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284 full-text articles. Page 3 of 14.

Cow's Milk Protein-Induced Villous Atrophy And Elevated Celiac Autoimmunity In Children With Celiac Disease On A Glutten-Free Diet: A Report Of Three Cases, Kristin Capone, Naire Sansotta, Pankaj Vohra, Stefano Guandalini 2018 University of New Mexico

Cow's Milk Protein-Induced Villous Atrophy And Elevated Celiac Autoimmunity In Children With Celiac Disease On A Glutten-Free Diet: A Report Of Three Cases, Kristin Capone, Naire Sansotta, Pankaj Vohra, Stefano Guandalini

Pediatrics Research and Scholarship

Objective: To describe the serologic and histologic response of three patients with celiac disease who had persistent autoimmunity and villous atrophy despite a strict gluten-free diet, to the elimination of cow's milk protein.


All Ttg Positive Patient Do Not Have Celiac Disease, Pankaj Vohra, Kalyan Ray Parashette, Rajmohan Dharmaraj, Angela Deubel, Richardo Castillo, Jacqueline Fridge 2018 University of New Mexico

All Ttg Positive Patient Do Not Have Celiac Disease, Pankaj Vohra, Kalyan Ray Parashette, Rajmohan Dharmaraj, Angela Deubel, Richardo Castillo, Jacqueline Fridge

Pediatrics Research and Scholarship

Tissue transglutaminase antibody IgA level (tTG) is an excellent screening test for celiac disease in the presence of adequate IgA levels. Most labs while screening for Celiac disease (CD) will do the IgA levels automatically. However the serological test is not a diagnostic test.


Insulin Therapy And Autoimmune Disease With Relevance To Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Ian James Martins 2018 Edith Cowan University

Insulin Therapy And Autoimmune Disease With Relevance To Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Ian James Martins

ECU Publications Post 2013

The diabetes epidemic is now expected by the year 2050 to become a global pandemic with approx. 592 million affected in both the developed and developing world. The treatment of diabetes by insulin therapy has been the focus for many diabetics with the improvement and prevention of various diseases such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease and neurodegeneration. The global nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) epidemic has now become of major concern to diabetes with critical interest in insulin therapy to reverse and stabilize autoimmune disease with relevance to NAFLD and the diabetes pandemic. Dietary components that activate anti-aging genes improve ...


A Multicenter Comparative Trial Of A Novel Eus-Guided Core Biopsy Needle (Sharkcore, Mariam Naveed, Ali A. Siddiqui, Thomas E. Kowalski, David E. Loren, Ammara Khalid, Ayesha Soomro, Syed M. Mazhar, Joseph Yoo, Raza Hasan, Silpa Yalamanchili, Nicholas Tarangelo, Linda J. Taylor, Douglas G. Adler 2018 University of Iowa

A Multicenter Comparative Trial Of A Novel Eus-Guided Core Biopsy Needle (Sharkcore, Mariam Naveed, Ali A. Siddiqui, Thomas E. Kowalski, David E. Loren, Ammara Khalid, Ayesha Soomro, Syed M. Mazhar, Joseph Yoo, Raza Hasan, Silpa Yalamanchili, Nicholas Tarangelo, Linda J. Taylor, Douglas G. Adler

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Background and Objectives: The ability to obtain adequate tissue of solid pancreatic lesions by EUS-guided remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to compare the performance characteristics and safety of EUS-FNA for evaluating solid pancreatic lesions using the standard 22-gauge needle versus a novel EUS biopsy needle.

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study of EUS-guided sampling of solid pancreatic lesions between 2009 and 2015. Patients underwent EUS-guided sampling with a 22-gauge SharkCore (SC) needle or a standard 22-gauge FNA needle. Technical success, performance characteristics of EUS-FNA, the number of needle passes required to obtain a diagnosis, diagnostic ...


Practice Survey: Adherence Monitoring And Intervention In Pediatric Gastroenterology And Hepatology., Michele H. Maddux, Shawna Ricks, Julie A. Bass, James F. Daniel, Ellen Carpenter, Kimberely Radford 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Practice Survey: Adherence Monitoring And Intervention In Pediatric Gastroenterology And Hepatology., Michele H. Maddux, Shawna Ricks, Julie A. Bass, James F. Daniel, Ellen Carpenter, Kimberely Radford

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Purpose: Despite significant medication nonadherence rates among youth with pediatric gastroenterology and hepatology disorders, little is known about current adherence practices in pediatric gastroenterology care. This study summarizes current practices surrounding adherence monitoring and intervention in pediatric gastrointestinal (GI) and hepatologic care in the USA.

Participants and methods: One hundred and fifty-four pediatric GI providers completed an online survey designed to examine current practices surrounding adherence monitoring and intervention, specific strategies used to monitor and treat poor adherence, and the barriers currently experienced in relation to adherence monitoring and intervention.

Results: Practices varied greatly in terms of when and how ...


The Relationship Between Central Venous Catheter And Post-Operative Complications In Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection, David C. O'Connor 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Relationship Between Central Venous Catheter And Post-Operative Complications In Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection, David C. O'Connor

Theses and Dissertations

The Relationship Between Central Venous Catheter and Post-operative Complications in Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection

David C. O’Connor, Ph.D., DNAP, CRNA

A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Doctor of Philosophy at Virginia Commonwealth University

Virginia Commonwealth University, 2018

Dissertation Chair: Clarence J. Biddle, Ph.D., CRNA

Hepatic resection is indicated for primary and secondary malignancies. Use of a low central venous pressure technique is associated with decreased blood loss in these cases. This technique has evolved; central venous catheters and high dose morphine are no longer used, and patients are extubated earlier ...


Attaching-And-Effacing Pathogens Exploit Junction Regulatory Activities Of N-Wasp And Snx9 To Disrupt The Intestinal Barrier, John J. Garber, Emily M. Mallick, Karen M. Scanlon, Jerrold R. Turner, Michael S. Donnenberg, John M. Leong, Scott B. Snapper 2017 Harvard Medical School

Attaching-And-Effacing Pathogens Exploit Junction Regulatory Activities Of N-Wasp And Snx9 To Disrupt The Intestinal Barrier, John J. Garber, Emily M. Mallick, Karen M. Scanlon, Jerrold R. Turner, Michael S. Donnenberg, John M. Leong, Scott B. Snapper

Open Access Articles

Background and Aims: Neural Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein (N-WASP) is a key regulator of the actin cytoskeleton in epithelial tissues and is poised to mediate cytoskeletal-dependent aspects of apical junction complex (AJC) homeostasis. Attaching-and-effacing (AE) pathogens disrupt this homeostasis through translocation of the effector molecule early secreted antigenic target-6 (ESX)-1 secretion-associated protein F (EspF). Although the mechanisms underlying AJC disruption by EspF are unknown, EspF contains putative binding sites for N-WASP and the endocytic regulator sorting nexin 9 (SNX9). We hypothesized that N-WASP regulates AJC integrity and AE pathogens use EspF to induce junction disassembly through an N-WASP- and SNX9-dependent ...


The Outcome Of Thoracentesis Versus Chest Tube Placement For Hepatic Hydrothorax In Patients With Cirrhosis: A Nationwide Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Ali Ridha, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo 2017 University of Arkansas at Little Rock

The Outcome Of Thoracentesis Versus Chest Tube Placement For Hepatic Hydrothorax In Patients With Cirrhosis: A Nationwide Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Ali Ridha, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo

Open Access Articles

There are only a few studies with a small sample size of patients that have compared the risks of using chest tubes versus thoracentesis in hepatic hydrothorax. It has been shown that many complications may arise secondary to chest tube placement and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In this retrospective study, patients with cirrhosis were identified from the 2009 National Inpatient Sample by using ICD-9 codes; we evaluated the risk of chest tube versus thoracentesis in a largest population with hepatic hydrothorax to date to measure the mortality and the length of stay. A total of 140,573 ...


Relations Of Liver Fat With Prevalent And Incident Atrial Fibrillation In The Framingham Heart Study, Michelle T. Long, Xiaoyan Yin, Martin G. Larson, Patrick T. Ellinor, Steven A. Lubitz, David D. McManus, Jared W. Magnani, Laila Staerk, Darae Ko, Robert H. Helm, Udo Hoffmann, Raymond T. Chung, Emelia J. Benjamin 2017 Boston University School of Medicine

Relations Of Liver Fat With Prevalent And Incident Atrial Fibrillation In The Framingham Heart Study, Michelle T. Long, Xiaoyan Yin, Martin G. Larson, Patrick T. Ellinor, Steven A. Lubitz, David D. Mcmanus, Jared W. Magnani, Laila Staerk, Darae Ko, Robert H. Helm, Udo Hoffmann, Raymond T. Chung, Emelia J. Benjamin

David D. McManus

BACKGROUND: Obesity is an important risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and atrial fibrillation (AF). Less is known about the relations between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and AF. We sought to evaluate the association between fatty liver and prevalent and incident AF in the community.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined Framingham Heart Study participants who underwent a study-directed computed tomography scan, had hepatic steatosis (HS) evaluated, and did not report heavy alcohol use between 2002 and 2005. We evaluated cross-sectional associations between liver fat and prevalent AF with logistic regression models. We assessed the relations between liver fat and ...


Assessment Of The Visual Analogue Score In The Evaluation Of The Pruritus Of Cholestasis, Nora Bergasa, E Jones 2017 New York Medical College

Assessment Of The Visual Analogue Score In The Evaluation Of The Pruritus Of Cholestasis, Nora Bergasa, E Jones

NYMC Faculty Publications

Background and Aims: A visual analogue score (VAS), based on application of a visual analogue scale, has been widely used to assess pruritus in clinical studies of patients with cholestatic liver disease. A VAS is a numerical score of the severity of the perception of pruritus, and, hence, is inherently subjective. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of a VAS as an index of pruritus in cholestatic patients. Methods: In 8 patients with chronic pruritus due to primary biliary cholangitis, values for a VAS of pruritus were compared with corresponding measurements of scratching activity, which were ...


The Natural History Of Severe Acute Liver Injury., David G Koch, J L Speiser, V Durkalski, R J Fontana, T Davern, B McGuire, R T Stravitz, A M Larson, I Liou, Oren K Fix, M L Schilsky, T McCashland, J E Hay, N Murray, O S Shaikh, D Ganger, A Zaman, S B Han, R T Chung, R S Brown, S Munoz, K R Reddy, L Rossaro, R Satyanarayana, A J Hanje, J Olson, R M Subramanian, C Karvellas, B Hameed, A H Sherker, W M Lee, A Reuben 2017 Organ Transplant Department, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, Washington

The Natural History Of Severe Acute Liver Injury., David G Koch, J L Speiser, V Durkalski, R J Fontana, T Davern, B Mcguire, R T Stravitz, A M Larson, I Liou, Oren K Fix, M L Schilsky, T Mccashland, J E Hay, N Murray, O S Shaikh, D Ganger, A Zaman, S B Han, R T Chung, R S Brown, S Munoz, K R Reddy, L Rossaro, R Satyanarayana, A J Hanje, J Olson, R M Subramanian, C Karvellas, B Hameed, A H Sherker, W M Lee, A Reuben

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

OBJECTIVES: Acute liver failure (ALF) is classically defined by coagulopathy and hepatic encephalopathy (HE); however, acute liver injury (ALI), i.e., severe acute hepatocyte necrosis without HE, has not been carefully defined nor studied. Our aim is to describe the clinical course of specifically defined ALI, including the risk and clinical predictors of poor outcomes, namely progression to ALF, the need for liver transplantation (LT) and death.

METHODS: 386 subjects prospectively enrolled in the Acute Liver Failure Study Group registry between 1 September 2008 through 25 October 2013, met criteria for ALI: International Normalized Ratio (INR)≥2.0 and alanine ...


Human Gut-Derived Commensal Bacteria Suppress Cns Inflammatory And Demyelinating Disease, Ashutosh K Mangalam, Shailesh K Shahi, David Luckey, Melissa Karau, Eric Marietta, Ningling Luo, Rok Seon Choung, Josephine Ju, Ramakrishna Sompallae, Katherine Gibson-Corley, Robin Patel, Moses Rodriguez, Chella David, Veena Taneja, Joseph Murray 2017 University of Iowa

Human Gut-Derived Commensal Bacteria Suppress Cns Inflammatory And Demyelinating Disease, Ashutosh K Mangalam, Shailesh K Shahi, David Luckey, Melissa Karau, Eric Marietta, Ningling Luo, Rok Seon Choung, Josephine Ju, Ramakrishna Sompallae, Katherine Gibson-Corley, Robin Patel, Moses Rodriguez, Chella David, Veena Taneja, Joseph Murray

Department of Pathology Publications

The human gut is colonized by a large number of microorganisms (∼1013 bacteria) that support various physiologic functions. A perturbation in the healthy gut microbiome might lead to the development of inflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Therefore, gut commensals might provide promising therapeutic options for treating MS and other diseases. We report the identification of human gut-derived commensal bacteria, Prevotella histicola, which can suppress experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II transgenic mouse model. P. histicola suppresses disease through the modulation of systemic immune responses. P. histicola challenge led to a decrease in ...


Transforming Growth Factor-Β In Liver Cancer Stem Cells And Regeneration, Shuyun Rao, Jaideep Banerjee, Sobia Zaidi, Wilma Jogunoori, Raul Sebastian, Bao-Ngoc Nguyen, Richard L. Amdur, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Transforming Growth Factor-Β In Liver Cancer Stem Cells And Regeneration, Shuyun Rao, Jaideep Banerjee, Sobia Zaidi, Wilma Jogunoori, Raul Sebastian, Bao-Ngoc Nguyen, Richard L. Amdur, +Several Additional Authors

Surgery Faculty Publications

Cancer stem cells have established mechanisms that contribute to tumor heterogeneity as well as resistance to therapy. Over 40% of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) are considered to be clonal and arise from a stem-like/cancer stem cell. Moreover, HCC is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and an improved understanding of cancer stem cells and targeting these in this cancer are urgently needed. Multiple studies have revealed etiological patterns and multiple genes/pathways signifying initiation and progression of HCC; however, unlike the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) pathway, loss of p53 and/or activation of β-catenin do not spontaneously ...


Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, McCoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman 2017 Princess Alexandra Hospital Brisbane

Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, Mccoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman

Katrina Campbell

Background:

Cardiometabolic risk factors are increasing in liver transplant recipients (LTR). Influencing dietary factors have not been assessed. The aim of this observational study was to assess changes in weight, metabolic function, dietary intake and eating behaviours in the first year after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).

Methods:

Consecutive recruitment of 17 patients (14 males) awaiting OLT at a single tertiary hospital. Dietary intake, food behaviours and anthropometry were recorded at baseline, and 6 and 12 months post-transplant.

Results:

By 12 months, patients had gained on average 7.3% of body weight. The prevalence of overweight or obesity increased from baseline ...


Hepatic Angiosarcoma With Metastasis To Small Intestine, Zubair Ahmad, Azizun Nisa, Romana Idrees, Khurram Minhas, Shahid Pervez, Khalid Mumtaz 2017 Aga Khan University

Hepatic Angiosarcoma With Metastasis To Small Intestine, Zubair Ahmad, Azizun Nisa, Romana Idrees, Khurram Minhas, Shahid Pervez, Khalid Mumtaz

Zubair Ahmad

Hepatic angiosarcomas are rare tumours with poor prognosis, with patients usually dying within 6 months. Metastases mainly occur in lymph nodes, spleen, lungs, bones and adrenals. Metastasis to small intestine is even rarer. Similarly, primary or metastatic angiosarcomas in small intestine are extremely rare, often present with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia, and have an extremely poor prognosis. Both primary or metastatic intestinal angiosarcomas may exhibit epithelioid morphology. It may be very difficult to differentiate between primary and secondary cases in intestine and especially when the tumour exhibits epithelioid morphology.


Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Monocyte Differentiation Into Polarized M2 Macrophages Promotes Stellate Cell Activation Via Tgf-Beta, Banishree Saha, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Monocyte Differentiation Into Polarized M2 Macrophages Promotes Stellate Cell Activation Via Tgf-Beta, Banishree Saha, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

BACKGROUND and AIMS: Monocyte and macrophage (MPhi) activation contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Disease pathogenesis is regulated by both liver-resident MPhis and monocytes recruited as precursors of MPhis into the damaged liver. Monocytes differentiate into M1 (classic/proinflammatory) or M2 (alternative/anti-inflammatory) polarized MPhis in response to tissue microenvironment. We hypothesized that HCV-infected hepatoma cells (infected with Japanese fulminant hepatitis-1 [Huh7.5/JFH-1]) induce monocyte differentiation into polarized MPhis. METHODS: Healthy human monocytes were co-cultured with Huh7.5/JFH-1 cells or cell-free virus for 7 days and analyzed for MPhi markers and cytokine levels ...


Identification Of Putative Receptors For The Novel Adipokine Ctrp3 Using Ligand-Receptor Capture Technology, Ying Li, Tammy Ozment, Gary L. Wright, Jonathan M. Peterson 2017 East Tennessee State University

Identification Of Putative Receptors For The Novel Adipokine Ctrp3 Using Ligand-Receptor Capture Technology, Ying Li, Tammy Ozment, Gary L. Wright, Jonathan M. Peterson

Jonathan Peterson

C1q TNF Related Protein 3 (CTRP3) is a member of a family of secreted proteins that exert a multitude of biological effects. Our initial work identified CTRP3’s promise as an effective treatment for Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Specifically, we demonstrated that mice fed a high fat diet failed to develop NAFLD when treated with CTRP3. The purpose of this current project is to identify putative receptors which mediate the hepatic actions of CTRP3.

Methods

We used Ligand-receptor glycocapture technology with TriCEPS™-based ligand-receptor capture (LRC-TriCEPS; Dualsystems Biotech AG). The LRC-TriCEPS experiment with CTRP3-FLAG protein as ligand and insulin ...


Relations Of Liver Fat With Prevalent And Incident Atrial Fibrillation In The Framingham Heart Study, Michelle T. Long, Xiaoyan Yin, Martin G. Larson, Patrick T. Ellinor, Steven A. Lubitz, David D. McManus, Jared W. Magnani, Laila Staerk, Darae Ko, Robert H. Helm, Udo Hoffmann, Raymond T. Chung, Emelia J. Benjamin 2017 Boston University School of Medicine

Relations Of Liver Fat With Prevalent And Incident Atrial Fibrillation In The Framingham Heart Study, Michelle T. Long, Xiaoyan Yin, Martin G. Larson, Patrick T. Ellinor, Steven A. Lubitz, David D. Mcmanus, Jared W. Magnani, Laila Staerk, Darae Ko, Robert H. Helm, Udo Hoffmann, Raymond T. Chung, Emelia J. Benjamin

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Obesity is an important risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and atrial fibrillation (AF). Less is known about the relations between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and AF. We sought to evaluate the association between fatty liver and prevalent and incident AF in the community.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined Framingham Heart Study participants who underwent a study-directed computed tomography scan, had hepatic steatosis (HS) evaluated, and did not report heavy alcohol use between 2002 and 2005. We evaluated cross-sectional associations between liver fat and prevalent AF with logistic regression models. We assessed the relations between liver fat and ...


Interdependency Of Egf And Glp-2 Signaling In Attenuating Mucosal Atrophy In A Mouse Model Of Parenteral Nutrition, Yongjia Feng, Farok R. Demehri, Weidong Xiao, Yu-Hwai Tsai, Jennifer C. Jones, Constance D. Brindley, David W. Threadgill, Jens J. Holst, Bolette Hartmann, Terrence A. Barrett, Daniel H. Teitelbaum, Peter J. Dempsey 2017 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Interdependency Of Egf And Glp-2 Signaling In Attenuating Mucosal Atrophy In A Mouse Model Of Parenteral Nutrition, Yongjia Feng, Farok R. Demehri, Weidong Xiao, Yu-Hwai Tsai, Jennifer C. Jones, Constance D. Brindley, David W. Threadgill, Jens J. Holst, Bolette Hartmann, Terrence A. Barrett, Daniel H. Teitelbaum, Peter J. Dempsey

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN), a crucial treatment for patients who cannot receive enteral nutrition, is associated with mucosal atrophy, barrier dysfunction, and infectious complications. Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) improve intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) responses and attenuate mucosal atrophy in several TPN models. However, it remains unclear whether these 2 factors use distinct or overlapping signaling pathways to improve IEC responses. We investigated the interaction of GLP-2 and EGF signaling in a mouse TPN model and in patients deprived of enteral nutrition.

METHODS: Adult C57BL/6J, IEC-Egfrknock out (KO) and IEC-pik3r1KO mice receiving ...


Performance Of Non-Invasive Tests To Predict Significant Liver Fibrosis In Patients With Morbid Obesity, Ahmed Bakhshwin, Patricia Latham 2017 George Washington University

Performance Of Non-Invasive Tests To Predict Significant Liver Fibrosis In Patients With Morbid Obesity, Ahmed Bakhshwin, Patricia Latham

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) affects more than 90% of patients with morbid obesity (MO) and approximately 30% have significant liver fibrosis and/or cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis; however, several non-invasive tests have been suggested to predict the presence or absence of significant liver fibrosis and to avoid liver biopsy in these patients. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of these tests to predict significant liver fibrosis, specifically in patients with MO.

Methods:

Liver biopsies from patients with MO undergoing gastric bypass surgery were studied ...


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