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Nonketotic Hyperglycemia Induced Occipital Lobe Seizures: A Case Report, Samantha Richardson, Sona K. Shah 2018 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Nonketotic Hyperglycemia Induced Occipital Lobe Seizures: A Case Report, Samantha Richardson, Sona K. Shah

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Typically, nonketotic hyperglycemia induces partial motor seizures. We present a rare case of nonketotic hyperglycemia induced occipital lobe seizures and discuss the impact of hemoglobin A1c on seizure activity, typical imaging results, and use of anti epileptic drugs in management.


Predicting Gains With Visuospatial Training After Stroke Using An Eeg Measure Of Frontoparietal Circuit Function, Robert J. Zhou, Hossein M. Hondori, Maryam Khademi, Jessica M. Cassidy, Katherine M. Wu, Derek Z. Yang, Nikhita Kathuria, Fareshte R. Erani, Lucy Dodakian, Alison McKenzie, Cristina V. Lopes, Walt Scacchi, Ramesh Srinivasan, Steven C. Cramer 2018 University of California, Irvine

Predicting Gains With Visuospatial Training After Stroke Using An Eeg Measure Of Frontoparietal Circuit Function, Robert J. Zhou, Hossein M. Hondori, Maryam Khademi, Jessica M. Cassidy, Katherine M. Wu, Derek Z. Yang, Nikhita Kathuria, Fareshte R. Erani, Lucy Dodakian, Alison Mckenzie, Cristina V. Lopes, Walt Scacchi, Ramesh Srinivasan, Steven C. Cramer

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

The heterogeneity of stroke prompts the need for predictors of individual treatment response to rehabilitation therapies. We previously studied healthy subjects with EEG and identified a frontoparietal circuit in which activity predicted training-related gains in visuomotor tracking. Here we asked whether activity in this same frontoparietal circuit also predicts training-related gains in visuomotor tracking in patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke. Subjects (n = 12) underwent dense-array EEG recording at rest, then received 8 sessions of visuomotor tracking training delivered via home-based telehealth methods. Subjects showed significant training-related gains in the primary behavioral endpoint, Success Rate score on a standardized test of ...


Guidance For Switching From Off-Label Antipsychotics To Pimavanserin For Parkinson’S Disease Psychosis: An Expert Consensus, Kevin J. Black, Henry Nasrallah, Stuart Isaacson, Mark Stacy, Rajesh Pahwa, Charles H. Adler, Gustavo Alva, Jeffrey W. Cooney, Daniel Kremens, Matthew A. Menza, Jonathan M. Meyer, Ashwin A. Patkar, Tanya Simuni, Debbi A. Morrissette, Stephen Stahl 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Guidance For Switching From Off-Label Antipsychotics To Pimavanserin For Parkinson’S Disease Psychosis: An Expert Consensus, Kevin J. Black, Henry Nasrallah, Stuart Isaacson, Mark Stacy, Rajesh Pahwa, Charles H. Adler, Gustavo Alva, Jeffrey W. Cooney, Daniel Kremens, Matthew A. Menza, Jonathan M. Meyer, Ashwin A. Patkar, Tanya Simuni, Debbi A. Morrissette, Stephen Stahl

Kevin J. Black, MD

Patients with Parkinson’s disease psychosis (PDP) are often treated with an atypical antipsychotic, especially quetiapine or clozapine, but side effects, lack of sufficient efficacy, or both may motivate a switch to pimavanserin, the first medication approved for management of PDP. How best to implement a switch to pimavanserin has not been clear, as there are no controlled trials or case series in the literature to provide guidance. An abrupt switch may interrupt partially effective treatment or potentially trigger rebound effects from antipsychotic withdrawal, whereas cross-taper involves potential drug interactions. A panel of experts drew from published data, their experience ...


Fasudil In Combination With Bone Marrow Stromal Cells (Bmscs) Attenuates Alzheimer's Disease-Related Changes Through The Regulation Of The Peripheral Immune System., Jiezhong Yu, Yuqing Yan, Qingfang Gu, Gajendra Kumar, Hongqiang Yu, Yijin Zhao, Chunyun Liu, Ye Gao, Zhi Chai, Jasleen Chumber, Bao-Guo Xiao, Guang-Xian Zhang, Han-Ting Zhang, Yuqiang Jiang, Cun-Gen Ma 2018 Shanxi Datong University; Chinese Academy of Sciences

Fasudil In Combination With Bone Marrow Stromal Cells (Bmscs) Attenuates Alzheimer's Disease-Related Changes Through The Regulation Of The Peripheral Immune System., Jiezhong Yu, Yuqing Yan, Qingfang Gu, Gajendra Kumar, Hongqiang Yu, Yijin Zhao, Chunyun Liu, Ye Gao, Zhi Chai, Jasleen Chumber, Bao-Guo Xiao, Guang-Xian Zhang, Han-Ting Zhang, Yuqiang Jiang, Cun-Gen Ma

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disease. Its mechanism is still not clear. Majority of research focused on the central nervous system (CNS) changes, while few studies emphasize on peripheral immune system modulation. Our study aimed to investigate the regulation of the peripheral immune system and its relationship to the severity of the disease after treatment in an AD model of APPswe/PSEN1dE9 transgenic (APP/PS1 Tg) mice. APP/PS1 Tg mice (8 months old) were treated with the ROCK-II inhibitor 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-homo-piperazine (Fasudil) (intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections, 25 mg/kg/day), bone marrow stromal cells ...


Lateralized Hippocampal Oscillations Underlie Distinct Aspects Of Human Spatial Memory And Navigation., Jonathan Miller, Andrew J. Watrous, Melina Tsitsiklis, Sang Ah Lee, Sameer A. Sheth, Catherine A. Schevon, Elliot H. Smith, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini Sharan, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Gregory A. Worrell, Stephen Meisenhelter, Cory S. Inman, Kathryn A. Davis, Bradley Lega, Paul A. Wanda, Sandhitsu R. Das, Joel M. Stein, Richard Gorniak, Joshua Jacobs 2018 Columbia University

Lateralized Hippocampal Oscillations Underlie Distinct Aspects Of Human Spatial Memory And Navigation., Jonathan Miller, Andrew J. Watrous, Melina Tsitsiklis, Sang Ah Lee, Sameer A. Sheth, Catherine A. Schevon, Elliot H. Smith, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini Sharan, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Gregory A. Worrell, Stephen Meisenhelter, Cory S. Inman, Kathryn A. Davis, Bradley Lega, Paul A. Wanda, Sandhitsu R. Das, Joel M. Stein, Richard Gorniak, Joshua Jacobs

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

The hippocampus plays a vital role in various aspects of cognition including both memory and spatial navigation. To understand electrophysiologically how the hippocampus supports these processes, we recorded intracranial electroencephalographic activity from 46 neurosurgical patients as they performed a spatial memory task. We measure signals from multiple brain regions, including both left and right hippocampi, and we use spectral analysis to identify oscillatory patterns related to memory encoding and navigation. We show that in the left but not right hippocampus, the amplitude of oscillations in the 1-3-Hz "low theta" band increases when viewing subsequently remembered object-location pairs. In contrast, in ...


Emerging Cellular And Molecular Strategies For Enhancing Central Nervous System (Cns) Remyelination., Mohammad Abu-Rub, Robert H Miller 2018 George Washington University

Emerging Cellular And Molecular Strategies For Enhancing Central Nervous System (Cns) Remyelination., Mohammad Abu-Rub, Robert H Miller

Anatomy and Regenerative Biology Faculty Publications

Myelination is critical for the normal functioning of the central nervous system (CNS) in vertebrates. Conditions in which the development of myelin is perturbed result in severely compromised individuals often with shorter lifespans, while loss of myelin in the adult results in a variety of functional deficits. Although some form of spontaneous remyelination often takes place, the repair process as a whole often fails. Several lines of evidence suggest it is feasible to develop strategies that enhance the capacity of the CNS to undergo remyelination and potentially reverse functional deficits. Such strategies include cellular therapies using either neural or mesenchymal ...


Letter To The Editor: Management Of Pfo: More Evidence, Same Recommendation, Halima Ali, MD 2018 Beaumont Wayne Family Medicine Residency

Letter To The Editor: Management Of Pfo: More Evidence, Same Recommendation, Halima Ali, Md

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The author offers more evidence to support Zhang's assertion in CRP 3(2) that closure of patent foramen ovale or medical therapy alone are both appropriate choices for preventing recurrent cryptogenic strokes (https://doi.org/10.22237/crp/1518739380).


Prevention And Screening Of Vte In Sci Patients At Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Erika Dillard, MD, PhD, Yusef Mosley, MD, Joshua Marks, MD, Christina Jacovides, MD, Geoffrey Ouma, MD, James Harrop, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Prevention And Screening Of Vte In Sci Patients At Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Erika Dillard, Md, Phd, Yusef Mosley, Md, Joshua Marks, Md, Christina Jacovides, Md, Geoffrey Ouma, Md, James Harrop, Md

Department of Neurosurgery Posters

Currently no protocol exists for thromboprophylaxis (TPx) and screening in SCI patients at TJUH. As such, often patients are either not started on TPx or are started on an inappropriate regimen depending on admitting team preference. In addition, patients often receive an admission DUS then weekly thereafter as a screening mechanism for DVT even if asymptomatic.

Our goal is to determine the effectiveness of our current method for initiating pharmacological TPx as well as efficacy and cost of our current screening method compared to national guidelines by addressing these questions:

  • What is the occurrence of VTE in SCI patients at ...


Establishing Cost-Effective Management Of Postoperative Urinary Retention After Spine Surgery, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, MD, Catriona Harrop, MD, Edward Kloniecke, MD, Victoria English, CRNP, David Wyler, MD, Kamini Patel, RN, MBA, Ashwini Sharan, MD, James Harrop, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Establishing Cost-Effective Management Of Postoperative Urinary Retention After Spine Surgery, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, Md, Catriona Harrop, Md, Edward Kloniecke, Md, Victoria English, Crnp, David Wyler, Md, Kamini Patel, Rn, Mba, Ashwini Sharan, Md, James Harrop, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Goal

Our goal is to develop evidence-based guidelines that:

  1. streamline the order/timing of interventions in patients who develop PUR after spine surgery
  2. identify those at high-risk of long-term urinary retention that require further workup
  3. minimize the rate of PUR –goal is to reduce to 3.5% in FY 2019
  4. and determine the cost savings from our intervention when applied to all surgeries


Process Improvement For Endovascular Thrombectomy In Patients Presenting With Acute Ischemic Stroke, Richard F. Schmidt, MD, Michael J. Lang, MD, Robin Dharia, MD, Fred Rincon, MD, Thomas Zdanowski, RN, MSN, Robin D'Ambrosio, RN, MSN, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, MD, M. Reid Gooch, MD, Pascal Jabbour, MD, Nabeel Herial, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Process Improvement For Endovascular Thrombectomy In Patients Presenting With Acute Ischemic Stroke, Richard F. Schmidt, Md, Michael J. Lang, Md, Robin Dharia, Md, Fred Rincon, Md, Thomas Zdanowski, Rn, Msn, Robin D'Ambrosio, Rn, Msn, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Md, M. Reid Gooch, Md, Pascal Jabbour, Md, Nabeel Herial, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Aims

  1. Critically evaluate the existing stroke activation and ET protocols for compliance with new 2018 metrics and guidelines.
  2. Review DTP times under the existing protocol to assess for potential inefficiencies or gaps in care delivery, specifically addressing differences between processes at JHN compared to ED/Gibbon.
  3. Make changes to the existing stroke alert protocol to better reflect current guidelines, streamline care, and ultimately improve process metrics (DTP times).
  4. Establish a system for recursive continuous analysis of AIS patients to identify protocol gaps, inefficiencies and areas for further intervention.


Improving Medical And Endovascular Management For Acute Ischemic Stroke Through Multidisciplinary Education And Simulation, Richard F. Schmidt, MD, Megan Margiotta, MD, Elan Miller, MD, Robin D'Ambrosio, BSN, SCRN, Robin Dharia, MD, Maria Aini, MD, Diana Tzeng, MD, Fred Rincon, MD, Pascal Jabbour, MD, Nabeel Herial, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Improving Medical And Endovascular Management For Acute Ischemic Stroke Through Multidisciplinary Education And Simulation, Richard F. Schmidt, Md, Megan Margiotta, Md, Elan Miller, Md, Robin D'Ambrosio, Bsn, Scrn, Robin Dharia, Md, Maria Aini, Md, Diana Tzeng, Md, Fred Rincon, Md, Pascal Jabbour, Md, Nabeel Herial, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Primary goals:

  1. Reduce door to treatment times (both DTN and DTP) to meet and exceed existing guidelines metrics.
  2. Educate residents about acute stroke management, including national guidelines and new institutional protocols to improve efficiency during stroke alerts.


Implementation Of Attending-Supervised Ipass Handoff In The Neuro-Icu, Laura Cifrese, MD, Sonia Gill, MD, Megan Margiotta, MD, Muhammad Athar, MD, Rodney Bell, MD, Sara Hefton, MD, Fred Rincon, MD, MSc, MBE, Syed Shah, MD, MBA, Jacqueline Urtecho, MD, Matthew Vibbert, MD, David Wyler, MD, Amandeep Dolla, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Implementation Of Attending-Supervised Ipass Handoff In The Neuro-Icu, Laura Cifrese, Md, Sonia Gill, Md, Megan Margiotta, Md, Muhammad Athar, Md, Rodney Bell, Md, Sara Hefton, Md, Fred Rincon, Md, Msc, Mbe, Syed Shah, Md, Mba, Jacqueline Urtecho, Md, Matthew Vibbert, Md, David Wyler, Md, Amandeep Dolla, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Background

  • Duty hour restrictions, cross coverage, and the growing number of mid-level practitioners has led to an increased number of handoffs across medical specialties
  • These handoffs are well-known points of communication breakdown which can lead to patient safety issues
  • Factors contributing to an effective handoff include standardization of communication, appropriate training and supervision, ample time, a quiet environment, and a supportive culture
  • We hypothesize that attending supervision of handoffs is feasible and can improve practitioner perception of transitions of care


Targeting Twist1 Through Loss Of Function Inhibits Tumorigenicity Of Human Glioblastoma., Andrei M Mikheev, Svetlana A Mikheeva, Liza J Severs, Cory C Funk, Lei Huang, José L McFaline-Figueroa, Jeanette Schwensen, Cole Trapnell, Nathan D Price, Stephen Wong, Robert C Rostomily 2018 Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, USA.

Targeting Twist1 Through Loss Of Function Inhibits Tumorigenicity Of Human Glioblastoma., Andrei M Mikheev, Svetlana A Mikheeva, Liza J Severs, Cory C Funk, Lei Huang, José L Mcfaline-Figueroa, Jeanette Schwensen, Cole Trapnell, Nathan D Price, Stephen Wong, Robert C Rostomily

All Publications

TWIST1 (TW) is a bHLH transcription factor (TF) and master regulator of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In vitro, TW promotes mesenchymal change, invasion, and self-renewal in glioblastoma (GBM) cells. However, the potential therapeutic relevance of TW has not been established through loss-of-function studies in human GBM cell xenograft models. The effects of TW loss of function (gene editing and knockdown) on inhibition of tumorigenicity of U87MG and GBM4 glioma stem cells were tested in orthotopic xenograft models and conditional knockdown in established flank xenograft tumors. RNAseq and the analysis of tumors investigated putative TW-associated mechanisms. Multiple bioinformatic tools revealed significant ...


Cognitive Impairment, Vulnerability, And Mortality Post Ischemic Stroke: A Five-Year Follow-Up Of The Action On Secondary Prevention Interventions And Rehabilitation In Stroke (Aspire-S) Cohort, Eva Gaynor, Daniela Rohde, Margaret Large, Lisa Mellon, Patricia Hall, Linda Brewer, Orla Conway, Anne Hickey, Kathleen Bennett, Eamon Dolan, Elizabeth Callaly, David Williams 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Cognitive Impairment, Vulnerability, And Mortality Post Ischemic Stroke: A Five-Year Follow-Up Of The Action On Secondary Prevention Interventions And Rehabilitation In Stroke (Aspire-S) Cohort, Eva Gaynor, Daniela Rohde, Margaret Large, Lisa Mellon, Patricia Hall, Linda Brewer, Orla Conway, Anne Hickey, Kathleen Bennett, Eamon Dolan, Elizabeth Callaly, David Williams

Psychology Articles

Background

The aim of this study was to examine predictors of mortality in patients 5 years after ischemic stroke, focusing on cognitive impairment, vulnerability, and vascular risk factors assessed at 6 months post stroke.

Materials and Methods

Patients from the Action on Secondary Prevention Interventions and Rehabilitation in Stroke (ASPIRE-S) cohort were followed up 5 years post ischemic stroke. Vascular risk factors, cognitive impairment, and vulnerability were assessed at 6 months post stroke. Cognitive impairment was assessed using a cutoff score lower than 26 on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Vulnerability was defined as a score of 3 or higher ...


Magneto-Electric Nano-Particles For Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation, Kun Yue, Rakesh Guduru, Jeongmin Hong, Ping Liang, Madhavan Nair, Sakhrat Khizroev 2018 Center for Nanomedicine, College of Engineering and Computing, Florida International University, Miami, Florida

Magneto-Electric Nano-Particles For Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation, Kun Yue, Rakesh Guduru, Jeongmin Hong, Ping Liang, Madhavan Nair, Sakhrat Khizroev

Sakhrat Khizroev

This paper for the first time discusses a computational study of using magneto-electric (ME) nanoparticles to artificially stimulate the neural activity deep in the brain. The new technology provides a unique way to couple electric signals in the neural network to the magnetic dipoles in the nanoparticles with the purpose to enable a non-invasive approach. Simulations of the effect of ME nanoparticles for non-invasively stimulating the brain of a patient with Parkinson’s Disease to bring the pulsed sequences of the electric field to the levels comparable to those of healthy people show that the optimized values for the concentration ...


Regional Microglia Are Transcriptionally Distinct But Similarly Exacerbate Neurodegeneration In A Culture Model Of Parkinson's Disease., Eric Wildon Kostuk, Jingli Cai, Lorraine Iacovitti 2018 Farber Institute for Neurosciences, Thomas Jefferson University

Regional Microglia Are Transcriptionally Distinct But Similarly Exacerbate Neurodegeneration In A Culture Model Of Parkinson's Disease., Eric Wildon Kostuk, Jingli Cai, Lorraine Iacovitti

Department of Neuroscience

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by selective degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SN) while neighboring ventral tegmental area (VTA) DA neurons are relatively spared. Mechanisms underlying the selective protection of the VTA and susceptibility of the SN are still mostly unknown. Here, we demonstrate the importance of balance between astrocytes and microglia in the susceptibility of SN DA neurons to the PD mimetic toxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP

METHODS: Previously established methods were used to isolate astrocytes and microglia from the cortex (CTX), SN, and VTA, as well as embryonic midbrain DA neurons from ...


Treating Adhd With Suggestion: Neurofeedback And Placebo Therapeutics, Robert T. Thibault, Samuel Vassière, Jay A. Olson, Amir Raz 2018 McGill University

Treating Adhd With Suggestion: Neurofeedback And Placebo Therapeutics, Robert T. Thibault, Samuel Vassière, Jay A. Olson, Amir Raz

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Objective: We propose that clinicians can use suggestion to help treat conditions such as ADHD. Methods: We use EEG neurofeedback as a case study, alongside evidence from a recent pilot experiment utilizing a sham MRI scanner to highlight the therapeutic potential of suggestion-based treatments. Results: The medical literature demonstrates that many practitioners already prescribe treatments that hardly outperform placebo comparators. Moreover, the sham MRI experiment showed that, even with full disclosure of the procedure, suggestion alone can reduce the symptomatology of ADHD. Conclusion: Non-deceptive suggestion-based treatments, especially those drawing on accessories from neuroscience, may offer a safe complement and potential ...


A Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (Fnirs) Replication Of The Sunscreen Persuasion Paradigm, Shannon M. Burns, Lianne N. Barnes, Perri L. Katzman, Daniel L. Ames, Emily B. Falk, Matthew D. Lieberman 2018 University of Pennsylvania

A Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (Fnirs) Replication Of The Sunscreen Persuasion Paradigm, Shannon M. Burns, Lianne N. Barnes, Perri L. Katzman, Daniel L. Ames, Emily B. Falk, Matthew D. Lieberman

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Activity in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) during persuasive messages predicts future message-consistent behavior change, but there are significant limitations to the types of persuasion processes that can be invoked inside an MRI scanner. For instance, real world persuasion often involves multiple people in conversation. Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) allows us to move out of the scanner and into more ecologically valid contexts. As a first step, the current study used fNIRS to replicate an existing fMRI persuasion paradigm (i.e. the sunscreen paradigm) to determine if mPFC shows similar predictive value with this technology. Consistent with prior fMRI work ...


Amygdala Corticofugal Input Shapes Mitral Cell Responses In The Accessory Olfactory Bulb, Livio Oboti, Eleonora Russo, Tuyen Tran, Daniel Durstewitz, Joshua G. Corbin 2018 George Washington University

Amygdala Corticofugal Input Shapes Mitral Cell Responses In The Accessory Olfactory Bulb, Livio Oboti, Eleonora Russo, Tuyen Tran, Daniel Durstewitz, Joshua G. Corbin

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Interconnections between the olfactory bulb and the amygdala are a major pathway for triggering strong behavioral responses to a variety of odorants. However, while this broad mapping has been established, the patterns of amygdala feedback connectivity and the influence on olfactory circuitry remain unknown. Here, using a combination of neuronal tracing approaches, we dissect the connectivity of a cortical amygdala [posteromedial cortical nucleus (PmCo)] feedback circuit innervating the mouse accessory olfactory bulb. Optogenetic activation of PmCo feedback mainly results in feedforward mitral cell (MC) inhibition through direct excitation of GABAergic granule cells. In addition, LED-driven activity of corticofugal afferents increases ...


Environment And Neurological Diseases: Growing Evidence For Direct Relationship, Mohammad Wasay, Adeel Khoja 2018 Aga Khan University

Environment And Neurological Diseases: Growing Evidence For Direct Relationship, Mohammad Wasay, Adeel Khoja

Section of Neurology

No abstract provided.


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