" Does Educational Level Affect The Outcome Of Myocardial Infarction? ", 2024 GHHE department
" Does Educational Level Affect The Outcome Of Myocardial Infarction? ", Ahmed Magdy Ahmed Elsayed
Theses and Dissertations
Background: Heath awareness plays a major role in determining the outcomes of serious medical conditions specially when response time is crucial. STEMI patients are prone to serious compilations if they didn’t receive the appropriate treatment on time. Raising the health awareness of the community would result in seeking medical help at earlier stage of the disease. Earlier presentation to the medical center would result in better health outcomes. Certain factors form the health awareness of the community. This includes educational level, previous exposure to similar situations, and exposure to health awareness materials.
Methods: This is a cohort study in …
Kounis Syndrome – Anaphylaxis-Induced Acute Coronary Syndrome, 2023 Rochester Regional Health System
Kounis Syndrome – Anaphylaxis-Induced Acute Coronary Syndrome, Austin T. Thacker Do, Brachman Herzig Oms, Brendan Robinson Do, Ahad Anjum Do
Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery
Kounis syndrome is an underdiagnosed condition in which anaphylaxis triggers vasospastic acute coronary syndrome, either with or without underlying coronary artery disease. The prevalence of this syndrome among hospitalized patients for allergic/hypersensitivity/anaphylactic reactions in the United States is 1.1%, with a 7% rate of all-cause inpatient mortality. This article presents an anaphylaxis-induced acute coronary syndrome case in a patient with underlying coronary artery disease. The pathophysiological mechanism of anaphylactic-induced acute coronary syndrome involves the inflammatory mediators of type I hypersensitivity reactions.
Minoca - A Rarity Of It's Own And The Importance Of Cardiac Mri, 2023 Rochester Regional Health System
Minoca - A Rarity Of It's Own And The Importance Of Cardiac Mri, Abdullah A. Orakzai, Deeptanshu Jain Md, Muhammad Osama, Syeda Sarah Raza, Soon-Il Song
Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery
Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) disease is a diagnostic dilemma with clinical evidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with normal coronary arteries. MINOCA is a complex issue; the management of the patients needs to be focused on identifying the core problem. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is a non-invasive diagnostic tool that can play an important role in enabling clinicians to build a differential diagnosis in patients with MINOCA and also identify other non-ischemic aetiologies of myocardial injury. We present a challenging case of a patient with MINOCA with MI in small proximal septal artery distribution revealed on …
Dietary Analysis For Hashimoto’S Thyroiditis: An Integrative Review, 2023 Kennesaw State University
Dietary Analysis For Hashimoto’S Thyroiditis: An Integrative Review, Evan Thompson, Alison Hultquist
Master of Science in Nursing Final Projects
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (HT) is the leading cause of primary hypothyroidism in the United States. In HT, there is an infiltration by lymphocytes which leads to the production of autoantibodies against the thyroid gland. Throughout this integrative review, the aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of micronutrient supplementation and dietary management as adjunct treatments in HT. The purpose was to assist primary care providers in the development of a more holistic plan of care. Literature published within the past seven years was gathered and reviewed from PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. Findings indicate that many patients with HT may benefit …
Adult Ileoileal Intussusception Caused By Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, 2023 Anne Arundel Medical Center Inc
Adult Ileoileal Intussusception Caused By Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Scarlet Louis-Jean, Shire Chaudhry, Stephanie Richards
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Adult intussusception is a rare diagnosis that can be caused by non-Hodgkin’s diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). In this case report, we discuss a middle-aged man who presented with non-specific symptoms of intussusception and absence of classic B symptoms. He was found to have intussusception secondary to stage IIIE, CD20 positive DLBCL. The patient underwent small bowel resection with anastomosis, followed by 6 cycles of R-CHOP, which resulted in complete remission of his neoplasm. In reporting this case, we hope to further highlight the role of malignancy in intussusception and guidance on appropriate therapy.
Ciprofloxacin-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy: A Case Report, 2023 Texas Christian University Burnett School of Medicine, Fort Worth, TX
Ciprofloxacin-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy: A Case Report, Alexander Refaeian, Eric L. Vest, Michael Schmidt, Jorge D. Guerra, Mohd N. Refaei, Michael Refaeian, Ryan A. Floresca, Manouchehr Refaeian
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Fluoroquinolones, a class of antibiotics, are commonly employed in the treatment of a wide array of bacterial infections. Recognized for their effectiveness against a broad spectrum of pathogens, fluoroquinolones have played a pivotal role in managing conditions like urinary tract infections and respiratory diseases. Nevertheless, their usage is not without contention due to their association with a variety of adverse effects, including tendon rupture and the less frequently reported issue of peripheral neuropathy.
We present the case of a 42-year-old male who developed peripheral neuropathy several days after completing a 10-day course of ciprofloxacin for gastroenteritis. The …
Exploration Of Burnout, Emotional Thriving, And Emotional Recovery In An Academic Medical Center: A Mixed Methods Quality Improvement Project, 2023 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
Exploration Of Burnout, Emotional Thriving, And Emotional Recovery In An Academic Medical Center: A Mixed Methods Quality Improvement Project, Roxana Naderi, Katherine T. Morrison, Zuzanna Czernik, James E. Carter Jr, Katherine N. Dickerman, Alexandra Gallant, Lara Kirkbride-Romeo, Lauren Mcbeth, Angela Keniston, Kristin M. Jensen
Journal of Wellness
Introduction: Healthcare provider burnout, an indicator of wellbeing, impacts patient safety, provider distress, and employee turnover. In this mixed methods, multi-site quality improvement study conductedpandemic, we assessed employee wellbeing in a large clinical department.
Methods: Wellbeing surveys were sent electronically to Department of Medicine clinicians, researchers, administrators, and staff from August-September 2019 assessing perceptions of Burnout, Emotional Thriving (ET), and Emotional Recovery (ER). Qualitative responses were reviewed for themes using mixed inductive-deductive analysis. The initial coding was done by small teams with consensus obtained through large group discussions. This study was IRB-approved as non-human subjects research.
Results: Of the 671 …
Acute Aseptic Meningoencephalitis Due To Covid-19 In An Otherwise Healthy Patient: A Case Report, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Acute Aseptic Meningoencephalitis Due To Covid-19 In An Otherwise Healthy Patient: A Case Report, Shyama Appareddy, Norma Moncayo, Ronkino T. Mccoy, Jared Sperling, George Huddleston, Raza L. Kahn
Several studies have shown the extrapulmonary manifestations of COVID-19 disease caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus. Although extrapulmonary manifestation to the heart, kidney, blood, and skin are common, neurological and cerebrovascular manifestations are rare with most of these cases being described in patients who also have the pulmonary manifestation of the disease. Here we present the case of an 18 year-old male with no prior history of respiratory symptoms who presented to the emergency department with altered mental status. Neurology was consulted and the patient was started empirical on ceftriaxone, vancomycin, dexamethasone, and acyclovir for meningoencephalitis. Urine drug screen, head CT, …
A Rare Case Of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy In An Elderly Lady During Hospital Stay, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
A Rare Case Of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy In An Elderly Lady During Hospital Stay, Himabindu Kolli, Ashika A. Chacko, Pooja Maknoor, Nazish Khan, Timothy Heath
Introduction: Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TTC) is an acute, reversible form of left ventricular systolic dysfunction, most often triggered by a sudden physical, or less commonly emotional event. Here, we describe a patient who developed Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy during her hospital stay.
Case Description: 74-year-old Hispanic lady, a nursing home resident presented to the ED with altered mental status. She was admitted for septic shock due to UTI. Echocardiogram demonstrated normal systolic function, with 60-65% LV ejection fraction. After initiation of antibiotic therapy, she showed clinical improvement with resolution of shock.
On day 8 of hospitalization, patient became emotionally upset and her clinical …
Sickle Cell Anemia In Hispanic-Americans In South Texas: Two Case Reports, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Sickle Cell Anemia In Hispanic-Americans In South Texas: Two Case Reports, Ashika A. Chacko, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Nevin A. Varghese
Introduction: Sickle cell anemia and traits are well described in the African-American population. Hispanic Americans are an underappreciated community affected by Sickle cell disease, where it affects about every 1 in 16300 live births compared to 1 in every 365 African-American births.Hence, it is essential to acknowledge the incidence in Latin American origin people to provide competent and specific care to these populations.
Case Description: Case 1: A 28-year-old Latin-American lady with sickle cell anemia, multiple transfusions, and exchange transfusion in the past presented with complaints of lower back and lower extremity pain. The patient got admitted with acute sickle …
Antibiotic Stewardship In Skin And Soft Tissue Infections, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Antibiotic Stewardship In Skin And Soft Tissue Infections, Shah Z. Ali, Stephen Gore, Jose E. Campo Maldonado
Introduction: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are characterized by microbial invasion of the skin layers and are common in various healthcare settings. A study conducted between 2005-2010 in the United States, found a combined total of 2.3 million cases of SSTIs in ambulatory and inpatient settings. This was higher than the rates of pneumonia and urinary tract infections during the same time period. Another study found that between 2000 and 2012, there was a 40% increase (2.4 million to 3.3 million) in cases of SSTIs. Our aim is to study the primary uses of vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam and their …
A Puzzling Case Of Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase 65 (Gad65) Neurologic Syndrome, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
A Puzzling Case Of Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase 65 (Gad65) Neurologic Syndrome, Areeb Masood, Nina Appareddy, Raul Tovar Castro, Zan Shareef, Laura Garcia
Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a rare group of neurological disorders in which antibodies are directed against intracellular or surface antigens. The incidence of AE ranged from between 0.4-1.2 per 100,000 person-years between 1995 and 2015. A subset of these autoimmune encephalitides that target glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) are termed anti-GAD related neurological disorders. GAD is the rate-limiting enzyme involved in the synthesis of GABA from glutamate, and is expressed in neurons of the cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and hippocampus. In addition, it is found in the B-islets of the pancreas, epithelial cells of the fallopian tube, and spermatocytes of the testes. …
Rare Case Of Prosthetic Joint Infection Caused By Salmonella Enterica - A Case Report, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Rare Case Of Prosthetic Joint Infection Caused By Salmonella Enterica - A Case Report, Carlos Ramos, Shyama Appareddy, Peter J. Gonzalez
Introduction: Collectively, over 1 million total knee arthroplasties (TKA) and total hip arthroplasties (THA) are performed in the United States each year. In 2010 it was estimated that 1.58% of the United States general population has received a TKA. Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) are the most common indication for a TKA revision1 . In total, S. aureus is responsible for about 50% of all prosthetic joint infections, and about 15% are caused by gram negative pathogens2 .
Objective: This is a case report which describes the presentation and clinical course of a 59-yearold female with Salmonella enterica septic arthritis of …
Prevalence Of Liver Cirrhosis And Its Association With Obesity Among Mexican Americans: An Evidence Synthesis, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Prevalence Of Liver Cirrhosis And Its Association With Obesity Among Mexican Americans: An Evidence Synthesis, Alexa Perlick, Abaigeal Thompson, Colton Wayne, Angel Rendon, Jose E. Campo Maldonado
Introduction: Chronic liver disease is the 6th and 7th leading cause of death in Hispanic men and Hispanics, respectively.1 In contrast to other causes of liver disease, the prevalence of nonalcoholic liver disease has been growing as is diabetes and obesity.2
Objective: There is a paucity of data regarding the prevalence of cirrhosis for Mexican Americans in South Texas. The aim of this evidence synthesis is to investigate the prevalence of cirrhosis in Hispanic populations and its relationship with obesity.
Methods: PubMed was used to perform a thorough literature search on September10, 2020. The terms “liver …
Severe Hyponatremia Associated With Partial Empty Sella Syndrome, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Severe Hyponatremia Associated With Partial Empty Sella Syndrome, Lily Chen, Shyama Appareddy, Laura Garcia
Hyponatremia, serum sodium concentration < 135 mmol/L, is further classified by patient volume status. Symptoms are dependent on the acuity of sodium loss. Acute onset hyponatremia can present with confusion, disorientation, headache, agitation, vomiting, and lethargy. Patients with hyponatremia warrant a thorough workup and can be a leading manifestation of hypopituitarism in the geriatric population. A 77 year old patient, history of pituitary adenoma, presented with generalized symptoms of fatigue, gait instability, poor appetite and confusion associated with severe hyponatremia and hypoglycemia. The patient has a history of pituitary adenoma treated with cabergoline, hypothyroidism treated with levothyroxine and gonadal insufficiency treated with testosterone, with no reported history of diuretic use. On admission, the patient had a sodium level of 116 mmol/L. While the patient reported improvement in symptoms, patient’s confusion was noted to persist despite appropriate correction of sodium and glucose. Patient had an AM cortisol of 4 mcg/dL. Cosyntropin test was conducted and noted to be negative. MRI Brain with Gadolinium revealed empty sella turcica with a small amount of enhancing pituitary tissue, which may indicate a response to previous cabergoline therapy. Despite negative cosyntropin results, the patient was suspected to have relative adrenal insufficiency due to multiple acute stressors including illness, hospitalization, disruption of routine and abrupt smoking cessation. Patient was given a trial of hydrocortisone with improvements noted in his mental status, strength and appetite. Thus, careful consideration should be given towards adrenal insufficiency secondary to hypopituitarism as an etiology for severe hyponatremia.
Uterine Serous Carcinoma: A Rare Presentation Of An Uncommon Type Of Cancer, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Uterine Serous Carcinoma: A Rare Presentation Of An Uncommon Type Of Cancer, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Fatimah Bello
Introduction: Endometrial adenocarcinoma is the most common type of uterine cancer and is divided into two types; type 1 includes 80 percent of the cases while type 2 comprises 10 to 20 percent, with latter being more aggressive. Type 2 endometrial cancer is of serous or clear cell histology and abnormal uterine bleeding is the most common clinical presentation. This case portrays an infrequent presentation of uterine cancer.
Case Presentation: A 73-year-old woman with past medical history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 2 presents to the emergency room with chief complaint of nausea and abdominal bloating for 2 months, …
Proton-Pump Inhibitors Related Acute Interstitial Nephritis. A Case Report, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Proton-Pump Inhibitors Related Acute Interstitial Nephritis. A Case Report, Mery B. Bartl, Reham Majzoub
Background: Acute Interstitial nephritis is a common and reversible cause of Acute Kidney Injury, accounting for 15-27% of renal biopsies performed because of this condition. Its incidence has been increasing worldwide. By and large, drug-induced AIN is currently the most common etiology, with antimicrobials and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs being the most frequent offending agents. The hallmark pathologic features are interstitial edema, interstitial inflammation, and tubulitis with a predominance of CD4+ T lymphocytes and mononuclear cells, with variable numbers of eosinophils. Patients with AIN typically present with nonspecific symptoms of acute renal failure, including oliguria, malaise, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting and …
E-Cigarette Or Vaping Use-Associated Lung Injury (Evali) In A Hispanic Male During The Covid-19 Pandemic, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
E-Cigarette Or Vaping Use-Associated Lung Injury (Evali) In A Hispanic Male During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Juan C. Naranjo, Muhammad Jamal, Aramide Tijani, Fatimah Bello
Background: Electronic cigarette or vaping product use–associated lung injury established the relationship between vaping products and lung injury. Overlapping clinical manifestations may mimic those of other respiratory conditions including COVID-19. Multiple radiographic findings including diffuse, bilateral, ground-glass infiltrates with lower-lobe predominance, eosinophilic pneumonia, and diffuse alveolar damage have been described. It is important to consider this as an alternative diagnosis, particularly in patients with respiratory symptoms and a history of vaping in the last 90 days due to increased risk of COVID-19 infection and worse outcomes.
Case presentation: A 25-year-old male with a history of polysubstance abuse and frequent E-cigarette …
A Simple Case Of Viral Myopericarditis Or A Complication Of Monoclonal Antibody Infusion?, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
A Simple Case Of Viral Myopericarditis Or A Complication Of Monoclonal Antibody Infusion?, Jose A. Rivera, Michael Menowsky
Background: Myocarditis has been a rare, but well-documented side effect of the mRNA-based vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 as well as a complication of viral infections including SARS-CoV-2. However, myopericarditis as a complication of monoclonal antibody infusion or as complication of allergic reaction to antibody infusions might be and underreported.
Case presentation: In this case, we report a 30-year-old man with a previous diagnosis of COVID infection 1 week prior to presentation, unvaccinated for SARS-CoV-2 who was referred from a monoclonal infusion center where he received casirivimab and imdevimab and 15 minutes after infusion began to complain of chills, chest pain, shortness …
Covid-19 As A Second Hit For Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Covid-19 As A Second Hit For Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome, Himabindu Kolli, Pooja Maknoor, Celin Rajan, Nevin Varghese
Background: Anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by venous and arterial thrombosis, usually in setting of underlying autoimmune disorders. Here, we present a case of anti-phospholipid syndrome post covid infection.
Case Presentation: 41-year-old lady presented to the ER with complaints of left sided facial droop for 3-day duration. On further evaluation, she was found to have subacute ischemic stroke and was managed with anticoagulation and supportive treatment. Past medical history is significant for a recent diagnosis of Covid infection and for subsequent development of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). She was started on anticoagulation with rivaroxaban for …