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Expanding Awareness Of Tbi Resources In The North Country, Nicholas W. Krant 2024 University of Vermont

Expanding Awareness Of Tbi Resources In The North Country, Nicholas W. Krant

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Disability, emotional dysregulation and financial stress are only some of the issues that many patients who suffer TBI encounter. While resources are available to alleviate some of these burdens on patients who suffer TBI in New York's North Country, patients often struggle to find these resources. This project endeavors to create a resource for patients, family members and practitioners to find available resources.


African American And Caucasian Perceptions And Attitudes Toward Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Qualitative Study, Peter Warren, Stacie Pankow, Yvette Rother, Peggy Wagner 2023 University of South Carolina

African American And Caucasian Perceptions And Attitudes Toward Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Qualitative Study, Peter Warren, Stacie Pankow, Yvette Rother, Peggy Wagner

The Qualitative Report

This study examined the attitudes held by both African Americans and Caucasians regarding colorectal cancer screening and the reasons why they avoid screenings even when clinically indicated by their physicians. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common and easily preventable types of cancer in the United States. If diagnosed and treated early prior to metastasis, the five-year colorectal cancer survival rate is approximately 90%. However, many patients avoid screening procedures for colorectal cancer due to a number of reasons. Qualitative data was gathered from focus groups and found four major themes that emerged in both groups: (1) reported …


Mystery Rash: Atypical Presentation Of Suspected Cat-Scratch Disease In Primary Care, Nicole Hunter, Rutwik Pradeep Sharma, Omobolanle Adetimehin, Yasir Loai 2022 Rochester Regional Health System

Mystery Rash: Atypical Presentation Of Suspected Cat-Scratch Disease In Primary Care, Nicole Hunter, Rutwik Pradeep Sharma, Omobolanle Adetimehin, Yasir Loai

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

No abstract provided.


Prevalence And Effect Of Cannabis Use In Acute Pancreatitis Of Unknown Etiology, Hanna Tran 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Prevalence And Effect Of Cannabis Use In Acute Pancreatitis Of Unknown Etiology, Hanna Tran

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Simons-Linares CR, Barkin JA, Wang Y, et al. Is There an Effect of Cannabis Consumption on Acute Pancreatitis?. Dig Dis Sci. 2018;63(10):2786-2791. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-018-5169-2

for a patient with cannabis-associated acute pancreatitis.


The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt DO 2022 Beaumont

The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt Do

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The authors examine the unconsidered impact of social stigma theory on the shared clinical decision-making process for a patient with foot osteomyelitis and MRSA bacteremia facing the prospect of an amputation.


Professional Perspectives On Bilingualism In Persons With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study, Rosa N. Benavidez Saldivar, Jessica R. Stewart, Ruth Crutchfield, Roy K. Chen, Lily Puente 2022 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Professional Perspectives On Bilingualism In Persons With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study, Rosa N. Benavidez Saldivar, Jessica R. Stewart, Ruth Crutchfield, Roy K. Chen, Lily Puente

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The present study examined the perspectives of professionals regarding bilingualism and ASD. Methods: A total of 27 professionals participated in this study. Data was collected via an online survey. The survey was designed based on a literature review and consultation with a team of experts in the field of ASD. Information relating to demographic information, professional practice information, and perspectives of bilingualism and ASD was collected. Results: Professionals participating in the present study were most likely to agree with the statement, “A child with ASD from a bilingual household is able to understand both languages” and least likely to …


Getting Ahead: A Resident Led Quality Improvement Project To Increase Diabetic Nephropathy Screening In An Underserved Hispanic-Predominant Population, Stephanie Luu, Jose Rivera, Daniel Aragon, Victor Zamora, Irma Huayanay, Reham Majzoub, Andreina Baird, Cristina Escobar, Eric Sanchez, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga, Daniela Hernandez, Chelsea Chang 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. DHR Internal Medicine Program.

Getting Ahead: A Resident Led Quality Improvement Project To Increase Diabetic Nephropathy Screening In An Underserved Hispanic-Predominant Population, Stephanie Luu, Jose Rivera, Daniel Aragon, Victor Zamora, Irma Huayanay, Reham Majzoub, Andreina Baird, Cristina Escobar, Eric Sanchez, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga, Daniela Hernandez, Chelsea Chang

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Introduction: Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States (US), with 37 million having chronic kidney disease. Despite national guidelines recommendations for diabetic nephropathy screening with urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), less than 50% receive full screening.

Our Internal Medicine residents led a quality improvement project to increase diabetic nephropathy screening rate with UACR in our resident clinic by 50% in one academic year.

Methods: We conducted the resident-led quality improvement project from July 2021 to April 2022. We reviewed the electronic medical records (EMR) from our clinic pre-intervention July 2020 to June 2021 and …


Risk Factors For Community-Acquired Bacterial Infection Among Young Infants In South Asia: A Longitudinal Cohort Study With Nested Case–Control Analysis, Nicholas E. Connor, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Luke C. Mullany, Nong Shang, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Pinaki Panigrahi, Kalpana Panigrahi 2022 Child Health Research Foundation, Bangladesh

Risk Factors For Community-Acquired Bacterial Infection Among Young Infants In South Asia: A Longitudinal Cohort Study With Nested Case–Control Analysis, Nicholas E. Connor, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Luke C. Mullany, Nong Shang, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Pinaki Panigrahi, Kalpana Panigrahi

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Objective: Risk factors predisposing infants to community-acquired bacterial infections during the first 2 months of life are poorly understood in South Asia. Identifying risk factors for infection could lead to improved preventive measures and antibiotic stewardship.
Methods: Five sites in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan enrolled mother-child pairs via population-based pregnancy surveillance by community health workers. Medical, sociodemographic and epidemiological risk factor data were collected. Young infants aged 0-59 days with signs of possible serious bacterial infection (pSBI) and age-matched controls provided blood and respiratory specimens that were analysed by blood culture and real-time PCR. These tests were used to build …


No Longer Beholden – Moving On From Elaborate Chart Notes, Jeffrey H. Millstein 2022 University of Pennsylvania

No Longer Beholden – Moving On From Elaborate Chart Notes, Jeffrey H. Millstein

Journal of Wellness

Despite recent changes in Medicare billing documentation guidelines, physician chart notes remain far lengthier and more detailed than is required. This is worrisome, as documentation burden is a major contributor to physician burnout. Elements of medical culture which have contributed to the elaborate chart note standard may be used to transform notes, reduce charting burden and improve physician well-being.


A Moment Of Reflection As We Move Forward, Bruce Morgenstern 2022 Roseman University College of Medicine

A Moment Of Reflection As We Move Forward, Bruce Morgenstern

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The newly appointed editor-in-chief of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews reflects on the original editorial mission of the journal and its continuing commitment to publish patient-centered scholarly works that exhibit respect for each patient’s values and preferences; coordinated and integrated care; patient and family education; alleviation of pain, fear, and anxiety; continuity through care-site transitions; and access to care. The reasoning behind the pursuit of well-developed patient-centered care models, through the dissemination of peer-reviewed research findings and patient perspectives, has only been reinforced since the journal’s launch in 2014.


A Qualitative Study Of Preclinical Medical Students Randomized To Patient-Partnered Vs Traditional Clinical Experiences, Joyce W. Tang, Tia Kostas, Anshu Verma, Valerie G. Press, Josef Kushner, Nicole Gier, Lauren O. Wiklund, Vineet M. Arora, Jeanne Farnan, David O. Meltzer 2022 University of Chicago

A Qualitative Study Of Preclinical Medical Students Randomized To Patient-Partnered Vs Traditional Clinical Experiences, Joyce W. Tang, Tia Kostas, Anshu Verma, Valerie G. Press, Josef Kushner, Nicole Gier, Lauren O. Wiklund, Vineet M. Arora, Jeanne Farnan, David O. Meltzer

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Longitudinal patient-partnered experiences may promote medical student empathy, but evaluation of such programs is limited. The aim of this study was to compare areas of learning among first-year medical students randomized to a patient-centered track (PCT) or traditional track (TT) longitudinal clinical experience.

Methods: PCT students (n = 24) were paired with 2 patients and a physician to participate in their patients’ care across multiple settings. TT students (n = 56) were paired with a physician preceptor and participated in caring for a variety of patients in a single setting. This qualitative study used a phenomenological approach to template …


Patient Perspectives On Opioid Risk Discussions In Primary Care, Stephanie A. Hooker, Inih J. Essien, Caitlin M. Borgert-Spaniol, Rebecca C. Rossom, Anthony W. Olson, Katrina M. Romagnoli, Leif I. Solberg 2022 HealthPartners Institute

Patient Perspectives On Opioid Risk Discussions In Primary Care, Stephanie A. Hooker, Inih J. Essien, Caitlin M. Borgert-Spaniol, Rebecca C. Rossom, Anthony W. Olson, Katrina M. Romagnoli, Leif I. Solberg

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Both patients and clinicians have described discussions of potential opioid risks as challenging. This study’s goal was to understand patient perspectives on discussing opioid risks with primary care clinicians (PCCs).

Methods: Patients identified to be at elevated risk for problems with opioids (ie, opioid use disorder [OUD] diagnosis, taking a medication for OUD, or having ≥ 3 opioid prescriptions in the last year) were recruited from an integrated, Upper Midwest health system to participate in semi-structured qualitative interviews. Interview questions aimed to better understand patient views on conversations about opioid risks with PCCs and perceptions of OUD screening and …


Poliovirus Immunity Among Children Aged 6-11 And 36-48 Months In 14 Polio High-Risk Provinces Of Afghanistan: A Health-Facility-Based Study, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Maureen Martinez, Noha H. Farag, William S. Hendley, Derek Ehrhardt, Imran Ahmed, Imtiaz Hussain, William Weldon, Ahmed M. Kassem 2022 Aga Khan University

Poliovirus Immunity Among Children Aged 6-11 And 36-48 Months In 14 Polio High-Risk Provinces Of Afghanistan: A Health-Facility-Based Study, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Maureen Martinez, Noha H. Farag, William S. Hendley, Derek Ehrhardt, Imran Ahmed, Imtiaz Hussain, William Weldon, Ahmed M. Kassem

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Afghanistan is one of two countries where wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1 remains endemic. We conducted a facility-based cross-sectional survey of antipoliovirus antibodies in children in 14 provinces of Afghanistan. The provinces were selected based on programmatic priorities for polio eradication. Children aged 6-11 and 36-48 months attending outpatient clinics were enrolled in the study. We collected venous blood, isolated serum, and conducted neutralization assays to detect poliovirus neutralizing antibodies. A total of 2086 children from the 14 provinces were enrolled. Among the enrolled children, 44.3% were girls; the median age in the 6-11-month group was 9.4 months, and in …


'Empty Toe' Phenomenon: A Unique Trauma Case, Sadaf Sheikh, Junaid Khan, Rizwan Haroon Rashid 2022 Fujairah Hospital, Fujairah, United Arab Emirates

'Empty Toe' Phenomenon: A Unique Trauma Case, Sadaf Sheikh, Junaid Khan, Rizwan Haroon Rashid

Section of Orthopaedic Surgery

No abstract provided.


Patient And Provider Experiences With Virtual Care During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Mixed Methods Study, Mars Zhao, Hisham Elshoni, Jennifer O'Brien, Erin Barbour-Tuck, Mary Ellen Walker, Heather Dyck, Andrea Vasquez, Eric Sy, Angela Baerwald, Clara Michaels, Rejina Kamrul, Olivia Reis, Brenda Schuster, Barb Beaurivage, Adam Clay, Mark Lees, Jonathan Gamble 2022 University of Saskatchewan, College of Medicine

Patient And Provider Experiences With Virtual Care During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Mixed Methods Study, Mars Zhao, Hisham Elshoni, Jennifer O'Brien, Erin Barbour-Tuck, Mary Ellen Walker, Heather Dyck, Andrea Vasquez, Eric Sy, Angela Baerwald, Clara Michaels, Rejina Kamrul, Olivia Reis, Brenda Schuster, Barb Beaurivage, Adam Clay, Mark Lees, Jonathan Gamble

Patient Experience Journal

The COVID-19 pandemic prompted the rapid uptake of Virtual Care (VC). Positive patient outcomes with VC are previously reported but little is known about the experiences of patients and providers using VC during the pandemic. We aimed to describe patient and primary care provider experiences, satisfaction, perceptions, and attitudes to VC during the COVID-19 pandemic that might explain adoption of VC across the continuum of care and inform sustained uptake. We conducted a sequential explanatory mixed methods study using online surveys and virtual interviews with a convenience sample of primary care providers and patients in a Canadian province (July – …


The Patient-Centered Medical Home And The Value Of Heightened Care Coordination: A Systematic Literature Review, Garrett L. Vetter 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Patient-Centered Medical Home And The Value Of Heightened Care Coordination: A Systematic Literature Review, Garrett L. Vetter

Capstone Experience

Health care spending in the United States continues to increase at a pace that far exceeds inflation. Representing a greater proportion of the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP) than any other country, costs associated with health care services in the U.S. lend support to growing concern regarding the sustainability of current systems. Furthermore, the fragmented nature of the current landscape often presents challenges to the provision of high-quality and efficient care. Satisfaction among both patients and health care providers, alike, suffers under the weight of increasing regulatory burden, the lack of integrated medical records systems, and growing complexity among health …


Narrative Synthesis Systematic Review Of Pakistani Women's Health Outcomes From Primary Care Interventions, Sara Rizvi Jafree, Qaisar Khalid Mahmood, Sohail Mujahid, Muhammad Asim, Jane Barlow 2022 Forman Christian College, Pakistan

Narrative Synthesis Systematic Review Of Pakistani Women's Health Outcomes From Primary Care Interventions, Sara Rizvi Jafree, Qaisar Khalid Mahmood, Sohail Mujahid, Muhammad Asim, Jane Barlow

Community Health Sciences

Objective: Women living in Pakistan have complex health problems including infectious and non-communicable diseases, accident and injuries, and mental health problems. While a majority of these women rely on primary healthcare services for all of their healthcare needs, there has to date been no overview of the extent of their effectiveness. The objective of this review was to (1) synthesise the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of primary care based interventions aimed at improving women's mental and physical health and (2) identify the factors that promote effectiveness for women's health outcomes.
Methods: Five academic databases were searched, including PubMed, BMC …


Developing Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning To Support Primary Care Research And Practice, Jacqueline K. Kueper 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Developing Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning To Support Primary Care Research And Practice, Jacqueline K. Kueper

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis was motivated by the potential to use "everyday data", especially that collected in electronic health records (EHRs) as part of healthcare delivery, to improve primary care for clients facing complex clinical and/or social situations. Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques can identify patterns or make predictions with these data, producing information to learn about and inform care delivery. Our first objective was to understand and critique the body of literature on AI and primary care. This was achieved through a scoping review wherein we found the field was at an early stage of maturity, primarily focused on clinical decision support …


Is Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Effective At Controlling Hypertension In African American Patients? A Clin-Iq, Rebecca Nye, Wilhelm Lehmann, Deborah Simpson 2022 TRIUMPH Program, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Is Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Effective At Controlling Hypertension In African American Patients? A Clin-Iq, Rebecca Nye, Wilhelm Lehmann, Deborah Simpson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

African Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension, a modifiable contributor to multiple chronic diseases and premature death. Primary care physicians play an important role in hypertension control. Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) is an evidence-based method for confirming diagnosis and monitoring hypertension over time. Some studies have found that HBPM may lead to clinically relevant reductions in blood pressure when combined with additional interventions, but few studies have focused specifically on African American populations. Evidence of effectiveness could increase clinical recommendation of HBPM. This clinical inquiry examined whether HBPM improves blood pressure control in African Americans with uncontrolled hypertension. Reviewed …


Can Variables From The Electronic Health Record Identify Delirium At Bedside?, Ariba Khan, Kayla Heslin, Michelle Simpson, Michael L. Malone 2022 Advocate Aurora Health; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Can Variables From The Electronic Health Record Identify Delirium At Bedside?, Ariba Khan, Kayla Heslin, Michelle Simpson, Michael L. Malone

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Delirium, a common and serious disorder in older hospitalized patients, remains underrecognized. While several delirium predictive models have been developed, only a handful have focused on electronic health record (EHR) data. This prospective cohort study of older inpatients (≥ 65 years old) aimed to determine if variables within our health system’s EHR could be used to identify delirium among hospitalized patients at the bedside. Trained researchers screened daily for delirium using the 3-minute diagnostic Confusion Assessment Method (3D-CAM). Patient demographic and clinical variables were extracted from the EHR. Among 408 participants, mean age was 75 years, 60.8% were female, and …


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