Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Critical Care Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

136 Full-Text Articles 532 Authors 6731 Downloads 31 Institutions

All Articles in Critical Care

Faceted Search

136 full-text articles. Page 1 of 6.

Sepsis In Patients With Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Due To Methicillin- Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus: Incidence And Impact On Clinical Outcomes, Anupama Raghuram, Martin Gnoni, Timothy Lee Wiemken, Leslie Beavin, Julio A. Ramirez, Forest W. Arnold, Marcus J. Zervos, Daniel H. Kett, Thomas M. File Jr., Gary Stein, Kimbal D. Ford, Paula Peyrani, the IMPACT-HAP Investigators 2017 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Sepsis In Patients With Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Due To Methicillin- Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus: Incidence And Impact On Clinical Outcomes, Anupama Raghuram, Martin Gnoni, Timothy Lee Wiemken, Leslie Beavin, Julio A. Ramirez, Forest W. Arnold, Marcus J. Zervos, Daniel H. Kett, Thomas M. File Jr., Gary Stein, Kimbal D. Ford, Paula Peyrani, The Impact-Hap Investigators

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Sepsis is a clinical syndrome associated with organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host response to infection. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a serious infection frequently associated with sepsis. The objectives of this study were to define the incidence of sepsis and clinical failure in patients with MRSA VAP.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the Improving Medicine through Pathway Assessment of Critical Therapy in Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (IMPACT-HAP) study database. VAP was defined according to CDC criteria. MRSA VAP was considered when MRSA was isolated from a tracheal aspirate or bronchoalveolar lavage. We used the ...


Predictors Of Cardiac Mortality In The Ccu: A Retrospective Study In A Tertiary Center, Summer Aldrugh, Aditya Vaze, Adedotun Anthony Ogunsua, Gloria Shan, Amrit V. Vinod, Modupeola Diyaolu, Craig Smith 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Cardiac Mortality In The Ccu: A Retrospective Study In A Tertiary Center, Summer Aldrugh, Aditya Vaze, Adedotun Anthony Ogunsua, Gloria Shan, Amrit V. Vinod, Modupeola Diyaolu, Craig Smith

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Although prior studies have linked troponin I (TnI) elevation, serum sodium (Na) fluctuation, and reduced ejection fraction (EF) with an increased mortality in the medical/surgical critical care units, this has not been validated in the CCU. We aim to identify clinical and laboratory factors to predict cardiac related length of survival (LOS) in the CCU.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 134 consecutive patients who were admitted to the CCU from December 2012 to March 2015, and who died during that admission. We used student T-test, correlation matrices, and Framingham risk factors adjusted multivariable logistic regression models to examine the ...


Implementation Of A Standardized Handoff During Transition Of Care From The Emergency Department To The Intensive Care Unit, Melinda Abbring 2017 Valparaiso University

Implementation Of A Standardized Handoff During Transition Of Care From The Emergency Department To The Intensive Care Unit, Melinda Abbring

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Patient safety and nursing communication are crucial to the nursing handoff during transition of care from the emergency department (ED) to the intensive care unit (ICU). The Institute of Medicine published To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System (1999) and Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) highlighting ED handoffs as a safety measure. In 2006, the Joint Commission recognized handoffs with the National Patient Safety Goal 2E. The purpose of this evidence-based practice project was to determine if implementation of a standardized handoff would improve nursing communication and patient safety during transition of care from the ED to the ...


Subanesthetic Ketamine For Pain Management In Hospitalized Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults: A Single-Center Cohort Study, K A. Sheehy, C Lippoid, A L. Rice, R Nobrega, Julia C. Finkel, Zenaide Quezado 2017 George Washington University

Subanesthetic Ketamine For Pain Management In Hospitalized Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults: A Single-Center Cohort Study, K A. Sheehy, C Lippoid, A L. Rice, R Nobrega, Julia C. Finkel, Zenaide Quezado

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

1Division of Anesthesiology, Pain, and Perioperative Medicine, The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children’s Research Institute, Children’s National Health System, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 2Center for Neuroscience Research, Children’s Research Institute, Children’s National Health System, Washington, DC, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Subanesthetic doses of ketamine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist used as an adjuvant to opioid for the treatment of pain in adults with acute and chronic pain, have been shown, in some instances, to improve pain intensity and to decrease opioid ...


Cigarette Smoke Impairs A2a Adenosine Receptor Mediated Wound Repair Through Up-Regulation Of Duox-1 Expression., Zhi Tian, Hui Zhang, Jendayi Dixon, Nicole Traphagen, Todd A. Wyatt, Kusum K. Kharbanda, Samantha Simet, Narasaiah Kolliputi, Diane S Allen-Gipson 2017 University of South Florida

Cigarette Smoke Impairs A2a Adenosine Receptor Mediated Wound Repair Through Up-Regulation Of Duox-1 Expression., Zhi Tian, Hui Zhang, Jendayi Dixon, Nicole Traphagen, Todd A. Wyatt, Kusum K. Kharbanda, Samantha Simet, Narasaiah Kolliputi, Diane S Allen-Gipson

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

Cigarette smoke (CS) exposure and intrinsic factors such as the NADPH oxidases produce high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), ensuing inflammatory tissue injury. We previously demonstrated that CS-generated ROS, particularly hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), impaired adenosine stimulated wound repair. We hypothesized that CS exposure modulates expression of Dual oxidase 1 (Duox-1), a NADPH oxidases known to generate H2O2. To test this hypothesis, we used human bronchial epithelial cell line Nuli-1 and C57BL/6 mice. Cells were treated with 5% CS extract (CSE) for various periods of time, and mice were exposed to whole body CS for six weeks. Both CSE ...


Effect Of Low-Level Co2 On Innate Inflammatory Protein Response To Organic Dust From Swine Confinement Barns., David Schneberger, Jane M. DeVasure, Kristina L. Bailey, Debra J. Romberger, Todd A. Wyatt 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effect Of Low-Level Co2 On Innate Inflammatory Protein Response To Organic Dust From Swine Confinement Barns., David Schneberger, Jane M. Devasure, Kristina L. Bailey, Debra J. Romberger, Todd A. Wyatt

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

BACKGROUND: Organic hog barn dust (HDE) exposure induces lung inflammation and long-term decreases in lung function in agricultural workers. While concentrations of common gasses in confined animal facilities are well characterized, few studies have been done addressing if exposure to elevated barn gasses impacts the lung immune response to organic dusts. Given the well documented effects of hypercapnia at much higher levels we hypothesized that CO2 at 8 h exposure limit levels (5000 ppm) could alter innate immune responses to HDE.

METHODS: Using a mouse model, C57BL/6 mice were nasally instilled with defined barn dust extracts and then housed ...


Effect Of Low-Level Co2 On Innate Inflammatory Protein Response To Organic Dust From Swine Confinement Barns., David Schneberger, Jane M. DeVasure, Kristina L. Bailey, Debra J. Romberger, Todd A. Wyatt 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effect Of Low-Level Co2 On Innate Inflammatory Protein Response To Organic Dust From Swine Confinement Barns., David Schneberger, Jane M. Devasure, Kristina L. Bailey, Debra J. Romberger, Todd A. Wyatt

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

BACKGROUND: Organic hog barn dust (HDE) exposure induces lung inflammation and long-term decreases in lung function in agricultural workers. While concentrations of common gasses in confined animal facilities are well characterized, few studies have been done addressing if exposure to elevated barn gasses impacts the lung immune response to organic dusts. Given the well documented effects of hypercapnia at much higher levels we hypothesized that CO2 at 8 h exposure limit levels (5000 ppm) could alter innate immune responses to HDE.

METHODS: Using a mouse model, C57BL/6 mice were nasally instilled with defined barn dust extracts and then housed ...


Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation For Cardiogenic Shock: A Retrospective Analysis Based On The Etiology Of Shock, Andrew Burchett, Thomas Tribble, Richard Charnigo, Susan Smyth, Maya Guglin 2017 University of Kentucky

Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation For Cardiogenic Shock: A Retrospective Analysis Based On The Etiology Of Shock, Andrew Burchett, Thomas Tribble, Richard Charnigo, Susan Smyth, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

Abstract:

Background: We performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate the efficacy of VA-ECMO support in cardiogenic shock based on various etiologies.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 99 patients supported with VA-ECMO from January 1, 2012 to January 1, 2015. Outcomes included survival to discontinuation of VA-ECMO support and survival to hospital discharge. The etiologies of cardiogenic shock included cardiac arrest (CPR), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), decompensated congestive heart failure (CHF), pulmonary embolism (PE), right ventricular failure (RVF) not secondary to an acute pulmonary embolism, and post-cardiotomy syndrome (PCS). The PCS group was used as a reference group; odds ratios were estimated ...


Waiting 2 Minutes After Sucrose Administration—Unnecessary?, Naomi Meesters, Sinno Simons, Joost van Rosmalen, Irwin Reiss, John van den Anker, Monique van Dijk 2017 George Washington University

Waiting 2 Minutes After Sucrose Administration—Unnecessary?, Naomi Meesters, Sinno Simons, Joost Van Rosmalen, Irwin Reiss, John Van Den Anker, Monique Van Dijk

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background Worldwide, oral sucrose is standard of care in many neonatal intensive care units to relieve procedural pain in neonates. This study aims to determine if time interval between sucrose administration and heelstick correlates with pain scores.

Methods Neonates were prospectively studied with variable time intervals and assessed with the Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R).

Results 150 neonates were included with a median gestational age of 30+6 (IQR 27+6–33+2) weeks and a median time interval of 72 (IQR 39–115) seconds between sucrose administration and heelstick. In multiple regression analysis, this time interval was not significantly ...


Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1: A Urinary Biomarker Of Kidney Disease., S Movafagh, Dominic Raj, M Sanaei-Ardekani, D Bhatia, K Vo, M Mahmoudieh, R Rahman, E H Kim, Arthur F Harralson 2017 George Washington University

Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1: A Urinary Biomarker Of Kidney Disease., S Movafagh, Dominic Raj, M Sanaei-Ardekani, D Bhatia, K Vo, M Mahmoudieh, R Rahman, E H Kim, Arthur F Harralson

Medicine Faculty Publications

Identifying noninvasive biomarkers of kidney disease is valuable for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) expression is known to be elevated in the kidneys in several renal disease pathologies. We hypothesized that the urinary HIF-1a mRNA level may be a suitable biomarker for expression of this protein in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We compared HIF-1a mRNA levels from urine pellets of CKD and healthy subjects. To ensure that urinary HIF-1a mRNA is of kidney origin, we examined colocalization of HIF-1a mRNA with two kidney specific markers in urine cells. We found that HIF-1a mRNA is readily quantifiable ...


The Ethics Of Offering Futile Treatment, Rebekah L. Eddy, Viktoria Krajnc, Lauren Smith 2017 Wayne State University

The Ethics Of Offering Futile Treatment, Rebekah L. Eddy, Viktoria Krajnc, Lauren Smith

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

It important to acknowledge our own emotional biases and be cognizant of how we present evidence-based options to patients and their families, so that they may provide truly informed consent.


The Association Between High Flow Nasal Cannula Therapy And Intubation In Acute Respiratory Failure Patients, A Single Center Retrospective Analysis, Patrick Nolan 2017 University of Kentucky

The Association Between High Flow Nasal Cannula Therapy And Intubation In Acute Respiratory Failure Patients, A Single Center Retrospective Analysis, Patrick Nolan

DNP Projects

Abstract

Background: High flow nasal cannula therapy is becoming a more common therapy in the adult population. Multiple studies have been conducted on the potential benefits of this therapy such as increased patient tolerance of the therapy, improved secretion clearance and the ability for providers to deliver a greater range of FiO2 settings at a wider range of flow rates. With the increasing utility of this therapy, the research for best practices, setting (FiO2 and LPM) and duration of therapy to guide clinicians is lacking.

Aim: 1) Does high flow nasal cannula therapy reduce the need for intubation or re-intubation ...


Case Report Of A Child After Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation With Acute Aspergillus Tracheobronchitis As A Cause For Respiratory Failure, Stefanie Gauguet, Kate Madden, Jennifer Wu, Christine Duncan, Gi Soo Lee, Tonya Miller, William C. Klingensmith 4th, Sandra K. Burchett, Meredith van der Velden 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Case Report Of A Child After Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation With Acute Aspergillus Tracheobronchitis As A Cause For Respiratory Failure, Stefanie Gauguet, Kate Madden, Jennifer Wu, Christine Duncan, Gi Soo Lee, Tonya Miller, William C. Klingensmith 4th, Sandra K. Burchett, Meredith Van Der Velden

Open Access Articles

Rapid respiratory failure due to invasive mycosis of the airways is an uncommon presentation of Aspergillus infection, even in immunocompromised patients, and very few pediatric cases have been reported. Patients with Aspergillus tracheobronchitis present with nonspecific symptoms, and radiologic studies are often noninformative, leading to a delay in diagnosis. Prompt initiation of adequate antifungal therapies is of utmost importance to improve outcome. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with chronic myelogenous leukemia who developed respiratory distress 41 days after hematopoietic cell transplantation and rapidly deteriorated despite multiple interventions and treatment modalities.


Bilateral Moyamoya Disease In A 2-Year-Old Pakistani Male Treated With Bilateral Encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis: A Positive Outcome., Shahvaiz Magsi, Adeel Khoja, Mansoor Ali Merchant Rameez, Ariba Khan, Noman Ishaque 2016 Baqai Medical University, Karachi

Bilateral Moyamoya Disease In A 2-Year-Old Pakistani Male Treated With Bilateral Encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis: A Positive Outcome., Shahvaiz Magsi, Adeel Khoja, Mansoor Ali Merchant Rameez, Ariba Khan, Noman Ishaque

Department of Medicine

Background. We present a rare case of bilateral moyamoya disease presenting as multiple strokes and neurological deficits, treated with the neurosurgical procedure, encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS), in a 2-year-old male Pakistani minor. A positive outcome was achieved and the patient recovered fully. Case Summary. Our patient presented with a history of seizures and multiple episodes of hemiparesis (on and off weakness) at the age of 2 years. He had a delayed speech development and could not speak more than a few words. He had a slight slurring of speech too. He was diagnosed with bilateral moyamoya disease on Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA ...


Evaluation Of Preoperative Anemia And Transfusion Requirements In Adult Liver Transplant Recipients, Parissa M.N. Moghimi, Erika A. Aldag, Rachel Pedersen, Ajay Sahajpal, Jacob N. Clendenon, Vikraman Gunabushanam, Mehraboon S. Irani, David J. Kramer 2016 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

Evaluation Of Preoperative Anemia And Transfusion Requirements In Adult Liver Transplant Recipients, Parissa M.N. Moghimi, Erika A. Aldag, Rachel Pedersen, Ajay Sahajpal, Jacob N. Clendenon, Vikraman Gunabushanam, Mehraboon S. Irani, David J. Kramer

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Liver transplantation is often associated with massive blood loss due to surgical complexity and the hemostatic abnormalities of end-stage liver disease. Blood transfusions have been associated with increased risk of infection, multiorgan dysfunction, graft loss and mortality.

Purpose: To determine for liver transplantation whether correlation exists between preoperative anemia and transfusion requirements, length of stay or incidence of postoperative infection.

Methods: A retrospective review of liver transplantations from Jan. 1, 2012, to June 30, 2015, was conducted. Packed red blood cell (PRBC), fresh frozen plasma (FFP), platelet and cryoprecipitate units were collected preoperatively, intraoperatively and within the first 48 ...


Effect Of Code Status Handout On Resident Physician Comfort During The Admission Process, Krystina Pischke, Jessica Schmid, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2016 Aurora Health Care

Effect Of Code Status Handout On Resident Physician Comfort During The Admission Process, Krystina Pischke, Jessica Schmid, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Discussing code status can be a difficult part of the admission process, especially for residents. There have been various research studies looking at interventions to improve end-of-life discussions. However, these studies have focused on well-acquainted physicians and patients. With increasing use of hospitalists for inpatient care, there is increased need for improving code status discussions at admission.

Purpose: To determine if an easy-to-use handout would improve resident comfort with the code status discussion.

Methods: Following a literature search on how to discuss advance directives and end-of-life care, a code status handout was developed. The handout, written at fifth-grade reading ...


Urinary Tissue Inhibitor Of Metalloproteinase-2 And Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein 7 For Risk Stratification Of Acute Kidney Injury In Patients With Sepsis., Patrick M Honore, H Bryant Nguyen, Michelle Gong, Lakhmir S. Chawla, Sean M Bagshaw, Antonio Artigas, Jing Shi, Olivier Joannes-Boyau, Jean-Louis Vincent, John A Kellum 2016 George Washington University

Urinary Tissue Inhibitor Of Metalloproteinase-2 And Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein 7 For Risk Stratification Of Acute Kidney Injury In Patients With Sepsis., Patrick M Honore, H Bryant Nguyen, Michelle Gong, Lakhmir S. Chawla, Sean M Bagshaw, Antonio Artigas, Jing Shi, Olivier Joannes-Boyau, Jean-Louis Vincent, John A Kellum

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

Objectives:

To examine the performance of the urinary biomarker panel tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 in patients with sepsis at ICU admission. To investigate the effect of nonrenal organ dysfunction on tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 in this population.

Method:

In this ancillary analysis, we included patients with sepsis who were enrolled in either of two trials including 39 ICUs across Europe and North America. The primary endpoint was moderate-severe acute kidney injury (equivalent to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcome stage 2–3) within 12 hours of enrollment. We assessed ...


Emergency Medical Services And Public Policy In Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, John Buyske 2016 SIT Study Abroad

Emergency Medical Services And Public Policy In Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, John Buyske

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This project seeks to explore the realities of the emergency medical system in the Durban area, particularly relative to government policy. It contextualizes its findings within the literature on public policy. Data for the project was collected via nine in-depth interviews with various professionals working in the field of emergency medical services, as well as a survey of fourteen citizens conducted in the peri-urban township of Cato Manor. This data was analyzed using qualitative methods. While every participant had different views and a different perspective on emergency services, some recurring themes and trends became evident, allowing for conclusions to be ...


Not All That Wheezes Is Asthma, Areeb Zamir MD, Noor Salam MD, Andy Iriza DO, Andres Zirlinger MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Not All That Wheezes Is Asthma, Areeb Zamir Md, Noor Salam Md, Andy Iriza Do, Andres Zirlinger Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Post-Injury Mortality In Elderly Patients With Trauma: A Master's Thesis, Charles M. Psoinos 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Post-Injury Mortality In Elderly Patients With Trauma: A Master's Thesis, Charles M. Psoinos

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background: Traumatic injury remains a major cause of mortality in the US. Older Americans experience lower rates of injury and higher rates of death at lower injury severity than their younger counterparts. The objectives of this study were to explore pre-injury factors and injury patterns that are associated with post-discharge mortality among injured elderly surviving index hospitalization.

Methods: We queried a 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (n=2,002,420) for any hospitalization with a primary ICD-9 diagnosis code for injury. Patients admitted without urgent/emergent admission were excluded, as well as patients presenting from inpatient hospitalization or rehabilitation ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress