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2,492 full-text articles. Page 1 of 107.

Rethinking Community Based Strategies To Tackle Health Inequities In South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Abhay Bang, Kaosar Afsana, Bishal Gyawali, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Renuka Jayatissa 2019 The Aga Khan University

Rethinking Community Based Strategies To Tackle Health Inequities In South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Abhay Bang, Kaosar Afsana, Bishal Gyawali, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Renuka Jayatissa

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

No abstract provided.


Biomarkers In Patients With Mucopolysaccharidosis Type Ii And Iv., Honoka Fujitsuka, Kazuki Sawamoto, Hira Peracha, Robert W. Mason, William Mackenzie, Hironori Kobayashi, Seiji Yamaguchi, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Kenji Orii, Tadao Orii, Toshiyuki Fukao, Shunji Tomatsu 2019 Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children; Gifu University

Biomarkers In Patients With Mucopolysaccharidosis Type Ii And Iv., Honoka Fujitsuka, Kazuki Sawamoto, Hira Peracha, Robert W. Mason, William Mackenzie, Hironori Kobayashi, Seiji Yamaguchi, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Kenji Orii, Tadao Orii, Toshiyuki Fukao, Shunji Tomatsu

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), dermatan sulfate (DS), heparan sulfate (HS), and keratan sulfate (KS), are the primary biomarkers in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS); however, little is known about other biomarkers. To explore potential biomarkers and their correlation with GAGs, blood samples were collected from 46 MPS II patients, 34 MPS IVA patients, and 5 MPS IVB patients. We evaluated the levels of 8 pro-inflammatory factors (EGF, IL-1β, IL-6, MIP-1α, TNF-α, MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9), collagen type II, and DS, HS (HS0S, HSNS), and KS (mono-sulfated, di-sulfated) in blood. Eight biomarkers measured were significantly elevated in untreated MPS II patients, compared with those ...


Resident Great Catches: Recognizing Resident Physicians, Susamita Kesh, Kristin Streiler 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Resident Great Catches: Recognizing Resident Physicians, Susamita Kesh, Kristin Streiler

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Building Sustainability In Times Of Uncertainty, Matthew Sadof 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School-Baystate

Building Sustainability In Times Of Uncertainty, Matthew Sadof

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Obama era grants were filled with the hopes of developing and implementing measures to improve healthcare delivery. Springfield Pediatrician Matt Sadof will present his experience as one of the Principal Investigators for the Massachusetts Alliance for Coordinated Care, a care coordination for children with medical complexity and social fragility funded by Center for Medicaid and Medicare Innovation at two urban centers in Massachusetts Baystate Children’s Hospital and Boston University Medical Center. As a consultative program it supported improved communication between primary care providers and specialists at two geographic locations across the state. Relying on an ambulatory ICU (complex care ...


Partial Clinical Remission Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In Children: Clinical Applications And Challenges With Its Definitions, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Partial Clinical Remission Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In Children: Clinical Applications And Challenges With Its Definitions, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Benjamin U. Nwosu

The honeymoon phase, or partial clinical remission (PCR) phase, of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a transitory period that is marked by endogenous insulin production by surviving β cells following a diabetes diagnosis and the introduction of insulin therapy. It is a critical window in the course of the disease that has short and long-term implications for the patient, such as a significant reduction in the risk of long-term complications of T1DM. To promote long-term cardiovascular health in children with newly diagnosed T1DM, three key steps are necessary: the generation of a predictive model for non-remission, the adoption of ...


Pubertal Lipid Levels Are Significantly Lower In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced Partial Clinical Remission, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Shwetha Rupendu, Emily Zitek-Morrison, Deepa Patel, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Gabrielle Jasmin, Bruce A. Barton 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pubertal Lipid Levels Are Significantly Lower In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced Partial Clinical Remission, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Shwetha Rupendu, Emily Zitek-Morrison, Deepa Patel, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Gabrielle Jasmin, Bruce A. Barton

Benjamin U. Nwosu

Importance: The physiologic changes in lipids during puberty in type 1 diabetes (T1D) is unclear as subjects in previous studies were not stratified by partial clinical remission (PCR) status.

Aim: To determine the effect of PCR on lipid changes during puberty in youth with T1D.

Subjects and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 194 subjects consisting of 71 controls of age 12.9±1.3y and 123 subjects with T1D stratified into remitters (n=44, age 13.0±0.8y) and non-remitters (n=79, age 11.2±0.6y). PCR was defined as insulin-dose adjusted HbA1c of ≤9. Pubertal status ...


Dr. Warady Wins 2019 Karl D. Nolph Lifetime Achievement Award In Dialysis, Children's Mercy Hospital 2019 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Dr. Warady Wins 2019 Karl D. Nolph Lifetime Achievement Award In Dialysis, Children's Mercy Hospital

Our Story Continues

Bradley Warady, MD, Division Director-Pediatric Nephrology and Director-Dialysis and Transplantation, recently was presented with the 2019 Karl D. Nolph Lifetime Achievement Award in Dialysis at the 39th Annual Dialysis Conference in Dallas.

The Nolph award recognizes individuals whose academic achievements exemplify the academic life of Dr. Nolph and have contributed to unique and broader understanding and application of renal replacement therapies, including peritoneal dialysis.


Partial Clinical Remission Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In Children: Clinical Applications And Challenges With Its Definitions, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Partial Clinical Remission Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In Children: Clinical Applications And Challenges With Its Definitions, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Endocrinology/Diabetes

The honeymoon phase, or partial clinical remission (PCR) phase, of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a transitory period that is marked by endogenous insulin production by surviving β cells following a diabetes diagnosis and the introduction of insulin therapy. It is a critical window in the course of the disease that has short and long-term implications for the patient, such as a significant reduction in the risk of long-term complications of T1DM. To promote long-term cardiovascular health in children with newly diagnosed T1DM, three key steps are necessary: the generation of a predictive model for non-remission, the adoption of ...


Great Save! Old Chapel Pews Find New Homes, Children's Mercy Hospital 2019 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Great Save! Old Chapel Pews Find New Homes, Children's Mercy Hospital

Our Story Continues

Discusses the preservation of historical artifacts from Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, specifically the restoration of three chapel pews circa 1917 that have new homes in the hospital's marketing and fund-raising departments, and in the new Children's Research Institute building.


Global Research Priorities To Accelerate Early Child Development In The Sustainable Development Era, Tarun Dua, Mark Tomlinson, Elizabeth Tablante, Pia Britto, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Bernadette Daelmans, Gary L. Darmstadt 2019 World Health Organization

Global Research Priorities To Accelerate Early Child Development In The Sustainable Development Era, Tarun Dua, Mark Tomlinson, Elizabeth Tablante, Pia Britto, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Bernadette Daelmans, Gary L. Darmstadt

Mark W. Tomlinson, MD

No abstract provided.


Nadolol In Pregnancy: A Medical Student’S Reflection On Her Pregnancy, Rebecca King-Mallory, Shawndra Barker, Kaitlin McGrogan, Adam M. Franks 2019 Trident Medical Center, South Carolina

Nadolol In Pregnancy: A Medical Student’S Reflection On Her Pregnancy, Rebecca King-Mallory, Shawndra Barker, Kaitlin Mcgrogan, Adam M. Franks

Adam M. Franks, MD

Hypertension is a common concern during pregnancy. Beta-blockers are one potential treatment, but third trimester exposure has correlated with an increased risk of perinatal events. Nadolol, a nonselective beta blocker, has properties that differ from those of its selective counterparts, including longer half-life, decreased protein binding, and renal excretion in the unchanged form. There is very limited data on the use of nadolol during pregnancy, and its safety has not been completely evaluated. This case study documents the perinatal outcomes of nadolol use throughout a medical student’s pregnancy and explores the experience in obtaining and undergoing medical care.


Pubertal Lipid Levels Are Significantly Lower In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced Partial Clinical Remission, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Shwetha Rupendu, Emily Zitek-Morrison, Deepa Patel, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Gabrielle Jasmin, Bruce A. Barton 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pubertal Lipid Levels Are Significantly Lower In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced Partial Clinical Remission, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Shwetha Rupendu, Emily Zitek-Morrison, Deepa Patel, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Gabrielle Jasmin, Bruce A. Barton

Endocrinology/Diabetes

Importance: The physiologic changes in lipids during puberty in type 1 diabetes (T1D) is unclear as subjects in previous studies were not stratified by partial clinical remission (PCR) status.

Aim: To determine the effect of PCR on lipid changes during puberty in youth with T1D.

Subjects and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 194 subjects consisting of 71 controls of age 12.9±1.3y and 123 subjects with T1D stratified into remitters (n=44, age 13.0±0.8y) and non-remitters (n=79, age 11.2±0.6y). PCR was defined as insulin-dose adjusted HbA1c of ≤9. Pubertal status ...


A Closer Look At Arsa Activity In A Patient With Metachromatic Leukodystrophy., Kathleen Doherty, S. Barron Frazier, Matthew Clark, Anna Childers, Sumit Pruthi, David A. Wenger, Jessica Duis 2019 Vanderbilt University Medical Center

A Closer Look At Arsa Activity In A Patient With Metachromatic Leukodystrophy., Kathleen Doherty, S. Barron Frazier, Matthew Clark, Anna Childers, Sumit Pruthi, David A. Wenger, Jessica Duis

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease mainly caused by a deficiency of arylsulfatase A activity. The typical clinical course of patients with the late infantile form includes a regression in motor skills with progression to dysphagia, seizures, hypotonia and death. We present a case of a 4-year-old female with rapidly progressive developmental regression with loss of motor milestones, spasticity and dysphagia. MRI showed volume loss and markedly abnormal deep white matter. Enzymatic testing in one laboratory showed arylsulfatase A activity in their normal range. However, extraction of urine showed a large increase in sulfatide excretion in ...


Early Progression Of Krabbe Disease In Patients With Symptom Onset Between 0 And 5 Months., Maria L. Beltran-Quintero, Nicholas A. Bascou, Michele D. Poe, David A. Wenger, Carlos A. Saavedra-Matiz, Matthew J. Nichols, Maria L. Escolar 2019 University of Pittsburgh

Early Progression Of Krabbe Disease In Patients With Symptom Onset Between 0 And 5 Months., Maria L. Beltran-Quintero, Nicholas A. Bascou, Michele D. Poe, David A. Wenger, Carlos A. Saavedra-Matiz, Matthew J. Nichols, Maria L. Escolar

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Krabbe disease is a rare neurological disorder caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme, β-galactocerebrosidase, resulting in demyelination of the central and peripheral nervous systems. If left without treatment, Krabbe disease results in progressive neurodegeneration with reduced quality of life and early death. The purpose of this prospective study was to describe the natural progression of early onset Krabbe disease in a large cohort of patients.

METHODS: Patients with early onset Krabbe disease were prospectively evaluated between 1999 and 2018. Data sources included diagnostic testing, parent questionnaires, standardized multidisciplinary neurodevelopmental assessments, and neuroradiological and neurophysiological tests.

RESULTS: We ...


Management Of Retinoblastoma In Older Children (>5 Years) Using Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy: Comparison Of Outcomes To Pre-Chemotherapy And Intravenous Chemotherapy Eras, Evan Selzer, MS, R. Joel Welch, MD, Pascal Jabbour, MD, Ann Leahey, MD, Carol L. Shields, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Management Of Retinoblastoma In Older Children (>5 Years) Using Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy: Comparison Of Outcomes To Pre-Chemotherapy And Intravenous Chemotherapy Eras, Evan Selzer, Ms, R. Joel Welch, Md, Pascal Jabbour, Md, Ann Leahey, Md, Carol L. Shields, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) has emerged as an effective treatment for retinoblastoma (RB), but little information exists regarding its use in older patients (>5 years). We evaluate the use of IAC (2008-2018) for RB in older patients and compare outcomes to those in the pre-chemotherapy (<1994) and intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) (1994-2007) eras.

Objective: To evaluate the hypothesis that IAC is effective in managing RB in older patients.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients older than 5 years who were treated with IAC for RB from 2008-2018 on the Ocular Oncology Service at the Wills Eye Hospital. Comparisons were made to historic, published data using ...


Minimally Invasive Surgery In Neonates With Congenital Anomalies: Experience From The Nsqip-P, Emily Sagalow, Katerina Dukleska, MD, Courtney Devin, MD, Erin Teeple, MD, Scott W. Cowan, MD, Charles D. Vincour, MD, Loren Berman, MD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Minimally Invasive Surgery In Neonates With Congenital Anomalies: Experience From The Nsqip-P, Emily Sagalow, Katerina Dukleska, Md, Courtney Devin, Md, Erin Teeple, Md, Scott W. Cowan, Md, Charles D. Vincour, Md, Loren Berman, Md

Phase 1

Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) and tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEF) are managed with minimally invasive surgery (MIS) or open surgery. Little is known about the patient populations and outcomes for those treated by each approach. Hypothesis/Specific Aims: We expect that there will be fewer complications, better outcomes, and longer operative times for the MIS group versus the open group.

Methods: National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric Participant Use Files (NSQIP-P PUFs) from 2012-2015 were used to identify neonates (up to 30 days old) who underwent CDH and TEF repair. The patient characteristics, post-operative complications, and 30-day mortality were analyzed using multivariable ...


Confidential Care For Adolescents In The U.S. Health Care System, Priya R. Pathak, Adriana Chou 2019 Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Confidential Care For Adolescents In The U.S. Health Care System, Priya R. Pathak, Adriana Chou

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In providing care for adolescents, maintaining confidentiality should be considered a human right and an evidence-based component of quality care. Unfortunately, complexities in the U.S. legal and health care systems have created a setting in which confidential care is inaccessible to many adolescent patients. Federal laws provide a minimum standard for confidentiality protections, but variations in state legislation relating to minor consent, special health care services, and confidentiality exemptions create large variability in adolescent confidentiality rights across the country. In certain contexts, such as consensual sexual activity, legal provisions may not align with professional ethical standards in adolescent care ...


The Use Of Dietary Interventions In Pediatric Patients, Shirin Madzhidova, Lusine Sedrakyan 2019 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

The Use Of Dietary Interventions In Pediatric Patients, Shirin Madzhidova, Lusine Sedrakyan

PCOM Scholarly Papers

Complementary and alternative treatment approaches are becoming more common among children with chronic conditions. The prevalence of CAM use among US adults was estimated to be around 42% in 2015 and around 44% to 50% among adults with neurologic disorders. Studies demonstrate that children with certain chronic illnesses such as asthma, cancer, genetic disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and other neurodevelopmental disorders are treated with complementary and alternative treatments at higher rates. Dietary therapies are gaining increasing popularity in the mainstream population. Although the majority of "fad" diets do not have enough supporting evidence, some dietary therapies have been utilized ...


Who Speaks For Me?: Addressing Variability In Informed Consent Practices For Minimal Risk Research Involving Foster Youth, Mary V. Greiner, Sarah J. Beal, Antonio Allen, Vikash Patel, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Armand Antommaria 2019 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati

Who Speaks For Me?: Addressing Variability In Informed Consent Practices For Minimal Risk Research Involving Foster Youth, Mary V. Greiner, Sarah J. Beal, Antonio Allen, Vikash Patel, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Armand Antommaria

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: Youth in protective custody (i.e., foster care) are at higher risk for poorer physical and mental health outcomes compared with those who are not. These differences may be due in part to the lack of research on the population to create evidence-based recommendations for health care delivery. A potential contributor to this lack of research is difficulties in obtaining informed consent for empirical studies in this population. The objective of this study was to describe the approaches to obtaining informed consent in minimal risk studies of foster youth and provide recommendations for future requirements.

Methods: We conducted a ...


Csf Inflammatory Markers Differ In Gram-Positive Versus Gram-Negative Shunt Infections., Gwenn Skar, David Synhorst, Matthew K. Beaver, Jessica N. Snowden 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Csf Inflammatory Markers Differ In Gram-Positive Versus Gram-Negative Shunt Infections., Gwenn Skar, David Synhorst, Matthew K. Beaver, Jessica N. Snowden

Journal Articles: Pediatrics

BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt placement is frequently complicated by bacterial infection. Shunt infection diagnosis relies on bacterial culture of CSF which can often produce false-negative results. Negative cultures present a conundrum for physicians as they are left to rely on other CSF indices, which can be unremarkable. New methods are needed to swiftly and accurately diagnose shunt infections. CSF chemokines and cytokines may prove useful as diagnostic biomarkers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of systemic and CSF biomarkers for identification of CSF shunt infection.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of children with ...


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