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Author Correction: Extracting Intercellular Signaling Network Of Cancer Tissues Using Ligand-Receptor Expression Patterns From Whole-Tumor And Single-Cell Transcriptomes., Joseph X Zhou, Roberto Taramelli, Edoardo Pedrini, Theo Knijnenburg, Sui Huang 2018 Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, USA.

Author Correction: Extracting Intercellular Signaling Network Of Cancer Tissues Using Ligand-Receptor Expression Patterns From Whole-Tumor And Single-Cell Transcriptomes., Joseph X Zhou, Roberto Taramelli, Edoardo Pedrini, Theo Knijnenburg, Sui Huang

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.


Perilymphatic Irx-2 Cytokine Therapy To Enhance Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes And Pd-L1 Expression Preceding Curative-Intent Therapy In Early Stage Breast Cancer, Joanna Pucilowska, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Katherine Sanchez, Valerie Conrad, Alison Conlin, Shagheyegh Aliabadi-Wahle, Shu-Ching Chang, Gary Grunkemeier, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Maritza Martel, James Egan, Monil Shah, David B Page 2018 Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Portland, OR; Providence Cancer Institute, Portland, OR

Perilymphatic Irx-2 Cytokine Therapy To Enhance Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes And Pd-L1 Expression Preceding Curative-Intent Therapy In Early Stage Breast Cancer, Joanna Pucilowska, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Katherine Sanchez, Valerie Conrad, Alison Conlin, Shagheyegh Aliabadi-Wahle, Shu-Ching Chang, Gary Grunkemeier, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Maritza Martel, James Egan, Monil Shah, David B Page

Books, Presentations, Posters, Etc.

Background: Cytokines are being explored as a therapeutic strategy to modulate the tumor microenvironment and facilitate immunotherapy benefit in breast cancer. Here, we investigate a locoregional therapeutic approach whereby cytokines (IRX-2) are administered into the subcutaneous peri-areolar tissue (in an anatomic distribution similar to sentinel lymph node mapping) to facilitate immune cell recruitment/activation within the draining lymph nodes and tumor in ESBC. IRX-2 is derived from ex vivo phytohemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes and contains multiple cytokines including IL-1β, IL-2, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-8, and GM-CSF, with stable concentrations from lot to lot. Preclinically, IRX-2 activates T-cells and natural killer (NK) cells ...


Updated Efficacy Of First Or Second-Line Pembrolizumab Plus In Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer And Correlations With Baseline Lymphocyte And Naïve Cd4+ T-Cell Count, David Page, Joanna Pucilowska, Laura Bennetts, I Kim, Katherine Sanchez, Maritza Martel, Alison Conlin, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Anupama Acheson, K Kemmer, Z Mitri, J Vuky, J Ahn, C Abaya, T Manigault, R Basho, Walter Urba, HL McArthur 2018 Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Portland, OR; Providence Cancer Institute, Portland OR

Updated Efficacy Of First Or Second-Line Pembrolizumab Plus In Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer And Correlations With Baseline Lymphocyte And Naïve Cd4+ T-Cell Count, David Page, Joanna Pucilowska, Laura Bennetts, I Kim, Katherine Sanchez, Maritza Martel, Alison Conlin, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Anupama Acheson, K Kemmer, Z Mitri, J Vuky, J Ahn, C Abaya, T Manigault, R Basho, Walter Urba, Hl Mcarthur

Books, Presentations, Posters, Etc.

Background: In mTNBC, anti-PD-1/L1 monotherapy is most effective when administered early in the course of disease, with recent trials demonstrating overall response rates (ORR) of 23-26% in the first-line setting and 5-6% in later lines. This may reflect iatrogenic lymphopenia from preceding cytotoxic chemotherapy. Furthermore, curative-intent chemotherapy is associated with prolonged suppression of naïve CD4+ cells, a T-cell subset that may play a critical role in the generation of de novo anti-tumor immune responses. We present the final clinical results of a pilot study evaluating the safety and efficacy of combining pembrolizumab plus standard-of-care capecitabine in the first/second-line ...


Global Availability Of Cancer Registry Data., Asif H. Siddiqui, Syed Nabeel Zafar 2018 The Aga Khan University

Global Availability Of Cancer Registry Data., Asif H. Siddiqui, Syed Nabeel Zafar

Medical College Documents

The availability of cancer registries has significantly enhanced cancer research, especially that related to cancer epidemiology, survival, interventions, and outcomes.1 However, by using publicly available sources, we aimed to map the availability and extent of cancer registry data in each country. We also aimed to test the association of registry data with metadata such as country income and national cancer-related policies. Data from 190 countries were collected from the WHO country cancer profiles.2 We sought data on the presence of an operational national cancer control policy, strategy, or action plan and the presence of a cancer registry. If ...


Targeting The Stat5 Pathway In Ph+ Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Valentina Minieri, Marco De Dominici, Marja T. Nevalainen, Bruno Calabretta 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Targeting The Stat5 Pathway In Ph+ Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Valentina Minieri, Marco De Dominici, Marja T. Nevalainen, Bruno Calabretta

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Randomized Controlled Trial Of Individualized Treatment Summary And Survivorship Care Plans For Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Survivors, Navneet S. Majhail, Jan Cerny 2018 Cleveland Clinic

Randomized Controlled Trial Of Individualized Treatment Summary And Survivorship Care Plans For Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Survivors, Navneet S. Majhail, Jan Cerny

Open Access Articles

Survivorship care plans may facilitate long-term care for cancer survivors, but their effectiveness has not been established in hematopoietic cell transplantation recipients. We evaluated the impact of individualized survivorship care plans on patient-reported outcomes among transplant survivors. Adult (>/=18 years at transplant) survivors who were 1-5 years post-transplantation, proficient in English, and without relapse or secondary cancers were eligible for this multicenter randomized trial. Care plans were developed based on risk-factors and treatment exposures using patient data routinely submitted by transplant centers to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and published guidelines for long-term follow-up of transplant ...


Sitc 2018 Workshop Report: Immuno-Oncology Biomarkers: State Of The Art., Lisa H Butterfield, Mary L Disis, Bernard A Fox, David R Kaufman, Samir N Khleif, Ena Wang 2018 Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Center, Providence Cancer Institute, Portland, OR, USA.

Sitc 2018 Workshop Report: Immuno-Oncology Biomarkers: State Of The Art., Lisa H Butterfield, Mary L Disis, Bernard A Fox, David R Kaufman, Samir N Khleif, Ena Wang

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Identification of biomarkers in cancer immunotherapy that predict therapeutic response and/or limit adverse events are a critical need in the field. To address recent progress and hurdles around cancer biomarker development and utilization, the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) convened a workshop, "Immuno-Oncology Biomarkers: State of the Art," on May 16-17, 2018. Topics discussed included challenges in handling biospecimens, identification and validation of new biomarkers, data sharing, and collaborating across disciplines to advance biomarker development. Panel discussions followed session presentations to help foster participant conversation and discuss future projects and collaborations. The results of the Workshop include the ...


A Learning Community Approach To Identifying Interventions In Health Systems To Reduce Colorectal Cancer Screening Disparities., Lillian C. Man, Melissa DiCarlo, Emily Lambert, Randa Sifri, Martha Romney, Linda Fleisher, Ronald Myers 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

A Learning Community Approach To Identifying Interventions In Health Systems To Reduce Colorectal Cancer Screening Disparities., Lillian C. Man, Melissa Dicarlo, Emily Lambert, Randa Sifri, Martha Romney, Linda Fleisher, Ronald Myers

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Although colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in the United States has been increasing, screening rates are not optimal, and there are persistent disparities in CRC screening and mortality, particularly among minority patients. As most CRC screening takes place in primary care, health systems are well-positioned to address this important population health problem. However, most health systems have not actively engaged in identifying and implementing effective evidence-based intervention strategies that can raise CRC screening rates and reduce disparities. Drawing on the Collective Impact Model and the Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation, our project team applied a learning community strategy to ...


Bilateral Serous Tubal Intraepithelial Carcinoma Associated With High-Grade Serous Carcinoma Of The Peritoneum: Evidence For Transcoelomic Tumor Spread By Extended Lymph Node Evaluation, Hermann Brustmann 2018 Department of Pathology, Landesklinikum Baden-Moedling, Austria

Bilateral Serous Tubal Intraepithelial Carcinoma Associated With High-Grade Serous Carcinoma Of The Peritoneum: Evidence For Transcoelomic Tumor Spread By Extended Lymph Node Evaluation, Hermann Brustmann

POG In Press

Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC) is now considered a putative precursor lesion of most extrauterine high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSC). It is frequently reported in high-risk women and women with advanced-stage serous carcinoma. This case study reports a serous high-grade carcinoma (HGSC) consisting of a bilateral STIC with a focus of stromal invasion in the left tube, and a peritoneal HGSC. The grossly normal-appearing tubes including the fimbriated ends were sectioned following the SEE-FIM protocol. In both tubes, tumor aggregates were exfoliated extensively to the tubal lumens. The neoplastic epithelia in any location were diffusely positive for p53 in strong nuclear ...


Spaceoar To Improve Dosimetric Outcomes For Monotherapy High-Dose-Rate Prostate Implantation In A Patient With Ulcerative Colitis., Michael Trager, Benjamin Greenberger, Amy S. Harrison, James Keller, Robert B. Den 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Spaceoar To Improve Dosimetric Outcomes For Monotherapy High-Dose-Rate Prostate Implantation In A Patient With Ulcerative Colitis., Michael Trager, Benjamin Greenberger, Amy S. Harrison, James Keller, Robert B. Den

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

High-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy is an attractive option for patients receiving definitive radiation therapy for prostate cancer with decreased overall dose to the pelvis. However, ulcerative colitis increases rectal toxicity risk and may be a contraindication. A synthetic hydrogel, SpaceOAR (Augmentix Inc., Waltham, MA, USA), can facilitate the use of HDR brachytherapy for patients where rectal toxicity is a limiting factor. SpaceOAR gel (13.19 cc) was utilized in a monotherapy HDR prostate treatment with Ir-192 under transrectal ultrasound guidance, with the intention of decreasing rectal dose. SpaceOAR gel was inserted transperineally into the patient 18 days prior to the procedure ...


Il-12 Gene Electrotransfer Triggers A Change In Immune Response Within Mouse Tumors, Guilan Shi, Chelsea Edelblute, Sezgi Arpag, Cathryn Lundberg, Richard Heller 2018 Old Dominion University

Il-12 Gene Electrotransfer Triggers A Change In Immune Response Within Mouse Tumors, Guilan Shi, Chelsea Edelblute, Sezgi Arpag, Cathryn Lundberg, Richard Heller

Bioelectrics Publications

Metastatic melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer with a relatively low survival rate. Immune-based therapies have shown promise in the treatment of melanoma, but overall complete response rates are still low. Previous studies have demonstrated the potential of plasmid IL-12 (pIL-12) delivered by gene electrotransfer (GET) to be an effective immunotherapy for melanoma. However, events occurring in the tumor microenvironment following delivery have not been delineated. Therefore, utilizing a B16F10 mouse melanoma model, we evaluated changes in the tumor microenvironment following delivery of pIL-12 using different GET parameters or injection of plasmid alone. The results revealed a unique immune cell ...


The Impact Of Mental Health On Cancer Preventative Screenings, Chelsea Edirisuriya, Amy Leader, PhD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

The Impact Of Mental Health On Cancer Preventative Screenings, Chelsea Edirisuriya, Amy Leader, Phd

Phase 1

Among the mental health population of the United States, overall preventative health services, such as cancer screening rates, are remarkably low. Additionally, there is a significant 30% higher mortality rate due to cancer in psychiatric patients. This project established if there are disparities in cancer screening rates between the general population and the mental health population of Southeastern Pennsylvania. The project analyzed and compared the differences in cancer screenings for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer among those currently diagnosed with a mental condition and the general population. Through p-value and Pearson chi-square statistical analysis of the Community Health Data Base ...


Emt- And Stroma-Related Gene Expression And Resistance To Pd-1 Blockade In Urothelial Cancer., Li Wang, Abdel Saci, Peter M. Szabo, Scott D. Chasalow, Mireia Castillo-Martin, Josep Domingo-Domenech, Arlene Siefker-Radtke, Padmanee Sharma, John P. Sfakianos, Yixuan Gong, Ana Dominguez-Andres, William K. Oh, David Mulholland, Alex Azrilevich, Liangyuan Hu, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, Hélène Salmon, Nina Bhardwaj, Jun Zhu, Matthew D. Galsky 2018 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Emt- And Stroma-Related Gene Expression And Resistance To Pd-1 Blockade In Urothelial Cancer., Li Wang, Abdel Saci, Peter M. Szabo, Scott D. Chasalow, Mireia Castillo-Martin, Josep Domingo-Domenech, Arlene Siefker-Radtke, Padmanee Sharma, John P. Sfakianos, Yixuan Gong, Ana Dominguez-Andres, William K. Oh, David Mulholland, Alex Azrilevich, Liangyuan Hu, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, Hélène Salmon, Nina Bhardwaj, Jun Zhu, Matthew D. Galsky

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Cancers infiltrated with T-cells are associated with a higher likelihood of response to PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. Counterintuitively, a correlation between epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related gene expression and T-cell infiltration has been observed across tumor types. Here we demonstrate, using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) urothelial cancer dataset, that although a gene expression-based measure of infiltrating T-cell abundance and EMT-related gene expression are positively correlated, these signatures convey disparate prognostic information. We further demonstrate that non-hematopoietic stromal cells are a major source of EMT-related gene expression in bulk urothelial cancer transcriptomes. Finally, using a cohort of patients with metastatic urothelial cancer ...


Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Lonidamine (LND), a metabolic modulator, sensitizes DB-1 human melanoma to doxorubicin (DOX) chemotherapy by acidifying and de-energizing the tumor. This report compares the effects of LND on two human melanoma lines, DB-1 and WM983B, which exhibit different metabolic properties. Using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and Seahorse analysis, we show that DB-1 was more glycolytic than WM983B in vitro. 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) indicates that LND (100 mg/kg, i.p.) induces similar selective acidification and de-energization of WM983B xenografts in immunosuppressed mice. Over three hours, intracellular pH (pHi) of WM983B decreased from 6.91 ± 0.03 to 6 ...


Care Of Adult Cancer Survivors, Kelsey Kloosterman 2018 Grand Valley State University

Care Of Adult Cancer Survivors, Kelsey Kloosterman

Doctoral Projects

As innovative cancer treatments emerge, more people are surviving cancer. Cancer survivors have multiple and unique healthcare needs due to their cancer and cancer treatments. Communication among those treating the cancer, primary care providers, and cancer survivors is necessary to coordinate care once treatment is finished. The development of a survivorship care plan that is reviewed with the cancer survivor is intended to facilitate communication among all stakeholders. This quality improvement project examined current practice in a survivorship clinic in a Midwestern health system cancer center that cares for a variety of types of cancer patients. By reviewing evidence in ...


Hdl In Endocrine Carcinomas: Biomarker, Drug Carrier, And Potential Therapeutic, Emily E. Morin, Xiang-An Li, Anna Schwendeman 2018 University of Michigan

Hdl In Endocrine Carcinomas: Biomarker, Drug Carrier, And Potential Therapeutic, Emily E. Morin, Xiang-An Li, Anna Schwendeman

Physiology Faculty Publications

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) have long been studied for their protective role against cardiovascular diseases, however recently relationship between HDL and cancer came into focus. Several epidemiological studies have shown an inverse correlation between HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and cancer risk, and some have even implied that HDL-C can be used as a predictive measure for survival prognosis in for specific sub-population of certain types of cancer. HDL itself is an endogenous nanoparticle capable of removing excess cholesterol from the periphery and returning it to the liver for excretion. One of the main receptors for HDL, scavenger receptor type B-I (SR-BI), is highly ...


Comparison Of Germline Versus Somatic Bap1 Mutations For Risk Of Metastasis In Uveal Melanoma., K. G. Ewens, E. Lalonde, J. Richards-Yutz, C. L. Shields, A. Ganguly 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Comparison Of Germline Versus Somatic Bap1 Mutations For Risk Of Metastasis In Uveal Melanoma., K. G. Ewens, E. Lalonde, J. Richards-Yutz, C. L. Shields, A. Ganguly

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

BACKGROUND: Germline mutations in BAP1 have been associated with BAP1-Tumor Predisposition Syndrome (BAP1-TPDS), a predisposition to multiple tumors within a family that includes uveal melanoma (UM), cutaneous melanoma, malignant mesothelioma and renal cell carcinoma. Alternatively, somatic mutations in BAP1 in UM have been associated with high risk for metastasis. In this study, we compare the risk of metastasis in UM that carry germline versus somatic BAP1 mutations and mutation-negative tumors.

METHODS: DNA extracted from 142 UM and matched blood samples was sequenced using Sanger or next generation sequencing to identify BAP1 gene mutations.

RESULTS: Eleven of 142 UM (8%) carried ...


Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick McGee, Grant McAuley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater 2018 Loma Linda University

Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick Mcgee, Grant Mcauley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater

Grant McAuley, PhD

Proton therapy is an advantageous choice for the irradiation of tumors in proximity of critical structures due to rapid dose fall off and high dose deposition at target compared to dose at the surface of the patient (ie, peak-to-entrance dose ratio (P/E)). However, with target fields below 1.0 cm, as often encountered in proton radiosurgery, multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) broadens proton beams leading to diminished P/E advantages and reduced dose delivery efficiency (DDE). Magnetic focusing tends to counteract MCS and is a promising method to reduce these undesirable effects. The purpose of this research is to investigate ...


Semaphorin 5a Drives Melanoma Progression: Role Of Bcl-2, Mir-204 And C-Myb., Simona D'Aguanno, Elisabetta Valentini, Maria Grazia Tupone, Marianna Desideri, Marta Di Martile, Manuela Spagnuolo, Simonetta Buglioni, Cristiana Ercolani, Italia Falcone, Marco De Dominici, Michele Milella, Maria Giulia Rizzo, Bruno Calabretta, Carlo Cota, Andrea Anichini, Daniela Trisciuoglio, Donatella Del Bufalo 2018 IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute

Semaphorin 5a Drives Melanoma Progression: Role Of Bcl-2, Mir-204 And C-Myb., Simona D'Aguanno, Elisabetta Valentini, Maria Grazia Tupone, Marianna Desideri, Marta Di Martile, Manuela Spagnuolo, Simonetta Buglioni, Cristiana Ercolani, Italia Falcone, Marco De Dominici, Michele Milella, Maria Giulia Rizzo, Bruno Calabretta, Carlo Cota, Andrea Anichini, Daniela Trisciuoglio, Donatella Del Bufalo

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Melanoma, the most aggressive form of skin cancer, is characterized by high rates of metastasis, drug resistance and mortality. Here we investigated the role of Semaphorin 5A (Sema5A) on the properties associated with melanoma progression and the factors involved in Sema5A regulation.

METHODS: Western blotting, qRT-PCR, Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay, immunohistochemistry of melanoma patient specimens and xenograft tissues, in vitro Transwell assay for cell migration and invasion evaluation, in vitro capillary-like structure formation analysis.

RESULTS: A significant correlation of Sema5A mRNA expression and melanoma progression was observed by analyzing GEO profile dataset. Endogenous Sema5A protein was detected in 95 ...


Optimizing Psychosocial Care Of Older Adults With Cancer: An Early Assessment And Intervention Model, Lora Rhodes, LCSW, Andrew Chapman, DO, FACP 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Optimizing Psychosocial Care Of Older Adults With Cancer: An Early Assessment And Intervention Model, Lora Rhodes, Lcsw, Andrew Chapman, Do, Facp

Department of Medical Oncology Posters

Background

Jefferson Multidisciplinary Senior Adult Oncology Center

History

  • Established September 2010
  • First multidisciplinary geriatric oncology evaluation center in the tristate area

Demographics

  • 890 patients evaluated to date
  • All tumor types
  • Age 70 and above & Pre-transplant (Bone Marrow) evaluation age 65 and above

Format

  • Consultative service
  • Two sessions weekly
  • Average evaluation time: two hours

Multidisciplinary Team

  • Navigator, Medical Oncologist, Geriatrician, Pharmacist, Nutritionist, Social Worker
  • As needed: Psychiatry, Rehab Medicine, Radiation Oncology, Surgery


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