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Barriers To Follow-Up Adherence For Patients With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Associated Uveitis At A Tertiary Care Center, Rayna Marshall, Camellia Edalat, Krishna Mallem, Paulina Liberman MD, Bryn Burkholder MD, Jennifer Thorne MD, Meghan Berkenstock MD 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Barriers To Follow-Up Adherence For Patients With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Associated Uveitis At A Tertiary Care Center, Rayna Marshall, Camellia Edalat, Krishna Mallem, Paulina Liberman Md, Bryn Burkholder Md, Jennifer Thorne Md, Meghan Berkenstock Md

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Improving Pneumococcal Vaccination Rates In Immunosuppressed Pediatric Patients With Rheumatic Disease., Julia G. Harris, Jordan T. Jones, Leslie Favier, Emily Fox, Michael J. Holland, Amy Ivy, Cara M. Hoffart, Maria Ibarra, Ashley M. Cooper 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Improving Pneumococcal Vaccination Rates In Immunosuppressed Pediatric Patients With Rheumatic Disease., Julia G. Harris, Jordan T. Jones, Leslie Favier, Emily Fox, Michael J. Holland, Amy Ivy, Cara M. Hoffart, Maria Ibarra, Ashley M. Cooper

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatic diseases are at a high risk of invasive pneumococcal disease due to immunosuppression. We conducted a quality improvement project, and the first aim was to increase the percentage of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and mixed connective tissue disease that is up to date on pneumococcal vaccinations from 9.6% to 80% within one year. Subsequently, the second aim was to increase the percentage of patients on immunosuppression with systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective tissue disease, juvenile dermatomyositis and systemic vasculitis that is up to date on pneumococcal vaccinations from 62.6% to 80% within one year.

METHODS: …


Cva In Patient With Systemic Sclerosis On Aspirin Therapy: A Case Report, Rahyan Mahmud, Bianna Koutsenko, Kenneth Goich, Usaid Hasan 2024 Rowan University

Cva In Patient With Systemic Sclerosis On Aspirin Therapy: A Case Report, Rahyan Mahmud, Bianna Koutsenko, Kenneth Goich, Usaid Hasan

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction

Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder characterized by microvascular damage and multiorgan fibrosis. These patients have a higher risk of cerebrovascular events, but it is difficult to develop strategies for prevention due to limited understanding of underlying pathophysiology.

Case Presentation

A 76-year-old female with a history of systemic sclerosis presented to the emergency department with acute onset slurred speech, facial droop, and left arm pain with a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Stroke Scale of 1. She was outside the thrombolytic window. Other history includes hypertension and hyperlipidemia; both were well controlled. MRI confirmed right frontal lobe ischemic stroke …


A Literature Review Of Current Treatments For The Hypermobility Subtype Of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, John Gericke, Mary Zsolway, Chelsea Reyes, Pooja Patel, Saad Ahmed, Julia Hwang, Venkateswar Venkataraman 2024 Rowan University

A Literature Review Of Current Treatments For The Hypermobility Subtype Of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, John Gericke, Mary Zsolway, Chelsea Reyes, Pooja Patel, Saad Ahmed, Julia Hwang, Venkateswar Venkataraman

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare pharmacologic intervention, neurocognitive therapy, physical therapy, and orthotics in treating the hypermobility subtype of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (hEDS) and determine which has the most positive effect on symptoms.

Introduction: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is an inheritable connective tissue disorder which results from a genetic mutation that alters the body’s ability to produce collagen. The most common subtype of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is hEDS, which leads to hypermobility and hyperextensibility and can cause frequent joint dislocations.

Methods: A review of literature was performed to compare each treatment based on reported results. The types of studies reviewed …


“Lupus, Marijuana, And Takotsubo: A Perfect Storm”: An Unusual Presentation Of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy, Matthew Orap, Parth Patel, Haitham Dib 2024 Rowan University

“Lupus, Marijuana, And Takotsubo: A Perfect Storm”: An Unusual Presentation Of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy, Matthew Orap, Parth Patel, Haitham Dib

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a type of myocardial injury that is marked with left ventricular contraction dysfunction. Various regions of the left ventricular wall may exhibit hypokinetic or hypercontractile activity. There is no exact mechanism elucidated for Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, but it is often associated with a triggering stressful event that leads to a catecholamine surge. We describe a 38-year-old female who presented with typical Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, likely in the setting of worsening systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) exacerbations and excessive cannabis use. The patient described her pain as a tight burning sensation that started on her right side and traveled to the …


A Systematic Review On Belimumab’S Effectiveness, Improved Health Outcomes And Quality Of Life In Patients With Lupus Syndromes, Emily Meale, Alexandra Fontaine 2024 Rowan University

A Systematic Review On Belimumab’S Effectiveness, Improved Health Outcomes And Quality Of Life In Patients With Lupus Syndromes, Emily Meale, Alexandra Fontaine

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Autoimmune diseases are prevalent disorders that many individuals within the United States suffer from. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a common autoimmune disease that has a high incidence in women of child-bearing age. Management for lupus depends on the anatomical location SLE manifests, the severity of disease, and the tolerance that one has for certain adverse effects. Glucocorticoids are commonly used to manage lupus. Currently, long term glucocorticoid usage is associated with devastating adverse effects, so current treatment options aim to mitigate corticosteroids use to improve quality of life while maintaining favorable health outcomes. New management for SLE include biologics …


A Case Series Of Unusual Iga Vasculitis, Jared Bradley, Ian Whitaker, Brittany Lyons, Amy Mangla 2024 Trident Medical Center

A Case Series Of Unusual Iga Vasculitis, Jared Bradley, Ian Whitaker, Brittany Lyons, Amy Mangla

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgA)is a rare condition characterized by palpable purpura, often involving the skin, gastrointestinal tract, joints, and kidneys. Presentation is usually acute and is more common in children and adolescents of Southeast Asian and European descent. In the adult population, it is less common and therapies are not as well-established.

Case Presentation

Disease prevalence of IgA vasculitis outside Southeast Asian and European populations is not well-documented. In this case series, we present 2 cases of IgA vasculitis in 2 older adult males, one of Native American descent and one of African American descent.

Conclusion

IgA vasculitis must …


Correlational Analysis Of Sarcopenia And Multimorbidity Among Older Inpatients, Wenjing Xia, Kang Luo, Ziwei Gu, Jianping Hu, Xintong Liu, Qian Xiao 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Correlational Analysis Of Sarcopenia And Multimorbidity Among Older Inpatients, Wenjing Xia, Kang Luo, Ziwei Gu, Jianping Hu, Xintong Liu, Qian Xiao

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia and multimorbidity are common in older adults, and most of the available clinical studies have focused on the relationship between specialist disorders and sarcopenia, whereas fewer studies have been conducted on the relationship between sarcopenia and multimorbidity. We therefore wished to explore the relationship between the two.

METHODS: The study subjects were older patients (aged ≥ 65 years) who were hospitalized at the Department of Geriatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between March 2016 and September 2021. Their medical records were collected. Based on the diagnostic criteria of the Asian Sarcopenia Working Group in …


Down Syndrome-Associated Arthritis Compared To Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Similarities And Differences In Clinical Presentation And Outcomes, Irene Chern, Jordan Jones 2024 St Christopher's Hospital for Children

Down Syndrome-Associated Arthritis Compared To Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Similarities And Differences In Clinical Presentation And Outcomes, Irene Chern, Jordan Jones

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease Presenting As An Urticarial Rash In A Newborn, Irene Chern, Dana Toib 2024 St. Christopher's Hospital for Children

Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease Presenting As An Urticarial Rash In A Newborn, Irene Chern, Dana Toib

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Tick-Borne Disease In Central Pennsylvania: Considering Anaplasmosis, Kishan V. Patel, Fredrick T. Murphy, Jason G. Bankert, Alan J. Kivitz 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Tick-Borne Disease In Central Pennsylvania: Considering Anaplasmosis, Kishan V. Patel, Fredrick T. Murphy, Jason G. Bankert, Alan J. Kivitz

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Mir-574-5p Activates Human Tlr8 To Promote Autoimmune Signaling And Lupus, Tao Wang, Dan Song, Xuejuan Li, Yu Luo, Dianqiang Yang, Xiaoyan Liu, Xiaodan Kong, Yida Xing, Shulin Bi, Yan Zhang, Tao Hu, Yunyun Zhang, Shuang Dai, Zhiqiang Shao, Dahan Chen, Jinpao Hou, Esteban Ballestar, Jianchun Cai, Feng Zheng, James Y Yang 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Mir-574-5p Activates Human Tlr8 To Promote Autoimmune Signaling And Lupus, Tao Wang, Dan Song, Xuejuan Li, Yu Luo, Dianqiang Yang, Xiaoyan Liu, Xiaodan Kong, Yida Xing, Shulin Bi, Yan Zhang, Tao Hu, Yunyun Zhang, Shuang Dai, Zhiqiang Shao, Dahan Chen, Jinpao Hou, Esteban Ballestar, Jianchun Cai, Feng Zheng, James Y Yang

Journal Articles

Endosomal single-stranded RNA-sensing Toll-like receptor-7/8 (TLR7/8) plays a pivotal role in inflammation and immune responses and autoimmune diseases. However, the mechanisms underlying the initiation of the TLR7/8-mediated autoimmune signaling remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that miR-574-5p is aberrantly upregulated in tissues of lupus prone mice and in the plasma of lupus patients, with its expression levels correlating with the disease activity. miR-574-5p binds to and activates human hTLR8 or its murine ortholog mTlr7 to elicit a series of MyD88-dependent immune and inflammatory responses. These responses include the overproduction of cytokines and interferons, the activation of STAT1 signaling …


Primary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy: A Case Series, Varuni Pragya, MAHABALESHWAR MAMADAPUR DR, RAHUL BISARALLI DR, DEEPAK BENNY Dr, PURNA BANSAL 2024 JSS MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL,JSS ACADEMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION,MYSORE

Primary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy: A Case Series, Varuni Pragya, Mahabaleshwar Mamadapur Dr, Rahul Bisaralli Dr, Deepak Benny Dr, Purna Bansal

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Skeletal dysplasia encompasses a spectrum of over 400 rare inheritable skeletal abnormalities typically manifested early in childhood. Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy is a clinical syndrome marked by abnormal skin and osseous tissue proliferation at the distal extremities. It is characterized by unique clinical features such as digital clubbing, periostosis of tubular bones, and synovial effusions.

We report three cases of HPOA for further understanding and insight into this infrequent cause of clubbing. Case 1 involved a 25-year-old male presenting with joint pain, primarily in wrists and knees, accompanied by progressive swelling in both lower limbs for the past 3 years. Case 2 …


Examining The Matrix: A Case Of Anti-Nuclear Matrix Protein 2 (Nxp-2) Positive Dermatomyositis, Victoria Cuello, Ramiro Oquita, Emilia Dulgheru 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine

Examining The Matrix: A Case Of Anti-Nuclear Matrix Protein 2 (Nxp-2) Positive Dermatomyositis, Victoria Cuello, Ramiro Oquita, Emilia Dulgheru

Research Symposium

Background: Dermatomyositis is a disease characterized by proximal muscle weakness, elevated muscle enzymes and cutaneous skin findings including heliotrope rash, periungual erythema, Gottron’s papules/sign and shawl-sign. Myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSA) can be used to predict disease manifestations, response to therapy and prognosis. Specifically, patients with dermatomyositis with positive anti-nuclear matrix protein (NXP-2) typically present with classical skin findings, subcutaneous edema, profound muscle weakness, severe dysphagia and hypophonia.

Case Presentation: A 21-year-old Hispanic lady presented to the hospital for severe muscle weakness. She reported soreness in her thighs for three months prior to presentation followed by arm soreness. She also developed a …


Characteristics And Hospital Outcomes Of 1403 Patients Hospitalized At Community Hospitals With Ankylosing Spondylitis, Se Won Lee, Carol Elsakr, Jonathan Holt, Napatkamon Ayutyanont 2024 MountainView Hospital

Characteristics And Hospital Outcomes Of 1403 Patients Hospitalized At Community Hospitals With Ankylosing Spondylitis, Se Won Lee, Carol Elsakr, Jonathan Holt, Napatkamon Ayutyanont

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Background

In this study, we aimed to assess the hospital course, outcomes after hospitalization, and predictors of outcomes in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

Methods

We included 1403 patients with AS between 2016 and 2021 who were identified using International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes from a large for-profit healthcare system database. Demographics and clinical characteristics were compared between those who had a favorable outcome, defined as being discharged to home without readmission within 3 months of discharge, versus those who had an unfavorable outcome. A stepwise logistic regression was used to identify demographic and clinical characteristics associated with home …


Associations Of Galectin-3 Levels With Measures Of Vascular Disease In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Amanda Nussdorf, Elizabeth Park, Isabelle Amigues, Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Sabahat Bokhari, Jon T. Giles, Joan M. Bathon 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Associations Of Galectin-3 Levels With Measures Of Vascular Disease In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Amanda Nussdorf, Elizabeth Park, Isabelle Amigues, Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Sabahat Bokhari, Jon T. Giles, Joan M. Bathon

Division of Rheumatology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVES: Galectin-3 is a beta-galactoside-binding lectin and is a marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population. It may also play a role in joint inflammation. We asked whether serum galectin-3 is a useful marker of subclinical vascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS: RA patients without clinical CVD underwent assessment of coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, aortic inflammation (using 18Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission-computed tomography [FDG PET/CT]), and myocardial flow reserve (MFR). Aorta FDG uptake was measured as standardized uptake values (SUV). Generalized linear models were constructed to explore the associations of galectin-3 levels with CAC score, aortic …


Case Report And Literature Review Of An Atypical Polymyalgia Rheumatica And Its Management, Saad Bilal Ahmed, Saara Ahmad, Hanmei Pan 2023 Monash Health Rehabilitation and Aged Care Services, Australia

Case Report And Literature Review Of An Atypical Polymyalgia Rheumatica And Its Management, Saad Bilal Ahmed, Saara Ahmad, Hanmei Pan

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a systemic inflammatory disease of the elderly population that increases in incidence as age advances. It is characterised by the sudden or sub-acute onset of symptoms affecting the shoulder and pelvic girdles, often accompanied by constitutional symptoms. Due to the lack of consensual diagnostic criteria and specific laboratory or radiological investigations for PMR, its diagnosis can be very challenging, particularly because it can be mimicked or masked by other geriatric syndromes. PMR responds well to glucocorticoid treatment, but if left untreated, can lead to morbidity and poor quality of life. We present the case of an …


Barriers To The Diagnosis, Care, And Management Of Pediatric Patients With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome In The United States: A Qualitative Analysis., William R. Black, Lora L. Black, Jordan T. Jones 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Barriers To The Diagnosis, Care, And Management Of Pediatric Patients With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome In The United States: A Qualitative Analysis., William R. Black, Lora L. Black, Jordan T. Jones

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Objectives: Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS) are a family of heritable connective tissue diseases. Primary practitioners are capable of diagnosing and managing EDS; however, few are knowledgeable and comfortable enough to see patients with EDS, resulting in delays in diagnosis and care. This study explores the barriers physicians experience with diagnosing, managing, and caring for patients with EDS, and potential resolutions to those barriers. Methods: As part of a larger online study, providers (n = 107) in the United States were asked to specify "What information would improve (their) comfort" in diagnosing, caring for, and managing EDS via open-ended questions. Results …


Autoimmune Encephalitis Of Unknown Etiology, Elizabeth Cook, Giselle Ricoy 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Autoimmune Encephalitis Of Unknown Etiology, Elizabeth Cook, Giselle Ricoy

Research Colloquium

Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain which can come about through various etiologies. Autoimmune encephalitis is a rare form that is most common among women and children. The clinical presentation can vary between patients with a constellation of symptoms including deficits in memory, cognition, seizures, abnormal movement, psychosis, and coma. Because of the variation in clinical presentation and the lack of specificity in imaging and laboratory findings, diagnosis and intervention are often delayed for months to years. These delays in diagnosis can have long term ramifications on patients especially pediatric patients whose neural pathways are still developing. In pediatric …


The Importance Of A Broad Differential Diagnosis: Hepatitis C Virus Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Christine E. Loftis, Juan Naranjo, Emilia Dulgheru 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Importance Of A Broad Differential Diagnosis: Hepatitis C Virus Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Christine E. Loftis, Juan Naranjo, Emilia Dulgheru

Research Symposium

Introduction: Mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCS) is a systemic inflammatory syndrome affecting small-medium sized vessels due to the presence of type II or III cryoglobulins in the serum. MSC can manifest as systemic vasculitis with symptoms varying from weakness, arthralgia, palpable purpura, peripheral neuropathy, and renal involvement. The most common cause of MCS includes lymphoproliferative disorders, autoimmune diseases and viral infections, with hepatitis C virus (HCV) being the most common etiology.

Case Presentation: A 60-year-old lady was referred to our office for evaluation of rheumatoid arthritis. She reported history of bilateral thumb pain, bilateral knee pain associated with episodes of swelling, …


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