L. Kitko, Einas Batarseh, Zaid Haddadin, Laura S. Stewart, Anna Stahl, Molly Potter, Herdi Rahman, Spyros A. Kalams, Claire E. Bocchini, Elizabeth A. Moulton, Susan E. Coffin, Monica I. Ardura, Rachel L. Wattier, Gabriela Maron, Michael Grimley, Grant Paulsen, Christopher J. Harrison, Jason L. Freedman, Paul A. Carpenter, Janet A. Englund, Flor M. Munoz, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Andrew J. Spieker, Natasha B. Halasa, Pediatric Hct Flu Study

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Our previous study established a 2-dose regimen of high-dose trivalent influenza vaccine (HD-TIV) to be immunogenically superior compared to a 2-dose regimen of standard-dose quadrivalent influenza vaccine (SD-QIV) in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients. However, the durability of immunogenicity and the role of time post-HCT at immunization as an effect modifier are unknown.

METHODS: This phase II, multi-center, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial compared HD-TIV to SD-QIV in children 3-17 years old who were 3-35 months post-allogeneic HCT, with each formulation administered twice, 28-42 days apart. Hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) titers were measured at baseline, 28-42 days following each …


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