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Evaluation Of Surgical Methods For Treatment Of Cubital Tunnel Syndrome - Statistical Perspectives, Ahmed Mohammed Morsy 2017 Assiut University, South Egypt Cancer Institute, Pediatric Oncology Department

Evaluation Of Surgical Methods For Treatment Of Cubital Tunnel Syndrome - Statistical Perspectives, Ahmed Mohammed Morsy

Dr/ Ahmed Mohammed Morsy

This commentary addresses strengths and weaknesses of the clinical trial study protocol designed by Liu et al., in particular with regard of the methodology, taking into consideration the commentary article "Assessing surgical methods for treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome - which is the best?" Our commentary emphasizes the importance of adjustment for known prognostic covariates, such as duration of symptoms and advanced age that have been negatively correlated with outcomes in previous studies. Subgroup analysis for the treatment groups of interest, namely moderate and severe cubital tunnel syndrome, which have previously shown conflicting differences in efficacy of surgical options is highly ...


Unilateral Heat Accelerates Bone Elongation And Lengthens Extremities Of Growing Mice, Maria A. Serrat, Thomas J. Schlierf, Morgan L. Efaw, Franklin D. Shuler, Justin Godby, Laura M. Stanko 2017 Marshall University

Unilateral Heat Accelerates Bone Elongation And Lengthens Extremities Of Growing Mice, Maria A. Serrat, Thomas J. Schlierf, Morgan L. Efaw, Franklin D. Shuler, Justin Godby, Laura M. Stanko

Franklin D. Shuler

Linear growth failure results from a broad spectrum of systemic and local disorders that can generate chronic musculoskeletal disability. Current bone lengthening protocols involve invasive surgeries or drug regimens, which are only partially effective. Exposure to warm ambient temperature during growth increases limb length, suggesting that targeted heat could noninvasively enhance bone elongation. We tested the hypothesis that daily heat exposure on one side of the body unilaterally increases femoral and tibial lengths. Mice (N = 20) were treated with 40 °C unilateral heat for 40 min/day for 14 days post-weaning. Non-treated mice (N = 6) served as controls. Unilateral increases ...


Intra And Inter-Rater Reliability And Convergent Validity Of Fit-Hansa In Individuals With Grade П Whiplash Associated Disorder, Michael Pierrynowski, Colleen McPhee, Saurabh Mehta, Joy C. MacDermid, Anita Gross 2017 Marshall University

Intra And Inter-Rater Reliability And Convergent Validity Of Fit-Hansa In Individuals With Grade П Whiplash Associated Disorder, Michael Pierrynowski, Colleen Mcphee, Saurabh Mehta, Joy C. Macdermid, Anita Gross

Saurabh Mehta

BACKGROUND: Whiplash-Associated Disorders (WAD) are common following a motor vehicle accident. The Functional Impairment Test - Hand, and Neck/Shoulder/Arm (FIT-HaNSA) assesses upper extremity physical performance. It has been validated in patients with shoulder pathology but not in those with WAD.

OBJECTIVES: Establish the Intra and inter-rater reliability and the known-group and construct validity of the FIT-HaNSA in patients with Grade II WAD (WAD2).

METHODS: Twenty-five patients with WAD2 and 41 healthy controls were recruited. Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), cervical range of motion (CROM), and FIT-HaNSA were ...


Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen BenHamed, Franklin D. Shuler 2017 Marshall University

Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen Benhamed, Franklin D. Shuler

Franklin D. Shuler

Abstract

Background

Osteoporotic hip fractures have become an increasingly common healthcare burden with significant morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population. Pharmacological management of the underlying osteoporosis is critical. Our objective is to determine the percentage of patients older than 65 who receive pharmacologic treatment of osteoporosis within six months after a fragility fracture at Cabell Huntington Hospital.

Methods

Data was extracted from medical records for patients age 65 or older who sustained a hip fracture during June 2013 - March 2015. Patients who received any form of pharmacologic treatment within six months after their fractures were identified. All analyses were ...


Trauma Team Activation For Geriatric Trauma At A Level Ii Trauma Center: Are The Elderly Under-Triaged?, Grant S. Buchanan, Daniel Scott Kahn, Harry Burke, Brian Czarkowski, Richard Boe, Milad Modarresi, Franklin D. Shuler 2017 Marshall University

Trauma Team Activation For Geriatric Trauma At A Level Ii Trauma Center: Are The Elderly Under-Triaged?, Grant S. Buchanan, Daniel Scott Kahn, Harry Burke, Brian Czarkowski, Richard Boe, Milad Modarresi, Franklin D. Shuler

Franklin D. Shuler

Abstract

Geriatric patients often sustain life-threatening injuries from minor trauma. A growing body of research suggests that these patients are often under-triaged in the emergency setting.The purpose of this research was to evaluate whether or not geriatric trauma patients are under-triaged at a community based level II trauma center.

1434 trauma patients over the age of 65 presenting from 2010-2015 were retrospectively reviewed from the Cabell Huntington Hospital trauma registry and analyzed for age, gender, arrival type, ED response, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), injury cause, ICD-9 diagnosis codes, and mortality. Under-triage and over-triage rates were ...


Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen BenHamed, Franklin D. Shuler 2017 Marshall University

Improving The Pharmacologic Management Of Patients After Osteoporotic Hip Fractures, Joseph Klaus, Milad Modarresi, Rodrigo Aguilar, Nasreen Benhamed, Franklin D. Shuler

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Background

Osteoporotic hip fractures have become an increasingly common healthcare burden with significant morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population. Pharmacological management of the underlying osteoporosis is critical. Our objective is to determine the percentage of patients older than 65 who receive pharmacologic treatment of osteoporosis within six months after a fragility fracture at Cabell Huntington Hospital.

Methods

Data was extracted from medical records for patients age 65 or older who sustained a hip fracture during June 2013 - March 2015. Patients who received any form of pharmacologic treatment within six months after their fractures were identified. All analyses were ...


Trauma Team Activation For Geriatric Trauma At A Level Ii Trauma Center: Are The Elderly Under-Triaged?, Grant S. Buchanan, Daniel Scott Kahn, Harry Burke, Brian Czarkowski, Richard Boe, Milad Modarresi, Franklin D. Shuler 2017 Marshall University

Trauma Team Activation For Geriatric Trauma At A Level Ii Trauma Center: Are The Elderly Under-Triaged?, Grant S. Buchanan, Daniel Scott Kahn, Harry Burke, Brian Czarkowski, Richard Boe, Milad Modarresi, Franklin D. Shuler

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Geriatric patients often sustain life-threatening injuries from minor trauma. A growing body of research suggests that these patients are often under-triaged in the emergency setting.The purpose of this research was to evaluate whether or not geriatric trauma patients are under-triaged at a community based level II trauma center.

1434 trauma patients over the age of 65 presenting from 2010-2015 were retrospectively reviewed from the Cabell Huntington Hospital trauma registry and analyzed for age, gender, arrival type, ED response, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), injury cause, ICD-9 diagnosis codes, and mortality. Under-triage and over-triage rates were ...


Age-Dependent Changes In The Articular Cartilage And Subchondral Bone Of C57bl/6 Mice After Surgical Destabilization Of Medial Meniscus, Henry Huang, Jordan D. Skelly, David C. Ayers, Jie Song 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Age-Dependent Changes In The Articular Cartilage And Subchondral Bone Of C57bl/6 Mice After Surgical Destabilization Of Medial Meniscus, Henry Huang, Jordan D. Skelly, David C. Ayers, Jie Song

Jie Song

Age is the primary risk factor for osteoarthritis (OA), yet surgical OA mouse models such as destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) used for evaluating disease-modifying OA targets are frequently performed on young adult mice only. This study investigates how age affects cartilage and subchondral bone changes in mouse joints following DMM. DMM was performed on male C57BL/6 mice at 4 months (4 M), 12 months (12 M) and 19+ months (19 M+) and on females at 12 M and 18 M+. Two months after surgery, operated and unoperated contralateral knees were harvested and evaluated using cartilage histology scores ...


Direct-To-Patient Pro Collection To Support Quality Improvement In Tjr, Hua Zheng, Celeste A. Lemay, Wenyun Yang, Patricia D. Franklin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Direct-To-Patient Pro Collection To Support Quality Improvement In Tjr, Hua Zheng, Celeste A. Lemay, Wenyun Yang, Patricia D. Franklin

Celeste A. Lemay

Introduction: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are widely used in orthopedic clinical research to evaluate quality of care. However, it is difficult to capture complete post-operative PRO data through surgeon office visits. The UK and Sweden collect post-TJR PRO measures directly from patients in their homes. We compared two US post-operative PRO collection processes- PROs in clinic at scheduled office visits and direct-to-patient collection, to evaluate timing and completeness of both approaches.

Methods: At a large TJR center that has collected PROs at office visits routinely for years, post-TJR patients complete a PRO survey on a computer at follow-up clinic visits. In ...


Direct-To-Patient Pro Collection To Support Quality Improvement In Tjr, Hua Zheng, Celeste A. Lemay, Wenyun Yang, Patricia D. Franklin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Direct-To-Patient Pro Collection To Support Quality Improvement In Tjr, Hua Zheng, Celeste A. Lemay, Wenyun Yang, Patricia D. Franklin

Patricia D. Franklin

Introduction: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are widely used in orthopedic clinical research to evaluate quality of care. However, it is difficult to capture complete post-operative PRO data through surgeon office visits. The UK and Sweden collect post-TJR PRO measures directly from patients in their homes. We compared two US post-operative PRO collection processes- PROs in clinic at scheduled office visits and direct-to-patient collection, to evaluate timing and completeness of both approaches.

Methods: At a large TJR center that has collected PROs at office visits routinely for years, post-TJR patients complete a PRO survey on a computer at follow-up clinic visits. In ...


Using Mhealth App To Support Treatment Decision-Making For Knee Arthritis: Patient Perspective, Hua Zheng, Bengisu Tulu, Wonchan Choi, Patricia Franklin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Using Mhealth App To Support Treatment Decision-Making For Knee Arthritis: Patient Perspective, Hua Zheng, Bengisu Tulu, Wonchan Choi, Patricia Franklin

Patricia D. Franklin

Introduction: Mobile health (mHealth) technology can be used to integrate into medical decision-making for patients with advanced knee arthritis. We explored patient preferences on content and design of a mobile health app to facilitate daily symptom capture and summary feedback reporting, in order to inform treatment decisions, including use of total knee replacement surgery (TKR).

Methods: Patient focus groups were conducted to gather requirements for mHealth app development and to refine the design and content of the app. Clinician (physical therapist, surgeon) interviews were conducted to understand clinician expectations from the summary trend report generated by the app.

Results: Sixteen ...


Racial Differences In The Effectiveness Of Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka) On Postoperative Pain And Function, Uyen-Sa D. T. Nguyen, Anthony Porter, Wenjun Li, Wenyun Yang, David C. Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Racial Differences In The Effectiveness Of Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka) On Postoperative Pain And Function, Uyen-Sa D. T. Nguyen, Anthony Porter, Wenjun Li, Wenyun Yang, David C. Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Wenjun Li

Objective: African Americans are less likely than Caucasians to perceive TKA as an effective treatment option. We examined post-TKA pain and function by race, with and without adjusting for demographic and clinical factors on determining racial differences. Methods: We analyzed data from FORCE-TJR, a national cohort of TJR patients. Patients had primary and unilateral TKA surgeries 07/01/2011-12/31/2014, and completed surveys on demographic and clinical information, including a pre- and 6-month postoperative Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). The KOOS pain and function scores ranged from 0-100 (higher=better). We examined baseline, 6-month, and 6-month change ...


Corrosion And Tribology Of Materials Used In A Novel Reverse Hip Replacement, Linda Braddon, Zafer Termanini, Steven MacDonald, Jay Parvizi, Jay Lieberman, Victor Frankel, Joseph Zuckerman 2017 Secure BioMed Evaluations, Woodstock, GA 30188, USA

Corrosion And Tribology Of Materials Used In A Novel Reverse Hip Replacement, Linda Braddon, Zafer Termanini, Steven Macdonald, Jay Parvizi, Jay Lieberman, Victor Frankel, Joseph Zuckerman

Rothman Institute

Total hip arthroplasty has been utilized for the past 50 years as an effective treatment for degenerative, inflammatory and traumatic disorders of the hip. The design of these implants has generally followed the anatomy of the hip as a ball and socket joint with the femoral head representing the ball and the acetabulum representing the socket. We describe a novel hip arthroplasty design in which the "ball" is located on the acetabular side and the "socket" is located on the femoral side. The results of extensive biomechanical testing are described and document wear and corrosion characteristics that are at least ...


Lack Of Evidence For Involvement Of Tonebp And Hyperosmotic Stimulus In Induction Of Autophagy In The Nucleus Pulposus., Chao Liu, Hyowon Choi, Zariel I. Johnson, Jiwei Tian, Irving Shapiro, Makarand V Risbud 2017 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Graduate Program in Cell and Developmental Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA USA ; Department of Orthopaedics, The Central Hospital of Songjiang District, Shanghai, China

Lack Of Evidence For Involvement Of Tonebp And Hyperosmotic Stimulus In Induction Of Autophagy In The Nucleus Pulposus., Chao Liu, Hyowon Choi, Zariel I. Johnson, Jiwei Tian, Irving Shapiro, Makarand V Risbud

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Nucleus pulposus (NP) cells reside in a physiologically hyperosmotic environment within the intervertebral disc. TonEBP/NFAT5 is an osmo-sensitive transcription factor that controls expression of genes critical for cell survival under hyperosmotic conditions. A recent report on NP and studies of other cell types have shown that hyperosmolarity triggers autophagy. However, little is known whether such autophagy induction occurs through TonEBP. The goal of this study was to investigate the role of TonEBP in hyperosmolarity-dependent autophagy in NP. Loss-of-function studies showed that autophagy in NP cells was not TonEBP-dependent; hyperosmolarity did not upregulate autophagy as previously reported. NP tissue of ...


Oncology Section Edge Task Force On Urogenital Cancer Outcomes: Clinical Measures Of Lymphedema—A Systematic Review, Joy C. Cohn, Hannah Geyer, Jeannette Lee, Mary Insana Fisher 2017 University of Pennsylvania Health System

Oncology Section Edge Task Force On Urogenital Cancer Outcomes: Clinical Measures Of Lymphedema—A Systematic Review, Joy C. Cohn, Hannah Geyer, Jeannette Lee, Mary Insana Fisher

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Valid and reliable tools to assess lymphedema are necessary to accurately evaluate status and to objectively document and measure the results of interventions. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of each measure can inform the clinician's choice of the appropriate tool to be used in the clinic or research setting.

Purpose: To identify reliable and valid measurement techniques that are sensitive to change for assessing edema volume or soft tissue change in the lower extremities or genital region of patients with lymphedema.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to assess the published psychometric properties and clinical ...


Ct Scanning Is Sufficient To Clear The Cervical Spine Of Elderly Falls Less Than 5 Feet., Douglas Lehman MD, Rovinder S. Sandhu MD, Leslie Baga BSN, Farheen Hussain MS, John J. Hong MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Ct Scanning Is Sufficient To Clear The Cervical Spine Of Elderly Falls Less Than 5 Feet., Douglas Lehman Md, Rovinder S. Sandhu Md, Leslie Baga Bsn, Farheen Hussain Ms, John J. Hong Md

John J. Hong, M.D.

No abstract provided.


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Ben Schram

Background: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. Purpose: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months. Results: Of 240 participants included in the data ...


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Wayne Hing

Background:

Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology.

Purpose:

To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods:

An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months.

Results:

Of 240 participants included in the data ...


Long-Term Outcomes In Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review Of Patellar Tendon Versus Hamstring Autografts., Kirsten L. Poehling-Monaghan, Hytham Salem, Kirsten E. Ross, Eric S Secrist, Michael C. Ciccotti, Fotios Tjoumakaris, Michael G. Ciccotti, Kevin B. Freedman 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Long-Term Outcomes In Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review Of Patellar Tendon Versus Hamstring Autografts., Kirsten L. Poehling-Monaghan, Hytham Salem, Kirsten E. Ross, Eric S Secrist, Michael C. Ciccotti, Fotios Tjoumakaris, Michael G. Ciccotti, Kevin B. Freedman

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Much controversy still exists surrounding graft choice in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Over the past decade, an increase in comparative studies with longer follow-up has enhanced our understanding of current graft options and outcomes.

PURPOSE: To describe the long-term comparative outcomes of ACL reconstruction with autograft bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) versus autograft hamstring (HS) ACL reconstruction with regard to clinical and radiographic outcomes.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 2.

METHODS: A search of the PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Scopus databases was performed to identify studies in the English language with outcome data comparing ACL reconstruction utilizing autograft ...


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background:

Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology.

Purpose:

To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods:

An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months.

Results:

Of 240 participants included in the data ...


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