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High-Volume Hemofiltration Is Not Preferred For Hypertriglyceridemia-Induced Pancreatitis, Ian N. Monk 2018 Wayne State University School of Medicine

High-Volume Hemofiltration Is Not Preferred For Hypertriglyceridemia-Induced Pancreatitis, Ian N. Monk

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of He WH, Yu M, Zhu Y, et al. Emergent triglyceride-lowering therapy with early high-volume hemofiltration against low-molecular-weight heparin combined with insulin in hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis: A prospective randomized controlled trial. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2016;50(9):772-778. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000000552.


Synchronous Gastric And Duodenal Metastases From Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Unique Presentation Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding., Nicholas P. Tarangelo, Charles Andrew Kistler, Zachary Daitch, Wei Jiang, Daniel M. Quirk 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Synchronous Gastric And Duodenal Metastases From Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Unique Presentation Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding., Nicholas P. Tarangelo, Charles Andrew Kistler, Zachary Daitch, Wei Jiang, Daniel M. Quirk

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Metastatic disease to the stomach or duodenum is an infrequent diagnosis, and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the least common primary malignancies that lead to gastric or duodenal metastases. We report the case of a 65-year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus infection and previously diagnosed HNSCC who presented with melena. The patient had a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placed 3 months prior to his presentation. Laboratory testing was significant for normocytic anemia and a digital rectal examination was positive for melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed numerous cratered nodules with contact bleeding in the stomach as well as ...


The Non-Healing Lleocecal Ulcer., Kyle Kreitman DO, Patrick Hickey DO, Paola Blanco MD, Hiral N. Shah MD 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network

The Non-Healing Lleocecal Ulcer., Kyle Kreitman Do, Patrick Hickey Do, Paola Blanco Md, Hiral N. Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Approach To The Diagnostic Workup And Management Of Small Bowel Lesions At A Tertiary Care Center (Poster), David Stein, Jonathan Green, Christopher R. Schlieve, Ann K. Friedrich, Kevin P. Baratta, David H. Ma, May Min, Krunal Patel, David R. Cave, Demetrius E. M. Litwin, Mitchell A. Cahan 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Approach To The Diagnostic Workup And Management Of Small Bowel Lesions At A Tertiary Care Center (Poster), David Stein, Jonathan Green, Christopher R. Schlieve, Ann K. Friedrich, Kevin P. Baratta, David H. Ma, May Min, Krunal Patel, David R. Cave, Demetrius E. M. Litwin, Mitchell A. Cahan

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Primary small bowel lesions (SBLs) are rare entities that are difficult to characterize with modern endoscopic and radiographic techniques. This makes their diagnosis and management a significant challenge. Further, SBLs vary widely in pathology and gastrointestinal tract location. Therefore, it is important to review prior SBL cases to understand what factors were most beneficial in directing diagnostic approaches and subsequent treatments for these patients.

Purpose: To evaluate diagnostic modalities used and management practices of patients with SBLs at an advanced endoscopic referral center.

Methods: We analyzed patients undergoing surgical management for SBL from 2005-2015 at a single tertiary care ...


Periostin And Mesothelin: Potential Predictors Of Malignant Progression In Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma, Pranoti Mandrekar, Vincenzo Cardinale 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Periostin And Mesothelin: Potential Predictors Of Malignant Progression In Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma, Pranoti Mandrekar, Vincenzo Cardinale

Open Access Articles

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a heterogeneous group of malignancy arising at any level of the biliary tree based on their anatomical location, is classified into intrahepatic (iCCA), perihilar, and distal subtypes. iCCA, which arises distally to the second‐order bile ducts, is a highly heterogeneous and aggressive malignancy with overall poor prognosis. The rate of iCCA is increasing rapidly, particularly in Western countries; however, its precise etiology and pathogenesis remain elusive.1 While surgical resection is the first line of treatment, liver transplantation is the potential curative treatment for unresectable tumors in patients with iCCA, and posttransplantation 5‐year survival rates are ...


The Morbidity And Mortality Of Laparoscopic Appendectomy In Patients With Cirrhosis, Yasir Al-Azzawai, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo, Tarek Najuib 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Morbidity And Mortality Of Laparoscopic Appendectomy In Patients With Cirrhosis, Yasir Al-Azzawai, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo, Tarek Najuib

Open Access Articles

Introduction: The perioperative mortality is significantly higher in patients with cirrhosis undergoing certain surgical procedures. In this study, we examined the inpatient perioperative mortality and morbidities in cirrhotic people who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis using the National Inpatient Sample database for 2010. Inclusion criteria were all race and sex who are 18 years or older. Those who have laparoscopic appendectomy and have a history of liver cirrhosis were assigned to case group. An equal random number of appendectomy-related admissions and those who have no history of liver cirrhosis were selected and placed in the control ...


Suspected Blood Indicator To Identify Active Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Prospective Validation, Samuel Han, Julien Fahed, David R. Cave 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Suspected Blood Indicator To Identify Active Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Prospective Validation, Samuel Han, Julien Fahed, David R. Cave

Open Access Articles

Background: The suspected blood indicator (SBI) function in the RAPID Reader v8.3 program was designed to quickly identify the presence of blood in video capsule endoscopy. While previous retrospective studies have shown that the SBI function was accurate in detecting the presence of active bleeding in the small bowel, its specificity and sensitivity were poor.

Methods: An initial retrospective review (phase 1) compared 115 patients with active gastrointestinal bleeding seen on video capsule endoscopy (VCE) to 115 patients with no active bleeding seen on VCE to produce a highly accurate algorithm. A prospective study (phase 2) was then performed ...


Complications Related To Esophageal Stent (Boston Scientific [Wallflex] Vs Merit Medical Endotek) Use In Benign And Malignant Esophageal Condition – A Single Center Retrospective Review., Rajesh Essrani MD, Hiral N. Shah MD, Shashin Shah MD, Jennifer E. Macfarlan MPH 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Complications Related To Esophageal Stent (Boston Scientific [Wallflex] Vs Merit Medical Endotek) Use In Benign And Malignant Esophageal Condition – A Single Center Retrospective Review., Rajesh Essrani Md, Hiral N. Shah Md, Shashin Shah Md, Jennifer E. Macfarlan Mph

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Will Aiming For Quantity Affect Quality? Establishing Open Access At A Fellow-Run Gastroenterology Clinic., Matthew Sullivan DO, Patrick Hickey DO, Eric Nellis MD, Abdul Aleem MD, Rajesh Essrani MD, Hiral N. Shah MD 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Will Aiming For Quantity Affect Quality? Establishing Open Access At A Fellow-Run Gastroenterology Clinic., Matthew Sullivan Do, Patrick Hickey Do, Eric Nellis Md, Abdul Aleem Md, Rajesh Essrani Md, Hiral N. Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Plasma Inflammatory Cytokines And Survival Of Pancreatic Cancer Patients., A. Babic, N. Schnure, N. P. Neupane, M. M. Zaman, N. Rifai, M. W. Welch, L. K. Brais, D. A. Rubinson, V. Morales-Oyarvide, C. Yuan, S. Zhang, E. M. Poole, B. M. Wolpin, M. H. Kulke, D. A. Barbie, K. Wong, C. S. Fuchs, K. Ng 2018 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Plasma Inflammatory Cytokines And Survival Of Pancreatic Cancer Patients., A. Babic, N. Schnure, N. P. Neupane, M. M. Zaman, N. Rifai, M. W. Welch, L. K. Brais, D. A. Rubinson, V. Morales-Oyarvide, C. Yuan, S. Zhang, E. M. Poole, B. M. Wolpin, M. H. Kulke, D. A. Barbie, K. Wong, C. S. Fuchs, K. Ng

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVES: Inflammation and inflammatory conditions have been associated with pancreatic cancer risk and progression in a number of clinical, epidemiological, and animal model studies. The goal of the present study is to identify plasma markers of inflammation associated with survival of pancreatic cancer patients, and assess their joint contribution to patient outcome.

METHODS: We measured circulating levels of four established markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor type II (sTNF-RII), and macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1)) in 446 patients enrolled in an ongoing prospective clinic-based study. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for ...


The Importance Of Circulating Tumor Products As „Liquid Biopsies” In Colorectal Cancer, Alina Miscoci, Cristian D. Pirvu, Veronica Calborean, Costin T. Streba, Otilia C. Rogoveanu, Vlad Pădureanu, Cristin C. Vere 2018 Craiova Univeristy of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Internal Medicine

The Importance Of Circulating Tumor Products As „Liquid Biopsies” In Colorectal Cancer, Alina Miscoci, Cristian D. Pirvu, Veronica Calborean, Costin T. Streba, Otilia C. Rogoveanu, Vlad Pădureanu, Cristin C. Vere

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Liquid biopsies represent an array of plasma analysis tests that are studied to evaluate and identify circulating tumor products, especially circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA). Examining such biomarkers in the plasma of colorectal cancer patients has attracted attention due to its clinical significance in the treatment of malignant diseases. Given that tissue samples are sometimes challenging to procure or unsatisfactory for genomic profiling from patients with colorectal cancer, trustworthy biomarkers are mandatory for guiding treatment, monitoring therapeutic response, and detecting recurrence.

This review considers the relevance of flowing tumor products like circulating tumor cells (CTCs), circulating ...


Mandatory Multidisciplinary Approach For The Evaluation Of The Lymph Node Status In Rectal Cancer, Marian Diaconescu, Cosmin V. Obleaga, Cecil S. Mirea, Mihai C. Ciorbagiu, Emil Moraru, Ionica D. Vilcea 2018 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of General Surgery

Mandatory Multidisciplinary Approach For The Evaluation Of The Lymph Node Status In Rectal Cancer, Marian Diaconescu, Cosmin V. Obleaga, Cecil S. Mirea, Mihai C. Ciorbagiu, Emil Moraru, Ionica D. Vilcea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Colorectal cancer is the third most frequently reported malignancy and also the third leading cancer-related cause of death worldwide. Lymph node evaluation, both preoperatively and postoperatively, represents an important aspect of the diagnosis and therapeutic strategy in colorectal cancer, such that an accurate preoperative staging is required for a correct therapeutic strategy. Treatment of rectal cancer with positive lymph nodes, a very important predictive prognostic parameter, is currently based on neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by total/ surgical mesorectal excision and adjuvant regimen.

Preoperative evaluation of the lymph node status in rectal cancer is based on endoscopic ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging ...


Serum Anti-Flagellin And Anti-Lipopolysaccharide Immunoglobulins As Predictors Of Linear Growth Faltering In Pakistani Infants At Risk For Environmental Enteric Dysfunction, Sana Syed, Najeeha T. Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Jennie Z. Ma, Tauseef Akhund, Wenjun Xin, Sean R. Moore, Enju Liu, Shahida Qureshi, Kerri B. Gosselin, Andrew Gewirtz, Christopher P. Duggan, S Asad. Ali 2018 University of Virginia

Serum Anti-Flagellin And Anti-Lipopolysaccharide Immunoglobulins As Predictors Of Linear Growth Faltering In Pakistani Infants At Risk For Environmental Enteric Dysfunction, Sana Syed, Najeeha T. Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Jennie Z. Ma, Tauseef Akhund, Wenjun Xin, Sean R. Moore, Enju Liu, Shahida Qureshi, Kerri B. Gosselin, Andrew Gewirtz, Christopher P. Duggan, S Asad. Ali

Pediatric Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Environmental Enteric Dysfunction (EED) in children from low-income countries has been linked to linear growth declines. There is a critical need to identify sensitive and early EED biomarkers.

OBJECTIVE: Determine whether levels of antibodies against bacterial components flagellin (flic) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) predict poor growth.

DESIGN/METHODS: In a prospective birth cohort of 380 children in rural Pakistan blood and stool samples were obtained at ages 6 and 9 months. Linear mixed effects models were used to examine longitudinal associations between quartiles of anti-flic and anti-LPS antibodies and changes in LAZ, WAZ and WLZ scores. Spearman's correlations were ...


14th Annual Parkview Research Symposium, Michael J. Mirro, Neil Sharma, Tammy Toscos, Roy Robertson MD, Micah Smith MD, Jason Voorhies MD 2018 Parkview Health

14th Annual Parkview Research Symposium, Michael J. Mirro, Neil Sharma, Tammy Toscos, Roy Robertson Md, Micah Smith Md, Jason Voorhies Md

Presentations and Events

14th Annual Parkview Research Symposium: Innovative Interventions in Healthcare

Objectives

* Discuss latest innovative interventions in informatics, oncology, cardiology, orthopedids and neurosurgery.

* Develop a strategy for efficient diagnosis and treatment planning using the latest innovative techniques and research findings in informatics, oncology, cardiology, orthopedics and neurosurgery.


Epc/Hpsg Evidence-Based Guidelines For The Management Of Pediatric Pancreatitis, Andrea Párniczky, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Sohail Husain, Mark Lowe, Grzegorz Oracz, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Flóra K. Szabó, Aliye Uc, Michael Wilschanski, Heiko Witt, László Czakó, Tassos Grammatikopoulos, Ib Christian Rasmussen, Robert Sutton, Péter Hegyi 2018 University of Iowa

Epc/Hpsg Evidence-Based Guidelines For The Management Of Pediatric Pancreatitis, Andrea Párniczky, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Sohail Husain, Mark Lowe, Grzegorz Oracz, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Flóra K. Szabó, Aliye Uc, Michael Wilschanski, Heiko Witt, László Czakó, Tassos Grammatikopoulos, Ib Christian Rasmussen, Robert Sutton, Péter Hegyi

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

BACKGROUND: Pediatric pancreatitis is an underdiagnosed disease with variable etiology. In the past 10-15 years the incidence of pediatric pancreatitis has increased, it is now 3.6-13.3 cases per 100,000 children. Up-to-date evidence based management guidelines are lacking for the pediatric pancreatitis. The European Pancreatic Club, in collaboration with the Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group organized a consensus guideline meeting on the diagnosis and management of pancreatitis in the pediatric population.

METHODS: Pediatric Pancreatitis was divided into three main clinical categories: acute pancreatitis, acute recurrent pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis. Fifteen relevant topics (acute pancreatitis: diagnosis; etiology; prognosis; imaging; complications ...


The Conundrum Of Indeterminate Quantiferon-Tb Gold Results Before Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Initiation, Shahrad Hakimian, Yevgeniy Popov, Abbas Rupawala, Karen I. Salomon-Escoto, Steven Hatch, Randall Pellish 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Conundrum Of Indeterminate Quantiferon-Tb Gold Results Before Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Initiation, Shahrad Hakimian, Yevgeniy Popov, Abbas Rupawala, Karen I. Salomon-Escoto, Steven Hatch, Randall Pellish

Open Access Articles

Background: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is a key cytokine in both the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the host defense against tuberculosis (TB). Consequently, anti-TNFalpha medications result in an increased risk of latent TB infection (LTBI) reactivation. Here, we sought to evaluate the factors affecting the results of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) assay as a screening tool for LTBI.

Methods: We conducted an observational, retrospective study in patients with IBD and RA who underwent LTBI screening using QFT-GIT at UMass Memorial Medical Center between 2008 and 2016 prior to initiation of anti-TNF medications ...


Training In Emerging Advances In Chronic Hepatitis C Infection In Pakistan: The Teach-Pak Project, Faisal Wasim Ismail, Shahab Abid, Minaz Mawani, Wasim Jafri, Saeed Hamid 2018 Aga Khan University

Training In Emerging Advances In Chronic Hepatitis C Infection In Pakistan: The Teach-Pak Project, Faisal Wasim Ismail, Shahab Abid, Minaz Mawani, Wasim Jafri, Saeed Hamid

Section of Gastroenterology

Purpose: Viral hepatitis B and C represent the primary health challenge confronting Asia and Pakistan. With direct-acting antiviral therapy for hepatitis C, patients will be treated by general physicians (GPs) and will need training through continuing medical education (CME). Blended learning is a combination of didactic teaching with online, self-paced learning, and it has not been evaluated as a CME tool for general physicians. We aimed to compare the change in physician's knowledge about chronic viral hepatitis following a blended learning educational program.
Methods: Participants enrolled in a 6 week blended learning program comprising three modules, each of 2 ...


Impact Of Direct Acting Antivirals On Occurrence And Recurrence Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Biologically Plausible Or An Epiphenomenon?, Amna Subhan Butt, Fatima Sharif, Shahab Abid 2018 Aga Khan University

Impact Of Direct Acting Antivirals On Occurrence And Recurrence Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Biologically Plausible Or An Epiphenomenon?, Amna Subhan Butt, Fatima Sharif, Shahab Abid

Section of Gastroenterology

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is the most common cause of HCC in many European countries, Japan and Pakistan. Introduction of the new direct acting antivirals (DAAs) has revolutionized the management of HCV worldwide, with high rates of sustained virologic response in patients who could not have tolerated the previous interferon based treatments. However, recently there have been reports raising caution about the long term effects of DAAs, particularly a possible increased risk of HCC. Therefore this review explores the current molecular studies as well as clinical ...


Impact Of Direct Acting Antivirals On Occurrence And Recurrence Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Biologically Plausible Or An Epiphenomenon?, Amna Subhan Butt, Fatima Sharif, Shahab Abid 2018 Aga Khan University

Impact Of Direct Acting Antivirals On Occurrence And Recurrence Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Biologically Plausible Or An Epiphenomenon?, Amna Subhan Butt, Fatima Sharif, Shahab Abid

Section of Gastroenterology

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is the most common cause of HCC in many European countries, Japan and Pakistan. Introduction of the new direct acting antivirals (DAAs) has revolutionized the management of HCV worldwide, with high rates of sustained virologic response in patients who could not have tolerated the previous interferon based treatments. However, recently there have been reports raising caution about the long term effects of DAAs, particularly a possible increased risk of HCC. Therefore this review explores the current molecular studies as well as clinical ...


A Multicenter Comparative Trial Of A Novel Eus-Guided Core Biopsy Needle (Sharkcore, Mariam Naveed, Ali A. Siddiqui, Thomas E. Kowalski, David E. Loren, Ammara Khalid, Ayesha Soomro, Syed M. Mazhar, Joseph Yoo, Raza Hasan, Silpa Yalamanchili, Nicholas Tarangelo, Linda J. Taylor, Douglas G. Adler 2018 University of Iowa

A Multicenter Comparative Trial Of A Novel Eus-Guided Core Biopsy Needle (Sharkcore, Mariam Naveed, Ali A. Siddiqui, Thomas E. Kowalski, David E. Loren, Ammara Khalid, Ayesha Soomro, Syed M. Mazhar, Joseph Yoo, Raza Hasan, Silpa Yalamanchili, Nicholas Tarangelo, Linda J. Taylor, Douglas G. Adler

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Background and Objectives: The ability to obtain adequate tissue of solid pancreatic lesions by EUS-guided remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to compare the performance characteristics and safety of EUS-FNA for evaluating solid pancreatic lesions using the standard 22-gauge needle versus a novel EUS biopsy needle.

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study of EUS-guided sampling of solid pancreatic lesions between 2009 and 2015. Patients underwent EUS-guided sampling with a 22-gauge SharkCore (SC) needle or a standard 22-gauge FNA needle. Technical success, performance characteristics of EUS-FNA, the number of needle passes required to obtain a diagnosis, diagnostic ...


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