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The Acquisition And Analysis Of Electroencephalogram Data For The Classification Of Benign Partial Epilepsy Of Childhood With Centrotemporal Spikes, Jessica A. Scarborough 2017 University of San Francisco

The Acquisition And Analysis Of Electroencephalogram Data For The Classification Of Benign Partial Epilepsy Of Childhood With Centrotemporal Spikes, Jessica A. Scarborough

Master's Theses

In this thesis, I will expand upon each step in the process of acquiring and analyzing electroencephalogram (EEG) for the classification of benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes. Despite huge advancements in the field of health informatics—natural language processing, machine learning, predictive modeling—there are significant barriers to the access of clinical data. These barriers include information blocking, privacy policy concerns, and a lack of stakeholder support. We will see that these roadblocks are all responsible for stunting biomedical research in some way, including my own experiences in acquiring the data for the second chapter of this thesis.

This ...


Choriocarcinoma With Brain, Lung And Vaginal Metastases Successfully Treated Without Brain Radiation Or Intrathecal Chemotherapy: A Case Report, Anja Frost, Jonathan Sherman, M. Katayoon Rezaei, Alivia Aron, Micael Lopez-Acevedo 2017 George Washington University

Choriocarcinoma With Brain, Lung And Vaginal Metastases Successfully Treated Without Brain Radiation Or Intrathecal Chemotherapy: A Case Report, Anja Frost, Jonathan Sherman, M. Katayoon Rezaei, Alivia Aron, Micael Lopez-Acevedo

Neurological Surgery Faculty Publications

Highlights:

  • • There is no consensus on optimal treatment for GTN and brain metastases.
  • • Brain metastasis treated with craniotomy and intravenous, EMA-CO chemotherapy
  • • Intravenous high-dose methotrexate may be adequate to treat brain metastases.


Adaptation Of The Recent Life Changes Questionnaire (Rlcq) To Measure Stressful Life Events In Adults Residing In An Urban Megapolis In Pakistan., Azmina Artani, Shireen Shehzad, Iqbal Azam Syed, Moiz Abdul Sultan, Adeel Khoja, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal 2017 Aga Khan University

Adaptation Of The Recent Life Changes Questionnaire (Rlcq) To Measure Stressful Life Events In Adults Residing In An Urban Megapolis In Pakistan., Azmina Artani, Shireen Shehzad, Iqbal Azam Syed, Moiz Abdul Sultan, Adeel Khoja, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal

Department of Medicine

Background: Contextually relevant stressful life events are integral to the quantification of stress. None such measures have been adapted for the Pakistani population.

Methods: The RLCQ developed by Richard Rahe measures stress of an individual through recording the experience of life changing events. We used qualitative methodology in order to identify contextually relevant stressors in an open ended format, using serial in-depth interviews until thematic saturation of reported stressful life events was achieved. In our next phase of adaptation, our objective was to scale each item on the questionnaire, so as to weigh each of these identified events, in terms ...


A Case Matched Study Examining The Reliability Of Using Impact To Assess Effects Of Multiple Concussions., Trevor Barker, Stephen A. Russo, Gaytri Barker, Mark A Rice, Mary G Jeffrey, Gordon Broderick, Travis J A Craddock 2017 Nova Southeastern University

A Case Matched Study Examining The Reliability Of Using Impact To Assess Effects Of Multiple Concussions., Trevor Barker, Stephen A. Russo, Gaytri Barker, Mark A Rice, Mary G Jeffrey, Gordon Broderick, Travis J A Craddock

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.8 million sport and recreational concussions occur per year, creating a need for accurate diagnosis and management of concussions. Researchers and clinicians are exploring the potential dose-response cumulative effects of concussive injuries using computerized neuropsychological exams, however, results have been mixed and/or contradictory. This study starts with a large adolescent population and applies strict inclusion criteria to examine how previous mild traumatic brain injuries affect symptom reports and neurocognitive performance on the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) computerized tool.

METHODS: After applying exclusion criteria and case matching, 204 male and 99 female participants remained ...


Socioeconomic Status And Stroke Outcome, Sophia Dang, Jonathan C. Li, Kimon Bekelis, MD, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, MD 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Socioeconomic Status And Stroke Outcome, Sophia Dang, Jonathan C. Li, Kimon Bekelis, Md, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Md

Sigma Xi

Introduction

  • International studies find socioeconomic status (SES) to be predictive of functional impairment after stroke.1,2
  • Lower socioeconomic status (LSE) is associated with increased severity of stroke onset, higher incidence of risk factors, and worse outcomes.3
  • We sought to confirm the predictive significance of SES on acute ischemic stroke patient outcomes at a large urban, U.S. stroke center.


Accessing Healthfulness Through Intrapersonal Communication: The Correlations Between Health Locus Of Control And Health Outcomes Behaviors, And Perceptions, Laura S. Gavin-Breier 2017 Olivet Nazarene University

Accessing Healthfulness Through Intrapersonal Communication: The Correlations Between Health Locus Of Control And Health Outcomes Behaviors, And Perceptions, Laura S. Gavin-Breier

Scholar Week 2016 - present

No abstract provided.


Stroke Quality Measures In Mexican Americans And Non-Hispanic Whites, Darin B. Zahuranec, Lynda D. Lisabeth, Jonggyu Baek, Eric E. Adelman, Nelda M. Garcia, Erin C. Case, Morgan S. Campbell, Lewis Morgenstern 2017 University of Michigan

Stroke Quality Measures In Mexican Americans And Non-Hispanic Whites, Darin B. Zahuranec, Lynda D. Lisabeth, Jonggyu Baek, Eric E. Adelman, Nelda M. Garcia, Erin C. Case, Morgan S. Campbell, Lewis Morgenstern

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Mexican Americans (MAs) have been shown to have worse outcomes after stroke than non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs), but it is unknown if ethnic differences in stroke quality of care may contribute to these worse outcomes. We investigated ethnic differences in the quality of inpatient stroke care between MAs and NHWs within the population-based prospective Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project (February 2009- June 2012). Quality measures for inpatient stroke care, based on the 2008 Joint Commission Primary Stroke Center definitions were assessed from the medical record by a trained abstractor. Two summary measure of overall quality were also created ...


Ar2, A Novel Automatic Muscle Artifact Reduction Software Method For Ictal Eeg Interpretation: Validation And Comparison Of Performance With Commercially Available Software., Shennan Aibel Weiss, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Sitaram Vangala, Stephanie Moy, Dale H. Wyeth, Iren Orosz, Michael Gibbs, Lara Schrader, Jason Lerner, Christopher K Cheng, Edward Chang, Rajsekar Rajaraman, Inna Keselman, Perdro Churchman, Christine Bower-Baca, Adam L Numis, Michael G Ho, Lekha Rao, Annapoorna Bhat, Joanna Suski, Marjan Asadollahi, Timothy Ambrose, Andres Fernandez, Maromi Nei, Christopher T. Skidmore, Scott Mintzer, Dawn S. Eliashiv, Gary W Mathern, Marc R Nuwer, Michael R. Sperling, Jerome Engel, John M Stern 2017 University of California Los Angeles

Ar2, A Novel Automatic Muscle Artifact Reduction Software Method For Ictal Eeg Interpretation: Validation And Comparison Of Performance With Commercially Available Software., Shennan Aibel Weiss, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Sitaram Vangala, Stephanie Moy, Dale H. Wyeth, Iren Orosz, Michael Gibbs, Lara Schrader, Jason Lerner, Christopher K Cheng, Edward Chang, Rajsekar Rajaraman, Inna Keselman, Perdro Churchman, Christine Bower-Baca, Adam L Numis, Michael G Ho, Lekha Rao, Annapoorna Bhat, Joanna Suski, Marjan Asadollahi, Timothy Ambrose, Andres Fernandez, Maromi Nei, Christopher T. Skidmore, Scott Mintzer, Dawn S. Eliashiv, Gary W Mathern, Marc R Nuwer, Michael R. Sperling, Jerome Engel, John M Stern

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Objective: To develop a novel software method (AR2) for reducing muscle contamination of ictal scalp electroencephalogram (EEG), and validate this method on the basis of its performance in comparison to a commercially available software method (AR1) to accurately depict seizure-onset location. Methods: A blinded investigation used 23 EEG recordings of seizures from 8 patients. Each recording was uninterpretable with digital filtering because of muscle artifact and processed using AR1 and AR2 and reviewed by 26 EEG specialists. EEG readers assessed seizure-onset time, lateralization, and region, and specified confidence for each determination. The two methods were validated on the basis of ...


Medical Resource Utilization Of Outpatient Care For Children With Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Rabia Idrees, Michael Fisher, Rachel Hachen, Brian Callaghan, Robert A. Avery 2017 George Washington University

Medical Resource Utilization Of Outpatient Care For Children With Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Rabia Idrees, Michael Fisher, Rachel Hachen, Brian Callaghan, Robert A. Avery

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background:

Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant syndrome with manifestations affecting the central nervous system, musculoskeletal system, peripheral nervous system, and cognitive/behavioral functions. Many of these manifestations persist throughout life and require medical/surgical interventions.

The resource utilization and economic burden of caring for children with NF1 is unknown. Prior research has inherent selection bias and does not accurately reflect the incidence/resource utilization of morbidities. In order to identify which disease manifestations are in the most need of improved clinical algorithms and novel therapeutics, the frequency/type of resources utilized (i.e., diagnostic imaging and specialty ...


Differential Mrna Expression In Ectopic Germinal Centers Of Myasthenia Gravis Thymus, Manjistha Sengupta, Bi-Dar Wang, Norman H. Lee, Gary Cutter, Linda L. Kusner, Henry J. Kaminski 2017 George Washington University

Differential Mrna Expression In Ectopic Germinal Centers Of Myasthenia Gravis Thymus, Manjistha Sengupta, Bi-Dar Wang, Norman H. Lee, Gary Cutter, Linda L. Kusner, Henry J. Kaminski

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neuromuscular disorder resulting in weakness of voluntary muscles. It is caused by antibodies directed against proteins present at the post-synaptic surface of neuromuscular junction (NMJ). A characteristic pathology of patients with early onset MG is thymic hyperplasia with ectopic germinal centers (GC). However, mechanisms that trigger and maintain thymic hyperplasia are poorly characterized.

In order to determine the central mechanisms involved in the pathology, thymus samples from MG patients were assessed by histology and grouped based on appearance of GC compared to samples without them. We assessed the differential mRNA expression profiles between the ...


Road Traffic Crash Related Injured And Fatal Victims In Karachi From 2007 To 2014: A Time-Series Analysis, Rashid Jooma, Masood Ali Shaikh 2017 Aga Khan University

Road Traffic Crash Related Injured And Fatal Victims In Karachi From 2007 To 2014: A Time-Series Analysis, Rashid Jooma, Masood Ali Shaikh

Department of Surgery

Abstract Injuries and deaths due to road traffic crashes (RTC) are major public health concern. The Road Traffic Injury Research and Prevention Center, collects RTC data on injuries and fatalitiesfrom five emergency departmentsin Karachi. Data generating process (DGP) for RTC from 2007 to 2014, for monthly number of fatal and injured victims were analyzed using autoregressive integrated moving average and vector auto regression, time series models. Results provide strong evidence that the DGP for the current levels of the number of fatalities and injured owing to RTCs are significantly influenced by the own past history of the two series. The ...


Perioperative Steroids For Lumbar Disc Surgery: A Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Controlled Trials., Muhammad Waqas, Hussain Shallwani,, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Khabir Ahmed 2017 Aga Khan University

Perioperative Steroids For Lumbar Disc Surgery: A Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Controlled Trials., Muhammad Waqas, Hussain Shallwani,, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Khabir Ahmed

Department of Surgery

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Our review question was "Does perioperative steroids administration, in comparison with other treatments or placebo, improve either postoperative pain control, length of hospital stay, or return to work in patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery?"

METHODS:

We searched PubMed, CINAHL PLUS, and Cochrane databases for randomized control trials (RCTs) studying the role of steroids for lumbar disc surgery. Studies that compared perioperative steroids with other treatments or placebo were included. Study outcomes included postoperative back pain, leg pain, length of hospital stay, and return to work. Data was extracted through a proforma. Means and mean differences were calculated for ...


A Normative Spatiotemporal Mri Atlas Of The Fetal Brain For Automatic Segmentation And Analysis Of Early Brain Growth., Ali Gholipour, Caitlin K Rollins, Clemente Velasco-Annis, Abdelhakim Ouaalam, Alireza Akhondi-Asl, Onur Afacan, Cynthia M Ortinau, Sean Clancy, Catherine Limperopoulos, Edward Yang, Judy A Estroff, Simon K Warfield 2017 George Washington University

A Normative Spatiotemporal Mri Atlas Of The Fetal Brain For Automatic Segmentation And Analysis Of Early Brain Growth., Ali Gholipour, Caitlin K Rollins, Clemente Velasco-Annis, Abdelhakim Ouaalam, Alireza Akhondi-Asl, Onur Afacan, Cynthia M Ortinau, Sean Clancy, Catherine Limperopoulos, Edward Yang, Judy A Estroff, Simon K Warfield

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Longitudinal characterization of early brain growth in-utero has been limited by a number of challenges in fetal imaging, the rapid change in size, shape and volume of the developing brain, and the consequent lack of suitable algorithms for fetal brain image analysis. There is a need for an improved digital brain atlas of the spatiotemporal maturation of the fetal brain extending over the key developmental periods. We have developed an algorithm for construction of an unbiased four-dimensional atlas of the developing fetal brain by integrating symmetric diffeomorphic deformable registration in space with kernel regression in age. We applied this new ...


The Role Of Adenosine Signaling In Headache: A Review., Nathan T. Fried, Melanie B. Elliott, Michael L. Oshinsky 2017 Thomas Jefferson University; University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Adenosine Signaling In Headache: A Review., Nathan T. Fried, Melanie B. Elliott, Michael L. Oshinsky

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Migraine is the third most prevalent disease on the planet, yet our understanding of its mechanisms and pathophysiology is surprisingly incomplete. Recent studies have built upon decades of evidence that adenosine, a purine nucleoside that can act as a neuromodulator, is involved in pain transmission and sensitization. Clinical evidence and rodent studies have suggested that adenosine signaling also plays a critical role in migraine headache. This is further supported by the widespread use of caffeine, an adenosine receptor antagonist, in several headache treatments. In this review, we highlight evidence that supports the involvement of adenosine signaling in different forms of ...


A Murine Model To Study Epilepsy And Sudep Induced By Malaria Infection., Paddy Ssentongo, Anna E Robuccio, Godfrey Thuku, Derek G Sim, Ali Nabi, Fatemeh Bahari, Balaji Shanmugasundaram, Myles W Billard, Andrew Geronimo, Kurt W Short, Patrick J Drew, Jennifer Baccon, Steven L Weinstein, Frank G Gilliam, José A Stoute, Vernon M Chinchilli, Andrew F Read, Bruce J Gluckman, Steven J Schiff 2017 George Washington University

A Murine Model To Study Epilepsy And Sudep Induced By Malaria Infection., Paddy Ssentongo, Anna E Robuccio, Godfrey Thuku, Derek G Sim, Ali Nabi, Fatemeh Bahari, Balaji Shanmugasundaram, Myles W Billard, Andrew Geronimo, Kurt W Short, Patrick J Drew, Jennifer Baccon, Steven L Weinstein, Frank G Gilliam, José A Stoute, Vernon M Chinchilli, Andrew F Read, Bruce J Gluckman, Steven J Schiff

Neurology Faculty Publications

One of the largest single sources of epilepsy in the world is produced as a neurological sequela in survivors of cerebral malaria. Nevertheless, the pathophysiological mechanisms of such epileptogenesis remain unknown and no adjunctive therapy during cerebral malaria has been shown to reduce the rate of subsequent epilepsy. There is no existing animal model of postmalarial epilepsy. In this technical report we demonstrate the first such animal models. These models were created from multiple mouse and parasite strain combinations, so that the epilepsy observed retained universality with respect to genetic background. We also discovered spontaneous sudden unexpected death in epilepsy ...


Multi-Scale Motility Amplitude Associated With Suicidal Thoughts In Major Depression, Premananda Indic, Greg Murray, Carlo Maggini, Mario Amore, Tiziana Meschi, Loris Borghi, Ross J. Baldessarini, Paola Salvatore 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Multi-Scale Motility Amplitude Associated With Suicidal Thoughts In Major Depression, Premananda Indic, Greg Murray, Carlo Maggini, Mario Amore, Tiziana Meschi, Loris Borghi, Ross J. Baldessarini, Paola Salvatore

Premananda Indic

Major depression occurs at high prevalence in the general population, often starts in juvenile years, recurs over a lifetime, and is strongly associated with disability and suicide. Searches for biological markers in depression may have been hindered by assuming that depression is a unitary and relatively homogeneous disorder, mainly of mood, rather than addressing particular, clinically crucial features or diagnostic subtypes. Many studies have implicated quantitative alterations of motility rhythms in depressed human subjects. Since a candidate feature of great public-health significance is the unusually high risk of suicidal behavior in depressive disorders, we studied correlations between a measure (vulnerability ...


Multi-Scale Motility Amplitude Associated With Suicidal Thoughts In Major Depression, Premananda Indic, Greg Murray, Carlo Maggini, Mario Amore, Tiziana Meschi, Loris Borghi, Ross J. Baldessarini, Paola Salvatore 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Multi-Scale Motility Amplitude Associated With Suicidal Thoughts In Major Depression, Premananda Indic, Greg Murray, Carlo Maggini, Mario Amore, Tiziana Meschi, Loris Borghi, Ross J. Baldessarini, Paola Salvatore

Premananda Indic

Major depression occurs at high prevalence in the general population, often starts in juvenile years, recurs over a lifetime, and is strongly associated with disability and suicide. Searches for biological markers in depression may have been hindered by assuming that depression is a unitary and relatively homogeneous disorder, mainly of mood, rather than addressing particular, clinically crucial features or diagnostic subtypes. Many studies have implicated quantitative alterations of motility rhythms in depressed human subjects. Since a candidate feature of great public-health significance is the unusually high risk of suicidal behavior in depressive disorders, we studied correlations between a measure (vulnerability ...


Scaling Behavior Of Human Locomotor Activity Amplitude: Association With Bipolar Disorder, Premananda Indic, Paola Salvatore, Carlo Maggini, Stefano Ghidini, Gabriella Ferraro, Ross J. Baldessarini, Greg Murray 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Scaling Behavior Of Human Locomotor Activity Amplitude: Association With Bipolar Disorder, Premananda Indic, Paola Salvatore, Carlo Maggini, Stefano Ghidini, Gabriella Ferraro, Ross J. Baldessarini, Greg Murray

Premananda Indic

Scale invariance is a feature of complex biological systems, and abnormality of multi-scale behaviour may serve as an indicator of pathology. The hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is a major node in central neural networks responsible for regulating multi-scale behaviour in measures of human locomotor activity. SCN also is implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) or manic-depressive illness, a severe, episodic disorder of mood, cognition and behaviour. Here, we investigated scaling behaviour in actigraphically recorded human motility data for potential indicators of BD, particularly its manic phase. A proposed index of scaling behaviour (Vulnerability Index [VI]) derived from such ...


Role Of Corpus Callosum Integrity In Arm Function Differs Based On Motor Severity After Stroke, Jill Campbell Stewart, Pritha Dewanjee, George Tran, Erin Burke Quinlan, Lucy Dodakian, Alison McKenzie, Jill See, Steven C. Cramer 2017 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Role Of Corpus Callosum Integrity In Arm Function Differs Based On Motor Severity After Stroke, Jill Campbell Stewart, Pritha Dewanjee, George Tran, Erin Burke Quinlan, Lucy Dodakian, Alison Mckenzie, Jill See, Steven C. Cramer

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

While the corpus callosum (CC) is important to normal sensorimotor function, its role in motor function after stroke is less well understood. This study examined the relationship between structural integrity of the motor and sensory sections of the CC, as reflected by fractional anisotropy (FA), and motor function in individuals with a range of motor impairment level due to stroke. Fifty-five individuals with chronic stroke (Fugl-Meyer motor score range 14 to 61) and 18 healthy controls underwent diffusion tensor imaging and a set of motor behavior tests. Mean FA from the motor and sensory regions of the CC and from ...


Recent Advances In Epilepsy, Mughis Sheerani 2017 South City Hospital, Karachi

Recent Advances In Epilepsy, Mughis Sheerani

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Listening to Dr Sarosh Irani in a recent Epilepsy conference about Fascio Brachial dystonic seizures associated with voltage gated potassium channel (VGKC complex/LG1 antibodies)(1) and then reading reports published in Neurology about continued recent use of trephination ‘expelling the demons’ in India(2), I was wondering how far we are in Southeast Asia in the understanding and treatment of this fascinating illness.


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