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Pediatric Ppi Use And Fractures, Nathan R. Fleishman MD, Thomas M. Attard, Troy E. Richardson 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Pediatric Ppi Use And Fractures, Nathan R. Fleishman Md, Thomas M. Attard, Troy E. Richardson

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Crohn’S Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine, Brian D. Chapron 2019 Kansas City Children's Mercy

Effect Of Crohn’S Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine, Brian D. Chapron

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Is It Possible To Predict The Need Of Gastrostomy Tube In Nicu Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome?, Katherine Black 2019 children's mercy hospital

Is It Possible To Predict The Need Of Gastrostomy Tube In Nicu Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome?, Katherine Black

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Prospective Evaluation Of A Population Pharmacokinetic Model Of Pantoprazole For Obese Children, Alenka Chapron 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO

Prospective Evaluation Of A Population Pharmacokinetic Model Of Pantoprazole For Obese Children, Alenka Chapron

Research Days

No abstract provided.


A Review Of First Year Fellow Endoscopic Skills And Time To Proficiency, Dalya El Tawil, Antoinette Adjowa O. Walker 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Review Of First Year Fellow Endoscopic Skills And Time To Proficiency, Dalya El Tawil, Antoinette Adjowa O. Walker

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Downregulation Of Thromboxane A2 And Angiotensin Ii Type 1 Receptors Associated With Aging-Related Decrease In Internal Anal Sphincter Tone., Ipsita Mohanty, Jagmohan Singh, Satish Rattan 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Downregulation Of Thromboxane A2 And Angiotensin Ii Type 1 Receptors Associated With Aging-Related Decrease In Internal Anal Sphincter Tone., Ipsita Mohanty, Jagmohan Singh, Satish Rattan

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Aging-associated decrease in internal anal sphincter (IAS) tone (AADI) is a major contributor in the rectoanal incontinence (RI). To determine the pathogenesis of AADI, we investigated the effect of aging on GPCR activation and related downstream signaling. We particularly investigated two GPCRs that characterize IAS smooth muscle cells (SMCs): thromboxane A 2 and angiotensin II type 1. Two groups of Fischer 344 rats (6-month-old [young group] and 26-month-old [old group]) were employed to determine the GPCR function by isometric contraction, the expressions of GPCRs, and their downstream regulatory signaling proteins (regulator of G-protein signaling 2, RGS2; GPCR Kinase 5, GRK5 ...


Pediatric Ppi Use And Fractures, Nathan R. Fleishman, Troy Richardson, Thomas M. Attard 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Pediatric Ppi Use And Fractures, Nathan R. Fleishman, Troy Richardson, Thomas M. Attard

Posters

This study compared the rate of fracture among pediatric patients exposed to proton pump inhibitors to the rate among patients without exposure, and also considered the fracture location among children exposed to proton pump inhibitors.


A Review Of First Year Fellow Endoscopic Skills And Time To Proficiency, Antoinette Adjowa O. Walker, Dalya El Tawil, Jennifer Colombo, Nicholas Clark, Kimberly J. Reid 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Review Of First Year Fellow Endoscopic Skills And Time To Proficiency, Antoinette Adjowa O. Walker, Dalya El Tawil, Jennifer Colombo, Nicholas Clark, Kimberly J. Reid

Posters

Through this quality improvement project, we have assessed the current fellows' upper endoscopy skill level during their first year and determined that the time to achieving proficiency is significantly longer than desired. The goal is to prepare new fellows for endoscopy prior to the beginning of their rotations with a curriculum that includes assigned reading materials, videos, and simulated endoscopic cases, to promote safety and increase satisfaction of patients by improving the readiness, skill level, and the confidence of first year inexperienced fellows.


Suffering In Silence: Is Gastroparesis Underdiagnosed?, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2019 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Suffering In Silence: Is Gastroparesis Underdiagnosed?, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In this introduction to Volume 6, Issue 2, the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews offers additional comment to the clinical review of diabetic gastroparesis authored by Farmer and colleagues (p. 148), regarding the problem of undiagnosed disease. Increased awareness of this entity and appropriate questioning regarding symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis in the primary care setting may prevent the “suffering in silence” experienced by many patients with this complication.


Diabetic Gastroparesis: Perspectives From A Patient And Health Care Providers, Adam D. Farmer, Caroline E. Bruckner-Holt, Susanne Schwartz, Emma Sadler, Sri Kadirkamanthan 2019 University of Keele

Diabetic Gastroparesis: Perspectives From A Patient And Health Care Providers, Adam D. Farmer, Caroline E. Bruckner-Holt, Susanne Schwartz, Emma Sadler, Sri Kadirkamanthan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Gastroparesis is defined as a delay in gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction in the stomach. Gastroparesis has a number of causes, including postsurgical, secondary to medications, postinfectious, idiopathic, and as a complication of diabetes mellitus, where it is underrecognized. The cardinal symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis are nausea, early satiety, bloating, and vomiting. Diabetic gastroparesis is more common in females and has a cumulative incidence of 5% in type 1 diabetes and 1% in type 2 diabetes. It is associated with a reduction in quality of life and exerts a significant burden on health care resources. The pathophysiology ...


Endothelial Dysfunction In Adolescents And Young Adults With Nonalcoholic Liver Disease, Cristiana G. Moise, Octavian Istrătoaie, Ionuț Donoiu, Edme R. Mustafa, Georgică C. TÂRTEA, Diana R. Tudorașcu, Ion Rogoveanu 2019 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Gastroenterology, Craiova, Romania

Endothelial Dysfunction In Adolescents And Young Adults With Nonalcoholic Liver Disease, Cristiana G. Moise, Octavian Istrătoaie, Ionuț Donoiu, Edme R. Mustafa, Georgică C. Târtea, Diana R. Tudorașcu, Ion Rogoveanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Nonalcoholic liver disease is a global public health problem that increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in these patients. This paper discusses endothelial dysfunction among patients (adolescents and young adults) with nonalcoholic liver disease.

On the one hand, evidence suggests that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in patients with advanced nonalcoholic liver disease and that nonalcoholic fatty liver is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease independent of the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome components.

On the other hand, nonalcoholic liver disease, especially the non-inflammatory form of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, may not only be a ...


Immune And Inflammatory Pathways In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (Nash). An Update, Sorina Cezara Coste, Ionela Popovici, Andreea Maria Stefan, Iulia Breaban, Adela Sitar Taut, Simina Tarmure Sarlea, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Olga Hilda Orasan, Vasile Negrean, Lucia Maria Procopciuc 2019 uliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 4th Medical Clinic, Department no. 5 of Internal Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Immune And Inflammatory Pathways In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (Nash). An Update, Sorina Cezara Coste, Ionela Popovici, Andreea Maria Stefan, Iulia Breaban, Adela Sitar Taut, Simina Tarmure Sarlea, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Olga Hilda Orasan, Vasile Negrean, Lucia Maria Procopciuc

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), also known as fatty liver disease (FLD), is a major public health problem. It is considered to be the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. Chronic inflammation of the liver is an essential key in the progression from simple hepatic steatosis to steatohepatitis, the evolutionary stage of fatty liver disease. Moreover, the innate immune system plays a crucial role in the progression of hepatic inflammation. For this reason, it is of utmost importance to elucidate the connections between immune mechanisms, Toll-like receptor cytokine signalling, in order to find new effective treatments. Further studies are necessary to test ...


Patient Perception Of Telephone Follow-Up After Resection For Colorectal Cancer: Is It Time For An Alternative To The Out-Patient Clinic?, Marcus Gilmartin, Nicholas Leaver, George Hall, Helena Fawdry, Seung Lee, James Nicholson, Ramya Kalaiselvan, Raj Rajaganeshan 2019 University of Liverpool

Patient Perception Of Telephone Follow-Up After Resection For Colorectal Cancer: Is It Time For An Alternative To The Out-Patient Clinic?, Marcus Gilmartin, Nicholas Leaver, George Hall, Helena Fawdry, Seung Lee, James Nicholson, Ramya Kalaiselvan, Raj Rajaganeshan

Patient Experience Journal

The economic reality of modern healthcare provides a timely reminder to clinicians of their duty to provide outstanding and cost-effective care. Although multiple guidelines outline investigation, management and surveillance of colorectal cancer, none advocate a particular delivery method. Nurse-led telephone follow-up in multiple specialties has demonstrated equivalent clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction when compared to traditional outpatient department follow-up. This paper aims to compare nurse-led telephone and outpatient follow-up, following surgical resection of colorectal cancer (CRC), focusing on patient perceptions. This cross-sectional study distributed adapted patient satisfaction questionnaire (PS-Q 18) to patients undergoing surveillance following CRC resection via either nurse-led ...


Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente 2019 Duquesne University

Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Usually not diagnosed until open laparotomy, aortoduodenalfistulas (ADF) are one of the rarest complications of intestinal transplant surgery. With an incidence rate of only 0.04% at autopsy and only 250 documented cases since the early 1800’s, aortoduodenal fistulas are the most deadly complications of intestinal transplantation with a mortality rate of 100% without surgical intervention. A 39 year old, two-time multi-visceral transplant African American female patient suffered from a primary aortoduodenal fistula formation in a primary modified multi-visceral transplant aortic stump graft site. With emergency open laparotomy repair, revascularization of the secondary multi-visceral transplant was performed, saving the ...


Esophageal Necrosis: A Rare Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis – A Case Report, Ricky Buckshaw DO, Ethan S. Stern DO, Robert andrews MD, Frederic Stelzer MD 2019 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Esophageal Necrosis: A Rare Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis – A Case Report, Ricky Buckshaw Do, Ethan S. Stern Do, Robert Andrews Md, Frederic Stelzer Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Metastatic Melanoma To The Stomach: A Rare Cause Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Ricky Buckshaw DO, Robert V. Decker MD, Shashin Shah MD 2019 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Metastatic Melanoma To The Stomach: A Rare Cause Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Ricky Buckshaw Do, Robert V. Decker Md, Shashin Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Extracellular Vesicles In Liver Diseases: Meeting Report From The International Liver Congress 2018, Jesus M. Banales, Ariel E. Feldstein, Hanna Sanger, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Gyongyi Szabo, Miroslaw Kornek 2019 University of the Basque Country

Extracellular Vesicles In Liver Diseases: Meeting Report From The International Liver Congress 2018, Jesus M. Banales, Ariel E. Feldstein, Hanna Sanger, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Gyongyi Szabo, Miroslaw Kornek

Gyongyi Szabo

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small and heterogeneous membrane-bound structures released by cells and found in all biological fluids. They are effective intercellular communicators, acting on a number of close and/or distant target cells. EV cargo may reflect the cell of origin as well as the specific stress that induces their formation and release. They transport a variety of bioactive molecules, including messenger RNA, noncoding RNAs, proteins, lipids, and metabolites, that can be transferred among cells, regulating various cell responses. Alteration in the concentration and composition of EVs in biological fluids is a typical hallmark of pathologies in different liver ...


Inhibition Of Triggering Receptor Expressed On Myeloid Cells 1 Ameliorates Inflammation And Macrophage And Neutrophil Activation In Alcoholic Liver Disease In Mice, David Tornai, Istvan Furi, Zu T. Shen, Alexander B. Sigalov, Sahin Coban, Gyongyi Szabo 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Inhibition Of Triggering Receptor Expressed On Myeloid Cells 1 Ameliorates Inflammation And Macrophage And Neutrophil Activation In Alcoholic Liver Disease In Mice, David Tornai, Istvan Furi, Zu T. Shen, Alexander B. Sigalov, Sahin Coban, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is characterized by macrophage and neutrophil leukocyte recruitment and activation in the liver. Damage- and pathogen-associated molecular patterns contribute to a self-perpetuating proinflammatory state in ALD. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) is a surface receptor that amplifies inflammation induced by toll-like receptors (TLRs) and is expressed on neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages. We hypothesized that TREM-1 signaling contributes to proinflammatory pathway activation in ALD. Using an in vivo ALD model in mice, we tested the effects of ligand-independent TREM-1 inhibitory peptides that were formulated into human high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-mimicking complexes GF9-HDL and GA ...


Understanding Constipation: A Cross-Sectional Study From A Developing Country Setting, Minaz Mawani, Abdul Azeem, Sakina Gheewala, Nazish Butt, Shahab Abid 2019 Aga Khan University

Understanding Constipation: A Cross-Sectional Study From A Developing Country Setting, Minaz Mawani, Abdul Azeem, Sakina Gheewala, Nazish Butt, Shahab Abid

Section of Gastroenterology

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Gastroenterology Clinics of The Aga Khan Hospital and Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre in Karachi. All patients complaining of constipation were included. Patients with alarm features were excluded. Interviews were conducted by trained doctors using a structured Rome III based pre-tested questionnaire and Bristol Stool Form Scale. Out of 396 participants, 186 (47.0%) had FC and 209 (52.7%) had IBS-C. Based upon Bristol Stool Form Scale, only 214 (54%) reported to have slow transit constipation (BSS <2). A higher proportion of women reported severe form of constipation as compared to men (81.5%, n=150 vs. 65.1%, n=138 p<0.001). However, a higher percentage of men reported using medications to treat their symptoms (71.2%, n=151 vs. 57.1%, n=105 p=0.003). Proper understanding of patient's symptoms is essential for optimizing individual patient management.


A Multicenter Evaluation Of A New Eus Core Biopsy Needle: Experience In 200 Patients., Douglas G. Adler, V. Raman Muthusamy, Dean S. Ehrlich, Gulshan Parasher, Nirav C. Thosani, Ann Chen, Jonathan M. Buscaglia, Anoop Appannagari, Eduardo Quintero, Harry Aslanian, Linda Jo Taylor, Ali Siddiqui 2019 University of Utah School of Medicine

A Multicenter Evaluation Of A New Eus Core Biopsy Needle: Experience In 200 Patients., Douglas G. Adler, V. Raman Muthusamy, Dean S. Ehrlich, Gulshan Parasher, Nirav C. Thosani, Ann Chen, Jonathan M. Buscaglia, Anoop Appannagari, Eduardo Quintero, Harry Aslanian, Linda Jo Taylor, Ali Siddiqui

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Background and Objectives: We present a multicenter study of a new endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) needle (Acquire, Boston Scientific, Natick, MA). The aim of the study was to analyze the needle's clinical performance when sampling solid lesions and to assess the safety of this device.

Methods: We performed a multicenter retrospective study of patients undergoing EUS-FNB during July 1-November 15, 2016.

Results: Two hundred patients (121 males and 79 females) underwent EUS-FNB of solid lesions with the Acquire needle. Lesions included solid pancreatic masses (n = 109), adenopathy (n = 45), submucosal lesions (n = 34), cholangiocarcinoma (n = 8), liver lesions ...


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