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Reconstruction Of Heel Soft Tissue Defects Using Sensate Medial Plantar Flap, Mihaela Pertea, Natalia Velenciuc, Oxana Grosu, Bogdan Veliceasa, Vladimir Poroch, Sorinel Lunca 2018 Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi, St. Spiridon Emergency County Hospital, Department of Plastic Surgery and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Iasi, Romania

Reconstruction Of Heel Soft Tissue Defects Using Sensate Medial Plantar Flap, Mihaela Pertea, Natalia Velenciuc, Oxana Grosu, Bogdan Veliceasa, Vladimir Poroch, Sorinel Lunca

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. Reconstruction of heel soft tissue defects represents a true challenge for any surgeon due to the particularities of this anatomical region. The tissue used to reconstruct the heel area must be resistant, innervated, and adapted to take over the body weight. Innervated medial plantar fasciocutaneous flap is one of the best solutions to cover defects at the heel level.

Materials and Methods. We studied 5 patients, 4 males and one female, aged 42 to 67 years, who presented heel soft tissue defects of various etiologies. In all cases, the used reconstructive method was an insular innervated medial plantar fasciocutaneous ...


Quantitative Assessment Of The Anatomical Footprint Of The C1 Pedicle Relative To The Lateral Mass: A Guide For C1 Lateral Mass Fixation, Brian W. Su, Alexander A. Theologis, Robert H. Byers, Adam L. Shimer, Gregory D. Schroeder, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Bobby Tay 2018 Mt Tam Orthopedics and Spine Center

Quantitative Assessment Of The Anatomical Footprint Of The C1 Pedicle Relative To The Lateral Mass: A Guide For C1 Lateral Mass Fixation, Brian W. Su, Alexander A. Theologis, Robert H. Byers, Adam L. Shimer, Gregory D. Schroeder, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Bobby Tay

Rothman Institute

Study Design: Anatomic study. Objectives: To determine the relationship of the anatomical footprint of the C1 pedicle relative to the lateral mass (LM). Methods: Anatomic measurements were made on fresh frozen human cadaveric C1 specimens: pedicle width/height, LM width/height (minimum/maximum), LM depth, distance between LM’s medial aspect and pedicle’s medial border, distance between LM’s lateral aspect to pedicle’s lateral border, distance between pedicle’s inferior aspect and LM’s inferior border, distance between arch’s midline and pedicle’s medial border. The percentage of LM medial to the pedicle and the distance from ...


Comparison Of Osteoporosis Pharmacotherapy Fracture Rates: Analysis Of A Marketscan® Claims Database Cohort, Alan W. Reynolds, Guodong Liu, Paul T. Kocis, Jenna N. Skowronski, Douglas L. Leslie, Edward J. Fox 2018 Pennsylvania State College of Medicine

Comparison Of Osteoporosis Pharmacotherapy Fracture Rates: Analysis Of A Marketscan® Claims Database Cohort, Alan W. Reynolds, Guodong Liu, Paul T. Kocis, Jenna N. Skowronski, Douglas L. Leslie, Edward J. Fox

Student Papers

Background: Several different classes of medications have been shown to be efficacious at preventing fractures in patients with osteoporosis. No study has compared real world efficacy at preventing fractures between all currently approved medications.

Objectives: To directly compare the efficacy of all currently available osteoporosis medications by using a large population claims database.

Methods: The Truven Health Analytics MarketScan® database from 2008 - 2012 was used to identify all patients who started a new osteoporosis medication. Patients who experienced a fracture after at least 12 months of treatment were identified and risk factors for fracture for all patients were recorded. Logistic ...


Secukinumab Versus Adalimumab For Psoriatic Arthritis: Comparative Effectiveness Up To 48 Weeks Using A Matching-Adjusted Indirect Comparison., Peter Nash, Iain B McInnes, Philip Mease, Howard Thom, Matthias Hunger, Andreas Karabis, Kunal Gandhi, Shephard Mpofu, Steffen M Jugl 2018 Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Secukinumab Versus Adalimumab For Psoriatic Arthritis: Comparative Effectiveness Up To 48 Weeks Using A Matching-Adjusted Indirect Comparison., Peter Nash, Iain B Mcinnes, Philip Mease, Howard Thom, Matthias Hunger, Andreas Karabis, Kunal Gandhi, Shephard Mpofu, Steffen M Jugl

All Publications

INTRODUCTION: Secukinumab and adalimumab are approved for adults with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA). In the absence of direct randomized controlled trial (RCT) data, matching-adjusted indirect comparison can estimate the comparative effectiveness in anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-naïve populations.

METHODS: Individual patient data from the FUTURE 2 RCT (secukinumab vs. placebo; N = 299) were adjusted to match baseline characteristics of the ADEPT RCT (adalimumab vs. placebo; N = 313). Logistic regression determined adjustment weights for age, body weight, sex, race, methotrexate use, psoriasis affecting ≥ 3% of body surface area, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index score, presence ...


Secukinumab Improves Active Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms And Inhibits Radiographic Progression: Primary Results From The Randomised, Double-Blind, Phase Iii Future 5 Study., Philip Mease, Désirée van der Heijde, Robert Landewé, Shephard Mpofu, Proton Rahman, Hasan Tahir, Atul Singhal, Elke Boettcher, Sandra Navarra, Karin Meiser, Aimee Readie, Luminita Pricop, Ken Abrams 2018 Department of Rheumatology, Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Secukinumab Improves Active Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms And Inhibits Radiographic Progression: Primary Results From The Randomised, Double-Blind, Phase Iii Future 5 Study., Philip Mease, Désirée Van Der Heijde, Robert Landewé, Shephard Mpofu, Proton Rahman, Hasan Tahir, Atul Singhal, Elke Boettcher, Sandra Navarra, Karin Meiser, Aimee Readie, Luminita Pricop, Ken Abrams

All Publications

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of subcutaneous (s.c.) secukinumab, an interleukin-17A inhibitor, on clinical signs and symptoms and radiographic progression in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

METHODS: Adults (n=996) with active PsA were randomised 2:2:2:3 to s.c. secukinumab 300 mg or 150 mg with loading dose (LD), 150 mg without LD or placebo. All groups received secukinumab or placebo at baseline, weeks 1, 2 and 3 and then every 4 weeks from week 4. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving an American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) response at week 16 ...


Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Complicated By Fungal Osteomyelitis: Case Report And Quick Review Of The Literature., Ronen Blecher, Emre Yilmaz, Marc Moisi, Rod J Oskouian, Jens Chapman 2018 Swedish Medical Center, Swedish Neuroscience Institute

Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Complicated By Fungal Osteomyelitis: Case Report And Quick Review Of The Literature., Ronen Blecher, Emre Yilmaz, Marc Moisi, Rod J Oskouian, Jens Chapman

All Publications

The authors describe a 67-year-old man with a prior history of alcohol abuse who presented with a complaint of worsening low back pain. Four months prior to his presentation, the patient had undergone extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) of his lumbar 3-4 segment for the treatment of his chronic low back and legs pain. Imaging revealed a loosening of his interbody fusion implant on top of his prior lumbar spine instrumentation. In surgery, the removal of his loose implant was followed by decompression, the stabilization of the collapsed segment, and the implant of antibiotic-impregnated polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) spacer and beads. At ...


Melatonin-Micronutrients Osteopenia Treatment Study (Mots): A Translational Study Assessing The Effects Of Melatonin, Strontium Citrate, Vitamin D3 And Vitamin K2 On Bone Density, Bone Turnover Markers And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Postmenopausal Osteopenic Women Following A One-Year Double-Blind Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial And On Osteoblast-Osteoclast Co-Cultures, Sifat Maria 2018 Duquesne University

Melatonin-Micronutrients Osteopenia Treatment Study (Mots): A Translational Study Assessing The Effects Of Melatonin, Strontium Citrate, Vitamin D3 And Vitamin K2 On Bone Density, Bone Turnover Markers And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Postmenopausal Osteopenic Women Following A One-Year Double-Blind Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial And On Osteoblast-Osteoclast Co-Cultures, Sifat Maria

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess if a novel combination of melatonin and three other natural bone-aiding micronutrients: strontium citrate, vitamins D3 and K2 (MSDK) could improve bone health by modulating the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts in favor of balanced bone remodeling and by improving the overall health-related quality of life in postmenopausal osteopenic women.

Methods: The Melatonin-micronutrients Osteopenia Treatment Study (MOTS) is a translational research study that used both clinical and in vitro approaches to assess the efficacy of MSDK on bone health in women and to identify potential mechanisms for its effects ...


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko 2018 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko

Timothy Wilson-Byrne MD

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed.

Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells.

Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies.

Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko 2018 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko

John J. Jasko

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed. Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells. Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies. Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


Tibial Fracture Nonunions Following Intramedullary Nailing: An Application Of Logistic Regression, Katherine Wu 2018 Lehigh University

Tibial Fracture Nonunions Following Intramedullary Nailing: An Application Of Logistic Regression, Katherine Wu

Eckardt Scholars Projects

This paper utilizes the principles of logistic regression analysis to study patient factors that are strongly linked to the outcome of intramedullary nail surgery. This surgery is performed on fractured tibial bones to bring the bone back to union, or a state of connection again. The alternative result of the surgery is nonunion, or a state in which the bone does not heal properly. This paper draws from a recent publication in the Journal of Orthopedic Trauma, “Tibial fracture nonunion and time to healing following reamed intramedullary nailing” (Dailey, Wu, Wu, McQueen, & Court-Brown, 2018).


Multimodal Pain Management Protocol Versus Patient Controlled Narcotic Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Control After Shoulder Arthroplasty, Thema Nicholson, Mitchell Maltenfort, Charles Getz, Mark Lazarus, Gerald R. Williams, Surena Namdari 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Multimodal Pain Management Protocol Versus Patient Controlled Narcotic Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Control After Shoulder Arthroplasty, Thema Nicholson, Mitchell Maltenfort, Charles Getz, Mark Lazarus, Gerald R. Williams, Surena Namdari

Rothman Institute

Background: Our institution's traditional pain management strategy after shoulder arthroplasty has involved the utilization of postoperative patient-controlled narcotic analgesia. More recently, we have implemented a protocol (TLC) that utilizes a multimodal approach. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this change has improved pain control and decreased narcotic utilization. Methods: Patients undergoing primary total shoulder or reverse arthroplasty were retrospectively studied. All patients underwent interscalene brachial plexus blockade. "Traditional" patients were provided a patient-controlled analgesic pump postoperatively. TLC patients were given preoperative and postoperative multimodal, non-narcotic analgesic medications and breakthrough narcotics. Morphine equivalent units (MEU) consumed and ...


Corticosteroid Administration To Prevent Complications Of Anterior Cervical Spine Fusion: A Systematic Review., Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Seyed Behnam Jazayeri, Aidin Abedi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar 2018 Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Corticosteroid Administration To Prevent Complications Of Anterior Cervical Spine Fusion: A Systematic Review., Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Seyed Behnam Jazayeri, Aidin Abedi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar

Rothman Institute

Study Design: Systematic review.

Objectives: Anterior cervical approach is associated with complications such as dysphagia and airway compromise. In this study, we aimed to systematically review the literature on the efficacy and safety of corticosteroid administration as a preventive measure of such complications in anterior cervical spine surgery with fusion.

Methods: Following a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases in July 2016, all comparative human studies that evaluated the effect of steroids for prevention of complications in anterior cervical spine surgery with fusion were included, irrespective of number of levels and language. Risk of bias was assessed ...


Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin 2018 Liberty University

Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin

Senior Honors Theses

The structures of the spinal cord and vertebral column are designed to provide flexibility, while still providing ample protection for the spinal cord deep within. While it does offer remarkable protection against most routine trauma, the spinal cord is still vulnerable to high-force etiologies of trauma and may become damaged as a result. These events are referred to as primary injury. Following the initial injury, the body’s own physiological responses cause a cascade of deleterious effects, known as secondary injury. Secondary injury is a major therapeutic target in mitigating the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI), and much research ...


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Ammar Qureshi, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko, Charles Giangarra 2018 Marshall University

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Ammar Qureshi, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko, Charles Giangarra

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed.

Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells.

Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies.

Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


Pyomyositis Mistaken For Septic Hip Arthritis In Children: The Role Of Mri In Diagnosis And Management, Franklin D. Shuler, Grant S. Buchanan, Cody Stover, Brock Johnson, Milad Modarresi, John J. Jasko 2018 Marshall University

Pyomyositis Mistaken For Septic Hip Arthritis In Children: The Role Of Mri In Diagnosis And Management, Franklin D. Shuler, Grant S. Buchanan, Cody Stover, Brock Johnson, Milad Modarresi, John J. Jasko

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Septic arthritis is an orthopaedic emergency which requires timely management to prevent joint destruction and poor outcome. Differentiating septic arthritis from transient synovitis in pediatric patients is aided by the use of Kocher criteria which have excellent sensitivity but lack specificity. In addition to these two disorders, primary pyomyositis is bacterial infection of skeletal muscle that most commonly affects children. Patients present with pain, swelling, fever, and elevated inflammatory markers which mimics septic arthritis. If left untreated, pyomyositis can lead to abscess formation and sepsis.

Due to potential for nearly identical presentations of septic arthritis and pyomyositis, differentiation of these ...


A Web-Based Treatment Decision Support Tool For Patients With Advanced Knee Arthritis: Evaluation Of User Interface And Content Design, Hua Zheng, Milagros C. Rosal, Wenjun Li, Amy Borg, Wenyun Yang, David C. Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Web-Based Treatment Decision Support Tool For Patients With Advanced Knee Arthritis: Evaluation Of User Interface And Content Design, Hua Zheng, Milagros C. Rosal, Wenjun Li, Amy Borg, Wenyun Yang, David C. Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Data-driven surgical decisions will ensure proper use and timing of surgical care. We developed a Web-based patient-centered treatment decision and assessment tool to guide treatment decisions among patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis who are considering total knee replacement surgery.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine user experience and acceptance of the Web-based treatment decision support tool among older adults.

METHODS: User-centered formative and summative evaluations were conducted for the tool. A sample of 28 patients who were considering total knee replacement participated in the study. Participants' responses to the user interface design, the clarity of information ...


Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith 2018 Carroll College

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


Lumbar Decompression Surgery: Does Chronic Steroid Use Increase The Risk Of Postoperative Infectious Complications? – A Study Of The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (Nsqip) Database, Shane Sobrio, Mikel Thista, Raj Rao, Alex Gu, Chapman Wei, Warren Yu 2018 George Washington University

Lumbar Decompression Surgery: Does Chronic Steroid Use Increase The Risk Of Postoperative Infectious Complications? – A Study Of The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (Nsqip) Database, Shane Sobrio, Mikel Thista, Raj Rao, Alex Gu, Chapman Wei, Warren Yu

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Intro: It has long been established that corticosteroids have a negative impact on the human immune system’s ability to function at an optimal level. Many past studies have shown that patient’s will have higher rates of infection if they are taking chronic steroids. What has yet to be established is just how much of an increased risk patients on chronic steroids have for infection after undergoing lumbar decompression surgeries, of which there are thousands per year. We hypothesize that patients on chronic steroids will have higher rates of surgical site infections and higher rates of other infections (UTI ...


Total Hip Arthroplasty: Copd And Its Effect On Postoperative Complications, Camille Boustani, Shane A. Sobrio, Alex Gu, Chapman Wei, Andrew Holmes 2018 George Washington University

Total Hip Arthroplasty: Copd And Its Effect On Postoperative Complications, Camille Boustani, Shane A. Sobrio, Alex Gu, Chapman Wei, Andrew Holmes

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Introduction

The demand for Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) has rapidly risen and continues to due to high success rates of this procedure and the growing aging population. Particularly in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), studies have indicated an increased risk of various postoperative complications across several surgery types. Despite the prevalence of COPD, very little has been investigated regarding postsurgical complications in patients with COPD following a THA. The aim of the current study is to utilize the NSQIP database and determine differences in short-term postoperative complications after undergoing THA, comparing patients with and without COPD.

Methods

In total, 74 ...


Risk For Post-Spinal Surgery Complications Associated With Pre-Operative Blood Transfusions, Ryan Lee, William Probasco, Alex Gu, Raj Rao 2018 George Washington University

Risk For Post-Spinal Surgery Complications Associated With Pre-Operative Blood Transfusions, Ryan Lee, William Probasco, Alex Gu, Raj Rao

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Introduction: The frequency of spinal surgeries has increased dramatically in the United States over the past decade and, as with all surgeries, spinal procedures carry inherent risks for complications after the operation. Recently, it has been recognized that procedures in which intra-operative/post-operative blood transfusions are administered carry a higher risk of postoperative morbidity and increased length of hospital stay (Seisean et al.). Despite this, there is little literature, currently, analyzing post-operative complications associated with blood transfusions taking place 72 hours prior to spinal operations. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of pre-operative blood transfusions in ...


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