Enhancing Patient Understanding: The Impact Of Educational Videos On Ophthalmology Visits, 2024 Wayne State University
Enhancing Patient Understanding: The Impact Of Educational Videos On Ophthalmology Visits, Anna Zhao
Medical Student Research Symposium
A major component of effective patient-centered care is the patient’s understanding of their health condition and treatments. Increased knowledge of medical conditions can positively modify health behaviors, such as more participation in cancer screening and better adherence to medications. However, the readability of educational materials often does not match the patients’ reading abilities. Instead, educational videos, which have gained prominence with the emergence of tele-visits following COVID-19, have shown promise in being beneficial to patients with lower literacy levels. For ocular pathologies, early identification and care are key in preventing vision loss. Tele-education in ophthalmology could increase patient awareness of …
Ocular Syphilis: A Case Report And Public Health Discussion, 2024 Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine
Ocular Syphilis: A Case Report And Public Health Discussion, Andrew L. Fine, Hope V. Daskalakis, Rutwik Pradeep Sharma M.D., Mirna Ogeilat M.D.
Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery
Ocular Syphilis describes a localized manifestation of a systemic treponema pallidum infection. It most commonly presents with decreased visual acuity due to uveitis and can occur at any time throughout the disease course. This report describes a case of undiagnosed syphilis that was serendipitously diagnosed with blood product screening. This case highlights the need for better public education and outreach pertaining to sexually transmitted infections. This report will detail this patient's clinical course and discuss how healthcare providers can aid in early disease detection to improve both patient outcomes and overall public health.
Targeting Cyp51 In The Treatment Of Acanthamoeba Keratitis, 2024 Touro University Nevada
Targeting Cyp51 In The Treatment Of Acanthamoeba Keratitis, Ashkan Hassani, Vineet Sadarangani, Brad Haubrich
Annual Research Symposium
Acanthamoeba castellanii causes a rare but serious ocular infection called Acanthamoeba keratitis. Risk factors for infection include contact with contaminated water and poor hygiene of contact lenses. The first-line treatment is comprised of a months-long schedule of antibiotics. However, in cases where pharmacological interventions fail to address the infection, surgery may be necessary, with the continued risk of potential vision loss. Consequently, new treatments are needed, whether new pharmacological agents or new combination therapies with current agents. As an aerobic parasite, Acanthamoeba synthesizes ergosterol as a cell membrane insert, and ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors (EBIs), common in antifungal pharmaceuticals, could potentially …
Long-Term Surgical Outcomes Of Glaucoma Drainage Implants In Eyes With Preoperative Intraocular Pressure Less Than 19 Mmhg, 2024 Thomas Jefferson University
Long-Term Surgical Outcomes Of Glaucoma Drainage Implants In Eyes With Preoperative Intraocular Pressure Less Than 19 Mmhg, Shahin Hallaj, Jae-Chiang Wong, Lauren E. Hock, Natasha Nayak Kolomeyer, Aakriti G. Shukla, Michael J. Pro, Marlene R. Moster, Jonathan S. Myers, Reza Razeghinejad, Daniel Lee
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
BACKGROUND: This retrospective review reports on patients who underwent glaucoma drainage implant (GDI) surgery and had baseline intraocular pressure (IOP) of ≤18 mmHg with at least one year of follow-up.
METHODS: Clinical data of 67 eyes of 67 patients were collected from patients' charts, and the outcomes of GDI were evaluated until 7 years. GDI failure was defined as IOP reduction of less than 20% from the baseline at two consecutive visits three months after surgery, decline to no light perception, or if additional glaucoma surgery was performed.
RESULTS: The average age was 65.9 ± 13.2 years. Most cases were …
Endophthalmitis In An Elderly Patient - A Case Of Delayed Transfer And Successful Management, 2024 Internal Medicine, Knapp Medical Center, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine
Endophthalmitis In An Elderly Patient - A Case Of Delayed Transfer And Successful Management, Vamsikalayan Borra, Roy Kondapavuluru, Sreejith Pillali, Sabhi Gull, Andres Suarez Parraga
Introduction: Endophthalmitis is a severe and potentially sight-threatening condition that demands immediate attention and intervention. It is characterized by inflammation and infection within the eye, typically caused by bacterial or fungal organisms entering the eye, often following surgery or trauma. Usually present with sudden, severe eye pain, redness, decreased vision, and photophobia. As endophthalmitis can rapidly progress and cause irreversible damage to the eye, it is considered a true ocular emergency.
Case presentation: An 80-year-old woman, known to have Insulin-dependent Type 2 Diabetes mellitus and a history of breast cancer, arrived at the Emergency Department (ED) with persistent and worsening …
Safety And Efficacy Of Ixoberogene Soroparvovec In Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration In The United States (Optic): A Prospective, Two-Year, Multicentre Phase 1 Study, 2023 Wills Eye Institute
Safety And Efficacy Of Ixoberogene Soroparvovec In Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration In The United States (Optic): A Prospective, Two-Year, Multicentre Phase 1 Study, Arshad M. Khanani, David S. Boyer, Charles C. Wykoff, Carl D. Regillo, Brandon G. Busbee, Dante Pieramici, Carl J. Danzig, Brian C. Joondeph, James C. Major, Adam Turpcu, Szilárd Kiss
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
Gene therapy, successfully used in rare, monogenetic disorders, may prove to be a durable management approach for common, polygenetic conditions, including neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Repeated injections, oftentimes monthly, and possibly for decades, of vascular endothelial growth factor antagonists (anti-VEGF), is the standard for nAMD. We hypothesised that an in-office, intravitreal administration of ixoberogene soroparvovec (ixo-vec, formerly ADVM-022), a single-dose gene therapy encoding for the proven anti-VEGF protein, aflibercept, would transform retinal cells to continually produce aflibercept to minimise treatment burden in nAMD.
In this two-year, open-label, prospective, multicentre phase 1 study, patients with nAMD responding to …
Accuracy Of Swept Source Biometry Device In Detecting Macular Diseases Compared With Swept Source Oct, 2023 Aga Khan University
Accuracy Of Swept Source Biometry Device In Detecting Macular Diseases Compared With Swept Source Oct, Sidra Zafar, Taha Muneer Ahmed, Rashid Baig, Irfan Jeeva, Rehman Siddiqui
Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences
Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of the IOLMaster 700 foveal scans to detect foveal pathology compared with a standard swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) device.
Results: One hundred seventy eye scans of 95 patients were included in the final analyses. Ninety-nine (58.2%) scans were classified as abnormal by SS-OCT. Mean sensitivity of the biometry device was 67.5% (range: 51-84%) and mean specificity was 69.5% (range: 44-95%). Intra-class correlation coefficients were 0.912 and 0.835, for reader 1 and 2, respectively. Area under the curve for receiver operating curve was 0.726. Foveal scans of the IOLMaster 700 can provide clinically useful …
C-Case 2023: Promoting Excellence In Surgical Education: Canadian Conference For The Advancement Of Surgical Education, Oct. 12-13, 2023, Montréal, Quebec, Jeffrey Sioufi, Brandon Hall, Ryan Antel, Sarah Moussa, Mathushan Subasri, Mustafa Fakih, Nehal Islam, Reggie C. Hamdy, Sonaina Chopra, Karim Damji
Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences
No abstract provided.
Investigating The Microbiome Of The Eye And The Potential Of Probiotic Use In Optometry, 2023 University of Nebraska at Omaha
Investigating The Microbiome Of The Eye And The Potential Of Probiotic Use In Optometry, Rachel Hartgerink
While the eye was once considered free of resident bacteria due to its efficient immunity mechanisms, recent studies have determined that most healthy eyes contain a variety of microbiota. Many studies have been aimed at classifying bacteria that are part of the core microbiome of the eye and the conditions under which they differ. As with gut health, a dysbiosis of ocular bacteria could correlate to disease, which presents the idea of treatment with probiotics to help regulate the microbiota of the eye. This study utilized growth assays to determine a common probiotic’s effect on bacteria that can be found …
A Multicenter Study Validates The Who 2022 Classification For Conjunctival Melanocytic Intraepithelial Lesions With Clinical And Prognostic Relevance, Hardeep Singh Mudhar, Yamini Krishna, Simon Cross, Claudia Auw-Haedrich, Raymond Barnhill, Svetlana Cherepanoff, Ralph Eagle, James Farmer, Robert Folberg, Hans Grossniklaus, Martina C. Herwig-Carl, Martin Hyrcza, Sandra Lassalle, Karin U. Loeffler, Alexandre Moulin, Tatyana Milman, Robert M. Verdijk, Steffen Heegaard, Sarah E. Coupland
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
Several nomenclature and grading systems have been proposed for conjunctival melanocytic intraepithelial lesions (C-MIL). The fourth "WHO Classification of Eye Tumors" (WHO-EYE04) proposed a C-MIL classification, capturing the progression of noninvasive neoplastic melanocytes from low- to high-grade lesions, onto melanoma in situ (MIS), and then to invasive melanoma. This proposal was revised to the WHO-EYE05 C-MIL system, which simplified the high-grade C-MIL, whereby MIS was subsumed into high-grade C-MIL. Our aim was to validate the WHO-EYE05 C-MIL system using digitized images of C-MIL, stained with hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry. However, C-MIL cases were retrieved from 3 supraregional ocular pathology …
Informed Consent In Surgical Practice With Patients’ Experiences: A Cross-Sectional Study, 2023 İzmir Bakırçay University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Health Management Department, Türkiye
Informed Consent In Surgical Practice With Patients’ Experiences: A Cross-Sectional Study, Seda Kumru, Pakize Yiğit, Meryem Demirtaş, Hüseyin Fındık
Patient Experience Journal
This study aims to evaluate patients' experiences and perspectives regarding informed consent in surgical practice. Data for this cross-sectional study were collected from 276 patients using a questionnaire developed by Falagas et al. Descriptive statistics were employed for all questions. Statistical tests such as the Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Spearman's rank correlation analysis were performed, and Cohen's effect sizes were reported. IBM SPSS 23.0 was used for all analyses, and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. A high score on both The Delivered Information Index and The Patient-Physician Index represents a positive informed consent process. Among the participants, 65.2% indicated that they understood all parts of the consent form. Of all patients, 92.8% reported that information about the specific surgical procedure was provided by physicians. However, 47.5% of the patients reported that they did not feel comfortable with their surgeons. The mean score of the Delivered Information Index was 5.63 (2.38). The mean patient-physician relationship score was 14.38 (3.31). There was a moderate positive correlation between the delivered information index and the patient-physician relationship (r=0.50; p<0.001). In addition, there was a moderate positive correlation between the delivered information index and the time spent on the informed consent process, as well as between the patient-physician relationship and the time spent on the informed consent process (r=0.52; r=0.40, respectively). The study emphasized the lack of communication between patients and physicians, the limitation of information on treatment risks, adverse effects, and alternative treatment options.
This article is associated with the Policy & Measurement lens of The Beryl Institute Experience Framework (https://theberylinstitute.org/experience-framework/).
- Access other PXJ articles related to …
The Role Of Inflammation In Age-Related Macular Degeneration, 2023 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Doctoral School, Bucharest, Romania
The Role Of Inflammation In Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Diana Florina Tricorache, Ana Maria Dascalu, Crenguta Serboiu, Anca Bobirca, Dragos Cretoiu, Dan Bratu, Corneliu Tudor, Laura Carina Tribus
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex, chronic, and progressive disease which affects the macular area, being one of the leading causes of irreversible vision loss worldwide. Specific alterations of retinal structure occur at the macular level, which regarding its severity can range from the presence of drusen to the development of geographic atrophy or choroidal neovascularization. AMD has long been considered a degenerative disease, but new studies highlight the role of inflammation present both in the atrophic form and in the exudative form. The present review is based on comprehensive research on PubMed and Web of Science databases, and …
Pituitary Adenoma Hidden By Comorbid Cataract, 2023 Mann-Grandstaff VA Medical Center
Pituitary Adenoma Hidden By Comorbid Cataract, Len Koh Od, Megan E. Mcchesney Od, Chad E. Gosnell Od
Optometric Clinical Practice
Background: A pituitary adenoma is an abnormal growth in the pituitary gland. Pituitary adenomas are the most common cause of sellar masses accounting for approximately 10% of all intracranial neoplasms. Early visual symptom of pituitary adenoma can be hidden by comorbid cataract in elderly patients. Case Report: A 74 y.o. male presented to the eye clinic with blurry vision at all distances and has trouble with glare from lights. His best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/20-1 OD, 20/25-2 OS, but subjectively of poor quality. Slit lamp exam confirmed mild nuclear sclerotic cataract OU and normal fundus exam. …
Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy Plus Syndrome, 2023 Department of Veteran's Affairs
Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy Plus Syndrome, Aaron W. Case Od, Lovelee E. Sayomac Od, Matthew J. Anderson Od
Optometric Clinical Practice
Background: Dominant optic atrophy (DOA) is the most commonly encountered hereditary optic neuropathy in clinical practice and is the result of a mutation in the OPA1 or OPA3 genes encoding mitochondrial membrane proteins. The resultant mitochondrial dysfunction causes a distinct set of ophthalmic findings and may progress to extra-ocular systems known as OPA plus syndrome. We present a case of late-onset OPA plus syndrome encompassing both typical ophthalmic findings and the rarer extra-ocular findings. Case Report: A 41 year-old Caucasian male presents for a second opinion regarding a previously diagnosed traumatic optic neuropathy. Examination revealed decreased best-corrected acuities, …
Characterization Of Errors In Retinopathy Of Prematurity Diagnosis By Ophthalmologists-In-Training In The United States And Canada, Tala Al-Khaled, Samir N. Patel, Nita G. Valikodath, Karyn E. Jonas, Susan Ostmo, Rawan Allozi, Joelle Hallak, J. Peter Campbell, Michael F. Chiang, R.V. Paul Chan
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
PURPOSE: To identify the prominent factors that lead to misdiagnosis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by ophthalmologists-in-training in the United States and Canada.
METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 32 ophthalmologists-in-training at six ophthalmology training programs in the United States and Canada. Twenty web-based cases of ROP using wide-field retinal images were presented, and ophthalmologists-in-training were asked to diagnose plus disease, zone, stage, and category for each eye. Responses were compared to a consensus reference standard diagnosis for accuracy, which was established by combining the clinical diagnosis and the image-based diagnosis by multiple experts. The types of diagnostic errors that …
Alternative Genetic Diagnoses In Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome Spectrum, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Alternative Genetic Diagnoses In Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome Spectrum, Linda M. Reis, David J. Amor, Raad A. Haddad, Catherine B. Nowak, Kim M. Keppler-Noreuil, Smith Ann Chisholm, Elena V. Semina
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases Faculty Papers
Axenfeld–Rieger anomaly (ARA) is a specific ocular disorder that is frequently associated with other systemic abnormalities. PITX2 and FOXC1 variants explain the majority of individuals with Axenfeld–Rieger syndrome (ARS) but leave ~30% unsolved. Here, we present pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in nine families with ARA/ARS or similar phenotypes affecting five different genes/regions. USP9X and JAG1 explained three families each. USP9X was recently linked with syndromic cognitive impairment that includes hearing loss, dental defects, ventriculomegaly, Dandy–Walker malformation, skeletal anomalies (hip dysplasia), and other features showing a significant overlap with FOXC1-ARS. Anterior segment anomalies are not currently associated with USP9X, yet our cases …
Bilateral Interstitial Keratitis Following Covid-19: A Case Report, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Bilateral Interstitial Keratitis Following Covid-19: A Case Report, Nathalie D. Daher, Zeba A. Syed
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
BACKGROUND: Although the primary target of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is the respiratory tract, the expression of the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptor in other tissues facilitates viral entry in others parts of the body, including ocular structures. Ocular manifestations may occur before, during, or after systemic infection.
CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 60-year-old male who presented with bilateral interstitial keratitis after the onset of COVID-19, with ocular symptoms starting within 7 days after systemic symptoms. Laboratory investigation did not identify any alternative etiology for his disease, although the possibility of Epstein-Barr virus or herpes simpex …
Prevalence Of Age-Related Macular Degeneration And Associated Factors In Indian Cohort In A Tertiary Care Setting, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Prevalence Of Age-Related Macular Degeneration And Associated Factors In Indian Cohort In A Tertiary Care Setting, Jacqueline Hamati, Sai Prashanthi, Raja Narayanan, Niroj Sahoo, Anthony Vipin Das, Padmaja Kumari Rani, Umesh Chandra Behera, Rohit Khanna, Gudlavalleti V.S. Murthy
Student Papers, Posters & Projects
PURPOSE: To report a big data analysis of risk and protective factors in patients with AMD, as well as report on the age-adjusted prevalence in a geriatric Indian cohort in a hospital setting.
METHODS: This retrospective, observational study of all patients older than 60 years of age. Multiple logistic regression was performed for the binary outcome and the presence of AMD. Variables analyzed include age, gender, socioeconomic status, occupation, urban-rural-metropolitan distribution, self-reported history of diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), or coronary artery disease (CAD), ocular comorbidities, history of cataract surgery, and presenting VA. Odds ratios (OR) and 99% confidence intervals …
Stem Cell Technology For Age Related Macular Degeneration Intervention, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Stem Cell Technology For Age Related Macular Degeneration Intervention, Laura Valdez
Retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) cells are located between the choroid and photoreceptors within the eye and are essential to provide nutrients from blood to rods and cones, as well retinoids of the visual cycle. Vision loss and various ocular diseases are attributable to the degeneration or dysfunction of the RPE cells, leading to blindness.One of the major ocular problem from RPE dysfunction is macular degeneration. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) can be frequently diagnosed in patients over the age of 60. In the early stages of AMD, some symptoms may not be noticeable but will lead to vision loss in both …
Bilateral Severe Iatrogenic Pigmentary Glaucoma Following Laser Treatment For Cosmetic Iris Color Change, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Bilateral Severe Iatrogenic Pigmentary Glaucoma Following Laser Treatment For Cosmetic Iris Color Change, Jiaru Liu, Salim Korban, Marlene R. Moster, Marc-André Rhéaume, Qianqian Wang
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
PURPOSE: We report a case of bilateral severe pigmentary glaucoma and paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) following laser treatment for iris color change.
OBSERVATIONS: A 32-year-old female presented to our emergency clinic after having undergone 4 sessions of bilateral cosmetic iris laser treatment in Turkey to lighten the color of her dark brown irides. Visual acuity was 20/150 in the right eye (OD) and counting fingers in the left eye (OS) at presentation. Intraocular pressures (IOP) were 50 mmHg in the right eye and 42 mmHg in the left eye, with 4+ free-floating pigmented cells in the anterior chamber. The …