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Anesthesiology Commons

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Development Of Interdisciplinary Communication Tools To Improve Handoffs For Emergent Airway Management, Aaron Ocker, DO, Daniel Katz, DO, Jason Kopenitz, DO, Daniel Casey, Alexander Olson, Anna Rabinowitz, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Development Of Interdisciplinary Communication Tools To Improve Handoffs For Emergent Airway Management, Aaron Ocker, Do, Daniel Katz, Do, Jason Kopenitz, Do, Daniel Casey, Alexander Olson, Anna Rabinowitz, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Project goal

Improve response time from airway alert to intubation while ensuring pertinent critical patient information is communicated to the airway team to reduce negative patient outcomes and better mobilize anesthesia resources.


Initiatives In Anesthesia Workspace Hygiene During Covid-19: The Gray Airway Basin And The Epic Hand Hygiene Event, Anna Rabinowitz, Kent Berg, Daniel Casey, Dietrich Gravenstein 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Initiatives In Anesthesia Workspace Hygiene During Covid-19: The Gray Airway Basin And The Epic Hand Hygiene Event, Anna Rabinowitz, Kent Berg, Daniel Casey, Dietrich Gravenstein

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

What’s the Problem?

The COVID-19 Pandemic has highlighted the need for anesthesia providers to decrease workspace contamination, particularly during and after airway management.

Delineation of “clean” and “dirty” spaces in the anesthesia workplace has been historically challenging, but the heightened awareness of microbial contamination presents a new opportunity to effect behavioral change among staff.


Anesthesiologist-Led Covid-19 Airway Training Skills Session To Teach Novel Team Approach And Workflow, Anna Rabinowitz, Daniel Casey, Elaine Kilmartin 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Anesthesiologist-Led Covid-19 Airway Training Skills Session To Teach Novel Team Approach And Workflow, Anna Rabinowitz, Daniel Casey, Elaine Kilmartin

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

What’s the Problem?

Intubation is an aerosol-generating procedure that poses a significant infectious risk to the operator in the COVID-19 era, where the volume of intubations was expected to increase dramatically. Following national anesthesia societal and organizational recommendations regarding best practices to decrease risk of viral transmission, a new 3-person airway team approach was developed. Additions to the preexisting airway management workflow included an aerosol-containing intubation shield, a new breathing circuit configuration incorporating HEPA filtration, and the use of unfamiliar PPE, all of which required mastery of a complex sequence of events surrounding the patient encounter. This high-stakes workflow ...


Development And Implementation Of A Covid-19 Specific Peri-Operative Workflow For Anesthesia Providers, Alexander Olson, David Maguire, David Gratch, Dietrich Gravenstein, Michael Mahla, Anna Rabinowitz 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Development And Implementation Of A Covid-19 Specific Peri-Operative Workflow For Anesthesia Providers, Alexander Olson, David Maguire, David Gratch, Dietrich Gravenstein, Michael Mahla, Anna Rabinowitz

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

What's the Problem?

  • Needed to develop and clarify the use of PPE in the COVID-19 era
  • New considerations for infection control in OR
  • Unique airway equipment and filter placement considerations
  • Potential shortages of equipment and medications, need for conservation
  • Need to incorporate human factors principles into protocol release and procedural compliance

We realized that there was no standard protocol for these functions existing in a visually compelling graphic form for wide distribution throughout anesthesia care areas, and sought to create one.


Creation Of A Dedicated Anesthesia Airway Cart For Use In High-Volume Covid-19 Airway Management, Anna Rabinowitz, Alexander M. Olson, Daniel Casey, Elaine Kilmartin 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Creation Of A Dedicated Anesthesia Airway Cart For Use In High-Volume Covid-19 Airway Management, Anna Rabinowitz, Alexander M. Olson, Daniel Casey, Elaine Kilmartin

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

The COVID-19-specific approach to intubation required a change in the team structure and workflow for emergent airway management.

  1. New need for bulky PPE and the introduction of an aerosol barrier shield for emergent intubations
  2. Higher volume of intubations and use of videolaryngoscopy requires additional equipment
  3. Concern for Code Cart contamination and wastage of airway equipment
  4. Desire for more efficient approach to selecting and customizing equipment


Laryngotracheal Stenosis, Kelsey Stuckey 2020 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Laryngotracheal Stenosis, Kelsey Stuckey

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) is the luminal compromise at the laryngeal, subglottic, or tracheal level (Gelbard et al., 2014). Various etiologies for LTS exist. Endotracheal cuff over-inflation, inappropriately sized endotracheal tubes, and sudden movements of the tube contribute to injury, as well as anatomical differences(Cardillo et al., 2010; Divatia & Bhowmick, 2005; Medina et al., 2009; Miñambres et al., 2009; Nikolovski et al., 2019; Zaghi et al.,2016). The influence of estrogen may contribute to the development of LTS in women during the third through fifth decades Dedo & Catten, 2001; Poetker et al., 2006; Valdez & Shapshay, 2002). The project goal was to provide an evidence-based ...


Comparison Of The Number Of Intravesical Onabotulinumtoxina Injections To Treat Overactive Bladder Using Local Versus Systemic Anesthesia, Catherine Brooker, Mary Brandes, Caroline Foust-Wright, Wendy Craig 2020 Maine Medical Center

Comparison Of The Number Of Intravesical Onabotulinumtoxina Injections To Treat Overactive Bladder Using Local Versus Systemic Anesthesia, Catherine Brooker, Mary Brandes, Caroline Foust-Wright, Wendy Craig

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

PURPOSE: To evaluate if the number of intravescial Botox injections decreases in patients who receive local anesthesia compared to systemic anesthesia.

BACKGROUND: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common problem that affects up to 15% of women. An effective treatment option for refractory OAB is intravesical onabotulinum A toxin injection, brand name Botox, in which 100 units is administered through 20 injections per manufacturer guidelines into the bladder using a cystoscope. At a single site teaching institution with two practicing urogynecologists, there was a recent transition from performing this procedure under IV sedation or sometimes, general anesthesia, to local only anesthesia ...


A Retrospective Study Of Acute Post-Operative Pain Following Cesarean Section In Patients On Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy, Johanna Cobb, Elizabeth Snow, Heather Turcotte, Aurora Quaye, Wendy Craig, Robert Warters 2020 Maine Medical Center

A Retrospective Study Of Acute Post-Operative Pain Following Cesarean Section In Patients On Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy, Johanna Cobb, Elizabeth Snow, Heather Turcotte, Aurora Quaye, Wendy Craig, Robert Warters

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Background: Opioid agonist pharmacotherapy, most commonly methadone or buprenorphine, is strongly recommended for patients with opioid use disorder during pregnancy and peripartum to reduce the risk of relapse and obstetric complications. Patients on opioid agonist pharmacotherapy can have difficulty achieving adequate pain relief following cesarean section and often require higher doses of opioids; however small retrospective studies have been conflicting.

Methods: We generated a comprehensive dataset of all patients who underwent cesarean section at our institution between January 2016 and December 2018. We compared 24 hour postoperative opioid consumption for patients receiving methadone or buprenorphine at the time of surgery ...


Assessment And Management Of Adult Preoperative Anxiety: A Survey Of The Anesthesiologist Perspective, Arif Musa, Jeffrey C. Wang, Rana Movahedi, David Safani, Christopher Cooke, Syed F. Hussain, Jahan Tajran, Shafi Hamid, Gligor Gucev 2020 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Assessment And Management Of Adult Preoperative Anxiety: A Survey Of The Anesthesiologist Perspective, Arif Musa, Jeffrey C. Wang, Rana Movahedi, David Safani, Christopher Cooke, Syed F. Hussain, Jahan Tajran, Shafi Hamid, Gligor Gucev

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Preoperative anxiety often goes unaccounted for in the surgical setting. Given that anesthesiologists are routinely involved in perioperative care, this study was performed to assess anesthesiologists’ views of adult preoperative anxiety assessment and management. Methods: Active members of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) were sent an online questionnaire. Survey items included demographic information in addition to questions about measurement of preoperative anxiety, management of anxiety, and which entities were allocated responsibility to reduce patient anxiety. Data were collected from February to March 2019. Results: Of 3,661 respondents, most asked their patients about preoperative anxiety (n=2332, 64 ...


Ultrasound-Guided Out-Of-Plane (Oop) Adductor Canal Continuous Catheter Placement Compared To In-Plane (Ip) Placement In Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Single Blinded, Pilot Clinical Trial, Sandeep H. Krishnan M.D., Carter Batista M.D, Samir Patel M.D., Farhad Ghoddoussi PhD, Kaveh Nabavigahadi M.D., Brendan Lynch B.S. 2020 Department of Anesthesiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine , St. Joseph Mercy Oakland Hospital

Ultrasound-Guided Out-Of-Plane (Oop) Adductor Canal Continuous Catheter Placement Compared To In-Plane (Ip) Placement In Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Single Blinded, Pilot Clinical Trial, Sandeep H. Krishnan M.D., Carter Batista M.D, Samir Patel M.D., Farhad Ghoddoussi Phd, Kaveh Nabavigahadi M.D., Brendan Lynch B.S.

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background: Adductor canal continuous catheters (ACCCs) have largely replaced femoral nerve continuous catheters for providing analgesia after total knee arthroplasty. Both have similar analgesic efficacy, but ACCCs preserve quadricep strength and facilitate patient mobility more quickly. We hypothesized that placing the ACCC using an out of-plane (OOP) technique would decrease pain scores and opioid use due to parallel alignment with the saphenous nerve when compared to the in-plane (IP) technique. Methods: Sixty-nine patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomized to either the IP or OOP technique for ultrasound-guided ACCC. The primary outcomes of the investigation were hospital length of stay ...


Postoperative Delirium After Major Orthopedic Surgery., Michael K. Urban, Mayu Sasaki, Abigail M. Schmucker, Steven K. Magid 2020 Hospital for Special Surgery

Postoperative Delirium After Major Orthopedic Surgery., Michael K. Urban, Mayu Sasaki, Abigail M. Schmucker, Steven K. Magid

Student Papers & Posters

BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is one of the most common complications in older adult patients undergoing elective surgery. Few studies have compared, within the same institution, the type of surgery, risk factors and type of anesthesia and analgesia associated with the development of POD.

AIM: To investigate the following three questions: (1) What is the incidence of POD after non-ambulatory orthopedic surgery at a high-volume orthopedic specialty hospital? (2) Does surgical procedure influence incidence of POD after non-ambulatory orthopedic surgery? And (3) For POD after non-ambulatory orthopedic surgery, what are modifiable risk factors?

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted ...


B Cells Migrate Into Remote Brain Areas And Support Neurogenesis And Functional Recovery After Focal Stroke In Mice, Sterling B. Ortega, Vanessa O. Torres, Sarah E. Latchney, Cody W. Whoolery, Ibrahim Z. Noorbhai, Katie Poinsatte, Uma M. Selvaraj, Monica A. Benson, Anouk J. M. Meeuwissen, Erik J. Plautz, Xiangmei Kong, Denise M. Ramirez, Apoorva D. Ajay, Julian P. Meeks, Mark P. Goldberg, Nancy L. Monson, Amelia J. Eisch, Ann M. Stowe 2020 University of Iowa

B Cells Migrate Into Remote Brain Areas And Support Neurogenesis And Functional Recovery After Focal Stroke In Mice, Sterling B. Ortega, Vanessa O. Torres, Sarah E. Latchney, Cody W. Whoolery, Ibrahim Z. Noorbhai, Katie Poinsatte, Uma M. Selvaraj, Monica A. Benson, Anouk J. M. Meeuwissen, Erik J. Plautz, Xiangmei Kong, Denise M. Ramirez, Apoorva D. Ajay, Julian P. Meeks, Mark P. Goldberg, Nancy L. Monson, Amelia J. Eisch, Ann M. Stowe

Neurology Faculty Publications

Lymphocytes infiltrate the stroke core and penumbra and often exacerbate cellular injury. B cells, however, are lymphocytes that do not contribute to acute pathology but can support recovery. B cell adoptive transfer to mice reduced infarct volumes 3 and 7 d after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAo), independent of changing immune populations in recipient mice. Testing a direct neurotrophic effect, B cells cocultured with mixed cortical cells protected neurons and maintained dendritic arborization after oxygen-glucose deprivation. Whole-brain volumetric serial two-photon tomography (STPT) and a custom-developed image analysis pipeline visualized and quantified poststroke B cell diapedesis throughout the brain, including ...


Anesthesia For The Patient With A Recently Diagnosed Concussion: Think About The Brain!, Mohammed R. Rasouli, Michelle Kavin, Stephen Stache, Michael E. Mahla, Eric S. Schwenk 2020 Duke University

Anesthesia For The Patient With A Recently Diagnosed Concussion: Think About The Brain!, Mohammed R. Rasouli, Michelle Kavin, Stephen Stache, Michael E. Mahla, Eric S. Schwenk

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Some patients require emergent, urgent, or elective surgery in the time period immediately following diagnosis of concussion. However, changes in brain homeostatic mechanisms following a concussion and concern for secondary brain injury can complicate the decision as to whether or not a surgery should proceed or be postponed. Given the paucity of available evidence, further evaluation of the use of anesthesia in a patient with concussion is warranted. This article summarizes what is currently known about the relevant pathophysiology of concussion, intraoperative anesthesia considerations, and effects of anesthesia on concussion outcomes in an attempt to help providers understand the risks ...


Comparison Of Multi-Lesion Geometry And Bovine Tissue Impedance Change Between Radiofrequency Ablation Devices, Reena John DO, Forrest Shooster, Christian Gonzalez, Scott MacDougall 2020 HCA Healthcare

Comparison Of Multi-Lesion Geometry And Bovine Tissue Impedance Change Between Radiofrequency Ablation Devices, Reena John Do, Forrest Shooster, Christian Gonzalez, Scott Macdougall

Anesthesiology

No abstract provided.


Peripheral Nervous Stimulator Reduces Refractory Pain In Patient With Chronic Lower Extremity Pain, Adlai Pappy MD, Vinita Singh MD 2020 HCA Healthcare

Peripheral Nervous Stimulator Reduces Refractory Pain In Patient With Chronic Lower Extremity Pain, Adlai Pappy Md, Vinita Singh Md

Anesthesiology

No abstract provided.


Sevoflurane Pre-Conditioning Ameliorates Diabetic Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Via Differential Regulation Of P38 And Erk., Dina Xie, Jianli Zhao, Rui Guo, Liyuan Jiao, Yanqing Zhang, Wayne Bond Lau, Bernard Lopez, Theodore Christopher, Erhe Gao, Jimin Cao, Xin-Liang Ma, Yajing Wang 2020 Thomas Jefferson University; Tianjin Medical University General Hospital

Sevoflurane Pre-Conditioning Ameliorates Diabetic Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Via Differential Regulation Of P38 And Erk., Dina Xie, Jianli Zhao, Rui Guo, Liyuan Jiao, Yanqing Zhang, Wayne Bond Lau, Bernard Lopez, Theodore Christopher, Erhe Gao, Jimin Cao, Xin-Liang Ma, Yajing Wang

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Diabetes mellitus (DM) significantly increases myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. During DM, cardioprotection induced by conventional pre-conditioning (PreCon) is decreased due to impaired AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling. The current study investigated whether PreCon with inhaled anesthetic sevoflurane (SF-PreCon) remains cardioprotective during DM, and identified the involved mechanisms. Normal diet (ND) and high-fat diet (HFD)-induced DM mice were randomized into control and SF-PreCon (3 cycles of 15-minute period exposures to 2% sevoflurane) groups before MI/R. SF-PreCon markedly reduced MI/R injury in DM mice, as evidenced by improved cardiac function (increased LVEF and ±Dp/dt), decreased infarct ...


Endoscopic Rhizotomy For Chronic Lumbar Zygapophysial Joint Pain., Yuntao Xue, Tao Ding, Dajie Wang, Jianli Zhao, Huilin Yang, Xiaofeng Gu, Dehong Feng, Yafeng Zhang, Hao Liu, Fenglin Tang, Wanyi Wang, Miao Lu, Chao Wu 2020 Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University

Endoscopic Rhizotomy For Chronic Lumbar Zygapophysial Joint Pain., Yuntao Xue, Tao Ding, Dajie Wang, Jianli Zhao, Huilin Yang, Xiaofeng Gu, Dehong Feng, Yafeng Zhang, Hao Liu, Fenglin Tang, Wanyi Wang, Miao Lu, Chao Wu

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Chronic lumbar zygapophysial joint pain is a common cause of chronic low back pain. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is one of the effective management options; however, the results from the traditional RFA need to be improved in certain cases. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation under endoscopic guidance (ERFA) for chronic low back pain secondary to facet joint arthritis.

METHODS: This is a prospective study enrolled 60 patients. The cases were randomized into two groups: 30 patients in the control group underwent traditional percutaneous radiofrequency ablation, others underwent ERFA. The lumbar ...


Transdermal Lidocaine For Perioperative Pain: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Alexa Cohen, Jordan Smoker, Mohammad R. Rasouli, Eric S. Schwenk 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Transdermal Lidocaine For Perioperative Pain: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Alexa Cohen, Jordan Smoker, Mohammad R. Rasouli, Eric S. Schwenk

Phase 1

Introduction: Recent data have shown that the risk of taking chronic opioids after surgery increases after about 5 days of postoperative opioid therapy. Alternatives to opioids are desirable, and transdermal lidocaine is one such perioperative multimodal agent. This review provides a summary of the perioperative studies that have examined transdermal lidocaine as an analgesic in the perioperative period.

Methods: We conducted searches of PubMed and Scopus databases. Studies involving patients who were undergoing surgery and were given either transdermal lidocaine, placebo, or active comparator in the perioperative period with the primary endpoint of improvement in pain were included in the ...


The Effects Of Total Intravenous Versus Inhalational Anesthesia On Fluid Balance For Patients Undergoing Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Jaime Eberle-Singh, David Maguire, MD, Harish Lavu, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

The Effects Of Total Intravenous Versus Inhalational Anesthesia On Fluid Balance For Patients Undergoing Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Jaime Eberle-Singh, David Maguire, Md, Harish Lavu, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), the most common surgical treatment for pancreatic cancer, is a complex procedure with a morbidity of 45-60%. Recent studies indicate that intraoperative use of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) may reduce post-operative complications for PD patients, when compared to inhalational anesthesia (INHA). We hypothesized that patients who receive TIVA may have a more favorable fluid balance, which is known to reduce postoperative complications in PD patients.

Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent PD at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and were administered TIVA or INHA during surgery between April 2017 and January 2019. We ...


Zero Tolerance – Mitigating The Opioid Epidemic Amongst Minimally Invasive Urologic Patients, Daniella Wong, Thenappan Chandrasekar, MD, Costas Lallas, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Zero Tolerance – Mitigating The Opioid Epidemic Amongst Minimally Invasive Urologic Patients, Daniella Wong, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Md, Costas Lallas, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Opioids are routinely prescribed following minimally invasive surgery (MIS), yet the majority of medication remains unused. However, the literature is lacking evidence for non-narcotic analgesia in MIS urologic procedures. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a non-narcotic postoperative pain management regimen in reducing opioid use following MIS urologic procedures.

Methods: In this prospective study, 51 MIS urologic patients were recruited over two months. Patients in the first month cohort (P1) were managed with the established pain management standard-of-care, while patients in the second month (P2) followed a non-narcotic postoperative pain management protocol that included ...


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