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Foreword, Jessica Silbey 2023 Boston University School of Law

Foreword, Jessica Silbey

Faculty Scholarship

Most of us think we are familiar with graffiti – lettering on trains or graphic images on walls that follow us as we walk by. But Enrico Bonadio’s new book on graffiti and street art opens a door to more complex and nuanced worlds of artists and their communities. The focus is on everyday creators of graffiti and street art. Built from nearly 100 interviews and hundreds of hours of observation, the book is filled with the voices of artists and vivid details of their plein air studios and interactions. Also present in the book is the author, who weaves …


Against Progress: Intellectual Property And Fundamental Values In The Internet Age, 2023 William & Mary Law School

Against Progress: Intellectual Property And Fundamental Values In The Internet Age

Stanley H. Mervis Lecture

No abstract provided.


Determining What’S Not Obvious: Should A Reasonable Expectation Of Success Invalidate Patent Applications?, Natalie Peters 2023 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Determining What’S Not Obvious: Should A Reasonable Expectation Of Success Invalidate Patent Applications?, Natalie Peters

University of Massachusetts Law Review

Patents are necessary to incentivize innovation because they grant owners the right to protect inventions. To be patentable, an invention must be useful, it must be novel, and it must not be obvious. But the judiciary has struggled to apply the latter requirement, non-obviousness, particularly for highly technical innovations subject to FDA regulations. For these innovations, the progression through the regulatory jungle can take ten to twenty years and millions of dollars (2.6 billion for a pharmaceutical drug). The complexities of the regulatory process can also render an innovation unprotected by patent rights because, by the end of the process, …


Copyright Throughout A Creative Ai Pipeline, Sancho McCann 2023 Peter A. Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia

Copyright Throughout A Creative Ai Pipeline, Sancho Mccann

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

Consider the following fact pattern.

Alex paints some original works on canvas and posts photos of them online. Becca downloads those images and uses them to train an AI (training configures the AI’s model parameters to useful values). Becca posts the resulting trained parameter values on her website under a license that reserves to Becca the right to use the parameters commercially. Cory uses those parameter values in a program that is designed to produce artwork. Cory clicks create and the program produces a work. This work is new to Cory, but it looks a lot like one of Alex’s …


Perceiving Critical Infrastructure With A New Awareness Of Cyber Risk, Duncad Card 2023 Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Perceiving Critical Infrastructure With A New Awareness Of Cyber Risk, Duncad Card

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

North America’s critical infrastructure has been the subject of cyber-attack, in various cycles of activity, for many years. In March of 2017, a cyber-attack caused periodic ‘‘blind-spots” for electricity distribution grid operators in the Western US for about 10 dangerous hours. In May of this year, there was panic at the gas pumps across many States in southeastern United States, which has been attributed to a cyber-attack on a major US pipeline that disrupted fuel supplies to the US East coast. US Commerce Secretary Raimondo soon after that attack announced that those sorts of attacks are becoming more frequent and …


Book Review Rethinking The Jurisprudence Of Cyberspace, David Cowan 2023 National University of Ireland Maynooth

Book Review Rethinking The Jurisprudence Of Cyberspace, David Cowan

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

It is a common claim that law is always catching up with technology. This is not entirely fair. The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation1 (GDPR) could be viewed as a case of technology having to catch up to the law. That said, clearly there are challenges in law and in the legal profession, both in terms of how the law can adapt to changes in the digital world and the disruption of the legal profession. On the former point, there are perhaps three broad schools of thought: existing law is sufficient for adapting to new technological challenges, as it …


Crispr, Like Any Other Technology: Shedding Determinism & Reviving Athens, Jon Khan 2023 Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Crispr, Like Any Other Technology: Shedding Determinism & Reviving Athens, Jon Khan

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

This article examines current narratives surrounding CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) and the current Canadian treatment of this novel biotechnology. It argues that Canada’s current approach to genetic research and CRISPR appear to have succumbed to the false narrative of technological determinism. It argues that Canada must buck the narrative and alter the current status quo in two principal ways: Canada should pursue more somatic CRISPR clinical trials in humans and permit pre-clinical germline editing. To design a regulatory regime for clinical germline editing and better guidance on somatic CRISPR clinical trials, Canada should engage Deliberative Polling to …


Harmful Speech And The Covid-19 Penumbra, Kenneth Grad, Amanda Turnbull 2023 Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Harmful Speech And The Covid-19 Penumbra, Kenneth Grad, Amanda Turnbull

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

We make two central claims in this essay. First, the themes of malinformation have remained remarkably consistent across pandemics. What has changed is only the manner of their spread through evolving technologies and globalization. Thus, as with pandemic preparedness more generally, our failure to take proactive measures reflects a failure to heed the lessons of the past. Second, we argue that the COVID-19 pandemic presents a unique opportunity to tackle online falsehoods and mitigate their impact in the future.

We proceed in three parts. Part one addresses the harmful speech that inevitably follows in pandemic’s wake. We illustrate this through …


Digital Surveillance Of Covid-19: Privacy And Equity Considerations, Elaine Gibson, Cal DeWolfe, Ilana Luther 2023 Dalhousie University, Schulich School of Law

Digital Surveillance Of Covid-19: Privacy And Equity Considerations, Elaine Gibson, Cal Dewolfe, Ilana Luther

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

In this paper, we examine the potentially deleterious effects of surveillance on vulnerable Canadians. A wide range of digital surveillance technologies have either been deployed or considered for deployment both in Canada and around the world in response to the international emergency created by the COVID-19 pandemic. Some of these technologies are highly effective in predicting or identifying individual cases and/or outbreaks; others assist in tracing contacts or enforcing compliance with quarantine and isolation measures. However, there are necessarily risks associated with their deployment. First are the infringements on privacy rights of citizens and groups. Second, these technologies run the …


The Adverse Human Rights Impacts Of Canadian Technology Companies: Reforming Export Control With The Introduction Of Mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence, Siena Anstis, RJ Reid 2023 Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

The Adverse Human Rights Impacts Of Canadian Technology Companies: Reforming Export Control With The Introduction Of Mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence, Siena Anstis, Rj Reid

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

Netsweeper, a Canadian company, has produced and sold Internet-filtering technology to authoritarian regimes abroad. According to public research from the Citizen Lab, this technology has been used to censor religious content in Bahrain, information on Rohingya refugees in Myanmar and India, political campaign content in United Arab Emirates, and information on HIV/AIDS in Kuwait. This article considers how Canadian export control law deals with technologies that negatively impact human rights abroad and identifies a gap in the existing export control scheme. We suggest this gap could be closed by adopting a proactive human rights due diligence requirement on companies seeking …


Recognizing Operators’ Duties To Properly Select And Supervise Ai Agents – A (Better?) Tool For Algorithmic Accountability, Richard Zuroff 2023 Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Recognizing Operators’ Duties To Properly Select And Supervise Ai Agents – A (Better?) Tool For Algorithmic Accountability, Richard Zuroff

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

In November of 2020, the Privacy Commissioner of Canada proposed creating GDPR-inspired rights for decision subjects and allowing financial penalties for violations of those rights. Shortly afterward, the proposal to create a right to an explanation for algorithmic decisions was incorporated into Bill C-11, the Digital Charter Implementation Act. This commentary proposes that creating duties for operators to properly select and supervise artificial agents would be a complementary, and potentially more effective, accountability mechanism than creating a right to an explanation. These duties would be a natural extension of employers’ duties to properly select and retain human employees. Allowing victims …


If A Machine Could Talk, We Would Not Understand It: Canadian Innovation And The Copyright Act’S Tpm Interoperability Framework, Anthony D. Rosborough 2023 Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

If A Machine Could Talk, We Would Not Understand It: Canadian Innovation And The Copyright Act’S Tpm Interoperability Framework, Anthony D. Rosborough

Canadian Journal of Law and Technology

This analysis examines the legal implications of technological protection measures (‘‘TPMs”) under Canada’s Copyright Act. Through embedded computing systems and proprietary interfaces, TPMs are being used by original equipment manufacturers (‘‘OEMs”) of agricultural equipment to preclude reverse engineering and follow-on innovation. This has anti-competitive effects on Canada’s ‘‘shortline” agricultural equipment industry, which produces add-on or peripheral equipment used with OEM machinery. This requires interoperability between the interfaces, data formats, and physical connectors, which are often the subject of TPM control. Exceptions under the Act have provided little assistance to the shortline industry. The research question posed by this analysis is: …


Editorial Board, Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property 2023 Chicago-Kent College of Law

Editorial Board, Chicago-Kent Journal Of Intellectual Property

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Frand Royalties: Rules V Standards?, Nicolas Petit, Amandine Léonard 2023 European University Institute

Frand Royalties: Rules V Standards?, Nicolas Petit, Amandine Léonard

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

Royalties for intellectual property (IP) are like taxes. Everyone agrees that some limits are necessary. However, no one agrees on the levels at which the limits should be set. One way to overcome disagreement consists in asking if a legal rule or standard should govern the limits of IP royalties. This paper discusses this issue in the context of Standard Essential Patents (“SEPs”) governed by a commitment to license on Fair Reasonable and Non Discriminatory (“FRAND”) terms. The paper finds that FRAND rules generally surpass standards, but only under specific conditions.


Table Of Contents, 2023 University of Washington School of Law

Table Of Contents

Washington Journal of Law, Technology & Arts

Table of Contents


Regulatory Sandboxes Enable Pragmatic Blockchain Regulation, Joshua Durham 2023 University of Washington School of Law

Regulatory Sandboxes Enable Pragmatic Blockchain Regulation, Joshua Durham

Washington Journal of Law, Technology & Arts

Since blockchain technology supports digitally-native money, the centralized chokepoints that governments have traditionally targeted to regulate commerce no longer apply to our (digital) property. However, competent regulation furthers basic public policy goals and should enable responsible innovation of this promising technology. This Article discusses pragmatic policies that enable responsible innovation by cultivating regulatory expertise required to write enforceable rules. Responsible innovation is necessary because unlike the early internet, where programmers could manipulate simple colors and text on webpages, these same individuals can now create financial services applications that manipulate actual money—we are faced with an inescapable reality that more is …


“This Artwork Is Always On Sale”: The Need For A U.S. Resale Royalty Right For Digital Visual Artists In This Technological Age, And Proof Of Concept Through The Blockchain And Nfts Explosion, Janae Camacho 2023 University of Washington School of Law

“This Artwork Is Always On Sale”: The Need For A U.S. Resale Royalty Right For Digital Visual Artists In This Technological Age, And Proof Of Concept Through The Blockchain And Nfts Explosion, Janae Camacho

Washington Journal of Law, Technology & Arts

With the explosion of the internet, social media, non-fungible tokens (“NFTs”), and blockchain technology, there has been a shift in how people consume and commercialize art, thus resulting in the increased use of digital visual mediums to create, purchase, and receive payment for visual artwork. This increase has renewed the question of whether the United States should implement a resale royalty right for visual work artists. This question is of concern, especially in this digital age where it has become more difficult for digital visual artists to receive equitable compensation for their work, like that of their musical and written …


Masthead, 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Masthead

Hastings Communications and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Ea Sports: It’S In The Federal Legislation, Gia Silahian 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Ea Sports: It’S In The Federal Legislation, Gia Silahian

Hastings Communications and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Generative And Ai Authored Artworks And Copyright Law, Michael D. Murray 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Generative And Ai Authored Artworks And Copyright Law, Michael D. Murray

Hastings Communications and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


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