Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Anesthesiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

796 Full-Text Articles 2,404 Authors 269,569 Downloads 71 Institutions

All Articles in Anesthesiology

Faceted Search

796 full-text articles. Page 1 of 34.

Instituting An Educational Module To Improve Knowledge Of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity Among Anesthesia Providers, Alisha Marie Linehan, Chad Andrew McClure, Steven Taylor Moon, Shukhratilla Ibragimov Shamshitdinov, Julie Newton Bonom, Jason Michael Buehler 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Instituting An Educational Module To Improve Knowledge Of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity Among Anesthesia Providers, Alisha Marie Linehan, Chad Andrew Mcclure, Steven Taylor Moon, Shukhratilla Ibragimov Shamshitdinov, Julie Newton Bonom, Jason Michael Buehler

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Local anesthetic use in the perioperative period is increasing in the United States as healthcare providers seek alternatives to opioid-based pain management. While increased use of local anesthetics has many benefits, their use also increases the risk of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity (LAST), which is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication. A search of the literature indicates there is a considerable gap in knowledge of LAST among healthcare providers, including Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) and anesthesia residents. This knowledge gap is combined with a lack of standardized approaches to identifying and treating this complication. Identifying and treating LAST is …


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Different Cut-Off Values Of Adenosine Deaminase Levels In Tuberculous Pleural Effusion, Kiran Iqbal Masood, Shayan Shahid, Kauser Jabeen, Joveria Farooqi, Sabeika Raza Kerawala, Muhammad Irfan 2023 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Different Cut-Off Values Of Adenosine Deaminase Levels In Tuberculous Pleural Effusion, Kiran Iqbal Masood, Shayan Shahid, Kauser Jabeen, Joveria Farooqi, Sabeika Raza Kerawala, Muhammad Irfan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of different cut-off values of pleural fluid adenosine deaminase levels as a diagnostic method for tuberculous pleural effusion.
Method: The prospective study was conducted from 2014 to 2016 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised pleural fluid samples of adult patients with and without tuberculosis which were tested for adenosine deaminase levels, and divided into tuberculosis group A and non-tuberculosis group B. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value were calculated using different cut-offs. Data was analysed using IBM SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 21.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, …


Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine Administration Effects On Postoperative Pain Scores And Opioid Medication Requirements: Pain Management Expectations Among Crnas, Dorilynn Nicol, Melissa Gheen, Matthew Bodine 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine Administration Effects On Postoperative Pain Scores And Opioid Medication Requirements: Pain Management Expectations Among Crnas, Dorilynn Nicol, Melissa Gheen, Matthew Bodine

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

Opioid pain medications are currently viewed as a standard part of pain control in the vast majority of surgical procedures. However, opioid pain medications can have harmful effects on patients leading to increased length of hospital stay, unplanned readmission, and contribution to relapse or development of opioid use disorder. An opportunity for improved practice of pain management lies within opioid alternative pain medications such as dexmedetomidine. Evidence-based literature reviews have shown that dexmedetomidine has promise as an analgesic medication within the perioperative period with fewer harmful side effects. Barriers to more widespread use of this medication include staff unfamiliarity …


Objective Structured Clinical Examination For Intraoperative Hypotension And Hypertension Management, Andrew McGinity, James David Ingram 2022 The University of Southern Mississippi

Objective Structured Clinical Examination For Intraoperative Hypotension And Hypertension Management, Andrew Mcginity, James David Ingram

Doctoral Projects

Managing intraoperative hypotension and hypertension is a non-technical skill anesthesia providers need to maintain patient safety. Upon transitioning from didactic training to clinical training, SRNAs may find it difficult to manage a patient’s blood pressure intraoperatively. The ultimate consequence of the delayed or improper treatment of intraoperative blood pressure perturbations is end-organ damage at the patient’s expense. Unintentionally causing a patient harm will lead to an SRNA losing confidence in their abilities. This OSCE is intended to increase SRNA confidence and competence regarding intraoperative hypotension and hypertension management before entering the clinical arena.

The hypotension and hypertension management tools and …


Pregabalin May Reduce Neuropathic Pain In Burn Victims, Caroline Nikolaidis 2022 Wayne State University

Pregabalin May Reduce Neuropathic Pain In Burn Victims, Caroline Nikolaidis

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Gray P, Kirby J, Smith MT, et al. Pregabalin in severe burn injury pain: a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial. Pain. 2011;152(6):1279-1288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2011.01.055

for a patient with burn injury pain.


The Development And Implementation Of Evidence-Based Preanesthesia Assessment Tools For Lvad Patients Undergoing Non-Cardiac Procedures, Tracey Rooney, Casey Weimer, Eileen Giardino, Kerry Shanklin, Pete Pelletier, Audrey Rosenblatt 2022 Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL

The Development And Implementation Of Evidence-Based Preanesthesia Assessment Tools For Lvad Patients Undergoing Non-Cardiac Procedures, Tracey Rooney, Casey Weimer, Eileen Giardino, Kerry Shanklin, Pete Pelletier, Audrey Rosenblatt

Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety

Abstract

A university-affiliated tertiary medical center with a newly developed Advanced Heart Failure and Mechanical Circulatory Support program identified the need to implement a more systematic approach to the preanesthesia assessment process for patients with a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) undergoing noncardiac procedures and standardized guidelines to determine the best blood pressure monitoring system for patients with an LVAD during these noncardiac procedures. A multidisciplinary panel of clinical experts developed an LVAD Preanesthesia Toolkit using standard recommendations identified via evidence-based literature and expert opinion. The Toolkit included an LVAD Preanesthesia Assessment (VaPA) tool and an LVAD Blood Pressure Monitoring …


Evaluation Of Medial Branch Blocks For Lumbar Facet Joint Radiofrequency Ablation: What Is The Role Of The Second Diagnostic Block?, Alexandra Bartholomew, Noah Hoffman, David Provenzano, Todd Sitzman 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Evaluation Of Medial Branch Blocks For Lumbar Facet Joint Radiofrequency Ablation: What Is The Role Of The Second Diagnostic Block?, Alexandra Bartholomew, Noah Hoffman, David Provenzano, Todd Sitzman

Medical Research Day

Lumbar medial branch (LMB) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a commonly performed procedure to treat facet joint-mediated pain. One of the challenges associated with LMB RFA is appropriately selecting patients for the procedure. Currently, patient history, physical examination, and diagnostic studies inadequately select patients for RFA. Therefore, diagnostic local anesthetic blocks are often recommended, yet the type and number of blocks needed to appropriately select patients for LMB RFA are debated. Success rates have been shown to be higher when dual blocks are employed; however, there are additional costs, humanistic factors, and risks of excluding individuals that may benefit from RFA. …


Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva And Pregnancy: A Case Series And Review Of The Literature, Alexandra D Forrest, Danielle M Vuncannon, Jane E Ellis, Zvi Grunwald, Frederick S Kaplan 2022 Emory University School of Medicine

Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva And Pregnancy: A Case Series And Review Of The Literature, Alexandra D Forrest, Danielle M Vuncannon, Jane E Ellis, Zvi Grunwald, Frederick S Kaplan

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Objective: To evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP; OMIM#135100), an ultrarare genetic disorder characterized by progressive heterotopic ossification of soft tissues and cumulative disability.

Methods: This is a retrospective case series of three patients with FOP who were admitted to Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, from to February 2011 to July 2021.

Results: Three women delivered preterm infants at our institution. These cases posed unique anesthetic and obstetric technical challenges, particularly when securing the airway and performing cesarean delivery. Importantly, each patient received perioperative glucocorticoids for prevention of further heterotopic ossification.

Conclusion: …


A Case Of Intractable Hyperhidrosis In Spinal Cord Injury: Role Of Stellate Ganglion Block, Soun Sheen, Hemant Kalia, victoria kung 2022 University of Rochester

A Case Of Intractable Hyperhidrosis In Spinal Cord Injury: Role Of Stellate Ganglion Block, Soun Sheen, Hemant Kalia, Victoria Kung

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Objective:

Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) in spinal cord injury (SCI) can present as hyperhidrosis due to sudomotor dysfunction. Hyperhidrosis can also occur without an identifiable etiology. There are no standard treatment guidelines for refractory hyperhidrosis in the setting of persistent noxious stimulation. Stellate ganglion blockade may prevent hyperhidrosis by inhibiting profound sympathetic surge and vasoconstriction.

Case:

58-year-old female with C7 ASIA-A quadriplegia was admitted to the hospital for episodes of profuse sweating in the setting of autonomic dysreflexia secondary to underlying T7-8 discitis. Despite conservative treatment of discitis, patient continued experience 50-60 episodes of profuse sweating daily. Stellate ganglion block was …


Complications Of Tavr From An Anesthesia Perspective, David R. Kingery Jr., Alex Roberts, Derek Horstemeyer, Russell Stahl 2022 Grand Strand Medical Center

Complications Of Tavr From An Anesthesia Perspective, David R. Kingery Jr., Alex Roberts, Derek Horstemeyer, Russell Stahl

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become the predominant technique for aortic valve replacement in the United States. Initially approved for high surgical risk patients, TAVR is now approved for most patients requiring valve therapy, including younger, lower-risk patients. The procedure is ideally performed in a hybrid operating room equipped with fluoroscopic equipment and transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) imaging that can be viewed simultaneously by the operating team. The operating room should also be equipped to allow initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass, if necessary. Cardiac anesthesia teams are often involved with the management of these patients. This mini-review is designed to summarize …


Gene Therapy For Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva: Feasibility And Obstacles, Elisabeth M W Eekhoff, Ruben D de Ruiter, Bernard J Smilde, Ton Schoenmaker, Teun J de Vries, Coen Netelenbos, Edward C Hsiao, Christiaan Scott, Nobuhiko Haga, Zvi Grunwald, Carmen L De Cunto, Maja di Rocco, Patricia L R Delai, Robert J Diecidue, Vrisha Madhuri, Tae-Joon Cho, Rolf Morhart, Clive S Friedman, Michael Zasloff, Gerard Pals, Jae-Hyuck Shim, Guangping Gao, Frederick Kaplan, Robert J Pignolo, Dimitra Micha 2022 Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Gene Therapy For Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva: Feasibility And Obstacles, Elisabeth M W Eekhoff, Ruben D De Ruiter, Bernard J Smilde, Ton Schoenmaker, Teun J De Vries, Coen Netelenbos, Edward C Hsiao, Christiaan Scott, Nobuhiko Haga, Zvi Grunwald, Carmen L De Cunto, Maja Di Rocco, Patricia L R Delai, Robert J Diecidue, Vrisha Madhuri, Tae-Joon Cho, Rolf Morhart, Clive S Friedman, Michael Zasloff, Gerard Pals, Jae-Hyuck Shim, Guangping Gao, Frederick Kaplan, Robert J Pignolo, Dimitra Micha

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare and devastating genetic disease, in which soft connective tissue is converted into heterotopic bone through an endochondral ossification process. Patients succumb early as they gradually become trapped in a second skeleton of heterotopic bone. Although the underlying genetic defect is long known, the inherent complexity of the disease has hindered the discovery of effective preventions and treatments. New developments in the gene therapy field have motivated its consideration as an attractive therapeutic option for FOP. However, the immune system's role in FOP activation and the as-yet unknown primary causative cell, are crucial issues …


Case Report On Peri-Operative Surgical And Anaesthetic Management Of Ruptured Humongous Lung Abscess, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Akbar Azizullah, Muhammad Saad Yousuf 2022 Aga Khan University

Case Report On Peri-Operative Surgical And Anaesthetic Management Of Ruptured Humongous Lung Abscess, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Akbar Azizullah, Muhammad Saad Yousuf

Department of Anaesthesia

Introduction: Early thoracic empyema is usually treated through video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) decortication. Patient selection is important for decortication if an effective surgical outcome is required. Lung isolation techniques are required to provide anesthesia for these patients to facilitate the surgeon while operating on the affected lung. The ultimate target is to protect the non-diseased contra-lateral lung from contamination.
Presentation of case: We are presenting a unique case of 20-year-old female, resident of Karachi, who was brought to the emergency room (ER) with signs of sepsis, hypotension, and multi-organ failure. She was brought to the operating room to undergo video-assisted thoracoscopy …


Implementation Of An Advanced Operating Room Schedule To Increase Compliance With Clinical Practice Guidelines For Preoperative Antibiotic Selection And Timing: A Quality Improvement Project, Shelby Lynne Adams 2022 Northern Michigan University

Implementation Of An Advanced Operating Room Schedule To Increase Compliance With Clinical Practice Guidelines For Preoperative Antibiotic Selection And Timing: A Quality Improvement Project, Shelby Lynne Adams

DNP Scholarly Projects

Surgical site infection (SSI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in operative patients worldwide. The American Society for Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) published the most recent clinical practice guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. These guidelines are based upon the available evidence and provide a standardized approach for the safe and effective selection, dosing, and administration of antibiotics for the prevention of SSI (Bratzler et al., 2013). This Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project aimed to determine if incorporating an advanced operating room (OR) schedule, inclusive of ASHP presurgical antibiotics, increased compliance with ASHP standards of antibiotic selection and …


Innovative Use Of Biotrace Tempo Pacemaker Lead Following Cardiac Surgery, Jordan E Goldhammer, Regina E Linganna, Douglas S Pfeil, Scott D Witzeling, Alec Vishnevsky, Nicholas Ruggiero, T. Sloane Guy 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Innovative Use Of Biotrace Tempo Pacemaker Lead Following Cardiac Surgery, Jordan E Goldhammer, Regina E Linganna, Douglas S Pfeil, Scott D Witzeling, Alec Vishnevsky, Nicholas Ruggiero, T. Sloane Guy

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

The Tempo® Temporary Pacing Lead is a temporary, transvenous, active fixation pacemaker lead used exclusively in structural heart and electrophysiology procedures since regulatory approval in 2016. We utilized the Tempo lead for four patients undergoing redo-robotic cardiac surgery in which surgical epicardial leads could not be placed. No failure-to-pace events were encountered and patients were able to participate in various levels of physical activity without limitation.


Podium Presentation: Continuous Labor Epidural Placement Trends Among Parturients: An Evidence-Based Practice Project, Aleksandr A. Lyakhov, Teresa Bigand, Amanda Affleck, Kenn Daratha, Kris Daratha 2022 Providence Sacred Heart

Podium Presentation: Continuous Labor Epidural Placement Trends Among Parturients: An Evidence-Based Practice Project, Aleksandr A. Lyakhov, Teresa Bigand, Amanda Affleck, Kenn Daratha, Kris Daratha

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

Background:

Childbirth is very painful, and unmanaged pain may reduce patient satisfaction or lead to other complications. Evidence indicates that pain severity is lower among parturient women administered analgesia via a continuous labor epidural (CLE) and that maternal request is sufficient indication for CLE placement to manage labor pain. In some cases, a medical induction of labor may be scheduled, offering an opportunity for proactive pain management from hospital staff. Yet, trends on timing of CLE placement among parturient women with scheduled labor induction versus spontaneous labor in hospitals in Eastern Washington at one health system are unclear.

Purpose:

The …


Identifying Skin Integrity Issues In The Post Anesthesia Care Unit: A Qualitative Improvement Project, Lori Patten 2022 Providence

Identifying Skin Integrity Issues In The Post Anesthesia Care Unit: A Qualitative Improvement Project, Lori Patten

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


A Prospective Study Investigating The Relationship Between Diagnostic Lumbar Medial Branch Blocks And The Use Of Sedation, Hannah C. Milad, Nimesh Patel MD, Ashwin Vaidyanathan MD, Katherine A. Nowak PhD, Rohit C. Aiyer MD 2022 Wayne State University

A Prospective Study Investigating The Relationship Between Diagnostic Lumbar Medial Branch Blocks And The Use Of Sedation, Hannah C. Milad, Nimesh Patel Md, Ashwin Vaidyanathan Md, Katherine A. Nowak Phd, Rohit C. Aiyer Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic medial branch blocks (MBB) confirm whether the origin of lower back pain is the facet joint, but are prone to false positive results. This study investigates the effects of midazolam sedation on perceived intensity of pain relief following lumbar MBB and determines the frequency of positive results in sedated patients for the corresponding treatment, radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC).

METHODS: This prospective observational study compares pain scores between patients who undergo the MBB procedure with midazolam sedation (treatment) and without (control). Participants reported baseline and post-injection NRS pain scores, and 4, 8 weeks post-RFTC. If >80% pain relief was achieved …


How Do Anesthesiologists Prefer To Reduce Preoperative Anxiety In Pediatric Patients?, Arif Musa, Jahan Tajran, Rana Movahedi, Jeffrey C. Wang, David Safani, Christopher Cooke, Guillaume Farah, Syed F. Hussain, Brendan Lynch, Gligor Gucev 2022 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

How Do Anesthesiologists Prefer To Reduce Preoperative Anxiety In Pediatric Patients?, Arif Musa, Jahan Tajran, Rana Movahedi, Jeffrey C. Wang, David Safani, Christopher Cooke, Guillaume Farah, Syed F. Hussain, Brendan Lynch, Gligor Gucev

Medical Student Research Symposium

250 or less


False-Positive Serum Igm/Igg To Sars-Cov-2 In A Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma With Ocular Metastasis: A Case Report, Irandi P. Pratomo, Gatut Priyonugroho, Aris Ramdhani, Dian Zamroni, Thariqah Salamah, Yayi D.B Susanto, Ramdinal A. Zairinal, Annisa N. Witjaksono, Dita Aditianingsih, Jamal Zaini 2022 Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia; COVID-19 Task Force – Medical Staff Group of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine. Universitas Indonesia Hospital, Depok, Indonesia

False-Positive Serum Igm/Igg To Sars-Cov-2 In A Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma With Ocular Metastasis: A Case Report, Irandi P. Pratomo, Gatut Priyonugroho, Aris Ramdhani, Dian Zamroni, Thariqah Salamah, Yayi D.B Susanto, Ramdinal A. Zairinal, Annisa N. Witjaksono, Dita Aditianingsih, Jamal Zaini

The New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacts pulmonary cancer management since it shares similar clinical features and creates fear among patients to visit hospitals due to possible in-hospital disease transmission. We report a patient who presented with a rare case of a pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor with an ocular involvement, which, unfortunately, experienced a delay in diagnostics. The first hospitalization was due to superior vena cava syndrome, pleural and pericardial effusions, and swollen left eye. The patient was diagnosed with pulmonary cancer, released after the symptoms were relieved, and expected to visit a referral hospital for further diagnostics and treatments. The …


Validation Of A Whole Genome Methylation Profiling Classifier For Central Nervous System Tumors, Lucas Santana-Santos, Kwok Ling Kam, David Dittman, Stephanie De Vito, Matthew McCord, Pouya Jamshidi, Hailie Fowler, Xinkun Wang, Alan Aalsburg, Daniel Brat, Craig Horbinski, Lawrence Jennings 2022 Beaumont Health

Validation Of A Whole Genome Methylation Profiling Classifier For Central Nervous System Tumors, Lucas Santana-Santos, Kwok Ling Kam, David Dittman, Stephanie De Vito, Matthew Mccord, Pouya Jamshidi, Hailie Fowler, Xinkun Wang, Alan Aalsburg, Daniel Brat, Craig Horbinski, Lawrence Jennings

Conference Presentation Abstracts

Whole genome methylation profiling is proving to be an incredibly powerful tool to diagnose tumors that are otherwise difficult to classify by histopathology and sequencing. The reference library of tumor DNA methylation data, using a machine learning-based tumor classifier, was developed by the German Cancer Research Network (DKFZ), and is available publicly on a research basis. However, medical institutions desiring to implement that classifier for routine clinical care need to import, adapt, and validate the classifier internally. We did this for our own DNA methylation-based classifier of central nervous system (CNS) tumors, using the same training and validation datasets as …


Digital Commons powered by bepress