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Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez 2018 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

In May 2012 United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer screening, Grade D, with no other recommendation for providers. Since prostate cancer continues to be among the most common cancer in the United States among men, patients were exposed to previous guidelines during routine visits and require updated educational materials for primary care visits.


Health Care Transitions For Adolescents And Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs: Where Are We Now?, Nicole Mubanga, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Jessica J. F. Kram 2017 Aurora Health Care

Health Care Transitions For Adolescents And Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs: Where Are We Now?, Nicole Mubanga, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Jessica J. F. Kram

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Eventually, all adolescents must “graduate” from pediatric-oriented to adult-oriented health care. This transition, most often occurring during young adulthood, is especially important for adolescents with special health care needs and involves not only primary care physicians, but also both pediatric and adult subspecialists. Several studies support the benefit of transitional programs for adolescents and young adults with special health care needs. Additionally, the American Academy of Pediatrics named transitional care as one of its top priorities. However, transitional programs have yet to become an established norm among hospitals and providers, specifically outside of children’s hospitals. This topic synopsis aims ...


When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay 2017 St. Mary's Research Centre

When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay

Patient Experience Journal

Informal or family caregivers contribute significantly to individual care, and to the Canadian healthcare system, yet receive limited support from governments, institutions, and healthcare professionals in recognition of their role, or in response to their health and social care needs – often due to the negative consequences of caregiving. Learning about the diversity of others’ experiences can positively influence personal decision-making, reduce feelings of isolation, as well as promote adjustment to a personal situation. For caregivers, however, few resources exist that provide reliable information on others’ experiences. We collected the narratives of caregivers’ experiences of caring for someone with a chronic ...


The Impact Of The Patient-Centered Medical Home On Health Disparities In Adults: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, J. Nwando Olayiwola 2062970, Sonali Sheth, Victor Mleczko, Anna L. Choi, Anjana E. Sharma 2017 University of California, San Francisco

The Impact Of The Patient-Centered Medical Home On Health Disparities In Adults: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, J. Nwando Olayiwola 2062970, Sonali Sheth, Victor Mleczko, Anna L. Choi, Anjana E. Sharma

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: The objective of this study was to review the empirical evidence on Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) impact on health disparities in adults.

Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar to identify studies on PCMH/health homes and health disparities published in English between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014. Articles met inclusion criteria if they investigated at least one component of PCMH or health homes in vulnerable populations, defined by PROGRESS-PLUS criteria, and reported differences in one of five clinical quality measures.

Results: 964 articles were identified through database searching and subsequent snowballing. 60 articles underwent full ...


Nortex Spring 2017 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network 2017 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Nortex Spring 2017 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network

North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network (NorTex) Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Appendicular Mass – A Rare Form Of Tuberculosis, Petrisor Banu, Vlad D. Constantin, Florian Popa, Mircea Bratucu, Teodora Vladescu, Cristian Balalau 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Surgery, Bucharest, Romania

Appendicular Mass – A Rare Form Of Tuberculosis, Petrisor Banu, Vlad D. Constantin, Florian Popa, Mircea Bratucu, Teodora Vladescu, Cristian Balalau

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Tuberculosis is in the top 10 causes of death worldwide, being one of the most deadly infectious diseases. It is estimated that one of three people from the entire earth population has a latent infection with M tuberculosis. This aerobic bacterium possesses the ability to persist in host tissues for years and to begin replication once immunity declines.

The lungs are most frequent site of infection as the Mycobacterium tuberculosis is carried by aerosol droplets and is commonly transmitted by respiratory route. The second way of transmission is by contaminated food.

Intestinal contamination coexists with pulmonary tuberculosis and only 10 ...


The Effects Of Patient Characteristics On Clinician’S Adherence To Preventive Practice Guidelines, DeShana A. Collett Ph.D,PA-C, Kenneth M. Tyler Ph.D. 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Patient Characteristics On Clinician’S Adherence To Preventive Practice Guidelines, Deshana A. Collett Ph.D,Pa-C, Kenneth M. Tyler Ph.D.

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The existence of health disparities confirms that not all patients, regardless of differences in patient demographics, are provided quality healthcare (Agency of Health Care Research and Quality, 2003). Moreover, research suggests that health disparities may be present due to the inadequate delivery of medical services (S. Haist, J. Wilson, M. Lineberry, & C. Griffith, 2007; Van Ryn, Burgess, Malat, & Griffin, 2006). The differences in the delivery of care and services to ethnic minorities and those of low socioeconomic status warrant examining the role healthcare providers play in the causation of these health disparities (Smedley, Stith, & Nelson, 2003).

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the ...


Colorectal Cancer Screening, Eric Schmidt 2017 The University of Vermont

Colorectal Cancer Screening, Eric Schmidt

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

The USPSTF gives Colorectal Cancer screening a Grade A recommendation, beginning at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years. Screening colonoscopies are proven to show dramatic decreased incidence and mortality from colorectal cancer. This project evaluates the percentage of patients at Stowe Family Practice and Community Health Services of Lamoille Valley who are meeting these guidelines. Using chart reviews and patient interviews, the project seeks ways to increase screening rates through provider-patient shared decision making tools and educational materials for the office.


Marijuana Use Counseling During Pregnancy, Adam Petchers 2017 UVM COM

Marijuana Use Counseling During Pregnancy, Adam Petchers

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Penobscot County, Maine has among the highest rates of marijuana use in the country, and Maine has recently voted to legalize recreational use of marijuana. Research has shown that pregnant women frequently seek out and are dissatisfied with information regarding the safety of marijuana use during pregnancy. We surveyed Family Medicine providers at the Center for Family Medicine at Eastern Maine Medical Center in Bangor Maine regarding their counseling of pregnant patients on the topic of marijuana use. From the results, we created an information sheet to aid providers in marijuana use counseling with pregnant women.


Concussion, Kasra Sarabakhsh 2017 University of Vermont

Concussion, Kasra Sarabakhsh

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Concussions are very common, especially among young athletes and students. Most patients are encouraged to rest and avoid activities that are physically and cognitively demanding. However, there is not much education regarding alcohol use after a concussion and its detrimental effects on brain recovery.


Promoting Antibiotic Stewardship, Saurabh Patel 2017 University of Vermont

Promoting Antibiotic Stewardship, Saurabh Patel

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Antibiotics are not always prescribed optimally in the outpatient setting for common respiratory illnesses. Providers also spend time reiterating the same facts to patients about antibiotics and why their use is not warranted for their common cold symptoms. By providing a visual aid that can capture the attention of patients and present concise, easy to retain facts, we may lessen the amount of time providers spend counseling. At the same time, we are able to get patients to contribute to the fight against antibiotic overuse, antimicrobial resistance, and healthcare associated infections.


Cervical Cancer Screening At Community Health Centers Of Burlington, Adrienne Jarvis 2017 University of Vermont

Cervical Cancer Screening At Community Health Centers Of Burlington, Adrienne Jarvis

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Most invasive cervical cancers are found in women who have never been screened or who have not been screened in the last five years. In order to improve the cervical cancer screening rate at the Community Health Centers of Burlington, a chart review was conducted of female patients who did not have records of Pap tests within current guidelines. It was found that the 28% of these patients had pap tests by outside providers, indicating local care coordination is a major barrier to cervical cancer screening tracking. Another major barrier to screening was patients seen for acute visits only or ...


Headphones And Adolescents: Hearing Loss Prevention, Taylor Sommer 2017 University of Vermont

Headphones And Adolescents: Hearing Loss Prevention, Taylor Sommer

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Headphone use of adolescents is on the rise due to increased availability of personal listening devices. Hearing loss has also increased in adolescents. This project aims at preventing noise-induced hearing loss by educating adolescents on proper use of headphones.


Chronic Pain: Improving Patient Awareness Of Management Options, Lauren E. Haggerty 2017 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Chronic Pain: Improving Patient Awareness Of Management Options, Lauren E. Haggerty

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Chronic pain affects 100 million Americans and places a significant burden on patients and their families. Opioids are frequently used to manage chronic pain, and their potential for misuse, addiction, and adverse effects are of growing concern in Vermont. Increasing patient awareness of different pain management options could decrease patient suffering and mitigate the opioid epidemic. This project aimed to educate patients on chronic pain management and resources available in Franklin County.


Domestic Health Assessment For Syrian Refugees In Rutland, Vt, Ian Grant 2017 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Domestic Health Assessment For Syrian Refugees In Rutland, Vt, Ian Grant

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

The Vermont Dept. of Health/Agency of Human Services “Refugee Domestic Health Assessment Form” was reviewed, edited, and reformatted to improve provider work-flow, ensure accuracy, and ease the process of data collection. This form was redesigned specifically to be used by providers in Rutland, VT when assessing the health of newly-arrived Syrian refugees.


Organ Donation: Gauging Perception, Interest, And Clarifying Misconceptions, Tridu Huynh 2017 University of Vermont - College of Medicine

Organ Donation: Gauging Perception, Interest, And Clarifying Misconceptions, Tridu Huynh

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Around 120,000 people currently need a lifesaving organ transplant in the United States. On average, 22 people die each day while waiting for a life-saving organ transplant. In 2011, over $34 billion dollars were spent on dialysis patients with end-stage renal disease. Only 52% of the national population is registered for organ donation. In Vermont, that number is 44%. This project aimed to clarify some common misconceptions regarding organ donation in the form of a brochure. Participants' subsequent interest and concerns regarding registering as an organ donor were also gauged. A total of 50 people filled out the form ...


Food For All, Vicenta Hudziak 2017 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Food For All, Vicenta Hudziak

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Hardwick area free and reduced-cost local food resources. Includes schedules and contact information for local meals, food pantries, assistance programs, educational programs, and cookbook information.


Counseling Pregnant Women On Marijuana Use, Theresa B. Flanagan 2017 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Counseling Pregnant Women On Marijuana Use, Theresa B. Flanagan

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance for pregnant women nationwide, with rates of use trending upward. Marijuana use in Penobscot County is elevated well above the national average, and is likely to continue to rise with the legalization of recreational marijuana in the state of Maine. Though the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) discourages marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding, studies have shown that providers do not emphasize counseling pregnant patients on marijuana use. This project looked at provider practices and perceptions regarding marijuana use during pregnancy at the Center for Family Medicine at Eastern Maine ...


Strategies For Clinical Management Of Hypertension: Understanding Community Perspectives, Patrick Cruden 2017 University of Vermont

Strategies For Clinical Management Of Hypertension: Understanding Community Perspectives, Patrick Cruden

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Survey analysis of hypertensive patients in an outpatient family medicine practice aimed at efficiently improving clinical management and health literacy.


Hepatitis C Screening In The Baby Boomer Cohort, Peter Hyson 2017 University of Vermont

Hepatitis C Screening In The Baby Boomer Cohort, Peter Hyson

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

The USPSTF recommends a one-time screening for Hepatitis C, irrespective of prior risk factors, for individuals born between 1945-1965. Many patients in this group may not be aware of this recommendation or understand very much about Hepatitis C infection. This project sought to educate and promote screening among the "Baby Boomer" cohort at Hinesburg Family Medicine Clinic. A literature review on HCV screening in the age group cohort was carried out and a poster was created.


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