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285 full-text articles. Page 4 of 14.

Performance Of Non-Invasive Tests To Predict Significant Liver Fibrosis In Patients With Morbid Obesity, Ahmed Bakhshwin, Patricia Latham 2017 George Washington University

Performance Of Non-Invasive Tests To Predict Significant Liver Fibrosis In Patients With Morbid Obesity, Ahmed Bakhshwin, Patricia Latham

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) affects more than 90% of patients with morbid obesity (MO) and approximately 30% have significant liver fibrosis and/or cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis; however, several non-invasive tests have been suggested to predict the presence or absence of significant liver fibrosis and to avoid liver biopsy in these patients. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of these tests to predict significant liver fibrosis, specifically in patients with MO.

Methods:

Liver biopsies from patients with MO undergoing gastric bypass surgery were studied ...


Clostridium Septicum Aortitis With Synchronous Ascending Colon And Rectal Adenocarcinoma., Deepanshu Jain, Andrew C. Kistler, Patricia L. Kozuch 2017 Albert Einstein Medical Center

Clostridium Septicum Aortitis With Synchronous Ascending Colon And Rectal Adenocarcinoma., Deepanshu Jain, Andrew C. Kistler, Patricia L. Kozuch

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Clostridium septicum (C. septicum) aortitis is a rare condition frequently associated with colon adenocarcinoma and carries a poor prognosis. We report the case of a 66-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain, blood in the stool, fever and chills. Laboratory tests were significant for leukocytosis and microcytic anemia. Abdominal imaging revealed a right colon mass and aortitis. Colonoscopy confirmed the right colon mass and also discovered a rectal mass, both adenocarcinomas. Treatment consisted of antibiotics, aortic repair, right hemi-colectomy and later trans-anal excision of the rectal mass. Blood cultures and the aortic specimen grew C. septicum. The patient improved and ...


Alcohol-Related Changes In The Intestinal Microbiome Influence Neutrophil Infiltration, Inflammation And Steatosis In Early Alcoholic Hepatitis In Mice, Patrick Lowe, Benedek Gyongyosi, Abhishek Satishchandran, Arvin Iracheta-Vellve, Aditya Ambade, Karen Kodys, Donna Catalano, Doyle V. Ward, Gyongyi Szabo 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Alcohol-Related Changes In The Intestinal Microbiome Influence Neutrophil Infiltration, Inflammation And Steatosis In Early Alcoholic Hepatitis In Mice, Patrick Lowe, Benedek Gyongyosi, Abhishek Satishchandran, Arvin Iracheta-Vellve, Aditya Ambade, Karen Kodys, Donna Catalano, Doyle V. Ward, Gyongyi Szabo

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced intestinal dysbiosis disrupts homeostatic gut-liver axis function and is essential in the development of alcoholic liver disease. Here, we investigate changes in enteric microbiome composition in a model of early alcoholic steatohepatitis and dissect the pathogenic role of intestinal microbes in alcohol-induced liver pathology.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wild type mice received a 10-day diet that was either 5% alcohol-containing or an isocaloric control diet plus a single binge. 16S rDNA sequencing defined the bacterial communities in the cecum of alcohol- and pair-fed animals. Some mice were treated with an antibiotic cocktail prior to and throughout alcohol feeding. Liver ...


Feasibility, Safety, And Outcomes Of A Single-Step Endoscopic Ultrasonography-Guided Drainage Of Pancreatic Fluid Collections Without Fluoroscopy Using A Novel Electrocautery-Enhanced Lumen-Apposing, Self-Expanding Metal Stent., Joseph Yoo, Linda Yan, Raza Hasan, Sanaa Somalya, Jose Nieto, Ali A. Siddiqui 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Feasibility, Safety, And Outcomes Of A Single-Step Endoscopic Ultrasonography-Guided Drainage Of Pancreatic Fluid Collections Without Fluoroscopy Using A Novel Electrocautery-Enhanced Lumen-Apposing, Self-Expanding Metal Stent., Joseph Yoo, Linda Yan, Raza Hasan, Sanaa Somalya, Jose Nieto, Ali A. Siddiqui

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are currently limited data available regarding the safety of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage of pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) using the lumen-apposing metal stent without fluoroscopic guidance. This study aims to evaluate clinical outcomes and safety of EUS-guided drainage of PFC using the electrocautery-enhanced lumen-apposing metal stents (EC-LAMSs) without fluoroscopic guidance.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on patients with symptomatic PFC who underwent EUS-guided drainage using EC-LAMS without fluoroscopy. All patients were followed clinically until resolution of their PFC. Technical success (successful placement of EC-LAMS), number of patients who achieved complete resolution of PFC without ...


Nutritional Approaches To Achieve Weight Loss In Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Christine C Hsu, Erik Ness, Kris V Kowdley 2017 Liver Care Network and Organ Care Research, Swedish Medical Center, 1124 Columbia Street, Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA

Nutritional Approaches To Achieve Weight Loss In Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Christine C Hsu, Erik Ness, Kris V Kowdley

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) can range in spectrum from simple hepatic steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is characterized by lipotoxicity, hepatocellular ballooning, and inflammation and can progress to cirrhosis. Weight loss is the cornerstone treatment for NAFLD and NASH. Various randomized controlled trials have shown that weight loss of ≥5-10% leads to significant improvements in hepatic steatosis. Diets high in sodium and fructose have been implicated in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. Although some clinical studies suggest that an isocaloric high-fructose diet does not worsen NAFLD, these clinical studies are often short in duration. More recently, the Dietary Approaches ...


Combination Octreotide, Midodrine, And Albumin May Improve Survival In Patients With Hepatorenal Syndrome, But The Evidence Is Weak, Jacob Szafranski 2017 Wayne State University

Combination Octreotide, Midodrine, And Albumin May Improve Survival In Patients With Hepatorenal Syndrome, But The Evidence Is Weak, Jacob Szafranski

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Skagen C, Einstein M, Lucey MR, Said A. Combination treatment with octreotide, midodrine, and albumin improves survival in patients with type 1 and type 2 hepatorenal syndrome. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2009 Aug;43(7):680-5. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e318188947c


Glypican-3 And Cd81 Promote Development Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma And Hepatoblastoma Through Negative Selection., Yuhua Xue, Wendy Mars, William Bowen, Aatur D. Singhi, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, George K. Michalopoulos 2017 University of Pittsburgh

Glypican-3 And Cd81 Promote Development Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma And Hepatoblastoma Through Negative Selection., Yuhua Xue, Wendy Mars, William Bowen, Aatur D. Singhi, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, George K. Michalopoulos

Hepatobiliary Cancers: Pathobiology and Translational Advances

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Hiv Infection And Hcv Viremia On Inflammatory Mediators And Hepatic Injury-The Women's Interagency Hiv Study., Sheila M Keating, Jennifer L Dodge, Philip J Norris, John Heitman, Stephen J Gange, Audrey L French, Marshall J Glesby, Brian R Edlin, Patricia S Latham, Maria C Villacres, Ruth M Greenblatt, Marion G Peters 2017 George Washington University

The Effect Of Hiv Infection And Hcv Viremia On Inflammatory Mediators And Hepatic Injury-The Women's Interagency Hiv Study., Sheila M Keating, Jennifer L Dodge, Philip J Norris, John Heitman, Stephen J Gange, Audrey L French, Marshall J Glesby, Brian R Edlin, Patricia S Latham, Maria C Villacres, Ruth M Greenblatt, Marion G Peters

Pathology Faculty Publications

Hepatitis C virus infection induces inflammation and while it is believed that HIV co-infection enhances this response, HIV control may reduce inflammation and liver fibrosis in resolved or viremic HCV infection. Measurement of systemic biomarkers in co-infection could help define the mechanism of inflammation on fibrosis and determine if HIV control reduces liver pathology. A nested case-control study was performed to explore the relationship of systemic biomarkers of inflammation with liver fibrosis in HCV viremic and/or seropositive women with and without HIV infection. Serum cytokines, chemokines, growth factors and cell adhesion molecules were measured in HIV uninfected (HIV-, n ...


Glecaprevir And Pibrentasvir For 12 Weeks For Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 Infection And Prior Direct-Acting Antiviral Treatment, F. Poordad, F. Felizarta, A. Asatryan, M. S. Sulkowski, R. W. Reindollar, C. S. Landis, S. C. Gordon, S. L. Flamm, D. E. Bernstein, F. J. Mensa, +6 additional authors 2017 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Glecaprevir And Pibrentasvir For 12 Weeks For Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 Infection And Prior Direct-Acting Antiviral Treatment, F. Poordad, F. Felizarta, A. Asatryan, M. S. Sulkowski, R. W. Reindollar, C. S. Landis, S. C. Gordon, S. L. Flamm, D. E. Bernstein, F. J. Mensa, +6 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Systemic-To-Pulmonary Artery Pressure Ratio As A Predictor Of Patient Outcome Following Liver Transplantation, Annette Rebel, Dung Nguyen, Brooke Bauer, Paul A. Sloan, Amy DiLorenzo, Zaki-Udin Hassan 2016 University of Kentucky

Systemic-To-Pulmonary Artery Pressure Ratio As A Predictor Of Patient Outcome Following Liver Transplantation, Annette Rebel, Dung Nguyen, Brooke Bauer, Paul A. Sloan, Amy Dilorenzo, Zaki-Udin Hassan

Anesthesiology Faculty Publications

AIM To assess the value of the mean systemic-to-pulmonary artery pressure (MAP/mPAP) ratio for predicting outcomes following orthotopic liver transplant (OLT).

METHODS A retrospective data analysis was performed and data (mean arterial blood pressure, mean pulmonary artery pressure and Cardiac Index) were collected at several points during OLT. Outcomes evaluated were duration of postoperative endotracheal intubation [ET; minutes after intensive care unit (ICU) arrival], length of ICU stay, total hospitalization and frequency of immediate postoperative complications. A total of 91 patients were included in the data analysis. Based on the intraoperative course of the MAP/mPAP ratio, 2 hemodynamic ...


Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Presenting As Li-Rads 5 "Hcc", Raja K. Dhanekula, MD, Donald Mitchell, MD, John Farber, MD, Ashwin R. Sama, MD, Jesse M. Civan, MD 2016 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Presenting As Li-Rads 5 "Hcc", Raja K. Dhanekula, Md, Donald Mitchell, Md, John Farber, Md, Ashwin R. Sama, Md, Jesse M. Civan, Md

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Posters

Background

• Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC), if within Milan Criteria, is an indication for liver transplantation.

• In contrast, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) is a contra-indication to liver transplantation due to high rates of recurrence.

• LI-RADS 5 classification (synonymous with OPTN-5) carries a near 100% positive predictive value for HCC, allowing prioritization of patients for liver transplantation without histological confirmation.

• The “LI-RADS M” classification indicates the presence of malignancy not meeting diagnostic criteria for HCC. In theory, IHCC lesions should be identified as LI-RADS M and not LI-RADS 5.


Evaluation Of Preoperative Anemia And Transfusion Requirements In Adult Liver Transplant Recipients, Parissa M.N. Moghimi, Erika A. Aldag, Rachel Pedersen, Ajay Sahajpal, Jacob N. Clendenon, Vikraman Gunabushanam, Mehraboon S. Irani, David J. Kramer 2016 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

Evaluation Of Preoperative Anemia And Transfusion Requirements In Adult Liver Transplant Recipients, Parissa M.N. Moghimi, Erika A. Aldag, Rachel Pedersen, Ajay Sahajpal, Jacob N. Clendenon, Vikraman Gunabushanam, Mehraboon S. Irani, David J. Kramer

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Liver transplantation is often associated with massive blood loss due to surgical complexity and the hemostatic abnormalities of end-stage liver disease. Blood transfusions have been associated with increased risk of infection, multiorgan dysfunction, graft loss and mortality.

Purpose: To determine for liver transplantation whether correlation exists between preoperative anemia and transfusion requirements, length of stay or incidence of postoperative infection.

Methods: A retrospective review of liver transplantations from Jan. 1, 2012, to June 30, 2015, was conducted. Packed red blood cell (PRBC), fresh frozen plasma (FFP), platelet and cryoprecipitate units were collected preoperatively, intraoperatively and within the first 48 ...


A Case Of Arterioportal Fistula Leading To Non-Cirrhotic Portal Hypertension, Sheela S. Reddy, Raja K. Dhanekula, MD, Warren R. Maley, MD, Colette Shaw, MD, Jesse M. Civan, MD, David A. Sass, MD, Jonathan M. Fenkel, MD, Susan Shamini Noori, MD, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, MD 2016 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

A Case Of Arterioportal Fistula Leading To Non-Cirrhotic Portal Hypertension, Sheela S. Reddy, Raja K. Dhanekula, Md, Warren R. Maley, Md, Colette Shaw, Md, Jesse M. Civan, Md, David A. Sass, Md, Jonathan M. Fenkel, Md, Susan Shamini Noori, Md, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Md

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Posters

Background

• Arterioportal fistula (APF) is a rare cause of non-cirrhotic portal hypertension.

• This is a case of a hepatic artery-portal vein fistula presenting with recurrent variceal hemorrhage and ascites in a patient with no known liver disease.


Identification Of Putative Receptors For The Novel Adipokine Ctrp3 Using Ligand-Receptor Capture Technology, Ying Li, Tammy Ozment, Gary L. Wright, Jonathan M. Peterson 2016 East Tennessee State University

Identification Of Putative Receptors For The Novel Adipokine Ctrp3 Using Ligand-Receptor Capture Technology, Ying Li, Tammy Ozment, Gary L. Wright, Jonathan M. Peterson

ETSU Faculty Works

C1q TNF Related Protein 3 (CTRP3) is a member of a family of secreted proteins that exert a multitude of biological effects. Our initial work identified CTRP3’s promise as an effective treatment for Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Specifically, we demonstrated that mice fed a high fat diet failed to develop NAFLD when treated with CTRP3. The purpose of this current project is to identify putative receptors which mediate the hepatic actions of CTRP3.

Methods

We used Ligand-receptor glycocapture technology with TriCEPS™-based ligand-receptor capture (LRC-TriCEPS; Dualsystems Biotech AG). The LRC-TriCEPS experiment with CTRP3-FLAG protein as ligand and insulin ...


Sexual Dimorphism In Alcohol Induced Adipose Inflammation Relates To Liver Injury, Melissa A. Fulham, Pranoti Mandrekar 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Sexual Dimorphism In Alcohol Induced Adipose Inflammation Relates To Liver Injury, Melissa A. Fulham, Pranoti Mandrekar

Open Access Articles

Alcoholic liver disease occurs due to chronic, heavy drinking and is driven both by metabolic alterations and immune cell activation. Women are at a higher risk than men for developing alcohol induced liver injury and this dimorphism is reflected in animal models of alcoholic liver disease. The importance of adipose tissue in alcoholic liver disease is emerging. Chronic alcohol consumption causes adipose tissue inflammation, which can influence liver injury. Sex differences in body fat composition are well known. However, it is still unclear if alcohol-induced adipose tissue inflammation occurs in a sex-dependent manner. Here we have employed the clinically relevant ...


Reactive Biliary Epithelium: The Product Of A Pluripotential Stem Cell Compartment?, Matthew Golding, Catherine Sarraf, El-Nasir Lalani, Malcolm R. Alison 2016 Royal Postgraduate Medical School

Reactive Biliary Epithelium: The Product Of A Pluripotential Stem Cell Compartment?, Matthew Golding, Catherine Sarraf, El-Nasir Lalani, Malcolm R. Alison

El Nasir Lalani

Liver parenchymal cells (hepatocytes) have a low rate of turnover, but can nevertheless mount a rapid and efficient regenerative response. However, in some cases of extreme hepatotoxicity hepatocyte proliferation is restricted or even abolished, and instead biliary epithelial cells, commonly referred to as ductular oval cells, migrate into the periportal and midzonal parenchyma. Initially these cells behave as authentic biliary epithelium with expression of the biliary cytokeratin intermediate filaments, but then show hepatocytic traits such as alpha fetoprotein and albumin synthesis. Thereafter these biliary ducts rapidly vanish to be replaced by either small hepatocytes or intestinal-type cells. The proliferation and ...


Alcoholic Hepatitis Accelerates Early Hepatobiliary Cancer By Increasing Stemness And Mir-122-Mediated Hif-1alpha Activation, Aditya Ambade, Abhishek Satishchandran, Gyongyi Szabo 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Alcoholic Hepatitis Accelerates Early Hepatobiliary Cancer By Increasing Stemness And Mir-122-Mediated Hif-1alpha Activation, Aditya Ambade, Abhishek Satishchandran, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Alcohol-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops with advanced alcoholic liver disease and liver fibrosis. Using adult mice, we evaluate the effect of alcoholic steatohepatitis on early hepatobiliary carcinoma after initiation by diethyl-nitrosamine (DEN). Here we show that alcohol-fed DEN-injected mice have higher ALT and liver-to-body weight ratio compared to pair-fed DEN-injected mice. Alcohol feeding results in steatohepatitis indicated by increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and fibrotic genes. MRI and liver histology of alcohol+DEN mice shows hepatobiliary cysts, early hepatic neoplasia and increase in serum alpha-fetoprotein. Proliferation makers (BrdU, cyclin D1, p53) and cancer stem cell markers (CD133 and nanog) are significantly up-regulated ...


It Is Reasonable To Treat Patients With Type 1 Hepatorenal Syndrome With Midodrine And Octreotide, William Kane 2016 Wayne State University

It Is Reasonable To Treat Patients With Type 1 Hepatorenal Syndrome With Midodrine And Octreotide, William Kane

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Esrailian E, Pantangco ER, Kyulo NL, Hu KQ, Runyon BA. Octreotide/midodrine therapy significantly improves renal function and 30-day survival in patients with type 1 hepatorenal syndrome. Dig Dis Sci. 2007;52(3):742-748. doi: 10.1007/s10620-006-9312-0


Salvage Therapy For Non-Acetaminophen-Induced Acute Liver Failure Includes N-Acetylcysteine, David Robinson 2016 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Salvage Therapy For Non-Acetaminophen-Induced Acute Liver Failure Includes N-Acetylcysteine, David Robinson

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Lee WM, Hynan LS, Rossaro L, et al. Intravenous N-acetylcysteine improves transplant-free survival in early stage non-acetaminophen acute liver failure. Gastroenterology. 2009;137(3):856-864. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2009.06.006


Could There Be Light At The End Of The Tunnel? Mesocaval Shunting For Refractory Esophageal Varices In Patients With Contraindications To Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt., Jessica Davis, Albert K Chun, Marie L Borum 2016 George Washington University

Could There Be Light At The End Of The Tunnel? Mesocaval Shunting For Refractory Esophageal Varices In Patients With Contraindications To Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt., Jessica Davis, Albert K Chun, Marie L Borum

Surgery Faculty Publications

Cirrhotic patients with recurrent variceal bleeds who have failed prior medical and endoscopic therapies and are not transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt candidates face a grim prognosis with limited options. We propose that mesocaval shunting be offered to this group of patients as it has the potential to decrease portal pressures and thus decrease the risk of recurrent variceal bleeding. Mesocaval shunts are stent grafts placed by interventional radiologists between the mesenteric system, most often the superior mesenteric vein, and the inferior vena cava. This allows flow to bypass the congested hepatic system, reducing portal pressures. This technique avoids the general ...


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