Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Obstetrics and Gynecology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,585 Full-Text Articles 5,976 Authors 431,738 Downloads 100 Institutions

All Articles in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Faceted Search

2,585 full-text articles. Page 1 of 112.

Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan 2018 Heidelberg University

Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Hepatitis C On Maternal Bile Acid Level And The Fetal Left Ventricular Tei Index, Kelly Cummings, Jesse Cottrell, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Ryan Stone, David G. Chaffin, Everett Magann 2018 Marshall University

The Effect Of Hepatitis C On Maternal Bile Acid Level And The Fetal Left Ventricular Tei Index, Kelly Cummings, Jesse Cottrell, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Ryan Stone, David G. Chaffin, Everett Magann

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Hepatitis C (HCV) is a common form of liver disease encountered in pregnancy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if hepatitis C is associated with elevated maternal serum bile acids and abnormal fetal cardiac function measured by the left ventricular Tei index in the absence of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. This is a prospective cohort study on pregnant women with hepatitis C seen through Marshall University’s high-risk obstetrics clinic from 2013 to 2014. Women with hepatitis C had a laboratory evaluation and an ultrasound on the fetus to calculate the left ventricular Tei index. Demographic information and ...


The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon 2018 University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing

The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Ovarian cancer is the most fatal of all gynecologic cancers, with a high relapse rate regardless of stage. Women treated for ovarian cancer, therefore, likely have supportive care needs that extend well beyond the time frame of first-line therapy. Unfortunately, there is minimal data describing these needs. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the supportive care needs of women with ovarian care at the end of treatment.

Methods: To better understand the issues faced by women with ovarian cancer, we conducted a public Twitter chat in collaboration with gynecologic cancer social media (#gyncsm). Both quantitative and ...


Involuntary Sterilization Among Hiv-Positive Garifuna Women From Honduras Seeking Asylum In The United States: Two Case Reports, Holly G. Atkinson, Deborah Ottenheimer 2018 CUNY City College

Involuntary Sterilization Among Hiv-Positive Garifuna Women From Honduras Seeking Asylum In The United States: Two Case Reports, Holly G. Atkinson, Deborah Ottenheimer

Publications and Research

Voluntary sterilization is one of the most widely used forms of contraception by women worldwide; however, involuntary sterilization is considered a violation of multiple human rights and grounds for asylum in the United States. Women have been disproportionately affected by this practice. We report two cases of involuntary sterilization in HIV-positive Garifuna women from Honduras who sought asylum in America and were medically evaluated at the request of their attorneys. Key lessons can be drawn from these cases with regard to the importance of medical evaluations in establishing persecution. These include the need for a detailed account of the events ...


Prophylactic Antibiotics To Reduce Pelvic Infection In Women Having Miscarriage Surgery – The Aims (Antibiotics In Miscarriage Surgery) Trial: Study Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial, David Lissauer, Amie Wilson, Jane Daniels, Lee Middleton, Jon Bishop, Catherine Hewitt, Abi Merriel, Rahat Qureshi, Iffat Ahmed, Humera Ismail 2018 University of Birmingham

Prophylactic Antibiotics To Reduce Pelvic Infection In Women Having Miscarriage Surgery – The Aims (Antibiotics In Miscarriage Surgery) Trial: Study Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial, David Lissauer, Amie Wilson, Jane Daniels, Lee Middleton, Jon Bishop, Catherine Hewitt, Abi Merriel, Rahat Qureshi, Iffat Ahmed, Humera Ismail

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: The estimated annual global burden of miscarriage is 33 million out of 210 million pregnancies. Many women undergoing miscarriage have surgery to remove pregnancy tissues, resulting in miscarriage surgery being one of the most common operations performed in hospitals in low-income countries. Infection is a serious consequence and can result in serious illness and death. In low-income settings, the infection rate following miscarriage surgery has been reported to be high. Good quality evidence on the use of prophylactic antibiotics for surgical miscarriage management is not available. Given that miscarriage surgery is common, and infective complications are frequent and serious ...


(Video) Outreach Services To Treat Women Living With Obstetric Fistula: A Systematic Review, Pauline Pamela Pratt, Rashida Muhammad 2018 George Washington University

(Video) Outreach Services To Treat Women Living With Obstetric Fistula: A Systematic Review, Pauline Pamela Pratt, Rashida Muhammad

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background: Obstetric fistula is a condition experienced by women who because of prolonged labor become incontinent forming one or more holes in between the rectum and the vagina or the vagina and the bladder (Heller, A., 2017). The hole causes uncontrollable stool and urine to leak from the woman. For most women with obstetric fistula, the duration of the labor leading to fistula varied between 5 hours and 9 days, averaging 3.0 days long (Heller, A., 2017). Women who suffer from this from this condition are do not have access to quality medical care. While prevention is the priority ...


Recurrent Vulvar Carcinoma: Complex Surgical Treatment Via Perineal Excision And Reconstruction With Musculocutaneous Flap, Dragoș Popa, Cosmin V. Obleagă, Ștefan Paitici, Stelian Ș. Mogoanta, Ionică D. Vîlcea, Pouya Pourgolafshan, Cristian Gheorghe, Manuela I. Vasile, Raluca Câmpeanu, Cecil S. Mirea 2018 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Recurrent Vulvar Carcinoma: Complex Surgical Treatment Via Perineal Excision And Reconstruction With Musculocutaneous Flap, Dragoș Popa, Cosmin V. Obleagă, Ștefan Paitici, Stelian Ș. Mogoanta, Ionică D. Vîlcea, Pouya Pourgolafshan, Cristian Gheorghe, Manuela I. Vasile, Raluca Câmpeanu, Cecil S. Mirea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Vulvar cancer is a malignant disease having a low frequency and with well-established surgical and oncological treatments based on the stage of the disease. The most important therapeutic problem encountered is represented by cases of perineal local regional recurrence, which are common in patients with large primary tumors and can occur even if the margins of the resection had no tumoral invasion.

We present a case study of a 64-year-old patient diagnosed one year ago with squamous vulvar carcinoma (G3) for which a vulvectomy was performed after neoadjuvant radiotherapy. The patient later developed local recurrence with invasion of the anal ...


The Psychosocial Impact Of Vaginal Delivery And Cesarean Section In Primiparous Women, Ples Liana, Romina M. Sima, Delia Carp, Camelia Alexandroaia, Denisa O. Balalau, Anca D. Stanescu, Octavian G. Olaru 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Saint John Emergency Hospital/ Bucur Maternity, Department of Obstetrics and Ginecology

The Psychosocial Impact Of Vaginal Delivery And Cesarean Section In Primiparous Women, Ples Liana, Romina M. Sima, Delia Carp, Camelia Alexandroaia, Denisa O. Balalau, Anca D. Stanescu, Octavian G. Olaru

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The aim of this study was to identify how the method of delivery and birth experience interfere with maternal psychological status early after puerperium. We conducted a prospective study on 148 women after puerperium from November 2017 to January 2018 in Bucur Maternity Hospital. Women that delivered vaginally mobilized in the first 6 hours in 73.7% of the cases, but for cesarean section after 12- 24 hours in 43.6% of the cases. Women described good support from the obstetrician in 58.1% of the cases. 90.5% of the women reported that the method of delivery did not ...


Pelvic Floor Disorders In Gynecological Malignancies. An Overlooked Problem?, Oana M. Bodean, Radu D. Marcu, Dan A. Spinu, Bogdan Socea, Camelia C. Diaconu, Octavian Munteanu, Nicoleta Taus, Monica Cirstoiu 2018 Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Pelvic Floor Disorders In Gynecological Malignancies. An Overlooked Problem?, Oana M. Bodean, Radu D. Marcu, Dan A. Spinu, Bogdan Socea, Camelia C. Diaconu, Octavian Munteanu, Nicoleta Taus, Monica Cirstoiu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Cervical, endometrial, ovarian, vulvar, and vaginal cancers affect women of a broad age spectrum. Many of these women are still sexually active when their cancer is diagnosed. Treatment options for gynecological malignancies, such as gynecological surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, are proven risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction. The prevalence of urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and sexual dysfunction before cancer treatment is still unclear. Hypotheses have been raised in the literature that these manifestations could represent early symptoms of pelvic cancers, but most remain overlooked even in cancer surviving patients.

The primary focus of therapy is always cancer eradication, but as ...


Short Limbs, Earlier Diagnosis: Antenatal Presentation Of Cornelia De Lange Syndrome, Ellen E. Schoenfeld, Nicole Plenty 2018 Marian University - Indianapolis

Short Limbs, Earlier Diagnosis: Antenatal Presentation Of Cornelia De Lange Syndrome, Ellen E. Schoenfeld, Nicole Plenty

Student Publications and Research

Case Study:

Short Limbs, Earlier Diagnosis: Antenatal Presentation of Cornelia de Lange Syndrome.

30-year old female presented at 35 weeks gestation to Maternal-Fetal Medicine with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) • 9 weeks: Demise of two fetuses in the triplet trichorionic gestation • 11 weeks: Growth restriction of the remaining triplet noted.

Negative genetic testing does not exclude the diagnosis of CdLS, which should remain in the differential diagnosis with antenatal findings of frontal bossing, micromelia, and first trimester IUGR.


Transabdominal Versus Transvaginal, Kyla camille Gray 2018 DePaul University

Transabdominal Versus Transvaginal, Kyla Camille Gray

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: In the United States, there has been a 21% increase in the occurrence of premature births within the last two decades. These children are also more likely to require lifelong therapies, assistive technologies, mobility devices, and more supportive services throughout their time in school. Globally, preterm births, and their preventions, have become a topic of interest. One method that has had significant success rates is placing a cerclage to prevent cervical dilation; while simultaneously treating prophylactically for early delivery.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to focus on which placement of cerclages, transabdominal or transvaginal, is ...


Evaluation Of The Accessibility Of Structured Exercise Programs For Pregnant Women: An Analysis Of Offerings At The Ymcas Of Massachusetts, Janelle Driscoll, Vidya Iyer, Ashley Medeiros, Shobhana Parameshwaran, Alissa Dangel 2018 Tufts University

Evaluation Of The Accessibility Of Structured Exercise Programs For Pregnant Women: An Analysis Of Offerings At The Ymcas Of Massachusetts, Janelle Driscoll, Vidya Iyer, Ashley Medeiros, Shobhana Parameshwaran, Alissa Dangel

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends that exercise should be encouraged in women with uncomplicated pregnancies. Potential benefits of exercise include a decreased incidence of medical complications of pregnancy, including gestational diabetes and preterm labor. Additional benefits include decreased incidence of excessive maternal weight gain, cesarean sections and low birthweight of the newborn. The Massachusetts' rate of gestational diabetes was 4.7% in 2015 with 7.8% babies being born at low birth weight and 8.6% born preterm statewide. The aim of this project was to evaluate the availability of structured exercise programs tailored specifically to pregnant ...


Premenstrual Syndrome: Existence, Knowledge, And Attitude Among Female University Students In Karachi, Aleena Mohib, Amara Zafar, Areeba Najam, Hafsa Tanveer, Rehana Rehman 2018 Dow Medical College, Civil Hospital Karachi, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan

Premenstrual Syndrome: Existence, Knowledge, And Attitude Among Female University Students In Karachi, Aleena Mohib, Amara Zafar, Areeba Najam, Hafsa Tanveer, Rehana Rehman

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the existence, knowledge, and the attitude of female students towards premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three universities in Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 448 female students participated in the study. The clinical criterion of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) for PMS was used to assess the prevalence of PMS in the participants. The questionnaire was set in four parts, one each to assess the knowledge, the attitude, and practices regarding PMS and one to assess the gap between self-perceived PMS and actual PMS. Data ...


Anti-Oxidant Mediated Normalisation Of Raised Intracellular Cytokines In Patients With Reproductive Failure., Kevin Marron, John F. Kennedy, Conor Harrity 2018 Sims IVF Clinic

Anti-Oxidant Mediated Normalisation Of Raised Intracellular Cytokines In Patients With Reproductive Failure., Kevin Marron, John F. Kennedy, Conor Harrity

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Articles

Background: Raised intracellular cytokine ratios (CKR) are proposed as a significant risk factor for adverse reproductive outcome. An elevated cytokine ratio, such as between TNFa and/or IFNg to IL-10 is associated with recurrent miscarriage (RM). The use of pharmacological immunomodulators such as TNFα inhibitors in these patients is controversial and not generally recommended due to a lack of conclusive data supporting their use. We evaluated whether the use of anti-oxidants/dietary supplements as an alternative could positively influence CKR's in ART patients.

Methods: A prospective non-placebo control trial of antioxidant treatment for abnormal peripheral inflammatory cytokine ratios was ...


A Rare Case: Rupture Of Internal Pudendal And Uterine Artery In A Vaginal Delivery, Novera G. Chughtai, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi 2018 Aga Khan University

A Rare Case: Rupture Of Internal Pudendal And Uterine Artery In A Vaginal Delivery, Novera G. Chughtai, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

The management of puerperal hematomas after normal delivery has always been challenging for obstetricians. Vulvar, vulvovaginal, or paravaginal hematomas are common. On the other hand, retroperitoneal hematomas are uncommon and can be life-threatening. The diagnosis of vascular injury is rarely made preoperatively as atonic or traumatic postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), uterine rupture and amniotic fluid embolism are more common differential diagnoses. Injury to internal pudendal and uterine vessels is extremely rare in cases of vaginal delivery and, therefore, the literature on this topic is very scarce. We present a rare case of both internal pudendal and uterine artery rupture in a ...


Uterine Arteriovenous Malformations After Suction Evacuation Of Missed Miscarriage, Arshia Javed, Reeta Chander, Zahra Hoodbhoy 2018 Aga Khan University

Uterine Arteriovenous Malformations After Suction Evacuation Of Missed Miscarriage, Arshia Javed, Reeta Chander, Zahra Hoodbhoy

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an uncommon but life-threating source of bleeding. AVM is an abnormal connection between uterine arteries and veins. Patients typically present with vaginal bleeding following miscarriage (medical/surgical) or cesarean section. The treatment of choice depends on the symptoms, age, desire of fertility, localization and size of the lesion. Uterine artery embolization is the first choice in symptomatic patients of reproductive age group. We report a case of AVM presenting after dilation and evacuation with extensive lesion, which was successfully treated with bilateral uterine artery embolization.


Let’S Talk About Sex History: Impact Of A Communication Curriculum On Medical Student Performance And Perceived Competency, Colleen K. Stockdale, John Kippes, Marcy Rosenbaum, Marygrace Elson 2018 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA

Let’S Talk About Sex History: Impact Of A Communication Curriculum On Medical Student Performance And Perceived Competency, Colleen K. Stockdale, John Kippes, Marcy Rosenbaum, Marygrace Elson

POG In Press

Introduction: Communication in general, but especially regarding difficult topics such as sexual health is inadequately addressed in undergraduate medical education. Students often feel they are poorly trained in this area due to a lack of opportunities to practice taking sexual history. Thus, a communication curriculum was implemented to address this gap, including formal small group practice sessions on taking a sexual history during the Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) clerkship.

Aim: Determine whether medical students who completed a sexual history communication curriculum performed better during a formal standardized patient based assessment (PBA) at the conclusion of the OB/GYN clerkship ...


Review Of Outside Pathology Prior To Treatment Of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Cost Analysis, Heather R. Williams, Alison C. Agner, Colleen K. Stockdale 2018 Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Augusta, GA

Review Of Outside Pathology Prior To Treatment Of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Cost Analysis, Heather R. Williams, Alison C. Agner, Colleen K. Stockdale

POG In Press

Objectives: Academic institutions routinely require in-house review of pathology prior to treatment. However, it is unclear if pathology review is beneficial for the management of patients referred for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). This study aims to determine if review of outside pathology for CIN at an academic medical center resulted in a change in the treatment plan and the associated cost for pathology review.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients referred for treatment of CIN, including review of outside cytology and histology was performed from January 1 to December 31, 2007 after obtaining IRB approval. Data was analyzed to ...


Surgeon Volume, David L. Howard, Andrea McGlynn, Joy A. Greer 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Surgeon Volume, David L. Howard, Andrea Mcglynn, Joy A. Greer

Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


An Audit Of Neural Tube Defects In The Republic Of Ireland For 2012-2015., Robert J. McDonnell, V Delany, M T. O'Mahony, Catherine Lynch, Aoife McKeating, Cathy Monteith, Michael JA Turner 2018 Dr. Steeven's Hospital

An Audit Of Neural Tube Defects In The Republic Of Ireland For 2012-2015., Robert J. Mcdonnell, V Delany, M T. O'Mahony, Catherine Lynch, Aoife Mckeating, Cathy Monteith, Michael Ja Turner

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Articles

Neural tube defects (NTD) are potentially preventable in two-thirds of cases by periconceptional maternal Folic Acid (FA) supplementation. A national audit for the years 2009-11 showed no decline in NTD rates over twenty years. The aim of this national audit was to determine trends/rates and inform revision of national FA supplementation and food fortification strategies. Of 274,732 live and stillbirths there were 121(42.0%) cases of anencephaly, 136(47.2%) cases of spina bifida and 31(10.8%) cases of encephalocoele giving a total of 288 and overall rate of 1.05/1000 compared with 1.04 ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress