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Patient And Provider Experiences With Virtual Care During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Mixed Methods Study, Mars Zhao, Hisham Elshoni, Jennifer O'Brien, Erin Barbour-Tuck, Mary Ellen Walker, Heather Dyck, Andrea Vasquez, Eric Sy, Angela Baerwald, Clara Michaels, Rejina Kamrul, Olivia Reis, Brenda Schuster, Barb Beaurivage, Adam Clay, Mark Lees, Jonathan Gamble 2022 University of Saskatchewan, College of Medicine

Patient And Provider Experiences With Virtual Care During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Mixed Methods Study, Mars Zhao, Hisham Elshoni, Jennifer O'Brien, Erin Barbour-Tuck, Mary Ellen Walker, Heather Dyck, Andrea Vasquez, Eric Sy, Angela Baerwald, Clara Michaels, Rejina Kamrul, Olivia Reis, Brenda Schuster, Barb Beaurivage, Adam Clay, Mark Lees, Jonathan Gamble

Patient Experience Journal

The COVID-19 pandemic prompted the rapid uptake of Virtual Care (VC). Positive patient outcomes with VC are previously reported but little is known about the experiences of patients and providers using VC during the pandemic. We aimed to describe patient and primary care provider experiences, satisfaction, perceptions, and attitudes to VC during the COVID-19 pandemic that might explain adoption of VC across the continuum of care and inform sustained uptake. We conducted a sequential explanatory mixed methods study using online surveys and virtual interviews with a convenience sample of primary care providers and patients in a Canadian province (July – December ...


The Patient-Centered Medical Home And The Value Of Heightened Care Coordination: A Systematic Literature Review, Garrett L. Vetter 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Patient-Centered Medical Home And The Value Of Heightened Care Coordination: A Systematic Literature Review, Garrett L. Vetter

Capstone Experience

Health care spending in the United States continues to increase at a pace that far exceeds inflation. Representing a greater proportion of the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP) than any other country, costs associated with health care services in the U.S. lend support to growing concern regarding the sustainability of current systems. Furthermore, the fragmented nature of the current landscape often presents challenges to the provision of high-quality and efficient care. Satisfaction among both patients and health care providers, alike, suffers under the weight of increasing regulatory burden, the lack of integrated medical records systems, and growing complexity ...


Developing Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning To Support Primary Care Research And Practice, Jacqueline K. Kueper 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Developing Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning To Support Primary Care Research And Practice, Jacqueline K. Kueper

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis was motivated by the potential to use "everyday data", especially that collected in electronic health records (EHRs) as part of healthcare delivery, to improve primary care for clients facing complex clinical and/or social situations. Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques can identify patterns or make predictions with these data, producing information to learn about and inform care delivery. Our first objective was to understand and critique the body of literature on AI and primary care. This was achieved through a scoping review wherein we found the field was at an early stage of maturity, primarily focused on clinical decision ...


Is Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Effective At Controlling Hypertension In African American Patients? A Clin-Iq, Rebecca Nye, Wilhelm Lehmann, Deborah Simpson 2022 TRIUMPH Program, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Is Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Effective At Controlling Hypertension In African American Patients? A Clin-Iq, Rebecca Nye, Wilhelm Lehmann, Deborah Simpson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

African Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension, a modifiable contributor to multiple chronic diseases and premature death. Primary care physicians play an important role in hypertension control. Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) is an evidence-based method for confirming diagnosis and monitoring hypertension over time. Some studies have found that HBPM may lead to clinically relevant reductions in blood pressure when combined with additional interventions, but few studies have focused specifically on African American populations. Evidence of effectiveness could increase clinical recommendation of HBPM. This clinical inquiry examined whether HBPM improves blood pressure control in African Americans with uncontrolled hypertension. Reviewed ...


Can Variables From The Electronic Health Record Identify Delirium At Bedside?, Ariba Khan, Kayla Heslin, Michelle Simpson, Michael L. Malone 2022 Advocate Aurora Health; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Can Variables From The Electronic Health Record Identify Delirium At Bedside?, Ariba Khan, Kayla Heslin, Michelle Simpson, Michael L. Malone

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Delirium, a common and serious disorder in older hospitalized patients, remains underrecognized. While several delirium predictive models have been developed, only a handful have focused on electronic health record (EHR) data. This prospective cohort study of older inpatients (≥ 65 years old) aimed to determine if variables within our health system’s EHR could be used to identify delirium among hospitalized patients at the bedside. Trained researchers screened daily for delirium using the 3-minute diagnostic Confusion Assessment Method (3D-CAM). Patient demographic and clinical variables were extracted from the EHR. Among 408 participants, mean age was 75 years, 60.8% were female ...


Association Between Primary Care Provider Status And Preventive Health Care Among People Who Inject Drugs, E Katherine Nenninger, Katherine Sharp, Bianca Bustamente, Kim Murray, Kinna Thakarar 2022 Maine Medical Center Department of Preventive Medicine

Association Between Primary Care Provider Status And Preventive Health Care Among People Who Inject Drugs, E Katherine Nenninger, Katherine Sharp, Bianca Bustamente, Kim Murray, Kinna Thakarar

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk for preventable, communicable infections, such as hepatitis B. Preventive care, such as hepatitis B vaccination, is often delivered through primary care providers (PCPs). However, PWID may not have access to PCPs and, therefore, may receive preventive care through other sites. We aimed to characterize PCP and preventive care use among PWID in Maine.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of PWID hospitalized with infections associated with injection drug use in Maine from January 2019 to May 2020. Descriptive analyses were used to identify characteristics of participants, rates of screening, and ...


Doctors And Disability: Improving Inclusion In Medical Education, Mary Alice Keller 2022 HCA Healthcare Graduate Medical Education

Doctors And Disability: Improving Inclusion In Medical Education, Mary Alice Keller

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Disability is extremely common in the United States with 26% of adults identifying as having some type of disability. Oftentimes, people with disabilities need to access health care services frequently in order to receive adequate care and support. However, despite this need, medical students receive limited, if any, education about people with disabilities and how to appropriately provide medical care and interact with them. This lack of education exacerbates health care disparities experienced by people with disabilities. This article highlights these disparities as well as the history of disability and health care. Current advancements in medical education regarding people with ...


Presentations Of Cutaneous Disease In Various Skin Pigmentations: Cutaneous Abscesses, Christopher M. Wong, Christian J. Scheufele, Sandhya Bodapati, Daniel A. Nguyen, Ashleigh E. Hermann, Jean Elizze M. Charles, Michael Carletti, Stephen E. Weis 2022 Medical City Fort Worth

Presentations Of Cutaneous Disease In Various Skin Pigmentations: Cutaneous Abscesses, Christopher M. Wong, Christian J. Scheufele, Sandhya Bodapati, Daniel A. Nguyen, Ashleigh E. Hermann, Jean Elizze M. Charles, Michael Carletti, Stephen E. Weis

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Cutaneous abscesses are collections of pus resulting from skin and soft tissue bacterial infections. They clinically exhibit the four cardinal inflammatory signs of pain, warmth, swelling, and erythema. In patients with darkly pigmented skin, classically-associated erythema may be challenging to appreciate and can lead to missed or delayed diagnosis. We compare abscess presentations in different skin types. Recognition of varying presentations of cutaneous abscesses in diverse skin colors will help clinicians utilize additional clues to identify and diagnose this entity correctly.


High Dose Opioid Administration For Adults Hospitalized With Acute Pancreatitis, Sharaya Hundeby, Brenda Senger, Teresa Bigand 2022 Providence Sacred Heart

High Dose Opioid Administration For Adults Hospitalized With Acute Pancreatitis, Sharaya Hundeby, Brenda Senger, Teresa Bigand

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Rowan Community Health Center’S Ask First Model: Building Authentic & Impactful Community Relationships By Asking A Simple Question, Patrick J. Tempera, Christian DiLiberto, Ruchi Shah, Daniel Hurst 2022 Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine

Rowan Community Health Center’S Ask First Model: Building Authentic & Impactful Community Relationships By Asking A Simple Question, Patrick J. Tempera, Christian Diliberto, Ruchi Shah, Daniel Hurst

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Spring of 2017, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine’s student-run free clinic, the Rowan Community Health Center, launched an outreach initiative named the Unity Project. This is an ongoing initiative aimed at fostering relationships with Camden, New Jersey organizations to both educate community members about our clinic services and collaborate on improving Camden’s health. The objective of the Unity Project is to work towards affecting long-term change by forming authentic and impactful relationships with organizations that are already participating in meaningful community work. In order to achieve such a goal, we needed to overcome the traditional model of ...


Impact Of Delayed Dermatology Consultation On Inpatient Care, Andrew S. Kao, Andrew D. King, Redina Bardhi, Meghan Mansour, Steven Daveluy 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Impact Of Delayed Dermatology Consultation On Inpatient Care, Andrew S. Kao, Andrew D. King, Redina Bardhi, Meghan Mansour, Steven Daveluy

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Dermatology consultation for inpatient skin disorders enhances care by changing diagnoses, management plans, and reducing length of stay. Our goal is to quantify the time delay from primary team to dermatology consult, and its impact on hospital course as well as overall patient care.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of all inpatient dermatology consults from October 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016 at five hospitals within the Detroit Medical Center. Data included demographics, diagnosis, management plans from primary and consulting teams, and timing of initial recognition of skin problem to dermatology and other specialties consultations.

Results: 873 consultations met criteria ...


Clinical Skills Of General Practitioners In Nairobi, Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Study, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Robert Mash 2022 Aga Khan University

Clinical Skills Of General Practitioners In Nairobi, Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Study, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Robert Mash

Family Medicine, East Africa

Background: Quality service delivery in primary care requires motivated and competent health professionals. In the Kenyan private sector, GPs with no postgraduate training in family medicine offer primary care. There is a paucity of evidence on the ability of primary care providers to deliver comprehensive care and no such evidence is available for GPs practising in the private sector in Kenya.

Aim: To evaluate GPs’ training and experience in the skills required for comprehensive primary care.

Design and setting: A cross-sectional descriptive survey in 13 primary care clinics in the private sector of Nairobi, Kenya.

Method: A questionnaire, originally designed ...


Treatment Evaluation Of Iron Deficiency Anemia In Women Of An Underserved Community, Bukola Olusanya 2022 University of San Diego

Treatment Evaluation Of Iron Deficiency Anemia In Women Of An Underserved Community, Bukola Olusanya

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Background/Purpose: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common micronutrient deficiency globally. More than 20% of women experience IDA during the reproductive year. As the first-line treatment in IDA, oral iron supplement (IOS) is associated with gastrointestinal side (GI) effects, and it is often a barrier to achieving normal hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin (SF) levels. Ineffective treatment fueled by a lack of guidelines increases the dilemma of dosing frequency in primary care, leads to poor quality of life, and increases the burden of anemia.

Intervention: Evidence showed that intermittent OIS is as effective as daily dosing. It is ...


Our Whole Lives For Hypertension And Cardiac Risk Factors-Combining A Teaching Kitchen Group Visit With A Web-Based Platform: Feasibility Trial, Paula Gardiner, Lisa McGonigal, Ariel Villa, Lara C. Kovell, Pallavi Rohela, Andrew Cauley, Diana Rinker, Barbara C. Olendzki 2022 UMass Chan Medical School

Our Whole Lives For Hypertension And Cardiac Risk Factors-Combining A Teaching Kitchen Group Visit With A Web-Based Platform: Feasibility Trial, Paula Gardiner, Lisa Mcgonigal, Ariel Villa, Lara C. Kovell, Pallavi Rohela, Andrew Cauley, Diana Rinker, Barbara C. Olendzki

Center for Integrated Primary Care Publications

BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) affects millions of Americans. Our Whole Lives: an eHealth toolkit for Hypertension and Cardiac Risk Factors (OWL-H) is an eHealth platform that teaches evidence-based lifestyle strategies, such mindfulness and cooking skills, to improve self-management of HTN.

OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of OWL-H combined with teaching kitchen medical group visits (TKMGVs) in a low-income population of participants with HTN.

METHODS: We conducted a pre-post 8-week study to assess the feasibility of a hybrid program (a web-based 9-module self-management program, which includes mindfulness and Mediterranean and Dietary Approaches to Stop ...


The Outcome Of A Multidimensional Intervention Strategy For The Management Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder In An Internal Medicine Setting, Nicholas Davidson 2022 Valparaiso University

The Outcome Of A Multidimensional Intervention Strategy For The Management Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder In An Internal Medicine Setting, Nicholas Davidson

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Anxiety disorders are very prevalent in the United States. The most common type, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), affects 6.8 million adults every year. GAD can cause significant deficits in a person’s ability to function, decrease their quality of life and increases a person’s risk of attempting suicide. The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to improve the outcomes of adults diagnosed with GAD in an internal medicine setting by implementing a protocol composed of a combination of interventions. A thorough literature search was conducted to find the best available evidence to support the project. A ...


Diet, Exercise, Self-Monitoring, Technology, And Motivational Interviewing For Weight Loss In Adults, Ashleigh D. Warburton 2022 Valparaiso University

Diet, Exercise, Self-Monitoring, Technology, And Motivational Interviewing For Weight Loss In Adults, Ashleigh D. Warburton

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Obesity, an epidemic in the United States (US), affected 42.4% of adults as of 2017-2018 (Hales, 2020). Comorbidities associated with obesity, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes (Orringer et al., 2020), are some of the leading causes of death in the US (Kochanek et al., 2020). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to answer the following PICOT question: In adult patients aged 19 years or older who are considered overweight or obese as measured by body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 25 kg/m2 (P), how effective is diet and exercise combined with self-monitoring, a phone ...


A Multimodal Approach To Decreasing Hesitancy And Increasing Uptake Of The Covid-19 Vaccine In The Family Care Setting, Meghan Zwierzynski 2022 Valparaiso University

A Multimodal Approach To Decreasing Hesitancy And Increasing Uptake Of The Covid-19 Vaccine In The Family Care Setting, Meghan Zwierzynski

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Since December 2019, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has swept across the world, infecting and killing millions of people, making it one of the worst pandemics in history (WHO, 2021). However, the rates of confirmed cases and deaths have slowed since the discovery of the COVID-19 vaccine. The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to decrease vaccine hesitancy and increase uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine in the family care setting. The Iowa Model-Revised (Iowa Model Collaborative, 2017) is a practical, effective multi-step change process that acted as a guide for the EBP project. A review of literature showed ...


The Efficacy Of Tailored Text Messages To Improve Medication Adherence And Lifestyle Changes For Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Vanessa B. Silverio 2022 Valparaiso University

The Efficacy Of Tailored Text Messages To Improve Medication Adherence And Lifestyle Changes For Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Vanessa B. Silverio

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease characterized by increased amounts of glucose in the blood, and is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (United Health Foundation [UHF]), 2021). T2DM can be effectively treated with medication and behavioral lifestyle modifications. Even small improvements in glycemic control can reduce the risk for debilitating complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, sepsis, and retinopathy (Wang et al., 2021, Haider et al., 2019). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to identify the most effective intervention for improving medication adherence, lifestyle changes, and hemoglobin ...


Integrating Mental Health Into Primary Care, Lori Hopwood, April Schmidt 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Integrating Mental Health Into Primary Care, Lori Hopwood, April Schmidt

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this project was to examine the effects of a newly integrated collaborative mental health care model. The primary goal of the integrated behavioral health program was designed to increase the ability of primary care providers to provide mental health services with the support and expertise of a consulting psychiatrist and behavioral health specialist. Additional goals were to improve access to care and improve mental health outcomes.

AIMS: The aim of this project was to evaluate a new way of integrating mental health services in a rural health, primary care practice in central Illinois.

METHODS: Measures were ...


Evaluation Of The University Of Nebraska Medical Center’S 4ms Geriatric Training Program At Nebraska Medicine Midtown, Holly M. Sesker 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Evaluation Of The University Of Nebraska Medical Center’S 4ms Geriatric Training Program At Nebraska Medicine Midtown, Holly M. Sesker

Capstone

In 2015, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) created the Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program (GWEP) to address geriatric workforce challenges and improve the health outcomes of older adults. The GWEP redefines care delivery through a movement for age-friendly healthcare guided by evidence-based practices that align with the 4Ms: What Matters, Medication, Mentation, and Mobility. The 4Ms identify the key issues that should drive the decision-making and care for every older adult. 4Ms training sessions were conducted at the Nebraska Medicine Midtown Clinic and evaluated through a cross-sectional survey administered to both residents (trainees) and attendings (trainers). Data was collected ...


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