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Sentinel Lymph Node In Early Stage Ovarian Cancer; A Literature Review, Irina Balescu, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Mihaela Vilcu, Vladislav Brasoveanu, Iulian Brezean 2018 Ponderas Academic Hospital, Department of Visceral Surgery, Bucharest, Romania

Sentinel Lymph Node In Early Stage Ovarian Cancer; A Literature Review, Irina Balescu, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Mihaela Vilcu, Vladislav Brasoveanu, Iulian Brezean

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Although sentinel lymph node mapping has been widely implemented in gynecological malignancies in order to minimize the number of unnecessary lymph node dissections and to diminish postoperative morbidity rate, little is known about ovarian cancer sentinel lymph node mapping. This article presents a literature review regarding the effectiveness, safety and benefits of this method.

Sentinel lymph node detection in early stage ovarian cancer seems to be a safe and effective method, able to minimize the rate of patients submitted to unnecessary lymph node dissection. The second goal of the procedure, to minimize the risk of missing involved lymph nodes, seems ...


Postpartum Depression: Prevention And Multimodal Therapy, Anca Daniela Stanescu, Denisa Oana Balalau, Liana Ples, Stana Paunica, Cristian Balalau 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucur Maternity Hospital, St. John's Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania

Postpartum Depression: Prevention And Multimodal Therapy, Anca Daniela Stanescu, Denisa Oana Balalau, Liana Ples, Stana Paunica, Cristian Balalau

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

A woman goes through many biological (hormonal, physical), psychological (emotional), and socio-cultural changes during pregnancy. Furthermore, changes also occur in the mother's familial and interpersonal world after childbirth. While some mothers have positive emotions at birth, such as joy and pleasure, others complain of negative experiences varying from sadness and depression to psychosis. Thus, the risk of depression is higher for women during the postpartum period, having a tendency to decrease in most cases over the first 2 weeks after delivery. Unfortunately, this favorable evolution does not happen in about 1 in 4-7 women, who develops postpartum depression. Postpartum ...


"Born Out Of Fear": A Grounded Theory Study Of The Stigma Of Bipolar Disorder For New Mothers, Walker Ladd Ph.D. 2018 University of Phoenix

"Born Out Of Fear": A Grounded Theory Study Of The Stigma Of Bipolar Disorder For New Mothers, Walker Ladd Ph.D.

The Qualitative Report

Childbirth is an established trigger for the onset of bipolar disorders (BD) in the postpartum period, causing significant pathology and disability. Research has shown that the stigma of mental illness for new mothers is a powerful obstacle to care, preventing women from accessing critical treatment and social support. However, the majority of research has examined the relationship between the stigma and postpartum depression, leaving a gap in knowledge regarding stigma and postpartum bipolar disorder. The problem addressed in this grounded theory study was the lack of knowledge regarding the stigma of a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) in the first ...


Colleen K. Stockdale, Md, Ms, 2018 University of Iowa

Colleen K. Stockdale, Md, Ms

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Dr. Colleen K. Stockdale is a Clinical Professor of General Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. She received a BS in Nursing from Eastern Washington University, Post Baccalaureate Pre-Med at the University of Pennsylvania, MD from the Medical College of Pennsylvania, MS in Epidemiology from the University of Iowa, and completed a residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. She has served as the Program Director for the Medical Student Clerkship and is now the Associate Residency Program Director. She is the Director of the Colposcopy Clinic and the ...


Relapsed Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma With Long-Term Survival Associated With Synchronous Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Colon, Karla Sladoljev, Ena Perin, Ani Mihaljević Ferrari, Marko Klarić, Alemka Brnčić-Fischer, Senija Eminović, Danijela Vrdoljak-Mozetič, Emina Babarovic 2018 School of Medicine University of Rijeka, University of Rijeka, Croatia

Relapsed Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma With Long-Term Survival Associated With Synchronous Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Colon, Karla Sladoljev, Ena Perin, Ani Mihaljević Ferrari, Marko Klarić, Alemka Brnčić-Fischer, Senija Eminović, Danijela Vrdoljak-Mozetič, Emina Babarovic

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is the most common and also the most aggressive subtype of ovarian cancer while squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the colon is an extremely rare histologic subtype of all colonic malignancies with poor prognosis.

Here we report a unique case of synchronous primary SCC of the colon and second recurrence of HGSOC in a patient with 15-years survival. Our patient developed two recurrent HGSOCs with disease-free survival time of five and nine years, respectively. The second recurrence of HGSOC was associated with the synchronous primary SCC of the ascending colon and was further complicated with ...


Early Investigations And Recent Advances In Intraperitoneal Immunotherapy For Peritoneal Metastasis., Anusha Thadi, Marian Khalili, William F. Morano, Scott D. Richard, Steven C. Katz, Wilbur B. Bowne 2018 Drexel University College of Medicine

Early Investigations And Recent Advances In Intraperitoneal Immunotherapy For Peritoneal Metastasis., Anusha Thadi, Marian Khalili, William F. Morano, Scott D. Richard, Steven C. Katz, Wilbur B. Bowne

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Peritoneal metastasis (PM) is an advanced stage malignancy largely refractory to modern therapy. Intraperitoneal (IP) immunotherapy offers a novel approach for the control of regional disease of the peritoneal cavity by breaking immune tolerance. These strategies include heightening T-cell response and vaccine induction of anti-cancer memory against tumor-associated antigens. Early investigations with chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells), vaccine-based therapies, dendritic cells (DCs) in combination with pro-inflammatory cytokines and natural killer cells (NKs), adoptive cell transfer, and immune checkpoint inhibitors represent significant advances in the treatment of PM. IP delivery of CAR-T cells has shown demonstrable suppression of tumors ...


A Case Of Uterine Gangrene After Termination Of Second Trimester Pregnancy Complicated By Chorioamnionitis, Mohammed N. Salem, Ibrahim M. A. Hassanin, Ahmed M. Abbas 2018 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

A Case Of Uterine Gangrene After Termination Of Second Trimester Pregnancy Complicated By Chorioamnionitis, Mohammed N. Salem, Ibrahim M. A. Hassanin, Ahmed M. Abbas

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Uterine gangrene is a rare event during pregnancy. Here, we report the case of a 22-year-old patient pregnant in her second trimester presenting with premature rupture of membranes and a low-lying placenta. Hysterotomy was done to evacuate the pregnancy. The procedure was complicated by hemorrhage so bilateral uterine arteries and the left internal iliac artery were ligated to control the bleeding. She continued to run a fever in spite of antibiotics and on the 11th postoperative day, the patient developed signs of septicemia. Abdominal re-exploration was done revealing a gangrenous uterus with signs of peritonitis. Subtotal hysterectomy was done ...


Metformin As A Therapeutic Target In Endometrial Cancers., Teresa Lee, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Russell J. Schilder, Christine H. Kim, Scott D. Richard, Norman G. Rosenblum, Jennifer Johnson 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Metformin As A Therapeutic Target In Endometrial Cancers., Teresa Lee, Ubaldo E. Martinez-Outshoorn, Russell J. Schilder, Christine H. Kim, Scott D. Richard, Norman G. Rosenblum, Jennifer Johnson

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. Its increasing incidence is thought to be related in part to the rise of metabolic syndrome, which has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of hyperestrogenic and hyperinsulinemic states. This has consequently lead to an increase in other hormone-responsive cancers as well e.g., breast and ovarian cancer. The correlation between obesity, hyperglycemia, and endometrial cancer has highlighted the important role of metabolism in cancer establishment and persistence. Tumor-mediated reprogramming of the microenvironment and macroenvironment can range from induction of cytokines and growth factors to ...


Protocol For The Rose Sustainment (Roses) Study, A Sequential Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial To Determine The Minimum Necessary Intervention To Maintain A Postpartum Depression Prevention Program In Prenatal Clinics Serving Low-Income Women, Jennifer E. Johnson, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman, Alla Sikorskii, Ted Miller, Amanda King, Jennifer L. Blume, Xuan Pham, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ellen Poleshuck, Rebecca Weinberg, Caron Zlotnick 2018 Michigan State University

Protocol For The Rose Sustainment (Roses) Study, A Sequential Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial To Determine The Minimum Necessary Intervention To Maintain A Postpartum Depression Prevention Program In Prenatal Clinics Serving Low-Income Women, Jennifer E. Johnson, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman, Alla Sikorskii, Ted Miller, Amanda King, Jennifer L. Blume, Xuan Pham, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ellen Poleshuck, Rebecca Weinberg, Caron Zlotnick

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: More research on sustainment of interventions is needed, especially return on investment (ROI) studies to determine cost-benefit trade-offs for effort required to sustain and how much is gained when effective programs are sustained. The ROSE sustainment (ROSES) study uses a sequential multiple assignment randomized (SMART) design to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a stepwise approach to sustainment of the ROSE postpartum depression prevention program in 90 outpatient clinics providing prenatal care to pregnant women on public assistance. Postpartum depression (PPD) is common and can have lasting consequences. Outpatient clinics offering prenatal care are an opportune place to provide ...


Both Maternal And Paternal Risk Factors For Term Singleton Low Birthweight Infants In Rural Chinese Population: A Population-Based, Retrospective Cohort Study, Shi Chen, Bill Q. Lian, Hui Pan 2018 Peking Union Medical College

Both Maternal And Paternal Risk Factors For Term Singleton Low Birthweight Infants In Rural Chinese Population: A Population-Based, Retrospective Cohort Study, Shi Chen, Bill Q. Lian, Hui Pan

Open Access Articles

No large population-based study has focused on both maternal paternal risk factors for low birthweight (LBW) in China. We aimed to identify parental risk factors associated with LBW. A population-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted on 202,725 singleton infants at 37-42 weeks. These term singleton newborns were classified as LBW with birthweight < /=2500 g(TLBW) and normal birthweight between 50(th) to 97(th) percentile (TNBW 50(th)-97(th)) according to Chinese singleton norms. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to find those parental risk factors of LBW by comparing two groups. TLBW and TNBW(50(th)-97(th)) occupied 4.8% and 70.8% of the study population, respectively. Logistic regression showed a significant association with positive maternal hepatitis B surface antigen (RR = 1.979, P = 0.047), irregular folic acid intake (RR = 1.152, P = 0.003), paternal history of varicocele (RR = 2.404, P = 0.003) and female babies (RR = 1.072, P = 0.046). Maternal smoking, hypertension and history of stillbirth were found related to LBW but no statistically significant. Positive maternal hepatitis B surface antigen, irregular folic acid intake, paternal history of varicocele had a negative effect on birth weight. Measures are necessarily taken to avoid them to improve pregnancy outcomes. Further studies should be done to investigate each detailed risk factors on LBW.


Clinical Outcomes Of Women With Adenocarcinoma In Situ Of The Cervix Treated By Conization: An Integrated Literature Review, Jennifer Keeley 2018 DePaul University

Clinical Outcomes Of Women With Adenocarcinoma In Situ Of The Cervix Treated By Conization: An Integrated Literature Review, Jennifer Keeley

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract


Background: The incidence of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ is on the rise. Its detection, diagnosis, and management is both challenging and controversial. For these reasons, hysterectomy has historically been the treatment of choice, but many women with adenocarcinoma in situ are of reproductive age and have not completed childbearing so more conservative treatment is often desired.

Objectives: The purpose of the integrative literature review was to determine the efficacy and safety of conization as conservative treatment for women with cervical adenocarcinoma in situ wishing to preserve fertility, and to determine if one method of conization, cold knife cone or ...


An Approach To Identify A Minimum And Rational Proportion Of Caesarean Sections In Resource-Poor Settings: A Global Network Study., José M. Belizán, Nicole Minckas, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Fernando Althabe, Margo S. Harrison, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard Derman, Waldemar A. Carlo, Edward A. Liechty, Patricia L. Hibberd, Pierre M. Buekens, Robert L. Goldenberg 2018 Institute for Clinical Effectiveness

An Approach To Identify A Minimum And Rational Proportion Of Caesarean Sections In Resource-Poor Settings: A Global Network Study., José M. Belizán, Nicole Minckas, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Fernando Althabe, Margo S. Harrison, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard Derman, Waldemar A. Carlo, Edward A. Liechty, Patricia L. Hibberd, Pierre M. Buekens, Robert L. Goldenberg

Global Health Articles

BACKGROUND: Caesarean section prevalence is increasing in Asia and Latin America while remaining low in most African regions. Caesarean section delivery is effective for saving maternal and infant lives when they are provided for medically-indicated reasons. On the basis of ecological studies, caesarean delivery prevalence between 9% and 19% has been associated with better maternal and perinatal outcomes, such as reduced maternal land fetal mortality. However, the specific prevalence of obstetric and medical complications that require caesarean section have not been established, especially in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We sought to provide information to inform the approach to the ...


Adnexal Torsion In A Patient With Müllerian Agenesis Undergoing Ovarian Stimulation: A Case Report, Erika P. New, Adrianne R. Mallen, Abigail C. Mancuso, Bradley J. Van Voorhis 2018 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

Adnexal Torsion In A Patient With Müllerian Agenesis Undergoing Ovarian Stimulation: A Case Report, Erika P. New, Adrianne R. Mallen, Abigail C. Mancuso, Bradley J. Van Voorhis

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Background: As assisted reproductive technologies become increasingly available to patients, more women with Müllerian agenesis may undergo ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval to have genetically-related offspring. The risk of ovarian torsion is increased in patients utilizing assisted reproductive technologies compared to patients who do not undergo these treatments.

Case: A 25-year-old G0 with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome presented to the emergency room two days after oocyte retrieval with an acute abdomen. During laparoscopy, she was found to have torsion of her left ovary.

Summary and Conclusion: As more young women with Müllerian agenesis present for fertility treatment, this anatomically unique patient cohort ...


Combination Of Myasthenia Gravis And Hellp Syndrome In Pregnancy: Case Report And Literature Review, Pinar Yalcin Bahat, Gokce Turan, Nadiye Koroglu, Berna Aslan Cetin, Elif Goknur Topcu 2018 Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul, Turkey

Combination Of Myasthenia Gravis And Hellp Syndrome In Pregnancy: Case Report And Literature Review, Pinar Yalcin Bahat, Gokce Turan, Nadiye Koroglu, Berna Aslan Cetin, Elif Goknur Topcu

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular junction. Preeclampsia/HELLP Syndrome is a potentially life-threatening pregnancy complication. The combination of HELLP Syndrome and MG is challenging because the preferred treatment regimens for both conditions generally contradict each other. Our aim is to describe the management options when these two diseases occur simultaneously. We present a case in which a woman with an established diagnosis of MG developed HELLP Syndrome at 31 weeks gestation. Magnesium sulfate prophylaxis was not utilized because of the patient’s MG diagnosis. A cesarean delivery was performed. Reported cases with combined diagnoses of ...


Pregnancy Outcome According To Body Mass Index In Primigravidas: A Prospective Cohort Study, Nahla W. Shady, Hany F. Sallam, Shymaa S. Ali, Ahmed M. Abbas 2018 Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt

Pregnancy Outcome According To Body Mass Index In Primigravidas: A Prospective Cohort Study, Nahla W. Shady, Hany F. Sallam, Shymaa S. Ali, Ahmed M. Abbas

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Objective: The study aims to evaluate the association between Body Mass Index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse obstetric outcomes among primigravidas.

Material and methods: This was a prospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary University Hospital between June 2015 and May 2017. The study included 480 primigravidas, with singleton pregnancies, who were divided into three groups: women with a healthy weight (BMI: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2) overweight (BMI: 25 – 29.9 kg/m2) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). The primary outcome of the study was the rate of GWG in the participants ...


Prediction Of Preterm Birth With And Without Preeclampsia Using Mid-Pregnancy Immune And Growth-Related Molecular Factors And Maternal Characteristics, Laura L. Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Larry Rand, Bruce Bedell, Rebecca J. Baer, Scott P. Oltman, Mary E. Norton, Gary M. Shaw, David K. Stevenson, Jeffrey C. Murray, Kelli K. Ryckman 2018 University of Iowa

Prediction Of Preterm Birth With And Without Preeclampsia Using Mid-Pregnancy Immune And Growth-Related Molecular Factors And Maternal Characteristics, Laura L. Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Larry Rand, Bruce Bedell, Rebecca J. Baer, Scott P. Oltman, Mary E. Norton, Gary M. Shaw, David K. Stevenson, Jeffrey C. Murray, Kelli K. Ryckman

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if mid-pregnancy immune and growth-related molecular factors predict preterm birth (PTB) with and without (±) preeclampsia.

STUDY DESIGN: Included were 400 women with singleton deliveries in California in 2009-2010 (200 PTB and 200 term) divided into training and testing samples at a 2:1 ratio. Sixty-three markers were tested in 15-20 serum samples using multiplex technology. Linear discriminate analysis was used to create a discriminate function. Model performance was assessed using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC).

RESULTS: Twenty-five serum biomarkers along with maternal age80% of women with PTB ± preeclampsia with best performance in women with ...


An Approach To Identify A Minimum And Rational Proportion Of Caesarean Sections In Resource-Poor Settings: A Global Network Study, José M. Belizán, Nicole Minckas, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces 2018 Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina

An Approach To Identify A Minimum And Rational Proportion Of Caesarean Sections In Resource-Poor Settings: A Global Network Study, José M. Belizán, Nicole Minckas, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Archana Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces

Community Health Sciences

Background: Caesarean section prevalence is increasing in Asia and Latin America while remaining low in most African regions. Caesarean section delivery is effective for saving maternal and infant lives when they are provided for medically-indicated reasons. On the basis of ecological studies, caesarean delivery prevalence between 9% and 19% has been associated with better maternal and perinatal outcomes, such as reduced maternal land fetal mortality. However, the specific prevalence of obstetric and medical complications that require caesarean section have not been established, especially in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We sought to provide information to inform the approach to ...


Review Of Outside Pathology Prior To Treatment Of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Cost Analysis, Heather R. Williams, Alison C. Agner, Colleen Stockdale 2018 Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Augusta, GA

Review Of Outside Pathology Prior To Treatment Of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Cost Analysis, Heather R. Williams, Alison C. Agner, Colleen Stockdale

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Objectives: Academic institutions routinely require in-house review of pathology prior to treatment. However, it is unclear if pathology review is beneficial for the management of patients referred for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). This study aims to determine if review of outside pathology for CIN at an academic medical center resulted in a change in the treatment plan and the associated cost for pathology review.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients referred for treatment of CIN, including review of outside cytology and histology was performed from January 1 to December 31, 2007 after obtaining IRB approval. Data was analyzed to ...


Clear Cell Carcinoma Of The Pelvic Side Wall Arising From Endometriosis., Lisa N Abaid, John S Cupp, Miles Chang, Steven R Beanes, Bram H Goldstein 2018 Gynecologic Oncology Associates, Hoag Memorial Hospital, Newport Beach, CA 926631, United States.

Clear Cell Carcinoma Of The Pelvic Side Wall Arising From Endometriosis., Lisa N Abaid, John S Cupp, Miles Chang, Steven R Beanes, Bram H Goldstein

All Publications

Endometriosis is a condition wherein an ectopic layer of endometrial tissue arises in an extra-uterine location, often effecting significant pelvic pain and infertility. While very uncommon, there have been reported cases of endometriosis undergoing malignant transformation, frequently involving the ovaries and seldom in extra-gonadal regions. We recount a case depicting a 63 year-old woman who presented with an apparent inguinal hernia in 2017; she was ultimately diagnosed with a pelvic side wall clear cell carcinoma and attendant metastatic disease to the medial groin, which emanated from endometriosis. Malignant transformation of endometriosis identified in the pelvic side wall is a very ...


Improving Postoperative Pain Control After Cesarean Delivery With Enhanced Recovery In Patients On Buprenorphine Therapy, Kevin D. White, Shirin Azadi, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Brenda L. Mitchell 2018 Marshall University

Improving Postoperative Pain Control After Cesarean Delivery With Enhanced Recovery In Patients On Buprenorphine Therapy, Kevin D. White, Shirin Azadi, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Brenda L. Mitchell

Nadim Bou Zgheib

Abstract:

Introduction:

Prescription drug abuse presents a significant challenge to the management of post operative pain.Pain control amongst the opioid addicted patient can be especially challenging. We aimed to improve pain control after caesarian delivery with enhanced recovery in patients who are on buprenorphine medication-assisted therapy for the treatment of opioid addiction.

Materials and Methods:

We conducted a pilot study by implementing a protocol using liposomal bupivacaine injected at the time of cesarean delivery. Patients were then given 500mg acetaminophen every 4 hours, 800mg ibuprofen every 8 hours and 0.3mg IV buprenorphine every 6 hours as needed. The ...


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