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Knowledge, Attitudes And Beliefs Toward Polypharmacy Among Older People Attending Family Medicine Clinic, Nairobi, Kenya, Maureen Kamau, Njeri Nyanja, Adelaide Lusambili, Jacob Shabani, Gulnaz Mohamoud 2024 Aga Khan University

Knowledge, Attitudes And Beliefs Toward Polypharmacy Among Older People Attending Family Medicine Clinic, Nairobi, Kenya, Maureen Kamau, Njeri Nyanja, Adelaide Lusambili, Jacob Shabani, Gulnaz Mohamoud

Family Medicine, East Africa

Background Life expectancy has increased over the last century among older people, particularly those aged over 60 years. Aging is associated with increased disability, multiple chronic conditions, and increased use of health services managed with polypharmacy. There are few studies on polypharmacy and aging in sub-Saharan Africa, and it is unclear what older people know and their attitudes toward polypharmacy. This paper presents findings from a study that aimed to understand older people’s knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about polypharmacy.

Methods A qualitative study using in-depth interviews of 15 patients aged 60 years and older who were taking more than five …


Effectiveness Of Antibiotic Stewardship For Healthcare Providers At Urgent Care Clinics, HELEN TITILOPE ADEWOLE 2024 Abilene Christian University

Effectiveness Of Antibiotic Stewardship For Healthcare Providers At Urgent Care Clinics, Helen Titilope Adewole

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Antibiotics have revolutionized modern medicine; however, the overuse in urgent care and primary care significantly contributes to the global burden of infections resistant to available antimicrobial medicines. Approximately 30% of the antimicrobials prescribed in acute care settings are unnecessary. Patient demand for antibiotics has seemingly skyrocketed following the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Practitioners must be knowledgeable about antibiotic stewardship initiatives, such as the wait-and-see approach, to reduce antibiotic overuse and improve the trajectory of antibiotic resistance and patient health outcomes. The gap in practice was the limited awareness of scientific evidence-based tools to partner with patients and improve antibiotic prescription patterns. …


A Rare Case Of Acute Pancreatitis Associated With Cannabinoids Consumption, Mays Abdulazeez, Michael Perez, Alejandro Hidalgo Parada, Rani Rabah, Greity Dominguez, Rowel Perez Vargas, Jose Cano, Jesus Garza-Tamez, Sunand Kallumadanda 2024 Family Medicine, McAllen Medical Center, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine

A Rare Case Of Acute Pancreatitis Associated With Cannabinoids Consumption, Mays Abdulazeez, Michael Perez, Alejandro Hidalgo Parada, Rani Rabah, Greity Dominguez, Rowel Perez Vargas, Jose Cano, Jesus Garza-Tamez, Sunand Kallumadanda

Research Symposium

Introduction: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition of the pancreas characterized by abdominal pain and elevated levels of pancreatic enzymes in the blood. Acute pancreatitis is a leading gastrointestinal cause of hospitalization in the United States. Several conditions are associated with acute pancreatitis, of which gallstones and chronic alcohol use disorder account for approximately two-thirds of the cases. Others, including smoking, hypertriglyceridemia, infections, trauma, drugs, malignancy, scorpion stings, hypercalcemia, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), opioids, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, macrolides, diuretics, statins, and cannabis have also been associated with acute pancreatitis. Cannabis is the most widely used recreational drug worldwide, with …


Use Of Translational Science, Continuous Glucose Monitoring In The Primary Care Setting For Management Of Nesidioblastosis. A Case Report, Karuna Manandhar, Othman Farahneh, Gerardo Munoz-Monaco 2024 Family Medicine, Knapp Medical Center, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine

Use Of Translational Science, Continuous Glucose Monitoring In The Primary Care Setting For Management Of Nesidioblastosis. A Case Report, Karuna Manandhar, Othman Farahneh, Gerardo Munoz-Monaco

Research Symposium

Background: Nesidioblastosis is a term used to describe histologic changes in the pancreatic cell defined by beta cell hypertrophy and formation of ductoinsular complexes. It is a disease previously most extensively identified in neonates and is a rare cause of endogenous hypoglycemia in the adult population. However, with increasing numbers of gastric bypass surgeries for management of obesity in recent years, there has been a growing number of populations with post gastric bypass surgery related nesidioblastosis.

Case Description: Our case report follows a 60-year-old female with previous history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery who initially presented to an acute-care hospital …


Sacral Pain "Recurrence" Not Exactly The Teenage Dream, Evan D. Perez 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Sacral Pain "Recurrence" Not Exactly The Teenage Dream, Evan D. Perez

Research Symposium

Background: This case is a great example of remembering the basics. We teach our medical students, residents and fellows the importance of getting a thorough history and exam. However, this case is a reminder to apply those lessons in the real world.

Case Presentation: 15 yo Female came in complaining of sacral pain. 2 years prior she had a fall causing a coccyx fracture which resolved with conservative treatment. She didn’t have any issues since then until 3 weeks prior to today when she began to have pain in the same area. She denied any new inciting events such as …


Expanding Awareness Of Tbi Resources In The North Country, Nicholas W. Krant 2024 University of Vermont

Expanding Awareness Of Tbi Resources In The North Country, Nicholas W. Krant

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Disability, emotional dysregulation and financial stress are only some of the issues that many patients who suffer TBI encounter. While resources are available to alleviate some of these burdens on patients who suffer TBI in New York's North Country, patients often struggle to find these resources. This project endeavors to create a resource for patients, family members and practitioners to find available resources.


The Education Prescription: Exploring The Potential Of Patient Education To Reduce Mental Health Issues In Hormonal Contraceptive Users, Maria Abraham 2024 Dominican University of California

The Education Prescription: Exploring The Potential Of Patient Education To Reduce Mental Health Issues In Hormonal Contraceptive Users, Maria Abraham

Nursing | Senior Theses

The many birth control options available impact a woman’s life, as hormonal contraceptives are commonly used but often misunderstood. These contraceptives, which contain progestin only, or estrogen and progestin combined, can come in various forms such as pills, implants, IUDs, injections, the vaginal ring, and skin patches. They offer benefits such as reduced menstrual cramps and ectopic pregnancy risk. However, they may lead to adverse side effects which can include increased blood pressure, nausea, headaches, breakthrough bleeding, and a higher risk of blood clots, with research indicating a potential link between oral contraceptive use and a decline in the user’s …


Obesity, Overweight Rates, And Related Factors Among Adults In The Rustic Realm Of Western India, Monika Patel, Jimmy Kagathara, Eshwar Kumar Gupta, Nancy Kagathara, Jitesh Mehta, Dipesh Parmar 2023 Department of Community Medicine, Shri M.P Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar 361008, India

Obesity, Overweight Rates, And Related Factors Among Adults In The Rustic Realm Of Western India, Monika Patel, Jimmy Kagathara, Eshwar Kumar Gupta, Nancy Kagathara, Jitesh Mehta, Dipesh Parmar

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Obesity and overweight pose significant challenges in developing countries, underscoring the need for evidence-based prevention strategies. This study focuses on assessing the prevalence and associated factors of overweight and obesity in the rural areas of Jamnagar district, Gujarat, India.

Methods: Data collection encompassed six tehsils within Jamnagar district, with primary health center selection via simple random sampling. Individual selection employed the consecutive sampling approach. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS software. Regression analysis was employed to identify the independent factors linked to overweight and obesity.

Results: The analysis included 408 participants, revealing a higher obesity prevalence …


On The Discontinuation Of Enteral Feeding In Head And Neck Cancer: A Case Report, Kyle Fisk, Ana Sanchez 2023 HCA Florida Orange Park Hospital

On The Discontinuation Of Enteral Feeding In Head And Neck Cancer: A Case Report, Kyle Fisk, Ana Sanchez

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

The goal of palliative care is to preserve the quality of life or patient “comfort” in patients with serious diseases. Palliative care providers serve a wide range of patients: from those who seek curative treatment to those who are actively dying. Given this range, palliative care must mirror the dynamic goals of the patient at different stages of life and treatment. Throughout these stages, a goal of the palliative care provider would be to avoid hastening death; however, this often leads to clinical decisions that directly pit the patient’s comfort against the patient’s life span. This is most salient …


The Implementation Of Nurse Practitioner Residency Programs To Increase The Employment Retention Of New Graduates, Roni-Jo Panganiban 2023 Roseman University of Health Sciences

The Implementation Of Nurse Practitioner Residency Programs To Increase The Employment Retention Of New Graduates, Roni-Jo Panganiban

Master of Science in Nursing Family Nurse Practitioner

This review explores the effectiveness of Nurse Practitioner (NP) residency programs in addressing role strain, burnout, and retaining new graduates. It emphasizes the factors contributing to NP resignations and proposes formal residency programs to improve job satisfaction and retention rates. Research highlights benefits such as enhanced preparedness, credibility, and better patient care, advocating for increased program accessibility and funding. Additionally, the application of the theory of planned behavior underscores compliance with regulations, evidence-based practice, and environmental influences for patient safety in advanced practice registered nursing. The literature review on NP residency programs draws from six empirical articles, focusing on job …


A Quality Improvement Project On Blood Pressure Measurement: Are We Failing Our Patients?, Michael Baker 2023 The University of Southern Mississippi

A Quality Improvement Project On Blood Pressure Measurement: Are We Failing Our Patients?, Michael Baker

Doctoral Projects

Despite billions of dollars invested in research, education, and equipment, high blood pressure remains a significant contributor to mortality rates across the globe. According to the Centers for Disease Control (2019), hypertension was listed as a primary or contributing cause of over a half-million deaths in the United States (Centers for Disease Control [CDC], 2021). Without regard to race, gender, background, or socioeconomic level, this “silent killer” the Mississippi State Department of Health estimated that over 700,000 Mississippi adults were diagnosed with high blood pressure and thousands more at an increased risk each year (MSDH, 2019). Failure to identify and …


Support, Networks, And Relationships: Findings From A Mixed-Methods Evaluation Of A Mentorship Programme For Early Career Women Researchers In Sexual And Reproductive Health And Rights, Muhammad Asim, Peter Muriuki Gatheru, Joy J. Chebet, Mehr G. Shah, Anna Thorson, Vanessa Brizuela 2023 Aga Khan University

Support, Networks, And Relationships: Findings From A Mixed-Methods Evaluation Of A Mentorship Programme For Early Career Women Researchers In Sexual And Reproductive Health And Rights, Muhammad Asim, Peter Muriuki Gatheru, Joy J. Chebet, Mehr G. Shah, Anna Thorson, Vanessa Brizuela

Community Health Sciences

Low research output among women researchers in health research has been linked to inadequate mentorship opportunities for early career women researchers and particularly in sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) field. Mentorship has been recognized as a contributor to strengthening research capacity and as beneficial for both mentors and mentees. Women researchers oftentimes experience negative impacts of organizational and structural gender inequities related to formal and informal mentoring. In 2020, the UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction at WHO launched a mentorship programme for early career SRHR women researchers from low- and …


Primary Care Provider Receptivity To Multi-Cancer Early Detection Test Use In Cancer Screening, Christopher Chambers, William Leach, Kaitlyn V Davis, Ronald Myers 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Primary Care Provider Receptivity To Multi-Cancer Early Detection Test Use In Cancer Screening, Christopher Chambers, William Leach, Kaitlyn V Davis, Ronald Myers

Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty Papers

Multi-cancer early detection tests (MCEDs) are blood-based tests that detect biomarkers released or induced by cancer cells. If MCED tests are shown to be safe and effective in cancer screening, they are likely to be ordered and managed in primary care. To understand primary care providers’ support for and concerns about the implementation and management of MCED testing, the research team developed a cross-sectional survey that was sent to 939 primary care providers (physicians, residents/fellows, and advanced practice providers) in a large academic health system in the greater Philadelphia area. The survey included standard items used to assess provider background …


An American Medical Economics Phenomenon, Richard Guthmann MD, MPH 2023 Advocate Illinois Masonic Family Medicine Residency

An American Medical Economics Phenomenon, Richard Guthmann Md, Mph

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The author reflects on his own experience with medical economics-driven phenomena in healthcare.


The Impact Of Telehealth In Urgent Care Settings, Annie Dong 2023 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

The Impact Of Telehealth In Urgent Care Settings, Annie Dong

Applied Research Projects

Telehealth is an emerging modality of patient care and has since expanded to urgent care facilities. Urgent care facilities have been around for decades; however, along with telehealth, it has only grown in popularity in recent years due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the implementation and usage of telehealth in urgent care facilities is dependent on the provider being able to use it. This study aimed at looking at the perspective of the provider on the implementation and usage of telehealth in the urgent care setting.


Using Digital Assessment Technology To Detect Neuropsychological Problems In Primary Care Settings, David J Libon, Emily Frances Matusz, Stephanie Cosentino, Catherine C Price, Rod Swenson, Meagan Vermeulen, Terrie Beth Ginsberg, Adaora Obiageli Okoli-Umeweni, Leonard Powell, Robert Nagele, Sean Tobyne, Joyce Rios Gomes-Osman, Alvaro Pascual-Leone 2023 Rowan University

Using Digital Assessment Technology To Detect Neuropsychological Problems In Primary Care Settings, David J Libon, Emily Frances Matusz, Stephanie Cosentino, Catherine C Price, Rod Swenson, Meagan Vermeulen, Terrie Beth Ginsberg, Adaora Obiageli Okoli-Umeweni, Leonard Powell, Robert Nagele, Sean Tobyne, Joyce Rios Gomes-Osman, Alvaro Pascual-Leone

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

INTRODUCTION: Screening for neurocognitive impairment and psychological distress in ambulatory primary and specialty care medical settings is an increasing necessity. The Core Cognitive Evaluation™ (CCE) is administered/scored using an iPad, requires approximately 8 min, assesses 3- word free recall and clock drawing to command and copy, asks questions about lifestyle and health, and queries for psychological distress. This information is linked with patients' self- reported concerns about memory and their cardiovascular risks.

METHODS: A total of 199 ambulatory patients were screened with the CCE as part of their routine medical care. The CCE provides several summary indices, and scores on …


Designing For Community Engagement: User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center Planning Process And Concept, A Health Design Case Study, Ellen Solomon, Brandon Joa, Shandon Coffman, Billie Faircloth, Marc Altshuler, Bon Ku 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Designing For Community Engagement: User-Friendly Refugee Wellness Center Planning Process And Concept, A Health Design Case Study, Ellen Solomon, Brandon Joa, Shandon Coffman, Billie Faircloth, Marc Altshuler, Bon Ku

Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Refugee and immigrant populations have diverse cultural factors that affect their access to health care and must be considered when building a new clinical space. Health design thinking can help a clinical team evaluate and consolidate these factors while maintaining close contact with architects, patients' community leaders, and hospital or institutional leadership. A diverse group of clinicians, medical students, community leaders and architects planned a clinic devoted to refugee and immigrant health, a first-of-its-kind for South Philadelphia.

METHODS: The planning process and concept design of this wellness center is presented as a design case study to demonstrate how principles …


Renal Disease Rehabilitation And Delaying Dialysis, Spencer Brown, Natalie Sterner 2023 Wayne State University

Renal Disease Rehabilitation And Delaying Dialysis, Spencer Brown, Natalie Sterner

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Greenwood SA, Koufaki P, Mercer TH, et al. Effect of exercise training on estimated GFR, vascular health, and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with CKD: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Am J Kidney Dis. 2015;65(3):425-434. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2014.07.015

for a patient with non-dialysis CKD interested in slowing the progression toward necessary dialysis.


The Pattern Of Admission, Clinical Characteristics, And Outcomes Among Patients Admitted To The Intensive Care Unit Of A Tertiary Hospital In Tanzania: A 5-Year Retrospective Review, Nadeem Kassam, Philip Adebayo, Iris Martin Matei, Eric Aghan, Samina Somji, Samwel Paul Kadelya, Yasson Abha, Frank Elton Swai, Mangaro Mabusi, Kamran Hamid 2023 Aga Khan University

The Pattern Of Admission, Clinical Characteristics, And Outcomes Among Patients Admitted To The Intensive Care Unit Of A Tertiary Hospital In Tanzania: A 5-Year Retrospective Review, Nadeem Kassam, Philip Adebayo, Iris Martin Matei, Eric Aghan, Samina Somji, Samwel Paul Kadelya, Yasson Abha, Frank Elton Swai, Mangaro Mabusi, Kamran Hamid

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Introduction: Despite the implementation of complex interventions, ICU mortality remains high and more so in developing countries. The demand for critical care in Sub-Saharan Africa is more than ever before as the region experiences a double burden of rising rates of non-communicable diseases (NCD) in the background battle of combating infectious diseases. Limited studies in Tanzania have reported varying factors associated with markedly high rates of ICU mortality. Investigating the burden of ICU care remains crucial in providing insights into the effectiveness and challenges of critical care delivery.

Material and Methods: A single-center retrospective study that reviewed records of all …


Barrett's Esophagus As A Premalignant Condition; Medical And Surgical Therapeutic Management, Vlad Denis Constantin, Adrian Silaghi, Laura Florentina Rebegea, Stana Paunica, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Doina Andrada Mihai, Ioana Paunica, Dragos Epistatu 2023 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Barrett's Esophagus As A Premalignant Condition; Medical And Surgical Therapeutic Management, Vlad Denis Constantin, Adrian Silaghi, Laura Florentina Rebegea, Stana Paunica, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Doina Andrada Mihai, Ioana Paunica, Dragos Epistatu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Barrett's esophagus (BE) represents a special clinical entity, which may have reduced symptoms, but an increased potential for malignant degeneration. The factors that lead to the appearance of Barrett's esophagus are multiple, the most important being gastro-esophageal reflux, as well as smoking and obesity. BE occurs as a result of damage of the esophageal mucosa, caused by acid/basic gastroesophageal reflux and resulting in the transformation of the epithelium from squamous to intestinal type. The diagnosis of BE is primarily based on endoscopic examination. This method has not only a diagnostic role, but also a therapeutic one through the minimally invasive …


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