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Unpacking The Behavioural Components And Delivery Features Of Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Interventions In The Topchild Collaboration: A Systematic Review And Intervention Coding Protocol, Brittany J. Johnson, Kylie E. Hunter, Rebecca K. Golley, Paul Chadwick, Angie Barba, Mason Aberoumand, Sol Libesman, Lisa Askie, Rachael W. Taylor, Kristy P. Robledo, Seema Mihrshahi, Denise A. O'Connor, Alison J. Hayes, Luke Wolfenden, Charles T. Wood, Louise A. Baur, Chris Rissel, Lukas P. Staub, Sarah Taki, Wendy Smith, Ana Maria Linares 2022 Flinders University, Australia

Unpacking The Behavioural Components And Delivery Features Of Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Interventions In The Topchild Collaboration: A Systematic Review And Intervention Coding Protocol, Brittany J. Johnson, Kylie E. Hunter, Rebecca K. Golley, Paul Chadwick, Angie Barba, Mason Aberoumand, Sol Libesman, Lisa Askie, Rachael W. Taylor, Kristy P. Robledo, Seema Mihrshahi, Denise A. O'Connor, Alison J. Hayes, Luke Wolfenden, Charles T. Wood, Louise A. Baur, Chris Rissel, Lukas P. Staub, Sarah Taki, Wendy Smith, Ana Maria Linares

Nursing Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: Little is known about how early (eg, commencing antenatally or in the first 12 months after birth) obesity prevention interventions seek to change behaviour and which components are or are not effective. This study aims to (1) characterise early obesity prevention interventions in terms of target behaviours, delivery features and behaviour change techniques (BCTs), (2) explore similarities and differences in BCTs used to target behaviours and (3) explore effectiveness of intervention components in preventing childhood obesity.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Annual comprehensive systematic searches will be performed in Epub Ahead of Print/MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane (CENTRAL), CINAHL, PsycINFO, as well ...


Clinical Utility Of Anti-Mullerian Hormone In Pediatrics, Roopa Kanakatti Shankar, Tazim Dowlut-McElroy, Andrew Dauber, Veronica Gomez-Lobo 2022 George Washington University

Clinical Utility Of Anti-Mullerian Hormone In Pediatrics, Roopa Kanakatti Shankar, Tazim Dowlut-Mcelroy, Andrew Dauber, Veronica Gomez-Lobo

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

CONTEXT: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) was originally described in the context of sexual differentiation in the male fetus but has gained prominence now as a marker of ovarian reserve and fertility in females. In this mini-review, we offer an updated synopsis on AMH and its clinical utility in pediatric patients.

DESIGN AND RESULTS: A systematic search was undertaken for studies related to the physiology of AMH, normative data, and clinical role in pediatrics. In males, AMH, secreted by Sertoli cells, is found at high levels prenatally and throughout childhood and declines with progression through puberty to overlap with levels in females ...


Presence Of Increased Mast Cells In Infants And Children With Volume And Variety Limited Intake., Amy Issa, Jensen Edwards, Meenal Singh, Craig A. Friesen, Sarah T. Edwards 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Presence Of Increased Mast Cells In Infants And Children With Volume And Variety Limited Intake., Amy Issa, Jensen Edwards, Meenal Singh, Craig A. Friesen, Sarah T. Edwards

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Reports indicate patients with feeding difficulties demonstrate signs of inflammation on biopsies, notably eosinophilia, but it is unknown whether mast cell density contributes to variety or volume limitation symptoms. The aim of our study was to evaluate eosinophil and mast cell density of EGD biopsies in pediatric patients with symptoms of decreased volume or variety of ingested foods.

METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective chart review of EMRs for all new feeding clinic patients between 0 and 17 years of age. Patients were categorized by symptoms at the initial visit as well as eosinophil and mast cell densities in ...


Effectiveness Of Bnt162b2 (Pfizer-Biontech) Mrna Vaccination Against Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children Among Persons Aged 12-18 Years - United States, July-December 2021., Laura D. Zambrano, Margaret M. Newhams, Samantha M. Olson, Natasha B. Halasa, Ashley M. Price, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Satoshi Kamidani, Keiko M. Tarquinio, Aline B. Maddux, Sabrina M. Heidemann, Samina S. Bhumbra, Katherine E. Bline, Ryan A. Nofziger, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Tamara T. Bradford, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Katherine Irby, Elizabeth H. Mack, Melissa L. Cullimore, Pia S. Pannaraj, Michele Kong, Tracie C. Walker, Shira J. Gertz, Kelly N. Michelson, Melissa A. Cameron, Kathleen Chiotos, Mia Maamari, Jennifer E. Schuster, Amber O. Orzel, Manish M. Patel, Angela P. Campbell, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming COVID-19 Investigators 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Effectiveness Of Bnt162b2 (Pfizer-Biontech) Mrna Vaccination Against Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children Among Persons Aged 12-18 Years - United States, July-December 2021., Laura D. Zambrano, Margaret M. Newhams, Samantha M. Olson, Natasha B. Halasa, Ashley M. Price, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Satoshi Kamidani, Keiko M. Tarquinio, Aline B. Maddux, Sabrina M. Heidemann, Samina S. Bhumbra, Katherine E. Bline, Ryan A. Nofziger, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Tamara T. Bradford, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Katherine Irby, Elizabeth H. Mack, Melissa L. Cullimore, Pia S. Pannaraj, Michele Kong, Tracie C. Walker, Shira J. Gertz, Kelly N. Michelson, Melissa A. Cameron, Kathleen Chiotos, Mia Maamari, Jennifer E. Schuster, Amber O. Orzel, Manish M. Patel, Angela P. Campbell, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming Covid-19 Investigators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a severe postinfectious hyperinflammatory condition, which generally occurs 2-6 weeks after a typically mild or asymptomatic infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19 (1-3). In the United States, the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) COVID-19 vaccine is currently authorized for use in children and adolescents aged 5-15 years under an Emergency Use Authorization and is fully licensed by the Food and Drug Administration for persons aged ≥16 years (4). Prelicensure randomized trials in persons aged ≥5 years documented high vaccine efficacy and immunogenicity (5),§ and real-world studies in persons aged 12-18 years demonstrated high vaccine ...


Telemedicine Consultation To Assess Neonatal Encephalopathy In Rural Community Hospitals And Tertiary Care Centers, Rachel Coffey, Misty Melendi, Anya K. Cutler, Alexa K. Craig 2022 Maine Medical Center

Telemedicine Consultation To Assess Neonatal Encephalopathy In Rural Community Hospitals And Tertiary Care Centers, Rachel Coffey, Misty Melendi, Anya K. Cutler, Alexa K. Craig

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: Teleconsultation is used in tertiary care hospitals to evaluate neonatal encephalopathy. Neonates born in community hospitals, however, often experience delayed evaluation due to transport to the tertiary care center. We studied teleconsultations in community hospitals to decrease this disparity.

Methods: Prospective observational study in 9 community hospitals and 1 neonatal intensive care unit. Inclusion criteria: gestational age greater than or equal to 35 weeks and one of the following: umbilical cord pH less than or equal to 7.2, 5-minute Apgar less than 7, prolonged respiratory support, perinatal event, or abnormal neurological exam. We performed synchronized, unscheduled telemedicine consults ...


Prevalence Of Adolescent Sexual Health Outcomes At Children’S Hospitals During Covid-19, Margarita Abella 2022 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Prevalence Of Adolescent Sexual Health Outcomes At Children’S Hospitals During Covid-19, Margarita Abella

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Use And Safety Of Prophylactic Endoscopy From A Single Center Serving Urban And Rural Children With Portal Hypertension., Voytek Slowik, Anissa Bernardez, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, James F. Daniel, Tassos Grammatikopoulos 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Use And Safety Of Prophylactic Endoscopy From A Single Center Serving Urban And Rural Children With Portal Hypertension., Voytek Slowik, Anissa Bernardez, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, James F. Daniel, Tassos Grammatikopoulos

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Prophylactic endoscopy is routine in adults with portal hypertension (PHTN), but there is limited data in pediatrics. We sought to describe our experience with prophylactic endoscopy in pediatric PHTN. This is a retrospective study of 87 children who began surveillance endoscopy prior to gastrointestinal bleeding (primary prophylaxis) and 52 who began after an episode of bleeding (secondary prophylaxis) from 01/01/1994 to 07/01/2019. Patients who underwent primary prophylaxis had a lower mean number of endoscopies (3.897 vs 6.269, p = 0.001). The primary prophylaxis group was less likely to require a portosystemic shunt (6% vs ...


Qualitative Study Exploring The Feasibility, Usability And Acceptability Of Neonatal Continuous Monitoring Technologies At A Public Tertiary Hospital In Nairobi, Keny, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Violet Naanyu, Dorothy Chomba, Mary Waiyego, Jessica Rigg, Jesse Coleman, Bella Hwang, J. Mark Ansermino, William Macharia, Amy Sarah Ginsburg 2022 The University of British Columbia, Canada

Qualitative Study Exploring The Feasibility, Usability And Acceptability Of Neonatal Continuous Monitoring Technologies At A Public Tertiary Hospital In Nairobi, Keny, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Violet Naanyu, Dorothy Chomba, Mary Waiyego, Jessica Rigg, Jesse Coleman, Bella Hwang, J. Mark Ansermino, William Macharia, Amy Sarah Ginsburg

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Objective: To assess the feasibility, usability and acceptability of two non-invasive, multiparameter, continuous physiological monitoring (MCPM) technologies for use in neonates within a resource-constrained healthcare setting in sub-Saharan Africa.

Design: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews and direct observations to describe healthcare professional and caregiver perspectives and experiences with investigational MCPM technologies from EarlySense and Sibel compared with selected reference technologies.

Setting: Pumwani Maternity Hospital is a public, high-volume, tertiary hospital in Nairobi, Kenya.

Participants: In-depth interviews were conducted with five healthcare administrators, 12 healthcare providers and 10 caregivers. Direct observations were made of healthcare providers using the technologies on ...


Variability Of Respiratory Rate Measurements In Neonates- Every Minute Counts, Catherine Muthoni, J. Mark Ansermino, William Macharia, Dustin T. Dunsmuir 2022 Aga Khan University

Variability Of Respiratory Rate Measurements In Neonates- Every Minute Counts, Catherine Muthoni, J. Mark Ansermino, William Macharia, Dustin T. Dunsmuir

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Background: Respiratory rate is difficult to measure, especially in neonates who have an irregular breathing pattern. The World Health Organisation recommends a one-minute count, but there is limited data to support this length of observation. We sought to evaluate agreement between the respiratory rate (RR) derived from capnography in neonates, over 15 s, 30 s, 120 s and 300 s, against the recommended 60 s.

Methods: Neonates at two hospitals in Nairobi were recruited and had capnograph waveforms recorded using the Masimo Rad 97. A single high quality 5 min epoch was randomly chosen from each subject. For each selected ...


Next-Generation Sequencing Of Minimal Residual Disease For Predicting Relapse After Tisagenlecleucel In Children And Young Adults With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia., Michael A. Pulsipher, Xia Han, Shannon L. Maude, Theodore W. Laetsch, Muna Qayed, Susana Rives, Michael W. Boyer, Hidefumi Hiramatsu, Gregory A. Yanik, Tim Driscoll, Douglas Myers, Peter Bader, Andre Baruchel, Jochen Buechner, Heather E. Stefanski, Creton Kalfoglou, Kevin Nguyen, Edward R. Waldron, Karen Thudium Mueller, Harald J. Maier, Gabor Kari, Stephan A. Grupp 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Next-Generation Sequencing Of Minimal Residual Disease For Predicting Relapse After Tisagenlecleucel In Children And Young Adults With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia., Michael A. Pulsipher, Xia Han, Shannon L. Maude, Theodore W. Laetsch, Muna Qayed, Susana Rives, Michael W. Boyer, Hidefumi Hiramatsu, Gregory A. Yanik, Tim Driscoll, Douglas Myers, Peter Bader, Andre Baruchel, Jochen Buechner, Heather E. Stefanski, Creton Kalfoglou, Kevin Nguyen, Edward R. Waldron, Karen Thudium Mueller, Harald J. Maier, Gabor Kari, Stephan A. Grupp

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

We assessed minimal residual disease (MRD) detection and B-cell aplasia after tisagenlecleucel therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to define biomarkers predictive of relapse (N = 143). Next-generation sequencing (NGS) MRD detection >0 in bone marrow (BM) was highly associated with relapse. B-cell recovery [signifying loss of functional chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells] within the first year of treatment was associated with a hazard ratio (HR) for relapse of 4.5 [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.03-9.97; P < 0.001]. Multivariate analysis at day 28 showed independent associations of BMNGS-MRD >0 (HR = 4.87; 95% CI, 2.18-10.8; P < 0.001) and B-cell recovery (HR = 3.33; 95% CI, 1.44-7.69; P = 0.005) with relapse. By 3 months, the BMNGS-MRD HR ...


Evaluating The 0–10 Point Pain Scale On Adolescent Opioid Use In Us Emergency Departments, Michael T. Phan, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Cody Arbuckle, Sun Yang, Brooke Jenkins, Michelle A. Fortier, Theodore Heyming, Erik Linstead, Candice Donaldson, Zeev N. Kain 2021 Chapman University

Evaluating The 0–10 Point Pain Scale On Adolescent Opioid Use In Us Emergency Departments, Michael T. Phan, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Cody Arbuckle, Sun Yang, Brooke Jenkins, Michelle A. Fortier, Theodore Heyming, Erik Linstead, Candice Donaldson, Zeev N. Kain

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Objective: To evaluate trends in national emergency department (ED) adolescent opioid use in relation to reported pain scores. Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis on National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) data was conducted on ED visits involving patients aged 11–21 from 2008–2017. Crude observational counts were extrapolated to weighted estimates matching total population counts. Multivariate models were used to evaluate the role of a pain score in the reported use of opioids. Anchors for pain scores were 0 (no pain) and 10 (worst pain imaginable). Results: 31,355 observations were captured, which were extrapolated by the NHAMCS ...


Governance Documents, Daniel Lindberg, Joanne Wood, Kristine Campbell, Mary Clyde Pierce, Phil Scribano, John Leventhal, Antoinette Laskey, Des Runyan 2021 CHOP

Governance Documents, Daniel Lindberg, Joanne Wood, Kristine Campbell, Mary Clyde Pierce, Phil Scribano, John Leventhal, Antoinette Laskey, Des Runyan

CAPNET

The CAPNET Governance documents describe the mission and structure of CAPNET as well as the policy and procedures for reviewing request to utilize CAPNET data for research. This form will be updated once a year.


Eliminating Contamination In Umbilical Cord Blood Culture Sampling For Early-Onset Neonatal Sepsis., Vilmaris Quinones Cardona, Vanessa Lowery, David Cooperberg, Endla K Anday, Alison J Carey 2021 St Christopher's Hospital for Children

Eliminating Contamination In Umbilical Cord Blood Culture Sampling For Early-Onset Neonatal Sepsis., Vilmaris Quinones Cardona, Vanessa Lowery, David Cooperberg, Endla K Anday, Alison J Carey

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Introduction: Despite the advantages of umbilical cord blood culture (UCBC) use for diagnosis of early onset sepsis (EOS), contamination rates have deterred neonatologists from its widespread use. We aimed to implement UCBC collection in a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and apply quality improvement (QI) methods to reduce contamination in the diagnosis of early onset sepsis. Methods: Single-center implementation study utilizing quality improvement methodology to achieve 0% contamination rate in UCBC samples using the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model for improvement. UCBC was obtained in conjunction with peripheral blood cultures (PBC) in neonates admitted to the NICU due to maternal ...


The Similarities And Differences Between Glomerular Vs. Non-Glomerular Diagnoses On Intelligence And Executive Functions In Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease: A Brief Report., Stephen R. Hooper, Rebecca J. Johnson, Marc Lande, Matthew Matheson, Shlomo Shinnar, Amy J. Kogon, Lyndsay Harshman, Joann Spinale, Arlene C. Gerson, Bradley A. Warady, Susan L. Furth 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

The Similarities And Differences Between Glomerular Vs. Non-Glomerular Diagnoses On Intelligence And Executive Functions In Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease: A Brief Report., Stephen R. Hooper, Rebecca J. Johnson, Marc Lande, Matthew Matheson, Shlomo Shinnar, Amy J. Kogon, Lyndsay Harshman, Joann Spinale, Arlene C. Gerson, Bradley A. Warady, Susan L. Furth

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) appears to be a heterogeneous group of conditions, but this heterogeneity has not been explored with respect to its impact on neurocognitive functioning. This study investigated the neurocognitive functioning of those with glomerular (G) vs. non-glomerular (NG) diagnoses. Data from the North American CKiD Study were employed and the current study included 1,003 children and adolescents with mild to moderate CKD. The G Group included 260 participants (median age = 14.7 years) and the NG Group included 743 individuals (median age = 9.0 years). Neurocognitive measures assessed IQ, inhibitory control, attention regulation, problem solving ...


Does Digital Literacy Empower Adolescent Girls In Low- And Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review, Salima Meherali, Komal Abdul Rahim, Sandra Campbell, Zohra S. Lassi 2021 University of Alberta, Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, Edmonton, Canada

Does Digital Literacy Empower Adolescent Girls In Low- And Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review, Salima Meherali, Komal Abdul Rahim, Sandra Campbell, Zohra S. Lassi

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background: The vast majority (90%) of the world's adolescents aged 10-19 live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); and in those resource-limited settings, girls face distinct challenges across multiple health, social, and economic domains. Gender equality and girls' empowerment are key goals in their own right and are central to all other development goals. Digital literacy is a great enabler for the empowerment of young girls. This systematic review aims to assess the range and nature of digital literacy interventions implemented to empower adolescent girls in LMICs and identify evidence about adolescent girls' access and use of digital technologies ...


Capnet Data Dictionary, Joanne Wood, Dan Lindberg, Kristine Campbell, Ligia Batista Silverman, Devon Kratchman, Porcia Vaughn, Teniola Egbe 2021 CHOP

Capnet Data Dictionary, Joanne Wood, Dan Lindberg, Kristine Campbell, Ligia Batista Silverman, Devon Kratchman, Porcia Vaughn, Teniola Egbe

CAPNET

The CAPNET Data Dictionary is a specifically formatted spreadsheet in csv (comma delimited) format containing the metadata used to construct the CAPNET data collection instruments and fields. Investigators interested in contributing data to CAPNET or in collecting data that is compatible with CAPNET data can use this dictionary to assist them in creating a data collection form. Investigators planning to use CAPNET data can use the codbook to assist in identifying and understanding the variables they want to utilize for a study. This form will be updated twice a year.


Frequently Asked Questions, Joanne Wood, Dan Lindberg, Kristine Campbell 2021 CHOP

Frequently Asked Questions, Joanne Wood, Dan Lindberg, Kristine Campbell

CAPNET

The CAPNET Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) document contains a list of questions and answers pertaining to entering data into the CAPNET data collection instruments. The FAQ document is primarily intended for use by data enterers but will also be of interest to investigators utilizing CAPNET data who are seeking additional understanding regarding a specific variable or value. This form will be updated twice a year.


Go Baby Go! Facilitating Play And Social Participation With Blind & Visually Impaired Children, Kennedy Wischmeyer, Angela Blackwell, Gina Benevente 2021 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Go Baby Go! Facilitating Play And Social Participation With Blind & Visually Impaired Children, Kennedy Wischmeyer, Angela Blackwell, Gina Benevente

Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium, Fall 2021

ABSTRACT NEEDED


Capnet Codebook, Oluwatimilehin Okunowo, Dan Lindberg, Kristine Campbell, Joanne Wood 2021 CHOP

Capnet Codebook, Oluwatimilehin Okunowo, Dan Lindberg, Kristine Campbell, Joanne Wood

CAPNET

The CAPNET codebook describes the contents, structure, and layout of the CAPNET data collection. The codebook includes information on the following: variable names, variable labels, values, value labels, missing data and skip patterns. In addition the codebook notes contain instructions and comments contextualizing the information conveyed in the variable or values. The codebook also contains a detailed record of any changes made to the CAPNET data collection instruments and the timing of those changes.Investigators planning to use CAPNET data must use the codebook to assist in identifying and fully understanding the variables they want to utilize for a study ...


Coping In Pediatric Burn Survivors And Its Relation To Social Functioning And Self-Concept, Mira D H Snider, Sarah Young, Paul T Enlow, Corrine Ahrabi-Nejad, Ariel M Aballay, Christina L Duncan 2021 West Virginia University

Coping In Pediatric Burn Survivors And Its Relation To Social Functioning And Self-Concept, Mira D H Snider, Sarah Young, Paul T Enlow, Corrine Ahrabi-Nejad, Ariel M Aballay, Christina L Duncan

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Pediatric burn survivors experience increased risk for bullying, stigmatization, body image concerns, and problematic social functioning. Although coping behaviors are associated with engagement in social supports and positive self-concept in multiple pediatric illness populations, their relation has not been examined in pediatric burns. This study examined coping in relation to social functioning and self-concept in 51 pediatric burn survivors aged 7–17years (M=12.54; SD=2.65). Survivors and their caregivers completed the Child Coping Strategies Checklist (CCSC; youth report); the Burn Injury Social Questionnaire (BISQ; parent and youth report); and the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale-2 (PH-2; youth ...


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