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Icatibant Is Not Helpful For The Treatment Of Ace Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema, Samantha R. Schwartz 2019 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Icatibant Is Not Helpful For The Treatment Of Ace Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema, Samantha R. Schwartz

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Sinert R, Levy P, Bernstein JA, et al. Randomized trial of icatibant for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced upper airway angioedema. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2017; 5(5): 1402-1409. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2017.03.003.


Severity Of Disease And Mortality For Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Viral Pneumonia Compared To Patients With Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia, Richard Y. Kim, Thomas Chandler, Stephen P. Furmanek, Timothy Lee Wiemken, Rodrigo Cavallazzi 2019 University of Louisville

Severity Of Disease And Mortality For Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Viral Pneumonia Compared To Patients With Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia, Richard Y. Kim, Thomas Chandler, Stephen P. Furmanek, Timothy Lee Wiemken, Rodrigo Cavallazzi

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: There exists a large body of literature to help identify, diagnose, treat, and manage community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Despite this, there is little data that directly compares the clinical syndromes and complications of pure bacterial pneumonia to pure viral pneumonia. Our study compares the clinical presentation, morbidity and mortality of viral vs. bacterial etiologies of CAP.

Methods: This was a secondary data analysis of the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) international study database. Data was collected concerning patient demographics, physical examination findings, laboratory findings, radiological findings, severity of illness, and clinical outcomes and stratified according to the two study groups, CAVP ...


Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson 2018 University of San Francisco

Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: Heart failure (HF), also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), is the number one diagnosis-related group (DRG) for people 65 years of age and older in the United States. This disease group is complicated and debilitating, requiring frequent hospitalizations with high mortality rates. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) has identified CHF as an area for improvement in hospitals.

Context: This was a quality improvement project for an integrated medical center in the Central Valley, California with over 19,000 HF patients. In 2018, for patients 65 years and older, HF is the third-most admitted ...


Vitamin C In The Treatment Of Septic Shock, Alyson O. Shaughnessy, Matthew Tieszen 2018 James Madison University

Vitamin C In The Treatment Of Septic Shock, Alyson O. Shaughnessy, Matthew Tieszen

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To assess the efficacy of improving outcomes of septic shock treatment with the addition of Vitamin C to standard treatment compared to standard therapy alone. To assess whether or not Vitamin C has a favorable outcome in the treatment of septic shock in terms of decreasing duration of vasopressor usage, reducing duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and improving mortality.

Design: Systematic literature review.

Methods: Searches were conducted in PubMed and Google Scholar using the terms ascorbic acid, sepsis, septic shock, and vasopressors. In PubMed the following filters were used: humans only, clinical trials, studies within the past ...


The Influence Of Body Mass Index On Survival And Length Of Stay In Patients With Septic Shock, Yasir Jawaid, Waseem Ahmed, Damir Kusmic, Aman Ajmeri, Kanaan Mansoor, Cristie Mannino, Thomas Judge, Larry E. Carter, Akash V. Ajmera 2018 Marshall University

The Influence Of Body Mass Index On Survival And Length Of Stay In Patients With Septic Shock, Yasir Jawaid, Waseem Ahmed, Damir Kusmic, Aman Ajmeri, Kanaan Mansoor, Cristie Mannino, Thomas Judge, Larry E. Carter, Akash V. Ajmera

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Background: Obesity is one of the most widespread epidemics of our time. In fact, currently 65.7% of US adults age 20 and older are overweight, while 30.6% are obese. It has been well-established that obesity has numerous adverse effects on long-term health, however the specific effect on patients treated for sepsis and septic shock is unclear. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of total body fat content and surrogate marker for obesity. In our study, we aimed to identify if BMI was an independent risk factor for poor survival or increased length of stay (LOS) in patients ...


The Association Of Qsofa, Sofa, And Sirs With Mortality In Emergency Department Pneumonia, Ian D. Mecham, Nathan C. Dean, Emily L. Wilson, Al R. Jephson, Michael J. Lanpsa 2018 University of Utah

The Association Of Qsofa, Sofa, And Sirs With Mortality In Emergency Department Pneumonia, Ian D. Mecham, Nathan C. Dean, Emily L. Wilson, Al R. Jephson, Michael J. Lanpsa

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Objective: To determine the association between 30-day mortality with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and quick SOFA (qSOFA) in emergency department patients with pneumonia. Secondary outcomes included the association of sepsis scores with hospital admission and direct ICU admission.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a pneumonia population conducted in the emergency department of 3 tertiary care medical centers and 4 community hospitals. Adult immunocompetent patients diagnosed with pneumonia were included from 3 twelve-month periods spanning December 2009 to October 2015. We generated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values for each ...


Video Capsule Endoscopy As A Tool For Evaluation Of Obscure Overt Gastrointestinal Bleeding In The Intensive Care Unit, Shahrad Hakimian, Salmaan Jawaid, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Jomol Mathew, David R. Cave 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Video Capsule Endoscopy As A Tool For Evaluation Of Obscure Overt Gastrointestinal Bleeding In The Intensive Care Unit, Shahrad Hakimian, Salmaan Jawaid, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Jomol Mathew, David R. Cave

Open Access Articles

Background and study aims: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is a minimally invasive tool that helps visualize the gastrointestinal tract from the esophagus to the right colon without the need for sedation or preparation. VCE is safe with very few contraindications. However, its role and safety profile in the intensive care unit (ICU) population have not been reported. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of VCE use in ICU patients. Patients and methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective observational study of patients who underwent VCE for evaluation of obscure overt gastrointestinal bleeding in the ...


Role Of Echocardiography In The Intensive Care Unit: Overview Of The Most Common Clinical Scenarios, Luca Longobardo, Concetta Zito, Scipione Carerj, Giuseppe Caracciolo, Bijoy K. Khandheria 2018 University of Messina

Role Of Echocardiography In The Intensive Care Unit: Overview Of The Most Common Clinical Scenarios, Luca Longobardo, Concetta Zito, Scipione Carerj, Giuseppe Caracciolo, Bijoy K. Khandheria

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The intensive care unit (ICU) is among the more important settings in which echocardiography plays a pivotal role. The ease of use, speed of execution, and completeness of information on heart anatomy and function that echocardiography is able to provide makes this tool the perfect diagnostic technique in patients for whom exhaustive information must be quickly obtained by physicians who sometimes lack specific skills in cardiovascular imaging. However, the clinical entities encountered by ICU clinicians are often difficult to distinguish and patient symptoms may not be obvious. This brief review describes three common clinical scenarios that benefit from echocardiography in ...


Exploring The “Weekend Effect” On The Care Of Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Gbolahan O. Ogunbayo, Le Dung Ha, Naoki Misumida, Ayman Elbadawi, Qamar Ahmad, Remi Okwechime, Deborah Akanya, Andrew Kolodziej, Claude S. Elayi, Maya E. Guglin 2018 University of Kentucky

Exploring The “Weekend Effect” On The Care Of Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Gbolahan O. Ogunbayo, Le Dung Ha, Naoki Misumida, Ayman Elbadawi, Qamar Ahmad, Remi Okwechime, Deborah Akanya, Andrew Kolodziej, Claude S. Elayi, Maya E. Guglin

The VAD Journal

Many studies have described differences in in-hospital outcomes and length of stay between patients treated for major cardiac conditions on weekdays versus weekends.1 Our study aimed to explore the “weekend effect” on in-hospital care among patients with left ventricular assist devices.

Using data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, with a weighted estimate of more than 35 million admissions per year.2 We identified patients 18 years or older with an ICD code signifying presence of a LVAD. Characteristics, comorbidities and clinical outcomes were compared between patients admitted on a weekend versus patients admitted on a weekday. The ...


Implementation Of Attending-Supervised Ipass Handoff In The Neuro-Icu, Laura Cifrese, MD, Sonia Gill, MD, Megan Margiotta, MD, Muhammad Athar, MD, Rodney Bell, MD, Sara Hefton, MD, Fred Rincon, MD, MSc, MBE, Syed Shah, MD, MBA, Jacqueline Urtecho, MD, Matthew Vibbert, MD, David Wyler, MD, Amandeep Dolla, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Implementation Of Attending-Supervised Ipass Handoff In The Neuro-Icu, Laura Cifrese, Md, Sonia Gill, Md, Megan Margiotta, Md, Muhammad Athar, Md, Rodney Bell, Md, Sara Hefton, Md, Fred Rincon, Md, Msc, Mbe, Syed Shah, Md, Mba, Jacqueline Urtecho, Md, Matthew Vibbert, Md, David Wyler, Md, Amandeep Dolla, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Background

  • Duty hour restrictions, cross coverage, and the growing number of mid-level practitioners has led to an increased number of handoffs across medical specialties
  • These handoffs are well-known points of communication breakdown which can lead to patient safety issues
  • Factors contributing to an effective handoff include standardization of communication, appropriate training and supervision, ample time, a quiet environment, and a supportive culture
  • We hypothesize that attending supervision of handoffs is feasible and can improve practitioner perception of transitions of care


Congenitally Corrected Transposition Of The Great Arteries In A Septuagenarian From The Developing Country Of Pakistan, Hunaina Shahab, Salima Ashiqali, Mehnaz Atiq 2018 Aga Khan University

Congenitally Corrected Transposition Of The Great Arteries In A Septuagenarian From The Developing Country Of Pakistan, Hunaina Shahab, Salima Ashiqali, Mehnaz Atiq

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is a rare congenital cardiac defect with atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance which leads to heart failure and limits patients' lifespan. We report the case of a 70-year-old lady, from a poor province in Pakistan, who presented for the first time with palpitations and was diagnosed to have CCTGA. She had moderate pulmonic valve stenosis which was protective against heart failure. She had six children all born via spontaneous vertex delivery in her local village. This case exemplifies the fact that pulmonic stenosis is favourable for patients with CCTGA. In a country where ...


A Rare Case Of Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage Secondary To Dabigatran Successfully Treated With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, C. Hutchinson, F. M. West, H. Hirose 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

A Rare Case Of Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage Secondary To Dabigatran Successfully Treated With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, C. Hutchinson, F. M. West, H. Hirose

Department of Medicine Posters

Introduction

Dabigatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor, is used for stroke risk reduction in non-valvular atrial fibrillation and for treatment and prevention of venous thromboembolism. Minor side effects include indigestion and stomach pain. Major life threatening bleeding occurs in up to 2% of patients and is largely attributed to gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Here, we describe a case of a dabigatran related diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) treated successfully with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.


Alcohol Drives Oxidation-Dependent Desensitization Of Airway Cilia Motility Responsiveness, Michael Price 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Alcohol Drives Oxidation-Dependent Desensitization Of Airway Cilia Motility Responsiveness, Michael Price

Theses & Dissertations

Alcohol abuse, which can impair clearance of pathogens and debris from the airway, is associated with an increase in complications and a higher mortality rate during the progression of pneumonia. With prolonged alcohol exposure, mucociliary clearance (MCC), which depends on the coordinated beating of cilia, is dysfunctional. Effective MCC relies on cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activation of ciliary beat frequency (CBF). PKA activation and stimulation of CBF are blunted with chronic exposure to alcohol. This phenomenon is known as alcohol-induced ciliary dysfunction (AICD). Previous studies have shown that concomitant feeding of mice with alcohol and antioxidants prevents AICD, suggesting a ...


Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis In The Context Of Endoscopic Endonasal Surgery – A Case Report., Ricky Buckshaw DO, Casey Judge DO, Jennifer Strow DO 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis In The Context Of Endoscopic Endonasal Surgery – A Case Report., Ricky Buckshaw Do, Casey Judge Do, Jennifer Strow Do

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis: A 17 Year Experience From A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Omar Irfan, Haris Khan, Zarrar Khan, Alina Ashraf, Rimsha Ahmed, Javaid Khan, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi 2018 Aga Khan University

Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis: A 17 Year Experience From A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Omar Irfan, Haris Khan, Zarrar Khan, Alina Ashraf, Rimsha Ahmed, Javaid Khan, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Objective: Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) is an autoimmune, multi-system, small and medium vessel vasculitis with granulomatous inflammation. Aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological presentations of patients with GPA amongst the Pakistani population. It is a single centre retrospective single observation study.

Results: Study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi with records were reviewed from January 2000 to December 2017. Definitive diagnosis was made using a combination of serological anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) testing along with the clinical and radiological presentation. A total of 51 patients met the diagnostic criteria in the time ...


Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin 2018 Liberty University

Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin

Senior Honors Theses

The structures of the spinal cord and vertebral column are designed to provide flexibility, while still providing ample protection for the spinal cord deep within. While it does offer remarkable protection against most routine trauma, the spinal cord is still vulnerable to high-force etiologies of trauma and may become damaged as a result. These events are referred to as primary injury. Following the initial injury, the body’s own physiological responses cause a cascade of deleterious effects, known as secondary injury. Secondary injury is a major therapeutic target in mitigating the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI), and much research ...


Time Is Money: The True Cost Of Helicopter Ems (Hems), Jerome Rogich, Eike Blohm, Joseph Tennyson 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Time Is Money: The True Cost Of Helicopter Ems (Hems), Jerome Rogich, Eike Blohm, Joseph Tennyson

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Multiple studies have been published that attempt to examine relevant outcomes of utilizing helicopter transport over traditional ground-based emergency medical services (EMS). Unfortunately, these studies suffer from poor methodology and are confounded by substantial differences in training and expertise of the personnel involved in the medical transfer. The EMS system in Central Massachusetts is unique in that when a physician from an outside hospital calls for an HEMS transport, the pilot determines if weather conditions permit to fly without having any further knowledge about the patient. If flying is deemed unsafe, the helicopter personnel will retrieve the patient by ...


The Corticosteroid Compounds Prednisolone And Vamorolone Do Not Alter The Nociception Phenotype And Exacerbate Liver Injury In Sickle Cell Mice., Luis E F Almeida, Jesse M Damsker, Sarah Albani, Nina Afsar, Sayuri Kamimura, Drew Pratt, David E Kleiner, Martha Quezado, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Zenaide M N Quezado 2018 George Washington University

The Corticosteroid Compounds Prednisolone And Vamorolone Do Not Alter The Nociception Phenotype And Exacerbate Liver Injury In Sickle Cell Mice., Luis E F Almeida, Jesse M Damsker, Sarah Albani, Nina Afsar, Sayuri Kamimura, Drew Pratt, David E Kleiner, Martha Quezado, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Zenaide M N Quezado

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

Clinicians often hesitate prescribing corticosteroids to treat corticosteroid-responsive conditions in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients because their use can be associated with complications (increased hospital readmission, rebound pain, strokes, avascular necrosis, acute chest syndrome). Consequently, SCD patients may receive suboptimal treatment for corticosteroid-responsive conditions. We conducted a preclinical trial of dissociative (vamorolone) and conventional (prednisolone) corticosteroid compounds to evaluate their effects on nociception phenotype, inflammation, and organ dysfunction in SCD mice. Prednisolone and vamorolone had no significant effects on nociception phenotype or anemia in homozygous mice. Conversely, prednisolone and vamorolone significantly decreased white blood cell counts and hepatic inflammation. Interestingly ...


Constrictive Pericarditis Presenting As Bilateral Pleural Effusion: A Report Of Two Cases, Manesh Kumar Gangwani, Salman B. Mahmood,, Fariha Hasan, Javaid Khan 2018 Aga Khan University

Constrictive Pericarditis Presenting As Bilateral Pleural Effusion: A Report Of Two Cases, Manesh Kumar Gangwani, Salman B. Mahmood,, Fariha Hasan, Javaid Khan

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Constrictive pericarditis is a rare presentation. We need a very high index of clinical suspicion to diagnose the disease. It most commonly presents secondary to tuberculosis (TB) in the developing world and post-radiation therapy in the developed world. Classically, it presents with symptoms of heart failure and as pericardial thickening or calcification on imaging studies. In hospital settings, constrictive pericarditis is not usually considered as a differential in patients presenting with pleural effusion. According to the literature, associated pleural effusions in cases of constrictive pericarditis could be left-sided. Herein, we present two unusual presentations of cases with bilateral pleural effusions ...


Should We Use The Impact-Model For The Outcome Prognostication Of Tbi Patients? A Qualitative Study Assessing Physicians' Perceptions, Jesse Moskowitz, Thomas Quinn, Muhammad W. Khan, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Nananda Col, Kathleen M. Mazor, Susanne Muehlschlegel 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Should We Use The Impact-Model For The Outcome Prognostication Of Tbi Patients? A Qualitative Study Assessing Physicians' Perceptions, Jesse Moskowitz, Thomas Quinn, Muhammad W. Khan, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Nananda Col, Kathleen M. Mazor, Susanne Muehlschlegel

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Introduction. Shared Decision-Making may facilitate information exchange, deliberation, and effective decision-making, but no decision aids currently exist for difficult decisions in neurocritical care patients. The International Patient Decision Aid Standards, a framework for the creation of high-quality decision aids (DA), recommends the presentation of numeric outcome and risk estimates. Efforts are underway to create a goals-of-care DA in critically-ill traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) patients. To inform its content, we examined physicians' perceptions, and use of the IMPACT-model, the most widely validated ciTBI outcome model, and explored physicians' preferences for communicating prognostic information towards families. Methods. We conducted a qualitative study ...


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