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Rheumatology Commons

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Associations Of Galectin-3 Levels With Measures Of Vascular Disease In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Amanda Nussdorf, Elizabeth Park, Isabelle Amigues, Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Sabahat Bokhari, Jon T. Giles, Joan M. Bathon 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Associations Of Galectin-3 Levels With Measures Of Vascular Disease In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Amanda Nussdorf, Elizabeth Park, Isabelle Amigues, Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Sabahat Bokhari, Jon T. Giles, Joan M. Bathon

Division of Rheumatology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVES: Galectin-3 is a beta-galactoside-binding lectin and is a marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population. It may also play a role in joint inflammation. We asked whether serum galectin-3 is a useful marker of subclinical vascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS: RA patients without clinical CVD underwent assessment of coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, aortic inflammation (using 18Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission-computed tomography [FDG PET/CT]), and myocardial flow reserve (MFR). Aorta FDG uptake was measured as standardized uptake values (SUV). Generalized linear models were constructed to explore the associations of galectin-3 levels with CAC score, aortic …


Case Report And Literature Review Of An Atypical Polymyalgia Rheumatica And Its Management, Saad Bilal Ahmed, Saara Ahmad, Hanmei Pan 2023 Monash Health Rehabilitation and Aged Care Services, Australia

Case Report And Literature Review Of An Atypical Polymyalgia Rheumatica And Its Management, Saad Bilal Ahmed, Saara Ahmad, Hanmei Pan

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a systemic inflammatory disease of the elderly population that increases in incidence as age advances. It is characterised by the sudden or sub-acute onset of symptoms affecting the shoulder and pelvic girdles, often accompanied by constitutional symptoms. Due to the lack of consensual diagnostic criteria and specific laboratory or radiological investigations for PMR, its diagnosis can be very challenging, particularly because it can be mimicked or masked by other geriatric syndromes. PMR responds well to glucocorticoid treatment, but if left untreated, can lead to morbidity and poor quality of life. We present the case of an …


Barriers To The Diagnosis, Care, And Management Of Pediatric Patients With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome In The United States: A Qualitative Analysis., William R. Black, Lora L. Black, Jordan T. Jones 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Barriers To The Diagnosis, Care, And Management Of Pediatric Patients With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome In The United States: A Qualitative Analysis., William R. Black, Lora L. Black, Jordan T. Jones

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Objectives: Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS) are a family of heritable connective tissue diseases. Primary practitioners are capable of diagnosing and managing EDS; however, few are knowledgeable and comfortable enough to see patients with EDS, resulting in delays in diagnosis and care. This study explores the barriers physicians experience with diagnosing, managing, and caring for patients with EDS, and potential resolutions to those barriers. Methods: As part of a larger online study, providers (n = 107) in the United States were asked to specify "What information would improve (their) comfort" in diagnosing, caring for, and managing EDS via open-ended questions. Results …


Autoimmune Encephalitis Of Unknown Etiology, Elizabeth Cook, Giselle Ricoy 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Autoimmune Encephalitis Of Unknown Etiology, Elizabeth Cook, Giselle Ricoy

Research Colloquium

Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain which can come about through various etiologies. Autoimmune encephalitis is a rare form that is most common among women and children. The clinical presentation can vary between patients with a constellation of symptoms including deficits in memory, cognition, seizures, abnormal movement, psychosis, and coma. Because of the variation in clinical presentation and the lack of specificity in imaging and laboratory findings, diagnosis and intervention are often delayed for months to years. These delays in diagnosis can have long term ramifications on patients especially pediatric patients whose neural pathways are still developing. In pediatric …


The Importance Of A Broad Differential Diagnosis: Hepatitis C Virus Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Christine E. Loftis, Juan Naranjo, Emilia Dulgheru 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Importance Of A Broad Differential Diagnosis: Hepatitis C Virus Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Christine E. Loftis, Juan Naranjo, Emilia Dulgheru

Research Symposium

Introduction: Mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCS) is a systemic inflammatory syndrome affecting small-medium sized vessels due to the presence of type II or III cryoglobulins in the serum. MSC can manifest as systemic vasculitis with symptoms varying from weakness, arthralgia, palpable purpura, peripheral neuropathy, and renal involvement. The most common cause of MCS includes lymphoproliferative disorders, autoimmune diseases and viral infections, with hepatitis C virus (HCV) being the most common etiology.

Case Presentation: A 60-year-old lady was referred to our office for evaluation of rheumatoid arthritis. She reported history of bilateral thumb pain, bilateral knee pain associated with episodes of swelling, …


Generalized Lymphadenopathy As The Initial Presentation Of A Young Woman With Systemic Lupus Erythematous, Mery Bartl, Christine E. Loftis, Jose Gomez, Daniela Hernandez, Emilia C. Dulgheru 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Generalized Lymphadenopathy As The Initial Presentation Of A Young Woman With Systemic Lupus Erythematous, Mery Bartl, Christine E. Loftis, Jose Gomez, Daniela Hernandez, Emilia C. Dulgheru

Research Symposium

Background: Generalized lymphadenopathy (LAP) refers to abnormal enlargement of more than two non-contiguous lymph node regions. There are various causes of LAP, including malignancy, infection, autoimmune disorders, medications, and iatrogenic causes. Obtaining a thorough history and physical examination is paramount in identifying the underlying etiology. Most of the time further investigation with laboratory and radiographic studies should be performed to identify the cause. Patients with high-risk features should undergo a biopsy for the diagnosis of malignancy.

Case presentation: A 36-year-old lady with a remote history of COVID-19 presented with complaints of orthopnea, cough, arthralgia, and left-sided abdominal pain for the …


A Whole Clotta Pain: A Case Of Ivc Thrombosis Presenting As Severe Abdominal Pain In A Patient With Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome, Mery Bartl, Christine E. Loftis, Josenny Rodriguez-Paez, Emilia C. Dulgheru 2023 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine

A Whole Clotta Pain: A Case Of Ivc Thrombosis Presenting As Severe Abdominal Pain In A Patient With Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome, Mery Bartl, Christine E. Loftis, Josenny Rodriguez-Paez, Emilia C. Dulgheru

Research Symposium

Background: Anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) is an immune-mediated condition characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in the setting of venous and arterial thrombosis and or pregnancy loss [1]. APS can be a primary syndrome or can be associated with connective tissue diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus. The goal of treatment in patients with APS is to decrease the risk of thromboembolic events and the standard of care is warfarin therapy. We describe a case of a 42-year-old gentleman with a history of APS on anticoagulation with apixaban who presented to the hospital with severe abdominal pain secondary to infrarenal …


That Which Keeps On Giving - A Case Of Class Iv Diffuse Proliferative Lupus Nephritis In A Hispanic Woman With Underlying Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Josenny L. Rodriguez-Paez, Christine E. Loftis, Rosa White-Guedez 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

That Which Keeps On Giving - A Case Of Class Iv Diffuse Proliferative Lupus Nephritis In A Hispanic Woman With Underlying Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Josenny L. Rodriguez-Paez, Christine E. Loftis, Rosa White-Guedez

Research Symposium

Background: Glomerulonephritis is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Lupus nephritis is characterized by immune complex deposition in the mesangium leading to complement activation and hypocomplementemia. Studies show that up to 60% of adults with lupus develop renal involvement and it has been well established that Hispanic patients show poorer outcomes than Caucasians despite advances in treatment. Preserved kidney function with new-onset proteinuria should raise clinical suspicion for acute lupus nephritis. Further evaluation with a kidney biopsy is paramount in establishing a diagnosis, helping to define treatment strategy, and determining response to treatment.

Case …


Pericardial Effusions And Cardiac Tamponade In Hospitalized Systemic Sclerosis Patients: Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Bikash Basyal, Waqas Ullah, Chris T. Derk 2023 Abington Jefferson Health

Pericardial Effusions And Cardiac Tamponade In Hospitalized Systemic Sclerosis Patients: Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Bikash Basyal, Waqas Ullah, Chris T. Derk

Abington Jefferson Health Papers

Introduction

Clinically significant pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is uncommon and the factors that contribute to progression of pericardial involvement in SSc patients have not been well established.

Methods

A review of the national inpatient sample database was performed looking SSc related hospitalizations between 2002 and 2019. Data was collected on patients with pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade and analyzed to identify and describe patient characteristics and comorbidities.

Results

Out of a total of 523,410 SSc hospitalizations, with an overall inpatient mortality rate of 4.7% (24,764 patients), pericardial effusion was identified in 3.1% of all …


Biliary Dyskinesia In Stiff Person Syndrome: An Association Between Reduced Gaba Production And Gastroenteric Dysmotility, Scarlet Louis-Jean, Nirav Agrawal, Shire Chaudhry, Adrien Mazer 2023 Department of Internal Medicine, Luminis Health Anne Arundel Medical Center, Annapolis, MD, USA

Biliary Dyskinesia In Stiff Person Syndrome: An Association Between Reduced Gaba Production And Gastroenteric Dysmotility, Scarlet Louis-Jean, Nirav Agrawal, Shire Chaudhry, Adrien Mazer

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Stiff person syndrome (SPS) and biliary dyskinesia are two rare but potentially debilitating conditions that can significantly impact quality of life. SPS is a rare neurological disorder characterized by muscle stiffness, rigidity, and muscle spasms that primarily affect the trunk and limbs and is associated with extra-axial manifestations involving the gastrointestinal tract. Biliary dyskinesia is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abnormal gallbladder emptying, leading to symptoms of intense abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Despite their distinct clinical presentations, studies have suggested a possible connection between the two disorders. This link may be due to involvement of similar neurotransmitters and autoantibodies …


Treatment Of Knee Synovitis From Psoriatic Arthritis With Platelet Rich Plasma Injection, Nicolle Mazzei, Arielle Hall, Cody Clinton 2023 Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine

Treatment Of Knee Synovitis From Psoriatic Arthritis With Platelet Rich Plasma Injection, Nicolle Mazzei, Arielle Hall, Cody Clinton

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Psoriatic arthritis has been known to cause many inflammatory clinical features, including synovitis. In the past, synovitis has been primarily treated with NSAIDs, corticosteroid injections, and synovectomy when needed. This case report outlines a 49-year-old female with synovitis caused by psoriatic arthritis who did not respond to conventional treatment options and was apprehensive to surgery. She was offered a platelet rich plasma (PRP) injection as alternative therapy to a synovectomy. This case explores the use of PRP injections as a potential treatment modality for patients with synovitis caused by psoriatic arthritis. This patient was able to show improvement in her …


Hydroxychloroquine Induced Cardiomyopathy, Mohamed Salah Mohamed, Katrina Wojciechowski, Scott Feitell, Muhammad Osama, Anas Hashem, Jayesh Patel, Amir Mahmoud, Ali Abdelhay, Prakash Upreti, Soidjon Khodjaev 2023 Rochester Regional Health System

Hydroxychloroquine Induced Cardiomyopathy, Mohamed Salah Mohamed, Katrina Wojciechowski, Scott Feitell, Muhammad Osama, Anas Hashem, Jayesh Patel, Amir Mahmoud, Ali Abdelhay, Prakash Upreti, Soidjon Khodjaev

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is one of the immunomodulatory medications used in treatment of autoimmune diseases. Rarely, HCQ can cause serious complications, such as cardiotoxicity. We present a rare case of HCQ-induced cardiomyopathy. 60-year-old female patient with a medical history of SLE on chronic HCQ therapy for 28 years, preexisting non-ischemic cardiomyopathy and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction for 7 years, and complete heart block status post pacemaker insertion presented with acute chest pain and severe weight loss. Patient underwent coronary angiogram that showed normal coronaries and right-sided heart catheterization that showed acute heart failure. Echocardiogram showed LVEF of 30% with …


Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Churg Strauss Syndrome) – A Case Report, Rudrani Mukherjee, Bhanukumar M 2023 JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSSAHER

Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Churg Strauss Syndrome) – A Case Report, Rudrani Mukherjee, Bhanukumar M

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), previously known as Churg Strauss syndrome, is a rare small vessel vasculitis characterized by asthma, eosinophilia, and systemic involvement. This case report presents a 51-year-old man with a history of asthma, who presented with neurological symptoms including blurring of vision, bilateral ptosis, and altered sensorium. The patient had a previous history of cervical and lumbar spine surgeries for symptoms attributed to spondylosis. Further examination revealed hyperpigmented lesions on the limbs, wasting of small muscles, and foot drop.

Investigations showed eosinophilia and thrombocytosis on blood analysis, with bone marrow aspiration revealing eosinophilic and megakaryocytic hyperplasia. The …


Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis: A Systematic Review Of Hla-Dr In Pigeon Breeder’S Disease, Dylan Thibaut, Ryan A. Witcher, Anitha Kunnath, James Toldi 2023 University of Central Florida; Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Bradenton

Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis: A Systematic Review Of Hla-Dr In Pigeon Breeder’S Disease, Dylan Thibaut, Ryan A. Witcher, Anitha Kunnath, James Toldi

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Abstract

Introduction: Pigeon Breeder’s Pneumonitis (PBP) results due to a complex pathophysiology that includes exposure to avian antigens. Susceptibility has been linked to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II, though consensus has not been reached. The goal of this systematic review is to further elucidate the association between PBP and HLA-DR subtypes.

Methods: Databases utilized included PubMed, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and Cochrane Library. Inclusion required a minimum of three studies in English presenting HLA-DR alleles of PBP and control subgroups. Exclusion was due to insufficient data or non-feasible control groups. Forest plots were created for HLA-DR subtypes’ association …


Pustular Psoriasis And The Potential Therapeutic Usage Of An Il-36 Receptor Monoclonal Antibody, Jeannel T. Miclat, Shafik Habal 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Pustular Psoriasis And The Potential Therapeutic Usage Of An Il-36 Receptor Monoclonal Antibody, Jeannel T. Miclat, Shafik Habal

Research Day

Pustular psoriasis is an uncommon subtype of psoriasis that dramatically affects the quality of life of affected patients. Pustules can emerge anywhere along the trunk, limbs, soles, palms, and fingers, which debilitates the functionality of these appendages. Currently, there are no approved treatments for pustular psoriasis in the US; off-label usage of psoriasis vulgaris medications is usually prescribed. These treatments are insufficient for patients with difficult to manage or severe forms of pustular psoriasis. Psoriasis vulgaris biologic medications mainly target the IL-17 and IL-23 axis. However, novel clinical findings have demonstrated that pustular psoriasis’s central inflammatory axis depends on the …


Bone Marrow Transplant For Macrophage Activation Syndrome In Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Shailly Gaur, Michael J. Holland, J Allyson Hays, Ibrahim A. Ahmed 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Bone Marrow Transplant For Macrophage Activation Syndrome In Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Shailly Gaur, Michael J. Holland, J Allyson Hays, Ibrahim A. Ahmed

Research Days

Background

The recognition of macrophage-activation-syndrome (MAS) in the setting of systemic-juvenileidiopathic-arthritis (sJIA) is complex, but a necessary distinction given emerging treatment options. With overlapping clinical manifestations including fever, end-organ involvement and lymphadenopathy, there is a focus on laboratory values to differentiate MAS from a sJIA flare. Once parameters are met, multiple treatment modalities can be considered, as monotherapy or in combination, including steroids, immunosuppression, chemotherapy, intravenous immunoglobulin, and cytokine-directed biologics. Given the long-term morbidity and mortality associated with progressive inflammation and immune dysregulation due to MAS with sJIA, it is imperative to regain control over this complication. However, these treatments …


A Case Of Double-Positive Anti-Gbm And Mpo-Anca Vasculitis With No Pulmonary Involvement, Deonnie W. Huang, Patrick May, Thanh Nguyen 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

A Case Of Double-Positive Anti-Gbm And Mpo-Anca Vasculitis With No Pulmonary Involvement, Deonnie W. Huang, Patrick May, Thanh Nguyen

Research Day

Introduction

Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is a small vessel vasculitis caused by autoantibodies directed at the glomerular and alveolar basement membranes. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is pauci-immune with no immune deposits. Both vasculitides can lead to precipitation of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. We report a case of a 58 year-old male who presented with acute renal failure with double positive anti-GBM and myeloperoxidase-anti neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (MPO-ANCA) but no pulmonary involvement.

Case Presentation

Patient is a 58-year-old male with a past medical history of nicotine dependence who presented to the hospital with abnormal blood work. …


Bone Marrow Transplant For Macrophage Activation Syndrome In Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis​, Shailly Gaur, Michael J. Holland, J Allyson Hays, Ibrahim A. Ahmed 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Bone Marrow Transplant For Macrophage Activation Syndrome In Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis​, Shailly Gaur, Michael J. Holland, J Allyson Hays, Ibrahim A. Ahmed

Posters

7yo w/ systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis who developed macrophage activation syndrome and interstitial lung disease non-responsive to steroids, immunosuppression, and directed biologics with significant adverse reactions who required chemotherapy and eventual bone marrow transplant leading to complete resolution of symptoms.


Antibodies For Β2-Microglobulin And The Heavy Chains Of Hla-E, Hla-F, And Hla-G Reflect The Hla-Variants On Activated Immune Cells And Phases Of Disease Progression In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Under Treatment, Mepur H. Ravindranath, Narendranath M. Ravindranath, Carly J. Amato-Menker, Fatiha El Hilali, Senthamil R. Selvan, Edward J Filippone, Luis Eduardo Morales-Buenrostro 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Antibodies For Β2-Microglobulin And The Heavy Chains Of Hla-E, Hla-F, And Hla-G Reflect The Hla-Variants On Activated Immune Cells And Phases Of Disease Progression In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Under Treatment, Mepur H. Ravindranath, Narendranath M. Ravindranath, Carly J. Amato-Menker, Fatiha El Hilali, Senthamil R. Selvan, Edward J Filippone, Luis Eduardo Morales-Buenrostro

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive, inflammatory, autoimmune, symmetrical polyarticular arthritis. It is characterized by synovial infiltration and activation of several types of immune cells, culminating in their apoptosis and antibody generation against "altered" autoantigens. β2-microglobulin (β2m)-associated heavy chains (HCs) of HLA antigens, also known as closed conformers (Face-1), undergo "alteration" during activation of immune cells, resulting in β2m-free structural variants, including monomeric open conformers (Face-2) that are capable of dimerizing as either homodimers (Face-3) or as heterodimers (Face-4). β2m-free HCs uncover the cryptic epitopes that can elicit antibodies (Abs). We report here the levels of IgM and IgG Abs …


Graves' Disease And Major Histocompatibility Complex Class Ii: A Meta-Analysis Of Hla-Dq And Hla-Drb1, Dylan Thibaut, Connor Sweeney, Shannon South, Mohamed Hussein 2023 Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine- Bradenton; University of Central Florida

Graves' Disease And Major Histocompatibility Complex Class Ii: A Meta-Analysis Of Hla-Dq And Hla-Drb1, Dylan Thibaut, Connor Sweeney, Shannon South, Mohamed Hussein

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Background: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II has shown potential in determining prognosis, understanding medication reactions, and predicting onset of Graves’ disease. The aim of this study is to further investigate the association between Graves’ disease and HLA class II, specifically HLA-DQ and HLA-DR, via meta-analysis to find HLAs that can be further examined for prognostic reasons.

Methods: Statistical analysis was performed to determine if variants of HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, or HLA-DRB1 were associated with significantly altered odds of Graves’ disease. A minimum of three studies pertaining to a particular HLA was required for inclusion. Studies were excluded if …


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