Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Primary Care Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,277 Full-Text Articles 2,352 Authors 188,507 Downloads 84 Institutions

All Articles in Primary Care

Faceted Search

1,277 full-text articles. Page 1 of 59.

Promoting Measles Prevention And Awareness, Elizabeth P. Lanata 2021 University of Vermont

Promoting Measles Prevention And Awareness, Elizabeth P. Lanata

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

No abstract provided.


Improving Osteoporosis Screening Rates In A Primary Care Practice Using An Emr-Based Intervention, Conor Murphy, Ashley Barnes, Rukaiya Bashir, Peter Block 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Improving Osteoporosis Screening Rates In A Primary Care Practice Using An Emr-Based Intervention, Conor Murphy, Ashley Barnes, Rukaiya Bashir, Peter Block

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Objective

  • Osteoporosis is defined as a T-score ≤ -2.5 on DEXA or history of fragility fracture
  • Affects a significant proportion of our population over 65 with an estimated annual cost burden of $22 billion
  • Only 46% of females over 65 years of age had been screened for osteoporosis at JHAP
  • Our study aims to increase that percentage between July 2019 and July 2020 from 46% to 60%


Identifying Barriers To Statin Therapy In Diabetic Patients In A Large Ambulatory Practice, Jennifer Moyer, MD, Rachel Ehrman-Dupre, MD, Andrew Rabovsky, MD, Simon Newsome, MD, Pooja Padgaonkar, MD, Julita Mitchell, MD, Sarah Hirsh, MD, Madeline Taskier, MD, Robert Wiley, MD, Lilli Flink, MD, Greta Bires, MD, Geoffrey Mills, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Identifying Barriers To Statin Therapy In Diabetic Patients In A Large Ambulatory Practice, Jennifer Moyer, Md, Rachel Ehrman-Dupre, Md, Andrew Rabovsky, Md, Simon Newsome, Md, Pooja Padgaonkar, Md, Julita Mitchell, Md, Sarah Hirsh, Md, Madeline Taskier, Md, Robert Wiley, Md, Lilli Flink, Md, Greta Bires, Md, Geoffrey Mills, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Aim 1: To understand the root cause(s) for gaps in statin therapy within a large ambulatory care practice.

Aim 2: To improve provider awareness of indications for statin therapy, as recommended by the ACC/AHA guidelines.

Aim 3: To increase the proportion of patients with diabetes at our practice that are on statin therapy.


Unplugging: An Evidence-Based Project To Reduce Screen Time And Improve Healthy Media Use In The Adolescent Population, Erica Persichetti 2020 University of San Diego

Unplugging: An Evidence-Based Project To Reduce Screen Time And Improve Healthy Media Use In The Adolescent Population, Erica Persichetti

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Background:Excessive media use is an emerging health concern amongst the pediatric population. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends less than 2 hours per day of recreational screen time, yet the national average is between 7 to 9 hours per day for adolescents. A media-saturated lifestyle has consequences on a child’s mental, physical, and emotional health. Despite guidelines stating media use should be assessed at annual well-visits, only 16% of providers are following this recommendation. This gap in care leaves many families with a limited understanding of the impact of media on their child's health and ...


Vaccines, Children, And The Public Health Trust, Christopher Chambers, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Vaccines, Children, And The Public Health Trust, Christopher Chambers, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

Objectives

  1. Review the impact of immunizations on the public health over the past 50 years.
  2. Childhood Vaccines Now
  3. Describe the challenges associated with trying to eliminate “immunizable” diseases. Examples: Invasive Pneumoccal Disease, Neisseria meningitis
  4. The Future


Cirrhosis For The Pcp, Krys Foster, MD, MPH 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Cirrhosis For The Pcp, Krys Foster, Md, Mph

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

Objectives:

  • Understand the morbidity and mortality associated with Cirrhosis in the United States
  • Recognize etiologies and clinical presentation of cirrhosis
  • Identify decompensated cirrhosis and approaches to treatment and monitoring

Agenda

  • Definition and Epidemiology
  • Etiologies
  • Clinical Presentation
  • Diagnosis and Evaluation/Classification
  • Management of Compensated Cirrhosis
  • Decompensated Cirrhosis & Complications
  • ○ Portal Hypertension ○ Varices ○ Ascites ○ SBP ○ Hepatorenal Syndrome ○ Hepatic Encephalopathy
  • Secondary Prevention and Long Term Management
  • Conclusions


Accelerating Primary Care Transformation At Jefferson (Jeffapct): Reflections From A Five- Year Hrsa Grant, Christine A. Arenson, MD, Amy Cunningham, PhD, MPH, Samantha Kelly, MA, Randa Sifri, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Accelerating Primary Care Transformation At Jefferson (Jeffapct): Reflections From A Five- Year Hrsa Grant, Christine A. Arenson, Md, Amy Cunningham, Phd, Mph, Samantha Kelly, Ma, Randa Sifri, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

JeffAPCT Overview

Five year HRSA-funded grant (7/1/15-6/30/20)

Leadership team from Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Physician Assistant Program

  • Objective 1: To improve/ expand primary care and population health curriculum across the continuum of primary care providers and trainees (students, residents, and practitioners)
  • Objective 2: To create an enhanced, sustainable model of primary care physician faculty development for PCMH Transformation
  • Objective 3: To create a new, sustainable model of faculty development for community-based primary care preceptors (MD/DO, PA, NP, others)


The Effects Of Motivational Interviewing For Those Afflicted With Opioid Addiction, Kathy Roberts 2020 Valparaiso University

The Effects Of Motivational Interviewing For Those Afflicted With Opioid Addiction, Kathy Roberts

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Substance use disorders are a worldwide problem, according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) there were 70,237 drug overdose deaths that occurred in the United States in 2017, of which 47,600 were opioid related. Illinois had a 14.3% increase of opioid deaths from 2016-2017 (CDC, 2017). Numerous interventions exist to address this health concern, yet evidence shows that Motivational Interviewing (MI) was the most efficient and effective way to promote behavioral change. The purpose of this EBP project was to provide evidence that MI increased referrals and promoted compliance with appointments to treatment programs. The sample ...


Goals Of Care 101, Alexandra Evans, DO, Adam Pennarola, MD, Elham Siddiqui, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Goals Of Care 101, Alexandra Evans, Do, Adam Pennarola, Md, Elham Siddiqui, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

Hospice and Palliative Medicine - Alexandra Evans, DO

Approaching Goals of Care in the Outpatient World - Elham Siddiqui, MD

Inpatient Goals of Care Discussion - Adam Pennarola, MD


What's All The Buzzy About? Using Cryotherapy And Vibration For Pain During Vaccinations In Children, Marta L. Byma 2020 Valparaiso University

What's All The Buzzy About? Using Cryotherapy And Vibration For Pain During Vaccinations In Children, Marta L. Byma

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Vaccinations are the most common painful needle procedure, with an estimated 12 billion injections given per year (CDC, 2019). The usual method for administration of vaccinations is through needle puncture, which is often painful. Children often report receiving a shot as one of the most feared and painful experiences (McMurtry et al., 2015). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to improve patient experiences by decreasing the pain that is associated with vaccinations through the use of a nonpharmacological method for comfort via the Buzzy® device. After thorough analysis and synthesis of the literature, the Buzzy® device that ...


A Protocol To Increase Referral Rates To Diabetic Education, David M. Rokser 2020 Valparaiso University

A Protocol To Increase Referral Rates To Diabetic Education, David M. Rokser

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

In 2015, approximately 30.3 million Americans, including 10.5% of the population of Minnesota, had been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (American Diabetes Association, 2019). Increased risk of diabetic complications including neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and chronic wounds has been associated with an elevated hemoglobin A1C (HgA1C). Formal diabetic education has been shown to be a cost-effective intervention to reduce HgA1C. The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion published an objective within HealthyPeople 2020 that seeks to increase the percentage of diabetics receiving formal diabetic education in the United States from 46.9% of adults to 58.4 ...


Mass Matters: Increasing Mammography Rates To Underserved Women, Ingrid N. Cooper 2020 Valparaiso University

Mass Matters: Increasing Mammography Rates To Underserved Women, Ingrid N. Cooper

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women in Indiana and the United States (Indiana Cancer Organization, 2019). An estimated 268,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer were diagnosed and 41,760 women died due to breast cancer in 2019 (ACS, 2019). Substantial breast cancer-related morbidity and mortality disparities persist among the underserved. Disparities in breast cancer outcomes are due to lower mammography screening rates, lack of timely follow-up of abnormal results, and lack of timely treatment initiation among women with breast cancer (Highfield et al., 2015). The purpose of this evidence-based practice project was to address ...


A Multicomponent Tailored Intervention Program Protocol For Weight Loss In An Underserved Adult Patient Population With Obesity, Rita R. Arnold 2020 Valparaiso University

A Multicomponent Tailored Intervention Program Protocol For Weight Loss In An Underserved Adult Patient Population With Obesity, Rita R. Arnold

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Obesity is a multifactorial, individualized, chronic disease that increases known risk factors for significant comorbidities and mortality. The primary purpose of this Evidence-Based practice project was to improve indicators of obesity (weight, BMI) among patients served by a free medical clinic, using a tailored multicomponent intervention. The secondary purpose was to determine if the weight loss intervention was associated with a decrease in blood pressure and depression symptoms. The intervention was guided by the Health Promotion Model by Nola Pender. The Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence Based Practice Model (JHNEBP) guided implementation of the project. A comprehensive literature review was completed ...


Efficacy Of A Mobile Application In A Chronic Kidney Disease Population, Jennifer R. Zamora 2020 Valparaiso University

Efficacy Of A Mobile Application In A Chronic Kidney Disease Population, Jennifer R. Zamora

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with high healthcare costs, poor health outcomes and low quality of life (Donald et al., 2018). The US CKD prevalence is 15%, costing Medicare $79 billion in 2016 (United States Renal Data System, 2018). Self-management could reduce CKD burden (Jeddi, Nabovati, and Amirazodi, 2017). Mobile technology offers a low-cost, ease-of-access platform for chronic disease self-management (Whitehead & Seaton, 2016), potentially slowing disease progression and improving health outcomes (Jeddi, 2017). The purpose of this project was to utilize a CKD-specific mobile application, CARELogiQ, to facilitate symptom management; increasing patient satisfaction and decreasing hospitalizations and ER visits over three months. A five-database literature review yielded six high-quality articles; three level I, two level II, and one level III evidence based on JHNEBP (Dang & Dearholt, 2017). Evidence ...


The Implementation Of Diabetic Foot Care Into Primary Care, Shelby D. Strong 2020 Valparaiso University

The Implementation Of Diabetic Foot Care Into Primary Care, Shelby D. Strong

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common metabolic diseases worldwide. It can lead to complications in many parts of the body and can increase overall risk of dying prematurely (World Health Organization (WHO), 2016). Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in the feet is one of the most frequent complications of DM (Wang et al., 2017). Other lower extremity complications which can occur as a result of diabetic foot complication (DFC) includes peripheral artery disease (PAD), infection, ulcer and amputation. One of the obstacles for preventing (DFC) is the lack of examinations of the feet in clinical practice (Feitosa et ...


Factors Associated With Urgent Care Reliance And Outpatient Health Care Use Among Children Enrolled In Medicaid., Rebecca R. Burns, Elizabeth R. Alpern, Jonathan Rodean, Therese Canares, Brian R. Lee, Matt Hall, Amanda Montalbano 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Factors Associated With Urgent Care Reliance And Outpatient Health Care Use Among Children Enrolled In Medicaid., Rebecca R. Burns, Elizabeth R. Alpern, Jonathan Rodean, Therese Canares, Brian R. Lee, Matt Hall, Amanda Montalbano

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Importance: Urgent care (UC) centers are a growing option to address children's acute care needs, which may cause unanticipated changes in health care use.

Objectives: To identify factors associated with high UC reliance among children enrolled in Medicaid and examine the association between UC reliance and outpatient health care use.

Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study used deidentified data on 4 133 238 children from the Marketscan Medicaid multistate claims database to calculate UC reliance and outpatient health care use. Children were younger than 19 years, with 11 months or more of continuous Medicaid enrollment and 1 ...


Stigmatizing Attitudes Towards People Who Smoke: A Survey Of Primary Care Physicians, Liz Scharnetzki, Leo B. Waterston, Susan E. Leeds, Jamie L. Studts, Neil Korsen, Paul K J Han 2020 Maine Medical Center

Stigmatizing Attitudes Towards People Who Smoke: A Survey Of Primary Care Physicians, Liz Scharnetzki, Leo B. Waterston, Susan E. Leeds, Jamie L. Studts, Neil Korsen, Paul K J Han

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Background: Growing evidence suggests that stigmatization is an important barrier to the receipt and delivery of optimal heath care services. While the consequences of stigmatizing attitudes have been well-studied for some conditions (e.g., HIV, mental health disorders), less is understood about smoking stigma and, in particular, the effects of physicians’ stigmatizing attitudes towards people who smoke. Addressing this knowledge gap is an important need for efforts to prevent lung cancer and other smoking-related illnesses.


A Question Of Who And Why: Platelet Rich Plasma Utilization In A Primary Care Sports Medicine Practice, Douglas DiCola, William Dexter, Amy Haskins, Christina Holt 2020 Maine Medical Center

A Question Of Who And Why: Platelet Rich Plasma Utilization In A Primary Care Sports Medicine Practice, Douglas Dicola, William Dexter, Amy Haskins, Christina Holt

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Purpose: Identify practices in use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) within primary care sports medicine practices compared to what is supported in the literature.

Background: PRP is a common treatment for musculoskeletal treatments. Efficacy is limited to tendinopathies and osteoarthritis. Little is known about it's utilization practices in MMP sports medicine community.

Methods: Retrospective Cohort Study using deidentified data from records of patients who received PRP injections (using procedure coding) in two sports medicine clinics from 12/2015 to 06/2019. Data included patient demographics, associated diagnoses with PRP, and medical conditions/medications that met exclusion criteria commonly in ...


Evaluation Of A Resident-Driven Trauma-Sensitive Yoga Program For Female Immigrant Primary Care Patients, Katherine Rizzolo, Maha Jaber, Jessica Schaumburg, Kiana Vakil-Gilani, Nicole Rebusi 2020 Maine Medical Center

Evaluation Of A Resident-Driven Trauma-Sensitive Yoga Program For Female Immigrant Primary Care Patients, Katherine Rizzolo, Maha Jaber, Jessica Schaumburg, Kiana Vakil-Gilani, Nicole Rebusi

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Purpose/ Background Maine Medical Center’s immigrant population has a high need for mental health care and resources. Our program is a referral-based community trauma-informed yoga class for immigrant women. We sought to eliminate common barriers such as cost, childcare, and transportation, as well as providing group-based wellness options that differ from the traditional referral-based model to limit social isolation and build community.

Methods The yoga program is a weekly trauma-sensitive yoga program at the YMCA taught by Sea Change Yoga. Cost is free with transportation included. Women are self- referred from the primary care clinics. Criteria for referral include ...


Sti & Prep Updates, Marshal Miller, MD, AAHIVS, Sunny Lai, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Sti & Prep Updates, Marshal Miller, Md, Aahivs, Sunny Lai, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

Learning Objectives

  • Apply key findings from the DISCOVER trial to PrEP clinical decision-making
  • Understand the gaps in PrEP research for cisgender women and adolescents
  • Understand the use of on-demand pre-exposure prophylaxis
  • Review Current treatment recs and emerging data on Gonococcal and Chlamydial infection
  • Discuss diagnostic and management options for non-gonococcal urethritis


Digital Commons powered by bepress