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Export Controls And Economic Sanctions, John Boscariol, J. Patrick Briscoe, Abigail Cotterill, Harry Dixon, Geoffrey Goodale, Sarah Oliai, Timothy O'Toole, Christopher Stagg, Lawrence Ward 2022 Southern Methodist University

Export Controls And Economic Sanctions, John Boscariol, J. Patrick Briscoe, Abigail Cotterill, Harry Dixon, Geoffrey Goodale, Sarah Oliai, Timothy O'Toole, Christopher Stagg, Lawrence Ward

The Year in Review

No abstract provided.


Draft State Legislation: Agricultural Energy Net Metering & Power Purchasing, Samuel Kessler, Austin Gabhart 2022 Commonwealth Policy Coalition, University of Louisville Chapter

Draft State Legislation: Agricultural Energy Net Metering & Power Purchasing, Samuel Kessler, Austin Gabhart

Commonwealth Policy Papers

This draft legislation was first authored by Commonwealth Policy Coalition Associates Samuel Kessler and Austin Gabhart in 2018, and is now published in 2022 to provide a method of creating improved Agricultural Net Metering and Power Purchase Agreements for agriculture-based energy developments. Shortly after this time, the Commonwealth of Virginia passed similar legislation directly dealing with renewable Net Metering and eventually Power Purchase Agreements in an agricultural context. Those especially in states which do not have Renewable Energy Portfolios which may or may not entail concerns with those portfolios and stakeholders in the nonrenewable industry are urged to consider implementation ...


Draft State Legislation: "A Geographically Targeted Approach For A Preceptor Tax Incentive Using Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (Hpsas)", Julia Mattingly 2022 Commonwealth Policy Coalition, University of Louisville

Draft State Legislation: "A Geographically Targeted Approach For A Preceptor Tax Incentive Using Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (Hpsas)", Julia Mattingly

Commonwealth Policy Papers

This draft legislation was sponsored in the 2022 session of the KY General Assembly as HB 718.


Draft Legislation: A Novel Policy System Of Income & Refundable Property Tax Credits For Sustainable Use Of “Keystone” Stillage And Spent Grain Wastes To Stop Pollution And Surge Business Growth, Samuel Kessler 2022 Commonwealth Policy Coalition, University of Louisville Chapter

Draft Legislation: A Novel Policy System Of Income & Refundable Property Tax Credits For Sustainable Use Of “Keystone” Stillage And Spent Grain Wastes To Stop Pollution And Surge Business Growth, Samuel Kessler

Commonwealth Policy Papers

This draft bill originally formatted by the KY Legislative Research Commission is the minimum text necessary to enact the policy described in the CPP whitepaper publication "Support New Business to Solve Old Problems with Kentucky’s Keystone Waste from Bourbon & Brewing". This publication is also known by the subtitle " A novel policy system of income & refundable property tax credits for sustainable use of Kentucky’s “keystone” wastes – stillage and spent grain - designed to stop pollution risk and surge business growth across the Commonwealth".

Any and all legislative bodies are encouraged to use the attached legislation as the basis for introducing ...


Support New Business To Solve Old Problems With Kentucky’S Keystone Waste From Bourbon & Brewing, Samuel C. Kessler 2022 Commonwealth Policy Coalition, University of Louisville Chapter

Support New Business To Solve Old Problems With Kentucky’S Keystone Waste From Bourbon & Brewing, Samuel C. Kessler

Commonwealth Policy Papers

Provided here is a policy solution from the backside of Kentucky bourbon and brewing to upcycle Kentucky’s “keystone” wastes and grow businesses in the process. Potential effects range from removing the bottleneck on bourbon production and producing GHG-friendly biogas to lowering the price of milk.This full whitepaper brief provides an incentive model for keystone wastes which have a provider and a use. It is equally applicable for policymakers or advocates wishing to place a policy incentive behind waste-to-product upcycling, businesses involved with methane sequestration & renewable biogas energy, and shifting regulatory and penalizing models of pollution into incentive model ...


A Geographically Targeted Approach For A Preceptor Tax Incentive Using Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (Hpsas), Julia Mattingly, Sarah Belcher, Samuel C Kessler 2022 Commonwealth Policy Coalition

A Geographically Targeted Approach For A Preceptor Tax Incentive Using Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (Hpsas), Julia Mattingly, Sarah Belcher, Samuel C Kessler

Commonwealth Policy Papers

Years before the COVID-19 pandemic brought on a health care shortage in Kentucky, its rural areas were already struggling to obtain and attract primary care medical practitioners. Even though the number of medical school graduates in the U.S. has steadily increased throughout the years, there is a general disinterest in rural or small-town practice, and legislators throughout the country have pondered ways to address this issue plaguing communities. Versions of Preceptor Tax Incentive legislation in Kentucky have been proposed in the General Assembly to address care shortages in the state, however, all have been unsuccessful at truly targeting rural ...


The Meaning And Malleableness Of Liberty From 1897-1945, Quentin E. Smith 2022 Purdue University

The Meaning And Malleableness Of Liberty From 1897-1945, Quentin E. Smith

The Purdue Historian

This paper covers how the substance and meaning of liberty changed during the ending years of the Gilded Age (1870-1900) through the beginning ages of the Civil Rights Movement (1954-1968). Economic liberty took shape in the cases Allegeyer v. Louisiana (1897) and Lochner v. New York (1905). Civil liberties would take several more years to come into the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction. The case Gitlow v. New York (1925) began the establishment of incorporation of the Bill of Rights to the states, otherwise known as our fundamental liberties (note: The Supreme Court used selective incorporation, however). In the case U ...


Addressing The Next State Fiscal Crisis: Toward An Ex Ante Scheme Of Federal Assistance To States In Fiscal Distress, Omer Kimhi 2022 Brigham Young University Law School

Addressing The Next State Fiscal Crisis: Toward An Ex Ante Scheme Of Federal Assistance To States In Fiscal Distress, Omer Kimhi

BYU Law Review

Every several years, usually after a national recession, and also as a result of the C OVID 19 pandemic, states enter financial difficulties. These difficulties spur a debate, both in the political arena and in the academic literature, concerning the appropriate federal response. Some advocate for federal bailouts to rescue the distressed states, while others argue that the states need to deal with their troubles independently or with the help of state bankruptcy legislation. The Article explores the proper federal response to states’ fiscal fiscal crises.

The Article argues that the current (suggested) responses – state bankruptcy and ex-post discretionary federal ...


Immigration In Regard To Economic Labor And Reform, Will Ross, Maryella McCown, Dylan Stone 2022 Kennesaw State University

Immigration In Regard To Economic Labor And Reform, Will Ross, Maryella Mccown, Dylan Stone

Immigration Scholarship: History, Trends and Development in Global Immigration

In the last two presidencies, the United States economy has gone through much development regarding immigration and labor. Many key factors of growth in the economy can be identified pertaining to immigration, such as job fulfillment, innovations, and more productivity. Immigrants arrive in the United States with impressive skills that are needed for many occupations. They also run many of their own businesses and provide food and hospitality services for everyone. A common question that many US citizens wonder is “How do immigrants advantage the United States economy?” By bringing in new skills and ideas that had not been discovered ...


An Analysis Of The Suspect: The Impact Of Economic Conditions On Crime, Ryan Perez 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Analysis Of The Suspect: The Impact Of Economic Conditions On Crime, Ryan Perez

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

Every place in the world experiences a level of crime within its borders, but there is much contention as to which factors lead to crime. Economic conditions, due to their association with poverty, are frequently discussed as a possible contributors to crime rates. This analysis examines four macroeconomic variables (GDP per capita, unemployment rate, inflation rate, and interest rate) and their effect on crime rates (violent, property, and total). After thoroughly reviewing the philosophical nature of crime, the current economic conditions through the lens of the selected macroeconomic variables, and the present criminal landscape throughout the United States and the ...


China's Food Pagodas: Looking Forward By Looking Back?, Yifei Li, Dale Jamieson 2022 New York University

China's Food Pagodas: Looking Forward By Looking Back?, Yifei Li, Dale Jamieson

Journal of Food Law & Policy

In this Article we provide a close analysis of the Chinese Dietary Guidelines – the Food Pagoda. Our focus on the dietary guidelines is motivated by two main considerations. First, the guidelines represent the most comprehensive, nationwide, state sponsored effort to educate the people of China about food. Like citizens in most countries, Chinese people are presented with numerous, often competing, messages from scientists, food gurus and online influencers. The dietary guidelines are different in that they are backed by an entire suite of governmental resources for nationwide dissemination through hospitals, schools, public billboards, TV and radio ads, among others. Among ...


I Want You To Panic: Leveraging The Rhetoric Of Fear And Rage For The Future Of Food, Iselin Gambert 2022 George Washington University

I Want You To Panic: Leveraging The Rhetoric Of Fear And Rage For The Future Of Food, Iselin Gambert

Journal of Food Law & Policy

"Humanity Is About to Kill 1 Million Species in a Globe-Spanning Murder-Suicide. Only 11 Years Left to Prevent Irreversible Damage from Climate Change." Doomsday headlines like these are terrifying. But are they enough to make us act? The causes of the current climate crisis are many, but the science is clear that the meat and dairy industry shoulders much of the blame. Given the role the animal agriculture industry plays in perpetuating the climate crisis, combined with the harms the industry imposes on the animals and workers within it, politicians and governments—given their degree of power and influence—should ...


The Right To Food Comes To America, Wendy Heipt 2022 WhyHunger

The Right To Food Comes To America, Wendy Heipt

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The people of Maine recently exercised an opportunity no citizen of this country has ever had before: the ability to vote on whether to enshrine a right to food in their state constitution. This Essay provides an overview of Maine’s experience with food rights in order to explain how the state came to occupy this unique position.


France's Organisme De Défense Et De Gestion: A Model For Farmer Collective Action Through Standard Development And Brand Management, Christopher J. Bardenhagen, Philip H. Howard, Marie-Odile Noziéres-Petit 2022 Michican State University

France's Organisme De Défense Et De Gestion: A Model For Farmer Collective Action Through Standard Development And Brand Management, Christopher J. Bardenhagen, Philip H. Howard, Marie-Odile Noziéres-Petit

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Quality-based food production, often with a regional dimension, can provide farmers with new, value added markets. It can also provide consumers with access to place based high-quality products, and may benefit local economies through increased commerce. French Organismes de Défense et de Gestion (ODGs) illustrate a mode of quality-based agri-food business organization. ODGs focus on the development of production standards, as well as management of the intellectual property related to those standards. This mode, which is commonly used in Europe, has not often been used in the United States, despite its potential for regional food system development. The ODG mode ...


Purpose Proposals, Jill E. Fisch 2022 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Purpose Proposals, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Repurposing the corporation is the hot issue in corporate governance. Commentators, investors and increasingly issuers, maintain that corporations should shift their focus from maximizing profits for shareholders to generating value for a more expansive group of stakeholders. Corporations are also being called upon to address societal concerns – from climate change and voting rights to racial justice and wealth inequality.

The shareholder proposal rule, Rule 14a–8, offers one potential tool for repurposing the corporation. This Article describes the introduction of innovative proposals seeking to formalize corporate commitments to stakeholder governance. These “purpose proposals” reflect a new dynamic in the debate ...


Stewards Of The World: America & China, Grant Fuller 2022 Liberty University

Stewards Of The World: America & China, Grant Fuller

Helm's School of Government Conference

No abstract provided.


Liability For Non-Disclosure In Equity Financing, Albert H. Choi, Kathryn E. Spier 2022 University of Michigan Law School

Liability For Non-Disclosure In Equity Financing, Albert H. Choi, Kathryn E. Spier

Law & Economics Working Papers

The paper analyzes the effects of holding firms liable for non-disclosure of material information when raising capital. We develop a model in which a privately-informed entrepreneur can choose to withhold information from prospective investors when issuing and selling stock and the investors can bring suit against the firm ex post for (alleged) non-disclosure. The damage payment received by the investors is partially offset by the reduced value of their equity stake. The analysis shows that the equilibrium depends on, among others, (1) the amount of personal capital the entrepreneur has to commit, (2) the frequency with which the entrepreneur is ...


Charting The Reform Path, Sanjukta Paul 2022 Wayne State University

Charting The Reform Path, Sanjukta Paul

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Inequality and the Labor Market: The Case for Greater Competition. Edited by Sharon Block and Benjamin H. Harris.


Enforcing Interstate Compacts In Federal Systems, Michael Osborn 2022 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Enforcing Interstate Compacts In Federal Systems, Michael Osborn

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

The central goal of a federal system is for local government units to retain degrees of independence, specifically over matters of importance to that local unit. A logical corollary to that independence is the ability for local units to negotiate and contract with other local units on matters of importance. Therefore, it is not surprising that almost every federal system allows, either implicitly or explicitly, member states to form binding compacts with other states, the union government, or municipalities.1 Some federal democracies even allow member states to compact with foreign governments. Furthermore, almost every federal constitution includes a provision ...


A New Framework For Digital Taxation, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Young Ran (Christine) Kim, Karen Sam 2022 University of Michigan Law School

A New Framework For Digital Taxation, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Young Ran (Christine) Kim, Karen Sam

Law & Economics Working Papers

The international tax regime has wide implications for business, trade, and the international political economy. Under current law, multinational enterprises do not pay their fair share of taxes to market countries where profits are generated because market countries are only allowed to tax companies with a physical presence there. Digital companies, like Google and Amazon, can operate entirely online, thereby avoiding market country taxes. Multinationals can also exploit existing tax rules by shifting their profits to low-tax jurisdictions, thereby avoiding taxes in the residence country where their headquarters are located.

Recently, a global tax deal was reached to tackle these ...


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