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Sports Medicine Potpourri, Marc I. Harwood, MD 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Sports Medicine Potpourri, Marc I. Harwood, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Lectures, Presentations, Workshops

Objectives:

At the conclusion of this talk, the learner will be:

  • Thoroughly confused by the whirlwind of information presented
  • But...able to delve into any of the topics at greater length when time permits.

Presentation: 52:03

Audio for PowerPoint slides.


Early Experience Of Dynamic Hip Screw With Spiral Blade And Locking Side Plate For The Stabilization Of Trochanteric Fractures., Akbar Jaleel Zubair, Rizwan Haroon Rashid, Marij Zahid, masood umer, Pervaiz Hashmi 2016 Aga Khan University

Early Experience Of Dynamic Hip Screw With Spiral Blade And Locking Side Plate For The Stabilization Of Trochanteric Fractures., Akbar Jaleel Zubair, Rizwan Haroon Rashid, Marij Zahid, Masood Umer, Pervaiz Hashmi

Department of Surgery

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate early experience with helical hip system in osteoporotic elderly patients with per-trochanteric fractures.

METHODS:

The retrospective study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised records of patients having low-velocity pertrochanteric fractures who were fixed with spiral blade Dynamic Helical Hip Systemfrom July to December 2014 and were followed up for a minimum of 3 months. Demographic variables and clinical outcomes were noted from the medical records whereas operative details were recorded from the operative note. Radiological variables and outcomes were assessed by viewing appropriate pre-operative, post-operative and follow-up radiographs.

RESULTS:

Of the 32 ...


Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler 2016 Marshall University

Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler

Franklin D. Shuler

A lamina spreader was introduced to the non-articulating, posterior aspect of the tibial and femoral components, and gentle distraction was applied to improve the inspection of the posterior compartment


Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler 2016 Marshall University

Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler

Franklin D. Shuler

Abstract

Loose bone and cement can promote polyethylene wear that may lead to failure in total knee arthroplasty. The authors propose a technique to enhance the debridement of loose bodies by distracting the cemented components with a lamina spreader following standard debridement with pulsatile lavage. Cement and bone/soft tissue debris was recovered from 51 consecutive primary total knee arthroplasty patients. This technique facilitated the removal of hidden debris in 80% of patients (41/51). On average, 2.6 fragments measuring 158 mm3 were removed per patient. The authors advocate that distraction with a lamina spreader be used to ...


A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, Brandon J. Smith, MD, Grant S. Buchanan, MD, Franklin D. Shuler, MD, PhD 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Comparison Of Imaging Modalities For The Diagnosis Of Osteomyelitis, Brandon J. Smith, Md, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd

Franklin D. Shuler

Osteomyelitis is an increasingly common pathology that often poses a diagnostic challenge to clinicians. Accurate and timely diagnosis is critical to preventing complications that can result in the loss of life or limb. In addition to history, physical exam, and laboratory studies, diagnostic imaging plays an essential role in the diagnostic process. This narrative review article discusses various imaging modalities employed to diagnose osteomyelitis: plain films, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, bone scintigraphy, and positron emission tomography (PET). Articles were obtained from Pubmed and screened for relevance to the topic of diagnostic imaging for osteomyelitis. The authors ...


Technique To Improve Cement Penetration In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Richard Boe, Ali Oliashirazi 2016 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Technique To Improve Cement Penetration In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Richard Boe, Ali Oliashirazi

Ali Oliashirazi

Pre-operative and post-operative AP radiographs of initial patient using described technique with the evacuated cyst filled with cement highlighted


Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler 2016 Marshall University

Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler

Ali Oliashirazi

Abstract

Loose bone and cement can promote polyethylene wear that may lead to failure in total knee arthroplasty. The authors propose a technique to enhance the debridement of loose bodies by distracting the cemented components with a lamina spreader following standard debridement with pulsatile lavage. Cement and bone/soft tissue debris was recovered from 51 consecutive primary total knee arthroplasty patients. This technique facilitated the removal of hidden debris in 80% of patients (41/51). On average, 2.6 fragments measuring 158 mm3 were removed per patient. The authors advocate that distraction with a lamina spreader be used to ...


Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler 2016 Marshall University

Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler

Ali Oliashirazi

A lamina spreader was introduced to the non-articulating, posterior aspect of the tibial and femoral components, and gentle distraction was applied to improve the inspection of the posterior compartment


Technique To Improve Cement Penetration In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Richard Boe Jr, Ali Oliashirazi 2016 Marshall University

Technique To Improve Cement Penetration In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Richard Boe Jr, Ali Oliashirazi

Ali Oliashirazi

In total knee arthroplasty, infection has always been cited as being the number one cause of failure. However, more recent studies have shown aseptic loosening as the top reason for failure now. Proper cement technique is an important factor in reducing the occurrence of aseptic loosening. Clean and dried bone are important in achieving rigid cement fixation. Subchondral cysts may be hidden below the cut bone surface and may interfere with cement interdigitation. During a recent total knee arthroplasty case, a simple technique was developed for identifying and clearing out these cysts. By only using the suction tip, the gentle ...


Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler 2016 Marshall University

Lamina Spreader Technique Improves Debridement Of Loose Bone And Cement In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Sinan E. Ozgur, Ali Oliashirazi, Grant S. Buchanan, Franklin D. Shuler

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Loose bone and cement can promote polyethylene wear that may lead to failure in total knee arthroplasty. The authors propose a technique to enhance the debridement of loose bodies by distracting the cemented components with a lamina spreader following standard debridement with pulsatile lavage. Cement and bone/soft tissue debris was recovered from 51 consecutive primary total knee arthroplasty patients. This technique facilitated the removal of hidden debris in 80% of patients (41/51). On average, 2.6 fragments measuring 158 mm3 were removed per patient. The authors advocate that distraction with a lamina spreader be used to ...


Technique To Improve Cement Penetration In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Richard Boe Jr, Ali Oliashirazi 2016 Marshall University

Technique To Improve Cement Penetration In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Richard Boe Jr, Ali Oliashirazi

Marshall Journal of Medicine

In total knee arthroplasty, infection has always been cited as being the number one cause of failure. However, more recent studies have shown aseptic loosening as the top reason for failure now. Proper cement technique is an important factor in reducing the occurrence of aseptic loosening. Clean and dried bone are important in achieving rigid cement fixation. Subchondral cysts may be hidden below the cut bone surface and may interfere with cement interdigitation. During a recent total knee arthroplasty case, a simple technique was developed for identifying and clearing out these cysts. By only using the suction tip, the gentle ...


New Complication Associated With All-Inside Meniscal Repair Device: Ultrasound-Aided Diagnosis And Operative Localization Of Foreign Body Reaction, Lucian C. Warth, Matthew J. Bollier, Douglas F. Hoffman, Justin S. Cummins, Mederic M. Hall 2016 Indiana University

New Complication Associated With All-Inside Meniscal Repair Device: Ultrasound-Aided Diagnosis And Operative Localization Of Foreign Body Reaction, Lucian C. Warth, Matthew J. Bollier, Douglas F. Hoffman, Justin S. Cummins, Mederic M. Hall

Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation Publications

BACKGROUND: The importance of meniscal preservation has become widely accepted, and meniscal repair techniques have evolved over recent years. With new techniques come new complications, which are critical to recognize.

PURPOSE: To describe a new complication of foreign body reaction from a nonabsorbable suture anchor associated with improper placement of the all-inside meniscal device.

STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.

METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of 3 patients who developed pain associated with a foreign body reaction from a misplaced all-inside meniscal device.

RESULTS: All patients had a delayed diagnosis (6 months to 8 years) and ...


Pain Management After Outpatient Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Controlled Trials., Eric S. Secrist, Kevin B. Freedman, Michael G. Ciccotti, Donald W. Mazur, Sommer Hammoud 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Pain Management After Outpatient Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Controlled Trials., Eric S. Secrist, Kevin B. Freedman, Michael G. Ciccotti, Donald W. Mazur, Sommer Hammoud

Rothman Institute

BACKGROUND: Effective pain management after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction improves patient satisfaction and function.

PURPOSE: To collect and evaluate the available evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on pain control after ACL reconstruction.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review.

METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, UpToDate, Cochrane Reviews, CINAHL, and Scopus following PRISMA guidelines (July 2014). Only RCTs comparing a method of postoperative pain control to another method or placebo were included.

RESULTS: A total of 77 RCTs met inclusion criteria: 14 on regional nerve blocks, 21 on intra-articular injections, 4 on intramuscular/intravenous injections ...


The Financial And Professional Impact Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries In National Football League Athletes., Eric S. Secrist, Suneel B. Bhat, Christopher C. Dodson 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

The Financial And Professional Impact Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries In National Football League Athletes., Eric S. Secrist, Suneel B. Bhat, Christopher C. Dodson

Rothman Institute

BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries can have negative consequences on the careers of National Football League (NFL) players, however no study has ever analyzed the financial impact of these injuries in this population.

PURPOSE: To quantify the impact of ACL injuries on salary and career length in NFL athletes.

STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.

METHODS: Any player in the NFL suffering an ACL injury from 2010 to 2013 was identified using a comprehensive online search. A database of NFL player salaries was used to conduct a matched cohort analysis comparing ACL-injured players with the rest of ...


The Role Of Postural Stability And Other Factors In Distal Radius Fracture, Sheena Saju Philip 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Role Of Postural Stability And Other Factors In Distal Radius Fracture, Sheena Saju Philip

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The objective of the thesis was to describe the factors leading to falls in distal radius fracture (DRF) events, explore patient perceived risk of falls, and postural stability. A mixed method study described the type of fall in DRF patients (n= 1454) and patient perceived contributing factors (n=29). A prospective cohort study examined the postural stability and related fall risk of DRF participants (n=137) in Biodex Balance System (BBS) and compared to normative values. Environmental factors were a major contributor to DRF events. Older adults (44 to 65 years) had the highest rate of DRF (female: male ratio ...


Spinal Compression Fractures: No Additional Pain Relief With Use Of Back Braces, Kayla A. Berigan, Brandon Baker, Zakaria Ahmad, Aaron Simpson 2016 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Spinal Compression Fractures: No Additional Pain Relief With Use Of Back Braces, Kayla A. Berigan, Brandon Baker, Zakaria Ahmad, Aaron Simpson

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Li M, Law SW, Cheng J, Kee HM, Wong MS. A comparison study on the efficacy of SpinoMed® and soft lumbar orthosis for osteoporotic vertebral fracture. J. Prosthet. Orthot. Int. 2015;39(4):270-276. doi: 10.1177/0309364614528204


Drop Vertical Jump Landing Mechanics Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis, Michal Daniluk 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Drop Vertical Jump Landing Mechanics Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis, Michal Daniluk

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The use of combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) plus lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET) reconstruction has shown promising results during clinical testing, however, no studies have examined its effectiveness during a dynamic functional task. We used the drop vertical jump (DVJ) to compare in vivo biomechanics of ACL reconstructed patients with and without LET.

Our primary outcome was peak knee abduction moment during stance phase. Secondary kinetic and kinematic outcomes included peak initial contact and stance values for knee abduction angle, knee flexion moment and angle, knee internal rotation moment and angle, and vertical ground reaction force. We also assessed fear ...


Evaluating The Effects Of Patellofemoral Offset Changes And Trochlear Design In Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Radiographic, Visual, And Topographical Analysis, Jacob Matz 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluating The Effects Of Patellofemoral Offset Changes And Trochlear Design In Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Radiographic, Visual, And Topographical Analysis, Jacob Matz

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common procedure for the treatment of advanced knee osteoarthritis. Complications involving the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) are common following TKA, and the etiology is controversial. The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate two potentially modifiable factors affecting the PFJ: (i) changes in patellofemoral offset (PFO) and (ii) trochlear design.

Through a retrospective radiographic review, we demonstrated that PFO changes occur frequently post-TKA, and that the PFJ can tolerate these changes without adverse clinical outcomes. Retrieval analysis provided additional evidence that PFO changes are not associated with femoral component surface damage or wear.

In order ...


Diagnostic Utility Of Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibody And Its Comparison With Rheumatoid Factor In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Aysha Habib Khan, Lena Jafri, M Ahraz Hussain, Saliha Ishaq 2016 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Utility Of Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibody And Its Comparison With Rheumatoid Factor In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Aysha Habib Khan, Lena Jafri, M Ahraz Hussain, Saliha Ishaq

Aysha Habib

Objective:

To assess the diagnostic utility of anti-citrullinated protein antibody (anti-CCP) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and compare it with rheumatoid factor (RF).

Study Design:

Analytical study.

Place and Duration of Study:

Section of Chemical Pathology, Department of Pathology and Microbiology and Medicine, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, from January to May 2010.

Methodology:

A review of medical records of patients presenting to the clinics with complaints of muscular or joint pains and who were tested for their serum anti-CCP was done. Inclusion criteria were presence of clinical synovitis in at least one joint and an absence of alternative diagnosis. Patients ...


The 2015 American-British-Canadian Traveling Fellows Report., Alpesh A. Patel, Robert H. Brophy, Rajiv Gandhi, Hue H. Luu, Kishore Mulpuri, Suken A Shah, Sanjeev Kakar 2016 Northwestern University

The 2015 American-British-Canadian Traveling Fellows Report., Alpesh A. Patel, Robert H. Brophy, Rajiv Gandhi, Hue H. Luu, Kishore Mulpuri, Suken A Shah, Sanjeev Kakar

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


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