Real-World Comparative Effectiveness Of Tocilizumab Monotherapy Vs. Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors With Methotrexate In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Real-World Comparative Effectiveness Of Tocilizumab Monotherapy Vs. Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors With Methotrexate In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Leslie R. Harrold, George W. Reed, Jennie Best, Steve Zlotnick, Joel M. Kremer
Open Access Articles
INTRODUCTION: Controlled clinical studies have shown that the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy is superior to that of tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) monotherapy and comparable to that of TCZ plus methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study compared the real-world effectiveness of TCZ monotherapy vs. TNFis plus MTX in US patients with RA.
METHODS: TCZ-naive patients from the Corrona RA registry with prior exposure to > /= 1 TNFi who initiated TCZ monotherapy or TNFi + MTX were included. Outcomes included mean change in Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), achievement of low disease activity (LDA; CDAI < /= 10), achievement of modified American College of Rheumatology (mACR) 20/50 responses, and mean change in modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (mHAQ) at 6 months. Patients initiating TNFi + MTX were grouped by MTX dose ( < /= 10 mg; > 10 to ...
Sapho: A Challenging Diagnosis In A Young Woman With Recurrent Osteomyelitis, 2018 Lehigh Valley Health Network
Sapho: A Challenging Diagnosis In A Young Woman With Recurrent Osteomyelitis, Kourtney Erickson Do, Grace Berlin Do, Yehia Y. Mishriki Md
Department of Medicine
No abstract provided.
The Importance Of Early Arthritis In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, 2018 Clinical Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
The Importance Of Early Arthritis In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Georgiana Iftimie, Ana Maria Alexandra Stanescu, Mihaela A. Iancu, Anca Pantea Stoian, Razvan Hainarosie, Bogdan Socea, Gheorghita Isvoranu, Dragos Marcu, Tiberiu P. Neagu, Camelia C. Diaconu
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disorder that manifests predominantly in the synovial joint, where it causes a chronic inflammatory process, leading to early osteoarticular destructions. These destructions are progressive and irreversible, generating a significant functional deficiency. During the last years, the diagnostic approach of RA has focused on early arthritis. Early arthritis can develop into established RA or another established arthropathy, like systemic lupus erythematosus or psoriatic arthritis. It can have a spontaneous resolution or may remain undifferentiated for indefinite periods of time.
The management of early arthritis has changed considerably in the past few years, under the ...
Outcomes Of Shoulder Arthroplasty Performed For Postinfectious Arthritis., 2018 Thomas Jefferson University
Outcomes Of Shoulder Arthroplasty Performed For Postinfectious Arthritis., Eric M. Padegimas, Thema A. Nicholson, Stephen Silva, Matthew L. Ramsey, Gerald R. Williams, Mark D. Lazarus, Surena Namdari
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes, infection rate, and complications associated with shoulder arthroplasty for sequelae of prior septic arthritis.
Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 17 patients who underwent shoulder arthroplasty for sequelae of septic arthritis. Patients were analyzed for patient-reported outcomes, complications, and reoperations.
Results: The 17 patients in this cohort were an average age of 65.4 ± 12.2 years old, were 58.8% male, and had an average body mass index of 27.9 ± 4.1 kg/m
Conclusions: Shoulder arthroplasty after septic arthritis had inconsistent functional outcomes ...
Prevalence Rates Of Arthritis Among Us Older Adults With Varying Degrees Of Depression: Findings From The 2011 To 2014 National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, Jessica L. Brooks, Alexander J. Titus, Courtney A. Polenick, Nicole M. Orzechowski, Manney Carrington Reid, Todd A. Mackenzie, Stephen J. Bartels, John A. Batsis
Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles
Arthritis and depressive symptoms often interact and negatively influence one another to worsen mental and physical health outcomes. Better characterization of arthritis rates among older adults with different levels of depressive symptoms is an important step toward informing mental health professionals of the need to detect and respond to arthritis and related mental health complications. The primary objective is to determine arthritis rates among US older adults with varying degrees of depression. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 data (N = 4792), we first identified participants aged ≥50 years. Measures screened for depressive symptoms and self‐reported ...
Methods For High-Dimensonal Analysis Of Cells Dissociated From Cyropreserved Synovial Tissue, 2018 Weill Cornell Medical College
Methods For High-Dimensonal Analysis Of Cells Dissociated From Cyropreserved Synovial Tissue, Laura T. Donlin, Ellen M. Gravallese, Jennifer H. Anolik
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Detailed molecular analyses of cells from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium hold promise in identifying cellular phenotypes that drive tissue pathology and joint damage. The Accelerating Medicines Partnership RA/SLE Network aims to deconstruct autoimmune pathology by examining cells within target tissues through multiple high-dimensional assays. Robust standardized protocols need to be developed before cellular phenotypes at a single cell level can be effectively compared across patient samples.
METHODS: Multiple clinical sites collected cryopreserved synovial tissue fragments from arthroplasty and synovial biopsy in a 10% DMSO solution. Mechanical and enzymatic dissociation parameters were optimized for viable cell extraction and surface ...
A Case Of Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis, 2018 Thomas Jefferson University
A Case Of Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis, Anita Modi, Md, Lily Ackermann, Md
The Medicine Forum
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (eGPA) is a small- and medium-sized-vessel vasculitis with multi-organ manifestations. Given the rarity of eGPA, patients are often misdiagnosed for decades and may initially present with life-threatening manifestations of late-stage disease. Therefore, it is important to raise awareness of this condition and its associated signs and symptoms. This case report serves to describe a classic presentation of a patient with eGPA, as well as to delineate the diagnostic workup, acute management, and early outpatient follow-up required.
Given the life-threatening complications of this rare condition, it is important to raise awareness about eGPA. This ...
Frequency Of Cd19, 2018 George Washington University
Frequency Of Cd19, Qianzi Zhao, Lawrence K Jung
Medicine Faculty Publications
BACKGROUND: To understand the relationship between regulatory B cells (Bregs) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), we analyzed the percentages of Bregs and their function in peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) of JIA patients.
METHODS: Twenty-one JIA patients and 11 children with growing pain but without known rheumatic diseases as controls were included. The B cell phenotype and intracellular production of IL-10 of Bregs were assessed by flow cytometry. Mononuclear cells from PB and SF were stimulated to produce IL-10 in vitro for the identification of IL-10- producing regulatory B cells.
RESULTS: The percentage of CD24
CONCLUSIONS: The inability ...
Therapeutic Benefit Of Apremilast On Enthesitis And Dactylitis In Patients With Psoriatic Arthritis: A Pooled Analysis Of The Palace 1-3 Studies, Dafna D. Gladman, Arthur Kavanaugh, Juan J. Gomez-Reino, Jurgen Wollenhaupt, Maurizio Cutolo, Georg Schett, Eric Lespessailles, Benoit Guerette, Nikolay Delev, Lichen Teng, Christopher J. Edwards, Charles Birbara, Philip J. Mease
Open Access Articles
Objective: The Psoriatic Arthritis Long-term Assessment of Clinical Efficacy (PALACE) clinical trial programme findings demonstrated that apremilast, an oral phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, is effective for treating psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Enthesitis and dactylitis are difficult-to-treat features of PsA leading to disability and affecting quality of life. PALACE 1, 2 and 3 data were pooled to assess the efficacy of apremilast on enthesitis and dactylitis outcomes in patients with these conditions at baseline.
Methods: Patients with enthesitis (n=945) or dactylitis (n=633) at baseline were analysed after receiving double-blind treatment with placebo, apremilast 30 mg two times per day or apremilast ...
Fas Ligand Promotes An Inducible Tlr-Dependent Model Of Cutaneous Lupus-Like Inflammation, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Fas Ligand Promotes An Inducible Tlr-Dependent Model Of Cutaneous Lupus-Like Inflammation, Purvi Mande, Bahar Zirak, Wei-Che Ko, Keyon Taravati, Karen L. Bride, Tia Bumpus Brodeur, April C. Deng, Karen A. Dresser, Zhaozhao Jiang, Rachel Ettinger, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Michael D. Rosenblum, John E. Harris, Ann Marshak-Rothstein
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
Toll-like receptors TLR7 and TLR9 are both implicated in the activation of autoreactive B cells and other cell types associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis. However, Tlr9-/- autoimmune-prone strains paradoxically develop more severe disease. We have now leveraged the negative regulatory role of TLR9 to develop an inducible rapid-onset murine model of systemic autoimmunity that depends on T cell detection of a membrane-bound OVA fusion protein expressed by MHC class II+ cells, expression of TLR7, expression of the type I IFN receptor, and loss of expression of TLR9. These mice are distinguished by a high frequency of OVA-specific Tbet ...
Secukinumab Improves Active Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms And Inhibits Radiographic Progression: Primary Results From The Randomised, Double-Blind, Phase Iii Future 5 Study., 2018 Department of Rheumatology, Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
Secukinumab Improves Active Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms And Inhibits Radiographic Progression: Primary Results From The Randomised, Double-Blind, Phase Iii Future 5 Study., Philip Mease, Désirée Van Der Heijde, Robert Landewé, Shephard Mpofu, Proton Rahman, Hasan Tahir, Atul Singhal, Elke Boettcher, Sandra Navarra, Karin Meiser, Aimee Readie, Luminita Pricop, Ken Abrams
Journal Articles and Abstracts
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of subcutaneous (s.c.) secukinumab, an interleukin-17A inhibitor, on clinical signs and symptoms and radiographic progression in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
METHODS: Adults (n=996) with active PsA were randomised 2:2:2:3 to s.c. secukinumab 300 mg or 150 mg with loading dose (LD), 150 mg without LD or placebo. All groups received secukinumab or placebo at baseline, weeks 1, 2 and 3 and then every 4 weeks from week 4. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving an American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) response at week 16 ...
Secukinumab Versus Adalimumab For Psoriatic Arthritis: Comparative Effectiveness Up To 48 Weeks Using A Matching-Adjusted Indirect Comparison., 2018 Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
Secukinumab Versus Adalimumab For Psoriatic Arthritis: Comparative Effectiveness Up To 48 Weeks Using A Matching-Adjusted Indirect Comparison., Peter Nash, Iain B Mcinnes, Philip Mease, Howard Thom, Matthias Hunger, Andreas Karabis, Kunal Gandhi, Shephard Mpofu, Steffen M Jugl
Journal Articles and Abstracts
INTRODUCTION: Secukinumab and adalimumab are approved for adults with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA). In the absence of direct randomized controlled trial (RCT) data, matching-adjusted indirect comparison can estimate the comparative effectiveness in anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-naïve populations.
METHODS: Individual patient data from the FUTURE 2 RCT (secukinumab vs. placebo; N = 299) were adjusted to match baseline characteristics of the ADEPT RCT (adalimumab vs. placebo; N = 313). Logistic regression determined adjustment weights for age, body weight, sex, race, methotrexate use, psoriasis affecting ≥ 3% of body surface area, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index score, presence ...
Assistive Utensil: A Spork For Hand Tremors And Spatial Awareness, 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)
Assistive Utensil: A Spork For Hand Tremors And Spatial Awareness, Ana Font Hernandez, Jacob Kabariti, Troy Taylor
Publications and Research
In this poster, we present a 3D printed solution for hand tremors and special awareness. Our spork is an assistive device designed and 3D printed for patients suffering from scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, Parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, drug withdrawal, etc. The scale-based handle will act as a counterweight to offset the contents on the other end and reduce shakiness. The larger grip allows an easy and comfortable hold. The product will be 3D printed for a customizable fit and at an affordable price. Lastly, the product will include a haptic feedback sensor to assist the visually impaired in locating food contents ...
Towards An Arthritis Flare-Responsive Drug Delivery System, 2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Towards An Arthritis Flare-Responsive Drug Delivery System, Nitin Joshi, Ellen M. Gravallese, Joerg Ermann, Jeffrey M. Karp
Open Access Articles
Local delivery of therapeutics for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis (IA) is limited by short intra-articular half-lives. Since IA severity often fluctuates over time, a local drug delivery method that titrates drug release to arthritis activity would represent an attractive paradigm in IA therapy. Here we report the development of a hydrogel platform that exhibits disassembly and drug release controlled by the concentration of enzymes expressed during arthritis flares. In vitro, hydrogel loaded with triamcinolone acetonide (TA) releases drug on-demand upon exposure to enzymes or synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. In arthritic mice, hydrogel loaded with a fluorescent ...
Triple Valve Infective Endocarditis - A Late Diagnosis, 2018 Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Cardiology
Triple Valve Infective Endocarditis - A Late Diagnosis, Edme R. Mustafa, Sineta C. Firulescu, Cristina D. Parvanescu, Beatrice A. Chisalau, Georgica C. Tartea, Ion C. Efrem, Andreea L. Barbulescu, Stefan C. Dinescu, Paulina L. Ciurea, Lucretiu Radu, Ananu F. Vreju
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Behcet's disease is a systemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology with cardiac involvement as well as damage to other organs. Whether the sterile valvular inflammation which occurs in this autoimmune disease predisposes to bacterial adhesion and infective endocarditis is not yet established.
We present the case of a patient with Behcet disease in which transthoracic echocardiography showed mobile masses on the aortic, tricuspid, and mitral valves, leading to multivalvular infective endocarditis diagnosis, possibly in the context of valvular inflammation.
The case presented in this article confirms observation of other studies, namely that ultrasonography plays an important role in the diagnosis ...
Acute Vitreoretinal Trauma And Inflammation After Traumatic Brain Injury In Mice, 2018 University of Iowa
Acute Vitreoretinal Trauma And Inflammation After Traumatic Brain Injury In Mice, Lucy P. Evans, Elizabeth A. Newell, Maryann Mahajan, Stephen H. Tsang, Polly J. Ferguson, Jolonda Mahoney, Christopher D. Hue, Edward W. Vogel, Barclay Morrison, Ottavio Arancio, Russell Nichols, Alexander G. Bassuk, Vinit B. Mahajan
Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications
Objective: Limited attention has been given to ocular injuries associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The retina is an extension of the central nervous system and evaluation of ocular damage may offer a less-invasive approach to gauge TBI severity and response to treatment. We aim to characterize acute changes in the mouse eye after exposure to two different models of TBI to assess the utility of eye damage as a surrogate to brain injury.
Methods: A model of blast TBI (bTBI) using a shock tube was compared to a lateral fluid percussion injury model (LFPI) using fluid pressure applied directly ...
Cluster-Randomized Trial Of A Behavioral Intervention To Incorporate A Treat-To-Target Approach To Care Of Us Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Cluster-Randomized Trial Of A Behavioral Intervention To Incorporate A Treat-To-Target Approach To Care Of Us Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Leslie R. Harrold, George W. Reed, Ani John, Christine J. Barr, Kevin Soe, Robert P. Magner, Katherine C. Saunders, Eric M. Ruderman, Tmirah Haselkorn, Jeffrey D. Greenberg, Allan Gibofsky, J. Timothy Harrington, Joel M. Kremer
Open Access Articles
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of implementing a treat-to-target approach versus usual care in a US-based cohort of rheumatoid arthritis patients.
METHODS: In this behavioral intervention trial, rheumatology practices were cluster-randomized to provide treat-to-target care or usual care. Eligible patients with moderate/high disease activity (Clinical Disease Activity Index [CDAI] score > 10) were followed for 12 months. Both treat-to-target and usual care patients were seen every 3 months. Treat-to-target providers were to have monthly visits with treatment acceleration at a minimum of every 3 months in patients with CDAI score > 10; additional visits and treatment acceleration were at ...
The Conundrum Of Indeterminate Quantiferon-Tb Gold Results Before Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Initiation, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
The Conundrum Of Indeterminate Quantiferon-Tb Gold Results Before Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Initiation, Shahrad Hakimian, Yevgeniy Popov, Abbas Rupawala, Karen I. Salomon-Escoto, Steven Hatch, Randall Pellish
Open Access Articles
Background: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is a key cytokine in both the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the host defense against tuberculosis (TB). Consequently, anti-TNFalpha medications result in an increased risk of latent TB infection (LTBI) reactivation. Here, we sought to evaluate the factors affecting the results of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) assay as a screening tool for LTBI.
Methods: We conducted an observational, retrospective study in patients with IBD and RA who underwent LTBI screening using QFT-GIT at UMass Memorial Medical Center between 2008 and 2016 prior to initiation of anti-TNF medications ...
Impact Of Rituximab On Patient-Reported Outcomes In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis From The Us Corrona Registry, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Impact Of Rituximab On Patient-Reported Outcomes In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis From The Us Corrona Registry, Leslie R. Harrold, Ani John, Jennie Best, Steve Zlotnick, Chitra Karki, Youfu Li, Jeffrey D. Greenberg, Joel M. Kremer
Leslie R. Harrold
To evaluate the impact of rituximab on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in a US-based observational cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients with active RA, prior exposure to > /=1 tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) and who newly initiated rituximab were identified. Changes in PROs were assessed 1 year after rituximab initiation. PRO measures included Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI); patient global disease activity, pain and fatigue (visual analog score; 0-100); morning stiffness (hours); modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (mHAQ; 0-3); and EuroQoL EQ-5D. Of the 667 patients who newly initiated rituximab, baseline PRO and clinical measures indicated that patients were substantially ...
Safety And Efficacy Of Subcutaneous Tanezumab In Patients With Knee Or Hip Osteoarthritis, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Safety And Efficacy Of Subcutaneous Tanezumab In Patients With Knee Or Hip Osteoarthritis, Charles Birbara, Eugene J. Dabezies Jr, Aimee M. Burr, Robert J. Fountaine, Michael D. Smith, Mark T. Brown, Christine R. West, Rosalin H. Arends, Kenneth M. Verburg
Open Access Articles
Background/objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of subcutaneous (SC) and intravenous (IV) tanezumab administration in osteoarthritis (OA) patients.
Materials and methods: Study 1027 (NCT01089725), a placebo-controlled trial, evaluated the efficacy of SC tanezumab (ie, 2.5, 5, and 10 mg) and the therapeutic equivalence of 10 mg tanezumab given subcutaneously versus intravenously every 8 weeks in the symptomatic treatment of OA. Coprimary endpoints were: change from baseline in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) Pain and Physical Function indices, and Patient's Global Assessment (PGA) of OA. Study 1043 (NCT00994890 ...