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The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


P1: Effect Of Age, Oestradiol Levels And Endometrial Thickness On Determining Success Of Frozen Embryo Transfers, Alfred Murage, Maybeth Jamieson, Robin Yates, Isabel Traynor, Helen Lyall, Scott Nelson 2017 Aga Khan University

P1: Effect Of Age, Oestradiol Levels And Endometrial Thickness On Determining Success Of Frozen Embryo Transfers, Alfred Murage, Maybeth Jamieson, Robin Yates, Isabel Traynor, Helen Lyall, Scott Nelson

Scott Nelson

Introduction: Frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) is a widely used technique, with replacement of embryos during natural menstrual cycles or in cycles constructed by exogenous steroids having similar outcomes in many series. Multiple factors have been proposed to have a positive influence on the success rate of FET, including increased endometrial thickness, younger maternal age and lower circulating oestradiol. The impact of these variables in the context of constructed cycles, using GnRH agonists to facilitate suppression of ovarian function prior to exogenous steroid administration, is not known. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive ability of these indices ...


A Case Report Of Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence With Expectant Management, Aşkı Ellibeş Kaya, Alper Basbug, Derya Başbuğ,, Çiğdem Pulatoğlu,, Ozan Dogan 2017 University of Düzce, Düzce, Turkey

A Case Report Of Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence With Expectant Management, Aşkı Ellibeş Kaya, Alper Basbug, Derya Başbuğ,, Çiğdem Pulatoğlu,, Ozan Dogan

POG In Press

Acardiac twin or TRAP (twin reversed arterial perfusion) sequence is a rare complication of monochorionic pregnancies. In these cases, the heart is either absent or non-functional. It’s controversial whether conservative management or therapeutic treatment is better in TRAP-sequence.

In this case, we present a 19-years old, primigravida diagnosed with spontaneous monochorionic monoamniotic twin pregnancy at 7th week of gestation. One of the fetuses had a crown-rump length of 8 mm and fetal heart rate 122/minute while the other one had a crown-rump of 7 mm with no detected fetal heartbeat. At the 11th week of gestation, the acardiac ...


Tubal Splenosis: Unusual Location Of The Spleen, Sema Baki, Alper Basbug, Burcu Yılmaz Hanege, Nazan Özsan 2017 Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Giresun Obstetrics-Gynecology and Pediatrics Training and Research Hospital, Giresun, Turkey

Tubal Splenosis: Unusual Location Of The Spleen, Sema Baki, Alper Basbug, Burcu Yılmaz Hanege, Nazan Özsan

POG In Press

İntroduction: Splenosis is defined as the autotransplantation of splenic tissue to abnormal locations after splenic injury. Heterotopic spleen can be found within the abdominal and pelvic cavities. We report a tubal splenosis case in a 48 year old woman who underwent splenectomy following a blunt trauma 41 years prior to presentation.

Case report: A 48 years old gravida 3, para 3, was admitted to our gynecology clinic for pelvic pain, menstrual irregularities and abnormal bleeding. The patient had a six months history of sonographically detected 40 x 20 mm pelvic mass. She also had a blunt trauma and splenectomy history ...


Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

This study examined racial/ethnic differences in gestational weight gain (GWG) predictors and association of first-trimester GWG to overall GWG among 271 White women and 300 Latina women. Rates of within-guideline GWG were higher among Latinas than among Whites (28.7% versus 24.4%, p < 0.016). Adjusted odds of above-guideline GWG were higher among prepregnancy overweight (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.8-6.5) and obese (OR = 4.5, CI = 2.3-9.0) women than among healthy weight women and among women with above-guideline first-trimester GWG than among those with within-guideline first-trimester GWG (OR = 4.9, CI = 2.8-8.8). GWG was positively associated with neonate birth size (p < 0.001). Interventions targeting prepregnancy overweight or obese women and those with excessive first-trimester GWG are needed.


Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey

Milagros C. Rosal

This study examined racial/ethnic differences in gestational weight gain (GWG) predictors and association of first-trimester GWG to overall GWG among 271 White women and 300 Latina women. Rates of within-guideline GWG were higher among Latinas than among Whites (28.7% versus 24.4%, p < 0.016). Adjusted odds of above-guideline GWG were higher among prepregnancy overweight (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.8-6.5) and obese (OR = 4.5, CI = 2.3-9.0) women than among healthy weight women and among women with above-guideline first-trimester GWG than among those with within-guideline first-trimester GWG (OR = 4.9, CI = 2.8-8.8). GWG was positively associated with neonate birth size (p < 0.001). Interventions targeting prepregnancy overweight or obese women and those with excessive first-trimester GWG are needed.


Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey

Sybil L. Crawford

This study examined racial/ethnic differences in gestational weight gain (GWG) predictors and association of first-trimester GWG to overall GWG among 271 White women and 300 Latina women. Rates of within-guideline GWG were higher among Latinas than among Whites (28.7% versus 24.4%, p < 0.016). Adjusted odds of above-guideline GWG were higher among prepregnancy overweight (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.8-6.5) and obese (OR = 4.5, CI = 2.3-9.0) women than among healthy weight women and among women with above-guideline first-trimester GWG than among those with within-guideline first-trimester GWG (OR = 4.9, CI = 2.8-8.8 ...


Perinatal Outcomes In Pregnancy With Asthma., Rashid Jooma, Rashid Zaheer Syed, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi, Muhammad Ahsan Zafar, Rahat Qureshi 2017 Agha Khan University

Perinatal Outcomes In Pregnancy With Asthma., Rashid Jooma, Rashid Zaheer Syed, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi, Muhammad Ahsan Zafar, Rahat Qureshi

Rashid Jooma

Objective: To examine the relationship between asthmatic pregnancies and selected maternal and neonatal outcomes in a representative cohort. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital during the year 2004. A random selection was made of 65 asthmatic and 63 non-asthmatic singleton births. The neonatal outcomes studied were birth weight, premature birth and Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes. The maternal outcomes studied were number of hospital admissions, and number of documented UTI during the studied pregnancy and past history of abortions and stillbirths. Results: The mean age of asthmatics and nonasthmatics were 28 ...


Frequency And Characteristics Of Breast Lymphomas Presenting To A Tertiary Care Hospital, Pakistan, Nausheen Yaqoob, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani, Rashida Ahmed, Zubair Ahmed, Sheema Hasan 2017 Aga Khan University

Frequency And Characteristics Of Breast Lymphomas Presenting To A Tertiary Care Hospital, Pakistan, Nausheen Yaqoob, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani, Rashida Ahmed, Zubair Ahmed, Sheema Hasan

Rashida Ahmed

Objective: To assess the relative frequency of (primary and secondary) mammary lymphomas presenting to a tertiary care hospital, Pakistan and its categorization according to WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms. Methods: All NHLs (nodal and extra nodal) diagnosed in the section of histopathology during 1992-2004 were retrieved and reviewed. All patients (n=30) diagnosed with lymphomatous involvement of the breast were selected. Distinction between primary and secondary breast lymphomas was not made owing to lack of availability of clinical information. Results: A total of 5637 breast malignancies were diagnosed in our department during the study period of 10 years and the ...


Implementing Awhonn’S Evidence Based Guidelines For Managing The Second Stage Of Labor, George S. Knapp 2017 University of San Diego

Implementing Awhonn’S Evidence Based Guidelines For Managing The Second Stage Of Labor, George S. Knapp

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Objective: To improve cesarean rates without worsening perineal tissue integrity or neonatal 5 minute Apgar score. Design: Quality improvement project evaluated with descriptive statistics. Setting: A 24-bed perinatal floor at a general acute care hospital in San Diego County California. Patients: Nulliparous term mothers with a vertex singleton pregnancy (NTSV) with or without epidural anesthesia (EA). Intervention/Measurements: To implement the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetrical, and Neonatal Nurses’ (AWHONN) evidence based clinical practice guidelines, Nursing Care and Management of the Second Stage of Labor and Nursing Care of the Woman Receiving Regional Analgesia/Anesthesia in Labor and measure ...


Ethical Concerns For Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Olga Najera 2017 Abilene Christian University

Ethical Concerns For Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Olga Najera

Dialogue & Nexus

The development of assisted reproductive technologies has provided new options for infertile couples in their pursuit of parenthood. As a result of the successful implementation of in vitro fertilization (IVF), gestational surrogacy is now an alternative. Other technology, such as genetic enhancement, could potentially become available for human beings soon; however, numerous ethical concerns have been raised by the fact that it requires germline engineering. The concerns brought about by these new reproductive technologies will be addressed in light of the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church and of the following ethical theories: Kantian, evolutionary, utilitarian, and virtue ethics.


Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Contraceptive Use In Young Women, Cecilia Bahamon, Katherine G. Leung, Luu D. Ireland 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Contraceptive Use In Young Women, Cecilia Bahamon, Katherine G. Leung, Luu D. Ireland

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Young women have the highest rates of unintended pregnancies among reproductive­ aged women. Black and Latina women are at highest risk. Few studies have examined reasons for these differences. In this study, we examined disparities in contraceptive use and contraceptive counseling by race and ethnicity among young women.

Methods: Using the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), a cross-sectional, nationally representative database, our analysis included women aged 15-24 years who had sexual intercourse within the past year, and were not pregnant or seeking pregnancy. The primary outcomes were contraceptive use and receipt of contraceptive services within the past ...


A Description Of The Methods Of The Aspirin Supplementation For Pregnancy Indicated Risk Reduction In Nulliparas (Aspirin) Study., Matthew K. Hoffman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Bhalachandra S. Kodkany, Norman Goco, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Elizabeth M McClure, Dennis D. Wallace, Jennifer J. Hemingway-Foday, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Carl L. Bose, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Archana Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Robert Silver, Richard J. Derman 2017 Christiana Care

A Description Of The Methods Of The Aspirin Supplementation For Pregnancy Indicated Risk Reduction In Nulliparas (Aspirin) Study., Matthew K. Hoffman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Bhalachandra S. Kodkany, Norman Goco, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Elizabeth M Mcclure, Dennis D. Wallace, Jennifer J. Hemingway-Foday, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Carl L. Bose, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Nancy F. Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Sarah Saleem, Robert L. Goldenberg, Archana Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Robert Silver, Richard J. Derman

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) remains the leading cause of neonatal mortality and long term disability throughout the world. Though complex in its origins, a growing body of evidence suggests that first trimester administration of low dose aspirin (LDA) may substantially reduce the rate of PTB.

METHODS: Hypothesis: LDA initiated in the first trimester reduces the risk of preterm birth. Study Design Type: Prospective randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded multi-national clinical trial conducted in seven low and middle income countries. Trial will be individually randomized with one-to-one ratio (intervention/control) Population: Nulliparous women between the ages of 14 and 40, with a singleton ...


Herniated Gravid Uterus Through An Infra-Umbilical Laparotomy Scar: A Case Report, Ahmed M. Abbas, Armia Michael 2017 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine; Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Herniated Gravid Uterus Through An Infra-Umbilical Laparotomy Scar: A Case Report, Ahmed M. Abbas, Armia Michael

POG In Press

Herniation of a gravid uterus through the abdominal wall is a rare and potentially serious condition due to its antecedent complications. Management is determined by gestational age. Simultaneous hernioplasty with cesarean section is considered safe. Clinical awareness of this complication will prevent delay in its diagnosis and treatment. Delay in recognition of this condition can lead to incarceration and subsequent strangulation of the gravid uterus. Strangulation at or near term appears to be a genuine indication for early hospitalization and elective cesarean section, possibly combined with hernia repair. Here we report the case of a middle aged woman who presented ...


Full Term Delivery Of A Harlequin Ichthyosis Baby: A Case Report, Ahmed M. Abbas, Armia Michael, Ayman A. Askar, Shymaa S. Ali 2017 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine; Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Full Term Delivery Of A Harlequin Ichthyosis Baby: A Case Report, Ahmed M. Abbas, Armia Michael, Ayman A. Askar, Shymaa S. Ali

POG In Press

Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is one of the most severe and rare autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI), characterized by severe hyperkeratosis, extensive fissuring and a variable degree of cutaneous malformations. Here we report a case of 22 years old female patient in her first pregnancy. The baby was born at 39 weeks of gestation from non-consanguineous parents. At birth the baby had thick skin with deep fissures. The baby was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit and survived for 11 days.


The Use Of Cold Coagulation For The Treatment Of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia, A Wyse, W A. Seah, j O'Neill, Paul Byrne 2017 Rotunda Hospital, Dublin

The Use Of Cold Coagulation For The Treatment Of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia, A Wyse, W A. Seah, J O'Neill, Paul Byrne

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Articles

In 2015, Cold Coagulation was introduced as a treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) at our colposcopy clinic. We reviewed the 6-month follow up data of the first 200 women who underwent Cold Coagulation using cytology and HPV status as tests of cure (TOC). A random sample of 200 patients treated by Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone (LLETZ) during the same period was used to compare treatment outcome. Six months following treatment,173 (86.5%) of the women treated by CC and 167 (83.5%) treated by LLETZ had negative cytology. (x2= P>0.05). 148 (74%) treated ...


A Rare Case Of Posterior Uterine Rupture With Neonatal Survival During Trial Of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Section, Ahmed Mohamed Abbas, Armia Michael, Mohamed Nagy 2017 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine; Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

A Rare Case Of Posterior Uterine Rupture With Neonatal Survival During Trial Of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Section, Ahmed Mohamed Abbas, Armia Michael, Mohamed Nagy

POG In Press

Posterior wall uterine rupture is a rare complication. Trial of vaginal birth after cesarean section (CS) is a predisposing factor especially when associated with augmentation of labor. Here we report a case of intrapartum uterine rupture during the second stage of labor in a multiparous woman trying vaginal birth after previous CS. Emergency laparotomy was done and the baby was saved. Repair of the site of the rupture in layers with complete hemostasis was achieved.


Cervical Ectropion May Be A Cause Of Desquamative Inflammatory Vaginitis., Leia Mitchell, Michelle King, Heather Brillhart, Andrew Goldstein 2017 George Washington University

Cervical Ectropion May Be A Cause Of Desquamative Inflammatory Vaginitis., Leia Mitchell, Michelle King, Heather Brillhart, Andrew Goldstein

Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Publications

Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis is a poorly understood chronic vaginitis with an unknown etiology. Symptoms of desquamative inflammatory vaginitis include copious yellowish discharge, vulvovaginal discomfort, and dyspareunia. Cervical ectropion, the presence of glandular columnar cells on the ectocervix, has not been reported as a cause of desquamative inflammatory vaginitis. Although cervical ectropion can be a normal clinical finding, it has been reported to cause leukorrhea, metrorrhagia, dyspareunia, and vulvovaginal irritation. Patients with cervical ectropion and desquamative inflammatory vaginitis are frequently misdiagnosed with candidiasis or bacterial vaginosis and repeatedly treated without resolution of symptoms. We report the case of a 34-year-old woman ...


Hpv Vaccination Among Females With Mental And Physical Limitation, Melissa Rowe, Audra L. Pritt, Amanda J. Stratton, Jennie L. Yoost 2017 Marshall University School of Medicine

Hpv Vaccination Among Females With Mental And Physical Limitation, Melissa Rowe, Audra L. Pritt, Amanda J. Stratton, Jennie L. Yoost

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Adolescent HPV vaccination rates lag behind other vaccinations, partly due to missed opportunities for vaccination and lack of provider recommendation. This study evaluated the rates of HPV vaccination among adolescents with physical and mental limitation and controls, and evaluated differences in parental knowledge and reasons for nonvaccination between groups.

Materials and Methods

A retrospective chart review was performed on female patients age 12-18 presenting to pediatric or gynecology clinics in 2012. Those subjects with a diagnosis of mental or physical limitation were classified as “affected”. HPV vaccination rates were compared between affected and control groups. Parents of affected subjects ...


Patient Perspectives On Quality Family Planning Services In Underserved Areas, Debora Goldberg, Bhakthi Sahgal, Tishra Beeson, Susan F. Wood, Holly Mead, Aliyah Abdul-Wakil, Hallie Stevens, Pinyao Rui, Sara Rosenbaum 2017 George Mason University

Patient Perspectives On Quality Family Planning Services In Underserved Areas, Debora Goldberg, Bhakthi Sahgal, Tishra Beeson, Susan F. Wood, Holly Mead, Aliyah Abdul-Wakil, Hallie Stevens, Pinyao Rui, Sara Rosenbaum

Patient Experience Journal

Ongoing challenges impede efforts to improve the quality of family planning services in underserved communities, which by definition lack sufficient numbers of physicians and other health professionals. Challenges to improving the quality of family planning services include financing difficulties, lack of standards, training deficiencies, as well as little understanding and attention to patient preferences. The objectives of this study were to explore female patients’ preferences for family planning services in underserved areas and to develop a framework to help providers improve patient-centered care. The methodology for this paper included mixed methods research including a survey of women between the ages ...


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