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An Invading Stent: Conservative Management Of A Penetrating Splenic Injury By A Migrated Pancreatic Duct Stent, Jay Bapaye, Ahmed Shehadah, Chengu Niu, Anas Hashem, Rutwik Pradeep Sharma, Patrick Okolo 2022 Rochester General Hospital

An Invading Stent: Conservative Management Of A Penetrating Splenic Injury By A Migrated Pancreatic Duct Stent, Jay Bapaye, Ahmed Shehadah, Chengu Niu, Anas Hashem, Rutwik Pradeep Sharma, Patrick Okolo

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Pancreatic duct (PD) stenting is a common treatment modality for PD calculi or strictures, which are common complications of chronic pancreatitis. PD stent migration is a described complication of the procedure. Penetrating splenic injury may result in life-threatening hemorrhage, often requiring splenic artery embolization or splenectomy. Herein, we describe a unique case of a 49- year-old female with chronic pancreatitis and PD stent who presented with abdominal pain. A computed tomography of her abdomen revealed the distal end of her PD stent to have migrated internally through her spleen with an associated perisplenic fluid collection. After initial clinical stabilization she …


Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer 2022 Kennesaw State University

Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: An international healthcare concern is the persistent spread of Clostridium difficile, a Gram-positive spore forming bacterium that is responsible for the most common hospital-acquired infection, amongst patients.

Objective: A systematic review was performed to summarize evidence that the interventions utilized in healthcare facilities which indicate a patient’s precautionary status are insufficient, outdated, and commonly lead to infection in neighboring patient rooms. Databases such as PubMed, NCBI, Google Scholar, and APHA’s Medical Care were searched, covering the period from 2017-2022. Studies were included if their focus concentrated on C. diff and the precautionary measures taken by employees at healthcare …


Prevalence And Effect Of Cannabis Use In Acute Pancreatitis Of Unknown Etiology, Hanna Tran 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Prevalence And Effect Of Cannabis Use In Acute Pancreatitis Of Unknown Etiology, Hanna Tran

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Simons-Linares CR, Barkin JA, Wang Y, et al. Is There an Effect of Cannabis Consumption on Acute Pancreatitis?. Dig Dis Sci. 2018;63(10):2786-2791. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-018-5169-2

for a patient with cannabis-associated acute pancreatitis.


Seeing The Big Picture: System Architecture Trends In Endoscopy And Led-Based Hyperspectral Subsystem Intergration, Craig M. Browning 2022 University of South Alabama

Seeing The Big Picture: System Architecture Trends In Endoscopy And Led-Based Hyperspectral Subsystem Intergration, Craig M. Browning

Theses and Dissertations

Early-stage colorectal lesions remain difficult to detect. Early development of neoplasia tends to be small (less than 10 mm) and flat and difficult to distinguish from surrounding mucosa. Additionally, optical diagnosis of neoplasia as benign or malignant is problematic. Low rates of detection of these lesions allow for continued growth in the colorectum and increased risk of cancer formation. Therefore, it is crucial to detect neoplasia and other non-neoplastic lesions to determine risk and guide future treatment. Technology for detection needs to enhance contrast of subtle tissue differences in the colorectum and track multiple biomarkers simultaneously. This work implements one …


Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries In New-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Benjamin B. Claxton, George Sun, Ritu Nahar, Christopher Henry 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries In New-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Benjamin B. Claxton, George Sun, Ritu Nahar, Christopher Henry

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Tuberculous Salpingitis - Possible Cause Of Salpingo-Enteric Fistula, Shayan Sirat Maheen Anwar, Anam khan, Fahd Haroon, Frawa Mohsin 2022 Aga Khan University

Tuberculous Salpingitis - Possible Cause Of Salpingo-Enteric Fistula, Shayan Sirat Maheen Anwar, Anam Khan, Fahd Haroon, Frawa Mohsin

Department of Radiology

Salpingo-enteric fistula is a rare disease causing infertility. It occurs when there is a connection between fallopian tube and the intestine. It can be accurately diagnosed with hysterosalpingography. Fistulas mostly occur as a consequence of obstetric complications, however, inflammatory bowel disease, pelvic malignancy, pelvic radiation therapy, iatrogenic causes, and trauma are other potential causes. The possibility of tuberculous salpingitis as a possible cause of salpingo-enteric fistula should always be considered in the developing countries where tuberculosis is endemic.


Oral N-Acetyl Cysteine Versus Rectal Indomethacin For Prevention Of Post Ercp Pancreatitis: A Multicenter Multinational Randomized Controlled Trial, Pezhman Alavinejad, Nguyen-Phuong Nhu Tran, Omid Eslami, Omar El Shaarawy, Omar El Shaarawy, Ahmad Hormati, Seied Saeed Seiedian, Abazar Parsi, Mohammed Hussien Ahmed, Amna Subhan Butt 2022 Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical sciences, Iran

Oral N-Acetyl Cysteine Versus Rectal Indomethacin For Prevention Of Post Ercp Pancreatitis: A Multicenter Multinational Randomized Controlled Trial, Pezhman Alavinejad, Nguyen-Phuong Nhu Tran, Omid Eslami, Omar El Shaarawy, Omar El Shaarawy, Ahmad Hormati, Seied Saeed Seiedian, Abazar Parsi, Mohammed Hussien Ahmed, Amna Subhan Butt

Section of Gastroenterology

Background: This multicenter multinational RCT designed to compare the efficacy of suppository indomethacin and NAC for prevention of PEP.
Methods: During a 6-month period, all of the ERCP cases in seven referral centers were randomly assigned to receive either 1200 mg oral NAC, indomethacin suppository 100 mg, 1200 mg oral NAC plus indomethacin suppository 100 mg or placebo 2 hours before ERCP. The primary outcomes were the rate and severity of any PEP.
Results: A total of 432 patients included (41.4% male). They were originally citizens of 6 countries (60.87% Caucasian). They were randomly allocated to receive either NAC (group …


Treatment Of Severe Swallowing Dysfunction In Systemic Sclerosis With Ivig: Role Of Antimuscarinic Antibodies, Fabian A Mendoza, Anthony J. DiMarino, Sidney Cohen, Christopher Adkins, Shady Abdelbaki, Satish Rattan, Christopher Cao, Susie Denuna-Rivera, Sergio A. Jimenez 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Treatment Of Severe Swallowing Dysfunction In Systemic Sclerosis With Ivig: Role Of Antimuscarinic Antibodies, Fabian A Mendoza, Anthony J. Dimarino, Sidney Cohen, Christopher Adkins, Shady Abdelbaki, Satish Rattan, Christopher Cao, Susie Denuna-Rivera, Sergio A. Jimenez

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Oropharyngeal and esophageal dysmotility can cause serious clinical complications such as aspiration pneumonia, cachexia, and sarcopenia, with a resulting increase in mortality and disability. The current standard of care for the treatment of SSc-associated swallowing dysfunction is mainly supportive, although severe cases are usually refractory to conventional management. Recent studies have shown that the abnormal production of functional autoantibodies such as anti-cholinergic muscarinic receptor III antibodies may participate in the pathogenesis of SSc-associated gastrointestinal dysmotility and may provide a novel target for therapeutic intervention. We describe two patients with severe and rapid onset of SSc-associated severe swallowing dysfunction and esophageal …


Lupus Enteritis In The Absence Of A Lupus Flare. A Case Report And Review Of Literature, Fatima Halilu, Anum Qureshi, Brenton Nash 2022 Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Towson, Maryland.

Lupus Enteritis In The Absence Of A Lupus Flare. A Case Report And Review Of Literature, Fatima Halilu, Anum Qureshi, Brenton Nash

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Lupus enteritis is a rare manifestation seen in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Its diagnosis can be challenging as symptoms frequently overlap many gastrointestinal disorders, imaging findings are not specific, and endoscopic features are infrequently diagnostic. Moreover, enteritis can occur in isolation without other systemic manifestations or even elevated inflammatory markers (1). Here is presented the case of a 22-year-old female with known SLE manifested by lupus nephritis complicated by end-stage renal disease who presented with abdominal pain. She had leukocytosis with thickened bowel loops, ascites, “target sign”, “comb sign” and patent abdominal vessels on CT imaging. The differential diagnoses considered …


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Artificial Intelligence For Detecting Gastrointestinal Luminal Pathologies: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Om Parkash, Asra Tus Saleha Siddiqui, Uswa Jiwani, Fahad Rind, Zahra Ali Padhani, Arjumand Rizvi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Jai K. Das 2022 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Artificial Intelligence For Detecting Gastrointestinal Luminal Pathologies: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Om Parkash, Asra Tus Saleha Siddiqui, Uswa Jiwani, Fahad Rind, Zahra Ali Padhani, Arjumand Rizvi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Jai K. Das

Section of Gastroenterology

Background: Artificial Intelligence (AI) holds considerable promise for diagnostics in the field of gastroenterology. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to assess the diagnostic accuracy of AI models compared with the gold standard of experts and histopathology for the diagnosis of various gastrointestinal (GI) luminal pathologies including polyps, neoplasms, and inflammatory bowel disease.
Methods: We searched PubMed, CINAHL, Wiley Cochrane Library, and Web of Science electronic databases to identify studies assessing the diagnostic performance of AI models for GI luminal pathologies. We extracted binary diagnostic accuracy data and constructed contingency tables to derive the outcomes of interest: sensitivity and specificity. …


Accuracy Of Noninvasive Diagnostic Tests For The Detection Of Significant And Advanced Fibrosis Stages In Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Systematic Literature Review Of The Us Studies, Dhaval Gosalia, Vlad Ratziu, Filip Stanicic, Djurdja Vukicevic, Vladimir Zah, Nadege Gunn, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Tram Tran 2022 Glympse Bio

Accuracy Of Noninvasive Diagnostic Tests For The Detection Of Significant And Advanced Fibrosis Stages In Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Systematic Literature Review Of The Us Studies, Dhaval Gosalia, Vlad Ratziu, Filip Stanicic, Djurdja Vukicevic, Vladimir Zah, Nadege Gunn, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Tram Tran

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: The purpose of this systematic literature review (SLR) was to evaluate the accuracy of noninvasive diagnostic tools in detecting significant or advanced (F2/F3) fibrosis among patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) in the US healthcare context.

Methods: The SLR was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science, with an additional hand search of public domains and citations, in line with the PRISMA statement. The study included US-based original research on diagnostic test sensitivity, specificity and accuracy.

Results: Twenty studies were included in qualitative evidence synthesis. Imaging techniques with the highest diagnostic accuracy in F2/F3 detection and differentiation were magnetic …


Giant Gastric Polyp Mimicking A Duodenal Tumor, Ioana Duca, Florin Mihaileanu, Alexandra Chira, Romeo Chira, Teodora Surdea Blaga, Diana Popovici, Adriana Albu, Dan Lucian Dumitrascu 2022 2nd Internal Medicine Department, Clinical Emergency County Hospital, Cluj-Napoca; University for Medicine and Pharmacy “Iuliu Hatieganu” Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Giant Gastric Polyp Mimicking A Duodenal Tumor, Ioana Duca, Florin Mihaileanu, Alexandra Chira, Romeo Chira, Teodora Surdea Blaga, Diana Popovici, Adriana Albu, Dan Lucian Dumitrascu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Inflammatory fibroid polyps are very rare gastrointestinal tumors. We present the case of a 66-year-old woman with severe anemia and a giant gastric polyp which had intermittent duodenal intussusception. Ultrasonography showed increased gastric wall thickness and suspected an ampulloma, as revealed also by endoscopy and computed tomography. Ultrasonography reassessment showed later the intragastric mass, which was confirmed by endosonography: giant pediculated hypervascular polyp suggesting malignancy. Challenging phenomena at different investigation methods were due to intermittent protrusion into the first duodenal segment mimicking an ampulloma, but without gastric outlet syndrome or a malignant component, despite the severe anemia. Abnormal US aspect …


Clinical And Biological Factors With Prognostic Value In Acute Pancreatitis, Mihai Faur, Dan Dumitrescu, Dan Sabau, Ciprian Tanasescu, Dan Cretu, Denisa Tanasescu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Calin Mohor 2022 SIBIU COUNTY EMERGENCY CLINICAL HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY, ROMANIA

Clinical And Biological Factors With Prognostic Value In Acute Pancreatitis, Mihai Faur, Dan Dumitrescu, Dan Sabau, Ciprian Tanasescu, Dan Cretu, Denisa Tanasescu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Calin Mohor

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory process of the pancreas, which can remain localized at the level of the gland or can extend to the peripancreatic and retroperitoneal tissues. The use and interpretation of paraclinical examinations at the onset can predict the form of evolution of acute pancreatitis (mild or severe). Depending on the evolution, these data are useful in determining the type of surgical intervention that might be necessary based on severity.

We present a retrospective study consisting of 118 patients diagnosed and hospitalized with acute pancreatitis during 2016-2020 in the Surgery I section of the Sibiu County Emergency …


Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Therapy, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Severus Gaspar, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Bogdan Socea, Vlad Denis Constantin 2022 ST. PANTELIMON HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY, RO.

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Therapy, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Severus Gaspar, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Bogdan Socea, Vlad Denis Constantin

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

SARS-COV 2 recently caused a global pandemic, with the first case being reported in Romania in February 2020. Important restrictive measures were imposed, so that the addressability of patients to medical services decreased. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding had more severe forms of evolution at the time of presentation, which required additional methods of diagnosis and treatment. This is a retrospective study performed on 268 patients, which aims to evaluate the type and effectiveness of different treatment methods for upper gastrointestinal bleeding during the COVID 19 pandemic. Severity assessment was performed by measuring the Rockall score and additional methods of diagnosis. The …


Eating Disorders In Men: A Comprehensive Summary, Connor James Spratt, Liam Alexander MacKenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo 2022 SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY, PSYCHOLOGY AND LANGUAGE SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH, UK

Eating Disorders In Men: A Comprehensive Summary, Connor James Spratt, Liam Alexander Mackenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Eating disorders (EDs) have detrimental effects on an individual’s physical and mental health, along with significant interpersonal, social and economic effects. Furthermore, men who are suffering with an ED face unique challenges with this. Men suffering with EDs have historically received little attention within ED research, diagnosis and intervention. However, the number of men suffering with these issues is significant and growing. Understanding of EDs tend to ignore male experiences, meaning many are left to suffer in silence until the ED has developed to a critical point. However, many now recognize the need to understand the issues facing men suffering …


The Socioeconomic Impact On Presentation And Clinical Course Of Celiac Disease, Christopher Cao, MD, Peter Block, MD, Madeline Russell, MD, Justin Robbins, MD, Anthony J. DiMarino, MD, Stephanie Moleski 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

The Socioeconomic Impact On Presentation And Clinical Course Of Celiac Disease, Christopher Cao, Md, Peter Block, Md, Madeline Russell, Md, Justin Robbins, Md, Anthony J. Dimarino, Md, Stephanie Moleski

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Posters

Introduction

  • Celiac Disease (CD) is a chronic autoimmune condition primarily affecting the small intestine.
  • CD is triggered by ingestion of gluten and the only effective treatment for CD involves strict and lifelong elimination of dietary gluten.
  • Compliance with the gluten free diet (GFD) relies on purchasing gluten-free foods. Studies have shown the cost of a GFD to be from 76% to 518% more expensive than gluten containing counterparts. Because of this, the economic burden that CD patients face may be substantial, placing these patients at high risk for dietary neglect.
  • Financial limitation aside, GFD availability also varies by differing neighborhoods, …


Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis 2022 Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Falls have significant financial impact. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is associated with an increased risk of falls and fractures. Exercise programs have been shown to decrease risk of falls in the elderly population and are recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force for patients over age 65 to reduce falls. Our study aimed to explore the potential financial benefit of implementing three different Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-recommended exercise-based interventions for fall prevention (Tai Chi, Stepping On, and Otago Exercise Program) in ≥ 65-year-old patients on PPI therapy.

Methods: A Markov model was developed to predict …


When Carbohydrates Are Not Enough: Acute Intermittent Porphyria Treated With Givosiran, Shoja Rahimian, Akanksha Kushwah, Yugandhara Kate, Andrew Rettew 2022 Reading Hospital-Tower Health

When Carbohydrates Are Not Enough: Acute Intermittent Porphyria Treated With Givosiran, Shoja Rahimian, Akanksha Kushwah, Yugandhara Kate, Andrew Rettew

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Hemosuccus Pancreaticus As An Initial Presentation Of Decompensated Alcoholic Cirrhosis., Aamir Shahzad, Anish Paudel, zohaib yousaf 2022 Reading Hospital, Tower Health, Pennsylvania, USA

Hemosuccus Pancreaticus As An Initial Presentation Of Decompensated Alcoholic Cirrhosis., Aamir Shahzad, Anish Paudel, Zohaib Yousaf

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Endoscopic Removal Of Safety Pin From Appendiceal Orifice, Alex Biller, Moises Alatorre-Jimenez, Jeremy Stewart, Ruba A. Abdelhadi 2022 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Endoscopic Removal Of Safety Pin From Appendiceal Orifice, Alex Biller, Moises Alatorre-Jimenez, Jeremy Stewart, Ruba A. Abdelhadi

Posters

Introduction: Foreign body ingestion in children is considered a common concern in every Emergency Department worldwide. In the United States, it is estimated that foreign body ingestions cause approximately 1,500 deaths yearly (1). Safety pins ingestions are estimated to be 1% of the foreign body ingestions in children (2). In literature, ingested safety pins have been reported to be lodged mostly in the upper gastrointestinal tract, but a few cases have been reported to be lodged in the appendix (2,3,4). Objective: Recommendations for safety pin ingestions when past the second portion of the duodenum. Case: We report the case of …


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