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Reducing Benzodiazepine Use For The Treatment Of Insomnia And Supporting Nonpharmacological Therapies, UnChan Pyon 2019 University of Vermont

Reducing Benzodiazepine Use For The Treatment Of Insomnia And Supporting Nonpharmacological Therapies, Unchan Pyon

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Most medical organizations recommend against the use of benzodiazepine use for the treatment of insomnia, especially in the elderly. However, the percentage of the adult population on benzos increase with age: 7.5% in adults ages 51-64; 9% in adults over 65. Alternative therapies for insomnia, including online CBT, require more commitment than taking a medication so many patients opt for medication. This project aims to increase awareness of benzodiazepine use for insomnia and provide support for nonpharmacological therapies.


Rates Of Developmental And Behavioral Screening Of Young Children: Implications For Health Care Policy And Practice, Shirley Berger 2018 CUNY School of Public Health

Rates Of Developmental And Behavioral Screening Of Young Children: Implications For Health Care Policy And Practice, Shirley Berger

Dissertations and Theses

Background: The skills and capacities developed during early childhood are the foundation for a child’s future academic functioning, economic productivity, and lifelong health and mental health. When young children have developmental delays or disabilities, early identification and intervention lead to better outcomes; however, only a minority are identified before school entry. Primary care is an important setting for identification of developmental and behavioral conditions as most young children attend well-child visits regularly and parents expect developmental guidance from pediatricians. Two key pediatric preventive services are recommended: developmental monitoring/surveillance at every well-child visit and developmental screening at 9 months ...


Data Management For Applications Of Patient Reported Outcomes, E. A. Bayliss, H. A. Tabano, T. M. Gill, Kathryn Anzuoni, M. Tai-Seale, H. G. Allore, D. A. Ganz, S. Dublin, Ann L. Gruber-Baldini, A. L. Adams, Kathleen M. Mazor 2018 Kaiser Permanente

Data Management For Applications Of Patient Reported Outcomes, E. A. Bayliss, H. A. Tabano, T. M. Gill, Kathryn Anzuoni, M. Tai-Seale, H. G. Allore, D. A. Ganz, S. Dublin, Ann L. Gruber-Baldini, A. L. Adams, Kathleen M. Mazor

Meyers Primary Care Institute Publications and Presentations

Context: Patient reported outcomes (PROs) are one means of systematically gathering meaningful subjective information for patient care, population health, and patient centered outcomes research. However, optimal data management for effective PRO applications is unclear.

Case description: Delivery systems associated with the Health Care Systems Research Network (HCSRN) have implemented PRO data collection as part of the Medicare annual Health Risk Assessment (HRA). A questionnaire assessed data content, collection, storage, and extractability in HCSRN delivery systems.

Findings: Responses were received from 15 (83.3 percent) of 18 sites. The proportion of Medicare beneficiaries completing an HRA ranged from less than 10 ...


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko 2018 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko

Timothy Wilson-Byrne MD

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed.

Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells.

Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies.

Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko 2018 Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Charles Giangarra, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko

John J. Jasko

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed. Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells. Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies. Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


Assessing Readiness For Group Therapy In Primary Care: An Initial Survey Exploring Need, Philip Randall 2018 East Tennessee State University

Assessing Readiness For Group Therapy In Primary Care: An Initial Survey Exploring Need, Philip Randall

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Primary care providers have become the front line of treatment for mental health in the United States. Group interventions have been argued to be an effective way to treat more patients with fewer resources, which could reduce the burden of psychopathology on primary care settings. Group therapy faces many barriers to successful implementation in primary care, including site constraints, provider perceptions, population needs, and recruiting difficulties. A survey was developed to assess primary care providers’ perspectives on these areas and distributed via online survey to practitioners in Appalachia; 28 providers responded. No hypotheses were supported, likely a result of the ...


Implementation Of A Sustainable Medicare Annual Wellness Visit Workflow Into A Primary Care Setting Quality Improvement Project., Alejandro Hernandez MD, Lynn M. Wilson DO, Kevin Mcneill MD, Susan S. Mathieu MD, Susan Sell BSN, RN 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Implementation Of A Sustainable Medicare Annual Wellness Visit Workflow Into A Primary Care Setting Quality Improvement Project., Alejandro Hernandez Md, Lynn M. Wilson Do, Kevin Mcneill Md, Susan S. Mathieu Md, Susan Sell Bsn, Rn

Department of Family Medicine

No abstract provided.


Infections Not Fought: Antibiotic Resistance In Underserved Communities, Derek Lillestolen 2018 Liberty University

Infections Not Fought: Antibiotic Resistance In Underserved Communities, Derek Lillestolen

Senior Honors Theses

In 1928, the profound effects of penicillin were discovered and antibiotic treatments became extremely popular. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, like tetracyclines, have been since branded as cure-all prescriptions and used profusely in the Western World and abroad. Due to ignorance of specific biochemical mechanisms and the misuse of antibiotics these drugs inadvertently allowed the rise in prevalence of antibiotic resistant strains of certain bacteria as the century progressed. Now, the specific genetic causes and mechanisms of antibiotic resistance are being understood, but the fight against antimicrobial resistance is far from over. In the United States, thousands of fatalities are caused annually by ...


A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Ammar Qureshi, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko, Charles Giangarra 2018 Marshall University

A Review Of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections For Osteoarthritis, Ammar Qureshi, Jill Goodwin, Franklin D. Shuler, Timothy Wilson-Byrne, John J. Jasko, Charles Giangarra

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections for osteoarthritis is reviewed.

Methods- PubMed search identifying articles in English from 2003-2018 that used intra- articular injection (IA), cartilage repair, cartilage regeneration, chondral injury, adipose stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, or autologous stem cells.

Results – 388 patients receiving IA MSC injections are discussed with data obtained from 10 case reports or case series, 4 randomized clinical trials (RCT), 1 cohort study, and 3 case controlled therapeutic studies.

Conclusions – MSC injections may be an effective adjunct in the management of osteoarthritis and a variety of cartilage related pathologies.


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Review Of Dsm Criteria And Functional Neuroanatomy, Cornelius W. Thomas 2018 Huntington VA Medical Center

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Review Of Dsm Criteria And Functional Neuroanatomy, Cornelius W. Thomas

Marshall Journal of Medicine

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) consist of over twenty possible symptoms that can be divided into six broad categories. These categories correlate with specific brain networks that regulate emotions, behaviors, and autonomic function. Normal functioning of these networks depends on two key regions; the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala. The prefrontal cortex provides top-down executive control over amygdala, whereas the amygdala is critical for threat detection and activation of the ‘fight or flight’ response. Events that trigger extreme and/or prolonged fear can cause persisting dysregulation within the prefrontal-amygdala circuit ...


Uncertainty And Competing Priorities In Shared Clinical Decision-Making, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2018 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Uncertainty And Competing Priorities In Shared Clinical Decision-Making, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In this issue introduction, the editor-in-chief of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews observes that a connecting thread among the articles published therein is an element of uncertainty among patients and clinicians. Competing priorities for the patient also may be present. Several approaches to overcoming these prevalent conflicts to delivery of better health care have been proposed, the most important of which may be clinicians embracing a will to practice shared decision-making.


Superglue In First Aid Boxes, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall 2018 Cardiff University

Superglue In First Aid Boxes, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Nortex Spring 2018 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network 2018 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Nortex Spring 2018 Newsletter, North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network

North Texas Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network (NorTex) Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Inequalities In The Use Of Secondary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease By Socioeconomic Status: Evidence From The Pure Observational Study., Adrianna Murphy, Benjamin Palafox, Owen O'Donnell, David Stuckler, Pablo Perel, Khalid F. AlHabib, Alvaro Avezum, Xiulin Bai, Jephat Chifamba, Romaina Iqbal 2018 London School of Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Inequalities In The Use Of Secondary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease By Socioeconomic Status: Evidence From The Pure Observational Study., Adrianna Murphy, Benjamin Palafox, Owen O'Donnell, David Stuckler, Pablo Perel, Khalid F. Alhabib, Alvaro Avezum, Xiulin Bai, Jephat Chifamba, Romaina Iqbal

Community Health Sciences

BACKGROUND:

There is little evidence on the use of secondary prevention medicines for cardiovascular disease by socioeconomic groups in countries at different levels of economic development.

METHODS:

We assessed use of antiplatelet, cholesterol, and blood-pressure-lowering drugs in 8492 individuals with self-reported cardiovascular disease from 21 countries enrolled in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. Defining one or more drugs as a minimal level of secondary prevention, wealth-related inequality was measured using the Wagstaff concentration index, scaled from -1 (pro-poor) to 1 (pro-rich), standardised by age and sex. Correlations between inequalities and national health-related indicators were estimated.

FINDINGS:

The proportion ...


Community Health, Advocacy, And Managing Populations (Champ) Longitudinal Residency Education And Evaluation, Kjersti E. Knox, Will Lehmann, Joseph Vogelgesang, Deborah Simpson 2018 Aurora Health Care; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Community Health, Advocacy, And Managing Populations (Champ) Longitudinal Residency Education And Evaluation, Kjersti E. Knox, Will Lehmann, Joseph Vogelgesang, Deborah Simpson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Longitudinal education initiatives designed to prepare residents to address health disparities and social determinants of health (SDH) are needed. This report addresses this gap by describing a family medicine residency’s Community Health, Advocacy, and Managing Populations (CHAMP) curriculum and its evaluation by learners, faculty, and community partners. The CHAMP longitudinal curriculum is explicitly designed to prepare residents to address health disparities and SDH. We report early outcomes, including community partner feedback, of this innovative curriculum.

Methods: Data were obtained through standardized rotation evaluations, thematic analysis of structured group and individual interviews, and aggregated competency milestone data. Kirkpatrick’s ...


Facilitating Factors And Barriers To Weight Management In Women: Physician Perspectives, Renee E. Walker, Jennifer Kusch, Jennifer T. Fink, David A. Nelson, George Morris III, Jessica Skalla, Ron A. Cisler 2018 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Facilitating Factors And Barriers To Weight Management In Women: Physician Perspectives, Renee E. Walker, Jennifer Kusch, Jennifer T. Fink, David A. Nelson, George Morris Iii, Jessica Skalla, Ron A. Cisler

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The complexity of addressing overweight and obesity in women has been an ongoing public health and health care challenge. While the mechanism for addressing overweight and obesity in women remains unclear, it has been speculated that disparities in overweight and obesity by race and gender contribute to the complexity. The purpose of the present study was to examine perceptions of primary care physicians when discussing weight management with their patients.

Methods: We conducted focus group discussions exploring facilitators and barriers to discussing weight management and weight loss among women patients. Participants included 18 family medicine and internal medicine physicians ...


Challenges Of Refugee Health Care: Perspectives Of Medical Interpreters, Case Managers, And Pharmacists, Fabiana Kotovicz, Anne Getzin, Thy Vo 2018 Aurora Health Care; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Challenges Of Refugee Health Care: Perspectives Of Medical Interpreters, Case Managers, And Pharmacists, Fabiana Kotovicz, Anne Getzin, Thy Vo

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Our objective was to identify perceived challenges in the provision of health care for refugees from the perspective of medical interpreters, case managers, and pharmacists working with refugee patients in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Methods: Two 60-minute focus groups were performed exploring challenges in refugee health care using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Focus groups were transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis by two of the investigators. Using a memoing-process qualitative approach, major concepts, cross-cutting themes, and subthemes were established and ultimately developed a narrative. The project protocol was approved as not human subject research by the local institutional review board ...


Chasing The Dragon, Daniel Young Cho, Hani Nazha, Kalin Fisher 2018 Charleston Area Medical Center

Chasing The Dragon, Daniel Young Cho, Hani Nazha, Kalin Fisher

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract: Although rare, toxic leukoencephalopathy (TLE) associated with heroin inhalation have been reported. ‘Chasing the dragon’ may lead to progressive spongiform degeneration of the brain and presents with a large range of neuropsychological sequelae. A thorough social history and clinical suspicion are paramount in recognizing the diagnosis. This case is an example of TLE in a middle-aged white male with a history of polysubstance abuse. He presented with a three week history of progressive neuropsychological symptoms, including abulia, bradyphrenia, hyperreflexia, and visual hallucinations. He was initially suspected to have progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, however, JCV PCR was negative. MRI showed diffuse ...


A Sex-Positive Approach To Healthcare, And Truvada As Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep), Michael Ohkura, Nicholas Bonefant, Michael D. Upton 2018 University of Vermont

A Sex-Positive Approach To Healthcare, And Truvada As Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep), Michael Ohkura, Nicholas Bonefant, Michael D. Upton

College of Medicine Faculty Publications

Nationally, incidence of new HIV infections has hovered around over 50,000 per year and men who have sex with men (MSM) carry the largest burden. In Vermont, 56% of individuals newly diagnosed are MSM, with 25% of diagnoses among youth ages 13-24 years old. Despite the proven efficacy and approval of daily Truvada (emtricitabine + tenofovir) as Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) against HIV infection, provider understanding and awareness of its use has remained extremely limited in Vermont with last estimates at just over 9 providers familiar with PrEP (excluding UVM Student Health, Planned Parenthood, and UVM Medical Center infectious disease department ...


Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez 2018 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

In May 2012 United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer screening, Grade D, with no other recommendation for providers. Since prostate cancer continues to be among the most common cancer in the United States among men, patients were exposed to previous guidelines during routine visits and require updated educational materials for primary care visits.


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