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Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez 2018 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

In May 2012 United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer screening, Grade D, with no other recommendation for providers. Since prostate cancer continues to be among the most common cancer in the United States among men, patients were exposed to previous guidelines during routine visits and require updated educational materials for primary care visits.


Assessing The Long-Term Effects Of Brief Behavioral Health Treatment In Primary Care Patients, Debbie Gomez 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Assessing The Long-Term Effects Of Brief Behavioral Health Treatment In Primary Care Patients, Debbie Gomez

Theses and Dissertations

Although increasingly studies show brief behavioral health services are effective for primary care patients (Bridges et al., 2013; Bryan, Morrow, & Appolonio, 2009; Corso et al., 2012; Gomez et al., 2014), there is a paucity of research exploring the long-term effects of these interventions (e.g., Ray-Sannerud, 2012). The primary aim of the current study was to explore long-term effectiveness. Specifically, the current study 1) examined whether reductions in patient global distress following brief behavioral health care services were maintained long-term, 2) evaluated whether improvements were reliable and not due to regression to the mean effects, and 3) explored medical cost offset via ...


Challenges In Delivering Refugee Health Services, Thy Vo, Fabiana Kotovicz 2017 University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Challenges In Delivering Refugee Health Services, Thy Vo, Fabiana Kotovicz

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Aurora Health Care is the major health care system providing care to refugees in Milwaukee, where half of Wisconsin’s refugee population resides. Like many other institutions caring for refugee patients, Aurora faces significant challenges when trying to address refugee health needs. Even with the assistance of medical interpreters, cultural differences, language barriers and limited patient health literacy, as well as lack of knowledge of refugee patients’ backgrounds, are major obstacles encountered by health care providers in this setting.

Purpose: This quality improvement study aims to assess Aurora providers’ perceptions of the benefits and barriers to working with refugee ...


Improving Chronic Pain Management Processes In Primary Care Using Practice Facilitation And Quality Improvement: The Central Appalachia Inter-Professional Pain Education Collaborative, Roberto Cardarelli, Sarah Weatherford, Jennifer Schilling, Dana King, Sue Workman, Wade Rankin, Juanita Hughes, Jonathan Piercy, Amy Conley-Sallaz, Melissa Zook, Kendra Unger, Emma White, Barbara Astuto, Bobbi Stover 2017 University of Kentucky College of Medicine

Improving Chronic Pain Management Processes In Primary Care Using Practice Facilitation And Quality Improvement: The Central Appalachia Inter-Professional Pain Education Collaborative, Roberto Cardarelli, Sarah Weatherford, Jennifer Schilling, Dana King, Sue Workman, Wade Rankin, Juanita Hughes, Jonathan Piercy, Amy Conley-Sallaz, Melissa Zook, Kendra Unger, Emma White, Barbara Astuto, Bobbi Stover

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: With the increasing burden of chronic pain and opioid use, provider shortages in Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia have experienced many challenges related to chronic pain management. This study tested a practice facilitator model in both academic and community clinics that selected and implemented best practice processes to better assist patients with chronic pain and increase the use of interdisciplinary health care services.

Methods: Using a quasi-experimental design, a practice facilitator was assigned to each state’s clinics and trained clinic teams in quality improvement methods to implement chronic pain tool(s) and workflow processes. Charts for 695 patients ...


Sensitivity Of Current Methods For Diagnosing And Documenting Metabolic Syndrome Within A Large Community-Based Health Care System, Tiffany A. Mullen, Danielle M. Greer, Jennifer T. Fink, Renee E. Walker 2017 Department of Integrative Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Sensitivity Of Current Methods For Diagnosing And Documenting Metabolic Syndrome Within A Large Community-Based Health Care System, Tiffany A. Mullen, Danielle M. Greer, Jennifer T. Fink, Renee E. Walker

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of metabolic conditions, including abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high triglyceride level, low high-density-lipoprotein level and high fasting blood glucose level, that increase the risk of developing chronic health conditions. Various combinations of diagnostic criteria have been proposed, including those by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III), World Health Organization (WHO) and International Diabetes Foundation (IDF), among others. However, inconsistent use of diagnostic criteria and inadequate scientific evidence supporting use of specific criteria are current problems in health care.

Purpose: Quantify the prevalence of MetS diagnosis within the ...


The Path To Health Equity Through Multidisciplinary Collaboration, Cynthia Haq 2017 Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

The Path To Health Equity Through Multidisciplinary Collaboration, Cynthia Haq

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The author, a guest editor for this special issue of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews dedicated to health disparities and inequities, comments on recent studies demonstrating poorer health outcomes among various patient populations in the United States despite its having higher spending per capita than any other nation. Noting that health inequities are defined as avoidable differences, the author encourages health professionals to work to narrow these gaps.


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017, 2017 Aurora Health Care

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This supplement includes select abstracts presented at the 43rd Annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium on May 24, 2017. Aurora Scientific Day hosts a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, an integrated health system headquartered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.


Contingency Management For Smoking Cessation In Pregnancy, Jacob Miller, Brady Reynolds, Courtney Crain, Hisham Keblawi, Lynne J. Goebel 2017 Marshall University

Contingency Management For Smoking Cessation In Pregnancy, Jacob Miller, Brady Reynolds, Courtney Crain, Hisham Keblawi, Lynne J. Goebel

Marshall Journal of Medicine

This pilot study examined the feasibility of applying Contingency Management (CM), where the woman receives financial compensation for abstinence from smoking. Eleven subjects were recruited from Marshall’s OB clinic for the program. CO levels were measured daily using online video recording. Quit rates were determined at the end of pregnancy. Birth outcomes were measured at delivery. 21 pregnant smokers from Marshall’s OB clinic were used as the control group. The results demonstrated a trend toward improved rates of smoking abstinence in CM participants as compared with the control group. Our study also showed a trend towards improved birth ...


A Coal Miner With Weakness, Fatigue, Nausea, Fever, Chills, Night Sweats And Dyspnea, Larry Nichols 2017 Mercer University School of Medicine

A Coal Miner With Weakness, Fatigue, Nausea, Fever, Chills, Night Sweats And Dyspnea, Larry Nichols

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Delayed or missed diagnoses are a constant hazard in primary care. This is the case report of a 51-year-old coal miner, who presented as an ambulatory outpatient on a Friday with weakness, fatigue, nausea, fever, chills, night sweats and dyspnea. Chest x-ray on Saturday showed pneumonia and pleural effusion, while blood testing showed renal failure, but these results were not known by his physician until Monday, when he was hospitalized with severe sepsis due to fatal Austrian syndrome of pneumococcal pneumonia, endocarditis and meningitis. Analysis of the delay of diagnosis in this case suggests the possibility that a weekend effect ...


Adversity And Academic Performance Among Adolescent Youth: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study, Sukhdip Purewal Boparai, Tiffani Marie, Eduardo Aguayo, Jordan Brooks, Estefany Juarez, Sheana Soriano, Alasia Waters, Jaquez Donaldson, Joseph Reagans, Gracee Anguiano, Allison Ipsen 2017 Center for Youth Wellness

Adversity And Academic Performance Among Adolescent Youth: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study, Sukhdip Purewal Boparai, Tiffani Marie, Eduardo Aguayo, Jordan Brooks, Estefany Juarez, Sheana Soriano, Alasia Waters, Jaquez Donaldson, Joseph Reagans, Gracee Anguiano, Allison Ipsen

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Researchers and youth stakeholders devised a survey on 27 adversities based on youth expertise, clinical practice, and adversity literature. The aim of the study was to understand the prevalence of individual and cumulative adversities, and association of adversities to age, gender, race/ethnicity and academic performance among a community sample of urban high school students. All participants experienced two or more adversities and experienced greater overall adversity than youth in population-based studies. Youth-proposed stressors were among the most prevalent, and females, older youth, and African American youth reported disproportionately greater number of adversities. Specific types of adversities were endorsed differentially ...


Nortex Fall 2017 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network 2017 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Nortex Fall 2017 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network

North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network (NorTex) Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Health And Needs Assessment Of Geriatric Patients: Results Of A Survey At A Teaching Hospital In Karachi, Syed Nabeel Zafar, Hammad Ashraf Ganatra, Sarah Tehseen, Waris Qidwai 2017 Aga Khan University

Health And Needs Assessment Of Geriatric Patients: Results Of A Survey At A Teaching Hospital In Karachi, Syed Nabeel Zafar, Hammad Ashraf Ganatra, Sarah Tehseen, Waris Qidwai

Waris Qidwai

Objective: To study the health and needs of geriatric patients

Methods: A questionnaire based survey of patients visiting the out-patient department of Aga Khan University was carried out. Ethical requirements were met and included administration of informed consent and provision of confidentiality to patients. Convenience sampling was used without any randomization for interviews. Epi-info and SPSS software were used for data management.

Results: Four hundred and two (402) subjects above the age of 65 were surveyed. Most of the subjects were retired (40.5%) married (76.4%) men (69.7%). Ages ranged from 65 to 90 years, the mean being ...


Residual Barriers For Utilization Of Maternal And Child Health Services: Community Perceptions From Rural Pakistan., Zahid Memon, Shehla Zaidi, Atif Riaz 2017 The Aga Khan University

Residual Barriers For Utilization Of Maternal And Child Health Services: Community Perceptions From Rural Pakistan., Zahid Memon, Shehla Zaidi, Atif Riaz

Zahid Ali Memon

Low utilization of maternal and child care services in rural areas has constrained Pakistan from meeting targets of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. This study explores community barriers in accessing Maternal and Child Health (MCH) services in ten remote rural districts of Pakistan. It further presents how the barriers differ across a range of MCH services, and also whether the presence of Community Health Workers (CHWs) reduces client barriers. Qualitative methods were used involving altogether sixty focus group discussions with mothers, their spouses and community health workers. Low awareness, formidable distances, expense, and poorly functional services were the ...


Schools Of Public Health In Low And Middle-Income Countries: An Imperative Investment For Improving The Health Of Populations?, F. Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Goran Tomson, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar Kausar, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Imran Naeem Abbasi, Farhat Abbas 2017 Aga Khan University

Schools Of Public Health In Low And Middle-Income Countries: An Imperative Investment For Improving The Health Of Populations?, F. Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Goran Tomson, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar Kausar, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Imran Naeem Abbasi, Farhat Abbas

Fauziah Rabbani

BACKGROUND: Public health has multicultural origins. By the close of the nineteenth century, Schools of Public Health (SPHs) began to emerge in western countries in response to major contemporary public health challenges. The Flexner Report (1910) emphasized the centrality of preventive medicine, sanitation, and public health measures in health professional education. The Alma Ata Declaration on Primary Health Care (PHC) in 1978 was a critical milestone, especially for low and middle-income countries (LMICs), conceptualizing a close working relationship between PHC and public health measures. The Commission on Social Determinants of Health (2005-2008) strengthened the case for SPHs in LMICs as ...


Impact Of Water And Sanitation And Health Education Interventions On Health And Hygiene Behaviors: A Study From A Northern Pakistani Village, Aysha Zahidie, Fauziah Rabbani 2017 Aga Khan University

Impact Of Water And Sanitation And Health Education Interventions On Health And Hygiene Behaviors: A Study From A Northern Pakistani Village, Aysha Zahidie, Fauziah Rabbani

Fauziah Rabbani

Introduction: Water and sanitation interventions were delivered in the northern areas of Pakistan as a joint venture of the Aga Khan University and the Aga Khan Health Systems Oshikhandass Diarrhea and Dysentery Project (1989-96) followed by the Aga Khan Water, Sanitation, Health and Hygiene Studies Program (WSHHSP). Through these interventions water treatment plants, new pit latrines along with a component of health education were introduced. Objectives: To explore perceptions, knowledge and practices of inhabitants of Oshikhandass village in Gilgit related to water quality, latrine use and hand washing following the intervention. Methods: Through a cross-sectional study during June-July 2012, six ...


Improvement In Access And Equity For Maternal And Neonatal Health Services: Comparative Advantages Of Contracted-Out Versus Non-Contracted-Out Facilities, Shehla Zaidi, Fauziah Rabbani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Atif Riaz, Peter Hatcher, Gul Nawaz Khan Nawaz Khan, Nousheen Pradhan, Hassan Fazli, Shiraz Shaikh, Yasmeen Khan, Syeda Nida Naim, Unaib Rabbani 2017 Aga Khan University

Improvement In Access And Equity For Maternal And Neonatal Health Services: Comparative Advantages Of Contracted-Out Versus Non-Contracted-Out Facilities, Shehla Zaidi, Fauziah Rabbani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Atif Riaz, Peter Hatcher, Gul Nawaz Khan Nawaz Khan, Nousheen Pradhan, Hassan Fazli, Shiraz Shaikh, Yasmeen Khan, Syeda Nida Naim, Unaib Rabbani

Fauziah Rabbani

No abstract provided.


Can Contracted Out Health Facilities Improve Access, Equity, And Quality Of Maternal And Newborn Health Services? Evidence From Pakistan., Shehla Zaidi, Atif Riaz, F. Rabbani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Syeda Nida Imran, Nousheen Pradhan, Gul Nawaz Khan Nawaz Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Can Contracted Out Health Facilities Improve Access, Equity, And Quality Of Maternal And Newborn Health Services? Evidence From Pakistan., Shehla Zaidi, Atif Riaz, F. Rabbani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Syeda Nida Imran, Nousheen Pradhan, Gul Nawaz Khan Nawaz Khan

Fauziah Rabbani

BACKGROUND:

The case of contracting out government health services to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) has been weak for maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services, with documented gains being mainly in curative services. We present an in-depth assessment of the comparative advantages of contracting out on MNCH access, quality, and equity, using a case study from Pakistan.

METHODS:

An end-line, cross-sectional assessment was conducted of government facilities contracted out to a large national NGO and government-managed centres serving as controls, in two remote rural districts of Pakistan. Contracting out was specific for augmenting MNCH services but without contractual performance incentives. A ...


Every Word, Every Gesture, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2017 Aurora University of Wisconsin Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Every Word, Every Gesture, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Two nonverbal patients teach a novice clinician the power and often hidden impact of the physician-patient relationship.


Virtual Patient Technology: Engaging Primary Care In Quality Improvement Innovations, Amanda C. Blok, Christine N. May, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Thomas K. Houston 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Virtual Patient Technology: Engaging Primary Care In Quality Improvement Innovations, Amanda C. Blok, Christine N. May, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Thomas K. Houston

Rajani S. Sadasivam

BACKGROUND: Engaging health care staff in new quality improvement programs is challenging.

OBJECTIVE: We developed 2 virtual patient (VP) avatars in the context of a clinic-level quality improvement program. We sought to determine differences in preferences for VPs and the perceived influence of interacting with the VP on clinical staff engagement with the quality improvement program.

METHODS: Using a participatory design approach, we developed an older male smoker VP and a younger female smoker VP. The older male smoker was described as a patient with cardiovascular disease and was ethnically ambiguous. The female patient was younger and was worried about ...


Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman

Barry G. Saver

Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study. Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 part-time scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians. We then measured, via survey and time-tracking data, the impact the scribes had on physician office hours and productivity, time spent on ...


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