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Obstetrics and Gynecology Commons

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Does Age Influence Knowledge And Attitudes About Intrauterine Devices?, Sara Edwards, Lisa Perriera, MD, MPH, Rebecca J. Mercier MD MPH 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Does Age Influence Knowledge And Attitudes About Intrauterine Devices?, Sara Edwards, Lisa Perriera, Md, Mph, Rebecca J. Mercier Md Mph

CWIC Posters

Primary objectives:

  • Are there differences in attitudes and beliefs about IUDs based on age?
  • We hypothesized that older women may be more familiar with the negative outcomes of earlier models of the IUD and therefore may hold more negative attitudes toward IUDs.


Association Between Pregnancy Intention And Maternal Characteristics, Outcomes, And Cost Of Care: A Pilot Study, Kristy M. Kelel, Kiley B. Vander Wyst, Danielle M. Greer, Danish Siddiqui 2016 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Association Between Pregnancy Intention And Maternal Characteristics, Outcomes, And Cost Of Care: A Pilot Study, Kristy M. Kelel, Kiley B. Vander Wyst, Danielle M. Greer, Danish Siddiqui

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: An estimated 51% of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. In Wisconsin, unplanned pregnancies account for 40% of all pregnancies and cost $148 million in public funds. Unintended pregnancy, which creates increased hardship for mothers and threatened well-being of infants, has been recognized as an important health, social and economic problem.

Purpose: To determine the pregnancy intentions of postpartum women and the maternal characteristics, outcomes and costs of care associated with unintended pregnancies at a large urban hospital in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Methods: Postpartum women were surveyed prior to discharge. The 20-item survey included whether or not the woman ...


Proceedings Of 2016 Aurora Scientific Day, 2016 Aurora Health Care

Proceedings Of 2016 Aurora Scientific Day

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This supplement includes select abstracts presented at the 42nd annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium, held May 25, 2016, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Aurora Scientific Day provides a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, students and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, a not-for-profit health system comprised of integrated hospitals and clinics across eastern Wisconsin and northeastern Illinois.


Mind And Body Training To Improve Functioning And Coping With Chronic Pain: A Pilot Study, Olga Valieva, Leah M. Welsh, Betty Amuzu, Niraj Nijhawan, Jessica J.F. Kram 2016 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Mind And Body Training To Improve Functioning And Coping With Chronic Pain: A Pilot Study, Olga Valieva, Leah M. Welsh, Betty Amuzu, Niraj Nijhawan, Jessica J.F. Kram

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Patients with chronic pain are often crippled by psychological distress, depression and fear. These patients also can develop altered pain perception, with enhanced brain activity in pain-responsive regions and those associated with anxiety/depression. Exercise and meditation can impact pain-reducing brain areas and positively influence pain characteristics.

Purpose: To alter pain center activity by reducing the activation of the higher brain and deactivation of the lower brain with somatocognitive and meditative practices, with secondary aim of reducing anxiety/depression and improve overall quality of life.

Methods: We conducted a pilot study on mentally competent adult women with stable chronic ...


Losing Ground: Awareness Of Congenital Cytomegalovirus In The United States, Sara M. Doutre, Tyson S. Barrett, Janelle Greenlee, Karl R. White 2016 Utah State University

Losing Ground: Awareness Of Congenital Cytomegalovirus In The United States, Sara M. Doutre, Tyson S. Barrett, Janelle Greenlee, Karl R. White

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

One in 150 infants is born with cytomegalovirus (CMV) and one in 750 will have lifelong disabilities due to CMV. Even though congenital CMV is the leading viral cause of congenital disabilities and the leading non-genetic cause of childhood hearing loss, most adults have never heard of it. Data from the 2015 and 2016 HealthStylesTM surveys were analyzed and compared to data from similar studies and show an awareness rate of 7% for US adults (5% for men and 9% for women), a statistically significant decrease from 2005 and 2010 studies. Predictors of awareness include gender and education level ...


Does Preparation For Childbirth Training Reduce The Cesarean Rate?, Yıldız Arzu Aba, Şirin Özkan, Hacer Ataman, Bulat Aytek Şık, Serkan Kumbasar, Murat Bozkurt, Eray Çalışkan 2016 Faculty of Healty Sciences, Bandırma Onyedi Eylul Unıversity, Balıkesir,Turkey

Does Preparation For Childbirth Training Reduce The Cesarean Rate?, Yıldız Arzu Aba, Şirin Özkan, Hacer Ataman, Bulat Aytek Şık, Serkan Kumbasar, Murat Bozkurt, Eray Çalışkan

POG In Press

Purpose: This study was conducted as experimental and prospective to determine the effect of birth preparation training on the birth route preparations of pregnant individuals.

Methods:The study was conducted in three state hospitals which operate under Kocaeli State Hospitals Community. The study group included 110 pregnant individuals who attended the hospitals’ birth preparation training classes between 1 January – 30 June 2015 and the control group included 90 pregnant individuals from Kocaeli Maternity Hospital. The chi-squared test was used to measure the differences between groups in classified variables, and the t-test was used for parametric variables. P

A survey form ...


Use Of Foley's Catheter Balloon Tamponade To Control Placental Site Bleeding Resulting From Major Placenta Previa During Cesarean Section, Mohammed Khairy Ali, Ahmed Mohamed Abbas, Ahmed Yehia Abdelbadee, Sherif Abdel- Krem Shazly, Ahmed M. AbdelMagied 2016 Women Health Hospital, Assiut, Egypt

Use Of Foley's Catheter Balloon Tamponade To Control Placental Site Bleeding Resulting From Major Placenta Previa During Cesarean Section, Mohammed Khairy Ali, Ahmed Mohamed Abbas, Ahmed Yehia Abdelbadee, Sherif Abdel- Krem Shazly, Ahmed M. Abdelmagied

POG In Press

Aim: To evaluate the effect of 2-way Foley's catheter balloon tamponade on controlling immediate postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in cases of major placenta previa during cesarean section (CS).

Methods: We evaluated women with placenta previa from May to November 2015. Women with immediate PPH during CS due to major placenta previa were managed by 2-way Foley's catheter balloon tamponade when medical treatment failed, and before any surgical intervention.

Results: Twenty patients, had major placenta previa, were delivered by elective CS and complicated by immediate PPH. Three placenta accreta patients (15%) underwent hysterectomy, 17 (85%) were managed by the 2-way ...


Intrauterine Fetal Demise With Caudal Regression Syndrome, A Case Report, Devin McKissic, Colleen K. Stockdale 2016 University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa

Intrauterine Fetal Demise With Caudal Regression Syndrome, A Case Report, Devin Mckissic, Colleen K. Stockdale

POG In Press

Background: The causes of intrauterine fetal demise are varied and not entirely well-understood. Multiple observational studies have shown that both perinatal and infant mortality rates are increased in children of diabetic mothers when compared to those of nondiabetic mothers.

Case: We present a case involving a 22-year-old G4P0120 with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus and a complex medical history including two first trimester fetal losses, and second trimester intrauterine fetal demise who presented during the second trimester for care and was found to have a fetus with ultrasound findings consistent with caudal regression syndrome. When she presented in labor ...


Ectopic Ureter In An Adolescent Female With Vaginal Discharge: A Case Report, Avery M. Whitis, Colleen K. Stockdale 2016 University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa

Ectopic Ureter In An Adolescent Female With Vaginal Discharge: A Case Report, Avery M. Whitis, Colleen K. Stockdale

POG In Press

Background: An ectopic ureter inserts at a site other than the bladder neck, including urethra, vagina, and vestibule in women. These are typically diagnosed in childhood with the onset of continuous urinary incontinence after toilet training. However, they can be difficult to diagnose and rarely present in adults as urinary incontinence refractory to treatment.

Case: A 17-year-old female presented with a five-year history of profuse, watery vaginal discharge and recurrent urinary tract infections, in the setting of normal voiding patterns. Discharge was initially categorized as physiologic. After months without improvement, CT urogram revealed a duplex left sided ureteral system that ...


Velamentous Cord: A Dangerous Case Complicated By A Rural Population, Adam Franks, MD, Carolyn Curtis, MD, Shawndra Barker, MD 2016 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Velamentous Cord: A Dangerous Case Complicated By A Rural Population, Adam Franks, Md, Carolyn Curtis, Md, Shawndra Barker, Md

Carolyn Curtis

A velamentous cord insertion occurs when the umbilical cord’s Wharton jelly fails to reach the placenta, due to early placental atrophy around the insertion site, leaving a segment of unprotected vessels running through the thin membranes of the amniotic sac. This area of weakness exposes a threat to the well-being of the fetus through acute hemorrhage and both acute and chronic restriction of nutrition. With advances in technology, resolution capabilities of ultrasounds allow for antenatal diagnosis, when previously this was impossible. With this knowledge, considerations for screening and management of this pathology are essential when dealing with a rural ...


Women’S Experiences With Prenatal Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring The Influence Of The Social Determinants Of Health, Karen A. D'Angelo, Janelle K. Bryan, Brenda Kurz 2016 University of Illinois at Chicago Jane Addams College of Social Work

Women’S Experiences With Prenatal Care: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring The Influence Of The Social Determinants Of Health, Karen A. D'Angelo, Janelle K. Bryan, Brenda Kurz

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background & Purpose: Racial and ethnic disparities pervade birth outcomes in the United States and the state of Connecticut. While Connecticut’s infant mortality rate is less than the national average, rates for the state’s Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino communities exceed it. This study explored how prenatal care in Connecticut may be enhanced to address these disparities.

Methods: In spring 2013, seven focus groups and two semi-structured interviews were conducted (n=47). Participants also self-administered brief surveys. Recruited by local service providers, participants were 18 or older, pregnant and/or in the first year post-partum at the time ...


Preterm Birth: Can We Do Better?, Scott A. Sullivan, Matt Hoffman, John P. Elliott MD 2016 Medical University of South Carolina

Preterm Birth: Can We Do Better?, Scott A. Sullivan, Matt Hoffman, John P. Elliott Md

POG In Press

Preterm birth (PTB) remains the most serious complication in obstetrics and a substantial excess burden in US healthcare economics. The etiology of PTB is complex and likely has multiple physiological pathways. Unfortunately, current antenatal care screening methods have not been successful in predicting and, eventually, preventing PTB.

Although treatments such as progesterone, cerclage and pessary are available for patients with historical risk factors and shortened cervix, these treatments are not universally efficacious. Antenatal care is in great need of new prediction and prevention strategies.

The role of more global methods of screening and treatment is still undefined. Most women with ...


Comparison Of The Prevalence And Characteristics Of Inpatient Adverse Events Using Medical Records Review And Incident Reporting, William Macharia, Charles Muteshi, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Abraham Mukaindo, Ahmed Ismail, Herman Ekea, Abdallah Abdulkarim, John Tole, Anthony Ngugi 2016 Aga Khan University

Comparison Of The Prevalence And Characteristics Of Inpatient Adverse Events Using Medical Records Review And Incident Reporting, William Macharia, Charles Muteshi, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Abraham Mukaindo, Ahmed Ismail, Herman Ekea, Abdallah Abdulkarim, John Tole, Anthony Ngugi

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

No abstract provided.


Computer Aided Diagnosis Of Early Vascular Disease From Ultrasound Images, Liam N. Kavanagh 2016 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Computer Aided Diagnosis Of Early Vascular Disease From Ultrasound Images, Liam N. Kavanagh

MD theses

This thesis consists of 2 separate ultrasound (US) based studies, performed with the common aim of improving the diagnosis of early vascular disease from US images.

Study 1

Introduction: Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) is an endothelium-dependent process reflecting the dilatation of a conduit artery when it is exposed to increased blood flow and therefore increased shear stress. FMD requires a healthy endothelium and is depressed in those with cardiovascular risk factors. Current 2D US assessment is limited as a research tool only secondary to variable reproducibility, technical difficulties and difficulties determining true diameter measurement. To our knowledge this is the ...


Vulvodynia; An Under-Recognized Disease, Simona Roxana Georgescu, Cristina I. Mitran, Mădălina I. Mitran, Maria I. Sârbu, Mircea Tampa 2016 Carol Davila University, Department of Dermatology and Venereology

Vulvodynia; An Under-Recognized Disease, Simona Roxana Georgescu, Cristina I. Mitran, Mădălina I. Mitran, Maria I. Sârbu, Mircea Tampa

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Vulvodynia is a chronic condition which affects an increasing number of women; it presents currently an incidence that is higher than had previously been estimated. Regarding pathogenesis, several (hormonal, infectious, inflammatory and psychological) factors have been proposed, but vulvodynia etiology remains still unclear. This disorder is a multifactorial condition with a significant impact on the patient’s quality of life, yet is difficult to diagnose (an under-estimated/ under-recognized affection). Certain medical investigations are required in order to exclude other diseases (the diagnosis of vulvodynia being one of exclusion), but anamnesis and physical examination are essential steps in the diagnosis.

Although ...


Dexamethasone For The Prevention Of Neonatal Respiratory Morbidity Before Elective Cesarean Section At Term, Mohammed N. Salem, Ahmed Mohamed Abbas, Mostafa Ashry 2016 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine; Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

Dexamethasone For The Prevention Of Neonatal Respiratory Morbidity Before Elective Cesarean Section At Term, Mohammed N. Salem, Ahmed Mohamed Abbas, Mostafa Ashry

POG In Press

Background: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is the principal cause of early neonatal morbidity and mortality.

Objective: The current study aims to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone administration 48 hours before elective cesarean section (CS) at term on neonatal respiratory morbidity.

Methods: The current study was a case-control study conducted between June 2015 and November 2015. Women who attended the labor ward in Sohag University Hospital, Egypt, after 37 weeks of gestation for elective CS were approached for participation. The patients received 2 intramuscular doses of 12 mg dexamethasone 12 hours apart in the 48 hours before CS (N=246). The ...


Countdown To 2015 Country Case Studies: What Can Analysis Of National Health Financing Contribute To Understanding Mdg 4 And 5 Progress?, Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Ashar Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, Peter Berman 2016 Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Countdown To 2015 Country Case Studies: What Can Analysis Of National Health Financing Contribute To Understanding Mdg 4 And 5 Progress?, Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Ashar Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, Peter Berman

Community Health Sciences

Background

Countdown to 2015 (Countdown) supported countries to produce case studies that examine how and why progress was made toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Analysing how health-financing data explains improvements in RMNCH outcomes was one of the components to the case studies.

Methods

This paper presents a descriptive analysis on health financing from six Countdown case studies (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania), supplemented by additional data from global databases and country reports on macroeconomic, health financing, demographic, and RMNCH outcome data as needed. It also examines the effect of other contextual factors presented in ...


What Clinical Interventions Have Been Implemented To Prevent Or Reduce Postpartum Hypertension Readmissions? A Clin-Iq, Sara O'Meara, Molly Lepic 2016 Aurora Sinai Medical Center, Aurora Health Care

What Clinical Interventions Have Been Implemented To Prevent Or Reduce Postpartum Hypertension Readmissions? A Clin-Iq, Sara O'Meara, Molly Lepic

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

A literature review was conducted to determine what clinical interventions have been studied and implemented to prevent and/or reduce postpartum hypertension readmissions. Appropriate verbal and printed educational materials should be given to the patient prior to discharge with use of the “teach back” method. Patients and health care providers within the multidisciplinary team should be educated on the warning signs and symptoms of worsening hypertensive disease and when to appropriately involve the obstetrician. The use of text messaging may be useful in preventing hospital readmissions by increasing patient follow-up and compliance and appropriately managing patients in the postpartum period ...


Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon PhD MSPH 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Mater: Innovative Programs For Maternal Addiction Education Treatment And Research, Meghan Gannon Phd Msph

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Gestational Age Estimation Based On Fetal Pelvimetry On Fetal Ultrasound In Iraqi Women, Sattar Razzaq Al-Esawi, Niran Mohammed Al-Hashimi, Farah S. Ali, Sarwat Hussain 2016 Al Sader Medical City

Gestational Age Estimation Based On Fetal Pelvimetry On Fetal Ultrasound In Iraqi Women, Sattar Razzaq Al-Esawi, Niran Mohammed Al-Hashimi, Farah S. Ali, Sarwat Hussain

The Journal of Global Radiology

Ultrasound is an integral part of obstetric practice, and assessment of gestational age (GA) is a central element of obstetric ultrasonography. Sonographic estimation of GA is derived from calculations based on fetal measurements. Numerous equations for GA calculation from fetal biometry have been adopted in routine practice. This study reports a new method of estimating GA in the second and third trimester using interischial distance (IID), the distance between the two ischial primary ossification centers, on fetal ultrasound. Four hundred women with uncomplicated normal singleton pregnancies from 16 weeks to term were examined. Standard fetal obstetric ultrasound was done measuring ...


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