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Fsd-C10, A Fasudil Derivative, Promotes Neuroregeneration Through Indirect And Direct Mechanisms., Yan-Hua Li, Chong Xie, Yuan Zhang, Xing Li, Hai-Fei Zhang, Qing Wang, Zhi Chai, Bao-Guo Xiao, Rodolfo Thome, Guang-Xian Zhang, Cun-Gen Ma 2017 Shanxi Datong University

Fsd-C10, A Fasudil Derivative, Promotes Neuroregeneration Through Indirect And Direct Mechanisms., Yan-Hua Li, Chong Xie, Yuan Zhang, Xing Li, Hai-Fei Zhang, Qing Wang, Zhi Chai, Bao-Guo Xiao, Rodolfo Thome, Guang-Xian Zhang, Cun-Gen Ma

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

FSD-C10, a Fasudil derivative, was shown to reduce severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS), through the modulation of the immune response and induction of neuroprotective molecules in the central nervous system (CNS). However, whether FSD-C10 can promote neuroregeneration remains unknown. In this study, we further analyzed the effect of FSD-C10 on neuroprotection and remyelination. FSD-C10-treated mice showed a longer, thicker and more intense MAP2 and synaptophysin positive signal in the CNS, with significantly fewer CD4(+) T cells, macrophages and microglia. Importantly, the CNS of FSD-C10-treated mice showed a shift of activated macrophages/microglia ...


Regulation Of Sleep Plasticity By A Thermo-Sensitive Circuit In Drosophila., Angelique Lamaze, Arzu Öztürk-Çolak, Robin Fischer, Nicolai Peschel, Kyunghee Koh, James E.C. Jepson 2017 UCL Institute of Neurology

Regulation Of Sleep Plasticity By A Thermo-Sensitive Circuit In Drosophila., Angelique Lamaze, Arzu Öztürk-Çolak, Robin Fischer, Nicolai Peschel, Kyunghee Koh, James E.C. Jepson

Department of Neuroscience

Sleep is a highly conserved and essential behaviour in many species, including the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In the wild, sensory signalling encoding environmental information must be integrated with sleep drive to ensure that sleep is not initiated during detrimental conditions. However, the molecular and circuit mechanisms by which sleep timing is modulated by the environment are unclear. Here we introduce a novel behavioural paradigm to study this issue. We show that in male fruit flies, onset of the daytime siesta is delayed by ambient temperatures above 29 °C. We term this effect Prolonged Morning Wakefulness (PMW). We show that ...


Design Of Radio-Frequency Arrays For Ultra-High Field Mri, Ian R O Connell 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Design Of Radio-Frequency Arrays For Ultra-High Field Mri, Ian R O Connell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is an indispensable, non-invasive diagnostic tool for the assessment of disease and function. As an investigational device, MRI has found routine use in both basic science research and medicine for both human and non-human subjects.

Due to the potential increase in spatial resolution, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and the ability to exploit novel tissue contrasts, the main magnetic field strength of human MRI scanners has steadily increased since inception. Beginning in the early 1980’s, 0.15 T human MRI scanners have steadily risen in main magnetic field strength with ultra-high field (UHF) 8 T MRI systems ...


Distinct Neural Bases Of Disruptive Behavior And Autism Symptom Severity In Boys With Autism Spectrum Disorder., Y.J. Daniel Yang, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Jiedi Lei, Eran Dayan, Kevin A. Pelphrey, Pamela Ventola 2017 George Washington University

Distinct Neural Bases Of Disruptive Behavior And Autism Symptom Severity In Boys With Autism Spectrum Disorder., Y.J. Daniel Yang, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Jiedi Lei, Eran Dayan, Kevin A. Pelphrey, Pamela Ventola

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Disruptive behavior in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an important clinical problem, but its neural basis remains poorly understood. The current research aims to better understand the neural underpinnings of disruptive behavior in ASD, while addressing whether the neural basis is shared with or separable from that of core ASD symptoms.

METHODS: Participants consisted of 48 male children and adolescents: 31 ASD (7 had high disruptive behavior) and 17 typically developing (TD) controls, well-matched on sex, age, and IQ. For ASD participants, autism symptom severity, disruptive behavior, anxiety symptoms, and ADHD symptoms were measured. All participants were scanned while ...


Cyclic Ac253, A Novel Amylin Receptor Antagonist, Improves Cognitive Deficits In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Rania Soudy, Aarti Patel, Wen Fu, Kamaljit Kaur, David MacTavish, David Westaway, Rachel Davey, Jeffrey Zajac, Jack Jhamandas 2017 University of Alberta

Cyclic Ac253, A Novel Amylin Receptor Antagonist, Improves Cognitive Deficits In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Rania Soudy, Aarti Patel, Wen Fu, Kamaljit Kaur, David Mactavish, David Westaway, Rachel Davey, Jeffrey Zajac, Jack Jhamandas

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction: Amylin receptor serves as a portal for the expression of deleterious effects of amyloid b-protein (Ab), a key pathologic hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. Previously, we showed that AC253, an amylin receptor antagonist, is neuroprotective against Ab toxicity in vitro and abrogates Ab-induced impairment of hippocampal long-term potentiation.

Methods: Amyloid precursor protein–overexpressing TgCRND8 mice received intracerebroventricularly AC253 for 5 months. New cyclized peptide cAC253 was synthesized and administered intraperitoneally three times a week for 10 weeks in the same mouse model. Cognitive functions were monitored, and pathologic changes were quantified biochemically and immunohistochemically.

Results: AC253, when administered intracerebroventricularly ...


Practical Neurology Linked To The Curriculum: An Online Resource, Dilraj Sokhi, Alice Brockington, Christine Lo 2017 Aga Khan University

Practical Neurology Linked To The Curriculum: An Online Resource, Dilraj Sokhi, Alice Brockington, Christine Lo

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Navigating the online galaxy for up-to-date evidence-based knowledge in clinical neurology can be a challenge. Practical Neurology is a noted and popular online clinical resource,1 which according to its website is "…practical in the sense of being useful for everyone who sees neurological patients and who want to keep up to date, and safe, in managing them." As UK-based neurology trainees, we have been fortunate to have automatic access to Practical Neurology during our training. We found that the articles adequately covered most elements in our syllabus and were ideal reference material for our department. This accords with the ...


Perampanel, Michael A. Rogawski 2016 University of California - Davis

Perampanel, Michael A. Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

No abstract provided.


Neurobiology Of The Premonitory Urge In Tourette’S Syndrome: Pathophysiology And Treatment Implications, Andrea E. Cavanna, Kevin J. Black, Mark Hallett, Valerie Voon 2016 Washington University School of Medicine

Neurobiology Of The Premonitory Urge In Tourette’S Syndrome: Pathophysiology And Treatment Implications, Andrea E. Cavanna, Kevin J. Black, Mark Hallett, Valerie Voon

Kevin J. Black, MD

Motor and vocal tics are relatively common motor manifestations identified as the core features of Tourette’s syndrome (TS). Although traditional descriptions have focused on objective phenomenological observations, such as anatomical location, number and frequency of tics, patients’ first-person accounts have consistently reported characteristic subjective correlates. These sensory phenomena are often described as a feeling of mounting inner tension or urge to move (“premonitory urge”), which is transiently relieved by tic expression. This article reviews the existing literature on the clinical and neurobiological aspects of the premonitory urge in patients with TS, with focus on its pathophysiology and possible treatment ...


High Levels Of Iron Supplementation Prevents Neural Tube Defects In The Fpn1(Ffe) Mouse Model., Bethany A Stokes, Julia A Sabatino, Irene E. Zohn 2016 George Washington University

High Levels Of Iron Supplementation Prevents Neural Tube Defects In The Fpn1(Ffe) Mouse Model., Bethany A Stokes, Julia A Sabatino, Irene E. Zohn

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Periconception maternal nutrition and folate in particular are important factors influencing the incidence of neural tube defects (NTDs). Many but not all NTDs are prevented by folic acid supplementation and there is a pressing need for additional strategies to prevent these birth defects. Other micronutrients such as iron are potential candidates, yet a clear role for iron deficiency in contributing to NTDs is lacking. Our previous studies with the flatiron (ffe) mouse model of Ferroportin1 (Fpn1) deficiency suggest that iron is required for neural tube closure and forebrain development raising the possibility that iron supplementation could prevent NTDs.

METHODS ...


Intravenous Ketamine For Subacute Treatment Of Refractory Chronic Migraine: A Case Series., Clinton Lauritsen, Santiago Mazuera, Richard B. Lipton, Sait Ashina 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Intravenous Ketamine For Subacute Treatment Of Refractory Chronic Migraine: A Case Series., Clinton Lauritsen, Santiago Mazuera, Richard B. Lipton, Sait Ashina

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Refractory migraine is a challenging condition with great impact on health related quality of life. Intravenous (IV) ketamine has been previously used to treat various refractory pain conditions. We present a series of patients with refractory migraine treated with intravenous ketamine in the hospital setting.

METHODS: Based on retrospective chart review, we identified six patients with refractory migraine admitted from 2010 through 2014 for treatment with intravenous ketamine. Ketamine was administered using a standard protocol starting with a dose of 0.1 mg/kg/hr and increased by 0.1 mg/kg/hr every 3 to 4 h as ...


Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer

Doctoral Dissertations

Sports-related concussions are a major public health concern affecting a significant number of collegiate student-athletes. Medical and public health research has addressed every aspect of concussion management processes including concussion education, medical diagnosis, recovery, and returning to sport and classroom. This research has led to several best-practices for concussion management. Since 2010, the NCAA has mandated that its member institutions maintain concussion management policies and procedures. However, the current recommendations, based primarily on medical research, have been found in quantitative studies of the behaviors and practices of athletic trainers, coaches, and student-athletes to be ineffective. To date, no studies have ...


Empowering Nurses Through Evidence-Based Practice (Ebp), Quality Improvement (Qi), And Research, Eve Butler, Andrea Prentiss 2016 Baptist Health South Florida

Empowering Nurses Through Evidence-Based Practice (Ebp), Quality Improvement (Qi), And Research, Eve Butler, Andrea Prentiss

All Publications

No abstract provided.


New Roles For Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor Signaling In The Physiology And Pathology Of Dopamine Neurons, Paul Kramer 2016 Oregon Health & Science University

New Roles For Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor Signaling In The Physiology And Pathology Of Dopamine Neurons, Paul Kramer

Scholar Archive

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) modulate the activity of neurons in many

ways on both short and long timescales. These receptors initiate intracellular

signaling cascades that can activate ion channels, suppress neurotransmitter

release, mobilize calcium release from stores, promote gene transcription,

increase or decrease adenylyl cyclase activity, and perform many other functions.

Therefore the comprehensive result of activating a single GPCR is not

straightforward, and will depend on the context in which that receptor was

stimulated.

Dopamine neurons synthesize and release dopamine throughout the

brain, and contribute to behaviors like movement, learning, and reward; as well

as many diseases of the ...


An Unusual Case Of Escherichia Coli Meningitis And Bacteremia In An Elderly Woman Presenting With Intractable Low Back Pain, Andrea M. Lauffer, Mahmoud Shorman, Carl McComas 2016 St. Mary's Medical Center, Huntington, WV

An Unusual Case Of Escherichia Coli Meningitis And Bacteremia In An Elderly Woman Presenting With Intractable Low Back Pain, Andrea M. Lauffer, Mahmoud Shorman, Carl Mccomas

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Introduction:

We report an unusual case of E. coli meningitis in an elderly woman who presented to the emergency room with a chief complaint of intractable low back pain.

Case Description:

A 67 year old woman presented to the emergency room for a chief complaint of intractable low back pain. After admission, the patient developed delirium. Blood cultures were drawn. Patient underwent a lumbar puncture which revealed purulent cerebrospinal fluid. Results of the cerebrospinal fluid and blood cultures revealed pan-sensitive E. coli.

Conclusion:

In the geriatric population, delayed presentation of meningitis can occur for various reasons. With the older ...


Spinal Cord Injury And Autonomic Dysreflexia- A Case Report, Apurva Bhatt, Brit Moore, Talal Asif, Kristy E. Steigerwalt, Rebecca R. Pauly 2016 University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine

Spinal Cord Injury And Autonomic Dysreflexia- A Case Report, Apurva Bhatt, Brit Moore, Talal Asif, Kristy E. Steigerwalt, Rebecca R. Pauly

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is a life threatening condition affecting patients with spinal cord lesions T6 level and above. A 51 year old male with a history of paraplegia due to a C6 spinal cord injury (30 years prior) presented with recurrent debilitating episodic diaphoresis, hypertension, low body temperature, and bradycardia. Previous hospitalizations presumed sepsis from UTI to be the etiology, however on further evaluation his symptoms were consistent with undiagnosed AD. This article describes a unique case presentation and reviews AD in depth, including the etiology, pathophysiology and management.


A New Sv2a Ligand For Epilepsy, Michael A. Rogawski 2016 University of California - Davis

A New Sv2a Ligand For Epilepsy, Michael A. Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

Since the 1970s, racetams have been in use as cognitive enhancers. Levetiracetam was discovered to have antiseizure activity in animal models and was then found to bind to SV2A in synaptic and endocrine vesicles. Brivaracetam, an analog of levetiracetam, was identified in a medicinal chemistry campaign with the objective of discovering analogs with higher affinity at racetam-binding sites and greater antiseizure potency.


Neuromodulation, Stephen Silberstein 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Neuromodulation, Stephen Silberstein

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Neuromodulation is a new promising treatment for headache disorders. It consists of peripheral nerve neurostimulation and central neurostimulation. © 2016, Touch Briefings. All rights reserved.


Exploring Patient And Family Satisfaction In Pediatric Neurological Surgery, Randa R. Barsoom, Todd A. Maugans, James F. Burrows, Paul Rosen 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Exploring Patient And Family Satisfaction In Pediatric Neurological Surgery, Randa R. Barsoom, Todd A. Maugans, James F. Burrows, Paul Rosen

Student Papers

Introduction Patient and family satisfaction during outpatient visits is correlated with a continuance of care and likelihood to recommend the practice to others. Additionally, patient-family satisfaction can determine the success of the practice and influence medical outcomes. Utilizing a well-validated surveys instrument, patient and family satisfaction can be explored in the office setting. Methods During a consecutive 36 month period, a standardized and validated patient satisfaction survey instrument was provided to the family members of patients who presented to two pediatric neurosurgery clinics associated with Nemours Children's Health System. The completed surveys were analyzed statistically to identify correlations between ...


Als Mutant Sod1 Interacts With G3bp1 And Affects Stress Granule Dynamics, Jozsef Gal, Lisha Kuang, Kelly R. Barnett, Brian Z. Zhu, Susannah C. Shissler, Konstantin V. Korotkov, Lawrence J. Hayward, Edward J. Kasarskis, Haining Zhu 2016 University of Kentucky

Als Mutant Sod1 Interacts With G3bp1 And Affects Stress Granule Dynamics, Jozsef Gal, Lisha Kuang, Kelly R. Barnett, Brian Z. Zhu, Susannah C. Shissler, Konstantin V. Korotkov, Lawrence J. Hayward, Edward J. Kasarskis, Haining Zhu

Open Access Articles

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Mutations in Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) are responsible for approximately 20 % of the familial ALS cases. ALS-causing SOD1 mutants display a gain-of-toxicity phenotype, but the nature of this toxicity is still not fully understood. The Ras GTPase-activating protein-binding protein G3BP1 plays a critical role in stress granule dynamics. Alterations in the dynamics of stress granules have been reported in several other forms of ALS unrelated to SOD1. To our surprise, the mutant G93A SOD1 transgenic mice exhibited pathological cytoplasmic inclusions that co-localized with G3BP1-positive granules in spinal cord motor neurons ...


Autophagy Activation By Transcription Factor Eb (Tfeb) In Striatum Of Hdq175/Q7 Mice, Petr Vodicka, Kathryn O. Chase, Maria Iuliano, Adelaide Tousley, Dana T. Valentine, Ellen Sapp, Kimberly B. Kegel-Gleason, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Neil Aronin, Marian DiFiglia 2016 Harvard Medical School

Autophagy Activation By Transcription Factor Eb (Tfeb) In Striatum Of Hdq175/Q7 Mice, Petr Vodicka, Kathryn O. Chase, Maria Iuliano, Adelaide Tousley, Dana T. Valentine, Ellen Sapp, Kimberly B. Kegel-Gleason, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Neil Aronin, Marian Difiglia

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Mutant huntingtin (mHTT) is encoded by the Huntington's disease (HD) gene and its accumulation in the brain contributes to HD pathogenesis. Reducing mHTT levels through activation of the autophagosome-lysosomal pathway may have therapeutic benefit. Transcription factor EB (TFEB) regulates lysosome biogenesis and autophagy.

OBJECTIVE: To examine if increasing TFEB protein levels in HD mouse striatum induces autophagy and influences mHTT levels.

METHODS: We introduced cDNA encoding TFEB with an HA tag (TFEB-HA) under the control of neuron specific synapsin 1 promoter into the striatum of 3 month old HDQ175/Q7 mice using adeno-associated virus AAV2/9. The levels ...


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