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Piriformis Syndrome With A Variant Presentation, Roberto Chuapoco, Ryan E. Linford 2024 Touro University Nevada

Piriformis Syndrome With A Variant Presentation, Roberto Chuapoco, Ryan E. Linford

Annual Research Symposium

Piriformis syndrome has long been a diagnostic quandary due to its tendency to present as other nerve-related conditions. Piriformis syndrome is commonly caused by entrapment of the sciatic nerve as it travels through the greater sciatic foramen due to hypertrophy of the piriformis muscle. However, its constellation of symptoms, including radiating pain down the thigh, can easily be mistaken for lumbosacral radiculopathy. This case report aims to address the misdiagnosis of piriformis syndrome which has prolonged pain for many patients and increased the cost of medical care. It demonstrates a 76-year-old female with a confounding presentation of piriformis syndrome: buttock …


Microglia-Derived Exosomes Modulate Myelin Regeneration Via Mir-615-5p/Myrf Axis, Xiao-Yu Ji, Yu-Xin Guo, Li-Bin Wang, Wen-Cheng Wu, Jia-Qi Wang, Jin He, Rui Gao, Javad Rasouli, Meng-Yuan Gao, Zhen-Hai Wang, Dan Xiao, Wei-Feng Zhang, Bogoljub Ciric, Yuan Zhang, Xing Li 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Microglia-Derived Exosomes Modulate Myelin Regeneration Via Mir-615-5p/Myrf Axis, Xiao-Yu Ji, Yu-Xin Guo, Li-Bin Wang, Wen-Cheng Wu, Jia-Qi Wang, Jin He, Rui Gao, Javad Rasouli, Meng-Yuan Gao, Zhen-Hai Wang, Dan Xiao, Wei-Feng Zhang, Bogoljub Ciric, Yuan Zhang, Xing Li

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Demyelination and failure of remyelination in the central nervous system (CNS) characterize a number of neurological disorders. Spontaneous remyelination in demyelinating diseases is limited, as oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), which are often present in demyelinated lesions in abundance, mostly fail to differentiate into oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cells in the CNS. In addition to OPCs, the lesions are assembled numbers of activated resident microglia/infiltrated macrophages; however, the mechanisms and potential role of interactions between the microglia/macrophages and OPCs are poorly understood. Here, we generated a transcriptional profile of exosomes from activated microglia, and found that miR-615-5p was elevated. miR-615-5p bound to …


Deep Learning-Based Multimodality Classification Of Chronic Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Using Resting-State Functional Mri And Pet Imaging, Faezeh Vedaei, Najmeh Mashhadi, Mahdi Alizadeh, George Zabrecky, Daniel A. Monti, MD, Nancy Wintering, Emily Navarreto, Chloe Hriso, Andrew B. Newberg, Feroze B. Mohamed 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Deep Learning-Based Multimodality Classification Of Chronic Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Using Resting-State Functional Mri And Pet Imaging, Faezeh Vedaei, Najmeh Mashhadi, Mahdi Alizadeh, George Zabrecky, Daniel A. Monti, Md, Nancy Wintering, Emily Navarreto, Chloe Hriso, Andrew B. Newberg, Feroze B. Mohamed

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a public health concern. The present study aimed to develop an automatic classifier to distinguish between patients with chronic mTBI (n = 83) and healthy controls (HCs) (n = 40). Resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging were acquired from the subjects. We proposed a novel deep-learning-based framework, including an autoencoder (AE), to extract high-level latent and rectified linear unit (ReLU) and sigmoid activation functions. Single and multimodality algorithms integrating multiple rs-fMRI metrics and PET data were developed. We hypothesized that combining different imaging modalities provides complementary information and …


Comparing Cognitive Tests And Smartphone-Based Assessment In 2 Us Community-Based Cohorts., Ileana De Anda-Duran, Preeti Sunderaraman, Edward Searls, Shirine Moukaled, Xuanyi Jin, Zachary Popp, Cody Karjadi, Phillip H Hwang, Huitong Ding, Sherral Devine, Ludy C Shih, Spencer Low, Honghuang Lin, Vijaya B Kolachalama, Lydia Bazzano, David J Libon, Rhoda Au 2024 Tulane University

Comparing Cognitive Tests And Smartphone-Based Assessment In 2 Us Community-Based Cohorts., Ileana De Anda-Duran, Preeti Sunderaraman, Edward Searls, Shirine Moukaled, Xuanyi Jin, Zachary Popp, Cody Karjadi, Phillip H Hwang, Huitong Ding, Sherral Devine, Ludy C Shih, Spencer Low, Honghuang Lin, Vijaya B Kolachalama, Lydia Bazzano, David J Libon, Rhoda Au

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

BACKGROUND: Smartphone-based cognitive assessments have emerged as promising tools, bridging gaps in accessibility and reducing bias in Alzheimer disease and related dementia research. However, their congruence with traditional neuropsychological tests and usefulness in diverse cohorts remain underexplored.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 406 FHS (Framingham Heart Study) and 59 BHS (Bogalusa Heart Study) participants with traditional neuropsychological tests and digital assessments using the Defense Automated Neurocognitive Assessment (DANA) smartphone protocol were included. Regression models investigated associations between DANA task digital measures and a neuropsychological global cognitive

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that smartphone-based cognitive assessments exhibit concurrent validity with a …


Emerging Stroke Risk Factors: A Focus On Infectious And Environmental Determinants, Sajid Hameed, Nurose Karim, Mohammad Wasay, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian 2024 University of Virginia,USA

Emerging Stroke Risk Factors: A Focus On Infectious And Environmental Determinants, Sajid Hameed, Nurose Karim, Mohammad Wasay, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian

Section of Neurology

This review focuses on emerging risk factors for stroke, including air pollution and climate change, gut microbiota, high altitude, and systemic infection. Up to 14% of all stroke-associated mortality is attributed to air pollution and is more pronounced in developing countries. Fine particulate matter and other air pollutants contribute to an increased stroke risk, and this risk appears to increase with higher levels and duration of exposure. Short term air pollution exposure has also been reported to increase the stroke risk. The gut microbiota is a complex ecosystem of bacteria and other microorganisms that reside in the digestive system and …


Non-Ketotic Hyperglycemia Unmasks Hemichorea - A Reply, Ezhilkugan Ganessane, Sasikumar Mahalingam, Selva Ganesan 2024 Department of Emergency Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education: Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), India

Non-Ketotic Hyperglycemia Unmasks Hemichorea - A Reply, Ezhilkugan Ganessane, Sasikumar Mahalingam, Selva Ganesan

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

No abstract for this article type


Alzheimer’S Disease And Microorganisms: The Non-Coding Rnas Crosstalk, Hanieh Mohammadi-Pilehdarboni, Mohammad Shenagari, Farahnaz Joukar, Hamed Naziri, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Alzheimer’S Disease And Microorganisms: The Non-Coding Rnas Crosstalk, Hanieh Mohammadi-Pilehdarboni, Mohammad Shenagari, Farahnaz Joukar, Hamed Naziri, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a complex, multifactorial disorder, influenced by a multitude of variables ranging from genetic factors, age, and head injuries to vascular diseases, infections, and various other environmental and demographic determinants. Among the environmental factors, the role of the microbiome in the genesis of neurodegenerative disorders (NDs) is gaining increased recognition. This paradigm shift is substantiated by an extensive body of scientific literature, which underscores the significant contributions of microorganisms, encompassing viruses and gut-derived bacteria, to the pathogenesis of AD. The mechanism by which microbial infection exerts its influence on AD hinges primarily on inflammation. Neuroinflammation, activated in …


Identifying Patterns For Neurological Disabilities By Integrating Discrete Wavelet Transform And Visualization, Soo Yeon Ji, Sampath Jayarathna, Anne M. Perrotti, Katrina Kardiasmenos, Dong Hyun Jeong 2024 Bowie State University

Identifying Patterns For Neurological Disabilities By Integrating Discrete Wavelet Transform And Visualization, Soo Yeon Ji, Sampath Jayarathna, Anne M. Perrotti, Katrina Kardiasmenos, Dong Hyun Jeong

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Neurological disabilities cause diverse health and mental challenges, impacting quality of life and imposing financial burdens on both the individuals diagnosed with these conditions and their caregivers. Abnormal brain activity, stemming from malfunctions in the human nervous system, characterizes neurological disorders. Therefore, the early identification of these abnormalities is crucial for devising suitable treatments and interventions aimed at promoting and sustaining quality of life. Electroencephalogram (EEG), a non-invasive method for monitoring brain activity, is frequently employed to detect abnormal brain activity in neurological and mental disorders. This study introduces an approach that extends the understanding and identification of neurological disabilities …


Digital Clock Drawing As An Alzheimer's Disease Susceptibility Biomarker: Associations With Genetic Risk Score And Apoe In Older Adults, L I Thompson, M Cummings, S Emrani, David J. Libon, A Ang, C Karjadi, R Au, C Liu 2024 Brown University

Digital Clock Drawing As An Alzheimer's Disease Susceptibility Biomarker: Associations With Genetic Risk Score And Apoe In Older Adults, L I Thompson, M Cummings, S Emrani, David J. Libon, A Ang, C Karjadi, R Au, C Liu

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia in older adults, but most people are not diagnosed until significant neuronal loss has likely occurred along with a decline in cognition. Non-invasive and cost-effective digital biomarkers for AD have the potential to improve early detection.

OBJECTIVE: We examined the validity of DCTclockTM (a digitized clock drawing task) as an AD susceptibility biomarker.

DESIGN: We used two primary independent variables, Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele carrier status and polygenic risk score (PRS). We examined APOE and PRS associations with DCTclockTM composite scores as dependent measures.

SETTING: We used existing data …


Epidemiologic Profile And Treatment Analysis Of Cervicalgia In Patients With Migraine Vs. Tension-Type Headaches From A Multicenter Electronic Medical Record Database (Trinetx), Ethan J. Le, Victor S. Wang, MD, Hsiangkuo Yuan, MD, PhD 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Epidemiologic Profile And Treatment Analysis Of Cervicalgia In Patients With Migraine Vs. Tension-Type Headaches From A Multicenter Electronic Medical Record Database (Trinetx), Ethan J. Le, Victor S. Wang, Md, Hsiangkuo Yuan, Md, Phd

Alpha Omega Alpha Research Symposium Posters

BACKGROUND

• Cervicalgia, or chronic neck pain, remains an understudied and undertreated comorbid condition in patients with headache disorders that benefits from both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment profiles.

• Cervicogenic headaches present a significant global healthcare burden, with estimates projecting up to 4.1% of the global population and 20% of headache complaints are attributed to cervicalgia (Fernandez et al. 2020).

• What is the global demographic, treatment, and migraine preventive profile of cervicalgia in patients with either concurrent migraine (CM) or tension-type (CT) headaches?


Epilepsy Networks And Their Surgical Relevance, Kevin Hines, Chengyuan Wu 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Epilepsy Networks And Their Surgical Relevance, Kevin Hines, Chengyuan Wu

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Surgical epilepsy is a rapidly evolved field. As the understanding and concepts of epilepsy shift towards a network disorder, surgical outcomes may shed light on numerous components of these systems. This review documents the evolution of the understanding of epilepsy networks and examines the data generated by resective, ablative, neuromodulation, and invasive monitoring surgeries in epilepsy patients. As these network tools are better integrated into epilepsy practice, they may eventually inform surgical decisions and improve clinical outcomes.


Late-Onset Stiff-Person Syndrome: Challenges In Diagnosis And Management, Marinos Dalakas, Jessica Yi 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Late-Onset Stiff-Person Syndrome: Challenges In Diagnosis And Management, Marinos Dalakas, Jessica Yi

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare slowly progressive autoimmune neuronal hyperexcitability disease with very-high GAD-65 antibody titers that most commonly presents above the age of 20, with muscle stiffness, painful muscle spasms, slow gait, and falls leading to disability. In other autoimmune disorders, late-onset disease has different symptom-spectrum and outcomes, but there is no information regarding late-onset SPS (LOSPS).

OBJECTIVE: Highlight delayed diagnosis and poor tolerance or incomplete response to therapies of patients with LOSPS and outline how best to increase disease awareness early at onset.

DESIGN A RETROSPECTIVE CHART REVIEWMETHODS: We reviewed GAD-positive SPS patients with symptom …


Nucleus Accumbens Core Single Cell Ensembles Bidirectionally Respond To Experienced Versus Observed Aversive Events, Oyku Dinckol, Noah Harris Wenger, Jennifer E Zachry, Munir Gunes Kutlu 2023 Rowan University

Nucleus Accumbens Core Single Cell Ensembles Bidirectionally Respond To Experienced Versus Observed Aversive Events, Oyku Dinckol, Noah Harris Wenger, Jennifer E Zachry, Munir Gunes Kutlu

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

Fear learning is a critical feature of survival skills among mammals. In rodents, fear learning manifests itself through direct experience of the aversive event or social transmission of aversive stimuli such as observing and acting on conspecifics' distress. The neuronal network underlying the social transmission of information largely overlaps with the brain regions that mediate behavioral responses to aversive and rewarding stimuli. In this study, we recorded single cell activity patterns of nucleus accumbens (NAc) core neurons using in vivo optical imaging of calcium transients via miniature scopes. This cutting-edge imaging methodology not only allows us to record activity patterns …


End Of Life In The Ed – Brain Death And Organ Transplantation, Madison Cohen, Donald Penney 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine Georgia

End Of Life In The Ed – Brain Death And Organ Transplantation, Madison Cohen, Donald Penney

The Journal of Integrated Primary Care

Every year thousands of Americans die awaiting an organ transplant. While our knowledge and experience with organ transplantation has only improved, organ availability continues to be a major issue due to a lack of suitable donor organs. A large population of organ donors are those who have been clinically diagnosed as brain dead. Brain death is defined as the irreversible loss of all brain and brainstem functions. Despite brainstem functions being lost, mechanical ventilation and perfusion techniques allow for proper organ maintenance. This gives brain-dead individuals a unique opportunity to serve as multiple organ donors. However, due to mistrust of …


Antiseizure Effects Of Peganum Harmala L. And Lavandula Angustifolia, Zahra Rahimian, SeyedHassan Sadrian, Mina Shahisavandi, Hadi Aligholi, Mohammad M. Zarshenas, Alireza Abyar, Zahra Zeraatpisheh, Ali A. Asadi-Pooya 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Antiseizure Effects Of Peganum Harmala L. And Lavandula Angustifolia, Zahra Rahimian, Seyedhassan Sadrian, Mina Shahisavandi, Hadi Aligholi, Mohammad M. Zarshenas, Alireza Abyar, Zahra Zeraatpisheh, Ali A. Asadi-Pooya

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Peganum harmala L. and Lavandula angustifolia are two traditional herbs with probable antiseizure effects. This study evaluated the effects of these two herbal extracts on pentylenetetrazol- (PTZ-) induced seizures in mice. We prepared hydroalcoholic extracts using P. harmala seeds and the aerial parts of L. angustifolia and then randomly divided 190 mice into 19 groups. Normal saline (10 mg/kg), diazepam (2 mg/kg), P. harmala (2.5, 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, and 60 mg/kg), and L. angustifolia (200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/kg) were intraperitoneally (IP) administrated 30 min before an IP administration of PTZ (90 mg/kg). Animals were observed for …


Word Reading, Reading Comprehension, And Eye Movements During Reading In Chinese Persons With Aphasia, Xiaobin Wang 2023 University of South Alabama

Word Reading, Reading Comprehension, And Eye Movements During Reading In Chinese Persons With Aphasia, Xiaobin Wang

Theses and Dissertations

Individuals with aphasia (IWA) often exhibit challenges in single word reading as well as in reading comprehension. Recently, eye-tracking technology has become instrumental in delving deeper into reading behaviors. Specifically, it has illuminated the differences in word reading and comprehension abilities among aphasic English speakers. However, there is a noticeable scarcity of research focusing on these aspects among Chinese IWA. The current study aimed to contrast the abilities of Chinese IWA and neurotypical controls in reading single words, with an emphasis on types like regular, irregular, and pseudowords, and reading comprehension abilities. Further, this study investigated the patterns of eye …


Characteristic Dynamic Functional Connectivity During Sevoflurane-Induced General Anesthesia, J. Miao, M. Tantawi, Mahdi Alizadeh, Sara Thalheimer, Faezeh Vedaei, Victor Romo, Feroze B. Mohamed, Chengyuan Wu 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Characteristic Dynamic Functional Connectivity During Sevoflurane-Induced General Anesthesia, J. Miao, M. Tantawi, Mahdi Alizadeh, Sara Thalheimer, Faezeh Vedaei, Victor Romo, Feroze B. Mohamed, Chengyuan Wu

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

General anesthesia (GA) during surgery is commonly maintained by inhalational sevoflurane. Previous resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) studies have demonstrated suppressed functional connectivity (FC) of the entire brain networks, especially the default mode networks, transitioning from the awake to GA condition. However, accuracy and reliability were limited by previous administration methods (e.g. face mask) and short rs-fMRI scans. Therefore, in this study, a clinical scenario of epilepsy patients undergoing laser interstitial thermal therapy was leveraged to acquire 15 min of rs-fMRI while under general endotracheal anesthesia to maximize the accuracy of sevoflurane level. Nine recruited patients had fMRI acquired during …


Cavernous Malformations Of The Central Nervous System: An International Consensus Statement, Anastasia Tasiou, Alexandros G. Brotis, Adamantios Kalogeras, Christos Tzerefos, Cargill H. Alleyne, Alexandros Andreou, Andreas K. Demetriades, Nikolaos Foroglou, Robert M. Friedlander, Bengt Karlsson, Neil Kitchen, Torstein R. Meling, Aristotelis Mitsos, Vasilios Panagiotopoulos, Themistoklis Papasilekas, Giacomo Pavesi, Lukas Rasulic, Alejandro N. Santos, Robert F. Spetxler, Ulrich Sure, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Christos M. Tolias, Peter Vajkoczy, Kostas N. Fountas 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Cavernous Malformations Of The Central Nervous System: An International Consensus Statement, Anastasia Tasiou, Alexandros G. Brotis, Adamantios Kalogeras, Christos Tzerefos, Cargill H. Alleyne, Alexandros Andreou, Andreas K. Demetriades, Nikolaos Foroglou, Robert M. Friedlander, Bengt Karlsson, Neil Kitchen, Torstein R. Meling, Aristotelis Mitsos, Vasilios Panagiotopoulos, Themistoklis Papasilekas, Giacomo Pavesi, Lukas Rasulic, Alejandro N. Santos, Robert F. Spetxler, Ulrich Sure, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Christos M. Tolias, Peter Vajkoczy, Kostas N. Fountas

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Introduction: Cavernous malformations (CM) of the central nervous system constitute rare vascular lesions. They are usually asymptomatic, which has allowed their management to become quite debatable. Even when they become symptomatic their optimal mode and timing of treatment remains controversial.

Research question: A consensus may navigate neurosurgeons through the decision-making process of selecting the optimal treatment for asymptomatic and symptomatic CMs.

Material and methods: A 17-item questionnaire was developed to address controversial issues in relation to aspects of the treatment, surgical planning, optimal surgical strategy for specific age groups, the role of stereotactic radiosurgery, as well as a follow-up pattern. …


Impaired Discourse Content In Aphasia Is Associated With Frontal White Matter Damage, Junhua Ding, Erica L. Middleton, Daniel Mirman 2023 Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute

Impaired Discourse Content In Aphasia Is Associated With Frontal White Matter Damage, Junhua Ding, Erica L. Middleton, Daniel Mirman

Moss-Magee Rehabilitation Papers

Aphasia is a common consequence of stroke with severe impacts on employability, social interactions and quality of life. Producing discourse-relevant information in a real-world setting is the most important aspect of recovery because it is critical to successful communication. This study sought to identify the lesion correlates of impaired production of relevant information in spoken discourse in a large, unselected sample of participants with post-stroke aphasia. Spoken discourse (n = 80) and structural brain scans (n = 66) from participants with aphasia following left hemisphere stroke were analysed. Each participant provided 10 samples of spoken discourse elicited in three different …


Surgical Evacuation For Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Predictors Of Reoperation And Functional Outcomes, Georgios S. Sioutas, Ahmad Sweid, MD, Ching-Jen Chen, Andrea Becerril Gaitán, Fadi Al-Saiegh, Kareem El Naamani, Rawad Abbas, Abdelaziz Amllay, Lyena Birkenstock, Rachel E. Cain, Ramon L. Ruiz, Michael Buxbaum, David Nauheim, Bryan Renslo, Jonathan Bassig, Michael Reid Gooch, Nabeel Herial, Pascal Jabbour, Robert H. Rosenwasswer, Stavropoula I. Tjoumakaris 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Surgical Evacuation For Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Predictors Of Reoperation And Functional Outcomes, Georgios S. Sioutas, Ahmad Sweid, Md, Ching-Jen Chen, Andrea Becerril Gaitán, Fadi Al-Saiegh, Kareem El Naamani, Rawad Abbas, Abdelaziz Amllay, Lyena Birkenstock, Rachel E. Cain, Ramon L. Ruiz, Michael Buxbaum, David Nauheim, Bryan Renslo, Jonathan Bassig, Michael Reid Gooch, Nabeel Herial, Pascal Jabbour, Robert H. Rosenwasswer, Stavropoula I. Tjoumakaris

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Background

Although chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) incidence has increased, there is limited evidence to guide patient management after surgical evacuation.

Objective

To identify predictors of reoperation and functional outcome after CSDH surgical evacuation.

Methods

We identified all patients with CSDH between 2010 and 2018. Clinical and radiographic variables were collected from the medical records. Outcomes included reoperation within 90 days and poor (3–6) modified Rankin Scale score at 3 months.

Results

We identified 461 surgically treated CSDH cases (396 patients). The mean age was 70.1 years, 29.7 % were females, 298 (64.6 %) underwent burr hole evacuation, 152 (33.0 %) …


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