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Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez 2018 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

In May 2012 United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer screening, Grade D, with no other recommendation for providers. Since prostate cancer continues to be among the most common cancer in the United States among men, patients were exposed to previous guidelines during routine visits and require updated educational materials for primary care visits.


Virtual Patient Technology: Engaging Primary Care In Quality Improvement Innovations, Amanda C. Blok, Christine N. May, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Thomas K. Houston 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Virtual Patient Technology: Engaging Primary Care In Quality Improvement Innovations, Amanda C. Blok, Christine N. May, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Thomas K. Houston

Rajani S. Sadasivam

BACKGROUND: Engaging health care staff in new quality improvement programs is challenging.

OBJECTIVE: We developed 2 virtual patient (VP) avatars in the context of a clinic-level quality improvement program. We sought to determine differences in preferences for VPs and the perceived influence of interacting with the VP on clinical staff engagement with the quality improvement program.

METHODS: Using a participatory design approach, we developed an older male smoker VP and a younger female smoker VP. The older male smoker was described as a patient with cardiovascular disease and was ethnically ambiguous. The female patient was younger and was worried about ...


Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman

Barry G. Saver

Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study. Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 part-time scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians. We then measured, via survey and time-tracking data, the impact the scribes had on physician office hours and productivity, time spent on ...


Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman

Barry G. Saver

Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study. Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 part-time scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians. We then measured, via survey and time-tracking data, the impact the scribes had on physician office hours and productivity, time spent on ...


Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman

Barry G. Saver

Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study. Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 part-time scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians. We then measured, via survey and time-tracking data, the impact the scribes had on physician office hours and productivity, time spent on ...


Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman

Judith A. Savageau

Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study. Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 part-time scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians. We then measured, via survey and time-tracking data, the impact the scribes had on physician office hours and productivity, time spent on ...


General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon McKinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten McCaffery 2017 University of Sydney

General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon Mckinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten Mccaffery

Paul Glasziou

BACKGROUND: Primary cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in older people is challenging as they are a diverse group with varying needs, frequent presence of comorbidities, and are more susceptible to treatment harms. Moreover the potential benefits and harms of preventive medication for older people are uncertain. We explored GPs' decision making about primary CVD prevention in patients aged 75 years and older. METHOD: 25 GPs participated in semi-structured interviews in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded and Framework Analysis was used. RESULTS: Analysis identified factors that are likely to contribute to variation in the management of CVD risk ...


Human Cytomegalovirus: A Neglected Public Health Area Of Significant Relevance To Women, The Foetus And New Born. Time For Action!, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Saira Ibrahim, Anwar Ali Siddiqui, Paul Moss, El-Nasir Lalani 2017 Aga Khan University

Human Cytomegalovirus: A Neglected Public Health Area Of Significant Relevance To Women, The Foetus And New Born. Time For Action!, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Saira Ibrahim, Anwar Ali Siddiqui, Paul Moss, El-Nasir Lalani

Community Health Sciences

No abstract provided.


A National Perspective On Childhood Obesity Medical Education: Do Medical Students In Canada Perceive That They Are Prepared To Treat Children With Obesity?, Dr. Dalia Hasan 2017 The University of Western Ontario

A National Perspective On Childhood Obesity Medical Education: Do Medical Students In Canada Perceive That They Are Prepared To Treat Children With Obesity?, Dr. Dalia Hasan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purposes of this survey-based, mixed-methods study were to investigate medical students’ perceptions of: (1) the overall level of medical school training acquired in relation to childhood obesity treatment; (2) the medical school training acquired in relation to specific competencies associated with the treatment of children with obesity and their caregiver(s); and (3) additional training needed. Results showed that of the 507 students who provided complete data, approximately 60% (n = 303) disagreed or strongly disagreed that their medical training related to childhood obesity was adequate. With regard to specific competencies and additional training needed, quantitative and qualitative data revealed ...


General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon McKinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten McCaffery 2017 University of Sydney

General Practitioners' Decision Making About Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults: A Qualitative Study, Jesse Jansen, Shannon Mckinn, Carissa Bonner, Les Irwig, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou, Katy Bell, Vasi Naganathan, Kirsten Mccaffery

Jenny Doust

BACKGROUND:

Primary cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in older people is challenging as they are a diverse group with varying needs, frequent presence of comorbidities, and are more susceptible to treatment harms. Moreover the potential benefits and harms of preventive medication for older people are uncertain. We explored GPs' decision making about primary CVD prevention in patients aged 75 years and older.

METHOD:

25 GPs participated in semi-structured interviews in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded and Framework Analysis was used.

RESULTS:

Analysis identified factors that are likely to contribute to variation in the management of CVD risk ...


Adaptation Of The Recent Life Changes Questionnaire (Rlcq) To Measure Stressful Life Events In Adults Residing In An Urban Megapolis In Pakistan., Azmina Artani, Shireen Shehzad, Iqbal Azam Syed, Moiz Abdul Sultan, Adeel Khoja, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal 2017 Aga Khan University

Adaptation Of The Recent Life Changes Questionnaire (Rlcq) To Measure Stressful Life Events In Adults Residing In An Urban Megapolis In Pakistan., Azmina Artani, Shireen Shehzad, Iqbal Azam Syed, Moiz Abdul Sultan, Adeel Khoja, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal

Department of Medicine

Background: Contextually relevant stressful life events are integral to the quantification of stress. None such measures have been adapted for the Pakistani population.

Methods: The RLCQ developed by Richard Rahe measures stress of an individual through recording the experience of life changing events. We used qualitative methodology in order to identify contextually relevant stressors in an open ended format, using serial in-depth interviews until thematic saturation of reported stressful life events was achieved. In our next phase of adaptation, our objective was to scale each item on the questionnaire, so as to weigh each of these identified events, in terms ...


Health Care Transitions For Adolescents And Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs: Where Are We Now?, Nicole Mubanga, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Jessica J. F. Kram 2017 Aurora Health Care

Health Care Transitions For Adolescents And Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs: Where Are We Now?, Nicole Mubanga, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Jessica J. F. Kram

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Eventually, all adolescents must “graduate” from pediatric-oriented to adult-oriented health care. This transition, most often occurring during young adulthood, is especially important for adolescents with special health care needs and involves not only primary care physicians, but also both pediatric and adult subspecialists. Several studies support the benefit of transitional programs for adolescents and young adults with special health care needs. Additionally, the American Academy of Pediatrics named transitional care as one of its top priorities. However, transitional programs have yet to become an established norm among hospitals and providers, specifically outside of children’s hospitals. This topic synopsis aims ...


When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay 2017 St. Mary's Research Centre

When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay

Patient Experience Journal

Informal or family caregivers contribute significantly to individual care, and to the Canadian healthcare system, yet receive limited support from governments, institutions, and healthcare professionals in recognition of their role, or in response to their health and social care needs – often due to the negative consequences of caregiving. Learning about the diversity of others’ experiences can positively influence personal decision-making, reduce feelings of isolation, as well as promote adjustment to a personal situation. For caregivers, however, few resources exist that provide reliable information on others’ experiences. We collected the narratives of caregivers’ experiences of caring for someone with a chronic ...


The Effect Of Routine Adult Phq-2 Depression Screen And Scheduled Follow-Up Protocol In The Primary Care Setting, Alex F. Bikowski 2017 Valparaiso University

The Effect Of Routine Adult Phq-2 Depression Screen And Scheduled Follow-Up Protocol In The Primary Care Setting, Alex F. Bikowski

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Healthy People has projected depression to be the primary cause of disability by 2020; therefore routine depression screening has been prioritized as a national healthcare initiative. The purpose of this Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) project is to demonstrate that routine implementation of the 2-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) depression screener, along with a scheduled follow-up protocol for adults in the primary care setting, can improve current mental health practices regarding the identification of depression by clinicians. The evidence supports use of the PHQ-2 for routine adult depression screening, as long as a scheduled follow-up protocol is available for positive screens. This ...


The Impact Of The Patient-Centered Medical Home On Health Disparities In Adults: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, J. Nwando Olayiwola 2062970, Sonali Sheth, Victor Mleczko, Anna L. Choi, Anjana E. Sharma 2017 University of California, San Francisco

The Impact Of The Patient-Centered Medical Home On Health Disparities In Adults: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, J. Nwando Olayiwola 2062970, Sonali Sheth, Victor Mleczko, Anna L. Choi, Anjana E. Sharma

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: The objective of this study was to review the empirical evidence on Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) impact on health disparities in adults.

Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar to identify studies on PCMH/health homes and health disparities published in English between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014. Articles met inclusion criteria if they investigated at least one component of PCMH or health homes in vulnerable populations, defined by PROGRESS-PLUS criteria, and reported differences in one of five clinical quality measures.

Results: 964 articles were identified through database searching and subsequent snowballing. 60 articles underwent full ...


Nortex Spring 2017 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network 2017 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Nortex Spring 2017 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network

North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network (NorTex) Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Scribes Boost Fps' Efficiency And Job Satisfaction, Stephen T. Earls, Judith A. Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G. Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study.

Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 part-time scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians. We then measured, via survey and time-tracking data, the impact the scribes had on physician office hours and productivity, time spent on ...


Appendicular Mass – A Rare Form Of Tuberculosis, Petrisor Banu, Vlad D. Constantin, Florian Popa, Mircea Bratucu, Teodora Vladescu, Cristian Balalau 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Surgery, Bucharest, Romania

Appendicular Mass – A Rare Form Of Tuberculosis, Petrisor Banu, Vlad D. Constantin, Florian Popa, Mircea Bratucu, Teodora Vladescu, Cristian Balalau

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Tuberculosis is in the top 10 causes of death worldwide, being one of the most deadly infectious diseases. It is estimated that one of three people from the entire earth population has a latent infection with M tuberculosis. This aerobic bacterium possesses the ability to persist in host tissues for years and to begin replication once immunity declines.

The lungs are most frequent site of infection as the Mycobacterium tuberculosis is carried by aerosol droplets and is commonly transmitted by respiratory route. The second way of transmission is by contaminated food.

Intestinal contamination coexists with pulmonary tuberculosis and only 10 ...


Interaction Of Cd14 Haplotypes And Soluble Cd14 On Pulmonary Function In Agricultural Workers., Tricia D. LeVan, Lynette M. Smith, Art J. Heires, Ted R. Mikuls, Jane L. Meza, Lisa A. Weissenburger-Moser, Debra J. Romberger 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Interaction Of Cd14 Haplotypes And Soluble Cd14 On Pulmonary Function In Agricultural Workers., Tricia D. Levan, Lynette M. Smith, Art J. Heires, Ted R. Mikuls, Jane L. Meza, Lisa A. Weissenburger-Moser, Debra J. Romberger

Journal Articles: Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Agricultural environments are contaminated with organic dusts containing bacterial components. Chronic inhalation of organic dusts is implicated in respiratory diseases. CD14 is a critical receptor for gram-negative lipopolysaccharide; however, its association with respiratory disease among agricultural workers is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine if serum soluble CD14 (sCD14) levels are associated with lung function among agricultural workers and if this association is modified by genetic variants in CD14.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 584 veterans with >2 years of farming experience and that were between the ages of 40 and 80 years. Participants underwent spirometry ...


Virtual Patient Technology: Engaging Primary Care In Quality Improvement Innovations, Amanda C. Blok, Christine N. May, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Thomas K. Houston 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Virtual Patient Technology: Engaging Primary Care In Quality Improvement Innovations, Amanda C. Blok, Christine N. May, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Thomas K. Houston

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Engaging health care staff in new quality improvement programs is challenging.

OBJECTIVE: We developed 2 virtual patient (VP) avatars in the context of a clinic-level quality improvement program. We sought to determine differences in preferences for VPs and the perceived influence of interacting with the VP on clinical staff engagement with the quality improvement program.

METHODS: Using a participatory design approach, we developed an older male smoker VP and a younger female smoker VP. The older male smoker was described as a patient with cardiovascular disease and was ethnically ambiguous. The female patient was younger and was worried about ...


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