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1065 full-text articles. Page 1 of 46.

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez 2018 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

In May 2012 United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer screening, Grade D, with no other recommendation for providers. Since prostate cancer continues to be among the most common cancer in the United States among men, patients were exposed to previous guidelines during routine visits and require updated educational materials for primary care visits.


General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon McKinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten McCaffery 2017 University of Sydney

General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon Mckinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten Mccaffery

Jenny Doust

BACKGROUND:

Primary cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in older people is challenging as they are a diverse group with varying needs, frequent presence of comorbidities, and are more susceptible to treatment harms. Moreover the potential benefits and harms of preventive medication for older people are uncertain. We explored GPs' decision making about primary CVD prevention in patients aged 75 years and older.

METHOD:

25 GPs participated in semi-structured interviews in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded and Framework Analysis was used.

RESULTS:

Analysis identified factors that are likely to contribute to variation in the management of CVD risk ...


Adaptation Of The Recent Life Changes Questionnaire (Rlcq) To Measure Stressful Life Events In Adults Residing In An Urban Megapolis In Pakistan., Azmina Artani, Shireen Shehzad, Iqbal Azam Syed, Moiz Abdul Sultan, Adeel Khoja, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal 2017 Aga Khan University

Adaptation Of The Recent Life Changes Questionnaire (Rlcq) To Measure Stressful Life Events In Adults Residing In An Urban Megapolis In Pakistan., Azmina Artani, Shireen Shehzad, Iqbal Azam Syed, Moiz Abdul Sultan, Adeel Khoja, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal

Department of Medicine

Background: Contextually relevant stressful life events are integral to the quantification of stress. None such measures have been adapted for the Pakistani population.

Methods: The RLCQ developed by Richard Rahe measures stress of an individual through recording the experience of life changing events. We used qualitative methodology in order to identify contextually relevant stressors in an open ended format, using serial in-depth interviews until thematic saturation of reported stressful life events was achieved. In our next phase of adaptation, our objective was to scale each item on the questionnaire, so as to weigh each of these identified events, in terms ...


Health Care Transitions For Adolescents And Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs: Where Are We Now?, Nicole Mubanga, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Jessica J. F. Kram 2017 Aurora Health Care

Health Care Transitions For Adolescents And Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs: Where Are We Now?, Nicole Mubanga, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Jessica J. F. Kram

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Eventually, all adolescents must “graduate” from pediatric-oriented to adult-oriented health care. This transition, most often occurring during young adulthood, is especially important for adolescents with special health care needs and involves not only primary care physicians, but also both pediatric and adult subspecialists. Several studies support the benefit of transitional programs for adolescents and young adults with special health care needs. Additionally, the American Academy of Pediatrics named transitional care as one of its top priorities. However, transitional programs have yet to become an established norm among hospitals and providers, specifically outside of children’s hospitals. This topic synopsis aims ...


When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay 2017 St. Mary's Research Centre

When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay

Patient Experience Journal

Informal or family caregivers contribute significantly to individual care, and to the Canadian healthcare system, yet receive limited support from governments, institutions, and healthcare professionals in recognition of their role, or in response to their health and social care needs – often due to the negative consequences of caregiving. Learning about the diversity of others’ experiences can positively influence personal decision-making, reduce feelings of isolation, as well as promote adjustment to a personal situation. For caregivers, however, few resources exist that provide reliable information on others’ experiences. We collected the narratives of caregivers’ experiences of caring for someone with a chronic ...


The Impact Of The Patient-Centered Medical Home On Health Disparities In Adults: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, J. Nwando Olayiwola 2062970, Sonali Sheth, Victor Mleczko, Anna L. Choi, Anjana E. Sharma 2017 University of California, San Francisco

The Impact Of The Patient-Centered Medical Home On Health Disparities In Adults: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, J. Nwando Olayiwola 2062970, Sonali Sheth, Victor Mleczko, Anna L. Choi, Anjana E. Sharma

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: The objective of this study was to review the empirical evidence on Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) impact on health disparities in adults.

Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar to identify studies on PCMH/health homes and health disparities published in English between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014. Articles met inclusion criteria if they investigated at least one component of PCMH or health homes in vulnerable populations, defined by PROGRESS-PLUS criteria, and reported differences in one of five clinical quality measures.

Results: 964 articles were identified through database searching and subsequent snowballing. 60 articles underwent full ...


Nortex Spring 2017 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network 2017 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Nortex Spring 2017 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network

North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network (NorTex) Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Appendicular Mass – A Rare Form Of Tuberculosis, Petrisor Banu, Vlad D. Constantin, Florian Popa, Mircea Bratucu, Teodora Vladescu, Cristian Balalau 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Surgery, Bucharest, Romania

Appendicular Mass – A Rare Form Of Tuberculosis, Petrisor Banu, Vlad D. Constantin, Florian Popa, Mircea Bratucu, Teodora Vladescu, Cristian Balalau

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Tuberculosis is in the top 10 causes of death worldwide, being one of the most deadly infectious diseases. It is estimated that one of three people from the entire earth population has a latent infection with M tuberculosis. This aerobic bacterium possesses the ability to persist in host tissues for years and to begin replication once immunity declines.

The lungs are most frequent site of infection as the Mycobacterium tuberculosis is carried by aerosol droplets and is commonly transmitted by respiratory route. The second way of transmission is by contaminated food.

Intestinal contamination coexists with pulmonary tuberculosis and only 10 ...


Interaction Of Cd14 Haplotypes And Soluble Cd14 On Pulmonary Function In Agricultural Workers., Tricia D. LeVan, Lynette M. Smith, Art J. Heires, Ted R. Mikuls, Jane L. Meza, Lisa A. Weissenburger-Moser, Debra J. Romberger 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Interaction Of Cd14 Haplotypes And Soluble Cd14 On Pulmonary Function In Agricultural Workers., Tricia D. Levan, Lynette M. Smith, Art J. Heires, Ted R. Mikuls, Jane L. Meza, Lisa A. Weissenburger-Moser, Debra J. Romberger

Journal Articles: Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Agricultural environments are contaminated with organic dusts containing bacterial components. Chronic inhalation of organic dusts is implicated in respiratory diseases. CD14 is a critical receptor for gram-negative lipopolysaccharide; however, its association with respiratory disease among agricultural workers is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine if serum soluble CD14 (sCD14) levels are associated with lung function among agricultural workers and if this association is modified by genetic variants in CD14.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 584 veterans with >2 years of farming experience and that were between the ages of 40 and 80 years. Participants underwent spirometry ...


General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon McKinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten McCaffery 2017 University of Sydney

General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon Mckinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten Mccaffery

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

BACKGROUND:

Primary cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in older people is challenging as they are a diverse group with varying needs, frequent presence of comorbidities, and are more susceptible to treatment harms. Moreover the potential benefits and harms of preventive medication for older people are uncertain. We explored GPs' decision making about primary CVD prevention in patients aged 75 years and older.

METHOD:

25 GPs participated in semi-structured interviews in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded and Framework Analysis was used.

RESULTS:

Analysis identified factors that are likely to contribute to variation in the management of CVD risk ...


The Effects Of Patient Characteristics On Clinician’S Adherence To Preventive Practice Guidelines, DeShana A. Collett Ph.D,PA-C, Kenneth M. Tyler Ph.D. 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Patient Characteristics On Clinician’S Adherence To Preventive Practice Guidelines, Deshana A. Collett Ph.D,Pa-C, Kenneth M. Tyler Ph.D.

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The existence of health disparities confirms that not all patients, regardless of differences in patient demographics, are provided quality healthcare (Agency of Health Care Research and Quality, 2003). Moreover, research suggests that health disparities may be present due to the inadequate delivery of medical services (S. Haist, J. Wilson, M. Lineberry, & C. Griffith, 2007; Van Ryn, Burgess, Malat, & Griffin, 2006). The differences in the delivery of care and services to ethnic minorities and those of low socioeconomic status warrant examining the role healthcare providers play in the causation of these health disparities (Smedley, Stith, & Nelson, 2003).

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the ...


Concussion, Kasra Sarabakhsh 2017 University of Vermont

Concussion, Kasra Sarabakhsh

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Concussions are very common, especially among young athletes and students. Most patients are encouraged to rest and avoid activities that are physically and cognitively demanding. However, there is not much education regarding alcohol use after a concussion and its detrimental effects on brain recovery.


Headphones And Adolescents: Hearing Loss Prevention, Taylor Sommer 2017 University of Vermont

Headphones And Adolescents: Hearing Loss Prevention, Taylor Sommer

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Headphone use of adolescents is on the rise due to increased availability of personal listening devices. Hearing loss has also increased in adolescents. This project aims at preventing noise-induced hearing loss by educating adolescents on proper use of headphones.


Narrative Medicine: Improving Patient Care And Shifting Office Culture, Julia Shatten, Yazen Qumsiyed 2017 The University of Vermont College of Medicine

Narrative Medicine: Improving Patient Care And Shifting Office Culture, Julia Shatten, Yazen Qumsiyed

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Assessing the effects of narrative medicine on the doctor patient relationship, office culture and the management of symptoms in patients with chronic pain and depression in a primary care setting.


Breast Density Notification: A Primary Care Summary, Nicole Lin Mendelson 2017 The Robert Larner, M.D. College of Medicine at The University of Vermont

Breast Density Notification: A Primary Care Summary, Nicole Lin Mendelson

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

On January 15th, 2017 Vermont Senate Bill 157 took effect requiring healthcare facilities that perform mammography to provide patients information that identifies their individual breast tissue classification. 40-50% of women fall into the category of having increased breast density. Increased breast density reduces the sensitivity of mammography and increases the chance that cancer will not be detected. Additionally, women who have dense breasts are at an increased risk for developing breast cancer. Supplemental screening provides an opportunity to increase detection of breast cancer, but comes with an increased rate of false positives. With this new law in place, there ...


Barriers To Colorectal Cancer Screening Within A Rural Community In Ohio, Kristina C. Knoll 2017 University of Kentucky

Barriers To Colorectal Cancer Screening Within A Rural Community In Ohio, Kristina C. Knoll

DNP Projects

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to perform a needs assessment within the primary care practice of ProMedica Family Medicine in Fostoria, OH. The needs assessment will specifically identify intentions and behaviors, attitudes and beliefs, subjective norms about behavioral control, and healthcare provider or healthcare system barriers related to colorectal cancer screening.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using a survey among a convenience sample of patients who were 50 - 75 years of age and were not currently up-to-date with their colorectal cancer screening. In total, 222 patients were screened, 133 patients were determined to not be up-to-date, and ...


Promoting Antibiotic Stewardship, Saurabh Patel 2017 University of Vermont

Promoting Antibiotic Stewardship, Saurabh Patel

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Antibiotics are not always prescribed optimally in the outpatient setting for common respiratory illnesses. Providers also spend time reiterating the same facts to patients about antibiotics and why their use is not warranted for their common cold symptoms. By providing a visual aid that can capture the attention of patients and present concise, easy to retain facts, we may lessen the amount of time providers spend counseling. At the same time, we are able to get patients to contribute to the fight against antibiotic overuse, antimicrobial resistance, and healthcare associated infections.


The Facts - Your Choice: Std Risk Information For The Adolescent Patient, J C. Gwilliam 2017 The University of Vermont

The Facts - Your Choice: Std Risk Information For The Adolescent Patient, J C. Gwilliam

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Sexual health education is one of the factors that has led to a dramatic drop in adolescent pregnancy since the 1990s. Paradoxically, though, rates of sexually transmitted-infections (STI) in the adolescent population during that period soared. The educational deficit appears to be a lack of understanding of both short- and long-term health risks that STIs pose, and conflation of contraceptive effectiveness with STI prevention. This project sought to develop an inexpensive, office-based education product that would aid practitioner-adolescent patient discussion and facilitate follow-up in the family medicine setting.


Improving Adolescent Nutrition: Using Smartphone Applications To Guide Healthy Eating, Allison Greene 2017 Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont

Improving Adolescent Nutrition: Using Smartphone Applications To Guide Healthy Eating, Allison Greene

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Rates of adolescent obesity remain high throughout the United States. While Vermont fares better than other states, 12.4% of high school students in the state are obese. This project sought to harness teens' frequent use of smartphones to communicate important nutrition information and promote healthy eating patterns. A search was conducted for nutrition-related iPhone and Android applications to create a list for distribution to adolescent patients at South Burlington Family Practice.


Counseling Pregnant Women On Marijuana Use, Theresa B. Flanagan 2017 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Counseling Pregnant Women On Marijuana Use, Theresa B. Flanagan

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance for pregnant women nationwide, with rates of use trending upward. Marijuana use in Penobscot County is elevated well above the national average, and is likely to continue to rise with the legalization of recreational marijuana in the state of Maine. Though the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) discourages marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding, studies have shown that providers do not emphasize counseling pregnant patients on marijuana use. This project looked at provider practices and perceptions regarding marijuana use during pregnancy at the Center for Family Medicine at Eastern Maine ...


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