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Cognitive Impairment, Vulnerability, And Mortality Post Ischemic Stroke: A Five-Year Follow-Up Of The Action On Secondary Prevention Interventions And Rehabilitation In Stroke (Aspire-S) Cohort, Eva Gaynor, Daniela Rohde, Margaret Large, Lisa Mellon, Patricia Hall, Linda Brewer, Orla Conway, Anne Hickey, Kathleen Bennett, Eamon Dolan, Elizabeth Callaly, David Williams 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Cognitive Impairment, Vulnerability, And Mortality Post Ischemic Stroke: A Five-Year Follow-Up Of The Action On Secondary Prevention Interventions And Rehabilitation In Stroke (Aspire-S) Cohort, Eva Gaynor, Daniela Rohde, Margaret Large, Lisa Mellon, Patricia Hall, Linda Brewer, Orla Conway, Anne Hickey, Kathleen Bennett, Eamon Dolan, Elizabeth Callaly, David Williams

Psychology Articles

Background

The aim of this study was to examine predictors of mortality in patients 5 years after ischemic stroke, focusing on cognitive impairment, vulnerability, and vascular risk factors assessed at 6 months post stroke.

Materials and Methods

Patients from the Action on Secondary Prevention Interventions and Rehabilitation in Stroke (ASPIRE-S) cohort were followed up 5 years post ischemic stroke. Vascular risk factors, cognitive impairment, and vulnerability were assessed at 6 months post stroke. Cognitive impairment was assessed using a cutoff score lower than 26 on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Vulnerability was defined as a score of 3 or higher ...


Resilience And Protective Factors In Older Adults, Jessica McClain, Katelyn Gullatt, Caroline Lee 2018 Dominican University of California

Resilience And Protective Factors In Older Adults, Jessica Mcclain, Katelyn Gullatt, Caroline Lee

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

Evidence suggests resilience promotes successful aging in place and protective factors promote resilience. This study sought to investigate whether or not the combination of three protective factors, physical health, social support, and self-efficacy are all of equal importance in predicting resilience among Marin County older adults, or if some individual protective factors have a greater impact on resilience than the others. Fifty-eight participants ages 62 and higher were recruited from senior community programs and personal contacts. Four self-report questionnaires were completed by the participants in this exploratory, cross-sectional, quantitative design. SPSS was used for a descriptive and multivariate analyses to ...


Survey Of Sensory Diet Use Among California Occupational Therapy Practitioners, Morganne Peterson, Allison Hunt, Emily White 2018 Dominican University of California

Survey Of Sensory Diet Use Among California Occupational Therapy Practitioners, Morganne Peterson, Allison Hunt, Emily White

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the use of sensory diets in the field of occupational therapy. This study investigated the use of sensory diets among California occupational therapy practitioners. A mixed-methods design was used to collect data through an online survey. The survey was sent out to members of the Occupational Therapy Association of California (OTAC) and received 98 respondents within one month. Participants worked among various clinical settings and implemented sensory diets with various client populations. Practitioners reported using terms such as “sensory strategies,” “sensory tools,” and “sensory supports” which indicates an overall misunderstanding associated with ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of A Formal Dementia Care Training Program: Abilities Care Experts™, Carmen Joaquin, Michelle D'Amato, April Perez, Louiza Alexandria Villarina, Sophie E. Miller 2018 Dominican University of California

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of A Formal Dementia Care Training Program: Abilities Care Experts™, Carmen Joaquin, Michelle D'Amato, April Perez, Louiza Alexandria Villarina, Sophie E. Miller

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

Overview: Abilities Care Experts™ (ACE™) is an educational training program for nursing staff who care for individuals with dementia in skilled nursing facilities (SNF). The objective of the program is to provide the nursing staff with knowledge, and methods to engage residents’ remaining abilities in order to maximize occupational participation using a stage-specific dementia care approach. ACE™ training has yet to be evaluated for effectiveness in a controlled study design.

Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of the ACE™ training.

Design: The study employed a quantitative, cross-sectional, quasi-experimental design.

Participants: A total of 29 CNAs, 13 ACE™ trained ...


Long-Term Care Of Elderly Citizens: A Comparative Study, Kerri McInnis 2018 Carroll College

Long-Term Care Of Elderly Citizens: A Comparative Study, Kerri Mcinnis

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Recently, countries around the world have experienced an exponential increase in the number of senior citizens. This unfathomable demographic change is only expected to intensify in the coming years. Countries in the western hemisphere have implemented very different strategies in an effort to cope with the new demands presented by the aging population and demographic shift. The norm in the United States is providing institutional care in either assisted livings or nursing homes, whereas the norm in Latin American countries is offering familial care and multigenerational coresidence. The aim of this study is to compare the benefits and shortcomings of ...


Individualized Music Improves Social Interaction Of Women, But Not Men, With Dementia, Emily Farrer, Diana Hilycord 2018 Butler University

Individualized Music Improves Social Interaction Of Women, But Not Men, With Dementia, Emily Farrer, Diana Hilycord

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

Dementia is tragic both for patients with the disease and for their family members. As this neurodegenerative disorder progresses, cognitive functions deteriorate, agitation and aggression increase, and mood worsens (McDermott, Orrell, et al., 2014; Spiro, 2010; Vasionyté & Madison, 2013). Non-pharmacological approaches, such as active music therapy or passive music listening, can be effective in reducing these symptoms. However, no past studies have examined how music listening affects the social interactions of patients with dementia. As such, this study examined whether nursing home residents with dementia are more engaged and interactive if they listen to individually selected music for 15 minutes ...


Non-Hispanic Black-White Disparities In Pain And Pain Management Among Newly Admitted Nursing Home Residents With Cancer, Deborah Mack, Jacob N. Hunnicutt, William M. Jesdale, Kate L. Lapane 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Non-Hispanic Black-White Disparities In Pain And Pain Management Among Newly Admitted Nursing Home Residents With Cancer, Deborah Mack, Jacob N. Hunnicutt, William M. Jesdale, Kate L. Lapane

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Background: Racial disparities in pain management persist across health care settings and likely extend into nursing homes. No recent studies have evaluated racial disparities in pain management among residents with cancer in nursing homes at time of admission.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design, we compared reported pain and pain management between non-Hispanic White and non-Hispanic Black newly admitted nursing home residents with cancer (n=342,920) using the de-identified Minimum Data Set version 3.0. Pain management strategies included the use of scheduled analgesics, pro re nata analgesics, and non-pharmacological methods. Presence of pain was based on self-report when ...


Evaluation Of Group Movement Programs (Plié And Paired Plié) For People With Memory Loss, Alzheimer’S Disease Or Dementia, Martin Blanco, Deborah Barnes 2018 George Washington University

Evaluation Of Group Movement Programs (Plié And Paired Plié) For People With Memory Loss, Alzheimer’S Disease Or Dementia, Martin Blanco, Deborah Barnes

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Today, one in ten people ages 65 and older have Alzheimer’s dementia. This serious condition often causes great suffering among affected individuals and their families, and there are no medications that stop or slow the disease. It is therefore important to evaluate alternative interventions that may benefit both patients and their care partners. Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIÉ) and Paired PLIÉ are group movement programs that combine neuroscience and integrative medicine for individuals with dementia. We analyzed data from [N=39] anonymous evaluation surveys performed as part of two ongoing randomized control trials. Survey data included general ...


Comparison Of Existing Methods For Algorithmic Classification Of Dementia In The Health And Retirement Study, Kan Z. Gianattasio, Qiong Wu, M Maria Glymour, Melinda C. Power 2018 George Washington University

Comparison Of Existing Methods For Algorithmic Classification Of Dementia In The Health And Retirement Study, Kan Z. Gianattasio, Qiong Wu, M Maria Glymour, Melinda C. Power

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background: Dementia ascertainment is difficult and costly, hindering the use of large, representative studies such as the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to monitor trends or disparities in dementia. To address this issue, multiple groups of researchers have developed algorithms to classify dementia status in HRS participants using data from HRS and the Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study (ADAMS), an HRS sub-study that systematically ascertained dementia status. However, the relative performance of each algorithm has not been systematically evaluated.

Objective: To compare the performance of five existing algorithms, overall and by sociodemographic subgroups.

Methods: We created two standardized datasets: (a ...


(Video) Barriers To Implementing Advance Care Planning In The Healthcare Setting, Dona Occhipinti, Matias Attene Ramos 2018 George Washington University

(Video) Barriers To Implementing Advance Care Planning In The Healthcare Setting, Dona Occhipinti, Matias Attene Ramos

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Objectives: Current barriers to implementing Advanced Care Planning (ACP) will be examined as applied to the healthcare system.

Methods: A literature review was performed looking at the current practices of ACP (e.g. filling out advanced directives (AD), Medical Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment (MOLST)/ Physician Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment (POLST), etc.), physician comfort level with having end-of-life discussion (EOL), successful/unsuccessful interventions to increase ACP/EOL discussions among health care providers (HCP), and the current political environment with respect to physicians’ ability to implement ACP/EOL discussions. Cochrane, Pubmed, and Google Scholar were searched for papers written in ...


Mechanisms Of Fatigue With Aging: Evidence From The Whole-Limb To The Single Cell In Humans, Christopher W. Sundberg 2018 Marquette University

Mechanisms Of Fatigue With Aging: Evidence From The Whole-Limb To The Single Cell In Humans, Christopher W. Sundberg

Dissertations (2009 -)

Aging is accompanied by a loss of muscle mass and increased fatigability of limb muscles making it difficult for old adults to generate the force and power necessary to perform daily activities, such as ascending a flight of stairs. The mechanisms for the age-related increase in fatigability in old and very old adults (≥80 yrs) and whether there are differences between men and women are unknown. The purpose of this dissertation was to determine the mechanisms for the age-related increase in fatigability in men and women by studying fatigue at the level of the whole-limb and within the muscle cells ...


The Interprofessional Management Of Geriatric Patients Undergoing Head And Neck Cancer Treatment In U.S. Nursing Homes, Rashida Wiley, Vidushi Gupta, Riddhi A. Daftary, Jessfor Baugh, Anh H. Tran, Dorothy Lynne Cataldo, Yang Kang, Takashi Komabayashi 2018 University of New England

The Interprofessional Management Of Geriatric Patients Undergoing Head And Neck Cancer Treatment In U.S. Nursing Homes, Rashida Wiley, Vidushi Gupta, Riddhi A. Daftary, Jessfor Baugh, Anh H. Tran, Dorothy Lynne Cataldo, Yang Kang, Takashi Komabayashi

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

A dental approach toward interprofessional management, treatment planning and rehabilitation of diagnosed individuals undergoing cancer therapies is essential. Literature review focuses on presurgery oral hygiene instructions, pre-radiography/chemotherapy dental clearance, complications and management during radiotherapy/chemotherapy; post-radiotherapy/ chemotherapy oral healthcare; and adjunctive measures.


Identification Of Risk Factors Associated With Falls In The Long Term Care Setting, Jacqueline L. Patel, DNP, MS, ANP-BC 2018 George Washington University

Identification Of Risk Factors Associated With Falls In The Long Term Care Setting, Jacqueline L. Patel, Dnp, Ms, Anp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Falls threaten the safety of older adults in long term care (LTC).

Objectives: To assess environmental, clinical and pharmacological causes of falls as well as compare Fall Risk Assessment Score, Brief Interview of Mental Status (BIMS) score, Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scores, age and gender of residents with one fall, recurrent falls, and no falls.

Methods: Using a descriptive-comparative design, we included a convenience sample of 290 adults ≥50 years old at our LTC facility. Fall and recurrent fall groups were matched to those with no falls. We assessed environmental, clinical and pharmacological variables, Fall Risk Assessment Scores ...


Adult Day Service Providers: Untapped Potential For Care Coordination, Nicole Ruggiano, Ellen L. Brown, Karen L. Fortuna 2018 University of Alabama

Adult Day Service Providers: Untapped Potential For Care Coordination, Nicole Ruggiano, Ellen L. Brown, Karen L. Fortuna

Nursing & Health Sciences Research Journal

Adult Day Services (ADS) have become increasingly available for community-dwelling older adults who are often experiencing multiple chronic conditions and/or dementia. ADS providers spend a significant amount of time with their clients and offer the opportunity for a wealth of clinical information that can be used by primary care providers and specialists for decision-making about patient care. There are also opportunities for hospitals to coordinate care transitions with ADS providers by involving them with discharge planning with appropriate patients who require post-hospital care. However, ADS providers are often viewed as social service providers, and there is little known about ...


Exploring The Use Of The Timed Up And Go Test To Identify Patient Fall Risk In An Inpatient Geriatric Psychiatry Unit, Danielle Struble-Fitzsimmons 2018 Seton Hall University

Exploring The Use Of The Timed Up And Go Test To Identify Patient Fall Risk In An Inpatient Geriatric Psychiatry Unit, Danielle Struble-Fitzsimmons

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background: Patient falls during hospitalization influence healthcare costs and quality, and hospitals are mandated to complete fall risk assessments on all patients. Inpatient geriatric psychiatry units have the highest fall rates in the acute care setting, and most falls in this population occur during the mobility tasks of transfers and ambulation. The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test includes these two specific functional tasks, and has been used to predict falls in other geriatric populations, but has never been tested in an inpatient geriatric psychiatry unit. The purpose of this study was to determine if the TUG is a predictive ...


What Does It Cost To Feed Aged Care Residents In Australia?, Cherie Hugo, Elizabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal 2018 Bond University

What Does It Cost To Feed Aged Care Residents In Australia?, Cherie Hugo, Elizabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Aim

Funding cuts to the aged care industry impact catering budgets and aged care staffing levels, which may in turn affect the nutritional status of aged care residents. This paper reports average food expenditure and trends in Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs).

Methods

This is a retrospective study collecting RACFs’ economic outlay data through a quarterly online survey conducted over the 2015 and 2016 financial years.

Results

Data were compiled from 817 RACFs, representing 64 256 residential beds and 23 million bed-days Australia-wide. The average total spend in Australian Dollars (AUD) on catering consumables (including cutlery/crockery, supplements, paper ...


The Year In The Rear-View Mirror, Edward F. Ansello 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Year In The Rear-View Mirror, Edward F. Ansello

Director's Editorials from Age in Action

No abstract provided.


Review Of Risk Assessment Tools To Predict Morbidity And Mortality In Elderly Surgical Patients Brief Title: Review Of Surgical Risk Assessment Tools, Gilgamesh Eamer, Mohamed Al-Amoodi, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Darryl Rolfson, Lindsey Warkentin, Rachel Khadaroo 2018 George Washington University

Review Of Risk Assessment Tools To Predict Morbidity And Mortality In Elderly Surgical Patients Brief Title: Review Of Surgical Risk Assessment Tools, Gilgamesh Eamer, Mohamed Al-Amoodi, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Darryl Rolfson, Lindsey Warkentin, Rachel Khadaroo

School of Medicine and Health Sciences Student Works

Background

Informed surgical consent requires accurate estimation of risks and benefits. Multiple risk assessment tools are available; however, most are not widely used or are specific to certain interventions. Assessing surgical risk is especially challenging in elderly patients because of their range of comorbidities, level of frailty, or severity of illness and a number of available surgical interventions.

Data sources

We searched MEDLINE from January 2014 to July 2017 for studies that used risk assessment tools in studies on elderly surgical patients. We then sought the original articles describing each assessment tool and subsequent validation studies.

Conclusions

We identified risk ...


Gerontology Theory Communicated In The Primary Grades Through Picture Books, Edward F. Ansello 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Gerontology Theory Communicated In The Primary Grades Through Picture Books, Edward F. Ansello

Case Studies from Age in Action

Educational Objectives

1. To recognize children’s first literature as a means of socialization to aging and older people.

2. To identify children’s books that reflect basic principles of gerontology theory.

3. To help primary school teachers, grandparents, and others interested in human development use books and activities to capture children’s attention.

4. To identify a unit of six brief, overlapping modules, each with objectives, activities, and recommended readings.


Lewy Body Dementia, Edward F. Ansello 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Lewy Body Dementia, Edward F. Ansello

Director's Editorials from Age in Action

No abstract provided.


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