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Ob-Gyn Resident Education Of Postpartum Care: A Needs Assessment, Melanie Hotz, MS, MD, Cheryl Godcharles, MD, IBCLC, Julia Switzer, MD 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Ob-Gyn Resident Education Of Postpartum Care: A Needs Assessment, Melanie Hotz, Ms, Md, Cheryl Godcharles, Md, Ibclc, Julia Switzer, Md

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Posters

Background

  • Increased recognition of the importance of the ‘fourth trimester’ and the pressing need to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, has led to a renewed focus on postpartum care.
  • Advanced Milestones for The Care of the Postpartum Patient include ability to effectively counsel patients on antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum complications, collaboration with other members of the health care team in postpartum care and application of innovative approaches to the management of patients in the postpartum period.1
  • The CREOG Learning objectives include several specific learning objectives regarding the diagnosis, management and counseling about normal postpartum recovery and complications of the …


Disparities In Contraception In Women With Cardiovascular Diseases In The Cardiac-Obstetrical Clinic, Laura Fiorini, Maria De Abreu Pineda, Jason K. Baxter, Rebekah J. McCurdy, Andria Jones, Indranee Rajapreyar, Amanda Roman-Camargo 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Disparities In Contraception In Women With Cardiovascular Diseases In The Cardiac-Obstetrical Clinic, Laura Fiorini, Maria De Abreu Pineda, Jason K. Baxter, Rebekah J. Mccurdy, Andria Jones, Indranee Rajapreyar, Amanda Roman-Camargo

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Posters

Objective

- National Survey of Family Growth 2017-19 survey reported a 65.3% contraceptive use:

  • 18% tubal, 5.6% vasectomy
  • 18% hormonal therapy
  • 8.4% intrauterine devices (IUD)
  • 8.4% condoms

- To evaluate postpartum contraception plans and use in pregnant women with cardiovascular disease (CVD) after visits to the combined cardio-obstetric clinic


Mommy, Me, And We: Why Black Mothers Have Turned To Doulas, Janessa Harris 2023 University of Georgia

Mommy, Me, And We: Why Black Mothers Have Turned To Doulas, Janessa Harris

Crossings: Swarthmore Undergraduate Feminist Research Journal

Maternal mortality mates have disproportionately affected black mothers for far too long due to the lack of value that black bodies hold in medical spaces. Because of this concerns voiced by black people are often disregarded and ignored until the very last minute. But what if this was changed? This paper will focus on how black mothers have worked against Western medical systems that silence our voices, but instead turn to doulas who work to make these mothers feel seen, heard, and cared for. Through this, we make birthing a careful and collective effort to turn Mommy&Me to Mommy&We.


Metabolomics Of A Neonatal Cohort From The Alliance For Maternal And Newborn Health Improvement Biorepository: Effect Of Preanalytical Variables On Reference Intervals, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Muhammad Ilyas, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Javairia Khalid, Hafsa Majid, Aneeta Hotwani, Fyezah Jehan 2023 Aga Khan University

Metabolomics Of A Neonatal Cohort From The Alliance For Maternal And Newborn Health Improvement Biorepository: Effect Of Preanalytical Variables On Reference Intervals, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Muhammad Ilyas, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Javairia Khalid, Hafsa Majid, Aneeta Hotwani, Fyezah Jehan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The study was conducted to determine reference interval (RI) and evaluate the effect of preanalytical variables on Dried blood spot (DBS)-amino acids, acylcarnitines and succinylacetone of neonates.
Methodology: DBS samples were collected within 48-72 hours of life. Samples were analyzed for biochemical markers on tandem mass spectrometer at the University of Iowa. Comparison of RI across various categorical variables were performed.
Results: A total of 610 reference samples were selected based on exclusion criteria; 53.2% being females. Mean gestational age (GA) of mothers at the time of delivery was 38.7±1.6 weeks; 24.5% neonates were of low birth weight and …


Adverse Maternal, Fetal, And Newborn Outcomes Among Pregnant Women With Sars-Cov-2 Infection: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis, Emily R. Smith, Erin Oakley, Gargi Wable Grandner, Kacey Ferguson, Fouzia Farooq, Yalda Afshar, Mia Ahlberg, Homa Ahmadzia, Victor Akelo, Marleen Temmerman 2023 The George Washington University, USA

Adverse Maternal, Fetal, And Newborn Outcomes Among Pregnant Women With Sars-Cov-2 Infection: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis, Emily R. Smith, Erin Oakley, Gargi Wable Grandner, Kacey Ferguson, Fouzia Farooq, Yalda Afshar, Mia Ahlberg, Homa Ahmadzia, Victor Akelo, Marleen Temmerman

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Introduction: Despite a growing body of research on the risks of SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy, there is continued controversy given heterogeneity in the quality and design of published studies.

Methods: We screened ongoing studies in our sequential, prospective meta-analysis. We pooled individual participant data to estimate the absolute and relative risk (RR) of adverse outcomes among pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection, compared with confirmed negative pregnancies. We evaluated the risk of bias using a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.

Results: We screened 137 studies and included 12 studies in 12 countries involving 13 136 pregnant women.

Pregnant women with …


Understanding Maternity Care Providers’ Use Of Data In Southern Tanzania, Regine Unkels, Fadhlun Alwy Al-Beity, Zamoyoni Julius, Elibariki Mkumbo, Andrea B. Pembe, Claudia Hanson, Helle Molsted-Alvesson 2023 Karolinska Institutet, Sweden

Understanding Maternity Care Providers’ Use Of Data In Southern Tanzania, Regine Unkels, Fadhlun Alwy Al-Beity, Zamoyoni Julius, Elibariki Mkumbo, Andrea B. Pembe, Claudia Hanson, Helle Molsted-Alvesson

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Introduction: Health information management system data is collected for national planning and evaluation but is rarely used for healthcare improvements at subnational or facility-level in low-and-middle-income countries. Research suggests that perceived data quality and lack of feedback are contributing factors. We aimed to understand maternity care providers’ perceptions of data and how they use it, with a view to co-design interventions to improve data quality and use.

Methods: We based our research on constructivist grounded theory. We conducted 14 in-depth interviews, two focus group discussions with maternity care providers and 48 hours of observations in maternity wards to understand …


Vertical Transmission Of Sars-Cov-2 In A Twin Pregnancy, Tiffany C. Chang, Rebecca F. Herbert, Stacey N. Tran, Victoria M. Weprinsky, Bhaskari Burra, Chi Dola 2022 Tulane University School of Medicine

Vertical Transmission Of Sars-Cov-2 In A Twin Pregnancy, Tiffany C. Chang, Rebecca F. Herbert, Stacey N. Tran, Victoria M. Weprinsky, Bhaskari Burra, Chi Dola

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first identified in 2019 and rapidly evolved into the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The emergence of a highly morbid disease has posed ongoing challenges in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of COVID-19. The uncertainty underlying medical decision making is further compounded by preexisting conditions, including pregnancy. Here, we report a twin pregnancy complicated by maternal COVID-19 and the vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2. We hope that our experiences contribute to a better understanding of the disease in pregnancy and, ultimately, guide the development of effective treatment and prevention …


Comparison Of Pregnancy Complication Rates: Does Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy Make A Difference?, Alexa Pfeiffer OMS-III, Michael Falcone OMS-III, Pritha Aggarwal OMS-III, Andrea M. Bodine MD 2022 University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine

Comparison Of Pregnancy Complication Rates: Does Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy Make A Difference?, Alexa Pfeiffer Oms-Iii, Michael Falcone Oms-Iii, Pritha Aggarwal Oms-Iii, Andrea M. Bodine Md

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Background: Over the past decade, the prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant patients has increased by 131% with an associated increase in pregnancy complications. Opioid agonist pharmacotherapy (OAP) with methadone or buprenorphine is recommended by ACOG for the management of OUD. The objectives of our study are to compare the incidence of pregnancy complications among patients who at the time of their delivery used OAP, OAP plus any additional substance (OAP+), illicit or prescribed opioids, and no opioids.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at Berkshire Medical Center in Pittsfield, MA, between January 1, 2018, through December …


Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group 2022 KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research

Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter Von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objective: To describe the process of community engagement (CE) in northern Karnataka, India and its impact on pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness and complication readiness, pregnancy-related care seeking and maternal morbidity.

Design: This study was a secondary analysis of a cluster randomised trial of Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP). A total of 12 clusters based on primary health centre catchment areas were randomised to intervention or control. CE was conducted in intervention clusters. CE attendance was summarised according to participant group using both quantitative and qualitative assessment. Pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness, health services engagement and perinatal outcomes was evaluated within …


Does The Anastatica Hierochuntica Plant Shorten The Duration Of Labour? A Prospective Observational Study, Filiz Okumuş, Halime Öncü-Çelik, Nevin Şahin 2022 Ankara Medipol University, Turkey

Does The Anastatica Hierochuntica Plant Shorten The Duration Of Labour? A Prospective Observational Study, Filiz Okumuş, Halime Öncü-Çelik, Nevin Şahin

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Objective: This study aims to investigate the effect of Anastatica Hierochuntica L. on the duration of labour in primiparous women.
Methods: A prospective, case-controlled study with an intervention (n=28) and control (n=29) group. Participants were not randomized; their preferences related to the use of the A. Hierochuntica L. determined the group in which they would be included. In the intervention group, Anastatica Hierochuntica L. was used by all women. Standard care continued for both the intervention and control group. The duration of the first and second stage of labour were evaluated and compared between groups.
Results: Participants’ mean of age …


Births In The Mountain West, 2016-2020, Corryn Richardson, Hira Ahmed, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Births In The Mountain West, 2016-2020, Corryn Richardson, Hira Ahmed, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Health

This fact sheet examines state-level data on births and health indicators from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), a government health statistics unit of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This fact sheet presents data related to births in the Mountain West states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah.


Protocols For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Jackleen Chambers 2022 Kennesaw State University

Protocols For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Jackleen Chambers

Symposium of Student Scholars

The occurrence of postpartum hemorrhages (PH) within the healthcare system are on the rise. The detrimental effects that can occur are extremely serious and require an intervention of education and proper training. Labor and delivery units experience traumatic PHs due to lack of proper training regarding early warning signs and correct technical interventions needed for a quick turnaround. This project will use research from scholarly articles to take a closer look at statistical evidence based on the outcomes of being prepared versus underprepared. The project will discuss various methods on how to better prepare nurses to care for hemorrhagic situations. …


Postpartum Depression For Mothers With Early Fetal Death Or Stillbirths, Callie Goldman 2022 Kennesaw State University

Postpartum Depression For Mothers With Early Fetal Death Or Stillbirths, Callie Goldman

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: Many times, prevention of early fetus death and stillbirths is possible; however, some mortality events are spontaneous or unavoidable. While existing research reveals the likelihood of postpartum depression for mothers following birth, few studies address the potential for postpartum depression of mothers of stillbirth or demised fetuses. The purpose of this study is to determine how mothers can be better prepared for the hardship of losing a baby during childbirth, while going through common difficulties, such as postpartum depression, following birth. Methods: A mixed method approach will be conducted to gather qualitative (interview) and quantitative (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale …


Exploring Alternative Treatment Options For A Patient With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding And Mistrust Of The Healthcare System, Rachel A. O'Dell 2022 Wayne State University

Exploring Alternative Treatment Options For A Patient With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding And Mistrust Of The Healthcare System, Rachel A. O'Dell

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Tinelli A, Gustapane S, D’Oria O, Licchelli M, Panese G. Nutraceuticals in fibroid management after ulipristal acetate administration: An observational study on patients’ compliance. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics; 2022;156(1):133-138. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13692

for a patient with chronic, symptomatic anemia with menorrhagia and uterine fibroid.


Acceptability And Feasibility Of A Low-Cost Device For Gestational Age Assessment In A Low-Resource Setting: Qualitative Study, Angela Koech, Peris Muoga Musitia, Grace Mwashigadi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Marianne Vidler, Marleen Temmerman, Rachel Craik, J. Alison Noble, Peter Dadelszen von Dadelszen, Aris T . Papageorghiou 2022 Aga Khan University

Acceptability And Feasibility Of A Low-Cost Device For Gestational Age Assessment In A Low-Resource Setting: Qualitative Study, Angela Koech, Peris Muoga Musitia, Grace Mwashigadi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Marianne Vidler, Marleen Temmerman, Rachel Craik, J. Alison Noble, Peter Dadelszen Von Dadelszen, Aris T . Papageorghiou

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Ultrasound for gestational age (GA) assessment is not routinely available in resource-constrained settings, particularly in rural and remote locations. The TraCer device combines a handheld wireless ultrasound probe and a tablet with artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled software that obtains GA from videos of the fetal head by automated measurements of the fetal transcerebellar diameter and head circumference.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the perceptions of pregnant women, their families, and health care workers regarding the feasibility and acceptability of the TraCer device in an appropriate setting.

Methods: A descriptive study using qualitative methods was conducted in …


Rare Causes Of Genital Fistula In Nine African Countries: A Retrospective Review, Carrie J. Ngongo, Thomas J.I.P. Raassen, Marietta Mahendeka, Ladeisha Lombard, Jos van Roosmalen, Marleen Temmerman 2022 Global Health Division, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, USA

Rare Causes Of Genital Fistula In Nine African Countries: A Retrospective Review, Carrie J. Ngongo, Thomas J.I.P. Raassen, Marietta Mahendeka, Ladeisha Lombard, Jos Van Roosmalen, Marleen Temmerman

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Most genital fistulas result from prolonged, obstructed labor or surgical complications. Other causes include trauma (from accidents, traditional healers, or sexual violence), radiation, carcinoma, infection, unsafe abortion, and congenital malformation.

Methods: This retrospective records review focuses on rare fistula causes among 6,787 women who developed fistula after 1980 and sought treatment between 1994 and 2017 in Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Somalia, and South Sudan. We compare fistula etiologies across countries and assess associations between rare causes and type of incontinence (urine, feces, or both).

Results: Rare fistula accounted for 1.12% (76/6,787) of all fistulas, including traumatic …


Clinical And Economic Evaluation Of A Proteomic Biomarker Preterm Birth Risk Predictor: Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Of Prenatal Interventions Applied To Predicted Higher-Risk Pregnancies Within A Large And Diverse Cohort, Julja Burchard, Glenn R Markenson, George R Saade, Louise C Laurent, Kent D Heyborne, Dean V Coonrod, Corina N Schoen, Jason K. Baxter, David M Haas, Sherri A Longo, Scott A Sullivan, Sarahn M Wheeler, Leonardo M Pereira, Kim A Boggess, Angela F Hawk, Amy H Crockett, Ryan Treacy, Angela C Fox, Ashoka D Polpitiya, Tracey C Fleischer, Thomas J Garite, J Jay Boniface, John A F Zupancic, Gregory C Critchfield, Paul E Kearney 2022 Sera Prognostics, Inc

Clinical And Economic Evaluation Of A Proteomic Biomarker Preterm Birth Risk Predictor: Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Of Prenatal Interventions Applied To Predicted Higher-Risk Pregnancies Within A Large And Diverse Cohort, Julja Burchard, Glenn R Markenson, George R Saade, Louise C Laurent, Kent D Heyborne, Dean V Coonrod, Corina N Schoen, Jason K. Baxter, David M Haas, Sherri A Longo, Scott A Sullivan, Sarahn M Wheeler, Leonardo M Pereira, Kim A Boggess, Angela F Hawk, Amy H Crockett, Ryan Treacy, Angela C Fox, Ashoka D Polpitiya, Tracey C Fleischer, Thomas J Garite, J Jay Boniface, John A F Zupancic, Gregory C Critchfield, Paul E Kearney

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objectives: Preterm birth occurs in more than 10% of U.S. births and is the leading cause of U.S. neonatal deaths, with estimated annual costs exceeding $25 billion USD. Using real-world data, we modeled the potential clinical and economic utility of a prematurity-reduction program comprising screening in a racially and ethnically diverse population with a validated proteomic biomarker risk predictor, followed by case management with or without pharmacological treatment.

Methods: The ACCORDANT microsimulation model used individual patient data from a prespecified, randomly selected sub-cohort (N = 847) of a multicenter, observational study of U.S. subjects receiving standard obstetric care with …


Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices (Kap) Towards Covid-19 Pandemic Among Pregnant Women In A Tertiary Hospital In Karachi, Pakistan, Sumaira Naz, Syeda Dur E Shawar, Shamila Saleem, Ayesha Malik, Amir Raza 2022 Aga Khan University

Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices (Kap) Towards Covid-19 Pandemic Among Pregnant Women In A Tertiary Hospital In Karachi, Pakistan, Sumaira Naz, Syeda Dur E Shawar, Shamila Saleem, Ayesha Malik, Amir Raza

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of the pregnant population during the COVID-19 pandemic in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. KAP towards COVID-19 was assessed using 21-item questionnaires. A score for each category was calculated and points were summed. The outcome variables of KAP were compared with demographic characteristics. Data were analyzed by using SPSS 19.
Results: A total of 377 patients participated in the study. The majority of the patients were multiparous (36.8%) in the age group of …


Using Genomic Variation To Distinguish Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma From Benign Fallopian Tubes, Jesus Gonzalez-Bosquet, Nicholas D Cardillo, Henry D Reyes, Brian J Smith, Kimberly K Leslie, David P Bender, Michael J Goodheart, Eric J Devor 2022 University of Iowa

Using Genomic Variation To Distinguish Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma From Benign Fallopian Tubes, Jesus Gonzalez-Bosquet, Nicholas D Cardillo, Henry D Reyes, Brian J Smith, Kimberly K Leslie, David P Bender, Michael J Goodheart, Eric J Devor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

The preoperative diagnosis of pelvic masses has been elusive to date. Methods for characterization such as CA-125 have had limited specificity. We hypothesize that genomic variation can be used to create prediction models which accurately distinguish high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) from benign tissue.

Methods: In this retrospective, pilot study, we extracted DNA and RNA from HGSC specimens and from benign fallopian tubes. Then, we performed whole exome sequencing and RNA sequencing, and identified single nucleotide variants (SNV), copy number variants (CNV) and structural variants (SV). We used these variants to create prediction models to distinguish cancer from benign …


Pregnancy Outcomes Of Patients With Ultrasound-Indicated And History-Indicated Mcdonald Cervical Cerclage, Zaibunnisa Memon, Naureen Anjum, Zahra Hoodbhoy 2022 Aga Khan University

Pregnancy Outcomes Of Patients With Ultrasound-Indicated And History-Indicated Mcdonald Cervical Cerclage, Zaibunnisa Memon, Naureen Anjum, Zahra Hoodbhoy

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objective: To assess pregnancy outcomes of patients with ultrasound-indicated and history-indicated McDonald cervical cerclage.
Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study of pregnant women who had cervical cerclage performed at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karimabad campus. We obtained Institutional Review Board approval and reviewed the medical records of patients. A purposive continuous sampling technique was used. A total of 88 patients were included. There were no exclusion criteria. Outcome data were collected from the medical record of patients from January 2010 to December 2016.
Results: Analysis reported a statistically significant lower gravidity and parity in the scan-indicated group as …


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