Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Preventive Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1163 Full-Text Articles 1560 Authors 111539 Downloads 60 Institutions

All Articles in Preventive Medicine

Faceted Search

1163 full-text articles. Page 1 of 49.

The Effect Of Health Insurance Coverage And The Doctor-Patient Relationship On Health Care Utilization In High Poverty Neighborhoods, Destini Smith, Alan Akira, Kenneth Hudson, Andrea Hudson, Marcellus Hudson, Marcus Mitchell, Errol Crook 2017 George Washington University

The Effect Of Health Insurance Coverage And The Doctor-Patient Relationship On Health Care Utilization In High Poverty Neighborhoods, Destini Smith, Alan Akira, Kenneth Hudson, Andrea Hudson, Marcellus Hudson, Marcus Mitchell, Errol Crook

School of Medicine and Health Sciences Student Works

African Americans have higher rates of mortality than whites who are the same age and sex. We hypothesize that in low socioeconomic status neighborhoods, having health insurance coverage and a regular health care provider increases the likelihood of receiving diagnostic tests for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We use data from a random two-stage cluster sample of 230 adults living in high poverty census tracts to examine the effects of insurance coverage and having a regular doctor on the likelihood receiving diagnostic tests for high cholesterol, high blood sugar, and blood pressure. We find that health insurance coverage increases the odds ...


Racial Differences In Neighborhood Perceptions And Their Influences On Physical Activity Among Urban Older Women, Wenjun Li, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Gretchen A. Youssef, Scott E. Crouter, Jie Cheng, Kristen Brown, Linda C. Churchill, Anthony Clarke, Judith K. Ockene, Michelle F. Magee 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Racial Differences In Neighborhood Perceptions And Their Influences On Physical Activity Among Urban Older Women, Wenjun Li, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Gretchen A. Youssef, Scott E. Crouter, Jie Cheng, Kristen Brown, Linda C. Churchill, Anthony Clarke, Judith K. Ockene, Michelle F. Magee

Judith K. Ockene

Background: Proper levels of physical activity (PA) are important to healthy aging. Little is known about racial differences in influences of neighborhood perceptions (NP) on PA and use of neighborhood resources among community-dwelling older women.

Materials and methods: In 2014 and 2015, 49 white and 44 black women of age 65 and older living in Washington, DC were queried about their PA, NP, use of neighborhood resources and sociodemographic characteristics. They wore an accelerometer and a Global Positioning System device concurrently for 7 consecutive days. Data were analyzed by race.

Results: Compared to Whites, Blacks had lower NP scores (71 ...


Racial Differences In Neighborhood Perceptions And Their Influences On Physical Activity Among Urban Older Women, Wenjun Li, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Gretchen A. Youssef, Scott E. Crouter, Jie Cheng, Kristen Brown, Linda C. Churchill, Anthony Clarke, Judith K. Ockene, Michelle F. Magee 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Racial Differences In Neighborhood Perceptions And Their Influences On Physical Activity Among Urban Older Women, Wenjun Li, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Gretchen A. Youssef, Scott E. Crouter, Jie Cheng, Kristen Brown, Linda C. Churchill, Anthony Clarke, Judith K. Ockene, Michelle F. Magee

Wenjun Li

Background: Proper levels of physical activity (PA) are important to healthy aging. Little is known about racial differences in influences of neighborhood perceptions (NP) on PA and use of neighborhood resources among community-dwelling older women. Materials and methods: In 2014 and 2015, 49 white and 44 black women of age 65 and older living in Washington, DC were queried about their PA, NP, use of neighborhood resources and sociodemographic characteristics. They wore an accelerometer and a Global Positioning System device concurrently for 7 consecutive days. Data were analyzed by race. Results: Compared to Whites, Blacks had lower NP scores (71 ...


The Feasibility Of Incentivizing Participation In An Online Social Network Weight Loss Program, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring, Effie Olendzki, Jessica L. Oleski, Christine N. May, Martinus M. Evans 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Feasibility Of Incentivizing Participation In An Online Social Network Weight Loss Program, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring, Effie Olendzki, Jessica L. Oleski, Christine N. May, Martinus M. Evans

Molly E. Waring

Engagement in online social network-delivered weight loss interventions is a predictor of weight loss. Incentivizing engagement in a subset of participants may increase group engagement and subsequent weight loss. In a pilot feasibility trial, 56 adults with obesity were randomized to two Facebook-delivered weight loss interventions, one had 10% users incentivized to engage daily and the other did not. We compared conditions on engagement and weight loss, and then compared incentivized users and natural high engagers on weight loss. Participants were 46.3 (SD: 10.3) years and 89% female. The incentivized user condition had greater total engagement (p=0 ...


The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele DeBiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani 2017 Boston University

The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele Debiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani

Sherry L. Pagoto

Objective: Fruit and Vegetable (FV) intake-a modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases-is lower among racial/ethnic minorities and low Socio- Economic Status (SES) groups when compared to other populations. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is one theoretical model studied to explain and influence individual health behaviors, including FV intake, in middle class populations, but not exclusively in diverse, low SES groups. This cross-sectional study evaluated the utility of select TPB variables to explain intention to consume and intake of FV in this population.

Design: Demographics, BMI, select TPB variables, and FV intake were measured via survey. Bivariate analyses were ...


Slipbuddy: A Mobile Health Intervention To Prevent Overeating, Bengisu Tulu, Carolina Ruiz, Joshua Allard, Joseph Acheson, Andrew Busch, Andrew Roskusku, Gage Heeringa, Victor Jaskula, Jessica Oleski, Sherry L. Pagoto 2017 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Slipbuddy: A Mobile Health Intervention To Prevent Overeating, Bengisu Tulu, Carolina Ruiz, Joshua Allard, Joseph Acheson, Andrew Busch, Andrew Roskusku, Gage Heeringa, Victor Jaskula, Jessica Oleski, Sherry L. Pagoto

Sherry L. Pagoto

Obesity is one of the top health issues around the globe. Rapid adoption of smartphones presents an opportunity for delivering technology-based interventions that are designed to tackle behaviors that contribute to weight gain. Research shows that the vast majority of weight loss apps in the market place do not go beyond deploying tracking based strategies that are burdensome to the users. In this study, we present a new mobile app and an intervention system called SlipBuddy that puts less burden on users and implements stimulus control strategy to help users lose weight. We describe the SlipBuddy system in detail and ...


Navigating To Health: Evaluation Of A Community Health Center Patient Navigation Program, Monica L. Wang, Leah Gallivan, Stephenie C. Lemon, Amy Borg, Jose Ramirez, Brenda Figueroa, Antonia McGuire, Milagros C. Rosal 2017 Boston University School of Public Health

Navigating To Health: Evaluation Of A Community Health Center Patient Navigation Program, Monica L. Wang, Leah Gallivan, Stephenie C. Lemon, Amy Borg, Jose Ramirez, Brenda Figueroa, Antonia Mcguire, Milagros C. Rosal

Milagros C. Rosal

Patient Navigators are trained, lay health care workers who guide patients in overcoming barriers to health care access and utilization. Little evidence exists regarding reach and impact of Patient Navigators for chronic disease management. This study evaluated a Patient Navigator program aimed at optimizing health care utilization among ethnically diverse patients with diabetes and/or hypertension at a community health center (CHC). Trained Patient Navigators contacted eligible patients who had not seen a primary care provider (PCP) for > /= 6 months. Outcomes included number of patients reached by Patient Navigators and seen by PCPs after Patient Navigator contact. Distributions and frequencies ...


Creating The First Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart College Campus, Jessica S. Mounessa, Sherry L. Pagoto, Katie Baker, John Antonishak, Robert P. Dellavalle 2017 University of Colorado

Creating The First Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart College Campus, Jessica S. Mounessa, Sherry L. Pagoto, Katie Baker, John Antonishak, Robert P. Dellavalle

Sherry L. Pagoto

Given the prevalence and risk associated with indoor tanning among college students, university campuses constitute a prime target for skin cancer prevention. This report identifies the successes and challenges faced in promoting a campus-wide tan-free policy through the National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention (NCSCP) Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart Campus Initiative. Beginning in February 2016, we communicated with university faculty or staff members who have participated in skin cancer prevention via education, clinical care, or research at 20 universities regarding the steps to adopt the tan-free policy. One campus, East Tennessee State University (ETSU), successfully fulfilled all criteria and implemented ...


At The Center Of Things: How An Academic Library Built A Bridge Between Art And Science On Campus, Michelle Catalano, Catherine Essinger, Suzanne Ferimer, Stephanie Lewin-Lane, Porcia Vaughn 2017 University of Houston

At The Center Of Things: How An Academic Library Built A Bridge Between Art And Science On Campus, Michelle Catalano, Catherine Essinger, Suzanne Ferimer, Stephanie Lewin-Lane, Porcia Vaughn

Collaborative Librarianship

The University of Houston Libraries sponsored an interdisciplinary event for students, faculty, and the public, titled the Artists’ Health and Wellness Colloquium and Resource Fair. Aspiring and working artists were instructed in how to maintain good health and to avoid overstressing their bodies as they practice their art. Scholars presented both historical and trending perspectives on the intersection of art and health science. The event was held in order to facilitate learning in two key research areas and to demonstrate the library's ability to bridge disparate disciplines and forge new partnerships with multiple academic units simultaneously. This article presents ...


Public Health Research Priorities To Address Us Human Trafficking, Emily F. Rothman, Hanni Stoklosa, Susie B. Baldwin, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Rumi Kato Price, Holly G. Atkinson 2017 Boston University

Public Health Research Priorities To Address Us Human Trafficking, Emily F. Rothman, Hanni Stoklosa, Susie B. Baldwin, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Rumi Kato Price, Holly G. Atkinson

Publications and Research

In this Perspective, HEAL Trafficking, the nation's leading public health anti-trafficking organization maps out a national research agenda to tackle the problem of human trafficking. Given the paucity of research on trafficking, HEAL Trafficking engaged its membership in a consensus development process throughout 2016 to develop its national research agenda. HEAL Trafficking proposes five priorities that public health researchers should focus on in the decade ahead to make meaningful progress on preventing and responding to human trafficking in the Unites States.


Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. McKay, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. Mckay, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Douglas M. Ziedonis

This study compared characteristics of Korean American men in two studies: a telephone survey with a random sample of Korean American men who reported daily smoking versus a smoking cessation clinical trial with a convenience sample of Korean American men who reported smoking at least 10 cigarettes a day. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), both studies attempted to explain how much its theoretical variables (attitudes, perceived social norms, and self-efficacy) would explain quit intentions in Korean American men. Participants in the cessation study were less likely to have health insurance coverage (χ2 [2, 271] = 138.31, p ...


Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. McKay, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. Mckay, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Colleen E. McKay

This study compared characteristics of Korean American men in two studies: a telephone survey with a random sample of Korean American men who reported daily smoking versus a smoking cessation clinical trial with a convenience sample of Korean American men who reported smoking at least 10 cigarettes a day. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), both studies attempted to explain how much its theoretical variables (attitudes, perceived social norms, and self-efficacy) would explain quit intentions in Korean American men. Participants in the cessation study were less likely to have health insurance coverage (χ2 [2, 271] = 138.31, p ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Aurora Radiology Residents

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


Multiple Myeloma Vaccination Patterns In A Large Health System: A Pilot Study, Andinet Alemu, Maharaj Singh, Chris Blumberg, John O. Richards, Martin K. Oaks, Michael A. Thompson 2017 Medical College of Wisconsin

Multiple Myeloma Vaccination Patterns In A Large Health System: A Pilot Study, Andinet Alemu, Maharaj Singh, Chris Blumberg, John O. Richards, Martin K. Oaks, Michael A. Thompson

Aurora Internal Medicine Residents

Purpose Common reasons for hospitalization and death in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are infections. As patients with MM are living longer and are treated with immunomodulatory drugs, there is a need to immunize against vaccine-preventable diseases and ultimately determine the efficacy of these vaccines. We evaluated vaccination practice patterns in MM patients at our health system using electronic medical records and data analytics. Methods This institutional review board-approved study retrospectively reviewed patients with MM who visited the health system from May 2012 to May 2014. Data collected included demographics, influenza vaccination (FV) and pneumonia vaccination (PV) history, hospitalization episodes ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Aurora Radiology Faculty

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Paul J. Grebe

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


Multiple Myeloma Vaccination Patterns In A Large Health System: A Pilot Study, Andinet Alemu, Maharaj Singh, Chris Blumberg, John O. Richards, Martin K. Oaks, Michael A. Thompson 2017 Medical College of Wisconsin

Multiple Myeloma Vaccination Patterns In A Large Health System: A Pilot Study, Andinet Alemu, Maharaj Singh, Chris Blumberg, John O. Richards, Martin K. Oaks, Michael A. Thompson

Maharaj Singh, PhD

Purpose

Common reasons for hospitalization and death in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are infections. As patients with MM are living longer and are treated with immunomodulatory drugs, there is a need to immunize against vaccine-preventable diseases and ultimately determine the efficacy of these vaccines. We evaluated vaccination practice patterns in MM patients at our health system using electronic medical records and data analytics.

Methods

This institutional review board-approved study retrospectively reviewed patients with MM who visited the health system from May 2012 to May 2014. Data collected included demographics, influenza vaccination (FV) and pneumonia vaccination (PV) history, hospitalization episodes ...


General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon McKinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten McCaffery 2017 University of Sydney

General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon Mckinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten Mccaffery

Paul Glasziou

BACKGROUND: Primary cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in older people is challenging as they are a diverse group with varying needs, frequent presence of comorbidities, and are more susceptible to treatment harms. Moreover the potential benefits and harms of preventive medication for older people are uncertain. We explored GPs' decision making about primary CVD prevention in patients aged 75 years and older. METHOD: 25 GPs participated in semi-structured interviews in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded and Framework Analysis was used. RESULTS: Analysis identified factors that are likely to contribute to variation in the management of CVD risk ...


A National Perspective On Childhood Obesity Medical Education: Do Medical Students In Canada Perceive That They Are Prepared To Treat Children With Obesity?, Dr. Dalia Hasan 2017 The University of Western Ontario

A National Perspective On Childhood Obesity Medical Education: Do Medical Students In Canada Perceive That They Are Prepared To Treat Children With Obesity?, Dr. Dalia Hasan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purposes of this survey-based, mixed-methods study were to investigate medical students’ perceptions of: (1) the overall level of medical school training acquired in relation to childhood obesity treatment; (2) the medical school training acquired in relation to specific competencies associated with the treatment of children with obesity and their caregiver(s); and (3) additional training needed. Results showed that of the 507 students who provided complete data, approximately 60% (n = 303) disagreed or strongly disagreed that their medical training related to childhood obesity was adequate. With regard to specific competencies and additional training needed, quantitative and qualitative data revealed ...


General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon McKinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten McCaffery 2017 University of Sydney

General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon Mckinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten Mccaffery

Jenny Doust

BACKGROUND:

Primary cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in older people is challenging as they are a diverse group with varying needs, frequent presence of comorbidities, and are more susceptible to treatment harms. Moreover the potential benefits and harms of preventive medication for older people are uncertain. We explored GPs' decision making about primary CVD prevention in patients aged 75 years and older.

METHOD:

25 GPs participated in semi-structured interviews in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded and Framework Analysis was used.

RESULTS:

Analysis identified factors that are likely to contribute to variation in the management of CVD risk ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress