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The Comparison Of Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (Sd-Oct) To Histopathology In A Patient With Diffuse Macular Drusen, Harold Salmons, Ralph Eagle, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

The Comparison Of Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (Sd-Oct) To Histopathology In A Patient With Diffuse Macular Drusen, Harold Salmons, Ralph Eagle, Md

Pathology Honors Program Student Research Symposium

Background: Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) has become a gold standard technique in ophthalmologic practice, and has revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of retinal disease. As SD-OCT uses low interference interferometry and mathematical algorithms to produce detailed theoretical cross-sectional images of the retina, it is crucial to examine correlations between SD-OCT images and their corresponding histopathologic slides.

Methods: In the present study, careful correlative light microscopy was performed on the eye that was enucleated from an elderly patient who had a uveal melanoma and early agerelated macular degeneration evident clinically as soft drusen. SD-OCT was performed prior to enucleation ...


Differential Diagnosis Of Pan-Uveitis: Behçet’S Disease, Peter Blosser, Remil Simon, Courtney Ridner 2018 East Tennessee State University

Differential Diagnosis Of Pan-Uveitis: Behçet’S Disease, Peter Blosser, Remil Simon, Courtney Ridner

Appalachian Student Research Forum

This report describes the case of a 56-year-old man who presented with blurry vision, increased intraocular pressure, and conjunctival injection after posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Initially post-operative endophalmitis and foreign body inflammation were considered as differential diagnoses, but after further examination pan-uveitis was diagnosed. Uveitis is an ocular finding that may indicate several diseases, one of which is Behçet’s Disease. During the interview, the patient mentioned a history of apthous ulcers and genital ulcers which then lead to the clinical diagnosis of Behçet’s Disease. This report emphasizes that Behçet’s Disease is rare in Caucasians. Therefore, is ...


Mud-Splattered Fundus, Roger Joel Welch, Xintong Li, Carol L. Shields 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Mud-Splattered Fundus, Roger Joel Welch, Xintong Li, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


Identification Of Herpes Zoster-Associated Temporal Arteritis Among Cases Of Giant Cell Arteritis, Erin M. Buckingham, Maria A. Foley, Charles Grose, Nasreen A. Syed, Morton E. Smith, Todd P. Margolis, Matthew J. Thurtell, Randy Kardon 2018 University of Iowa

Identification Of Herpes Zoster-Associated Temporal Arteritis Among Cases Of Giant Cell Arteritis, Erin M. Buckingham, Maria A. Foley, Charles Grose, Nasreen A. Syed, Morton E. Smith, Todd P. Margolis, Matthew J. Thurtell, Randy Kardon

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

PURPOSE: To examine whether herpes zoster antigen (also called varicella-zoster virus antigen) was detectable in temporal artery biopsies taken from individuals with giant cell arteritis (GCA).

DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series.

METHODS: Sections of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded temporal arteries were examined first by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining to establish the diagnosis of GCA. Adjacent sections of the same biopsy were then examined by immunohistochemistry, using 2 different monoclonal antibodies against a major antigen of varicella-zoster virus called gE. Pathologic specimens were obtained from patients cared for at the University of Iowa and Washington University in St. Louis ophthalmology clinics.

RESULTS: The ...


Acute Vitreoretinal Trauma And Inflammation After Traumatic Brain Injury In Mice, Lucy P. Evans, Elizabeth A. Newell, MaryAnn Mahajan, Stephen H. Tsang, Polly J. Ferguson, Jolonda Mahoney, Christopher D. Hue, Edward W. Vogel, Barclay Morrison, Ottavio Arancio, Russell Nichols, Alexander G. Bassuk, Vinit B. Mahajan 2018 University of Iowa

Acute Vitreoretinal Trauma And Inflammation After Traumatic Brain Injury In Mice, Lucy P. Evans, Elizabeth A. Newell, Maryann Mahajan, Stephen H. Tsang, Polly J. Ferguson, Jolonda Mahoney, Christopher D. Hue, Edward W. Vogel, Barclay Morrison, Ottavio Arancio, Russell Nichols, Alexander G. Bassuk, Vinit B. Mahajan

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

Objective: Limited attention has been given to ocular injuries associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The retina is an extension of the central nervous system and evaluation of ocular damage may offer a less-invasive approach to gauge TBI severity and response to treatment. We aim to characterize acute changes in the mouse eye after exposure to two different models of TBI to assess the utility of eye damage as a surrogate to brain injury.

Methods: A model of blast TBI (bTBI) using a shock tube was compared to a lateral fluid percussion injury model (LFPI) using fluid pressure applied directly ...


Submillimeter Retinoblastoma Monitoring Following Transpupillary Thermotherapy Using Hand-Held Optical Coherence Tomography, Mark McGarrey, Thamolwan Surakiatchanukul, Carol L. Shields 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Submillimeter Retinoblastoma Monitoring Following Transpupillary Thermotherapy Using Hand-Held Optical Coherence Tomography, Mark Mcgarrey, Thamolwan Surakiatchanukul, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Background: Precise, submillimeter visualization of retinal microstructures is useful for treatment monitoring of retinoblastoma. Herein, we report the use of hand-held optical coherence tomography (HH-OCT) to document a nearly-invisible retinoblastoma and monitor tumor response to transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT). Case presentation: A 3-week-old boy was diagnosed with unilateral familial retinoblastoma in the left eye, classified as group B, and treated with intravenous chemoreduction. At 13-month follow-up, the tumor in the left eye was regressed, and evaluation of the right eye revealed a microscopic, nearly invisible tumor measuring 372 μm in thickness and 1.51 mm in basal dimension. The tumor was ...


Novel Combination Bmp7 And Hgf Gene Therapy Instigates Selective Myofibroblast Apoptosis And Reduces Corneal Haze In Vivo, Suneel Gupta, Michael K. Fink, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Ratnakar Tripathi, Prashant R. Sinha, Ajay Sharma, Nathan P. Hesemann, Shyam S. Chaurasia, Elizabeth A. Giuliano, Rajiv R. Mohan 2018 Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans’ Hospital

Novel Combination Bmp7 And Hgf Gene Therapy Instigates Selective Myofibroblast Apoptosis And Reduces Corneal Haze In Vivo, Suneel Gupta, Michael K. Fink, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Ratnakar Tripathi, Prashant R. Sinha, Ajay Sharma, Nathan P. Hesemann, Shyam S. Chaurasia, Elizabeth A. Giuliano, Rajiv R. Mohan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

PURPOSE. We tested the potential of bone morphogenic protein 7 (BMP7) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) combination gene therapy to treat preformed corneal fibrosis using established rabbit in vivo and human in vitro models.

METHODS. Eighteen New Zealand White rabbits were used. Corneal fibrosis was produced by alkali injury. Twenty-four hours after scar formation, cornea received topically either balanced salt solution (BSS; n ¼ 6), polyethylenimine-conjugated gold nanoparticle (PEI2-GNP)-naked plasmid (n ¼ 6) or PEI2-GNP plasmids expressing BMP7 and HGF genes (n ¼ 6). Donor human corneas were used to obtain primary human corneal fibroblasts and myofibroblasts for mechanistic ...


A Model For Investigating Developmental Eye Repair In Xenopus Laevis, Cindy X. Kha, Philip H. Son, Julia Lauper, Kelly Ai-Sun Tseng 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

A Model For Investigating Developmental Eye Repair In Xenopus Laevis, Cindy X. Kha, Philip H. Son, Julia Lauper, Kelly Ai-Sun Tseng

Life Sciences Faculty Publications

Vertebrate eye development is complex and requires early interactions between neuroectoderm and surface ectoderm during embryogenesis. In the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, individual eye tissues such as the retina and lens can undergo regeneration. However, it has been reported that removal of either the specified eye field at the neurula stage or the eye during tadpole stage does not induce replacement. Here we describe a model for investigating Xenopus developmental eye repair. We found that tailbud embryos can readily regrow eyes after surgical removal of over 83% of the specified eye and lens tissues. The regrown eye reached a ...


Patients And Animal Models Of Cngβ1-Deficient Retinitis Pigmentosa Support Gene Augmentation Approach., Simon M Petersen-Jones, Laurence M. Occelli, Paige A. Winkler, Winston Lee, Janet R Sparrow, Mai Tsukikawa, Sanford L. Boye, Vince Chiodo, Jenina E. Capasso, Elvir Becirovic, Christian Schön, Mathias W. Seeliger, Alex V. Levin, Stylianos Michalakis, William W. Hauswirth, Stephen H. Tsang 2018 Michigan State University

Patients And Animal Models Of Cngβ1-Deficient Retinitis Pigmentosa Support Gene Augmentation Approach., Simon M Petersen-Jones, Laurence M. Occelli, Paige A. Winkler, Winston Lee, Janet R Sparrow, Mai Tsukikawa, Sanford L. Boye, Vince Chiodo, Jenina E. Capasso, Elvir Becirovic, Christian Schön, Mathias W. Seeliger, Alex V. Levin, Stylianos Michalakis, William W. Hauswirth, Stephen H. Tsang

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a major cause of blindness that affects 1.5 million people worldwide. Mutations in cyclic nucleotide-gated channel β 1 (CNGB1) cause approximately 4% of autosomal recessive RP. Gene augmentation therapy shows promise for treating inherited retinal degenerations; however, relevant animal models and biomarkers of progression in patients with RP are needed to assess therapeutic outcomes. Here, we evaluated RP patients with CNGB1 mutations for potential biomarkers of progression and compared human phenotypes with those of mouse and dog models of the disease. Additionally, we used gene augmentation therapy in a CNGβ1-deficient dog model to evaluate potential ...


Epha2/Ephrin-A1 Mediate Corneal Epithelial Cell Compartmentalization Via Adam10 Regulation Of Egfr Signaling., Nihal Kaplan, Rosa Ventrella, Han Peng, Sonali Pal-Ghosh, Constadina Arvanitis, Joshua Z Rappoport, Brian J Mitchell, Mary Ann Stepp, Robert M Lavker, Spiro Getsios 2018 George Washington University

Epha2/Ephrin-A1 Mediate Corneal Epithelial Cell Compartmentalization Via Adam10 Regulation Of Egfr Signaling., Nihal Kaplan, Rosa Ventrella, Han Peng, Sonali Pal-Ghosh, Constadina Arvanitis, Joshua Z Rappoport, Brian J Mitchell, Mary Ann Stepp, Robert M Lavker, Spiro Getsios

Anatomy and Regenerative Biology Faculty Publications

Purpose: Progenitor cells of the limbal epithelium reside in a discrete area peripheral to the more differentiated corneal epithelium and maintain tissue homeostasis. What regulates the limbal-corneal epithelial boundary is a major unanswered question. Ephrin-A1 ligand is enriched in the limbal epithelium, whereas EphA2 receptor is concentrated in the corneal epithelium. This reciprocal pattern led us to assess the role of ephrin-A1 and EphA2 in limbal-corneal epithelial boundary organization.

Methods: EphA2-expressing corneal epithelial cells engineered to express ephrin-A1 were used to study boundary formation in vitro in a manner that mimicked the relative abundance of these juxtamembrane signaling proteins in ...


Real-Time, Label-Free, Intraoperative Visualization Of Peripheral Nerves And Microvasculatures Using Multimodal Optical Imaging Techniques, Jaepyong Cha, A Broch, S Mudge, K Kim, J Namgoong, E Oh, P Kim 2018 George Washington University

Real-Time, Label-Free, Intraoperative Visualization Of Peripheral Nerves And Microvasculatures Using Multimodal Optical Imaging Techniques, Jaepyong Cha, A Broch, S Mudge, K Kim, J Namgoong, E Oh, P Kim

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Accurate, real-time identification and display of critical anatomic structures, such as the nerve and vasculature structures, are critical for reducing complications and improving surgical outcomes. Human vision is frequently limited in clearly distinguishing and contrasting these structures. We present a novel imaging system, which enables noninvasive visualization of critical anatomic structures during surgical dissection. Peripheral nerves are visualized by a snapshot polarimetry that calculates the anisotropic optical properties. Vascular structures, both venous and arterial, are identified and monitored in real-time using a near-infrared laser-speckle-contrast imaging. We evaluate the system by performing in vivo animal studies with qualitative comparison by contrast-agent-aided ...


Treatment Challenges In An Atypical Presentation Of Tubulointerstitial Nephritis And Uveitis (Tinu), S Caplash, S Gangaputra, S Kodati, Shamir Tuchman, Hemalatha Srinivasalu, H Sen 2018 George Washington University

Treatment Challenges In An Atypical Presentation Of Tubulointerstitial Nephritis And Uveitis (Tinu), S Caplash, S Gangaputra, S Kodati, Shamir Tuchman, Hemalatha Srinivasalu, H Sen

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Purpose: To describe an atypical presentation of Tubulointerstitial Nephritis and Uveitis (TINU), with challenges in treatment course. Observations: A 12-year-old Hispanic female presented to the National Eye Institute's Uveitis clinic with bilateral blurred vision, red eyes and photophobia, not responsive to topical steroids. On exam, she had bilateral severe panuveitis with areas of subretinal fluid. During her evaluation, she was noted to have elevated serum creatinine. A kidney biopsy confirmed the presence of severe tubulointerstitial nephritis and interstitial fibrosis. She was treated with oral steroids with excellent resolution of symptoms and subretinal fluid. She continued to have anterior segment ...


Gene Therapy Using A Minicep290 Fragment Delays Photoreceptor Degeneration In A Mouse Model Of Leber Congenital Amaurosis, Wei Zhang, Linjing Li, Qin Su, Guangping Gao, Hemant Khanna 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Gene Therapy Using A Minicep290 Fragment Delays Photoreceptor Degeneration In A Mouse Model Of Leber Congenital Amaurosis, Wei Zhang, Linjing Li, Qin Su, Guangping Gao, Hemant Khanna

Open Access Articles

Mutations in the cilia-centrosomal protein CEP290 are frequently observed in autosomal recessive childhood blindness disorder Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA). No treatment or cure currently exists for this disorder. The Cep290(rd16) (retinal degeneration 16) mouse (a model of LCA) carries a mutation in the Cep290 gene. This mutation leads to shorter cilia formation and defective photoreceptor structure and function. A roadblock to developing a gene replacement strategy for CEP290 using conventional adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors is its large size. The identification and characterization is reported of a miniCEP290 gene that is amenable to AAV2/8-mediated delivery and delaying retinal degeneration ...


Loss Of The Cone-Enriched Caspase-7 Does Not Affect Secondary Cone Death In Retinitis Pigmentosa, Aditya Venkatesh, Shun-Yun Cheng, Claudio Punzo 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Loss Of The Cone-Enriched Caspase-7 Does Not Affect Secondary Cone Death In Retinitis Pigmentosa, Aditya Venkatesh, Shun-Yun Cheng, Claudio Punzo

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Purpose: The apoptotic mechanisms responsible for secondary cone death in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) remain largely unknown. The cone-enriched apoptotic protease caspase-7 (Casp7) is thought to be triggered by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and plays a pivotal role in mice deficient in the cone cyclic nucleotide-gated channels, a deficiency that causes achromatopsia in humans and in mice with autosomal dominant rhodopsin mutations, in particular the T17M mutation. Thus, we tested in two mouse models of RP whether the cone-enriched Casp7 plays a role during secondary cone death.

Methods: Casp7 knockout mice were crossed to two different RP mouse models with significantly ...


Impact Of Natural Blind Spot Location On Perimetry., Mengyu Wang, Lucy Q. Shen, Michael V. Boland, Sarah R. Wellik, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes, Jonathan S. Myers, Peter J. Bex, Tobias Elze 2017 Harvard Medical School

Impact Of Natural Blind Spot Location On Perimetry., Mengyu Wang, Lucy Q. Shen, Michael V. Boland, Sarah R. Wellik, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes, Jonathan S. Myers, Peter J. Bex, Tobias Elze

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

We study the spatial distribution of natural blind spot location (NBSL) and its impact on perimetry. Pattern deviation (PD) values of 11,449 reliable visual fields (VFs) that are defined as clinically unaffected based on summary indices were extracted from 11,449 glaucoma patients. We modeled NBSL distribution using a two-dimensional non-linear regression approach and correlated NBSL with spherical equivalent (SE). Additionally, we compared PD values of groups with longer and shorter distances than median, and larger and smaller angles than median between NBSL and fixation. Mean and standard deviation of horizontal and vertical NBSL were 14.33° ± 1.37 ...


Parafoveolar Retinoblastoma Regression With Foveal Preservation Following Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy Documented On Hand-Held Optical Coherence Tomography In A Newborn., Vera Yarovaya, Kareem Sioufi, Carol L Shields 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Parafoveolar Retinoblastoma Regression With Foveal Preservation Following Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy Documented On Hand-Held Optical Coherence Tomography In A Newborn., Vera Yarovaya, Kareem Sioufi, Carol L Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an invaluable tool in retinoblastoma management, providing submillimeter visualization of tumor control following treatment. Herein, we document OCT-detection of a subtle tumor recurrence, allowing early intervention and achieving foveal microanatomy preservation.

Case presentation: A 3-week-old girl was diagnosed with bilateral familial retinoblastoma, classified as group D in the right eye (OD) and group B in the left eye (OS), and treated with intravenous chemoreduction. At 6-months follow-up, the right eye was under control, but the left eye revealed a subtle juxtafoveal tumor recurrence, documented on handheld OCT (HH-OCT) and measuring 2750 µm in ...


Retinitis Pigmentosa Genes Implicated In South Asian Populations: A Systematic Review, Sidra Zafar, Khabir Ahmed, Azam Ali, Rashid Baig 2017 Aga Khan University

Retinitis Pigmentosa Genes Implicated In South Asian Populations: A Systematic Review, Sidra Zafar, Khabir Ahmed, Azam Ali, Rashid Baig

Section of Ophthalmology

Abstract

Retinitis pigmentosais one of the most prevalent causes of inherited retinal dystrophies worldwide. The widespread custom of consanguineous marriages in South Asian countries puts the population at risk for autosomal recessive disorders including retinitis pigmentosa. This systematic review was done between May and December 2015.A comprehensive literature search was carried out using MEDLINE and CINAHL databases and all relevant articles on causative mutations for non-syndromic Retinitis pigmentosa from 1999 till 2015 were included. Overall, 41 articles were identified involving 66 families; 28(68%)from Pakistan, 12(29%) from India and 1(2.4%) from Bangladesh. No data was ...


Uveal Effusion Syndrome In 104 Eyes: Response To Corticosteroids - The 2017 Axel C. Hansen Lecture., Carol L. Shields, Kelsey Roelofs, Maura Di Nicola, Kareem Sioufi, Arman Mashayekhi, Jerry A. Shields 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Uveal Effusion Syndrome In 104 Eyes: Response To Corticosteroids - The 2017 Axel C. Hansen Lecture., Carol L. Shields, Kelsey Roelofs, Maura Di Nicola, Kareem Sioufi, Arman Mashayekhi, Jerry A. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the corticosteroids for uveal effusion syndrome (UES).

METHODS: Retrospective series of 104 eyes with UES treated with oral corticosteroids (OCS), periocular corticosteroids (PCS), topical corticosteroids (TCS), or observation (OBS). Main outcome measure was UES resolution.

RESULTS: Of 104 eyes, treatment included OCS (n = 27), PCS (n = 12), TCS (n = 11), and OBS (n = 54). A comparison of the four groups (OCS vs. PCS vs. TCS vs. OBS) revealed differences in those managed with OCS versus OBS as younger (66 vs. 72 years, P = 0.049), PCS versus OBS as male (100 ...


A Comparison Of Two Conjunctival Rotation Autograft Techniques In Primary Pterygium Surgery., Remzi Karadag, Neslihan Sevimli, Seydi Okumus, Isilay Ozsoy, Huseyin Bayramlar, Ela Durucu, Umit Aksoy, Christopher J. Rapuano 2017 Thomas Jefferson University; Istanbul Medeniyet University School of Medicine

A Comparison Of Two Conjunctival Rotation Autograft Techniques In Primary Pterygium Surgery., Remzi Karadag, Neslihan Sevimli, Seydi Okumus, Isilay Ozsoy, Huseyin Bayramlar, Ela Durucu, Umit Aksoy, Christopher J. Rapuano

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of 90° and 180° conjunctival rotational autograft (CRA) techniques used in primary pterygium surgery.

METHODS: Forty-five patients were included in this retrospective study. Visual acuity (VA), corneal topography, and auto-refractometer measurements, as well as detailed biomicroscopic examinations, were performed preoperatively and postoperatively. During surgery, the pterygium tissue was excised then rotated 90° in Group 1 and180° in Group 2, after which it was sutured to the bare sclera. Pterygium recurrence was defined as corneal invasion ≥1 mm.

RESULTS: Group 1 consisted of 21 patients with a mean age of 45.1 ± 11.8 years, while ...


Metastatic Deaths In Retinoblastoma Patients Treated With Intraarterial Chemotherapy (Ophthalmic Artery Chemosurgery) Worldwide., David H. Abramson, Carol L. Shields, Pascal Jabbour, Luiz Fernando Teixeira, José Roberto Falco Fonseca, Marcio Chaves Pedro Marques, Francis L. Munier, Francesco Puccinelli, Theodora Hadjistilianou, Sandra Bracco, Guillermo Chantada, Alejandro Ceciliano, Y. Pierre Gobin 2017 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Weill-Cornell Medical School New York

Metastatic Deaths In Retinoblastoma Patients Treated With Intraarterial Chemotherapy (Ophthalmic Artery Chemosurgery) Worldwide., David H. Abramson, Carol L. Shields, Pascal Jabbour, Luiz Fernando Teixeira, José Roberto Falco Fonseca, Marcio Chaves Pedro Marques, Francis L. Munier, Francesco Puccinelli, Theodora Hadjistilianou, Sandra Bracco, Guillermo Chantada, Alejandro Ceciliano, Y. Pierre Gobin

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Ophthalmic artery chemosurgery [OAC, intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC)] was introduced in 2006 as treatment modality for intraocular retinoblastoma. The purpose of this commentary is to retrospectively review the incidence of metastatic deaths in retinoblastoma patients treated with OAC worldwide over a 10 year period. Retrospective data regarding metastatic deaths was collected from six international retinoblastoma centers (New York City USA, Philadelphia USA, Sao Paulo Brazil, Siena Italy, Lausanne Switzerland and Buenos Aires Argentina). All retinoblastoma patients from these centers (naive and recurrent, unilateral and bilateral) treated with OAC/IAC since 2006 have been included in this study. Data regarding number ...


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