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Gait Analysis Of Male Professional Boxers, Jacek Perliński, Joanna M. Bukowska, Łukasz Rydzik, Wojciech Wąsacz, Dariusz Kruczkowski, Tadeusz Ambroży, Wojciech Czarny, Jarosław Jaszczur-Nowicki 2024 Academy of Applied Medical and Social Sciences, Elblag, Poland

Gait Analysis Of Male Professional Boxers, Jacek Perliński, Joanna M. Bukowska, Łukasz Rydzik, Wojciech Wąsacz, Dariusz Kruczkowski, Tadeusz Ambroży, Wojciech Czarny, Jarosław Jaszczur-Nowicki

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Gait plays a crucial role in both daily life and sports performance. This study analyzes professional boxers’ gait, as it is essential to understand its influence on performance and injury risk. However, there is a need to comprehend the effects of boxing training on gait and the occurrence of asymmetries between limbs. Research Question: Does the gait of professional boxers exhibit significant differences between limbs, and what are the potential implications of this asymmetry? Materials and Methods: The study involved 36 professional boxers, and the Gaitway 3D Pressure treadmill was used to collect data. The analysis was performed using …


Piriformis Syndrome With A Variant Presentation, Roberto Chuapoco, Ryan E. Linford 2024 Touro University Nevada

Piriformis Syndrome With A Variant Presentation, Roberto Chuapoco, Ryan E. Linford

Annual Research Symposium

Piriformis syndrome has long been a diagnostic quandary due to its tendency to present as other nerve-related conditions. Piriformis syndrome is commonly caused by entrapment of the sciatic nerve as it travels through the greater sciatic foramen due to hypertrophy of the piriformis muscle. However, its constellation of symptoms, including radiating pain down the thigh, can easily be mistaken for lumbosacral radiculopathy. This case report aims to address the misdiagnosis of piriformis syndrome which has prolonged pain for many patients and increased the cost of medical care. It demonstrates a 76-year-old female with a confounding presentation of piriformis syndrome: buttock …


The Effect Of A Single Cycle Of Ischemia On Bar Velocity During Bench Press Exercise, Marta BICHOWSKA-PAWĘSKA, Dawid GAWEŁ, Robert TRYBULSKI, Jakub JAROSZ, Kinga ŁOSIŃSKA, Krzysztof FOSTIAK, Joao Guilherme VIEIRA 2024 Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland

The Effect Of A Single Cycle Of Ischemia On Bar Velocity During Bench Press Exercise, Marta Bichowska-Pawęska, Dawid Gaweł, Robert Trybulski, Jakub Jarosz, Kinga Łosińska, Krzysztof Fostiak, Joao Guilherme Vieira

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: The main goal of this study was to investigate the effects of a single cycle of ischemia applied before the bench press exercise on acute bar velocity changes. Materials and Methods: Twelve physically active males participated in the study. The experiment followed a rando-mized, cross-over design under two testing conditions. The experimental condition involved the application of a single cycle of ischemia (5 minutes; 80% arterial occlusion pressure [AOP]) before the first set of bench press exercise (2 sets at 60% 1RM). The control condition did not use ischemia. The peak and mean bar velocities were measured using a …


Feasibility And Safety Of Early Post-Covid-19 High-Intensity Gait Training: A Pilot Study, Joakim Halvorsen, Christopher Henderson, Wendy Romney, Magnus Hågå, Tonje Barkenæs Eggen, Jan Egil Nordvik, Ingvild Rosseland, Jennifer Moore 2024 Forsterket Rehabilitering Aker, Helseetaten, Oslo, Norway

Feasibility And Safety Of Early Post-Covid-19 High-Intensity Gait Training: A Pilot Study, Joakim Halvorsen, Christopher Henderson, Wendy Romney, Magnus Hågå, Tonje Barkenæs Eggen, Jan Egil Nordvik, Ingvild Rosseland, Jennifer Moore

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: The feasibility and safety of rehabilitation interventions for individuals recovering from COVID-19 after the acute stage is not well understood. This pilot study aims to provide a preliminary investigation of the feasibility and safety of providing high-intensity gait training (HIT) with a targeted cardiovascular intensity of 70–85% of the age-predicted maximum heart rate (HRmax) for individuals undergoing rehabilitation post-COVID-19. Methods: Consecutive patients who were medically cleared for HIT were invited to participate in the study. Participants practiced walking in varied contexts (treadmill, overground, and stairs), aiming to spend as much time as possible within their target cardiovascular intensity zone …


Position Specific Injury Patterns In Male Developmental Academy Soccer Players, Andrew Donaldson, Catharine Kral, Shannon Margherio, McKeenna Noe, Brian S. Harvey 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Position Specific Injury Patterns In Male Developmental Academy Soccer Players, Andrew Donaldson, Catharine Kral, Shannon Margherio, Mckeenna Noe, Brian S. Harvey

Presentations

Background: Despite the availability of high-quality evidence describing injury patterns in European professional soccer players, there is a paucity of data regarding American athletes. This disparity is accentuated for elite youth athletes. Our study identifies position-specific injury patterns occurring in elite youth male soccer players. Hypothesis: We hypothesize that there are injury types, locations, and specific injuries that occur most frequently in elite youth soccer players and that certain positions have a higher frequency of these injuries than others. Methods: Data from a retrospective review of the IRB-approved Male Academy Soccer Registry from August 1, 2019 through June 30, 2022 …


Influence Of Beta And Theta Waves As Predictors Of Simple And Complex Reaction Times In Examined Groups Of Judo Athletes During The Vienna Test, Magdalena Pronczuk, Tomasz Chamera, Alicja Markiel, Jerzy Markowski, Jan Pilch, Piotr Żmijewski, Adam Maszczyk 2023 Faculty of Physical Culture, Gdańsk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, Poland

Influence Of Beta And Theta Waves As Predictors Of Simple And Complex Reaction Times In Examined Groups Of Judo Athletes During The Vienna Test, Magdalena Pronczuk, Tomasz Chamera, Alicja Markiel, Jerzy Markowski, Jan Pilch, Piotr Żmijewski, Adam Maszczyk

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: This research aimed to investigate which waves, Theta or Beta, are significant predictors of visual simple and complex reaction times during the Vienna test, using regression modeling. The research material comprised the test results of male judo athletes (n = 24), selected through mixed sampling (purposive and random). The study was conducted in two cycles, differentiated by frequency but with the same duration of EEG biofeedback sessions, in both the control and experimental groups. The first cycle of the study consisted of 15 sessions held every other day. Each training session lasted for 4 minutes. The second series …


The Effectiveness Of Resistance Exercises Performed On Stable And Unstable Surfaces In Relation To Torso Activation, Radim Jebavy, Dusan Blazek, Helena Vomackova, Jan Vavra, Jan Busta, Anna Pisz, Petr Stastny 2023 Department of Track and Field, Sports and Living in Nature, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

The Effectiveness Of Resistance Exercises Performed On Stable And Unstable Surfaces In Relation To Torso Activation, Radim Jebavy, Dusan Blazek, Helena Vomackova, Jan Vavra, Jan Busta, Anna Pisz, Petr Stastny

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Deep stabilization system (DSS) strength and endurance are crucial for injury prevention and athletic performance. Training surfaces can influence training outcomes; therefore, this study aimed to compare the impact of performing strength trunk exercises on unstable and stable surfaces with conventional trunk exercises. Materials and Methods: DSS and trunk stability were assessed before and after 10 weeks of three different training interventions among twenty elite futsal players. Each intervention included 25 strength training sessions. Pre- and post-tests encompassed various measurements, including diaphragm, trunk flexion, trunk back extension, hip flexion, intraabdominal pressure, side plank, pronation, and supination tests. Results: Conventional …


Comparison Of The Effects Of The Three Methods Of Massage, Selected Yoga Exercises And Massage-Yoga Combination On The Depression In Elderly Women, Elham Piri, Behnam Ghasemi, Ali Shafizadeh 2023 Shahrekord University, Iran

Comparison Of The Effects Of The Three Methods Of Massage, Selected Yoga Exercises And Massage-Yoga Combination On The Depression In Elderly Women, Elham Piri, Behnam Ghasemi, Ali Shafizadeh

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: The present study aims to compare the effects of massage, selected yoga exercises and massage-yoga combination methods on symptoms of depression. Materials and Methods: According to the research criteria, 60 available samples were selected and randomly divided into three experimental groups and single control one. The Beck Depression Inventory was completed by the examinees before the intervention, two months after its beginning and one month after ending. Each experimental group received one of the massage interventions, selected yoga exercises and massage-yoga combination for eight weeks, three sessions per week and for a period of 40 minutes per session. The …


Effects Of Attending To A 12-Week Structured Physical Activity Program On Fitness And Self-Perception Levels Of Obese Primary Schoolchildren, Yetkin Utku Kamuk, Spiridon Kamtsios 2023 Hitit University, Turkey

Effects Of Attending To A 12-Week Structured Physical Activity Program On Fitness And Self-Perception Levels Of Obese Primary Schoolchildren, Yetkin Utku Kamuk, Spiridon Kamtsios

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Childhood obesity is a major health problem especially for schoolchildren both physically and mentally. The study was conducted to assess the effects of the structured physical activity (PA) program on the physical fitness (PF) and self-perception levels of obese schoolchildren. Materials and Methods: A total of 67 students aged 9-11 were recruited and the experimental group (n = 27) was attended to exercises once per week for 60 mins for 12 weeks. Self-perception Scale for Children and PF tests were applied as pre- and post-tests. Results: 12-week PA sessions improved obese schoolchildren’s self-perception levels in general self-worth, athletic …


Clinical Leadership In Athletic Training, Tyler G. Vannucci, Lindsey E. Eberman, Matthew J. Rivera, Matthew J. Drescher, Justin Young, Kenneth E. Games 2023 Indiana State University

Clinical Leadership In Athletic Training, Tyler G. Vannucci, Lindsey E. Eberman, Matthew J. Rivera, Matthew J. Drescher, Justin Young, Kenneth E. Games

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Clinical leadership behaviors demonstrated by nurses delivering patient care are associated with improved patient outcomes and increased job satisfaction. Clinical leadership behaviors have not been studied in athletic training; therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate athletic trainers’ frequency of demonstrating these behaviors. Method: Participates completed an electronically distributed survey consisting of demographic variables, the Clinical Leadership Survey (CLS), and the Global Rating of Clinical Leadership Scale (GRCLS). Results: We found statistically significant differences between the CLS score of those in a supervisory role (M = 65.3 ± 5.4) and those who are not (M = 63.5 …


Association Of The G>A (Rs6265) Polymorphism In The Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene (Bdnf) With Post-Training Changes In Caucasian Women, Katarzyna Świtała, Agata Leońska-Duniec, Monika Michałowska-Sawczyn, Andrzej Brodkiewicz, Kinga Łosińska, Anna Grzywacz 2023 Faculty of Physical Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland

Association Of The G>A (Rs6265) Polymorphism In The Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene (Bdnf) With Post-Training Changes In Caucasian Women, Katarzyna Świtała, Agata Leońska-Duniec, Monika Michałowska-Sawczyn, Andrzej Brodkiewicz, Kinga Łosińska, Anna Grzywacz

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) rs6265 (G196A; Val66Met) polymorphism has been associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes, with contradictory results involving either A or G as the risk allele. The main aim of this study was to examine whether the BDNF rs6265 polymorphism would influence the efficiency of a training program. An additional aim was to determine whether selected polymorphism can be used as a genetic marker for obesity-related parameters. We studied the genotype distribution in a group of 160 Caucasian females in whom body mass and composition parameters, lipid profile, and glucose levels were measured before …


Medicine Balls Training In The Sequence Of Complex Handball Training Versus Only Handball Training: Effects On Physical Fitness In Pre-Adolescence Female Handball Players, Natalia Chukhlantseva 2023 Department of Physical Culture and Sport Management, National University «Zaporizhzhia Polytechnic»

Medicine Balls Training In The Sequence Of Complex Handball Training Versus Only Handball Training: Effects On Physical Fitness In Pre-Adolescence Female Handball Players, Natalia Chukhlantseva

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: The inclusion of the training process of pre-adolescent female athletes with additional means helps to optimize exercise influences. The study aims to estimate the influence of a 16-week program of handball training with medicine balls in comparison with a program of handball training on the physical and special training of beginner handball players. Methods: Female athletes were randomly divided into an experimental (n = 30; 11.23 ±0.41 years) and a control (n = 32; 10.99 ± 0.4 years) group. Training sessions of both groups were conducted according to the existing curriculum, but the experimental group replaced part …


Extended Range Of Motion Does Not Induce Greater Muscle Damage Than Conventional Range Of Motion In The Bench Press Exercise, Patryk Matykiewicz, Michał Krzysztofik, Adam Zając 2023 The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland

Extended Range Of Motion Does Not Induce Greater Muscle Damage Than Conventional Range Of Motion In The Bench Press Exercise, Patryk Matykiewicz, Michał Krzysztofik, Adam Zając

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Range of motion (ROM) of resistance exercise affects the muscle damage magnitude and the recovery-time course. Thus, the main aim of this study was to compare conventional and extended ROM in the bench press exercise on neuromuscular fatigue assessed by velocity changes during bench press throw, as well on the exercise-induced muscle damage evaluated by creatine kinase (CK) activity in the blood. Material and Methods: A total of fourteen healthy, well-trained males performed 5 sets of the bench press exercise at 70% of one repetition maximum with either standard (STD) and cambered (CMB) barbell until reaching volitional failure. CK …


Physical Examination Versus Ultrasonography For Detection Of Ulnar Nerve Subluxation In Professional Baseball Pitchers, Austin Looney, Hannah Day, Manoj Reddy, Ryan Paul, Levon Nazarian, Steven Cohen 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Physical Examination Versus Ultrasonography For Detection Of Ulnar Nerve Subluxation In Professional Baseball Pitchers, Austin Looney, Hannah Day, Manoj Reddy, Ryan Paul, Levon Nazarian, Steven Cohen

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Despite the importance of accurately detecting ulnar nerve subluxation in vulnerable athletes, few studies have compared the performance of physical examination and ultrasound in this population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic validity of physical examination versus ultrasound in detecting ulnar nerve subluxation at the cubital tunnel of the elbow in professional baseball pitchers. It was hypothesized that ultrasound would more sensitively detect ulnar nerve subluxation. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. Methods: Physical and sonographic examinations for ulnar nerve subluxation were performed on 186 elbows of 95 consecutive male professional …


Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome: A Case Report About Claudication In A Healthy Adult, Adrienne Mays-Kingston, Jeremy Eckels, Holly Farkosh, Austin Nichols, PARIS JOHNSON, Adam M. Franks 2023 Marshall University

Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome: A Case Report About Claudication In A Healthy Adult, Adrienne Mays-Kingston, Jeremy Eckels, Holly Farkosh, Austin Nichols, Paris Johnson, Adam M. Franks

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Claudication occurs when the blood supply is insufficient to service the musculature in the body with oxygen and metabolic waste management. A clinical complaint of claudication is commonly seen in primary care among older patients with vascular risk factors. A young and healthy patient presenting with claudication is less common and often results in delayed diagnosis with numerous extraneous diagnostic studies. This case discusses a young, healthy male patient with lower extremity symptoms that got worse with exercise and better with rest. He had normal physical exam findings leading to multiple diagnostic studies and over 12 months between the onset …


Using Noninvasive Calibrated Cuff Plethysmography To Observe The Effects Of Cold-Water Immersion On Arterial Compliance, Rita M. Grigorian 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Using Noninvasive Calibrated Cuff Plethysmography To Observe The Effects Of Cold-Water Immersion On Arterial Compliance, Rita M. Grigorian

Master's Theses

As the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases continues to exponentially grow in populations across the globe, the necessity of determining underlying factors, effective methods of diagnoses, and universally available preventive measures also grows. Early detection of endothelial dysfunction, a proven precursor of cardiovascular diseases, can be extremely impactful in encouraging preventative measures and early intervention before medical conditions become chronic. In recent years, ice plunging, a form of cryotherapy involving full body immersion in cold water, has gained popularity within circles of fitness and health practitioners, gaining the interest of people of all backgrounds. Certain parallels observed between the human physiological …


The Effects Of Resistance Training On Jumping And Selected Power Variables Of The Lower Limbs In Female Soccer Players, Tomasz Chamera, Magdalena Prończuk, Piotr Smok, Miłosz Drozd, Małgorzata Michalczyk, Adam Maszczyk 2023 Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland

The Effects Of Resistance Training On Jumping And Selected Power Variables Of The Lower Limbs In Female Soccer Players, Tomasz Chamera, Magdalena Prończuk, Piotr Smok, Miłosz Drozd, Małgorzata Michalczyk, Adam Maszczyk

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of a 6-week intervention of combined soccer training with resistance training on strength and power variables in highly trained female soccer players. It was hypothesized that 6 weeks is sufficient for a significant improvement in jumping ability and power to occur due to the intervention. The study involved 34 female soccer players of the top women’s league (22 ± 5 years old, body height 167 ± 5 cm, body weight 60 ± 8 kg). The players were divided into two groups of 17 participants. The control group performed 3 …


Abductor And Adductor Strength Relation To Sprint Performance In Soccer Players, Paulina Królikowska, Artur Gołaś, Petr Stastny, Jakub Kokstejn, Wojciech Grzyb, Michal Krzysztofik 2023 Institute of Sport Sciences, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland

Abductor And Adductor Strength Relation To Sprint Performance In Soccer Players, Paulina Królikowska, Artur Gołaś, Petr Stastny, Jakub Kokstejn, Wojciech Grzyb, Michal Krzysztofik

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Wprowadzenie: Siła mięśni bioder odgrywa ważną rolę w sprintach i urazach bezdotykowych, w których należy rozpoznać ich rolę w piłce nożnej. Badanie to miało na celu zbadanie związku między siłą porywacza biodra ( Abd ), przywodzicielem stawu biodrowego ( Dodaj ) i wydajnością sprintu liniowego ( 5 mi 35 m ). Szesnastu profesjonalnych piłkarzy ( Druga Liga Polska ) uczestniczyło w badaniu ( wiek = 24 ± 3,2 lat, masa ciała = 75,3 ± 9,58 kg, wysokość = 179 ± 5,6 cm, doświadczenie w treningu piłki nożnej = 8 ± 2,9 lat ). Sprint liniowy 5 mi 3 m został …


The Role Of Emotional States And Mental Techniques In Dancesport: A Systematic Review, Sara Aliberti, Gaetano Raiola, Domenico Cherubini 2023 Facultad de Deporte, UCAM Universidad Católica de Murcia

The Role Of Emotional States And Mental Techniques In Dancesport: A Systematic Review, Sara Aliberti, Gaetano Raiola, Domenico Cherubini

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Psychological states during competition seem to be an important factor to determine successful performance. Therefore, the analysis of emotions is essential to understand how emotions can support sports performance. This systematic review aimed to summarize the studies examining the influence of emotional states on dancesport (DS) performance and the use of mental techniques to improve psychological preparation to face the competition. Material and methods. Web of Science, Scholar, Scopus and Pubmed databases were used to search studies. The screening process was summarized within the PRISMA 2020 flowchart. Results. Only 9 articles met our inclusion criteria. The results demonstrated that …


The Impact Of Home Confinement By Covid-19 On Mood State And Adaptive Behaviors In Spanish Swimmers, Jose Carlos Jaenes, David Alarcon Rubio, María José Arenilla-Villalba, Dominika Wilczyńska 2023 Universidad Pablo de OIavide, Sevilla

The Impact Of Home Confinement By Covid-19 On Mood State And Adaptive Behaviors In Spanish Swimmers, Jose Carlos Jaenes, David Alarcon Rubio, María José Arenilla-Villalba, Dominika Wilczyńska

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: This study aimed to assess the mental condition of aquatic athletes during COVID-19 lockdowns and identify factors that could predict changes in their emotions and mood disturbances. Materials and Methods: The sample was composed of 506 competitive swimmers (ages 15-36) in four aquatic specializations, with 82.4% competing at the national level. Data was collected through questionnaires between April 10th and May 1st, 2020. Results: Female athletes had higher levels of unpleasant mood states and were generally more vulnerable to the lockdown's harmful effects. Team athletes had higher levels of friendliness, which may be a coping strategy for difficult situations. …


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