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Ct Scanning Is Sufficient To Clear The Cervical Spine Of Elderly Falls Less Than 5 Feet., Douglas Lehman MD, Rovinder S. Sandhu MD, Leslie Baga BSN, Farheen Hussain MS, John J. Hong MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Ct Scanning Is Sufficient To Clear The Cervical Spine Of Elderly Falls Less Than 5 Feet., Douglas Lehman Md, Rovinder S. Sandhu Md, Leslie Baga Bsn, Farheen Hussain Ms, John J. Hong Md

John J. Hong, M.D.

No abstract provided.


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Ben Schram

Background: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. Purpose: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months. Results: Of 240 participants included in the data ...


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Wayne Hing

Background:

Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology.

Purpose:

To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods:

An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months.

Results:

Of 240 participants included in the data ...


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background:

Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology.

Purpose:

To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods:

An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months.

Results:

Of 240 participants included in the data ...


First Successful Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation In Pakistan, Tashfeen Ahmad, Masood Umer, Loay Lubbad, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, Anwar Ali Siddiqui 2017 Aga Khan University

First Successful Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation In Pakistan, Tashfeen Ahmad, Masood Umer, Loay Lubbad, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, Anwar Ali Siddiqui

Tashfeen Ahmad

Osteochondritis dissecans entails a hyaline cartilage defect of the articular surface causing pain and functional restriction in young adults, sometimes resulting in early degenerative arthritis. Conventional treatment methods such as abrasion chondroplasty and mosaicplasty have limitations in terms of quality of the resultant cartilage and donor site morbidity. A more recent technique, autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) results in hyaline cartilage formation and gives good long-term outcome, but requires a high-level cell culture facility and two surgical procedures. The patient was a young female with knee pain, intermittent locking and feeling of "joint mouse". MRI scan and arthroscopy showed a 2 ...


Is Home-Based, High-Intensity Interval Training Cycling Feasible And Safe For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis? Study Protocol For A Randomized Pilot Study, Justin W L Keogh, Josephine Grigg, Christopher J Vertullo 2017 Bond University

Is Home-Based, High-Intensity Interval Training Cycling Feasible And Safe For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis? Study Protocol For A Randomized Pilot Study, Justin W L Keogh, Josephine Grigg, Christopher J Vertullo

Justin Keogh

BACKGROUND:

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease affecting the knee joint of many middle-aged and older adults. As OA symptoms typically involve knee pain and stiffness, individuals with knee OA are often insufficiently physically active, have low levels of physical function, and are at increased risk of other comorbidities and reduced quality of life. While moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) cycling is often recommended, little is known about the feasibility, safety, and benefits of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) cycling for this population, even though the feasibility, safety, and benefits of HIIT have been demonstrated in other chronic disease groups.

PURPOSE ...


Effects Of Glucosamine Versus Chondroitin Sulfate In Reducing Joint Space Narrowing In Knee Osteoarthritis, Caroline Horton, Ashani Andrews 2017 James Madison University

Effects Of Glucosamine Versus Chondroitin Sulfate In Reducing Joint Space Narrowing In Knee Osteoarthritis, Caroline Horton, Ashani Andrews

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To determine if over the counter supplements, chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine, in combination or alone, are effective in the treatment of joint space narrowing (JSN) in knee osteoarthritis.

Design: Systematic Literature Review

Methods: Database search of PubMed and MEDLINE using the search terms “glucosamine”, “chondroitin sulfate”, “osteoarthritis”, and joint space narrowing. Filters were implemented to include articles that only dealt with human subjects, that were published in 2000 or later, and were full-text. Articles were excluded if they were cohort studies, reviews, non-English papers, or had pain as the only outcome.

Results: Sawitzke et al.primary outcomes revealed no ...


Early Versus Delayed Rehabilitation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Abigail Chang, Jessica Dennis 2017 James Madison University

Early Versus Delayed Rehabilitation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Abigail Chang, Jessica Dennis

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To determine how the timing of rehabilitation, early versus delayed, affects clinical results and tendon healing rates after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: Searches were done in PubMed, utilizing the terms arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, rehabilitation, early, and delayed. In PubMed the following filters and terms were used: published in the last 10 years, humans, randomized controlled trial, free full-text articles, and English. Results: The Keener et al study was included because it evaluated clinical results and tendon healing rates after arthroscopic repair using two distinct rehabilitation protocols, early versus delayed ROM. The Cuff et ...


Bupivacaine Vs. Ropivacaine: Looking At The Chondrotoxic Effects Of Intraarticular Anesthetics In Osteoarthritic Joints, Sarah Burke, Lauren Price 2017 James Madison University

Bupivacaine Vs. Ropivacaine: Looking At The Chondrotoxic Effects Of Intraarticular Anesthetics In Osteoarthritic Joints, Sarah Burke, Lauren Price

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objectives: Intraarticular injections of corticosteroids used in combination with local anesthetics are commonly used in orthopedic practice for osteoarthritic pain relief. Many orthopedists question whether these anesthetics have chondrotoxic effects on human articular cartilage. The purpose of this meta- analysis is to examine the chondrotoxic effects of local anesthetics on osteoarthritic human articular cartilage and to determine whether ropivacaine has fewer chondrotoxic effects than bupivacaine.

Methods: Studies were found using PubMed with the search terms, “Ropivacaine,” “Bupivacaine,” and “Chondrocytes.” Initially 20 studies were found. Several studies were eliminated using the following excluding factors: human studies, published in last 10 years ...


Cadaver Lab, Linda Levy 2017 Plymouth State University

Cadaver Lab, Linda Levy

Student Showcase of Excellence

Athletic Training students from the undergraduate and graduate programs as well as students from the Exercise & Sport Physiology program attended a wrist and hand cadaver lab at the New Hampshire Musculoskeletal Institute. The goal of the project was two-fold; (1) combine an inter-professional education experience for the students, (2) while establishing the partnership and expertise of an orthopedic surgeon.


Orthopaedic Surgeon Density In West Virginia, Franklin D. Shuler, Grant S. Buchanan, Zachary Sanford, Milad Modarresi, Ali Oliashirazi 2017 Marshall University

Orthopaedic Surgeon Density In West Virginia, Franklin D. Shuler, Grant S. Buchanan, Zachary Sanford, Milad Modarresi, Ali Oliashirazi

Franklin D. Shuler

Figure 1: Geographic Representation of Orthopaedic Surgeon Density in West Virginia. Orthopaedic surgeon densities are presented per 100,000 citizens. West Virginia averages 7.71 orthopaedic surgeons per 100,000


Comparing Mid Lumbar Interbody Fusion (Midlf) With Traditional Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (Plif), Joel T. Phillips 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Comparing Mid Lumbar Interbody Fusion (Midlf) With Traditional Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (Plif), Joel T. Phillips

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mid-lumbar interbody fusion (MIDLF) uses a novel cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screw that provides robust fixation that is less dependent on cancellous bone quality than a traditional pedicle screw. MIDLF also allows for decompression and instrumentation through a smaller central surgical window. The aim of this study is to compare MIDLF with posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with regards to perioperative complications, operative time, blood loss, length in hospital, radiographic outcomes and post-operative patient functional scores. A retrospective review of our institutional database was performed of patients undergoing MIDLF. Matched PLIF controls were then selected from the same database for ...


Therapeutic Application Of Carbon Monoxide In Acute Limb Compartment Syndrome, Aurelia Bihari 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Therapeutic Application Of Carbon Monoxide In Acute Limb Compartment Syndrome, Aurelia Bihari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Acute limb compartment syndrome (CS), a devastating complication of musculoskeletal trauma, develops in response to elevation of the pressure within a closed osseofascial compartment, producing muscle- and limb-threatening ischemia. Full decompression of all involved compartments by fasciotomy is the current gold-standard therapy, but it must be performed within a surgical window of 6-8 hours, before tissue damage becomes permanent.

Carbon monoxide (CO), a byproduct of heme metabolism, has been shown protective in ischemia. While inhalation of CO leads to elevation of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb), recent development of transitional metal carbonyls, CO-releasing molecules (CO-RMs), particularly the water-soluble CORM-3, delivers CO in a ...


Outcomes Of Internal Hemipelvectomy For Pelvic Tumors: A Developing Country’S Prospective, masood umer, Rizwan Haroon Rashid, Yasir Mohib, Haroon Rashid 2017 Aga Khan University

Outcomes Of Internal Hemipelvectomy For Pelvic Tumors: A Developing Country’S Prospective, Masood Umer, Rizwan Haroon Rashid, Yasir Mohib, Haroon Rashid

Department of Surgery

Introduction: Previously, external hemipelvectomy was the mainstay of treatment for pelvic tumors. However, with technological advancements, limb salvage procedures such as internal hemipelvectomy have emerged as a viable alternative. However, there is limited literature available on long-term outcomes and complications of internal hemipelvectomy, especially from developing countries. Therefore, the objective of this study was to share our experience of internal hemipelvectomy at a tertiary care center in a developing country. Materials and methods: A retrospective review was conducted in which all 24 patients undergoing internal hemipelvectomy from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2015 at our institution were included. Medical ...


Differential Burden Of Musculoskeletal Pain In African Americans And Whites Patients At The Time Of Total Joint Replacement Surgery, Leslie R. Harrold, Anthony Porter, Philip C. Noble, David C. Ayers, Jeroan J. Allison, Patricia D. Franklin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Differential Burden Of Musculoskeletal Pain In African Americans And Whites Patients At The Time Of Total Joint Replacement Surgery, Leslie R. Harrold, Anthony Porter, Philip C. Noble, David C. Ayers, Jeroan J. Allison, Patricia D. Franklin

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Objective: African Americans patients have greater operative joint pain and functional limitation at the time of total joint replacement (TJR) compared to white patients. We examined the factors associated with this apparent disparity.

Methods: A consecutive sample of 5745 patients with advanced knee and hip osteoarthritis [who elected to undergo TJR in 2011-201] reported, preoperatively, medical comorbidities, operative and non-operative hip/ knee pain using Hip and Knee Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores (HOOS/KOOS), function using Short Form 36 Physical Component Score (PCS). Total burden of musculoskeletal pain was quantified as moderate/severe pain in non-operative hip and knee joints ...


Assessing Function And Endurance In Adults With Spinal And Bulbar Muscular Atrophy: Validity Of The Adult Myopathy Assessment Tool, Michael O. Harris-Love, Lindsey E. Rhodes, Galen Joe, Joseph A. Shrader, Sungyoung Auh, Cheunju Chen, Li Li, Ellen Levy, Todd E. Davenport, Nicholas DiProspero, Kenneth H. Fischbeck 2017 George Washington University

Assessing Function And Endurance In Adults With Spinal And Bulbar Muscular Atrophy: Validity Of The Adult Myopathy Assessment Tool, Michael O. Harris-Love, Lindsey E. Rhodes, Galen Joe, Joseph A. Shrader, Sungyoung Auh, Cheunju Chen, Li Li, Ellen Levy, Todd E. Davenport, Nicholas Diprospero, Kenneth H. Fischbeck

Todd Davenport

Purpose. The adult myopathy assessment tool (AMAT) is a performance-based battery comprised of functional and endurance subscales that can be completed in approximately 30 minutes without the use of specialized equipment. The purpose of this study was to determine the construct validity and internal consistency of the AMAT with a sample of adults with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). Methods. AMAT validity was assessed in 56-male participants with genetically confirmed SBMA (mean age, 53 ± 10 years). The participants completed the AMAT and assessments for disease status, strength, and functional status. Results. Lower AMAT scores were associated with longer disease ...


Legal Aspects Of Aerobic Capacity: Objective Evidence Of The Ability To Work, Margaret E. Ciccolella, Tommy Boone, Todd E. Davenport 2017 University of the Pacific

Legal Aspects Of Aerobic Capacity: Objective Evidence Of The Ability To Work, Margaret E. Ciccolella, Tommy Boone, Todd E. Davenport

Todd Davenport

The article discusses the legality of aerobic capacity testing in disability cases particularly chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). It says that aerobic capacity testing can be used to document functional impairments in patients with CFS after the failure of Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) in evaluating the ability to work of CFS patients who claim for insurance benefits. It presents case law reviews that illustrate the importance of expert testimony in disability related insurance benefit.


Epidemiology And Impact Of Abdominal Oblique Injuries In Major And Minor League Baseball., Christopher L Camp, Stan Conte, Steven B. Cohen, Matthew Thompson, John D' Angelo, Joseph T Nguyen, Joshua S Dines 2017 Hospital for Special Surgery; Mayo Clinic

Epidemiology And Impact Of Abdominal Oblique Injuries In Major And Minor League Baseball., Christopher L Camp, Stan Conte, Steven B. Cohen, Matthew Thompson, John D' Angelo, Joseph T Nguyen, Joshua S Dines

Rothman Institute

BACKGROUND: Oblique injuries are known to be a common cause of time out of play for professional baseball players, and prior work has suggested that injury rates may be on the rise in Major League Baseball (MLB).

PURPOSE: To better understand the current incidence of oblique injuries, determine their impact based on time out of play, and to identify common injury patterns that may guide future injury prevention programs.

STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study.

METHODS: Using the MLB Health and Injury Tracking System, all oblique injuries that resulted in time out of play in MLB and Minor League Baseball (MiLB ...


Is Home-Based, High-Intensity Interval Training Cycling Feasible And Safe For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis? Study Protocol For A Randomized Pilot Study, Justin W L Keogh, Josephine Grigg, Christopher J Vertullo 2017 Bond University

Is Home-Based, High-Intensity Interval Training Cycling Feasible And Safe For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis? Study Protocol For A Randomized Pilot Study, Justin W L Keogh, Josephine Grigg, Christopher J Vertullo

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

BACKGROUND:

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease affecting the knee joint of many middle-aged and older adults. As OA symptoms typically involve knee pain and stiffness, individuals with knee OA are often insufficiently physically active, have low levels of physical function, and are at increased risk of other comorbidities and reduced quality of life. While moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) cycling is often recommended, little is known about the feasibility, safety, and benefits of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) cycling for this population, even though the feasibility, safety, and benefits of HIIT have been demonstrated in other chronic disease groups.

PURPOSE ...


Two Cases Of Lyme Arthritis In Winter In New England: A Case Series, Jennifer Baima, Lauren Woo 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Two Cases Of Lyme Arthritis In Winter In New England: A Case Series, Jennifer Baima, Lauren Woo

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Case Diagnosis: Lyme Arthritis

Case Description: Patient 1 is a 26 year old male who presented in March with severe right knee pain and swelling for two weeks. He had a similar episode a month prior, but it resolved. The second episode progressed with pain from knee to foot and numbness on top of the foot. He had no known history of tick bites, travel, or trauma, but endorsed contact with a dog. On physical exam, he had a right knee effusion with limited ROM, diffuse joint line tenderness, positive McMurray’s, and pain with ligamentous testing. Synovial fluid of ...


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