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Oral Carbohydrate Administration Prior To Colorectal Surgery: Practice Change Outcomes And Economic Analysis, Joshua Kendrick Ezelle 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Oral Carbohydrate Administration Prior To Colorectal Surgery: Practice Change Outcomes And Economic Analysis, Joshua Kendrick Ezelle

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Difference in recovery times has been an interest of mine for many years. I observed that an open heart surgery routinely recovered and discharged on the third post-op day, while a colorectal patient often required a hospital stay of five to ten days. I began researching recovery methods of colorectal patients. I found enhanced recovery techniques like decreased narcotic, use of NSAID’s, early ambulation, and the use of medications that assist with bowel peristalsis are being employed nationally. Other techniques are now starting to be used with positive results. One of these is Carb-loading. Carb-loading is the oral intake ...


A Rare Case Report Of Spontaneous Resolution Of Hepatic Portal Venous Gas Associated With Cocaine‑Induced Intestinal Ischemia, H. Patel, H. Shaaban, Nihar Shah MD, W. Baddoura 2016 Marshall University

A Rare Case Report Of Spontaneous Resolution Of Hepatic Portal Venous Gas Associated With Cocaine‑Induced Intestinal Ischemia, H. Patel, H. Shaaban, Nihar Shah Md, W. Baddoura

Gastroenterology

Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare disease entity. It is an ominous finding, usually, associated with intraabdominal ischemic necrosis. It frequently requires emergent surgical intervention. Herein, we present a case of a patient who complained of intense abdominal pain, with radiographic findings of HPVG as a result of cocaine-induced vascular insufficiency. After 5 h of nonoperative and conservative management, the HPVG spontaneously resolved. The patient clinically improved and was discharged home in a stable condition.


Data From: Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise S. Maranda, Ninfa Candela 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Vitamin D Status In Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Louise S. Maranda, Ninfa Candela

Pediatric Research Data

This dataset is the primary data source for a manuscript submitted for publication.

Manuscript abstract:

Importance: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with significant morbidity in children and adolescents, and the therapeutic efficacy of available treatment options is limited. The role of vitamin D supplementation in pediatric IBS is unclear as the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS is unknown. Equally the relationship of vitamin D status with psychosomatic symptoms in children and adolescents is unclear.

Aim: To characterize the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS using a case-control study design.

Hypothesis: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 ...


Cleveland Clinic Summer Scholars Program, Monica Singh 2016 Nova Southeastern University

Cleveland Clinic Summer Scholars Program, Monica Singh

Trick to the Treat of Internships and Research

No abstract provided.


Helicobacter Pylori: Types Of Diseases, Diagnosis, Treatment And Causes Of Therapeutic Failure, Cosmin Vasile Obleaga, Cristin Constantin Vere, Ionica Daniel Valcea, Mihai Calin Ciorbagiu, Emil Moraru, Cecil Sorin Mirea 2016 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Surgery

Helicobacter Pylori: Types Of Diseases, Diagnosis, Treatment And Causes Of Therapeutic Failure, Cosmin Vasile Obleaga, Cristin Constantin Vere, Ionica Daniel Valcea, Mihai Calin Ciorbagiu, Emil Moraru, Cecil Sorin Mirea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Acute upper gastrointestinal lesions have a multifactorial etiology but, regardless of the cause, they are related to mucosal barrier destruction. Since Helicobacter pylori induces a superficial chronic gastritis with the infiltration of neutrophils in the mucosa, it was speculated that Helicobacter pylori infection could also cause bleeding lesions. The diagnosis, the proper treatment and the revaluation of its effectiveness actually represent the prophylaxis of some diseases such as peptic ulcer, gastric lymphoma or mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) and gastric cancer. These diseases and their severe complications are life-threatening for the patient. Periodic renewal of the treatment and knowing the real ...


The Substrate Of The Biopsychosocial Influences In The Carcinogenesis Of The Digestive Tract, Georgică C. Târtea, Cristina Florescu, Daniel Pirici, Daniel Caragea, Elena A. Târtea, Cristin C. Vere 2016 Cardiology Resident Doctor, PhD Student Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania

The Substrate Of The Biopsychosocial Influences In The Carcinogenesis Of The Digestive Tract, Georgică C. Târtea, Cristina Florescu, Daniel Pirici, Daniel Caragea, Elena A. Târtea, Cristin C. Vere

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Digestive cancer represents a severe public health problem, being one of the main causes of death. It is considered a multifactorial disease, with hereditary predisposition, environmental factors, and other factors involved in carcinogenesis. Both the evolution and the pathogenesis of digestive neoplasms remain incompletely elucidated. As a multifactorial disease, it can be approached by taking into account the biopsychosocial influences via enteric nervous system. Many peptides and non-peptides having a neurotransmitter role can be found in the enteric nervous system, which can influence the neoplastic process directly or indirectly by affecting some angiogenic, growth, and metastasis factors. However, neurotransmitters can ...


Identification Of Pathway-Specific Serum Biomarkers Of Response To Glucocorticoid And Infliximab Treatment In Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Christopher R. Heier, Alyson A. Fiorillo, Ellen Chaisson, Heather A. Gordish-Dressman, Yetrib Hathout, Jesse M. Damsker, Eric P. Hoffman, Laurie S. Conklin 2016 George Washington University

Identification Of Pathway-Specific Serum Biomarkers Of Response To Glucocorticoid And Infliximab Treatment In Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Christopher R. Heier, Alyson A. Fiorillo, Ellen Chaisson, Heather A. Gordish-Dressman, Yetrib Hathout, Jesse M. Damsker, Eric P. Hoffman, Laurie S. Conklin

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

Objective:

Serum biomarkers may serve to predict early response to therapy, identify relapse, and facilitate drug development in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Biomarkers are particularly important in children, in whom achieving early remission and minimizing procedures are especially beneficial.

Methods:

We profiled protein and micro RNA (miRNA) in serum from patients pre- and post-therapy, to identify molecular markers of pharmacodynamic effect. Serum was obtained from children with IBD before and after treatment with either corticosteroids (prednisone; n=12) or anti-tumor necrosis factor-α biologic (infliximab; n=7). Over 1,100 serum proteins were assayed using aptamer-based SOMAscan proteomics, and 22 miRNAs ...


Anticoagulation Following Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Assessing Harms And Benefits, Jacob Jeffers 2016 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Anticoagulation Following Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Assessing Harms And Benefits, Jacob Jeffers

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Sengupta N, Feuerstein JD, Patwardhan VR, et al. The risks of thromboembolism vs. recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding after interruption of systemic anticoagulation in hospitalized in patients with gastrointestinal bleeding: a prospective study. Am. J. Gastroenterol. 2014;110:328-335. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2014.398


Trefoil Factor 2 (Tff2) Deficiency In Murine Digestive Tract Influences The Immune System, M. Baus- Loncar, J. Schmid, El-Nasir Lalani, I. Rosewell, R. A. Goodlad, H. G.W. Stamp, N. Blin, T. Kayademir 2016 University of Tübingen

Trefoil Factor 2 (Tff2) Deficiency In Murine Digestive Tract Influences The Immune System, M. Baus- Loncar, J. Schmid, El-Nasir Lalani, I. Rosewell, R. A. Goodlad, H. G.W. Stamp, N. Blin, T. Kayademir

El Nasir Lalani

Background & Aims:

The gastrointestinal trefoil factor family (TFF1, TFF2, TFF3) peptides are considered to play an important role in maintaining the integrity of the mucosa. The physiological role of TFF2 in the protection of the GI tract was investigated in TFF2 deficiency.

Methods:

TFF2-/- mice were generated and differential expression of various genes was assessed by using a mouse expression microarray, quantitative real time PCR, Northern blots or immunohistochemistry.

Results:

On an mRNA level we found 128 differentially expressed genes. We observed modulation of a number of crucial genes involved in innate and adaptive immunity in the TFF2-/- mice. Expression ...


Alcoholic Hepatitis Accelerates Early Hepatobiliary Cancer By Increasing Stemness And Mir-122-Mediated Hif-1alpha Activation, Aditya Ambade, Abhishek Satishchandran, Gyongyi Szabo 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Alcoholic Hepatitis Accelerates Early Hepatobiliary Cancer By Increasing Stemness And Mir-122-Mediated Hif-1alpha Activation, Aditya Ambade, Abhishek Satishchandran, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Alcohol-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops with advanced alcoholic liver disease and liver fibrosis. Using adult mice, we evaluate the effect of alcoholic steatohepatitis on early hepatobiliary carcinoma after initiation by diethyl-nitrosamine (DEN). Here we show that alcohol-fed DEN-injected mice have higher ALT and liver-to-body weight ratio compared to pair-fed DEN-injected mice. Alcohol feeding results in steatohepatitis indicated by increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and fibrotic genes. MRI and liver histology of alcohol+DEN mice shows hepatobiliary cysts, early hepatic neoplasia and increase in serum alpha-fetoprotein. Proliferation makers (BrdU, cyclin D1, p53) and cancer stem cell markers (CD133 and nanog) are significantly up-regulated ...


Fecal Transplant Vs Vancomycin For Recurrent Clostridium Diffile, Lauren M. Taylor, Todd E. Edwards 2016 James Madison University

Fecal Transplant Vs Vancomycin For Recurrent Clostridium Diffile, Lauren M. Taylor, Todd E. Edwards

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To compare fecal transplant and vancomycin in the treatment of recurrent clostridium difficile to determine which has the higher cure rate. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: Pubmed, Google Scholar, and TRIP database using the search terms “recurrent clostridium difficile.” Filters were implemented in the Pubmed database including: randomized control trials, English, and published in the past 5 years. Records were screened for RCT with fecal transplant and full-text. Results: van Nood et al. revealed an initial cure rate of 81% for the infusion group, and a re-treated cure rate of 94%, compared to the vancomycin alone group of 31 ...


Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Induced By Acute Pancreatitis, Socrates G. Roedan MD, Nihar Shah MD, Robert Spira MD 2016 Marshall University

Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Induced By Acute Pancreatitis, Socrates G. Roedan Md, Nihar Shah Md, Robert Spira Md

Gastroenterology

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare blood disorder characterized by clotting in small blood vessels of the body (microthrombi), resulting in a low platelet count. The disease consists of the pentad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenic purpura, neurologic abnormalities, fever and renal disease. Many symptoms could develop with acute pancreatitis but being able to differentiate when it is associated with any hematological conditions such as TTP is crucial to initiate a proper medical treatment. We present a rare case of a thirty-eight years old African American female, who presented to the Emergency department with an abdominal pain associated with ...


It Is Reasonable To Treat Patients With Type 1 Hepatorenal Syndrome With Midodrine And Octreotide, William Kane 2016 Wayne State University

It Is Reasonable To Treat Patients With Type 1 Hepatorenal Syndrome With Midodrine And Octreotide, William Kane

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Esrailian E, Pantangco ER, Kyulo NL, Hu KQ, Runyon BA. Octreotide/midodrine therapy significantly improves renal function and 30-day survival in patients with type 1 hepatorenal syndrome. Dig Dis Sci. 2007;52(3):742-748. doi: 10.1007/s10620-006-9312-0


A Case Report Of Multiple Aseptic Facial And Spinal Abscesses In A 45-Year-Old With Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Matthew Zheng, MD, Kristen Jackson, MD, Gloria Francis, MD, Bolin Niu, MD 2016 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

A Case Report Of Multiple Aseptic Facial And Spinal Abscesses In A 45-Year-Old With Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Matthew Zheng, Md, Kristen Jackson, Md, Gloria Francis, Md, Bolin Niu, Md

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Sterile abscess syndrome is a rarely described entity that is often associated with auto-inflammatory disorders. Although clinically similar to septic abscesses, sterile abscesses are known to be unaffected by antibiotic regimens and instead highly sensitive to steroids. The association of sterile abscesses with inflammatory bowel disease has been well-described. The majority of sterile abscess syndromes described in the literature are intraabdominal abscesses related to a primary gastrointestinal inflammatory disease. We describe a unique case of extra-abdominal sterile abscess syndrome associated with inflammatory bowel disease presenting as facial and paraspinal lesions.


Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication: Current Status., Karim Sami Trad 2016 George Washington University

Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication: Current Status., Karim Sami Trad

Surgery Faculty Publications

Purpose of review

Transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) performed with the EsophyX device (Redmond, Washington, USA) is a totally endoscopic procedure with the objectives to mechanically repair a defective gastroesophageal valve and to reduce small hiatal hernias. The recent publication of randomized controlled trials and long-term follow-up data offers the opportunity to reevaluate this treatment modality and its role in the management of patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Recent findings

Randomized controlled trials have confirmed the ability of TIF to eliminate troublesome GERD symptoms, heal esophagitis, and improve distal esophageal acid exposure in appropriately selected patient populations. These studies ...


Safety Of Infliximab In Children With Ibd: The Experience Of An Academic Center In Wv, Michael Northcutt MD, Awni Al-Subu MD, Brooke Bella RN, Yoram Elitsur MD 2016 Marshall University

Safety Of Infliximab In Children With Ibd: The Experience Of An Academic Center In Wv, Michael Northcutt Md, Awni Al-Subu Md, Brooke Bella Rn, Yoram Elitsur Md

Yoram Elitsur

BACKGROUND: The immune-modulating drug, infliximab, is approved for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) treatment in children. Chronic therapy with infliximab is associated with the development of early and delayed infusion reactions. We reviewed our experience with infliximab treatment and its side effects in a cohort of children diagnosed with IBD who were treated in our clinic.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all IBD children treated with infliximab in our center from 2006-2011 was performed. The demographic, chronological and clinical data were recorded. The infliximab infusion was given at 5mg/ kg according to a standard protocol after pre-treatment with low dose steroid ...


Mycobacterium Chelonae Associated With Rapid Erosion Of Non-Sutured Laparoscopic Gastric Band, Muhammed Ashraf Memon, Breda Memon, Michael Whitby 2016 Bond University

Mycobacterium Chelonae Associated With Rapid Erosion Of Non-Sutured Laparoscopic Gastric Band, Muhammed Ashraf Memon, Breda Memon, Michael Whitby

Muhammed Ashraf Memon

Introduction

To describe a case of rapidly eroded laparoscopic placed non-sutured gastric band secondary to Mycobacterium chelonae.

Presentation of case

A 65 year old male, who had undergone laparoscopic gastric banding two months prior for morbid obesity, presented to the clinic complaining of abdominal pain and night time fever of 4 days duration. Urgent gastroscopy revealed eroded gastric band which was removed laparoscopically.

Discussion

M. chelonae are not uncommon in Queensland. Although the mode of acquisition of infection remains unclear, it is suspected that human disease results from environmental exposure to dirty soil and water. The patient lives in rural ...


There Is Relief For Constipated Patients Taking Opioids., Ahmad Mohammadieh, James Choi, MD, Chelsea Gonzalez, DO, Diyanah Elyaman, MD 2016 Wayne State University School of Medicine

There Is Relief For Constipated Patients Taking Opioids., Ahmad Mohammadieh, James Choi, Md, Chelsea Gonzalez, Do, Diyanah Elyaman, Md

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Tack J, Lappalainen J, Diva U, Tummala R, Sostek M. Efficacy and safety of naloxegol in patients with opioid-induced constipation and laxative-inadequate response. United European Gastroenterol J. 2015 Oct;3(5):471-80. doi: 10.1177/2050640615604543


Exosomes Derived From Alcohol-Treated Hepatocytes Horizontally Transfer Liver Specific Mirna-122 And Sensitize Monocytes To Lps, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Exosomes Derived From Alcohol-Treated Hepatocytes Horizontally Transfer Liver Specific Mirna-122 And Sensitize Monocytes To Lps, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Hepatocyte damage and inflammation in monocytes/macrophages are central to the pathogenesis of alcoholic hepatitis (AH). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate all of these processes. MiRNA-122 is abundantly expressed in hepatocytes while monocytes/macrophages have low levels. The role of exosomes in AH and possible cross talk between hepatocyte-derived exosomes and immune cells is not explored yet. Here, we show that the number of exosomes significantly increases in the sera of healthy individuals after alcohol binge drinking and in mice after binge or chronic alcohol consumption. Exosomes isolated from sera after alcohol consumption or from in vitro ethanol-treated hepatocytes contained miRNA-122. Exosomes ...


Hepatocyte Growth Factor, Hepatocyte Growth Factor Activator And Arginine In A Rat Fulminant Colitis Model, Nathan P. Zwintscher, Puja M. Shah, Shashikumar K. Salgar, Christopher R. Newton, Justin A. Maykel, Ahmed Samy, Murad Jabir, Scott R. Steele 2016 Madigan Army Medical Center

Hepatocyte Growth Factor, Hepatocyte Growth Factor Activator And Arginine In A Rat Fulminant Colitis Model, Nathan P. Zwintscher, Puja M. Shah, Shashikumar K. Salgar, Christopher R. Newton, Justin A. Maykel, Ahmed Samy, Murad Jabir, Scott R. Steele

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) is commonly used to induce a murine fulminant colitis model. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been shown to decrease the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) but the effect of its activator, HGFA, is not well characterized. Arginine reduces effects of oxidative stress but its effect on IBD is not well known. The primary aim is to determine whether HGF and HGFA, or arginine will decrease IBD symptoms such as pain and diarrhea in a DSS-induced fulminant colitis murine model.

METHODS: A severe colitis was induced in young, male Fischer 344 rats with 4% (w ...


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