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614 full-text articles. Page 1 of 24.

Impact Of Natural Blind Spot Location On Perimetry., Mengyu Wang, Lucy Q. Shen, Michael V. Boland, Sarah R. Wellik, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes, Jonathan S. Myers, Peter J. Bex, Tobias Elze 2017 Harvard Medical School

Impact Of Natural Blind Spot Location On Perimetry., Mengyu Wang, Lucy Q. Shen, Michael V. Boland, Sarah R. Wellik, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes, Jonathan S. Myers, Peter J. Bex, Tobias Elze

Wills Eye Institute Papers

We study the spatial distribution of natural blind spot location (NBSL) and its impact on perimetry. Pattern deviation (PD) values of 11,449 reliable visual fields (VFs) that are defined as clinically unaffected based on summary indices were extracted from 11,449 glaucoma patients. We modeled NBSL distribution using a two-dimensional non-linear regression approach and correlated NBSL with spherical equivalent (SE). Additionally, we compared PD values of groups with longer and shorter distances than median, and larger and smaller angles than median between NBSL and fixation. Mean and standard deviation of horizontal and vertical NBSL were 14.33° ± 1.37 ...


Uveal Effusion Syndrome In 104 Eyes: Response To Corticosteroids - The 2017 Axel C. Hansen Lecture., Carol L. Shields, Kelsey Roelofs, Maura Di Nicola, Kareem Sioufi, Arman Mashayekhi, Jerry A. Shields 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Uveal Effusion Syndrome In 104 Eyes: Response To Corticosteroids - The 2017 Axel C. Hansen Lecture., Carol L. Shields, Kelsey Roelofs, Maura Di Nicola, Kareem Sioufi, Arman Mashayekhi, Jerry A. Shields

Wills Eye Institute Papers

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the corticosteroids for uveal effusion syndrome (UES).

METHODS: Retrospective series of 104 eyes with UES treated with oral corticosteroids (OCS), periocular corticosteroids (PCS), topical corticosteroids (TCS), or observation (OBS). Main outcome measure was UES resolution.

RESULTS: Of 104 eyes, treatment included OCS (n = 27), PCS (n = 12), TCS (n = 11), and OBS (n = 54). A comparison of the four groups (OCS vs. PCS vs. TCS vs. OBS) revealed differences in those managed with OCS versus OBS as younger (66 vs. 72 years, P = 0.049), PCS versus OBS as male (100 ...


A Comparison Of Two Conjunctival Rotation Autograft Techniques In Primary Pterygium Surgery., Remzi Karadag, Neslihan Sevimli, Seydi Okumus, Isilay Ozsoy, Huseyin Bayramlar, Ela Durucu, Umit Aksoy, Christopher J. Rapuano 2017 Thomas Jefferson University; Istanbul Medeniyet University School of Medicine

A Comparison Of Two Conjunctival Rotation Autograft Techniques In Primary Pterygium Surgery., Remzi Karadag, Neslihan Sevimli, Seydi Okumus, Isilay Ozsoy, Huseyin Bayramlar, Ela Durucu, Umit Aksoy, Christopher J. Rapuano

Wills Eye Institute Papers

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of 90° and 180° conjunctival rotational autograft (CRA) techniques used in primary pterygium surgery.

METHODS: Forty-five patients were included in this retrospective study. Visual acuity (VA), corneal topography, and auto-refractometer measurements, as well as detailed biomicroscopic examinations, were performed preoperatively and postoperatively. During surgery, the pterygium tissue was excised then rotated 90° in Group 1 and180° in Group 2, after which it was sutured to the bare sclera. Pterygium recurrence was defined as corneal invasion ≥1 mm.

RESULTS: Group 1 consisted of 21 patients with a mean age of 45.1 ± 11.8 years, while ...


An Investigation Of Human Beta-Defensins And Cathelicidin Expression In Patients With Pterygium., Remzi Karadag, Nurettin Bayram, Serpil Oguztuzun, Huseyin Bayramlar, Busra Bozer, Gulcin Simsek, Christopher J Rapuano 2017 Thomas Jefferson University; Istanbul Medeniyet University School of Medicine

An Investigation Of Human Beta-Defensins And Cathelicidin Expression In Patients With Pterygium., Remzi Karadag, Nurettin Bayram, Serpil Oguztuzun, Huseyin Bayramlar, Busra Bozer, Gulcin Simsek, Christopher J Rapuano

Wills Eye Institute Papers

PURPOSE: To investigate human beta-defensins (HBDs) and cathelicidin LL-37 (LL-37) expressions in patients with pterygium.

METHODS: In this retrospective consecutive case series, 26 pterygium specimens and 15 normal conjunctival specimens of 15 control subjects were in vestigated. Expressions of HBD-1, HBD-2, HBD-3, and LL-37 were assessed using immuno histochemical staining. A brown color in the cytoplasm and/or nuclei of epithelial cells indicated positive staining for HBDs and LL-37. For each antibody, the intensity of the reaction (negative [-], weak [1+], moderate [2+], or strong [3+]) was determined to describe the immunoreactions.

RESULTS: The median age was 52 years in both ...


Integrated Results From The Copernicus And Galileo Studies., Amelie Pielen, W. Lloyd Clark, David S. Boyer, Yuichiro Ogura, Frank G. Holz, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Brigitte Stemper, Friedrich Asmus, Kay D. Rittenhouse, Christiane Ahlers, Robert Vitti, Namrata Saroj, Oliver Zeitz, Julia A. Haller 2017 University Hospital Freiburg; Hannover Medical School

Integrated Results From The Copernicus And Galileo Studies., Amelie Pielen, W. Lloyd Clark, David S. Boyer, Yuichiro Ogura, Frank G. Holz, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Brigitte Stemper, Friedrich Asmus, Kay D. Rittenhouse, Christiane Ahlers, Robert Vitti, Namrata Saroj, Oliver Zeitz, Julia A. Haller

Wills Eye Institute Papers

OBJECTIVES: To report on the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept in patients with macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in an integrated analysis of COPERNICUS and GALILEO.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive intravitreal aflibercept 2 mg every 4 weeks or sham injections until week 24. From week 24 to week 52, all intravitreal aflibercept-treated patients in both studies and sham-treated patients in COPERNICUS were eligible to receive intravitreal aflibercept based on prespecified criteria. In GALILEO, sham-treated patients continued to receive sham treatment through week 52.

RESULTS: At week 24, mean gain in best-corrected ...


Protection Of Cells From Degeneration And Treatment Of Geographic Atrophy, Jayakrishna Ambati 2017 University of Kentucky

Protection Of Cells From Degeneration And Treatment Of Geographic Atrophy, Jayakrishna Ambati

Ophthalmology and Visual Science Faculty Patents

Therapeutic uses P2X7 inhibition and inhibition of IRAK1 and/or IRAK4, methods protecting a cell, and screening methods for identifying inhibitors are described herein.


Synaptic Ribbon Active Zones In Cone Photoreceptors Operate Independently From One Another., Justin J. Grassmeyer, Wallace B. Thoreson 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Synaptic Ribbon Active Zones In Cone Photoreceptors Operate Independently From One Another., Justin J. Grassmeyer, Wallace B. Thoreson

Journal Articles: Ophthalmology

Cone photoreceptors depolarize in darkness to release glutamate-laden synaptic vesicles. Essential to release is the synaptic ribbon, a structure that helps organize active zones by clustering vesicles near proteins that mediate exocytosis, including voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels. Cone terminals have many ribbon-style active zones at which second-order neurons receive input. We asked whether there are functionally significant differences in local Ca(2+) influx among ribbons in individual cones. We combined confocal Ca(2+) imaging to measure Ca(2+) influx at individual ribbons and patch clamp recordings to record whole-cell ICa in salamander cones. We found that the voltage for half-maximal ...


Autoimmune Retinopathy Associated With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Diagnostic Dilemma., Wadakarn Wuthisiri, Yu-Hung Lai, Jenina Capasso, Martin Blidner, David Salz, Erik Kruger, Alex V. Levin 2017 Wills Eye Hospital; Mahidol University

Autoimmune Retinopathy Associated With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Diagnostic Dilemma., Wadakarn Wuthisiri, Yu-Hung Lai, Jenina Capasso, Martin Blidner, David Salz, Erik Kruger, Alex V. Levin

Wills Eye Institute Papers

Visual loss in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) due to autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) is rare and easily misdiagnosed as hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. We report the rare clinical presentation of severe visual loss in a patient with SLE due to nonparaneoplastic AIR as differentiated from hydroxychloroquine toxicity. A 70-year-old female diagnosed and treated for lupus for 17 years and had been taking hydroxychloroquine for 15 years. Over the past 2 years, she developed progressive peripheral visual loss oculus uterque which rapidly advanced in the latter 6 months. Hydroxychloroquine toxicity was initially suspected, but diagnostic testing revealed a retinal degeneration. Antiretinal autoantibody testing using ...


Non-Adherence To Eye Care In People With Diabetes, Ann P. Murchison, Lisa A. Hark, Laura T. Pizzi, Yang Dai, Eileen Mayro, Philip P. Storey, Benjamin E. Leiby, Julia A. Haller 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Non-Adherence To Eye Care In People With Diabetes, Ann P. Murchison, Lisa A. Hark, Laura T. Pizzi, Yang Dai, Eileen Mayro, Philip P. Storey, Benjamin E. Leiby, Julia A. Haller

Wills Eye Institute Papers

Objective Evaluate individual factors that impact adherence to eye care follow-up in patients with diabetes. Design and methods A 4-year retrospective chart review was conducted for 1968 patients with diabetes over age 40 from an urban academic center. Data collected included demographics, insurance, visual acuity, smoking status, medications, dates of dilated fundus examinations (DFE), and reported hemoglobin A1C and blood glucose levels. The primary outcome was timely DFE follow-up adherence following the initial eye exam visit. Results Overall, 41.6% of patients adhered to initial follow-up eye care recommendations. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that patients with severe diabetic retinopathy (DR) were ...


Decreased Expression Of Peroxiredoxins In Fuchs’ Endothelial Dystrophy, Ula V. Jurkunas, Ian Rawe, Maya Bitar, Cheng Zhu, Deshea L. Harris, Kathryn Colby, Nancy C. Joyce 2017 Marshall University

Decreased Expression Of Peroxiredoxins In Fuchs’ Endothelial Dystrophy, Ula V. Jurkunas, Ian Rawe, Maya Bitar, Cheng Zhu, Deshea L. Harris, Kathryn Colby, Nancy C. Joyce

Maya S. Bitar

Purpose: To compare the relative expression of peroxiredoxin (Prx) proteins in normal human corneal endothelium with endothelium in corneas affected by Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy (FED) and between normal human endothelium and epithelial/stromal tissue. Methods: Human corneal endothelial cell-Descemet’s membrane (HCEC-DM) complexes from normal and FED corneal buttons were dissected from the epithelium/stroma. For proteomic analysis, HCEC-DM protein extracts were separated by using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Relative differences in protein spot density was analyzed. Proteins of interest, including Prx isoforms, were identified by MALDI-TOF (matrix-assisted desorption ionization-time of flight) mass spectrometry. Western blot analysis compared the relative expression ...


Increased Clusterin Expression In Fuchs’ Endothelial Dystrophy, Ula V. Jurkunas, Maya Bitar, Ian Rawe, Deshea L. Harris, Kathryn Colby, Nancy C. Joyce 2017 Marshall University

Increased Clusterin Expression In Fuchs’ Endothelial Dystrophy, Ula V. Jurkunas, Maya Bitar, Ian Rawe, Deshea L. Harris, Kathryn Colby, Nancy C. Joyce

Maya S. Bitar

Purpose: To compare the relative expression of peroxiredoxin (Prx) proteins in normal human corneal endothelium with endothelium in corneas affected by Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy (FED) and between normal human endothelium and epithelial/stromal tissue. Methods: Human corneal endothelial cell-Descemet’s membrane (HCEC-DM) complexes from normal and FED corneal buttons were dissected from the epithelium/stroma. For proteomic analysis, HCEC-DM protein extracts were separated by using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Relative differences in protein spot density was analyzed. Proteins of interest, including Prx isoforms, were identified by MALDI-TOF (matrix-assisted desorption ionization-time of flight) mass spectrometry. Western blot analysis compared the relative expression ...


Colocalization Of Increased Transforming Growth Factor-Β-Induced Protein (Tgfbip) And Clusterin In Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy, Ula V. Jurkunas, Maya Bitar, Ian Rawe 2017 Marshall University

Colocalization Of Increased Transforming Growth Factor-Β-Induced Protein (Tgfbip) And Clusterin In Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy, Ula V. Jurkunas, Maya Bitar, Ian Rawe

Maya S. Bitar

PURPOSE: To investigate the differential expression of TGFBIp in normal human and Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) endothelial cell-Descemet’s membrane (HCEC-DM) complex, and to asses the structural role of TGFBIp and clusterin (CLU) in guttae formation. METHODS: HCEC-DM complex was dissected from stroma in normal and FECD samples. Proteins were separated by 2-D gel electrophoresis and subjected to proteomic analysis. N-terminal processing of TGFBIp was detected by Western blot analysis with two separate antibodies against the N- and C-terminal regions of TGFBIp. Expression of TGFBI mRNA was compared by using real-time PCR. Subcellular localization of TGFBIp and CLU in ...


A Rare Association Of Giant Cell Arteritis With Recurrent Corneal Ulcer, Sailaja Bondalapati, Kay Khine, Maya Bitar, David Chesnutt, Richard M. Davis 2017 Marshall University

A Rare Association Of Giant Cell Arteritis With Recurrent Corneal Ulcer, Sailaja Bondalapati, Kay Khine, Maya Bitar, David Chesnutt, Richard M. Davis

Maya S. Bitar

We report a rare case of association of temporal arteritis with recurrent central corneal ulcer. A 91-year-old male with a remote history of clinically diagnosed giant cell arteritis (GCA) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK) for corneal edema in 1990’s in the left eye presented with irritation and severe dry eye. He progressively developed central corneal ulcer regardless of treatment with aggressive lubrication and patching. The clinical course, blood tests and temporal artery biopsy results yielded the diagnosis of recurrent GCA. The clinical course improved after starting oral steroids. The case report illustrates the importance of ruling out GCA in patients ...


The Anatomical And Functional Benefit Of Bevacizumab In The Treatment Of Macular Edema Associated With Purtscher-Like Retinopathy, B. LW. Nesmith, Maya Bitar, S. Schaal 2017 Marshall University

The Anatomical And Functional Benefit Of Bevacizumab In The Treatment Of Macular Edema Associated With Purtscher-Like Retinopathy, B. Lw. Nesmith, Maya Bitar, S. Schaal

Maya S. Bitar

We read the article by Miguel et al1 regarding Purtscher’s and Purtscher-like retinopathies with great interest. As the authors well describe, ‘Purtscher-like retinopathy’ is diagnosed in patients with fundus findings similar to Purtscher’s retinopathy, without a history of trauma but with known systemic associations.1 Current proposed mechanisms for the underlying pathogenesis include leukocyte aggregation by activated complement factor 5 (C5a).2 As noted by the authors’ systematic review, there is currently no established treatment for Purtscher-like retinopathy, although the literature consists of several case reports of treatment with corticosteroids, without certainty as to effect on the clinical ...


Role Of Myo/Nog Cells In Neuroprotection: Evidence From The Light Damaged Retina., Alice Brandli, Jacquelyn Gerhart, Christopher K Sutera, Sivaraman Purushothuman, Mindy George-Weinstein, Jonathan Stone, Arturo Bravo-Nuevo 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Role Of Myo/Nog Cells In Neuroprotection: Evidence From The Light Damaged Retina., Alice Brandli, Jacquelyn Gerhart, Christopher K Sutera, Sivaraman Purushothuman, Mindy George-Weinstein, Jonathan Stone, Arturo Bravo-Nuevo

Arturo Bravo-Nuevo

PURPOSE: To identify Myo/Nog cells in the adult retina and test their role in protecting retinal photoreceptors from light damage.

METHODS: Light damage was induced by exposing albino rats raised in dim cyclic light to 1000 lux light for 24 hours. In one group of rats, Myo/Nog cells were purified from rat brain tissue by magnetic cell sorting following binding of the G8 monoclonal antibody (mAb). These cells were injected into the vitreous humour of the eye within 2 hours following bright light exposure. Retinal function was assessed using full-field, flash electroretinogram (ERG) before and after treatment. The ...


Moxifloxacin Concentration And Proteomic Analysis Of Aqueous Humor In Human Uveitis Associated With Oral Moxifloxacin Therapy, David M. Hinkle, Nicole A. Kruh-Garcia, Jonathan N. Kruh, Carolyn Broccardo, Priyanka Doctor, C. Stephen Foster 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Moxifloxacin Concentration And Proteomic Analysis Of Aqueous Humor In Human Uveitis Associated With Oral Moxifloxacin Therapy, David M. Hinkle, Nicole A. Kruh-Garcia, Jonathan N. Kruh, Carolyn Broccardo, Priyanka Doctor, C. Stephen Foster

Open Access Articles

PURPOSE: The aim was to report the aqueous humor moxifloxacin concentration and proteome profile of an individual with bilateral uveitis-like syndrome with pigment dispersion.

METHODS: Multiple reactions monitoring mass spectrometry quantified the aqueous concentration of moxifloxacin in the affected individual. Shotgun proteomic analysis performed via liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) defined the protein profile in the affected individual and unaffected control samples.

RESULTS: Moxifloxacin was present at higher than expected levels in aqueous humor 18 days following oral administration. One-third of the proteins were identified by significantly lower spectral counts in the aqueous of the individual with moxifloxacin ...


Corneal Edema And Keratitis Following Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty, E T. Liu, L S. Seery, A Arosemena, Tania Lamba, C J. Chaya 2017 George Washington University

Corneal Edema And Keratitis Following Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty, E T. Liu, L S. Seery, A Arosemena, Tania Lamba, C J. Chaya

Ophthalmology Faculty Publications

Purpose

To describe three cases of keratitis following Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty(SLT).

Observations

Three females with a history of glaucoma presented with corneal edema, keratitis (endothelial, epithelial) and decreased visual acuity shortly after SLT. There was variable resolution of symptoms after starting treatment with oral antiherpetics and topical steroids.

Conclusions and importance

With the increase in usage of SLT as a treatment for glaucoma and subsequent reports of keratitis, it is imperative for ophthalmic surgeons to be aware of herpes simplex as a possible risk factor. Prompt treatment with antivirals and steroids can potentially prevent scarring and permanent damage to ...


Rod Outer Segment Development Influences Aav-Mediated Photoreceptor Transduction After Subretinal Injection, Shan Ma, Shun-Yun Cheng, Guangping Gao, Claudio Punzo 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Rod Outer Segment Development Influences Aav-Mediated Photoreceptor Transduction After Subretinal Injection, Shan Ma, Shun-Yun Cheng, Guangping Gao, Claudio Punzo

UMass Metabolic Network Publications

Vectors based on the adeno-associated virus (AAV) are currently the preferred tools for delivering genes to photoreceptors (PR) in small and large animals. AAVs have been applied successfully in various models of PR dystrophies. However, unknown barriers still limit AAV's efficient application in several forms of severe PR degenerations due to insufficient transgene expression and/or treated cells at the time of injection. Optimizations of PR gene therapy strategies will likely benefit from the identification of the cellular factors that influence PR transduction. Interestingly, recent studies have shown that the AAV transduction profile of PRs differs significantly between neonatal ...


Basic Vision Research With Clinical Applications And Science Education Assessments, Andrew Wilson 2017 The University of Maine

Basic Vision Research With Clinical Applications And Science Education Assessments, Andrew Wilson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Visual Acuity (VA) examinations are one of the most commonly conducted medical assessment throughout the world. Recent advances in computer technology allows for new forms of visual assessment to be conducted. In Part I of this thesis I demonstrate the capability of an automated computer program named VISION to assess human visual acuities. Different color combinations of an object against a background emitted from a computer screen are used to examine a variety of human color vision acuities. Results indicated a large difference in acuity scores between human subjects tested with these different color combinations. A single human subject exhibits ...


Atorvastatin Promotes Phagocytosis And Attenuates Pro-Inflammatory Response In Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells, Bo Tian, Ahmad Al-Moujahed, Peggy Bouzika, Yijun Hu, Shoji Notomi, Pavlina Tsoka, Joan W. Miller, Haijiang Lin, Demetrios G. Vavvas 2017 Harvard Medical School

Atorvastatin Promotes Phagocytosis And Attenuates Pro-Inflammatory Response In Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells, Bo Tian, Ahmad Al-Moujahed, Peggy Bouzika, Yijun Hu, Shoji Notomi, Pavlina Tsoka, Joan W. Miller, Haijiang Lin, Demetrios G. Vavvas

Open Access Articles

Phagocytosis of daily shed photoreceptor outer segments is an important function of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and it is essential for retinal homeostasis. RPE dysfunction, especially impairment of its phagocytic ability, plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Statins, or HMG CoA (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A) reductase inhibitors, are drugs with multiple properties that have been extensively used to treat hyperlipidemia. However, their effect on RPE cells has not been fully elucidated. Here we report that high dose atorvastatin increased the phagocytic function of ARPE-19 cells, as well as rescue the cells from the phagocytic dysfunction ...


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