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Intravenous Thrombolytic Therapies In The Management Of Unknown Onset And Wakeup Strokes: A Scoping Review, Saima Nazish 2023 Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Intravenous Thrombolytic Therapies In The Management Of Unknown Onset And Wakeup Strokes: A Scoping Review, Saima Nazish

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

ABSTRACT Background: The efficacy and safety of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV rt-PA) for the management of unknown time onset stroke (UTOS) and wake-up stroke (WUS) are in a debate. Objective:The objective of this review is to discuss the UTOS and its management with intravenous thrombolytic therapies. Data Sources: Databases searched included PubMed and Cochrane electronic databases and manual search. Study Selection and Data Extraction: 45 articles of potential relevance were selected. Results: 14 relevant papers were included. Most of studies including recent trials using Magnetic resonance imaging diffusion-weighted imaging fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (MRIDWI FLAIR) mismatch or Computed tomography …


Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner 2023 Lesley University

Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Those undergoing neurorehabilitation after stroke and traumatic brain injury report a diminished sense of overall wellness. This paper examines the conceivable benefits of introducing expressive arts therapies, which is the therapeutic use and combination of the visual arts, movement, drama, music, writing and other intermodal creative processes, into physical therapy and neurorehabilitation treatment planning. Expressive arts therapies have the capacity to engage with an individual’s physical, emotional, social and spiritual states concurrently. They simultaneously offer the ability to promote an increased sense of well-being, address mind-body disconnects, and process trauma non-verbally.

The sections of this narrative literature review focus on …


Retrospective Dataset And Survey Analyses Identify Gaps In Data Collection For Craniopharyngioma And Priorities Of Patients And Families Affected By The Disease, Emily Marshall, Nikhil Joshi, Julia Crowley, Shana McCormack, Sylvia Cheng, Walter Faig, Phillip B Storm, Adam Resnick, Sabine Mueller, Fatema Malbari, Cassie Kline 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Retrospective Dataset And Survey Analyses Identify Gaps In Data Collection For Craniopharyngioma And Priorities Of Patients And Families Affected By The Disease, Emily Marshall, Nikhil Joshi, Julia Crowley, Shana Mccormack, Sylvia Cheng, Walter Faig, Phillip B Storm, Adam Resnick, Sabine Mueller, Fatema Malbari, Cassie Kline

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Introduction: Craniopharyngioma is a rare, low-grade tumor located in the suprasellar region of the brain, near critical structures like the pituitary gland. Here, we concurrently investigate the status of clinical and genomic data in a retrospective craniopharyngioma cohort and survey-based data to better understand patient-relevant outcomes associated with existing therapies and provide a foundation to inform new treatment strategies.

Methods: Clinical, genomic, and outcome data for a retrospective cohort of patients with craniopharyngioma were collected and reviewed through the Children's Brain Tumor Network (CBTN) database. An anonymous survey was distributed to patients and families with a diagnosis of craniopharyngioma to …


Graph Theoretical Measures Of Fast Ripple Networks Improve The Accuracy Of Post-Operative Seizure Outcome Prediction, Shennan A Weiss, Itzhak Fried, Chengyuan Wu, Ashwini Sharan, Daniel Y. Rubinstein, Jerome Engel, Michael R Sperling, Richard J Staba 2023 State University of New York Downstate

Graph Theoretical Measures Of Fast Ripple Networks Improve The Accuracy Of Post-Operative Seizure Outcome Prediction, Shennan A Weiss, Itzhak Fried, Chengyuan Wu, Ashwini Sharan, Daniel Y. Rubinstein, Jerome Engel, Michael R Sperling, Richard J Staba

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Fast ripples (FR) are a biomarker of epileptogenic brain, but when larger portions of FR generating regions are resected seizure freedom is not always achieved. To evaluate and improve the diagnostic accuracy of FR resection for predicting seizure freedom we compared the FR resection ratio (RR) with FR network graph theoretical measures. In 23 patients FR were semi-automatically detected and quantified in stereo EEG recordings during sleep. MRI normalization and co-registration localized contacts and relation to resection margins. The number of FR, and graph theoretical measures, which were spatial (i.e., FR rate-distance radius) or temporal correlational (i.e., FR mutual information), …


Repurposing Ms Immunotherapies For Cidp And Other Autoimmune Neuropathies: Unfulfilled Promise Or Efficient Strategy?, Felix Kohle, Marinos Dalakas, Helmar C Lehmann 2023 University of Cologne and University Hospital Cologne

Repurposing Ms Immunotherapies For Cidp And Other Autoimmune Neuropathies: Unfulfilled Promise Or Efficient Strategy?, Felix Kohle, Marinos Dalakas, Helmar C Lehmann

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Despite advances in the treatment of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and other common autoimmune neuropathies (AN), still-many patients with these diseases do not respond satisfactorily to the available treatments. Repurposing of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) from other autoimmune conditions, particularly multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD), is a promising strategy that may accelerate the establishment of novel treatment choices for AN. This approach appears attractive due to homologies in the pathogenesis of these diseases and the extensive post-marketing experience that has been gathered from treating MS and NMOSD patients. The idea is also strengthened by a number …


Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: A portable, low-field MRI system is now Food and Drug Administration cleared and has been shown to be safe and useful in adult intensive care unit settings. No neonatal studies have been performed. The objective is to assess our preliminary experience and assess feasibility of using the portable MRI system at the bedside in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a quaternary children's hospital.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-site prospective cohort study in neonates ≥2 kg conducted between October and December 2020. All parents provided informed consent. Neonates underwent portable MRI examination in the NICU with support …


Safety And Tolerability Results Of Atogepant For The Preventive Treatment Of Episodic Migraine From A 40-Week, Open-Label Multicenter Extension Of The Phase 3 Advance Trial, Brad C Klein, Rosa Miceli, Lawrence Severt, Peter McAllister, Laszlo Mechtler, Jennifer McVige, Merle Diamond, Michael J. Marmura, Hua Guo, Michelle Finnegan, Joel M Trugman 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Safety And Tolerability Results Of Atogepant For The Preventive Treatment Of Episodic Migraine From A 40-Week, Open-Label Multicenter Extension Of The Phase 3 Advance Trial, Brad C Klein, Rosa Miceli, Lawrence Severt, Peter Mcallister, Laszlo Mechtler, Jennifer Mcvige, Merle Diamond, Michael J. Marmura, Hua Guo, Michelle Finnegan, Joel M Trugman

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Background: Atogepant is a United States Food and Drug Administration-approved oral calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonist for the preventive treatment of episodic migraine. The study objective was to evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of atogepant in participants who completed the phase 3 ADVANCE trial (NCT03777059).

Methods: This 40-week, open-label extension trial (NCT03939312) monitored safety in participants receiving oral atogepant 60 mg once daily, followed by a four-week safety follow-up period.

Results: Of the 685 participants taking at least one dose of atogepant, the treatment period was completed by 74.6% of participants with a mean (standard …


Association Of Human Leukocyte Antigen Alleles With Carbamazepine-Or Lamotrigine-Induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome And Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis In An Iranian Population: A Case-Control Study, Ladan Dastgheib, Farima Rostami, Behrouz Gharesi-Fard, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Saba Namjoo, Foroozan Tahmasebi, Maryam Hadibarhaghtalab 2023 Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

Association Of Human Leukocyte Antigen Alleles With Carbamazepine-Or Lamotrigine-Induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome And Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis In An Iranian Population: A Case-Control Study, Ladan Dastgheib, Farima Rostami, Behrouz Gharesi-Fard, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Saba Namjoo, Foroozan Tahmasebi, Maryam Hadibarhaghtalab

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Background: Genetic diversity in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles across populations is a significant risk factor for drug-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs), e.g., carbamazepine (CBZ)- and lamotrigine (LTG)-induced StevensJohnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). The present study aimed to investigate the frequency of different HLA alleles in Iranian patients with CBZ- and LTG-induced SJS/TEN.

Methods:A case-control study was conducted from 2011 to 2018 at various hospitals affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Iran). A total of 31 patients receiving anticonvulsant drugs (CZB or LTG) were recruited and divided into two groups. The drug-induced group …


Acute Hemiplegia And Ataxia From Lyme Disease, Shaili Babbar, Jonathan Galati, Jasmine Corona, Sohail Zahid 2022 New York University School of Medicine

Acute Hemiplegia And Ataxia From Lyme Disease, Shaili Babbar, Jonathan Galati, Jasmine Corona, Sohail Zahid

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Lyme disease is a zoonotic illness caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, which present with skin, joint, heart, and central nervous system complications. Central nervous system manifestations of this disease are common, and typically include meningitis, facial nerve palsies, and radiculoneuritis. In this case report, we present a patient who presented with acute right sided hemiplegia and ataxia with negative neuroimaging findings of stroke, inflammation, or mass. Further investigation with cerebrospinal fluid studies and infectious panels revealed the patient had active Lyme disease. The patient improved his motor function, coordination and sensation with ceftriaxone treatment over a few weeks. Acute hemiplegia and …


Unsupervised Machine Learning Using K-Means Identifies Radiomic Subgroups Of Pediatric Low-Grade Gliomas That Correlate With Key Molecular Markers, Debanjan Haldar, Anahita Fathi Kazerooni, Sherjeel Arif, Ariana Familiar, Rachel Madhogarhia, Nastaran Khalili, Sina Bagheri, Hannah Anderson, Ibraheem Salman Shaikh, Aria Mahtabfar, Meen Chul Kim, Wenxin Tu, Jefferey Ware, Arastoo Vossough, Christos Davatzikos, Phillip B Storm, Adam Resnick, Ali Nabavizadeh 2022 Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania

Unsupervised Machine Learning Using K-Means Identifies Radiomic Subgroups Of Pediatric Low-Grade Gliomas That Correlate With Key Molecular Markers, Debanjan Haldar, Anahita Fathi Kazerooni, Sherjeel Arif, Ariana Familiar, Rachel Madhogarhia, Nastaran Khalili, Sina Bagheri, Hannah Anderson, Ibraheem Salman Shaikh, Aria Mahtabfar, Meen Chul Kim, Wenxin Tu, Jefferey Ware, Arastoo Vossough, Christos Davatzikos, Phillip B Storm, Adam Resnick, Ali Nabavizadeh

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Introduction: Despite advancements in molecular and histopathologic characterization of pediatric low-grade gliomas (pLGGs), there remains significant phenotypic heterogeneity among tumors with similar categorizations. We hypothesized that an unsupervised machine learning approach based on radiomic features may reveal distinct pLGG imaging subtypes.

Methods: Multi-parametric MR images (T1 pre- and post-contrast, T2, and T2 FLAIR) from 157 patients with pLGGs were collected and 881 quantitative radiomic features were extracted from tumorous region. Clustering was performed using K-means after applying principal component analysis (PCA) for feature dimensionality reduction. Molecular and demographic data was obtained from the PedCBioportal and compared between imaging subtypes.

Results: …


How To Manage The Initiation Of Apomorphine Therapy Without Antiemetic Pretreatment: A Review Of The Literature, Stuart H. Isaacson, Richard B. Dewey, Rajesh Pahwa, Daniel E. Kremens 2022 Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center of Boca Raton

How To Manage The Initiation Of Apomorphine Therapy Without Antiemetic Pretreatment: A Review Of The Literature, Stuart H. Isaacson, Richard B. Dewey, Rajesh Pahwa, Daniel E. Kremens

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Introduction

Pretreatment with the antiemetic trimethobenzamide has been recommended practice in the United States (US) to address the risk of nausea and vomiting during initiation of apomorphine treatment. However, trimethobenzamide is no longer being manufactured in the US, and despite the recent update to the US prescribing information, there may be uncertainty regarding how to initiate apomorphine.

Methods

To better understand why antiemetic pretreatment was recommended and if it is necessary when initiating apomorphine therapy, we performed a literature review of subcutaneous apomorphine therapy initiation with and without antiemetic pretreatment in patients with PD.

Results

Three studies were identified as …


Assessment Of Caregiver Burden In A Memory Loss Clinic, Andrea Perkins 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Assessment Of Caregiver Burden In A Memory Loss Clinic, Andrea Perkins

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Over 131,000 people in Illinois identify themselves as caregivers of someone with memory loss. The family caregiver may provide care including, but not limited to, assistance with activities of daily living, financial responsibilities, behavior management, and scheduling, and transportation to medical appointments. The care provided by the caregivers may lead to caregiver burden symptoms of depression, anxiety, and perceived stress. Purpose: Health care providers at a central Illinois memory clinic are not currently completing formal assessments of caregiver burden. This quality improvement project was done to determine if the current memory loss program services provide enough support …


Empowering Nurses To Recognize Post-Stroke Depression In The African American Community, Deidra Frisbie, Robin Simon 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Empowering Nurses To Recognize Post-Stroke Depression In The African American Community, Deidra Frisbie, Robin Simon

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

African Americans (AA) have the highest prevalence of stroke and death compared to other racial groups in the United States. Post-stroke depression (PSD) affects approximately 1/3 of all stroke patients and is underdiagnosed in the African American community.

Aim: By using a mHealth mobile app and a Psychiatry provider list at discharge, PSD can be identified, and interventions initiated, thus decreasing the sequela of PSD in AA.

Methods: Nurses were provided education on PSD, expressions of depression in African-Americans, cultural humility, implicit bias, and the importance of the nurse's role in developing a therapeutic relationship.

Results: Quantitative analysis revealed the …


Gata1 Controls Numbers Of Hematopoietic Progenitors And Their Response To Autoimmune Neuroinflammation, Daniel Hwang, Larissa Ishikawa, Maryam S. Seyedsadr, Elisabeth R. Mari, Ezgi Kasimoglu, Ziver Sahin, Alexandra Boehm, Soohwa Jang, Javad Rasouli, Courtney Vaccaro, Michael Gonzalez, Hakon Hakonarson, Mohamad Rostami, Guang-Xian Zhang, Bogoljub Ciric 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Gata1 Controls Numbers Of Hematopoietic Progenitors And Their Response To Autoimmune Neuroinflammation, Daniel Hwang, Larissa Ishikawa, Maryam S. Seyedsadr, Elisabeth R. Mari, Ezgi Kasimoglu, Ziver Sahin, Alexandra Boehm, Soohwa Jang, Javad Rasouli, Courtney Vaccaro, Michael Gonzalez, Hakon Hakonarson, Mohamad Rostami, Guang-Xian Zhang, Bogoljub Ciric

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

GATA-binding factor 1 (GATA1) is a transcription factor that governs the development and function of multiple hematopoietic cell lineages. GATA1 is expressed in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) and is essential for erythroid lineage commitment; however, whether it plays a role in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) biology and the development of myeloid cells, and what that role might be, remains unclear. We initially set out to test the role of eosinophils in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of central nervous system autoimmunity, using mice lacking a double GATA-site (ΔdblGATA), which lacks eosinophils due to the deletion of the …


The Spectral Sensitivity Of Human Circadian Phase Resetting And Melatonin Suppression To Light Changes Dynamically With Light Duration, Melissa A. St Hilaire, María L. Ámundadóttir, Shadab A. Rahman, Shantha M. W. Rajaratnam, Melanie Rüger, George C. Brainard, Charles A. Czeisler, Marilyne Andersen, Joshua J. Gooley, Steven W. Lockley 2022 Harvard Medical School

The Spectral Sensitivity Of Human Circadian Phase Resetting And Melatonin Suppression To Light Changes Dynamically With Light Duration, Melissa A. St Hilaire, María L. Ámundadóttir, Shadab A. Rahman, Shantha M. W. Rajaratnam, Melanie Rüger, George C. Brainard, Charles A. Czeisler, Marilyne Andersen, Joshua J. Gooley, Steven W. Lockley

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Human circadian, neuroendocrine, and neurobehavioral responses to light are mediated primarily by melanopsin-containing intrinsically-photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) but they also receive input from visual photoreceptors. Relative photoreceptor contributions are irradiance- and duration-dependent but results for long-duration light exposures are limited. We constructed irradiance-response curves and action spectra for melatonin suppression and circadian resetting responses in participants exposed to 6.5-h monochromatic 420, 460, 480, 507, 555, or 620 nm light exposures initiated near the onset of nocturnal melatonin secretion. Melatonin suppression and phase resetting action spectra were best fit by a single-opsin template with lambdamax at 481 and 483 …


Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant 2022 Liberty University

Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant

Senior Honors Theses

A period known as post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) often follows a traumatic brain injury (TBI). PTA is characterized by anterograde and retrograde amnesia, confusion, disorientation, and agitation. The duration and severity of PTA is a key indicator of the long-term prognosis after a TBI, so proper assessment and nursing care of a PTA patient is crucial. TBIs range from mild to severe, but primarily affect the fronto-temporal lobes. In PTA, both neural lesions and white matter damage within the parahippocampal region can cause PTA. A nurse must perform a thorough assessment of a TBI patient, but, since PTA is a key …


Remote Patient Monitoring: Decrease Rehospitalization For Spinal Cord Injury Patients, Abegail Cabunoc-Garcia 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Remote Patient Monitoring: Decrease Rehospitalization For Spinal Cord Injury Patients, Abegail Cabunoc-Garcia

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: The lengthy distance required to access specialty care, the overall higher cost of SCI/D care, complications associated with SCI, and the potential negative impact of shortened hospital stays are all compelling reasons to use telehealth technologies to deliver specialty services for medical issues.

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was in adult spinal cord injury patients with chronic disease receiving primary care at a spinal cord injury center (P), how does the implementation of a remote patient monitoring home telehealth for SCI patients recently discharged from acute-care setting (I) compared to the usual practice …


Education Research: Neurologic Education In Physician Assistant Programs, Carl Garubba 2022 Dominican University of California

Education Research: Neurologic Education In Physician Assistant Programs, Carl Garubba

Physician Assistant Studies | Faculty Scholarship

Background and Objectives A growing number of advanced practice providers (APPs) are entering neurologic practice, and educational initiatives focused on postgraduate training in neurology for these providers are growing in turn. Neurologic education in APP degree programs is not well defined, which limits the ability to tailor these initiatives to the specific needs of APPs. We aim to describe neurologic education in physician assistant (PA) degree programs to better inform these efforts.

Methods The 2018 American Academy of Neurology clerkship director survey was adapted for directors of PA programs via an iterative approach. The survey was distributed to program directors …


Amplification Of The Plag-Family Genes-Plagl1 And Plagl2-Is A Key Feature Of The Novel Tumor Type Cns Embryonal Tumor With Plagl Amplification, Michaela-Kristina Keck, Martin Sill, Andrea Wittmann, Piyush Joshi, Damian Stichel, Pengbo Beck, Konstantin Okonechnikow, Philipp Sievers, Annika K. Wefers, Nasir uddin 2022 Hopp Children's Cancer Center Heidelberg, Germany

Amplification Of The Plag-Family Genes-Plagl1 And Plagl2-Is A Key Feature Of The Novel Tumor Type Cns Embryonal Tumor With Plagl Amplification, Michaela-Kristina Keck, Martin Sill, Andrea Wittmann, Piyush Joshi, Damian Stichel, Pengbo Beck, Konstantin Okonechnikow, Philipp Sievers, Annika K. Wefers, Nasir Uddin

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors represent the most common cause of cancer-related death in children aged 0-14 years. They differ from their adult counterparts, showing extensive clinical and molecular heterogeneity as well as a challenging histopathological spectrum that often impairs accurate diagnosis. Here, we use DNA methylation-based CNS tumor classification in combination with copy number, RNA-seq, and ChIP-seq analysis to characterize a newly identified CNS tumor type. In addition, we report histology, patient characteristics, and survival data in this tumor type. We describe a biologically distinct pediatric CNS tumor type (n = 31 cases) that is characterized by focal …


Impact Of Solid State Roadway Lighting On Melatonin In Humans, Ronald B Gibbons, Rajaram Bhagavathula, Benjamin Warfield, George Brainard, John P Hanifin 2022 Virginia Tech

Impact Of Solid State Roadway Lighting On Melatonin In Humans, Ronald B Gibbons, Rajaram Bhagavathula, Benjamin Warfield, George Brainard, John P Hanifin

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Introduction: In 2009, the World Health Organization identified vehicle crashes, both injury-related and fatal, as a public health hazard. Roadway lighting has long been used to reduce crashes and improve the safety of all road users. Ocular light exposure at night can suppress melatonin levels in humans. At sufficient light levels, all visible light wavelengths can elicit this response, but melatonin suppression is maximally sensitive to visible short wavelength light. With the conversion of roadway lighting to solid state sources that have a greater short wavelength spectrum than traditional sources, there is a potential negative health impact through suppressed melatonin …


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