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Severity Of Disease And Mortality For Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Viral Pneumonia Compared To Patients With Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia, Richard Y. Kim, Thomas Chandler, Stephen P. Furmanek, Timothy Lee Wiemken, Rodrigo Cavallazzi 2019 University of Louisville

Severity Of Disease And Mortality For Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Viral Pneumonia Compared To Patients With Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia, Richard Y. Kim, Thomas Chandler, Stephen P. Furmanek, Timothy Lee Wiemken, Rodrigo Cavallazzi

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: There exists a large body of literature to help identify, diagnose, treat, and manage community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Despite this, there is little data that directly compares the clinical syndromes and complications of pure bacterial pneumonia to pure viral pneumonia. Our study compares the clinical presentation, morbidity and mortality of viral vs. bacterial etiologies of CAP.

Methods: This was a secondary data analysis of the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) international study database. Data was collected concerning patient demographics, physical examination findings, laboratory findings, radiological findings, severity of illness, and clinical outcomes and stratified according to the two study groups, CAVP ...


Gene Co-Expression Networks Analysis Reveal Novel Molecular Endotypes In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Jen-hwa Chu, Wenlan Zang 2019 Yale University

Gene Co-Expression Networks Analysis Reveal Novel Molecular Endotypes In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Jen-Hwa Chu, Wenlan Zang

Yale Day of Data

Rationale:Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a genetic condition that predisposes to early onset pulmonary emphysema and airways obstruction. The exact mechanism through which AATD leads to lung disease is incompletely understood.

Objectives: To investigate the effect of AAT genotype and augmentation therapy on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) transcriptome, while examining the link between gene expression profiles, and clinical features of AATD.

Methods: We performed RNA-Seq on RNA extracted from BAL and PBMC on samples obtained from 89 AATD patients enrolled in the Genomic Research in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency and Sarcoidosis (GRADS) study. Differential gene ...


Acute Exacerbations Of Progressive-Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Diseases., Martin Kolb, Benjamin Bondue, Alberto Pesci, Yasunari Miyazaki, Jin Woo Song, Nitin Y. Bhatt, John T. Huggins, Justin M. Oldham, Maria L. Padilla, Jesse Roman, MD, Shane Shapera 2018 McMaster University

Acute Exacerbations Of Progressive-Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Diseases., Martin Kolb, Benjamin Bondue, Alberto Pesci, Yasunari Miyazaki, Jin Woo Song, Nitin Y. Bhatt, John T. Huggins, Justin M. Oldham, Maria L. Padilla, Jesse Roman, Md, Shane Shapera

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Acute exacerbation of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with a poor prognosis and high mortality. Numerous studies have documented acute exacerbation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), but less is known about these events in other ILDs that may present a progressive-fibrosing phenotype. We propose defining acute exacerbation as an acute, clinically significant respiratory deterioration, typically less than 1 month in duration, together with computerised tomography imaging showing new bilateral glass opacity and/or consolidation superimposed on a background pattern consistent with fibrosing ILDs. Drawing on observations in IPF, it is suspected that epithelial injury or proliferation and autoimmunity are ...


Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Comparison Between The Two Most Used Diagnostic Criteria, Enrique Gomez Pomar, Vanessa A. Concina, Aaron Samide, Philip M. Westgate, Henrietta S. Bada 2018 University of Kentucky

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Comparison Between The Two Most Used Diagnostic Criteria, Enrique Gomez Pomar, Vanessa A. Concina, Aaron Samide, Philip M. Westgate, Henrietta S. Bada

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Objectives: To compare the Shennan's and the consensus definition of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) workshop and analyze specific risk factors associated with each definition.

Study design: Retrospective analysis of records of 274 infants admitted to a level IV intensive care unit. Infants were classified as having BPD or no BPD by both definitions. Differences in incidence and risk factors were analyzed. Statistical methods included descriptive statistics, comparative tests, and marginal logistic regression modeling.

Results: The estimated difference in prevalence was 32% [95% CI: (26%, 37%), (p < 0.0001)] between both criteria. The prevalence of BPD was 80% higher based on the NIH criteria [RR = 1.80; 95% CI: (1.58, 2.06)]. Infants with no BPD by the Shennan definition were breathing room air with or without positive or continuous pressure support and were most likely to be discharged home on oxygen [OR = 4.47, 95% CI: (1.20, 16.61), p = 0.03]. Gestational age, birth weight ...


The Utilization Of Venous-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Membrane For The Management Of Status Asthmaticus, Kenneth Miller MSRT, MEd, RRT-ACCS, FAARC,, Jennifer Strow DO, Alison N. Bedekovich MSN, RN 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network

The Utilization Of Venous-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Membrane For The Management Of Status Asthmaticus, Kenneth Miller Msrt, Med, Rrt-Accs, Faarc,, Jennifer Strow Do, Alison N. Bedekovich Msn, Rn

Patient Care Services / Nursing

No abstract provided.


Cystic Fibrosis Gene Therapy: Looking Back, Looking Forward, Ashley L. Cooney, Paul B. McCray, Patrick L. Sinn 2018 University of Iowa

Cystic Fibrosis Gene Therapy: Looking Back, Looking Forward, Ashley L. Cooney, Paul B. Mccray, Patrick L. Sinn

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene that encodes a cAMP-regulated anion channel. Although CF is a multi-organ system disease, most people with CF die of progressive lung disease that begins early in childhood and is characterized by chronic bacterial infection and inflammation. Nearly 90% of people with CF have at least one copy of the ΔF508 mutation, but there are hundreds of CFTR mutations that result in a range of disease severities. A CFTR gene replacement approach would be efficacious regardless of the disease-causing mutation. After ...


Large Mediastinal Mass In A 15-Year-Old Boy, Mariyam Gohar Ali, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi, Farah Naz Farid 2018 Aga Khan University

Large Mediastinal Mass In A 15-Year-Old Boy, Mariyam Gohar Ali, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi, Farah Naz Farid

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome is a rare multisystem inherited disorder characterised by high serum IgE levels, skin disorder causing eczema, dermatitis, recurrent staphylococcal infections and pulmonary infections and various skeletal and connective tissue abnormalities. Common presentation is with recurrent skin and sinopulmonary infections. Several features unrelated to immune system such as characteristic facial features, hyperextensibility of joints, multiple bone fractures and craniosynostosis have been described in the literature. We describe a rare presentation of this disease with invasive aspergillosis presenting as mediastinal mass with extension to mediastinalstructures and pulmonary vasculature.


Can Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Histologic Subtypes Predict Survival? A Single Institution Experience, Cornelia Nitipir, Cristina Orlov, Ana-Maria Popa, Mihaela Olaru, Iulian Slavu, Iaciu Cristian, Razvan Hainarosie, Anca Pantea Stoian, Balalau Cristian 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Elias University Emergency Hospital, Department of Oncology, Bucharest, Romania

Can Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Histologic Subtypes Predict Survival? A Single Institution Experience, Cornelia Nitipir, Cristina Orlov, Ana-Maria Popa, Mihaela Olaru, Iulian Slavu, Iaciu Cristian, Razvan Hainarosie, Anca Pantea Stoian, Balalau Cristian

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. The latest histological classification of lung adenocarcinoma includes lepidic, acinar, papillary, micropapillary, and solid as subtypes. Testing these subtypes for their prognostic and predictive value is an ongoing scientific challenge. The present research article aims to describe the influence this classification has on patient survival.

Materials and Methods. Thirty-three patients were included in the trial. The most important enrollment criterion was the clear specification of the adenocarcinoma subtype in the pathology report. Patients were stratified into three groups which included the adenocarcinoma pathological subtypes as follows: lepidic (LEP), acinar and papillary (ACN/PAP), and micropapillary/solid (MIP/SOL). The ...


Microbiological Testing Of Adults Hospitalised With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: An International Study, Manuela Carugati, Stefano Aliberti, Luis Felipe Reyes, Ricardo Franco Sadud, Muhammad Irfan 2018 Infectious Diseases, Luigi Sacco Hospital.

Microbiological Testing Of Adults Hospitalised With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: An International Study, Manuela Carugati, Stefano Aliberti, Luis Felipe Reyes, Ricardo Franco Sadud, Muhammad Irfan

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

This study aimed to describe real-life microbiological testing of adults hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and to assess concordance with the 2007 Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) and 2011 European Respiratory Society (ERS) CAP guidelines.

This was a cohort study based on the Global Initiative for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusPneumonia (GLIMP) database, which contains point-prevalence data on adults hospitalised with CAP across 54 countries during 2015.

In total, 3702 patients were included. Testing was performed in 3217 patients, and included blood culture (71.1%), sputum culture (61.8%), Legionella urinary antigen test (30.1%), pneumococcal ...


The Association Of Qsofa, Sofa, And Sirs With Mortality In Emergency Department Pneumonia, Ian D. Mecham, Nathan C. Dean, Emily L. Wilson, Al R. Jephson, Michael J. Lanpsa 2018 University of Utah

The Association Of Qsofa, Sofa, And Sirs With Mortality In Emergency Department Pneumonia, Ian D. Mecham, Nathan C. Dean, Emily L. Wilson, Al R. Jephson, Michael J. Lanpsa

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Objective: To determine the association between 30-day mortality with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and quick SOFA (qSOFA) in emergency department patients with pneumonia. Secondary outcomes included the association of sepsis scores with hospital admission and direct ICU admission.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a pneumonia population conducted in the emergency department of 3 tertiary care medical centers and 4 community hospitals. Adult immunocompetent patients diagnosed with pneumonia were included from 3 twelve-month periods spanning December 2009 to October 2015. We generated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values for each ...


Use Of Ultrasound For Diagnosis Of Pneumonia In Adults, A Review, Dafang Chen, Rodrigo Cavallazzi 2018 University of Louisville

Use Of Ultrasound For Diagnosis Of Pneumonia In Adults, A Review, Dafang Chen, Rodrigo Cavallazzi

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Pneumonia is a common lung infection with significant morbidity and mortality. Currently, the diagnosis of pneumonia is made by patient history confirmed with chest radiograph or computed tomography. These modalities, however, have limitations including low accuracy, radiation exposure, and high cost. Lung ultrasound has become more prevalent in evaluating pulmonary conditions and has shown to be highly accurate in the diagnosis of pneumonia. The purpose of this review is to discuss sonographic findings associated with pneumonia, techniques used to obtain quality images, and the evidence in literature supporting the use of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pneumonia. Numerous studies ...


Comparison Of Mortality And Therapy In Community Acquired Pneumonia, Gina Maki, Daniela Moreno, Anthony Harris, Steven Lawrence, Andrew Masica, Lois Lamerato, Marcus J. Zervos 2018 Henry Ford Health System

Comparison Of Mortality And Therapy In Community Acquired Pneumonia, Gina Maki, Daniela Moreno, Anthony Harris, Steven Lawrence, Andrew Masica, Lois Lamerato, Marcus J. Zervos

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Community associated pneumonia (CAP) is one the most common causes of hospital admissions, exceeding more than one million per year in the United States, contributing to 3.4% of inpatient mortality. Our objective was to compare 30-day mortality using therapies recommended for treatment of CAP.

Methods: A multicenter retrospective analysis from four different hospitals was assessed from 2008 to 2013. The data was obtained from electronic medical records which included more than 70,000 patients. CAP patients were identified using discharge diagnostic codes during the years 2008-2013, as well as receiving therapy with ceftriaxone and azithromycin or a respiratory ...


Identification Of Susceptibility Pathways For The Role Of Chromosome 15q25.1 In Modifying Lung Cancer Risk., Xuemei Ji, Yohan Bossé, Maria Teresa Landi, Jiang Gui, Xiangjun Xiao, David Qian, Philippe Joubert, Maxime Lamontagne, Yafang Li, Ivan Gorlov, Mariella de Biasi, Younghun Han, Olga Gorlova, Rayjean J Hung, Xifeng Wu, James McKay, Xuchen Zong, Robert Carreras-Torres, David C Christiani, Neil Caporaso, Mattias Johansson, Geoffrey Liu, Stig E Bojesen, Loic Le Marchand, Demetrios Albanes, Heike Bickeböller, Melinda C Aldrich, William S Bush, Adonina Tardon, Gad Rennert, Chu Chen, M Dawn Teare, John K Field, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Philip Lazarus, Aage Haugen, Stephen Lam, Matthew B Schabath, Angeline S Andrew, Hongbing Shen, Yun-Chul Hong, Jian-Min Yuan, Pier A Bertazzi, Angela C Pesatori, Yuanqing Ye, Nancy Diao, Li Su, Ruyang Zhang, Yonathan Brhane, Natasha Leighl, Jakob S Johansen, Anders Mellemgaard, Walid Saliba, Christopher Haiman, Lynne Wilkens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Erik H F M van der Heijden, Jin Hee Kim, Juncheng Dai, Zhibin Hu, Michael P A Davies, Michael W Marcus, Hans Brunnström, Jonas Manjer, Olle Melander, David C Muller, Kim Overvad, Antonia Trichopoulou, Rosario Tumino, Jennifer Doherty, Gary E Goodman, Angela Cox, Fiona Taylor, Penella Woll, Irene Brüske, Judith Manz, Thomas Muley, Angela Risch, Albert Rosenberger, Kjell Grankvist, Mikael Johansson, Frances Shepherd, Ming-Sound Tsao, Susanne M Arnold, Eric B Haura, Ciprian Bolca, Ivana Holcatova, Vladimir Janout, Milica Kontic, Jolanta Lissowska, Anush Mukeria, Simona Ognjanovic, Tadeusz M Orlowski, Ghislaine Scelo, Beata Swiatkowska, David Zaridze, Per Bakke, Vidar Skaug, Shanbeh Zienolddiny, Eric J Duell, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Yu-Tang Gao, Richard Houlston, John McLaughlin, Victoria Stevens, David C Nickle, Ma'en Obeidat, Wim Timens, Bin Zhu, Lei Song, María Soler Artigas, Martin D Tobin, Louise V Wain, Fangyi Gu, Jinyoung Byun, Ahsan Kamal, Dakai Zhu, Rachel F Tyndale, Wei-Qi Wei, Stephen Chanock, Paul Brennan, Christopher I Amos 2018 Swedish Medical Group, Arnold Pavilion, Suite 200, Seattle, 98104, WA, USA.

Identification Of Susceptibility Pathways For The Role Of Chromosome 15q25.1 In Modifying Lung Cancer Risk., Xuemei Ji, Yohan Bossé, Maria Teresa Landi, Jiang Gui, Xiangjun Xiao, David Qian, Philippe Joubert, Maxime Lamontagne, Yafang Li, Ivan Gorlov, Mariella De Biasi, Younghun Han, Olga Gorlova, Rayjean J Hung, Xifeng Wu, James Mckay, Xuchen Zong, Robert Carreras-Torres, David C Christiani, Neil Caporaso, Mattias Johansson, Geoffrey Liu, Stig E Bojesen, Loic Le Marchand, Demetrios Albanes, Heike Bickeböller, Melinda C Aldrich, William S Bush, Adonina Tardon, Gad Rennert, Chu Chen, M Dawn Teare, John K Field, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Philip Lazarus, Aage Haugen, Stephen Lam, Matthew B Schabath, Angeline S Andrew, Hongbing Shen, Yun-Chul Hong, Jian-Min Yuan, Pier A Bertazzi, Angela C Pesatori, Yuanqing Ye, Nancy Diao, Li Su, Ruyang Zhang, Yonathan Brhane, Natasha Leighl, Jakob S Johansen, Anders Mellemgaard, Walid Saliba, Christopher Haiman, Lynne Wilkens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Erik H F M Van Der Heijden, Jin Hee Kim, Juncheng Dai, Zhibin Hu, Michael P A Davies, Michael W Marcus, Hans Brunnström, Jonas Manjer, Olle Melander, David C Muller, Kim Overvad, Antonia Trichopoulou, Rosario Tumino, Jennifer Doherty, Gary E Goodman, Angela Cox, Fiona Taylor, Penella Woll, Irene Brüske, Judith Manz, Thomas Muley, Angela Risch, Albert Rosenberger, Kjell Grankvist, Mikael Johansson, Frances Shepherd, Ming-Sound Tsao, Susanne M Arnold, Eric B Haura, Ciprian Bolca, Ivana Holcatova, Vladimir Janout, Milica Kontic, Jolanta Lissowska, Anush Mukeria, Simona Ognjanovic, Tadeusz M Orlowski, Ghislaine Scelo, Beata Swiatkowska, David Zaridze, Per Bakke, Vidar Skaug, Shanbeh Zienolddiny, Eric J Duell, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Yu-Tang Gao, Richard Houlston, John Mclaughlin, Victoria Stevens, David C Nickle, Ma'en Obeidat, Wim Timens, Bin Zhu, Lei Song, María Soler Artigas, Martin D Tobin, Louise V Wain, Fangyi Gu, Jinyoung Byun, Ahsan Kamal, Dakai Zhu, Rachel F Tyndale, Wei-Qi Wei, Stephen Chanock, Paul Brennan, Christopher I Amos

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified the chromosome 15q25.1 locus as a leading susceptibility region for lung cancer. However, the pathogenic pathways, through which susceptibility SNPs within chromosome 15q25.1 affects lung cancer risk, have not been explored. We analyzed three cohorts with GWAS data consisting 42,901 individuals and lung expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data on 409 individuals to identify and validate the underlying pathways and to investigate the combined effect of genes from the identified susceptibility pathways. The KEGG neuroactive ligand receptor interaction pathway, two Reactome pathways, and 22 Gene Ontology terms were identified and replicated to ...


Il-16/Mir-125a Axis Controls Neutrophil Recruitment In Pristane-Induced Lung Inflammation, Siobhan Smith, Hardy Kornfeld, Caroline A. Jefferies 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Il-16/Mir-125a Axis Controls Neutrophil Recruitment In Pristane-Induced Lung Inflammation, Siobhan Smith, Hardy Kornfeld, Caroline A. Jefferies

Open Access Articles

Severe lung inflammation and alveolar hemorrhage can be life-threatening in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients if not treated early and aggressively. Neutrophil influx is the driver key of this pathology, but little is known regarding the molecular events regulating this recruitment. Here, we uncover a role for IL-16/mir-125a in this pathology and show not only that IL-16 is a target for miR-125a but that reduced miR-125a expression in SLE patients associates with lung involvement. Furthermore, in the pristane model of acute "SLE-like" lung inflammation and alveolar hemorrhage, we observed reduced pulmonary miR-125a and enhanced IL-16 expression. Neutrophil infiltration was ...


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Presenting As Chronic Cough, Marjorie Friedman, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Presenting As Chronic Cough, Marjorie Friedman, Md

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating, uniformly fatal disease. While it most commonly presents with limb weakness, patients may also present with neurocognitive, respiratory, or bulbar symptoms. Despite its poor prognosis, an early diagnosis can save patients from unnecessary and expensive testing, lead to interventions that improve quality of life, and give patients and family time for advanced planning.1 This case highlights an unusual presentation of ALS.

KEY POINTS

  • Our patient presented with chronic cough and restrictive lung disease and after extensive workup was diagnosed with ALS.
  • Bulbar and respiratory symptoms are uncommon initial presentations of ALS ...


Use Of Venovenous Extracorporeal Membranous Oxygenation Following Iatrogenic Tracheal Rupture, Rajiv Kabadi, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Use Of Venovenous Extracorporeal Membranous Oxygenation Following Iatrogenic Tracheal Rupture, Rajiv Kabadi, Md

The Medicine Forum

INTRODUCTION

Iatrogenic tracheal rupture is a rare complication of endotracheal intubation and has a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Risk factors include female gender, short stature (height less than 160-cm), difficult airway anatomy, underlying connective tissue disorder, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, use of a rigid stylet, inadequate intubation tube size, cuff over-inflation, emergent intubation and intubation performed by non-anesthesiologists. 1 Early recognition is important and diagnosis requires bronchoscopic confirmation.2,3 We describe a case where emergent venovenous extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) was utilized in the management of tracheal rupture.

KEY POINTS

  • Tracheal rupture is an uncommon but severe ...


Can Capture Be Used To Identify Undiagnosed Patients With Mild-To-Moderate Copd Likely To Benefit From Treatment?, Nancy K. Leidy, Fernando J. Martinez, Karen G. Malley, David M. Mannino, MeiLan K. Han, Elizabeth D. Bacci, Randall W. Brown, Julia F. Houfek, Wassim W. Labaki, Barry J. Make, Catherine A. Meldrum, Wilson Quezada, Stephen Rennard, Byron Thomashow, Barbara P. Yawn 2018 Evidera

Can Capture Be Used To Identify Undiagnosed Patients With Mild-To-Moderate Copd Likely To Benefit From Treatment?, Nancy K. Leidy, Fernando J. Martinez, Karen G. Malley, David M. Mannino, Meilan K. Han, Elizabeth D. Bacci, Randall W. Brown, Julia F. Houfek, Wassim W. Labaki, Barry J. Make, Catherine A. Meldrum, Wilson Quezada, Stephen Rennard, Byron Thomashow, Barbara P. Yawn

Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Background: COPD Assessment in Primary Care To Identify Undiagnosed Respiratory Disease and Exacerbation Risk (CAPTURE™) uses five questions and peak expiratory flow (PEF) thresholds (males ≤350 L/min; females ≤250 L/min) to identify patients with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC)11 60%–80% predicted) who may also benefit from diagnosis and treatment.

Methods: Data from the CAPTURE development study were used to test its sensitivity (SN) and specificity (SP) differentiating mild-to-moderate COPD (n=73) from no COPD (n=87). SN and SP for differentiating all COPD cases (mild to severe; n ...


Congenitally Corrected Transposition Of The Great Arteries In A Septuagenarian From The Developing Country Of Pakistan, Hunaina Shahab, Salima Ashiqali, Mehnaz Atiq 2018 Aga Khan University

Congenitally Corrected Transposition Of The Great Arteries In A Septuagenarian From The Developing Country Of Pakistan, Hunaina Shahab, Salima Ashiqali, Mehnaz Atiq

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is a rare congenital cardiac defect with atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance which leads to heart failure and limits patients' lifespan. We report the case of a 70-year-old lady, from a poor province in Pakistan, who presented for the first time with palpitations and was diagnosed to have CCTGA. She had moderate pulmonic valve stenosis which was protective against heart failure. She had six children all born via spontaneous vertex delivery in her local village. This case exemplifies the fact that pulmonic stenosis is favourable for patients with CCTGA. In a country where ...


Erratum To Inequivalence Of Non-Aggressiveness In Clinically Diagnosed Lung Cancers And Overdiagnosis In Lung Cancer Screening Trials., Jerome M Reich, Jong S Kim 2018 Thoracic Oncology Program, Earle A Chiles Research Institute, Portland, OR, USA.

Erratum To Inequivalence Of Non-Aggressiveness In Clinically Diagnosed Lung Cancers And Overdiagnosis In Lung Cancer Screening Trials., Jerome M Reich, Jong S Kim

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.21037/jtd.2018.01.164.].


A Rare Case Of Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage Secondary To Dabigatran Successfully Treated With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, C. Hutchinson, F. M. West, H. Hirose 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

A Rare Case Of Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage Secondary To Dabigatran Successfully Treated With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, C. Hutchinson, F. M. West, H. Hirose

Department of Medicine Posters

Introduction

Dabigatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor, is used for stroke risk reduction in non-valvular atrial fibrillation and for treatment and prevention of venous thromboembolism. Minor side effects include indigestion and stomach pain. Major life threatening bleeding occurs in up to 2% of patients and is largely attributed to gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Here, we describe a case of a dabigatran related diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) treated successfully with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.


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