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Survey Of Sensory Diet Use Among California Occupational Therapy Practitioners, Morganne Peterson, Allison Hunt, Emily White 2018 Dominican University of California

Survey Of Sensory Diet Use Among California Occupational Therapy Practitioners, Morganne Peterson, Allison Hunt, Emily White

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the use of sensory diets in the field of occupational therapy. This study investigated the use of sensory diets among California occupational therapy practitioners. A mixed-methods design was used to collect data through an online survey. The survey was sent out to members of the Occupational Therapy Association of California (OTAC) and received 98 respondents within one month. Participants worked among various clinical settings and implemented sensory diets with various client populations. Practitioners reported using terms such as “sensory strategies,” “sensory tools,” and “sensory supports” which indicates an overall misunderstanding associated with ...


Addressing Hydrocephaly In Viet Nam: A Plausible Prevention And Intervention Medical Support Program Proposal, Chelle McIntyre-Brewer 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Addressing Hydrocephaly In Viet Nam: A Plausible Prevention And Intervention Medical Support Program Proposal, Chelle Mcintyre-Brewer

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Families affected by hydrocephalus in Viet Nam have few options for sustainable treatment for a myriad of reasons, primarily centering on barriers to care prevalent to minority, underserved, and economically disadvantaged populations. High morbidity and abandonment rates often result from these circumstances. An interdisciplinary examination of the factors contributing to causal concerns reveals unique cultural considerations, language and literacy barriers, ethnic and geographic differences, as well as economic and governmental issues greatly impacting patient outcome for this condition. The author contends that a program that addresses sociological concerns, along with the medical treatment of the patient, proffers the opportunity for ...


Pediatric Obesity: Influence On Drug Dosing And Therapeutics, Barbara Ameer PharmD, MBA, BCPS, FCP, Michael Weintraub MD 2018 Rutgers – Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Pediatric Obesity: Influence On Drug Dosing And Therapeutics, Barbara Ameer Pharmd, Mba, Bcps, Fcp, Michael Weintraub Md

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Obesity is an ongoing global health concern and has only recently been recognized as a chronic disease of energy homeostasis and fuel partitioning. Obesity afflicts 17% of US children and adolescents. Severe obesity (³120% of the 95th percentile of BMI-for-age, or a BMI of ³35 kg/m2) is the fastest growing subgroup and now approaches 6% of all US youth. Health consequences (e.g., type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease) are related in a dose-dependent manner to severity of obesity. Since therapeutic interventions are less effective in severe obesity, prevention is a high priority.

Treatment plans involving combinations ...


Rapid Intravenous Rehydration Of Children With Acute Gastroenteritis And Dehydration: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, M. A. Iro, T. Sell, N. Brown, K. Maitland 2018 University of Oxford,UK

Rapid Intravenous Rehydration Of Children With Acute Gastroenteritis And Dehydration: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, M. A. Iro, T. Sell, N. Brown, K. Maitland

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends rapid intravenous rehydration, using fluid volumes of 70-100mls/kg over 3–6 h, with some of the initial volume given rapidly as initial fluid boluses to treat hypovolaemic shock for children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and severe dehydration. The evidence supporting the safety and efficacy of rapid versus slower rehydration remains uncertain.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on 11th of May 2017 comparing different rates of intravenous fluid therapy in children with AGE and moderate or severe dehydration, using standard search terms. Two authors independently assessed trial ...


Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

Importance: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.

Aim: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.

Subjects and Methods: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 ± 2.9 years, [male 11.7 ± 2.9 years, (n=55 ...


Predicting Cyp3a-Mediated Midazolam Metabolism In Critically Ill Neonates, Infants, Children And Adults With Inflammation And Organ Failure., Janneke M Brussee, Nienke J Vet, Elke H J Krekels, Abraham J Valkenburg, Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain, Joop M A van Gerven, Eleonora L Swart, Johannes N van den Anker, Dick Tibboel, Matthijs de Hoog, Saskia N de Wildt, Catherijne A J Knibbe 2018 George Washington University

Predicting Cyp3a-Mediated Midazolam Metabolism In Critically Ill Neonates, Infants, Children And Adults With Inflammation And Organ Failure., Janneke M Brussee, Nienke J Vet, Elke H J Krekels, Abraham J Valkenburg, Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain, Joop M A Van Gerven, Eleonora L Swart, Johannes N Van Den Anker, Dick Tibboel, Matthijs De Hoog, Saskia N De Wildt, Catherijne A J Knibbe

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Cardiovascular Effects Of Metabolic Syndrome After Transplantation: Convergence Of Obesity And Transplant-Related Factors., Kristen Sgambat, Sarah Clauss, Asha Moudgil 2018 George Washington University

Cardiovascular Effects Of Metabolic Syndrome After Transplantation: Convergence Of Obesity And Transplant-Related Factors., Kristen Sgambat, Sarah Clauss, Asha Moudgil

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Children are at increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) after kidney transplantation, which contributes to long-term cardiovascular (CV) morbidities and decline in allograft function. While MS in the general population occurs due to excess caloric intake and physical inactivity, additional chronic kidney disease and transplant-related factors contribute to the development of MS in transplant recipients. Despite its significant health consequences, the interplay of the individual components in CV morbidity in pediatric transplant recipients is not well understood. Additionally, the optimal methods to detect early CV dysfunction are not well defined in this unique population. The quest to establish clear ...


Consensus Guidelines For Newborn Screening, Diagnosis And Treatment Of Infantile Krabbe Disease., Jennifer M. Kwon, Dietrich Matern, Joanne Kurtzberg, Lawrence Wrabetz, Michael H. Gelb, David A. Wenger, Can Ficicioglu, Amy T. Waldman, Barbara K. Burton, Patrick V. Hopkins, Joseph J. Orsini 2018 University of Rochester Medical Center

Consensus Guidelines For Newborn Screening, Diagnosis And Treatment Of Infantile Krabbe Disease., Jennifer M. Kwon, Dietrich Matern, Joanne Kurtzberg, Lawrence Wrabetz, Michael H. Gelb, David A. Wenger, Can Ficicioglu, Amy T. Waldman, Barbara K. Burton, Patrick V. Hopkins, Joseph J. Orsini

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Krabbe disease is a rare neurodegenerative genetic disorder caused by deficiency of galactocerebrosidase. Patients with the infantile form of Krabbe disease can be treated at a presymptomatic stage with human stem cell transplantation which improves survival and clinical outcomes. However, without a family history, most cases of infantile Krabbe disease present after onset of symptoms and are ineligible for transplantation. In 2006, New York began screening newborns for Krabbe disease to identify presymptomatic cases. To ensure that those identified with infantile disease received timely treatment, New York public health and medical systems took steps to accurately diagnose and rapidly ...


High Smad7 And P-Smad2,3 Expression Is Associated With Environmental Enteropathy In Children, Sana Syed, Vincenzo Dinallo, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Laura Di Iorio, Davide Di Fusco, Shan Guleria, Beatrice C. Amadi, Kamran Sadiq, Christopher Moskaluk, Syed Asad Ali 2018 Aga Khan University

High Smad7 And P-Smad2,3 Expression Is Associated With Environmental Enteropathy In Children, Sana Syed, Vincenzo Dinallo, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Laura Di Iorio, Davide Di Fusco, Shan Guleria, Beatrice C. Amadi, Kamran Sadiq, Christopher Moskaluk, Syed Asad Ali

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Enteropathies such as Crohn's disease are associated with enteric inflammation characterized by impaired TGF-β signaling, decreased expression of phosphorylated (p)-SMAD2,3 and increased expression of SMAD7 (an inhibitor of SMAD3 phosphorylation). Environmental enteropathy (EE) is an acquired inflammatory disease of the small intestine (SI), which is associated with linear growth disruption, cognitive deficits, and reduced oral vaccine responsiveness in children <5 y in resource-poor countries. We aimed to characterize EE inflammatory pathways by determining SMAD7 and p-SMAD2,3 levels (using Western blotting) in EE duodenal biopsies (N = 19 children, 7 from Pakistan, 12 from Zambia) and comparing these with healthy controls (Ctl) and celiac disease (CD) patients from Italy. Densitometric analysis of immunoblots showed that EE SI biopsies expressed higher levels of both SMAD7 (mean±SD in arbitrary units [a.u.], Ctl = 0.47±0.20 a.u., EE = 1.13±0.25 a.u., p-value = 0.03) and p-SMAD2,3 (mean±SD, Ctl = 0.38±0.14 a.u., EE = 0.60±0.10 a.u., p-value = 0.03). immunohistochemistry showed that, in EE, SMAD7 is expressed in both the epithelium and in mononuclear cells of the lamina propria (LP). In contrast, p-SMAD3 in EE is expressed much more prominently in epithelial cells than in the LP. The high SMAD7 immunoreactivity and lack of p-SMAD2,3 expression in the LP suggests defective TGF-β signaling in the LP in EE similar to a previously reported SMAD7-mediated inflammatory pathway in refractory CD and Crohn's disease. However, Western blot densitometry showed elevated p-SMAD2,3 levels in EE, possibly suggesting a different inflammatory pathway than Crohn's disease but more likely reflecting cumulative protein expression from across all compartments of the mucosa as opposed to the LP alone. Further studies are needed to substantiate these preliminary results and to illustrate the relationship between SMAD proteins, TGF-β signaling, and inflammatory cytokine production, all of which may be potential therapeutic targets.


Teenage Exercise Is Associated With Earlier Symptom Onset In Dysferlinopathy: A Retrospective Cohort Study., Ursula R Moore, Marni Jacobs, Roberto Fernandez-Torron, Jiji Jang, Meredith K James, Diana X Bharucha-Goebel, +several additional authors 2018 George Washington University

Teenage Exercise Is Associated With Earlier Symptom Onset In Dysferlinopathy: A Retrospective Cohort Study., Ursula R Moore, Marni Jacobs, Roberto Fernandez-Torron, Jiji Jang, Meredith K James, Diana X Bharucha-Goebel, +Several Additional Authors

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Fasoracetam In Adolescents With Adhd And Glutamatergic Gene Network Variants Disrupting Mglur Neurotransmitter Signaling., Josephine Elia, Grace Ungal, Charlly Kao, Alexander Ambrosini, Nilsa De Jesus-Rosario, Lene Larsen, Rosetta Chiavacci, Tiancheng Wang, Christine Kurian, Kanani Titchen, Brian Sykes, Sharon Hwang, Bhumi Kumar, Jacqueline Potts, Joshua Davis, Jeffrey Malatack, Emma Slattery, Ganesh Moorthy, Athena Zuppa, Andrew Weller, Enda Byrne, Yun R. Li, Walter K. Kraft, Hakon Hakonarson 2018 Nemours, du Pont Hospital for Children; Thomas Jefferson University

Fasoracetam In Adolescents With Adhd And Glutamatergic Gene Network Variants Disrupting Mglur Neurotransmitter Signaling., Josephine Elia, Grace Ungal, Charlly Kao, Alexander Ambrosini, Nilsa De Jesus-Rosario, Lene Larsen, Rosetta Chiavacci, Tiancheng Wang, Christine Kurian, Kanani Titchen, Brian Sykes, Sharon Hwang, Bhumi Kumar, Jacqueline Potts, Joshua Davis, Jeffrey Malatack, Emma Slattery, Ganesh Moorthy, Athena Zuppa, Andrew Weller, Enda Byrne, Yun R. Li, Walter K. Kraft, Hakon Hakonarson

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

The glutamatergic neurotransmitter system may play an important role in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This 5-week, open-label, single-blind, placebo-controlled study reports the safety, pharmacokinetics and responsiveness of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) activator fasoracetam (NFC-1), in 30 adolescents, age 12-17 years with ADHD, harboring mutations in mGluR network genes. Mutation status was double-blinded. A single-dose pharmacokinetic profiling from 50-800 mg was followed by a single-blind placebo at week 1 and subsequent symptom-driven dose advancement up to 400 mg BID for 4 weeks. NFC-1 treatment resulted in significant improvement. Mean Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement (CGI-I) and Severity (CGI-S) scores were, respectively, 3 ...


A Sex-Positive Approach To Healthcare, And Truvada As Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep), Michael Ohkura, Nicholas Bonefant, Michael D. Upton 2018 University of Vermont

A Sex-Positive Approach To Healthcare, And Truvada As Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep), Michael Ohkura, Nicholas Bonefant, Michael D. Upton

College of Medicine Faculty Publications

Nationally, incidence of new HIV infections has hovered around over 50,000 per year and men who have sex with men (MSM) carry the largest burden. In Vermont, 56% of individuals newly diagnosed are MSM, with 25% of diagnoses among youth ages 13-24 years old. Despite the proven efficacy and approval of daily Truvada (emtricitabine + tenofovir) as Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) against HIV infection, provider understanding and awareness of its use has remained extremely limited in Vermont with last estimates at just over 9 providers familiar with PrEP (excluding UVM Student Health, Planned Parenthood, and UVM Medical Center infectious disease department ...


Aberrant Brain Functional Connectivity In Newborns With Congenital Heart Disease Before Cardiac Surgery, Josepheen De Asis-Cruz, Mary T. Donofrio, Gilbert Vezina, Catherine Limperopoulos 2018 George Washington University

Aberrant Brain Functional Connectivity In Newborns With Congenital Heart Disease Before Cardiac Surgery, Josepheen De Asis-Cruz, Mary T. Donofrio, Gilbert Vezina, Catherine Limperopoulos

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) requiring open heart surgery are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities. Recent quantitative MRI studies have reported disrupted growth, microstructure, and metabolism in fetuses and newborns with complex CHD. To date, no study has examined whether functional brain connectivity is altered in this high-risk population after birth, before surgery. Our objective was to compare whole-brain functional connectivity of resting state networks in healthy, term newborns (n = 82) and in term neonates with CHD before surgery (n = 30) using graph theory and network-based statistics. We report for the first time intact global network topology – efficient ...


Characteristics Of Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs: Current Status Of The Sharing Antimicrobial Reports For Pediatric Stewardship (Sharps) Collaborative, Chrstopher McPherson, Brian R. Lee, Cindy Terrill, Adam L. Hersh, Jeffrey S. Gerber, Matthew P. Kronman, Jason G. Newland 2018 St. Louis Hospital

Characteristics Of Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs: Current Status Of The Sharing Antimicrobial Reports For Pediatric Stewardship (Sharps) Collaborative, Chrstopher Mcpherson, Brian R. Lee, Cindy Terrill, Adam L. Hersh, Jeffrey S. Gerber, Matthew P. Kronman, Jason G. Newland

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

In response to the growing epidemic of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) have been rapidly implemented in the United States (US). This study examines the prevalence of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) seven core elements of a successful ASP within a large subset of US Children’s Hospitals. In 2016, a survey was conducted of 52 pediatric hospitals assessing the presence of the seven core elements: leadership commitment, accountability, drug expertise, action, tracking, reporting, and education. Forty-nine hospitals (94%) had established ASPs and 41 hospitals (79%) included all seven core elements. Physician accountability (87 ...


The Effects Of An Acute Exercise Bout On Gh And Igf-1 In Prediabetic And Healthy African Americans: A Pilot Study Investigating Gene Expression, N. Berry, Monica J. Hubal, L. Wideman 2018 George Washington University

The Effects Of An Acute Exercise Bout On Gh And Igf-1 In Prediabetic And Healthy African Americans: A Pilot Study Investigating Gene Expression, N. Berry, Monica J. Hubal, L. Wideman

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

The incidence of pre-diabetes (PD) and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2D) is a worldwide epidemic. African American (AA) individuals are disproportionately more likely to become diabetic than other ethnic groups. Over the long-term, metabolic complications related to diabetes result in significant alterations in growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Considering the limited exercise-related studies in the area of gene expression changes with disease progression, the objective of this study was to examine differences in exercise-induced gene expression related to the GH and IGF-1 pathways in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy (CON) and PD AA individuals. Design: Ten ...


Genotype-Phenotype Correlation In Nf1: Evidence For A More Severe Phenotype Associated With Missense Mutations Affecting Nf1 Codons 844-848, M Koczkowska, Y Chen, T Callens, A Gomes, A Sharp, Rhonda Schonberg, +several additional authors 2018 George Washington University

Genotype-Phenotype Correlation In Nf1: Evidence For A More Severe Phenotype Associated With Missense Mutations Affecting Nf1 Codons 844-848, M Koczkowska, Y Chen, T Callens, A Gomes, A Sharp, Rhonda Schonberg, +Several Additional Authors

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a common genetic disorder with a birth incidence of 1:2,000–3,000, is characterized by a highly variable clinical presentation. To date, only two clinically relevant intragenic genotype-phenotype correlations have been reported for NF1 missense mutations affecting p.Arg1809 and a single amino acid deletion p.Met922del. Both variants predispose to a distinct mild NF1 phenotype with neither externally visible cutaneous/plexiform neurofibromas nor other tumors. Here, we report 162 individuals (129 unrelated probands and 33 affected relatives) heterozygous for a constitutional missense mutation affecting one of five neighboring NF1 codons—Leu844, Cys845, Ala846 ...


Genetic Programming Of Hypertension, Sun-Young Ahn, Charu Gupta 2018 George Washington University

Genetic Programming Of Hypertension, Sun-Young Ahn, Charu Gupta

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

The heritability of hypertension (HTN) is widely recognized and as a result, extensive studies ranging from genetic linkage analyses to genome-wide association studies are actively ongoing to elucidate the etiology of both monogenic and polygenic forms of HTN. Due to the complex nature of essential HTN, however, single genes affecting blood pressure (BP) variability remain difficult to isolate and identify and have rendered the development of single-gene targeted therapies challenging. The roles of other causative factors in modulating BP, such as gene–environment interactions and epigenetic factors, are increasingly being brought to the forefront. In this review, we discuss the ...


Search Strategy For The Benefits, Burdens, And Risks Of Participation In Pediatric Palliative Care And End Of Life Research: A Systematic Review, Pamela S. Hinds, Vanessa N. Madrigal, Cynthia J. Bell, Cynthia M. Schmidt, Amy R. Newman, Kim Mooney-Doyle, Jessica L. Spruit, Tessie October, Christine A. Fortney, Melissa Kurtz Uveges, Kitty Montgomery, Katherine Patterson Kelly, Meaghann S. Weaver 2018 George Washington University

Search Strategy For The Benefits, Burdens, And Risks Of Participation In Pediatric Palliative Care And End Of Life Research: A Systematic Review, Pamela S. Hinds, Vanessa N. Madrigal, Cynthia J. Bell, Cynthia M. Schmidt, Amy R. Newman, Kim Mooney-Doyle, Jessica L. Spruit, Tessie October, Christine A. Fortney, Melissa Kurtz Uveges, Kitty Montgomery, Katherine Patterson Kelly, Meaghann S. Weaver

Systematic Review Search Strategies

No abstract provided.


Depressed Left And Right Ventricular Cardiac Output In Fetuses Of Diabetic Mothers, Jennifer Winter, Aparna Kulkarni, Mary Craft, Ling Li, Lisa K. Hornberger, David A. Danford, Shelby Kutty 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Depressed Left And Right Ventricular Cardiac Output In Fetuses Of Diabetic Mothers, Jennifer Winter, Aparna Kulkarni, Mary Craft, Ling Li, Lisa K. Hornberger, David A. Danford, Shelby Kutty

Journal Articles: Pediatrics

INTRODUCTION: We compared right and left ventricular cardiac output (RVCO and LVCO) in fetuses of diabetic mothers (FDM) to a large normal cohort.

METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 264 normal fetuses and 30 FDM. Fetal CO parameters: semilunar valve velocity time integrals (AVVTI, PVVTI), ventricular outflow diameters (LVOTD, RVOTD), stroke volumes (AVSV, PVSV) were measured, and LVCO and RVCO calculated. These were normalized using nonlinear regression to estimated fetal weight (EFW) to provide means and standard deviations. Among FDMs, mean Z-scores and 95% confidence limits (CL) were calculated, and compared to zero.

RESULTS: LVCO, RVCO, and parameters they were calculated from ...


The Global Impact Of The Dracma Guidelines Cow’S Milk Allergy Clinical Practice, Alessandro Fiocchi, Holger Schunemann, Ignacio Ansotegui, Amal Assa’ad, Sami Bahna, Roberto Berni Canani, Martin Bozzola, Lamia Dahdah, Christophe Dupont, Motohiro Ebisawa, Elena Galli, Haiqi Li, Rose Kamenwa, Gideon Lack, Alberto Martelli, Ruby Pawankar, Maria Said, Mario Sánchez-Borges, Hugh Sampson, Raanan Shamir, Jonathan Spergel, Luigi Terracciano, Yvan Vandenplas, Carina Venter, Susan Waserman, Gary Wong, Jan Brozek 2018 Pediatric Hospital Bambino Gesù

The Global Impact Of The Dracma Guidelines Cow’S Milk Allergy Clinical Practice, Alessandro Fiocchi, Holger Schunemann, Ignacio Ansotegui, Amal Assa’Ad, Sami Bahna, Roberto Berni Canani, Martin Bozzola, Lamia Dahdah, Christophe Dupont, Motohiro Ebisawa, Elena Galli, Haiqi Li, Rose Kamenwa, Gideon Lack, Alberto Martelli, Ruby Pawankar, Maria Said, Mario Sánchez-Borges, Hugh Sampson, Raanan Shamir, Jonathan Spergel, Luigi Terracciano, Yvan Vandenplas, Carina Venter, Susan Waserman, Gary Wong, Jan Brozek

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Background: The 2010 Diagnosis and Rationale for Action against Cow’s Milk Allergy (DRACMA) guidelines are the only Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines for cow’s milk allergy (CMA). They indicate oral food challenge (OFC) as the reference test for diagnosis, and suggest the choice of specific alternative formula in different clinical conditions. Their recommendations are flexible, both in diagnosis and in treatment.

Objectives & methods: Using the Scopus citation records, we evaluated the influence of the DRACMA guidelines on milk allergy literature. We also reviewed their impact on successive food allergy and CMA guidelines at national ...


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