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Intra-Articular Tranexamic Acid During Total Knee Arthroplasty, Ahmed F. Khan 2018 Beaumont Hospital- Wayne

Intra-Articular Tranexamic Acid During Total Knee Arthroplasty, Ahmed F. Khan

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

An informed consent conversation regarding bleeding risk prior to total knee arthroplasty in an elderly patient with chronic kidney disease.


A Common Pain In Pregnancy With An Uncommon Cause, Jennifer Baima, Amrit V. Vinod, Mathew J. Most 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Common Pain In Pregnancy With An Uncommon Cause, Jennifer Baima, Amrit V. Vinod, Mathew J. Most

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Case Diagnosis: We present a case of a patient with hip pain during pregnancy determined to be pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS).

Case Description: A 41-year-old woman presented with 9-months of persistent atraumatic left hip pain localized to the groin that had started in her second trimester of pregnancy. Five months after delivery at presentation to clinic, her symptoms had progressively worsened to require a cane for ambulation.

On exam, hip range of motion was limited: flexion to 90o, external rotation to 20o, and internal rotation to 10o. She had groin pain with internal and external rotation. She ...


Positioning Of Patients For Pelvic Radiation: Variability Across Treatment, Mashhood Ahmad Bodla, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima, Janaki Moni 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Positioning Of Patients For Pelvic Radiation: Variability Across Treatment, Mashhood Ahmad Bodla, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima, Janaki Moni

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Objectives: We aimed to determine the variability in position of the pelvis for patients while receiving daily radiation treatments for pelvic malignancies.

Design: Therapeutic radiation targets lymph nodes that lie along the curvature of the sacrum. Any change in pelvic tilt could inadvertently move these targets in or out of the radiation field. This variability has clinical significance both to target cancerous lymph nodes and avoid healthy sacrum.

To better understand this variability, we observed trends in the change in the sacral slope. This measurement was chosen because it is an objective radiographic finding, there is no significant difference between ...


Nonoperative Approach To Treatment Of A Gluteus Medius Tear, Jason Yang, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Nonoperative Approach To Treatment Of A Gluteus Medius Tear, Jason Yang, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Case Diagnosis: We present two cases of atraumatic gluteus medius tear.

Case Description: Patient 1 is a 58-year-old female with right gluteal and hip pain. On physical exam, there was focal tenderness in the right gluteal area with pain on external rotation of the right hip and an antalgic gait.

Patient 2 is an 82-year-old male status-post left gluteus medius repair with subsequent revision. Since the surgery, the patient continued to have episodic left hip pain and suffered multiple falls. Physical exam demonstrated limited left hip abduction and tenderness of the iliopsoas muscle.

Both patients exhibited a sedentary lifestyle and ...


In-Home Delivery Of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Via Virtual Reality Gaming, Alexandra L. Borstad, Roger Crawfis, Kala Phillips, Linda Pax Lowes, David Maung, Ryan McPherson, Amelia Siles, Lise Worthen-Chaudhari, Lynne V. Gauthier 2018 College of St. Scholastica

In-Home Delivery Of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Via Virtual Reality Gaming, Alexandra L. Borstad, Roger Crawfis, Kala Phillips, Linda Pax Lowes, David Maung, Ryan Mcpherson, Amelia Siles, Lise Worthen-Chaudhari, Lynne V. Gauthier

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: People with chronic hemiparesis are frequently dissatisfied with the recovery of their hand and arm, yet many lack access to effective treatments. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) effectively increases arm function and spontaneous use in persons with chronic hemiparesis. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and measure safety and outcomes of an in-home model of delivering CI therapy using a custom, avatar-based virtual reality game.

Methods: Seventeen individuals with chronic hemiparesis participated in this pretest/posttest quasi-experimental design study. The 10-day intervention had three components: 1) high-repetition motor practice using virtual reality gaming; 2) constraint ...


A Case Review Of A Morel Lavellee Lesion With Delayed Presentation, Ammar Qureshi, Pradeep Monoot 2018 Marshall University

A Case Review Of A Morel Lavellee Lesion With Delayed Presentation, Ammar Qureshi, Pradeep Monoot

Marshall Journal of Medicine

A Morel Lavellee lesion is a relatively rare post traumatic condition which is missed at the time of early presentation. It involves a closed internal degloving injury where the subcutaneous tissue is torn away from the underlying fascia and thus creating a cavity containing hematoma and necrotic fat. It occurs most commonly over the greater trochanter. The lesion can be treated conservatively and surgically. Here we report an unusually delayed presentation of a Morel Lavellee lesion that was treated by incisions, drainage and primary closure.


Role Of Extent Of Resection On Quality Of Life In Patients With Newly Diagnosed Gbm., Usama Khalid Choudry, Huzaifa Ismail Shaikh, Areeba Nisar, Saad Akhtar Khan, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim 2018 Aga Khan University

Role Of Extent Of Resection On Quality Of Life In Patients With Newly Diagnosed Gbm., Usama Khalid Choudry, Huzaifa Ismail Shaikh, Areeba Nisar, Saad Akhtar Khan, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim

Section of Orthopaedic Surgery

Abstract

Glioblastomas known for their adverse outcomes are most reportedly managed by surgical resection. Studies on the impact of (Extent of Resection) EOR against Quality of Life (QOL) are very limited. We have collected data from recent studies in this review to extract a general consensus among the neurosurgeons regarding the EOR. Key parameters like functional independence, neurocognitive improvements and global health status have been explored in the context of QOL. The currently available data suggests that an increased EOR may help improve QOL in GBM patients. With the help of recent advancements it may be possible to attain a ...


Total Knee Arthroplasty: Does Day Of Surgery Matter?, Azeem Tariq Malik, Muhammad Shahid Khan, syed arif ali Mr, Shahryar noordin, Syed Hamza Mufarrih 2018 Aga Khan University

Total Knee Arthroplasty: Does Day Of Surgery Matter?, Azeem Tariq Malik, Muhammad Shahid Khan, Syed Arif Ali Mr, Shahryar Noordin, Syed Hamza Mufarrih

Section of Orthopaedic Surgery

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

There has been an influx of research studies aimed at identifying all factors that contribute to minimizing cost and maximizing postoperative care after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Length of stay (LOS) has been defined as a significant factor that contributes to increased burden. We aimed at looking whether day of surgery has any significant effect on the LOS and postoperative complications following total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Retrospective cohort study done at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan, from January 2007 to December 2015. A total of 611 patients who underwent a unilateral or bilateral total ...


Season Of The Year Influences Infection Rates Following Total Hip Arthroplasty, Samuel Rosas, Alvin C. Ong, Leonard T. Buller, Karim G. Sabeh, Tsun yee Law, Martin W. Roche, Victor H. Hernandez 2017 Wake Forest School of Medicine; Holy Cross Orthopedic Institute

Season Of The Year Influences Infection Rates Following Total Hip Arthroplasty, Samuel Rosas, Alvin C. Ong, Leonard T. Buller, Karim G. Sabeh, Tsun Yee Law, Martin W. Roche, Victor H. Hernandez

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

To research the influence of season of the year on periprosthetic joint infections. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of the entire Medicare files from 2005 to 2014. Seasons were classified as spring, summer, fall or winter. Regional variations were accounted for by dividing patients into four geographic regions as per the United States Census Bureau (Northeast, Midwest, West and South). Acute postoperative infection and deep periprosthetic infections within 90 d after surgery were tracked. RESULTS In all regions, winter had the highest incidence of periprosthetic infections (mean 0.98%, SD 0.1%) and was significantly higher than other seasons ...


System For Powered Ankle-Foot Prosthesis With Active Control Of Dorsiflexion-Plantarflexion And Inversion-Eversion, Mo Rastgaar, Evandro Ficanha, Kenton Kaufman 2017 Michigan Technological University

System For Powered Ankle-Foot Prosthesis With Active Control Of Dorsiflexion-Plantarflexion And Inversion-Eversion, Mo Rastgaar, Evandro Ficanha, Kenton Kaufman

Michigan Tech Patents

A system and method for operating a prosthesis is provided. The system includes a socket configured to engage a residual limb of a subject and a shaft having a first end connected to the socket and an opposing second end. The system also includes a foot piece connected to the second end of the shaft. The foot piece includes an ankle plate and a sole piece configured to contact a surface. The system also includes at least one computer configured to detect a state of the foot piece and to transmit an indication of the state of the foot. The ...


Venous Thromboembolism Within Professional American Sport Leagues., Meghan Bishop, Matthew Astolfi, Eric M. Padegimas, Peter F. Deluca, Sommer Hammoud 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Venous Thromboembolism Within Professional American Sport Leagues., Meghan Bishop, Matthew Astolfi, Eric M. Padegimas, Peter F. Deluca, Sommer Hammoud

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: Numerous reports have described players in professional American sports leagues who have been sidelined with a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or a pulmonary embolism (PE), but little is known about the clinical implications of these events in professional athletes.

Purpose: To conduct a retrospective review of injury reports from the National Hockey League (NHL), Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Basketball Association (NBA), and the National Football League (NFL) to take a closer look at the incidence of DVT/PE, current treatment approaches, and estimated time to return to play in professional athletes.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods ...


Multimodality Minimally Invasive Treatment Of Large Joint Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Trial Of Stromal Vascular Fraction From Autologous Fat Combined With Platelet-Rich Plasma, Phil Giddings, Insiyah Campwala, Subhas Gupta 2017 Loma Linda University

Multimodality Minimally Invasive Treatment Of Large Joint Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Trial Of Stromal Vascular Fraction From Autologous Fat Combined With Platelet-Rich Plasma, Phil Giddings, Insiyah Campwala, Subhas Gupta

Loma Linda University Student Journal

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that can cause severe pain in those affected. Currently, there are no therapeutic drugs available to treat osteoarthritis. While total joint arthroplasties (TJA) allow for improved function, there are no less invasive, yet effective procedures that can be done for patients unwilling or unable to undergo major surgery.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been shown to reduce the symptoms of OA when injected into the affected joint. Patients treated by this method alone have improved self-reported pain (at least a 50% reduction from original value) as well as lower extremity function. While the effects ...


A Biomechanical Study Examining The Subacromial Balloon Spacer And Superior Capsular Reconstruction In The Treatment Of Massive, Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears, Supriya Singh 2017 The University of Western Ontario

A Biomechanical Study Examining The Subacromial Balloon Spacer And Superior Capsular Reconstruction In The Treatment Of Massive, Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears, Supriya Singh

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Rotator cuff tears are common tendon injuries and can be a major source of pain and disability. Massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears are a challenging surgical dilemma as currently there is no gold standard treatment algorithm. Multiple possible treatment options exist yet no clear guidelines for optimal surgical technique for this disorder have been established.

In this study, two new techniques described in the treatment of massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears were explored; the insertion of a subacromial balloon spacer and superior capsular reconstruction. Their ability to restore glenohumeral joint kinematics was examined in cadaveric specimens with surgically created massive ...


Antibiotic Spacers In Shoulder Arthroplasty: Comparison Of Stemmed And Stemless Implants., Eric M. Padegimas, Alexia Narzikul, Cassandra Lawrence, Benjamin A. Hendy, Joseph A. Abboud, Matthew L. Ramsey, Gerald R R. Williams, Surena Namdari 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Antibiotic Spacers In Shoulder Arthroplasty: Comparison Of Stemmed And Stemless Implants., Eric M. Padegimas, Alexia Narzikul, Cassandra Lawrence, Benjamin A. Hendy, Joseph A. Abboud, Matthew L. Ramsey, Gerald R R. Williams, Surena Namdari

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: Antibiotic spacers in shoulder periprosthetic joint infection deliver antibiotics locally and provide temporary stability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences between stemmed and stemless spacers.

Methods: All spacers placed from 2011 to 2013 were identified. Stemless spacers were made by creating a spherical ball of cement placed in the joint space. Stemmed spacers had some portion in the humeral canal. Operative time, complications, reimplantation, reinfection, and range of motion were analyzed.

Results: There were 37 spacers placed: 22 were stemless and 15 were stemmed. The stemless spacer population was older (70.9 ± 7.8 years vs ...


Platelet-Rich Plasma Injection With Percutaneous Needling For Recalcitrant Lateral Epicondylitis: Comparison Of Tenotomy And Fenestration Techniques., Michael P. Gaspar, Michael A. Motto, Sarah Lewis, Sidney M. Jacoby, Randall W. Culp, A. Lee Osterman, Patrick M. Kane 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Platelet-Rich Plasma Injection With Percutaneous Needling For Recalcitrant Lateral Epicondylitis: Comparison Of Tenotomy And Fenestration Techniques., Michael P. Gaspar, Michael A. Motto, Sarah Lewis, Sidney M. Jacoby, Randall W. Culp, A. Lee Osterman, Patrick M. Kane

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: Recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis (LE) is a common debilitating condition, with numerous treatment options of varying success. An injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been shown to improve LE, although it is unclear whether the method of needling used in conjunction with a PRP injection is of clinical importance.

Purpose: To determine whether percutaneous needle tenotomy is superior to percutaneous needle fenestration when each is combined with a PRP injection for the treatment of recalcitrant LE.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.

Methods: A total of 93 patients with recalcitrant LE were treated with a PRP injection and ...


Using Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing To Evaluate Fatigue And Post-Exertional Malaise In Me/Cfs, Christopher R. Snell, Staci R. Stevens, Todd E. Davenport, J. Mark VanNess 2017 University of the Pacific

Using Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing To Evaluate Fatigue And Post-Exertional Malaise In Me/Cfs, Christopher R. Snell, Staci R. Stevens, Todd E. Davenport, J. Mark Vanness

J. Mark VanNess

No abstract provided.


A Murine Model For Developmental Dysplasia Of The Hip: Ablation Of Cx3cr1 Affects Acetabular Morphology And Gait., George J. Feldman, Arlene Offemaria, Hind Sawan, Javad Parvizi, Theresa A. Freeman 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

A Murine Model For Developmental Dysplasia Of The Hip: Ablation Of Cx3cr1 Affects Acetabular Morphology And Gait., George J. Feldman, Arlene Offemaria, Hind Sawan, Javad Parvizi, Theresa A. Freeman

Rothman Institute

BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a debilitating condition whose distinguishing signs include incomplete formation of the acetabulum leading to dislocation of the femur, accelerated wear of the articular cartilage and joint laxity resulting in osteoarthritis. It is a complex disorder having environmental and genetic causes. Existing techniques fail to detect milder forms of DDH in newborns leading to hip osteoarthritis in young adults. A sensitive, specific and cost effective test would allow identification of newborns that could be non-invasively corrected by the use of a Pavlik harness. Previously, we identified a 2.5 MB candidate region on ...


Legal Aspects Of Aerobic Capacity: Objective Evidence Of The Ability To Work, Margaret E. Ciccolella, Tommy Boone, Todd E. Davenport 2017 University of the Pacific

Legal Aspects Of Aerobic Capacity: Objective Evidence Of The Ability To Work, Margaret E. Ciccolella, Tommy Boone, Todd E. Davenport

Margaret Ciccolella

The article discusses the legality of aerobic capacity testing in disability cases particularly chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). It says that aerobic capacity testing can be used to document functional impairments in patients with CFS after the failure of Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) in evaluating the ability to work of CFS patients who claim for insurance benefits. It presents case law reviews that illustrate the importance of expert testimony in disability related insurance benefit.


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017, 2017 Aurora Health Care

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This supplement includes select abstracts presented at the 43rd Annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium on May 24, 2017. Aurora Scientific Day hosts a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, an integrated health system headquartered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.


Effects Of Revision Surgery On Grade Of Adverse Local Tissue Reaction Following Recall Of A Modular Hip Implant, Joseph F. Davies, Danielle M. Greer, Susan Truchan 2017 Aurora Advanced Orthopedics

Effects Of Revision Surgery On Grade Of Adverse Local Tissue Reaction Following Recall Of A Modular Hip Implant, Joseph F. Davies, Danielle M. Greer, Susan Truchan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The Stryker Rejuvenate modular hip implant device allows for greater versatility in matching a patient’s anatomy than conventional implants. Device recalls and in vivo metal hypersensitivity after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are common. However, recall of the Rejuvenate implant represents one of the largest recall volumes to date, highlighting our uncertainty regarding causes of device metal fretting/corrosion and adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR). While devices with metal-on-metal bearings historically were culprits for release of metal debris, more recently developed modular-neck devices add opportunity for adjacent metal components to rub together. With the Rejuvenate device, corrosion or fretting ...


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