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Using Exterior Housing Conditions To Predict Elevated Pediatric Blood Lead Levels., Neal J Wilson, Elizabeth Friedman, Kevin Kennedy, Panayiotis T. Manolakos, Lori Reierson, Amy Roberts, Steve Simon 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Using Exterior Housing Conditions To Predict Elevated Pediatric Blood Lead Levels., Neal J Wilson, Elizabeth Friedman, Kevin Kennedy, Panayiotis T. Manolakos, Lori Reierson, Amy Roberts, Steve Simon

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Housing-based lead paint dust is the most common source of lead exposure for US-born children. Although year of housing construction is a critical indicator of the lead hazard to US children, not all housing of the same age poses the same risk to children. Additional information about housing condition is required to differentiate the housing-based lead risk at the parcel level. This study aimed to identify and assess a method for gathering and using observations of exterior housing conditions to identify active housing-based lead hazards at the parcel level. We used a dataset of pediatric blood lead observations (sample years …


Acoustic Cry Characteristics In Preterm Infants And Developmental And Behavioral Outcomes At 2 Years Of Age., Andrew W. Manigault, Stephen J. Sheinkopf, Brian S. Carter, Jennifer Check, Jennifer Helderman, Julie A. Hofheimer, Elisabeth C. McGowan, Charles R. Neal, Michael O'Shea, Steven Pastyrnak, Lynne M. Smith, Todd M. Everson, Carmen J. Marsit, Lynne M. Dansereau, Sheri A. DellaGrotta, Barry M. Lester 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Acoustic Cry Characteristics In Preterm Infants And Developmental And Behavioral Outcomes At 2 Years Of Age., Andrew W. Manigault, Stephen J. Sheinkopf, Brian S. Carter, Jennifer Check, Jennifer Helderman, Julie A. Hofheimer, Elisabeth C. Mcgowan, Charles R. Neal, Michael O'Shea, Steven Pastyrnak, Lynne M. Smith, Todd M. Everson, Carmen J. Marsit, Lynne M. Dansereau, Sheri A. Dellagrotta, Barry M. Lester

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

IMPORTANCE: Acoustic cry characteristics have been associated with severe medical problems in newborns. However, little is known about the utility of neonatal acoustic cry characteristics in the prediction of long-term outcomes of very preterm infants.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether acoustic characteristics of infant cry at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge are associated with behavioral and developmental outcomes at age 2 years in infants born very preterm.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Infants born less than 30 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) were enrolled from April 2014 through June 2016 as part of a multicenter (9 US university affiliated NICUs) cohort study …


A Training Curriculum For An Mhealth Supported Peer Counseling Program To Promote Exclusive Breastfeeding In Rural India, Roopa M. Bellad, Niranjana S. Mahantshetti, Umesh S. Charantimath, Tony Ma, Yukiko Washio, Vanessa L. Short, Katie Chang, Parth Lalakia, Frances J. Jaeger, Patricia J. Kelly, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Chandrashekar C. Karadiguddi, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman 2023 Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College

A Training Curriculum For An Mhealth Supported Peer Counseling Program To Promote Exclusive Breastfeeding In Rural India, Roopa M. Bellad, Niranjana S. Mahantshetti, Umesh S. Charantimath, Tony Ma, Yukiko Washio, Vanessa L. Short, Katie Chang, Parth Lalakia, Frances J. Jaeger, Patricia J. Kelly, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Chandrashekar C. Karadiguddi, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Despite strong evidence about the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, that is the baby receiving only breast milk, no other foods or liquids, rates have remained relatively unchanged over the past two decades in low- and middle-income countries. One strategy for increasing exclusive breastfeeding is through community-based programs that use peer counselors for education and support. The use of mobile health applications is also gaining increasing applicability in these countries. Minimal information is available about training peer counselors in the use of mobile technologies to support exclusive breastfeeding. The present article describes our curriculum in the state of Karnataka, India …


Parental Contextual Factors And Decision-Making Related To Periviable Birth: An Integrative Review, Amy L. Wright, Elizabeth Mens, Gausiha Rathitharan 2023 University of Toronto

Parental Contextual Factors And Decision-Making Related To Periviable Birth: An Integrative Review, Amy L. Wright, Elizabeth Mens, Gausiha Rathitharan

The Qualitative Report

Parents facing a periviable birth, or birth before 25 weeks of gestation, commonly engage in antenatal consultation with healthcare providers to determine a plan of care. Parents’ pre-existing contextual factors, beliefs, and values influence their decisions regarding birth and the care of their infant. This study aims to understand the role of parental contextual factors and best-practices to their integration during antenatal consultation The Whittemore and Knafl (2005) approach to conducting an integrative review along with thematic analysis was employed to determine and present the findings. Results describe three themes related to how contextual factors influence parental decision-making: personal values …


Shifting Perspectives: A Qualitative Study To Understand Family Expectations At The Time Of Their Child’S Admission, RosaMarie Maiorella, Avital Fischer, Sumeet L. Banker 2023 Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center; University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Shifting Perspectives: A Qualitative Study To Understand Family Expectations At The Time Of Their Child’S Admission, Rosamarie Maiorella, Avital Fischer, Sumeet L. Banker

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Patient-centered approaches to health care acknowledge the important role that families have in patients’ lives. Shared expectations between families and providers have the potential to improve patient and family experience, hospital care, and outcomes. We aimed to understand families’ expectations for their child’s admission from the vantage point of the start of a hospital stay.

Methods: This qualitative research studied families of hospitalized children at a large pediatric tertiary care center. Family members were approached if their child was admitted to the general pediatrics team, was under 18 years of age, had a length of stay less than 5 …


Comparison Of Parental In-Person Visitation And Webcam Usage Patterns At A Single-Center Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Shrea Goswami, Emily Mudd, John Chuo, Anirudha Das 2023 Riley Children’s Hospital

Comparison Of Parental In-Person Visitation And Webcam Usage Patterns At A Single-Center Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Shrea Goswami, Emily Mudd, John Chuo, Anirudha Das

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Barriers to parents visiting the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in person for infant bonding include socioeconomic status, distance from NICU, and having children at home. Use of NICU bedside webcam can increase access to parent-infant interaction. This study aimed to describe the pattern of webcam logins by parents, relationship of logins to in-person visitation, and maternal factors affecting usage.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, data pertaining to parental webcam logins and in-person visitation, maternal screening for depression, anxiety, and stress, and family sociodemographics were collected from medical records. Relationships between chart variables and webcam or …


Oxygenation Index In The First Three Weeks Of Life Is A Predictor Of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Grade In Very Preterm Infants., Fu-Sheng Chou, Rebekah M. Leigh, Srinandini S. Rao, Arvind Narang, Hung-Wen Yeh 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Oxygenation Index In The First Three Weeks Of Life Is A Predictor Of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Grade In Very Preterm Infants., Fu-Sheng Chou, Rebekah M. Leigh, Srinandini S. Rao, Arvind Narang, Hung-Wen Yeh

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: The new bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) grading system was developed based on its correlation with long-term respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcomes and may provide better personalized prognostication. Identifying early-life predictors for accurate BPD grade prediction may allow interventions to be tailored to individual needs. This study aimed to assess whether oxygenation index (OI) dynamics in the first three weeks of life are a predictor of BPD grade.

METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was performed. Generalized additive mixed modeling was used to model OI trajectories for each BPD grade subgroup. A multinomial regression model was then developed to quantify the association between …


Oxphos Defects Cause Hypermetabolism And Reduce Lifespan In Cells And In Patients With Mitochondrial Diseases, Gabriel Sturm, Kalpita R Karan, Anna S Monzel, Balaji Santhanam, Tanja Taivassalo, Céline Bris, Sarah A Ware, Marissa Cross, Atif Towheed, Albert Higgins-Chen, Meagan J McManus, Andres Cardenas, Jue Lin, Elissa S Epel, Shamima Rahman, John Vissing, Bruno Grassi, Morgan Levine, Steve Horvath, Ronald G Haller, Guy Lenaers, Douglas C Wallace, Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Saeed Tavazoie, Vincent Procaccio, Brett A Kaufman, Erin L. Seifert, Michio Hirano, Martin Picard 2023 Columbia University Irving Medical Center

Oxphos Defects Cause Hypermetabolism And Reduce Lifespan In Cells And In Patients With Mitochondrial Diseases, Gabriel Sturm, Kalpita R Karan, Anna S Monzel, Balaji Santhanam, Tanja Taivassalo, Céline Bris, Sarah A Ware, Marissa Cross, Atif Towheed, Albert Higgins-Chen, Meagan J Mcmanus, Andres Cardenas, Jue Lin, Elissa S Epel, Shamima Rahman, John Vissing, Bruno Grassi, Morgan Levine, Steve Horvath, Ronald G Haller, Guy Lenaers, Douglas C Wallace, Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Saeed Tavazoie, Vincent Procaccio, Brett A Kaufman, Erin L. Seifert, Michio Hirano, Martin Picard

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Patients with primary mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) defects present with fatigue and multi-system disorders, are often lean, and die prematurely, but the mechanistic basis for this clinical picture remains unclear. By integrating data from 17 cohorts of patients with mitochondrial diseases (n = 690) we find evidence that these disorders increase resting energy expenditure, a state termed hypermetabolism. We examine this phenomenon longitudinally in patient-derived fibroblasts from multiple donors. Genetically or pharmacologically disrupting OxPhos approximately doubles cellular energy expenditure. This cell-autonomous state of hypermetabolism occurs despite near-normal OxPhos coupling efficiency, excluding uncoupling as a general mechanism. Instead, hypermetabolism is associated …


Increasing Cefazolin Use For Surgical Prophylaxis In Penicillin-Allergy-Labeled Patients., Kathryn A. VanderVelde, Sarah Suppes, Kate Gibbs, Kevin Latz, Angela C. Vanderpool, Rana El Feghaly, Jennifer Goldman 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Increasing Cefazolin Use For Surgical Prophylaxis In Penicillin-Allergy-Labeled Patients., Kathryn A. Vandervelde, Sarah Suppes, Kate Gibbs, Kevin Latz, Angela C. Vanderpool, Rana El Feghaly, Jennifer Goldman

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Objective: Penicillin (PCN) allergy labels affect antimicrobial selection for surgical prophylaxis. We aimed to increase the percentage of cefazolin usage in patients with PCN allergy labels undergoing orthopedic surgery from 50% to 80%.

Design: Quality improvement initiative.

Setting: Children's Mercy Kansas City (CMKC), a freestanding children's hospital.

Patients: Children scheduled for an orthopedic surgery (excluding spinal surgery) at CMKC who had a PCN allergy label and received a perioperative antibiotic.

Methods: No standardized process existed to identify and clarify PCN-allergic-labeled patients preoperatively. We developed a process for patient identification combined with a pharmacist phone interview for PCN allergy clarification. In …


Metabolomics Of A Neonatal Cohort From The Alliance For Maternal And Newborn Health Improvement Biorepository: Effect Of Preanalytical Variables On Reference Intervals, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Muhammad Ilyas, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Javairia Khalid, Hafsa Majid, Aneeta Hotwani, Fyezah Jehan 2023 Aga Khan University

Metabolomics Of A Neonatal Cohort From The Alliance For Maternal And Newborn Health Improvement Biorepository: Effect Of Preanalytical Variables On Reference Intervals, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Muhammad Ilyas, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Javairia Khalid, Hafsa Majid, Aneeta Hotwani, Fyezah Jehan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The study was conducted to determine reference interval (RI) and evaluate the effect of preanalytical variables on Dried blood spot (DBS)-amino acids, acylcarnitines and succinylacetone of neonates.
Methodology: DBS samples were collected within 48-72 hours of life. Samples were analyzed for biochemical markers on tandem mass spectrometer at the University of Iowa. Comparison of RI across various categorical variables were performed.
Results: A total of 610 reference samples were selected based on exclusion criteria; 53.2% being females. Mean gestational age (GA) of mothers at the time of delivery was 38.7±1.6 weeks; 24.5% neonates were of low birth weight and …


Nutritional Management Of The Infant With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 2-5 And On Dialysis., Vanessa Shaw, Caroline Anderson, An Desloovere, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Christina L. Nelms, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Stella Stabouli, Jetta Tuokkola, Johan Vande Walle, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Nutritional Management Of The Infant With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 2-5 And On Dialysis., Vanessa Shaw, Caroline Anderson, An Desloovere, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Christina L. Nelms, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Stella Stabouli, Jetta Tuokkola, Johan Vande Walle, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The nutritional management of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is of prime importance in meeting the challenge of maintaining normal growth and development in this population. The objective of this review is to integrate the Pediatric Renal Nutrition Taskforce clinical practice recommendations for children with CKD stages 2-5 and on dialysis, as they relate to the infant from full term birth up to 1 year of age, for healthcare professionals, including dietitians, physicians, and nurses. It addresses nutritional assessment, energy and protein requirements, delivery of the nutritional prescription, and necessary dietary modifications in the case of abnormal serum levels …


What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza 2023 Otorhinolaryngology Department Hospital Quironsalud Marbella. Spain

What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: This article presents a narrative review of current recommendations for the clinical evaluation and management of adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to identify points missing from a myofunctional perspective.

Methods: The authors reviewed current official guidelines for adult patients with OSA, searching clinical evaluation and treatment recommendations for myofunctional therapy.

Results: None of the current guidelines for evaluation of adult OSA recommend performing a myofunctional evaluation. Only two guidelines consider myofunctional therapy (MFT) as a treatment modality for adult patients with OSA.

Conclusion: Despite the role of the pharyngeal dilator muscles as an …


Association Of Central Venous Saturation And Serum Lactate With Outcomes In Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation., Rohit S. Loomba, Enrique G. Villarreal, Juan S. Farias, Saul Flores 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Association Of Central Venous Saturation And Serum Lactate With Outcomes In Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation., Rohit S. Loomba, Enrique G. Villarreal, Juan S. Farias, Saul Flores

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


An Iceberg I Can’T Handle: A Qualitative Inquiry On Perceptions Towards Paediatric Rheumatology Among Healthcare Workers In Kenya, Angela Migowa, Sasha Bernatsky, Anthony Ngugi, Helen E. Foster, Peter Muriuki, Adelaide Lusambili, Stanley Luchters 2023 Aga Khan University

An Iceberg I Can’T Handle: A Qualitative Inquiry On Perceptions Towards Paediatric Rheumatology Among Healthcare Workers In Kenya, Angela Migowa, Sasha Bernatsky, Anthony Ngugi, Helen E. Foster, Peter Muriuki, Adelaide Lusambili, Stanley Luchters

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Background: Delay in diagnosis and access to specialist care is a major problem for many children and young people with rheumatic disease in sub-Saharan Africa. Most children with symptoms of rheumatic disease present to nonspecialists for care. There is an urgent need to understand and scale-up paediatric rheumatology knowledge and skills amongst non-specialist healthcare workers to promote early diagnosis, prompt referral, and management.

Purpose: We evaluated the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards diagnosis and care of paediatric rheumatology patients among health care workers in Kenya.

Methods: We conducted 12 focus group discussions with clinical officers (third-tier community health …


Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: A portable, low-field MRI system is now Food and Drug Administration cleared and has been shown to be safe and useful in adult intensive care unit settings. No neonatal studies have been performed. The objective is to assess our preliminary experience and assess feasibility of using the portable MRI system at the bedside in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a quaternary children's hospital.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-site prospective cohort study in neonates ≥2 kg conducted between October and December 2020. All parents provided informed consent. Neonates underwent portable MRI examination in the NICU with support …


Changes In Distribution Of Severe Neurologic Involvement In Us Pediatric Inpatients With Covid-19 Or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children In 2021 Vs 2020., Kerri L. LaRovere, Tina Y. Poussaint, Cameron C. Young, Margaret M. Newhams, Suden Kucukak, Katherine Irby, Michele Kong, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Tracie C. Walker, Melania M. Bembea, Kari Wellnitz, Kevin M. Havlin, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Mark W. Hall, Julie C. Fitzgerald, Jennifer E. Schuster, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Natasha B. Halasa, Aalok R. Singh, Elizabeth H. Mack, Tamara T. Bradford, Shira J. Gertz, Adam J. Schwarz, Katri V. Typpo, Laura L. Loftis, John S. Giuliano, Steven M. Horwitz, Katherine V. Biagas, Katharine N. Clouser, Courtney M. Rowan, Aline B. Maddux, Vijaya L. Soma, Christopher J. Babbitt, Cassyanne L. Aguiar, Amanda R. Kolmar, Sabrina M. Heidemann, Helen Harvey, Laura D. Zambrano, Angela P. Campbell, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming COVID-19 Investigators 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Changes In Distribution Of Severe Neurologic Involvement In Us Pediatric Inpatients With Covid-19 Or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children In 2021 Vs 2020., Kerri L. Larovere, Tina Y. Poussaint, Cameron C. Young, Margaret M. Newhams, Suden Kucukak, Katherine Irby, Michele Kong, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Tracie C. Walker, Melania M. Bembea, Kari Wellnitz, Kevin M. Havlin, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Mark W. Hall, Julie C. Fitzgerald, Jennifer E. Schuster, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Natasha B. Halasa, Aalok R. Singh, Elizabeth H. Mack, Tamara T. Bradford, Shira J. Gertz, Adam J. Schwarz, Katri V. Typpo, Laura L. Loftis, John S. Giuliano, Steven M. Horwitz, Katherine V. Biagas, Katharine N. Clouser, Courtney M. Rowan, Aline B. Maddux, Vijaya L. Soma, Christopher J. Babbitt, Cassyanne L. Aguiar, Amanda R. Kolmar, Sabrina M. Heidemann, Helen Harvey, Laura D. Zambrano, Angela P. Campbell, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming Covid-19 Investigators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

IMPORTANCE: In 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, neurologic involvement was common in children and adolescents hospitalized in the United States for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-related complications.

OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on the spectrum of SARS-CoV-2-related neurologic involvement among children and adolescents in 2021.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Case series investigation of patients reported to public health surveillance hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2-related illness between December 15, 2020, and December 31, 2021, in 55 US hospitals in 31 states with follow-up at hospital discharge. A total of 2253 patients were enrolled during the investigation period. Patients suspected of having …


Developmental Pharmacokinetics Of Indomethacin In Preterm Neonates: Severely Decreased Drug Clearance In The First Week Of Life., Wojciech Krzyzanski, Bradley Stockard, Andrea Gaedigk, Allison Scott, Whitney M. Nolte, Kim T. Gibson, J Steven Leeder, Tamorah Lewis 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Developmental Pharmacokinetics Of Indomethacin In Preterm Neonates: Severely Decreased Drug Clearance In The First Week Of Life., Wojciech Krzyzanski, Bradley Stockard, Andrea Gaedigk, Allison Scott, Whitney M. Nolte, Kim T. Gibson, J Steven Leeder, Tamorah Lewis

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Indomethacin is used commonly in preterm neonates for the prevention of intracranial hemorrhage and closure of an abnormally open cardiac vessel. Due to biomedical advances, the infants who receive this drug in the neonatal intensive care unit setting have become younger, smaller, and less mature (more preterm) at the time of treatment. To develop a pharmacokinetics (PK) model to aid future dosing, we designed a prospective cohort study to characterize indomethacin PK in a dynamically changing patient population. A population PK base model was created using NONMEM, and a covariate model was developed in a primary development cohort and subsequently …


Preclinical Efficacy Of Azacitidine And Venetoclax For Infant Kmt2a-Rearranged Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Reveals A New Therapeutic Strategy., Laurence C. Cheung, Carlos Aya-Bonilla, Mark N. Cruickshank, Sung K. Chiu, Vincent Kuek, Denise Anderson, Grace-Alyssa Chua, Sajla Singh, Joyce Oommen, Emanuela Ferrari, Anastasia M. Hughes, Jette Ford, Elena Kunold, Maria C. Hesselman, Frederik Post, Kelly E. Faulk, Erin H. Breese, Erin M. Guest, Patrick A. Brown, Mignon L. Loh, Richard B. Lock, Ursula R. Kees, Rozbeh Jafari, Sébastien Malinge, Rishi S. Kotecha 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Preclinical Efficacy Of Azacitidine And Venetoclax For Infant Kmt2a-Rearranged Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Reveals A New Therapeutic Strategy., Laurence C. Cheung, Carlos Aya-Bonilla, Mark N. Cruickshank, Sung K. Chiu, Vincent Kuek, Denise Anderson, Grace-Alyssa Chua, Sajla Singh, Joyce Oommen, Emanuela Ferrari, Anastasia M. Hughes, Jette Ford, Elena Kunold, Maria C. Hesselman, Frederik Post, Kelly E. Faulk, Erin H. Breese, Erin M. Guest, Patrick A. Brown, Mignon L. Loh, Richard B. Lock, Ursula R. Kees, Rozbeh Jafari, Sébastien Malinge, Rishi S. Kotecha

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Infants with KMT2A-rearranged B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a dismal prognosis. Survival outcomes have remained static in recent decades despite treatment intensification and novel therapies are urgently required. KMT2A-rearranged infant ALL cells are characterized by an abundance of promoter hypermethylation and exhibit high BCL-2 expression, highlighting potential for therapeutic targeting. Here, we show that hypomethylating agents exhibit in vitro additivity when combined with most conventional chemotherapeutic agents. However, in a subset of samples an antagonistic effect was seen between several agents. This was most evident when hypomethylating agents were combined with methotrexate, with upregulation of ATP-binding cassette transporters identified …


Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests: We Have More To Learn About Patient Demographics And Outcomes, Nathan LaVoy, John Cowden, Jenna Miller, Asdis Finnsdottir Wagner, Shekinah Hensley, Stephen Pfeiffer 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests: We Have More To Learn About Patient Demographics And Outcomes, Nathan Lavoy, John Cowden, Jenna Miller, Asdis Finnsdottir Wagner, Shekinah Hensley, Stephen Pfeiffer

Presentations

Introduction: Prior pediatric studies show an association between patient demographics and mortality after in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCA). To our knowledge, this has not been assessed in pediatric intensive care units (PICU). This study aims to evaluate the impact of demographics and code characteristics on outcomes after IHCA in a quaternary referral PICU. Methods: A single center retrospective review of PICU IHCA events from 2010-2021 was performed. Patient demographics included age, gender, race/ethnicity, and language. Primary diagnosis was defined as cardiac or non-cardiac. The use of ECMO, CRRT, or defibrillation were included as code characteristics. The primary outcome was survival to …


Clinical Features And Outcomes In Pediatric Severe Scald Burn Patients, Ashley Daniel 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Clinical Features And Outcomes In Pediatric Severe Scald Burn Patients, Ashley Daniel

Presentations

Introduction/Hypothesis Young children with scald burns experience severe complications compared to older children. A paucity of data exists to support these observations. This study compares clinical features and complications of younger versus older pediatric patients with scald burns at four children’s hospitals participating in the Pediatric Injury Quality Improvement Collaborative (PIQIC). This collaborative includes five pediatric burn centers that utilize research to improve quality of burn care. 485 Methods This is a retrospective cohort study of scald burn patients admitted from 2010 to 2020 to four pediatric hospitals participating in PIQIC. Patients with total body surface area (TBSA) < 15% were excluded. Patients were categorized by age into three groups: toddlers (0–3 years), children (3-10 years), and adolescents (>10 years). …


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