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The Perioperative Patient Experience Of Hand And Wrist Surgical Patients: An Exploratory Study Using Patient Journey Mapping, Else F. de Ridder, Tessa Dekkers, Jarry T. Porsius, Gerald Kraan, Marijke Melles 2018 Delft University of Technology, Delft

The Perioperative Patient Experience Of Hand And Wrist Surgical Patients: An Exploratory Study Using Patient Journey Mapping, Else F. De Ridder, Tessa Dekkers, Jarry T. Porsius, Gerald Kraan, Marijke Melles

Patient Experience Journal

Patient-centred care is becoming more important in healthcare. The success of patient-centred care can be assessed by exploring the patient experience through a patient journey map. As the number of outpatient surgeries is increasing, it is important to reveal the specific characteristics of this type of surgery. The perioperative patient experience is considered very important for outpatient surgery, because all perioperative activities are condensed in one day. To investigate this experience, we performed a case study of hand and wrist surgery. Six teams of two industrial design engineering students interviewed 40 patients in total in two private and two public ...


Optimizing Quality Of Care By Patient Satisfaction For The Department Of Orthopaedics - A Survey Study, Milad Modarresi, Ammar Qureshi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Meghan Anderson, Felix Cheung 2018 Marshall University

Optimizing Quality Of Care By Patient Satisfaction For The Department Of Orthopaedics - A Survey Study, Milad Modarresi, Ammar Qureshi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Meghan Anderson, Felix Cheung

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Introduction: Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and System (HCAHPS) has provided a standardized survey method in order to evaluate the patient’s satisfaction on the care they are provided. While overall patient satisfaction is clearly a multidimensional concept, the HCAHPS survey covers 8 domains of health care. This study tries to identify and establish the main determinants to patient’s level of satisfaction during their visit to Cabell Huntington Hospital Orthopaedics department.

Methods: Data was collected from surveys handed in 3 consecutive months; June, July and August of 2013. Sixteen questions were selected from HCAHPS that were appraised to ...


The Impact Of Free Radical Stabilization Techniques On In Vivo Property Changes In Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Acetabular Liners, Michael M. Decker . 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Impact Of Free Radical Stabilization Techniques On In Vivo Property Changes In Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Acetabular Liners, Michael M. Decker .

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) was introduced into total hip arthroplasty (THA) to reduce long-term wear-related complications. However, HXLPE production and in vivo oxidation can alter mechanical behavior. Mechanical failure of HXLPE liners at the implant rim have been reported. The purpose of this thesis is to determine if thermal free radical stabilization techniques used in HXLPE production alter the mechanical properties, physical properties and oxidative stability of liner rims after extended in vivo time.

Retrieved remelted, single annealed and sequentially annealed HXLPE liner rims were mechanically tested using a validated microindentation technique. Oxidation and crystalline phase composition were measured. Results ...


Reconstruction Of Heel Soft Tissue Defects Using Sensate Medial Plantar Flap, Mihaela Pertea, Natalia Velenciuc, Oxana Grosu, Bogdan Veliceasa, Vladimir Poroch, Sorinel Lunca 2018 Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi, St. Spiridon Emergency County Hospital, Department of Plastic Surgery and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Iasi, Romania

Reconstruction Of Heel Soft Tissue Defects Using Sensate Medial Plantar Flap, Mihaela Pertea, Natalia Velenciuc, Oxana Grosu, Bogdan Veliceasa, Vladimir Poroch, Sorinel Lunca

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. Reconstruction of heel soft tissue defects represents a true challenge for any surgeon due to the particularities of this anatomical region. The tissue used to reconstruct the heel area must be resistant, innervated, and adapted to take over the body weight. Innervated medial plantar fasciocutaneous flap is one of the best solutions to cover defects at the heel level.

Materials and Methods. We studied 5 patients, 4 males and one female, aged 42 to 67 years, who presented heel soft tissue defects of various etiologies. In all cases, the used reconstructive method was an insular innervated medial plantar fasciocutaneous ...


Severe Lumbar Disability Is Associated With Decreased Psoas Cross-Sectional Area In Degenerative Spondylolisthesis, Scott C. Wagner, Arjun S. Sebastian, James C. McKenzie, Joseph S. Butler, Ian D. Kaye, Patrick B. Morrissey, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Christopher K. Kepler 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Severe Lumbar Disability Is Associated With Decreased Psoas Cross-Sectional Area In Degenerative Spondylolisthesis, Scott C. Wagner, Arjun S. Sebastian, James C. Mckenzie, Joseph S. Butler, Ian D. Kaye, Patrick B. Morrissey, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Christopher K. Kepler

Rothman Institute

Study Design: Retrospective cohort. Objectives: Alterations in lumbar paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) may correlate with lumbar pathology. The purpose of this study was to compare paraspinal CSA in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis and severe lumbar disability to those with mild or moderate lumbar disability, as determined by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 101 patients undergoing lumbar fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis. Patients were divided into ODI score ≤40 (mild/moderate disability, MMD) and ODI score >40 (severe disability, SD) groups. The total CSA of the psoas and paraspinal muscles were measured on ...


Strategies To Increase Early Discharges To Decrease Hospital Length Of Stay And Avoidable Patient Days For Neuro-Spine Patients, Corey Fravert, R6, Trauma Team, Rehab Medicine, Neurosurgery, Joy Moody, Mark Parker, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks 2018 Maine Medical Center

Strategies To Increase Early Discharges To Decrease Hospital Length Of Stay And Avoidable Patient Days For Neuro-Spine Patients, Corey Fravert, R6, Trauma Team, Rehab Medicine, Neurosurgery, Joy Moody, Mark Parker, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks

Operational Excellence

STRATEGIES TO INCREASE MORNING DISCHARGES IN AN ACADEMIC TERTIARY HOSPITAL

Delays in patient discharge result in numerous negative impacts on the health care system. Amongst those are a reduced patient flow and satisfaction, long wait times, and physician/ staff frustration.

An inpatient neurotrauma unit initiated a performance improvement project that utilized a multidisciplinary approach to identify barriers to discharge and coordinate a discharge plan focused on neurospine patients.

A root cause analysis was conducted to collect reasons that these patients were not discharged by 11:00am. As a result of the findings, 4 performance improvement plans were created. Subsequent data ...


Quantitative Assessment Of The Anatomical Footprint Of The C1 Pedicle Relative To The Lateral Mass: A Guide For C1 Lateral Mass Fixation, Brian W. Su, Alexander A. Theologis, Robert H. Byers, Adam L. Shimer, Gregory D. Schroeder, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Bobby Tay 2018 Mt Tam Orthopedics and Spine Center

Quantitative Assessment Of The Anatomical Footprint Of The C1 Pedicle Relative To The Lateral Mass: A Guide For C1 Lateral Mass Fixation, Brian W. Su, Alexander A. Theologis, Robert H. Byers, Adam L. Shimer, Gregory D. Schroeder, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Bobby Tay

Rothman Institute

Study Design: Anatomic study. Objectives: To determine the relationship of the anatomical footprint of the C1 pedicle relative to the lateral mass (LM). Methods: Anatomic measurements were made on fresh frozen human cadaveric C1 specimens: pedicle width/height, LM width/height (minimum/maximum), LM depth, distance between LM’s medial aspect and pedicle’s medial border, distance between LM’s lateral aspect to pedicle’s lateral border, distance between pedicle’s inferior aspect and LM’s inferior border, distance between arch’s midline and pedicle’s medial border. The percentage of LM medial to the pedicle and the distance from ...


Comparison Of Osteoporosis Pharmacotherapy Fracture Rates: Analysis Of A Marketscan® Claims Database Cohort, Alan W. Reynolds, Guodong Liu, Paul T. Kocis, Jenna N. Skowronski, Douglas L. Leslie, Edward J. Fox 2018 Pennsylvania State College of Medicine

Comparison Of Osteoporosis Pharmacotherapy Fracture Rates: Analysis Of A Marketscan® Claims Database Cohort, Alan W. Reynolds, Guodong Liu, Paul T. Kocis, Jenna N. Skowronski, Douglas L. Leslie, Edward J. Fox

Student Papers

Background: Several different classes of medications have been shown to be efficacious at preventing fractures in patients with osteoporosis. No study has compared real world efficacy at preventing fractures between all currently approved medications.

Objectives: To directly compare the efficacy of all currently available osteoporosis medications by using a large population claims database.

Methods: The Truven Health Analytics MarketScan® database from 2008 - 2012 was used to identify all patients who started a new osteoporosis medication. Patients who experienced a fracture after at least 12 months of treatment were identified and risk factors for fracture for all patients were recorded. Logistic ...


Injuries In The Chinese Arena Football League: American Versus Chinese Players., Tianwu Chen, Austin Wetzler, Scott Singer, Michael Feldman, David Rubenstein, Gunnar Gillespie, Shiyi Chen, Merrick Wetzler 2018 Fudan University

Injuries In The Chinese Arena Football League: American Versus Chinese Players., Tianwu Chen, Austin Wetzler, Scott Singer, Michael Feldman, David Rubenstein, Gunnar Gillespie, Shiyi Chen, Merrick Wetzler

Rothman Institute

Background: Arena football is an indoor version of American football played in indoor arenas on a smaller field with 8 players per team. Only 1 study has evaluated injury rates in arena football, and no study had compared 2 distinct cohorts of players.

Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare injury rates in American versus Chinese athletes in the Chinese Arena Football League. Our hypothesis was that the rate of significant injuries (≥7 days of time lost from play) would be statistically significantly higher in Chinese athletes.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2 ...


Secukinumab Improves Active Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms And Inhibits Radiographic Progression: Primary Results From The Randomised, Double-Blind, Phase Iii Future 5 Study., Philip Mease, Désirée van der Heijde, Robert Landewé, Shephard Mpofu, Proton Rahman, Hasan Tahir, Atul Singhal, Elke Boettcher, Sandra Navarra, Karin Meiser, Aimee Readie, Luminita Pricop, Ken Abrams 2018 Department of Rheumatology, Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Secukinumab Improves Active Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms And Inhibits Radiographic Progression: Primary Results From The Randomised, Double-Blind, Phase Iii Future 5 Study., Philip Mease, Désirée Van Der Heijde, Robert Landewé, Shephard Mpofu, Proton Rahman, Hasan Tahir, Atul Singhal, Elke Boettcher, Sandra Navarra, Karin Meiser, Aimee Readie, Luminita Pricop, Ken Abrams

Journal Articles and Abstracts

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of subcutaneous (s.c.) secukinumab, an interleukin-17A inhibitor, on clinical signs and symptoms and radiographic progression in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

METHODS: Adults (n=996) with active PsA were randomised 2:2:2:3 to s.c. secukinumab 300 mg or 150 mg with loading dose (LD), 150 mg without LD or placebo. All groups received secukinumab or placebo at baseline, weeks 1, 2 and 3 and then every 4 weeks from week 4. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving an American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) response at week 16 ...


Secukinumab Versus Adalimumab For Psoriatic Arthritis: Comparative Effectiveness Up To 48 Weeks Using A Matching-Adjusted Indirect Comparison., Peter Nash, Iain B McInnes, Philip Mease, Howard Thom, Matthias Hunger, Andreas Karabis, Kunal Gandhi, Shephard Mpofu, Steffen M Jugl 2018 Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Secukinumab Versus Adalimumab For Psoriatic Arthritis: Comparative Effectiveness Up To 48 Weeks Using A Matching-Adjusted Indirect Comparison., Peter Nash, Iain B Mcinnes, Philip Mease, Howard Thom, Matthias Hunger, Andreas Karabis, Kunal Gandhi, Shephard Mpofu, Steffen M Jugl

Journal Articles and Abstracts

INTRODUCTION: Secukinumab and adalimumab are approved for adults with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA). In the absence of direct randomized controlled trial (RCT) data, matching-adjusted indirect comparison can estimate the comparative effectiveness in anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-naïve populations.

METHODS: Individual patient data from the FUTURE 2 RCT (secukinumab vs. placebo; N = 299) were adjusted to match baseline characteristics of the ADEPT RCT (adalimumab vs. placebo; N = 313). Logistic regression determined adjustment weights for age, body weight, sex, race, methotrexate use, psoriasis affecting ≥ 3% of body surface area, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index score, presence ...


Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Complicated By Fungal Osteomyelitis: Case Report And Quick Review Of The Literature., Ronen Blecher, Emre Yilmaz, Marc Moisi, Rod J Oskouian, Jens Chapman 2018 Swedish Medical Center, Swedish Neuroscience Institute

Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Complicated By Fungal Osteomyelitis: Case Report And Quick Review Of The Literature., Ronen Blecher, Emre Yilmaz, Marc Moisi, Rod J Oskouian, Jens Chapman

Journal Articles and Abstracts

The authors describe a 67-year-old man with a prior history of alcohol abuse who presented with a complaint of worsening low back pain. Four months prior to his presentation, the patient had undergone extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) of his lumbar 3-4 segment for the treatment of his chronic low back and legs pain. Imaging revealed a loosening of his interbody fusion implant on top of his prior lumbar spine instrumentation. In surgery, the removal of his loose implant was followed by decompression, the stabilization of the collapsed segment, and the implant of antibiotic-impregnated polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) spacer and beads. At ...


Melatonin-Micronutrients Osteopenia Treatment Study (Mots): A Translational Study Assessing The Effects Of Melatonin, Strontium Citrate, Vitamin D3 And Vitamin K2 On Bone Density, Bone Turnover Markers And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Postmenopausal Osteopenic Women Following A One-Year Double-Blind Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial And On Osteoblast-Osteoclast Co-Cultures, Sifat Maria 2018 Duquesne University

Melatonin-Micronutrients Osteopenia Treatment Study (Mots): A Translational Study Assessing The Effects Of Melatonin, Strontium Citrate, Vitamin D3 And Vitamin K2 On Bone Density, Bone Turnover Markers And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Postmenopausal Osteopenic Women Following A One-Year Double-Blind Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial And On Osteoblast-Osteoclast Co-Cultures, Sifat Maria

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess if a novel combination of melatonin and three other natural bone-aiding micronutrients: strontium citrate, vitamins D3 and K2 (MSDK) could improve bone health by modulating the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts in favor of balanced bone remodeling and by improving the overall health-related quality of life in postmenopausal osteopenic women.

Methods: The Melatonin-micronutrients Osteopenia Treatment Study (MOTS) is a translational research study that used both clinical and in vitro approaches to assess the efficacy of MSDK on bone health in women and to identify potential mechanisms for its effects ...


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko 2018 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko

Timothy Wilson-Byrne MD

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed.

Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells.

Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies.

Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko 2018 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko

John J. Jasko

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed. Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells. Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies. Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


Tibial Fracture Nonunions Following Intramedullary Nailing: An Application Of Logistic Regression, Katherine Wu 2018 Lehigh University

Tibial Fracture Nonunions Following Intramedullary Nailing: An Application Of Logistic Regression, Katherine Wu

Eckardt Scholars Projects

This paper utilizes the principles of logistic regression analysis to study patient factors that are strongly linked to the outcome of intramedullary nail surgery. This surgery is performed on fractured tibial bones to bring the bone back to union, or a state of connection again. The alternative result of the surgery is nonunion, or a state in which the bone does not heal properly. This paper draws from a recent publication in the Journal of Orthopedic Trauma, “Tibial fracture nonunion and time to healing following reamed intramedullary nailing” (Dailey, Wu, Wu, McQueen, & Court-Brown, 2018).


Multimodal Pain Management Protocol Versus Patient Controlled Narcotic Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Control After Shoulder Arthroplasty, Thema Nicholson, Mitchell Maltenfort, Charles Getz, Mark Lazarus, Gerald R. Williams, Surena Namdari 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Multimodal Pain Management Protocol Versus Patient Controlled Narcotic Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Control After Shoulder Arthroplasty, Thema Nicholson, Mitchell Maltenfort, Charles Getz, Mark Lazarus, Gerald R. Williams, Surena Namdari

Rothman Institute

Background: Our institution's traditional pain management strategy after shoulder arthroplasty has involved the utilization of postoperative patient-controlled narcotic analgesia. More recently, we have implemented a protocol (TLC) that utilizes a multimodal approach. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this change has improved pain control and decreased narcotic utilization. Methods: Patients undergoing primary total shoulder or reverse arthroplasty were retrospectively studied. All patients underwent interscalene brachial plexus blockade. "Traditional" patients were provided a patient-controlled analgesic pump postoperatively. TLC patients were given preoperative and postoperative multimodal, non-narcotic analgesic medications and breakthrough narcotics. Morphine equivalent units (MEU) consumed and ...


Corticosteroid Administration To Prevent Complications Of Anterior Cervical Spine Fusion: A Systematic Review., Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Seyed Behnam Jazayeri, Aidin Abedi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar 2018 Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Corticosteroid Administration To Prevent Complications Of Anterior Cervical Spine Fusion: A Systematic Review., Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Seyed Behnam Jazayeri, Aidin Abedi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar

Rothman Institute

Study Design: Systematic review.

Objectives: Anterior cervical approach is associated with complications such as dysphagia and airway compromise. In this study, we aimed to systematically review the literature on the efficacy and safety of corticosteroid administration as a preventive measure of such complications in anterior cervical spine surgery with fusion.

Methods: Following a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases in July 2016, all comparative human studies that evaluated the effect of steroids for prevention of complications in anterior cervical spine surgery with fusion were included, irrespective of number of levels and language. Risk of bias was assessed ...


Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin 2018 Liberty University

Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin

Senior Honors Theses

The structures of the spinal cord and vertebral column are designed to provide flexibility, while still providing ample protection for the spinal cord deep within. While it does offer remarkable protection against most routine trauma, the spinal cord is still vulnerable to high-force etiologies of trauma and may become damaged as a result. These events are referred to as primary injury. Following the initial injury, the body’s own physiological responses cause a cascade of deleterious effects, known as secondary injury. Secondary injury is a major therapeutic target in mitigating the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI), and much research ...


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Ammar Qureshi, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko, Charles Giangarra 2018 Marshall University

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Ammar Qureshi, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko, Charles Giangarra

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed.

Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells.

Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies.

Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


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