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Neuroendocrine Tumor Of The Gallbladder, A Rare Incidental Finding, Alvaro Frometa, Yasna Chaudhary, Omar Ansari, Nigel Jagoo, Iqbal Kapadia 2020 Brandon Regional Hospital

Neuroendocrine Tumor Of The Gallbladder, A Rare Incidental Finding, Alvaro Frometa, Yasna Chaudhary, Omar Ansari, Nigel Jagoo, Iqbal Kapadia

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Background: Neuroendocrine tumors are a rare finding in the gallbladder. The incidence of this entity in the gallbladder is roughly 1.13 cases per 100,000 in the US, with a steady increase in the last decade. Gallbladder neuroendocrine tumors are generally asymptomatic; the majority of cases have been reported as incidental findings in specimens, resected due to secondary symptomatology, such as chronic cholecystitis. Treatment strategies are limited, in part due to the often advanced stage in which this disease presents. Furthermore, there is a restricted utility of diagnostic tools for early detection; these factors contribute to the poor prognosis ...


Ruptured Splenic Hemangioma Presenting As Small Bowel Obstruction: A Case Report, Haya S. Raef, Karin L. Cole MD 2020 Tufts School of Medicine and Maine Medical Center

Ruptured Splenic Hemangioma Presenting As Small Bowel Obstruction: A Case Report, Haya S. Raef, Karin L. Cole Md

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: Splenic hemangioma is a rare vascular tumor of the spleen. Typically asymptomatic, these lesions can present with rupture and hemoperitoneum. Clinical Findings: We report the case of a patient with no previous abdominal surgery that presented with symptoms and imaging consistent with small bowel obstruction (SBO), and an incidental finding of a splenic lesion. Main diagnoses, therapeutic interventions, and outcomes: At diagnostic laparoscopy, a ruptured splenic hemangioma was identified, with obstructive ileus due to hemoperitoneum. The patient subsequently underwent splenectomy to prevent recurrent bleeding. Conclusions: Splenic hemangiomas are rare vascular neoplasms of the spleen, which can be complicated by ...


Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy: Effect Of H. Pylori Infection And Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth Treatment On Clinical Outcomes, Shahab Abid, Muhammad Kamran, Adeel Abid, Nazish Butt, Safia Awan, Zaigham Abbas 2020 Aga Khan University

Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy: Effect Of H. Pylori Infection And Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth Treatment On Clinical Outcomes, Shahab Abid, Muhammad Kamran, Adeel Abid, Nazish Butt, Safia Awan, Zaigham Abbas

Section of Gastroenterology

The effect Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection and small intestinal bacterial over growth (SIBO) in minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is not well understood. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of eradication of Hp infection and SIBO treatment on MHE in patients with cirrhosis. Patients with cirrhosis were enrolled and MHE was determined by psychometric tests and critical flicker frequency analysis. Hp infection and SIBO were assessed by urea breath and Hydrogen breath tests respectively in patients with cirrhosis and in healthy volunteers. Patients with Hp infection and SIBO were given appropriate treatment. At six weeks follow-up, presence ...


Fecal Microbiota Transplantation And Gut Microbiome Effects On Psychiatric Illnesses, Mona Seresht 2020 Dominican University of California

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation And Gut Microbiome Effects On Psychiatric Illnesses, Mona Seresht

Physician Assistant Studies | Student Articles

Despite the medical advances that have been made in regards to mental health, psychiatric medications, and alternative therapies, many patients continue to suffer day in and day out, unable to live the type of life they desire. Many times, the medication route includes many episodes of trial and error, side effects, and no significant improvement in actual symptoms. Therapy, although effective, typically necessitates a supplemental medication for the best results. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a method where feces from a healthy donor is transferred to an affected patient, typically via colonoscopy. Theoretically, this alters the gut microbiome in a ...


Global Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Endoscopy: An International Survey Of 252 Centers From 55 Countries., Sravanthi Parasa, Nageshwar Reddy, Douglas O Faigel, Alessandro Repici, Fabian Emura, Prateek Sharma 2020 Division of Gastroenterology, Swedish Medical Group, Seattle, Washington.

Global Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Endoscopy: An International Survey Of 252 Centers From 55 Countries., Sravanthi Parasa, Nageshwar Reddy, Douglas O Faigel, Alessandro Repici, Fabian Emura, Prateek Sharma

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

No abstract provided.


Facing Real-World Challenges Of Immunogenicity In Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Kyle Gress, Julie A. Bass, Ryan S Funk, Ryan Morrow, Rachel Hasenkamp, Valentina Shakhnovich 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Facing Real-World Challenges Of Immunogenicity In Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Kyle Gress, Julie A. Bass, Ryan S Funk, Ryan Morrow, Rachel Hasenkamp, Valentina Shakhnovich

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


Leaving No One Behind: Towards Equitable Global Elimination Of Hepatitis C, Elin Hoffmann Dahl, Hassaan Zahid, Khawar Aslam, Wasim Jafri 2020 Norwegian Centre for Elimination of Hepatitis C, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, Norway

Leaving No One Behind: Towards Equitable Global Elimination Of Hepatitis C, Elin Hoffmann Dahl, Hassaan Zahid, Khawar Aslam, Wasim Jafri

Section of Gastroenterology

No abstract provided.


Internal Hernia As A Late Complication Of Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Procedure, Samantha Purton OMSIII, Gabriel Meshekow DO MPH, My Myers MD, Edgar Mercado MD, Allan Katz MD 2020 Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine

Internal Hernia As A Late Complication Of Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Procedure, Samantha Purton Omsiii, Gabriel Meshekow Do Mph, My Myers Md, Edgar Mercado Md, Allan Katz Md

West Florida Division Virtual Research Day

As the prevalence of obesity continues to rise, so does the popularity of bariatric surgery. Previously the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was the most common bariatric procedure, but now falls second to the gastric sleeve. It remains a relevant procedure, however, accounting for 17% of bariatric procedures in 2018. Due to its prevalence, it is important that the radiologist be familiar with the procedure and its complications such as leak, obstruction, stricture, or, as in this case, internal herniation through a mesenteric defect. Internal hernias are more commonly associated with the laparoscopic approach versus open. This is likely due to fewer ...


Time Value Analysis Of Inpatient Endoscopy Workflow, Sanaa Arastu, MD, Andrew Elden, MD, Raymond Janowski, MD, Aaron Martin, MD, Joseph Yoo, MD, Richard Denicola, MD, Amy Javia, MD, Melissa Vitolo, MD, Linda Yan, MD, Christopher Cao, MD, Scott Manski, MD, Christopher Schmoyer, MD, Brianna Shinn, MD, Mitchell Conn, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Time Value Analysis Of Inpatient Endoscopy Workflow, Sanaa Arastu, Md, Andrew Elden, Md, Raymond Janowski, Md, Aaron Martin, Md, Joseph Yoo, Md, Richard Denicola, Md, Amy Javia, Md, Melissa Vitolo, Md, Linda Yan, Md, Christopher Cao, Md, Scott Manski, Md, Christopher Schmoyer, Md, Brianna Shinn, Md, Mitchell Conn, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Aims for Improvement

  • Our aim was to evaluate the variables involved in room turnover and identify any delays that lead to the time difference found between inpatient and outpatient rooms.
  • We planned to design an intervention to improve efficiency in the endoscopy suite and complete more inpatient cases.
  • We predicted that completion of more inpatient cases would subsequently decrease the need for cancellation and rescheduling of medically necessary cases on a daily basis.


An Unusual Case Of Abdominal Pain In A 5-Year-Old With Biliary Atresia Splenic Malformation Syndrome, David Simon 2020 Children's Mercy Kansas City

An Unusual Case Of Abdominal Pain In A 5-Year-Old With Biliary Atresia Splenic Malformation Syndrome, David Simon

Research Days

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Sectional Study Of Nausea In Functional Abdominal Pain: Relation To Mucosal Mast Cells And Psychological Functioning., Craig A. Friesen, Meenal Singh, Vivekanand Singh, Jennifer Verrill Schurman 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Cross-Sectional Study Of Nausea In Functional Abdominal Pain: Relation To Mucosal Mast Cells And Psychological Functioning., Craig A. Friesen, Meenal Singh, Vivekanand Singh, Jennifer Verrill Schurman

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Nausea is a common symptom in youth with chronic abdominal pain. The aims of the current study were to assess: 1) the frequency of nausea in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), respectively, as defined by Rome IV criteria; and, 2) relationships between nausea and mucosal inflammation as defined by antral and duodenal eosinophil and mast cell densities. A secondary aim was to assess relationships between nausea and other gastrointestinal symptoms, non-gastrointestinal somatic symptoms, and psychological dysfunction.

METHODS: Records from patients with pain associated functional gastrointestinal disorders were retrospectively reviewed for gastrointestinal and somatic symptoms ...


Telemedicine And Telehepatology During The Covid-19 Pandemic., Oren K Fix, Marina Serper 2020 Organ Transplant Department, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, Washington

Telemedicine And Telehepatology During The Covid-19 Pandemic., Oren K Fix, Marina Serper

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

No abstract provided.


A Rare Cause Of Pneumoperitoneum, Robert Zusman DO, George Michael DO, Anna E. Augustin DO, My Myers MD, Dudith Pierre-Victor 2020 HCA Healthcare

A Rare Cause Of Pneumoperitoneum, Robert Zusman Do, George Michael Do, Anna E. Augustin Do, My Myers Md, Dudith Pierre-Victor

West Florida Division Virtual Research Day

Pneumoperitoneum is most commonly associated with a perforated viscus. When free air is seen on imaging, the most common course of action is an emergent exploratory laparotomy. However, pneumoperitoneum may not always be indicative of a perforated bowel. In the case described below, we will discuss a patient who developed acute peritonitis and pneumoperitoneum after undergoing chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and positive pressure mechanical ventilation.


The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire In Randomized Controlled Trials Of Treatment For Ulcerative Colitis: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Aaron Yarlas, Stephen Maher, Martha Bayliss, Andrew Lovley, Joseph C. Cappelleri, Andrew G. Bushmakin, Marco D. DiBonaventura 2020 Optum, Inc.

The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire In Randomized Controlled Trials Of Treatment For Ulcerative Colitis: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Aaron Yarlas, Stephen Maher, Martha Bayliss, Andrew Lovley, Joseph C. Cappelleri, Andrew G. Bushmakin, Marco D. Dibonaventura

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The 32-item Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ-32) is the most frequently used instrument to capture disease-specific quality of life in randomized clinical trials for ulcerative colitis. This review and meta-analysis provides the first synthesis of evidence regarding the sensitivity of IBDQ-32 total and domain scores to treatment efficacy.

Methods: A systematic literature search and risk-of-bias assessment yielded 14 articles that were included in the primary analysis. Treatments were categorized as efficacious if they met the primary efficacy endpoint (which was not the IBDQ-32); otherwise they were categorized as non-efficacious. A continuous measure of treatment efficacy was calculated for each ...


Drug Induced Liver Injury Is Associated With High Mortality- A Study From A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Adeel Abid, Faryal Subhani, Farhana Kayani, Safia Awan, Shahab Abid 2020 Aga Khan University

Drug Induced Liver Injury Is Associated With High Mortality- A Study From A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Adeel Abid, Faryal Subhani, Farhana Kayani, Safia Awan, Shahab Abid

Medical College Documents

Background and aim: In light of few established drug induced liver injury (DILI) registries, this study aims to evaluate the clinical spectrum and predictors of mortality and morbidity of hospitalized patients with suspected DILI.
Patients and methods: DILI cases were identified and categorized on basis of COIMS/RUCAM score and the exclusion of other liver diseases. Clinical and laboratory parameters were analyzed to identify the predictors of morbidity (prolonged hospital stay > 5 days) and mortality.
Results: Out of 462 patients, there were 264 (57.6%) males and the mean age of the cohort was 50.83 years (range: 20-94 years ...


Duodenal Carcinoid Tumour – A Case Report, Vasile Negrean, Cristina Buchman, Mirela Georgiana Perne, Mircea Milaciu, Iacob Domsa, Teodora Gabriela Alexescu, Ioana Para, Olga Hilda Orasan 2020 IULIU HAȚIEGANU UNIVERSITY OF MEDECINE AND PHARMACY, 4TH MEDICAL DEPARTMENT, CLUJ NAPOCA, ROMANIA

Duodenal Carcinoid Tumour – A Case Report, Vasile Negrean, Cristina Buchman, Mirela Georgiana Perne, Mircea Milaciu, Iacob Domsa, Teodora Gabriela Alexescu, Ioana Para, Olga Hilda Orasan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Duodenal carcinoids are rare tumours of the small intestine with heterogenous clinical and pathological characteristics. The long-term prognosis is very good if discovered in the early stages. We present the case of a patient with a non-functional duodenal carcinoid tumour discovered incidentally during an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The diagnosis was confirmed through immunohistochemistry. Treatment consisted of the endoscopic resection of the tumour and the surveillance of the patient for the following 2 years, with no signs of recurrence. We have conducted a literature review regarding the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients with this type of tumours.


An Investigation Of Acute Effects At Various Doses Of Malathion On Glucose Homeostasis And Insulin Resistance In Rat Liver, Pancreas And Serum, Murat Ekremoğlu, Çınar Severcan, Özge Tuğce Pasaoğlu, Bayram Şen, Hatice Pasaoğlu 2020 ALTINBAŞ UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY KARTALTEPE AV. İNCIRLI 34145 STR. BAKIRKÖY/İSTANBUL/ TURKEY

An Investigation Of Acute Effects At Various Doses Of Malathion On Glucose Homeostasis And Insulin Resistance In Rat Liver, Pancreas And Serum, Murat Ekremoğlu, Çınar Severcan, Özge Tuğce Pasaoğlu, Bayram Şen, Hatice Pasaoğlu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objective. This study investigates acute effects of various doses of Malathion on glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance in rat.

Methods. Rats were randomly divided into four groups of 6 animals each. Corn oil was given orally to Group 1. Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4 received malathion dissolved in corn oil via oral administration at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, respectively. 24 hours later the rats were sacrificed.

Results. Acute administration of Malathion led to a decrease in serum butryl cholinesterase (BChE) levels at all doses tested. It also caused a significant increase in serum ...


Consciousness Level Determination Of Red Meat Consumption Of Pregnant Women, Giresun/Turkey Province, Duygu Balpetek Külcü, Özge Cağcağ Yolcu 2020 DEPARTMENT OF FOOD ENGINEERING, GIRESUN UNIVERSITY, 28200, GIRESUN, TURKEY, DUYGU.BALPETEK@GIRESUN.EDU.TR

Consciousness Level Determination Of Red Meat Consumption Of Pregnant Women, Giresun/Turkey Province, Duygu Balpetek Külcü, Özge Cağcağ Yolcu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

In this study, meat consumption and the nutritional status of pregnant women living in Giresun province of Turkey were investigated. The study was carried out at Giresun University, the Maternity and Pediatrics Training and Research Hospital between February-March 2019. The study group consisted of 218 pregnant women aged 18 to 49 years, who benefited from polyclinic services and agreed to participate in the survey. A questionnaire consisting of 12 questions was used, and the findings were evaluated using SPSS to generate descriptive statistics and t-tests or ANOVAs. The majority of participants stated that red meat is beneficial during pregnancy (71 ...


Microbiota: The Missing Link In The Etiology Of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Micu Ioan Sergiu, Madalina Elena Manea, Musat Marilena, Dumitru Andrada, Popoiag Roxana Emanuela 2020 EMERGENCY HOSPITAL OF CONSTANTA, DEPARTMENT OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA

Microbiota: The Missing Link In The Etiology Of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Micu Ioan Sergiu, Madalina Elena Manea, Musat Marilena, Dumitru Andrada, Popoiag Roxana Emanuela

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Within its twisted and tight walls, where a hostile and arid environment prevails, the lumen of the digestive tract nests a true microuniverse called the microbiota. The existing relationship between humans and these microorganisms is one in which both benefit, creating a condition called Eubiosis.

The dynamic relationship existing between the microbiota and the human body can be affected at various times, leading to an imbalance that may have important implications on health and generating a condition called Disbiosis.

Recent studies have highlighted possible links between several diseases with incompletely elucidated etiology and disturbances of the microbiota. In this review ...


Impacts On Fitness Associated With Acquisition Of Gut Microbiota In Drosophila, Corinne Topolski 2020 Grand Valley State University

Impacts On Fitness Associated With Acquisition Of Gut Microbiota In Drosophila, Corinne Topolski

Honors Projects

Drosophila melanogaster is a model organism that has been studied to demonstrate the role of gut microbiota in fitness. It has already been established the gut microbiota is extremely important for the health of the organism, but the source of the microbiota has not been studied as thoroughly. In order to test if the source of microbiota affects the fitness of the individual, adult male and female flies were placed onto plates to defecate after being raised on standard food and food with carbenicillin. Stock eggs were washed in either water or a bleach solution, then placed on the defecation ...


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