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Obstetrics and Gynecology Commons

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Clinical Outcomes Of Women With Adenocarcinoma In Situ Of The Cervix Treated By Conization: An Integrated Literature Review, Jennifer Keeley 2018 DePaul University

Clinical Outcomes Of Women With Adenocarcinoma In Situ Of The Cervix Treated By Conization: An Integrated Literature Review, Jennifer Keeley

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract


Background: The incidence of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ is on the rise. Its detection, diagnosis, and management is both challenging and controversial. For these reasons, hysterectomy has historically been the treatment of choice, but many women with adenocarcinoma in situ are of reproductive age and have not completed childbearing so more conservative treatment is often desired.

Objectives: The purpose of the integrative literature review was to determine the efficacy and safety of conization as conservative treatment for women with cervical adenocarcinoma in situ wishing to preserve fertility, and to determine if one method of conization, cold knife cone or ...


An Approach To Identify A Minimum And Rational Proportion Of Caesarean Sections In Resource-Poor Settings: A Global Network Study., José M. Belizán, Nicole Minckas, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Fernando Althabe, Margo S. Harrison, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard Derman, Waldemar A. Carlo, Edward A. Liechty, Patricia L. Hibberd, Pierre M. Buekens, Robert L. Goldenberg 2018 Institute for Clinical Effectiveness

An Approach To Identify A Minimum And Rational Proportion Of Caesarean Sections In Resource-Poor Settings: A Global Network Study., José M. Belizán, Nicole Minckas, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Fernando Althabe, Margo S. Harrison, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard Derman, Waldemar A. Carlo, Edward A. Liechty, Patricia L. Hibberd, Pierre M. Buekens, Robert L. Goldenberg

Global Health Articles

BACKGROUND: Caesarean section prevalence is increasing in Asia and Latin America while remaining low in most African regions. Caesarean section delivery is effective for saving maternal and infant lives when they are provided for medically-indicated reasons. On the basis of ecological studies, caesarean delivery prevalence between 9% and 19% has been associated with better maternal and perinatal outcomes, such as reduced maternal land fetal mortality. However, the specific prevalence of obstetric and medical complications that require caesarean section have not been established, especially in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We sought to provide information to inform the approach to the ...


An Approach To Identify A Minimum And Rational Proportion Of Caesarean Sections In Resource-Poor Settings: A Global Network Study, José M. Belizán, Nicole Minckas, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces 2018 Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina

An Approach To Identify A Minimum And Rational Proportion Of Caesarean Sections In Resource-Poor Settings: A Global Network Study, José M. Belizán, Nicole Minckas, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces

Community Health Sciences

Background: Caesarean section prevalence is increasing in Asia and Latin America while remaining low in most African regions. Caesarean section delivery is effective for saving maternal and infant lives when they are provided for medically-indicated reasons. On the basis of ecological studies, caesarean delivery prevalence between 9% and 19% has been associated with better maternal and perinatal outcomes, such as reduced maternal land fetal mortality. However, the specific prevalence of obstetric and medical complications that require caesarean section have not been established, especially in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We sought to provide information to inform the approach to ...


Improving Postoperative Pain Control After Cesarean Delivery With Enhanced Recovery In Patients On Buprenorphine Therapy, Kevin D. White, Shirin Azadi, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Brenda L. Mitchell 2018 Marshall University

Improving Postoperative Pain Control After Cesarean Delivery With Enhanced Recovery In Patients On Buprenorphine Therapy, Kevin D. White, Shirin Azadi, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Brenda L. Mitchell

Nadim Bou Zgheib

Abstract:

Introduction:

Prescription drug abuse presents a significant challenge to the management of post operative pain.Pain control amongst the opioid addicted patient can be especially challenging. We aimed to improve pain control after caesarian delivery with enhanced recovery in patients who are on buprenorphine medication-assisted therapy for the treatment of opioid addiction.

Materials and Methods:

We conducted a pilot study by implementing a protocol using liposomal bupivacaine injected at the time of cesarean delivery. Patients were then given 500mg acetaminophen every 4 hours, 800mg ibuprofen every 8 hours and 0.3mg IV buprenorphine every 6 hours as needed. The ...


Case Report: An Undiagnosed Bladder Diverticulum Resulting In Foley Catheter Perforation During Cesarean Section, A. Allison Roy, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Joseph Assaley 2018 Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Case Report: An Undiagnosed Bladder Diverticulum Resulting In Foley Catheter Perforation During Cesarean Section, A. Allison Roy, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Joseph Assaley

Nadim Bou Zgheib

A bladder diverticulum is diagnosed when herniated bladder mucosa forms an outpouching from the bladder. Bladder diverticula are uncommon and are significantly more common in males. The following case presents a patient with an undiagnosed bladder diverticulum which was incidentally perforated during foley catheter placement for a repeat cesarean section. The diagnosis can be difficult in those who are asymptomatic and lack risk factors, such as the following patient.


Improving Postoperative Pain Control After Cesarean Delivery With Enhanced Recovery In Patients On Buprenorphine Therapy, Kevin D. White, Shirin Azadi, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Brenda L. Mitchell 2018 Marshall University

Improving Postoperative Pain Control After Cesarean Delivery With Enhanced Recovery In Patients On Buprenorphine Therapy, Kevin D. White, Shirin Azadi, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Brenda L. Mitchell

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract:

Introduction:

Prescription drug abuse presents a significant challenge to the management of post operative pain.Pain control amongst the opioid addicted patient can be especially challenging. We aimed to improve pain control after caesarian delivery with enhanced recovery in patients who are on buprenorphine medication-assisted therapy for the treatment of opioid addiction.

Materials and Methods:

We conducted a pilot study by implementing a protocol using liposomal bupivacaine injected at the time of cesarean delivery. Patients were then given 500mg acetaminophen every 4 hours, 800mg ibuprofen every 8 hours and 0.3mg IV buprenorphine every 6 hours as needed. The ...


Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith 2018 Creighton University

Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Miscarriage is a significant life event that impacts occupational performance, identity, and competence and that influences perceptions of motherhood. Because of the lack of social rituals often attributed to the death of a loved one, miscarriages may result in disenfranchised grief, which impedes coping.

Methods: This phenomenological study explored the impact of miscarriage on relationships, perceptions of motherhood, and the meaning of occupation in the context of grief. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews (N = 4) and completion of a brief demographic questionnaire. The interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and reviewed to ensure accuracy. Using inductive thematic analysis ...


The Fight For Birth, Jessica E. Brown 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Fight For Birth, Jessica E. Brown

Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


A Case Of Uterine Gangrene After Termination Of Second Trimester Pregnancy Complicated By Chorioamnionitis, Mohammed N. Salem, Ibrahim M.A. Hassanin, Ahmed M. Abbas 2018 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

A Case Of Uterine Gangrene After Termination Of Second Trimester Pregnancy Complicated By Chorioamnionitis, Mohammed N. Salem, Ibrahim M.A. Hassanin, Ahmed M. Abbas

POG In Press

Uterine gangrene is a rare event during pregnancy. Here, we report the case of a 22-year-old patient pregnant in her second trimester presenting with premature rupture of membranes and a low-lying placenta. Hysterotomy was done to evacuate the pregnancy. The procedure was complicated by hemorrhage so bilateral uterine arteries and the left internal iliac artery were ligated to control the bleeding. She continued to run a fever in spite of antibiotics and on the 11th postoperative day, the patient developed signs of septicemia. Abdominal re-exploration was done revealing a gangrenous uterus with signs of peritonitis. Subtotal hysterectomy was done ...


Pregnancy Outcome According To Body Mass Index In Primigravidas: A Prospective Cohort Study, Nahla W. Shady, Hany F. Sallam, Shymaa S. Ali, Ahmed M. Abbas 2018 Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt

Pregnancy Outcome According To Body Mass Index In Primigravidas: A Prospective Cohort Study, Nahla W. Shady, Hany F. Sallam, Shymaa S. Ali, Ahmed M. Abbas

POG In Press

Objective: The study aims to evaluate the association between Body Mass Index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse obstetric outcomes among primigravidas.

Material and methods: This was a prospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary University Hospital between June 2015 and May 2017. The study included 480 primigravidas, with singleton pregnancies, who were divided into three groups: women with a healthy weight (BMI: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2) overweight (BMI: 25 – 29.9 kg/m2) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). The primary outcome of the study was the rate of GWG in the participants ...


Pregnancies Complicated By Maternal Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type Iii: A Case Report And Review Of Literature., Tetsuya Kawakita, Melissa Fries, Jasbir Singh, Huda B. Al-Kouatly 2018 MedStar Washington Hospital Center

Pregnancies Complicated By Maternal Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type Iii: A Case Report And Review Of Literature., Tetsuya Kawakita, Melissa Fries, Jasbir Singh, Huda B. Al-Kouatly

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

The restrictive lung disease can be exacerbated by growing fundus in women with osteogenesis imperfecta type III. Regional anesthesia can be performed in these women. Mode of delivery for women with osteogenesis imperfecta type III is generally cesarean delivery. Neonatal outcomes are complicated due to indicated preterm deliveries.


Early Gestational Mesenchymal Stem Cell Secretome Attenuates Experimental Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia In Part Via Exosome-Associated Factor Tsg-6., Sushma Chaubey, Sam Thueson, Devasena Ponnalagu, Mohammad Afaque Alam, Ciprian P. Gheorghe, Zubair Aghai, Harpreet Singh, Vineet Bhandari 2018 Drexel University

Early Gestational Mesenchymal Stem Cell Secretome Attenuates Experimental Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia In Part Via Exosome-Associated Factor Tsg-6., Sushma Chaubey, Sam Thueson, Devasena Ponnalagu, Mohammad Afaque Alam, Ciprian P. Gheorghe, Zubair Aghai, Harpreet Singh, Vineet Bhandari

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising tools for the treatment of human lung disease and other pathologies relevant to newborn medicine. Recent studies have established MSC exosomes (EXO), as one of the main therapeutic vectors of MSCs in mouse models of multifactorial chronic lung disease of preterm infants, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, the mechanisms underlying MSC-EXO therapeutic action are not completely understood. Using a neonatal mouse model of human BPD, we evaluated the therapeutic efficiency of early gestational age (GA) human umbilical cord (hUC)-derived MSC EXO fraction and its exosomal factor, tumor necrosis factor alpha-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6).

METHODS ...


Availability And Use Of Magnesium Sulphate At Health Care Facilities In Two Selected Districts Of North Karnataka, India, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Charantimath, Anjali Joshi, Marianne Vidler, Umesh Ramadurg, Sumedha Sharma, Sheshidhar Bannale, Beth A. Payne, Sangamesh Rakaraddi, Rahat Qureshi 2018 Aga Khan University

Availability And Use Of Magnesium Sulphate At Health Care Facilities In Two Selected Districts Of North Karnataka, India, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Charantimath, Anjali Joshi, Marianne Vidler, Umesh Ramadurg, Sumedha Sharma, Sheshidhar Bannale, Beth A. Payne, Sangamesh Rakaraddi, Rahat Qureshi

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Background: Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Magnesium sulphate is accepted as the anticonvulsant of choice in these conditions and is present on the WHO essential medicines list and the Indian National List of Essential Medicines, 2015. Despite this, magnesium sulphate is not widely used in India for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. In addition to other factors, lack of availability may be a reason for sub-optimal usage. This study was undertaken to assess the availability and use of magnesium sulphate at public and private health care facilities in two districts of North Karnataka, India. Methods: A ...


The Feasibility Of Task-Sharing The Identification, Emergency Treatment, And Referral For Women With Pre-Eclampsia By Community Health Workers In India, Umesh Charanthimath, Marianne Vidler, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Ramadurg, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Avinash Kavi, Anjali Joshi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Rahat Qureshi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2018 Aga Khan University

The Feasibility Of Task-Sharing The Identification, Emergency Treatment, And Referral For Women With Pre-Eclampsia By Community Health Workers In India, Umesh Charanthimath, Marianne Vidler, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Ramadurg, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Avinash Kavi, Anjali Joshi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Rahat Qureshi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Background: Hypertensive disorders are the second highest direct obstetric cause of maternal death after haemorrhage, accounting for 14% of maternal deaths globally. Pregnancy hypertension contributes to maternal deaths, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, due to a scarcity of doctors providing evidence-based emergency obstetric care. Task-sharing some obstetric responsibilities may help to reduce the mortality rates. This study was conducted to assess acceptability by the community and other healthcare providers, for task-sharing by community health workers (CHW) in the identification and initial care in hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.
Methods: This study was conducted in two districts of Karnataka state in ...


Early Pregnancy Loss In Belagavi, Karnataka, India 2014-2017: A Prospective Population-Based Observational Study In A Low-Resource Setting., Sangappa M. Dhaded, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Jane P. Jacob, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sunil S. Vernekar, S. Yogesh Kumar, Avinash Kavi, Umesh Y. Ramadurg, Janet L. Moore, Dennis P. Wallace, Richard J. Derman, Robert L Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar 2018 J N Medical College

Early Pregnancy Loss In Belagavi, Karnataka, India 2014-2017: A Prospective Population-Based Observational Study In A Low-Resource Setting., Sangappa M. Dhaded, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Jane P. Jacob, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Sunil S. Vernekar, S. Yogesh Kumar, Avinash Kavi, Umesh Y. Ramadurg, Janet L. Moore, Dennis P. Wallace, Richard J. Derman, Robert L Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar

Global Health Articles

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of early pregnancy loss through miscarriage and medically terminated pregnancy (MTP) is largely unknown due to lack of early registration of pregnancies in most regions, and especially in low- and middle-income countries. Understanding the rates of early pregnancy loss as well as the characteristics of pregnant women who experience miscarriage or MTP can assist in better planning of reproductive health needs of women.

METHODS: A prospective, population-based study was conducted in Belagavi District, south India. Using an active surveillance system of women of childbearing age, all women were enrolled as soon as possible during pregnancy. We evaluated ...


Trends And Determinants Of Stillbirth In Developing Countries: Results From The Global Network's Population-Based Birth Registry., Sarah Saleem, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet L. Moore, Syed Iqbal Azam, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Irene Marete, Constance Tenge, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Sumera Aziz Ali, Farnaz Naqvi, Musaku Mwenchanya, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Richard Derman, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sherri Bucher, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Dennis D. Wallace, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Robert L. Goldenberg 2018 Aga Khan University

Trends And Determinants Of Stillbirth In Developing Countries: Results From The Global Network's Population-Based Birth Registry., Sarah Saleem, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Janet L. Moore, Syed Iqbal Azam, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Irene Marete, Constance Tenge, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Sumera Aziz Ali, Farnaz Naqvi, Musaku Mwenchanya, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Richard Derman, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sherri Bucher, Edward A. Liechty, Nancy Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Dennis D. Wallace, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Robert L. Goldenberg

Global Health Articles

BACKGROUND: Stillbirth rates remain high, especially in low and middle-income countries, where rates are 25 per 1000, ten-fold higher than in high-income countries. The United Nations' Every Newborn Action Plan has set a goal of 12 stillbirths per 1000 births by 2030 for all countries.

METHODS: From a population-based pregnancy outcome registry, including data from 2010 to 2016 from two sites each in Africa (Zambia and Kenya) and India (Nagpur and Belagavi), as well as sites in Pakistan and Guatemala, we evaluated the stillbirth rates and rates of annual decline as well as risk factors for 427,111 births of ...


The Feasibility Of Task-Sharing The Identification, Emergency Treatment, And Referral For Women With Pre-Eclampsia By Community Health Workers In India., Umesh Charanthimath, Marianne Vidler, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Ramadurg, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Avinash Kavi, Anjali Joshi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Sheshidhar Bannale, Sangamesh Rakaraddi, Diane Sawchuck, Rahat Qureshi, Sumedha Sharma, Beth A. Payne, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Laura A. Magee, Shivaprasad Goudar, Ashalata Mallapur, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Sheela Naik, Anis Mulla, Namdev Kamle, Vaibhav Dhamanekar, Sharla K. Drebit, Chirag Kariya, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Mansun Lui, Asif R Khowaja, Domena K. Tu, Amit Revankar 2018 J N Medical College

The Feasibility Of Task-Sharing The Identification, Emergency Treatment, And Referral For Women With Pre-Eclampsia By Community Health Workers In India., Umesh Charanthimath, Marianne Vidler, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Ramadurg, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Avinash Kavi, Anjali Joshi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Sheshidhar Bannale, Sangamesh Rakaraddi, Diane Sawchuck, Rahat Qureshi, Sumedha Sharma, Beth A. Payne, Peter Von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Laura A. Magee, Shivaprasad Goudar, Ashalata Mallapur, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Sheela Naik, Anis Mulla, Namdev Kamle, Vaibhav Dhamanekar, Sharla K. Drebit, Chirag Kariya, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Mansun Lui, Asif R Khowaja, Domena K. Tu, Amit Revankar

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders are the second highest direct obstetric cause of maternal death after haemorrhage, accounting for 14% of maternal deaths globally. Pregnancy hypertension contributes to maternal deaths, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, due to a scarcity of doctors providing evidence-based emergency obstetric care. Task-sharing some obstetric responsibilities may help to reduce the mortality rates. This study was conducted to assess acceptability by the community and other healthcare providers, for task-sharing by community health workers (CHW) in the identification and initial care in hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.

METHODS: This study was conducted in two districts of Karnataka state in ...


Why Pregnant Women With Depression Often Slip Through The Cracks, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Why Pregnant Women With Depression Often Slip Through The Cracks, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

One in seven women experience depression during pregnancy and after they give birth. This article explains how a model the authors created in Massachusetts to ensure that women with depression get the help they need is being implemented in other states.


Amniotic Fluid Embolism, Nadia Nawaz, Ahmed Raheem Buksh 2018 Aga Khan University

Amniotic Fluid Embolism, Nadia Nawaz, Ahmed Raheem Buksh

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare and severe problem in obstetric patients. We experienced a 21-year primigravida who underwent emergency cesarean section due to sudden collapse and fetal distress after rupture of membranes in labour. Subsequently, she developed intraoperative coagulopathy, hemorrhage, hypotension, and respiratory collapse requiring ventilation. Both maternal and neonatal lives were saved with full recovery and discharged in stable condition. The clinical diagnosis of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) was made, which is a very rare complication of pregnancy/puerperium with varying presentation, ranging from cardiac arrest, circulatory collapse and death through mild degrees of organ system dysfunction with ...


Adnexal Torsion In A Patient With Müllerian Agenesis Undergoing Ovarian Stimulation: A Case Report, Erika P. New, Adrianne R. Mallen, Abigail C. Mancuso, Bradley J. Van Voorhis 2018 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

Adnexal Torsion In A Patient With Müllerian Agenesis Undergoing Ovarian Stimulation: A Case Report, Erika P. New, Adrianne R. Mallen, Abigail C. Mancuso, Bradley J. Van Voorhis

POG In Press

Background: As assisted reproductive technologies become increasingly available to patients, more women with Müllerian agenesis may undergo ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval to have genetically-related offspring. The risk of ovarian torsion is increased in patients utilizing assisted reproductive technologies compared to patients who do not undergo these treatments.

Case: A 25-year-old G0 with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome presented to the emergency room two days after oocyte retrieval with an acute abdomen. During laparoscopy, she was found to have torsion of her left ovary.

Summary and Conclusion: As more young women with Müllerian agenesis present for fertility treatment, this anatomically unique patient cohort ...


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