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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Patients With Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures, Andrew Brown 2018 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Patients With Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures, Andrew Brown

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Goldstein L., Chalder T., et al. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychogenic non-epileptic seizures: A pilot RCT. Neurology. 2010;74(24):1986-1994. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181e39658


Representing Diversity In The Dish: Using Patient-Derived In Vitro Models To Recreate The Heterogeneity Of Neurological Disease, Layla T. Ghaffari, Alexander Starr, Andrew T. Nelson, Rita Sattler 2018 Barrow Neurological Institute, Dignity Health-St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center

Representing Diversity In The Dish: Using Patient-Derived In Vitro Models To Recreate The Heterogeneity Of Neurological Disease, Layla T. Ghaffari, Alexander Starr, Andrew T. Nelson, Rita Sattler

Department of Neuroscience

Neurological diseases, including dementias such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and fronto-temporal dementia (FTD) and degenerative motor neuron diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), are responsible for an increasing fraction of worldwide fatalities. Researching these heterogeneous diseases requires models that endogenously express the full array of genetic and epigenetic factors which may influence disease development in both familial and sporadic patients. Here, we discuss the two primary methods of developing patient-derived neurons and glia to model neurodegenerative disease: reprogramming somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which are differentiated into neurons or glial cells, or directly converting (DC ...


Closed-Loop Stimulation Of Temporal Cortex Rescues Functional Networks And Improves Memory, Yousseff Ezzyat, Paul A. Wanda, Deborah F. Levy, Allison Kadel, Ada Aka, Isaac Pedisich, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini D. Sharan, Bradley C. Lega, Alexis Burks, Robert E. Gross, Cory S. Inman, Barbara C. Jobst, Mark A. Gorenstein 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Closed-Loop Stimulation Of Temporal Cortex Rescues Functional Networks And Improves Memory, Yousseff Ezzyat, Paul A. Wanda, Deborah F. Levy, Allison Kadel, Ada Aka, Isaac Pedisich, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini D. Sharan, Bradley C. Lega, Alexis Burks, Robert E. Gross, Cory S. Inman, Barbara C. Jobst, Mark A. Gorenstein

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Memory failures are frustrating and often the result of ineffective encoding. One approach to improving memory outcomes is through direct modulation of brain activity with electrical stimulation. Previous efforts, however, have reported inconsistent effects when using open-loop stimulation and often target the hippocampus and medial temporal lobes. Here we use a closed-loop system to monitor and decode neural activity from direct brain recordings in humans. We apply targeted stimulation to lateral temporal cortex and report that this stimulation rescues periods of poor memory encoding. This system also improves later recall, revealing that the lateral temporal cortex is a reliable target ...


Closed-Loop Stimulation Of Temporal Cortex Rescues Functional Networks And Improves Memory., Youssef Ezzyat, Paul A. Wanda, Deborah F. Levy, Allison Kadel, Ada Aka, Isaac Pedisich, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini Sharan, Bradley C. Lega, Alexis Burks, Robert E. Gross, Cory S. Inman, Barbara C. Jobst, Mark A. Gorenstein, Kathryn A. Davis, Gregory A. Worrell, Michal T. Kucewicz, Joel M. Stein, Richard Gorniak, Sandhitsu R. Das, Daniel S. Rizzuto, Michael J. Kahana 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Closed-Loop Stimulation Of Temporal Cortex Rescues Functional Networks And Improves Memory., Youssef Ezzyat, Paul A. Wanda, Deborah F. Levy, Allison Kadel, Ada Aka, Isaac Pedisich, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini Sharan, Bradley C. Lega, Alexis Burks, Robert E. Gross, Cory S. Inman, Barbara C. Jobst, Mark A. Gorenstein, Kathryn A. Davis, Gregory A. Worrell, Michal T. Kucewicz, Joel M. Stein, Richard Gorniak, Sandhitsu R. Das, Daniel S. Rizzuto, Michael J. Kahana

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Memory failures are frustrating and often the result of ineffective encoding. One approach to improving memory outcomes is through direct modulation of brain activity with electrical stimulation. Previous efforts, however, have reported inconsistent effects when using open-loop stimulation and often target the hippocampus and medial temporal lobes. Here we use a closed-loop system to monitor and decode neural activity from direct brain recordings in humans. We apply targeted stimulation to lateral temporal cortex and report that this stimulation rescues periods of poor memory encoding. This system also improves later recall, revealing that the lateral temporal cortex is a reliable target ...


Consensus Guidelines For Newborn Screening, Diagnosis And Treatment Of Infantile Krabbe Disease., Jennifer M. Kwon, Dietrich Matern, Joanne Kurtzberg, Lawrence Wrabetz, Michael H. Gelb, David A. Wenger, Can Ficicioglu, Amy T. Waldman, Barbara K. Burton, Patrick V. Hopkins, Joseph J. Orsini 2018 University of Rochester Medical Center

Consensus Guidelines For Newborn Screening, Diagnosis And Treatment Of Infantile Krabbe Disease., Jennifer M. Kwon, Dietrich Matern, Joanne Kurtzberg, Lawrence Wrabetz, Michael H. Gelb, David A. Wenger, Can Ficicioglu, Amy T. Waldman, Barbara K. Burton, Patrick V. Hopkins, Joseph J. Orsini

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Krabbe disease is a rare neurodegenerative genetic disorder caused by deficiency of galactocerebrosidase. Patients with the infantile form of Krabbe disease can be treated at a presymptomatic stage with human stem cell transplantation which improves survival and clinical outcomes. However, without a family history, most cases of infantile Krabbe disease present after onset of symptoms and are ineligible for transplantation. In 2006, New York began screening newborns for Krabbe disease to identify presymptomatic cases. To ensure that those identified with infantile disease received timely treatment, New York public health and medical systems took steps to accurately diagnose and rapidly ...


Similar Neural Responses Predict Friendship, Carolyn Parkinson, Adam M. Kleinbaum, Thalia Wheatley 2018 University of California, Los Angeles

Similar Neural Responses Predict Friendship, Carolyn Parkinson, Adam M. Kleinbaum, Thalia Wheatley

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Human social networks are overwhelmingly homophilous: individuals tend to befriend others who are similar to them in terms of a range of physical attributes (e.g., age, gender). Do similarities among friends reflect deeper similarities in how we perceive, interpret, and respond to the world? To test whether friendship, and more generally, social network proximity, is associated with increased similarity of real-time mental responding, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to scan subjects’ brains during free viewing of naturalistic movies. Here we show evidence for neural homophily: neural responses when viewing audiovisual movies are exceptionally similar among friends, and that ...


Chasing The Dragon, Daniel Young Cho, Hani Nazha, Kalin Fisher 2018 Charleston Area Medical Center

Chasing The Dragon, Daniel Young Cho, Hani Nazha, Kalin Fisher

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract: Although rare, toxic leukoencephalopathy (TLE) associated with heroin inhalation have been reported. ‘Chasing the dragon’ may lead to progressive spongiform degeneration of the brain and presents with a large range of neuropsychological sequelae. A thorough social history and clinical suspicion are paramount in recognizing the diagnosis. This case is an example of TLE in a middle-aged white male with a history of polysubstance abuse. He presented with a three week history of progressive neuropsychological symptoms, including abulia, bradyphrenia, hyperreflexia, and visual hallucinations. He was initially suspected to have progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, however, JCV PCR was negative. MRI showed diffuse ...


Pilot Study To Assess Visualization And Therapy Of Inflammatory Mechanisms After Vessel Reopening In A Mouse Stroke Model, Ebba Beller, Laura Reuter, Anne Kluge, Christine Preibisch, Ute Lindauer, Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr., Friederike Lammer, Claire Delbridge, Kaspar Matiasek, Benedikt J. Schwaiger, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S. Gersing 2018 Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München

Pilot Study To Assess Visualization And Therapy Of Inflammatory Mechanisms After Vessel Reopening In A Mouse Stroke Model, Ebba Beller, Laura Reuter, Anne Kluge, Christine Preibisch, Ute Lindauer, Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr., Friederike Lammer, Claire Delbridge, Kaspar Matiasek, Benedikt J. Schwaiger, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S. Gersing

Radiology Publications and Presentations

After reperfusion therapy in stroke patients secondary inflammatory processes may increase cerebral damage. In this pilot study, effects of anti-inflammatory therapy were assessed in a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mouse model after reperfusion. 1 hour after MCAO, the artery was reopened and tacrolimus or NaCl were administered intra-arterially. Perfusion-weighted (PWI) and diffusion-weighted images (DWI) were obtained by MRI during MCAO. DWI, T2- and T1-weighted images with and without Bis-5HT-DTPA administration were obtained 24 hours after MCAO. Neutrophils, Myeloperoxidase-positive-(MPO+)-cells and microglia, including M1 and M2 phenotypes, were assessed immunohistochemically. Treatment with tacrolimus led to significantly smaller apparent diffusion ...


Absolute Lymphocyte And Neutrophil Counts In Neonatal Ischemic Brain Injury., Jessica M Povroznik, Elizabeth B Engler-Chiurazzi, Tania Nanavati, Paola Pergami 2018 George Washington University

Absolute Lymphocyte And Neutrophil Counts In Neonatal Ischemic Brain Injury., Jessica M Povroznik, Elizabeth B Engler-Chiurazzi, Tania Nanavati, Paola Pergami

Neurology Faculty Publications

Objectives: This study aimed to identify differences in absolute neutrophils, lymphocytes, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio between neonates with two forms of ischemic brain injury, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, and acute ischemic stroke, compared to controls. We also aimed to determine whether this neutrophil/lymphocyte response pattern is associated with disease severity or is a consequence of the effects of total-body cooling, an approved treatment for moderate-to-severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of 101 neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy + total-body cooling (n = 26), hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (n = 12), acute ischemic stroke (n = 15), and transient tachypnea of the newborn (n = 48) was conducted; transient ...


Isolated Ligamentum Flavum Ossification In Primary Hypoparathyroidism., Amir H. Sohail, Muhammad A. A. Maan, Qamar Masood 2018 Aga Khan University

Isolated Ligamentum Flavum Ossification In Primary Hypoparathyroidism., Amir H. Sohail, Muhammad A. A. Maan, Qamar Masood

Section of Neurology

BACKGROUND:The ligamenta flava can undergo ossification and calcification resulting in myelopathy. Only seven cases of ligamentumflavum ossification in association with hypoparathyroidism have been reported, most of which had concurrent osseous changes in other spinal ligaments. Here, we report a patient with hypoparathyroidism who presented with ligamentum flavum ossification causing both cervical and thoracic myelopathy.

CASE DESCRIPTION: A 43-year-old male presented with backache, urinary retention, and lower limb weakness for the last few days. Magnetic resonance imaging scan showed ossification of the ligamentum flavum in the cervical and thoracic regions, with severe spinal stenosis. Following spinal decompressive surgery, the patient ...


Advances In The Diagnosis, Immunopathogenesis And Therapies Of Igm-Anti-Mag Antibody-Mediated Neuropathies., Marinos Dalakas 2018 Neuromuscular Division, Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University, 901 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Pathophysiology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece

Advances In The Diagnosis, Immunopathogenesis And Therapies Of Igm-Anti-Mag Antibody-Mediated Neuropathies., Marinos Dalakas

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Polyneuropathy with immunoglobulin M (IgM) monoclonal gammopathy is the most common paraproteinemic neuropathy, comprising a clinicopathologically and immunologically distinct entity. The clinical spectrum spans from distal paresthesias and mild gait imbalance to more severe sensory ataxia, with falls and a varying degree of distal sensorimotor deficits. In approximately 75% of patients, the monoclonal IgM immunoreacts with myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and sulfoglucuronyl glycosphingolipid (SGPG), or other peripheral nerve glycolipids that serve as antigens. These antibodies are considered pathogenic because IgM and complement are deposited on the myelin sheath, splitting the myelin lamellae, while adoptive transfer of patients' IgM into susceptible host ...


Timing Of Vessel Imaging For Suspected Large Vessel Occlusions Does Not Affect Groin Puncture Time In Transfer Patients With Stroke., John W. Liang, Laura Stein, Natalie Wilson, Johanna T. Fifi, Stanley Tuhrim, Mandip S. Dhamoon 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Timing Of Vessel Imaging For Suspected Large Vessel Occlusions Does Not Affect Groin Puncture Time In Transfer Patients With Stroke., John W. Liang, Laura Stein, Natalie Wilson, Johanna T. Fifi, Stanley Tuhrim, Mandip S. Dhamoon

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Access to endovascular therapy (ET) in cases of acute ischemic stroke may be limited, and rapid transfer of eligible patients to hospitals with endovascular capability is needed.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal timing of diagnostic CT angiography to confirm large vessel occlusion (LVO).

METHODS: Of 57 emergency department transfers to Mount Sinai Hospital (MSH) for possible ET from January 2015 through March 2016, 39 (68%) underwent ET, among whom 22 (56%) had CT angiography before transfer and 17 (44%) had CT angiography on arrival. We compared mean outside hospital arrival to groin puncture (OTG) time between the two groups ...


Lacosamide And Levetiracetam Have No Effect On Sharp-Wave Ripple Rate, Jan Kudlacek, Jan Chvojka, Antonin Posusta, Lubica Kovacova, Seung Bong Hong, Shennan A. Weiss, MD, PhD, Kamila Volna, Petr Marusic, Jakub Otahal, Premysl Jiruska 2017 The Czech Academy of Sciences; Czech Technical University in Prague

Lacosamide And Levetiracetam Have No Effect On Sharp-Wave Ripple Rate, Jan Kudlacek, Jan Chvojka, Antonin Posusta, Lubica Kovacova, Seung Bong Hong, Shennan A. Weiss, Md, Phd, Kamila Volna, Petr Marusic, Jakub Otahal, Premysl Jiruska

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Pathological high-frequency oscillations are a novel marker used to improve the delineation of epileptogenic tissue and, hence, the outcome of epilepsy surgery. Their practical clinical utilization is curtailed by the inability to discriminate them from physiological oscillations due to frequency overlap. Although it is well documented that pathological HFOs are suppressed by antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), the effect of AEDs on normal HFOs is not well known. In this experimental study, we have explored whether physiological HFOs (sharp-wave ripples) of hippocampal origin respond to AED treatment. The results show that application of a single dose of levetiracetam or lacosamide does not ...


Iron Deficiency Anemia As A Risk Factor For Simple Febrile Seizures, Tipu Sultan, Abdul Islam Hanif Hanif, Shaila Ali 2017 Children Hospital Lahore

Iron Deficiency Anemia As A Risk Factor For Simple Febrile Seizures, Tipu Sultan, Abdul Islam Hanif Hanif, Shaila Ali

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

To determine the association of iron deficiency anemia with simple febrile seizures in children presenting in a tertiary care hospital.


A Silver Lining In The Dark Clouds: Medical Marijuana, In The Neurological Disorders And Its Future In Pakistan., Qamar Zaman, Maimoona Siddiqui 2017 Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad

A Silver Lining In The Dark Clouds: Medical Marijuana, In The Neurological Disorders And Its Future In Pakistan., Qamar Zaman, Maimoona Siddiqui

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Marijuana has been included in the list of illicit drugs for a long time despite its use as a remedy for several medical problems. However this use has been on the basis of the individual experiences with no concrete scientific evidence. Its positive effects have been mostly overshadowed by its recreational use worldwide. It has recently become the topic of hot debate due to several studies showing its role in various medical and especially neurological disorders. These new findings have created a controversy and world is still divided on its legalization for medicinal purpose. Several countries and states have legalized ...


Ependymomas Overexpress Chemoresistance And Dna Repairrelated Proteins, Sherise D. Ferguson, Shouhao Zhou, Joanne Xiu, Yuuri Hashimoto, Nader Sanai, Lyndon Kim, Santosh Kesari, John de Groot, David Spetzler, Amy B. Heimberger 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Ependymomas Overexpress Chemoresistance And Dna Repairrelated Proteins, Sherise D. Ferguson, Shouhao Zhou, Joanne Xiu, Yuuri Hashimoto, Nader Sanai, Lyndon Kim, Santosh Kesari, John De Groot, David Spetzler, Amy B. Heimberger

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Background: After surgery and radiation, treatment options for ependymoma are few making recurrence a challenging issue. Specifically, the efficacy of chemotherapy at recurrence is limited. We performed molecular profiling on a cohort of ependymoma cases in order to uncover therapeutic targets and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms contributing to treatment resistance. Results: This ependymoma cohort showed minimal alterations in gene amplifications and mutations but had high expression rates of DNA synthesis and repair enzymes such as RRM1 (47%), ERCC1 (48%), TOPO1 (62%) and class III β-tublin (TUBB3) (57%), which are also all associated with chemoresistance. This cohort also had high ...


Does Cognitive Impairment Impact Adherence? A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of The Association Between Cognitive Impairment And Medication Non-Adherence In Stroke., Daniela Rohde, Niamh A. Merriman, Frank Doyle, Kathleen Bennett, David Williams, Anne Hickey 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Does Cognitive Impairment Impact Adherence? A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of The Association Between Cognitive Impairment And Medication Non-Adherence In Stroke., Daniela Rohde, Niamh A. Merriman, Frank Doyle, Kathleen Bennett, David Williams, Anne Hickey

Psychology Articles

BACKGROUND: While medication adherence is essential for the secondary prevention of stroke, it is often sub-optimal, and can be compromised by cognitive impairment. This study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyse the association between cognitive impairment and medication non-adherence in stroke.

METHODS: A systematic literature search of longitudinal and cross-sectional studies of adults with any stroke type, which reported on the association between any measure of non-adherence and cognitive impairment, was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were the primary measure of effect. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Bias Methods Group ...


Structural Insights Into The Potency Of Sk Channel Positive Modulators, Young-Woo Nam, Razan Orfali, Tingting Liu, Kunqian Yu, Meng Cui, Heike Wulff, Miao Zhang 2017 Chapman University

Structural Insights Into The Potency Of Sk Channel Positive Modulators, Young-Woo Nam, Razan Orfali, Tingting Liu, Kunqian Yu, Meng Cui, Heike Wulff, Miao Zhang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK) channels play essential roles in the regulation of cellular excitability and have been implicated in neurological and cardiovascular diseases through both animal model studies and human genetic association studies. Over the past two decades, positive modulators of SK channels such as NS309 and 1-EBIO have been developed. Our previous structural studies have identified the binding pocket of 1-EBIO and NS309 that is located at the interface between the channel and calmodulin. In this study, we took advantage of four compounds with potencies varying over three orders of magnitude, including 1-EBIO, NS309, SKS-11 (6-bromo-5-methyl-1H-indole-2 ...


Intermediate-Term Risk Of Stroke Following Cardiac Procedures In A Nationally Representative Data Set., Laura Stein, Alison Thaler, John W. Liang, Stanley Tuhrim, Amit S. Dhamoon, Mandip S. Dhamoon 2017 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Intermediate-Term Risk Of Stroke Following Cardiac Procedures In A Nationally Representative Data Set., Laura Stein, Alison Thaler, John W. Liang, Stanley Tuhrim, Amit S. Dhamoon, Mandip S. Dhamoon

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Studies on stroke risk following cardiac procedures addressed only perioperative and long-term risk following limited higher-risk procedures, were poorly generalizable, and often failed to stratify by stroke type. We calculated stroke risk in the intermediate risk period following cardiac procedures compared with common noncardiac surgeries and medical admissions.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database contains readmission data for 49% of US admissions in 2013. We compared age-adjusted stroke readmission rates up to 90 days postdischarge. We used Cox regression to calculate hazard ratios, up to 1 year, of stroke risk comparing transcatheter aortic valve replacement versus surgical aortic ...


Silent Sentence Completion Shows Superiority Localizing Wernicke's Area And Activation Patterns Of Distinct Language Paradigms Correlate With Genomics: Prospective Study., Kamel El Salek, Islam S. Hassan, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Srishti Abrol, Scott H. Faro, Feroze B. Mohamed, Pascal O. Zinn, Wei Wei, Nan Li, Ashok J. Kumar, Jeffrey S. Weinberg, Jeffrey S. Wefel, Shelli R. Kesler, Ho-Ling Anthony Liu, Ping Hou, R. Jason Stafford, Sujit Prabhu, Raymond Sawaya, Rivka R. Colen 2017 University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Silent Sentence Completion Shows Superiority Localizing Wernicke's Area And Activation Patterns Of Distinct Language Paradigms Correlate With Genomics: Prospective Study., Kamel El Salek, Islam S. Hassan, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Srishti Abrol, Scott H. Faro, Feroze B. Mohamed, Pascal O. Zinn, Wei Wei, Nan Li, Ashok J. Kumar, Jeffrey S. Weinberg, Jeffrey S. Wefel, Shelli R. Kesler, Ho-Ling Anthony Liu, Ping Hou, R. Jason Stafford, Sujit Prabhu, Raymond Sawaya, Rivka R. Colen

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Preoperative mapping of language areas using fMRI greatly depends on the paradigms used, as different tasks harness distinct capabilities to activate speech processing areas. In this study, we compared the ability of 3 covert speech paradigms: Silent Sentence Completion (SSC), category naming (CAT) and verbal fluency (FAS), in localizing the Wernicke's area and studied the association between genomic markers and functional activation. Fifteen right-handed healthy volunteers and 35 mixed-handed patients were included. We focused on the anatomical areas of posterosuperior, middle temporal and angular gyri corresponding to Wernicke's area. Activity was deemed significant in a region of interest ...


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