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Pain Management After Outpatient Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Controlled Trials., Eric S. Secrist, Kevin B. Freedman, Michael G. Ciccotti, Donald W. Mazur, Sommer Hammoud 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Pain Management After Outpatient Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Controlled Trials., Eric S. Secrist, Kevin B. Freedman, Michael G. Ciccotti, Donald W. Mazur, Sommer Hammoud

Rothman Institute

BACKGROUND: Effective pain management after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction improves patient satisfaction and function.

PURPOSE: To collect and evaluate the available evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on pain control after ACL reconstruction.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review.

METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, UpToDate, Cochrane Reviews, CINAHL, and Scopus following PRISMA guidelines (July 2014). Only RCTs comparing a method of postoperative pain control to another method or placebo were included.

RESULTS: A total of 77 RCTs met inclusion criteria: 14 on regional nerve blocks, 21 on intra-articular injections, 4 on intramuscular/intravenous injections ...


Aseptically Processed And Chemically Sterilized Btb Allografts For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study., Peter A Indelicato, Michael G Ciccotti, Joel Boyd, Laurence D Higgins, Benjamin S Shaffer, C Thomas Vangsness 2016 Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Florida

Aseptically Processed And Chemically Sterilized Btb Allografts For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study., Peter A Indelicato, Michael G Ciccotti, Joel Boyd, Laurence D Higgins, Benjamin S Shaffer, C Thomas Vangsness

Thomas L. Shaffer

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) allografts processed via a novel sterilization system with the traditional aseptically processed BTB allografts for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

METHODS: A total of 67 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction at 6 independent investigation sites were randomized into one of two intervention groups, BioCleanse-sterilized or aseptic BTB allografts. Inclusion criteria included an acute, isolated, unilateral ACL tear, and exclusion criteria included prior ACL injury, multi-ligament reconstruction, and signs of degenerative joint disease. Post-op examiners and patients were blinded to graft type. Patients were evaluated at 6, 12, and 24 months. Clinical ...


Aseptically Processed And Chemically Sterilized Btb Allografts For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study., Peter A Indelicato, Michael G Ciccotti, Joel Boyd, Laurence D Higgins, Benjamin S Shaffer, C Thomas Vangsness 2016 Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Florida

Aseptically Processed And Chemically Sterilized Btb Allografts For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study., Peter A Indelicato, Michael G Ciccotti, Joel Boyd, Laurence D Higgins, Benjamin S Shaffer, C Thomas Vangsness

Thomas L. Shaffer

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) allografts processed via a novel sterilization system with the traditional aseptically processed BTB allografts for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

METHODS: A total of 67 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction at 6 independent investigation sites were randomized into one of two intervention groups, BioCleanse-sterilized or aseptic BTB allografts. Inclusion criteria included an acute, isolated, unilateral ACL tear, and exclusion criteria included prior ACL injury, multi-ligament reconstruction, and signs of degenerative joint disease. Post-op examiners and patients were blinded to graft type. Patients were evaluated at 6, 12, and 24 months. Clinical ...


The Role Of Postural Stability And Other Factors In Distal Radius Fracture, Sheena Saju Philip 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Role Of Postural Stability And Other Factors In Distal Radius Fracture, Sheena Saju Philip

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The objective of the thesis was to describe the factors leading to falls in distal radius fracture (DRF) events, explore patient perceived risk of falls, and postural stability. A mixed method study described the type of fall in DRF patients (n= 1454) and patient perceived contributing factors (n=29). A prospective cohort study examined the postural stability and related fall risk of DRF participants (n=137) in Biodex Balance System (BBS) and compared to normative values. Environmental factors were a major contributor to DRF events. Older adults (44 to 65 years) had the highest rate of DRF (female: male ratio ...


Spinal Compression Fractures: No Additional Pain Relief With Use Of Back Braces, Kayla A. Berigan, Brandon Baker, Zakaria Ahmad, Aaron Simpson 2016 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Spinal Compression Fractures: No Additional Pain Relief With Use Of Back Braces, Kayla A. Berigan, Brandon Baker, Zakaria Ahmad, Aaron Simpson

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Li M, Law SW, Cheng J, Kee HM, Wong MS. A comparison study on the efficacy of SpinoMed® and soft lumbar orthosis for osteoporotic vertebral fracture. J. Prosthet. Orthot. Int. 2015;39(4):270-276. doi: 10.1177/0309364614528204


Drop Vertical Jump Landing Mechanics Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis, Michal Daniluk 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Drop Vertical Jump Landing Mechanics Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis, Michal Daniluk

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The use of combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) plus lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET) reconstruction has shown promising results during clinical testing, however, no studies have examined its effectiveness during a dynamic functional task. We used the drop vertical jump (DVJ) to compare in vivo biomechanics of ACL reconstructed patients with and without LET.

Our primary outcome was peak knee abduction moment during stance phase. Secondary kinetic and kinematic outcomes included peak initial contact and stance values for knee abduction angle, knee flexion moment and angle, knee internal rotation moment and angle, and vertical ground reaction force. We also assessed fear ...


Evaluating The Effects Of Patellofemoral Offset Changes And Trochlear Design In Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Radiographic, Visual, And Topographical Analysis, Jacob Matz 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluating The Effects Of Patellofemoral Offset Changes And Trochlear Design In Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Radiographic, Visual, And Topographical Analysis, Jacob Matz

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common procedure for the treatment of advanced knee osteoarthritis. Complications involving the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) are common following TKA, and the etiology is controversial. The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate two potentially modifiable factors affecting the PFJ: (i) changes in patellofemoral offset (PFO) and (ii) trochlear design.

Through a retrospective radiographic review, we demonstrated that PFO changes occur frequently post-TKA, and that the PFJ can tolerate these changes without adverse clinical outcomes. Retrieval analysis provided additional evidence that PFO changes are not associated with femoral component surface damage or wear.

In order ...


Diagnostic Utility Of Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibody And Its Comparison With Rheumatoid Factor In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Aysha Habib Khan, Lena Jafri, M Ahraz Hussain, Saliha Ishaq 2016 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Utility Of Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibody And Its Comparison With Rheumatoid Factor In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Aysha Habib Khan, Lena Jafri, M Ahraz Hussain, Saliha Ishaq

Aysha Habib

Objective:

To assess the diagnostic utility of anti-citrullinated protein antibody (anti-CCP) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and compare it with rheumatoid factor (RF).

Study Design:

Analytical study.

Place and Duration of Study:

Section of Chemical Pathology, Department of Pathology and Microbiology and Medicine, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, from January to May 2010.

Methodology:

A review of medical records of patients presenting to the clinics with complaints of muscular or joint pains and who were tested for their serum anti-CCP was done. Inclusion criteria were presence of clinical synovitis in at least one joint and an absence of alternative diagnosis. Patients ...


Using Interviews To Understand Patients’ Post-Operative Pain Management Educational Needs Before And After Elective Total Joint Replacement Surgery, Celeste A. Lemay, Patricia D. Franklin 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Using Interviews To Understand Patients’ Post-Operative Pain Management Educational Needs Before And After Elective Total Joint Replacement Surgery, Celeste A. Lemay, Patricia D. Franklin

Celeste A. Lemay

Objective: To better understand the education needs of patients electing to have TJR in managing their pain in the post-operative period after discharge from the hospital.

Methods: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative design. Convenience sample of people who reported that they had not received information about pain management prior to TJR surgery were recruited from 9 surgeon practices in 8 states to participate in telephone interviews, utilizing open-ended questions. Questions included: recollection of pre-op class attended and content; experiences with surgical pain after surgery and how it was managed; experiences with pain medicine; experience using non-medicine related pain reduction methods; suggestions ...


Effective Pain Information Pre-Operatively Is Associated With Improved Functional Gain After Total Joint Replacement, Celeste A. Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Effective Pain Information Pre-Operatively Is Associated With Improved Functional Gain After Total Joint Replacement, Celeste A. Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Celeste A. Lemay

Objective: We evaluated receipt of pre-operative pain management education in a national prospective cohort on post-operative pain and function.

Methods: Preoperative, 2 week and 6 month postoperative data from a nationally representative cohort of 1404 primary unilateral TJR patients with a date of surgery between May 2011 and December 2014. Data included demographics, comorbid conditions, operative joint pain severity (HOOS/KOOS), musculoskeletal disease burden, physical function (SF36 PCS), and mental health (SF36 MCS). At 2 weeks post-op, patients were asked if they had received information prior to surgery about pain management options and if so, how helpful the information was ...


6-Month Change In Pain And Function By Pre-Operative Pain And Function Among Patients Selected For Total Knee Replacement In The United States, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, David Ayers, Wenjun Li, Leslie R. Harrold, Patricia D. Franklin 2016 University of Massachusettts Medical School

6-Month Change In Pain And Function By Pre-Operative Pain And Function Among Patients Selected For Total Knee Replacement In The United States, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, David Ayers, Wenjun Li, Leslie R. Harrold, Patricia D. Franklin

Leslie R. Harrold

Background/Purpose: The increase in total knee replacements (TKRs) between 1979 and 2006 is staggering. Debate is growing regarding the appropriate utilization of TKRs. We examined pain, function, quality of life (QOL), and satisfaction at 6-month post-surgery by pain and function at time of surgery. Methods: Data came from the nationally representative FORCE-TJR cohort of patients from 150 surgeons. Participants had primary, unilateral TKRs due to osteoarthritis between 2011 and 2014. Their knee pain (KOOS), physical functions (SF36), and QOL were measured at pre- and 6 months post-surgery. We classified patients as having high or low pre-operative pain (KOOS Pain ...


Vitamin D Supplementation: Preventing Fractures, Courtney L. Carn, Michael S. Doherty 2016 James Madison University

Vitamin D Supplementation: Preventing Fractures, Courtney L. Carn, Michael S. Doherty

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To assess the ability of vitamin D supplementation in preventing musculoskeletal fractures. Methods: Systematic literature review using Google Scholar search terms “vitamin D supplementation” and “preventing hip fractures” from 2006-2015. Only RCTs, meta-analysis, and clinical guidelines were included. Results: Our search resulted in one meta-analysis and two randomized controlled trials. Conclusion: The summation of our investigation into vitamin D deficiency and the presence of musculoskeletal fractures has proven to be relatively inconclusive. The resulting data from our three studies did not provide any definitive proof that improved vitamin D levels correlates with better bone health.


A Comparison Of Cervical And Trunk Musculoskeletal Characteristics Between Female And Male Army Helicopter Pilots, Takashi Nagai, Karen A. Keenan, John P. Abt, Timothy C. Sell, Brian W. Smalley, Michael D. Wirt, Scott M. Lephart 2016 University of Pittsburgh

A Comparison Of Cervical And Trunk Musculoskeletal Characteristics Between Female And Male Army Helicopter Pilots, Takashi Nagai, Karen A. Keenan, John P. Abt, Timothy C. Sell, Brian W. Smalley, Michael D. Wirt, Scott M. Lephart

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Introduction: Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) are prevalent among military helicopter pilots. Although there have been few studies on sex differences in the NP/LBP prevalence in this population, females are shown to be at a greater risk of NP/LBP in civilian studies. This disparity may be due to musculoskeletal characteristics differences that predispose females for NP/LBP. The purpose of this study was to compare cervical and trunk musculoskeletal characteristics between male and female pilots. Methods: A total of 8 female pilots (Age: 27.6 ± 4.2yrs, HT: 166.1 ± 7.7cm, WT: 67.9 ...


Neck Of Femur Fracture Secondary To Synovial Chondromatosis: A Case Report And Literature Review, Dr Mohit Kumar Patralekh 2016 Ministry of Health and Family Welfare,Government of India

Neck Of Femur Fracture Secondary To Synovial Chondromatosis: A Case Report And Literature Review, Dr Mohit Kumar Patralekh

Dr Mohit Kumar Patralekh

A 28 years old lady presented with complaint of chronic left hip pain for 4 years, which increased with
exertion and relieved with rest and medication and referred to the left knee. There was no history of fever,
pain at any other site or dif􀀤iculty in walking. On local examination there was mild tenderness over left
anterior hip associated with slight restriction of terminal movements. Plain radiograph of pelvis with
bilateral hip joints revealed erosion on the inferomedial aspect of the femoral neck. MRI revealed a
synovial lesion around neck. Needle biopsy was done from this site and soft ...


A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, Brandon J. Smith, MD, Grant S. Buchanan, MD, Franklin D. Shuler, MD, PhD 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, Brandon J. Smith, Md, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Osteomyelitis is an increasingly common pathology that often poses a diagnostic challenge to clinicians. Accurate and timely diagnosis is critical to preventing complications that can result in the loss of life or limb. In addition to history, physical exam, and laboratory studies, diagnostic imaging plays an essential role in the diagnostic process. This narrative review article discusses various imaging modalities employed to diagnose osteomyelitis: plain films, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, bone scintigraphy, and positron emission tomography (PET). Articles were obtained from Pubmed and screened for relevance to the topic of diagnostic imaging for osteomyelitis. The authors ...


Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, MD, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, MD, Franklin D. Shuler, MD, PhD 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Vitamin K is known to play an essential role in the coagulation cascade; however, a growing body of research has found that a subtype of this vitamin, vitamin K2 (menaquinone) may have a beneficial effect in osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. This purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of recent literature regarding menaquinone and its role in human health. This review discusses the physiology of menaquinone, its clinical benefits in cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and cancer, and how it may interact with certain medications. The authors conclude that menaquinone supplementation has been shown to improve carboxylation ...


Inpatient Versus Outpatient Total Hip Arthroplasty, Michael Pollock 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Inpatient Versus Outpatient Total Hip Arthroplasty, Michael Pollock

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

We conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate patients undergoing a total hip arthroplasty (THA) who were discharged from the hospital either on the day of surgery (outpatient) or were admitted overnight following surgery (inpatient). Our primary outcome was the rate of serious adverse events during the first three months postoperatively. Secondary outcome measures included cost, patient satisfaction, functional outcomes, quality of life and pain. We found no statistically significant difference between the two groups in serious adverse events. We found that outpatient THA was less expensive from the perspectives of the hospital and ministry of health; but the difference ...


Primary Care Management Of Plantar Fasciitis, Thomas J. Melvin PharmD, Zach J. Tankersly DPM, Zain N. Quazi, John J. Jasko, Russell Odono MD, Franklin D. Shuler MD, PhD 2016 Marshall Univeristy

Primary Care Management Of Plantar Fasciitis, Thomas J. Melvin Pharmd, Zach J. Tankersly Dpm, Zain N. Quazi, John J. Jasko, Russell Odono Md, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd

John J. Jasko

Plantar fasciitis (PF) is present in 10% of the population and is the most common cause of plantar heel pain. PF is painful, can alter daily activities and presents as a sharp pain localized to the plantar foot and medial heel. The underlying etiology involves microtrauma to the plantar fascia, specifically at its insertion point on the calcaneus. Successful management of plantar fasciitis is typically achieved with the conservative therapy approaches discussed.


Primary Care Management Of Plantar Fasciitis, Thomas J. Melvin PharmD, Zach J. Tankersly DPM, Zain N. Quazi, John J. Jasko, Russell Odono MD, Franklin D. Shuler MD, PhD 2016 Marshall Univeristy

Primary Care Management Of Plantar Fasciitis, Thomas J. Melvin Pharmd, Zach J. Tankersly Dpm, Zain N. Quazi, John J. Jasko, Russell Odono Md, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd

Franklin D. Shuler

Plantar fasciitis (PF) is present in 10% of the population and is the most common cause of plantar heel pain. PF is painful, can alter daily activities and presents as a sharp pain localized to the plantar foot and medial heel. The underlying etiology involves microtrauma to the plantar fascia, specifically at its insertion point on the calcaneus. Successful management of plantar fasciitis is typically achieved with the conservative therapy approaches discussed.


Outcomes And National Trends For The Surgical Treatment Of Lumbar Spine Trauma., Doniel Drazin, Miriam Nuno, Faris Shweikeh, Alex R. Vaccaro, Eli Baron, Terrence T. Kim, J. Patrick Johnson 2016 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Outcomes And National Trends For The Surgical Treatment Of Lumbar Spine Trauma., Doniel Drazin, Miriam Nuno, Faris Shweikeh, Alex R. Vaccaro, Eli Baron, Terrence T. Kim, J. Patrick Johnson

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Introduction. Operative treatment of lumbar spine compression fractures includes fusion and/or cement augmentation. Our aim was to evaluate postoperative differences in patients treated surgically with fusion, vertebroplasty, or kyphoplasty. Methods. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database search for adult vertebral compression fracture patients treated 2004-2011 identified 102,316 surgical patients: 30.6% underwent spinal fusion, 17.1% underwent kyphoplasty, and 49.9% underwent vertebroplasty. Univariate analysis of patient and hospital characteristics, by treatment, was performed. Multivariable analysis was used to determine factors associated with mortality, nonroutine discharge, complications, and patient safety. Results. Average patient age: fusion (46.2), kyphoplasty (78 ...


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