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Effect Of Wearing Masks In The Hospital On Patient-Provider Interaction: “They (Providers) Need To Stay Safe For Their Family And Keep Us Safe.”, Jana L. Wardian, Mikayla Peralta, Chad Vokoun, Sarah E. Richards 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effect Of Wearing Masks In The Hospital On Patient-Provider Interaction: “They (Providers) Need To Stay Safe For Their Family And Keep Us Safe.”, Jana L. Wardian, Mikayla Peralta, Chad Vokoun, Sarah E. Richards

Patient Experience Journal

Since March 2020 when the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic was widespread in the U.S., masks became a primary form of protection for healthcare workers when caring for patients. While wearing masks was not a new phenomenon in the health field, there is little known on how the use of them affects the patient-provider relationship. This study explored the experience of wearing masks on the patient-provider relationship in the hospital. This qualitative study involved interviews with both providers and patients at an academic hospital in the Midwest. At the time of this study, in July 2021 ...


Heart To Heart, Mom To Mom, Karis L. Tekwani 2022 Advocate Christ Medical Center, Advocate Aurora Health

Heart To Heart, Mom To Mom, Karis L. Tekwani

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This essay describes the human connection forged between two young moms, one the physician and one the patient, when their paths collided one night in the emergency department of a busy hospital. It describes a challenging and most memorable care experience in the career of a young emergency physician, the clinical outcome, and the patient’s appreciative follow-up message years later.


Urticarial Rash In A Patient With Alpha-Gal Syndrome Caused By Subcutaneous Heparin At Prophylactic Dosing: A Case Report, Russell G. Behmer, Randolph S. Thomas, Hani T. Jarawan 2022 Maine Medical Center

Urticarial Rash In A Patient With Alpha-Gal Syndrome Caused By Subcutaneous Heparin At Prophylactic Dosing: A Case Report, Russell G. Behmer, Randolph S. Thomas, Hani T. Jarawan

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: We report a patient with a history of red meat allergy, or alpha-gal syndrome, who had an urticarial rash after exposure to unfractionated heparin at a dose typically used for prophylaxis of deep venous thrombosis. Although anaphylactic reactions have been reported with systemic intravenous heparin, we believe this case is the first report of an immunoglobulin E–mediated reaction to subcutaneous heparin at prophylactic dosing.

Clinical Findings: An 85-year-old male had a 3-year history of red meat allergy and was intolerant of pork and beef. He developed an immunoglobulin E–mediated allergic reaction to subcutaneous heparin at a dose ...


Scholarly Activity In Residency: A Needs Assessment Of Challenges And Proposed Solutions, Jonathan Hall, Jana L. Wardian PhD, Jasmine R. Marcelin 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Scholarly Activity In Residency: A Needs Assessment Of Challenges And Proposed Solutions, Jonathan Hall, Jana L. Wardian Phd, Jasmine R. Marcelin

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Introduction

Resident physician participation in scholarly activity is associated with significant benefits ranging from trainees’ personal development to improved quality of patient care. Residency programs have taken varied approaches to improve resident engagement in scholarship, though interventions have demonstrated mixed results regarding objective measures of scholarly productivity. Concerns regarding waining interest in scholarship amongst internal medicine residents prompted a department-wide needs assessment to evaluate opportunities for scholarship and challenges preventing resident participation.

Methods

A web-based survey was developed and distributed to Department of Internal Medicine faculty and residents at the PGY2 level or higher and recent graduates within the last ...


Recurrence Of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura After Vaccination With Mrna-1273 Covid-19 Vaccine, Spyridon Ntelis, Kathryn Champ 2022 Internal Medicine, University of Maryland Medical Center Midtown Campus, Baltimore, USA

Recurrence Of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura After Vaccination With Mrna-1273 Covid-19 Vaccine, Spyridon Ntelis, Kathryn Champ

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare disease characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and ischemic organ damage. Several cases of TTP associated with administration of COVID-19 vaccines have been reported. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with a past medical history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, HIV infection, and remote history of TTP who presented with several days of shortness of breath on exertion, chest tightness, low-grade fever, and bruising thirty-three days after receiving the second dose of the mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine. Thrombocytopenia and hemolytic anemia with schistocytes were noted on testing, and ADAMTS13 activity ...


Assessment Of Predictive Factors Of Hepatic Steatosis Diagnosed By Vibration Controlled Transient Elastography (Vcte) In Chronic Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Patients, Singh Y, Gogtay M, Gurung S, Trivedi N, Abraham GM 2022 Department of Medicine, Saint Vincent Hospital, Worcester, MA

Assessment Of Predictive Factors Of Hepatic Steatosis Diagnosed By Vibration Controlled Transient Elastography (Vcte) In Chronic Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Patients, Singh Y, Gogtay M, Gurung S, Trivedi N, Abraham Gm

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

This retrospective, cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the predictive factors of moderate/severe hepatic steatosis diagnosed by vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE). It included 158 adult patients with suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) evaluated by VCTE in an outpatient setting of a community-based teaching hospital. Patients with significant alcohol consumption, oral contraceptive use, hepatitis B disease, autoimmune hepatitis, and primary biliary cirrhosis were excluded. Steatosis was categorized as S0-S1 (mild) and S2-S3 (moderate/severe) based on the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) score. Results demonstrated the mean values of BMI (p=0.001), kiloPascals [kPa] (fibrosis) raw score (p=0.009 ...


Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Due To Duodenal Varix: A Case Report, Bassam Hossain, Fahad Malik, Ali Khan, Mohammad Abidi, Ali Marhaba, Amanke Oranu, Mark Shumeyko, Amine Hila, Shoreh qazi, Shehryar shaikh 2022 UHS Wilson Medical Center

Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Due To Duodenal Varix: A Case Report, Bassam Hossain, Fahad Malik, Ali Khan, Mohammad Abidi, Ali Marhaba, Amanke Oranu, Mark Shumeyko, Amine Hila, Shoreh Qazi, Shehryar Shaikh

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

We report a case of a 72-year-old female with a past medical condition of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis who presented in the emergency department with altered mentation. An Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed which showed a normal esophagus and stomach, but revealed grade III varices which were appreciable in the second portion of the duodenum. Her colonoscopy report revealed multiple small and large mouthed diverticula in the sigmoid colon along with hematin throughout the colon, yet no evidence of active bleeding,mass or inflammation. We discuss the patient's rarity of the clinical entity, clinical development, and elements used for diagnosis along with the ...


A Case Of Adult Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Following Covid-19 Vaccine, Meghan Brown, Nika Zorko Garbajs, Simon Zec, Hisham Mushtaq, Anwar Khedr, Abbas Bashir Jama, Ibtisam Rauf, Mikael Mir, Aishwarya Reddy Korsapati, Shikha Jain, Thoyaja Koritala, Ramesh Adhikari, Amos Lal, Ognjen Gajic, Juan Pablo Domecq, Sarah Goksoy, Brian Bartlett, Amit Sharma, Nitesh Kumar Jain, Syed Anjum Khan 2022 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

A Case Of Adult Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Following Covid-19 Vaccine, Meghan Brown, Nika Zorko Garbajs, Simon Zec, Hisham Mushtaq, Anwar Khedr, Abbas Bashir Jama, Ibtisam Rauf, Mikael Mir, Aishwarya Reddy Korsapati, Shikha Jain, Thoyaja Koritala, Ramesh Adhikari, Amos Lal, Ognjen Gajic, Juan Pablo Domecq, Sarah Goksoy, Brian Bartlett, Amit Sharma, Nitesh Kumar Jain, Syed Anjum Khan

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome is a life-threatening condition associated with elevated inflammatory markers and multiple organ injury. A diagnosis of exclusion, it has been reported after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection (SARS-CoV-2) in children and adults; recently it has been described in some post-COVID-19 vaccinated individuals. The prognosis with supportive care and immunomodulatory therapy is good, although some individuals may require treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU). Here we report a case of a 58-year-old man who developed multi-organ failure after receiving the second dose of the Moderna mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine. He required critical organ support in the ...


What About Anosmia From Covid-19 ?, Sharanya S E Santhi, Sara Elnour, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

What About Anosmia From Covid-19 ?, Sharanya S E Santhi, Sara Elnour, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Doctors And Disability: Improving Inclusion In Medical Education, Mary Alice Keller 2022 HCA Healthcare Graduate Medical Education

Doctors And Disability: Improving Inclusion In Medical Education, Mary Alice Keller

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Disability is extremely common in the United States with 26% of adults identifying as having some type of disability. Oftentimes, people with disabilities need to access health care services frequently in order to receive adequate care and support. However, despite this need, medical students receive limited, if any, education about people with disabilities and how to appropriately provide medical care and interact with them. This lack of education exacerbates health care disparities experienced by people with disabilities. This article highlights these disparities as well as the history of disability and health care. Current advancements in medical education regarding people with ...


Presentations Of Cutaneous Disease In Various Skin Pigmentations: Inverse Psoriasis, Daniel A. Nguyen, Henry Lim, Christopher M. Wong, Christian J. Scheufele, Ashleigh E. Hermann, Jean Elizze M. Charles, Michael Carletti, Stephen E. Weis 2022 Medical City Fort Worth

Presentations Of Cutaneous Disease In Various Skin Pigmentations: Inverse Psoriasis, Daniel A. Nguyen, Henry Lim, Christopher M. Wong, Christian J. Scheufele, Ashleigh E. Hermann, Jean Elizze M. Charles, Michael Carletti, Stephen E. Weis

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Inverse psoriasis is a clinical variant of psoriasis involving flexural or intertriginous areas of the body. Inverse psoriasis may be present in 3 to 36% of psoriasis patients. Lesions are clinically characterized as smooth, well-demarcated, erythematous plaques (raised, >1 cm) without the typical silvery scales of classic psoriasis. Differential diagnosis includes tinea infection, candidiasis, seborrheic dermatitis, or bacterial streptococcal infection. The clinical images in this review focus on identifying inverse psoriasis along the full spectrum of skin tones.


Is There A Bias Toward Unvaccinated Covid-19 Patients?, Abbas B. Jama, Anwar Khedr, Hisham Mushtaq, Nitesh K. Jain, Thoyaja Koritala, Syed Anjum Khan 2022 Mayo Clinic Health System, Mankato, MN

Is There A Bias Toward Unvaccinated Covid-19 Patients?, Abbas B. Jama, Anwar Khedr, Hisham Mushtaq, Nitesh K. Jain, Thoyaja Koritala, Syed Anjum Khan

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

With more than 22% of the United States still not vaccinated for COVID-19, we are trying to shed some light on whether there is any bias when treating unvaccinated COVID-19 patients. We highlight several reports where some individuals or organizations displayed possible bias, whether implicit or explicit. We examine the legal and ethical implications of these biases and offer a general overview of how to tackle them.


Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, Kristian Quevada, Kishan Patel, Pauline Germaine 2022 Cooper Medical School of Rowan University

Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, Kristian Quevada, Kishan Patel, Pauline Germaine

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis (TPP) is a rare manifestation of thyrotoxicosis, resulting in periodic episodes of acute onset muscle weakness in the setting of hypokalemia. The thyrotoxic form of Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP) is less studied than the more well-known familial form due to fewer reported cases and smaller prevalence. This case study presents a 30-year-old African American male with multiple episodes of acute lower extremity muscle weakness, tachycardia, and a history of heat intolerance. Abnormal findings on thyroid ultrasound coupled with increased thyroid related immunoglobulins led to a diagnosis of TPP related to exacerbation of newly-found Graves’ disease. The case ...


Treating Cytokine Storm In Patients With Covid-19, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Deekshitha Turaka, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

Treating Cytokine Storm In Patients With Covid-19, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Deekshitha Turaka, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Integrated Multilayer Omics Reveals The Genomic, Proteomic, And Metabolic Influences Of Histidyl Dipeptides On The Heart, Keqiang Yan, Zhanlong Mei, Jingjing Zhao, Md Aminul Islam Prodhan, Detlef Obal, Kartik Katragadda, Benjamin Doelling, David Hoetker, Dheeraj Kumar Posa 2022 Beijing Institute of Genomics Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Integrated Multilayer Omics Reveals The Genomic, Proteomic, And Metabolic Influences Of Histidyl Dipeptides On The Heart, Keqiang Yan, Zhanlong Mei, Jingjing Zhao, Md Aminul Islam Prodhan, Detlef Obal, Kartik Katragadda, Benjamin Doelling, David Hoetker, Dheeraj Kumar Posa

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Background: Histidyl dipeptides such as carnosine are present in a micromolar to millimolar range in mammalian hearts. These dipeptides facilitate glycolysis by proton buffering. They form conjugates with reactive aldehydes, such as acrolein, and attenuate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Although these dipeptides exhibit multifunctional properties, a composite understanding of their role in the myocardium is lacking.

Methods and Results: To identify histidyl dipeptide-mediated responses in the heart, we used an integrated triomics approach, which involved genome-wide RNA sequencing, global proteomics, and unbiased metabolomics to identify the effects of cardiospecific transgenic overexpression of the carnosine synthesizing enzyme, carnosine synthase (Carns), in mice ...


Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection In A Young Male: A Case Report, Irene Tchuente M.D. 2022 Piedmont Macon

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection In A Young Male: A Case Report, Irene Tchuente M.D.

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease remains the number one cause of death worldwide. In recent years, there has been an increased focus on Coronary Artery Dissection due to the increasing number of young individuals without any cardiovascular risk factors presenting with chest pain. Many of these patients would also have elevated troponins and sometimes electrocardiogram changes suggestive of myocardial infarction. Many reported cases have been in women and only a handful of cases have been reported in men. Although some potential risk factors have been identified, more data is needed to support these hypotheses. Coronary Artery Dissection (CAD) mimics Acute Coronary Syndrome ...


Management Of Right Sided Carcinoid Heart Failure, Ganesh Arun, Ismat Cheema, Lorrie Pennfield, Mohammed Raza, Erik Raborn, Ami Patel, Farhan Ali 2022 Arnot Ogden Medical Center

Management Of Right Sided Carcinoid Heart Failure, Ganesh Arun, Ismat Cheema, Lorrie Pennfield, Mohammed Raza, Erik Raborn, Ami Patel, Farhan Ali

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Carcinoid heart disease is a rare complication of an already rare disease. This issue is theorized to be secondary to released proinflammatory molecules that deposit on the surfaces of heart valves. These molecules are released from the carcinoid tumor itself and manifest symptoms based on liver, lung and brain function. The detection of 5-HIAA, a breakdown source of serotonin, is useful for diagnosis. These deposits occur most commonly on the endocardium of valvular cusps and cardiac chambers. This case presents a 48 year old woman with echo findings of right heart failure in the setting of a carcinoid tumor. It ...


Antimicrobial Stewardship Meets Transitions Of Care: Defining Length Of Therapy For Community-Acquired Pneumonia (Cap), Christopher Whitman, Sarah E. Moore PharmD, Matthew Song PharmD, BCIDP, Brian C. Bohn PharmD, BCIDP, Ashley M. Wilde 2022 Infirmary Health

Antimicrobial Stewardship Meets Transitions Of Care: Defining Length Of Therapy For Community-Acquired Pneumonia (Cap), Christopher Whitman, Sarah E. Moore Pharmd, Matthew Song Pharmd, Bcidp, Brian C. Bohn Pharmd, Bcidp, Ashley M. Wilde

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Hospital-based antimicrobial stewardship efforts have traditionally focused on inpatient settings. Antibiotic prescribing at discharge is often an overlooked area of focus for antimicrobial stewardship programs. Discharge prescribing optimization is necessary to combat antibiotic overuse.

Methods: This was an observational, retrospective cohort study at a four–adult community hospital system. Four hundred adult patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia and discharged with antibiotics were included. The primary outcome was overall (inpatient and discharge) antibiotic length of therapy. The secondary outcome was percentage of patients discharged on a fluoroquinolone who had not received one in the hospital. Descriptive statistics were utilized.

Results ...


Covid-19 Case Complicated With Organizing Pneumonia And Pneumothorax: Correspondence, Hammad A. Bhatti, Minh Q. Ho 2022 Orlando VA

Covid-19 Case Complicated With Organizing Pneumonia And Pneumothorax: Correspondence, Hammad A. Bhatti, Minh Q. Ho

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


A Sailor’S Disease Presenting In Urban America With Red Spots On The Legs, John A. Buchan, Bruce H. Gray 2022 University of Cincinnati

A Sailor’S Disease Presenting In Urban America With Red Spots On The Legs, John A. Buchan, Bruce H. Gray

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Sailors were often affected by nutritional deficiencies due to the absence of fresh foods on long voyages. One example is the development of scurvy from a lack of vitamin C ingestion. In modern society in which fresh food are available this disease is infrequently recognized. The following case describes a 62-year-old male who presented with “red spots” on his legs and a large area of ecchymosis on his thigh. After initial testing failed to elicit a cause, a dietary history revealed that the patient had a peculiar diet of only ice cream with a total avoidance of fruits and vegetables ...


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