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“You Travel Faster Alone, But Further Together”: Learning From A Cross Country Research Collaboration From A British Council Newton Fund Grant, Priscilla Reddy, Rachana Desai, Sibusiso Sifunda, Kalipso Chalkidou, Charles Hongoro, William Macharia, Helen Roberts 2018 Human Sciences Research Council, Population Health, Health Systems and Innovation, Cape Town, South Africa

“You Travel Faster Alone, But Further Together”: Learning From A Cross Country Research Collaboration From A British Council Newton Fund Grant, Priscilla Reddy, Rachana Desai, Sibusiso Sifunda, Kalipso Chalkidou, Charles Hongoro, William Macharia, Helen Roberts

Faculty of Health Sciences, East Africa

Abstract: Providing universal health coverage (UHC) through better maternal, neonatal, child and adolescent health (MNCAH) can benefit both parties through North–South research collaborations. This paper describes lessons learned from bringing together early career researchers, tutors, consultants and mentors from the United Kingdom, Kenya, and South Africa to work in multi-disciplinary teams in a capacity-building workshop in Johannesburg, co-ordinated by senior researchers from the three partner countries. We recruited early career researchers and research users from a range of sectors and institutions in the participating countries and offered networking sessions, plenary lectures, group activities and discussions. To encourage bonding and ...


Epidemiology Of Patients Presenting To A Pediatric Emergency Department In Karachi, Pakistan, Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N. Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood, Swaminatha Mahadevan 2018 Stanford University School of Medicine

Epidemiology Of Patients Presenting To A Pediatric Emergency Department In Karachi, Pakistan, Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N. Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood, Swaminatha Mahadevan

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: There is little data describing pediatric emergencies in resource-poor countries, such as Pakistan. We studied the demographics, management, and outcomes of patients presenting to the highest-volume, public, pediatric emergency department (ED) in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: In this prospective, observational study, we approached all patients presenting to the 50-bed ED during 28 12-h study periods over four consecutive weeks (July 2013). Participants’ chief complaints and medical care were documented. Patients were followed-up at 48-h and 14-days via telephone. Results: Of 3115 participants, 1846 were triaged to the outpatient department and 1269 to the ED. Patients triaged to the ED had ...


2018-2019 Pediatric Subspecialty Trainees, Children's Mercy Hospital 2018 Children's Mercy Kansas City

2018-2019 Pediatric Subspecialty Trainees, Children's Mercy Hospital

Residents and Fellows Portraits

Photo composites of the graduate pediatric trainees in allergy/immunology, child abuse pediatrics, child neurology, clinical child psychology, coagulation, developmental-behavioral pediatrics, epilepsy, hospice & palliative care, neonatal-perinatal medicine, pediatric adolescent gynecology, pediatric anesthesiology, pediatric bioethics, pediatric cardiology, pediatric clinical pharmacology, pediatric critical care medicine, pediatric dentistry, pediatric emergency medicine, pediatric endocrinology, pediatric gastroenterology, pediatric hematology/oncology, pediatric hospital medicine, pediatric infectious diseases, pediatric nephrology, pediatric ophthalmology, pediatric optometry, pediatric otolaryngology, pediatric pathology, pediatric pulmonology, pediatric radiology, pediatric rehabilitation, pediatric sleep medicine, pediatric sports medicine, pediatric surgery, pediatric residency and med/peds residency


Review Of Karyotypic Data From Low Grade Glial Brain Tumors, Specifically Pilocytic Astrocytomas, And Correlation Of Genetic Aberrations With Tumor Recurrence., Linda D. Cooley, Scott C. Smith, Lisa Warren, Melissa Gener, Kevin Ginn, John Herriges 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Review Of Karyotypic Data From Low Grade Glial Brain Tumors, Specifically Pilocytic Astrocytomas, And Correlation Of Genetic Aberrations With Tumor Recurrence., Linda D. Cooley, Scott C. Smith, Lisa Warren, Melissa Gener, Kevin Ginn, John Herriges

Posters

Abstract: Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor of childhood. Approximately 50% of pediatric CNS tumors are low grade gliomas (WHO grade I or II) and Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is the most common accounting for 33% of all gliomas in children 0-14 years and ~18% of all childhood brain tumors. Prognosis with this slow-growing tumor is excellent; 10 year overall survival of ~95%. However, event free survival averages ~50%. Patient age and extent of tumor resection are key prognostic factors; tumor location and size impact resection and outcome. Histopathological features indicate PA is a benign tumor and rarely are ...


The State Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In West Virginia, Sean Loudin 2018 Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine at Marshall University

The State Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In West Virginia, Sean Loudin

Sean Loudin

No abstract provided.


The State Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In West Virginia, Sean Loudin 2018 Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine at Marshall University

The State Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In West Virginia, Sean Loudin

Marshall Journal of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Partnering With Pediatric Patients And Families In High Reliability To Identify And Reduce Preventable Safety Events, Julie Kirby, Courtney Cannon, Lynn Darrah, Yolanda Milliman-Richard 2018 Boston Children's Hospital

Partnering With Pediatric Patients And Families In High Reliability To Identify And Reduce Preventable Safety Events, Julie Kirby, Courtney Cannon, Lynn Darrah, Yolanda Milliman-Richard

Patient Experience Journal

Frameworks for designing highly reliable behaviors and tools to reduce preventable harm are the result of the continued effort to improve patient safety in healthcare. Evidence shows that there has been limited research on engaging patients and families in the development of safety and reliability efforts to achieve zero harm. Our aim was to develop a tool that engages patients and families in an effort to reduce preventable harm in a pediatric academic medical center.


Results From A 78-Week, Single-Arm, Open-Label Phase 2 Study To Evaluate Ux007 In Pediatric And Adult Patients With Severe Long-Chain Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders (Lc-Faod)., Jerry Vockley, Barbara Burton, Gerard T Berry, Nicola Longo, John Phillips, Pranoot Tanpaiboon, +several additional authors 2018 George Washington University

Results From A 78-Week, Single-Arm, Open-Label Phase 2 Study To Evaluate Ux007 In Pediatric And Adult Patients With Severe Long-Chain Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders (Lc-Faod)., Jerry Vockley, Barbara Burton, Gerard T Berry, Nicola Longo, John Phillips, Pranoot Tanpaiboon, +Several Additional Authors

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorders (LC-FAOD) are rare disorders characterized by acute crises of energy metabolism and severe energy deficiency that may present with cardiomyopathy, hypoglycemia, and/or rhabdomyolysis, which can lead to frequent hospitalizations and early death. An open-label Phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy of UX007, an investigational odd-carbon medium-chain triglyceride, in 29 subjects with severe LC-FAOD. UX007 was administered over 78 weeks at a target dose of 25-35% total daily caloric intake (mean 27.5%). The frequency and duration of major clinical events (hospitalizations, emergency room visits, and emergency home interventions due to rhabdomyolysis, hypoglycemia, and cardiomyopathy ...


Frequency Of Cd19, Qianzi Zhao, Lawrence K Jung 2018 George Washington University

Frequency Of Cd19, Qianzi Zhao, Lawrence K Jung

Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: To understand the relationship between regulatory B cells (Bregs) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), we analyzed the percentages of Bregs and their function in peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) of JIA patients.

METHODS: Twenty-one JIA patients and 11 children with growing pain but without known rheumatic diseases as controls were included. The B cell phenotype and intracellular production of IL-10 of Bregs were assessed by flow cytometry. Mononuclear cells from PB and SF were stimulated to produce IL-10 in vitro for the identification of IL-10- producing regulatory B cells.

RESULTS: The percentage of CD24

CONCLUSIONS: The inability ...


Pcornet Antibiotics And Childhood Growth Study: Process For Cohort Creation And Cohort Description, Jason P. Block, L. Charles Bailey, Matthew W. Gillman, Douglas Lunsford, Janne Boone-Heinonen, Lauren P. Cleveland, Jonathan Finkelstein, Casie E. Horgan, Melanie Jay, Juliane S. Reynolds, Jessica L. Sturtevant, Christopher B. Forrest 2018 Division of Chronic Disease Research Across the Lifecourse (CoRAL)

Pcornet Antibiotics And Childhood Growth Study: Process For Cohort Creation And Cohort Description, Jason P. Block, L. Charles Bailey, Matthew W. Gillman, Douglas Lunsford, Janne Boone-Heinonen, Lauren P. Cleveland, Jonathan Finkelstein, Casie E. Horgan, Melanie Jay, Juliane S. Reynolds, Jessica L. Sturtevant, Christopher B. Forrest

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

OBJECTIVES: The National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network (PCORnet) supports observational and clinical research using health care data. The PCORnet Antibiotics and Childhood Growth Study is one of PCORnet’s inaugural observational studies. We sought to describe the processes used to integrate and analyze data from children across 35 participating institutions, the cohort characteristics, and prevalence of antibiotic use.

METHODS:We included children in the cohort if they had at least one same-day height and weight measured in each of 3 age periods: 1) before 12 months, 2) 12 to 30 months, and 3) after 24 months. We distributed statistical queries ...


Central Precocious Puberty In Boston Boys: A 10-Year Single Center Experience, Lisa Swartz Topor, Kimberly Bowerman, Jason T. Machan, Courtney L. Gilbert, Tairmae Kangarloo, Natalie D. Shaw 2018 Brown University

Central Precocious Puberty In Boston Boys: A 10-Year Single Center Experience, Lisa Swartz Topor, Kimberly Bowerman, Jason T. Machan, Courtney L. Gilbert, Tairmae Kangarloo, Natalie D. Shaw

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies in the US and abroad suggest that boys are undergoing puberty at a younger age. It is unknown if this secular trend extends to boys with central precocious puberty (CPP), who sit at the extreme end of the pubertal spectrum, and if neuroimaging should remain a standard diagnostic tool.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of all boys with CPP seen by Endocrinology at a US pediatric hospital from 2001-2010.

RESULTS: Fifty boys had pubertal onset at an average age of 7.31 years (95CI 6.83-7.89), though many did not present until nearly one year thereafter ...


Data From: Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

Importance: The role of tobacco-smoke exposure on serum vitamin D concentration in US pediatric population is not known. We hypothesized that tobacco smoke exposure would increase the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in US children.

Methods: Representative national data were accessed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 databank on 2,263 subjects of ages 3 to 17 years. Subjects were categorized into two groups based on their age: children, if <10 years; and youth if 10 to 17 years. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the effect of serum cotinine-verified tobacco smoke exposure on vitamin D status after controlling for key sociodemographic confounders. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL, insufficiency as 25(OH)D of 20-29.9 ng/mL, and sufficiency as 25(OH)D of ≥30 ng/mL. Tobacco smoke exposure status was defined by serum cotinine concentration as follows: unexposed and non-smoking (<0.05 ng/mL) and exposed (passive and active smokers combined) (≥0.05ng/mL). Specifically, passive and active smoking were defined as cotinine of 0.05-10 ng/mL, and ≥10ng/mL respectively.

Results: The prevalence of second-hand smoke exposure was 42.0% (95%CI, 36.7%-47.5%); while the prevalence of active smoking among teenagers ...


Early Gestational Mesenchymal Stem Cell Secretome Attenuates Experimental Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia In Part Via Exosome-Associated Factor Tsg-6., Sushma Chaubey, Sam Thueson, Devasena Ponnalagu, Mohammad Afaque Alam, Ciprian P. Gheorghe, Zubair Aghai, Harpreet Singh, Vineet Bhandari 2018 Drexel University

Early Gestational Mesenchymal Stem Cell Secretome Attenuates Experimental Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia In Part Via Exosome-Associated Factor Tsg-6., Sushma Chaubey, Sam Thueson, Devasena Ponnalagu, Mohammad Afaque Alam, Ciprian P. Gheorghe, Zubair Aghai, Harpreet Singh, Vineet Bhandari

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising tools for the treatment of human lung disease and other pathologies relevant to newborn medicine. Recent studies have established MSC exosomes (EXO), as one of the main therapeutic vectors of MSCs in mouse models of multifactorial chronic lung disease of preterm infants, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, the mechanisms underlying MSC-EXO therapeutic action are not completely understood. Using a neonatal mouse model of human BPD, we evaluated the therapeutic efficiency of early gestational age (GA) human umbilical cord (hUC)-derived MSC EXO fraction and its exosomal factor, tumor necrosis factor alpha-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6).

METHODS ...


The Feasibility Of Task-Sharing The Identification, Emergency Treatment, And Referral For Women With Pre-Eclampsia By Community Health Workers In India, Umesh Charanthimath, Marianne Vidler, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Ramadurg, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Avinash Kavi, Anjali Joshi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Rahat Qureshi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2018 Aga Khan University

The Feasibility Of Task-Sharing The Identification, Emergency Treatment, And Referral For Women With Pre-Eclampsia By Community Health Workers In India, Umesh Charanthimath, Marianne Vidler, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Ramadurg, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Avinash Kavi, Anjali Joshi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Rahat Qureshi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Background: Hypertensive disorders are the second highest direct obstetric cause of maternal death after haemorrhage, accounting for 14% of maternal deaths globally. Pregnancy hypertension contributes to maternal deaths, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, due to a scarcity of doctors providing evidence-based emergency obstetric care. Task-sharing some obstetric responsibilities may help to reduce the mortality rates. This study was conducted to assess acceptability by the community and other healthcare providers, for task-sharing by community health workers (CHW) in the identification and initial care in hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.
Methods: This study was conducted in two districts of Karnataka state in ...


Effect Of A Voice Recognition System On Pediatric Outpatient Medication Errors At A Tertiary Healthcare Facility In Kenya, Angela Migowa, William Macharia, Pauline Samia, John Tole, Alfred K. Keter 2018 Aga Khan University

Effect Of A Voice Recognition System On Pediatric Outpatient Medication Errors At A Tertiary Healthcare Facility In Kenya, Angela Migowa, William Macharia, Pauline Samia, John Tole, Alfred K. Keter

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Background: Medication-related errors account for one out of every 131 outpatient deaths, and one out of 854 inpatient deaths. The risk is threefold greater in the pediatric population. In sub-Saharan Africa, research on medication-related errors has been obscured by other health priorities and poor recognition of harm attributable to such errors. Our primary objective was to assess the effect of introduction of a voice recognition system (VRS) on the prevalence of medication errors. The secondary objective was to describe characteristics of observed medication errors and determine acceptability of VRS by clinical service providers.

Methods: This was a before–after intervention ...


Congenital Heart Defects And Ciliopathies Associated With Renal Phenotypes, George C. Gabriel, Gregory J. Pazour, Cecilia W. Lo 2018 University of Pittsburgh

Congenital Heart Defects And Ciliopathies Associated With Renal Phenotypes, George C. Gabriel, Gregory J. Pazour, Cecilia W. Lo

Open Access Articles

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common birth defects, and recent studies indicate cilia-related mutations play a central role in the genetic etiology of CHD. As cilia are also known to have important roles in kidney development and disease, it is not surprising that renal anomalies were found to be enriched among CHD mutant mice recovered in a large-scale mouse forward genetic screen. Indeed 42% of mutations identified to cause both CHD and renal anomalies were cilia-related. Many of these cilia mutations comprise cilia transition zone or inversin compartment components, consistent with the known role of these ...


A Rationally Engineered Capsid Variant Of Aav9 For Systemic Cns-Directed And Peripheral Tissue-Detargeted Gene Delivery In Neonates, Dan Wang, Shaoyong Li, Dominic J. Gessler, Jun Xie, Li Zhong, Jia Li, Karen Tran, Kim Van Vliet, Lingzhi Ren, Qin Su, Ran He, Jason E. Goetzmann, Terence R. Flotte, Mavis Agbandje-McKenna, Guangping Gao 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Rationally Engineered Capsid Variant Of Aav9 For Systemic Cns-Directed And Peripheral Tissue-Detargeted Gene Delivery In Neonates, Dan Wang, Shaoyong Li, Dominic J. Gessler, Jun Xie, Li Zhong, Jia Li, Karen Tran, Kim Van Vliet, Lingzhi Ren, Qin Su, Ran He, Jason E. Goetzmann, Terence R. Flotte, Mavis Agbandje-Mckenna, Guangping Gao

Open Access Articles

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) has provided the gene therapy field with the most powerful in vivo gene delivery vector to realize safe, efficacious, and sustainable therapeutic gene expression. Because many clinically relevant properties of AAV-based vectors are governed by the capsid, much research effort has been devoted to the development of AAV capsids for desired features. Here, we combine AAV capsid discovery from nature and rational engineering to report an AAV9 capsid variant, designated as AAV9.HR, which retains AAV9's capability to traverse the blood-brain barrier and transduce neurons. This variant shows reduced transduction in peripheral tissues when delivered through ...


Economic Evaluation Of Patient Navigation Programs In Colorectal Cancer Care, A Systematic Review., Chloé Gervès-Pinquié, Anne Girault, Serena Phillips, Sarah Raskin, Mandi Pratt-Chapman 2018 George Washington University

Economic Evaluation Of Patient Navigation Programs In Colorectal Cancer Care, A Systematic Review., Chloé Gervès-Pinquié, Anne Girault, Serena Phillips, Sarah Raskin, Mandi Pratt-Chapman

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Patient navigation has expanded as a promising approach to improve cancer care coordination and patient adherence. This paper addresses the need to identify the evidence on the economic impact of patient navigation in colorectal cancer, following the Health Economic Evaluation Publication Guidelines. Articles indexed in Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Web of Science between January 2000 and March 2017 were analyzed. We conducted a systematic review of the literature using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The quality assessment of the included studies was based on the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) checklist. Inclusion criteria ...


Hey, What’S The Delay? An Evaluation Of Reporting Time For Pediatric Eegs, Aparna Polavarapu, MD, Rachit Patil, MD, Maromi Nei, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Hey, What’S The Delay? An Evaluation Of Reporting Time For Pediatric Eegs, Aparna Polavarapu, Md, Rachit Patil, Md, Maromi Nei, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Aim

To determine if there is a reduction in time to EEG reporting after institution of the Pediatric Epilepsy fellowship track.


Lung Cancer Risk And Low (≤50 Μg/L) Drinking Water Arsenic Levels For Us Counties (2009⁻2013)-A Negative Association., Steven H Lamm, Isabella J Boroje, Hamid Ferdosi, Jaeil Ahn 2018 George Washington University

Lung Cancer Risk And Low (≤50 Μg/L) Drinking Water Arsenic Levels For Us Counties (2009⁻2013)-A Negative Association., Steven H Lamm, Isabella J Boroje, Hamid Ferdosi, Jaeil Ahn

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

While epidemiologic studies clearly demonstrate drinking water with high levels of arsenic as a significant risk factor for lung cancer, the evidence at low levels (≤50 μg/L) is uncertain. Therefore, we have conducted an ecological analysis of recent lung cancer incidence for US counties with a groundwater supply of <50 μg/L, the historical limit for both the EPA and WHO. Data sources used included USGS for arsenic exposure, NCI for lung cancer outcome, and CDC and US Census Bureau forcovariates. Poisson log-linear models were conducted for male, female, and total populations using for exposure median county arsenic level, maximum arsenic level ≤50 μg/L, and ≥80% population groundwater dependency. Statistically significant negative associations were found in each of the six models in which the exposure was limited to those who had major exposure (≥80% dependency) to low-levels of arsenic (≤50 μg/L). This is the first large ecological study of lung cancer risk from drinking water arsenic levels that specifically examined the dose-response slope for populations whose exposure was below the historical limit of ≤50 μg/L. The models for each of the three populations (total; male; female) demonstrated an association that is both negative and statistically significant.


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