Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Urology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

362 Full-Text Articles 1,199 Authors 33,003 Downloads 41 Institutions

All Articles in Urology

Faceted Search

362 full-text articles. Page 1 of 14.

Performance Of Prostate Cancer Recurrence Nomograms By Obesity Status: A Retrospective Analysis Of A Radical Prostatectomy Cohort., Charnita Zeigler-Johnson, Aaron Hudson, Karen Glanz, Elaine Spangler, Knashawn H Morales 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Performance Of Prostate Cancer Recurrence Nomograms By Obesity Status: A Retrospective Analysis Of A Radical Prostatectomy Cohort., Charnita Zeigler-Johnson, Aaron Hudson, Karen Glanz, Elaine Spangler, Knashawn H Morales

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Obesity has been associated with aggressive prostate cancer and poor outcomes. It is important to understand how prognostic tools for that guide prostate cancer treatment may be impacted by obesity. The goal of this study was to evaluate the predicting abilities of two prostate cancer (PCa) nomograms by obesity status.

METHODS: We examined 1576 radical prostatectomy patients categorized into standard body mass index (BMI) groups. Patients were categorized into low, medium, and high risk groups for the Kattan and CaPSURE/CPDR scores, which are based on PSA value, Gleason score, tumor stage, and other patient data. Time to PCa ...


A Brief Review Of The Literature On The Malignant Ureteral Obstruction, Sorin Lupu, Adrian Brînză, Bogdan Socea, Dragos Marcu, Ileana Peride, Ana Maria Alexandra Stanescu, Tiberiu P. Neagu, Laurian Maxim 2018 Brasov Emergency Clinical Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Urology, Brasov, Romania

A Brief Review Of The Literature On The Malignant Ureteral Obstruction, Sorin Lupu, Adrian Brînză, Bogdan Socea, Dragos Marcu, Ileana Peride, Ana Maria Alexandra Stanescu, Tiberiu P. Neagu, Laurian Maxim

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Malignant ureteral obstruction (MUO) caused by a primarily urological tumor or secondary to a late-stage malignancy can be difficult for the urologist to manage. Due to a lack of clinical data on the management of MUO, every case is particular and should be aborted individually.

Lack of specific treatment, either palliative or definitive, can severely damage renal function and lifetime expectancy in patients, causing even more damage that could otherwise be avoided.

Prompt management directed at the recovery of renal function is the main goal in such cases. Even after urinary flow is restored, life threatening post-obstructive diuresis needs to ...


Examining Relationships Between Age At Diagnosis And Health-Related Quality Of Life Outcomes In Prostate Cancer Survivors., Christine J. Kurian, Amy Leader, Melissa S.Y. Thong, Scott W. Keith, Charnita Zeigler-Johnson 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Examining Relationships Between Age At Diagnosis And Health-Related Quality Of Life Outcomes In Prostate Cancer Survivors., Christine J. Kurian, Amy Leader, Melissa S.Y. Thong, Scott W. Keith, Charnita Zeigler-Johnson

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Patient reports of health related quality of life can provide important information about the long-term impact of prostate cancer. Because patient symptoms and function can differ by age of the survivor, the aim of our study was to examine patient-reported quality of life and prostate symptoms by age at diagnosis among a registry of Dutch prostate cancer survivors.

METHODS: A population of 617 individuals from the Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial Treatment and Long-Term Evaluation of Survivorship (PROFILES) database was surveyed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ-C30) and prostate symptom ...


Fecal Microbiota Transplantation May Have Clinical Utility In Reducing Incidence Of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection, Jeremy A. Grekin 2018 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation May Have Clinical Utility In Reducing Incidence Of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection, Jeremy A. Grekin

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Tariq R, Pardi DS, Tosh PK, Walker RC, Razonable RR, Khanna S. Fecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection reduces recurrent urinary tract infection frequency. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2017 Oct 30;65(10):1745–1747. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix618


Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery In Pediatric Urology: Capacity Building And Reflecting On Five Years’ Experience In West Virginia, Chad B. Crigger, Osama Al-Omar 2018 West Virginia University

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery In Pediatric Urology: Capacity Building And Reflecting On Five Years’ Experience In West Virginia, Chad B. Crigger, Osama Al-Omar

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Robotic surgery was born at the turn of the millennium as it was first approved by the US food and Drug Administration in 2000 with the introduction of the da Vinci (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Mountain View, Ca) robotic surgical platform. However, its adoption by pediatric urologists did not occur until 2002, and even then it was used by only a select handful of surgeons. While the use of robotics in pediatric urology has grown steadily worldwide, its implementation in treating pediatric urology patients in West Virginia has been much slower. Reasons for this are twofold: historically, the lack of pediatric ...


Prophylactic Antibiotic Use In Female Patients With Pelvic Floor Reconstructive Surgery: A Retrospective Comparative Effectiveness Study, Courtney E. Turnbough 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Prophylactic Antibiotic Use In Female Patients With Pelvic Floor Reconstructive Surgery: A Retrospective Comparative Effectiveness Study, Courtney E. Turnbough

Dissertations

Problem: The purpose of this project was to determine the most effective prophylactic antibiotic to decrease the number of patients who have urinary tract infections (UTIs) after pelvic floor reconstructive surgery in a gynecological reconstructive surgery practice.

Methods: This was a retrospective chart review from 2015-2017 that included 732 subjects from a single practice. All patients underwent pelvic floor reconstructive surgery, with or without a midurethral sling placed. Patients also had a catheter and vaginal packing postoperatively. Patients who had a culture-proven UTI within the six-week postoperative period were noted.

Results: There were less UTIs (χ2 = 12.119, df = 1 ...


Atypical Presentation Of Obstructed Hemivagina And Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly, Christopher Grant, Christopher E. Bayne, N. Kern, Craig A. Peters 2018 George Washington University

Atypical Presentation Of Obstructed Hemivagina And Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly, Christopher Grant, Christopher E. Bayne, N. Kern, Craig A. Peters

Urology Faculty Publications

Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome, otherwise known as obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA), is a rare Müllerian anomalyconsisting of uterine didelphys, hemivaginal septum, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Patients often present at the onset of menarche with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass from an obstructed hemivagina. We report a child who presented with a febrile urinary tract infection and upon further workup was found to have OHVIRA.


Length Of Stay And Mortality Associated With Healthcare-Associated Urinary Tract Infections: A Multi-State Model, Brett G. Mitchell, J. K. Ferguson, Malcolm Anderson, J. Sear, A. Barnett 2018 Selected Works

Length Of Stay And Mortality Associated With Healthcare-Associated Urinary Tract Infections: A Multi-State Model, Brett G. Mitchell, J. K. Ferguson, Malcolm Anderson, J. Sear, A. Barnett

Brett Mitchell

Background: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance is of particular concern with respect to urinary tract infections, since the majority of causative agents are Gram-negative bacteria. Healthcare-associated urinary tract infections (HAUTIs) are frequently associated with instrumentation of the urinary tract, specifically with indwelling catheters. Aim: To evaluate the current incidence, mortality, and length of hospital stay associated with HAUTIs. Methods: A non-concurrent cohort study design was used, conducted between January 1st, 2010 and June 30th, 2014. All patients admitted to one of the eight participating Australian hospitals and who were hospitalized for more than two days were included. The primary outcome ...


Establishing Cost-Effective Management Of Postoperative Urinary Retention After Spine Surgery, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, MD, Catriona Harrop, MD, Edward Kloniecke, MD, Victoria English, CRNP, David Wyler, MD, Kamini Patel, RN, MBA, Ashwini Sharan, MD, James Harrop, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Establishing Cost-Effective Management Of Postoperative Urinary Retention After Spine Surgery, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, Md, Catriona Harrop, Md, Edward Kloniecke, Md, Victoria English, Crnp, David Wyler, Md, Kamini Patel, Rn, Mba, Ashwini Sharan, Md, James Harrop, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Goal

Our goal is to develop evidence-based guidelines that:

  1. streamline the order/timing of interventions in patients who develop PUR after spine surgery
  2. identify those at high-risk of long-term urinary retention that require further workup
  3. minimize the rate of PUR –goal is to reduce to 3.5% in FY 2019
  4. and determine the cost savings from our intervention when applied to all surgeries


Bad Out Of The Box: A Report On Pre-Operative Failure Rates Of Reusable Flexible Ureteroscopes At A Single Institution, Whitney R. Smith, Brian P. Calio, Scott G. Hubosky, Kelly A. Healy, Demetrius H. Bagley 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Bad Out Of The Box: A Report On Pre-Operative Failure Rates Of Reusable Flexible Ureteroscopes At A Single Institution, Whitney R. Smith, Brian P. Calio, Scott G. Hubosky, Kelly A. Healy, Demetrius H. Bagley

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Purpose: Single-use flexible ureteroscopes offer the advantage of being consistently functional and perfect for immediate clinical use right “out of the box.” Cost is the barrier to widespread acceptance of these instruments. Economic models have been put forth which compare the expense of acquiring and maintaining reusable flexible ureteroscopes to that of using single-use flexible ureteroscopes.However, one poorly defined variable in these models is the frequency of encountering an unsuitable reusable flexible ureteroscope at the beginning of a case. We sought to define this in a consecutive series of patients undergoing flexible ureteroscopy.

Patients and Methods: Prospective analysis of ...


Fibrous Pseudotumor Of Tunica Albuginea Testis Mimicking Testicular Neoplasm In A Young Man, Nazim Syed Muhammad, Ayesha Nusrat, Zehra Kazmi 2018 Aga Khan University

Fibrous Pseudotumor Of Tunica Albuginea Testis Mimicking Testicular Neoplasm In A Young Man, Nazim Syed Muhammad, Ayesha Nusrat, Zehra Kazmi

Section of Urology

ntrascrotal lesions are common findings with a majority occurring in paratesticular tissue. Fibrous pseudotumors are rare, benign lesions of the testicular tunics and present with mass lesion(s) in the scrotum. Preoperative clinical and radiological diagnosis is challenging. We report a case of a 34-year-old man who presented with a 3-year history of left testicular swelling and was advised left radical orchidectomy by another surgeon. Physical examination revealed a firm, nontender mass attached to the lower pole of the testis. Testicular tumor markers were all negative, and ultrasound scan showed a relatively hypoechoic lesion closely associated with the left testis ...


Successful Use Of Balloon Tamponade In The Management Of Postpartum Hemorrhage In A Case Of Bicornuate Uterus, Erum Saleem, Ayesha Basharat 2018 Aga Khan University

Successful Use Of Balloon Tamponade In The Management Of Postpartum Hemorrhage In A Case Of Bicornuate Uterus, Erum Saleem, Ayesha Basharat

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Worldwide 50%–70% of all cases of maternal morbidity have been attributed to postpartum hemorrhage. This report discusses a case of bicornuate uterus in a term pregnancy. The delivery was by cesarean section, which was followed by massive postpartum hemorrhage, managed successfully with balloon tamponade. This is the second reported case of successful management of post partum hemorrhage in a bicornuate uterus with balloon tamponade. A 22-year-old primigravida at 39 weeks of gestational age presented with vaginal leaking of clear fluid. Cesarean section was done due to meconium stained liquor in early labor; with an incidental finding of bicornuate uterus ...


Stress Urinary Incontinence In Collegiate Female Athletes: Prevalence And Impact, Marie Bouchard 2018 The University of San Francisco

Stress Urinary Incontinence In Collegiate Female Athletes: Prevalence And Impact, Marie Bouchard

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Introduction, definition: Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leaking of urine (a few drops to a few milliliters). It can happen while exercising with no urge to urinate (stress urinary incontinence), with a sudden urge to urinate (overactive bladder or urgency urinary incontinence), or a combination of the two (mixed urinary incontinence). This issue is very common among female athletes. However, because of the reluctance to discuss this problem, it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated.

Methods:An anonymous and confidential survey was distributed to the 90 University of San Francisco female student athletes from seven different varsity sports in December 2017 ...


Multi-Institution Analysis Of Racial Disparity Among African- American Men Eligible For Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance, Michael Dinizo, Weichung Shih, Young Suk Kwon, Daniel Eun, Adam Reese, Laura Giusto, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Bertram Yuh, Nora Ruel, Daniel Marchalik, Jonathan Hwang, Shilajit D. Kundu, Scott Eggener, Isaac Yi Kim 2018 Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Multi-Institution Analysis Of Racial Disparity Among African- American Men Eligible For Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance, Michael Dinizo, Weichung Shih, Young Suk Kwon, Daniel Eun, Adam Reese, Laura Giusto, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Bertram Yuh, Nora Ruel, Daniel Marchalik, Jonathan Hwang, Shilajit D. Kundu, Scott Eggener, Isaac Yi Kim

Department of Urology Faculty Papers

There is a significant controversy on whether race should be a factor in considering active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer. To address this question, we analyzed a multi-institution database to assess racial disparity between African-American and White-American men with low risk prostate cancer who were eligible for active surveillance but underwent radical prostatectomy. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected clinical, pathologic and oncologic outcomes of men with low-risk prostate cancer from seven tertiary care institutions that underwent radical prostatectomy from 2003–2014 were used to assess potential racial disparity. Of the 333 (14.8%) African-American and 1923 (85.2%) White-American ...


Renal Granulomatosis Post Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Therapy For Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer, Karen Tran-Harding, Rashmi T. Nair, Halemane S. Ganesh 2018 University of Kentucky

Renal Granulomatosis Post Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Therapy For Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer, Karen Tran-Harding, Rashmi T. Nair, Halemane S. Ganesh

Radiology Faculty Publications

Intravesical Bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy is a proven, effective treatment for intermediate- and high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Minor side effects are common and expected but systemic effects can occur in < 5% of treated patients. We present a rare case of a 49-year-old male that presented with fever and chills after 3 weeks of intravesical BCG therapy post transurethral resection of bladder tumor. New renal lesions were present on contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan which was histologically proven to be necrotizing renal granulomatosis.


Urinary Tract Infection In Children With Spina Bifida And Spinal Cord Injury., Obumneke Amadi, Harolyn Belcher 2018 George Washington University

Urinary Tract Infection In Children With Spina Bifida And Spinal Cord Injury., Obumneke Amadi, Harolyn Belcher

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common bacterial infections (Schappert & Rechtsteiner, 2008; Litwin et al., 2005). Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey estimated that UTI caused 8.1 million physicians visits (Schappert & Rechtsteiner, 2008). Children with spina bifida (SB) and spinal cord injury (SCI) are at high risk for UTI (Ouyang et al., 2010; Nair et al., 2005). The purpose of this study was to examine the organisms associated with UTI in the population of children with SB and SCI who were treated in out-patient and in-patient settings at the Kennedy Krieger Institute (KKI).

Objective: To examine the organisms and antibiotic resistance patterns that cause UTI in SB and SCI in the population of children who are treated ...


Pelvic Floor Disorders In Gynecological Malignancies. An Overlooked Problem?, Oana M. Bodean, Radu D. Marcu, Dan A. Spinu, Bogdan Socea, Camelia C. Diaconu, Octavian Munteanu, Nicoleta Taus, Monica Cirstoiu 2018 Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Pelvic Floor Disorders In Gynecological Malignancies. An Overlooked Problem?, Oana M. Bodean, Radu D. Marcu, Dan A. Spinu, Bogdan Socea, Camelia C. Diaconu, Octavian Munteanu, Nicoleta Taus, Monica Cirstoiu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Cervical, endometrial, ovarian, vulvar, and vaginal cancers affect women of a broad age spectrum. Many of these women are still sexually active when their cancer is diagnosed. Treatment options for gynecological malignancies, such as gynecological surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, are proven risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction. The prevalence of urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and sexual dysfunction before cancer treatment is still unclear. Hypotheses have been raised in the literature that these manifestations could represent early symptoms of pelvic cancers, but most remain overlooked even in cancer surviving patients.

The primary focus of therapy is always cancer eradication, but as ...


Positive Surgical Margins In Nephron-Sparing Surgery; The Great Unknown, Dan Spinu, Oana M. Bodean, Bogdan Socea, Dan Mischianu, Ioana Oprea, Radu D. Marcu 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Farmacy, Central Military Emergency University Hospital, Department of Urology

Positive Surgical Margins In Nephron-Sparing Surgery; The Great Unknown, Dan Spinu, Oana M. Bodean, Bogdan Socea, Dan Mischianu, Ioana Oprea, Radu D. Marcu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

There is a currently a general trend towards organ-preserving surgery, and urology is no exception. Specifically, nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) has gained general acceptance for T1a renal cell carcinoma (guidelines recommendations). Moreover T1b, T2 and even T3 stage tumors have been included on the nephron sparing list at some centers. An unresolved issue is that of positive surgical margins (PSM), not only their detection but also the implications for follow up and treatment. This paper highlights data available on risk factors for PSM, their clinical relevance, and possible therapeutic consequences.

From the surgeon’s viewpoint, NSS is a daring and risky ...


Reprogrammed Lipid Metabolism In Bladder Cancer With Cisplatin Resistance., Min Young Lee, Austin Yeon, Muhammad Shahid, Eunho Cho, Vikram Sairam, Robert Figlin, Khae-Hwan Kim, Jayoung Kim 2018 Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, USA.

Reprogrammed Lipid Metabolism In Bladder Cancer With Cisplatin Resistance., Min Young Lee, Austin Yeon, Muhammad Shahid, Eunho Cho, Vikram Sairam, Robert Figlin, Khae-Hwan Kim, Jayoung Kim

Journal Articles and Abstracts

Due to its tendency to recur and acquire chemoresistance quickly, bladder cancer (BC) remains to be an elusive and difficult disease. Patients with recurrent and chemoresistant BC have an extremely poor prognosis. One possible approach that may provide insightful and valuable information regarding resistance mechanisms is looking into the lipid metabolism of BC cells. Metabolism of lipids is essential for cancer cells and is associated with the regulation of a variety of key cellular processes and functions. This study conducted a comparative lipidomic profiling of two isogenic human T24 bladder cancer cell lines, one of which is clinically characterized as ...


A Rare Case: Rupture Of Internal Pudendal And Uterine Artery In A Vaginal Delivery, Novera G. Chughtai, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi 2018 Aga Khan University

A Rare Case: Rupture Of Internal Pudendal And Uterine Artery In A Vaginal Delivery, Novera G. Chughtai, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

The management of puerperal hematomas after normal delivery has always been challenging for obstetricians. Vulvar, vulvovaginal, or paravaginal hematomas are common. On the other hand, retroperitoneal hematomas are uncommon and can be life-threatening. The diagnosis of vascular injury is rarely made preoperatively as atonic or traumatic postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), uterine rupture and amniotic fluid embolism are more common differential diagnoses. Injury to internal pudendal and uterine vessels is extremely rare in cases of vaginal delivery and, therefore, the literature on this topic is very scarce. We present a rare case of both internal pudendal and uterine artery rupture in a ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress