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Geriatrics Commons

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Mentorship In The Field Of Aging: Purposes, Pivots, And Priorities, Patricia W. Slattum, Tiffany R. Washington, Sarah Dys, Patricia M. D’Antonio, Tonya J. Roberts, Matthew Lee Smith 2022 Virginia Center on Aging, Virginia Commonwealth University

Mentorship In The Field Of Aging: Purposes, Pivots, And Priorities, Patricia W. Slattum, Tiffany R. Washington, Sarah Dys, Patricia M. D’Antonio, Tonya J. Roberts, Matthew Lee Smith

Health Behavior Research

The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) is a multi-disciplinary organization dedicated to advancing the field of aging and improving the lives of older adults. With a long-standing commitment to mentorship and career development, this article focuses on GSA’s Mentoring Consultancies and Career Conversations events and their pivot to meet the needs and demands of current and future gerontologists amid the COVID-19 pandemic. This article provides a description of these events in the context of planning, content, and member engagement. Recommendations are provided to other organizations seeking to enrich their membership through mentorship and career development activities.


Navigating Care Transitions For Older Adults In The Emergency Department When A Social Worker Is Unavailable, Rebecca Weeks, Kathy Sawasky, Adam Perry, Michael Malone 2022 Advocate Aurora

Navigating Care Transitions For Older Adults In The Emergency Department When A Social Worker Is Unavailable, Rebecca Weeks, Kathy Sawasky, Adam Perry, Michael Malone

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

Some Emergency Departments do not have social worker staffing to assess high- risk older adults who have been identified. This is of particular concern in during care transitions for older patients who are at risk for poor health outcomes. We describe triggers for the emergency provider to recognize older patients at high risk and bundles of appropriate services and community supports to mitigate risk.


Let's Get Physical: Exploring The Socioemotional Motivators Of Group Exercise For Older Adults, Tessneem S. Hasan, Alyssa R. Minton, Jason Snyder, Joseph A. Mikels 2022 DePaul University

Let's Get Physical: Exploring The Socioemotional Motivators Of Group Exercise For Older Adults, Tessneem S. Hasan, Alyssa R. Minton, Jason Snyder, Joseph A. Mikels

DePaul Discoveries

Approximately 75% of active adults in the U.S. do not meet the recommended levels of overall physical activity (CDC, 2021a). Given the beneficial impact of physical activity on health, an 8-week long, evidence-based group exercise program—Fit & Strong! (F&S!)—was created to improve the health of older adults (Hughes et al., 2004, 2006, 2010). Despite the clear physical benefits of F&S!, it remains unknown what motivates F&S! participants to initially participate in the program and also throughout the program. Drawing from core notions of socioemotional selectivity theory (SST; Carstensen, 2006), research has found that older adults are highly motivated to exercise by social goals (Steltenpohl et al., 2019). In other work, Fredrickson (2016) has proposed that positivity resonance—a caring interpersonal connection involving shared positivity and synchrony—is impactful in enhancing psychological and physiological wellbeing, and may play a central role in the quality of the older adults’ exercise experiences ...


Emergency Department Policies To Improve Care Experiences For Older Adults During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Anita Chary, Shan Lliu, Lauren Southerland, Lauren Cameron Comasco, Kei Ouchi, Christopher R. Carpenter MD, MSc, Edward W Boyer, Aanand D. Naik, Maura Kennedy 2022 Baylor College of Medicine

Emergency Department Policies To Improve Care Experiences For Older Adults During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Anita Chary, Shan Lliu, Lauren Southerland, Lauren Cameron Comasco, Kei Ouchi, Christopher R. Carpenter Md, Msc, Edward W Boyer, Aanand D. Naik, Maura Kennedy

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

n/a


Can Variables From The Electronic Health Record Identify Delirium At Bedside?, Ariba Khan, Kayla Heslin, Michelle Simpson, Michael L. Malone 2022 Advocate Aurora Health; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Can Variables From The Electronic Health Record Identify Delirium At Bedside?, Ariba Khan, Kayla Heslin, Michelle Simpson, Michael L. Malone

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Delirium, a common and serious disorder in older hospitalized patients, remains underrecognized. While several delirium predictive models have been developed, only a handful have focused on electronic health record (EHR) data. This prospective cohort study of older inpatients (≥ 65 years old) aimed to determine if variables within our health system’s EHR could be used to identify delirium among hospitalized patients at the bedside. Trained researchers screened daily for delirium using the 3-minute diagnostic Confusion Assessment Method (3D-CAM). Patient demographic and clinical variables were extracted from the EHR. Among 408 participants, mean age was 75 years, 60.8% were female ...


Utilization Of Remap Conversation Tool To Improve Advance Care Completion In The Home-Based Palliative Care Community Setting, Gwendolyn Starkey 2022 Jacksonville State University

Utilization Of Remap Conversation Tool To Improve Advance Care Completion In The Home-Based Palliative Care Community Setting, Gwendolyn Starkey

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: The World Health Organization and the American Society of Clinical Oncology guidelines endorses mandatory communication skills training in care goals for seriously ill patients (Back et al., 2019). In one survey of primary care providers (PCP), 68% reported no formal training to discuss advance care planning (Comer et al., 2020). Advance care planning is essential to manage chronic conditions in our growing aging population to provide the best patient care. This manuscript aimed to discuss best practices and techniques in advance care planning and optimize skills to provide patient-centered care conversations that honor patient wishes, reduce unwanted hospitalizations, and ...


Examining The Effects Of Passenger Conversation On Older Adult Driving, Allison Green, Meg Tedder, Amanda J. Mohler, Amanda M. Carpenter 2022 Arkansas State University

Examining The Effects Of Passenger Conversation On Older Adult Driving, Allison Green, Meg Tedder, Amanda J. Mohler, Amanda M. Carpenter

Student Journal of Occupational Therapy

Older adults have impaired driving performance compared to other age groups, and auditory stimuli has adverse effects on driving performance (Karthaus & Falkenstein, 2016). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to expand knowledge of driving and passenger conversation within the older adult population. Participants (n = 17) completed a drive of 7.8 miles on a driving simulator twice; once without conversation and again with conversation. Both drives used the same simulated driving tasks to examine driving performance with and without conversation. Participants exhibited poorer driving performance from the first drive without conversation to the second drive with conversation, specifically in time over the speed limit and average speed. Descriptive statistics also indicated that participants demonstrated poorer driving performance between the first drive and the second drive. Taken together, these findings indicated that passenger conversation negatively impacted driving ...


Avian Assisted Intervention During Covid-19 Pandemic Restrictions, Sandia Wood, Mary Thelander Hill 2022 University of New Mexico

Avian Assisted Intervention During Covid-19 Pandemic Restrictions, Sandia Wood, Mary Thelander Hill

Student Journal of Occupational Therapy

Occupational Deprivation has been a present risk [ER1] for people in inpatient hospital settings such as Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNF) during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic restrictions. Clients have described their days as “boring” and “unfulfilling.” Clients experiencing extended in-patient hospitalization, who already might experience great interruptions to their treasured roles, routines, and occupations, were further restricted from recreational and social opportunities usually present in those settings. This work describes the translation of the animal assisted intervention evidence base to an occupational therapy student-developed program at a SNF to address this deficit. A vibrant avian therapy partner gave moments ...


Modifiable Resources And Resilience In Racially And Ethnically Diverse Older Women: Implications For Health Outcomes And Interventions, Sparkle Springfield, Feifei Qin, Haley Hedlin, Charles B. Eaton, Milagros C. Rosal, Herman Taylor, Ursula M. Staudinger, Marcia L. Stefanick 2022 Loyola University

Modifiable Resources And Resilience In Racially And Ethnically Diverse Older Women: Implications For Health Outcomes And Interventions, Sparkle Springfield, Feifei Qin, Haley Hedlin, Charles B. Eaton, Milagros C. Rosal, Herman Taylor, Ursula M. Staudinger, Marcia L. Stefanick

UMass Worcester PRC Publications

Introduction: Resilience-which we define as the "ability to bounce back from stress"-can foster successful aging among older, racially and ethnically diverse women. This study investigated the association between psychological resilience in the Women's Health Initiative Extension Study (WHI-ES) and three constructs defined by Staudinger's 2015 model of resilience and aging: (1) perceived stress, (2) non-psychological resources, and (3) psychological resources. We further examined whether the relationship between resilience and key resources differed by race/ethnicity.

Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis on 77,395 women aged 62+ (4475 Black or African American; 69,448 non-Hispanic White; 1891 ...


Group Therapy For Adults With Hip Replacements, Riley Burford MOT/S, Hillary Talley MOT/S, Elizabeth Seals MOT/S, Alishah Pirwani MOT/S, Tylan Wakefield MOT/S 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Group Therapy For Adults With Hip Replacements, Riley Burford Mot/S, Hillary Talley Mot/S, Elizabeth Seals Mot/S, Alishah Pirwani Mot/S, Tylan Wakefield Mot/S

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of our critically appraised topic is to synthesize the best current evidence regarding the feasibility of group occupational therapy and outcomes related to ADL performance. The final portfolio contains a total of four research articles. Study designs include two randomized control trials, one cohort design, and one systematic review. All studies related directly to the PICO question and were used to determine best evidence for the feasibility of group therapy of the older adult population who have hip replacements in a rehabilitation setting.


Strategies To Combat Ageism In Emergency Medicine, Anita N. Chary, Lauren Cameron Comasco, Anita Rohra, Shan Lliu 2022 Baylor College of Medicine

Strategies To Combat Ageism In Emergency Medicine, Anita N. Chary, Lauren Cameron Comasco, Anita Rohra, Shan Lliu

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

N/a


Evaluation Of The University Of Nebraska Medical Center’S 4ms Geriatric Training Program At Nebraska Medicine Midtown, Holly M. Sesker 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Evaluation Of The University Of Nebraska Medical Center’S 4ms Geriatric Training Program At Nebraska Medicine Midtown, Holly M. Sesker

Capstone

In 2015, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) created the Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program (GWEP) to address geriatric workforce challenges and improve the health outcomes of older adults. The GWEP redefines care delivery through a movement for age-friendly healthcare guided by evidence-based practices that align with the 4Ms: What Matters, Medication, Mentation, and Mobility. The 4Ms identify the key issues that should drive the decision-making and care for every older adult. 4Ms training sessions were conducted at the Nebraska Medicine Midtown Clinic and evaluated through a cross-sectional survey administered to both residents (trainees) and attendings (trainers). Data was collected ...


Social Isolation During The Covid-19 Pandemic And Its Impact On Maine's Nursing Homes, Tanya Roy 2022 University of Maine - Main

Social Isolation During The Covid-19 Pandemic And Its Impact On Maine's Nursing Homes, Tanya Roy

Honors College

The COVID-19 pandemic has created several challenges within the healthcare industry and has highlighted the impact of social isolation on older adults in Maine’s nursing homes. The older adult population, defined as individuals 65 years and older, has been identified with increased risk in contracting the SARS-CoV-2 virus during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, older adults were placed on strict isolation precautions and confined within their nursing home setting, many residing only in their rooms. With Maine having the oldest population in the United States, this created a need for further investigation into how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the ...


Evaluation Of The University Of Nebraska Medical Center’S 4ms Geriatric Training Program At Nebraska Medicine Midtown, Holly M. Sesker 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Evaluation Of The University Of Nebraska Medical Center’S 4ms Geriatric Training Program At Nebraska Medicine Midtown, Holly M. Sesker

Capstone Experience

In 2015, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) created the Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program (GWEP) to address geriatric workforce challenges and improve the health outcomes of older adults. The GWEP redefines care delivery through a movement for age-friendly healthcare guided by evidence-based practices that align with the 4Ms: What Matters, Medication, Mentation, and Mobility. The 4Ms identify the key issues that should drive the decision-making and care for every older adult. 4Ms training sessions were conducted at the Nebraska Medicine Midtown Clinic and evaluated through a cross-sectional survey administered to both residents (trainees) and attendings (trainers). Data was collected ...


Comprehensive Analysis Of Epigenetic Clocks Reveals Associations Between Disproportionate Biological Ageing And Hippocampal Volume, Lidija Milicic, Michael Vacher, Tenielle Porter, Vincent Doré, Samantha C. Burnham, Pierrick Bourgeat, Rosita Shishegar, James Doecke, Nicola J. Armstrong, Rick Tankard, Paul Maruff, Colin L. Masters, Christopher C. Rowe, Victor L. Villemagne, Simon M. Laws, Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, Australian Imaging Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) Study 2022 Edith Cowan University

Comprehensive Analysis Of Epigenetic Clocks Reveals Associations Between Disproportionate Biological Ageing And Hippocampal Volume, Lidija Milicic, Michael Vacher, Tenielle Porter, Vincent Doré, Samantha C. Burnham, Pierrick Bourgeat, Rosita Shishegar, James Doecke, Nicola J. Armstrong, Rick Tankard, Paul Maruff, Colin L. Masters, Christopher C. Rowe, Victor L. Villemagne, Simon M. Laws, Alzheimer’S Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, Australian Imaging Biomarkers And Lifestyle (Aibl) Study

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

The concept of age acceleration, the difference between biological age and chronological age, is of growing interest, particularly with respect to age-related disorders, such as Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Whilst studies have reported associations with AD risk and related phenotypes, there remains a lack of consensus on these associations. Here we aimed to comprehensively investigate the relationship between five recognised measures of age acceleration, based on DNA methylation patterns (DNAm age), and cross-sectional and longitudinal cognition and AD-related neuroimaging phenotypes (volumetric MRI and Amyloid-β PET) in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) and the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative ...


Cpr-Directive Conversations In The Emergency Department: The Opinion Of Elderly Patients, Kelvin H. Kramp Dr., Rutger de Hond, Mirwais Mehrab, Martijn Van Hooft, Roger A.P.A. Hessels 2022 Elisabeth-Tweesteden Ziekenhuis

Cpr-Directive Conversations In The Emergency Department: The Opinion Of Elderly Patients, Kelvin H. Kramp Dr., Rutger De Hond, Mirwais Mehrab, Martijn Van Hooft, Roger A.P.A. Hessels

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

Background: The average age of patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) continues to rise. Many face difficult discussions about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and end-of-life decisions.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine which healthcare professionals elderly patients admitted via the ED preferred to discuss their CPR-directive with and their opinion about the ED as a setting for discussing their CPR-directive.

Methods: A mixed-methods study with an explanatory sequential design was conducted. A questionnaire was administered to 100 patients >65 years of age admitted to nursing wards via the ED that had a CPR-directive conversation during admission 24-48 hours earlier. Patients ...


Integration Of Geriatric Content In Entry-Level Physical Therapy Education In The Philippines: A Pilot Study, Charlemaine Deane A. Perez 2022 University of the Philippines Manila

Integration Of Geriatric Content In Entry-Level Physical Therapy Education In The Philippines: A Pilot Study, Charlemaine Deane A. Perez

Philippine Journal of Physical Therapy

Introduction: Physical therapy (PT) practice is expected to dynamically respond to the growing needs of older adults. Currently, there is paucity in meeting the demands of the aging Filipino population that may be linked to the status of undergraduate PT education. To date, there are no known systematically analyzed data that explores the breadth of geriatric content in the local BSPT programs. This study aimed to describe the integration of geriatric-related content in the pre-clinical and clinical entry-level PT curricula.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional research design using survey instrumentation was conducted among heads and PT educators in higher educational institutions and ...


Wellness Promotion Through Leisure Activity Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Gabriela Morrell-Zucker 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Wellness Promotion Through Leisure Activity Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Gabriela Morrell-Zucker

Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium, Spring 2022

The purpose of this capstone project is to analyze the outcomes of an occupation-based wellness program which aims to address the problem of a lack of wellness promotion programs for community-dwelling older adults. Through structured programming older-adults demonstrated increased participation in leisure activities contributing to positive health and wellness. As the older adult population continues to grow, there is a need to engage community-dwelling older adult populations in wellness promotion through leisure activities. For this purpose, a quantitative approach examines the outcomes of program development from older adults' perspectives through a the CHAMPS Older Adult Physical Activity Questionnaire.


Obesogenic Environments And Cardiovascular Disease: A Path Analysis Using Us Nationally Representative Data, Fangqi Guo, Georgiana Bostean, Vincent Berardi, Alfredo J. Velasquez, Jennifer W. Robinette 2022 Chapman University

Obesogenic Environments And Cardiovascular Disease: A Path Analysis Using Us Nationally Representative Data, Fangqi Guo, Georgiana Bostean, Vincent Berardi, Alfredo J. Velasquez, Jennifer W. Robinette

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction

People living in obesogenic environments, with limited access to healthful food outlets and exercise facilities, generally have poor health. Previous research suggests that behavioral risk factors and indicators of physiological functioning may mediate this link; however, no studies to date have had the requisite data to investigate multi-level behavioral and physiological risk factors simultaneously. The present study conducted serial and parallel mediation analyses to examine behavioral and physiological pathways explaining the association between environmental obesogenicity and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods

This cross-sectional observational study used data from the 2012–2016 Health and Retirement Study, a representative survey of US ...


Call To Action: Improving The Care Of Older Patients In Emergency Departments. A Much-Needed Collaboration Between Emergency Medicine Physicians And Geriatricians., Saket A. Saxena 2022 Cleveland Clinic

Call To Action: Improving The Care Of Older Patients In Emergency Departments. A Much-Needed Collaboration Between Emergency Medicine Physicians And Geriatricians., Saket A. Saxena

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


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