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An Unusual Case Of Escherichia Coli Meningitis And Bacteremia In An Elderly Woman Presenting With Intractable Low Back Pain, Andrea M. Lauffer, Mahmoud Shorman, Carl McComas 2016 St. Mary's Medical Center, Huntington, WV

An Unusual Case Of Escherichia Coli Meningitis And Bacteremia In An Elderly Woman Presenting With Intractable Low Back Pain, Andrea M. Lauffer, Mahmoud Shorman, Carl Mccomas

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Introduction:

We report an unusual case of E. coli meningitis in an elderly woman who presented to the emergency room with a chief complaint of intractable low back pain.

Case Description:

A 67 year old woman presented to the emergency room for a chief complaint of intractable low back pain. After admission, the patient developed delirium. Blood cultures were drawn. Patient underwent a lumbar puncture which revealed purulent cerebrospinal fluid. Results of the cerebrospinal fluid and blood cultures revealed pan-sensitive E. coli.

Conclusion:

In the geriatric population, delayed presentation of meningitis can occur for various reasons. With the older ...


Spinal Cord Injury And Autonomic Dysreflexia- A Case Report, Apurva Bhatt, Brit Moore, Talal Asif, Kristy E. Steigerwalt, Rebecca R. Pauly 2016 University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine

Spinal Cord Injury And Autonomic Dysreflexia- A Case Report, Apurva Bhatt, Brit Moore, Talal Asif, Kristy E. Steigerwalt, Rebecca R. Pauly

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is a life threatening condition affecting patients with spinal cord lesions T6 level and above. A 51 year old male with a history of paraplegia due to a C6 spinal cord injury (30 years prior) presented with recurrent debilitating episodic diaphoresis, hypertension, low body temperature, and bradycardia. Previous hospitalizations presumed sepsis from UTI to be the etiology, however on further evaluation his symptoms were consistent with undiagnosed AD. This article describes a unique case presentation and reviews AD in depth, including the etiology, pathophysiology and management.


A New Sv2a Ligand For Epilepsy, Michael A. Rogawski 2016 University of California - Davis

A New Sv2a Ligand For Epilepsy, Michael A. Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

Since the 1970s, racetams have been in use as cognitive enhancers. Levetiracetam was discovered to have antiseizure activity in animal models and was then found to bind to SV2A in synaptic and endocrine vesicles. Brivaracetam, an analog of levetiracetam, was identified in a medicinal chemistry campaign with the objective of discovering analogs with higher affinity at racetam-binding sites and greater antiseizure potency.


Neuromodulation, Stephen Silberstein 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Neuromodulation, Stephen Silberstein

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Neuromodulation is a new promising treatment for headache disorders. It consists of peripheral nerve neurostimulation and central neurostimulation. © 2016, Touch Briefings. All rights reserved.


Exploring Patient And Family Satisfaction In Pediatric Neurological Surgery, Randa R. Barsoom, Todd A. Maugans, James F. Burrows, Paul Rosen 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Exploring Patient And Family Satisfaction In Pediatric Neurological Surgery, Randa R. Barsoom, Todd A. Maugans, James F. Burrows, Paul Rosen

Student Papers

Introduction Patient and family satisfaction during outpatient visits is correlated with a continuance of care and likelihood to recommend the practice to others. Additionally, patient-family satisfaction can determine the success of the practice and influence medical outcomes. Utilizing a well-validated surveys instrument, patient and family satisfaction can be explored in the office setting. Methods During a consecutive 36 month period, a standardized and validated patient satisfaction survey instrument was provided to the family members of patients who presented to two pediatric neurosurgery clinics associated with Nemours Children's Health System. The completed surveys were analyzed statistically to identify correlations between ...


Kcnq2 Encephalopathy, John Millichap, Kristen Park, Tammy N. Tsuchida, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Lionel Carmant, On Behalf of the RIKEE Consortium 2016 George Washington University

Kcnq2 Encephalopathy, John Millichap, Kristen Park, Tammy N. Tsuchida, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Lionel Carmant, On Behalf Of The Rikee Consortium

Neurology Faculty Publications

Objective: To advance the understanding of KCNQ2 encephalopathy genotype–phenotype relationships and to begin to assess the potential of selective KCNQ channel openers as targeted treatments.

Methods: We retrospectively studied 23 patients with KCNQ2 encephalopathy, including 11 treated with ezogabine (EZO). We analyzed the genotype–phenotype relationships in these and 70 previously described patients.

Results: The mean seizure onset age was 1.8 ± 1.6 (SD) days. Of the 20 EEGs obtained within a week of birth, 11 showed burst suppression. When new seizure types appeared in infancy (15 patients), the most common were epileptic spasms (n = 8). At last ...


Non-Psychotropic Cannabinoid Based Therapy Modulates Nociceptive Signaling Molecules, Microglia, And Pain Behavior In A Model Of Post-Concussion Headache, Jarred M. Stratton, Lan Cheng, Ashley L. Tyburski, Jessica Perino, Melanie B. Elliott 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Non-Psychotropic Cannabinoid Based Therapy Modulates Nociceptive Signaling Molecules, Microglia, And Pain Behavior In A Model Of Post-Concussion Headache, Jarred M. Stratton, Lan Cheng, Ashley L. Tyburski, Jessica Perino, Melanie B. Elliott

Department of Neurosurgery Posters

Background & Objectives

Headache is a common symptom of post-concussion syndrome which may persist in a substantial portion of patients contributing to a poor quality of life and disability. There is a pressing need to develop novel treatments for post-traumatic headache as current treatments have a number of side effects, are contraindicated or lack efficacy. The Elliott laboratory first established models of post-traumatic headache demonstrating sensitization of trigeminal neurons in rodent models of post-traumatic headache using well-known nociceptive and behavioral markers in the pain and migraine fields1-3. Traumatic brain injury in mice increases expression of calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP ...


Data Citation In Neuroimaging: Proposed Best Practices For Data Identification And Attribution, Leah B. Honor, Christian Haselgrove, Jean A. Frazier, David N. Kennedy 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data Citation In Neuroimaging: Proposed Best Practices For Data Identification And Attribution, Leah B. Honor, Christian Haselgrove, Jean A. Frazier, David N. Kennedy

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

Data sharing and reuse, while widely accepted as good ideas, have been slow to catch on in any concrete and consistent way. One major hurdle within the scientific community has been the lack of widely accepted standards for citing that data, making it difficult to track usage and measure impact. Within the neuroimaging community, there is a need for a way to not only clearly identify and cite datasets, but also to derive new aggregate sets from multiple sources while clearly maintaining lines of attribution. This work presents a functional prototype of a system to integrate Digital Object Identifiers (DOI ...


Comparing Direct Factor Xa Inhibitors And Warfarin In The Prevention Of Stroke In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Alessandra Lof, Stephanie Pillai 2016 James Madison University

Comparing Direct Factor Xa Inhibitors And Warfarin In The Prevention Of Stroke In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Alessandra Lof, Stephanie Pillai

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To evaluate the overall efficacy, advantages, and disadvantages of treatment with direct factor Xa inhibitors as compared to warfarin in the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Methods: A quantitative meta-analysis was performed on three separate studies, each of which evaluated the efficacy and safety outcomes of a direct factor Xa inhibitor versus warfarin in preventing stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. The direct factor Xa inhibitors that were evaluated included apixaban, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban. Results: The direct factor Xa inhibitors were found to be as effective, and in some cases more effective, than warfarin in preventing ...


Impaired Neurodevelopment By The Low Complexity Domain Of Cpeb4 Reveals A Convergent Pathway With Neurodegeneration, Jihae Shin, Johnny S. Salameh, Joel D. Richter 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Impaired Neurodevelopment By The Low Complexity Domain Of Cpeb4 Reveals A Convergent Pathway With Neurodegeneration, Jihae Shin, Johnny S. Salameh, Joel D. Richter

Open Access Articles

CPEB4 is an RNA binding protein expressed in neuronal tissues including brain and spinal cord. CPEB4 has two domains: one that is structured for RNA binding and one that is unstructured and low complexity that has no known function. Unstructured low complexity domains (LCDs) in proteins are often found in RNA-binding proteins and have been implicated in motor neuron degenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, indicating that these regions mediate normal RNA processing as well as pathological events. While CPEB4 null knockout mice are normal, animals expressing only the CPEB4 LCD are neonatal lethal with impaired mobility that display ...


Encoding Of Saltatory Tactile Velocity In The Adult Orofacial Somatosensory System, Rebecca Custead 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Encoding Of Saltatory Tactile Velocity In The Adult Orofacial Somatosensory System, Rebecca Custead

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Processing dynamic tactile inputs is a key function of somatosensory systems. Spatial velocity encoding mechanisms by the nervous system are important for skilled movement production and may play a role in recovery of motor function following neurological insult. Little is known about tactile velocity encoding in trigeminal networks associated with mechanosensory inputs to the face, or the consequences of movement.

High resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate the neural substrates of velocity encoding in the human orofacial somatosensory system during unilateral saltatory pneumotactile inputs to perioral hairy skin in 20 healthy adults. A custom multichannel, scalable ...


Adgrl3 (Lphn3) Variants Are Associated With A Refined Phenotype Of Adhd In The Mta Study, Maria T. Acosta, James Swanson, Annamarie Stehli, Brooke Molina, The MTA Team 2016 George Washington University

Adgrl3 (Lphn3) Variants Are Associated With A Refined Phenotype Of Adhd In The Mta Study, Maria T. Acosta, James Swanson, Annamarie Stehli, Brooke Molina, The Mta Team

Neurology Faculty Publications

Background

ADHD is the most common neuropsychiatric condition affecting individuals of all ages. Long-term outcomes of affected individuals and association with severe comorbidities as SUD or conduct disorders are the main concern. Genetic associations have been extensively described. Multiple studies show that intronic variants harbored in the ADGRL3 (LPHN3) gene are associated with ADHD, especially associated with poor outcomes.

Methods

In this study, we evaluated this association in the Multimodal Treatment Study of children with ADHD (MTA), initiated as a 14-month randomized clinical trial of 579 children diagnosed with DSM-IV ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C), that transitioned to a 16-year prospective observational ...


N-Acetyl Cysteine May Support Dopamine Neurons In Parkinson's Disease: Preliminary Clinical And Cell Line Data., Daniel A. Monti, George Zabrecky, Daniel Kremens, Tsao-Wei Liang, Nancy A. Wintering, Jingli Cai, Xiatao Wei, Anthony J. Bazzan, Li Zhong, Brendan Bowen, Charles Intenzo, Lorraine Iacovitti, Andrew B. Newberg 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

N-Acetyl Cysteine May Support Dopamine Neurons In Parkinson's Disease: Preliminary Clinical And Cell Line Data., Daniel A. Monti, George Zabrecky, Daniel Kremens, Tsao-Wei Liang, Nancy A. Wintering, Jingli Cai, Xiatao Wei, Anthony J. Bazzan, Li Zhong, Brendan Bowen, Charles Intenzo, Lorraine Iacovitti, Andrew B. Newberg

Jefferson Myrna Brind Center of Integration Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGOUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the biological and clinical effects of n-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) in Parkinson's disease (PD).

METHODS: The overarching goal of this pilot study was to generate additional data about potentially protective properties of NAC in PD, using an in vitro and in vivo approach. In preparation for the clinical study we performed a cell tissue culture study with human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived midbrain dopamine (mDA) neurons that were treated with rotenone as a model for PD. The primary outcome in the cell tissue cultures was the number of cells that survived ...


Phase Iii Preclinical Trials In Translational Stroke Research: Community Response On Framework And Guidelines, Johannes Boltze, Daniel-Christoph Wagner, Nils Henninger, Nikolaus Plesnila, Cenk Ayata 2016 University of Lubeck

Phase Iii Preclinical Trials In Translational Stroke Research: Community Response On Framework And Guidelines, Johannes Boltze, Daniel-Christoph Wagner, Nils Henninger, Nikolaus Plesnila, Cenk Ayata

Neurology Publications and Presentations

The multicenter phase III preclinical trial concept is currently discussed to enhance the predictive value of preclinical stroke research. After public announcement, we collected a community feedback on the concept with emphasis on potential design features and guidelines by an anonymous survey. Response analysis was conducted after plausibility checks by applying qualitative and quantitative measures. Most respondents supported the concept, including the implementation of a centralized steering committee. Based on received feedback, we suggest careful, stepwise implementation and to leave selected competencies and endpoint analysis at the discretion of participating centers. Strict application of quality assurance methods is accepted, but ...


The (R)- Isomer Of Isometheptene Decreases Trigeminal Sensitivity In A Rat Model Of Primary Headache, Jessica Perino, MS, Nathan T. Fried, PhD, Michael L. Oshinsky, PhD, Bruce Daugherty, PhD, MBA, Seth Lederman, MD, Melanie B Elliott, PhD 2016 Department of Neurosurgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA

The (R)- Isomer Of Isometheptene Decreases Trigeminal Sensitivity In A Rat Model Of Primary Headache, Jessica Perino, Ms, Nathan T. Fried, Phd, Michael L. Oshinsky, Phd, Bruce Daugherty, Phd, Mba, Seth Lederman, Md, Melanie B Elliott, Phd

Department of Neurosurgery Posters

Introduction

Isometheptene is thought to be the active ingredient of the commonly known headache medication, Midrin. Previously, we found only the (R) enantiomer to be effective in alleviating headache behavior in two models of headache compared to the (S) enantiomer.

Experiments using electrical and mechanical stimulation of the dura in animals with no history of head pain have been used to elucidate the mechanisms of the trigeminovascular system at the level of the trigeminal ganglion, trigeminal nucleus caudalis, periaqueductal gray, and the thalamus. The limitation of these acute models is that electrical and mechanical stimulation of the dural blood vessels ...


1st Place: The Effectiveness Of Yoga Therapy On An Adult, Post-Stroke Population: A Systematic Review (Final Research Paper), Baylor E. Hogan 2016 Chapman University

1st Place: The Effectiveness Of Yoga Therapy On An Adult, Post-Stroke Population: A Systematic Review (Final Research Paper), Baylor E. Hogan

Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize

Objectives: The objectives of this paper are to (1) give a brief overview of stroke pathophysiology (2) outline yoga as a therapeutic strategy (3) present the current research on yoga rehabilitation for stroke (4) discuss the efficacy of yoga for chronic stroke.

Methods: Relevant terms were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Academic OneFile, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar electronic databases. Studies were excluded if they contained pediatric stroke, non-stroke neurological diseases, or subjects with comorbidities. Statistically significant data was extracted for the primary measures of nine trials.

Results: Four studies measured statistically significant outcomes (p<0.05). These included improvements in balance, independence, endurance, trait anxiety, fear of falling, self-efficacy, pain, strength, range of motion (ROM), activity, participation, and quality of life (QoL). Discussion: Lack of statistical significance in post-stroke depression (PSD) measures may be due to inadequate intervention length or a psychosocial cause of depression. Improvements in balance, flexibility, and strength from yoga participation permitted progress in disability and functionality. Finally, overall health-related quality of life (HRQL) is affected by the severity of mental disorders and physical disability. Yoga can have a positive effect in both domains and therefore, may improve HRQL.

Conclusion: Preliminary evidence suggests the ...


Utility Of Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitering (Ionm) In Various Surgeries At A Tertery Care Hospital In Karachi, Pakistan., Liaquat Ali, Ambreen Iqrar, Dr Bhojo khealani, Syed irshad murtaza, Ejaz karim, Tahira binish, Zaitoon shivji 2016 Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi,pakistan

Utility Of Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitering (Ionm) In Various Surgeries At A Tertery Care Hospital In Karachi, Pakistan., Liaquat Ali, Ambreen Iqrar, Dr Bhojo Khealani, Syed Irshad Murtaza, Ejaz Karim, Tahira Binish, Zaitoon Shivji

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Utility of real time multimodal intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in different intracranial, spinal and peripheral nerve at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi Pakistan.Study design: A retrospective observational study Place and duration of study: Patients admitted in neurology and neurosurgery services as well as out-patients presenting to the clinical neurophysiology lab at the Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi between January 2012 to December 2013.Methodology: The study consisted of 14 patients undergoing different intracranial, spinal and peripheral nerve surgeries including correction of spinal scoliosis, spinal cord lesion ,acoustic neuroma resection and plexus and peripheral nerve repaired. Among the electrophysiological methods ...


Preventing Stroke At Door Step– Need For A Paradigm Shift In Delivery Of Preventive Healthcare, Ismail A. Khatri, Saad Farooq, Muneeza A. Khatri 2016 Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi,pakistan

Preventing Stroke At Door Step– Need For A Paradigm Shift In Delivery Of Preventive Healthcare, Ismail A. Khatri, Saad Farooq, Muneeza A. Khatri

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Although stroke is a preventable disease, it is increasing globally. Only few risk factors are responsible for much of the leading noncommunicable diseases, yet those remain poorly controlled, despite being the most affordable way of promoting health and preventing disease [1]. Lifestyle modification including cessation of smoking, making aerobic physical activity a routine, certain changes in diet, and aggressive management of risk factors are all part of stroke prevention strategies [2].


Frequency Of Cranial Autonomic Symptoms (Cas) In Migraine Patients, Sadaf Nasir, Naureen Abrar, Khalid Sher, Shahnaz Shahnaz 2016 Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi

Frequency Of Cranial Autonomic Symptoms (Cas) In Migraine Patients, Sadaf Nasir, Naureen Abrar, Khalid Sher, Shahnaz Shahnaz

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Of all the painful states that afflict humans, headache is undoubtedly the most frequent and common reason for seeking medical help. Headache has over 300 different types and different etiologies; migraine is one of them and continues being an under diagnosed condition in many of cases as it can be accompanied by symptoms commonly associated with other causes of facial pain. Out of 28 million people in USA who have history of headache and symptoms which mimic the typical migraine only 48% are diagnosed of migraine.


Neuromyelitis Optica (Devic’S Disease) In A 10 Years Old Boy., Dr.Farida Jan, Amber Shabir, Shahnaz Ibrahim 2016 Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi,pakistan

Neuromyelitis Optica (Devic’S Disease) In A 10 Years Old Boy., Dr.Farida Jan, Amber Shabir, Shahnaz Ibrahim

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) also known as Devic’s disease is an acute demyelinating disorder combined with optic neuritis and transverse myelitis.A 10 years old boy presented in the ER with the complaints of fever and back pain for past 10 days and inability to walk for 6-7 days. He had developed urinary retention and constipation for the past 5 days along with abdominal distension. There was also blurring of vision in the left eye with only light perception and rapid afferent papillary defect was present while the right eye was normal. The provisional diagnosis was Transverse myelitis vsNeuromyelitisoptica (NMO ...


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