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336 full-text articles. Page 1 of 13.

Right Ventricular Perforation: A Rare Complication Of Pulmonary Artery Catheterization, Khalid Ahsan, Mohammad Hamid, Saulat H. Fatimi, Ijaz Hidayat 2017 Aga Khan University

Right Ventricular Perforation: A Rare Complication Of Pulmonary Artery Catheterization, Khalid Ahsan, Mohammad Hamid, Saulat H. Fatimi, Ijaz Hidayat

Saulat Fatimi

A 70 years old male underwent Coronary Artery Bypass and Graft (CABG) surgery. After induction, a Pulmonary Artery Catheter (PAC) was inserted via right IJV with some difficulty in achieving PA tracing. During distal RCA anastomosis, surgeon noticed PAC tip coming out of Right Ventricular (RV) surface. Resistance was felt on trying to pull PAC, so it was left there. Cardiac surgeon then opened the Right Atrium (RA) and pulled out the catheter. Multiple attempts during insertion of PA catheter should always raise the suspicion of PAC tip slipping back into the RV. It should be closely monitored during surgery ...


Unplanned Prolonged Postanaesthesia Care Unit Length Of Stay And Factors Affecting It, Khalid Samad, Mueenullah Khan, Hameedullah, Fauzia A. Khan, Mohammad Hamid, Fazal Hameed Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Unplanned Prolonged Postanaesthesia Care Unit Length Of Stay And Factors Affecting It, Khalid Samad, Mueenullah Khan, Hameedullah, Fauzia A. Khan, Mohammad Hamid, Fazal Hameed Khan

Fazal Hameed Khan

Objective: To identify the factors that prolong the length of stay in the post anaesthesia care unit (PACU). Methods: This audit was conducted in the PACU of a university hospital. A special form was designed and filled for those patients who stayed unplanned in the PACU for more than two hours. All patients who were admitted to the PACU after surgery were included. Patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery, those directly shifted to ICU and cases done under local anaesthesia were excluded. Data was collected for 20 months by a designated recovery nurse for all included patients including those admitted outside the ...


Respiratory Arrest In A Child After Flushing Of Pancuronium From The Dead Space Of Intravenous Cannula, R. I. Khan, Fazal Hameed Khan, H .I Naqvi 2017 Aga Khan University

Respiratory Arrest In A Child After Flushing Of Pancuronium From The Dead Space Of Intravenous Cannula, R. I. Khan, Fazal Hameed Khan, H .I Naqvi

Fazal Hameed Khan

It is common practice for patients admitted to Intensive Care Units to have indwelling intravenous cannulae. Sometimes these cannulae are used only for the administration of drugs and are closed otherwise. Residual drugs in the deadspace of these intravenous cannulae as well as connected stoppers or 3-way stopcocks can later be flushed unknowingly. We would like to report a case in which inadvertent flushing of residual pancuronium caused complete muscle paralysis and respiratory arrest in a young child.


To Compare The Accuracy Of Prayer's Sign And Mallampatti Test In Predicting Difficult Intubation In Diabetic Patients, Mirza Mudassir Ali Baig, Fazal Hameed Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

To Compare The Accuracy Of Prayer's Sign And Mallampatti Test In Predicting Difficult Intubation In Diabetic Patients, Mirza Mudassir Ali Baig, Fazal Hameed Khan

Fazal Hameed Khan

Objective: To determine the accuracy of Prayer's sign and Mallampatti test in predicting difficult endotracheal intubation in diabetic patients. Methods: The cross-sectional study was performed at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, over a period from January 2009 to April 2010, and comprised 357 patients who required endotracheal intubation for elective surgical procedures. Prayer's sign and Mallampatti tests were performed for the assessment of airway by trained observers. Ease or difficulty of laryngoscopy after the patient was fully anaesthetised with standard technique were observed and laryngoscopic view of first attempt was rated according to Cormack-Lehan grade of intubation. SPSS ...


Haemodynamic Response To Tracheal Intubation Via Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway Versus Direct Laryngoscopic Tracheal Intubation, Naveed Tahir Siddiqui, Fazal Hameed Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Haemodynamic Response To Tracheal Intubation Via Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway Versus Direct Laryngoscopic Tracheal Intubation, Naveed Tahir Siddiqui, Fazal Hameed Khan

Fazal Hameed Khan

Objective: To compare the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation using either direct larygoscopy or Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway. Methods: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial. One hundred adult ASA-I and ASA - II patients coming to the Anaesthesia Department of Aga Khan University Hospital were randomly divided into two groups. In group- I endotracheal intubation was done with the help of Macintosh laryngoscope while in group-II patients were intubated with the help of the Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway. Systolic, diastolic, mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate were recorded at baseline, at laryngoscopy and at 1 minute interval for 10 ...


Anaesthetic Management Of A Pregnant Patient For Aortic Valve Replacement, Khalid M Siddiqui, Fazal Hameed Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Anaesthetic Management Of A Pregnant Patient For Aortic Valve Replacement, Khalid M Siddiqui, Fazal Hameed Khan

Fazal Hameed Khan

Cardiac disease can be encountered during pregnancy with the frequency being 1% to 2% of all pregnant women. Because of the high foetal and relative maternal mortality during surgery, medical management is the first line of treatment. Nevertheless, when medical treatment fails, cardiac surgery becomes necessary. We present the anaesthetic management of a case of Aortic valve disease in a pregnant woman undergoing surgery.


Apache-Ii Score Correlation With Mortality And Length Of Stay In An Intensive Care Unit, Saad Ahmed Naved,, Shahla Siddiqui, Fazal Hameed Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Apache-Ii Score Correlation With Mortality And Length Of Stay In An Intensive Care Unit, Saad Ahmed Naved,, Shahla Siddiqui, Fazal Hameed Khan

Fazal Hameed Khan

Objective: To correlate the APACHE-II score system with mortality and length of stay in ICU. Study Design: Cohort study. Place and Duration of Study: The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from May 2005 to May 2006. Methodology: All adult patients who were admitted in the ICU were included. APACHE-II score was calculated at the second and seventh days of admission in the ICU. Patients who were discharged alive from the ICU or died after first APACHE-II Score (at 2nd day) were noted as the primary outcome measurement. Second APACHE-II score (at 7th day) was ...


Complications Of Endotracheal Intubation In Mechanically Ventilated Patients In A General Intensive Care Unit, Fazal Hameed Khan, Fauzia A. Khan, Robyna Irshad, Rehana S Kamal 2017 Aga Khan University

Complications Of Endotracheal Intubation In Mechanically Ventilated Patients In A General Intensive Care Unit, Fazal Hameed Khan, Fauzia A. Khan, Robyna Irshad, Rehana S Kamal

Fazal Hameed Khan

During a period of one year, 126 patients were prospectively audited to analyse complications of endotra­cheal intubation in a general intensive care unit setting. A total of 62 complications were observed in 48 patients. The most frequent complications during intubation were hypotension and bradycardia. The blockage of endotracheal tubes significantly increased with the duration of intubation. Sore throat was the commonest (22%) complication following extubation. Other complications like stridor and ulceration of mouth and lips which followed extubation were not related to the duration of intubation


Acute Lung Injury/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Fazal Hameed Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Acute Lung Injury/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Fazal Hameed Khan

Fazal Hameed Khan

Reports of pulmonary physiopathological insults following severe trauma resulting in respiratory failure are not new in medical literature1,2. In 1967 Ashbaugh and colleagues described a syndrome of acute respiratory distress following a variety of precipitating conditions3. Severe hypoxemia, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates, poor lung compliance and absence of left heart failure characterize this condition. Ashbaugh et al4 subsequently named it as adult respiratory distress syndrome to differentiate it from infant respiratory distress syndrome. It was proposed at that time that both conditions manifest similar physiopathological changes. It was also referred to as “traumatic wet lung”, “congestive atelectasis”, or “Da Nang ...


Data On The Effect Of Sex On The Size, Cellular Content, And Neuronal Density Of The Developing Brain In Mice Exposed To Isoflurane And Carbon Monoxid, L Wang, A Wang, W W. Supplee, K Koffler, Y Cheng, Z M.N. Quezado, R J. Levy 2017 George Washington University

Data On The Effect Of Sex On The Size, Cellular Content, And Neuronal Density Of The Developing Brain In Mice Exposed To Isoflurane And Carbon Monoxid, L Wang, A Wang, W W. Supplee, K Koffler, Y Cheng, Z M.N. Quezado, R J. Levy

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

The data presented here detail the changes in size, cellular content, and neuronal density of the developing brain over time with respect to sex in C57Bl/6 mice following neonatal exposure to isoflurane, carbon monoxide, or their combination. Specifically, brain weight- and brain volume-to-body weight ratios are presented, representative immunoblots of whole brain cell-specific protein content are depicted, and quantification of the number of neurons in the primary somatosensory cortex and CA3 region of the hippocampus are shown. Three discrete postnatal time points are represented: P7 (prior to exposure), P14 (one-week post exposure), and P42-56 (5–7 weeks post exposure ...


Local Anesthesia Toxicity, Nicole McCleery 2017 Otterbein University

Local Anesthesia Toxicity, Nicole Mccleery

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Local anesthesia (LA) provides a way to relieve temporary pain in a small part of the body and has been used for over 100 years (Fencl, 2015). LA also prevents the passage of surgical stimuli into the central nervous system (CNS) making a surgical procedure less painful for the patient (Noble, 2015). According to Noble, “altering the passage of stimuli from smaller diameter neurons in a confined area with lower drug dosages is called LA, such as the injection of LA around a surgical incision” (Noble, 2015, p.325). LA can be used in a variety of settings, such as ...


Neurotoxic Effects Of Anesthesia On The Developing Brain, Nicole Hachey 2017 University of New England

Neurotoxic Effects Of Anesthesia On The Developing Brain, Nicole Hachey

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

Each year, thousands of neonates receive anesthesia and/or sedation for various surgical procedures. With advancements in neonatal care and surgical techniques, the number of infants receiving anesthesia globally will continue to increase. A relatively large and growing body of literature suggests that exposure to general anesthetics can be detrimental to the developing brain. Based upon various animal studies, it is thought that exposure of the immature brain to anesthetic agents may result in apoptosis, neurodegeneration and ultimately long-term cognitive deficiencies (Walters & Paule, 2016). This information presents a dilemma for practitioners when caring for a neonate requiring a surgical procedure ...


The Impact Of Intraoperative Goal-Directed Fluid Therapy, Marc Yacovone 2017 University of New England

The Impact Of Intraoperative Goal-Directed Fluid Therapy, Marc Yacovone

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

Anesthetists provide intra-operative fluid therapy by utilizing a variety of different methods. Deciding on the appropriate method is multifaceted, and the choice of method is a determinate of safe and effective outcomes. Camach-Navarro et al. (2015) determined that postoperative complications are linked to either giving too much or too little fluid. Unfortunately, the deleterious effects of improper fluid therapy are often overlooked.

Minor surgical procedures which result in little to no blood loss, often lead to positive outcomes using the fixed volume calculation approach to fluid therapy. However, when major surgical procedures are performed on sick patients a fluid management ...


The Role Of Platelet Rich Plasma In Pain Management And Decrease In Opioid Use, Sara Cunha 2017 University of New England

The Role Of Platelet Rich Plasma In Pain Management And Decrease In Opioid Use, Sara Cunha

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

Platelet-rich plasma, also known as PRP, has become increasingly popular for the treatment of orthopedic injuries and symptomatic pain that results from such injuries. By promoting a localized inflammatory response, PRP injections increase blood flow to the injured area and expedite the healing process, thereby leading to pain relief. PRP has the potential to be a key player in the future of pain management. However, current evidence of the impact of PRP on pain relief is controversial. This paper aims to review the most current randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of PRP in pain relief in a variety of ...


Thoracic Epidural Versus Continuous Intercostal Catheter For Patients Undergoing Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (Vats), Brittany Guilmet 2017 University of New England

Thoracic Epidural Versus Continuous Intercostal Catheter For Patients Undergoing Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (Vats), Brittany Guilmet

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

Advances in technology have pushed many practitioners towards the implementation of minimally invasive surgery. Many different specialties have rapidly adopted this new approach and patient outcomes have improved as a result of this transition. One specialty, thoracic surgery, has evolved with this change through the development of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Despite improved patient outcomes, thoracic surgery remains one of the most painful procedures that a patient can endure. Although there are many different analgesic modalities available, the gold standard for post-operative analgesia in this patient population remains unknown. The aim of this literature review is to compare the ...


Regional Anesthesia And Breast Cancer Recurrence, Michael Dunnington 2017 University of New England

Regional Anesthesia And Breast Cancer Recurrence, Michael Dunnington

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women in the United States, and surgical resection is the definitive treatment. However, cancer recurrence and metastasis remains a concern for the lifetime of the patients affected. Therefore, much interest has been focused on how anesthetic technique may impact the rates of cancer recurrence and metastasis following breast cancer surgery. In this review, the potential for regional analgesia to reduce the recurrence rate of breast cancer post-operatively is discussed. Supporting evidence from multiple studies is presented, along with a discussion of potential areas of future research that is needed. At ...


Hypertonic Saline Versus Mannitol To Improve Brain Relaxation In Craniotomy: A Case Study, Morgan Cornell 2017 University of New England

Hypertonic Saline Versus Mannitol To Improve Brain Relaxation In Craniotomy: A Case Study, Morgan Cornell

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

In neurosurgical procedures, including craniotomy for tumor, neurosurgeons often require a reduction of brain swelling to optimally perform the surgery. The reduction of brain swelling is termed brain relaxation. The anesthesia professional can accomplish brain relaxation using multiple techniques. One such technique is the infusion of certain intravenous fluids to change the osmotic pressure within the cranial vault thereby reducing brain edema (Jaffe, 2014). Highly osmolar fluids such as mannitol and hypertonic saline can be infused to decrease brain edema. Currently, mannitol remains the gold standard for medical treatment of intracranial pressure in neurosurgical procedures (Marko, 2012). This review seeks ...


Dexmedetomidine In The Prevention Of Emergence Delirium In Children, Lauren Anderson 2017 University of New England

Dexmedetomidine In The Prevention Of Emergence Delirium In Children, Lauren Anderson

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

This review examines the use of intravenous dexmedetomidine in the role of decreasing or preventing emergence delirium in pediatric patients undergoing ambulatory surgery. The included randomized controlled trials evaluated the administration of dexmedetomidine, whether as a bolus, infusion, or in combination, and its effectiveness in preventing or reducing emergence delirium. The analysis scales for emergence delirium varied between studies, and it was noted that multiple scale components overlapped with pain scale components used in the trials. It has also been noted that differentiating between pain and emergence delirium can be challenging for clinicians (Somaini, Engelhardt, Fumagalli & Ingelmo, 2016). To address ...


A Systematic Analysis On Opioid-Free General Anesthesia Versus Opioid-Based General Anesthesia For Bariatric Surgery, Ina Basha 2017 University of New England

A Systematic Analysis On Opioid-Free General Anesthesia Versus Opioid-Based General Anesthesia For Bariatric Surgery, Ina Basha

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

One-third of the American adult population is considered overweight, a figure that is still on the rise. Obesity negatively impacts every organ system in the human body. When minimally invasive strategies such as life style changes fail, bariatric surgery procedures have become the other option. The purpose of this systemic analysis is to look at the outcomes of post-operative pain, post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and the length of stay required in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) in obese adults undergoing bariatric surgery using opioid-free general anesthesia compared to opioid-based general anesthesia. The studies included in this systematic analysis conclude ...


Clinical Performance And The Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist, Alyson Cronan 2017 University of New England

Clinical Performance And The Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist, Alyson Cronan

Nurse Anesthesia Capstones

The clinical component of graduate nurse anesthesia programs continues to be the key factor in evaluating and ensuring student success. Clinical experience has a direct correlation on student development in areas of self-awareness, psychomotor proficiency, critical thinking and professionalism. To effectively create a positive and motivating learning environment for the student registered nurse anesthetist (SRNA), the literature recommends instructors theoretically adapt to the individual learning style of the student, and incorporate various teaching techniques and modalities clinically. The overall goal of the clinical rotation is to establish an atmosphere where an individual can modify learning and skills. Positive, respectful and ...


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