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Privacy And Property: Constitutional Concerns Of Dna Dragnet Testing, E. Wyatt Jones 2023 Bridgewater College

Privacy And Property: Constitutional Concerns Of Dna Dragnet Testing, E. Wyatt Jones

Honors Projects

DNA dragnets have attracted both public and scholarly criticisms that have yet to be resolved by the Courts. This review will introduce a modern understanding of DNA analysis, a complete introduction to past and present Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment jurisprudence, and existing suggestions concerning similar issues in legal scholarship. Considering these contexts, this review concludes that a focus on privacy and property at once, with a particular sensitivity to the inseverable relationship between the two interests, is Constitutionally consistent with precedent and the most workable means of answering the question at hand.


Indiana Law Fertility Fraud Expert Participates In Washington, Dc Roundtable, James Owsley Boyd 2023 Maurer School of Law - Indiana University

Indiana Law Fertility Fraud Expert Participates In Washington, Dc Roundtable, James Owsley Boyd

Keep Up With the Latest News from the Law School (blog)

Professor Jody Madeira, an internationally recognized expert in fertility fraud, bioethics, and law and medicine, participated this morning (January 26) in a bipartisan roundtable discussion with victims of fertility fraud. The event was facilitated by U.S. Representatives Stephanie Bice (R-OK), Mikie Sherrill (D-NJ), Julia Letlow (R-LA), and Chrissy Houlahan (D-PA) following the January 23 introduction of their Protecting Families From Fertility Fraud Act, which would—for the first time—make it a federal crime to knowingly misrepresent the source of DNA used in any procedure that involves assisted reproduction.


Redirecting The Herd: Informing Cryptocurrency Regulations Through The Lens Of Behavioral Science, Jonathan Su 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Redirecting The Herd: Informing Cryptocurrency Regulations Through The Lens Of Behavioral Science, Jonathan Su

Hastings Science and Technology Law Journal

Conversations on cryptocurrencies have become a mainstay in society today, whether that be on social media or in individual conversations. The cultural and social impact of cryptocurrency is undeniable and, as conversations with cryptocurrency supporters would suggest, lead to a positive impact in the lives of those that invest in the currency. However, cracks are showing in the patchwork of cryptocurrency regulations throughout the United States as cryptocurrency scams run amok, resulting in losses for innocent investors. Although attention is placed upon the decisions of individual companies or executives in explaining cryptocurrency scams, little discussion is present regarding investor behaviors …


Masthead, 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Masthead

Hastings Science and Technology Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Artificially Intelligent Trolley Problem: Understanding Our Criminal Law Gaps In A Robot Driven World, Jake Feiler 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

The Artificially Intelligent Trolley Problem: Understanding Our Criminal Law Gaps In A Robot Driven World, Jake Feiler

Hastings Science and Technology Law Journal

Not only is Artificial Intelligence (AI) present everywhere in people’s lives, but the technology is also now capable of making unpredictable decisions in novel situations. AI poses issues for the United States’ traditional criminal law system because this system emphasizes mens rea’s importance in determining criminal liability. When AI makes unpredictable decisions that lead to crimes, it will be impractical to determine what mens rea to ascribe to the human agents associated with the technology, such as AI’s creators, owners, and users. To solve this issue, the United States’ legal system must hold AI’s creators, owners, and users strictly liable …


Regulating The Digital Resonance, Hassan Salman 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Regulating The Digital Resonance, Hassan Salman

Hastings Science and Technology Law Journal

The proliferation of automated content moderation in social media has negatively impacted users’ (individuals, businesses, and governments) selfexpressions. Major social media platforms like Facebook act as public forums for billions of users whose content may vary in terms of acceptability and legality. User content is colored by social as well as personal norms, values and experiences. For example, though blasphemy may be objectionable in Poland, it may not be so in France. However, despite facing some mistrust over how Facebook and other platforms handle user data and moderate content, users rely on the entities like Facebook to correctly filter this …


One Map To Rule Them All: Google Maps And Quasi-Sovereign Power In International Legal Disputes, Catherine Grace Katz 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

One Map To Rule Them All: Google Maps And Quasi-Sovereign Power In International Legal Disputes, Catherine Grace Katz

Hastings Science and Technology Law Journal

With 80% market share, Google Maps has become the most powerful digital mapping platform in the world to such an extent that users often believe Google Maps represents an objectively accurate and universally truthful depiction of the world. The desire to create a single, objective map for the whole world dates to the turn of the 20th Century, even though objectivity and cartography are inherently at odds—a notion that has long complicated the status of maps as evidence in domestic and international law. However, growing acceptance of GIS maps as evidence in both domestic and international courts highlights the importance …


Reducing Single-Use Plastic Waste: A Better Alternative To The Reduce Act Tax Proposal, Ryann Wong 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Reducing Single-Use Plastic Waste: A Better Alternative To The Reduce Act Tax Proposal, Ryann Wong

Hastings Science and Technology Law Journal

This article will discuss the relevant and imminent need for government intervention to curb and reduce single-use plastic waste. It will look at the proposed 2019 REDUCE Act and consider potential outcomes and unintended consequences which the proposed plan may bring. The article will analyze the REDUCE Act through a discussion of: how similar policies have fared in the past, a historical survey of single-use plastics in US supply chain practices, how past tax laws have had a disproportionate impact on low-income taxpayers, the current market demands for single-use plastics, and an observation of how other countries are applying tax …


Reversing The Irreversible: Mitigating Legal Risks Of Blockchain-Based Data Breach Through Corporate Governance, Katayoon Beshkardana 2023 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Reversing The Irreversible: Mitigating Legal Risks Of Blockchain-Based Data Breach Through Corporate Governance, Katayoon Beshkardana

Hastings Science and Technology Law Journal

The European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) embodies a set of enforceable data subject rights, data controller and processor obligations, and compliance requirements. The GDPR outreach is extraterritorial and impacts US blockchain-based businesses that collect and process personal data of individuals from the EU. Given the ambiguities of the law itself surrounding what is considered as personal data on blockchain, and who data controllers and processors are, this research examines the corporate governance response to the GDPR as a bottom-up solution for compliance. To secure the sustainability of the business models based on blockchain solutions there is an immediate need …


Trust The Science But Do Your Research: A Comment On The Unfortunate Revival Of The Progressive Case For The Administrative State, Mark Tushnet 2023 Harvard University

Trust The Science But Do Your Research: A Comment On The Unfortunate Revival Of The Progressive Case For The Administrative State, Mark Tushnet

Indiana Law Journal

This Article offers a critique of one Progressive argument for the administrative state, that it would base policies on what disinterested scientific inquiries showed would best advance the public good and flexibly respond to rapidly changing technological, economic, and social conditions. The critique draws on recent scholarship in the field of Science and Technology Studies, which argues that what counts as a scientific fact is the product of complex social, political, and other processes. The critique is deployed in an analysis of the responses of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Food and Drug Administration to some important aspects …


Layered Fiduciaries In The Information Age, Zhaoyi Li 2023 University of Pittsburgh

Layered Fiduciaries In The Information Age, Zhaoyi Li

Indiana Law Journal

Technology companies such as Facebook have long been criticized for abusing customers’ personal information and monetizing user data in a manner contrary to customer expectations. Some commentators suggest fiduciary law could be used to restrict how these companies use their customers’ data.1 Under this framework, a new member of the fiduciary family called the “information fiduciary” was born. The concept of an information fiduciary is that a company providing network services to “collect, analyze, use, sell, and distribute personal information” owes customers and end-users a fiduciary duty to use the collected data to promote their interests, thereby assuming fiduciary liability …


The Policy Origins Of Wi-Fi, John Blevins 2023 Loyola University School of Law - New Orleans

The Policy Origins Of Wi-Fi, John Blevins

Indiana Law Journal

Wi-Fi technology has become a necessary foundation of modern economic and cultural life. This Article explains its history. Specifically, it argues that Wi-Fi owes its existence and widespread adoption to federal policy choices that have been underexplored in the literature. Wi-Fi’s development is often portrayed as an unexpected and lucky accident following the FCC’s initial decision in the 1980s to allow more unlicensed and experimental uses. This view, however, obscures the more fundamental role that federal policy played. For one, the rise of modern Wi-Fi was the product of a series of policy decisions spanning decades. In addition, the FCC’s …


Don't Tread On My Ip Rights: A Law And Economics Analysis Of "March-In Rights" Under The Bayh-Dole Act, Caitlin Grow 2022 Cleveland State University

Don't Tread On My Ip Rights: A Law And Economics Analysis Of "March-In Rights" Under The Bayh-Dole Act, Caitlin Grow

Cleveland State Law Review

The Bayh-Dole Act has been imperative to the development of the United States’ dynamic pharma-biotech sector. However, the use of march-in rights under the Bayh- Dole Act has remained controversial. On the one hand, there is the idea of market equilibrium with a need to secure health care for the public. Many believe march-in rights should be used to create this balance by regulating the pricing of drugs that were developed using federally funded research. On the other hand, some advocates recognize that the current relationship between public-sector institutions and business as the developers of basic research, and private-sector biotechnology …


Defining Genetic Information Under Gina, Shane Padilla 2022 Cleveland State University

Defining Genetic Information Under Gina, Shane Padilla

Cleveland State Law Review

The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) was enacted to prevent discrimination based on an employee’s genetic information. Although GINA undoubtedly provides employees protection from unjust genetic discrimination by employers, varying interpretations of what constitutes “genetic information” has raised legal uncertainties in how GINA is applied. Consequently, the genetic information of an employee’s family may be unduly placed at risk as a result of misinterpreting the statutory language and legislative intent of GINA. It is of the utmost importance that the definition of “genetic information” be construed with respect to the Act’s legislative history, which supports a broad interpretation and application …


Reconnecting The Patient: Why Telehealth Policy Solutions Must Consider The Deepening Digital Divide, Laura C. Hoffman 2022 Cleveland State University College of Law

Reconnecting The Patient: Why Telehealth Policy Solutions Must Consider The Deepening Digital Divide, Laura C. Hoffman

Journal of Law and Health

This Article attempts to untangle the complicated web of providing telehealth to those populations it is potentially capable of further alienating from access to healthcare including: 1) race/minority populations, 2) aging adults, 3) individuals with disabilities, 4) non-English speakers, 5) individuals living in rural areas, 6) socioeconomic class, and 7) children, in order to advance the argument that telehealth can be successful in providing healthcare access to these populations. Rather than suggesting that telehealth simply “cannot work” for these populations, instead this Article considers how telehealth can and must meet the needs of these individuals through technology, access, and policy …


Corporate Innovation: One Path To More Sustainable Big Business, David Nows 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Corporate Innovation: One Path To More Sustainable Big Business, David Nows

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Invasions Of Dicamba Particles: Holding States Accountable For Taking Offsite Property Owners' Right To Exclude, Terence J. Centner 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Invasions Of Dicamba Particles: Holding States Accountable For Taking Offsite Property Owners' Right To Exclude, Terence J. Centner

University of Cincinnati Law Review

In 2017, special formulations of dicamba herbicides known as over-the-top products were marketed for post-emergent use on genetically engineered soybeans and cotton. The use of these products was accompanied by considerable herbicide drift and volatilization that harmed millions of acres of nearby crops. In 2018, the EPA added requirements to the products’ labels to preclude offsite injuries. However, for each growing season during 2018-2021, unacceptable offsite injuries were reported in the major soybean and cotton producing states. Because they received reported injuries, state agencies issuing new registrations for dicamba products in 2018 and 2020 knew offsite spray drift and volatilization …


Regulating The Autonomous Ocean, Annie Brett 2022 Brooklyn Law School

Regulating The Autonomous Ocean, Annie Brett

Brooklyn Law Review

The rapid rise in aerial drone use and the future deployment of self-driving cars have both spurred extensive legal and social debate. Autonomous vessels on the ocean, on the other hand, have largely escaped detailed scrutiny, even as they are reshaping the landscape of human interactions with the ocean and creating novel challenges for national and international legal regimes. Autonomous vessels are being captured while spying on other countries, raising concerns about national security and surveillance regimes. The Coast Guard is using enforcement loopholes to justify abandoning many of their autonomous vessels at sea, in flagrant violation of national and …


Voice Shoppers: From Information Gaps To Choice Gaps In Consumer Markets, Noga Blickstein Shchory, Michal S. Gal 2022 Brooklyn Law School

Voice Shoppers: From Information Gaps To Choice Gaps In Consumer Markets, Noga Blickstein Shchory, Michal S. Gal

Brooklyn Law Review

Recent years have seen exponential growth in the use of voice shoppers – artificial intelligence–based algorithms installed on digital voice assistants, such as Alexa and Google Assistant, that buy products based on verbal requests received from consumers. This game-changing switch to semi-automated shopping is shaking up markets by reshaping consumer–supplier relationships, as well as the business models of suppliers and search services. Voice shoppers benefit consumers by offering speedier and more sophisticated transactions while reducing search and transaction costs. At the same time, consumers’ voluntary delegation of their search powers and product selection creates what we call a “choice gap,” …


Algorithmic Elections, Sarah M.L. Bender 2022 University of Michigan Law School

Algorithmic Elections, Sarah M.L. Bender

Michigan Law Review

Artificial intelligence (AI) has entered election administration. Across the country, election officials are beginning to use AI systems to purge voter records, verify mail-in ballots, and draw district lines. Already, these technologies are having a profound effect on voting rights and democratic processes. However, they have received relatively little attention from AI experts, advocates, and policymakers. Scholars have sounded the alarm on a variety of “algorithmic harms” resulting from AI’s use in the criminal justice system, employment, healthcare, and other civil rights domains. Many of these same algorithmic harms manifest in elections and voting but have been underexplored and remain …


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