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Functional Attenuation Coefficient Imaging Of Rod Inner Segment: The Shape Of Things To Come, Cole Goodman 2022 WSU SOM

Functional Attenuation Coefficient Imaging Of Rod Inner Segment: The Shape Of Things To Come, Cole Goodman

Medical Student Research Symposium

Purpose: Dysfunction of mitochondria and their linked processes within the rod cell (i.e., the rod energy-landscape) are leading hypotheses for rod atrophy in retinitis pigmentosa (RP). It remains unclear how to translate the detailed information available from isolated cell / mitochondria studies into how mitochondria are functioning and responding to treatment in vivo. Here we present a new rod energy-landscape biomarker that can help address this problem using a common clinical tool.

Methods: In mice, OCT data was converted into attenuation coefficients (AC) to map the light-scattering of mitochondria within the inner segment (IS), which fills ~75% of its volume ...


False-Positive Serum Igm/Igg To Sars-Cov-2 In A Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma With Ocular Metastasis: A Case Report, Irandi P. Pratomo, Gatut Priyonugroho, Aris Ramdhani, Dian Zamroni, Thariqah Salamah, Yayi D.B Susanto, Ramdinal A. Zairinal, Annisa N. Witjaksono, Dita Aditianingsih, Jamal Zaini 2022 Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia; COVID-19 Task Force – Medical Staff Group of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine. Universitas Indonesia Hospital, Depok, Indonesia

False-Positive Serum Igm/Igg To Sars-Cov-2 In A Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma With Ocular Metastasis: A Case Report, Irandi P. Pratomo, Gatut Priyonugroho, Aris Ramdhani, Dian Zamroni, Thariqah Salamah, Yayi D.B Susanto, Ramdinal A. Zairinal, Annisa N. Witjaksono, Dita Aditianingsih, Jamal Zaini

The New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacts pulmonary cancer management since it shares similar clinical features and creates fear among patients to visit hospitals due to possible in-hospital disease transmission. We report a patient who presented with a rare case of a pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor with an ocular involvement, which, unfortunately, experienced a delay in diagnostics. The first hospitalization was due to superior vena cava syndrome, pleural and pericardial effusions, and swollen left eye. The patient was diagnosed with pulmonary cancer, released after the symptoms were relieved, and expected to visit a referral hospital for further diagnostics and treatments. The ...


Retained Lens Fragment Presenting 32 Years After Cataract Extraction, Thomas Tien, Marcos A Crespo, Tatyana Milman, Zeba Syed 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Retained Lens Fragment Presenting 32 Years After Cataract Extraction, Thomas Tien, Marcos A Crespo, Tatyana Milman, Zeba Syed

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To report a patient with retained lens material presenting over three decades after initial cataract extraction with fluctuating corneal edema and intraocular inflammation.

Observations: A 66-year-old man presented with a first episode of decreased vision and photophobia 32 years after cataract extraction without intraocular lens implantation in the right eye. Slit lamp examination revealed a tan-colored oblong mass in the inferior angle, in addition to corneal edema and an anterior chamber reaction. The patient was aphakic with traumatic mydriasis, and accordingly it was noted that the mass shifted location between anterior and posterior chambers over subsequent evaluations. The anterior ...


Combination Of Topical Tacrolimus, Antioxidants, And Probiotics In The Treatment Of Periorbital Vitiligo, Ali Chaudhry 2022 Nazareth Hospital

Combination Of Topical Tacrolimus, Antioxidants, And Probiotics In The Treatment Of Periorbital Vitiligo, Ali Chaudhry

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Insight, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2022, 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Insight, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2022

inSIGHT

10- A New Dimension to Offer (Ari August)

14- Neuro-Ophthalmology Subspecialty Highlight: with Dr. Sarah Thornton, Wills Eye Hospital (Joseph D. DeSimone)

19- A Day in the Life in the Wills Eye ER (Samara Hamou)

22- Origins of the Wills Eye Manual: Surviving the Test of Time (Jordan Safran)

26- GATT: A Micro-invasive Glaucoma Surgeryand a Big Step for Glaucoma Treatment (Moses Im)

31- Manual Small-Incision Cataract Surgery (Ankur Nahar)

34- A Look into Oculoplastics: RepairingLower Eyelids Defects From Carcinomas (Cameron Haghshenas)

38- Seeing Eye to Eye: An Overview of Strabismus and Approach to Treatment (Shreya Swaminathan)


Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Case Report, Christian Scouarnec, Martin M. Forsberg 2022 Rowan University

Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Case Report, Christian Scouarnec, Martin M. Forsberg

Stratford Campus Research Day

Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) involves nonthreatening hallucinations in patients who have no neurological and no psychological abnormalities but with significant visual impairment secondary to ocular disease, such as macular degeneration, cataracts and diabetic retinopathy. When a patient loses vision, their visual system doesn’t process new images. Without data coming through the eyes, the brain fills the void and makes up images or recalls stored images for you to see and this is what causes the hallucinations in CBS.

Many physicians are unaware of CBS and its prevalence, and with proper detection, physicians can help treat their patients with a ...


Identify Factors Associated With Excessive Corneal Haze Noted To Have Increased In Frequency Over The Last 6 Months Post Corneal Cross-Linking Procedure, Sonal Dangda 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Identify Factors Associated With Excessive Corneal Haze Noted To Have Increased In Frequency Over The Last 6 Months Post Corneal Cross-Linking Procedure, Sonal Dangda

Research Days

Problem Statement/Question: Over the past 6 months, increased post-operative corneal haze and decreased vision was noted in patients following corneal crosslinking for keratoconus.

Background/Project Intent (Aim Statement): Identify factors that may contribute to increased postprocedure haze and analyze these factors for the total cohort of crosslinking patients since 2017. The goal of this study is to ensure that the increased haze is due to unique patient factors and not an external cause.

Methods (include PDSA cycles): Patients who underwent corneal cross-linking between January 2017 – December 2021 were identified. Retrospective data was collected at baseline visit, at one-month postcrosslinking ...


Nutrigenetic Reprogramming Of Oxidative Stress, Joseph Ryu, Huzeifa Gulamhusein, Jin Kyun Oh, Joseph H. Chang, Jocelyn Chen, Stephen H. Tsang 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Nutrigenetic Reprogramming Of Oxidative Stress, Joseph Ryu, Huzeifa Gulamhusein, Jin Kyun Oh, Joseph H. Chang, Jocelyn Chen, Stephen H. Tsang

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Retinal disorders such as retinitis pigmentosa, age-related retinal degeneration, oxygen-induced retinopathy, and ischemia-reperfusion injury cause debilitating and irreversible vision loss. While the exact mechanisms underlying these conditions remain unclear, there has been a growing body of evidence demonstrating the pathological contributions of oxidative stress across different cell types within the eye. Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf2), a transcriptional activator of antioxidative genes, and its regulator Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) have emerged as promising therapeutic targets. The purpose of this review is to understand the protective role of the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway in different retinal tissues and shed light on the ...


Interventions To Improve Adherence To Recommended Diabetic Retinopathy Screening In Adult Patients With Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review, Clare Anderson BSN, RN, DNP, FNP, Sarah May BSN, RN, DNP, FNP, Diana Dedmon DNP, APRN, FNP-BC 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Interventions To Improve Adherence To Recommended Diabetic Retinopathy Screening In Adult Patients With Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review, Clare Anderson Bsn, Rn, Dnp, Fnp, Sarah May Bsn, Rn, Dnp, Fnp, Diana Dedmon Dnp, Aprn, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness in adults. Current guidelines recommend that all patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a DR screening (DRS) upon diagnosis of T2DM and then annually, but the adherence rate is only approximately 60%. This scoping review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of primary care providers (PCPs) employing strategies to increase compliance with annual DRS among adult patients with T2DM.

Methods Between September 2021 and January 2022, a literature review was performed to collect studies evaluating interventions to increase adherence to DRS. Individual searches of PubMed, SCOPUS, and CINAHL ...


Ocular Adnexal Lymphoma: A Single-Institution Retrospective Study, César A. Fernández, Roger K. Henry, Carol L. Shields, Jurij R. Bilyk, Sara E. Lally, Ralph C. Eagle, Tatyana Milman 2022 Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, United States

Ocular Adnexal Lymphoma: A Single-Institution Retrospective Study, César A. Fernández, Roger K. Henry, Carol L. Shields, Jurij R. Bilyk, Sara E. Lally, Ralph C. Eagle, Tatyana Milman

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

PURPOSE: To characterize demographic, clinical, and histopathologic features of ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) at a single institution. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients with pathologic diagnosis of OAL between 2015 and 2020. RESULTS: There were 133 patients with OAL, with a median age of 65 years (range 23-97) and a slight female predominance (male: female = 1:1.46), (n = 79, 59%). The majority of tumors were non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas (n = 131, 99%), most frequently Extranodal Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma (EMZL, n = 93, 70%), followed by follicular lymphoma (n = 21, 16%), chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (n = 7, 5%), diffuse ...


Ocular Adnexal Metastases From Renal Cell Carcinoma: An Update And Comprehensive Literature Review, Tejal Magan, Tejus Pradeep, Madalina Tuluc, Jurij R. Bilyk, Tatyana Milman 2022 Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Ocular Adnexal Metastases From Renal Cell Carcinoma: An Update And Comprehensive Literature Review, Tejal Magan, Tejus Pradeep, Madalina Tuluc, Jurij R. Bilyk, Tatyana Milman

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the clinical presentation, systemic work-up, and outcomes of all previously reported ocular adnexal (OA) metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: This was a literature review. PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched for all well-documented cases of OA metastases from RCC. RESULTS: Final analysis identified 44 patients with either biopsy-confirmed (41/44, 93%) or treatment response-documented (3/44, 6%) OA metastases from RCC. Thirty-four (77%) patients were male. The median age was 60 years (mean: 60, range: 22-87 years). The most common presenting signs were proptosis (19/44, 43%) and ...


Hygiene In The United States Brow Shaping Industry: A Benchmarking Report, Zachary Snow BS, Adam Ruff BS, Jacob Glass MD, Lora Glass MD, PhD 2022 Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons

Hygiene In The United States Brow Shaping Industry: A Benchmarking Report, Zachary Snow Bs, Adam Ruff Bs, Jacob Glass Md, Lora Glass Md, Phd

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Purpose: To provide a current benchmark of hand hygiene and brow cleansing in the brow shaping industry across the United States of America.

Background: Brow abscesses have been linked to the microtrauma associated with brow shaping. This paper provides an understanding of normative standards of hand hygiene and brow cleansing in the brow shaping industry at both the regional and national levels.

Methods: This project involved a phone survey of 255 brow salons across the United States – 5 from the most populous city in every state and Washington, D.C. Uni- and multivariate associations between regional and national brow hygiene ...


Outcomes Of Ahmed Glaucoma Valve And Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation In Neovascular Glaucoma, Wesam S Shalaby, Allen Y Ganjei, Brian Wogu, Jonathan S Myers, Marlene R Moster, Reza Razeghinejad, Daniel Lee, Natasha N Kolomeyer, Tarek E Eid, L Jay Katz, Aakriti Garg Shukla 2022 Tanta University

Outcomes Of Ahmed Glaucoma Valve And Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation In Neovascular Glaucoma, Wesam S Shalaby, Allen Y Ganjei, Brian Wogu, Jonathan S Myers, Marlene R Moster, Reza Razeghinejad, Daniel Lee, Natasha N Kolomeyer, Tarek E Eid, L Jay Katz, Aakriti Garg Shukla

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To determine the outcomes of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) and transscleral diode cyclophotocoagulation (CPC) in neovascular glaucoma (NVG).

Methods: This was a single-center retrospective comparative case series involving chart review of consecutive patients who underwent AGV or CPC for treatment of NVG and had ≥6 months of follow-up. Surgical failure at 6 months, defined as an IOP of >21 or <6 mm Hg with hypotony maculopathy after 1 month, progression to no light perception (NLP) vision, glaucoma reoperation, or removal of AGV were the main outcome measures.

Results: In total, 121 eyes of 121 patients were included (70 AGV and 51 CPC). Baseline demographics, visual acuity (VA), and intraocular pressure (IOP) were comparable between groups. At 6 months, failure was significantly higher in the CPC group ...


Vitamin C Reduces Igf-1 And Vegf Signaling In Retinal Endothelial Cells, Jonathon Reynolds 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Vitamin C Reduces Igf-1 And Vegf Signaling In Retinal Endothelial Cells, Jonathon Reynolds

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Association Of Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy With Subclinical Cushing's Syndrome., Rebecca Russ Soares, Annika Samuelson, Allen Chiang 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Association Of Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy With Subclinical Cushing's Syndrome., Rebecca Russ Soares, Annika Samuelson, Allen Chiang

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To report the clinical course of a patient with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) secondary to subclinical hypercortisolism before and after adrenalectomy.

Observations: A 50-year-old female patient with multifocal, chronic CSCR was found to have an adrenal incidentaloma and was diagnosed with subclinical hypercortisolism. Patient elected to undergo minimally-invasive adrenalectomy and presented at 3 months after surgery without subretinal fluid.

Conclusions and importance: Subclinical Cushing's Syndrome (SCS) may present an underrecognized risk factor for developing chronic CSCR. Further investigation is needed to determine the threshold of visual comorbidity that may influence surgical management.


Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Features Of Netarsudil-Associated Reticular Corneal Edema, Ashley Kahlilil, Reza Razeghinejad, Zeba Syed 2022 Cornea Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, 840 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, 19107, PA, United States

Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Features Of Netarsudil-Associated Reticular Corneal Edema, Ashley Kahlilil, Reza Razeghinejad, Zeba Syed

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


Can Trainees Perform Ahmed Glaucoma Valve Surgery As Effectively As Attendings?, Melih Ustaoglu, Hugh Huynh, Sharmenie Esin, Aakriti Garg Shukla, Reza Razeghinejad 2022 Glaucoma Research Center, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Higher Specialization Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey

Can Trainees Perform Ahmed Glaucoma Valve Surgery As Effectively As Attendings?, Melih Ustaoglu, Hugh Huynh, Sharmenie Esin, Aakriti Garg Shukla, Reza Razeghinejad

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcomes and early postoperative complications of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation performed by residents with those performed by attending physicians.

METHODS: This is a retrospective, case-control study. Data were gathered from chart reviews of consecutive cases of AGV model FP7 implantation between January 2014 and July 2017. Postoperative 1-year results of patients who had at least 3 months follow-up were evaluated.

RESULTS: One hundred and forty-four eyes of 144 patients were included in this study: 72 patients in the resident group, and 72 age- and sex-matched patients in the attending group. Hyphema and shallow anterior ...


Immortal Plain Gut Sutures: A Case Report, Hannah J. Anderson, Kathryn Lynn, Raziyeh Mahmoudzadeh, Tatyana Milman, Manish Jain, Sunir J Garg 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Immortal Plain Gut Sutures: A Case Report, Hannah J. Anderson, Kathryn Lynn, Raziyeh Mahmoudzadeh, Tatyana Milman, Manish Jain, Sunir J Garg

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: We report the case of a 79-year-old male who presented with irritation and foreign body sensation due to the subconjunctival plain gut sutures that did not dissolve three years after undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for macular hole repair.

Observation: A 79-year-old male presented with foreign body sensation and irritation in his left eye. On slit lamp examination, the source of the foreign body sensation was two apparently intact plain gut sutures were visible under the conjunctiva, nasal and temporal to the cornea. These plain gut sutures were placed at the conclusion of PPV surgery three years prior to ...


Role Of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography To Differentiate Intraretinal Microvascular Abnormalities And Retinal Neovascularization In Diabetic Retinopathy, Abdul Sami Memon, Nasir A. Memon, Pir Salim Mahar 2022 Aga Khan University

Role Of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography To Differentiate Intraretinal Microvascular Abnormalities And Retinal Neovascularization In Diabetic Retinopathy, Abdul Sami Memon, Nasir A. Memon, Pir Salim Mahar

Department of Surgery

Objective: To assess proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and to describe the difference in angiographic representation of new vessels (NVs) and Intra retinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMA) on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).
Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed at ISRA Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Karachi, from March 2018 to September 2018. Forty-two eyes of 21 patients with history of diabetes mellitus (DM) were examined. Twenty-eight eyes with a clinical diagnosis of severe non proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) or proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) according to early treatment diabetic retinopathy study (ETDRS) were included and evaluated using Swept source optical coherence tomography ...


Hyperreflective Band On Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography, Zaynab Sajjadi, Zeynep Bas, Carol L Shields 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Hyperreflective Band On Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography, Zaynab Sajjadi, Zeynep Bas, Carol L Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


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