Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Orthopedics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,784 Full-Text Articles 5,063 Authors 582,710 Downloads 111 Institutions

All Articles in Orthopedics

Faceted Search

1,784 full-text articles. Page 1 of 84.

One And A Half-Stage Revision With Prosthetic Articulating Spacer For Definitive Management Of Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection., Ahmed Siddiqi, Yusuf Mahmoud, Salvador A. Forte, Thomas A Novack, James Nace 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

One And A Half-Stage Revision With Prosthetic Articulating Spacer For Definitive Management Of Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection., Ahmed Siddiqi, Yusuf Mahmoud, Salvador A. Forte, Thomas A Novack, James Nace

Orthopedic Surgery Resident Research

This paper is a comprehensive review that describes indications, contraindications, clinical outcomes, and pearls and pitfalls of 1.5-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) utilizing a primary TKA femoral component, all-polyethylene tibial component, and hand-crafted antibiotic cement for the management of chronic periprosthetic joint infection. The 1.5-stage exchange TKA details placement of an articulating spacer for an indefinite period, prolonging revision until reinfection, deterioration of functional status, or construct failure. A 1.5-stage revision TKA technique is a viable option for treatment of chronic periprosthetic knee infections. The inherent advantages of decreased health-care costs, decreased morbidity and mortality, and improved emotional ease …


Impact Of Perioperative Dexamethasone On Hospital Length Of Stay And Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vanessa Williams, Mohammad J. Uddin Ansari, Amruta Jaju, Stacey Ward, Daniel O'Keefe, Jumana Abdelkarim, Nicole Montes, Ula Tarabichi, Albert Botchway, Michael G. Jakoby IV 2023 Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

Impact Of Perioperative Dexamethasone On Hospital Length Of Stay And Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vanessa Williams, Mohammad J. Uddin Ansari, Amruta Jaju, Stacey Ward, Daniel O'Keefe, Jumana Abdelkarim, Nicole Montes, Ula Tarabichi, Albert Botchway, Michael G. Jakoby Iv

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate effects of perioperative dexamethasone on hospital length of stay (LOS) and glycemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: We performed retrospective case review of THA performed in adults (≥ 18 years old) with type 2 diabetes at Springfield Memorial Hospital (Springfield, IL) immediately before (2013), during (2014), and after (2015) publication of consensus guidelines for use of perioperative dexamethasone. Hospital LOS was the primary endpoint. Capillary blood glucose by hospital day, proportion of patients treated with insulin, and median insulin dose by hospital day …


Total Hip Arthroplasty In The Setting Of Post-Traumatic Arthritis Following Acetabular Fracture: A Systematic Review, Conor S O'Driscoll, Martin S Davey, Andrew J Hughes, John M O'Byrne, Michael Leonard, Brendan J O'Daly 2023 Tallaght University Hospital

Total Hip Arthroplasty In The Setting Of Post-Traumatic Arthritis Following Acetabular Fracture: A Systematic Review, Conor S O'Driscoll, Martin S Davey, Andrew J Hughes, John M O'Byrne, Michael Leonard, Brendan J O'Daly

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Acetabular fractures are frequently associated with post-traumatic arthritis (PTA), for which total hip arthroplasty (THA) has emerged as the established procedure. The purpose of this systematic review is to report the patient outcomes, complications, and implant survival of delayed THA for patients with PTA following acetabular fracture.

Methods: A systematic review was performed in December 2021 as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Guidelines to identify all studies reporting outcomes of delayed THA performed for PTA with a history of acetabular fracture. From an initial screen of 893 studies, 29 studies which met defined inclusion criteria …


Routine Pathologic Examination Of The Femoral Head In Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Survey Study Of The American Association Of Hip And Knee Surgeons, Sumon Nandi, Javad Parvizi, AAHKS Research Committee 2023 University of Maryland School of Medicine

Routine Pathologic Examination Of The Femoral Head In Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Survey Study Of The American Association Of Hip And Knee Surgeons, Sumon Nandi, Javad Parvizi, Aahks Research Committee

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Current literature does not provide conclusive evidence on whether routine pathologic examination of femoral heads from total hip arthroplasty is indicated or cost-effective. As a result, there is substantial variation in opinion among surgeons related to this issue. Our study aim was to determine factors that impact surgeon propensity to order pathologic examination of femoral heads.

Methods: A 12-question survey was created to evaluate surgeon practices, indications, and patient care implications surrounding routine pathologic examination of femoral heads. The email survey was distributed to all members of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (n = 2598).

Results: …


Increasing Cefazolin Use For Surgical Prophylaxis In Penicillin-Allergy-Labeled Patients., Kathryn A. VanderVelde, Sarah Suppes, Kate Gibbs, Kevin Latz, Angela C. Vanderpool, Rana El Feghaly, Jennifer Goldman 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Increasing Cefazolin Use For Surgical Prophylaxis In Penicillin-Allergy-Labeled Patients., Kathryn A. Vandervelde, Sarah Suppes, Kate Gibbs, Kevin Latz, Angela C. Vanderpool, Rana El Feghaly, Jennifer Goldman

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Objective: Penicillin (PCN) allergy labels affect antimicrobial selection for surgical prophylaxis. We aimed to increase the percentage of cefazolin usage in patients with PCN allergy labels undergoing orthopedic surgery from 50% to 80%.

Design: Quality improvement initiative.

Setting: Children's Mercy Kansas City (CMKC), a freestanding children's hospital.

Patients: Children scheduled for an orthopedic surgery (excluding spinal surgery) at CMKC who had a PCN allergy label and received a perioperative antibiotic.

Methods: No standardized process existed to identify and clarify PCN-allergic-labeled patients preoperatively. We developed a process for patient identification combined with a pharmacist phone interview for PCN allergy clarification. In …


Total Hip Arthroplasty In Patients With Neurological Conditions: A Systematic Review, Conor S O'Driscoll, Andrew J Hughes, Martin S Davey, Joseph M Queally, Brendan J O'Daly 2022 Galway University Hospital

Total Hip Arthroplasty In Patients With Neurological Conditions: A Systematic Review, Conor S O'Driscoll, Andrew J Hughes, Martin S Davey, Joseph M Queally, Brendan J O'Daly

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: As operative techniques and implant design have evolved over time, total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasingly being carried out for patients with neurological impairment. This patient group places unique surgical challenges to the arthroplasty surgeon, which may include contractures, instability, and altered muscular tone. The purpose of this systematic review is to report the patient outcomes, complications, and implant survival following THA for patients with neurological conditions affecting the hip. Thus, we aim to support orthopaedic surgeon decision-making when considering and planning THA for these patients.

Methods: A systematic review was performed as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic …


Development Of A Crosslinked Osteochondral Xenograft And A Collagen Stabilizing Intra-Articular Injection To Remediate Cartilage Focal Lesions To Prevent Osteoarthritis, Mark Lewis Mosher 2022 Mississippi State University

Development Of A Crosslinked Osteochondral Xenograft And A Collagen Stabilizing Intra-Articular Injection To Remediate Cartilage Focal Lesions To Prevent Osteoarthritis, Mark Lewis Mosher

Theses and Dissertations

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common causes of disability in adults in America. It is a progressive and degenerative disease where the articular cartilage is broken down and lost from the surfaces of bones causing chronic pain and swelling in the joints, and currently has no cure. The most commonly osteoarthritis starts from a focal lesion on the cartilage surface, which will expand on the surface and downwards through the thickness of the tissue. The current gold standard for correcting cartilage focal lesions is the osteochondral autograft/allograft transplantation (OAT), which replaces the defect with a fresh osteochondral graft. The …


Ex Vivo Biomechanical Comparison Of Four Center Of Rotation Angulation Based Leveling Osteotomy Fixation Methods, Melody E. Whitney 2022 Mississippi State University

Ex Vivo Biomechanical Comparison Of Four Center Of Rotation Angulation Based Leveling Osteotomy Fixation Methods, Melody E. Whitney

Theses and Dissertations

Thirty-two canine tibiae with patellae and patellar tendons were harvested from 17 skeletally mature cadavers. Each tibia was randomly allocated to a construct group: plate and pin (Plate), plate with countersink compression screw (HCS), plate with tension band (TB), or plate with HCS and TB (HCSTB). Samples were loaded by distraction until failure. The stiffness, yield load, and ultimate load were compared between each fixation method. No difference in stiffness of the constructs was detected between groups. Yield load and ultimate load for the HCSTB group was greater than the TB group, the HCS group, and the Plate group. CBLO …


Sagittal Alignment Differences On The Operating Room Table Compared To Preoperative And Postoperative Imaging In Anterior Cervical Discectomy And Fusion, Mark J. Lambrechts, Gregory R. Toci, Brian A. Karamian, Zachary Kozick, John Prodoeh, David Reiter, Rahul Muchintala, Eric Tecce, Alexander Vaccaro Jr., Patrick O’Connor, Amit Syal, Dominic Lambo, Jose A. Canseco, I. David Kay, Barrett I. Woods, Alan S. Hilibrand, Christopher K. Kepler, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Sagittal Alignment Differences On The Operating Room Table Compared To Preoperative And Postoperative Imaging In Anterior Cervical Discectomy And Fusion, Mark J. Lambrechts, Gregory R. Toci, Brian A. Karamian, Zachary Kozick, John Prodoeh, David Reiter, Rahul Muchintala, Eric Tecce, Alexander Vaccaro Jr., Patrick O’Connor, Amit Syal, Dominic Lambo, Jose A. Canseco, I. David Kay, Barrett I. Woods, Alan S. Hilibrand, Christopher K. Kepler, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Study Design: The study design used was a retrospective cohort. Objective: The objective of this study is to determine if intraoperative improvements in sagittal alignment on the operating table persisted on postoperative standing radiographs. Summary of Background Data: Cervical sagittal alignment may be correlated to postoperative outcomes. Since anterior cervical discectomy and fusions (ACDFs) can restore some cervical lordosis through intervertebral grafts/cages, it is important to understand if intraoperative radiographic measurements correlate with persistent postoperative radiographic changes. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing elective primary ACDF were screened for the presence of lateral cervical radiographs preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively. Patients were …


The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt DO 2022 Beaumont

The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt Do

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The authors examine the unconsidered impact of social stigma theory on the shared clinical decision-making process for a patient with foot osteomyelitis and MRSA bacteremia facing the prospect of an amputation.


Severe Lower Extremity Trauma In Ontario: A Linked Population-Based Analysis, Stephanie M. Kim 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Severe Lower Extremity Trauma In Ontario: A Linked Population-Based Analysis, Stephanie M. Kim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Open tibia fractures (OTF) are a management challenge. Admission to a trauma center (TC) and a coordinated approach to bony fixation and soft-tissue reconstruction (STR) have been shown to improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe patients who had OTF in Ontario and analyze their outcomes. Linked population data pertaining to patients who had OTF between the years 2009-2020 were examined. Demographic information, admission location, and management course were collected. 4240 patients were found. The mean age was 47, and majority were males. Patients admitted to TC had greater proportion of having Injury Severity Score >15, and …


Comparison Of A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis To A Walking Boot For Preserving Ankle Joint Motion And Reducing Tibial Bone Load And Strain, Perri Johnson Jr. 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Comparison Of A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis To A Walking Boot For Preserving Ankle Joint Motion And Reducing Tibial Bone Load And Strain, Perri Johnson Jr.

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Tibial stress fractures are a common overuse injury accounting for 21.9 – 69% of stress fractures among runners and 24 – 51.2% of stress fractures in military cadets. Current treatment involves wearing a walking boot for 3 – 12 weeks, which limits ankle motion and causes lower limb muscle atrophy. A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis (DAO) provided a distractive force that offloaded the ankle and retained sagittal ankle excursion during walking. It remains unclear how tibial loading is affected by a walking boot or the DAO. This thesis presents a feasibility study confirming the offloading effects of the DAO on tibial …


Cross-Sectional Area Of The Longus Colli And Cervical Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A Retrospective Review Evaluating This Anatomic Consideration, Khoa Tran, Aditya Mazmudar, Taylor Paziuk, Mark J. Lambrechts, Eric Tecce, Olivia Blaber, Kamil Okroj, Brian A Karamian, Jose A Canseco, Jeffrey A Rihn, Alan Hilibrand, Christopher Kepler, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Cross-Sectional Area Of The Longus Colli And Cervical Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A Retrospective Review Evaluating This Anatomic Consideration, Khoa Tran, Aditya Mazmudar, Taylor Paziuk, Mark J. Lambrechts, Eric Tecce, Olivia Blaber, Kamil Okroj, Brian A Karamian, Jose A Canseco, Jeffrey A Rihn, Alan Hilibrand, Christopher Kepler, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: Limited literature is available to define the impact of the longus colli muscle, a deep flexor of the spine, on cervical spine stability despite its close proximity to the vertebrae. Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine if longus colli cross-sectional area (CSA) is associated with the severity preoperative cervical degenerative spondylolisthesis. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing elective anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for cervical spondylolisthesis between 2010-2021 were retrospectively identified. Longus colli cross-sectional areas (CSA) were measured from preoperative MRI images at the C5 level. Preoperative spondylolisthesis measurements were recorded with cervical radiographs. …


Perioperative Chanage In Cervical Lordosis And Health-Related Quality-Of-Life Outcomes, Jose A Canseco, Brian A Karamian, Parthik D Patel, Michael Markowitz, Joseph K Lee, Mark F Kurd, D Greg Anderson, Jeffrey A Rihn, Alan S Hilibrand, Christopher K Kepler, Alexander R Vaccaro, Gregory D Schroeder 2022 Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at Thomas Jefferson University

Perioperative Chanage In Cervical Lordosis And Health-Related Quality-Of-Life Outcomes, Jose A Canseco, Brian A Karamian, Parthik D Patel, Michael Markowitz, Joseph K Lee, Mark F Kurd, D Greg Anderson, Jeffrey A Rihn, Alan S Hilibrand, Christopher K Kepler, Alexander R Vaccaro, Gregory D Schroeder

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Surgeons have scrutinized spinal alignment and its impact on improving clinical outcomes following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). The primary analysis of this study examines the relationship between change in perioperative cervical lordosis (CL) and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) outcomes after ACDF. Secondary analysis evaluates the effects of fusion construct length on outcomes in patients grouped by preoperative cervical alignment.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on an institutional database including patients who underwent 1- to 3-level ACDF. C2-C7 CL was measured preoperatively and at final follow-up. For primary analysis, patients were classified based on their perioperative cervical …


Clinicopathological And Prognostic Significance Of Cxcr4 Expression In Osteosarcoma: A Meta-Analysis, I Gusti Ngurah Ananda Wira Kusuma, Grace Yulia Alphani Yapson, John Nolan, I Gede Eka Wiratnaya, I Gede Putu Supadmanaba 2022 Bachelor of Medicine and Medical Doctor Profession Study Program of Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia

Clinicopathological And Prognostic Significance Of Cxcr4 Expression In Osteosarcoma: A Meta-Analysis, I Gusti Ngurah Ananda Wira Kusuma, Grace Yulia Alphani Yapson, John Nolan, I Gede Eka Wiratnaya, I Gede Putu Supadmanaba

BioMedicine

Background: The C-X-C Motif Chemokine Receptor (CXCR4) is an oncogene that has been widely studied and associated with worse clinicopathological features and prognosis outcomes in many types of cancer. Besides that, significance of CXCR4 expression on clinicopathological features and prognostic factors in osteosarcoma (OS) requires further validation.

Aim: We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between positive CXCR4 expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis in OS.

Methods: Literature searches on Pubmed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were conducted systematically up to December 2021 to find relevant references. The effects of CXCR4 expression on clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic were …


A Long-Term Follow-Up Of The Stability Study: Multicenter Rct Comparing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis In Individuals At High Risk Of Graft Failure, Katelyn M. Inch 2022 The University of Western Ontario

A Long-Term Follow-Up Of The Stability Study: Multicenter Rct Comparing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis In Individuals At High Risk Of Graft Failure, Katelyn M. Inch

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

One hundred and ninety-six patients at the Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic (FKSMC) undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) were randomized as part of the multi-center STABILITY study to receive either an isolated ACLR or ACLR with a lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET). The STABILITY study followed these patients up to two years postoperative, and a long-term follow-up protocol was initiated afterwards. Eighty-two patients from this center were seen at three, five and seven years postoperative as part of a long-term follow-up. Our primary outcome was a composite outcome of instability and graft failure. Secondary outcomes included patient-reported outcome measures …


Decompression Vs. Decompression And Fusion In Cauda Equina Syndrome Secondary To Massive Lumbar Disc Herniation, Ruheksh Raj 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Decompression Vs. Decompression And Fusion In Cauda Equina Syndrome Secondary To Massive Lumbar Disc Herniation, Ruheksh Raj

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Posterior spinal surgery through either a decompression or additional fusion procedure is the widely accepted standard of care for patients presenting with cauda equina syndrome (CES) secondary to massive disc herniation. A plethora of literature has been published regarding post- surgical outcome, particularly in regards to improvement of lower sacral nerve symptoms in relation to timing of surgery. There is a paucity of data with regards to long term clinical outcomes in patients between the decompression and decompression and fusion groups. We initially hypothesized was that there would be no longer term clinical differences in outcome between the two groups, …


Injury To The Posterior Horn Of The Lateral Meniscus From A Misplaced Tibial Tunnel For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Case Report, Amar S Vadhera, Jonathan S Lee, Harsh Singh, Safa Gursoy, Kyle N Kunze, Nikhil N Verma, Jorge Chahla 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Injury To The Posterior Horn Of The Lateral Meniscus From A Misplaced Tibial Tunnel For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Case Report, Amar S Vadhera, Jonathan S Lee, Harsh Singh, Safa Gursoy, Kyle N Kunze, Nikhil N Verma, Jorge Chahla

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND Posterior meniscal root avulsions can cause meniscal extrusion, joint space narrowing, and progressive knee arthritis. Iatrogenic posterior meniscal root avulsions after malpositioning of the transtibial tunnels during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can account for poor long-term outcomes seen in some patients following ACL reconstruction. Therefore, correct transtibial tunnel placement during ACL reconstruction is essential to avoid iatrogenic meniscal damage. CASE REPORT A 32-year-old man presented with 1 year of right knee pain and instability following a non-contact twisting injury sustained while playing soccer. An ACL tear with no meniscal involvement was diagnosed at an outside institution. A double-bundle …


Disparities Associated With Total Joint Arthroplasty Transfusion And Complication Rates, Shelby Meckstroth, Andrew Chapple, Peter Krause, Deryk Jones, Lauren Leslie, Vinod Dasa 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Disparities Associated With Total Joint Arthroplasty Transfusion And Complication Rates, Shelby Meckstroth, Andrew Chapple, Peter Krause, Deryk Jones, Lauren Leslie, Vinod Dasa

Medical Research Day

Introduction: Complications such as infection, readmission and mortality occur with transfusion after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Certain populations, including females, Black patients, patients with public insurance and older adults have higher risks of transfusion. Recently, there has been a decline in transfusion rates and a greater emphasis on equity in medicine. Therefore, our study sought to understand whether disparities in transfusion rates still exist and what variables influence transfusion rates over time. Methods: We used the Ochsner Healthcare Network database to identify TJA patients from 2013 to 2021. Fisher exact and Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used to compare categorical …


Exploring The Paracrine Potential Of Peri-Articular Muscle In Response To Knee Osteoarthritis Severity, Davis Martin, Tara Soria, Jose A. Cruz-Ayala, Mary C. Gatterer, Vinod Dasa, Luis Marrero 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Exploring The Paracrine Potential Of Peri-Articular Muscle In Response To Knee Osteoarthritis Severity, Davis Martin, Tara Soria, Jose A. Cruz-Ayala, Mary C. Gatterer, Vinod Dasa, Luis Marrero

Medical Research Day

Skeletal muscles such as the Articularis genu (AG) undergo disuse-mediated myofiber type redistribution, atrophy, and fibrosis attributable to knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Although peri-articular musculature can differentially secrete over 600 myokines in response to exercise or arthropathy, its paracrine influence on the symptomatic severity of KOA is largely underexplored. Myostatin (Mst) and irisin myokines have been of particular interest in cardiac research for their effective modulation of hypertrophic damage and endomysial fibrosis in cardiomyopathy, which are also hallmark structural features of the KOA musculature that can impair joint function. Measuring intra-articular concentrations of Mst and irisin in the synovial fluid (SF) …


Digital Commons powered by bepress