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692 full-text articles. Page 1 of 27.

Bilateral Mastectomy, Choroidal Mass: A Curve Ball., Phillip Gordon, Carol L. Shields 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Bilateral Mastectomy, Choroidal Mass: A Curve Ball., Phillip Gordon, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


Clinical Features Of Cats With Aqueous Tear Deficiency: A Retrospective Case Series Of 10 Patients (17 Eyes), Lisa K. Uhl, Akihiko Saito, Hiroko Iwashita, David J. Maggs, Jonathan P. Mochel, Lionel Sebbag 2018 Iowa State University

Clinical Features Of Cats With Aqueous Tear Deficiency: A Retrospective Case Series Of 10 Patients (17 Eyes), Lisa K. Uhl, Akihiko Saito, Hiroko Iwashita, David J. Maggs, Jonathan P. Mochel, Lionel Sebbag

Veterinary Clinical Sciences Publications

Objectives

The aim of this study was to describe the clinical findings, diagnostic test results and response to therapy of cats with Schirmer tear test 1 (STT-1) values below the reference interval.

Methods

The medical records of three institutions were searched for cats with ocular surface disease and STT-1 values/min, confirmed at two or more separate visits.

Results

Ten cats (17 eyes) were included. The mean ± SD (range) age and STT-1 values in affected eye(s) were 6.1 ± 5.7 (0.2–16) years and 2.4 ± 3.1 (0–8) mm/min, respectively. Concurrent ocular surface disease ...


Unilateral Macular Drusen In A Young Female., Kareem Sioufi, Katherine E Talcott, Marc J Spirn 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; Medical University of South Carolina

Unilateral Macular Drusen In A Young Female., Kareem Sioufi, Katherine E Talcott, Marc J Spirn

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


Microtubule-Associated Protein 1 Light Chain 3b, (Lc3b) Is Necessary To Maintain Lipid-Mediated Homeostasis In The Retinal Pigment Epithelium., Anuradha Dhingra, Brent A Bell, Neal S. Peachey, Lauren L. Daniele, Juan Reyes-Reveles, Rachel C. Sharp, Bokkyoo Jun, Nicolas G. Bazan, Janet R. Sparrow, Hye Jin Kim, Nancy J. Philp, Kathleen Boesze-Battaglia 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Microtubule-Associated Protein 1 Light Chain 3b, (Lc3b) Is Necessary To Maintain Lipid-Mediated Homeostasis In The Retinal Pigment Epithelium., Anuradha Dhingra, Brent A Bell, Neal S. Peachey, Lauren L. Daniele, Juan Reyes-Reveles, Rachel C. Sharp, Bokkyoo Jun, Nicolas G. Bazan, Janet R. Sparrow, Hye Jin Kim, Nancy J. Philp, Kathleen Boesze-Battaglia

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Like other neurons, retinal cells utilize autophagic pathways to maintain cell homeostasis. The mammalian retina relies on heterophagy and selective autophagy to efficiently degrade and metabolize ingested lipids with disruption in autophagy associated degradation contributing to age related retinal disorders. The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) supports photoreceptor cell renewal by daily phagocytosis of shed photoreceptor outer segments (OS). The daily ingestion of these lipid-rich OS imposes a constant degradative burden on these terminally differentiated cells. These cells rely on Microtubule-Associated Protein 1 Light Chain 3 (LC3) family of proteins for phagocytic clearance of the ingested OS. The LC3 family comprises ...


Macular Phototoxicity After Corneal Cross-Linking, Paulo Rodolfo Barbisan Tagliari, Marina Goncalves Viturino Monteiro, Fernanda Maria Souto Silveira, Bo Tian, Roberto Damian Pacheco Pinto, Lucas Barasnevicius Quagliato, Mauricio Abujamra Nascimento, Rosane Silvestre de Castro, Carlos Eduardo Arieta Leite 2018 State University of Campinas, Brazil

Macular Phototoxicity After Corneal Cross-Linking, Paulo Rodolfo Barbisan Tagliari, Marina Goncalves Viturino Monteiro, Fernanda Maria Souto Silveira, Bo Tian, Roberto Damian Pacheco Pinto, Lucas Barasnevicius Quagliato, Mauricio Abujamra Nascimento, Rosane Silvestre De Castro, Carlos Eduardo Arieta Leite

Open Access Articles

Purpose: To assess potential vascular, structural, and functional changes to the macula in patients with keratoconus that underwent ultraviolet A (UVA)-riboflavin-mediated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) therapy.

Patients and methods: Seventeen eyes from 17 patients of age 16 years or older with keratoconus undergoing CXL treatment were studied. The same eye served as its own control (before CXL vs after CXL). Eyes were evaluated in terms of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refractive error, intraocular pressure, Amsler grid, retinography, fluorescein angiography, autofluorescence, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) prior to CXL and 7 and 30 days after treatment. Multifocal electroretinography ...


Maximum Blink Interval Is Associated With Tear Film Breakup Time: A New Simple, Screening Test For Dry Eye Disease, Takenori Inomata, Masao Iwagami, Yoshimune Hiratsuka, Keiichi Fujimoto, Yuichi Okumura, Tina Shiang, Akira Murakami 2018 Juntendo University

Maximum Blink Interval Is Associated With Tear Film Breakup Time: A New Simple, Screening Test For Dry Eye Disease, Takenori Inomata, Masao Iwagami, Yoshimune Hiratsuka, Keiichi Fujimoto, Yuichi Okumura, Tina Shiang, Akira Murakami

Open Access Articles

The prevalence of dry eye disease (DED) is increasing worldwide, and its diagnosis often needs dedicated reagents and machines. We investigated the usefulness of maximum blink interval (MBI) (the length of time that participants could keep their eyes open) in screening for DED. This cross-sectional study included 292 patients (194 with DED and 98 without DED) recruited between September 2016 and September 2017. We compared the MBI between patients with and without DED; examined correlations between MBI and other clinical features of DED, including subjective symptoms (Dry Eye-Related Quality-of-Life Score), tear film breakup time (TFBUT), cornea fluorescence score (CFS), and ...


Photography-Based Method For Assessing Fluorescein Clearance Test In Dogs, Arianne Pontes Oriá, Miriam Flores Rebouças, Emanoel Martins Filho, Francisco de Assis Dórea Neto, Ana Cláudia Raposo, Lionel Sebbag 2018 Federal University of Bahia

Photography-Based Method For Assessing Fluorescein Clearance Test In Dogs, Arianne Pontes Oriá, Miriam Flores Rebouças, Emanoel Martins Filho, Francisco De Assis Dórea Neto, Ana Cláudia Raposo, Lionel Sebbag

Veterinary Clinical Sciences Publications

Background: The fluorescein clearance test (FCT) provides insight into the tear film dynamics. The purpose of this study was to describe an inexpensive and practical method for assessing FCT in dogs, using photography and software analysis, and to assess the retention time of 1 vs. 2 eye drops on the canine ocular surface.

Methods: (i) In vivo - Eight healthy German Shepherd dogs were recruited. Following topical anesthesia with 0.5% proxymetacaine, each eye sequentially received (1 week apart) either 1 drop (35 μL) or 2 drops (70 μL) of 0.5% fluorescein. A Schirmer strip was inserted in the ventral ...


Pretty Peachy., Li-Anne Lim, Basil K. Williams, Carol L. Shields 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Pretty Peachy., Li-Anne Lim, Basil K. Williams, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


Lacrimal Gland Tumors In Turkey: Types, Frequency, And Outcomes., Yağmur Seda Yeşiltaş, Ahmet Kaan Gündüz, Esra Erden, Carol L. Shields 2018 Ankara University

Lacrimal Gland Tumors In Turkey: Types, Frequency, And Outcomes., Yağmur Seda Yeşiltaş, Ahmet Kaan Gündüz, Esra Erden, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

AIM: To evaluate the clinical, radiological, and treatment features of lacrimal gland tumors.

METHODS: Retrospective review of 99 eyes of 92 patients with lacrimal gland tumors diagnosed and managed in a single institution between January 1999 and March 2017. Clinical and radiological features, histopathology, treatment methods, and prognosis were evaluated.

RESULTS: The mean patient age was 40.3 (range: 7-80)y. The diagnosis was made histopathologically in 91 (91.9%) tumors and on a clinical and radiological basis in 8 (8.1%) tumors. Final diagnoses included idiopathic orbital inflammation (pseudotumor) in 46 (46.5%) lesions, pleomorphic adenoma in 14 (14 ...


Genetic Modification Of Inherited Retinopathy In Mice, Yang Kong 2018 The University of Maine

Genetic Modification Of Inherited Retinopathy In Mice, Yang Kong

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The retina, as a critical component of the sensory system, consists of multiple cell types, of which, photoreceptors play a key role in receiving, integrating and transmitting light signals. The biofunctions of photoreceptors rely on their proper growth and development, which is predominantly governed by a cluster of molecules that comprise the transcriptional regulation for photoreceptor development. Any disruption of these molecules potentially incurs retinal pathologies.

It is known that deficiencies of nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group E member 3 (NR2E3) or neural retina leucine-zipper (NRL), two molecules in regulating photoreceptor cell development, cause photoreceptor dysplasia. In a sensitized chemical ...


Visual Field Changes In Professional Wind Versus Non-Wind Musical Instrument Players In The Philadelphia Orchestra, Shuai‑Chun Lin, Cindy X. Zheng, Michael Waisbourd, Jeanne Molineaux, Lichuan Zeng, Tingting Zhan, Kamran Rahmatnejad, Arthur Resende, Anand V. Mantravadi, Lisa A. Hark, Marlene R. Moster, Joseph I. Markoff, George L. Spaeth, L. Jay Katz 2018 Wills Eye Hospital

Visual Field Changes In Professional Wind Versus Non-Wind Musical Instrument Players In The Philadelphia Orchestra, Shuai‑Chun Lin, Cindy X. Zheng, Michael Waisbourd, Jeanne Molineaux, Lichuan Zeng, Tingting Zhan, Kamran Rahmatnejad, Arthur Resende, Anand V. Mantravadi, Lisa A. Hark, Marlene R. Moster, Joseph I. Markoff, George L. Spaeth, L. Jay Katz

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Purpose: We compare the prevalence of glaucoma in professional wind versus non‑wind instrument players in the Philadelphia Orchestra. Visual field changes in individuals with glaucoma and glaucoma suspects were evaluated, and the results were correlated with cumulative practice time. Methods: In this cross‑sectional, observational study, fifty‑one Philadelphia Orchestra musicians were enrolled and categorized as wind or non‑wind instrument players. All study participants underwent screening fundus photography. Participants with optic discs suspicious for glaucoma underwent further evaluation, including standard automated visual field perimetry and a comprehensive eye examination by a glaucoma specialist. Results: Of the 51 musicians ...


Impact Of Flow Rate, Collection Devices, And Extraction Methods On Tear Concentrations Following Oral Administration Of Doxycycline In Dogs And Cats, Lionel Sebbag, Lucas Showman, Emily M. McDowell, Ann Perera, Jonathan P. Mochel 2018 Iowa State University

Impact Of Flow Rate, Collection Devices, And Extraction Methods On Tear Concentrations Following Oral Administration Of Doxycycline In Dogs And Cats, Lionel Sebbag, Lucas Showman, Emily M. Mcdowell, Ann Perera, Jonathan P. Mochel

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

Purpose: Compare the precision of doxycycline quantification in tear fluid collected with either Schirmer strips or polyvinyl acetal (PVA) sponges following oral drug administration.

Methods: Three dogs and 3 cats were administered doxycycline orally at a dose of 4.2–5 mg/kg every 12 h for 6 consecutive days. At day 5 and 6, blood and tear fluid were sampled to capture doxycycline trough and maximal concentrations. Tear fluid was collected 3 times (spaced 10 min apart) at each session with the absorbent material placed in the lower conjunctival fornix until the 20-mm mark was reached (Schirmer strip, one ...


Automated Diagnosis And Grading Of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Optical Coherence Tomography, Harpal Singh. Sandhu, Ahmed Eltanboly, Ahmed Shalaby, Robert S. Keynton, Schlomit Schaal, Ayman El-Baz 2018 University of Louisville

Automated Diagnosis And Grading Of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Optical Coherence Tomography, Harpal Singh. Sandhu, Ahmed Eltanboly, Ahmed Shalaby, Robert S. Keynton, Schlomit Schaal, Ayman El-Baz

Open Access Articles

Purpose: We determine the feasibility and accuracy of a computer-assisted diagnostic (CAD) system to diagnose and grade nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images.

Methods: A cross-sectional, single-center study was done of type II diabetics who presented for routine screening and/or monitoring exams. Inclusion criteria were age 18 or older, diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type II, and clear media allowing for OCT imaging. Exclusion criteria were inability to image the macula, posterior staphylomas, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and concurrent retinovascular disease. All patients underwent a full dilated eye exam and spectral-domain OCT of a 6 x 6 ...


Aerobic Glycolysis Is Essential For Normal Rod Function And Controls Secondary Cone Death In Retinitis Pigmentosa, Lolita Petit, Shan Ma, Joris Cipi, Shun-Yun Cheng, Marina Zieger, Nissim Hay, Claudio Punzo 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Aerobic Glycolysis Is Essential For Normal Rod Function And Controls Secondary Cone Death In Retinitis Pigmentosa, Lolita Petit, Shan Ma, Joris Cipi, Shun-Yun Cheng, Marina Zieger, Nissim Hay, Claudio Punzo

Open Access Articles

Aerobic glycolysis accounts for approximately 80%-90% of glucose used by adult photoreceptors (PRs); yet, the importance of aerobic glycolysis for PR function or survival remains unclear. Here, we further established the role of aerobic glycolysis in murine rod and cone PRs. We show that loss of hexokinase-2 (HK2), a key aerobic glycolysis enzyme, does not affect PR survival or structure but is required for normal rod function. Rods with HK2 loss increase their mitochondrial number, suggesting an adaptation to the inhibition of aerobic glycolysis. In contrast, cones adapt without increased mitochondrial number but require HK2 to adapt to metabolic ...


Screening Amblyopic Risk Factors In A Pediatric Population Using An Automated Vision Screener, Rebecca Dawn Slominski 2018 Valparaiso University

Screening Amblyopic Risk Factors In A Pediatric Population Using An Automated Vision Screener, Rebecca Dawn Slominski

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Amblyopia is the most common visual disorder in children and is potentially curable if detected early and treated properly in the first few years of life. Amblyopia is the leading cause of monocular vision loss in children (Bradfield, 2013). It is a developmental neuroplasticity which derives from birth causing structural and functional changes in the eye and brain. With this structural and functional disruption, visual blur occurs due to refractive amblyopia, strabismic amblyopia, cataracts (form-deprivation amblyopia), or a combination of any of these (Solebo, Cumberland, & Rahi, 2015). Refractive errors related to amblyopia can also occur. The purpose of this evidence-based ...


The Comparison Of Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (Sd-Oct) To Histopathology In A Patient With Diffuse Macular Drusen, Harold Salmons, Ralph Eagle, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

The Comparison Of Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (Sd-Oct) To Histopathology In A Patient With Diffuse Macular Drusen, Harold Salmons, Ralph Eagle, Md

Department of Pathology Honors Program Student Research Symposium

Background: Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) has become a gold standard technique in ophthalmologic practice, and has revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of retinal disease. As SD-OCT uses low interference interferometry and mathematical algorithms to produce detailed theoretical cross-sectional images of the retina, it is crucial to examine correlations between SD-OCT images and their corresponding histopathologic slides.

Methods: In the present study, careful correlative light microscopy was performed on the eye that was enucleated from an elderly patient who had a uveal melanoma and early agerelated macular degeneration evident clinically as soft drusen. SD-OCT was performed prior to enucleation ...


Long-Term Visual Outcomes In Optic Nerve Sheath Meningiomas Following Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy, Sana Dastgheyb, Christian Fernandez, MD, Maria Werner-Wasik, MD, Voichita Bar-Ad, MD, David Andrews MD, James Evans, MD, Kevin Judy, MD, Sara Lally, MD, Carol Shields, MD, Arman Mashayekhi, MD, Wenyin Shi, MD, PhD, Christopher Farrell, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Long-Term Visual Outcomes In Optic Nerve Sheath Meningiomas Following Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy, Sana Dastgheyb, Christian Fernandez, Md, Maria Werner-Wasik, Md, Voichita Bar-Ad, Md, David Andrews Md, James Evans, Md, Kevin Judy, Md, Sara Lally, Md, Carol Shields, Md, Arman Mashayekhi, Md, Wenyin Shi, Md, Phd, Christopher Farrell, Md

Sigma Xi

Introduction

Radiation therapy is often used for tumors of the optic nerve. The challenge with irradiating tumors surrounding structures associated with the eye is the risk of exposing the optic nerve, or other structures important to maintaining vision to potentially damaging radiation.

Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) is commonly used for the treatment of optic nerve sheath meningiomas (ONSMs) for vision preservation. However, long term visual data in the literature is limited. We investigated visual outcomes in 27 patients with ONSMs after FSRT.


Incidence Of Ocular Hypertension After Intravitreal Injection Of 2 Mg Triamcinolone Acetonide (Ivt), Jake Goodman, BS, Maitri Pancholy, BS, Philip Storey, MD, MPH, Anthony Obeid, MD, Durga Borkar, MD, Carl Regillo, MD, Daniel Su, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Incidence Of Ocular Hypertension After Intravitreal Injection Of 2 Mg Triamcinolone Acetonide (Ivt), Jake Goodman, Bs, Maitri Pancholy, Bs, Philip Storey, Md, Mph, Anthony Obeid, Md, Durga Borkar, Md, Carl Regillo, Md, Daniel Su, Md

Sigma Xi

Purpose

To report the incidence of OHT following injection of 2mg IVT


Differential Diagnosis Of Pan-Uveitis: Behçet’S Disease, Peter Blosser, Remil Simon, Courtney Ridner 2018 East Tennessee State University

Differential Diagnosis Of Pan-Uveitis: Behçet’S Disease, Peter Blosser, Remil Simon, Courtney Ridner

Appalachian Student Research Forum

This report describes the case of a 56-year-old man who presented with blurry vision, increased intraocular pressure, and conjunctival injection after posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Initially post-operative endophalmitis and foreign body inflammation were considered as differential diagnoses, but after further examination pan-uveitis was diagnosed. Uveitis is an ocular finding that may indicate several diseases, one of which is Behçet’s Disease. During the interview, the patient mentioned a history of apthous ulcers and genital ulcers which then lead to the clinical diagnosis of Behçet’s Disease. This report emphasizes that Behçet’s Disease is rare in Caucasians. Therefore, is ...


Mud-Splattered Fundus, Roger Joel Welch, Xintong Li, Carol L. Shields 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Mud-Splattered Fundus, Roger Joel Welch, Xintong Li, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


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