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Podium Presentation: Continuous Labor Epidural Placement Trends Among Parturients: An Evidence-Based Practice Project, Aleksandr A. Lyakhov, Teresa Bigand, Amanda Affleck, Kenn Daratha, Kris Daratha 2022 Providence Sacred Heart

Podium Presentation: Continuous Labor Epidural Placement Trends Among Parturients: An Evidence-Based Practice Project, Aleksandr A. Lyakhov, Teresa Bigand, Amanda Affleck, Kenn Daratha, Kris Daratha

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

Background:

Childbirth is very painful, and unmanaged pain may reduce patient satisfaction or lead to other complications. Evidence indicates that pain severity is lower among parturient women administered analgesia via a continuous labor epidural (CLE) and that maternal request is sufficient indication for CLE placement to manage labor pain. In some cases, a medical induction of labor may be scheduled, offering an opportunity for proactive pain management from hospital staff. Yet, trends on timing of CLE placement among parturient women with scheduled labor induction versus spontaneous labor in hospitals in Eastern Washington at one health system are unclear.

Purpose:

The ...


Identifying Skin Integrity Issues In The Post Anesthesia Care Unit: A Qualitative Improvement Project, Lori Patten 2022 Providence

Identifying Skin Integrity Issues In The Post Anesthesia Care Unit: A Qualitative Improvement Project, Lori Patten

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


A Prospective Study Investigating The Relationship Between Diagnostic Lumbar Medial Branch Blocks And The Use Of Sedation, Hannah C. Milad, Nimesh Patel MD, Ashwin Vaidyanathan MD, Katherine A. Nowak PhD, Rohit C. Aiyer MD 2022 Wayne State University

A Prospective Study Investigating The Relationship Between Diagnostic Lumbar Medial Branch Blocks And The Use Of Sedation, Hannah C. Milad, Nimesh Patel Md, Ashwin Vaidyanathan Md, Katherine A. Nowak Phd, Rohit C. Aiyer Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic medial branch blocks (MBB) confirm whether the origin of lower back pain is the facet joint, but are prone to false positive results. This study investigates the effects of midazolam sedation on perceived intensity of pain relief following lumbar MBB and determines the frequency of positive results in sedated patients for the corresponding treatment, radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC).

METHODS: This prospective observational study compares pain scores between patients who undergo the MBB procedure with midazolam sedation (treatment) and without (control). Participants reported baseline and post-injection NRS pain scores, and 4, 8 weeks post-RFTC. If >80% pain relief was achieved ...


How Do Anesthesiologists Prefer To Reduce Preoperative Anxiety In Pediatric Patients?, Arif Musa, Jahan Tajran, Rana Movahedi, Jeffrey C. Wang, David Safani, Christopher Cooke, Guillaume Farah, Syed F. Hussain, Brendan Lynch, Gligor Gucev 2022 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

How Do Anesthesiologists Prefer To Reduce Preoperative Anxiety In Pediatric Patients?, Arif Musa, Jahan Tajran, Rana Movahedi, Jeffrey C. Wang, David Safani, Christopher Cooke, Guillaume Farah, Syed F. Hussain, Brendan Lynch, Gligor Gucev

Medical Student Research Symposium

250 or less


False-Positive Serum Igm/Igg To Sars-Cov-2 In A Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma With Ocular Metastasis: A Case Report, Irandi P. Pratomo, Gatut Priyonugroho, Aris Ramdhani, Dian Zamroni, Thariqah Salamah, Yayi D.B Susanto, Ramdinal A. Zairinal, Annisa N. Witjaksono, Dita Aditianingsih, Jamal Zaini 2022 Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia; COVID-19 Task Force – Medical Staff Group of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine. Universitas Indonesia Hospital, Depok, Indonesia

False-Positive Serum Igm/Igg To Sars-Cov-2 In A Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma With Ocular Metastasis: A Case Report, Irandi P. Pratomo, Gatut Priyonugroho, Aris Ramdhani, Dian Zamroni, Thariqah Salamah, Yayi D.B Susanto, Ramdinal A. Zairinal, Annisa N. Witjaksono, Dita Aditianingsih, Jamal Zaini

The New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacts pulmonary cancer management since it shares similar clinical features and creates fear among patients to visit hospitals due to possible in-hospital disease transmission. We report a patient who presented with a rare case of a pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor with an ocular involvement, which, unfortunately, experienced a delay in diagnostics. The first hospitalization was due to superior vena cava syndrome, pleural and pericardial effusions, and swollen left eye. The patient was diagnosed with pulmonary cancer, released after the symptoms were relieved, and expected to visit a referral hospital for further diagnostics and treatments. The ...


Identifying Facilitators And Barriers For A Successful Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist’S Clinical Experience, James Clancy, Adam Bruinius 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Identifying Facilitators And Barriers For A Successful Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist’S Clinical Experience, James Clancy, Adam Bruinius

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Student registered nurse anesthetists experience a wide variety of barriers and facilitators to their clinical education; often rotating through several clinical sites during their nurse anesthesia educational program (NAEP) tenure. Existing evidence suggests SRNAs must be proficient in seeking, accepting, and utilizing feedback from clinical preceptors (Algiraigri, 2014). Accepting constructive criticism may be challenging for SRNAs as they are highly skilled, competent nurses who are now entering rigorous NAEPs as novices. Reverting from preceptor to preceptee can be a difficult transition for SRNAs. This project aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to a successful SRNA clinical education through a literature ...


Esmolol Compared To Fentanyl On Hemodynamic Effects: A Scoping Review, Anna McCleskey BSN, RN, SRNA, Landon McDonald MSN, RN, CNL, Tim Moore BSN, RN, SRNA, Jamie Pitcock BSN, RN, SRNA, Dwayne Accardo DNP, CRNA, APRN 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Esmolol Compared To Fentanyl On Hemodynamic Effects: A Scoping Review, Anna Mccleskey Bsn, Rn, Srna, Landon Mcdonald Msn, Rn, Cnl, Tim Moore Bsn, Rn, Srna, Jamie Pitcock Bsn, Rn, Srna, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Crna, Aprn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose The purpose of this DNP project is to compare the efficacy of esmolol to fentanyl in attenuation the hemodynamic response associated with direct laryngoscopy.

Specific Aims Compare the effects of esmolol to fentanyl on patient heart rate during laryngoscopy. Compare the effects of esmolol to fentanyl on patient mean arterial pressure during laryngoscopy.


Dexmedetomidine Vs. Propofol In Postoperative Delirium Prevention, Jaclyn Burnett RN, SRNA, Montana Betts RN, SRNA, Christhian De Ochoa RN, SRNA, Maciej Chec RN, SRNA, Dwayne Accardo DNP, CRNA, APRN 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Dexmedetomidine Vs. Propofol In Postoperative Delirium Prevention, Jaclyn Burnett Rn, Srna, Montana Betts Rn, Srna, Christhian De Ochoa Rn, Srna, Maciej Chec Rn, Srna, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Crna, Aprn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Postoperative delirium (POD) is an acute neurological condition affecting large numbers of surgical patients in various practice settings. Patients suffering from this condition face postoperative complications, increased lengths of stay, and tremendous financial burden. Understanding the contributing factors for POD, and how adjustments in intraoperative agents can prevent or reduce the incidence, is a crucial aspect of anesthesia practice. This scoping review will examine associations between POD and the intraoperative use of propofol versus dexmedetomidine with general anesthesia.

Methods Studies in this review were limited to peer-reviewed literature, published in medical and nursing journals within the last five ...


Recommendations For Effective Documentation In Regional Anesthesia: An Expert Panel Delphi Consensus Project, Hassan M Ahmed, Benjamin P Atterton, Gillian G Crowe, Jaime L Barratta, Mark Johnson, Eugene R. Viscusi, Sanjib Adhikary, Eric Albrecht, Karen Boretsky, Jan Boublik, Dara S Breslin, Kelly Byrne, Alan Ch'ng, Alwin Chuan, Patrick Conroy, Craig Daniel, Andrzej Daszkiewicz, Alain Delbos, Dan Sebastian Dirzu, Dmytro Dmytriiev, Paul Fennessy, H Barrie J Fischer, Henry Frizelle, Jeff Gadsden, Philippe Gautier, Rajnish K Gupta, Yavuz Gürkan, Harold David Hardman, William Harrop-Griffiths, Peter Hebbard, Nadia Hernandez, Jakub Hlasny, Gabriella Iohom, Vivian H Y Ip, Christina L Jeng, Rebecca L Johnson, Hari Kalagara, Brian Kinirons, Andrew Kenneth Lansdown, Jody C Leng, Yean Chin Lim, Clara Lobo, Danielle B Ludwin, Alan James Robert Macfarlane, Anthony T Machi, Padraig Mahon, Stephen Mannion, David H McLeod, Peter Merjavy, Aleksejs Miscuks, Christopher H Mitchell, Eleni Moka, Peter Moran, Ann Ngui, Olga C Nin, Brian D O'Donnell, Amit Pawa, Anahi Perlas, Steven Porter, John-Paul Pozek, Humberto C Rebelo, Vicente Roqués, Kristopher M Schroeder, Gary Schwartz, Eric S. Schwenk, Luc Sermeus, George Shorten, Karthikeyan Srinivasan, Markus F Stevens, Kassiani Theodoraki, Lloyd R Turbitt, Luis Fernando Valdés-Vilches, Thomas Volk, Katrina Webster, T Wiesmann, Sylvia H Wilson, Morné Wolmarans, Glenn Woodworth, Andrew K Worek, E M Louise Moran 2022 Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust

Recommendations For Effective Documentation In Regional Anesthesia: An Expert Panel Delphi Consensus Project, Hassan M Ahmed, Benjamin P Atterton, Gillian G Crowe, Jaime L Barratta, Mark Johnson, Eugene R. Viscusi, Sanjib Adhikary, Eric Albrecht, Karen Boretsky, Jan Boublik, Dara S Breslin, Kelly Byrne, Alan Ch'ng, Alwin Chuan, Patrick Conroy, Craig Daniel, Andrzej Daszkiewicz, Alain Delbos, Dan Sebastian Dirzu, Dmytro Dmytriiev, Paul Fennessy, H Barrie J Fischer, Henry Frizelle, Jeff Gadsden, Philippe Gautier, Rajnish K Gupta, Yavuz Gürkan, Harold David Hardman, William Harrop-Griffiths, Peter Hebbard, Nadia Hernandez, Jakub Hlasny, Gabriella Iohom, Vivian H Y Ip, Christina L Jeng, Rebecca L Johnson, Hari Kalagara, Brian Kinirons, Andrew Kenneth Lansdown, Jody C Leng, Yean Chin Lim, Clara Lobo, Danielle B Ludwin, Alan James Robert Macfarlane, Anthony T Machi, Padraig Mahon, Stephen Mannion, David H Mcleod, Peter Merjavy, Aleksejs Miscuks, Christopher H Mitchell, Eleni Moka, Peter Moran, Ann Ngui, Olga C Nin, Brian D O'Donnell, Amit Pawa, Anahi Perlas, Steven Porter, John-Paul Pozek, Humberto C Rebelo, Vicente Roqués, Kristopher M Schroeder, Gary Schwartz, Eric S. Schwenk, Luc Sermeus, George Shorten, Karthikeyan Srinivasan, Markus F Stevens, Kassiani Theodoraki, Lloyd R Turbitt, Luis Fernando Valdés-Vilches, Thomas Volk, Katrina Webster, T Wiesmann, Sylvia H Wilson, Morné Wolmarans, Glenn Woodworth, Andrew K Worek, E M Louise Moran

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Background and objectives: Documentation is important for quality improvement, education, and research. There is currently a lack of recommendations regarding key aspects of documentation in regional anesthesia. The aim of this study was to establish recommendations for documentation in regional anesthesia.

Methods: Following the formation of the executive committee and a directed literature review, a long list of potential documentation components was created. A modified Delphi process was then employed to achieve consensus amongst a group of international experts in regional anesthesia. This consisted of 2 rounds of anonymous electronic voting and a final virtual round table discussion with live ...


Airway Management And The Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator For Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, Chandler Barnes 2022 University of New England

Airway Management And The Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator For Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, Chandler Barnes

Nurse Anesthesia Student Capstones

The pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) relates to anatomical and non-anatomical factors. Anatomical considerations correlate to narrowing of the pharynx. When present, non-anatomical factors can intensify the severity of OSA and ease of collapsibility of upper airway tissue. The negative consequences of untreated OSA are well-defined and many treatment options are available. The novel hypoglossal nerve stimulator makes for a viable treatment option in patients who do not tolerate more traditional therapy, such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and meets eligibility requirements of device implantation as outlined by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The Inspire® Hypoglossal Nerve ...


The Effects Of Propofol Versus Sevoflurane In Surgical Lung Cancer Patients, Jordan Kelley 2022 University of New England

The Effects Of Propofol Versus Sevoflurane In Surgical Lung Cancer Patients, Jordan Kelley

Nurse Anesthesia Student Capstones

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most prevalent type of lung cancer. Lung cancer leads all cancer death rates worldwide. Surgical treatment for NSCLC warrants a role for the anesthetist to influence recurrence-free survival, overall survivability, and overall mortality. Literature suggests propofol and sevoflurane are linked to immunosuppressive characteristics by decreasing immunity via different mechanisms. Propofol has known anti-inflammatory effects, but studies reveal sevoflurane has similar capabilities. Sevoflurane may attenuate the metastatic potential of lung cancer by stopping platelet activation, but sevoflurane may also enhance other pathways of metastasis. Similarly, propofol has anti-metastatic abilities, hindering angiogenesis by downregulating necessary ...


Effect Of Lipid-Lowering Medications In Patients With Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery Outcomes, Chunxia Shi, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E Goldhammer, David Li, Bob Kiaii, Victor Rudriguez, Douglas Boyd, David Lubarsky, Richard Applegate, Hong Liu 2022 University of California Davis Health

Effect Of Lipid-Lowering Medications In Patients With Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery Outcomes, Chunxia Shi, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E Goldhammer, David Li, Bob Kiaii, Victor Rudriguez, Douglas Boyd, David Lubarsky, Richard Applegate, Hong Liu

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Background: Increased life expectancy and improved medical technology allow increasing numbers of elderly patients to undergo cardiac surgery. Elderly patients may be at greater risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Complications can lead to worsened quality of life, shortened life expectancy and higher healthcare costs. Reducing perioperative complications, especially severe adverse events, is key to improving outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The objective of this study is to determine whether perioperative lipid-lowering medication use is associated with a reduced risk of complications and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

Methods: After IRB approval, we ...


Maximising Access To Timely Trauma Care Across Population Of Karachi And Its Districts: A Geospatial Approach To Develop A Trauma Care Network, Muhammad Nabeel Ashraf, Mohammad Salman Khalil, Ahwaz Akhtar, Lubna Samad, Asad Latif 2022 Global Health Directorate, Indus Health Network, Karachi, Pakistan

Maximising Access To Timely Trauma Care Across Population Of Karachi And Its Districts: A Geospatial Approach To Develop A Trauma Care Network, Muhammad Nabeel Ashraf, Mohammad Salman Khalil, Ahwaz Akhtar, Lubna Samad, Asad Latif

Department of Anaesthesia

Objectives: To develop and propose a cost-effective trauma care network for Karachi, Pakistan, by calculating maximum timely trauma care (TTC) coverage achieved with the addition of potential designated private and public level 1 and level 2 trauma centres (TCs).
Setting: A lower middle-income country metropolis, Karachi is Pakistan's largest city with a population of 16 million and a total of 56 hospitals as per government registry data.
Participants: 41 potential TCs selected using a two-level, contextually-relevant TC designation criteria adapted from various international guidelines.
Primary and secondary outcome measures: Maximum TTC coverage achievable with the addition of potential TCs ...


The Anxiolytic Effects Of Aromatherapy On Preprocedural Anxiety: An Integrated Review, Rebekah Smith 2022 Liberty University

The Anxiolytic Effects Of Aromatherapy On Preprocedural Anxiety: An Integrated Review, Rebekah Smith

Senior Honors Theses

Anxiety before procedures can negatively impact patients by increasing cortisol levels which delays wound healing and increases infection risk, increasing pain and sedation medication needs, and increasing hospitalization time. This review was conducted to find how inhaled essential oils affect pre-procedural anxiety of adults in acute care settings. Nine databases and some gray literature were searched within the past ten years, and documented using the PRISMA flow chart. Ten articles fitting the inclusion criteria were retrieved. Nine of the articles found a significant difference between the aromatherapy group and control group and pre- and post- intervention anxiety scores, and none ...


Comparison Of Liposomal Bupivacaine Versus Bupivacaine With Epinephrine Versus The Combination In Postoperative Pain Management Following Spinal Surgery, Arianne Dagdag 2022 Valley Hospital Medical Center

Comparison Of Liposomal Bupivacaine Versus Bupivacaine With Epinephrine Versus The Combination In Postoperative Pain Management Following Spinal Surgery, Arianne Dagdag

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Perioperative Management Of Patients On Maintenance Medication For Addiction Treatment: The Development Of An Institutional Guideline., Gillian A. Beauchamp MD, Jill Hanisak CRNA, Alexandra Amaducci, Andrew L. Koons, Jason Laskosky PharmD, BCPS, Bernadette M Maron, Thomas A. McLoughlin 2022 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Perioperative Management Of Patients On Maintenance Medication For Addiction Treatment: The Development Of An Institutional Guideline., Gillian A. Beauchamp Md, Jill Hanisak Crna, Alexandra Amaducci, Andrew L. Koons, Jason Laskosky Pharmd, Bcps, Bernadette M Maron, Thomas A. Mcloughlin

Department of Emergency Medicine

With a brief summary of selected literature identified by a multidisciplinary panel of subject matter experts, the authors share their experience with the development of an institutional perioperative pain management guideline for patients on maintenance medication for addiction treatment (MAT), stressing the importance of perioperative continuation of opioid agonists such as methadone and partial agonists such as buprenorphine; and the discontinuation of opioid antagonists, such as naltrexone. The authors' protocol is appended as an example of a standardized approach to perioperative management of patients on MAT.


The Demographics Of Pain After Spinal Cord Injury: A Survey Of Our Model System., James J Bresnahan, Benjamin R Scoblionko, Devon Zorn, Daniel E Graves, Eugene R Viscusi 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

The Demographics Of Pain After Spinal Cord Injury: A Survey Of Our Model System., James J Bresnahan, Benjamin R Scoblionko, Devon Zorn, Daniel E Graves, Eugene R Viscusi

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

STUDY DESIGN: Survey OBJECTIVES: Better understand the demographics of pain after spinal cord injury (SCI).

SETTING: Academic Level 1 trauma center and SCI Model System.

METHODS: A survey including general demographic questions, questions of specific interest to the authors, the standardized SCI Pain Instrument (SCIPI), International SCI Pain Data Set, Basic form (ISCIPDS:B), Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) neuropathic 5a (PROMIS-Neur), and PROMIS nociceptive 5a (PROMIS-No).

RESULTS: 81% of individuals with SCI experience chronic pain and 86% of individuals with pain have neuropathic pain. 55% of individuals had shoulder pain. Females and those who recall >5/10 ...


Senior Academic Ranks In Us Anesthesiology Programs: Differences Between Women And Men And Examination Of Independent Factors For Success, Brenda Lee, Farhad Zahedi, Ina Zaimi, Roman Schumann 2022 Harvard Medical School

Senior Academic Ranks In Us Anesthesiology Programs: Differences Between Women And Men And Examination Of Independent Factors For Success, Brenda Lee, Farhad Zahedi, Ina Zaimi, Roman Schumann

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: Gender equality among faculty is a challenge in academic medicine, including anesthesiology. We investigated the likelihood that several factors were associated with academic success in the United States (US), defined as having achieved a senior academic rank (SAR) in a US anesthesiology training program.

Methods: We collected data available on the Internet on 131 anesthesiology programs, including faculty academic rank, gender, number of faculty, graduate status from an American medical school, fellowship training status, number of residents, number of program fellowships, and geographic location. SAR was defined as either associate professor or professor. Data were analyzed with logistic regression ...


Methamphetamine Induces The Release Of Proadhesive Extracellular Vesicles And Promotes Syncytia Formation: A Potential Role In Hiv-1 Neuropathogenesis, Subhash Chand, Catherine DeMarino, Austin Gowen, Maria Cowen, Sarah Al-Sharif, Fatah Kashanchi, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Methamphetamine Induces The Release Of Proadhesive Extracellular Vesicles And Promotes Syncytia Formation: A Potential Role In Hiv-1 Neuropathogenesis, Subhash Chand, Catherine Demarino, Austin Gowen, Maria Cowen, Sarah Al-Sharif, Fatah Kashanchi, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili

Journal Articles: Anesthesiology

Despite the success of combinational antiretroviral therapy (cART), the high pervasiveness of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) poses a significant challenge for society. Methamphetamine (meth) and related amphetamine compounds, which are potent psychostimulants, are among the most commonly used illicit drugs. Intriguingly, HIV-infected individuals who are meth users have a comparatively higher rate of neuropsychological impairment and exhibit a higher viral load in the brain than infected individuals who do not abuse meth. Effectively, all cell types secrete nano-sized lipid membrane vesicles, referred to as extracellular vesicles (EVs) that can function as intercellular communication to modulate the ...


Periocular Manifestation Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea As A Novel Perioperative Screening Tool, Megan Folsom, James Gigantelli, Brent Timperley, Kurtis Johnson, Danstan Bagenda, Huiling Pang, Sheila Ellis 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Periocular Manifestation Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea As A Novel Perioperative Screening Tool, Megan Folsom, James Gigantelli, Brent Timperley, Kurtis Johnson, Danstan Bagenda, Huiling Pang, Sheila Ellis

Journal Articles: Anesthesiology

PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) presents perioperative challenges with increased risk for complications. Floppy eyelid syndrome (FES) is associated with OSA yet has not been addressed perioperatively. The current standard for perioperative OSA screening includes assessing patient risk factors or the STOP-BANG tool, which requires an active participant. We aimed to confirm a connection between FES and OSA in presurgical patients and develop a screening method appropriate for patients with perioperative OSA risk.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: 162 presurgical pre-anesthesia clinic patients were enrolled. Screening questions determined eligibility. Those who were pregnant or aged < 19 were excluded. Control group included those with a STOP-BANG score < 3. Experimental group included those with BMI > 35 and OSA diagnosis. Examiners photographed participants ...


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