Reshaping College Athlete Sports Betting Education, 2022 Brigham Young University Law School
Reshaping College Athlete Sports Betting Education, Becky Harris, John T. Holden
BYU Law Review
Legal sports wagering has been rapidly expanding across the United States since 2018. In the wake of the Supreme Court's Murphy decision, more than twenty five states have legalized sports betting and billions of dollars have followed the cascades of legalization. As the legal market continues to grow, professional sports leagues have been quick to embrace the regulated expansion, but the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has not changed their steadfast opposition. Despite the NCAA's vehement opposition, the organization has seemed to gain little traction in getting states to either wholly exclude wagering on collegiate sports or getting ...
Keep The Local Control, Federalize Teacher Prep: Finland's Model Makes The Case For A Nationalized Teacher Certification Program, Audry E. Thompson
Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs
No abstract provided.
Inconsistency At The Pole: Exotic Dancer's Employment Status Should Be Uniform Throughout The U.S., 2022 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Inconsistency At The Pole: Exotic Dancer's Employment Status Should Be Uniform Throughout The U.S., T.J.D. Nadas
Journal of Law and Health
As states start to recognize exotic dancers as employees under Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), states that have not yet classified exotic dancers as employees have put club owners in danger of costly litigation for violating the FLSA. Thus, this Note is designed to act as a road map for club owners and state legislators to recognize exotic dancers as employees in compliance with the FLSA and provide insight into how to avoid litigation. This Note analyzes this issue in four parts; Part IV, the analysis, is split into four substantial sections. Part I gives a short summary of the ...
Micro-Mediation: A New First Step On The Mixed-Mode Alternative Dispute Resolution Ladder In Higher Education, 2022 Pepperdine University
Micro-Mediation: A New First Step On The Mixed-Mode Alternative Dispute Resolution Ladder In Higher Education, Joseph C. Alfe
Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal
Higher education is fraught with disputes on both a macro and micro level. In a broad sense, institutions of higher education serve as a focal point for many disparate cultures, economic strata, ages, genders, races, ideologies, and other societal influences, and concentrates them within an insular community. Such an amalgamation of humanity is bound to produce conflicts of all kinds. These disputes can range from the elementary to the criminal. Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 governs disputes rising to the level of sexual harassment or discrimination and are updated by periodic agency updates disseminated through “dear colleague ...
May The Executive Branch Forgive Student Loan Debt Without Further Congressional Action?, 2022 Pepperdine University
May The Executive Branch Forgive Student Loan Debt Without Further Congressional Action?, Colin Mark
Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary
On April 1, 2021, the Biden administration announced that Secretary of Education Michael Cardona will consider whether the President has legal authority to forgive up to $50,000 per debtor in student loan debt without further Congressional action. This paper interrogates the leading arguments for and against the Biden administration’s capacity to forgive this student loan debt strictly using administrative action. This article first surveys the history of federal student loan forgiveness programs in the United States. It then considers whether statutes on the books—in particular, the Higher Education Act of 1965 and the Federal Claims Collection Act ...
In The Eye Of The Storm: West Virginia's Uniquely Clear Opportunity To Revise Its Education Funding Formula During Covid-19, 2022 West Virginia University College of Law
In The Eye Of The Storm: West Virginia's Uniquely Clear Opportunity To Revise Its Education Funding Formula During Covid-19, Lauren Trumble
West Virginia Law Review
Public school advocates in West Virginia have long voiced sharp criticism over the state's funding of education-and justifiably so. Although more than one in four West Virginia children live in poverty, the state's school funding formula does not account for the increased costs associated with educating low-socioeconomic status ("SES") students. As a result, low-SES students are not receiving a constitutionally adequate and equitable education, by the state's own standards.
Now, in the wake of COVID-19, with mounting costs and challenges, allegations of "inadequacy" and "inequity" abound. Ifpast is prologue, districts that serve high concentrations of low-SES students ...
“That’S The Hate They’Re Giving Us, Baby, A System Designed Against Us.” The Restorative Justice Solution To The School-To-Prison Pipeline, 2022 University of Massachusetts School of Law
“That’S The Hate They’Re Giving Us, Baby, A System Designed Against Us.” The Restorative Justice Solution To The School-To-Prison Pipeline, Amanda Iocono
University of Massachusetts Law Review
The school-to-prison pipeline is one of the nation’s biggest challenges as students of color, LGBTQIA+ students, and students with disabilities are being funneled into prisons. Thousands of articles have been written on the existence of the school-to prison pipeline and potential solutions. Federal and state policies have shifted to combat the pipeline, but there is still a large proportion of our nation’s students being criminalized on account of their looks and behaviors. This Note argues that the school-to-prison pipeline is a systemic practice of the American education system, and the education system is functioning exactly as designed. The ...
Everything Is Bigger In Texas: Including The Horrendously Inadequate Attempts At Providing Special Education And Related Services To All Children With Disabilities, 2022 St. Mary's University School of Law
Everything Is Bigger In Texas: Including The Horrendously Inadequate Attempts At Providing Special Education And Related Services To All Children With Disabilities, Alexandria R. Booterbaugh
The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice
Without immediate action, the “corrections” made by the Texas legislature to meet the appropriateness requirement for special education will result in imminent peril for students with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as their parents. Tens of thousands of children fall between the cracks as a result of Texas’ illegalities and the lack of responsibility Texas’ lawmakers and Texas Education Agency (TEA) have for special education. If Texas does not fully devote itself to a significant overhaul of its special education practices, students will continue to be left behind.
Congress enacted the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) because ...
The Search For Neutrality: A Discourse Analysis Of Language Use In Higher Education Title Ix Sexual Misconduct Policies, 2022 The University of Southern Mississippi
The Search For Neutrality: A Discourse Analysis Of Language Use In Higher Education Title Ix Sexual Misconduct Policies, Cristin Reynolds
Title IX, a federal law passed in 1972, was designed to ensure that equal access to any educational environment receiving federal assistance (20 U.S.C. § 1681). Title IX forced institutions of higher education (IHE) to address the pervasive nature of sex discrimination within their educational environments, prevent the recurrence of sex discrimination, and remedy any effects of sex discrimination. To do this IHEs developed Title IX sexual misconduct policies. These policies are required by federal law to be impartial, neutral, and equitable to all parties accessing or participating in the resolution process addressing sexual misconduct.
The purpose of this ...
Granting A Hall Pass To Public School Educators: How The Fifth Circuit's Decision In T.O.V. Fort Bend Independent School District Highlights The Inadequate Constitutional Curriculum For Academic Corporal Punishment, 2022 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law
Granting A Hall Pass To Public School Educators: How The Fifth Circuit's Decision In T.O.V. Fort Bend Independent School District Highlights The Inadequate Constitutional Curriculum For Academic Corporal Punishment, Jessica Whelan
Villanova Law Review
No abstract provided.
Goss V. Lopez As A Vehicle To Examine Due Process Protection Issues With Alternative Schools, 2022 William & Mary Law School
Goss V. Lopez As A Vehicle To Examine Due Process Protection Issues With Alternative Schools, Ashton Tuck Scott
William & Mary Law Review
Circuits are split on whether students are entitled to procedural protections before school officials may force them into alternative schools. This Note argues that students facing an involuntary transfer to a disciplinary alternative school are entitled to procedural protections under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Part I explains the trend toward the use of disciplinary alternative schools and the social and educational harms that these schools exacerbate. Part II explores the current circuit split around the procedural due process rights of students facing involuntary transfer to an alternative school. Part III argues that courts should expand the ...
Beyond Compliance: Critical Perspectives In Supporting Institutionally Underserved Survivors Of Sexual Violence, 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Beyond Compliance: Critical Perspectives In Supporting Institutionally Underserved Survivors Of Sexual Violence, William A. Martinez
Interpersonal and sexual violence on college campuses is rampant. While federal legislation exists to support survivors of interpersonal violence in higher education via the Violence Against Women Act, Title IX, and Clery Act, support specifically for institutionally underserved survivors of interpersonal violence (IUS) tends to be limited in nature. Because of this deficit, institutionally underserved students and survivors of interpersonal violence are often left unsupported by interpersonal violence prevention staff members (IVPSM). Through semi-structured interviews, this critical multisite case study collected information on the perceptions of IVPSM on IUS support and resources, identified gaps in education on how to respond ...
Symposium Transcript, 2022 University of Richmond
Richmond Public Interest Law Review
No abstract provided.
Disrupting The School-To-Prison Pipeline: Reforming The Role Of The School Resource Officer, 2022 University of Richmond School of Law
Disrupting The School-To-Prison Pipeline: Reforming The Role Of The School Resource Officer, Olivia Seksinsky
Richmond Public Interest Law Review
A School Resource Officer (“SRO”) is a law enforcement officer employed
by local law enforcement agencies to provide security to public schools. As
a result of fatal and highly publicized school shootings such as Columbine
and Parkland, SROs have become a fixed aspect of many school communities.
There are tens of thousands of SROs patrolling the halls of Virginia’s
public elementary and secondary schools every year. Despite their intended
purpose to keep students safe and prevent crime, SROs too often contribute
to the school-to-prison pipeline. When SROs are brought into the classroom
to address “disruptive” behaviors, students are at ...
Hb 305: A Step In The Right Direction For Ohio's Students, 2022 The University of Akron
Hb 305: A Step In The Right Direction For Ohio's Students, Jacob Davis
Akron Law Review
For nearly twenty-four years, the state of Ohio has funded education unconstitutionally. Columbus lawmakers have paid little attention to the DeRolph progeny of cases, which repeatedly provided that an education funding formula rooted in property tax values fails to pass constitutional muster. In 2019, lawmakers finally provided a solution in HB 305: the Cupp-Patterson proposal. This paper will first survey the checkered history of school funding litigation in Ohio. Then, this newly proposed approach to educational funding will be detailed and critically evaluated, with a focus placed on the hurdles that remain before it can become law. Ohio’s students ...
From Governance To The Classroom: Rethinking Large-Scale School Reform To Improve Educational Opportunity And Equity, 2022 University of Illinois at Chicago
From Governance To The Classroom: Rethinking Large-Scale School Reform To Improve Educational Opportunity And Equity, Benjamin M. Superfine Phd, Mark Paige Phd
Cleveland State Law Review
For decades, governmental institutions have focused on improving and equalizing the educational opportunities for students. Courts, legislatures, and chief executive officers at federal and state levels have spearheaded a range of large-scale educational reform efforts, including desegregation, school finance reform, educational improvement for students with disabilities, charter schools, and standards-based accountability systems. However, many assessments of these efforts reflect limited or mixed success. This Article takes a bird’s-eye view examination of not simply why a single type of educational reform has failed to reach its goals in a particular area, but instead at why such efforts have failed to ...
Sy-Stem-Ic Bias: An Exploration Of Gender And Race Representation On University Patents, 2022 Brooklyn Law School
Sy-Stem-Ic Bias: An Exploration Of Gender And Race Representation On University Patents, Jordana R. Goodman
Brooklyn Law Review
People of color and women are underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields in the United States. Through both intentional and unintentional structural barriers, universities continue to lose valuable intellectual resources by perpetuating a lack of gender, racial, and ethnic diversity as people climb the academic ladder. Identifying racial and gender disparities between university campus populations and their patent representation quantifies the qualitatively observed systemic racism and sexism plaguing STEM. Without data quantifying the underrepresentation of women and people of color, specifically when protecting their intellectual property rights, universities cannot show that their programs designed to close these ...
New York’S School Segregation Crisis: Open The Court Doors Now, 2022 Brooklyn Law School
New York’S School Segregation Crisis: Open The Court Doors Now, Gus Ipsen
Brooklyn Law Review
New York has the most segregated public school system of any state in America. Nearly seven decades removed from the US Supreme Court’s seminal ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, New York has done little beyond clearing Brown’s baseline mandate of not explicitly segregating students on the basis of race. In part, the forces that shape admissions policies—politics, bigotry, and powerful parents, to highlight a few—have been left unchecked because the transcendent power of the state’s courts has been sealed off. In 2003, the New York Court of Appeals in Paynter v. State firmly ...
Affirmative Action Tested: The Constitutionality Of “Landscape”, 2022 St. John's University School of Law
Affirmative Action Tested: The Constitutionality Of “Landscape”, Eric James Seltzer
St. John's Law Review
In August 2019, the College Board announced it was launching a program providing higher education institutions with “context about students’ high schools and neighborhoods when making admissions decisions.” In August 2019, the College Board announced it was launching “Landscape,” a program providing higher education institutions with “context about students’ high schools and neighborhoods when making admissions decision.” Landscape collects and organizes data into three categories—basic high school data, such as school locale, test score comparison, and high school and neighborhood indicators—that offers insight into high schools and neighborhoods. Among these indicators are quintessential measures of socioeconomic status ...
From Bostock To Adams: Following The Expansion Of Rights For Transgender Students In Public School Settings, 2022 Mercer University School of Law
From Bostock To Adams: Following The Expansion Of Rights For Transgender Students In Public School Settings, William A. White, M. Chase Collum
Mercer Law Review
Since before the turn of the twenty-first century, it is undeniable that classrooms across the country have undergone a multitude of changes. In 2020, schooling continued through a global pandemic—forcing teachers and students alike to improvise, adapt, and overcome challenges both in the classroom and in their own homes. Now that teachers and students are attempting to return to “normal,” federal courts across the country have passed down a number of decisions that will impact students’ return to the classroom. Specifically, the Supreme Court of the United States’ landmark decision in Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia, (Bostock) has paved ...