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Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery In Pediatric Urology: Capacity Building And Reflecting On Five Years’ Experience In West Virginia, Chad B. Crigger, Osama Al-Omar 2018 West Virginia University

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery In Pediatric Urology: Capacity Building And Reflecting On Five Years’ Experience In West Virginia, Chad B. Crigger, Osama Al-Omar

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Robotic surgery was born at the turn of the millennium as it was first approved by the US food and Drug Administration in 2000 with the introduction of the da Vinci (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Mountain View, Ca) robotic surgical platform. However, its adoption by pediatric urologists did not occur until 2002, and even then it was used by only a select handful of surgeons. While the use of robotics in pediatric urology has grown steadily worldwide, its implementation in treating pediatric urology patients in West Virginia has been much slower. Reasons for this are twofold: historically, the lack of pediatric ...


Atypical Presentation Of Obstructed Hemivagina And Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly, Christopher Grant, Christopher E. Bayne, N. Kern, Craig A. Peters 2018 George Washington University

Atypical Presentation Of Obstructed Hemivagina And Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly, Christopher Grant, Christopher E. Bayne, N. Kern, Craig A. Peters

Urology Faculty Publications

Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome, otherwise known as obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA), is a rare Müllerian anomalyconsisting of uterine didelphys, hemivaginal septum, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Patients often present at the onset of menarche with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass from an obstructed hemivagina. We report a child who presented with a febrile urinary tract infection and upon further workup was found to have OHVIRA.


Length Of Stay And Mortality Associated With Healthcare-Associated Urinary Tract Infections: A Multi-State Model, Brett G. Mitchell, J. K. Ferguson, Malcolm Anderson, J. Sear, A. Barnett 2018 Selected Works

Length Of Stay And Mortality Associated With Healthcare-Associated Urinary Tract Infections: A Multi-State Model, Brett G. Mitchell, J. K. Ferguson, Malcolm Anderson, J. Sear, A. Barnett

Brett Mitchell

Background: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance is of particular concern with respect to urinary tract infections, since the majority of causative agents are Gram-negative bacteria. Healthcare-associated urinary tract infections (HAUTIs) are frequently associated with instrumentation of the urinary tract, specifically with indwelling catheters. Aim: To evaluate the current incidence, mortality, and length of hospital stay associated with HAUTIs. Methods: A non-concurrent cohort study design was used, conducted between January 1st, 2010 and June 30th, 2014. All patients admitted to one of the eight participating Australian hospitals and who were hospitalized for more than two days were included. The primary outcome ...


Establishing Cost-Effective Management Of Postoperative Urinary Retention After Spine Surgery, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, MD, Catriona Harrop, MD, Edward Kloniecke, MD, Victoria English, CRNP, David Wyler, MD, Kamini Patel, RN, MBA, Ashwini Sharan, MD, James Harrop, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Establishing Cost-Effective Management Of Postoperative Urinary Retention After Spine Surgery, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, Md, Catriona Harrop, Md, Edward Kloniecke, Md, Victoria English, Crnp, David Wyler, Md, Kamini Patel, Rn, Mba, Ashwini Sharan, Md, James Harrop, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Goal

Our goal is to develop evidence-based guidelines that:

  1. streamline the order/timing of interventions in patients who develop PUR after spine surgery
  2. identify those at high-risk of long-term urinary retention that require further workup
  3. minimize the rate of PUR –goal is to reduce to 3.5% in FY 2019
  4. and determine the cost savings from our intervention when applied to all surgeries


Bad Out Of The Box: A Report On Pre-Operative Failure Rates Of Reusable Flexible Ureteroscopes At A Single Institution, Whitney R. Smith, Brian P. Calio, Scott G. Hubosky, Kelly A. Healy, Demetrius H. Bagley 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Bad Out Of The Box: A Report On Pre-Operative Failure Rates Of Reusable Flexible Ureteroscopes At A Single Institution, Whitney R. Smith, Brian P. Calio, Scott G. Hubosky, Kelly A. Healy, Demetrius H. Bagley

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Purpose: Single-use flexible ureteroscopes offer the advantage of being consistently functional and perfect for immediate clinical use right “out of the box.” Cost is the barrier to widespread acceptance of these instruments. Economic models have been put forth which compare the expense of acquiring and maintaining reusable flexible ureteroscopes to that of using single-use flexible ureteroscopes.However, one poorly defined variable in these models is the frequency of encountering an unsuitable reusable flexible ureteroscope at the beginning of a case. We sought to define this in a consecutive series of patients undergoing flexible ureteroscopy.

Patients and Methods: Prospective analysis of ...


Fibrous Pseudotumor Of Tunica Albuginea Testis Mimicking Testicular Neoplasm In A Young Man, Nazim Syed Muhammad, Ayesha Nusrat, Zehra Kazmi 2018 Aga Khan University

Fibrous Pseudotumor Of Tunica Albuginea Testis Mimicking Testicular Neoplasm In A Young Man, Nazim Syed Muhammad, Ayesha Nusrat, Zehra Kazmi

Section of Urology

ntrascrotal lesions are common findings with a majority occurring in paratesticular tissue. Fibrous pseudotumors are rare, benign lesions of the testicular tunics and present with mass lesion(s) in the scrotum. Preoperative clinical and radiological diagnosis is challenging. We report a case of a 34-year-old man who presented with a 3-year history of left testicular swelling and was advised left radical orchidectomy by another surgeon. Physical examination revealed a firm, nontender mass attached to the lower pole of the testis. Testicular tumor markers were all negative, and ultrasound scan showed a relatively hypoechoic lesion closely associated with the left testis ...


Successful Use Of Balloon Tamponade In The Management Of Postpartum Hemorrhage In A Case Of Bicornuate Uterus, Erum Saleem, Ayesha Basharat 2018 Aga Khan University

Successful Use Of Balloon Tamponade In The Management Of Postpartum Hemorrhage In A Case Of Bicornuate Uterus, Erum Saleem, Ayesha Basharat

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Worldwide 50%–70% of all cases of maternal morbidity have been attributed to postpartum hemorrhage. This report discusses a case of bicornuate uterus in a term pregnancy. The delivery was by cesarean section, which was followed by massive postpartum hemorrhage, managed successfully with balloon tamponade. This is the second reported case of successful management of post partum hemorrhage in a bicornuate uterus with balloon tamponade. A 22-year-old primigravida at 39 weeks of gestational age presented with vaginal leaking of clear fluid. Cesarean section was done due to meconium stained liquor in early labor; with an incidental finding of bicornuate uterus ...


Stress Urinary Incontinence In Collegiate Female Athletes: Prevalence And Impact, Marie Bouchard 2018 The University of San Francisco

Stress Urinary Incontinence In Collegiate Female Athletes: Prevalence And Impact, Marie Bouchard

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Introduction, definition: Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leaking of urine (a few drops to a few milliliters). It can happen while exercising with no urge to urinate (stress urinary incontinence), with a sudden urge to urinate (overactive bladder or urgency urinary incontinence), or a combination of the two (mixed urinary incontinence). This issue is very common among female athletes. However, because of the reluctance to discuss this problem, it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated.

Methods:An anonymous and confidential survey was distributed to the 90 University of San Francisco female student athletes from seven different varsity sports in December 2017 ...


Multi-Institution Analysis Of Racial Disparity Among African- American Men Eligible For Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance, Michael Dinizo, Weichung Shih, Young Suk Kwon, Daniel Eun, Adam Reese, Laura Giusto, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Bertram Yuh, Nora Ruel, Daniel Marchalik, Jonathan Hwang, Shilajit D. Kundu, Scott Eggener, Isaac Yi Kim 2018 Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Multi-Institution Analysis Of Racial Disparity Among African- American Men Eligible For Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance, Michael Dinizo, Weichung Shih, Young Suk Kwon, Daniel Eun, Adam Reese, Laura Giusto, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Bertram Yuh, Nora Ruel, Daniel Marchalik, Jonathan Hwang, Shilajit D. Kundu, Scott Eggener, Isaac Yi Kim

Department of Urology Faculty Papers

There is a significant controversy on whether race should be a factor in considering active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer. To address this question, we analyzed a multi-institution database to assess racial disparity between African-American and White-American men with low risk prostate cancer who were eligible for active surveillance but underwent radical prostatectomy. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected clinical, pathologic and oncologic outcomes of men with low-risk prostate cancer from seven tertiary care institutions that underwent radical prostatectomy from 2003–2014 were used to assess potential racial disparity. Of the 333 (14.8%) African-American and 1923 (85.2%) White-American ...


Urinary Tract Infection In Children With Spina Bifida And Spinal Cord Injury., Obumneke Amadi, Harolyn Belcher 2018 George Washington University

Urinary Tract Infection In Children With Spina Bifida And Spinal Cord Injury., Obumneke Amadi, Harolyn Belcher

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common bacterial infections (Schappert & Rechtsteiner, 2008; Litwin et al., 2005). Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey estimated that UTI caused 8.1 million physicians visits (Schappert & Rechtsteiner, 2008). Children with spina bifida (SB) and spinal cord injury (SCI) are at high risk for UTI (Ouyang et al., 2010; Nair et al., 2005). The purpose of this study was to examine the organisms associated with UTI in the population of children with SB and SCI who were treated in out-patient and in-patient settings at the Kennedy Krieger Institute (KKI).

Objective: To examine the organisms and antibiotic resistance patterns that cause UTI in SB and SCI in the population of children who are treated ...


Pelvic Floor Disorders In Gynecological Malignancies. An Overlooked Problem?, Oana M. Bodean, Radu D. Marcu, Dan A. Spinu, Bogdan Socea, Camelia C. Diaconu, Octavian Munteanu, Nicoleta Taus, Monica Cirstoiu 2018 Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Pelvic Floor Disorders In Gynecological Malignancies. An Overlooked Problem?, Oana M. Bodean, Radu D. Marcu, Dan A. Spinu, Bogdan Socea, Camelia C. Diaconu, Octavian Munteanu, Nicoleta Taus, Monica Cirstoiu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Cervical, endometrial, ovarian, vulvar, and vaginal cancers affect women of a broad age spectrum. Many of these women are still sexually active when their cancer is diagnosed. Treatment options for gynecological malignancies, such as gynecological surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, are proven risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction. The prevalence of urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and sexual dysfunction before cancer treatment is still unclear. Hypotheses have been raised in the literature that these manifestations could represent early symptoms of pelvic cancers, but most remain overlooked even in cancer surviving patients.

The primary focus of therapy is always cancer eradication, but as ...


Positive Surgical Margins In Nephron-Sparing Surgery; The Great Unknown, Dan Spinu, Oana M. Bodean, Bogdan Socea, Dan Mischianu, Ioana Oprea, Radu D. Marcu 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Farmacy, Central Military Emergency University Hospital, Department of Urology

Positive Surgical Margins In Nephron-Sparing Surgery; The Great Unknown, Dan Spinu, Oana M. Bodean, Bogdan Socea, Dan Mischianu, Ioana Oprea, Radu D. Marcu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

There is a currently a general trend towards organ-preserving surgery, and urology is no exception. Specifically, nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) has gained general acceptance for T1a renal cell carcinoma (guidelines recommendations). Moreover T1b, T2 and even T3 stage tumors have been included on the nephron sparing list at some centers. An unresolved issue is that of positive surgical margins (PSM), not only their detection but also the implications for follow up and treatment. This paper highlights data available on risk factors for PSM, their clinical relevance, and possible therapeutic consequences.

From the surgeon’s viewpoint, NSS is a daring and risky ...


Reprogrammed Lipid Metabolism In Bladder Cancer With Cisplatin Resistance., Min Young Lee, Austin Yeon, Muhammad Shahid, Eunho Cho, Vikram Sairam, Robert Figlin, Khae-Hwan Kim, Jayoung Kim 2018 Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, USA.

Reprogrammed Lipid Metabolism In Bladder Cancer With Cisplatin Resistance., Min Young Lee, Austin Yeon, Muhammad Shahid, Eunho Cho, Vikram Sairam, Robert Figlin, Khae-Hwan Kim, Jayoung Kim

All Publications

Due to its tendency to recur and acquire chemoresistance quickly, bladder cancer (BC) remains to be an elusive and difficult disease. Patients with recurrent and chemoresistant BC have an extremely poor prognosis. One possible approach that may provide insightful and valuable information regarding resistance mechanisms is looking into the lipid metabolism of BC cells. Metabolism of lipids is essential for cancer cells and is associated with the regulation of a variety of key cellular processes and functions. This study conducted a comparative lipidomic profiling of two isogenic human T24 bladder cancer cell lines, one of which is clinically characterized as ...


A Rare Case: Rupture Of Internal Pudendal And Uterine Artery In A Vaginal Delivery, Novera G. Chughtai, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi 2018 Aga Khan University

A Rare Case: Rupture Of Internal Pudendal And Uterine Artery In A Vaginal Delivery, Novera G. Chughtai, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

The management of puerperal hematomas after normal delivery has always been challenging for obstetricians. Vulvar, vulvovaginal, or paravaginal hematomas are common. On the other hand, retroperitoneal hematomas are uncommon and can be life-threatening. The diagnosis of vascular injury is rarely made preoperatively as atonic or traumatic postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), uterine rupture and amniotic fluid embolism are more common differential diagnoses. Injury to internal pudendal and uterine vessels is extremely rare in cases of vaginal delivery and, therefore, the literature on this topic is very scarce. We present a rare case of both internal pudendal and uterine artery rupture in a ...


Bladder Distension As A Cause Of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome, Muhammad Yasir, Muhammad Qamarul Hoda, Tauseef Ahmed 2018 Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arab

Bladder Distension As A Cause Of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome, Muhammad Yasir, Muhammad Qamarul Hoda, Tauseef Ahmed

Department of Anaesthesia

Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is increasingly identified in critically ill patient and its harmful effects are well documented. The disparity among the pressure, volume in abdominal cavity and its contents, results in ACS. The actual incidence of ACS is not known. However, it has been observed predominantly in patients with severe blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma, ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, retro- and intra-peritoneal hemorrhage, pneumoperitoneum, neoplasm, pancreatitis, ascites and multiple bone fracture. We present a case of 40-year female who underwent emergency cesarean section and developed abdominal compartment syndrome due to urinary bladder distension secondary to blockade of urinary catheter ...


Testosterone And The Adult Male, Alex Straftis 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Testosterone And The Adult Male, Alex Straftis

Calvert Undergraduate Research Awards

Abstract

In the last 15 years, prescription testosterone sales have increased almost threefold. Testosterone is a powerful hormone, which has both physiological and behavioral effects on the adult male. These effects vary over a man’s life course and social ecology. In a natural setting, testosterone reaches a peak during early adulthood, declines gradually over midlife, and has exponential drops after the age of 70. Increasing testosterone, through testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), past early adulthood, is an evolutionary novel circumstance for an adult male. To gauge these effects, and the motivations that initiated them, this study conducted a preliminary text ...


Percutaneous Externally Assembled Laparoscopic (Peal) Donor Nephrectomy: A Cohort Pain Comparison, Tyler Miskin, Isaac Kelly, Matthew Pierce, Samuel Abourbih, Duane D. Baldwin 2017 Loma Linda University Health Department of Urology

Percutaneous Externally Assembled Laparoscopic (Peal) Donor Nephrectomy: A Cohort Pain Comparison, Tyler Miskin, Isaac Kelly, Matthew Pierce, Samuel Abourbih, Duane D. Baldwin

Loma Linda University Student Journal

Donor nephrectomies can be technically demanding. Donors also may not be fully psychologically prepared for their post-operative pain or cosmetic outcome. A novel Percutaneous Externally Assembled Laparoscopic (PEAL) paradigm was developed to decrease incisional pain and laparoscopic scars. The aim of this study is to compare the post-operative outcomes between donor nephrectomies performed with and without the PEAL instruments.


The Feasibility Of Percutaneous Externally Assembled Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: A New Surgical System, Benjamin West, Jerry Thomas, Mohamed Keheila, Nazih Khater, Samuel Abourbih, Salim Cheriyan, Matthew Pierce, Duane D. Baldwin, Jim Shen 2017 Loma Linda University

The Feasibility Of Percutaneous Externally Assembled Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: A New Surgical System, Benjamin West, Jerry Thomas, Mohamed Keheila, Nazih Khater, Samuel Abourbih, Salim Cheriyan, Matthew Pierce, Duane D. Baldwin, Jim Shen

Loma Linda University Student Journal

Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) nephrectomy provides excellent cosmetic outcomes, but is technically challenging due to loss of triangulation and increased instrument collision. A novel Percutaneous Externally Assembled Laparoscopic (PEAL) surgical system was developed to simplify minimally invasive surgery while providing a nearly scarless outcome. In this study, the feasibility of the PEAL system for nephrectomy was determined.


Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber 2017 DePaul University

Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Since medical evidence supports both pros and cons of routine neonatal male circumcision, expectant and new parents are left to make the decision to circumcise their sons on their own. There is limited research as to why American parents choose to circumcise their newborn sons.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify the reasons behind parental decision making in neonatal male circumcision in the United States. Understanding motivating factors in parental decision-making can highlight areas of prenatal education for expectant parents.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted utilizing these online databases: PubMed, The Cumulative ...


Primary Upper Urinary Tract Small Cell Carcinoma: A Case Series And Literature Review, Patrick J. Hensley, Amul A. Bhalodi, Shubham Gupta 2017 University of Kentucky

Primary Upper Urinary Tract Small Cell Carcinoma: A Case Series And Literature Review, Patrick J. Hensley, Amul A. Bhalodi, Shubham Gupta

Urology Faculty Publications

Background: Primary upper urinary tract small cell carcinoma (SCC) is exceedingly rare with < 30 cases reported in the literature. Little is known about the incidence, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes in these patients. We present a series of three patients with primary upper tract SCC.

Case Presentation: Patient 1 is an 89-year-old Caucasian male who presented with hydroureteronephrosis and a mass in the proximal right ureter. Biopsy revealed SCC. Without further intervention, the patient died 2 months after his diagnosis. Patient 2 is a 67-year-old Caucasian female who underwent left laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for primary distal ureteral SCC, pT4N1M0. She developed lymphadenopathy and completed external beam radiation to the pelvis and four courses of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. She died from metastatic disease 7 months after diagnosis. Patient 3 is a 45-year-old female who underwent ...


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