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Understanding Barriers And Facilitators To Implementation Of Psychosocial Care Within Orthopedic Trauma Centers: A Qualitative Study With Multidisciplinary Stakeholders From Geographically Diverse Settings, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Jafar Bakhshaie, Mira Reichman, James Doorley, Ryan A. Mace, Cale A. Jacobs, Mitchel Harris, Kristin R. Archer, David Ring, A. Rani Elwy 2021 Massachusetts General Hospital

Understanding Barriers And Facilitators To Implementation Of Psychosocial Care Within Orthopedic Trauma Centers: A Qualitative Study With Multidisciplinary Stakeholders From Geographically Diverse Settings, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Jafar Bakhshaie, Mira Reichman, James Doorley, Ryan A. Mace, Cale A. Jacobs, Mitchel Harris, Kristin R. Archer, David Ring, A. Rani Elwy

Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are pivotal in recovery after acute orthopedic traumatic injuries. Addressing psychosocial factors is an important opportunity for preventing persistent pain and disability. We aim to identify barriers and facilitators to the implementation of psychosocial care within outpatient orthopedic trauma settings using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) and Proctor's taxonomy of implementation outcomes, and to provide implementation strategies derived from qualitative data and supplemented by the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change.

METHODS: We conducted live video qualitative focus groups, exit interviews and individual interviews with stakeholders within 3 geographically diverse level 1 trauma settings (N ...


Mechanisms Of Reducing Joint Stiffness By Blocking Collagen Fibrillogenesis In A Rabbit Model Of Posttraumatic Arthrofibrosis, Andrzej Steplewski, Jolanta Fertala, Ryan Tomlinson, Mark L. Wang, Allison Donahue, William V Arnold, Michael Rivlin, Pedro K Beredjiklian, Joseph A Abboud, Surena Namdari, Andrzej Fertala 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Mechanisms Of Reducing Joint Stiffness By Blocking Collagen Fibrillogenesis In A Rabbit Model Of Posttraumatic Arthrofibrosis, Andrzej Steplewski, Jolanta Fertala, Ryan Tomlinson, Mark L. Wang, Allison Donahue, William V Arnold, Michael Rivlin, Pedro K Beredjiklian, Joseph A Abboud, Surena Namdari, Andrzej Fertala

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Posttraumatic fibrotic scarring is a significant medical problem that alters the proper functioning of injured tissues. Current methods to reduce posttraumatic fibrosis rely on antiinflammatory and anti-proliferative agents with broad intracellular targets. As a result, their use is not fully effective and may cause unwanted side effects. Our group previously demonstrated that extracellular collagen fibrillogenesis is a valid and specific target to reduce collagen- rich scar buildup. Our previous studies showed that a rationally designed antibody that binds the C-terminal telopeptide of the α2(I) chain involved in the aggregation of collagen molecules limits fibril assembly in vitro and reduces ...


Long-Term Treatment With Senolytic Drugs Dasatinib And Quercetin Ameliorates Age-Dependent Intervertebral Disc Degeneration In Mice, Emanuel J Novais, Victoria Tran, Shira N Johnston, Kayla R Darris, Alex J Roupas, Garrett A Sessions, Irving Shapiro, Brian O Diekman, Makarand V Risbud 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Long-Term Treatment With Senolytic Drugs Dasatinib And Quercetin Ameliorates Age-Dependent Intervertebral Disc Degeneration In Mice, Emanuel J Novais, Victoria Tran, Shira N Johnston, Kayla R Darris, Alex J Roupas, Garrett A Sessions, Irving Shapiro, Brian O Diekman, Makarand V Risbud

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Intervertebral disc degeneration is highly prevalent within the elderly population and is a leading cause of chronic back pain and disability. Due to the link between disc degeneration and senescence, we explored the ability of the Dasatinib and Quercetin drug combination (D + Q) to prevent an age-dependent progression of disc degeneration in mice. We treated C57BL/6 mice beginning at 6, 14, and 18 months of age, and analyzed them at 23 months of age. Interestingly, 6- and 14-month D + Q cohorts show lower incidences of degeneration, and the treatment results in a significant decrease in senescence markers p16INK4a, p19ARF ...


Use Of Ultrasound-Guided Platelet-Rich Plasma In The Treatment Of Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis, Manuel Britto, Siraaj Dawood, Siyang Lu, Martin Canillas 2021 Oak Hill Hospital

Use Of Ultrasound-Guided Platelet-Rich Plasma In The Treatment Of Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis, Manuel Britto, Siraaj Dawood, Siyang Lu, Martin Canillas

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and can severely affect function and quality of life. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is derived from a patient’s own blood and has potential as an adjunct to treat OA. However, research has been limited for small joints such as the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint.

Clinical Findings

A 65-year-old Caucasian male complained of bilateral wrist and neck pain after a motor vehicle accident. His initial exam noted swelling, tenderness and pain with movement at the bilateral thumb CMC joints and anatomic snuffboxes. However, there was no strength, range of motion or tactile ...


Long-Term Sports Participation And Satisfaction After Ucl Reconstruction In Amateur Baseball Players., Robert A Jack, Somnath Rao, Taylor D'Amore, Donald Willier III, Robert Gallivan, Steven B. Cohen, Christopher C Dodson, Michael G. Ciccotti 2021 Houston Methodist Orthopedic and Sports Medicine

Long-Term Sports Participation And Satisfaction After Ucl Reconstruction In Amateur Baseball Players., Robert A Jack, Somnath Rao, Taylor D'Amore, Donald Willier Iii, Robert Gallivan, Steven B. Cohen, Christopher C Dodson, Michael G. Ciccotti

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: While the incidence of ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) has increased across all levels of play, few studies have investigated the long-term outcomes in nonprofessional athletes.

Purpose: To determine the rate of progression to higher levels of play, long-term patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and long-term patient satisfaction in nonprofessional baseball players after UCLR.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: We evaluated UCLR patients who were nonprofessional baseball athletes aged(KJOC), the Timmerman-Andrews (T-A) Elbow score, the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), and a custom return-to-play questionnaire.

Results: A total of 91 baseball players met the inclusion criteria ...


A Pilot Study Of Knee And Hip Osteoarthritis Patient Experience With Telemedicine During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Rondy M. Lazaro, Kyle J. Smith, Mohammad H. Bawany, Nathan Barford, Jennifer H. Paul 2021 University of Rochester Medical Center

A Pilot Study Of Knee And Hip Osteoarthritis Patient Experience With Telemedicine During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Rondy M. Lazaro, Kyle J. Smith, Mohammad H. Bawany, Nathan Barford, Jennifer H. Paul

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Objective: The purpose of this pilot study is to examine patients' experience and satisfaction using telemedicine for knee and hip osteoarthritis care during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: Adult patients seen via telemedicine for knee and/or hip osteoarthritis pain completed surveys through the REDCap online platform or pen/paper evaluating their experiences and satisfaction with telemedicine, assessed using yes/no and Likert scale questions. Demographic information was collected from the electronic medical record (EMR).

Results: 32 subjects (9 males, 23 females, mean age 63.2 years [SD = 12.2 years]) completed surveys. 90.6% of subjects stated that they were ...


Platelet-Rich Plasma Vs. Traditional Surgical And Nonsurgical Interventions For Rotator Cuff Tendinopathies, Nick Slingerland 2021 Augsburg University

Platelet-Rich Plasma Vs. Traditional Surgical And Nonsurgical Interventions For Rotator Cuff Tendinopathies, Nick Slingerland

Theses and Graduate Projects

Background: Rotator cuff tendinopathies present as one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries of the upper extremity. The rotator cuff consists of four muscles: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis with the supraspinatus the most injured of the group. Over time, variations regarding treatment through surgical or nonsurgical interventions have remained constant. In recent years, the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as an additional alternative has become popular to promote healing and improve functionality of the shoulder. The purpose of this clinical review using various study designs is to assess if the platelet-rich plasma injections are more effective when ...


What Treatment And Prevention Options Are The Most Effective For Elbow, Knee, And Plantar Tendinopathies?, Cody Lawson 2021 Augsburg University

What Treatment And Prevention Options Are The Most Effective For Elbow, Knee, And Plantar Tendinopathies?, Cody Lawson

Theses and Graduate Projects

Objective: Tendinopathies of the upper and lower extremity are one of the most common injuries in athletes and non-athletes in the United States. This literature review aimed to determine the most effective preventions and treatments for patients with tendinopathies.

Methods: A literature search was conducted primarily through Google Scholar and PubMed, for articles related to effective preventions and treatments for tendinopathies.

Discussion: Based on the literature review, there were multiple effective treatments and preventative measures for tendinopathies in the upper and lower extremity. The most effective preventative measures consisted of risk factors, dynamic warmups, and prevention programs. Treatments were broken ...


Pain Reduction In Chronic Lumbar Patients Using Spinal Cord Stimulation, David Botros 2021 Augsburg University

Pain Reduction In Chronic Lumbar Patients Using Spinal Cord Stimulation, David Botros

Theses and Graduate Projects

Background: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is commonly used to treat chronic neuropathic pain. A common indication for the SCS is failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). There are many interventional approaches to treating lumbar pain; however, the SCS may provide the greatest benefit in terms of health care utilization and overall pain relief to the patient.

Objective: The goal of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of SCS compared to conventional therapies such as physical therapy, oral medications, radiofrequency ablations (RFA), epidural steroid injections (ESI), and intrathecal pain pumps (IT pain pump) in patients with chronic lumbar pain due to ...


Novel Cemented Technique For Trochanteric Fixation And Reconstruction Of The Abductor Mechanism In Proximal And Total Femoral Arthroplasty: An Observational Study, Brian T. Muffly, Kyle T. Boden, Cale A. Jacobs, Patrick W. O’Donnell, Stephen T. Duncan 2021 University of Kentucky

Novel Cemented Technique For Trochanteric Fixation And Reconstruction Of The Abductor Mechanism In Proximal And Total Femoral Arthroplasty: An Observational Study, Brian T. Muffly, Kyle T. Boden, Cale A. Jacobs, Patrick W. O’Donnell, Stephen T. Duncan

Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: Little evidence exists regarding the clinical outcomes of cemented trochanteric fixation for abductor mechanism reconstruction in proximal or total femoral replacements. Clinical outcomes were assessed for a novel cemented technique for trochanteric fixation in femoral megaprostheses.

Methods: A descriptive series of 13 patients who underwent proximal or total femoral arthroplasty from 2016 to 2019 were reviewed. Radiographic trochanteric displacement > 1 cm defined construct failure. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to determine survival rates for these cemented constructs. Demographic information was obtained to better characterize the patient population in whom this technique was used.

Results: Eleven patients were included ...


Gum Chewing, Added To Conventional Feeding, Reduces Risk Of Post-Operative Ileus After Elective Hip And Knee Arthroplasty Procedures In Elderly Population: A Protocol For A Parallel Design, Open-Label, Randomized Controlled Trial, Obada Hussein Hasan, Laraib Mazhar, Ahsun Jiwani, Dilshad Begum, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, Shahryar Noordin 2021 University of Iowa, PK.

Gum Chewing, Added To Conventional Feeding, Reduces Risk Of Post-Operative Ileus After Elective Hip And Knee Arthroplasty Procedures In Elderly Population: A Protocol For A Parallel Design, Open-Label, Randomized Controlled Trial, Obada Hussein Hasan, Laraib Mazhar, Ahsun Jiwani, Dilshad Begum, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, Shahryar Noordin

Department of Medicine

Introduction: Postoperative ileus (poi) is defined as a temporary cessation of bowel movement after a surgical procedure. Cessation of bowel movement not only leads to disturbing constipation but also may lead to nausea, loss of appetite, and food intolerance. Literature reports "sham feeding" (gum-chewing) effect as an increase in chewing and saliva which enhances the gastric emptying and overall motility of gut as a cephalic phase of digestion. Therefore, we aim to assess the effect of adding gum-chewing to the conventional postoperative feeding regimen on restoring postoperative bowel function and length of stay in hospital of patients undergoing elective hip ...


Primary Leiomyosarcoma Of The Distal Tibia: A Case Report., Sachin Dheer, Pamela Gekas, Faith Schick, Homyar Karanjia, Nicholas Taweel 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Primary Leiomyosarcoma Of The Distal Tibia: A Case Report., Sachin Dheer, Pamela Gekas, Faith Schick, Homyar Karanjia, Nicholas Taweel

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

The authors present an unusual case of a leiomyosarcoma of the distal tibia. Leiomyosarcoma tumors typically originate from smooth muscle tissue. It is rare for it to derive from bone and even rarer to be found in a bone of the lower limb. Given this extreme rarity in addition to nonspecific findings on plain film radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), biopsy was needed in this case. It was only through immunochemistry staining that a definitive diagnosis was made. As such, this case is an illustrative example of an aggressive, though rare, primary lesion of the bone which should be ...


Rehabilitation And Return-To-Play Criteria After Fresh Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation: A Systematic Review., Michael Stark, Somnath Rao, Brendan Gleason, Robert A. Jack, Bradford Tucker, Sommer Hammoud, Kevin B. Freedman 2021 Rowan University

Rehabilitation And Return-To-Play Criteria After Fresh Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation: A Systematic Review., Michael Stark, Somnath Rao, Brendan Gleason, Robert A. Jack, Bradford Tucker, Sommer Hammoud, Kevin B. Freedman

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Fresh osteochondral allograft (OCA) is a treatment option that allows for the transfer of size-matched allograft cartilage and subchondral bone into articular defects of the knee. Although long-term studies show good functional improvement with OCA, there continues to be wide variability and a lack of consensus in terms of postoperative rehabilitation protocols and return to sport.

Purpose: To systematically review the literature and evaluate the reported rehabilitation protocols after OCA of the knee, including weightbearing and range of motion (ROM) restrictions as well as return-to-play criteria.

Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Cumulative Index ...


Patient Resilience Has Moderate Correlation With Functional Outcomes, But Not Satisfaction, After Primary Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty., Amer Haffar, Sean Bryan, Marc Harwood, Jess H. Lonner 2021 Rothman Institute

Patient Resilience Has Moderate Correlation With Functional Outcomes, But Not Satisfaction, After Primary Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty., Amer Haffar, Sean Bryan, Marc Harwood, Jess H. Lonner

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: As many as 20% of patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are dissatisfied. Psychological factors have been shown to play a role in outcomes after TKA. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of patient resilience on functional outcomes and satisfaction after primary unilateral TKA.

Methods: Eighty-six patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA by a single surgeon were studied. Primary outcomes were the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS), mental health component of the Veterans Rand 12-Item Health Survey (VR-12 MCS), Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Joint Replacement, and New Knee Society Score. Correlations between ...


Robotic Assistance In Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Results In Superior Early Functional Recovery And Is More Likely To Meet Patient Expectations., Meredith P. Crizer, Amer Haffar, Andrew Battenberg, Mikayla McGrath, Ryan Sutton, Jess H Lonner 2021 Rothman Institute

Robotic Assistance In Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Results In Superior Early Functional Recovery And Is More Likely To Meet Patient Expectations., Meredith P. Crizer, Amer Haffar, Andrew Battenberg, Mikayla Mcgrath, Ryan Sutton, Jess H Lonner

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Robotic technology has reduced the errors of implant alignment in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), but its impact on functional recovery after UKA is poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to compare early functional recovery, pain levels, and satisfaction in UKA performed with either robotic assistance or conventional methods. A retrospective analysis was performed on 89 matched consecutive patients who underwent outpatient UKA by a single physician using either conventional instruments (n = 39) or robotic methods (n = 50), with otherwise identical perioperative protocols. Outcomes studied included Lower Extremity Functional Score (LEFS), new Knee Society Score (KSS), Knee Injury and ...


Publisher Correction To: Development Of The Asia Pacific Consortium On Osteoporosis (Apco) Framework: Clinical Standards Of Care For The Screening, Diagnosis, And Management Of Osteoporosis In The Asia-Pacific Region, M Chandran, P J. Mitchell, T Amphansap, S K. Bhadada, M Chadha, D-C Chan, Y-S Chung, P Ebeling, N Gilchrist, Aysha Habib Khan 2021 Singapore General Hospital, Academia, Singapore

Publisher Correction To: Development Of The Asia Pacific Consortium On Osteoporosis (Apco) Framework: Clinical Standards Of Care For The Screening, Diagnosis, And Management Of Osteoporosis In The Asia-Pacific Region, M Chandran, P J. Mitchell, T Amphansap, S K. Bhadada, M Chadha, D-C Chan, Y-S Chung, P Ebeling, N Gilchrist, Aysha Habib Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

No abstract provided.


Improving Patient Outcomes With Post-Op Education For Nurses Caring For Patients Undergoing Total Joint Replacement, Amanda Collier 2021 Jacksonville State University

Improving Patient Outcomes With Post-Op Education For Nurses Caring For Patients Undergoing Total Joint Replacement, Amanda Collier

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Surgical site infections (SSI) are the third most reported nosocomial infection causing an increased length of stay, increased healthcare cost, and a substantial increase in morbidity. A SSI is an infection developing within 30 days of surgery without using an implant and within one year of surgery utilizing any form of implant. Typically SSI occurs at the time of incision. However, poor postoperative wound care can lead to an SSI.

Purpose: This project aims to educate nursing staff on care of the total joint replacement (TJR) patient to reduce readmission rates for postoperative SSI.

Design Methods: This quality improvement ...


An Investigation Of A Novel Dural Repair Device For Intraoperative Incidental Durotomy Repair., Kartik Shenoy, Chester J. Donnally, Evan D. Sheha, Krishn Khanna, Srinivas K. Prasad 2021 Rothman Institute; Thomas Jefferson University

An Investigation Of A Novel Dural Repair Device For Intraoperative Incidental Durotomy Repair., Kartik Shenoy, Chester J. Donnally, Evan D. Sheha, Krishn Khanna, Srinivas K. Prasad

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Incidental durotomies, or dural tears, can be very difficult and time consuming to repair properly when they are encountered in confined spaces. A novel dural repair device was developed to address these situations. In this paper, the novel device was assessed against the use of traditional tools and techniques for dural repairs in two independent studies using an intricate clinical simulation model. The aim was to examine the results of the two assessments and link the outcomes to the clinical use of the novel device in the operating room. The novel device outperformed conventional techniques as measured by dural repair ...


Front Matter, UNM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery 2021 University of New Mexico

Front Matter, Unm Department Of Orthopaedic Surgery

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

No abstract provided.


Excessive Tibial Overgrowth Associated Ankle Valgus Deformity After Pediatric Open Mid-Shaft Tibial Fracture: A Case Report, Ahmed M. Thabet, Rami Khalifa, Rasheed Alnajjar, Amr Abdelgawad 2021 Texas Tech Health Sciences Center

Excessive Tibial Overgrowth Associated Ankle Valgus Deformity After Pediatric Open Mid-Shaft Tibial Fracture: A Case Report, Ahmed M. Thabet, Rami Khalifa, Rasheed Alnajjar, Amr Abdelgawad

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Tibial overgrowth after pediatric tibial fractures has been reported in the literature. Multiple factors can affect the amount of overgrowth, including age and gender of patients, type of fracture (open vs closed), degree of communion, reduction techniques, and fixation method. We describe a 10-year-old boy with a 2-cm overgrowth after sustaining an isolated open tibia fracture with an intact fibula, which is more than what has been previously described in the literature for tibia fractures. This overgrowth was associated with asymmetrical growth of the distal tibial physis, asymmetrical growth between tibia and fibula, and ankle valgus deformity.


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