Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Ophthalmology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

827 Full-Text Articles 2,687 Authors 100,215 Downloads 65 Institutions

All Articles in Ophthalmology

Faceted Search

827 full-text articles. Page 1 of 34.

Access To Eye Care Before And After Vision Loss: A Qualitative Study Investigating Eye Care Among Persons Who Have Become Blind, Tosha Zaback, Stephanie Lam, Joan Randall, Mitchell V. Brinks, Teresa Field 2020 OHSU Casey Eye Institute

Access To Eye Care Before And After Vision Loss: A Qualitative Study Investigating Eye Care Among Persons Who Have Become Blind, Tosha Zaback, Stephanie Lam, Joan Randall, Mitchell V. Brinks, Teresa Field

The Qualitative Report

Navigating access to eye care requires that patients recognize the need for screening and care, employ limited financial and social resources, manage complex health insurance policies, and access specialty clinical care. We investigated the experience of patients through the progression of vision loss to blindness, utilizing qualitative methods. We conducted structured telephone interviews with 28 persons with blindness throughout Oregon. Utilizing closed and open-ended questions, we explored patient experience on the events preceding avoidable blindness. Coding for emergent themes was conducted independently by two researchers using a constant comparative method. Participants described important barriers to accessing eye care: at the ...


Parameter Estimation For Tear Film Thinning, Rayanne Luke 2020 University of Delaware

Parameter Estimation For Tear Film Thinning, Rayanne Luke

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Emoji Characters To Picture Optotypes, Simran Brar 2020 Children's Mercy Kansas City

A Comparison Of Emoji Characters To Picture Optotypes, Simran Brar

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Antiviral Prophylaxis May Not Provide Benefit In Patients With Posner-Schlossman Syndrome, Patrick Lee 2020 Wayne State University

Antiviral Prophylaxis May Not Provide Benefit In Patients With Posner-Schlossman Syndrome, Patrick Lee

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Chee SP, Jap A. Cytomegalovirus anterior uveitis: outcome of treatment. Br J Ophthalmol. 2010 Dec;94(12):1648-52. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.2009.167767 for a patient on antiviral prophylaxis for recurrent episodes of Posner-Schlossman Syndrome.


Trends In The Sources Of Endophthalmitis At Kresge Eye Institute, Anita Vaishampayan, Kresge Eye Institute 2020 Wayne State University

Trends In The Sources Of Endophthalmitis At Kresge Eye Institute, Anita Vaishampayan, Kresge Eye Institute

Medical Student Research Symposium

Purpose

Endophthalmitis is a defined as a purulent inflammation of the intraocular fluids, namely the vitreous and aqueous humor. Endophthalmitis most commonly develops from infection, but can also be acquired from inflammatory and neoplastic conditions. We sought to determine these sources at our institute and to look for trends in our urban population.

Methods

A retrospective chart review of patients who attended the Kresge Eye Institute in Detroit, MI between 2003 to 2018 was performed. Patient list was identified from our EMR using the diagnoses codes related endophthalmitis. Information gathered included demographics, type of tissue/fluid cultured, the presumed source ...


Long-Term Outcomes Of Bleb Needling Following Primary Glaucoma Filtering Surgery In Primary Open Angle Glaucoma, Bryen Turco, Vaama Patel, Chaesik Kim, Justin Tannir, Lauren Keshishian, Anju Goyal, Mark Juzych, Bret Hughes, Faisal Ridha Al-Timimi 2020 Kresge Eye Institute

Long-Term Outcomes Of Bleb Needling Following Primary Glaucoma Filtering Surgery In Primary Open Angle Glaucoma, Bryen Turco, Vaama Patel, Chaesik Kim, Justin Tannir, Lauren Keshishian, Anju Goyal, Mark Juzych, Bret Hughes, Faisal Ridha Al-Timimi

Medical Student Research Symposium

Purpose: To determine the long-term success rate of bleb needling in a predominantly African American population and to identify factors associated with success.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective, observational clinical study in patients with primary open angle glaucoma. Patients who underwent a primary trabeculectomy, with or without an express shunt placement, and then subsequently had a bleb needling procedure were selected for this study. Patients were followed every three months for a period of two years. Failure criteria included achieving an intraocular pressure (IOP) of greater than 20 mmHg or greater than 80% of the pre-needling value on two subsequent ...


Pilomatrix Carcinoma Of The Lacrimal Caruncle: A Case Report., Ibrahim Inan Harbiyeli, Altan A Ozcan, Arbil Acıkalin, Emine Ciloglu, Carol L Shields 2020 Cukurova University

Pilomatrix Carcinoma Of The Lacrimal Caruncle: A Case Report., Ibrahim Inan Harbiyeli, Altan A Ozcan, Arbil Acıkalin, Emine Ciloglu, Carol L Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

A 45-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of a mass located in the caruncle of his right eye. An incisional biopsy had been performed one month prior by another specialist, and the histopathology report showed basal cell carcinoma. The mass was completely excised with a 2 mm safety margin, and the large conjunctival defect was reconstructed with one sheet of amniotic membrane allograft. A histological diagnosis of pilomatrix carcinoma was established. To prevent recurrence after surgery, we added bevacizumab (25 mg/mL, 1.25 mg/mL per drop) eye drops four times per day for three months. At the ...


Cystoid Macular Edema In A Child., Jordan Hamburger, Xiaolu Yang, Carol L Shields 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Cystoid Macular Edema In A Child., Jordan Hamburger, Xiaolu Yang, Carol L Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

N/A


Causes Of Congenital Corneal Opacities And Their Management In A Tertiary Care Center., Remzi Karadag, Christopher J Rapuano, Kristin M Hammersmith, Parveen K Nagra 2020 Istanbul Medeniyet University, Thomas Jefferson University

Causes Of Congenital Corneal Opacities And Their Management In A Tertiary Care Center., Remzi Karadag, Christopher J Rapuano, Kristin M Hammersmith, Parveen K Nagra

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

PURPOSE: To evaluate causes and management of congenital corneal opacities (CCO) diagnosed in a tertiary care eye center and to compare the data with a previous study at the same institution.

METHODS: Computerized medical records in all patients with congenital corneal opacities diagnosed in the Cornea Service at Wills Eye Hospital (Philadelphia, PA) between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. Children aged 12 years and younger at the first visit were included in the study. Patients' demographics, ocular diagnosis, laterality, associated ocular abnormalities, other ocular surgery performed prior or subsequent to the first visit, and their ...


Albumin Levels In Tear Film Modulate The Bioavailability Of Medically-Relevant Topical Drugs, Lionel Sebbag, Leah M. Moody, Jonathan P. Mochel 2020 Iowa State University

Albumin Levels In Tear Film Modulate The Bioavailability Of Medically-Relevant Topical Drugs, Lionel Sebbag, Leah M. Moody, Jonathan P. Mochel

Veterinary Clinical Sciences Publications

The breakdown of blood-tear barrier that occurs with ocular pathology allows for large amounts of albumin to leak into the tear fluid. This process likely represents an important restriction to drug absorption in ophthalmology, as only the unbound drug is transported across the ocular tissue barriers to exert its pharmacologic effect. We aimed to investigate the effects of albumin levels in tears on the bioavailability of two commonly used ophthalmic drugs: tropicamide, an antimuscarinic that produces mydriasis and cycloplegia, and latanoprost, a PGF2α analog used for the treatment of glaucoma. Eight female beagle dogs underwent a randomized, vehicle-controlled crossover trial ...


The Efficacy And Safety Profile Of Netarsudil 0.02% In Glaucoma Treatment: Real-World Outcomes, Eric Shiuey, MS, Melih Ustaoglu, MD, Carina Sanvicente, MD, Reza Razeghinejad, MD, L. Jay Katz, MD, Jonathan Myers, MD, Daniel Lee, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

The Efficacy And Safety Profile Of Netarsudil 0.02% In Glaucoma Treatment: Real-World Outcomes, Eric Shiuey, Ms, Melih Ustaoglu, Md, Carina Sanvicente, Md, Reza Razeghinejad, Md, L. Jay Katz, Md, Jonathan Myers, Md, Daniel Lee, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: More effective glaucoma medications are necessary as medication intolerance and non-adherence remain problematic. Netarsudil is a newly FDA-approved Rho kinase inhibitor. We hypothesize that netarsudil will safely reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) compared to baseline even while other glaucoma medications are used.

Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted on glaucoma patients seen at the Wills Eye Hospital Glaucoma Service who received netarsudil 0.02% between March and September of 2018. Intraocular pressure (IOP, via Goldmann applanation tonometry) and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA, via Snellen visual acuity charts) comparisons between baseline and 1- and 3-month follow-up visits were performed ...


“Trauma To The Eye” – A Low Fidelity Module For Identifying Retrobulbar Hematoma And Practicing Lateral Canthotomy & Cantholysis, Jared Raikin, Dimitrios Papanagnou, MD, Ronald Hall, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

“Trauma To The Eye” – A Low Fidelity Module For Identifying Retrobulbar Hematoma And Practicing Lateral Canthotomy & Cantholysis, Jared Raikin, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Md, Ronald Hall, Md

Phase 1

Purpose: A retrobulbar hematoma (RH) can cause preventable blindness due to damage of the optic nerve. Due to its relative infrequency in the emergency department, Emergency Medecine (EM) residents have limited experience in recognizing and treating a RH. This paper outlines a simulated scenario that was developed to improve EM residents knowledge in diagnosing a RH and performing an emergent lateral canthotomy and cantholysis (LCC).

Methods: This module used a low fidelity task trainer and case vignette created for EM residents to practice recognizing a RH and perfroming a LCC. Participants took an assessment questionnaire before and after the teaching ...


Microbial Keratitis After Penetrating And Endothelial Keratoplasty, Nicolas Dohse, Turner D. Wibbelsman, Sara Rapuano, Kristin Hammersmith, Parveen Nagra, Christopher Rapuano, Zeba A. Syed 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Microbial Keratitis After Penetrating And Endothelial Keratoplasty, Nicolas Dohse, Turner D. Wibbelsman, Sara Rapuano, Kristin Hammersmith, Parveen Nagra, Christopher Rapuano, Zeba A. Syed

Phase 1

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to review the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of bacterial and fungal keratitis after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and endothelial keratoplasty (EK).

Methods: The medical records at Wills Eye Hospital were reviewed for all cases of confirmed microbial keratitis following PK or EK performed between May 1, 2007 and September 1, 2018. Charts were examined to obtain demographic information, past ocular history, details of the microbial keratitis, and graft outcomes.

Results:A total of 2100 transplants (1269 PK and 831 EK) were performed in 1864 eyes of 1601 patients. The incidence of microbial keratitis ...


Effects Of Corneal Transplant On Rates Of Retinal Detachment, Daniel S. MacKinnon, Zeba A. Syed, MD, Durga Borkar, Hannah Levin 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Effects Of Corneal Transplant On Rates Of Retinal Detachment, Daniel S. Mackinnon, Zeba A. Syed, Md, Durga Borkar, Hannah Levin

Phase 1

Introduction: Corneal transplant remains the gold standard treatment for irreversible corneal damage. The purpose of this study is to evaluate retinal detachment rates and clinical outcomes after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and endothelial keratoplasty (EK). We hypothesized that corneal transplants would increase the rate of RD.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study utilized corneal transplant data from all surgical visits from PK or EK between April 1, 2012 and August 31, 2018. Individual charts were reviewed from patients who had a subsequent retinal detachment. Incidence of retinal detachment following PK or EK was the main outcome measured.

Results: A total of 1 ...


Conjunctival Melanoma: Features Based On The Fitzpatrick Skin Type (Fst) In 540 Patients At A Single Ocular Oncology Center, Sunihidi Ramesh, Antonio Yaghy, Lauren A. Dalvin, Sara E. Lally, Jerry A. Shields, Carol L. Shields 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Conjunctival Melanoma: Features Based On The Fitzpatrick Skin Type (Fst) In 540 Patients At A Single Ocular Oncology Center, Sunihidi Ramesh, Antonio Yaghy, Lauren A. Dalvin, Sara E. Lally, Jerry A. Shields, Carol L. Shields

Phase 1

Background: The Fitzpatrick skin type (FST) is a classification system for skin pigmentation that has been used to stratify risk for cutaneous melanoma; however, it has not yet been explored in the context of conjunctival melanoma. Herein, we examine FST and its association with the clinical features of conjunctival melanoma.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on 540 medical records of patients with pathologic diagnosis of conjunctival melanoma. The patients were categorized according to the FST classification based on their external facial photographs at presentation. This includes: Type I (white skin color), Type II (fair skin color), Type III (average ...


Ahmed Vs Baerveldt Glaucoma Drainage Device In Uveitic Glaucoma, Zoe McWatters, Sapna Sinha, MD, Allen Ganjei, Marlene Moster, MD, Michael Pro, MD, Elizabeth Dale, MD, Daniel Lee, MD, Jonathan S. Myers, MD, L. J. Katz, MD, Scott Fudemberg, MD, Anand Mantravadi, MD, Natasha Kolomeyer, MD, Reza Razeghniejad, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Ahmed Vs Baerveldt Glaucoma Drainage Device In Uveitic Glaucoma, Zoe Mcwatters, Sapna Sinha, Md, Allen Ganjei, Marlene Moster, Md, Michael Pro, Md, Elizabeth Dale, Md, Daniel Lee, Md, Jonathan S. Myers, Md, L. J. Katz, Md, Scott Fudemberg, Md, Anand Mantravadi, Md, Natasha Kolomeyer, Md, Reza Razeghniejad, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Uveitis is an inflammatory eye disorder which may elevate intraocular pressure (IOP), causing sight-threatening glaucoma. Treatment of refractory uveitic glaucoma involves implantation of a glaucoma drainage device (GDD). Uveitic glaucoma has been a minority diagnosis in prior studies comparing the valved Ahmed GDD and non-valved Baerveldt GDD. Here we compare the safety and efficacy of the Ahmed and Baerveldt GDD in uveitic glaucoma.

Methods: This retrospective comparative study was conducted on patients with uveitic glaucoma (≥14 years old) who underwent Ahmed or Baerveldt GDD implantation between 2006–2018 with a minimum follow-up of 3 months. Success was defined as ...


Diagnosis And Treatment Of Ocular Proptosis, Braidee C. Foote, Lionel Sebbag 2020 Iowa State University

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Ocular Proptosis, Braidee C. Foote, Lionel Sebbag

Veterinary Clinical Sciences Publications

Proptosis, or traumatic forward displacement of the globe out of the orbit, is a serious ocular emergency that requires immediate attention to minimize discomfort and damage to the eye (Figure 1). With proptosis, the eyelid margins are trapped behind the equator of the globe and, together with profound tissue swelling in the orbit, prevent the eyeball from returning to a normal position.


Melanopsin-Expressing Retinal Ganglion Cells In Control Vs. Glaucomatous Retinas, Edward Hamad 2020 The University of Akron

Melanopsin-Expressing Retinal Ganglion Cells In Control Vs. Glaucomatous Retinas, Edward Hamad

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Glaucoma is a common cause of vision loss worldwide and has a large scope of symptoms, ranging from pupillary reflex defects to sleep disorders. These issues can be explained partially by a recently found subtype of retinal ganglion cells that express melanopsin, denoted melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells or mRGCs for short. These cells function primarily as photoreceptors in the non-image forming pathway, but can receive input from rods and cones. Since mRGCs play a role in the pupillary reflex and regulation of the sleep-wake cycle, I investigated if glaucoma leads to the degeneration of these cells in a mouse model ...


Nr2e3 Is A Genetic Modifier That Rescues Retinal Degeneration And Promotes Homeostasis In Multiple Models Of Retinitis Pigmentosa, Sujun Li, Shyamtanu Datta, Emily Brabbit, Zoe Love, Victoria Woytowicz, Kyle Flattery, Jessica Capri, Katie Yao, Siqi Wu, Michael Imboden, Arun Upadhyay, Rasappa Arumugham, Wallace B. Thoreson, Margaret M DeAngelis, Neena B. Haider 2020 Harvard Medical School

Nr2e3 Is A Genetic Modifier That Rescues Retinal Degeneration And Promotes Homeostasis In Multiple Models Of Retinitis Pigmentosa, Sujun Li, Shyamtanu Datta, Emily Brabbit, Zoe Love, Victoria Woytowicz, Kyle Flattery, Jessica Capri, Katie Yao, Siqi Wu, Michael Imboden, Arun Upadhyay, Rasappa Arumugham, Wallace B. Thoreson, Margaret M Deangelis, Neena B. Haider

Journal Articles: Ophthalmology

Recent advances in viral vector engineering, as well as an increased understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanism of retinal diseases, have led to the development of novel gene therapy approaches. Furthermore, ease of accessibility and ocular immune privilege makes the retina an ideal target for gene therapies. In this study, the nuclear hormone receptor gene Nr2e3 was evaluated for efficacy as broad-spectrum therapy to attenuate early to intermediate stages of retinal degeneration in five unique mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa (RP). RP is a group of heterogenic inherited retinal diseases associated with over 150 gene mutations, affecting over 1 ...


Comparison Of Three Different Techniques Of Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Flap In Treatment Of Large Idiopathic Full-Thickness Macular Hole., Fariba Ghassemi, Hassan Khojasteh, Alireza Khodabande, Lauren A. Dalvin, Mehdi Mazloumi, Hamid Riazi-Esfahani, Masoud Mirghorbani 2019 Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Comparison Of Three Different Techniques Of Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Flap In Treatment Of Large Idiopathic Full-Thickness Macular Hole., Fariba Ghassemi, Hassan Khojasteh, Alireza Khodabande, Lauren A. Dalvin, Mehdi Mazloumi, Hamid Riazi-Esfahani, Masoud Mirghorbani

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To evaluate and compare three different techniques of inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap in the treatment of large idiopathic full-thickness macular hole.

Methods: In a comparative interventional case series, 72 eyes from 72 patients with large (> 400 µm) full-thickness macular hole were randomly enrolled into three different groups: group A - hemicircular ILM peel with temporally hinged inverted flap; group B - circular ILM peel with temporally hinged inverted flap; and group C - circular ILM peel with superior inverted flap. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), anatomical closure rate, and ellipsoid zone (EZ) or external limiting membrane (ELM) defects were evaluated preoperatively ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress