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The Role Of The Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 2 In Pancreatic Cancer: Mechanisms Of Tumor Immunosuppression And Intestinal Radioprotection, Carolina Garcia Garcia 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Role Of The Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 2 In Pancreatic Cancer: Mechanisms Of Tumor Immunosuppression And Intestinal Radioprotection, Carolina Garcia Garcia

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating disease with dismal prognosis. The only curative option for patients is surgery, but over 80% of patients are not surgical candidates. Unfortunately, PDAC is resistant to the three remaining options. PDAC is characterized by a profoundly hypoxic and immunosuppressive stroma, which contributes to its therapeutic recalcitrance. Alpha-smooth muscle actin+ (αSMA+) cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the most abundant stromal component, as well as mediators of stromal deposition. The hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF1 and HIF2) coordinate responses to hypoxia, yet, despite their known association to poor patient outcomes, their functions within the PDAC tumor microenvironment (TME ...


Functional, Diagnostic And Therapeutic Aspects Of Bile, Monjur Ahmed 2022 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Functional, Diagnostic And Therapeutic Aspects Of Bile, Monjur Ahmed

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Bile is a unique body fluid synthesized in our liver. Enterohepatic circulation preserves bile in our body through its efficient synthesis, transport, absorption, and reuptake. Bile is the main excretory route for bile salts, bilirubin, and potentially harmful exogenous lipophilic substances. The primary way of eliminating cholesterol is bile. Although bile has many organic and inorganic contents, bile acid is the most physiologically active component. Bile acids have a multitude of critical physiologic functions in our body. These include emulsification of dietary fat, absorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins, maintaining glucose, lipid, and energy homeostasis, sustenance of intestinal epithelial integrity ...


Characterization Of The Mucosally-Adherent Duodenal Microbiome In Children With And Without Crohn's Disease., Kenneth Schmidt, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell PhD, Carrie Vyhlidal, Daniel P. Heruth, Vivekanand Singh, Atif A. Ahmed, Taina Hudson, Veronica Williams, Valentina Shakhnovich 2022 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Characterization Of The Mucosally-Adherent Duodenal Microbiome In Children With And Without Crohn's Disease., Kenneth Schmidt, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell Phd, Carrie Vyhlidal, Daniel P. Heruth, Vivekanand Singh, Atif A. Ahmed, Taina Hudson, Veronica Williams, Valentina Shakhnovich

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Manipulation of the microbiome is a rational treatment strategy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Compared to the colon and terminal ileum (TI), understanding of the microbial composition in the duodenum is sparse. This gap in knowledge is especially significant for children with Crohn's disease (CD) because the prevalence of duodenal CD is higher in children than in adults. Our aim was to characterize the bacterial composition of the mucosally-adherent duodenal microbiome in children with and without CD as a first step toward development of targeted IBD treatment strategies at this disease location. Fresh-frozen mucosal biopsies were obtained from the ...


Assessment Of Predictive Factors Of Hepatic Steatosis Diagnosed By Vibration Controlled Transient Elastography (Vcte) In Chronic Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Patients, Singh Y, Gogtay M, Gurung S, Trivedi N, Abraham GM 2022 Department of Medicine, Saint Vincent Hospital, Worcester, MA

Assessment Of Predictive Factors Of Hepatic Steatosis Diagnosed By Vibration Controlled Transient Elastography (Vcte) In Chronic Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Patients, Singh Y, Gogtay M, Gurung S, Trivedi N, Abraham Gm

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

This retrospective, cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the predictive factors of moderate/severe hepatic steatosis diagnosed by vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE). It included 158 adult patients with suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) evaluated by VCTE in an outpatient setting of a community-based teaching hospital. Patients with significant alcohol consumption, oral contraceptive use, hepatitis B disease, autoimmune hepatitis, and primary biliary cirrhosis were excluded. Steatosis was categorized as S0-S1 (mild) and S2-S3 (moderate/severe) based on the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) score. Results demonstrated the mean values of BMI (p=0.001), kiloPascals [kPa] (fibrosis) raw score (p=0.009 ...


Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Due To Duodenal Varix: A Case Report, Bassam Hossain, Fahad Malik, Ali Khan, Mohammad Abidi, Ali Marhaba, Amanke Oranu, Mark Shumeyko, Amine Hila, Shoreh qazi, Shehryar shaikh 2022 UHS Wilson Medical Center

Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Due To Duodenal Varix: A Case Report, Bassam Hossain, Fahad Malik, Ali Khan, Mohammad Abidi, Ali Marhaba, Amanke Oranu, Mark Shumeyko, Amine Hila, Shoreh Qazi, Shehryar Shaikh

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

We report a case of a 72-year-old female with a past medical condition of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis who presented in the emergency department with altered mentation. An Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed which showed a normal esophagus and stomach, but revealed grade III varices which were appreciable in the second portion of the duodenum. Her colonoscopy report revealed multiple small and large mouthed diverticula in the sigmoid colon along with hematin throughout the colon, yet no evidence of active bleeding,mass or inflammation. We discuss the patient's rarity of the clinical entity, clinical development, and elements used for diagnosis along with the ...


Disease Burden And Management Of Crigler-Najjar Syndrome: Report Of A World Registry, Sem J Aronson, Norman Junge, Mediha Trabelsi, Wided Kelmemi, Aurelie Hubert, Karlla W Brigatti, Michael D. Fox, Robert J de Knegt, Johanna C Escher, Virginia M Ginocchio, Raffaele Iorio, Yan Zhu, Figen Özçay, Fakher Rahim, Mortada H F El-Shabrawi, Eyal Shteyer, Angelo Di Giorgio, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Federico Mingozzi, Nicola Brunetti-Pierri, Kevin A Strauss, Philippe Labrune, Ridha Mrad, Ulrich Baumann, Ulrich Beuers, Piter J Bosma 2022 Amsterdam University Medical Centers

Disease Burden And Management Of Crigler-Najjar Syndrome: Report Of A World Registry, Sem J Aronson, Norman Junge, Mediha Trabelsi, Wided Kelmemi, Aurelie Hubert, Karlla W Brigatti, Michael D. Fox, Robert J De Knegt, Johanna C Escher, Virginia M Ginocchio, Raffaele Iorio, Yan Zhu, Figen Özçay, Fakher Rahim, Mortada H F El-Shabrawi, Eyal Shteyer, Angelo Di Giorgio, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Federico Mingozzi, Nicola Brunetti-Pierri, Kevin A Strauss, Philippe Labrune, Ridha Mrad, Ulrich Baumann, Ulrich Beuers, Piter J Bosma

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Background and Aims Crigler-Najjar syndrome (CNS) is a disorder of bilirubin conjugation leading to brain damage and death without treatment. Although cohort studies of limited size have been published, uncertainty about outcome, co-morbidities, occurence of liver fibrosis and treatment outcome remains. With this worldwide cohort study, we aim to add substantial knowledge to the previously published data.

Methods Anonymized retrospective data of CNS patients were collected in a web-based registry platform.

Results Clinical data of 221 CNS patients (46% female, severe phenotype n = 209) were collected. At the time of analysis, 59 CNS patients were deceased. Mean serum total bilirubin ...


High Dose Opioid Administration For Adults Hospitalized With Acute Pancreatitis, Sharaya Hundeby, Brenda Senger, Teresa Bigand 2022 Providence Sacred Heart

High Dose Opioid Administration For Adults Hospitalized With Acute Pancreatitis, Sharaya Hundeby, Brenda Senger, Teresa Bigand

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Leveraging Single Cell Technologies For The Characterization And Treatment Of Refractory Pancreatic Cancer, Maria Monberg 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

Leveraging Single Cell Technologies For The Characterization And Treatment Of Refractory Pancreatic Cancer, Maria Monberg

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Heterogeneity is a hallmark of cancer, and the advent of multimodal single-cell technologies has helped uncover heterogeneity in a high-throughput manner in different cancers across varied contexts at an unprecedented resolution. In an effort to improve precision medicine approaches in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), a highly lethal malignancy with a mere 11% 5-year survival rate, this dissertation focuses on first questioning the assumptions of the most basic models used to study PDAC via multimodal single-cell characterization methods at multiple levels of biological organization (scCNVseq and snATACseq for DNA assays, scRNAseq for transcriptomics, and paired protein assays such as multiplexed immunofluorescence ...


Management Of Right Sided Carcinoid Heart Failure, Ganesh Arun, Ismat Cheema, Lorrie Pennfield, Mohammed Raza, Erik Raborn, Ami Patel, Farhan Ali 2022 Arnot Ogden Medical Center

Management Of Right Sided Carcinoid Heart Failure, Ganesh Arun, Ismat Cheema, Lorrie Pennfield, Mohammed Raza, Erik Raborn, Ami Patel, Farhan Ali

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Carcinoid heart disease is a rare complication of an already rare disease. This issue is theorized to be secondary to released proinflammatory molecules that deposit on the surfaces of heart valves. These molecules are released from the carcinoid tumor itself and manifest symptoms based on liver, lung and brain function. The detection of 5-HIAA, a breakdown source of serotonin, is useful for diagnosis. These deposits occur most commonly on the endocardium of valvular cusps and cardiac chambers. This case presents a 48 year old woman with echo findings of right heart failure in the setting of a carcinoid tumor. It ...


Improving Advanced Therapeutic Endoscopy Performance At An Academic Children's Hospital, Julia Snodgrass, Thomas M. Attard, Donna Ditsch, John Colgan, Amanda Weston, Jessica Koch, Nadia Ibrahimi, Pang Krasaelap, Voytek Slowick, Laura Shroyer 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Improving Advanced Therapeutic Endoscopy Performance At An Academic Children's Hospital, Julia Snodgrass, Thomas M. Attard, Donna Ditsch, John Colgan, Amanda Weston, Jessica Koch, Nadia Ibrahimi, Pang Krasaelap, Voytek Slowick, Laura Shroyer

Research Days

Problem Statement/Question: Advanced therapeutic endoscopy is infrequently needed but critical in the management of children with complex gastroenterology disorders. Hands-on experience in specific advanced techniques, set up of endoscopy equipment and familiarity with new ancillary equipment for use during endoscopy have been intra-departmentally identified as potential areas for improvement.

Background/Project Intent: Our aim is to improve provider scoring on an endoscopy practice test based on technical aspects of therapeutic techniques, indications and set up of standard and new endoscopic equipment by 20% over pre-practice session testing.

Methods: The Model for Improvement framework was utilized. A multidisciplinary team was ...


A Case Report Of Suspected Choledocholithiasis 20 Years After Cholecystectomy, Maleeha Memon, Dhara Rana, Chandni Patel, Christine LeRoy, Bijal Sheth 2022 St. Joseph's University Medical Center

A Case Report Of Suspected Choledocholithiasis 20 Years After Cholecystectomy, Maleeha Memon, Dhara Rana, Chandni Patel, Christine Leroy, Bijal Sheth

Stratford Campus Research Day

Gallstones are a common prevalence in western societies where approximately 15% of Americans have gallstones. The mainstay treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is estimated approximately 650,000 to 700,000 cholecystectomies are performed every year. Most patients feel relief after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but a small number of patients experience post cholecystectomy syndrome, which presents as biliary colic pain. Although the pathophysiology of the post cholecystectomy syndrome is unclear, one theory proposes that it is due to the alteration in bile flow after the removal of the gallbladder, which serves as a reservoir for bile. This bile ...


Case Report: Epigastric Abdominal Pain From Beverage Ingestion Of Freshly Squeezed Juice Of The Hardy Orange Flying Dragon Plant (Poncirus Trifoliata), James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, David Ho 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: Epigastric Abdominal Pain From Beverage Ingestion Of Freshly Squeezed Juice Of The Hardy Orange Flying Dragon Plant (Poncirus Trifoliata), James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, David Ho

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report the case of a 25 year old male who presented to the ED with epigastric abdominal pain after ingesting a freshly squeezed beverage form of Flying Dragon Hardy Orange plant (Poncirus trifoliata). Poison control was contacted and recommended symptomatic treatment only. The patient’s pain resolved while in the emergency department. Seed and rind preparations have been used as an herbal remedy in East Asia. Freshly squeezed Poncirus trifoliata can cause significant abdominal pain.


Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Associated Enteropathy- Brief Report, Falgun Gosai, Neha Gosai 2022 Adult Hospitalist, SFMC Peoria, Illinois

Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Associated Enteropathy- Brief Report, Falgun Gosai, Neha Gosai

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

The current literature has shown equivocal results regarding the association of Olmesartan and other angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) use and the presence of Celiac sprue-like enteropathy (CSLE). Various factors affecting the association are- patient population under study, geographic area, and duration of use of medication. Various case reports/ case series and observational studies have shown the mixed results regarding an association. We have tried to answer a question what exists in the literature regarding the angiotensin receptor blockers related sprue like enteropathy.


Intestinal Tuberculosis Presenting With Gastrointestinal Bleeding In Patient On Warfarin Therapy, Pascal Kuka, Joe Rakiro, Joseph Gatheru, Felix Riunga 2022 Aga Khan University

Intestinal Tuberculosis Presenting With Gastrointestinal Bleeding In Patient On Warfarin Therapy, Pascal Kuka, Joe Rakiro, Joseph Gatheru, Felix Riunga

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Background: Intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) constitutes less than 5% of overall cases of extrapulmonary disease and mostly affects the ileocecal region. The presentation and radiologic findings in enteric tuberculosis can mimic Crohn’s disease (CD).

Case Pre- sentation: We present a case report of an African woman who presented to a Kenyan hospital with lower gastrointestinal bleeding while on anticoagulation for valvular atrial fibrillation, and was diagnosed with intestinal tuberculosis after colonoscopy, biopsy, and positive staining for tuberculous bacilli.

Conclusion: Intestinal tuberculosis causing gastrointestinal bleeding is rare but should be suspected in patients living in TB endemic regions.


Natural Killer Cells In Liver Transplantation: Can We Harness The Power Of The Immune Checkpoint To Promote Tolerance?, Jennifer Halma, Stephen Pierce, Rebecca McLennan, Todd Bradley, Ryan T. Fischer 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Natural Killer Cells In Liver Transplantation: Can We Harness The Power Of The Immune Checkpoint To Promote Tolerance?, Jennifer Halma, Stephen Pierce, Rebecca Mclennan, Todd Bradley, Ryan T. Fischer

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The roles that natural killer (NK) cells play in liver disease and transplantation remain ill-defined. Reports on the matter are often contradictory, and the mechanisms elucidated are complex and dependent on the context of the model tested. Moreover, NK cell attributes, such as receptor protein expression and function differ among species, make study of primate or rodent transplant models challenging. Recent insights into NK function and NK-mediated therapy in the context of cancer therapy may prove applicable to transplantation. Of specific interest are immune checkpoint molecules and the mechanisms by which they modulate NK cells in the tumor micro-environment. In ...


Necrotizing Enterocolitis Rates In Preterm Infants, Alexis Howard 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Necrotizing Enterocolitis Rates In Preterm Infants, Alexis Howard

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Breast milk and donor human milk is used in the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants born prior to 37 weeks gestation and those with very low birth weight. This process occurs through direct breast feeding and tube feeding. The aim of this study was to compare the use of breast milk and donor milk to the use of formula feed in preterm infants. A systematic review was conducted using articles collected from CINAHL and PubMed and was guided by PRISMA guidelines. A total of 15 studies that met criteria were analyzed by purpose, variables, study design, population ...


Acute Esophageal Necrosis Following Acetaminophen Overdose: An Unreported Cause Of Black Esophagus, Karolina N. Dziadkowiec, Renuka Reddy, Akiva J. Marcus 2022 University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine

Acute Esophageal Necrosis Following Acetaminophen Overdose: An Unreported Cause Of Black Esophagus, Karolina N. Dziadkowiec, Renuka Reddy, Akiva J. Marcus

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Acute esophageal necrosis (AEN), also known as “black esophagus” or Gurvits syndrome, is an uncommon finding with an unclear etiology and pathogenesis. This condition often presents as an upper gastrointestinal bleed in older men with multiple comorbidities. AEN is characterized by circumferential black, necrotic mucosa in the esophagus. We present a case of AEN following acetaminophen overdose. The patient was ultimately discharged from the hospital with oral omeprazole twice daily, a clear liquid diet, and a recommendation for follow-up in the outpatient setting for repeat EGD in 4 to 6 weeks. Acetaminophen overdose, although a rare cause, must be considered ...


Indications For Esophagogastroduodenoscopy In Anemic Patients Without Overt Signs Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Geoffrey M. Ginter 2022 Wayne State University

Indications For Esophagogastroduodenoscopy In Anemic Patients Without Overt Signs Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Geoffrey M. Ginter

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Majid S, Salih M, Wasaya R, Jafri W. Predictors of gastrointestinal lesions on endoscopy in iron deficiency anemia without gastrointestinal symptoms. BMC Gastroenterol. 2008;8:52. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-230X-8-52

for a patient with a complicated presentation of severe anemia


The Surgical Management Of Pancreatic Pseudocysts – Outcomes On A Group Of Seven Patients, Mihai Faur, Andrei Moisin, Alexandru Dan Sabau, Dan Sabau 2022 Lucian Blaga University, Sibiu County Emergency Clinical Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Sibiu, Romania

The Surgical Management Of Pancreatic Pseudocysts – Outcomes On A Group Of Seven Patients, Mihai Faur, Andrei Moisin, Alexandru Dan Sabau, Dan Sabau

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The pancreatic pseudocyst represents the main complication that occurred 3 to 6 weeks after an outbreak of acute or chronic pancreatitis represented by a collection containing pancreatic enzymes without their own epithelial wall. In the present paper, we present a study performed on 7 patients admitted to the Surgical Department of Sibiu County Emergency Clinical Hospital who were diagnosed with pancreatic pseudocyst between 2016 and 2020, and the drainage of the mini-invasive pancreatic pseudocyst by an incision in the right lumbar area, in the case of a 53-year-old patient known to have a history of multiple cardiac defects, the pancreatic ...


Colonic Diverticulosis - Diagnostic And Therapeutic Difficulties, Cristian Meșină, Theodor Viorel Dumitrescu, Mihai Calin Ciorbagiu, Cosmin Vasile Obleaga, Ionica Daniel Vilcea, Mihaela Iustina Mesina-Botoran 2022 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of General Surgery, Craiova, Romania

Colonic Diverticulosis - Diagnostic And Therapeutic Difficulties, Cristian Meșină, Theodor Viorel Dumitrescu, Mihai Calin Ciorbagiu, Cosmin Vasile Obleaga, Ionica Daniel Vilcea, Mihaela Iustina Mesina-Botoran

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. The objectives of this study are to highlight the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in patients with complicated acute colonic diverticulosis. Methods. The study group comprised 40 patients hospitalized to the Second Surgical Clinic of the Emergency County Hospital in Craiova, Romania, through the emergency service between 2015 and 2021. Regarding the sex distribution of the patients with colonic diverticular disease studied, there was a predominance of males. The distribution of patients was as follows: 22 patients with acute colonic diverticulitis, out of whom 21 patients suffered from left acute colonic diverticulitis and 1 patient suffered from right acute colonic ...


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