Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Rheumatology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

317 Full-Text Articles 1,406 Authors 36,644 Downloads 43 Institutions

All Articles in Rheumatology

Faceted Search

317 full-text articles. Page 1 of 15.

An Iceberg I Can’T Handle: A Qualitative Inquiry On Perceptions Towards Paediatric Rheumatology Among Healthcare Workers In Kenya, Angela Migowa, Sasha Bernatsky, Anthony Ngugi, Helen E. Foster, Peter Muriuki, Adelaide Lusambili, Stanley Luchters 2023 Aga Khan University

An Iceberg I Can’T Handle: A Qualitative Inquiry On Perceptions Towards Paediatric Rheumatology Among Healthcare Workers In Kenya, Angela Migowa, Sasha Bernatsky, Anthony Ngugi, Helen E. Foster, Peter Muriuki, Adelaide Lusambili, Stanley Luchters

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Background: Delay in diagnosis and access to specialist care is a major problem for many children and young people with rheumatic disease in sub-Saharan Africa. Most children with symptoms of rheumatic disease present to nonspecialists for care. There is an urgent need to understand and scale-up paediatric rheumatology knowledge and skills amongst non-specialist healthcare workers to promote early diagnosis, prompt referral, and management.

Purpose: We evaluated the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards diagnosis and care of paediatric rheumatology patients among health care workers in Kenya.

Methods: We conducted 12 focus group discussions with clinical officers (third-tier community health …


Gender Dysphoria In Adolescents With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome., Jordan T. Jones, William R. Black, Christine Moser, Eric T. Rush, Lindsey Malloy-Walton 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Gender Dysphoria In Adolescents With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome., Jordan T. Jones, William R. Black, Christine Moser, Eric T. Rush, Lindsey Malloy-Walton

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome represents a family of heritable connective tissue disorders that include joint hypermobility, tissue fragility, and skin hyperextensibility. Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome presents with clinical sequela across multiple body systems that require multidisciplinary care. Little is known about adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome who are transgender and gender diverse. To date, there have been no reports of transgender and gender diverse youth in pediatric patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The objective of this study was to characterize transgender and gender diverse adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome seen in a pediatric multidisciplinary specialty clinic.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed and it was …


Treatment Of Severe Swallowing Dysfunction In Systemic Sclerosis With Ivig: Role Of Antimuscarinic Antibodies, Fabian A Mendoza, Anthony J. DiMarino, Sidney Cohen, Christopher Adkins, Shady Abdelbaki, Satish Rattan, Christopher Cao, Susie Denuna-Rivera, Sergio A. Jimenez 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Treatment Of Severe Swallowing Dysfunction In Systemic Sclerosis With Ivig: Role Of Antimuscarinic Antibodies, Fabian A Mendoza, Anthony J. Dimarino, Sidney Cohen, Christopher Adkins, Shady Abdelbaki, Satish Rattan, Christopher Cao, Susie Denuna-Rivera, Sergio A. Jimenez

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Oropharyngeal and esophageal dysmotility can cause serious clinical complications such as aspiration pneumonia, cachexia, and sarcopenia, with a resulting increase in mortality and disability. The current standard of care for the treatment of SSc-associated swallowing dysfunction is mainly supportive, although severe cases are usually refractory to conventional management. Recent studies have shown that the abnormal production of functional autoantibodies such as anti-cholinergic muscarinic receptor III antibodies may participate in the pathogenesis of SSc-associated gastrointestinal dysmotility and may provide a novel target for therapeutic intervention. We describe two patients with severe and rapid onset of SSc-associated severe swallowing dysfunction and esophageal …


Lupus Enteritis In The Absence Of A Lupus Flare. A Case Report And Review Of Literature, Fatima Halilu, Anum Qureshi, Brenton Nash 2022 Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Towson, Maryland.

Lupus Enteritis In The Absence Of A Lupus Flare. A Case Report And Review Of Literature, Fatima Halilu, Anum Qureshi, Brenton Nash

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Lupus enteritis is a rare manifestation seen in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Its diagnosis can be challenging as symptoms frequently overlap many gastrointestinal disorders, imaging findings are not specific, and endoscopic features are infrequently diagnostic. Moreover, enteritis can occur in isolation without other systemic manifestations or even elevated inflammatory markers (1). Here is presented the case of a 22-year-old female with known SLE manifested by lupus nephritis complicated by end-stage renal disease who presented with abdominal pain. She had leukocytosis with thickened bowel loops, ascites, “target sign”, “comb sign” and patent abdominal vessels on CT imaging. The differential diagnoses considered …


Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis In The Setting Of Sjögren's Syndrome: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Delena VanValkenburg, Christopher Gibson, Dasha Valeria Lopez, Brittany Hill, Steven Lindsey 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis In The Setting Of Sjögren's Syndrome: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Delena Vanvalkenburg, Christopher Gibson, Dasha Valeria Lopez, Brittany Hill, Steven Lindsey

Medical Research Day

Introduction: Cryoglobulinemic vasculitis results from the deposition of cryoglobulins, proteins that precipitate in cold temperatures, within the circulation. The resultant vascular occlusion causes widespread end-organ damage. While more commonly associated with lymphoproliferative or infectious diseases such as HCV and HIV, cryoglobulinemia also occurs in patients with Sjögren's syndrome, a chronic autoimmune disorder affecting the lacrimal and salivary glands. Case: We present a case of a 48-year-old Caucasian male with a past medical history significant for Raynaud phenomenon, recurrent nephrolithiasis, and episodic urticaria over the last year. He presented to the emergency department with complaints of fever, dyspnea, productive cough, severe …


Evidence-Based Role Of Aspirin In Giant Cell Arteritis: A Literature Review, Anum Qureshi, Fatima Halilu, Sam W. Serafi, Howard Hauptman, Tristan Flack 2022 Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Towson, Maryland

Evidence-Based Role Of Aspirin In Giant Cell Arteritis: A Literature Review, Anum Qureshi, Fatima Halilu, Sam W. Serafi, Howard Hauptman, Tristan Flack

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Giant cell arteritis (GCA), or temporal arteritis, is a medium to large vessel vasculitis seen in the elderly. Its presentation varies from fever of unknown origin to cranial ischemic complications including complete vision loss. The early initiation of steroids is key to preventing complications of GCA. Here we discuss the role of aspirin in the treatment of GCA, both as an antithrombotic agent and its increasingly utilized antiinflammatory properties. The aim of this review article is to examine the evidence behind the rationale of aspirin use as an adjunct to steroids for the prevention of cranial ischemic complications.


Enhancing Physician Perspectives Of Skilled Occupational Therapy Services For Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Valerie S. Trinidad 2022 Nova Southeastern University

Enhancing Physician Perspectives Of Skilled Occupational Therapy Services For Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Valerie S. Trinidad

Department of Occupational Therapy Entry-Level Capstone Projects

This Capstone Project, with a focus in research, sought to identify a relationship between self-reported functional performance and participation restriction as described by satisfaction with one’s execution or participation in a described occupation. A correlational study design was employed under the mentorship of Dr. Thomas Decker, EdD, OTD, OTR/L who oversaw all IRB processes, documentation, study development and deployment, as well as co-authored and provided mentorship for creation of a publishable manuscript of this project. The established Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) and the newer Keele Assessment of Participation (KAP) were the two outcome measures of focus for surveying …


Baffling Case Of A Patient With History Of Lupus In A Covid-19 Pandemic, Anum Qureshi, Kia Persaud, Fatima Halilu, Ji Hyun Rhee 2022 Greater Baltimore Medical Center

Baffling Case Of A Patient With History Of Lupus In A Covid-19 Pandemic, Anum Qureshi, Kia Persaud, Fatima Halilu, Ji Hyun Rhee

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with a myriad of clinical presentations and periodic flares. We present a case of a young lady with a history of SLE who presented with constitutional symptoms 1 week after starting Isoniazid and Rifampin for treatment of latent TB. Her presentation shared similarities with several diseases including TB lymphadenitis, SLE flare, Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease (KFD) and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) posing a diagnostic dilemma. Additionally, she presented not long after the onset of the global COVID-19 pandemic, further expanding the differential diagnosis. She was ultimately diagnosed with a severe SLE flare caused by rifampin …


Exploring The Viability Of A Microglia Attenuating Treatment Model For Fibromyalgia Patients, Rohan Yarlagadda 2022 Rowan University

Exploring The Viability Of A Microglia Attenuating Treatment Model For Fibromyalgia Patients, Rohan Yarlagadda

Stratford Campus Research Day

Fibromyalgia refers to a rheumatic condition experienced as pain all over the body without a specific cause. This is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. This classification seems to suggest that any treatment options for it are purely symptomatic and are not disease targeted. Its complex diagnosis and underlying pathology contribute to the challenge of medically addressing fibromyalgia. Without a strict cause, fibromyalgia is often treated symptomatically with CBT and SNRIs. However, recent research suggests that existing therapeutic approaches are not very effective, especially when considering long term benefits for this chronic condition. This beckons for novel treatment options for these …


Copper Intrauterine Device Is An Appropriate Method Of Contraception For A Patient With A History Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Sydney E. Daviskiba 2022 Wayne State University

Copper Intrauterine Device Is An Appropriate Method Of Contraception For A Patient With A History Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Sydney E. Daviskiba

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Sánchez-Guerrero J, Uribe AG, Jiménez-Santana L, et al. A Trial of Contraceptive Methods in Women with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. N Engl J Med. 2005;353(24):2539-2588. https:/doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa050817

for a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus choosing a method of contraception.


At-Home Aerobic Exercise Improves Functional Ability Of Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis With Limited Exercise Options, Daniel Harris 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

At-Home Aerobic Exercise Improves Functional Ability Of Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis With Limited Exercise Options, Daniel Harris

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Neuberger GB, Aaronson LS, Gajewski B, et al. Predictors of exercise and effects of exercise on symptoms, function, aerobic fitness, and disease outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2007;57(6):943-952. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.22903

and its application for a patient with rheumatoid arthritis.


Anakinra Treatment Efficacy In Reduction Of Inflammatory Biomarkers In Covid-19 Patients: A Meta-Analysis, Zunaira Naveed, Musharraf Sarwar, Zahid Ali, Danish Saeed, Khadija Choudhry, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Miguel Felix, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda 2022 Fatima Jinnah Medical University

Anakinra Treatment Efficacy In Reduction Of Inflammatory Biomarkers In Covid-19 Patients: A Meta-Analysis, Zunaira Naveed, Musharraf Sarwar, Zahid Ali, Danish Saeed, Khadija Choudhry, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Miguel Felix, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Introduction: Anakinra is being empirically considered for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. The aim is to assess the efficacy of anakinra treatment on inflammatory marker reduction, including c-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations, serum ferritin, and serum d-dimer levels.
Methods: Adhering to PRISMA 2020 statement guidelines, a systematic search was conducted across the following databases from December 2019 until January 10, 2022: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE. The following keywords were employed: Anakinra, COVID*, SARS-CoV-2, inflammatory, CRP, D-dimer, Ferritin, hematological, laboratory, clinical, trials. The findings were collated and presented in a tabulated manner, and statistically analyzed using Review …


Telemedicine For Rheumatology Patients In Covid-19 Pandemic: Perspectives Of Patients, Muhammad Mehmood Riaz, Saad Bin Zafar Mahmood, Noreen Nasir 2022 Aga Khan University

Telemedicine For Rheumatology Patients In Covid-19 Pandemic: Perspectives Of Patients, Muhammad Mehmood Riaz, Saad Bin Zafar Mahmood, Noreen Nasir

Section of Internal Medicine

Telemedicine use for patients with autoimmune rheumatic conditions during the pandemic mandates better characterization. We conducted a telephonic survey on patients who consulted rheumatologists remotely to determine their attitudes toward telemedicine. The study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan which is a lower-middle-income country. Descriptive analyses were performed. Fifty patients visited tele-rheumatology clinic, 35 (70.0%) were female with a mean (SD) age of 47.6 (18.1) years. Majority (27, 54.0%) learned about telemedicine from hospital website and outpatient clinic desk or helpline. Lack of examination was the biggest concern with teleconsultation (18, 22.2%). Most …


Down Syndrome-Associated Arthritis (Da): Diagnostic And Management Challenges., Jordan T. Jones, Jacqueline Kitchen, Nasreen Talib 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Down Syndrome-Associated Arthritis (Da): Diagnostic And Management Challenges., Jordan T. Jones, Jacqueline Kitchen, Nasreen Talib

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Down syndrome (DS) is one of the most common birth defects in the United States, the most common genomic disorder of intellectual disability, and results from trisomy 21. This chromosome disorder causes an extensive, heterogenous phenotype that results in a broad presentation of symptoms that includes atlantoaxial instability, congenital heart defects, muscle hypotonia, hypothyroidism, hematologic disorders, recurrent infections, and autoimmune diseases. The autoimmune diseases are caused by immune system dysregulation that results in increased pro-inflammatory cytokines, along with other innate and adaptive immune system dysregulation. This is the likely cause of the increased risk of inflammatory arthritis or Down syndrome-associated …


The Natural History Of Modic Changes - A 5- And 15-Year Follow-Up Study, Parnian Saremi 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Natural History Of Modic Changes - A 5- And 15-Year Follow-Up Study, Parnian Saremi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Modic changes (MCs), defined as bone marrow lesions adjacent to the vertebral endplate seen on MRI, have been associated with back pain. There are different types of MCs, with different histopathological correlates. This community-based study sample comprised 110 men from the Twin Spine Study, with baseline, 5-year, and 15-year follow-up MRIs. Following training and reliability testing, 1320 endplates (T12-S1) were evaluated for MC presence, type, and dimensions at each time point. Results demonstrated that Type 2 Modic Changes (MC2) were the most common type, with approximately half located at the two lowest disc levels. However, Type 1 Modic Changes (MC1) …


Dermatologic Manifestations Of Rheumatic Disease: Cutaneous Manifestations Of Sarcoidosis, Sarah Shapiro, Sindhuja Koppu, Mavra Masood, Beth Rubinstein, Huzaefah Syed 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Dermatologic Manifestations Of Rheumatic Disease: Cutaneous Manifestations Of Sarcoidosis, Sarah Shapiro, Sindhuja Koppu, Mavra Masood, Beth Rubinstein, Huzaefah Syed

Open and Affordable Course Content at VCU

Cutaneous Manifestations of Sarcoidosis is a Powerpoint based learning module that depicts fictional patient scenarios detailing sarcoidosis and erythema nodosum. It explores other cutaneous and non-cutaneous manifestations, diagnostic criteria, and medical evaluation of sarcoidosis and the possible etiologies, workup, treatment, and prognosis of erythema nodosum. Health and racial disparities experienced by patients with sarcoidosis are also highlighted and discussed. It takes approximately 25 minutes to complete. This module was created for use in the VCU School of Medicine M1 Movement block, Rheumatology and Dermatology sections.

It is part of the Dermatologic Manifestations of Rheumatic Disease project, which provides overviews of …


The Efficacy Of Sequential Biologic Agents In Refractory Rheumatoid Arthritis After Failure Of Initial Dmard And Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy, Antonio Giovanni Versace, Caterina Oriana Aragona, Daniela La Rosa, Marianna Chiappalone, Maria Concetta Tringali, Alberta De Gaetano, Charles Frederick Moore Jr., Donatella Sangari, William Neal Roberts, Gianluca Bagnato 2021 University of Messina, Italy

The Efficacy Of Sequential Biologic Agents In Refractory Rheumatoid Arthritis After Failure Of Initial Dmard And Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy, Antonio Giovanni Versace, Caterina Oriana Aragona, Daniela La Rosa, Marianna Chiappalone, Maria Concetta Tringali, Alberta De Gaetano, Charles Frederick Moore Jr., Donatella Sangari, William Neal Roberts, Gianluca Bagnato

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction/Objective: The efficacy of biologic therapy in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been well-established but, in practice, a quarter of patients will either not respond to the first biologic agent or will suffer an adverse event requiring a switch to a different drug. While clinical guidelines exist to help guide therapy and previous studies have examined sequential use of anti-TNF agents, there is little data to inform a multiple switch strategy. Our aim was to measure the efficacy of multiple switches of biologic in severe refractory RA. Methods: We enrolled 111 patients whose therapy with one anti-TNF agent …


Acquired Factor Viii Deficiency Presenting As Gross Hematuria In A Hispanic, Pregnant Patient With Previously Undiagnosed Connective Tissue Disease, Christine Loftis, Emilia C. Dulgheru, Rosa White 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Acquired Factor Viii Deficiency Presenting As Gross Hematuria In A Hispanic, Pregnant Patient With Previously Undiagnosed Connective Tissue Disease, Christine Loftis, Emilia C. Dulgheru, Rosa White

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Acquired factor VIII deficiency is a bleeding disorder caused by the presence of autoantibodies against clotting factor VIII. We report a case of a 24-year-old pregnant woman who presented with gross hematuria secondary to acquired factor VIII deficiency in the presence of a previously undiagnosed connective tissue disease. *is article includes a literature review of pregnancy-related cases of acquired factor VIII deficiency. We also reviewed various therapeutic approaches for the management of the acquired factor inhibitor which include achieving hemostasis and elimination of the inhibitor via immunosuppressive agents. *is case report describes the rare presentation of acquired factor VIII deficiency …


Dermatomyositis- Related Intestinal Dysmotility, Christine Loftis, Rosa White, Emilia C. Dulgheru 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Dermatomyositis- Related Intestinal Dysmotility, Christine Loftis, Rosa White, Emilia C. Dulgheru

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Dermatomyositis (DM) is an inflammatory myopathy (IIM) characterized by proximal muscle weakness and pathognomonic skin lesions. A 69-year-old woman with a recent diagnosis of DM 1 month prior, treated with corticosteroids and immunomodulators, presented to our inpatient rehabilitation with worsening dysphagia and constipation. At the time of our evaluation, physical examination was notable for erythematous papules over the metacarpophalangeal joints, proximal interphalangeal joints, elbows, and knees as well as a violaceous rash on the face. Muscle strength was diminished bilaterally with proximal distribution being affected greater than distal. Laboratory studies were notable for the creatine kinase (CK) level of 31 …


Short Term Outcomes Of Covid-19 In Lupus: Propensity Score Matched Analysis From A Nationwide Multi-Centric Research Network, Rahul Raiker, Haig Pakhchanian, Charles DeYoung, Latika Gupta, Sinan Kardes, Sakir Ahmed, Chengappa Kavadichanda 2021 West Virginia University

Short Term Outcomes Of Covid-19 In Lupus: Propensity Score Matched Analysis From A Nationwide Multi-Centric Research Network, Rahul Raiker, Haig Pakhchanian, Charles Deyoung, Latika Gupta, Sinan Kardes, Sakir Ahmed, Chengappa Kavadichanda

Student Papers & Posters

Objectives

To determine the severity and outcome of COVID-19 among individuals with lupus as compared to controls. The secondary objective was to identify the risk association of sex, race, presence of nephritis, and use of various immunomodulators with COVID-19 outcomes.

Methods

Retrospective data of individuals with lupus with and without COVID-19 between January 2020 to May 2021 was retrieved from the TriNetX. A one-to-one matched COVID-19 positive control was selected using propensity score(PS) matching. We assessed several outcomes, including all-cause mortality, hospitalisation, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, mechanical ventilation, severe COVID, acute kidney injury (AKI), Haemodialysis, acute respiratory distress syndrome …


Digital Commons powered by bepress