Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Legislation Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

12,133 Full-Text Articles 8,619 Authors 2,489,775 Downloads 191 Institutions

All Articles in Legislation

Faceted Search

12,133 full-text articles. Page 1 of 238.

Brownfield Legislation: A Viable Option For The Southeast, Leslie Goff-Sanders 2021 University of Kentucky

Brownfield Legislation: A Viable Option For The Southeast, Leslie Goff-Sanders

Journal of Natural Resources & Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Potus And Pot: Why The President Could Not Legalize Marijuana Through Executive Action, Robert Mikos 2021 Vanderbilt University

Potus And Pot: Why The President Could Not Legalize Marijuana Through Executive Action, Robert Mikos

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Secured Transactions Law Reform In Japan: Japan Business Credit Project Assessment Of Interviews And Tentative Policy Proposals, Megumi Hara, Kumiko Koens, Charles W. Mooney Jr. 2021 Gakushuin University

Secured Transactions Law Reform In Japan: Japan Business Credit Project Assessment Of Interviews And Tentative Policy Proposals, Megumi Hara, Kumiko Koens, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article summarizes key findings from the Japan Business Credit Project (JBCP), which involved more than 30 semi-structured interviews conducted in Japan from 2016 through 2018. It was inspired by important and previously unexplored questions concerning secured financing of movables (business equipment and inventory) and claims (receivables)—“asset-based lending” or “ABL.” Why is the use of ABL in Japan so limited? What are the principal obstacles and disincentives to the use of ABL in Japan? The interviews were primarily with staff of banks, but also included those of government officials and regulators, academics, and law practitioners. The article proposes reforms ...


Hegemonic Marriage: The Collision Of 'Transformative' Same-Sex Marriage With Reactionary Tax Law, Anthony C. Infanti 2021 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Hegemonic Marriage: The Collision Of 'Transformative' Same-Sex Marriage With Reactionary Tax Law, Anthony C. Infanti

Articles

Before there was a culture war in the United States over same-sex marriage, there was a battle between opponents and proponents of same-sex marriage within the LGBTQ+ community. Some within the LGBTQ+ community opposed same-sex marriage because of the long patriarchal history of marriage and the more consequential need to bridge the economic and privilege gap between the married and the unmarried. On the other hand, LGBTQ+ proponents of same-sex marriage saw marriage as a civil rights issue because of the central importance of marriage in American society. They sensed a profound wrong in the denial of the benefits of ...


The Future Of Antitrust: New Challenges To The Consumer Welfare Paradigm And Legislative Proposals, John B. Nalbandian, Makan Delrahim, Gene Kimmelman, Maureen Ohlhausen, Rainer Wessely 2021 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

The Future Of Antitrust: New Challenges To The Consumer Welfare Paradigm And Legislative Proposals, John B. Nalbandian, Makan Delrahim, Gene Kimmelman, Maureen Ohlhausen, Rainer Wessely

Catholic University Law Review

On November 14, 2019, the Federalist Society's Corporations, Securities, & Antitrust Practice Group hosted a panel for the 2019 National Lawyers Convention at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, DC. The panel discussed "The Future of Antitrust: New Challenges to the Consumer Welfare Paradigm and Legislative Proposals”.


Cloudy With A Chance Of Government Intrusion: The Third-Party Doctrine In The 21st Century, Steven Arango 2021 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Cloudy With A Chance Of Government Intrusion: The Third-Party Doctrine In The 21st Century, Steven Arango

Catholic University Law Review

Technology may be created by humans, but we are dependent on it. Look around you: what technology is near you as you read this abstract? An iPhone? A laptop? Perhaps even an Amazon Echo. What do all these devices have in common? They store data in the cloud. And this data can contain some of our most sensitive information, such as business records or medical documents.

Even if you manage this cloud storage account, the government may be able to search your data without a warrant. Federal law provides little protection for cloud stored data. And the Fourth Amendment may ...


The 21st Century Cures Act: A Patient's Miracle Or Demise?, Brittaney N. Edwards 2021 Pepperdine University

The 21st Century Cures Act: A Patient's Miracle Or Demise?, Brittaney N. Edwards

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

The 21st Century Cures Act is designed to expedite the FDA’s approval of pharmaceutical and medical device applications in order to increase patient access to innovative therapies. However, many experts claim that the Act’s Title III provisions promote evidentiary “‘shortcuts’” that eviscerate the safety and efficacy standards of the FDA approval process. For new drugs, Title III permits surrogate endpoints and real-world evidence in lieu of more rigorous scientific data. For new medical devices, Title III requires the FDA to exempt certain Class I and II devices from any kind of safety or efficacy evaluation. Moreover, Title III ...


“Magic Words” And Original Understanding: An Amplified Clear Statement Rule To Abrogate Tribal Sovereign Immunity, Justin W. Aimonetti 2021 Pepperdine University

“Magic Words” And Original Understanding: An Amplified Clear Statement Rule To Abrogate Tribal Sovereign Immunity, Justin W. Aimonetti

Pepperdine Law Review

The Indian plenary power doctrine—an invention of the late nineteenth-century Supreme Court—grants Congress exclusive authority to legislate with respect to Indian tribes, including the ability to abrogate tribal sovereign immunity. Under current doctrine, Congress must “unequivocally express” its intent to abrogate the sovereign immunity of Indian tribes with “explicit legislation.” Circuit courts tasked with applying this standard have split on the level of textual specificity required to strip tribes of their immunity. Employing the tools of statutory construction, courts are divided over whether the term ‘domestic government,’ as found in Section 106 of the Bankruptcy Code, unequivocally covers ...


How Criminal Code Drafting Form Can Restrain Prosecutorial And Legislative Excesses: Consolidated Offense Drafting, Paul H. Robinson, Matthew Kussmaul, Muhammad Sarahne 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

How Criminal Code Drafting Form Can Restrain Prosecutorial And Legislative Excesses: Consolidated Offense Drafting, Paul H. Robinson, Matthew Kussmaul, Muhammad Sarahne

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Solving criminal justice problems typically requires the enactment of new rules or the modification of existing ones. But there are some serious problems that can best be solved simply by altering the way in which the existing rules are drafted rather than by altering their content. This is the case with two of the most serious problems in criminal justice today: the problem of overlapping criminal offenses that create excessive prosecutorial charging discretion and the problem of legislative inconsistency and irrationality in grading offenses.

After examining these two problems and demonstrating their serious effects in perverting criminal justice, the essay ...


Issues Surrounding The South China Sea Dispute, Motoyasu Nozawa 2021 Faculty of Law, Graduate School of Law, Heisei International University, Saitama

Issues Surrounding The South China Sea Dispute, Motoyasu Nozawa

Japanese Society and Culture

On 12 July 2016, the decision of the South China Sea Arbitration1 (The Republic of the Philippines against the People’s Republic of China) by a tribunal created under Annex Ⅻ to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was a near-complete victory for the Philippines. This arbitration concerned the role of historic rights and the source of maritime entitlements in the South China Sea, the status of certain maritime features and the maritime entitlements they are capable of generating, and the lawfulness of certain actions by China that were alleged by the Philippines to violate the ...


The Lost Promise Of Disability Rights, Claire Raj 2021 University of South Carolina School of Law

The Lost Promise Of Disability Rights, Claire Raj

Michigan Law Review

Children with disabilities are among the most vulnerable students in public schools. They are the most likely to be bullied, harassed, restrained, or segregated. For these and other reasons, they also have the poorest academic outcomes. Overcoming these challenges requires full use of the laws enacted to protect these students’ affirmative right to equal access and an environment free from discrimination. Yet, courts routinely deny their access to two such laws—the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (section 504).

Courts too often overlook the affirmative obligations contained in these two disability ...


The Environmental Impact Of Technological Innovation: How U.S. Legislation Fails To Handle Electronic Waste's Rapid Growth, Marisa D. Pescatore 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The Environmental Impact Of Technological Innovation: How U.S. Legislation Fails To Handle Electronic Waste's Rapid Growth, Marisa D. Pescatore

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Could Changes To The Endangered Species Act Actually Threaten Species?, Manuel L. Colon Jr. 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Could Changes To The Endangered Species Act Actually Threaten Species?, Manuel L. Colon Jr.

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Making The Extraordinary Ordinary: Examining The Impact Of Shifting Immigration Policies On Professional Athletics In The United States, Rachel Insalaco 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Making The Extraordinary Ordinary: Examining The Impact Of Shifting Immigration Policies On Professional Athletics In The United States, Rachel Insalaco

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Saving Seabiscuit: An Argument For The Establishment Of A Federal Equine Sports Commission, Celso Lucas Leite,Jr. 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Saving Seabiscuit: An Argument For The Establishment Of A Federal Equine Sports Commission, Celso Lucas Leite,Jr.

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Bankruptcy & The Underwater Home: A Case For Real Property Redemption, David Sheinfeld 2021 University of Michigan Law School

Bankruptcy & The Underwater Home: A Case For Real Property Redemption, David Sheinfeld

Michigan Business & Entrepreneurial Law Review

Chapter 7 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code exists to satisfy the claims of creditors and preserve an economic “fresh start” for the debtor after bankruptcy. In exchange for surrendering her property to the trustee to have it monetized (i.e., sold), the debtor receives a discharge of her debts and an injunction against future creditor in personam actions to recover them. However, the in personam injunction is insufficient to protect consumer debtors who are in default on mortgages encumbering underwater homes because the creditor’s in rem rights remain; after the conclusion of the case, the creditor can continue ...


A Historical Analysis Of The Investment Company Act Of 1940, Michael B. Weiner 2021 University of Michigan Law School

A Historical Analysis Of The Investment Company Act Of 1940, Michael B. Weiner

Michigan Business & Entrepreneurial Law Review

More than 100 million Americans invest $25 trillion in mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (collectively, “funds”) regulated by the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “Act”), making funds the predominant investment vehicle in the United States. Everyday investors rely on funds to save for retirement, pay for college, and seek financial security. In this way, funds demonstrate how “Wall Street” can connect with “Main Street” to improve people’s lives.

By way of background, funds are created by investment advisers (“advisers”) that provide investment advisory (e.g., stock selection) and other services to their funds in exchange for a fee ...


The Stability Paradox: The Two-Parent Paradigm And The Perpetuation Of Violence Against Women In Termination Of Parental Rights And Custody Cases, Judith Lewis 2021 University of Michigan Law School

The Stability Paradox: The Two-Parent Paradigm And The Perpetuation Of Violence Against Women In Termination Of Parental Rights And Custody Cases, Judith Lewis

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

Despite changing family compositions, entrenched in family law is the antiquated idea that a two-parent household, or its approximation vis-à-vis a shared custody arrangement, promotes stability and integrity and, thus, is in the best interest of the child. Yet, the concept that the two-parent household (or shared involvement of both parents in the child’s life if the parents separate) promotes stability for the family and is best for the child is a dangerous fallacy. When rape or intimate partner violence (IPV) is present, or the re-occurrence of violence remains a threat, the family unit is far from stable.

This ...


Criminal Record Relief For Human Trafficking Survivors: Analysis Of Current State Statutes And The Need For A Federal Model Statute, Ashleigh Pelto 2021 University of Michigan Law School

Criminal Record Relief For Human Trafficking Survivors: Analysis Of Current State Statutes And The Need For A Federal Model Statute, Ashleigh Pelto

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

This Note defines criminal record relief and analyzes the effectiveness of three state criminal record relief statutes at protecting trafficking survivors. This analysis is based on State Report Cards: Grading Criminal Record Relief Laws for Survivors of Human Trafficking by Polaris, a leading human trafficking nonprofit. It next discusses the absence of federal criminal record relief and how a statute at the federal level could provide relief for survivors with federal convictions while simultaneously providing a model for states to ensure their statutes incorporate best practices for record relief moving forward. This Note then discusses how Polaris’s report stops ...


Thirteenth Amendment Litigation In The Immigration Detention Context, Jennifer Safstrom 2021 Georgetown University Law Center

Thirteenth Amendment Litigation In The Immigration Detention Context, Jennifer Safstrom

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

This Article analyzes how the Thirteenth Amendment has been used to prevent forced labor practices in immigration detention. The Article assesses the effectiveness of Thirteenth Amendment litigation by dissecting cases where detainees have challenged the legality of labor requirements under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act. Given the expansion in immigration detention, the increasing privatization of detention, and the significant human rights implications of this issue, the arguments advanced in this Article are not only currently relevant but have the potential to shape ongoing dialogue on this subject.


Digital Commons powered by bepress